KR101446246B1 - Moisture-proof food a pulverizer effluent - Google Patents

Moisture-proof food a pulverizer effluent Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101446246B1
KR101446246B1 KR1020140035746A KR20140035746A KR101446246B1 KR 101446246 B1 KR101446246 B1 KR 101446246B1 KR 1020140035746 A KR1020140035746 A KR 1020140035746A KR 20140035746 A KR20140035746 A KR 20140035746A KR 101446246 B1 KR101446246 B1 KR 101446246B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
food
pulverizing
rotary shaft
plate
moisture
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020140035746A
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
김태영
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김태영
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Priority to KR1020140035746A priority Critical patent/KR101446246B1/en
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Publication of KR101446246B1 publication Critical patent/KR101446246B1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/02Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/28Shape or construction of beater elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/288Ventilating, or influencing air circulation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/30Driving mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The present invention relates to a food pulverizing device for preventing the leakage of moisture. More specifically, the food pulverizing device is installed on both side front ends of a rotary shaft so as to recycle food generated in homes and restaurants as a livestock fodder or fertilizer. The food pulverizing device is rotated with the rotary shaft so as to supply wind in a food pulverizing direction, so that moisture generated when the foods are pulverized is prevented from being moved to a position where a bearing is installed on both side front ends and friction between the rotary shaft and bearing is prevented. Accordingly, the food pulverizing device can be used for a long time. The food pulverizing device comprises: a pulverizing device which is spirally coupled with pulverizing blade units produced by connecting pulverizing blades with the rotary shaft rotated by being connected with a motor in a top body having a feeding hole and a suctioning pipe formed therein; a pulverizing net formed at the bottom of the pulverizing device; a discharging hole for discharging pulverized foods by forming a screw in a bottom body connected with the top body; a rotary plate having multiple propellers formed therein in a circumferential direction on the outside direction with a spirally coupling through-hole so that the pulverizing blade units are not moved to the outside from both side front ends of the rotary shaft; and a ventilating device which forms a ventilating space in a top plate and a bottom plate through which the rotary shaft penetrates so that external air is supplied therein and moisture is prevented from contacting the top plate and bottom plate.

Description

[0001] Moisture-proof food a pulverizer effluent [

The present invention relates to a food pulverizer for preventing water leakage, and more particularly, to a food pulverizer for preventing moisture leakage, and more particularly, to a food pulverizer for preventing water leakage, The present invention relates to a food pulverizer for preventing moisture from leaking out by preventing the rotation shaft and the bearing from being worn by preventing the water generated by the pulverization of the food from being fed from the tip of the both ends to the position where the bearings are installed, will be.

In general, food wastes generated in homes and restaurants contain a considerable amount of water, and it is easily decayed because it contains a large amount of water. Since it is composed mostly of organic matter, when it is buried in the ground, leachate is generated and polluted soil or groundwater It will cause serious environmental problems.

In addition to causing waste of resources, environmental pollution caused by waste disposal, that is, soil pollution and water pollution caused by leachate generated from food waste, and pollution caused by food stains and pests And it is becoming a main cause of environmental pollution such as causing various skin diseases and infectious diseases.

Recently, in order to reduce environmental pollution, food waste is collected separately from general waste, and collected food waste is recycled as compost for fertilizing livestock feed or crops.

In order to use food waste collected at home or restaurants as livestock feed or compost, it is necessary to select metals such as various vines, wood chopsticks, and bottle caps that are mixed with foods, and bulk foods in a lump form are crushed to a proper size It is used for livestock feed or compost through the following disinfection process and fermentation process.

Generally, a food pulverizer for pulverizing food waste to an appropriate size generally has a structure in which a screw is rotated and pulverized in a main body. When a food is put into the main body, the screw is driven by the motor to perform pulverization while rotating the food.

However, in the conventional food pulverizer, the pulverizing process is performed while rotating the food while the rotating screw is rotated by driving the motor, so that the pulverizing effect is remarkably reduced, and the pulverization capacity is small and the overall processing time is long. Therefore, the food is first crushed by a separate crushing device, and then the crushed and dehydrated process is carried out by putting it into a screw type crusher.

In the above-mentioned grinding apparatus for grinding food firstly, a plurality of grinding blades are mounted on a rotary shaft and the foodstuffs charged are crushed at a high speed. In the conventional grinding apparatus for grinding food, the soft grinding blades are made of soft vegetables or hard bones The material such as the type can not be efficiently treated in a single crushing blade structure, resulting in a problem that the crushing efficiency is lowered.

