KR100694665B1 - The wooden building perventing torsion of wooden wall - Google Patents

The wooden building perventing torsion of wooden wall Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100694665B1
KR100694665B1 KR1020060064894A KR20060064894A KR100694665B1 KR 100694665 B1 KR100694665 B1 KR 100694665B1 KR 1020060064894 A KR1020060064894 A KR 1020060064894A KR 20060064894 A KR20060064894 A KR 20060064894A KR 100694665 B1 KR100694665 B1 KR 100694665B1
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South Korea
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wooden
wood
building
column
pillar
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KR1020060064894A
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Korean (ko)
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김인덕
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김인덕
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/26Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of wood
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements
    • E04B1/10Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements the elements consisting of wood
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/19Three-dimensional framework structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/19Three-dimensional framework structures
    • E04B1/1903Connecting nodes specially adapted therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/26Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of wood
    • E04B1/2604Connections specially adapted therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/58Connections for building structures in general of bar-shaped building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/26Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of wood
    • E04B1/2604Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B2001/262Connection node with interlocking of specially shaped wooden members, e.g. puzzle type connection

Abstract

A wooden building for preventing distortion of a wooden wall is provided to prevent deformation of the building by freely contracting and expanding the wooden wall with a distortion preventive space between a wooden beam and the wooden wall, and to construct the wooden building simply by installing a roof with plural beams. A wooden building includes plural wooden columns(10) vertically installed on a floor(50) and provided with rail grooves(11) formed at sides and projections(12) formed in upper parts, a wooden beam(20) formed by assembling plural wooden members, fixed to the wooden column and provided with a recess(23) to which the projection of the wooden column is inserted, and a wooden wall(30) formed by stacking plural wooden blocks fitted to the rail grooves of the wooden column. A distortion preventive space is formed between the wooden block and a lower part of the wooden beam, and a molding is installed in the distortion preventive space to cover the distortion preventive space.

Description

목재 벽체의 비틀림을 방지하도록 된 목조 건축물{THE WOODEN BUILDING PERVENTING TORSION OF WOODEN WALL}Wooden building designed to prevent twisting of wooden walls {THE WOODEN BUILDING PERVENTING TORSION OF WOODEN WALL}
도 1은 종래의 목조 건축물의 건축 상태를 나타낸 분해사시도.1 is an exploded perspective view showing a state of construction of a conventional wooden building;
도 2는 본 발명의 목재 벽체의 비틀림을 방지하도록 된 목조 건축물을 나타낸 분해 사시도.Figure 2 is an exploded perspective view showing a wooden structure to prevent the twisting of the wooden wall of the present invention.
도 3은 본 발명의 목조 건축물이 시공된 상태를 나타낸 사시도.Figure 3 is a perspective view showing a state in which the wooden building of the present invention construction.
도 4는 본 발명 목조 건축물의 비틀림방지공간에 몰딩이 설치된 상태를 나타낸 단면 개략도.Figure 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view showing a state in which the molding is installed in the torsion-proof space of the wooden building of the present invention.
도 5는 본 발명의 목조 건축물 시공 상태를 나타낸 단면 개략도.Figure 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view showing a wooden building construction state of the present invention.
도 6은 본 발명 목조 건축물 기둥의 레일홈의 형성 예를 나타낸 평면 개략도.Figure 6 is a plan schematic view showing an example of the formation of the rail groove of the wooden building pillar of the present invention.
도 7은 본 발명 목조 건축물의 목조벽체 시공 상태를 나타낸 분해 사시도.Figure 7 is an exploded perspective view showing a wooden wall construction state of the present invention wooden building.
도 8은 본 발명 목조 건축물의 목조벽체와 목조기둥의 하부 조립상태를 나타낸 그림.Figure 8 is a view showing the lower assembly state of the wooden wall and wooden pillar of the present invention wooden building.
도 9는 본 발명 목조 건축물의 목조벽체와 목조기둥의 상부 조립상태를 나타낸 그림.9 is a view showing an upper assembly state of the wooden wall and wooden pillar of the present invention wooden building.
