JPH0135167Y2 - - Google Patents

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Publication number
JPH0135167Y2
JPH0135167Y2 JP1327684U JP1327684U JPH0135167Y2 JP H0135167 Y2 JPH0135167 Y2 JP H0135167Y2 JP 1327684 U JP1327684 U JP 1327684U JP 1327684 U JP1327684 U JP 1327684U JP H0135167 Y2 JPH0135167 Y2 JP H0135167Y2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
urine
livestock
filtered
wastewater
urine wastewater
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
JP1327684U
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPS60125856U (en
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed filed Critical
Priority to JP1327684U priority Critical patent/JPS60125856U/en
Publication of JPS60125856U publication Critical patent/JPS60125856U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JPH0135167Y2 publication Critical patent/JPH0135167Y2/ja
Granted legal-status Critical Current

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Description

【考案の詳細な説明】 本考案は、家畜家禽舎において、剛構造とした
多孔床を設け、多孔床上の濾過材により糞は床上
に尿は床下に分離して搬出し、それぞれの利用あ
るいは浄化処理を容易ならしめるようにした畜舎
構造に関する。
[Detailed description of the invention] This invention provides a porous floor with a rigid structure in a livestock and poultry house, and uses a filter material on the porous floor to separate feces onto the floor and urine below the floor and carry them out for use or purification. This invention relates to a livestock barn structure that facilitates processing.

家畜家禽の糞尿は土地に肥料として還元すれ
ば、地力の維持、増進を図ることができる許りで
なく、高価な化学肥料の節約となる。しかしなが
ら、糞尿を多量に施用し過ぎると土壌性状さらに
は作物の性状や収量を低下させることは一般によ
く知られている。現在、家畜の飼養規模は益々拡
大され、狭い自家耕地内に自家飼養家畜の糞尿を
投入するには、あまりにその量が多量となつてき
ており、畜産農家としては家畜糞尿を耕種農家の
利用しやすい肥料とするか、又は糞尿を河川に放
流可能な水質規準まで浄化する必要がある。
Returning livestock and poultry manure to the land as fertilizer not only helps maintain and improve soil fertility, but also saves on expensive chemical fertilizers. However, it is generally well known that applying too much manure reduces soil properties, as well as crop properties and yields. Currently, the scale of livestock farming is expanding more and more, and the amount of manure from home-raised livestock has become too large to be input into the small amount of farmland. It is necessary to make fertilizer that is easy to use, or to purify the manure to a water quality standard that allows it to be discharged into rivers.

耕種農家の利用しやすい肥料の形態は固形態で
あり、かつ糞尿のうち、汚染物質の大部分が含ま
れるのは糞である。したがつて、糞尿は、可能な
限り尿の含まれていない糞と、可能な限り糞の含
まれていない尿に分離することが、糞尿を処理利
用するうえの第一の必要条件となる。
The form of fertilizer that is easy for cultivators to use is solid, and it is the manure that contains most of the pollutants. Therefore, the first requirement for processing and utilizing manure is to separate it into feces containing as little urine as possible and urine containing as little feces as possible.

糞尿を分離する方法は従来から各種のものが採
用されているが、たとえば、乳牛舎等によく使わ
れているバーンクリーナは本来糞尿を分離する目
的と搬送を兼ねてつくられたものであるが、分離
孔が目詰りし分離が不完全であり、畜舎外に糞尿
混合のまま搬出され、あるいは、簀子豚舎の巻取
りベルトも尿分離孔が目的通りに機能せず、糞尿
は分離されないまま搬出される等いずれも不完全
な状態で使用されている。また、糞尿混合の状態
で搬出されたものを分離する糞尿分離機も使用さ
れてはいるが、固形分の50%程度は液合の中に残
るため、これも不完全なものといえる。
Various methods have been used to separate manure and urine. For example, barn cleaners, which are often used in dairy cow sheds, were originally created for the purpose of separating manure and transporting it. The separation hole is clogged and the separation is incomplete, and the urine and manure are mixed together and transported outside the livestock barn.Also, the urine separation hole in the winding belt of the pig pen does not function as intended, and the manure is transported out without being separated. All of them are used in an incomplete state. Additionally, excrement separators are used to separate the mixed excreta and excrement that is carried out, but this can also be said to be incomplete as about 50% of the solids remain in the liquid mixture.

