JP6773584B2 - Support members and outdoor structures - Google Patents

Support members and outdoor structures Download PDF

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JP6773584B2
JP6773584B2 JP2017028949A JP2017028949A JP6773584B2 JP 6773584 B2 JP6773584 B2 JP 6773584B2 JP 2017028949 A JP2017028949 A JP 2017028949A JP 2017028949 A JP2017028949 A JP 2017028949A JP 6773584 B2 JP6773584 B2 JP 6773584B2
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ceiling
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support
screw
mounting
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JP2018135641A (en
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雅也 相澤
雅也 相澤
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Ykk Ap株式会社
Ykk Ap株式会社
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本発明は、上部部材に対して下部部材を吊り下げ状態で支持するための支持部材及び該支持部材を用いた屋外構造物に関する。 The present invention relates to a support member for supporting the lower member in a suspended state with respect to the upper member, and an outdoor structure using the support member.
玄関庇やカーポート等では、屋根を下から見上げた際の意匠を向上させ、或いは屋根に付着した結露水の滴下を防止するために天井(軒天)を設けることがある。例えば特許文献1には、玄関庇に天井を設けた構成が開示されている。 In entrance eaves, carports, etc., a ceiling (eave ceiling) may be provided to improve the design when looking up at the roof from below or to prevent the dripping of condensed water adhering to the roof. For example, Patent Document 1 discloses a configuration in which a ceiling is provided on the entrance eaves.
特開2015−140527号公報Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 2015-140527
通常、玄関庇やカーポート等の建造物に天井材を設置する場合、屋根材を支持した桁部材や枠部材、垂木等の上部部材に対し、下部部材となる天井材をドリルねじを用いて下から上向きに打つことが行われている。このため、ドリルねじによる切子が落下して施工現場や作業者が汚れることがある。また、切子が落下する中でねじ止めを行う必要があることから作業性が低いという問題もある。 Normally, when installing ceiling materials in buildings such as entrance eaves and carports, use drill screws to drill the ceiling materials that will be the lower members of the upper members such as girders, frame members, and rafters that support the roofing materials. Hitting from the bottom to the top is done. For this reason, the facet of the drill screw may fall and stain the construction site and the operator. In addition, there is also a problem that workability is low because it is necessary to screw the facets while they are falling.
本発明は、上記従来技術の課題を考慮してなされたものであり、上部部材に対して下部部材を作業性よく容易に取付可能とする支持部材及び該支持部材を用いた屋外構造物を提供することを目的とする。 The present invention has been made in consideration of the above-mentioned problems of the prior art, and provides a support member capable of easily attaching a lower member to an upper member with good workability and an outdoor structure using the support member. The purpose is to do.
本発明に係る支持部材は、上部部材に対して下部部材を吊り下げ状態で取り付けるための支持部材であって、前記上部部材に取付固定される上取付部と、前記下部部材が取付固定される下取付部とを備え、前記下取付部は、下端面で開口した入口開口と、前記入口開口の上部に連通して設けられて該入口開口よりも幅広に形成され、所定の裏板を挿入保持可能な裏板挿入部と、前記裏板挿入部の上部に連通して設けられて前記入口開口及び前記裏板挿入部よりも幅狭に形成され、ねじを螺入可能なねじ螺入溝とを有することを特徴とする。 The support member according to the present invention is a support member for attaching the lower member to the upper member in a suspended state, and the upper attachment portion to be attached and fixed to the upper member and the lower member are attached and fixed. A lower mounting portion is provided, and the lower mounting portion is provided so as to communicate with an entrance opening opened at the lower end surface and an upper portion of the entrance opening so as to be wider than the entrance opening, and a predetermined back plate is inserted. A screw threading groove that is provided so as to communicate with the holdable back plate insertion portion and the upper portion of the back plate insertion portion and is formed narrower than the inlet opening and the back plate insertion portion to allow screws to be screwed in. It is characterized by having and.
このような構成によれば、支持部材は、ねじを用いて下部部材を下取付部に締結する際は、ねじを入口開口から裏板挿入部を通してねじ螺入溝に螺入させればよい。このため、締結時に切子が発生せず、上向き作業になる天井材の取付作業時の作業性が向上すると共に、切子の発生によって施工現場や作業者が汚れることも抑制できる。しかも当該支持部材は、裏板を保持可能な裏板挿入部を有する。このため、裏板挿入部に保持した裏板に対して、例えばねじ螺入溝を用いて締結する下部部材とは別の下部部材を締結することができる。このため、当該支持部材は高い汎用性を有し、施工現場での作業性も一層向上する。 According to such a configuration, when the lower member is fastened to the lower mounting portion by using a screw, the support member may be screwed into the screw threading groove through the back plate insertion portion through the inlet opening. For this reason, no kiriko is generated at the time of fastening, and the workability at the time of attaching the ceiling material, which is an upward work, is improved, and it is possible to prevent the construction site and the operator from becoming dirty due to the kiriko. Moreover, the support member has a back plate insertion portion capable of holding the back plate. Therefore, it is possible to fasten a lower member different from the lower member to be fastened to the back plate held in the back plate insertion portion by using, for example, a screw threading groove. Therefore, the support member has high versatility, and workability at the construction site is further improved.
