JPH08218673A - Earthquake shelter - Google Patents

Earthquake shelter

Info

Publication number
JPH08218673A
JPH08218673A JP2991495A JP2991495A JPH08218673A JP H08218673 A JPH08218673 A JP H08218673A JP 2991495 A JP2991495 A JP 2991495A JP 2991495 A JP2991495 A JP 2991495A JP H08218673 A JPH08218673 A JP H08218673A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
frame
joint
joints
shelter
earthquake
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2991495A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Toshiaki Uono
俊明 宇尾野
Original Assignee
Toshiaki Uono
俊明 宇尾野
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Toshiaki Uono, 俊明 宇尾野 filed Critical Toshiaki Uono
Priority to JP2991495A priority Critical patent/JPH08218673A/en
Publication of JPH08218673A publication Critical patent/JPH08218673A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PURPOSE: To provide an earthquake shelter easy to assemble and disassemble and easily change a room itself into an earthquake-proof structure by forming a framework with joints having guide pipes, reinforcing plates to which frame materials are connected via the joints in a fittable and contractible manner to give earthquake-proof strength, bolts and nuts. CONSTITUTION: Joints 1-3 located at the entrance of an installation room are placed at spaces. A joint 4 at the center and joints 2, 5 installed on both sides and on the back are arranged at the corner and near the wall. Frame materials 10 are fitted to the guide pipes of the joints 1-5 to make the lowest part. The guide pipes of the joints 4, 6, 7 are inserted into the frame materials 10. The frame materials 10 forming cleats and columns are connected to the guide pipes to assemble the first step. The second and third steps are assembled and the joints 1-9 are expandedly contractibly fixed thereto to make the framework of a shelter. In this way, the shelter is easy to assemble is a relatively inexpensive manner to provide safety for a human body and life.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention
【0001】[0001]
【産業上の利用分野】この発明は地震の際に安全な地震
用シェルターに関する。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to an earthquake shelter which is safe in the event of an earthquake.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】木造の家屋は軽いことから地震には強い
ということが一般には言われて来たが、平成7年1月1
7日に起きた兵庫県南部地震ではこの定説は脆くも覆さ
れ多数の木造家屋が倒壊してしまったことは記憶に新し
いところである。そして、倒壊した家屋に押し潰されて
圧死したり、或は家屋の下敷きとなった結果による窒息
死による犠牲者が、5,300人を越える死亡者のうち
実に9割に達したという調査結果が発表された。近い将
来発生が予測されている東海大地震や関東地方の直下型
大地震を思う時、これらの教訓からして現存する建物の
補強が強く められることろである。
2. Description of the Related Art It has been generally said that wooden houses are light and strong against earthquakes.
It is a new memory to remember that in the Hyogo-ken Nanbu Earthquake that took place on the 7th, this theory was overturned, but many wooden houses were destroyed. And, the result of the survey showed that 90% of the deaths of more than 5,300 people were actually killed by suffocation resulting from being crushed by a collapsed house and crushed to death, or becoming the underlay of a house. Was announced. When we think of the Tokai Earthquake, which is predicted to occur in the near future, and the direct earthquake in the Kanto region, we can strengthen the existing buildings based on these lessons.
【0003】[0003]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかし、既存の建物を
耐震構造に改造することは費用も掛かることから誰でも
が容易にできることではなく、借家や借間の場合には所
有者の許可がいることになり、言うは易く行うに難いと
ころがある。
[Problems to be Solved by the Invention] However, since it is expensive to remodel an existing building into a seismic structure, it is not easy for anyone to do. In the case of a rented house or rented room, the owner's permission is required. It is easy to say that there are some points that are difficult to do.
【0004】この発明の目的は、組み立て分解が容易
で、誰でもが簡単に部屋そのものを耐震構造に変えるこ
とができる耐震用シェルターを提供せんとするにある。
An object of the present invention is to provide a seismic resistant shelter that is easy to assemble and disassemble and that allows anyone to easily convert the room itself into an earthquake resistant structure.
