KR100692320B1 - A fish-breeding ground of artificial a fish-breeding ground - Google Patents

A fish-breeding ground of artificial a fish-breeding ground Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100692320B1
KR100692320B1 KR1020050127020A KR20050127020A KR100692320B1 KR 100692320 B1 KR100692320 B1 KR 100692320B1 KR 1020050127020 A KR1020050127020 A KR 1020050127020A KR 20050127020 A KR20050127020 A KR 20050127020A KR 100692320 B1 KR100692320 B1 KR 100692320B1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
unit
reef
reefs
fish
artificial
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KR1020050127020A
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Korean (ko)
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김춘옥
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김춘옥
한일 주식회사
오상홍
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Priority to KR1020050127020A priority Critical patent/KR100692320B1/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/70Artificial fishing banks or reefs
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B7/00Hydraulic cements
    • C04B7/14Cements containing slag
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/046Artificial reefs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

A reef set of an artificial fishing-reef is provided to promote absorption and breeding of seaweeds by using plural pores formed on the artificial fishing reef. The reef set includes a body(1) having plural entrance ports(12) formed on a central portion and lateral portion thereof and plural pores formed on the central portion and both lateral portions thereof, a functional portion(2) into which a functional plate made of ochre or charcoal materials is embedded, and a connecting boss(13) and connecting groove(14) having plural fastening holes(131,141) formed on an upper portion and bottom portion of the body, respectively.

Description

인공어초용 단위어초{a fish-breeding ground of artificial a fish-breeding ground}Unit fish for artificial reefs {a fish-breeding ground of artificial a fish-breeding ground}

도 1은 본 발명의 사시도1 is a perspective view of the present invention

도 2는 본 발명의 단면 예시도2 is a cross-sectional view of the present invention

도 3은 본 발명인 단위어초의 기능부 단면 예시도.Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view of the functional part of the present inventors.

도 4는 본 발명의 단위어초를 이용하여 구현한 인공어초 예시도4 is a view illustrating an artificial reef implemented using unit reefs of the present invention

도 5는 도 4의 "가" 원내부 단면 예시도5 is an exemplary cross-sectional view of the inner circle of FIG. 4.

도 6은 도 3의 기능부의 표면에 해당하는 도면 대용 사진6 is a drawing substitute photograph corresponding to the surface of the functional part of FIG.

도 7은 본 발명인 단위어초의 또 다른 예시도이다.7 is another exemplary view of the unit of the present inventors.

* 도면의 주요부분에 대한 부호의 설명* Explanation of symbols for main parts of the drawings

D : 단위어초 1 : 단위어초 본체D: unit reef 1: unit reef main body

11 : 바닥부 12 : 출입공11: bottom 12: hole

13 : 연결돌기 14 : 연결홈13: connecting protrusion 14: connecting groove

131, 141 : 체결공 2 : 기능부131, 141: fastener 2: functional part

21 : 기능판 3 : 보울트21: functional version 3: bolt

본 발명은 인공어초용 단위어초에 관한 것으로서 이를 좀더 구체적으로 설명하자면 해수 정화 및 녹,적조의 발생을 억제하는 등의 기능을 가지는 친환경 물질(궁극적으로 황토, 숯 등)을 이용하여 단위어초를 제조할 수 있도록 함으로써 해수 오염방지기능을 가짐은 물론 수생 동, 식물(이하 '해조류'라 함)의 신속한 흡착 및 증식을 도모할 수 있고, 또 친환경 물질의 유실도 쉽게 발생되지 않는 단위어초를 얻을 수 있도록 한 것이다.The present invention relates to unit reefs for artificial reefs to describe in more detail to produce unit reefs using environmentally friendly materials (ultimate loess, charcoal, etc.) having a function such as seawater purification and suppressing the occurrence of rust, red tide It is possible to prevent seawater pollution and to promote rapid adsorption and propagation of aquatic animals and plants (hereinafter referred to as `` algae ''), and to obtain unit reefs that do not easily lose environmentally friendly materials. It is.

일반적으로 인공어초라 함은 어장 조성 및 어업의 지속적인 증대를 위하여 해양에 시설되는 인공적인 구조물로서 해양목장으로 널리 알려져 있으며, 이 인공어초는 대부분 여러 개의 단위어초가 조합되어 시설되며, 그 형태 및 구조는 다양하다. 한편 인공어초의 조건은 해조류의 부착 및 번식이 용이하도록 공극이 형성되어야 할 뿐만 아니라 내해수성 및 내화학성이 요구되고, 현재에 이르러서는 친환경성까지도 요구되고 있다.Generally, artificial reefs are artificial structures installed in the ocean for the establishment of fisheries and continuous increase of fishery, and are known as marine ranches, and most of these artificial reefs are installed by combining several unit reefs. Varies. On the other hand, the conditions of artificial reefs not only have to form voids to facilitate the attachment and reproduction of algae, but also require seawater resistance and chemical resistance, and up to now, environmental friendliness is also required.