本発明に係る支持部材において、当該支持部材は押出形材で構成され、その長手方向に前記入口開口、前記裏板挿入部及び前記ねじ螺入溝が延在した構成であってもよい。そうすると、当該支持部材の製造効率が向上し、コストを低減できる。しかも当該支持部材の長手方向に入口開口等が延在している。このため、1本の支持部材の長手方向の所望位置に異なる種類の下部部材を適宜取り付けることができ、高い汎用性や作業性が得られる。 In the support member according to the present invention, the support member may be made of an extruded profile, and the inlet opening, the back plate insertion portion, and the screw threading groove may extend in the longitudinal direction thereof. Then, the manufacturing efficiency of the support member can be improved and the cost can be reduced. Moreover, the entrance opening or the like extends in the longitudinal direction of the support member. Therefore, different types of lower members can be appropriately attached to desired positions in the longitudinal direction of one support member, and high versatility and workability can be obtained.
本発明に係る支持部材において、前記ねじ螺入溝は、前記裏板挿入部と連通する入口部分に、前記裏板挿入部から前記ねじ螺入溝に向かう方向で次第に幅狭となるテーパ形状部を有する構成であってもよい。すなわち当該支持部材は、入口開口から裏板挿入部で一端開口幅が広がった後、再びねじ螺入溝で開口幅が狭くなる。このため、ねじ螺入溝に対してねじを円滑に挿入できない懸念もある。この点、ねじ螺入溝の入口部分にテーパ形状部を設けることで、ねじ螺入溝に対してねじを円滑に挿入可能であり、作業性が一層向上する。 In the support member according to the present invention, the screw threading groove is a tapered portion that gradually narrows in the direction from the back plate insertion portion toward the screw threading groove at the inlet portion communicating with the back plate insertion portion. It may have a structure having. That is, after the opening width of the support member is once widened from the inlet opening at the back plate insertion portion, the opening width is narrowed again at the screw threading groove. Therefore, there is a concern that the screw cannot be smoothly inserted into the screw threading groove. In this regard, by providing a tapered shape portion at the inlet portion of the screw threading groove, the screw can be smoothly inserted into the screw threading groove, and workability is further improved.
本発明に係る屋外構造物は、桁部材と枠部材とを有し、前記桁部材と前記枠部材とに支持された垂木で天井材を支持した屋根体を有する屋外構造物であって、上端部が前記垂木の下面と締結され、下端部が前記天井材の上面と締結されることで、前記垂木に対して前記天井材を吊り下げ状態で支持する支持部材を備え、前記支持部材は、前記垂木に取付固定される上取付部と、前記天井材に取付固定される下取付部とを有し、前記下取付部は、下端面で開口した入口開口と、前記入口開口の上部に連通して設けられて該入口開口よりも幅広に形成され、所定の裏板を挿入保持可能な裏板挿入部と、前記裏板挿入部の上部に連通して設けられて前記入口開口及び前記裏板挿入部よりも幅狭に形成され、ねじを螺入可能なねじ螺入溝とを有し、一部の前記天井材は、前記ねじ螺入溝に対して螺入された前記ねじによって前記支持部材と締結され、他部の前記天井材は、前記裏板挿入部に挿入保持された前記裏板に対して所定のねじを用いて締結されていることを特徴とする。 The outdoor structure according to the present invention is an outdoor structure having a girder member and a frame member, and having a roof body in which the ceiling material is supported by rafters supported by the girder member and the frame member, and the upper end thereof. A support member is provided for supporting the ceiling material in a suspended state with respect to the rafter by fastening a portion to the lower surface of the rafter and a lower end portion to the upper surface of the ceiling material. It has an upper mounting portion that is mounted and fixed to the rafters and a lower mounting portion that is mounted and fixed to the ceiling material, and the lower mounting portion communicates with an inlet opening opened at the lower end surface and an upper portion of the entrance opening. The back plate insertion portion, which is formed wider than the entrance opening and can insert and hold a predetermined back plate, and the back plate insertion portion, which is provided so as to communicate with the upper portion of the back plate insertion portion, are provided so as to communicate with the entrance opening and the back. It is formed narrower than the plate insertion portion and has a screw threading groove into which a screw can be screwed, and a part of the ceiling material is said by the screw screwed into the screw threading groove. The ceiling material of the other portion, which is fastened to the support member, is fastened to the back plate inserted and held in the back plate insertion portion by using a predetermined screw.
