JPH1156677A - Human wastes separator - Google Patents

Human wastes separator

Info

Publication number
JPH1156677A
JPH1156677A JP22337097A JP22337097A JPH1156677A JP H1156677 A JPH1156677 A JP H1156677A JP 22337097 A JP22337097 A JP 22337097A JP 22337097 A JP22337097 A JP 22337097A JP H1156677 A JPH1156677 A JP H1156677A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
urine
discharge port
defecation
conical opening
pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP22337097A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP3055773B2 (en
Inventor
Teruo Kaneko
照夫 金子
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
AASU CLEAN KK
EARTH CLEAN KK
Original Assignee
AASU CLEAN KK
EARTH CLEAN KK
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by AASU CLEAN KK, EARTH CLEAN KK filed Critical AASU CLEAN KK
Priority to JP9223370A priority Critical patent/JP3055773B2/en
Publication of JPH1156677A publication Critical patent/JPH1156677A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3055773B2 publication Critical patent/JP3055773B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a human wastes separator suitable for a circulation type human wastes treatment device which does not require water. SOLUTION: This device comprises second soil pipes 33, 33 which are connected to an exhaust port 32a of a first soil pipe 32 provided under a discharge port of a toilet 31 having a discharge port 31a expanded downward, a cylinder 34 which supports the second soil pipes inside and has a conical opening part 34a expanded downward at the lower end, a urine receiving container 35 which is provided in the periphery of the conical opening part 34a of the cylinder and has a urine discharge port, and a third soil pipe 36 which is provided under the conical opening part 34a in such a manner that the forward end is separated from the inner wall of the conical opening part and pierced through the bottom of the urine receiving container 34.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】[0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、大便と小便とを分
離できるし尿分離装置に関する。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a human urine separation apparatus capable of separating stool and urine.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】従来、水洗式し尿処理装置が普及してい
るものの、この水洗式し尿処理装置の普及していない住
居や公園、キャンプ場、河川敷きなどの屋外におけるし
尿処理装置として浄化槽を設けたし尿処理装置を設置し
ている場所は多い。この浄化槽を設けたし尿処理装置
は、し尿を処理するための多量の水を必要とするととも
に、後処理として浄化槽から浄化物を下水道などを通し
て廃棄せざるを得ない。しかも、このし尿を廃棄処理す
るために特定の場所に捨てざるを得ず、環境汚染にも繋
がる。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, although a flush-type human waste treatment apparatus has become widespread, a septic tank is provided as an outdoor human waste treatment apparatus such as a house, a park, a campsite, or a riverbed where the flush-type human waste treatment apparatus is not popular. There are many places where human waste treatment equipment is installed. The human waste treatment apparatus provided with the septic tank requires a large amount of water for treating night soil, and as a post-treatment, the purified matter must be discarded from the septic tank through a sewer or the like. In addition, the human waste must be discarded at a specific place for disposal, leading to environmental pollution.

【0003】[0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】本発明は、し尿処理装
置に使用して好適なし尿分離装置を提供する点にある。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the present invention to provide a urine separating apparatus suitable for use in a human waste processing apparatus.

【0004】[0004]

【課題を解決するための手段】本発明のし尿分離装置
は、下方に広がる排出口31aを有する大便器31と、
大便器31の排出口31aの下方に設けられた第1の排
便管32と、第1の排便管32の排出口32aに接続さ
れ、その中央部から上下に向けて円すい状に広がり且つ
上下端に開口部を有する第2の排便管33と、第2の排
便管33を内部に支持し且つ下端に下方に広がる円すい
状開口部34aを備えた円筒34と、円筒34の円すい
状開口部34aの周りに設けられ、小便37の排出口3
5aを備えた小便受け容器35と、円すい状開口部34
aの下方に、その先端が円すい状開口部34aの内壁か
ら離間し、小便受け容器35の底を貫通するように設け
られた第3の排便管36とを備える。小便は第1の排便
管32、第2の排便管33の内壁を伝わって小便受け容
器35に入り、大便は第1の排便管32、第2の排便管
33及び第3の排便管36を通って落下し、小便と大便
が分離される。
The human waste separation apparatus of the present invention comprises a toilet bowl 31 having a downwardly extending discharge port 31a;
A first defecation pipe 32 provided below the discharge port 31a of the toilet bowl 31 is connected to a discharge port 32a of the first defecation pipe 32. A second defecation tube 33 having an opening at the bottom thereof, a cylinder 34 supporting the second defecation tube 33 therein and having a conical opening 34a extending downward at the lower end, and a conical opening 34a of the cylinder 34 The outlet 3 of the urine 37
Urine receiving container 35 with 5a and conical opening 34
Below a, there is provided a third defecation pipe 36 whose tip is separated from the inner wall of the conical opening 34a and penetrates the bottom of the urine receiving container 35. The urine travels along the inner walls of the first and second defecation pipes 32 and 33 and enters the urine receiving container 35, and the stool passes through the first defecation pipe 32, the second defecation pipe 33 and the third defecation pipe 36. It falls through, and urine and stool are separated.

