JPH1015097A - Formation body structure for refuge space for earthquake - Google Patents

Formation body structure for refuge space for earthquake

Info

Publication number
JPH1015097A
JPH1015097A JP17837796A JP17837796A JPH1015097A JP H1015097 A JPH1015097 A JP H1015097A JP 17837796 A JP17837796 A JP 17837796A JP 17837796 A JP17837796 A JP 17837796A JP H1015097 A JPH1015097 A JP H1015097A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
frame
forming
earthquake
framing
welded
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP17837796A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP3848404B2 (en
Inventor
Toshiaki Uono
俊明 宇尾野
Original Assignee
Toshiaki Uono
俊明 宇尾野
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Toshiaki Uono, 俊明 宇尾野 filed Critical Toshiaki Uono
Priority to JP17837796A priority Critical patent/JP3848404B2/en
Publication of JPH1015097A publication Critical patent/JPH1015097A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3848404B2 publication Critical patent/JP3848404B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C31/00Details or accessories for chairs, beds, or the like, not provided for in other groups of this subclass, e.g. upholstery fasteners, mattress protectors, stretching devices for mattress nets
    • A47C31/002Anti-earthquake means

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To make a body structure immune to violent shocks or very violent shocks in case of earthquake and to improve the safety of body and life of a person who takes refuge inside. SOLUTION: The framing of strong stereoscopic structure is constituted by using metallic pipes and, excepting for an entrance section, protection panels 3, 5, 8 and 9 are spread over all or a part of sections forming the outside of this framing. In this case, the protection panels 3, 5, 8 and 9 are made into metal plates and plural punch holes can be provided on their surfaces. Besides, the framing of stereoscopic structure is formed cubic or parallelopiped and, when constituting such framing, its upside section 1 and downside section 2 are formed into previously welded frame body. Then, both the terminal parts of the strut can be connected and fixed to connecting pipes 4 and 6 welded to these respective frame bodies.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
【0001】[0001]
【発明の属する技術分野】この発明は、地震の際に避難
して難を逃れることのできる地震用避難空間の形成構造
体に関する。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a structure for forming an evacuation space for earthquakes which can be evacuated and escaped during an earthquake.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】従来、この種の地震用避難空間の形成構
造体として、実開昭57−187362号或は実開昭5
8−156849号のものが公知であり、これらのもの
はいずれも枠材としてアングル状の鋼材を用いている。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, as a structure for forming this kind of evacuation space for earthquakes, Japanese Utility Model Laid-Open No. 57-187362 or Japanese Utility Model Laid-Open No.
Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 8-156649 is known, and all of these use an angle-shaped steel material as a frame material.
【0003】[0003]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】アングル状の鋼材は、
地震の縦揺れには強いが横揺れや捩れに弱いという欠点
があり、平成7年1月17日の兵庫県南部地震のように
建物の一階部分が激しい横揺れで押し潰されてしまうよ
うな場合には、充分な強度のない地震用避難空間の形成
構造体では役に立たないことになる。とくに5,000
名を超える死亡者を出し、その9割が圧死或は建物に挟
まれたことによる窒息死であったという今回の調査結果
を見ると、建物の崩壊にも耐える地震用避難空間の形成
構造体が至急に必要であると言えよう。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
It has the drawback of being strong in the pitching of an earthquake but weak in rolling and twisting, so that the ground floor of a building is crushed by a severe rolling like the January 17, 1995 Hyogoken Nanbu Earthquake. In such a case, an earthquake evacuation space forming structure having insufficient strength is useless. Especially 5,000
Looking at the results of this survey, which reported that more than 90 people died, and 90% of them died due to pressure death or suffocation caused by being caught in a building. Is urgently needed.
【0004】この発明の目的は、激震や烈震に強く、内
部へ避難した人の身体、生命の安全性を高めた地震用避
難空間の形成構造体を提供せんとするにある。
An object of the present invention is to provide a structure for forming an evacuation space for earthquakes, which is resistant to severe earthquakes and strong earthquakes, and which enhances the safety of the body and life of a person who evacuated to the inside.