このような構成によれば、屋根体での一部の天井材の締結と、他部の天井材の締結とに共通の支持部材を利用しているため、構造物全体での作業性が向上すると共に、コストが低減される。 According to such a configuration, since a common support member is used for fastening a part of the ceiling material and the ceiling material of another part in the roof body, the workability of the entire structure is improved. At the same time, the cost is reduced.
本発明によれば、上部部材に対して下部部材を作業性よく容易に取付可能となる。 According to the present invention, the lower member can be easily attached to the upper member with good workability.
図1は、本発明の一実施形態に係る支持部材を用いた屋外構造物の正面図である。FIG. 1 is a front view of an outdoor structure using a support member according to an embodiment of the present invention. 図2は、図1に示す屋外構造物の側面断面図である。FIG. 2 is a side sectional view of the outdoor structure shown in FIG. 図3は、図1に示す屋外構造物の一部を下から見上げた状態を示す一部断面斜視図である。FIG. 3 is a partial cross-sectional perspective view showing a state in which a part of the outdoor structure shown in FIG. 1 is looked up from below. 図4は、屋根体の桁部材より後側部分の左側端部を拡大した正面断面図である。FIG. 4 is an enlarged front sectional view of the left end portion of the portion rearward from the girder member of the roof body. 図5は、支持部材の側面図である。FIG. 5 is a side view of the support member. 図6は、支持部材で天井材を吊下支持した状態を示す側面断面図である。FIG. 6 is a side sectional view showing a state in which the ceiling material is suspended and supported by the support member. 図7は、支持部材で側部天井材を吊下支持した状態を示す側面断面図である。FIG. 7 is a side sectional view showing a state in which the side ceiling material is suspended and supported by the support member.
以下、本発明に係る支持部材について、この支持部材を用いた屋外構造物を例示して好適な実施の形態を挙げ、添付の図面を参照しながら詳細に説明する。 Hereinafter, the support member according to the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, exemplifying an outdoor structure using the support member and giving a suitable embodiment.
1.屋外構造物の全体構成の説明
図1は、本発明の一実施形態に係る支持部材10を用いた屋外構造物11の正面図である。図2は、図1に示す屋外構造物11の側面断面図である。図3は、図1に示す屋外構造物11の一部を下から見上げた状態を示す一部断面斜視図である。本実施形態は、住宅や店舗等の建物の玄関前の上部に設置される玄関庇としての屋外構造物11に支持部材10を適用した構成を例示する。屋外構造物11は、例えばカーポートやテラス屋根等でもよい。支持部材10は、屋内に設置される構造物に利用してもよい。
1. 1. Explanation of the Overall Structure of the Outdoor Structure FIG. 1 is a front view of the outdoor structure 11 using the support member 10 according to the embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a side sectional view of the outdoor structure 11 shown in FIG. FIG. 3 is a partial cross-sectional perspective view showing a state in which a part of the outdoor structure 11 shown in FIG. 1 is looked up from below. This embodiment exemplifies a configuration in which a support member 10 is applied to an outdoor structure 11 as an entrance eaves installed in an upper part in front of an entrance of a building such as a house or a store. The outdoor structure 11 may be, for example, a carport, a terrace roof, or the like. The support member 10 may be used for a structure installed indoors.
以下、玄関庇である屋外構造物11に対して人が玄関に進入する方向を正面とし、屋外構造物11を正面から見て手前側を前、奥側を後、上方を上、下方を下、左方を左、右方を右、と呼んで説明する。また各図においては、前後方向を矢印Zで示し、上下方向を矢印Yで示し、左右方向を矢印Xで示す。 Hereinafter, the direction in which a person enters the entrance with respect to the outdoor structure 11 which is the entrance eaves is defined as the front, and when the outdoor structure 11 is viewed from the front, the front side is the front, the back side is the back, the upper is the upper, and the lower is the lower. , The left side is called the left side, and the right side is called the right side. Further, in each figure, the front-back direction is indicated by an arrow Z, the up-down direction is indicated by an arrow Y, and the left-right direction is indicated by an arrow X.
図1〜図3に示すように、屋外構造物11は、支持部材10を用いた屋根体12と、左右一対の柱部材14,14とを備える。 As shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, the outdoor structure 11 includes a roof body 12 using the support member 10 and a pair of left and right pillar members 14, 14.