<도면의 주요 부호에 대한 상세한 설명><Detailed Description of Major Symbols in Drawing>
10 : 목재기둥 11 : 레일홈10: wooden pillar 11: rail groove
12 : 돌기 20 : 목재보12: projection 20: wooden beam
21 : 가로보 21a : 가로보조립홈21: horizontal beam 21a: horizontal beam assembly groove
22 : 세로보 22a : 세로보조립홈22: vertical beam 22a: vertical beam assembly groove
23 : 홈 30 : 목재벽체23: groove 30: wood wall
31 : 목재블록 40 : 비틀림방지공간31: wood block 40: torsion prevention space
50 : 바닥 60 : 몰딩50: floor 60: molding
70 : 통나무블록 80 : 조립체70: log block 80: assembly
90 : 기둥90: pillar
본 발명은 목재 벽체의 비틀림을 방지하도록 된 목조 건축물에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a wooden building adapted to prevent twisting of wooden walls.
일반적으로 목재 건축물의 벽체를 형성하는 방법으로 사용되는 방법은 '목조건축물 내,외벽체의 축조방법과 그 조립식목재블록'(한국 특허공보 92-0004985)에 안출되어 있는 방법을 사용하였다.In general, the method used as a method of forming the walls of the wooden building used the method proposed in the 'building method of the inner and outer walls of the wooden building and its prefabricated wood block' (Korean Patent Publication 92-0004985).
이 방법은 벽돌조 건축물을 축조하는 것처럼 목조 블록을 서로 엇갈려 축조 시켜 내력벽화 하는 방법이다.This method is a method of building a load-bearing wall by building wooden blocks alternately like building a brick building.
그런데, 위와 같이 벽체를 내력벽화 한 경우 주변 환경에 따라 일부의 목조 블록은 수축하게 되고, 일부의 목조 블록은 팽창하는 경우가 발생한다.However, in the case where the wall has a load-bearing wall as described above, some wooden blocks are contracted according to the surrounding environment, and some wooden blocks are expanded.
예를 들어, 남쪽은 햇빛을 많이 받아 건조한 환경이 되어 건축물의 남 측 목조블록은 수축하게 되고, 북쪽은 햇빛을 덜 받아 습한 환경이 되어 건축물의 북 측 목조블록은 팽창하게 된다.For example, the south side will receive a lot of sunlight and become a dry environment, so the wooden block on the south side of the building will shrink, and the north side will be less sunshine and a humid environment, and the north wooden block of the building will expand.
즉, 남측벽체는 수축하려 하고 북측벽체는 팽창하려 하는데, 남측이나 북측이나 모두 지붕과 같은 상부구조물과 고정되어 있어 팽창이나 수축할 수 없게 되고, 이로 인해 벽체가 비틀리는 현상이 발생하게 된다.That is, the south wall tries to contract and the north wall tries to expand, and both the south side and the north side are fixed to an upper structure such as a roof, so that the wall cannot be expanded or contracted, which causes the wall to twist.
또, 목조 벽체 시공에 관한 기술로 '목조건물의 벽체 조립구조'(한국 공개특허공보 10-2005-0105090)가 안출되기도 하였다.In addition, as a technique for constructing wooden walls, a wall assembly structure of wooden conditioners (Korean Patent Publication No. 10-2005-0105090) has been devised.
위의 목조 건축물 구조는 기둥에 홈을 형성하고 기둥(90) 사이에 다층으로 적층할 수 있도록 된 통나무블록(70)을 조립체(80)를 이용해 조립해 벽체를 형성하도록 된 방법이다.The above wooden building structure is a method of forming a wall by assembling the log block 70 using the assembly 80 to form a groove in the pillar and to be laminated in multiple layers between the pillar 90.
그러나, 위와 같은 기술 역시 통나무벽체는 내력벽의 역할을 하게 된 구조로 상부 하중에 의해 위에서 설명한 것과 마찬가지로 주변 환경 변화에 따라 벽체가 뒤틀리는 현상이 발생할 수밖에 없었다.However, the above-described technology also has a structure in which the log wall acts as a bearing wall, and as described above, the wall is distorted due to changes in the surrounding environment.
또, 위와 같은 기술들은 건축물의 설치시에도 벽체를 형성하는 통나무블록들이 정확한 규격을 갖고 있지 않을 경우 벽체 완성시 상단의 높이가 수평하게 않게 되어 온전한 내력벽의 역할을 갖지 못하게 되는 문제점이 있었다.In addition, the above techniques have a problem in that even when the building blocks do not have the exact size of the log blocks forming the wall does not have the exact specifications, the height of the top of the wall is not horizontal to have a role of a full-bearing wall.
또, 이러한 점 때문에 상단의 높이를 수평하게 하기 위해 완성된 벽체의 상단을 절단 가공 해야 하는 문제점도 있었다.In addition, because of this point, there was a problem in that the upper end of the finished wall was cut in order to level the upper end.
