KR200158821Y1 - Disposer for refuse - Google Patents

Disposer for refuse Download PDF

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Publication number
KR200158821Y1
KR200158821Y1 KR2019970006090U KR19970006090U KR200158821Y1 KR 200158821 Y1 KR200158821 Y1 KR 200158821Y1 KR 2019970006090 U KR2019970006090 U KR 2019970006090U KR 19970006090 U KR19970006090 U KR 19970006090U KR 200158821 Y1 KR200158821 Y1 KR 200158821Y1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
food waste
steam
dryer
blade
outlet
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Application number
KR2019970006090U
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Korean (ko)
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KR19980061808U (en
Inventor
이창호
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이창호
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Priority to KR2019970006090U priority Critical patent/KR200158821Y1/en
Publication of KR19980061808U publication Critical patent/KR19980061808U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR200158821Y1 publication Critical patent/KR200158821Y1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • B09B3/40Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless involving thermal treatment, e.g. evaporation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/12Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes by fermentation of natural products, e.g. of vegetable material, animal waste material or biomass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/20Waste processing or separation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

본 고안은 가정, 식품가공공장, 요식업에서 배출되는 음식물쓰레기의 부피를 최대한 줄이고 재활용가능한 정도로 처리하기 위한 음식물쓰레기 처리장치에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a food waste processing apparatus for processing the waste to the extent possible to reduce the volume of food waste discharged from the home, food processing factories, catering industry as much as possible.

본 고안에 따른 쓰레기처리장치는 건조기(100)와 탈취탑(200)으로 구성되며, 음식물쓰레기를 분쇄, 건조, 탈취처리하여 음식물쓰레기의 부피를 최소화하고 자원으로 재활용할 수 있도록 한 것이다.The waste disposal apparatus according to the present invention is composed of a dryer 100 and a deodorization tower 200, which minimizes the volume of food waste and recycles it as a resource by crushing, drying, and deodorizing food waste.

Description

음식물쓰레기 처리장치Food waste treatment device

본 고안은 가정, 식품가공공장, 요식업에서 배출되는 음식물쓰레기의 부피를 최대한 줄이고 재활용가능한 정도로 처리하기 위한 음식물쓰레기 처리장치에 관한 것으로, 더 상세히는 음식물쓰레기를 분쇄, 건조, 탈취처리하는 음식물쓰레기 처리 장치에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a food waste processing apparatus for reducing the volume of food waste discharged from homes, food processing factories, catering businesses to the maximum extent possible and recycling, and more specifically, food waste treatment for crushing, drying, and deodorizing food waste. Relates to a device.

국내적으로 날로 높아가는 환경오염의 심각성과 함께 국가적으로 폐기물처리에 대한 대책을 강구하고 있으며, 기존의 매립, 소각 등 간단한 방법에 의해 처리되었던 음식물쓰레기에 의한 오염이 날로 증가되고 있다.With the increasing severity of environmental pollution in Korea, we are taking measures to treat wastes nationally, and the pollution caused by food waste that has been treated by simple methods such as landfilling and incineration is increasing day by day.

생활쓰레기의 1/3이상을 차지하는 음식물쓰레기를 기존의 처리방식으로 처리할 경우 환경오염이 불가피하므로 생활쓰레기의 부피를 최소화시키고 이를 퇴비화, 사료화 하여 자원으로서 재활용할 수 있는 정도로 처리하는 것이 최선의 해결책이라 할 것이다.If food waste, which accounts for more than one-third of the household waste, is treated by conventional treatment, environmental pollution is inevitable. Therefore, the best solution is to minimize the volume of household waste and compost and feed it to the extent that it can be recycled as a resource. Will be called.

본 고안의 목적은 음식물쓰레기로 인한 환경오염을 방지하기 위한 것으로 음식물쓰레기를 분쇄, 건조, 탈취처리하여 부피를 최소화시키고 그 처리물을 퇴비, 사료 등으로 재활용할 수 있도록 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치를 제공하는데 있다.An object of the present invention is to prevent environmental pollution caused by food waste, and to provide food waste processing apparatus that minimizes the volume by crushing, drying, and deodorizing food waste and recycling the processed materials to compost, feed, and the like. It is.