屋根体12は、天井16を設けた軒天構造であり、枠部材18と、桁部材20と、屋根材22と、天井材24とを有する。本実施形態では、天井16の支持に支持部材10を用いている。屋根体12は、後側から前側に向かって次第に下方に傾斜した前下がり構造である。 The roof body 12 has an eaves structure provided with a ceiling 16, and has a frame member 18, a girder member 20, a roof material 22, and a ceiling material 24. In this embodiment, the support member 10 is used to support the ceiling 16. The roof body 12 has a front-down structure that gradually slopes downward from the rear side to the front side.
枠部材18は、左右方向に延びた前側の前枠18a及び後側の垂木掛け18bと、前後方向に延びた左側の側枠18c及び右側の側枠18dとを四周枠組みした構成である。各枠18a〜18dは、アルミニウム等の金属の押出形材である。前枠18a及び左右の側枠18c,18dの外面には、帯板状のパネル材である化粧材25が装着されている。化粧材25は屋根体12の前側面及び左右側面の3面を覆うものであり、屋根体12の外観品質を向上するものである。枠部材18は、垂木掛け18bが取付ねじ26を用いて建物の外壁27に連結される(図2参照)。つまり垂木掛け18bは当該屋外構造物11を建物の外壁27に取付固定する取付部として機能する。 The frame member 18 has a configuration in which a front frame 18a and a rear rafter hanging 18b extending in the left-right direction and a left side frame 18c and a right side frame 18d extending in the front-rear direction are framed in four directions. Each frame 18a to 18d is an extruded profile of a metal such as aluminum. A decorative material 25, which is a strip-shaped panel material, is attached to the outer surfaces of the front frame 18a and the left and right side frames 18c and 18d. The decorative material 25 covers the front side surface and the left and right side surfaces of the roof body 12, and improves the appearance quality of the roof body 12. In the frame member 18, the rafter hanging 18b is connected to the outer wall 27 of the building by using the mounting screws 26 (see FIG. 2). That is, the rafter hanging 18b functions as an attachment portion for attaching and fixing the outdoor structure 11 to the outer wall 27 of the building.
桁部材20は、左右方向に延在する断面略矩形状の角柱部材である。桁部材20は、枠部材18の内側で前寄りの位置に設けられ、左右の柱部材14,14間を連結して枠部材18を支持している。桁部材20、前枠18a及び垂木掛け18bの上面には、前後方向に沿って延びた複数の垂木28が支持される。各垂木28は、枠部材18及び桁部材20の上面上で左右方向に並んで固定される。 The girder member 20 is a prism member having a substantially rectangular cross section extending in the left-right direction. The girder member 20 is provided at a position closer to the front inside the frame member 18, and supports the frame member 18 by connecting the left and right pillar members 14 and 14. A plurality of rafters 28 extending in the front-rear direction are supported on the upper surfaces of the girder member 20, the front frame 18a, and the rafter hanging 18b. The rafters 28 are fixed side by side on the upper surfaces of the frame member 18 and the girder member 20 in the left-right direction.
屋根材22は、樹脂や金属等の薄板で形成されて前後方向に延びたパネルである。屋根材22は、前枠18a、垂木掛け18b、側枠18c,18d及び垂木28に支持され、左右方向に複数並設されることで屋根体12の上面を覆っている。 The roofing material 22 is a panel formed of a thin plate such as resin or metal and extending in the front-rear direction. The roofing material 22 is supported by the front frame 18a, the rafter hanging 18b, the side frames 18c and 18d, and the rafters 28, and a plurality of roofing materials 22 are arranged side by side in the left-right direction to cover the upper surface of the roof body 12.