The crushing blade connected to the crushing blade is connected to the rotating shaft so that the crushing blade is connected to the crushing blade at both ends of the crushing blade. The crushing blade is provided at the tip of the crushing blade with a plate- As the wing is worn out, water generated inside the wing moves to the worn portion of the wing, the main body and the rotating shaft, which causes a drawback that the wear speed of the main body and the rotating shaft is increased. As a result, the wear rate of the bearing is increased, which causes a defect causing the failure.

Although it is possible to replace parts in such a way as to cause a failure, in order to replace the parts, the productivity is decreased due to the time consuming to repair after stopping the operation. In the case of the bearing, And when the rotating shaft is damaged, the time and expense for repairing the rotating shaft are so much consumed that it has been pointed out as a very difficult problem in reality.

Document 1. Utility Model Registration No. 0383019 (Registered on Apr. 07, 2005) Literature 2. Utility Model Registration No. 0284285 (registered on July 22, 2002) Literature 3. Patent Registration No. 0481633 (registered on Mar. 29, 2005) Literature 4. Patent Registration No. 0793322 (Registered on Mar. 01, 2008)

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, the present invention has been made keeping in mind the above problems occurring in the prior art, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a propeller for supplying wind in the inward direction to both ends of a rotary shaft of a crusher, And it is intended to prevent moisture from moving outward by supplying wind to the inside of the pulverizer.

The present invention relates to a pulverizing apparatus comprising a pulverizing device in which a pulverizing blade connected to a rotating shaft connected to a motor and connected to a pulverizing blade is spirally connected to an inside of an upper body formed with an inlet and a suction pipe, A food pulverizer for feeding pulverized food to a discharge port by forming a screw in a lower body connected to the pulverizer,
A rotating plate having a plurality of propellers formed in a circumferential direction in an outer direction and forming a hollow for screwing in such a manner that the crushing blade does not move outward at both ends of the rotating shaft, and a ventilation space is formed in the upper and lower plates through which the rotating shaft penetrates And an air supply device for supplying the outside air to the inside so as to prevent moisture from coming into contact with the upper plate and the lower plate.

delete

The present invention is characterized in that a rotary plate for forming a propeller for supplying wind in the inner direction to the inside of the body at both ends of the rotating shaft of the crusher is provided and the crushing operation for crushing food is provided by ventilating the outside through a ventilation space between the rotary shaft and the body The outer wind is sucked into the inner side of the crusher by the rotation of the propeller during the progress of the crusher to prevent the moisture of the food waste generated during the crushing from being moved to the outside so as to prevent the rotation shaft and the bearing and the body from being worn, To be connected to each other.

1 is a front view showing a preferred embodiment of the pulverizer of the present invention
2 is a side sectional view showing an installation state of the crusher according to the present invention
3 is a partial front sectional view showing an installation state of the crusher according to the present invention
Fig. 4 is a plan view of the installation state of the grinding apparatus of the present invention
5 is an enlarged plan view of the essential parts of the grinding apparatus according to the present invention,
6 is a right side view of a turntable on which a propeller is installed in the ventilation device of the present invention
Fig. 7 is a left side view of a rotating plate provided with a propeller in the ventilation device of the present invention
8 is a front view of the installation state of a main part of the ventilation device of the present invention
9 is a side view of the main portion of the ventilation device of the present invention

Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

FIG. 1 is a front view showing a pulverizer according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2 is a side sectional view showing an installed state of the pulverizer according to the present invention, and FIG. 3 is a partial front sectional view showing an installed state of the pulverizer according to the present invention .

The lower body 15 and the upper body 12 are continuously provided on the upper side of the frame 19 and the upper body 12 is provided with a charging port 11 for supplying food from the outside, A suction pipe 13 is formed which is driven by a suction motor 14 to suck and discharge gas and odor.

A pulverizing device 20 is installed in the upper main body 12 to pulverize food and be discharged downward by rotation of the pulverizing device 20 and a pulley 25 is connected to the motor 24 So as to be driven.

A crushing net 16 is formed on the lower side of the crushing apparatus 20. A screw 18 is installed in the lateral direction of the lower body 15 to feed the crushed food to one side, Connected to the motor (17) to cause the screw (18) to rotate; And a discharge port 18a is formed on the lower side of the tip so as to supply the pulverized food product to the next process.

FIG. 4 is a plan view of the grinding apparatus according to the present invention, and FIG. 5 is an enlarged plan view of the grinding apparatus according to the present invention.

The grinding apparatus 20 has a grinding blade 22 coupled to a rotary shaft 21 supported by bearings (not shown) so as to be rotatable on both sides thereof; So that the grinding blade 23 is spirally positioned in the diagonal direction of the grinding blade 22 to grind the food.