본 발명의 목재 벽체의 비틀림을 방지하도록 된 목조 건축물은 이러한 문제점을 해소하기 위한 것으로, 목재벽체를 비내력화하고, 목재기둥 상단에 설치되는 목재보와 목재벽체 사이에 비틀림방지공간을 형성함으로써 목재벽체가 주변환경에 따라 자유롭게 수축, 팽창할 수 있도록 함으로써 목재 건축물의 변형이 발생되지 않게 하려는 목적이 있다.The wooden building to prevent the twist of the wooden wall of the present invention is to solve this problem, and the wooden wall by deforming the wooden wall, by forming a torsion prevention space between the wooden beam and the wooden wall installed on the top of the wooden pillar The purpose is to prevent deformation of the wooden structure by allowing the wall to contract and expand freely according to the surrounding environment.
또, 시공시에도 목재기둥 위에 설치되는 다수 개의 보만으로 수평을 유지하면서 그 위에 지붕 등과 같은 구조물을 설치하도록 함으로써 간편하게 시공할 수 있게 하려는 목적도 있다.In addition, there is also an object to make it easy to install by installing a structure such as a roof on it while maintaining the horizontal level only a plurality of beams are installed on the wooden pillar during construction.
특히 목재벽체가 비내력벽임으로 인해 목재기둥 사이에 목재블록을 쌓을 때도 각 기둥 사이마다 설치되는 목재블록의 높이를 서로 일정하게 맞출 필요가 없게 하려는 목적도 있다.In particular, because the wooden wall is a non-bearing wall, there is also a purpose to avoid the need to uniformly match the height of the wooden blocks installed between each pillar even when the wooden blocks are stacked between the pillars.
또한, 비틀림방지공간 부분은 몰딩 처리함으로써 미관이 수려한 목조 건축물을 제공하려는 목적도 있다.In addition, the torsion-prevention space portion has a purpose to provide a wooden structure with a beautiful appearance by molding.
또한, 목재기둥에 형성된 홈의 깊이와 폭을 목재블록이 끼워지는 깊이와 폭보다 길게 형성함으로써 목재기둥의 부피팽창 및 수축에 따른 구조물의 변형도 발생하지 않게 하려는 목적도 있다.In addition, the depth and width of the groove formed in the wooden column is formed to be longer than the depth and width to which the wooden block is fitted to prevent the deformation of the structure due to the volume expansion and contraction of the wooden column.
본 발명은 목재 벽체의 비틀림을 방지하도록 된 목조 건축물에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a wooden building adapted to prevent twisting of wooden walls.
본 발명 목재 벽체의 비틀림을 방지하도록 된 목조 건축물은, 목재기둥 사이에 목재블록이 끼워지면서 다수 개 적층시켜 목재벽체를 형성하되 목재벽체의 상단과 목재보 사이에 비틀림방지공간이 형성되어 있어 목재벽체의 변형이 발생되지 않게 된다.In the present invention, a wooden building designed to prevent twisting of a wooden wall is formed by stacking a plurality of wood blocks while the wooden blocks are inserted between the wooden pillars, but a torsion preventing space is formed between the top of the wooden wall and the wooden beams. No deformation occurs.
또, 목재기둥에 형성되어 있는 레일홈의 폭과 깊이가 목재블록이 삽입되는 폭, 깊이보다 길게 형성되어 있어 목재기둥의 부피팽창 및 수축에 따른 구조물의 변형이 발생되지 않도록 되어 있다.In addition, the width and depth of the rail groove formed in the wooden column is formed longer than the width and depth into which the wooden block is inserted so that deformation of the structure due to volume expansion and contraction of the wooden column does not occur.
또, 벽체 형성시에는 각각의 목재기둥 사이에 적층되는 목재블록의 높이를 서로 일정하게 맞출 필요가 없어 시공이 간편해진다.In addition, when the wall is formed, it is not necessary to constantly match the heights of the wood blocks stacked between the respective wooden columns, thereby simplifying the construction.
또한, 비틀림방지공간이 형성된 부분에는 몰딩이 설치되어 마감이 수려해진다.In addition, the molding is installed in the portion where the torsion-proof space is formed, the finish is beautiful.