天井16は、屋根材22の下方に設けられた軒天である。天井16は、天井材24と、側部天井材30とで構成されている。天井材(軒天材)24は、樹脂や金属等の薄板で形成されて前後方向に延びたパネルである。天井16の大部分は天井材24によって構成されている。天井材24は、左右の柱部材14,14間に亘って左右方向に複数並設されると共に、桁部材20を挟んで前後方向に2列設けられている。側部天井材30は、柱部材14との干渉を考慮して天井材24を設置できない部分、具体的には天井16の左右側縁部を構成するものである。側部天井材30は、当該屋外構造物11を前側から見た正面視で、左右の柱部材14に重なる位置に設けられ、天井材24の側端部と連続している。側部天井材30は、左右の側枠18c,18dと連結され、左右両端の天井材24とも連結されるアタッチメント部材である。 The ceiling 16 is an eaves ceiling provided below the roofing material 22. The ceiling 16 is composed of a ceiling material 24 and a side ceiling material 30. The ceiling material (eave ceiling material) 24 is a panel formed of a thin plate such as resin or metal and extending in the front-rear direction. Most of the ceiling 16 is composed of the ceiling material 24. A plurality of ceiling members 24 are arranged side by side in the left-right direction between the left and right pillar members 14, 14, and two rows are provided in the front-rear direction with the girder member 20 interposed therebetween. The side ceiling material 30 constitutes a portion where the ceiling material 24 cannot be installed in consideration of interference with the pillar member 14, specifically, the left and right side edges of the ceiling 16. The side ceiling member 30 is provided at a position overlapping the left and right pillar members 14 when the outdoor structure 11 is viewed from the front side, and is continuous with the side end portion of the ceiling member 24. The side ceiling material 30 is an attachment member that is connected to the left and right side frames 18c and 18d and is also connected to the ceiling materials 24 at both the left and right ends.
柱部材14は、断面略矩形状に構成されて上下に延びた角柱部材である。柱部材14は、下端部が地面32に固定され、上端部が桁部材20と連結されることで、屋根体12を支持する支柱である。 The pillar member 14 is a prism member having a substantially rectangular cross section and extending vertically. The pillar member 14 is a pillar that supports the roof body 12 by fixing the lower end portion to the ground 32 and connecting the upper end portion to the girder member 20.
図3に示すように、柱部材14と桁部材20とは、柱部材14の上端部に桁部材20の端部が飲み込まれた構造、つまり柱勝ち構造で連結される。柱部材14は、その内側面(例えば左側の柱部材14の場合は右側面)の上部に切欠部34を有する。切欠部34は、桁部材20の端部を挿入可能であると共に、挿入した状態でほとんど隙間を生じない形状とされる。切欠部34に桁部材20の端部を挿入した状態で連結ねじ35を締め付けることで、柱部材14と桁部材20とが締結固定される。本実施形態の場合、連結ねじ35による柱部材14と桁部材20との締結部である連結部38が、天井材24と屋根材22との間となる高さ位置に位置している(図2参照)。つまり連結部38は、天井材24と屋根材22との間に形成された天井裏空間Sに位置し、外部から視認できない配置である。このため、屋外構造物11の外観品質が確保されている。 As shown in FIG. 3, the pillar member 14 and the girder member 20 are connected by a structure in which the end portion of the girder member 20 is swallowed by the upper end portion of the pillar member 14, that is, a pillar winning structure. The pillar member 14 has a notch 34 at an upper portion of its inner side surface (for example, the right side surface in the case of the left pillar member 14). The cutout portion 34 has a shape in which the end portion of the girder member 20 can be inserted and a gap is hardly formed in the inserted state. By tightening the connecting screw 35 with the end of the girder member 20 inserted in the notch 34, the pillar member 14 and the girder member 20 are fastened and fixed. In the case of the present embodiment, the connecting portion 38, which is the fastening portion between the column member 14 and the girder member 20 by the connecting screw 35, is located at a height position between the ceiling material 24 and the roof material 22 (FIG. 2). That is, the connecting portion 38 is located in the attic space S formed between the ceiling material 24 and the roof material 22, and is arranged so as not to be visible from the outside. Therefore, the appearance quality of the outdoor structure 11 is ensured.
図1に示すように、屋外構造物11は、左側の柱部材14に沿って設けられ、屋根材22からの雨水等を排水する排水管40を備える。図2に示すように、排水管40の上端部は、前枠18aの左端部に連結された前枠樋部に連結されたドレイン42と連結されている。ドレイン42は、屋根材22上を前側に滑って前枠18aに落下した雨水等を集めて排水管40へと流通させるためのロートとして機能する。排水管40は、左右の柱部材14,14のそれぞれに沿って一対配設されてもよく、この場合はドレイン42を前枠18aの左右両端に設けるとよい。 As shown in FIG. 1, the outdoor structure 11 is provided along the left pillar member 14, and includes a drain pipe 40 for draining rainwater or the like from the roof material 22. As shown in FIG. 2, the upper end portion of the drain pipe 40 is connected to the drain 42 connected to the front frame gutter portion connected to the left end portion of the front frame 18a. The drain 42 functions as a funnel for collecting rainwater or the like that has slid forward on the roof material 22 and has fallen on the front frame 18a and distributes it to the drain pipe 40. A pair of drainage pipes 40 may be arranged along each of the left and right pillar members 14, 14, and in this case, drains 42 may be provided at both left and right ends of the front frame 18a.