제1도는 본 고안의 일부절개 사시도.1 is a partially cutaway perspective view of the present invention.

제2도는 본 고안은 작동상태 단면도.2 is a cross-sectional view of the present invention in operation.

* 도면의 주요부분에 대한 부호의 설명* Explanation of symbols for main parts of the drawings

100 : 건조기 110 : 몸체100: dryer 110: body

111 : 호퍼 111a : 뚜껑111: Hopper 111a: lid

112 : 재킷 112a : 열매체유 투입구112: jacket 112a: heat medium oil opening

113 : 도어 114 : 처리물배출구113: door 114: discharge outlet

115 : 공기유입구 116 : 증기배출구115: air inlet 116: steam outlet

120 : 히터 130 : 블레이드120: heater 130: blade

131 : 평철 132 : 절삭날131: flat iron 132: cutting edge

140 : 모터 150 : 감속기140: motor 150: reducer

200 : 탈취탑 210 : 몸체200: deodorizing tower 210: body

210a : 뚜껑 211 : 공기배출구210a: lid 211: air outlet

212 : 증기유입구 213 : 배수구212 steam inlet 213 drain

220 : 블로어 220a : 덕트220: blower 220a: duct

230 : 격판 231 : 철망230: plate 231: wire mesh

232 : 손잡이 240 : 배플232: handle 240: baffle

300 : 소독조300 sterilization tank

본 고안에 따르면, 상부에 음식물쓰레기를 투입하기 위한 호퍼(111)가 뚜껑(111a)으로 개폐될 수 있게 설치되고 벽면부와 저면부에 열매체유저장용 재킷(112)이 형성되며 하단 일측에 도어(113)로 개폐되는 처리물배출구(114)가 형성되고 상단부에 공기유입구(115) 및 증기배출구(116)가 형성된 원통형 몸체(110)와, 열매체유를 가열할 수 있도록 상기 재킷(112)에 내장되게 설치된 히터(120)와, 투입된 음식물쓰레기를 절단하기 위하여 모터(140)의 구동에 따라 회전되도록 상기 몸체(110)의 내부에 설치되는 블레이드(130)로 이루어진 건조기(100); 상부에 공기배출구(211)가 형성되고 하단부에 증기유입구(212) 및 배수구(213)를 형성한 박스형 몸체(210)와, 상기 건조기(100)의 몸체(100)에 형성된 증기배출구(116)와 상기 증기 유입구(212)를 덕트(220a)로 연결함과 동시에 상기 건조기(100)에서 발생된 증기가 상기 몸체(210)로 흡입되도록 상기 덕트(220a)의 일측에 설치한 블로어(220)와, 다종의 탈취제를 적층시키기 위하여 증기가 통과될 수 있게 상기 몸체(210) 내에 일정간격으로 설치된 복수개의 격판(230)으로 이루어진 탈취탑(200)으로 구성된 것에 그 특징이 있다.According to the present invention, the hopper 111 for injecting food waste in the upper part is installed to be opened and closed by the lid 111a, and the heat medium oil storage jacket 112 is formed at the wall and the bottom and the door ( A treatment body outlet 114 is opened and closed by the 113 and the cylindrical body 110, the air inlet 115 and the steam outlet 116 is formed at the upper end, and built in the jacket 112 to heat the heat medium oil A dryer (100) comprising a heater (120) installed so as to be rotated according to the driving of the motor (140) to cut the introduced food waste; An air outlet 211 is formed in the upper portion of the box-shaped body 210 and the steam inlet 212 and the drain 213 formed in the lower end, and the steam outlet 116 formed in the body 100 of the dryer 100 and A blower 220 installed at one side of the duct 220a such that the steam inlet 212 is connected to the duct 220a and the steam generated by the dryer 100 is sucked into the body 210; It is characterized in that it consists of a deodorizing tower 200 consisting of a plurality of diaphragms 230 installed at a predetermined interval in the body 210 so that steam can pass through to stack a plurality of deodorant.