이를 위해 본 발명의 목재 벽체의 비틀림을 방지하도록 된 목조 건축물은, 목재로 되어 있고, 바닥 위에 다수 개 세워져 있으며, 측면에 레일홈이 형성되어 있고, 상단에 돌기가 형성되어 있는 다수 개의 목재기둥과; 다수 개의 목재 부재가 서로 조립되어 형성되어 있되, 일측의 목재 부재 저면에는 목재기둥의 돌기가 삽입되는 홈이 저면에 형성되어 있어 목재기둥에 고정되는 목재보와; 목재로 된 목재블 록의 양 끝단이 목재기둥의 레일홈에 끼워진 채 다수 개 적층되어 형성되되 상단의 목재블록과 목재보 저면 사이에 비틀림방지공간이 형성되도록 되어 있는 목재벽체;로 구성된다.To this end, the wooden building to prevent the twisting of the wooden wall of the present invention is made of wood, a plurality of erected on the floor, a rail groove is formed on the side, and a plurality of wooden pillars formed with projections on the top and ; A plurality of wood members are assembled to each other, the bottom of one side of the wood member is formed with a groove into which the projection of the wooden pillar is formed on the bottom wooden beam fixed to the wooden pillar; Both ends of the wooden block made of wood is formed by stacking a plurality of sandwiched in the rail groove of the wooden pillar, the wooden wall is to be formed between the upper wooden block and the bottom surface of the wood to prevent torsion.
이하 본 발명의 기술적 사상을 첨부된 도면에 의하여 보다 구체적으로 설명하면 다음과 같다.Hereinafter, the technical spirit of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
그러나 첨부된 도면은 본 발명의 기술적 사상을 보다 구체적으로 설명하기 위한 하나의 예를 도시한 것에 불과하므로 본 발명의 기술적 사상이 첨부된 도면에 한정되는 것은 아니다.However, the accompanying drawings are only one example for more specifically describing the technical idea of the present invention, and thus the technical idea of the present invention is not limited to the accompanying drawings.
본 발명의 구성요소인 목재기둥(10)은 목재로 되어 있고, 바닥(50) 위에 다수 개 세워져 있으며, 측면에 레일홈(11)이 형성되어 있다.Wood pillar 10 is a component of the present invention is made of wood, a plurality of erected on the floor 50, the rail groove 11 is formed on the side.
도 2에서는 사각 박스 형태의 건축 구조물에서의 목재기둥(10)을 나타내었다.Figure 2 shows a wooden column 10 in the rectangular box-shaped building structure.
도면에서 보는 바와 같이 목재기둥(10)의 측면에는 레일홈(11)이 형성되어 있는 것을 볼 수 있다.As shown in the figure it can be seen that the rail groove 11 is formed on the side of the wooden column (10).
레일홈(11)은 목재기둥(10)의 설치 위치에 따라 목재기둥(10)의 일측면 또는 양면, 삼면, 사면 등 다양하게 형성될 수 있다.The rail groove 11 may be formed in various ways such as one side or both sides, three sides, four sides of the wooden column 10 according to the installation position of the wooden column 10.
이러한 목재기둥(10)의 상부에는 도 2에서 보는 바와 같이 다른 구조부재의 설치를 용이하게 하기 위해 돌기(12)가 형성될 수도 있다.As shown in FIG. 2, a protrusion 12 may be formed at an upper portion of the wooden pillar 10 to facilitate installation of another structural member.
또, 도시하지는 않았으나 돌기(12)가 아닌 홈이 형성될 수도 있다.In addition, although not shown, a groove other than the protrusion 12 may be formed.
본 발명의 구성요소인 목재보(20)는 목재로 되어 있고, 상기 목재기둥(10) 위에 설치된 채 다수 개가 서로 조립되어 형성되어 있다.The wooden beam 20, which is a component of the present invention, is made of wood, and a plurality of wooden beams 20 are installed on the wooden pillars 10 and assembled together.
도 2를 보면 목재기둥(10) 위에 다수 개의 보가 서로 조립되면서 설치되는 것을 볼 수 있다.Looking at Figure 2 it can be seen that a plurality of beams are installed while assembling each other on a wooden pillar (10).
목재보(20) 중 가로방향으로 설치되는 가로보(21)의 하단에는 목재기둥(10)의 돌기(12)가 맞물리는 홈(23)이 형성되어 있고, 상부 일측에 가로보조립홈(21a)이 형성되어 있는 것을 볼 수 있다.At the bottom of the horizontal beam 21 installed in the horizontal direction of the wooden beams 20, the grooves 23 are formed to engage the projections 12 of the wooden column 10, the horizontal auxiliary assembly groove (21a) on the upper side It can be seen that it is formed.