【0005】[0005]

【発明の実施形態】図2は、本発明者が提案した循環式
し尿処理装置(平成8年特許願第184212号、平成
8年特許願第282879号)の系統図を示している。
図2に示すように、本発明の循環式し尿処理装置は、し
尿処理系統と電気系統を備えている。
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS FIG. 2 is a system diagram of a circulation type human waste treatment apparatus proposed by the present inventors (1996 Patent Application No. 184212, 1996 Patent Application 282879).
As shown in FIG. 2, the circulating human waste treatment apparatus of the present invention includes a human waste treatment system and an electric system.

【0006】まず、し尿処理系統について説明する。排
泄された大便と小便を分離できる大便器1の下側、例え
ば地下空間には、植物の一種である葦を粉砕した葦くず
2を入れたステンレススチール製の発酵槽3が設置され
ている。
First, the human waste processing system will be described. A stainless steel fermenter 3 containing reed waste 2 crushed reeds, which is a kind of plant, is installed below the toilet 1 that can separate excreted stool and urine, for example, underground space.

【0007】この発酵槽3に排泄された大便を前記葦屑
2に含まれる微生物の作用で発酵分解させる。この発酵
分解に必要な空気を供給するために、前記発酵槽3の外
部に設けられたモータ4にて回転される攪拌用のリボン
スクリュー5が発酵槽3内に設けられている。
The stool excreted in the fermenter 3 is fermented and decomposed by the action of microorganisms contained in the reeds 2. In order to supply the air necessary for the fermentation decomposition, a stirring ribbon screw 5 rotated by a motor 4 provided outside the fermenter 3 is provided in the fermenter 3.

【0008】また、発酵分解を促すために、前記発酵槽
3の上部には外気取り入れ口を設けて外気をパイプ6を
通して発酵槽3内に供給できるようになっている。さら
に、発酵槽3内の上部空間7を通して除湿をするための
ファン8及びパイプ9が設けられており、該ファン8に
て吸気した水分をパイプ9の内面に付着させ、該付着し
た水分を落下させて回収する。
In order to promote fermentation decomposition, an outside air intake is provided at the upper part of the fermentation tank 3 so that outside air can be supplied into the fermentation tank 3 through the pipe 6. Further, a fan 8 and a pipe 9 for dehumidifying through the upper space 7 in the fermenter 3 are provided, and the water sucked by the fan 8 is adhered to the inner surface of the pipe 9, and the adhered water is dropped. And collect.

【0009】前記発酵槽3内において発酵分解した葦く
ずと大便の固形物は、除湿されているのでさらさらとし
た固形物として回収することが可能となり、この固形物
を後に有機肥料として利用することができる。
[0009] Reed chips and stool solids fermented and decomposed in the fermenter 3 can be recovered as dry solids because they have been dehumidified, and the solids can be later used as organic fertilizer. Can be.

【0010】一方、前記大便器1で排泄された小便はパ
イプ10を通ってFRPなどで構成された浄化槽11に
送られる。該浄化槽11にて小便からアンモニア成分な
どを除いて浄化した後、パイプ12を通ってFRPなど
で構成されたストックタンク13へ回収される。また、
この循環式し尿処理装置には必要数の小便器14、15
が設置されており、これら小便器14、15で排泄され
た小便は、パイプ16を通って前記浄化槽11へ送られ
て浄化された後、前記パイプ12を通ってストックタン
ク13へ回収される。
On the other hand, urine excreted in the toilet 1 is sent through a pipe 10 to a septic tank 11 made of FRP or the like. After purifying the urine by removing the ammonia component and the like in the septic tank 11, the urine is collected through a pipe 12 into a stock tank 13 made of FRP or the like. Also,
The required number of urinals 14, 15
The urine excreted in the urinals 14 and 15 is sent to the septic tank 11 through the pipe 16 and purified, and then collected in the stock tank 13 through the pipe 12.