이와 같이 단위어초에 대하여 다양한 기능이 요구되고 있지만 현재까지의 단위어초는 자체적으로 중량을 가질 수 있는 일반적인 콘크리트(시멘트)만으로 대부 분 제조되기 때문에 위 요구를 적극 수용할 수 없다. 즉, 종래 단위어초를 이용하여 해양에 인공어초를 시설하게 되면 최소 만 2년까지는 콘크리트 특성상 해양환경보호에 배치되는 강한 유해독성을 발생시켜 해수오염을 초래하므로 그 기간 동안에는 오히려 어족자원을 고갈시키는 문제점을 낳았으며, 또한 위 독성은 인공어초에 해조류의 흡착 및 증식을 어렵게 하거나 혹은 흡착된 해조류의 탈리 현상도 발생케 하여 인공어초에 백화현상을 발생시켰다.As such, various functions are required for unit reefs, but until now, the unit reefs are mostly manufactured from general concrete (cement), which can have a weight on its own, and thus cannot satisfy the above requirements. That is, if artificial reefs are installed in the ocean by using conventional unit reefs, they cause depletion of fish stocks during the period since they generate strong harmful toxicities that are placed in marine environment protection due to the characteristics of concrete for at least 2 years. In addition, gastric toxicity made it difficult to adsorb and propagate seaweeds in artificial reefs, or caused desorption of adsorbed seaweeds, resulting in whitening of artificial reefs.

이를 개선하기 위하여 친환경 물질 즉 녹,적조 발생억제, 녹,적조 제거, 콘크리트 독성 해독, 수질 정화 등의 기능을 가진 황토 또는 숯 등과 같은 친환경물질을 시멘트와 혼합하여 단위어초를 제조하거나 또는 위 물질을 단위어초 표면에 피복하는 방법이 제안되어 있긴 하나 전자의 경우 생산원가가 높음은 물론 양산화도 어려운 문제점이 있었고 또 높은 생산원가에 비해 그 효율도 매우 낮아 실제로 실시되지 못하고 있으며, 후자의 경우에는 친환경물질 도포막이 외부로 노출되어 있어 해수에 의한 점도 약화가 신속하게 발생될 뿐만 아니라 그 점도 약화는 해수의 유속에 절대적으로 영향을 받게 되므로 친환경물질 도포막 표면에 해조류가 완전하게 흡착하기 전에 급격하게 유실되는 결점이 있었고, 이를 방지하기 위해서는 친환경물질 막 외면에 고형제를 도포하여야 하는데, 이 고형제는 친환경 물질의 공극을 막는 작용을 하게 되어 해조류의 원할한 흡착을 도모할 수 없었다. In order to improve this, eco-friendly materials such as rust, red tide occurrence suppression, rust, red tide removal, detoxification of concrete, detoxification of concrete, water purification, etc. Although the method of coating the surface of unit reefs has been proposed, the former has high production cost and difficult mass production, and its efficiency is very low compared to the high production cost. As the coating film is exposed to the outside, the weakening of the viscosity by seawater is generated quickly, and the viscosity weakening is absolutely affected by the flow rate of the seawater, so it is rapidly lost before the algae is completely adsorbed on the surface of the eco-friendly material coating film. There was a flaw, and to prevent this, To be applied to the brothers, and the brothers are to act to prevent a gap in the eco-friendly material could be achieved by adsorption of the desired algae.

본 발명은 위와 같이 종래의 단위어초에서 나타나는 문제점 등을 한꺼번에 해결하여 단위어초에 대한 다양한 요구를 적극 수용할 수 있도록 함에 그 기술적인 과제를 두고 발명한 것으로 특히 해수 정화작용이 지속적으로 이루어짐과 동시에 해조류의 흡착 및 증식이 우수한 친환경적 단위어초를 제공할 수 있도록 한 것이다.The present invention has been invented with the technical problem to solve the problems shown in the conventional unit reefs at the same time to actively accommodate a variety of needs for the unit reefs, in particular the seawater purge is continuously made and at the same time It is to provide an eco-friendly unit reef with excellent adsorption and propagation.

이를 첨부된 도면과 함께 더욱더 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.This will be described in more detail together with the accompanying drawings as follows.