또, 목재보(20) 중 세로방향으로 설치되는 세로보(22)의 하단에는 세로보조립홈(22a)이 형성되어 있어 가로보조립홈(21a)과 세로보조립홈(22a)이 서로 맞물리면서 목재보(20)가 목재기둥(10) 설치되는 것이 나타나 있다.In addition, the longitudinal beam assembly groove 22a is formed at the lower end of the longitudinal beam 22 installed in the longitudinal direction of the wooden beam 20, so that the horizontal beam assembly groove 21a and the vertical beam assembly groove 22a are engaged with each other. It is shown that the wooden pole 10 is installed.
이러한 다수 개의 목재보(20)는 도 2와 같은 구성으로 제한되는 것은 아니며 공지되어 있는 다양한 가구식 조립방법이 채택될 수도 있다.Such a plurality of wooden beams 20 is not limited to the configuration as shown in FIG. 2 and various furniture assembly methods known in the art may be adopted.
본 발명의 구성요소인 목재벽체(30)는 목재로 된 목재블록(31)의 양 끝단이 목재기둥(10)의 레일홈(11)에 끼워진 채 다수 개 적층되어 형성되어 있다.The wood wall 30, which is a component of the present invention, is formed by stacking a plurality of both ends of the wood block 31 made of wood while being fitted in the rail groove 11 of the wood column 10.
도 2를 보면 다수 개의 목재블록(31)을 서로 적층시키기 위해 각각의 목재블록(31) 상부나 하부 일측은 홈을 형성하고 반대편에는 돌기를 형성한 것을 볼 수 있다.Referring to Figure 2 it can be seen that in order to stack a plurality of wood blocks 31 to each other, the upper or lower one side of each wood block 31 forms a groove and a protrusion formed on the opposite side.
이와 같은 적층방식 역시 도 2에 의해 한정되는 것은 아니며 공지되어 있는 다양한 적층방식을 적용할 수 있다.Such a lamination method is also not limited by FIG. 2, and various lamination methods known in the art may be applied.
이와 같은 목재블록(31)을 계속 적층시켜 최상단의 목재블록(31)까지 적층시키게 되면 최상단 목재블록(31)의 상단과 목재보(20) 저면 사이에 비틀림방지공간(40)이라고 하는 틈이 형성되는데, 이 비틀림방지공간(40)이 본 발명의 핵심 기술사상이다.When the wood blocks 31 are continuously stacked and stacked up to the top wood blocks 31, a gap called a torsion preventing space 40 is formed between the top of the top wood blocks 31 and the bottom of the wood beams 20. This torsion preventing space 40 is the core technical idea of the present invention.
이 비틀림방지공간(40)이 의미하는 것은 두 가지이다.The torsion preventing space 40 means two things.
한가지는 바로 본 발명의 목조 건축물은 비내력벽식 건축물이라는 점이고, 또 하나는 비틀림방지공간(40)으로 인해 각각의 목재블록(31)은 주변 환경에 따라 자연스럽게 수축 및 팽창할 수 있다는 점이다.One is that the wooden building of the present invention is a non-bearing wall-type building, and another is that each wooden block 31 can be naturally contracted and expanded according to the surrounding environment due to the torsion-resistant space 40.
즉, 종래의 목조 건축물과는 달리 벽체가 주변 환경에 따라 수축, 팽창할 수 있으면서도 건축물이 변형하지 않게 된다는 점이다.That is, unlike the conventional wooden building, the wall can shrink and expand according to the surrounding environment, but the building is not deformed.
보다 정확이 말하면 목재벽체(30)의 변형에도 불구하고, 목재기둥(10)과 목재보(20)가 변형하지 않아 구조상 문제가 발생되지 않게 되는 것이다.More precisely, despite the deformation of the wooden wall 30, the wooden column 10 and the wooden beam 20 does not deform so that structural problems do not occur.
구체적으로, 남측 목재벽체(30)가 수축하여 비틀림방지공간(40)의 높이가 1 cm가 될 때 북측 목재벽체(30)는 수축하지 않아 2 cm 인 상태가 가능하며 이러한 상태는 목조벽체가 수축, 팽창은 하되 비틀림은 발생하지 않는 상태인 것이다.Specifically, when the south side wooden wall 30 is contracted so that the height of the torsion preventing space 40 becomes 1 cm, the north side wooden wall 30 is not contracted so that a state of 2 cm is possible. , But with expansion but no torsion.
