JPH0784268A - Method for plotting sealing material - Google Patents

Method for plotting sealing material

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Publication number
JPH0784268A
JPH0784268A JP22712093A JP22712093A JPH0784268A JP H0784268 A JPH0784268 A JP H0784268A JP 22712093 A JP22712093 A JP 22712093A JP 22712093 A JP22712093 A JP 22712093A JP H0784268 A JPH0784268 A JP H0784268A
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Prior art keywords
sealant
applying
substrate
nozzle
drawing
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
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JP22712093A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP3260511B2 (en )
Inventor
Shozo Igarashi
Shigeru Ishida
Yoshie Ogawa
Hiroshi Tsutsumi
Takashi Yajima
省三 五十嵐
弘史 堤
義衛 小川
敬司 矢島
茂 石田
Original Assignee
Hitachi Ltd
Hitachi Techno Eng Co Ltd
日立テクノエンジニアリング株式会社
株式会社日立製作所
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Abstract

PURPOSE:To provide the method for plotting a sealing material by controlling a discharge rate and discharge position of the sealing material to be dispensed and speeding up application. CONSTITUTION:This method for plotting the sealing material comprises impressing a prescribed air pressure A from an air source disposed outside to a nozzle storing the sealing material to discharge the sealing material 4 onto a substrate to be coated, thereby plotting the sealing material in a required pattern on the substrate to be coated. A high-pressure air pulse Ap higher than the prescribed pressure is inputted at an application start point P1 of the sealing material 4 to the nozzle from the air source and a vacuum pulse Vp is impressed thereto at an application stop point P2 of the sealing material, by which the discharge rates of the sealing material 4 at the application start point P1 and application stop point P2 of the sealing material are approximately equaled and the application position thereof is controlled to the prescribed position.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明はシール剤の塗布技術に係り、特に液晶表示素子の上下基板間を封止接合するためのシール剤(接着剤)を所定の部位に所要の量でディスペンスするシール剤描画方法に関する。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a coating technique sealant dispensing in the required amount in particular sealant for bonding seal between the upper and lower substrates of the liquid crystal display device (adhesive) at the predetermined site on the sealant drawing method.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】例えば、液晶表示素子のように平板な基板をその周縁の所定部分に特定のパターンにシール剤を介在させて張り合わせる各種電子装置においては、当該シールをスクリーン印刷で塗布するのが一般的であった。 BACKGROUND ART For example, in various electronic devices laminating with intervening sealant to a specific pattern flat substrate at a predetermined portion of its periphery as a liquid crystal display device, for applying the seal by screen printing there was common.

【0003】特に、配向膜を含めた各種機能膜を内面に備える液晶表示素子では、塗布したシール剤とこの機能膜との接触を避けるために当該シール剤をノズルから吐出して連続塗布する,所謂ディスペンス塗布方式を用いるようになった。 In particular, in the liquid crystal display device having a variety of functional films including the alignment layer on the inner surface, a continuous coating by ejecting the sealant from the nozzle in order to avoid contact with the functional film and the applied sealing agent, It began to use a so-called dispenser coating method.

【0004】図11は液晶表示素子の概略構成を説明する模式図であって、1はガラス基板(1aは上基板、1 [0004] Figure 11 is a schematic view for explaining a schematic configuration of a liquid crystal display element, first upper glass substrate (1a denotes a substrate, 1
bは下基板)、4はシール剤(エポキシ樹脂系接着剤等)、4aは液晶注入開口部である。 b lower substrate), 4 sealant (epoxy resin adhesive, etc.), 4a is a liquid crystal injection opening.

【0005】上基板1aと下基板1bは、その周縁部にシール剤4を塗布して両者を張り合わせ、張り合わせたギャップ間に液晶注入開口部4aから液晶を注入し、封止してなる。 [0005] upper substrate 1a and the lower substrate 1b is bonded both with the sealing agent 4 is applied to its periphery, liquid crystal is injected from the liquid crystal injection opening 4a between lamination gap, by encapsulating.

【0006】図12は接着後のシール剤のコーナー部の拡大図であって、シール剤4の塗布後コーナー部4aには導電性ペースト(銀−エポキシ樹脂系)が塗布され、 [0006] Figure 12 is an enlarged view of a corner portion of the sealing material after bonding, the coating after the corner portion 4a of the sealing agent 4 electroconductive paste (silver - epoxy resin) is applied,
シール剤4が硬化して上下の基板を張り合わせたとき、 When the sealing agent 4 by bonding the upper and lower substrates and cured,
コーナー部4bに塗布された導電性ペーストも硬化して上下基板1a,1bに成膜されている導電層を電気的に接続するようになっている。 Upper and lower substrates 1a corner portion 4b to the applied conductive paste be cured, so as to electrically connect the conductive layer which is deposited 1b.

【0007】図13は従来のスクリーン印刷によるコーナー部におけるシール剤の塗布パターンと上下基板を張り合わせた時のシール剤パターンの一例を説明する要部拡大図であって、コーナー部のシール剤の幅の拡大とシール剤を塗布する際にコーナー部に上記導電性ペーストを塗布するためのスペースを確保するため、(a)に示したように、イおよびロのような形状を与える。 [0007] Figure 13 is the width of an enlarged view illustrating an example of a sealant pattern when bonding the coating pattern of the sealing agent in the corners by conventional screen printing the upper and lower substrates, a corner portion of the sealant to ensure the space for applying the conductive paste to the corner portion when applying the expansion and sealing agent, as shown in (a), gives the shape such as Lee and b. そして上下の基板を張り合わせたとき、このシール剤パターンは基板の間で押し広げられ、結果としてイ',ロ'のようにコーナー部の幅が直線部の幅と同等で、かつ導電性ペーストの塗布スペースを確保できるようになる。 And when bonding the upper and lower substrates, the sealant patterns are spread between the substrates, resulting in Lee ', b' width of the corner portion as is equivalent to the width of the linear portion, and the conductive paste It will be able to ensure the application space.