一方、肉牛舎などで広く一搬に採用されている
畜舎ではコンクリート等の床に多量の敷料(おが
くず、もみがら等)を敷き、これに糞尿を混合さ
せ、定期的にバケツトローダー等で搬出して清掃
し、再び新しい敷料を敷き飼養を行つている。こ
の方法では糞尿はすべて敷料と混合され堆肥とし
て利用されるので汚水が排出されず、公害問題が
起ることはなく、有利な方法ではあるが、近時敷
料の入手が困難となり、十分な敷料を使用出来な
いため、これを節約する方法が強く望まれてい
る。
On the other hand, in livestock barns that are widely used for transporting beef cattle, etc., a large amount of bedding (sawdust, rice husks, etc.) is spread on the concrete floor, manure is mixed with this, and the material is periodically transported using a bucket troder, etc. The animals are then cleaned, placed with new bedding, and reared. In this method, all the manure is mixed with bedding and used as compost, so no sewage is discharged, and there is no pollution problem.Although it is an advantageous method, it has become difficult to obtain bedding recently, and there is no need to use enough bedding. Since this cannot be used, there is a strong desire for a method to save on this.

そこで本考案は、上記敷料節減の要望を満た
し、且つ糞尿分離を完全に行わせるため、畜舎の
床を多孔板・非腐触性網及び通水盤等からなる多
孔床とし、これに濾過材を充填し、その上で家畜
を飼養し、排泄された糞は濾過材の上に、尿は濾
過材を通じ下部の濾過尿汚水室に落して畜舎の一
側に設けられた排尿溝に導くように構成し、排泄
された糞尿を濾過材によつて完全に分離させるこ
とにより、多孔床上に残置された固形分の糞から
は十分に水分を除去し、多孔床を濾通した液分中
の固形分の含量は極めて少なくするものである。
Therefore, in order to satisfy the above-mentioned desire to save on bedding and to completely separate manure and urine, the present invention has been developed by making the floor of the livestock barn a porous floor made of perforated plates, non-corrosive netting, water-permeable plates, etc., and adding a filtration material to the floor. Livestock are fed on top of this, and the excreted excrement falls onto the filtering material, and the urine falls through the filtering material into the filtered urine sewage chamber at the bottom, leading to the urination ditch installed on one side of the livestock barn. By completely separating the excreted excrement and excrement using a filter material, water is sufficiently removed from the solid feces left on the porous bed, and solids in the liquid that has passed through the porous bed are removed. The content should be kept extremely low.

かくして、少量の濾過材(敷料)が長期間の持
続使用に耐え、敷料を節減することが可能となる
ばかりか、糞尿をほぼ完全に分離することができ
る。常に多孔床上には水分の少ない糞を、濾過尿
汚水室には固形分の極めて少ない尿汚水が滴下し
これを畜舎一側の排尿溝に導くことが可能とな
る。なお、多孔床上に残置された固形分は適時人
力又は機械により除去し、その後に少量の敷料を
散布しておけばよい。もし、通水盤中の濾過材が
目詰まりをおこし濾過が不良となつた場合は、取
外して濾過材を交換することも容易である。
In this way, a small amount of filtration material (bedding material) can withstand long-term continuous use, and not only can the amount of bedding material be saved, but also the excrement and urine can be almost completely separated. Feces with low moisture content are always dripping onto the porous floor and urine wastewater with extremely low solid content is dripping into the filtered urine wastewater chamber, which can be led to the urination ditch on one side of the barn. Note that the solid content left on the porous bed may be removed manually or mechanically as needed, and then a small amount of bedding material may be spread. If the filter material in the water flow basin becomes clogged and filtration becomes poor, it is easy to remove it and replace the filter material.

以下に本考案に係る畜舎構造を添付図面に示さ
れた好適な実施例について説明する。
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The livestock barn structure according to the present invention will be described below with reference to preferred embodiments shown in the accompanying drawings.