본 발명의 구성을 개진하기 전에 우선 단위어초의 제조방법을 설명하면,
통상과 같이 자갈 50.5중량%, 모래 25.7중량%, 고로슬래그 시멘트 16.6중량%, 물 7.2중량%를 혼합한 혼합물을 단위어초 형틀(몰드)에 주입하여 중심 및 측면에 사람 출입용 출입공(12)이 형성되는 단위어초 본체(1)를 성형하되 상기 단위어초 본체(1) 일정위치(중앙부)에, 직경 9~13 mm 정도로 되는 자갈 50.5중량%, 고로슬래그 시멘트 35.3중량%~45.4중량%, 물과 혼화제가 통상과 같이 5:1 비율로 조성된 반죽물 4.1중량%~14.2중량%를 혼합한 조성물을 주입하여 공극을 가지는 기능부(2)가 성형되도록 할 때 조성물이 주입되기 전에 그 주입부에 환경 및 생물체에 유익한 효능(원적외선 방사 등) 및 다수의 미생물이 존재한다는 것으로 널리 알려진 황토 및 숯 등의 친환경물질을 투입하여 친환경물질이 내장되는 다공성 기능부(2)를 성형할 수 있도록 하고, 이렇게 단위어초 형틀에 단위어초 본체(1) 성형용 혼합물과 기능부(2) 성형용 조성물이 완전하게 주입된 후 단위어초 본체(1)를 형틀에서 취출하여 양생하면 단위어초 본체(1) 일정위치에 다공성 기능부(2)가 일체형으로 되는 단위어초(D)를 얻을 수 있게 되며, 여기서 기능부(2)에 내장되는 친환경물질은 황토판, 숯판 등과 같은 물질만으로 형성되는 판 형태의 기능판(21)으로 하여 기능부(2) 내에 매설할 수 있다.
Prior to advancing the configuration of the present invention, a manufacturing method of unit fishes will first be described.
As usual, a mixture of 50.5% by weight of gravel, 25.7% by weight of sand, 16.6% by weight of blast furnace slag cement, and 7.2% by weight of water is injected into the unit reef mold (mold), and the entrance and exit holes for human access to the center and the side (12) The formed unit reef body 1 is molded, but at a predetermined position (center) of the unit reef body 1, 50.5% by weight of gravel having a diameter of about 9 to 13 mm, blast furnace slag cement 35.3% by weight to 45.4% by weight, water Injecting the composition mixed with 4.1% by weight to 14.2% by weight of the kneaded mixture, which is usually mixed in a 5: 1 ratio, so that the functional part 2 having voids is molded, before the composition is injected. It is possible to form a porous functional part (2) in which eco-friendly materials are embedded by injecting eco-friendly materials such as loess and charcoal, which are widely known to have beneficial effects (such as far-infrared radiation) and a large number of microorganisms, Unit unit type In the unit reef body (1) the molding mixture and the functional part (2) after the molding composition is completely injected, the unit reef body (1) is taken out of the mold and cured. It is possible to obtain a unit reef (D) in which (2) is a unitary, wherein the environmentally friendly material embedded in the functional unit (2) is a functional plate 21 in the form of a plate formed of only a material such as ocher plate, charcoal plate, etc. It can be embedded in the functional portion (2).

상기와 같은 방법에 의해 제조되는 단위어초 본체(1)는 삼각 형태로서 그 중심과 측면에 수개의 출입공(12)이 형성되고, 상기 단위어초 본체(1) 중앙부 양 측면에는 수개의 공극을 가지면서 그 내부에 황토 또는 숯 재질의 친환경 기능판(21)이 매설되는 기능부(2)가 형성되며, 상기 단위어초 본체(1) 상면과 저면에는 체결공(131)(141)이 각기 천공되는 연결돌기(13) 및 연결홈(14)이 형성되는데, 여기서 단위어초 본체(1) 상면의 연결돌기(13)는 본 단위어초 본체(1) 상부에 적재되는 타 단위어초 본체 저면의 연결홈에, 저면의 연결홈(14)은 본 단위어초 본체(1) 아래에 위치되는 타 단위어초 본체 상면의 연결돌기에 접속되어 첨부도면 도 5에서와 같이 체결공(131)(141)으로 관통되는 보울트(3)에 의해 체결된다. 한편 상기의 기능부(2)는 첨부도면 도1 및 도7에서와 같이 단위어초 본체(1)의 바닥부(11)와 상면 사이에 형성되거나 혹은 단위어초 본체(1)의 중앙부 전체에 형성될 수 있다. The unit reef body 1 manufactured by the above method has a triangular shape and has several entrance and exit holes 12 formed at its center and side surfaces, and has several voids at both sides of the central portion of the unit reef body 1. While there is formed a functional portion (2) is embedded in the eco-friendly functional plate 21 of the ocher or charcoal inside, the fastening holes (131, 141) are perforated on the upper and lower surfaces of the unit reef body (1), respectively A connection protrusion 13 and a connection groove 14 are formed, wherein the connection protrusion 13 on the upper surface of the unit reef body 1 is connected to the connection groove on the bottom of the other unit reef body loaded on the upper part of the main unit reef body 1. The bottom connection groove 14 is connected to the connecting projection on the upper surface of the other unit reef body located below the main unit reef body 1 and the bolt penetrated by the fastening holes 131 and 141 as shown in FIG. (3) is fastened. Meanwhile, the functional part 2 may be formed between the bottom portion 11 and the upper surface of the unit reef body 1 or the entire central portion of the unit reef body 1 as shown in FIGS. 1 and 7. Can be.