【0008】しかし、このようなスクリーン印刷では、 [0008] However, in such a screen printing,
前記したような問題があったため、ディスペンス塗布が採用されるようになった。 Since there was a problem as described above, it began to dispense coating is employed.

【0009】図14は従来のディスペンス塗布装置の概略構成を説明する模式図であって、10はX,Y,およびZ方向に移動可能なXYZテーブル、11は液晶表示素子のガラス基板、12はノズルアーム、13はノズル、14はエア源、15はセンサアーム、16はギャップセンサである。 [0009] Figure 14 is a schematic view for explaining a schematic configuration of a conventional dispensing coating apparatus, the X, Y, and Z directions movable XYZ table 10, a glass substrate of a liquid crystal display device 11, 12 nozzle arm, 13 nozzles, 14 air source, 15 sensor arm, 16 is a gap sensor.

【0010】同図において、液晶表示素子のガラス基板11はXYZテーブル10上に固定保持され、その上方にシール剤のディスペンスを行うためのノズル13を保持したノズルアーム12とガラス基板とノズル13との間のギャプを一定に維持するためのギャップセンサ16 [0010] In this figure, the glass substrate 11 of the liquid crystal display element is fixed and held on the XYZ table 10, the nozzle arm 12 and the glass substrate and the nozzle 13 holding the nozzle 13 to perform dispensing of the sealant in its upper gap sensor 16 for maintaining the gap between the constant
を保持したセンサアーム15が配置されている。 Are disposed sensor arm 15 holding the.

【0011】また、ノズル13には予め所定のシール剤が貯留され、このシール剤に所定の圧力を印加するためのエア源14が接続されている。 Further, in advance predetermined sealing agent is stored in the nozzle 13, an air source 14 for applying a predetermined pressure is connected to the sealing agent.

【0012】このディスペンス塗布装置は、XYZテーブル10をXおよびY方向に移動させながらノズル13 [0012] The dispensing coating apparatus, while moving the XYZ table 10 in the X and Y directions nozzles 13
からシール剤をガラス基板11の周縁にディスペンスするものである。 It is intended to dispense the periphery of the glass substrate 11 the sealant from. このディスペンス中には、ノズル13に先行した位置をノズルと共にガラス基板11上を移動するセンサ16がガラス基板11の表面とノズル13との間のギャップを測定し、このギャップが常に一定となるようにXYZテーブル10をZ方向に位置調整するようになっている。 During this dispensing, so that the sensor 16 to move the upper glass substrate 11 prior position in the nozzle 13 with the nozzle measures the gap between the surface and the nozzle 13 of the glass substrate 11, the gap is always constant has an XYZ table 10 so that the position adjustment in the Z direction.

【0013】なお、XYZテーブルに代えてノズルアーム12およびセンサアーム15をXYZ方向に動かすようにしたものもある。 [0013] Incidentally, some of which it has a nozzle arm 12 and the sensor arm 15 in place of the XYZ table to move in XYZ directions.

【0014】この種のディスペンス塗布装置では、シール剤の塗布はエア源14から印加される一定の圧力でシール剤を加圧してディスペンスする。 [0014] In dispensing the coating apparatus of this type, the application of the sealant dispensing pressurized sealant at constant pressure applied from the air source 14. そのため、シール剤のディスペンスは所謂一筆書きの描画パターンとなる。 Therefore, dispensing of sealant is a so-called one stroke drawing pattern. 描画中のシール剤吐出量は一定であり、ガラス基板11上にディスペンスされるシール剤の量は上記ギャップを一定に保つことで一定にコントロールしている。 Sealant discharge amount in the drawing is constant, the amount of sealant to be dispensed on the glass substrate 11 is controlled to be constant by keeping the gap constant.

【0015】なお、この種のディスペンス塗布装置に関する従来技術を開示したものとしては、特開平2−19 [0015] Incidentally, as having been disclosed prior art relating to dispensing the coating apparatus of this type, JP-A-2-19
8417号公報、特開平1−200228号公報、特開昭63−177113号公報、特開昭63−19201 8417, JP-A No. 1-200228, JP-Sho 63-177113, JP-Sho 63-19201
9号公報、特開昭63−236008号公報を挙げることができる。 9 discloses, can be mentioned JP-A-63-236008.

【0016】 [0016]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】上記従来技術によるディスペンス塗布装置では、シール剤の吐出開始時と吐出停止時のシール剤吐出量が大きく変動する。 In dispensing the coating device according to the prior art [0005] The sealant discharge amount at the discharge start and the discharge stop of the sealant varies greatly. そのため、 for that reason,
上下基板を貼り合わせた時のシール剤の広がりが上記吐出開始時と吐出停止時とで異なり、またコーナー部での塗布量の増加で当該コーナー部に別途塗布する導電性ペーストの特性を劣化させてしまうという問題があった。 Spreading of sealant when bonding the upper and lower substrates are different in the time of stopping the discharge and at the discharge start and degrade the properties of the conductive paste to be separately applied to the corner portion with an increase in the coating amount of the corner portion there was a problem that is.

【0017】図15は上記従来のディスペンス塗布装置によるシール剤の塗布状態の説明図であって、ノズルに加えるエア圧力、(b)はガラス基板に塗布されるシール剤の形状を示す。 [0017] Figure 15 is an explanatory view of a coated state of the sealant according to the conventional dispensing coating apparatus, air pressure applied to the nozzle, (b) shows the shape of the sealing agent applied to the glass substrate.