【0005】[0005]
【課題を解決するための手段】上述した目的を達成する
ためにこの発明は、ガイドパイプ部を有する継手と、こ
の継手を介して軸方向に複数本ずつ嵌縮可能に接続され
るスチールパイプ製の枠材と、前記継手に取り付けられ
耐震強度を与える補強板と、前記枠材を前記継手へ固定
させる固定手段とで構成した一つの構築体としての骨組
を有することを特徴とする。
In order to achieve the above-mentioned object, the present invention is directed to a joint having a guide pipe portion and a steel pipe which is connected through the joint so that a plurality of pipes can be fitted and contracted in the axial direction. The frame member, a reinforcing plate attached to the joint to provide seismic strength, and a fixing means for fixing the frame member to the joint, have a skeleton as one construct.
【0006】その際にこの発明は、さらに骨組を構成す
る枠体へ入口部分のみを残して保護板を固着したり、或
は前記枠体に筋かい棒を取り付けたりして構成すること
ができる。
At this time, the present invention can be further constructed by fixing a protective plate to the frame body constituting the skeleton leaving only the inlet portion, or by attaching a bracing bar to the frame body. .
【0007】この発明はさらに、前記骨組内部に非常持
ち出し用の小物入れを取り付けることができる。
Further, according to the present invention, a storage case for emergency carry-out can be attached inside the frame.
【0008】[0008]
【作用】請求項1によれば、継手を介して枠材を縦横及
び上下方向へ継ぎ足して行き、嵌縮させ固定手段で固定
させることにより各サイズの部屋に合わせて耐震構造の
骨組を部屋内部に構築することができ、骨組は継手のガ
イドパイプ部を枠材へ嵌入させ、継手自体にその角部に
補強板を取り付けた構造としたので、震度7や8といっ
た烈震の際の激しい縦揺れや横揺れ、捩じれに対して、
強い強度を示し、家屋が圧壊しても破壊されることがな
いものである。
According to the first aspect of the present invention, the frame material is added vertically and horizontally and vertically through the joint, fitted and contracted and fixed by the fixing means, so that the skeleton frame having the seismic resistant structure is adapted to the interior of the room. The frame has a structure in which the guide pipe part of the joint is fitted into the frame material and the reinforcing plate is attached to the corner part of the joint itself. And roll, twist,
It has strong strength and will not be destroyed even if the house is crushed.
【0009】請求項2によれば、保護板によって部屋の
天井や壁及び床の構造物の破片が骨組内部へ飛び込むこ
とが防止される。
According to the second aspect of the present invention, the protective plate prevents fragments of the ceiling, walls and floor of the room from jumping into the frame.
【0010】請求項3によれば、筋かい棒によって骨組
の耐震強度はさらに強化されるものである。
According to claim 3, the seismic strength of the frame is further enhanced by the bracing rod.
【0011】請求項4によれば、地震によって電気や水
道或はガス等が止まっても懐中電燈、水、食料、薬品等
を予め小物入れに入れておけば、一時的なライフライン
を確保できる。
According to claim 4, even if electricity, water, gas or the like is stopped due to an earthquake, a temporary lifeline can be secured by putting a flashlight, water, food, medicine, etc. in the accessory case in advance. .
【0012】[0012]
【実施例】図面はこの発明の一実施例を示し、図1乃至
図14において、1〜9は各種形状を呈する断面方形状
のスチールパイプ製の継手であり、10はこの継手1〜
9のガイドパイプ部1a〜9aに嵌縮可能に接続される
同じく断面方形状のスチールパイプ製の枠材である。こ
れらの継手1〜9及び枠材10の肉厚は1mm〜2mm
程度であり、約5cm角のものを使用している。尤もガ
イドパイプ部1a〜9aが挿入された継手1〜9及び枠
材10の部分の肉厚は約倍の厚さを有している。継手1
〜9及び枠材10共はにその断面形状が方形状のものに
限定されず、丸形、矩形、その他の形状のものであって
も良い。
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The drawings show one embodiment of the present invention. In FIGS. 1 to 14, 1 to 9 are joints made of steel pipes having a rectangular cross section showing various shapes, and 10 is the joint 1 to
It is a frame member made of a steel pipe having a rectangular cross section, which is also connectable to the nine guide pipe portions 1a to 9a. The wall thickness of these joints 1 to 9 and the frame member 10 is 1 mm to 2 mm.