이와 같이 된 본 발명은 단위어초 본체(1)와 기능부(2)가 일체인 단위어초(D)를 하나의 형틀을 이용하여 제조할 수 있게 되어 단위어초(D)을 보다 신속하게 제조할 수 있음은 물론 양산화도 가능하며, 또 단위어초 본체(1) 일정위치에 기능부(2)를 조성하는 주 조성물이 자갈이기 때문에 기능부(2)에는 일정한 크기의 공극 수개가 발생할 수밖에 없고, 이 공극은 단위어초(D)를 해저에 시설할 경우 기능부(2) 내부로 해수가 스며들도록 하는 작용(투수작용)과 함께 해조류가 용이하게 흡착할 수 있도록 하고, 이러한 작용은 기능부(2)에 매설된 친환경물질과 해수간의 접촉이 가능토록 하여 친환경물질의 유익한 효능이 해수에 미치도록 한다.According to the present invention as described above, the unit fishes (D) in which the unit fishes main body (1) and the functional unit (2) are integrated can be manufactured using a single mold, so that the unit fishes (D) can be manufactured more quickly. Of course, the mass production is also possible, and since the main composition for forming the functional part 2 at a predetermined position of the unit reef body 1 is gravel, several voids of a certain size must be generated in the functional part 2, and this void is generated. When the unit reef (D) is installed on the sea floor, the seawater is permeated into the functional part 2 (permeability), and the algae can be easily adsorbed, and this action is applied to the functional part 2. The contact between the buried eco-friendly material and seawater is made possible so that the beneficial effects of the eco-friendly material extend to the seawater.

그렇다면 단위어초(D) 여러 개를 첨부 도면 도4에서와 같이 적층 및 연결하여 인공어초를 구현한 후 이를 해저에 시설하면 일반적인 인공어초와 같이 단위어초(D) 중심의 출입공(12)으로 사람이나 물고기들이 통행할 수 있게 되는데, 이때 각각의 단위어초(D)와 일체형인 기능부(2)가 다공성이 이어서 해조류의 흡착이 용이할 뿐만 아니라 흡착된 해조류의 탈리 현상도 쉽게 발생 되지않고, 또 흡착이 용이하다는 것은 곧 해조류의 증식이 촉진되는 것을 의미하므로 인공어초에 어장 조성이 신속하게 이루어질 수 있게 된다. Then, if multiple unit reefs (D) are stacked and connected as shown in FIG. 4 to implement artificial reefs, and then installed on the sea floor, the human reefs (D) center entrance hole 12 as in general artificial reefs. In this case, the fish can pass, and the unit 2 (D) and the integrated functional part (2) is porous, so that the adsorption of the algae is not only easy, but also the desorption phenomenon of the adsorbed algae is not easily generated. Easier adsorption means that the growth of algae is promoted, so that the fishery composition can be quickly formed in artificial reefs.