An air ventilator 30 is provided between both ends of the crushing blade 22 with the lower plate 42 so that a propeller 32 for supplying wind from the outside in the direction of the inner center while rotating together with the rotation of the rotary shaft 21 And 37 are formed on the outer circumferential surface of the rotary plates 31 and 36, respectively.

A ventilation space 43 having an interval of 5 to 30 mm is formed in the space through which the rotary shaft 21 passes in the lower plate 42.

FIG. 6 is a right side view of a rotating plate provided with a propeller in the ventilation device of the present invention, FIG. 7 is a left side view of a rotating plate provided with a propeller in the ventilation device of the present invention, Fig. 9 is a sectional side view of a main portion of the ventilator of the present invention. Fig.

The ventilation device 30 is provided at the front end of both side bodies 45 of the rotary shaft 21 and the rotary plates 31 and 36 provided at both sides of the rotary shaft 21 which is the outermost side of the pulverizing blade 22 The propellers 32 and 37 are fixed at predetermined intervals by the fixing screws 33 and 38 and the hollows 34 and 39 are formed in the inner diameter.

The hollows 34 and 39 are screwed to the rotary shaft 21 to form a screw so that the pulverizing blade 22 is prevented from moving to the outside. The propellers 32 and 37 are formed in an arc-like shape so that the direction of the arc is opposite to each other so that the outside air is sucked and supplied to the inside.

A lower plate 42 forming a ventilation space 43 is coupled to both sides of the side surface of the side body 45 and a top plate 40 having a groove 41 formed thereon is coupled to the upper plate 40, .

A groove 41 of the upper plate 40 is partially formed on the lower side and the ventilation space 43 is formed to be circular by engaging with the lower plate 42.

According to the present invention constructed as described above, the food or the like remaining after eating food in a home or a restaurant is collected, and the foreign substance such as metal is removed for the purpose of recycling the animal as food or compost of livestock, and then supplied to the inlet 11 of the crusher 10 .

The food supplied to the inlet 11 is pulverized by rotating the pulverizer 20 connected to the motor 24 through the pulley 25,

Since the grinding blades 23 are provided spirally on the plurality of grinding blades 22 coupled to the rotary shaft 21 while the rotary shaft 21 of the grinding apparatus 20 rotates, .

The food discharged into the grinding net 16 is transferred to the one side through the rotating screw 18 by driving the decelerating motor 17 and is discharged from the discharge port 18a and then transferred to the next process.

A suction pipe (13) installed on the right side of the pulverizing device (20) sucks and removes gas or odor generated by pulverizing food or beverage by driving the suction motor (14).

As the rotary shaft 21 of the pulverizing apparatus 20 is rotated as described above, the rotary plates 31 and 36 of the ventilator 30 are respectively rotated at both inner ends of the side surface of the side body 45, And the air is sucked through the direction of the propellers 32 and 37 formed in different directions from the outside together with the rotation of the propeller 32 and 37,

The propellers 32 and 37 rotate while the rotary plates 31 and 36 of the ventilator 30 are rotated together with the rotary shaft 21 and the air flows outside in accordance with the rotation direction of the propellers 32 and 37 It is sucked into the space 43 and supplied to the inside thereof. Therefore, it is possible to prevent the moisture generated during grinding through the grinding device 20 from moving inward to move outward, and to move outward in the direction of the rotating plate 31. 36 I can not.

It is possible to prevent moisture from reaching the upper plate 40 and the lower plate 42 by preventing the water from moving in the outer direction by moving the wind inward through the ventilation device 30 to prevent corrosion by moisture and gas, Since moisture is not brought into contact with the bearing 21 and the bearing, corrosion due to moisture can be prevented, thereby prolonging the service life.

The ventilation space 43 is provided with an interval of 5 to 30 mm from the outer diameter of the rotary shaft 21 so that external air can be easily supplied. When the interval is less than 5 mm, If the interval is 30 mm or more, the air can be introduced well, but the space is too large to prevent the movement of moisture, so that the interval is preferably 10 mm.

The rotation of the rotary plates 31 and 36 and the propellers 32 and 37 and the upper plate 40 can be prevented by the continuous rotation of the pulverizing device 20. However, The upper plate 40 and the lower plate 42 can be easily separated from each other by releasing the fixing bolts 44 of the side body 45 in order to replace the upper plate 40 and the lower plate 42. Therefore, It is convenient to easily replace the propellers 32 and 37 through the fixing screws 33 and 38 and to replace them with new ones and the rotating plates 31 and 36 can also be replaced with screws of the hollows 34 and 39 It is possible to easily perform repair and replacement of the crusher 10 and parts replacement.