도 8과 도 9를 보면 상부로 갈수록 목재기둥(10)을 중심으로 양 측의 목재블록(31)의 높이가 각기 다르게 되어 있는 것을 볼 수 있다.8 and 9 it can be seen that the height of the wood block 31 on both sides with respect to the wood pillar 10 toward the top is different.
즉, 목재기둥(10)을 중심으로 양 측의 목재블록(31)이 각기 개별적으로 수 축, 팽창할 수 잇게 되어 있는 것이다.In other words, the wooden blocks 31 on both sides of the wooden column 10 are to be individually contracted and expanded.
이러한 본 발명의 핵심 기술사상을 뒷받침하는 것으로 비틀림방지공간(40)에 몰딩(60)을 설치하여 비틀림방지공간(40)이 외부로 노출되지 않고, 비틀림방지공간(40)을 통해 외기와 내기가 서로 접촉하지 않게 할 수 있다.By supporting the core technical concept of the present invention, by installing the molding 60 in the torsion preventing space 40, the torsion preventing space 40 is not exposed to the outside, and outside air and bet through the torsion preventing space 40 You can prevent them from touching each other.
위와 같은 구성에 있어서, 도면에서 보는 바와 같이 통나무가 아닌 일반 건조목을 이용해 본 발명의 목재 건축물을 축조할 경우 비틀림방지공간(40)의 크기를 예측하여 목재벽체(30)를 형성할 수 있다.In the configuration as described above, when constructing the wooden building of the present invention using a general dry wood instead of a log as shown in the figure can predict the size of the torsion-resistant space 40 can form a wooden wall (30).
구체적으로 일반 건조목의 최대 수축, 팽창율이 폭 대비 1 길이 % 인 점을 감안하여 다수 개의 목재블록(31)을 적층시켜 형성한 전체 목재벽체(30) 길이에 대비하여 1 % 내외인 0.5 ~ 1.5 % 정도의 길이로 비틀림방지공간(40)을 형성할 수 있다.Specifically, considering that the maximum shrinkage and expansion rate of general dry wood is 1% by length relative to the width, 0.5 to 1.5 which is about 1% compared to the length of the entire wood wall 30 formed by stacking a plurality of wood blocks 31. The torsion preventing space 40 may be formed to a length of about%.
즉, 높이 2 m 의 벽체를 형성할 경우 비틀림방지공간(40)의 높이를 약 2 cm 정도로 형성하게 되면 목재벽체(30)는 충분이 수축, 팽창하면서 구조물에 영향을 미치지 않게 된다.That is, when forming a wall of 2 m in height to form the height of the torsion-resistant space 40 to about 2 cm, the wooden wall 30 is not enough to shrink, expand the impact on the structure.
위와 같은 구성에 있어서 목재기둥(10) 역시 주변 환경에 따라 폭 방향으로 수축하거나 팽창할 수 있다.In the above configuration, the wooden column 10 may also contract or expand in the width direction depending on the surrounding environment.
이는 목재기둥(10)의 레일홈(11)의 폭과 깊이가 길어지거나 짧아질 수 있음을 의미한다.This means that the width and depth of the rail groove 11 of the wooden column 10 may be longer or shorter.
이 경우 레일홈(11)의 폭과 깊이가 레일홈(11)에 삽입된 목재블록(31)의 깊이과 폭보다 클 경우는 괜찮으나 작을 경우 목재기둥(10)과 목재벽체(30) 모두 변형이 발생할 수 있다.In this case, the width and depth of the rail groove 11 may be larger than the depth and width of the wood block 31 inserted into the rail groove 11, but when the width and depth of the rail groove 11 are small, both the wooden pillar 10 and the wooden wall 30 are deformed. May occur.
이러한 문제점을 해소하기 위해 목재기둥(10)의 레일홈(11)의 폭은 삽입되는 목재블록(31)의 폭보다 크게 형성하고, 목재블록(31)이 삽입되는 깊이보다 깊게 형성하는 것이 바람직하다.In order to solve this problem, the width of the rail groove 11 of the wooden pillar 10 is preferably formed to be larger than the width of the wood block 31 is inserted, it is preferably formed deeper than the depth of the wood block 31 is inserted. .
상기와 같이 구성된 본 발명의 작용을 설명하면 다음과 같다.Referring to the operation of the present invention configured as described above are as follows.