【0005】[0005]
【課題を解決するための手段】上述した目的を達成する
ためにこの発明は、金属製のパイプを用いて強固な立体
構造の骨組を構成し、この骨組の外側を構成する部分の
全部又は一部に入口部分を除いて保護板を取り付けたこ
とを特徴とする。
In order to achieve the above-mentioned object, the present invention provides a solid three-dimensional skeleton using a metal pipe, and all or one of the parts constituting the outside of the skeleton. A protection plate is attached to the part except for the entrance part.
【0006】その際にこの発明は、保護板を金属板と
し、その表面に複数のパンチ孔を設けたものとすること
ができる。
In this case, according to the present invention, the protection plate may be a metal plate, and a plurality of punch holes may be provided on the surface thereof.
【0007】この発明はまた、立体構造の骨組を立方体
や直方体と成すと共に、この骨組を構成するに当り、そ
の上側部分と下側部分は予め溶接した枠体と成し、この
各枠体に溶接した接続パイプに支柱の両端部を接続させ
て固着させることができる。
According to the present invention, a frame having a three-dimensional structure is formed as a cube or a rectangular parallelepiped, and in forming the frame, an upper portion and a lower portion thereof are formed as pre-welded frames. Both ends of the column can be connected and fixed to the welded connection pipe.
【0008】[0008]
【作用】請求項1のように構成すると、金属製のパイプ
を用いた立体構造の骨組と、この骨組の外側を形成する
部分に張設した保護板によって、骨組全体の引張り強度
や圧縮強度が増大しているので、地震の際の激しい縦揺
れやとくに横揺れに対し、骨組と保護板が互いに協調し
合うことにより、骨組が変形してしまう心配や、上部に
重量のあるものが落下して来たり、倒れて来ても、骨組
が変形してしまう心配がない上に、前後左右或は上部か
らの落下物や飛翔物或は下側を含めた突出物に対して
は、保護板がこれを阻止することができるものである。
According to the first aspect of the present invention, the tensile strength and the compressive strength of the entire skeleton are improved by the three-dimensional skeleton using a metal pipe and the protection plate stretched on a portion forming the outside of the skeleton. Because of the increase, the frame and the protection plate cooperate with each other in response to severe pitching and especially rolling in the event of an earthquake. There is no fear that the frame will be deformed even if it comes down or falls down. In addition, a protective plate is provided for falling objects from front and rear, left and right or from above, flying objects or projecting objects including the lower side. Can prevent this.
【0009】請求項2のように構成すると、一種のハニ
カム構造となり、盲状の平板の場合よりも、軽量化を図
ることができる上に、より一層骨組の引張り強度や圧縮
強度を増大させることができるものである。
According to a second aspect of the present invention, the honeycomb structure is a kind of honeycomb structure, which can reduce the weight and can further increase the tensile strength and the compressive strength of the frame as compared with the case of a blind flat plate. Can be done.
【0010】請求項3によれば、上側部分と下側部分の
枠体の接続パイプへ支柱の上下端部を接続して固着する
だけで、形成構造体の骨組を組み立てることができる。
According to the third aspect, the skeleton of the formed structure can be assembled simply by connecting and fixing the upper and lower ends of the column to the connection pipes of the frame of the upper part and the lower part.
【0011】[0011]
【発明の実施の形態】図1乃至図5において、1と2は
地震用避難空間の形成構造体Aを形成する上側形成体
と、下側形成体であり、両方とも同じ構造となってい
る。即ち、上側形成体1は金属製の角パイプで構成した
平面矩形状の枠体1aと、その中央部に差し渡された同
じく金属製の角パイプから成る補強部材1bと、枠体1
aの内側と補強部材1bの内側に溶接して張設された、
多数の小孔3aを設けて成る金属製の保護板3,3とか
ら成り、枠体1aの各コーナー部分と、補強部材1bを
取り付けた位置(略中央部)からは、後述する支柱を嵌
入固着させる接続パイプ4が溶接等の手段で立設されて
いる。下側形成体2も、金属製の角パイプで構成した枠
体2aと、その中央部に差し渡された同じく金属製の角
パイプから成る補強部材2bと、枠体2aの内側と補強
部材2bの内側に張設された、多数の小孔5aを設けて
成る金属製の保護板5,5から成り、枠体2aの各コー
ナー部分と、補強部材2bを取り付けた位置(略中央
部)からは、後述する支柱を嵌入固着させる接続パイプ
6が溶接等の手段により立設されている。
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS In FIGS. 1 to 5, reference numerals 1 and 2 denote an upper forming body and a lower forming body which form a structure A for forming an evacuation space for earthquakes, and both have the same structure. . That is, the upper forming body 1 has a flat rectangular frame 1a formed of a metal square pipe, a reinforcing member 1b formed of the same metal square pipe extending in the center thereof, and a frame 1
a and welded to the inside of the reinforcing member 1b.