排水管40は、上端部がドレイン42の下端面に連結され、天井材24と屋根材22との間の天井裏空間Sを通って柱部材14の前側面に到達する。排水管40は、柱部材14の前側面に沿って下方に垂下された後、下端部が地面32付近で開口して排水口40aを形成している。本実施形態では、柱部材14の前側面に排水管40の周囲を覆い隠す排水管カバー43を装着している。このため、排水管40はその下端部の排水口40a付近のみが外部に露出し、他の部分は全て隠された取付構造となっている。本実施形態では左右の柱部材14,14のそれぞれに排水管カバー43を装着し、左右の柱部材14,14間の外観品質を確保している。 The upper end of the drain pipe 40 is connected to the lower end surface of the drain 42, and reaches the front side surface of the pillar member 14 through the ceiling space S between the ceiling material 24 and the roof material 22. The drain pipe 40 is hung downward along the front side surface of the pillar member 14, and then the lower end thereof opens near the ground 32 to form the drain port 40a. In the present embodiment, a drainage pipe cover 43 that covers the periphery of the drainage pipe 40 is attached to the front side surface of the pillar member 14. Therefore, the drainage pipe 40 has a mounting structure in which only the vicinity of the drainage port 40a at the lower end thereof is exposed to the outside and all other parts are hidden. In the present embodiment, drainage pipe covers 43 are attached to the left and right pillar members 14, 14 respectively, to ensure the appearance quality between the left and right pillar members 14, 14.
図2に示すように、柱部材14の後側面には、略L字形状の受け部材44が取付固定されている。受け部材44は、桁部材20の後側の天井材24の前端部を載置可能な樋形状に構成されている。受け部材44は、左右の柱部材14,14間に亘って延在している。天井材24は、屋根材22と略平行に前下がりに設置されている。このため、桁部材20の後側の天井材24の表面(下面)に発生した結露水は、天井材24の表面を前方に伝い流れて受け部材44へと落下し、左右の柱部材14を伝って地面32へと排水される。 As shown in FIG. 2, a substantially L-shaped receiving member 44 is attached and fixed to the rear side surface of the pillar member 14. The receiving member 44 is formed in a gutter shape on which the front end portion of the ceiling member 24 on the rear side of the girder member 20 can be placed. The receiving member 44 extends between the left and right pillar members 14, 14. The ceiling material 24 is installed so as to descend forward substantially parallel to the roof material 22. Therefore, the dew condensation water generated on the surface (lower surface) of the ceiling material 24 on the rear side of the girder member 20 flows forward along the surface of the ceiling material 24 and falls to the receiving member 44, and causes the left and right pillar members 14 to move. It is drained to the ground 32.
図2に示すように、桁部材20より前側の天井材24は、前端部が前枠18aに取付固定された前枠アタッチメント46に載置されている。前枠アタッチメント46は、受け部材44と同様に左右方向に延在する樋形状を有する押出形材である。このため、桁部材20の前側の天井材24に発生した結露水は、前枠アタッチメント46を流れて該前枠アタッチメント46の左右端部と化粧材25との間の隙間から外部に排水される。 As shown in FIG. 2, the ceiling member 24 on the front side of the girder member 20 is mounted on the front frame attachment 46 whose front end portion is attached and fixed to the front frame 18a. The front frame attachment 46 is an extruded shape member having a gutter shape extending in the left-right direction like the receiving member 44. Therefore, the dew condensation water generated on the ceiling material 24 on the front side of the girder member 20 flows through the front frame attachment 46 and is drained to the outside through the gap between the left and right ends of the front frame attachment 46 and the decorative material 25. ..
2.支持部材による支持構造の説明
次に、屋根体12での支持部材10による支持構造を説明する。図4は、屋根体12の桁部材20より後側部分の左側端部を拡大した正面断面図である。
2. Explanation of Support Structure by Support Member Next, the support structure by the support member 10 in the roof body 12 will be described. FIG. 4 is an enlarged front sectional view of the left end portion of the portion rear side of the girder member 20 of the roof body 12.
図2〜図4に示すように、天井16は、その天井面が天井材24の表面(下面)と側部天井材30の表面(下面)とで構成され、枠部材18の内側開口の下側を覆っている。側部天井材30は、天井材24と並んで配置されて天井16の天井面の一部を形成する天井板部30aを有する。 As shown in FIGS. 2 to 4, the ceiling surface of the ceiling 16 is composed of a surface (lower surface) of the ceiling material 24 and a surface (lower surface) of the side ceiling material 30, and is below the inner opening of the frame member 18. It covers the side. The side ceiling material 30 has a ceiling plate portion 30a that is arranged side by side with the ceiling material 24 and forms a part of the ceiling surface of the ceiling 16.