【0011】前記浄化槽11及びストックタンク13
に、例えばバチラス・スブチリス・クボタなどの有用微
生物(特公平4ー26834号公報)を利用したフロー
ト型微生物製剤を設置することにより浄化を行うのが好
適である。これによって、悪臭などを効果的に除くこと
ができる。
The septic tank 11 and the stock tank 13
It is preferable to perform purification by installing a float type microbial preparation utilizing a useful microorganism such as Bacillus subtilis kubota (Japanese Patent Publication No. 4-26834). Thereby, a bad smell can be effectively removed.

【0012】前記ストックタンク13の出口には圧力ポ
ンプ17が設置されており、前記ストックタンク13に
ストックされた浄化水は、洗浄水つまり中水としてパイ
プ18、パイプ19、パイプ10、パイプ12を通して
循環させ、前記大便器1及び前記小便器14、15に供
給できるようになっている。
At the outlet of the stock tank 13, a pressure pump 17 is installed. Purified water stored in the stock tank 13 is supplied as washing water, ie, intermediate water, through pipes 18, 19, 10, and 12. It can be circulated and supplied to the toilet 1 and the urinals 14 and 15.

【0013】前記大便器1には前記循環による洗浄水が
常時供給されて前記浄化槽11へ送られるとともに、パ
イプ20を通して圧力水を供給できる洗浄ガン21が設
けられており、該洗浄ガン21にて利用者が大便器1の
表面に付着した付着物を洗浄する。
The toilet bowl 1 is provided with a washing gun 21 which is constantly supplied with the washing water by the circulation and is sent to the septic tank 11 and which can supply pressurized water through a pipe 20. The user cleans the attached matter on the surface of the toilet 1.

【0014】一方、前記小便器14、15に前記パイプ
18から洗浄水を供給するプッシュボタン22、23が
設けられており。用便後にプッシュボタン22、23を
押すことにより小便器の洗浄を行い、洗浄水は前記パイ
プ16を通って前記浄化槽11に回収される。
On the other hand, the urinals 14 and 15 are provided with push buttons 22 and 23 for supplying flush water from the pipe 18. The urinal is washed by pushing the push buttons 22 and 23 after the stool, and the washing water is collected in the septic tank 11 through the pipe 16.

【0015】次に、電気系統を説明すると、電源として
太陽電池24を利用する。該太陽電池24が発電した電
力は、前記発酵槽3に設けたモータ4、前記圧力ポンプ
17及び前記ファン8ヘ配線25、26、27を通して
それぞれ供給される。前記モータ4にはタイマ28を介
して電源スイッチ29が設けられており、この電源スイ
ッチ29をオンすることにより前記モータ4が回転して
前記リボンスクリュー5を回転させて発酵槽3内の葦屑
2ととともに大便などの固形物を攪拌する。
Next, the electric system will be described. A solar cell 24 is used as a power supply. The electric power generated by the solar cell 24 is supplied to the motor 4 provided in the fermenter 3, the pressure pump 17 and the fan 8 through wires 25, 26 and 27, respectively. The motor 4 is provided with a power switch 29 via a timer 28. When the power switch 29 is turned on, the motor 4 rotates to rotate the ribbon screw 5 and reeds in the fermenter 3 Stir solids such as stool with 2.

【0016】前記攪拌は常時行う必要はなく、前記タイ
マ28により所定時間例えば、一日に3〜5回攪拌を行
うように時間制御を行う。
The stirring need not always be performed, and the timer 28 controls the time so that the stirring is performed for a predetermined time, for example, three to five times a day.

【0017】前記循環式し尿処理装置は、基本的には洗
浄水として、排泄された小便を浄化して洗浄水として利
用するが、この装置を利用する際には、洗浄水を循環さ
せるために、当初一定量の水を前記ストックタンク13
へ供給するのみで、その後は大便と分離して回収した小
便を浄化して洗浄水として循環させるので、多量の水を
利用しないで済む。
The above-mentioned circulating human waste treatment apparatus basically purifies excreted urine as washing water and uses it as washing water. When this apparatus is used, it is necessary to circulate the washing water. First, a certain amount of water is supplied to the stock tank 13.
Only after that, the urine separated and collected from the stool is purified and circulated as washing water, so that a large amount of water is not used.