第1図はこの考案における多孔床の一例を示し
たものである。3は多孔板、4は非腐触性網、5
は全面にわたつて格子状に肉厚の鋼材で構成され
た通水盤(グレーチング、エクスパントメタル
等)であつて、これらを順次下方から上方に敷設
してなる多孔床を構成し、これに7の濾過材を上
部から充填してある。濾過材は砂、およびおがく
ず、もみがら等の無機又は有機の濾過効果のすぐ
れた材料であつて、糞と混合されて肥料として使
用されても差支えない材料であることがのぞまし
い。
FIG. 1 shows an example of the porous bed according to this invention. 3 is a perforated plate, 4 is a non-corrosive mesh, 5 is
is a water-flowing board (grating, expanded metal, etc.) made of thick steel material in a lattice pattern over the entire surface, and these are laid one after another from the bottom to the top to form a perforated floor. The filter material is filled from the top. The filtering material is preferably an inorganic or organic material with excellent filtration effect, such as sand, sawdust, or rice husk, which can be mixed with excrement and used as fertilizer.

第2図には畜舎構造の一実施例が示されてい
る。1及び1′は上記多孔床を支持する支持体で
あり、通常はコンクリート等で構築される。この
支持体の上に前記多孔床が敷設され濾過材7の上
で家畜が飼養される。多孔床2の下部は濾過尿汚
水室11であり、濾過材7と多孔床で濾過された
尿が滴下する場所であり、その床面に溜つた尿汚
水は適当な間隔で設けられた間隙又は排水孔13
から排尿溝12に導かれる。一方、多孔床上の濾
過材と混合された糞は水分が除去された状態で残
置される。なお、8はこの畜舎全体を示し、9,
9′は畜舎に設けられた柵であつて、9′は畜舎の
大きさに応じ支持体1と共にその設置場所が変更
される。また、多孔床は濾過材が目詰まり状態と
なつたとき随時その濾過材を交換しうるように、
容易に支持体から取はずし、取付けができるよう
に構成される。
FIG. 2 shows an example of a livestock pen structure. Supports 1 and 1' support the porous floor, and are usually constructed of concrete or the like. The porous bed is laid on this support, and livestock are raised on the filter medium 7. The lower part of the porous bed 2 is a filtered urine sewage chamber 11, where the urine filtered by the filter material 7 and the porous bed drips, and the urine sewage collected on the floor is drained through gaps provided at appropriate intervals or Drain hole 13
from there to the urinary groove 12. On the other hand, the feces mixed with the filter material on the porous bed are left in a state in which water has been removed. In addition, 8 indicates the entire livestock barn, 9,
Reference numeral 9' denotes a fence installed in the livestock barn, and the installation location of 9' and the support body 1 can be changed depending on the size of the livestock barn. In addition, the porous bed allows the filter material to be replaced at any time when it becomes clogged.
It is constructed so that it can be easily removed from and attached to the support.

第3図には他の実施例が示されている。この実
施例では濾過尿汚水室11がそれを囲んで気密に
構築された壁10で構成されている。13′はパ
イプ14を挿入する孔であり、このパイプ14は
排尿溝の水位面より深くまで達するように配設さ
れており、また、濾過尿汚水室11の一側には吸
気管15が設けられ、これが排風機16に連接さ
せてある。その他は1′及び2〜9,9′で示す部
分はすべて第2図に説明したものと同様に構成さ
れている。
Another embodiment is shown in FIG. In this embodiment, the filtered urine/sewage chamber 11 is constituted by a wall 10 surrounding it and constructed airtight. Reference numeral 13' denotes a hole into which a pipe 14 is inserted, and this pipe 14 is arranged so as to reach deeper than the water level of the urinary drainage ditch.In addition, an intake pipe 15 is provided on one side of the filtered urine wastewater chamber 11. This is connected to the exhaust fan 16. All other parts indicated by 1' and 2 to 9, 9' are constructed in the same manner as described in FIG.

第3図の構成においては、排風機16により上
部の多孔床から空気が吸引され、濾過材7の上に
排泄された糞尿から尿が濾過され、濾過材7は好
気的条件に保つて糞の発酵と水分乾燥をすすめる
ことができ、これら糞と濾過材7の混合物は適宜
機械で除去し、一方多孔床から滴下した尿汚水は
濾過尿汚水室11からパイプ14を通じ、排尿溝
12に導かれる。
In the configuration shown in FIG. 3, air is sucked from the upper porous bed by the exhaust fan 16, and urine is filtered from the excrement excreted onto the filtering material 7, and the filtering material 7 is maintained in an aerobic condition. The mixture of feces and filter material 7 is removed mechanically as appropriate, while the urine wastewater dripping from the porous bed is led from the filtered urine wastewater chamber 11 through the pipe 14 to the urination groove 12. It will be destroyed.