본 발명의 목재 건축물을 시공하는 방법은, 먼저 기초 및 바닥(50)을 시공하면서 목재기둥(10)을 설치한다.In the method of constructing the wooden building of the present invention, the wooden pillar 10 is installed while constructing the foundation and the floor 50.
목재기둥(10)이 설치된 상태에서 목재기둥(10) 사이의 레일홈(11)마다 목재블록(31)을 적층시켜 벽체를 완성한다.In the state where the wooden column 10 is installed, the wood block 31 is laminated on each rail groove 11 between the wooden columns 10 to complete the wall.
벽체가 완성된 다음 목재기둥(10) 상단에 다수 개의 목재보(20)를 조립함으로써 기본적인 건축물의 시공이 완료된다.After the wall is completed, the construction of the basic building is completed by assembling a plurality of wooden beams 20 on top of the wooden pillars 10.
이때, 벽체 형성시 일측의 목재기둥(10)만 세워 놓은 상태에서 목재블록(31)의 일측을 끼워가면서 목재벽체(30)를 설치한 후 타측에 목재기둥(10)을 끼우는 방식으로 조립할 수도 있다.At this time, in the state of forming the wall, one side of the wood block 31 is installed while only one side of the wooden pillar 10 is set up, the wooden wall 30 may be installed and then assembled by fitting the wooden pillar 10 to the other side. .
기본 골격이 완성된 상태에서 목재기둥(10)과 목재보(20) 사이에는 비틀림방지공간(40)이 형성되어 있다.The torsion preventing space 40 is formed between the wooden pillar 10 and the wooden beam 20 in a state in which the basic skeleton is completed.
그 이후에는 목재보(20) 상부에 트러스 및 지붕구조물을 설치하고, 비틀림방 지공간(40)은 몰딩(60) 처리하며, 각종 설비를 설치함으로써 건축물을 완공하면 된다.Thereafter, the truss and the roof structure are installed on the upper timber beams 20, the torsion preventing space 40 is molded 60, and various buildings may be completed by installing various facilities.
이와 같은 본 발명의 목재 건축물은 목재기둥(10) 사이에 설치되는 목재블록(31)의 상단 높이를 맞출 필요가 없고, 인접 기둥 사이에 설치되는 목재블록(31) 역시 높이를 서로 맞출 필요가 없어 시공 기간이 획기적으로 단축되게 된다.Such a wooden building of the present invention does not need to match the height of the top of the wood block 31 is installed between the pillars 10, wooden blocks 31 installed between adjacent pillars also do not need to match the height. Construction period will be shortened dramatically.
본 발명에 의해, 목재벽체를 비내력화하고, 목재기둥 상단에 설치되는 목재보와 목재벽체 사이에 비틀림방지공간을 형성함으로써 목재벽체가 주변환경에 따라 자유롭게 수축, 팽창할 수 있도록 되어 있어 목재 건축물의 변형이 발생되지 않게 된다.According to the present invention, the wooden wall is non-bearing strength, and by forming a torsion-proof space between the wooden beam and the wooden wall installed on the top of the wooden pillar, so that the wooden wall can freely shrink and expand according to the surrounding environment, the wooden building No deformation occurs.
또, 시공시에도 목재기둥 위에 설치되는 다수 개의 보만으로 수평을 유지하면서 그 위에 지붕 등과 같은 구조물을 설치하도록 함으로써 시공이 간편한 목재 건축물이 제공된다.In addition, the construction is easy to install a wooden structure by providing a structure such as a roof on the horizontal while maintaining a horizontal level with only a plurality of beams installed on the wooden pillar during construction.
특히, 목재벽체0)가 비내력벽임으로 인해 목재기둥 사이에 목재블록을 쌓을 때도 각 기둥 사이마다 설치되는 목재블록의 높이를 서로 일정하게 맞출 필요가 없어 시공이 간편해진다.In particular, since the wooden wall (0) is a non-bearing wall, even when the wooden blocks are stacked between the wooden pillars, there is no need to constantly match the height of the wooden blocks installed between each pillar, thereby simplifying the construction.
또한, 목재기둥에 형성된 홈의 깊이와 폭은 목재블록이 끼워지는 깊이와 폭보다 길게 형성되어 있어 목재기둥의 부피팽창 및 수축에 따른 구조물의 변형도 발생하지 않게 된다.In addition, the depth and width of the groove formed in the wooden pillar is formed longer than the depth and width to which the wooden block is fitted so that the deformation of the structure due to the volume expansion and contraction of the wooden pillar does not occur.