【0018】次に、前記循環式し尿処理装置に使用して
好適な本発明し尿分離装置の構成を図1を参照しながら
説明する。図1に示すように、し尿分離装置30は、図
示しない便座に連なる大便器31の下部に外側に広がる
ように開口したし尿排出口31aを備えている。そし
て、大便は前記し尿排出口31aを通って落下すると共
に、小便の大半は矢印で示すように大便器31及び前記
し尿排出口31aの内壁を伝わって開口端31bから落
下するように構成されている。前記大便器のし尿排出口
31aは、その底部が内側に湾曲し且つ円筒状排出口3
2aを有する第1の排便管32に臨んでいる。そして開
口端31bに達した小便は第1の排便管32の底部に向
けて落下する。
Next, the configuration of the urine separation apparatus of the present invention suitable for use in the above-mentioned recirculating human waste processing apparatus will be described with reference to FIG. As shown in FIG. 1, the human waste separation device 30 includes a human waste discharge port 31 a which is opened so as to spread outward at a lower portion of a toilet bowl 31 connected to a toilet seat (not shown). The stool falls through the excrement discharge port 31a, and most of the urine passes through the toilet bowl 31 and the inner wall of the excrement discharge port 31a as shown by an arrow, and falls from the open end 31b. I have. The urinal discharge port 31a of the urinal has a bottom which is curved inward and has a cylindrical discharge port 3a.
It faces the first defecation pipe 32 having 2a. Then, the urine that has reached the open end 31b falls toward the bottom of the first defecation pipe 32.

【0019】前記第1の排便管32の下方には、その中
央部から上下に向けて円すい状に広がり且つ上下端に開
口部を有する第2の排便管33、33が少なくとも一個
連結されている。実施例では二個直列に連結されてい
る。そして、前記第2の排便管33、33は、円筒34
内に挿入支持されている。
Below the first defecation pipe 32, at least one second defecation pipe 33, 33 having a conical shape extending upward and downward from the center thereof and having openings at the upper and lower ends, is connected. . In the embodiment, two are connected in series. And the second defecation pipes 33, 33
It is inserted and supported inside.

【0020】前記円筒34の下端には下方に広がる円す
い状排出口34aを備えており、前記第2の排便管33
が前記円筒34に一個挿入支持されている場合は、該円
筒34の下方内壁が小便の通路の一部を構成することに
なる。前記円筒34の円すい状排出口34aの周りに
は、小便を受ける小便受け容器35が前記円すい状排出
口34aを囲むように配置固定されている。該小便受け
容器35の所定箇所には小便受け容器35に溜った小便
を排出する排出孔35aが形成されており、該排出孔3
5aは前記循環式し尿処理装置のパイプ10に連結され
ている。
The lower end of the cylinder 34 is provided with a conical discharge port 34a which spreads downward, and the second
When one is inserted and supported in the cylinder 34, the lower inner wall of the cylinder 34 constitutes a part of the urinal passage. A urine receiving container 35 for receiving urine is arranged and fixed around the conical discharge port 34a of the cylinder 34 so as to surround the conical discharge port 34a. A discharge hole 35a for discharging urine accumulated in the urine receiving container 35 is formed at a predetermined position of the urine receiving container 35, and the discharge hole 3a is formed.
5a is connected to the pipe 10 of the above-mentioned circulating human waste treatment apparatus.

【0021】さらに、前記円すい状排出口34aの下方
には、前記循環式し尿処理装置の発酵槽3にその端部が
固定された第3の排便管36が前記小便受け容器35の
底部を貫通するように設けられている。前記第3の排便
管36の下端開口部は前記循環式し尿処理装置の発酵槽
3の内部に至っている。
Further, below the conical discharge port 34a, a third defecation pipe 36 whose end is fixed to the fermenter tank 3 of the circulating human waste treatment apparatus penetrates the bottom of the urine receiving container 35. It is provided to be. An opening at the lower end of the third defecation pipe 36 reaches the inside of the fermenter 3 of the circulating human waste treatment apparatus.

