JP2006200191A - Building - Google Patents

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Publication number
JP2006200191A
JP2006200191A JP2005012005A JP2005012005A JP2006200191A JP 2006200191 A JP2006200191 A JP 2006200191A JP 2005012005 A JP2005012005 A JP 2005012005A JP 2005012005 A JP2005012005 A JP 2005012005A JP 2006200191 A JP2006200191 A JP 2006200191A
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Prior art keywords
opening
balcony
floor
building
width
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JP2005012005A
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Japanese (ja)
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Yasushi Masui
靖 増井
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Sumitomo Fudosan Kk
住友不動産株式会社
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Priority to JP2005012005A priority Critical patent/JP2006200191A/en
Publication of JP2006200191A publication Critical patent/JP2006200191A/en
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To obtain a building with an open residential space while exerting a necessary strength without formation of protruding structural members from a ceiling or a floor in an opening. <P>SOLUTION: According to the structure of the building, the width of a beam 1 in the opening of the building is larger than the width of a column 2, and the beam 1 extends in a slab direction to form a floor surface of a balcony 5. The thickness of the beam is almost equal to a distance between a ceiling surface and a floor surface of a habitable room, and therefore no structural member is protruded from inside the habitable room to the opening 4, which contributes to formation of the large opening, to thereby obtain the habitable room with spaciousness. Further the balcony 5 may be provided with a glass handrail or a muntin handrail, and therefore the visibility from inside the habitable room is expanded, to thereby contribute to formation of the open habitable room. Further the depth of the balcony 5 can be increased. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2006,JPO&NCIPI