본 고안의 다른 특징은, 상기 탈취탑(200)의 공기배출구(211)와 연통되게 별체로 소독조(300)를 설치한 것이다.Another feature of the present invention is to install a disinfection tank 300 separately in communication with the air outlet 211 of the deodorization tower 200.

본 고안의 또다른 특징은, 상기 블레이드(130)의 인선(刃先)부위에 평철(131)을 취부하고 상기 건조기(100)의 몸체(110) 내면에 막대형상의 절삭날(132)을 수직으로 부착하여, 상기 블레이드(130)의 회전시 상기 평철(131)과 상기 절삭날(132)이 절삭작용을 할 수 있도록 한 것에 그 특징이 있다.Another feature of the present invention, the flat iron 131 is mounted on the edge of the blade 130, the rod-shaped cutting edge 132 perpendicular to the inner surface of the body 110 of the dryer (100) By attaching, the flat iron 131 and the cutting edge 132 is characterized in that the cutting operation during the rotation of the blade 130.

이하, 본 고안의 바람직한 실시예를 첨부된 도면을 참조하여 상세히 설명한다. 제1도는 본 고안의 일부절개 사시도이고, 제2도는 본 고안은 작동상태 단면도이다.Hereinafter, with reference to the accompanying drawings, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail. 1 is a partially cutaway perspective view of the present invention, and FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the present invention.

제1도 및 제2도에 도시한 바와같이, 본 고안은 크게 건조기(100)와 탈취탑(200)으로 구분되며, 먼저 건조기(100)의 구조를 설명하면 다음과 같다.As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the present invention is largely divided into a dryer 100 and a deodorization tower 200. First, the structure of the dryer 100 will be described as follows.

몸체(110)는 석면 등을 사용하여 단열처리되고, 상부에 설치된 호퍼(111)에는 뚜껑(111a)이 마련되어 있으므로 블레이드(130)에 의한 음식물쓰레기의 절단 및 건조시 몸체(100) 외부로 음식물쓰레기가 튀거나 악취가 새어나가는 것을 방지할 수 있다.The body 110 is insulated using asbestos and the like, and since the lid 111a is provided in the hopper 111 installed on the upper portion, the food waste outside the body 100 when cutting and drying the food waste by the blade 130. It can prevent splashes and odors from leaking out.

열매체유저장용 재킷(112)은 몸체(110)의 벽면부와 저면부에 형성된 것으로, 이 재킷(112)은 열매체유 투입구(112a)를 몸체(110)의 상측에 마련하여 열매체를 적당량 투입 및 보충할 수 있다. 한편, 본 고안에 사용되는 열매체유는 끓는점이 약 250℃인 것으로, 열매체유가 끓는점에 도달하기 전에 음식물쓰레기에 포함된 수분이 증발된다.The heat medium oil storage jacket 112 is formed on the wall surface and the bottom of the body 110. The jacket 112 provides a heat medium oil inlet 112a to the upper side of the body 110 to add and replenish a proper amount of heat medium. can do. On the other hand, the heat medium oil used in the present invention is a boiling point of about 250 ℃, the moisture contained in the food waste is evaporated before the heat medium oil reaches the boiling point.

처리물배출구(114)는 최종 처리된 음식물쓰레기를 수거하기 위하여 몸체(110)의 바닥부위와 연통되게 형성한 것으로, 이 처리물배출구(114)에 설치된 도어(113)는 핸들을 시계방향 또는 시계반대방향으로 돌리면 개폐되는 구조로 되어있다.The treatment outlet 114 is formed in communication with the bottom of the body 110 to collect the final food waste, the door 113 is installed in the treatment outlet 114 is clockwise or clockwise It is designed to open and close by turning in the opposite direction.

공기유입구(115)는 몸체(110)와 연통되게 형성한 것으로, 블로어(220)의 구동시 외기가 몸체(110) 내부로 유입되게 함으로써 진공상태가 되는 것을 방지하기 위함이다.The air inlet 115 is formed to communicate with the body 110, to prevent the external air from entering the body 110 when the blower 220 is driven to prevent the vacuum state.