【0018】同図に示したように、塗布開始点で所定のレベルAのエア圧をノズルに印加しても、実際にノズルからシール剤がガラス基板上に吐出される時点はd 1だけ遅れ、また塗布停止時点でエア圧を抜いても、残圧によりノズルからはd 2だけ遅れた位置までシール剤の吐出がなされ、この塗布停止位置でのシール剤の吐出量が多くなり、かつ停止位置を越えた位置まで塗布されてしまう。 [0018] As shown in the drawing, be applied to the nozzle air pressure of a predetermined level A in the coating start point, actually when the sealant is discharged from the nozzle onto the glass substrate is delayed by d 1 , also remove the air pressure in the coating stop time, from a nozzle by residual pressure made the ejection of the sealant to a position delayed by d 2, it becomes large discharge amount of the sealing agent in the coating stop position, and stop position would be applied to a position beyond the.

【0019】そのため、得に短い直線を描画することが難しく、またコーナー部でのシール剤の吐出量が直線部と同様であるために当該コーナ部に塗布されるシール剤の量が多くなり、上下基板の貼り合わせでシール剤の広がりが大きくなる。 [0019] Therefore, it is difficult to draw a short straight line obtained, also becomes large quantity of sealant discharge amount of sealant at the corner portion is applied to the corner portion is similar to the linear portion, spread of sealing agent is increased in the bonding of the upper and lower substrates. そのため、前記したコーナ部に塗布する導電性ペーストがシール剤と混合してしまい、上下基板の導電接続特性を劣化させてしまうという問題があった。 Therefore, conductive paste is applied to the above-mentioned corner portion will be mixed with sealant, there is a problem that deteriorates the conductive connection characteristics of the upper and lower substrates.

【0020】本発明の目的は、上記従来技術の諸問題を解消し、ディスペンスされるシール剤の吐出量をコントロールし、かつ塗布の高速化を図ったシール剤描画方法を提供することにある。 It is an object of the present invention, the conventional eliminating technology problems, to control the discharge amount of the sealing agent to be dispensed, and to provide a sealant drawing method which attained the speed of the coating.

【0021】 [0021]

【課題を解決するための手段】上記目的を達成するために、請求項1の発明は、シール剤を貯留したノズルに、 To achieve the above object of the Invention The invention of Claim 1, the nozzle which stores a sealing agent,
外部に設けたエア源からの所定のエア圧力を印加して被塗布基板上に前記シール剤を吐出することによって当該シール剤を前記被塗布基板上に所要のパターンで描画するシール剤描画方法において、前記エア源から、前記ノズルに対し、前記シール剤の塗布開始時点で前記所定の圧力より高い高圧エアパルスを入力し、前記シール剤の塗布開停止点で真空パルスを印加することにより、前記シール剤の塗布開始時点および前記シール剤の塗布開停止点でのシール剤の吐出量を略々同等とすると共に、その塗布位置を所定の位置に制御することを特徴とする。 In sealant drawing method for drawing in the required pattern the sealing agent to the target coated onto the substrate by ejecting the sealant by applying a predetermined air pressure to the coated substrate from an air source disposed outside , from said air source, with respect to the nozzle, by type high pressure air pulse than the predetermined pressure at the application start time of the sealant, applying a vacuum pulse in the coating open stopping point of the sealant, the seal the discharge amount of the sealing agent with a substantially equivalent in coating open stopping point of the coating start time and the sealant material, and controls the application position to a predetermined position.

【0022】また、請求項2の発明は、シール剤を貯留したノズルに、外部に設けたエア源からの所定のエア圧力を印加して被塗布基板上に前記シール剤を吐出することによって当該シール剤を前記被塗布基板上に所要のパターンで描画するシール剤描画方法において、描画パターンのコーナー部において、前記ノズルに当該コーナー部の直前で真空パルスを印加することによりシール剤の吐出を停止してその塗布を中断し、前記コーナー部の直後で前記所定の圧力より高圧エアパルスを印加することによりシール剤の吐出を開始してその塗布を再開した後、前記所定のエア圧力を印加することにより、前記コーナー部の接着に必要とするシール剤塗布量を制御することを特徴とする。 Further, the invention of claim 2, the nozzle which stores a sealing agent, the by ejecting the sealant by applying a predetermined air pressure from the air source disposed outside to be applied on a substrate in sealant drawing method for drawing in the required pattern sealant to the target coated on the substrate, at the corner portions of the drawing patterns, stops discharge of sealant by applying a vacuum pulse immediately before the corner portion to the nozzle to interrupt the coating, after resuming the application to start discharge of the sealant by applying a high pressure air pulse than the predetermined pressure immediately after the corner portion, applying a predetermined air pressure by, and controlling the sealant applying amount required for adhesion of the corner portion.

【0023】さらに、請求項3の発明は、シール剤を貯留したノズルに、外部に設けたエア源からの所定のエア圧力を印加して被塗布基板上に前記シール剤を吐出することによって当該シール剤を前記被塗布基板上に所要のパターンで描画するシール剤描画方法において、前記描画すべきパターンを直線と点の2つのシール剤塗布エレメントの組合せで構成したことを特徴とする。 Furthermore, the invention of claim 3, the a nozzle which stores a sealing agent, by ejecting the sealant by applying a predetermined air pressure to the coated substrate from an air source disposed outside in sealant drawing method for drawing in the required pattern sealant to the target coated on a substrate, characterized by being configured to pattern to be the drawing in combination of two sealant applying elements of lines and points.