Description

この発明は、鉄筋コンクリート構造、または、鉄骨鉄筋コンクリート構造並びに鉄骨造の建築物において、開口部に突出する部材を設けることなく、採光、換気に優れ、居住者に開放感を与えるようにした建築物に関する。   The present invention relates to a reinforced concrete structure, or a steel reinforced concrete structure and a steel structure building, which is excellent in daylighting and ventilation without providing a projecting member at the opening, and provides a sense of openness to residents. .
従来、鉄筋コンクリート構造や鉄骨鉄筋コンクリート構造、並びに鉄骨造の建築物は柱と梁とからなるラーメン構造が一般的であるが、必要強度を得るために梁成が比較的に大きくしてあり、梁が室内側に突出し、開口の高さが制限されて開口部を大きく取ることができず、開放感に欠けると共に採光、換気が十分でないという問題がある。   Traditionally, reinforced concrete structures, steel reinforced concrete structures, and steel-framed buildings generally have a rigid frame structure consisting of columns and beams. However, to obtain the required strength, the beam formation is relatively large. There is a problem that it protrudes indoors and the height of the opening is limited, so that the opening cannot be made large, lacking in openness, and insufficient lighting and ventilation.
このような問題を解決するため、図4に示す逆梁構造やフラットスラブ構造が提案されている。逆梁工法は、ハイサッシを採用することができ、採光面を大きく取ることができるが、梁がバルコニーの外側に配置される場合は、バルコニーの外柵として利用されるため、外柵が鉄筋コンクリートのフェンスとなって視界を遮り、それに構造部材であるため厚さがあり、バルコニーの奥行きを狭くしている。
フラットスラブは、水平力をも負担する梁兼用のものであり、床全面がかなり厚いものとならざるを得ず、コストがかかるという問題がある。
In order to solve such a problem, an inverted beam structure or a flat slab structure shown in FIG. 4 has been proposed. The reverse beam construction method can adopt a high sash and can take a large lighting surface, but when the beam is placed outside the balcony, it is used as the outer fence of the balcony, so the outer fence is made of reinforced concrete. It is a fence that blocks the field of view, and because it is a structural member, it is thick and the depth of the balcony is narrowed.
The flat slab is also used as a beam that bears a horizontal force, and the entire surface of the floor must be considerably thick.
居住空間に突出する部材を設けずに美観を高め、間取りの自由度を高めたものとして特許文献1(特公平4−28064号公報)には、ラーメン構造のコアとそれを囲むショートスパンのラーメン構造によって柱のないフラットな空間を得たり、また、特許文献2(特開2002−121924号公報)には、集合住宅建物として、建物中心部に耐震壁からなる高剛性のコア補強構造体を設け、補強構造体の周囲に跳ね出しスラブを設け、スラブを支持させるものが提案されているが、いずれにしても、建物外周部にはスラブを受ける梁を必要とするので、大きな開口を得ることができなかった。(図5参照)
特公平4−28064号公報 特開2002−121924号公報
Patent Document 1 (Japanese Patent Publication No. 4-28064) discloses a ramen-structured core and a short-span ramen that surrounds it as an improvement in aesthetics without providing a protruding member in the living space and an increased degree of freedom in floor plan. According to the structure, a flat space without a pillar is obtained, and in Patent Document 2 (Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2002-121924), a high-rigidity core reinforcing structure composed of a seismic wall is provided at the center of a building as an apartment building. It has been proposed to provide a slab that protrudes around the reinforcement structure and supports the slab, but in any case, a beam that receives the slab is required on the outer periphery of the building, so a large opening is obtained. I couldn't. (See Figure 5)
Japanese Patent Publication No. 4-28064 JP 2002-121924 A
この発明の目的は、開口部に天井や床からの出っ張りとなる大きな断面の構造部材を設けることなく構造物としての必要強度が得られるようにすると共に、圧迫感がなく、開放的な居住空間を構築できるようにするものである。   An object of the present invention is to provide a necessary strength as a structure without providing a structural member having a large cross section that protrudes from a ceiling or a floor in an opening, and there is no feeling of pressure and an open living space. Is to be able to build.
柱と梁からなる構造の建築物において、開口部の梁の幅を柱の幅より大きくすると共に、開口部の梁に交差する梁の幅を柱の幅以下とすることにより、階高を高くすること無く開口部の大きな開放的な居室が得られるようにしたものである。
また、この梁をバルコニーの床面とすることにより、硝子手摺等を採用できるようにし、更に開放感を与えるものとしたものである。
更に、構造物の強度を複数階で負担するものとし、1階おきにその階の梁成を上下階の梁成より小さなものとし、居住空間においては必要な天井高を確保しつつ建築物の全高を抑え、コストの低減を図ったものである。
In buildings with columns and beams, the floor height is increased by making the width of the beam at the opening larger than the width of the column and making the width of the beam that intersects the beam at the opening equal to or less than the width of the column. This makes it possible to obtain a large open room with no opening.
Further, by using this beam as a floor surface of a balcony, a glass handrail or the like can be adopted, and a feeling of opening is further provided.
In addition, the strength of the structure is to be borne by multiple floors, and the beams on each floor are smaller than the beams on the upper and lower floors. The overall height is reduced to reduce costs.
実施例に基づいて本発明を説明する。
実施例1
図1に示すように、本発明の建築物は、鉄筋コンクリート構造または鉄骨鉄筋コンクリート構造であり、バルコニー5を設けたタイプである。この実施例は、15階建て程度までを想定したものであるが、それを超える階数の建築物にも適用可能である。
The present invention will be described based on examples.
Example 1
As shown in FIG. 1, the building of the present invention has a reinforced concrete structure or a steel reinforced concrete structure, and is a type in which a balcony 5 is provided. This embodiment assumes up to about 15 stories, but can also be applied to buildings with more than that.
柱2は、断面が1000(b)×1000(mm)であり、スパンが6〜8mである。開口部4の梁1は、断面が1400(B)×600(mm)であり、幅が柱の幅より大きくして居室側に延びており、バルコニー5の床面を構成するようにしてある。また、梁成を天井面と床面の間に納まるようにしてあるので、居室内からは開口部4に向って突出物がなく、従来に比較して大きな開口が得られ、開放感のある居室とすることができる。
図2に示すように、開口部4の梁に交差する梁11は、600×900(mm)であり、スラブ3の厚さは通常の居住用建築物と変わらず、200〜250(mm)である。
The pillar 2 has a cross section of 1000 (b) × 1000 (mm) and a span of 6 to 8 m. The beam 1 of the opening 4 has a cross section of 1400 (B) × 600 (mm), has a width larger than the width of the pillar, and extends toward the living room side so as to constitute the floor surface of the balcony 5. . In addition, since the beam is placed between the ceiling surface and the floor surface, there is no protrusion from the living room toward the opening 4, and a large opening is obtained compared to the conventional case, and there is a feeling of opening. It can be a living room.
As shown in FIG. 2, the beam 11 that intersects the beam of the opening 4 is 600 × 900 (mm), and the thickness of the slab 3 is 200 to 250 (mm), which is the same as a normal residential building. It is.
開口部4の外側に設けたバルコニー5の床面は、梁1によって構成されており、梁1の上面には雨水等を排水するため内側に向う傾斜面が形成してある。傾斜の終端には排水溝51が設けてある。
本発明によれば、逆梁を採用した場合と同様に高さ2400mm程度のハイサッシを開口部4に設置することができる。また、逆梁をバルコニー部に設けた場合は、梁が視界を遮ることとなるが、本発明では、順梁とした場合と同様に、硝子手摺や縦子手摺を採用することができるので視界を遮るものがなく開けており、開放的な居室とすることができると共に、バルコニーの奥行きを深いものとすることができる。
The floor surface of the balcony 5 provided outside the opening 4 is composed of a beam 1, and an inclined surface directed inward is formed on the upper surface of the beam 1 to drain rainwater and the like. A drain groove 51 is provided at the end of the slope.
According to the present invention, a high sash having a height of about 2400 mm can be installed in the opening 4 as in the case of using a reverse beam. In addition, when the reverse beam is provided on the balcony portion, the beam blocks the field of view. However, in the present invention, a glass handrail or a vertical handrail can be adopted as in the case of the forward beam, so the field of view can be adopted. It can be opened without any obstacles, and it can be an open room, and the balcony can be deep.
実施例2
図3に示す例は、バルコニーを設けない場合であり、基本的構造は、実施例1のバルコニーを設けた場合と同様である。
柱2は、断面が1000×1000(mm)であり、梁1の基本断面は1400×600(mm)であるが、1階おきに梁成を100mm程度小さくした梁10を設けることにより、建築高が高くなるのを抑えてコストの低減を図るものである。
Example 2
The example shown in FIG. 3 is a case where a balcony is not provided, and the basic structure is the same as the case where the balcony of Example 1 is provided.
The pillar 2 has a cross section of 1000 × 1000 (mm), and the basic cross section of the beam 1 is 1400 × 600 (mm). The cost is reduced by suppressing the height from increasing.
鉄筋コンクリート構造または鉄骨鉄筋コンクリート構造並びに鉄骨造の建築物の開口部において、梁幅を柱の幅より大きくすることによって梁成を抑制し、開口部に突出する部材を設けることなく構造物としての必要強度が得られるようにし、大きな開口を設定できるようにしたものであり、間取りの自由度が増加すると共に居住者には開放感を与える建築物とすることができる。   In the openings of reinforced concrete structures or steel-framed reinforced concrete structures and steel buildings, the beam strength is suppressed by making the beam width larger than the column width, and the required strength as a structure without providing a member protruding in the opening Can be obtained, and a large opening can be set, so that the degree of freedom of the floor plan increases and the occupant can feel open.
本発明の実施例1の構造躯体の側面断面図。1 is a side cross-sectional view of a structural housing of Example 1 of the present invention. 本発明の実施例1の構造を示す斜視図。The perspective view which shows the structure of Example 1 of this invention. 本発明の実施例2の構造躯体の側面断面図。Side surface sectional drawing of the structure housing of Example 2 of this invention. 従来の逆梁構造の透視図。The perspective view of the conventional reverse beam structure. コア構造体を有する従来技術の構造躯体の平面及び断面図。The top view and sectional drawing of the structural housing of a prior art which have a core structure.
符号の説明Explanation of symbols
1 梁
2 柱
3 スラブ
4 開口部
5 バルコニー
1 Beam 2 Column 3 Slab 4 Opening 5 Balcony