히터(120)는 봉상으로 되어 있으며 내부에 열선이 내장된 것을 여러개 마련하여 몸체(110)의 바닥부에 형성된 재킷(112)에 방사방향으로 설치한 것으로,이 히터(120)에 전원의 공급에 따라 발열되어 열매체유와 열교환이 이루어진다.The heater 120 is rod-shaped and provided with a plurality of heat wires therein and installed radially in the jacket 112 formed at the bottom of the body 110, to supply power to the heater 120 The heat is generated to exchange heat with the heat medium oil.

블레이드(130)는 동축상에 2단으로 결합하여 몸체(110) 내부에 설치하고, 이 블레이드(130)는 모터(140)의 작동에 따라 감속기(150)를 통하여 회전된다. 각각의 블레이드(130)는 프로펠러 형태로 되어 있고 그 중 적어도 1개 이상의 칼날은 인선이 몸체(110)의 내벽에 인접되면서 상향으로 지향되게 하여 음식물쓰레기의 교반이 잘 되도록 하였다. 한편, 상기한 블레이드(130)중 하측의 것은 몸체(110)의 바닥에 인접되게 설치하여 처리물의 배출이 용이하도록 하였으며, 수평으로 지향된 칼날의 인선부위에는 평철(131)을 취부하고 몸체(110)의 내면에는 막대형상의 절삭날(132)을 수직으로 부착하여 블레이드(130)의 회전시 평철(131)과 절삭날(132)이 거의 선 접촉을 하면서 음식물쓰레기를 잘게 절단시킬 수 있도록 하였다.The blade 130 is installed in the body 110 by coupling in two stages on the coaxial, the blade 130 is rotated through the reducer 150 in accordance with the operation of the motor 140. Each blade 130 is in the form of a propeller, at least one or more of the blades so that the cutting edge is directed upward while adjacent to the inner wall of the body 110, so that the food waste is well stirred. On the other hand, the lower one of the blade 130 is installed adjacent to the bottom of the body 110 to facilitate the discharge of the treatment, the flat iron 131 is mounted on the edge of the horizontally oriented blade and the body 110 On the inner surface of the) bar-shaped cutting edge 132 is attached vertically so that the flat iron 131 and the cutting edge 132 during the rotation of the blade 130 can cut the food waste finely while the line contact.

그리고, 탈취탑(200)의 구조를 설명하면 다음과 같다.And, the structure of the deodorizing tower 200 is as follows.

몸체(210)는 박스형으로 되어 있고 뚜껑(210a)으로 개폐할 수 있다. 이 몸체(210)의 상부에는 공기배출구(211)가 형성되어 있어 탈취된 공기가 외부로 배출될수 있으며, 하단부에는 건조기(100)에서 발생된 증기가 유입되는 증기유입구(212)와 수분이 몸체(210) 바닥에 모여 일정수위에 도달하면 배수되도록 하는 배수구(213)가 형성되어 있다. 한편, 공기배출구(211)에는 표백분이 투입되는 소독조(300)를 연통되게 연결하여 대기로 배출되는 증기를 살균, 소독할 수 있도록 한다. 이 소독조(300)를 탈취탑(200)과 별도로 설치한 것은 표백분으로 부터 탈취제에 포함된 미생물을 보호하기 위함이다. 이 소독조(300)에는 표백분을 투입한 후, 활성탄을 투입시켜서 표백분에 의한 공기오염을 방지하는 것이 바람직하다. 그리고 이 소독조(300)의 하단에는 배수구를 형성하여 소독조(300)에 모이는 수분이 탈취탑(200)으로 역류되지 않도록 하였다.Body 210 is a box-shaped and can be opened and closed with a lid (210a). The upper portion of the body 210 is formed with an air outlet 211, the deodorized air can be discharged to the outside, the lower end of the steam inlet 212 and the water inlet steam generated from the dryer 100 is the body ( 210, a drain 213 is formed on the bottom to drain when reaching a certain level. On the other hand, the air outlet 211 is connected to the disinfection tank 300 to the bleaching powder is in communication so as to sterilize, disinfect the steam discharged to the atmosphere. The sterilization tank 300 is installed separately from the deodorization tower 200 in order to protect the microorganisms contained in the deodorant from the bleaching powder. After the bleaching powder is added to the disinfection tank 300, it is preferable to add the activated carbon to prevent air pollution by the bleaching powder. And the lower end of the disinfection tank 300 to form a drain hole so that the water collected in the disinfection tank 300 does not flow back to the deodorizing tower (200).