The size is about 5 cm square. However, the thicknesses of the joints 1 to 9 and the frame member 10 in which the guide pipe portions 1a to 9a are inserted are about twice as thick. Joint 1
9 to 9 and the frame member 10 are not limited to have a rectangular cross-sectional shape, and may have a round shape, a rectangular shape, or any other shape.
【0013】各枠材10にはそれが用いられる位置に応
じて、保護板取付プレート10aが該枠材10自身の片
面部、対向両面部、或は90°ずつ位置を変えた2面
部、3面部のそれぞれ軸方向に取り付けられている。こ
の保護板取付プレート10aはまた各枠材10の曲げや
捩じれ圧力に対する強度を増大させる機能を合わせ持っ
ている。
Depending on the position where each frame member 10 is used, the protective plate mounting plate 10a has one surface portion of the frame material 10 itself, both opposing surface portions, or two surface portions whose positions are changed by 90 °. Each of the surface portions is attached in the axial direction. The protective plate mounting plate 10a also has a function of increasing the strength of each frame member 10 against bending or twisting pressure.
【0014】各継手1〜9の角部には、必要に応じた個
所に、平面三角形状を呈した鉄板製の補強板1b〜9b
と、同じく鉄板製の保護板取付板1c〜9cが取り付け
られており、保護板取付板1c〜9cは補強板1b〜9
bと共に継手1〜9の耐圧強度を増大させる機能を合わ
せ持っている。
At the corners of the joints 1 to 9, reinforcing plates 1b to 9b, which are made of iron plate and have a triangular shape in a plan view, are provided at required points.
And the protection plate mounting plates 1c to 9c, which are also made of iron plate, are attached, and the protection plate mounting plates 1c to 9c are reinforcing plates 1b to 9c.
Together with b, it also has the function of increasing the pressure resistance of the joints 1-9.
【0015】ガイドパイプ部1a〜9aには、複数の挿
通孔1d〜9dが半径方向に貫通しつつ軸方向に適宜間
隔を空けて設けられると共に、各枠材10にはこの挿通
孔1d〜9dと適合する位置に同じく半径方向に貫通す
る一対の取付孔10bが設けられている。11aは各取
付孔10bと挿通孔1d〜9dを貫通する締付ボルト、
11bはこの締付ボルト11a用のナットであり、この
締付ボルト11aとナット11bで固定手段11を構成
している。尚、この固定手段11は図面においてその全
てを図示せず省略してある。
The guide pipe portions 1a to 9a are provided with a plurality of insertion holes 1d to 9d at radial intervals while penetrating in the radial direction, and each frame member 10 has the insertion holes 1d to 9d. A pair of mounting holes 10b that also penetrates in the radial direction is provided at a position that conforms to. 11a is a tightening bolt penetrating each mounting hole 10b and the insertion holes 1d to 9d,
Reference numeral 11b denotes a nut for the tightening bolt 11a, and the tightening bolt 11a and the nut 11b constitute the fixing means 11. It should be noted that the fixing means 11 is not shown in the drawing in its entirety.
【0016】12は多数の小孔12a(その全てを図示
せず)を穿設した保護板であり、例えば鉄板製である。
13は筋かい棒であり、それぞれ調節ナット13a付き
である。13bは締付ナットであり、2個を図示したが
その一方は頭付きとして省略しても良い。14は非常持
出し用の小物入れであり、内部に懐中電燈や薬、或は乾
パンや缶詰といった非常食や水を入れた容器を収納して
おくためのものである。
Reference numeral 12 is a protective plate having a large number of small holes 12a (all of which are not shown), and is made of, for example, an iron plate.
Reference numeral 13 is a bracing rod, each of which is provided with an adjusting nut 13a. Reference numeral 13b is a tightening nut, two of which are shown in the drawing, but one of them may be omitted because it has a head. Reference numeral 14 denotes an emergency carry-out accessory container for storing a flashlight, medicine, or a container for emergency food such as dry bread or canned food and water.