【0024】そしてまた、請求項4の発明は、シール剤を貯留したノズルに、外部に設けたエア源からの所定のエア圧力を印加して被塗布基板上に前記シール剤を吐出することによって当該シール剤を前記被塗布基板上に所要のパターンで描画するシール剤描画方法において、前記描画すべきパターンを直線と点の2つのシール剤塗布エレメントの組合せで構成し、前記シール剤塗布エレメントを塗布するための前記シール剤の吐出量の制御を、 [0024] And also, the invention of claim 4, the nozzle which stores a sealing agent, by ejecting the sealant by applying a predetermined air pressure from the air source disposed outside to be applied on a substrate in sealant drawing method for drawing in the required pattern the sealing agent to the target coated on a substrate, a pattern to be the drawing composed of two combinations of sealant applying elements of lines and points, the sealant applying element the control of the sealant in the discharge amount for applying,
前記エア源から、前記ノズルに対し、前記シール剤の塗布開始時点で前記所定の圧力より高い高圧エアパルスを入力し、前記シール剤の塗布開停止点で真空パルスを印加すると共に、前記ノズルと前記被塗布基板との間のギャップの変化で行うことを特徴とする。 Wherein from said air source, to said nozzle, enter the higher pressure air pulse than the predetermined pressure at the application start time of the sealant, applies a vacuum pulse in the coating open stopping point of the sealant, and the nozzle and carrying out a change in the gap between the substrate to be coated.

【0025】なお、本発明は上記した高圧パルスと真空パルスによる吐出量制御と上記ノズルと被塗布基板とのギャップの変化による吐出量制御、およびノズルと被塗布基板との相対速度の変化を適宜組み合わせることで、 [0025] The present invention is the discharge amount control by the variation of the gap between the discharge amount control and the nozzle and the substrate to be coated by the high-pressure pulses and vacuum pulses as described above, and a change in the relative speed between the nozzle and the substrate to be coated appropriately by combining,
種々の複雑なパターンを描画することができる。 It is possible to draw a variety of complex patterns.

【0026】 [0026]

【作用】上記請求項1の発明の構成により、シール剤の塗布開始時点でのシール剤塗布遅れがなくなると共に、 The configuration of the invention of the effects above claim 1, together with eliminating sealant applying delay in the application start time of the sealant,
シール剤の塗布開停止点でのシール剤の吐出量増加を防止でき、上記シール剤の塗布開始点から塗布開停止点まで略々一様な塗布を所定の位置に行うことができる。 Prevents the discharge amount increase of the sealant in the coating open stopping point of the sealant, it is possible to perform substantially uniform coating to a predetermined position from the coating start point of the sealant to the coating open stop point.

【0027】また、上記請求項2の発明の構成により、 Further, the configuration of the invention described in claim 2,
コーナー部の接着に必要とするシール剤塗布量を制御することで、当該コーナー部のシール剤の広がりを防止し、当該コーナー部に別途塗布する導電性ペーストの塗布領域を確保することができる。 By controlling the sealant applying amount required for adhesion of the corner portion, it is possible to prevent the spreading of the sealant of the corner portion, to secure the coating region of the conductive paste to be separately applied to the corner portion.

【0028】さらに、上記請求項3の発明の構成により、直線以外の描画部分のパターンを正確に行うことができる。 Furthermore, the configuration of the invention described in claim 3, the pattern drawing portion other than the straight line can be performed accurately.

【0029】そしてまた、上記請求項4の発明の構成により、シール剤の塗布量を正確に制御することができる。 [0029] And also, the configuration of the invention described in claim 4, the application amount of sealant can be accurately controlled.

【0030】 [0030]

【実施例】以下、本発明の実施例につき、図面を参照して詳細に説明する。 EXAMPLES Hereinafter, examples of the present invention, with reference to the accompanying drawings.

【0031】図1は本発明によるシール剤塗布方法の第1実施例の説明図であって、(a)はノズルに印加するエア圧、(b)は被塗布基板に塗布されたシール剤の形状を示す。 [0031] Figure 1 is an explanatory view of a first embodiment of a sealant application method according to the present invention, (a) is an air pressure applied to the nozzle, (b) is a sealing agent applied to the substrate to be coated It shows the shape.

【0032】同図(a)において、Aはノズルからシール剤をディスペンスするための所定のエア圧レベル、H [0032] In FIG. (A), A is a predetermined air pressure level for dispensing the sealant from the nozzle, H
は上記所定のエア圧レベルAより高圧のエア圧、Lは上記所定のエア圧レベルAより低い真空のエア圧、Oはノズルからシール剤がディスペンスされないエア圧0の基準レベル、A Pは高圧エアパルス、V Pは真空パルスである。 The predetermined air pressure level A high pressure air pressure than, L is the predetermined low vacuum air pressure than the air pressure level A, O is the reference level of the air pressure 0 the sealant is not dispensed from the nozzle, A P is pressure air pulse, the V P is a vacuum pulse.

【0033】図示した被塗布基板(例えば、液晶被素子のガラス基板)のシール剤の塗布を開始する位置である塗布開始点P 1で所定のエア圧レベルAより高圧いレベルHの高圧エアパルスA Pをノズルに印加する。 The substrate to be coated was shown (e.g., a liquid crystal glass substrate of the device) high pressure air pulse A high pressure have level H than a predetermined air pressure level A in the coating start point P 1 is a position for starting the application of the sealant applying a P to the nozzle. これにより、シール剤4は塗布開始点P 1で塗布が遅れることなく当該被塗布基板上にディスペンスされる。 Thus, the sealant 4 is dispensed to the target coated on the substrate without delay is coated at the starting point P 1.

【0034】その後、所定のエア圧レベルAでディスペンスを継続し、塗布停止点P 2で真空のエア圧レベルL [0034] Then, to continue dispensing a predetermined air pressure level A, the air pressure level of the vacuum in the coating suspension point P 2 L
の真空パルスV Pを印加する。 Applying a vacuum pulse V P of. これにより、シール剤4 As a result, the sealant 4
は塗布停止点P 2を越えて塗布がなされることなくディスペンスが停止される。 Has dispensing without coating is made over the coating stopping point P 2 is stopped.