The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for preventing the contact of moisture with a body, a rotating shaft and a bearing by supplying external wind to the inside by rotation of a propeller while a rotating plate provided with propellers at both ends of a rotating shaft, To provide a very useful invention which makes it possible to use for a long time while reducing wear.

10: crusher 11: inlet
12: upper body 13: suction pipe
14: Suction motor 15: Lower main body
16: Grinding net 17: Deceleration motor
18: screw 18a: outlet
19: Frame 20: Grinding device
21: rotating shaft 22: crushed blade
23: crushing blade 24: motor
30: ventilation device 31, 36: spindle
32, 37: propeller 33, 38: fixing screw
34, 39: hollow 40: top plate
41: groove 42: bottom plate
43: ventilation space 44: fixing bolt
45: side body

Claims (5)

A crushing blade 22 connected to a motor 24 and connected to a crushing blade 23 connected to the rotating shaft 21 is connected to a motor 24 in the upper body 12 having a charging port 11 and a suction pipe 13, A pulverizing net 16 formed at a lower side of the pulverizing apparatus 20 and a lower body 15 connected to the upper body 12 are provided with a screw 18, To a discharge port (18a), the food pulverizer
A plurality of propellers 32 and 37 are formed in the circumferential direction in the outward direction by forming hollows 34 and 39 to be threadedly engaged so that the crushing blade 22 does not move outward at both ends of the rotary shaft 21 A ventilating space 43 is formed in the upper plate 40 and the lower plate 42 through which the rotating shaft 21 passes and the outside air is supplied inward so that water is supplied to the upper plate 40 and the lower plate 42, And an air ventilator (30) for preventing contact with the air inlet (42).
The method according to claim 1,
Wherein the rotating plates (31, 36) of the ventilator (30) are provided so that the propellers (32, 37) are different in direction and supply the wind in the direction of the inner crushing blade (22).
The method according to claim 1,
Wherein the rotary plates (31, 36) of the ventilator (30) are coupled with a plurality of propellers (32, 37) by fixing screws (33, 38) in the circumferential direction.
The method according to claim 1,
The ventilation device 30 includes a ventilation space 43 in which the upper plate 40 forms a groove 41 on the lower side and the lower plate 42 coupled to the lower side of the upper plate 40 is circularly aligned with the groove 41 , And the side body (45) is fixed by fixing bolts (44) to both the upper plate (40) and the lower plate (42).
The method according to claim 1,
Wherein the ventilation space (43) is provided so as to blow outside air with an interval of 5 to 30 mm.
KR1020140035746A 2014-03-27 2014-03-27 Moisture-proof food a pulverizer effluent KR101446246B1 (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101535760B1 (en) * 2014-12-22 2015-07-09 이기동 Shredder for bean sprouts garbage
CN110624675A (en) * 2019-09-16 2019-12-31 宋从俊 Aquatic product feed grinder capable of sufficiently grinding aquatic product feed
CN112354645A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-02-12 李昱轩 Quick reducing mechanism of fertilizer for agricultural
KR102341496B1 (en) * 2021-01-27 2021-12-22 김태영 A food grinder that is easy to separate from the grinder safety support.

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH08284961A (en) * 1995-04-14 1996-11-01 Okuma Mach Works Ltd Spindle bearing lubricating device
JPH10274341A (en) * 1997-03-31 1998-10-13 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Bearing
KR100849626B1 (en) 2008-01-16 2008-07-31 김태영 A crusher for food
JP2013199871A (en) 2012-03-23 2013-10-03 Toshiba Corp Electric blower

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH08284961A (en) * 1995-04-14 1996-11-01 Okuma Mach Works Ltd Spindle bearing lubricating device
JPH10274341A (en) * 1997-03-31 1998-10-13 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Bearing
KR100849626B1 (en) 2008-01-16 2008-07-31 김태영 A crusher for food
JP2013199871A (en) 2012-03-23 2013-10-03 Toshiba Corp Electric blower

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101535760B1 (en) * 2014-12-22 2015-07-09 이기동 Shredder for bean sprouts garbage
CN110624675A (en) * 2019-09-16 2019-12-31 宋从俊 Aquatic product feed grinder capable of sufficiently grinding aquatic product feed
CN112354645A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-02-12 李昱轩 Quick reducing mechanism of fertilizer for agricultural
KR102341496B1 (en) * 2021-01-27 2021-12-22 김태영 A food grinder that is easy to separate from the grinder safety support.

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