【0017】次に、本願発明に係る地震用シェルターの
組立方法の一例について説明する。図示した実施例のも
のは2畳程度の大きさの例えばクローゼットのような小
部屋に設置することを想定したもので、この地震用シェ
ルターを設置する部屋の中で、まず、該シェルターの下
部でしかもその入口部分側に位置する各継手1〜3を、
図1乃至図2に示したように手前側に適宜間隔を空けて
置き、次いで、部屋の中心部に位置する継手4、及び両
側部と後部に位置する各継手2と5をそれぞれ部屋の大
きさに合わせて角部と壁際に配置する。こうしておい
て、シェルターの台部や支柱を構成する枠材10を次々
に継手1〜5の各ガイドパイプ部1a〜5aへ嵌着させ
ると、シェルターの最下部が出来上がる。次にこのよう
にして組み立てた最下部の各支柱を構成する枠材10
に、各継手4,6,7のガイドパイプ部4a,6a,7
aをその位置を間違えないようにして差し込み、さらに
桟の部分と支柱を構成する枠材10を各ガイドパイプ部
4a,6a,7aへ接続させて第1段目を組み立てる。
次いで上述したようにして第2段目を組み立て、さらに
継手2,4,5,8及び9と支柱や梁を構成する枠材1
0を用いて第3段目を組み立てる。そして、部屋の大き
さに合わせて各枠材10と各継手1〜9の嵌合状態を伸
縮させつつ、固定手段11を用いて各継手1〜9と各枠
材10を固定させると、図2に示したようなシェルター
の骨格15が出来上がる。尚、図2のものは複雑になる
ので保護板取付プレート10aや保護板取付板1c〜9
c等は一部を表示したのみで他は省略してある。
Next, an example of an assembling method of the earthquake shelter according to the present invention will be described. The illustrated embodiment is intended to be installed in a small room such as a closet having a size of about 2 tatami mats. In the room where this earthquake shelter is installed, first, in the lower part of the shelter. Moreover, each of the joints 1 to 3 located on the inlet side is
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the front side is appropriately spaced, and then the joint 4 located in the center of the room and the joints 2 and 5 located on both sides and the rear are respectively installed in the room size. Place it at the corner and near the wall according to the height. In this way, when the frame members 10 that form the base and columns of the shelter are successively fitted to the guide pipe portions 1a to 5a of the joints 1 to 5, the lowermost portion of the shelter is completed. Next, the frame member 10 that constitutes each of the lowermost support columns assembled in this manner
And the guide pipe portions 4a, 6a, 7 of the respective joints 4, 6, 7
The first step is assembled by inserting "a" so as not to make a mistake in its position, and further connecting the frame member 10 constituting the crosspiece portion and the column to each of the guide pipe portions 4a, 6a, 7a.
Then, the second stage is assembled as described above, and the frame members 1 that further form the joints 2, 4, 5, 8 and 9 and the columns and beams.
Assemble the third stage using 0. Then, when the fitting state of each frame member 10 and each joint 1 to 9 is expanded and contracted according to the size of the room, and each joint 1 to 9 and each frame member 10 are fixed using the fixing means 11, The skeleton 15 of the shelter as shown in 2 is completed. 2 is complicated, the protective plate mounting plate 10a and the protective plate mounting plates 1c-9
Only a part of c and the like is displayed, and the others are omitted.
【0018】この発明に係る地震用シェルターはこの骨
格15だけで充分な強度を示すが、さらに該骨格15を
形成する各枠体15aへ各入口部分を除いて各々保護板
12を嵌入させ、取付ビス17を用いて該保護板12を
保護板取付プレート10aの小孔10cや保護板取付板
1c〜9cの小孔1e〜9eへ固着させ、各筋かい棒1
3を入口部分を除く各枠体15aの対角位置へ張設し、
さらに内部に小物入れ14を取り付けると、図1に示し
た地震用シェルターが出来上がるものである。尚、この
筋かい棒13は各継手1〜9の角部に設置した取付板1
f〜9fへ係止させて締付ナット13bで固定させる。
尚、実施例のものは、図1乃至図2において、各継手
1〜9と各枠材10の両端部との間に縮める余裕がない
状態で図示してあるが、これが伸縮できることは図3〜
図14を見れば明らかである。
Although the seismic shelter according to the present invention has sufficient strength only by the skeleton 15, the protective plates 12 are fitted into the respective frame bodies 15a forming the skeleton 15 except for the respective inlet portions, and then attached. The screws 17 are used to fix the protection plate 12 to the small holes 10c of the protection plate mounting plate 10a and the small holes 1e to 9e of the protection plate mounting plates 1c to 9c.