덕트(220a)는 일측이 건조기(100)의 몸체(110)에 형성된 증기배출구(116)에 연결되고 타측이 증기유입구(212)를 연결함과 동시에 탈취탑(200)측에 설치되어 있는 블로어(220)의 구동시 건조기(100)에서 발생되는 증기가 탈취탑(200)측으로 강제흡입된다.The duct 220a is connected to a steam outlet 116 formed at one side of the body 110 of the dryer 100, and the other side connects the steam inlet 212 with a blower installed at the deodorization tower 200. The steam generated in the dryer 100 during the driving of the 220 is forcedly sucked into the deodorization tower 200.

격판(230)은 4개 내지 5개가 마련되고 각 격판(230)의 일부가 철망(231)으로 되어 있어 증기가 통과될 수 있도록 하였으며, 또한 각 격판(230)에는 ㄷ자형태의 손잡이(232)가 부착되어 있어 탈취탑(200)에 탈장착을 용이하게 하고 격판(230)의 간격유지역할도 한다. 한편, 각 격판(230)은 증기가 지그재그로 통과되도록 철망(231)을 적절히 배치함으로써 탈취효과를 높일 수 있다. 그리고 격판(230)의 장착시 활성탄, 바이오콜(BIO COAL), 장석, 피트모스(PEAT MOSS) 등 필요에 따라 미생물을 포함시킨 탈취제를 종류별로 구분하여 적층한다.Four to five diaphragms 230 are provided and a portion of each diaphragm 230 is made of a wire mesh 231 to allow steam to pass through, and each diaphragm 230 has a c-shaped handle 232 is provided. It is attached to facilitate the desorption to the deodorizing tower 200 and may also be the spacing area of the diaphragm 230. On the other hand, each of the diaphragm 230 may increase the deodorizing effect by properly placing the wire mesh 231 so that steam passes in a zigzag. In addition, when the diaphragm 230 is mounted, the deodorant including microorganisms is laminated according to types, such as activated carbon, BIO COAL, feldspar, pit moss, and the like.

또한, 격판(230)들의 하측에는 여러개의 배플(240)을 교호로 배치시켜 증기에 포함된 수분이 부착되었다가 몸체(210)의 바닥으로 모이도록 하였다.In addition, a plurality of baffles 240 are alternately arranged on the lower side of the diaphragms 230 so that the moisture contained in the vapor is attached to the bottom of the body 210.

부언하여, 모터(140) 및 히터(120)는 조작판(도시하지 않음)에서 제어될 수 있게 전기배선을 하였으며, 이 조작판에는 전원스위치를 비롯하여 편의에 따라 타이머, 온도조절기, 부저, 안전장치 등이 설치된다.In addition, the motor 140 and the heater 120 were electrically wired to be controlled from an operation panel (not shown), which includes a power switch, a timer, a temperature controller, a buzzer, and a safety device according to convenience. Etc. are installed.

이러한 구조로된 본 고안의 작용을 설명하면 다음과 같다.Referring to the operation of the present invention having such a structure as follows.