It consists of metal protection plates 3 and 3 provided with a large number of small holes 3a, and a support (described later) is inserted from each corner of the frame 1a and the position (substantially the center) where the reinforcing member 1b is attached. A connection pipe 4 to be fixed is erected by means such as welding. The lower side forming body 2 also includes a frame 2a formed of a metal square pipe, a reinforcing member 2b formed of the same metal square pipe extending in the center thereof, the inside of the frame 2a, and the reinforcing member 2b. And metal protection plates 5 and 5 provided with a large number of small holes 5a stretched inward of the frame 2a, from each corner of the frame 2a and the position (substantially the center) where the reinforcing member 2b is attached. In the figure, a connection pipe 6 for fitting and fixing a column described later is erected by means such as welding.
【0012】7はその上下端部に若干小径の接続部7
a,7bを設けた支柱であり、実施例のものは全部で6
本である。地震用避難空間の両側部を形成する支柱7,
7には予め多数の小孔8aを設けて成る金属製の保護板
8,8が溶着されている。9,9は地震用避難空間の背
部を構成する保護板であり、やはり金属製で多数の小孔
9aが設けられている。保護板3,5,8等の予め枠体
1a,2aや支柱7,7間に張設されているものは、図
3に示したように縁部を折り曲げることにより溶着部3
b,5b,8bを形成させてあるが、地震用避難空間の
背部を形成させる保護板9,9のように予め溶着されて
いないものは、図2乃至図4に示したように、支柱7や
枠体1aや2aに小孔を設けた取付部7c,1d及び2
dが設けられており、この取付部7c,1d,2dに多
数の取付ビス10でビス止めされるものである。
7 is a connecting portion 7 having a slightly smaller diameter at its upper and lower ends.
a and 7b are provided.
It is a book. Prop 7, which forms both sides of the evacuation space for earthquake
Metal protective plates 8 and 8 having a large number of small holes 8a are welded to 7 in advance. Reference numerals 9 and 9 denote protection plates constituting the back of the evacuation space for earthquakes, which are also made of metal and have a large number of small holes 9a. The protection plates 3, 5, 8, etc., which are previously stretched between the frame bodies 1a, 2a and the columns 7, 7, are bent at the edges as shown in FIG.
b, 5b, 8b, but not welded in advance, such as protective plates 9, 9, which form the back of the evacuation space for earthquakes, as shown in FIGS. And mounting portions 7c, 1d and 2 provided with small holes in frame members 1a and 2a.
d are provided, and the mounting portions 7c, 1d, and 2d are screwed with a large number of mounting screws 10.
【0013】尚、上述した実施例では各枠体、補強部
材、接続パイプ、及び支柱等には50mm角で厚さ1.
6mmのスチール製のものを使用し、各保護板3,5,
8及び9は1.2mm厚の同じくスチール製のものを用
いた。保護板には8mmの小孔が15mm間隔で全面に
渡って規則的に設けられている。この小孔はランダムに
設けても良い。また、保護板9,9はその各一側部を予
め支柱7に溶着させておいても良い。各枠体や各補強部
材、及び各接続パイプや各支柱並びに保護板を構成する
材料は、スチールの他にアルミニウム、ジュラルミン、
ステンレス等種々の材料のものが考えられる。
In the above-described embodiment, each frame, reinforcing member, connecting pipe, support column, etc. are 50 mm square and have a thickness of 1.
Use a 6mm steel plate and protect each plate
8 and 9 were also made of steel having a thickness of 1.2 mm. The protection plate is provided with small holes of 8 mm regularly at intervals of 15 mm over the entire surface. These small holes may be provided at random. Further, each side of the protection plates 9 may be welded to the column 7 in advance. The material constituting each frame and each reinforcing member, and each connection pipe and each support and the protection plate is aluminum, duralumin, in addition to steel.
Various materials such as stainless steel can be considered.