3 is stretched to the diagonal position of each frame 15a except the entrance portion,
Further, by mounting the accessory case 14 inside, the earthquake shelter shown in FIG. 1 is completed. In addition, this bracing bar 13 is a mounting plate 1 installed at a corner of each joint 1-9.
It is locked to f to 9f and fixed with a tightening nut 13b.
In addition, although the embodiment is illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2 in a state in which there is no room for contraction between the joints 1 to 9 and the both ends of each frame member 10, it can be expanded and contracted as shown in FIG. ~
It will be clear from FIG.
【0019】図15は例えばクローゼットのような小さ
な部屋16の中にこの発明に係る地震用シェルター18
を組み立てた状態を概略的に示すものであるが、その大
きさに限定はない。また、組立順序についても上述した
実施例のものに限定されない。この場合、骨格15に
は、図示してはないが洋服を吊す支持棒が差し渡される
ものである。
FIG. 15 shows an earthquake shelter 18 according to the present invention in a small room 16 such as a closet.
1 schematically shows the assembled state, but the size is not limited. Further, the assembling order is not limited to that in the above-described embodiment. In this case, although not shown in the figure, a support rod for hanging clothes is provided in the skeleton 15.
【0020】[0020]
【発明の効果】請求項1によれば、比較的に安価な費用
で誰でも容易に組み立てて自身の住む家屋の中や部屋を
耐震用シェルターにすることができ、家屋が倒壊するよ
うな大きな地震に遭遇しても、このシェルターは壊れる
ことがないので内部へ避難することにより、身体と生命
の安全を図ることができるものである。
According to the first aspect of the present invention, anyone can easily assemble the house or room in which he / she lives at a relatively low cost to make it a seismic-resistant shelter, and the house is large enough to collapse. Even if an earthquake is encountered, this shelter will not be damaged, so it is possible to evacuate the shelter to ensure the safety of the body and life.
【0021】請求項2によれば、請求項1の効果を奏す
ることができた上で、さらに落下物等がシェルター内部
へ落下したり飛び込んだりすることを保護板によって阻
止することにより、さらに一層の身体と生命の安全性を
図ることができる。
According to the second aspect of the present invention, the effect of the first aspect can be achieved, and further, by preventing the fallen object or the like from falling or jumping into the shelter by the protective plate, it is possible to further increase the effect. You can improve the safety of your body and life.
【0022】請求項3によれば、請求項1と2の効果を
奏した上で、さらにシェルターの耐震強度が高まり、安
全性が増すものである。
According to the third aspect, in addition to the effects of the first and second aspects, the seismic strength of the shelter is further enhanced and the safety is enhanced.
【0023】請求項4によれば、請求項1から3の効果
を奏した上で、小物入れに入れた非常食料、水、懐中電
燈等々により、地震が治まった後の避難者の脱出や身体
及び生命の安全を確保できるものである。
According to claim 4, in addition to the effects of claims 1 to 3, the evacuation of the evacuees and their physical condition after the earthquake has subsided due to emergency food, water, flashlights, etc. put in the accessory case. And it is possible to ensure the safety of life.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]
【図1】この発明に係る地震用シェルターの斜視図であ
る。
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an earthquake shelter according to the present invention.
【図2】この発明に係る地震用シェルターの骨組を示す
斜視図である。
FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing a framework of an earthquake shelter according to the present invention.
【図3】乃至FIG. 3
【図14】この発明に係る地震用シェルターの各継手の
部分の一部分解斜視図である。
FIG. 14 is a partially exploded perspective view of a portion of each joint of the earthquake shelter according to the present invention.
【図15】この発明に係る地震用シェルターの使用例を
説明する説明図である。
FIG. 15 is an explanatory diagram illustrating an example of use of the earthquake shelter according to the present invention.