먼저, 적당량의 음식물쓰레기를 호퍼(111)를 통하여 건조기(100)에 투입시킨후 뚜껑(111a,210a)을 닫고, 히터(120)와 모터(140), 블로어(220)에 전원을 인가한다. 이때 히터(120)가 발열하여 열매체유의 온도가 상승되고 모터(140)의 구동으로 블레이드(130)가 회전하면서 음식물쓰레기를 절단 및 교반한다. 상측의 블레이드(130)는 음식물쓰레기를 1차적으로 절단하고 하측에 있는 블레이드(130)는 평철(131)과 절삭날(132)의 절삭작용에 의하여 1차적으로 절단된 음식물 쓰레기를 더욱 작게 절단한다. 블레이드(130)중에서 상향으로 지향된 칼날은 음식물쓰레기의 절단은 물론 교반작용을 원활하게 한다.First, after putting an appropriate amount of food waste into the dryer 100 through the hopper 111, close the lid (111a, 210a), and applies power to the heater 120, the motor 140, the blower 220. At this time, the heater 120 generates heat to increase the temperature of the heat medium oil, and the blade 130 is rotated by the driving of the motor 140 to cut and stir the food waste. The upper blade 130 cuts the food waste primarily, and the lower blade 130 cuts the food waste primarily cut by the cutting action of the flat iron 131 and the cutting blade 132. . The blade directed upward in the blade 130, as well as cutting the food waste smoothly stirring action.

열매체유의 온도상승에 따라 음식물쓰레기가 가열되어 증기가 발생되면서 건조된다. 이때 블로어(220)가 구동하므로 건조기(100)에서 발생된 증기가 덕트(220a)를 통하여 탈취탑(200)의 하부로 유입된다. 이 증기는 배플(240) 및 격판(230)을 미로처럼 통과하고, 이 과정에서 수분이 배플(240)에 부착되어 바닥으로 모이고 수분이 일부 제거된 증기가 탈취제에 접촉되면서 탈취된다. 물론, 탈취된 상태의 증기는 공기배출구(211)를 통하여 소독조(300)로 들어가 표백분에 의하여 살균, 소독 되어 대기로 배출된다. 그리고, 탈취제에 부착되는 수분은 탈취탑(200)의 바닥에 모였다가 오버플로어된다.As the temperature of the heat medium oil rises, food waste is heated and dried as steam is generated. At this time, since the blower 220 is driven, steam generated in the dryer 100 flows into the lower portion of the deodorization tower 200 through the duct 220a. This vapor passes through the baffle 240 and the diaphragm 230 like a maze, and in this process, the moisture is attached to the baffle 240, gathers to the bottom, and the steam partially removed is deodorized as it comes into contact with the deodorant. Of course, the deodorized steam enters the disinfection tank 300 through the air outlet 211 and is sterilized and disinfected by bleaching powder and discharged to the atmosphere. The moisture attached to the deodorant is collected at the bottom of the deodorizing tower 200 and overflowed.

설정된 시간이 경과하면 전원공급이 차단되어 작동을 멈추게 되며, 이후 건조, 분쇄된 처리물을 건조기(100)의 도어(113)를 열고 처리물배출구(114)를 통하여 수거하면 된다. 이때, 모터(140)로 블레이드(130)를 회전시키면 처리물이 용이하게 배출된다.When the set time elapses, the power supply is cut off and the operation is stopped. Then, the dried and pulverized processed product may be collected through the processed product outlet 114 by opening the door 113 of the dryer 100. At this time, when the blade 130 is rotated by the motor 140, the processed material is easily discharged.

이와같이 처리된 음식물쓰레기는 수분이 거의 제거된 상태이므로 부피가 대폭 줄어들어 쓰레기의 처리비용이 절감되고 퇴비화 및 사료화하여 재활용할 수도 있다.Since the food waste thus treated is almost dehydrated, the volume is greatly reduced, thereby reducing the disposal cost of garbage, and composting and feeding and recycling.

상술한 바와같이 본 고안에 따른 쓰레기처리장치는 음식물쓰레기를 분쇄, 건조, 탈취처리하는 것으로, 음식물쓰레기의 부피를 최소화할 수 있으므로 쓰레기의 처리비용이 절감되고 퇴비화, 사료화하여 자원으로 재활용할 수 있을 뿐만 아니라 음식물쓰레기로 인한 환경오염을 방지할 수 있다.As described above, the waste disposal apparatus according to the present invention is to crush, dry, and deodorize food waste, thereby minimizing the volume of food waste, thereby reducing waste disposal costs, composting, feeding, and recycling it as a resource. In addition, it can prevent the environmental pollution caused by food waste.