第4図には第3図の濾過尿汚水室11の床を礫
17を堆積して構成したものが示されている。こ
の実施例では堆積した礫17の表面に上部の多孔
床から滴下した尿汚水が接触し、そこに繁殖した
微生物により分解されるので、汚染物が減少す
る。そして尿汚水は13′からパイプ14を通じ
排尿溝に排出される。
FIG. 4 shows a structure in which the floor of the filtered urine sewage chamber 11 shown in FIG. 3 is constructed by depositing gravel 17. In this embodiment, the urine sewage dripping from the upper porous bed comes into contact with the surface of the accumulated gravel 17 and is decomposed by the microorganisms that have grown there, so that the amount of contaminants is reduced. The urine wastewater is then discharged from 13' through the pipe 14 into the urinary drainage ditch.

第5図、第6図はそれぞれ他の実施例である。
すなわち、第5図は排尿溝12内に散気管18を
設け、ポンプ20により散気孔19から尿汚水中
に気泡21を多数噴出させ、汚水中の微生物に酸
素を供給し、汚水を浄化するものであつて、第6
図に示す方式は同じく排尿溝12の中に多数の円
板23を軸24に取付け、これをゆつくり回転さ
せて円板23を汚水及び気に接触させることによ
り円板23の表面に繁殖した微生物によつて汚水
を浄化せんとするものである。25はプーリであ
る。なお、22は汚水の表面であつて、この表面
は回転軸より下方となるように保たれ、円板23
が回転すれば、汚水及び上部の空気と交互に接触
するようにしている。かくして、家畜等を飼養す
る畜舎床において糞と尿を分離し、尿汚水を排尿
溝12に直接導くか、あるいは濾過尿汚水室11
において一旦浄化した汚水をさらにこの排尿溝1
2内において浄化するものであつて、従来は畜舎
からそのまま浄化せずに尿溜に導かれていたもの
を十分浄化したのち尿溜に送ることが可能となる
効果を期待できる。
FIGS. 5 and 6 show other embodiments.
That is, FIG. 5 shows a system in which an air diffuser pipe 18 is provided in the urinary groove 12, and a large number of air bubbles 21 are ejected into the urine wastewater from the air diffuser hole 19 by a pump 20, thereby supplying oxygen to microorganisms in the wastewater and purifying the wastewater. and the sixth
The method shown in the figure also involves attaching a large number of disks 23 to a shaft 24 in the urinary groove 12, and slowly rotating the disks to bring the disks 23 into contact with sewage and air. The purpose is to purify wastewater using microorganisms. 25 is a pulley. In addition, 22 is the surface of the waste water, and this surface is kept below the rotation axis, and the disk 23
As it rotates, it alternately comes into contact with waste water and the air above. In this way, feces and urine are separated on the floor of the barn where livestock are raised, and the urine wastewater is directly led to the urination groove 12 or the filtered urine wastewater chamber 11
The sewage that has been purified in the urination ditch 1
This method can be expected to have the effect of making it possible to sufficiently purify and send to the urine reservoir what was conventionally led from the livestock barn to the urine reservoir without being purified.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief explanation of the drawing]