【0022】このように構成されたし尿分離装置におい
て、前記小便受け容器35に溜る小便37は、矢印で示
すように第1の排便管32、第2の排便管33の内壁を
伝わって小便受け容器35に至り、また、大便は第1の
排便管32、第2の排便管33及び第3の排便管36を
通って落下し、小便と大便とを有効に分離することがで
きる。
In the human waste separation apparatus thus constructed, the urine 37 accumulated in the urine receiving container 35 travels along the inner walls of the first defecation pipe 32 and the second defecation pipe 33 as indicated by arrows. The stool reaches the container 35 and drops through the first defecation pipe 32, the second defecation pipe 33, and the third defecation pipe 36, so that urine and stool can be effectively separated.

【0023】[0023]

【発明の効果】本発明のし尿分離装置によれば、し尿を
有効に分離することが可能となり、分離されたし尿の発
酵、小便を浄化して有効利用を図ることができる。
According to the human waste separation apparatus of the present invention, it is possible to effectively separate human waste, and it is possible to purify the separated human waste and purify the urine for effective use.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]

【図1】本発明し尿分離装置の縦断面図である。FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a urine separating apparatus according to the present invention.

【図2】本発明のし尿分離装置を利用する循環式し尿処
理装置の説明図である。
FIG. 2 is an explanatory view of a circulating human waste treatment apparatus using the human waste separation apparatus of the present invention.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

30・・し尿分離装置 32・・第1の排便管 33・
・第2の排便管 35・・小便受け容器 36・・第3の排便管
30 human waste separation device 32 first defecation pipe 33
・ Second defecation pipe 35 ・ ・ Urine receiving container 36 ・ ・ Third defecation pipe

Claims (1)

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims] 【請求項1】 下方に広がる排出口を有する大便器と、
該大便器の前記排出口の下方に設けられた第1の排便管
と、該第1の排便管の排出口に接続され、その中央部か
ら上下に向けて円すい状に広がり且つ上下端に開口部を
有する少なくとも一個の第2の排便管と、該第2の排便
管を内部に支持し且つ下端に下方に広がる円すい状開口
部を備えた円筒と、該円筒の円すい状開口部の周りに設
けられ、小便の排出口を備えた小便受け容器と、前記円
筒の円すい状開口部の下方に、その先端が前記円筒の円
すい状開口部の内壁から離間し、前記小便受け容器の底
を貫通するように設けられた第3の排便管とを備えるこ
とを特徴とするし尿分離装置。
A toilet bowl having a downwardly extending outlet;
A first defecation pipe provided below the discharge port of the toilet bowl, connected to a discharge port of the first defecation pipe, conically extending vertically from a central portion thereof, and opening at upper and lower ends. At least one second defecation tube having a portion, a cylinder supporting the second defecation tube therein and having a conical opening extending downward at a lower end, and around the conical opening of the cylinder. A urinal receiving container provided with a urinal outlet, and a tip thereof is separated from an inner wall of the conical opening of the cylinder below the conical opening of the cylinder, and penetrates the bottom of the urine receiving container. And a third defecation pipe provided to perform the excrement separation.
JP9223370A 1997-08-20 1997-08-20 Night soil separation equipment Expired - Fee Related JP3055773B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP9223370A JP3055773B2 (en) 1997-08-20 1997-08-20 Night soil separation equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP9223370A JP3055773B2 (en) 1997-08-20 1997-08-20 Night soil separation equipment

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH1156677A true JPH1156677A (en) 1999-03-02
JP3055773B2 JP3055773B2 (en) 2000-06-26

Family

ID=16797088

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP9223370A Expired - Fee Related JP3055773B2 (en) 1997-08-20 1997-08-20 Night soil separation equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP3055773B2 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2370545A1 (en) * 2008-12-30 2011-12-19 Juan Juanes Gutiérrez Water recovery for toilet in vertical baskets. (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
CN103114639A (en) * 2013-02-23 2013-05-22 高圣荣 Flow-split toilet
CN103195155A (en) * 2013-03-17 2013-07-10 高圣荣 Automatic adjusting split-flow adjustment urinal

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2370545A1 (en) * 2008-12-30 2011-12-19 Juan Juanes Gutiérrez Water recovery for toilet in vertical baskets. (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
CN103114639A (en) * 2013-02-23 2013-05-22 高圣荣 Flow-split toilet
CN103195155A (en) * 2013-03-17 2013-07-10 高圣荣 Automatic adjusting split-flow adjustment urinal
CN103195155B (en) * 2013-03-17 2014-08-13 高圣荣 Automatic adjusting split-flow adjustment urinal

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