【0035】このように、本実施例によれば、被塗布基板には、同図(b)に示したように、シール剤4が塗布開始点P 1から塗布停止点P 2までの範囲に略々均一な量で塗布され、前記図15で説明したような所定の塗布範囲からずれて、かつ不均一なシール剤塗布が回避される。 [0035] Thus, according to this embodiment, the substrate to be coated, as shown in FIG. (B), the sealing agent 4 to the range of from application start point P 1 to the coating suspension point P 2 is applied in substantially uniform amounts, it deviates from a predetermined application range as described above with reference to FIG 15, and uneven sealant coating is avoided.

【0036】図2は本発明によるシール剤塗布方法の第2実施例の説明図であって、1bは被塗布基板(例えば、液晶被素子の下ガラス基板)、4−1は塗布したシール剤直線エレメント、4−2は塗布したシール剤点エレメントである。 FIG. 2 is an explanatory view of a second embodiment of a sealant application method according to the invention, 1b is the substrate to be coated (e.g., the lower glass substrate of the liquid crystal to be elements), 4-1 coated sealant linear element 4-2 is sealant point elements coated.

【0037】上記シール剤直線エレメント4−1、シール剤点エレメント4−2は、前記第1実施例と同様の方法でシール剤を吐出して塗布したもので、シール剤直線エレメント4−1をコーナー部でその塗布を中断し、また複数のシール剤点エレメント4−2で細部の塗布を行ったものである。 [0037] The sealant linear element 4-1, sealant point element 4-2, which was coated by discharging the sealant in the first embodiment and the same method, the sealant linear element 4-1 to interrupt the coating at the corner portion, also having been subjected to coating details with a plurality of sealant point element 4-2.

【0038】図3は図2で塗布したシール剤をもつ上記被塗布基板1bに他の基板(例えば、液晶被素子の上ガラス基板)1aを張り合わせたときの当該シール剤の状態の説明図であって、シール剤直線エレメント4−1はコーナー部で押し広がって連続した枠状シール4−1' [0038] Figure 3 is an explanatory view of the state of the sealant when laminating the other substrate (e.g., a glass substrate on the liquid crystal to be element) 1a on the substrate to be coated 1b with a sealing agent applied in FIG. 2 there are frame-shaped seals 4-1 sealant linear element 4-1 continuous spread pushed by the corner portion '
となる。 To become. また、シール剤点エレメント4−2も同様に押し広がって連続した直線パターン4−2'となる。 Also, sealant point element 4-2 is a straight line pattern 4-2 'continuous spread press as well.

【0039】このように、本実施例によれば、所望の形状にシール剤パターンを形成することができる。 [0039] Thus, according to this embodiment, it is possible to form a sealant pattern to the desired shape.

【0040】図4は上記本発明の第2実施例においてシール剤をシール剤直線エレメントとシール剤点エレメントの各パターンに吐出させるためのノズルに印加するエア圧の制御方法の説明図であって、(a)はエア圧の印加タイミング図、(b)は吐出されるシール剤のパターン図である。 [0040] Figure 4 is an explanatory diagram of a control method of the air pressure applied to the nozzle for ejecting the sealant to each pattern of the sealant linear element and sealant point element in the second embodiment of the present invention , (a) shows the application timing view of an air pressure, a pattern diagram of (b) is sealing agent to be discharged.

【0041】同図において、シール剤直線エレメント4 [0041] In the figure, the sealing agent straight element 4
−1はその塗布開始点で高圧エアパルスA Pを印加し、 -1 applies a high pressure air pulse A P in its application start point,
所定のエア圧レベルAでディスペンスを継続し、塗布停止点で真空パルスV Pをノズルに印加する。 It continued dispensing at a predetermined air pressure level A, to apply a vacuum pulse V P to the nozzle by application stop point. また、シール剤点エレメント4−2はその塗布開始点で高圧エアパルスA Pを印加した後、真空パルスV Pをノズルに印加する。 Further, the sealant point element 4-2 after applying high pressure air pulse A P in its application start point to apply a vacuum pulse V P to the nozzle.

【0042】このように、ノズルに印加するエア圧の制御を行うことにより、同図(b)に示したようなシール剤の塗布パターンをえることができる。 [0042] it is possible in this way, by controlling the air pressure applied to the nozzle, obtain the application pattern of the sealant as shown in FIG. (B).

【0043】図5と図6はシールパターンのコーナー部におけるシール剤の塗布方法の変形例の説明図である。 [0043] Figure 5 and Figure 6 is an explanatory view of a modification of the method of applying the sealant at the corner portion of the seal pattern.

【0044】図5の(a)はノズルと被塗布基板(下ガラス基板)との間のギャップをシール剤直線エレメント4−1の終端すなわちコーナー部で若干小さくすることで吐出量を低減させ、別途塗布される導電性ペーストのための領域を確保するためのシール剤点エレメント4− [0044] (a) in FIG. 5 reduces the discharge amount by decreasing slightly termination i.e. a corner portion of the sealant linear elements 4-1 the gap between the nozzle and the substrate to be coated (the lower glass substrate), sealant point elements for ensuring a region for conductive paste is separately applied 4-
2を塗布したものである。 2 is obtained by the application.

【0045】このようにシール剤が塗布された被塗布基板(下ガラス基板)に他方の被塗布基板(上ガラス基板)を張り合わせると、同図(b)に示したような直線パターン4−1',4−2'が連続したシールパターンが得られる。 [0045] With such sealant laminating an object to be coated substrate coated other substrate to be coated (the lower glass substrate) (the upper glass substrate), a straight line as shown in FIG. (B) pattern 4- 1 ', 4-2' are continuous seal pattern is obtained.