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
1〜9 継手 1a〜9a ガイドパイプ部 1b〜9b 補強板 10 枠材 11 固定手段 12 保護板 13 筋かい棒 14 小物入れ 15 骨格 15a 枠体 1-9 Joint 1a-9a Guide pipe part 1b-9b Reinforcing plate 10 Frame material 11 Fixing means 12 Protective plate 13 Bracing pad 14 Small case 15 Skeleton 15a Frame body
─────────────────────────────────────────────────────
─────────────────────────────────────────────────── ───
【手続補正書】[Procedure amendment]
【提出日】平成7年2月23日[Submission date] February 23, 1995
【手続補正1】[Procedure Amendment 1]
【補正対象書類名】明細書[Document name to be amended] Statement
【補正対象項目名】0002[Name of item to be corrected] 0002
【補正方法】変更[Correction method] Change
【補正内容】[Correction content]
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】木造の家屋は軽いことから地震には強い
ということが一般には言われて来たが、平成7年1月1
7日に起きた兵庫県南部地震ではこの定説は脆くも覆さ
れ多数の木造家屋が倒壊してしまったことは記憶に新し
いところである。そして、倒壊した家屋に押し潰されて
圧死したり、或は家屋の下敷きとなった結果による窒息
死による犠牲者が、5,300人を越える死亡者のうち
実に9割に達したという調査結果が発表された。近い将
来発生が予測されている東海大地震や関東地方の直下型
大地震を思う時、これらの教訓からして現存する建物の
補強が強く求められることろである。
2. Description of the Related Art It has been generally said that wooden houses are light and strong against earthquakes.
It is a new memory to remember that in the Hyogo-ken Nanbu Earthquake that took place on the 7th, this theory was overturned, but many wooden houses were destroyed. And, the result of the survey showed that 90% of the deaths of more than 5,300 people were actually killed by suffocation resulting from being crushed by a collapsed house and crushed to death, or becoming the underlay of a house. Was announced. When thinking of the Tokai earthquake and the direct earthquake in the Kanto region, which are predicted to occur in the near future, it is necessary to strengthen existing buildings based on these lessons .
【手続補正2】[Procedure Amendment 2]
【補正対象書類名】明細書[Document name to be amended] Statement
【補正対象項目名】0012[Correction target item name] 0012
【補正方法】変更[Correction method] Change
【補正内容】[Correction content]
【0012】[0012]
【実施例】図面はこの発明の一実施例を示し、図1乃至
図14において、1〜9は各種形状を呈する断面方形状
のスチールパイプ製の継手であり、10はこの継手1〜
9のガイドパイプ部1a〜9aに嵌縮可能に接続される
同じく断面方形状のスチールパイプ製の枠材である。こ
れらの継手1〜9及び枠材10の肉厚は1mm〜2mm
程度であり、約10cm角のものを使用している。尤も
ガイドパイプ部1a〜9aが挿入された継手1〜9及び
枠材10の部分の肉厚は約倍の厚さを有している。継手
1〜9及び枠材10共はにその断面形状が方形状のもの
に限定されず、丸形、矩形、その他の形状のものであっ
ても良い。
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The drawings show one embodiment of the present invention. In FIGS. 1 to 14, 1 to 9 are joints made of steel pipes having a rectangular cross section showing various shapes, and 10 is the joint 1 to
It is a frame member made of a steel pipe having a rectangular cross section, which is also connectable to the nine guide pipe portions 1a to 9a. The wall thickness of these joints 1 to 9 and the frame member 10 is 1 mm to 2 mm.
The size is about 10 cm square . However, the thicknesses of the joints 1 to 9 and the frame member 10 in which the guide pipe portions 1a to 9a are inserted are about twice as thick. Each of the joints 1 to 9 and the frame member 10 is not limited to have a rectangular sectional shape, and may have a round shape, a rectangular shape, or any other shape.