図面は本考案に係る畜舎構造の実施例を示すも
のであつて、第1図は多孔床の一部切欠した展開
斜視図であり、第2図は多孔床を配設した畜舎の
側断面図、第3図は濾過尿汚水室を気密とし一側
に排風機を配した畜舎の側断面図、第4図は第3
図の濾過尿汚水室の床を礫を堆積して構成した畜
舎の側断面図、第5図は前記第2図、第3図及び
第4図の畜舎の一側の排尿溝内に散気管を配設し
た排尿溝の一部切欠した斜視図、第6図は同じく
畜舎の一側の排尿溝内に回転体を配設した排尿溝
の一部切欠した斜視図である。 1……多孔床支持体、1′……多孔床支持体、
2……多孔床、3……多孔板、4……非腐触性
網、5……通水盤、7……濾過材、8……畜舎、
9……畜舎柵、9′……畜舎柵、10……濾過尿
汚水室壁、11……濾過尿汚水室、12……排尿
溝、14……パイプ、15……吸気管、16……
排風機、17……堆積体、18……散気管、19
……散気孔、20……ポンプ、22……汚水の表
面、23……回転体、24……回転体軸。
The drawings show an embodiment of the livestock barn structure according to the present invention, in which FIG. 1 is a partially cutaway exploded perspective view of a porous floor, and FIG. 2 is a side sectional view of the livestock barn provided with the porous floor. , Figure 3 is a side sectional view of a livestock barn with an airtight filtered urine waste room and an exhaust fan on one side, and Figure 4 is a
Figure 5 is a cross-sectional side view of a livestock barn in which the floor of the filtered urine sewage room is made up of gravel; FIG. 6 is a partially cutaway perspective view of a urinary groove in which a rotating body is disposed in the urinary groove on one side of the livestock barn. 1... Porous bed support, 1'... Porous bed support,
2... Porous floor, 3... Perforated plate, 4... Non-corrosive net, 5... Water plate, 7... Filtering material, 8... Livestock shed,
9... Livestock fence, 9'... Livestock fence, 10... Wall of filtered urine sewage chamber, 11... Filtered urine sewage chamber, 12... Urination groove, 14... Pipe, 15... Intake pipe, 16...
Exhaust fan, 17... Deposit body, 18... Diffusion pipe, 19
... Diffusion hole, 20 ... Pump, 22 ... Surface of waste water, 23 ... Rotating body, 24 ... Rotating body shaft.

Claims (1)

【実用新案登録請求の範囲】 (1) 多孔板及び非腐触性網と通水孔を全面に亘り
穿孔した肉厚の通水盤からなる多孔床を敷設
し、その上部に濾過材を充填して家畜を飼養す
る畜舎床を形成せしめるとともに、多孔床の下
部を濾過尿汚水室とし、排泄された糞尿を濾過
材により分離し、分離された尿汚水を濾過尿汚
水室から排尿溝に導くように構成された畜舎構
造。 (2) 濾過尿汚水室の上部以外を気密とし、濾過尿
汚水室の一側に排風機を配設して多孔床に通気
を行わせるように構成したことを特徴とする実
用新案登録請求の範囲第1項記載の畜舎構造。 (3) 濾過尿汚水室の床面を礫状物を堆積して構成
したことを特徴とする実用新案登録請求の範囲
第1項又は第2項記載の畜舎構造。 (4) 濾過尿汚水室に付設された尿汚水を受ける排
尿溝内に散気管あるいは軸架した回転体を設
け、空気と尿汚水の接触を良好にし汚水を浄化
するように構成したことを特徴とする実用新案
登録請求の範囲第1項、第2又は第3項記載の
畜舎構造。
[Scope of Claim for Utility Model Registration] (1) A perforated bed consisting of a perforated board, a non-corrosive net, and a thick water-flowing plate with water-flow holes perforated over the entire surface is laid, and the upper part is filled with a filter material. In addition, the lower part of the porous floor is used as a filtered urine wastewater chamber, the excreted manure is separated by a filter material, and the separated urine wastewater is guided from the filtered urine wastewater chamber to the urination ditch. Livestock structure composed of. (2) A request for registration of a utility model characterized in that the area other than the upper part of the filtered urine wastewater chamber is airtight, and an exhaust fan is installed on one side of the filtered urine wastewater chamber to ventilate the porous floor. Livestock structure as described in Scope 1. (3) The livestock barn structure according to claim 1 or 2 of the utility model registration claim, characterized in that the floor of the filtered urine wastewater chamber is constructed by depositing gravel. (4) A diffuser pipe or an axially mounted rotary body is provided in the urine drainage groove attached to the filtered urine wastewater chamber to receive the urine wastewater, so that the air and the urine wastewater come into good contact with each other to purify the wastewater. A livestock barn structure according to claim 1, 2 or 3 of the utility model registration claim.
JP1327684U 1984-02-01 1984-02-01 Livestock structure Granted JPS60125856U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP1327684U JPS60125856U (en) 1984-02-01 1984-02-01 Livestock structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP1327684U JPS60125856U (en) 1984-02-01 1984-02-01 Livestock structure

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPS60125856U JPS60125856U (en) 1985-08-24
JPH0135167Y2 true JPH0135167Y2 (en) 1989-10-26

Family

ID=30497132

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP1327684U Granted JPS60125856U (en) 1984-02-01 1984-02-01 Livestock structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPS60125856U (en)

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