또한, 비틀림방지공간 부분은 몰딩 처리되어 있어 미관이 수려한 목조 건축물이 제공된다.In addition, the torsion-resistant space portion is molded to provide a beautiful wooden building beautiful appearance.

Claims (5)

  1. 목조 건축물에 있어서,In the wooden building,
    목재로 되어 있고, 바닥(50) 위에 다수 개 세워져 있으며, 측면에 레일홈(11)이 형성되어 있고, 상단에 돌기(12)가 형성되어 있는 다수 개의 목재기둥(10)과;A plurality of wood pillars 10 which are made of wood, erected on the bottom 50, rail grooves 11 are formed on the side, and protrusions 12 are formed on the top;
    다수 개의 목재 부재가 서로 조립되어 형성되어 있되, 일측의 목재 부재 저면에는 상기 목재기둥(10)의 돌기(12)가 삽입되는 홈(23)이 저면에 형성되어 있어 목재기둥(10)에 고정되는 목재보(20)와;A plurality of wood members are assembled to each other, the bottom of one side of the wood member is formed with a groove 23 is inserted into the projection 12 of the wooden pillar 10 is fixed to the wooden pillar 10 Wood beams 20;
    목재로 된 목재블록(31)의 양 끝단이 상기 목재기둥(10)의 레일홈(11)에 끼워진 채 다수 개 적층되어 형성되되 상단의 목재블록(31)과 목재보(20) 저면 사이에 비틀림방지공간(40)이 형성되도록 되어 있는 목재벽체(30);를 포함하여 구성된,Both ends of the wood block 31 made of wood is formed by stacking a plurality of while being sandwiched in the rail groove 11 of the wooden column 10 between the top of the wood block 31 and the bottom of the wooden beam 20 Consists of, including; wooden wall 30 is formed to prevent the space 40 is formed,
    목재 벽체의 비틀림을 방지하도록 된 목조 건축물.Wooden construction designed to prevent twisting of wooden walls.
  2. 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 비틀림방지공간(40)에는 몰딩(60)이 설치되어 비틀림방지공간(40)이 시야에 노출되지 않도록 한 것을 특징으로 하는,Molding 60 is installed in the torsion preventing space 40 is characterized in that the torsion preventing space 40 is not exposed to the field of view,
    목재 벽체의 비틀림을 방지하도록 된 목조 건축물.Wooden construction designed to prevent twisting of wooden walls.
  3. 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 비틀림방지공간(40)의 높이는 목재벽체(30) 전체 높이의 0.5 ~ 1.5 % 의 길이인 것을 특징으로 하는,The height of the torsion preventing space 40 is characterized in that the length of 0.5 ~ 1.5% of the total height of the wooden wall 30,
    목재 벽체의 비틀림을 방지하도록 된 목조 건축물.Wooden construction designed to prevent twisting of wooden walls.
  4. 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 목재기둥(10)의 레일홈(11)은 목재블록(31)의 폭보다 폭이 더 큰 것을 특징으로 하는,Rail groove 11 of the wooden column 10 is characterized in that the width is larger than the width of the wooden block 31,
    목재 벽체의 비틀림을 방지하도록 된 목조 건축물.Wooden construction designed to prevent twisting of wooden walls.
  5. 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 목재기둥(10)의 레일홈(11)은 목재블록(31)의 끝단이 삽입되는 깊이보다 깊이가 더 깊은 것을 특징으로 하는,Rail groove 11 of the wooden column 10 is characterized in that the depth is deeper than the depth that the end of the wood block 31 is inserted,
    목재 벽체의 비틀림을 방지하도록 된 목조 건축물.Wooden construction designed to prevent twisting of wooden walls.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8904715B2 (en) 2007-11-29 2014-12-09 Hermann Preiss Construction system for structures

Citations (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH03215478A (en) * 1990-01-17 1991-09-20 Mitsui Toatsu Chem Inc Novel thiadiazine derivative, its production and insecticidal miticidal agent containing the compound

Patent Citations (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH03215478A (en) * 1990-01-17 1991-09-20 Mitsui Toatsu Chem Inc Novel thiadiazine derivative, its production and insecticidal miticidal agent containing the compound

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Title
03215478

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8904715B2 (en) 2007-11-29 2014-12-09 Hermann Preiss Construction system for structures

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