【0046】また、図6の(a)はノズルと被塗布基板(下ガラス基板)との間のギャップをシール剤直線エレメント4−1の終端すなわちコーナー部で、その吐出限界以下に小さくすることで吐出量を停止させ、あるいは前記した真空パルスの印加で吐出を停止させると共に、 [0046] In addition, (a) in FIG. 6 at the end i.e. the corner portion of the sealant linear elements 4-1 the gap between the nozzle and the substrate to be coated (the lower glass substrate), be reduced below its critical ejection in the discharge amount is stopped, or the discharge at the application of vacuum pulses with stops described above,
別途塗布される導電性ペーストのための領域を確保するためのシール剤点エレメント4−2を塗布したものである。 Is obtained by applying a sealant point elements 4-2 for ensuring a region for conductive paste is separately applied.

【0047】このようにシール剤が塗布された被塗布基板(下ガラス基板)に他方の被塗布基板(上ガラス基板)を張り合わせると、同図(b)に示したような直線パターン4−1',4−2'が連続したシールパターンが得られる。 [0047] With such sealant laminating an object to be coated substrate coated other substrate to be coated (the lower glass substrate) (the upper glass substrate), a straight line as shown in FIG. (B) pattern 4- 1 ', 4-2' are continuous seal pattern is obtained.

【0048】図7はノズルと被塗布基板との間のギャップ変化によるシール剤の吐出量の制御を説明するシール剤塗布装置の概略構成図であって、1bは被塗布基板(下ガラス基板)、2はノズル、3はギャップセンサ、 [0048] Figure 7 is a schematic diagram of a sealant applying apparatus for explaining the control of the discharge amount of the sealant due to gap change between the nozzle and the substrate to be coated, 1b is the substrate to be coated (the lower glass substrate) , 2 nozzle, the gap sensor 3,
4は塗布されたシール剤、7はエア圧制御装置である。 4 the sealing agent applied, 7 is an air pressure control device.

【0049】また、図8と図9は上記図7によるシール剤吐出制御の説明図であって、図7と同一符号は同一部分に対応する。 [0049] Further, Figures 8 and 9 is an explanatory view of a sealing agent ejection control by FIG 7, the same reference numerals as in FIG. 7 corresponds to the same portion.

【0050】図7において、ノズル2にはシール剤が所定量貯留され、図示しない機構により矢印方向に昇降可能にセットされる。 [0050] In FIG. 7, the nozzle 2 is sealant predetermined accumulation volume, is set to be vertically movable in an arrow direction by a not shown mechanism. また、上記ノズル2は、エア圧制御装置7から導入されるエア圧でノズル2から吐出されるシール剤の吐出量が設定される。 Moreover, the nozzle 2, the discharge amount of sealant discharged from the nozzle 2 by the air pressure introduced from the air pressure control device 7 is set.

【0051】図8に示したように、被塗布基板(下ガラス基板)1bとノズル2との間のギャップがG 1であるとき、シール剤4はエア圧制御装置7とノズル2の移動速度により決まる量が上記被塗布基板(下ガラス基板) [0051] As shown in FIG. 8, when the gap between the substrate to be coated (the lower glass substrate) 1b and the nozzle 2 is G 1, the moving speed of the sealing agent 4 is an air pressure control device 7 and the nozzle 2 amount above the substrate to be coated which is determined by (the lower glass substrate)
1bに塗布される。 It is applied to 1b.

【0052】一方、図9に示したように、被塗布基板(下ガラス基板)1bとノズル2との間のギャップをG Meanwhile, as shown in FIG. 9, a gap between the substrate to be coated (the lower glass substrate) 1b and the nozzle 2 G
2に狭めたとき、シール剤4は上記図8の吐出量より少ない量が上記被塗布基板(下ガラス基板)1bに塗布される。 When narrowed to 2, the sealing agent 4 in an amount less than the discharge amount of FIG 8 is applied to the substrate to be coated (the lower glass substrate) 1b.

【0053】このように、ノズルと被塗布基板との間のギャップを変化させることでシール剤の吐出量を制御することができる。 [0053] Thus, it is possible to control the discharge amount of the sealant by varying the gap between the nozzle and the substrate to be coated.

【0054】なお、このギャップをある程度以上小さくするとノズル2からのシール剤4の吐出は停止する。 It should be noted, reducing the gap beyond a certain discharge of the sealant 4 from the nozzle 2 is stopped.

【0055】図7のシール剤塗布装置は、ノズルに設置したギャップセンサ3でノズルと被塗布基板との間のギャップを測定し、これをノズルの昇降機構にフィードバックして設定ノズルギャップ値に基づいて当該ギャップを一定に保ちつつシール剤の吐出を行う。 [0055] sealant applying apparatus of FIG. 7, the gap between the nozzle and the substrate to be coated is measured by the gap sensor 3 installed in the nozzle, based which the feedback to set the nozzle gap value to the lifting mechanism of the nozzle and the ejection of the sealant while keeping the gap constant Te. シール剤の吐出量を変えるときは、上記の設定ノズルギャップ値を変更することにより、同様のギャップに基づいてギャップ制御を行う。 When changing the discharge amount of the sealing agent, by changing the setting nozzle gap value, it performs gap control based on the same gap.

【0056】図10は上記のギャップの大きさとシール剤の吐出量の関係の説明図であって、横軸にギャップ高さ(ギャップの大きさ)を、縦軸にノズルからのシール剤吐出量を取って示す。 [0056] Figure 10 is an explanatory view of the discharge amount of the relationship between the size and the sealant of the gap, the gap height in the horizontal axis (the size of the gap), the sealant discharge amount from the nozzle to the longitudinal axis show taking.

【0057】同図の条件は、ノズルの径が0.2mm、 [0057] conditions of the figure, the diameter of the nozzle is 0.2mm,
エア圧が294kpa、塗布速度が30mmである。 Air pressure is 294 kPa, the coating speed is 30 mm. なお、シール剤の吐出量はその粘度にも影響されるが、ここでは液晶被素子の封止に用いられる一般的なエポキシ系樹脂とした。 Although the discharge amount of the sealing agent is also affected its viscosity, here it was a general epoxy resin used for sealing the liquid crystal to be elements.

