KR101725614B1 - Cultivating Apparatus of Bivalia for the Integrated Culture in Embankment Pond - Google Patents

Cultivating Apparatus of Bivalia for the Integrated Culture in Embankment Pond Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101725614B1
KR101725614B1 KR1020150009510A KR20150009510A KR101725614B1 KR 101725614 B1 KR101725614 B1 KR 101725614B1 KR 1020150009510 A KR1020150009510 A KR 1020150009510A KR 20150009510 A KR20150009510 A KR 20150009510A KR 101725614 B1 KR101725614 B1 KR 101725614B1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
floating
air
module
water
shellfish
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KR1020150009510A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20160089953A (en
Inventor
김형섭
최윤
오정규
정윤진
조성근
김재민
박진수
Original Assignee
군산대학교산학협력단
한국생태연구원 주식회사
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Priority to KR1020150009510A priority Critical patent/KR101725614B1/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/60Floating cultivation devices, e.g. rafts or floating fish-farms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/54Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of bivalves, e.g. oysters or mussels
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The shellfish aquaculture apparatus according to the present invention comprises: a floating module (10) which is arranged on a seawater or a festive farm and flows to the upper and lower sides based on the water surface; An air injection module (20) for supplying air in a coupled state on the floating module (10); A shellfish style net 30 disposed above the air injection module 20; A fluid supply module (40) coupled to communicate with the floating module (10); And a control unit 50 connected to the air injection module 20 and the fluid supply module 40. The floating module 10 includes a hollow floating structure 110 and a floating structure 110, The control unit 50 selectively supplies air or water to the floating structure 110 through the fluid supply module 40, thereby controlling the flow rate of the air, Thereby allowing the floating structure 110 to move up and down.