Claims (3)

상부에 음식물쓰레기를 투입하기 위한 호퍼(111)가 뚜껑(111a)으로 개폐될수 있게 설치되고 벽면부와 저면부에 열매체유저장용 재킷(112)이 형성되며 하단 일측에 도어(113)로 개폐되는 처리물배출구(114)가 형성되고 상단부에 공기유입구(115) 및 증기배출구(116)가 형성된 원통형 몸체(110)와, 열매체유를 가열할 수 있도록 상기 재킷(112)에 내장되게 설치된 히터(120)와, 투입된 음식물쓰레기를 절단하기 위하여 모터(140)의 구동에 따라 회전되도록 상기 몸체(110)의 내부에 설치되는 블레이드(130)로 이루어진 건조기(100); 상부에 공기배출구(211)가 형성되고 하단부에 증기유입구(212) 및 배수구(213)를 형성한 박스형 몸체(210)와, 상기 건조기(100)의 몸체(110)에 형성된 증기 배출구(116)와 상기 증기유입구(212)를 덕트(220a)로 연결함과 동시에 상기 건조기(100)에서 발생된 증기가 상기 몸체(210)로 흡입되도록 상기 덕트(220a)의 일측에 설치한 블로어(220)와, 다종의 탈취제를 적층시키기 위하여 증기가 통과될 수 있게 상기 몸체(210) 내에 일정간격으로 설치된 복수개의 격판(230)으로 이루어진 탈취탑(200)으로 구성된 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치.The hopper 111 for injecting food waste into the upper part is installed to be opened and closed by the lid 111a, and the heat medium oil storage jacket 112 is formed at the wall and the bottom, and is opened and closed by the door 113 at the lower side. The water outlet 114 is formed and the upper end of the cylindrical body 110, the air inlet 115 and the steam outlet 116 is formed, and the heater 120 is built in the jacket 112 to heat the heat medium oil And, Dryer 100 consisting of a blade 130 is installed in the interior of the body 110 to rotate in accordance with the drive of the motor 140 to cut the food waste introduced; An air outlet 211 is formed in the upper portion of the box-shaped body 210 formed with a steam inlet 212 and the drain 213 at the lower end, and a steam outlet 116 formed in the body 110 of the dryer 100 and A blower 220 installed at one side of the duct 220a such that the steam inlet 212 is connected to the duct 220a and at the same time the steam generated by the dryer 100 is sucked into the body 210; Food waste treatment apparatus, characterized in that consisting of a deodorizing tower (200) consisting of a plurality of diaphragms (230) installed at a predetermined interval in the body 210 so that steam can pass through to stack a plurality of deodorant. 제1항에 있어서, 상기 탈취탑(200)의 공기배출구(211)와 연통되게 탈취조(300)를 별체로 설치한 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물 쓰레기 처리장치.The food waste treatment apparatus according to claim 1, wherein a deodorization tank (300) is separately installed in communication with the air outlet (211) of the deodorization tower (200). 제1항에 있어서, 상기 블레이드(130)의 인선부위에 평철(131)을 취부하고 상기 건조기(100)의 몸체(110) 내면에 막대형상의 절삭날(132)을 수직으로 부착하여 상기 블레이드(130)의 회전시 상기 평철(131)과 상기 절삭날(132)이 절삭작용을 할 수 있도록 한 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치.2. The blade of claim 1, wherein the flat iron 131 is attached to the edge of the blade 130 and the rod-shaped cutting edge 132 is vertically attached to the inner surface of the body 110 of the dryer 100. Food waste processing apparatus, characterized in that the flat iron (131) and the cutting edge (132) to the cutting action during the rotation of the 130.
KR2019970006090U 1997-03-28 1997-03-28 Disposer for refuse KR200158821Y1 (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100302405B1 (en) * 1999-07-28 2001-09-22 양성용 Deodorization and Noxiousness Resolution Apparatus for Garbage Treatment Apparatus

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KR100450051B1 (en) * 2002-07-09 2004-09-22 (주) 오클린 A deodorizer of food garbage processing apparatus

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100302405B1 (en) * 1999-07-28 2001-09-22 양성용 Deodorization and Noxiousness Resolution Apparatus for Garbage Treatment Apparatus

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