【0058】図示されたように、ギャップの大きさが4 [0058] As shown, the size of the gap is 4
0μm以下ではシール剤の吐出は停止される。 0μm in the following discharge of the sealant is stopped. そして、 And,
40〜100μmの範囲では当該ギャップの大きさでシール剤の吐出量が変化する。 Discharge rate of the sealant by the size of the gap varies in the range of 40 to 100 [mu] m. また、100以上ではギャップと吐出量の関係は余り変化しない。 Also, it does not change too much the relationship of the gap and the discharge amount is more than 100.

【0059】このように、ギャップのコントロールで吐出すべきシール剤の量を制御することができる。 [0059] Thus, it is possible to control the amount of sealing agent to be discharged in the control of the gap.

【0060】 [0060]

【発明の効果】以上説明したように、本発明によれば、 As described in the foregoing, according to the present invention,
シール剤の塗布開始時点でのシール剤塗布遅れがなくなると共に、シール剤の塗布開停止点でのシール剤の吐出量増加を防止でき、上記シール剤の塗布開始点から塗布開停止点まで略々一様な塗布を所定の位置に行うことができる。 With sealant applying delay is eliminated at the application start time of the sealant, it is possible to prevent the discharge amount increase of the sealant in the coating open stopping point of the sealant, before coating the open stop point from the application start point of the sealant substantially it is possible to perform uniform coating in place.

【0061】また、コーナー部の接着に必要とするシール剤塗布量を制御することで、当該コーナー部のシール剤の広がりを防止し、当該コーナー部に別途塗布する導電性ペーストの塗布領域を確保することができる。 [0061] Further, by controlling the sealant applying amount required for adhesion of the corner portion, ensuring the coating region of the conductive paste prevented the spread of sealant of the corner portion, separately applied to the corner portion can do.

【0062】さらに、直線以外の描画部分のパターンを正確に行うことができ、シール剤の塗布量を正確に制御することができる。 [0062] Furthermore, the pattern drawing portion other than the straight line can be accurately performed, the coating amount of sealant can be accurately controlled.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】本発明によるシール剤塗布方法の第1実施例の説明図である。 FIG. 1 is an explanatory view of a first embodiment of a sealant application method according to the invention.

【図2】本発明によるシール剤塗布方法の第2実施例の説明図である。 Figure 2 is an explanatory view of a second embodiment of a sealant application method according to the invention.

【図3】本発明によるシール剤塗布方法の第2実施例で塗布したシール剤をもつ被塗布基板に他の基板を張り合わせたときの当該シール剤の状態の説明図である。 3 is an explanatory view of the state of the sealant when laminating another substrate to the substrate to be coated with the applied sealing agent in the second embodiment of the sealant application method according to the invention.

【図4】本発明の第2実施例においてシール剤をシール剤直線エレメントとシール剤点エレメントの各パターンに吐出させるためのノズルに印加するエア圧の制御方法の説明図である。 It is an explanatory view of a method of controlling the air pressure applied to the nozzle for ejecting the sealant to each pattern of the sealant linear element and sealant point element in the second embodiment of the present invention; FIG.

【図5】シールパターンのコーナー部におけるシール剤の塗布方法の変形例の説明図である。 5 is an explanatory view of a modification of the method of applying the sealant at the corner portion of the seal pattern.

【図6】シールパターンのコーナー部におけるシール剤の塗布方法の他の変形例の説明図である。 6 is an explanatory view of another modification of the method of applying the sealant at the corner portion of the seal pattern.

【図7】ノズルと被塗布基板との間のギャップ変化によるシール剤の吐出量の制御を説明するシール剤塗布装置の概略構成図である。 7 is a schematic diagram of a sealant applying apparatus for explaining the control of the discharge amount of the sealant due to gap change between the nozzle and the substrate to be coated.

【図8】図7によるシール剤吐出制御の説明図である。 8 is an explanatory view of a sealing agent ejection control according to FIG. 7.

【図9】図7によるシール剤吐出制御の説明図である。 9 is an explanatory view of a sealing agent ejection control according to FIG. 7.

【図10】ギャップの大きさとシール剤の吐出量の関係の説明図である。 10 is an explanatory view of the discharge amount of the relationship between size and sealant gap.

【図11】液晶表示素子の概略構成を説明する模式図である。 11 is a schematic view for explaining a schematic configuration of a liquid crystal display device.

【図12】接着後のシール剤のコーナー部の拡大図である。 12 is an enlarged view of a corner portion of the sealant after bonding.

【図13】従来のスクリーン印刷によるコーナー部におけるシール剤の塗布パターンと上下基板を張り合わせた時のシール剤パターンの一例を説明する要部拡大図である。 13 is an enlarged view for explaining an example of a sealant pattern when bonding the coating pattern of the sealing agent upper and lower substrates at the corner portions by conventional screen printing.

【図14】従来のディスペンス塗布装置の概略構成を説明する模式図である。 14 is a schematic diagram for explaining a schematic configuration of a conventional dispensing coating apparatus.

【図15】従来のディスペンス塗布装置によるシール剤の塗布状態の説明図である。 15 is an explanatory view of a coated state of the sealant by conventional dispensing coating apparatus.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1a 液晶表示素子の上ガラス基板 1b 液晶表示素子の下ガラス基板 2 ノズル 3 ギャップセンサ 4 シール剤。 1a 2 nozzle 3 the gap sensors 4 Sealant lower glass substrate of the glass substrate 1b liquid crystal display element on the liquid crystal display device.