Description

[0002] Cultivating Apparatus of Bivalves for the Integrated Culture in Embankment Pond [
The present invention relates to a device for culturing shellfish such as oysters and mussels in a festival farm or a cage farm which is not greatly affected by waves, and more particularly to a device for culturing shellfish such as oysters and mussels, The float height of the float can be stably controlled through the process of selectively supplying or discharging air or water, and the exposure and sedimentation of the shellfish are repeated periodically, thereby improving the survival rate of the cultured shellfish. The present invention relates to a shellfish culture apparatus for effectively removing various attachments of a net.
A festival farm is a method of cultivating mainly fish and shrimp by circulating the water by stacking the banks on the seashore, and the festival farm is used for continuous feeding of fish and shrimp culture, And the biomass of phytoplankton which feeds on shellfish is very high. While high density phytoplankton has advantages such as water quality and stabilization of fish, excessive attention is required for water quality management because there are always shortcomings such as oxygen depletion and rapid water quality at night. Therefore, it is possible to suppress the occurrence of excessive phytoplankton by introducing shellfish feeding on phytoplankton, and at the same time, there is an advantage that promotion of the growth of shellfish can be promoted. Therefore, fishes and shrimps, It is anticipated that when mixed and cultured, water quality changes can be controlled.
Shellfish living in tidal flats exposed in seawater, such as oysters and mussels, are cultivated in the tidal flat during the cultivation process, so that they are immersed in sea water during high tide and exposed to the sea surface during low tide. Produces high quality shellfish of high quality. On the other hand, in the case of oysters, there is also a method of hatching a rope, which is woven with a rope attached with a young spatula at regular intervals, in a seawater, and this type of method continuously grows because it takes food in seawater But it has a disadvantage in that the mortality is relatively higher than that of the oysters cultured by exposure, and the strength and nutrients of meat are less.
On the other hand, in Korea, in order to improve the survival rate of oysters, shellfish attached to spatulas were suspended in the tidal zone for a certain period of time. After application of the spat harvesting method repeatedly exposed and immersed, .
In recent years, artificially cultivated seedlings produced directly from seeds are produced. This method of cultivation is a cause of decline in fisheries productivity by the abolition of juvenile litter that has not adapted to the marine environment. In particular, the method of exposure through the exposure and immersion of the spatula can be effectively performed by adhering to shells and the like in the case of adherent shellfish, Effective intermediate breeding methods or methods for breeding have not been developed.
Therefore, it is possible to improve the survival rate of full-scale aquaculture by effectively exposing and sedimenting the juvenile stage of the shellfish in a festival-type aquaculture that is rich in food organisms and is not greatly affected by waves In addition, it is possible to control the density of phytoplankton, which is a feeding organism, in the festival farm, so that the water environment of shrimp and fish culturing can be maintained in proper ecology.
On the other hand, as a conventional technique for presenting an oyster aquaculture apparatus of a shellfish culture apparatus, Patent No. 10-1419133 discloses that as a traction rope is pulled, a plurality of positive mesh connecting ropes are caught by each of a plurality of engaging members, To expose them to the surface of the water periodically.
As described above, the prior art provides technical contents to improve the quality of oysters by exposing the oysters cultured in the sea water periodically to the upper part of the sea surface. However, when the oysters are cultured in a large amount, And a device for increasing the flow of seawater for feeding food. In order to supply the seawater and air alternately as in the present invention, a method for enabling settlement and exposure of the shellfish and a method for increasing the density of shellfish There is a problem in that there is no specific method for spraying air onto the network.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been made to solve the above problems, and it is an object of the present invention to stably adjust the height of water of the float through the process of selectively supplying or discharging air or water into the hollow fluid having the shell- The present invention aims to provide a shellfish culture apparatus capable of periodically adjusting sedimentation and exposure of floats to improve survival ability through training of shellfishes and to produce shellfish of high density and high quality.
The shellfish aquaculture apparatus according to the present invention comprises: a floating module (10) which is arranged on a seawater or a festive farm and flows to the upper and lower sides based on the water surface; An air injection module (20) for supplying air in a coupled state on the floating module (10); A shellfish style net 30 disposed above the air injection module 20; A fluid supply module (40) coupled to communicate with the floating module (10); And a control unit 50 connected to the air injection module 20 and the fluid supply module 40. The floating module 10 includes a hollow floating structure 110 and a floating structure 110, The control unit 50 selectively supplies air or water to the floating structure 110 through the fluid supply module 40, thereby controlling the flow rate of the air, Thereby allowing the floating structure 110 to move up and down.
The fluid supply module 40 includes a check valve 410, a plurality of fluid channels 420 installed to be opened and closed through the check valve 410, a power unit 430 connected to the fluid channel 420, ).
The air injection module 20 includes a nozzle fixing bar 210, a nozzle 230 disposed at regular intervals along the nozzle fixing bar 210, and a guide 220 installed downward from the nozzle fixing bar 210. [ And a curtain 220.
The floating structure 110 includes a vertical penetration passage 112 formed in the vertical direction and the vertical penetration passage 112 is elongated along the longitudinal direction of the floating structure 110, 110 at predetermined intervals along the transverse direction.
The shellfish culture apparatus according to the present invention can stably control the height of the float in the water through the process of selectively supplying or discharging air or water into the hollow fluid having the shellfish culture net installed therein, It is possible to maximize the training effect for enhancing the viability of the shellfish, and at the same time, when the shellfish culture net is continuously sedimented, various substances attached to the shellfish culture net can be dried and removed by exposure Thereby eliminating the need for frequent cleaning of the shellfish culture network. In addition, it is also advantageous to increase the accommodation density of shellfish by supplying air periodically and to increase the flow amount of seawater and to maintain the feeding amount of food organisms.