先ず、支持部材10の構成を説明する。 First, the configuration of the support member 10 will be described.
支持部材10は、左右の側枠18c,18d間に亘るように、各側枠18c,18dと垂木28とに取り付けられる。支持部材10は、垂木28に対して天井材24を吊下支持すると同時に、側枠18c,18dに対して側部天井材30を吊下支持する部材である。つまり本実施形態の支持部材10は、上部部材である垂木28に対し、下部部材である天井材24及び側部天井材30を吊り下げ状態で取り付けるブラケットであり、2種類の下部部材である天井材24及び側部天井材30の支持に兼用される。 The support member 10 is attached to the side frames 18c and 18d and the rafters 28 so as to extend between the left and right side frames 18c and 18d. The support member 10 is a member that suspends and supports the ceiling member 24 with respect to the rafters 28, and at the same time suspends and supports the side ceiling member 30 with respect to the side frames 18c and 18d. That is, the support member 10 of the present embodiment is a bracket for attaching the ceiling member 24 and the side ceiling member 30 which are lower members to the rafter 28 which is an upper member in a suspended state, and is a ceiling which is two kinds of lower members. It is also used to support the material 24 and the side ceiling material 30.
図5は、支持部材10の側面図である。図6は、支持部材10で天井材24を吊下支持した状態を示す側面断面図である。図7は、支持部材10で側部天井材30を吊下支持した状態を示す側面断面図である。 FIG. 5 is a side view of the support member 10. FIG. 6 is a side sectional view showing a state in which the ceiling member 24 is suspended and supported by the support member 10. FIG. 7 is a side sectional view showing a state in which the side ceiling member 30 is suspended and supported by the support member 10.
支持部材10は、例えばアルミニウム等の金属製の押出形材である。図5〜図7に示すように、支持部材10は、上端側の上取付部51と、下端側の下取付部52と、上取付部51と下取付部52との間を繋ぐ板状のブリッジ部53とを有する。 The support member 10 is an extruded profile made of metal such as aluminum. As shown in FIGS. 5 to 7, the support member 10 has a plate shape that connects the upper mounting portion 51 on the upper end side, the lower mounting portion 52 on the lower end side, and the upper mounting portion 51 and the lower mounting portion 52. It has a bridge portion 53.
上取付部51は、ブリッジ部53の上部を前後方向二股に分岐し、それぞれの先端部を水平方向に屈曲させた形状からなる一対の取付片51a,51aを有する。各取付片51aの下面には、取付ねじ54を穿孔するためのねじ溝51bが当該支持部材10の長手方向に延在している。各取付片51aは、取付ねじ54を用いて垂木28の下面に締結固定される。なお、本実施形態の場合、支持部材10の左右端部の上取付部51は、取付ねじ54を用いて側枠18c,18dの下面に締結固定される(図4参照)。 The upper mounting portion 51 has a pair of mounting pieces 51a and 51a having a shape in which the upper portion of the bridge portion 53 is bifurcated in the front-rear direction and each tip portion is bent in the horizontal direction. On the lower surface of each mounting piece 51a, a screw groove 51b for drilling a mounting screw 54 extends in the longitudinal direction of the support member 10. Each mounting piece 51a is fastened and fixed to the lower surface of the rafter 28 using a mounting screw 54. In the case of the present embodiment, the upper mounting portions 51 at the left and right ends of the support member 10 are fastened and fixed to the lower surfaces of the side frames 18c and 18d using the mounting screws 54 (see FIG. 4).
下取付部52は、下端面で開口した入口開口52aと、入口開口52aの上部に連通して設けられた裏板挿入部52bと、裏板挿入部52bの上部に連通して設けられたねじ螺入溝52cとを有する。 The lower mounting portion 52 has an inlet opening 52a opened at the lower end surface, a back plate insertion portion 52b provided in communication with the upper portion of the entrance opening 52a, and a screw provided in communication with the upper portion of the back plate insertion portion 52b. It has a screw-in groove 52c.
入口開口52aは、当該支持部材10の長手方向に延在するスリット状の開口溝である。入口開口52aは、天井材24を支持部材10に対して締結固定するための取付ねじ55のねじ部と、側部天井材30を支持部材10に対して締結固定するための取付ねじ56のねじ部とを挿入可能な開口である。 The inlet opening 52a is a slit-shaped opening groove extending in the longitudinal direction of the support member 10. The inlet opening 52a has a threaded portion of a mounting screw 55 for fastening and fixing the ceiling material 24 to the support member 10, and a screw of a mounting screw 56 for fastening and fixing the side ceiling member 30 to the support member 10. It is an opening into which a part can be inserted.