【0014】したがって、まず、上側形成体1か下側形
成体2の接続パイプ4か6に各支柱7の一方の接続部7
aか7bを差し込み、取付ボルト11を用いて各支柱7
の軸方向から枠体1a,2aに固着した後、背側に保護
板9,9を取付ビス10を用いて各支柱7と枠体1a,
2aに固着し、さらに、両側部を形成する保護板8,8
もその上下部側を枠体1a,2aに取付ビス10を用い
て固着すると、地震用の避難用空間の形成構造体Aが構
成される。尚12は取付ボルト11の頭を隠すための蓋
体であり、枠体1a,2aの取付ボルト11で固着する
部分に設けた凹部1c,2cに嵌着される。
Therefore, first, one connecting portion 7 of each column 7 is connected to the connecting pipe 4 or 6 of the upper forming body 1 or the lower forming body 2.
a or 7b, and using the mounting bolts 11
After fixing to the frames 1a, 2a from the axial direction, the protection plates 9, 9 are mounted on the back side by using mounting screws 10 to each of the columns 7 and the frames 1a, 2a.
2a, and protective plates 8, 8 forming both sides
When the upper and lower sides are fixed to the frames 1a and 2a using the mounting screws 10, a structure A for forming an evacuation space for earthquake is formed. Reference numeral 12 denotes a cover for concealing the head of the mounting bolt 11, which is fitted into the concave portions 1c and 2c provided in the portions of the frames 1a and 2a which are fixed by the mounting bolt 11.
【0015】次に、このように構成した形成構造体Aを
図6に示したように押し入れ13内へ据え付けると、避
難用押し入れとなり、押し入れ13内部に人の地震用の
避難空間が形成される。また、図7に示したように形成
構造体をやや扁平に構成して形成構造体Bとし、これを
ベット14の下に据え付けると、避難用ベットとなり、
図8に示したように、ベット14の下に地震の際の安全
な地震用避難空間が形成されることになる。さらに、こ
の形成構造体をもう少し大きくして、内部をクローゼッ
トとすれば、避難用クローゼットとなり、内部にユニッ
トバスを収納させれば避難用浴室となる。
Next, when the formed structure A thus constructed is installed in the push-in 13 as shown in FIG. 6, it becomes an evacuation push-in, and an evacuation space for human earthquake is formed inside the push-in 13. . In addition, as shown in FIG. 7, the formed structure is slightly flattened to form a formed structure B, and when it is installed under the bed 14, it becomes an evacuation bed,
As shown in FIG. 8, a safe earthquake evacuation space in the event of an earthquake is formed below the bed 14. Furthermore, if this forming structure is made a little larger and the inside is a closet, it becomes an evacuation closet, and if a unit bath is housed inside, it becomes an evacuation bathroom.
【0016】[0016]
【発明の効果】この発明は以上のように構成したので、
次のような作用効果を奏し得る。
The present invention is configured as described above.
The following operational effects can be obtained.
【0017】請求項1のように構成すると、簡単な構造
で建物が破損されるような大きな地震の際にも、押し潰
されたり、圧壊してしまうことない上に、落下物や飛翔
物の飛び込みを保護板で阻止できるので、内部に避難し
た人の身体、生命の安全をより高い確率で確保すること
ができるものである。
According to the first aspect of the present invention, even in the case of a large earthquake in which the building is damaged with a simple structure, the building is not crushed or crushed, and the falling object and the flying object are not crushed. Since the dive can be prevented by the protective plate, the safety of the body and life of the evacuated person can be secured with a higher probability.
【0018】請求項2のように構成すると、重量を減す
ることができた上で、この保護板によって、骨組の引張
り強度や圧縮強度が増大し、内部へ避難した人の身体や
生命の安全をより一層確保することができるものであ
る。
According to the second aspect of the present invention, the weight can be reduced, and the protective plate increases the tensile strength and the compressive strength of the skeleton. Can be further secured.
【0019】請求項3によれば、包装や運搬が容易とな
り、現場において、或は工場においても誰でもが簡単に
組み立てることが可能となるものである。
According to the third aspect, packaging and transportation become easy, and anyone can easily assemble at the site or at the factory.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]
【図1】この発明に係る地震用避難空間の形成構造体の
斜視図である。
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a structure forming an evacuation space for earthquakes according to the present invention.
【図2】図1に示した形成構造体の分解斜視図である。FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the formed structure shown in FIG.