The present invention relates to a PVC pipe structure having a shell type style network and a fluid supply module for automatically selecting water or air to adjust the height of the hollow pipe structure, and an air vent module for sensing the level of the PVC pipe structure Thereby automatically achieving the best growth conditions for shellfish culture.
1 is an exploded perspective view of a shellfish culture apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention,
2 is a view of the connection of the shellfish culture apparatus of Fig. 1, and Fig.
FIG. 3 is a block diagram showing a connection relationship between components around a control unit.
Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the present invention may be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, It is provided to let you know. Wherein like reference numerals refer to like elements throughout.
Hereinafter, a specific structure of the shellfish culture apparatus will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 to 3. FIG.
1 and 2, the shellfish aquaculture apparatus includes a floating module 10 that flows on upper and lower sides with respect to a water surface in a state of being placed on seawater or a farm, An air injection module 20 for supplying air to the floating module 10 and a shellfish style network 30 disposed on the air injection module 20 and a fluid supply module 40).
In the present invention, the term air and air are used interchangeably. The term " air " is used as a fluid for controlling the up-and-down movement of the floating module 10, and also smoothly supplies phytoplankton, And the like.
The floating module 10 includes a floating structure 110 which is a hollow structure having a vertical passage 112 in the vertical direction, an air vent opening 120 which is arranged to communicate with an upper end of the floating structure 110, A fixed rope 140 connecting the rope fixing plate 130 and the floating structure 110 and a fixed anchor 150 connected to the rope fixing plate 130 via the lower ends of the rope fixing plate 130, (150).
The suspended structure 110 is preferably a hollow structure having a vertical through-hole 112 formed in the vertical direction, and is made of, for example, a material having a low specific gravity made of a PVC pipe material. The vertical penetrating passages 112 may be formed long along the longitudinal direction of the floating module 10, and a plurality of vertical penetrating passages 112 may be arranged at predetermined intervals along the horizontal direction. Specifically, four vertical through-passages 112 are arranged along the lateral direction.
The air vent aperture 120 is communicatively coupled to the upper edge of the floating structure 110 inside. That is, it functions to discharge the air contained in the floating structure 110 to the outside. On the other hand, an air flow rate sensor 122 is disposed on the air vent opening 120. The air flow rate sensor 122 senses the amount of air discharged from the floating structure 110 in real time, Can be predicted.
The rope fixing plate 130 may be, for example, a plate-shaped circular plate, and may have a structure in which a plurality of fixing holes 132 are arranged in a radial pattern with a predetermined distance from the center. The lower side of the fixed rope 140 is coupled to the fixing hole 132.
The air injection module 20 includes a nozzle fixing bar 210, a nozzle 230 disposed at regular intervals along the nozzle fixing bar 210, and a guide curtain 220 installed downward from the nozzle fixing bar 210, .
A plurality of air injection modules 20 are disposed at predetermined intervals along a vertical through passage 112 formed along a longitudinal direction of the floating module 10.
The air injection module 20 is installed at a side of the nozzle fixing bar 210 from a separate air supply source (not shown) branched from the air communication opening 116 of the floating structure 110 when the floating structure 110 is under the water surface And the guide curtain 220 functions to guide the flow of the supplied air in the above-described injection process. That is, the guide curtain 220 functions to prevent mutual interference of air discharged from one of the plurality of nozzle fixing bars 210 with air discharged from the other nozzle fixing bar.
The fluid supply module 40 includes a plurality of fluid passages 420 installed to be opened and closed through check valves 410 and check valves 410, a power section 430 connected to the fluid passages 420, And a pressure sensing part 440 disposed on the flow path 420.
The check valve 410 selectively opens or closes the plurality of fluid passages 420 and controls the inflow of air or water flowing into the floating structure 110 through the check valve 410.
The plurality of fluid channels 420 include a water channel 422 coupled to the water communication port 114 of the floating structure 110 and an air channel 424 coupled to the air communication port 116 of the floating structure 110 .
The power section 430 includes a pump 432 connected to the water flow path 422 and an air blower 434 connected to the air flow path 424.
Hereinafter, the connection relationship between the components centering on the control unit will be described with reference to FIG.
The control unit 50 is connected to the air vent 120, the air injection module 20, the check valve 410 and the power unit 430. The control unit 50 includes a timer function. The control unit 50 controls the check valve 410 at a predetermined time interval to selectively open / close the plurality of fluid channels 420 and supply air or water through the power unit 430 do.
The process of causing the floating structure 110 to float from the submerged state to the water surface may be checked to check whether the air is flowing through the air passage 424 into the floating structure 110 while the air vent opening 120 is closed. The valve 410 is adjusted. The water in the floating structure 110 is discharged to the outside through the water flow path 422 by the air pressure. Through this process, the overall specific gravity of the floating structure 110 becomes small, and it rises above the water surface.
When the floating structure 110 is moved from the floating state to the water immersion state, water is allowed to flow through the floating structure 110 through the water flow channel 422 while the air vent opening 120 is opened. The check valve 410 is adjusted so as to be supplied into the check valve 410. [ In the above process, the air in the floating structure 110 is discharged to the outside through the air vent opening 120. Through this process, the overall specific gravity of the floating structure 110 increases and falls to the bottom of the water surface.
As described above, the shellfish culture apparatus according to the present invention can stably control the height of the float in the water by selectively supplying or discharging air or water into the hollow fluid having the shellfish culture net installed therein do.
Although the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described, the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiments described above. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that numerous modifications and variations can be made in the present invention without departing from the spirit or scope of the appended claims. And equivalents should also be considered to be within the scope of the present invention.
10: Floating module
20: air injection module
30: Shellfish Style Network
40: fluid supply module