Claims (4)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 ガイドパイプ部を有する継手と、この継
    手を介して軸方向に複数本ずつ嵌縮可能に接続されるス
    チールパイプ製の枠材と、前記継手に取り付けられ耐震
    強度を与える補強板と、前記枠材を前記継手へ固定させ
    る固定手段とで構成した一つの構築体としての骨組を有
    することを特徴とする、地震用シェルター。
    1. A joint having a guide pipe portion, a frame member made of steel pipe connected to the joint so as to be able to be fitted in a plurality of pieces in the axial direction, and a reinforcing plate attached to the joint to provide seismic strength. An earthquake shelter having a skeleton as one constructing body including a frame and a fixing means for fixing the frame member to the joint.
  2. 【請求項2】 ガイドパイプ部を有する継手と、この継
    手を介して軸方向に複数本ずつ嵌縮可能に接続されるス
    チールパイプ製の枠材と、前記継手に取り付けられ耐震
    強度を与える補強板と、前記枠材を前記継手へ固定させ
    る固定手段とで構成した一つの構築体としての骨組と、
    この骨組を構成する枠体へ入口の部分のみを残して固着
    した保護板とで構成したことを特徴とする、地震用シェ
    ルター。
    2. A joint having a guide pipe portion, a frame member made of steel pipe connected to the joint so that a plurality of pipes can be fitted and contracted in the axial direction, and a reinforcing plate attached to the joint to provide seismic strength. And a skeleton as one constructed body composed of a fixing means for fixing the frame member to the joint,
    An earthquake shelter characterized by comprising a protective plate fixed to the frame constituting the frame, leaving only the entrance portion.
  3. 【請求項3】 ガイドパイプ部を有する継手と、この継
    手を介して軸方向に複数本ずつ嵌縮可能に接続されるス
    チールパイプ製の枠材と、前記継手に取り付けられ耐震
    強度を与える補強板と、前記枠材を前記継手へ固定させ
    る固定手段とで構成した一つの構築体としての骨組と、
    この骨組を構成する枠体へ入口部分のみを残して固着し
    た保護板と、前記枠体に取り付けた筋かい棒とで構成し
    たことを特徴とする、地震用シェルター。
    3. A joint having a guide pipe portion, a frame member made of steel pipe connected to the joint so that a plurality of pipes can be fitted in the axial direction through the joint, and a reinforcing plate attached to the joint to provide seismic strength. And a skeleton as one constructed body composed of a fixing means for fixing the frame member to the joint,
    An earthquake shelter comprising: a protective plate fixed to a frame constituting the frame, leaving only an entrance portion, and a bracing rod attached to the frame.
  4. 【請求項4】 前記骨組内部には、非常持ち出し用の小
    物入れを取り付けたことを特徴とする、請求項1乃至3
    のいずれかに記載の地震用シェルター。
    4. An accessory case for carrying out emergency is attached inside the frame.
    Earthquake shelter described in any of.
JP2991495A 1995-02-17 1995-02-17 Earthquake shelter Pending JPH08218673A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2991495A JPH08218673A (en) 1995-02-17 1995-02-17 Earthquake shelter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2991495A JPH08218673A (en) 1995-02-17 1995-02-17 Earthquake shelter

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH08218673A true JPH08218673A (en) 1996-08-27

Family

ID=12289268

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2991495A Pending JPH08218673A (en) 1995-02-17 1995-02-17 Earthquake shelter

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH08218673A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH08284462A (en) * 1995-04-11 1996-10-29 Osamu Tsuda Built-up impact-resisting structure
JPH08312193A (en) * 1995-03-24 1996-11-26 Marutaka Kensetsu:Kk Building method for wooden earthquake shelter and wooden earthquake shelter
JP2006006722A (en) * 2004-06-28 2006-01-12 Renias:Kk Evacuation apparatus
JP2007162231A (en) * 2005-12-09 2007-06-28 Marina Hotel System:Kk Base-isolating device and indoor installation shelter

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH08312193A (en) * 1995-03-24 1996-11-26 Marutaka Kensetsu:Kk Building method for wooden earthquake shelter and wooden earthquake shelter
JPH08284462A (en) * 1995-04-11 1996-10-29 Osamu Tsuda Built-up impact-resisting structure
JP2006006722A (en) * 2004-06-28 2006-01-12 Renias:Kk Evacuation apparatus
JP2007162231A (en) * 2005-12-09 2007-06-28 Marina Hotel System:Kk Base-isolating device and indoor installation shelter

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