Claims (3)

  1. 柱と梁からなる構造の建築物において、開口部の梁の幅が柱の幅より大きく、開口部の梁に交差する梁の幅が柱の幅以下である建築物。 In buildings with columns and beams, the width of the beam at the opening is greater than the width of the column, and the width of the beam that intersects the beam at the opening is less than the width of the column.
  2. 請求項1において、梁をバルコニーの床面とした建築物。 The building according to claim 1, wherein the beam is a floor of a balcony.
  3. 請求項1において、1階おきに開口部の梁の梁成を上下階の開口部の梁の梁成より小さなものとした建築物。 2. The building according to claim 1, wherein the beam formation of the opening beam is smaller than the beam formation of the opening beam on the upper and lower floors every other floor.
JP2005012005A 2005-01-19 2005-01-19 Building Pending JP2006200191A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008179968A (en) * 2007-01-24 2008-08-07 Sumitomo Fudosan Kk Balcony
JP2011214278A (en) * 2010-03-31 2011-10-27 Taisei Corp Building
JP2013151791A (en) * 2012-01-24 2013-08-08 Sumitomo Mitsui Construction Co Ltd Window structure of building
RU2598659C1 (en) * 2015-07-09 2016-09-27 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Стройтехинновации ТДСК" Building balcony design

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008179968A (en) * 2007-01-24 2008-08-07 Sumitomo Fudosan Kk Balcony
JP2011214278A (en) * 2010-03-31 2011-10-27 Taisei Corp Building
JP2013151791A (en) * 2012-01-24 2013-08-08 Sumitomo Mitsui Construction Co Ltd Window structure of building
RU2598659C1 (en) * 2015-07-09 2016-09-27 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Стройтехинновации ТДСК" Building balcony design

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