Claims (4)

  1. A float module (10) which is arranged on a seawater or a festive farm and flows to the upper and lower sides based on the water surface;
    An air injection module (20) for supplying air in a coupled state on the floating module (10);
    A shellfish style net 30 disposed above the air injection module 20;
    A fluid supply module (40) coupled to communicate with the floating module (10); And
    And a control unit (50) connected to the air injection module (20) and the fluid supply module (40)
    The floating module (10)
    A hollow floating structure (110) and an air vent opening (120) arranged to communicate with an upper end of the floating structure (110)
    The fluid supply module 40 includes a check valve 410, a plurality of fluid channels 420 installed to be opened and closed through the check valve 410, a power unit 430 connected to the fluid channel 420, ),
    The air flow sensor 122 disposed on the air vent opening 120 senses the amount of air discharged from the floating structure 110 in real time to predict the position of the floating structure 110,
    The controller 50 selectively supplies air or water onto the floating structure 110 through the fluid supply module 40 to allow the floating structure 110 to move up and down,
    The control unit 50 is connected to the air vent 120, the air injection module 20, the check valve 410 and the power unit 430 and adjusts the check valve 410 at a predetermined time interval Selectively opens and closes a plurality of fluid passages 420 constituting the fluid supply module 40 and supplies air or water through the power portion 430,
    In order to cause the floating structure 110 to float above the water surface, air is introduced into the floating structure 110 through the air flow path 424 of the plurality of fluid flow paths 420 while the air vent opening 120 is closed The water in the floating structure 110 is discharged to the outside through the water flow path 422 among the plurality of fluid flow paths 420 by the air pressure through the check valve 410, The total specific gravity of the floating structure 110 is reduced,
    Shellfish farming equipment.
  2. delete
  3. The method according to claim 1,
    The air injection module (20)
    A nozzle fixing bar 210, a nozzle 230 arranged at regular intervals along the nozzle fixing bar 210, and a guide curtain 220 installed downward from the nozzle fixing bar 210,
    Shellfish farming equipment.
  4. The method according to claim 1,
    The floating structure 110 includes a vertical through-pass 112 formed in a vertical direction,
    The vertical penetrating passages 112 are elongated along the longitudinal direction of the floating structure 110 and are arranged at predetermined intervals along the horizontal direction of the floating structure 110.
    Shellfish farming equipment.
KR1020150009510A 2015-01-20 2015-01-20 Cultivating Apparatus of Bivalia for the Integrated Culture in Embankment Pond KR101725614B1 (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101817205B1 (en) * 2017-07-28 2018-01-10 주식회사 메이텍엔지니어링 Floating artificial reefs for marine forest formation

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101868455B1 (en) * 2016-08-30 2018-06-18 방소윤 Fish-farming Device Having a Surface of Water

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000157099A (en) * 1998-11-26 2000-06-13 Mishio Kiko Kk Rotary air nozzle for culture

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100643779B1 (en) * 2004-11-24 2006-11-10 고경화 The crawl facility for shellfish

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000157099A (en) * 1998-11-26 2000-06-13 Mishio Kiko Kk Rotary air nozzle for culture

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101817205B1 (en) * 2017-07-28 2018-01-10 주식회사 메이텍엔지니어링 Floating artificial reefs for marine forest formation

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