또한 기능부(2) 내부에 매설되는 친환경물질(또는 기능판)이 기능부(2)의 공극으로 인하여 해수와 접촉이 가능하므로 즉, 친환경물질의 유익한 효능 및 미생물이 이 곧바로 해수에 미치기 때문에 해수의 유기물 분해, 해수 정화, 염분 흡착, 녹,적조류의 생장억제 및 제거하는 작용과 함께 인공어초에서 발생 되는 유해 독성 도 중화할 수 있어 해수 오염을 방지할 수 있게 됨은 물론 녹,적조의 발생을 막을 수 있게 되고, 이러한 작용은 단위어초(D)의 기능부(2)에 해조류의 조기착상, 성장촉진, 신속한 흡착을 유도하게 하며, 또 기능부(2) 내에 친환경물질이 매설되므로 친환경물질의 급속한 유실 현상이 방지되어 지속적으로 그 작용을 발휘할 수 있게 된다. In addition, since the environmentally friendly material (or functional plate) embedded in the functional part 2 can be contacted with seawater due to the voids of the functional part 2, that is, the beneficial effect and microorganisms of the environmentally friendly material are directly affected by the seawater. It is able to neutralize harmful toxicity generated from artificial reefs, as well as to decompose organic matters, cleanse seawater, adsorb salts, inhibit rust and red algae growth, and to prevent seawater contamination, as well as to prevent rust and red tide. This action can lead to premature implantation, growth promotion, and rapid adsorption of algae in the functional part (2) of the unit fish (D), and environmentally friendly materials are embedded in the functional part (2). Rapid loss is prevented, so that it can continue to work.

다음으로 본 발명에서 단위어초(D)를 제조하는 시멘트를 고로슬래그 시멘트로 한 것은 일반적인 시멘트에 비해 유해 독성의 발산이 현저하게 적고, 또 내해수성 및 내화학성이 우수하여 해양콘크리트, 상하수도시설, 터널, 사방댐, 옹벽 등에 사용되고 있기 때문이다. Next, in the present invention, the cement for manufacturing unit reef (D) is blast furnace slag cement, which has significantly less harmful toxic emissions than general cement, and has excellent seawater resistance and chemical resistance, so that marine concrete, water and sewage facility, tunnel This is because they are used in dams, retaining walls and the like.

따라서 본 발명은 상기한 바와 같이 해수 정화 기능 및 해조류 증식에 유용한 환경을 부여하는 인공어초용 단위어초를 양산화할 수 있어 저렴한 가격으로 단위어초를 제공할 수 있고, 또 단위어초가 위와 같은 기능을 가지게 되어 인공어장을 짧은 시간 내에 조성할 수 있는 이점이 있음과 아울러 어족 자원의 상승 및 유Therefore, the present invention can mass-produce unit reefs for artificial reefs that impart a useful environment for seawater purification and seaweed growth as described above, and can provide unit reefs at a low price, and the unit reefs have the same function as above. In addition to the advantages of creating artificial fisheries in a short time, the rise of fish stocks

지를 달성할 수 있고, 또 이를 실현케 하는 친환경물질이 기능부(2)에 매설되어 있Eco-friendly materials that can achieve this and make it possible are embedded in the functional part (2).

으므로 위 효과가 지속적으로 나타나는 기능성 단위어초를 얻을 수 있는 것이다.Therefore, it is possible to obtain a functional unit that continuously shows the above effects.

Claims (4)

중심과 측면에 수개의 출입공(12)이 형성되는 단위어초 본체(1) 중앙부 양 측면에 수개의 공극을 가지면서 그 내부에 황토 또는 숯 재질의 친환경 기능판(21)이 매설되는 기능부(2)를 형성하며, 상기 단위어초 본체(1) 상면과 저면에는 체결공(131)(141)이 각기 천공되는 연결돌기(13) 및 연결홈(14)을 형성하여서 됨을 특징으로 하는 인공어초용 단위어초.The functional part that has several voids on both sides of the central portion of the unit reef body 1 in which several entrance holes 12 are formed at the center and the side, and an eco-friendly functional plate 21 made of ocher or charcoal is embedded therein ( 2), the unit for artificial reefs, characterized in that the connecting projection 13 and connecting grooves 14 are formed on the upper and lower surfaces of the unit reef body 1, respectively, the fastening holes 131, 141 are perforated. Echo. 삭제delete 삭제delete 삭제delete
KR1020050127020A 2005-12-21 2005-12-21 A fish-breeding ground of artificial a fish-breeding ground KR100692320B1 (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100969232B1 (en) 2009-12-24 2010-07-09 동성해양개발 주식회사 Artificial reef advanced uneven
KR101567303B1 (en) * 2014-08-01 2015-11-09 (주)씨앤쎄이프 Marine construction capable of preventing coastal erosion and of vegetation of animals and plants

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200258348Y1 (en) * 2001-09-21 2001-12-29 김정철 Ceramic Artificial Fishing Reef

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200258348Y1 (en) * 2001-09-21 2001-12-29 김정철 Ceramic Artificial Fishing Reef

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100969232B1 (en) 2009-12-24 2010-07-09 동성해양개발 주식회사 Artificial reef advanced uneven
KR101567303B1 (en) * 2014-08-01 2015-11-09 (주)씨앤쎄이프 Marine construction capable of preventing coastal erosion and of vegetation of animals and plants

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