フロントページの続き (72)発明者 矢島 敬司 千葉県茂原市早野3300番地 株式会社日立 製作所電子デバイス事業部内 (72)発明者 石田 茂 茨城県竜ケ崎市向陽台5丁目2番 日立テ クノエンジニアリング株式会社開発研究所 内 (72)発明者 五十嵐 省三 茨城県竜ケ崎市向陽台5丁目2番 日立テ クノエンジニアリング株式会社竜ヶ崎工場 内 Of the front page Continued (72) inventor Yajima Keiji Mobara City, Chiba Prefecture Hayano 3300 address Hitachi Seisakusho electronic device business unit (72) inventor Shigeru Ishida Ibaraki Prefecture Ryugasaki City Koyodai 5-chome No. 2 Hitachi Te Techno Engineering Co., Ltd. research and development in Tokoro (72) inventor Shozo Igarashi Ibaraki Prefecture Ryugasaki City Koyodai 5-chome No. 2 Hitachi Te Techno engineering Co., Ltd. Ryugasaki in the factory

Claims (4)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】シール剤を貯留したノズルに、外部に設けたエア源からの所定のエア圧力を印加して被塗布基板上に前記シール剤を吐出することによって当該シール剤を前記被塗布基板上に所要のパターンで描画するシール剤描画方法において、 前記エア源から、前記ノズルに対し、前記シール剤の塗布開始時点で前記所定の圧力より高い高圧エアパルスを入力し、前記シール剤の塗布開停止点で真空パルスを印加することにより、前記シール剤の塗布開始時点および前記シール剤の塗布開停止点でのシール剤の吐出量を略々同等とすると共に、その塗布位置を所定の位置に制御することを特徴とするシール剤描画方法。 To 1. A nozzle which stores a sealing agent, the substrate to be coated the sealant by ejecting the sealant by applying a predetermined air pressure from the air source disposed outside to be applied on a substrate in sealant drawing method for drawing in the required pattern above, from the air source, to said nozzle, enter the higher pressure air pulse than the predetermined pressure at the application start time of the sealant, coating opening of the sealant by applying a vacuum pulse at the stop point, the discharge amount of the sealing agent in the coating open stop point of application start time point and the sealant of the sealant with a substantially equal, the coating located at a predetermined position sealant drawing method and controlling.
  2. 【請求項2】シール剤を貯留したノズルに、外部に設けたエア源からの所定のエア圧力を印加して被塗布基板上に前記シール剤を吐出することによって当該シール剤を前記被塗布基板上に所要のパターンで描画するシール剤描画方法において、 描画パターンのコーナー部において、前記ノズルに当該コーナー部の直前で真空パルスを印加することによりシール剤の吐出を停止してその塗布を中断し、前記コーナー部の直後で前記所定の圧力より高圧エアパルスを印加することによりシール剤の吐出を開始してその塗布を再開した後、前記所定のエア圧力を印加することにより、 To 2. A nozzle which stores a sealing agent, the substrate to be coated the sealant by ejecting the sealant by applying a predetermined air pressure from the air source disposed outside to be applied on a substrate in sealant drawing method for drawing in the required pattern on, at the corner portions of the drawing patterns, to stop the discharge of the sealant to interrupt the coating by applying a vacuum pulse immediately before the corner portion to the nozzle , after resuming the application to start discharge of the sealant by applying a high pressure air pulse than the predetermined pressure immediately after the corner portion, by applying a predetermined air pressure,
    前記コーナー部の接着に必要とするシール剤塗布量を制御することを特徴とするシール剤描画方法。 Sealant drawing method and controlling the sealant applying amount required for adhesion of the corner portion.
  3. 【請求項3】シール剤を貯留したノズルに、外部に設けたエア源からの所定のエア圧力を印加して被塗布基板上に前記シール剤を吐出することによって当該シール剤を前記被塗布基板上に所要のパターンで描画するシール剤描画方法において、 前記描画すべきパターンを直線と点の2つのシール剤塗布エレメントの組合せで構成したことを特徴とするシール剤描画方法。 To 3. A nozzle which stores a sealing agent, the substrate to be coated the sealant by ejecting the sealant by applying a predetermined air pressure from the air source disposed outside to be applied on a substrate in sealant drawing method for drawing in the required pattern on sealant drawing method is characterized in that constituting said drawing pattern to be in combination of two sealant applying elements of lines and points.
  4. 【請求項4】シール剤を貯留したノズルに、外部に設けたエア源からの所定のエア圧力を印加して被塗布基板上に前記シール剤を吐出することによって当該シール剤を前記被塗布基板上に所要のパターンで描画するシール剤描画方法において、 前記描画すべきパターンを直線と点の2つのシール剤塗布エレメントの組合せで構成し、前記シール剤塗布エレメントを塗布するための前記シール剤の吐出量の制御を、前記エア源から、前記ノズルに対し、前記シール剤の塗布開始時点で前記所定の圧力より高い高圧エアパルスを入力し、前記シール剤の塗布開停止点で真空パルスを印加すると共に、前記ノズルと前記被塗布基板との間のギャップの変化で行うことを特徴とするシール剤描画方法。 4. A nozzle which stores a sealing agent, the substrate to be coated the sealant by ejecting the sealant by applying a predetermined air pressure from the air source disposed outside to be applied on a substrate in sealant drawing method for drawing in the required pattern on the pattern to be the drawing composed of two combinations of sealant applying elements of lines and points, of the sealing agent for coating the sealant applying element the control of the discharge amount from the air source, to said nozzle, enter the higher pressure air pulse than the predetermined pressure at the application start time of the sealant, applying a vacuum pulse in the coating open stopping point of the sealant with sealant drawing method which comprises carrying out a change in the gap between the substrate to be coated and the nozzle.
JP22712093A 1993-09-13 1993-09-13 Sealant drawing method Expired - Lifetime JP3260511B2 (en)

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