【図3】図1に示した形成構造体の一部側断面図であ
る。
FIG. 3 is a partial sectional side view of the formation structure shown in FIG. 1;
【図4】図1に示した形成構造体の一部平面断面図であ
る。
FIG. 4 is a partial plan sectional view of the formation structure shown in FIG. 1;
【図5】図1のに示した形成構造体の支柱の接続部分の
縦断面図である。
FIG. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view of a connection portion of a support of the formation structure shown in FIG. 1;
【図6】この発明に係る形成構造体を押し入れに据え付
けた場合の使用例を説明するための説明図である。
FIG. 6 is an explanatory diagram illustrating an example of use when the forming structure according to the present invention is installed in a closet;
【図7】この発明に係る形成構造体をベットに用いる場
合の説明図である。
FIG. 7 is an explanatory diagram when a forming structure according to the present invention is used for a bed.
【図8】この発明に係る形成構造体を用いたベットの使
用例を説明する説明図である。
FIG. 8 is an explanatory diagram illustrating an example of using a bed using the formed structure according to the present invention.
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
1 上側形成体 1a 枠体 1b 補強部材 2 下側形成体 2a 枠体 2b 補強部材 3,5,8,9 保護板 4 接続パイプ 6 接続パイプ 7 支柱 10 取付ビス 11 取付ボルト DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Upper forming body 1a Frame 1b Reinforcing member 2 Lower forming body 2a Frame 2b Reinforcing member 3,5,8,9 Protective plate 4 Connecting pipe 6 Connecting pipe 7 Prop 10 Mounting screw 11 Mounting bolt

Claims (3)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 金属製のパイプを用いて強固な立体構造
    の骨組を構成し、この骨組の外側を形成する部分の全部
    又は一部に入口部分を除いて保護板を張設したことを特
    徴とする、地震用避難空間の形成構造体。
    1. A frame having a strong three-dimensional structure is formed by using a metal pipe, and a protection plate is stretched over all or a part of an outer portion of the frame except an entrance portion. The structure that forms the evacuation space for earthquakes.
  2. 【請求項2】 保護板が金属板であり、その表面に複数
    のパンチ孔が設けられていることを特徴とする、請求項
    1記載の地震用避難空間の形成構造体。
    2. The structure according to claim 1, wherein the protection plate is a metal plate, and a plurality of punch holes are provided on a surface of the protection plate.
  3. 【請求項3】 立体構造の骨組を立方体や直方体と成す
    と共に、この骨組を構成するに当り、その上側部分と下
    側部分は予め溶接した枠体と成し、この各枠体に溶接し
    た接続パイプに支柱の両端部を接続させて固着させるこ
    とを特徴とする、請求項1に記載の地震用避難空間の形
    成構造体。
    3. A frame having a three-dimensional structure is formed as a cube or a rectangular parallelepiped. In forming the frame, an upper portion and a lower portion thereof are formed as pre-welded frames, and the connection is welded to each frame. The structure for forming an evacuation space for earthquakes according to claim 1, wherein both ends of the column are connected to and fixed to the pipe.
JP17837796A 1996-07-08 1996-07-08 Earthquake evacuation space formation structure Expired - Lifetime JP3848404B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP17837796A JP3848404B2 (en) 1996-07-08 1996-07-08 Earthquake evacuation space formation structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007162231A (en) * 2005-12-09 2007-06-28 Marina Hotel System:Kk Base-isolating device and indoor installation shelter
JP2010018944A (en) * 2008-07-08 2010-01-28 Nakamura Kogyo Kk Disaster prevention device
JP2010043519A (en) * 2009-03-04 2010-02-25 Fujiwara Sangyo Kk Disaster prevention shelter against earthquake, lightning or the like
JP5159976B1 (en) * 2012-07-30 2013-03-13 忠義 中村 Protective device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007162231A (en) * 2005-12-09 2007-06-28 Marina Hotel System:Kk Base-isolating device and indoor installation shelter
JP2010018944A (en) * 2008-07-08 2010-01-28 Nakamura Kogyo Kk Disaster prevention device
JP2010043519A (en) * 2009-03-04 2010-02-25 Fujiwara Sangyo Kk Disaster prevention shelter against earthquake, lightning or the like
JP5159976B1 (en) * 2012-07-30 2013-03-13 忠義 中村 Protective device

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