裏板挿入部52bは、入口開口52aよりも前後方向に幅広に拡幅された部分であり、当該支持部材10の長手方向に延在し、裏板58を挿入保持可能な溝部である。裏板58は、ねじ穴が形成された矩形の板状部材である。裏板58には、側部天井材30を固定するための取付ねじ56が締結される。 The back plate insertion portion 52b is a portion that is wider in the front-rear direction than the inlet opening 52a, extends in the longitudinal direction of the support member 10, and is a groove portion into which the back plate 58 can be inserted and held. The back plate 58 is a rectangular plate-shaped member having screw holes formed therein. Mounting screws 56 for fixing the side ceiling member 30 are fastened to the back plate 58.
ねじ螺入溝52cは、裏板挿入部52bの上部に連通して設けられ、上下方向に延びた溝部である。ねじ螺入溝52cは、入口開口52a及び裏板挿入部52bよりも幅狭に形成され、天井材24を固定するための取付ねじ55のねじ部を螺入可能である。本実施形態の場合、取付ねじ55は、通常の雌ねじやナットとの締結に利用されるねじである。取付ねじ55は、ねじ螺入溝52cの壁面を削りながら螺入されるドリルねじであってもよい。 The screw threading groove 52c is a groove portion that is provided in communication with the upper portion of the back plate insertion portion 52b and extends in the vertical direction. The screw threading groove 52c is formed to be narrower than the inlet opening 52a and the back plate insertion portion 52b, and the threaded portion of the mounting screw 55 for fixing the ceiling material 24 can be screwed in. In the case of the present embodiment, the mounting screw 55 is a screw used for fastening with a normal female screw or nut. The mounting screw 55 may be a drill screw that is screwed in while scraping the wall surface of the screw threading groove 52c.
ねじ螺入溝52cは、裏板挿入部52bと連通する入口部分に、裏板挿入部52bからねじ螺入溝52cに向かう方向(下から上に向かう方向)で次第に幅狭となるテーパ形状部52dを有する。テーパ形状部52dは、入口開口52aから裏板挿入部52bを通過した取付ねじ55を、ねじ螺入溝52cに円滑に螺入させるための導入部である。 The screw threading groove 52c is a tapered portion that gradually narrows in the direction from the back plate insertion portion 52b toward the screw threading groove 52c (direction from bottom to top) at the inlet portion communicating with the back plate insertion portion 52b. It has 52d. The tapered shape portion 52d is an introduction portion for smoothly screwing the mounting screw 55 that has passed through the back plate insertion portion 52b from the inlet opening 52a into the screw threading groove 52c.
次に、天井材24の取付構造を説明する。 Next, the mounting structure of the ceiling material 24 will be described.
図2〜図4に示すように、支持部材10は、左右方向に並んだ各垂木28の下面に対し、延在した姿勢で前後方向に適宜間隔で複数取付固定される。天井材24は、これら支持部材10に対して左右方向に複数並列支持され、互いの隣接する側端部同士が嵌合される。 As shown in FIGS. 2 to 4, a plurality of support members 10 are attached and fixed to the lower surfaces of the rafters 28 arranged in the left-right direction at appropriate intervals in the front-rear direction in an extended posture. A plurality of ceiling members 24 are supported in parallel in the left-right direction with respect to these support members 10, and their adjacent side ends are fitted to each other.
天井材24は、その端部が取付ねじ55を用いてねじ螺入溝52cに締結され、これにより支持部材10を介して垂木28に吊下支持される(図6参照)。具体的には、各天井材24は互いの隣接する側端部同士が重なり合う嵌合部において、一方の天井材24が取付ねじ55を用いて支持部材10のねじ螺入溝52cと締結固定される。なお、図4に示すように一方の端部に配置される天井材24は、側部天井材30との間の間隔を調整可能な折り線24bを左右方向に複数並設した構造とされ、天井材24全体での左右幅を容易に調整可能となっている。天井材24の折り線24bを設けた端部は、後述する連結部材62を介して側部天井材30とも締結固定される。 The end of the ceiling member 24 is fastened to the screw threading groove 52c using the mounting screw 55, whereby the ceiling member 24 is suspended and supported by the rafters 28 via the support member 10 (see FIG. 6). Specifically, each ceiling member 24 is fastened and fixed to the screw threading groove 52c of the support member 10 by using the mounting screw 55 at the fitting portion where the adjacent side ends of each ceiling member 24 overlap each other. To. As shown in FIG. 4, the ceiling material 24 arranged at one end has a structure in which a plurality of folding lines 24b whose spacing between the ceiling material 24 and the side ceiling material 30 can be adjusted are arranged side by side in the left-right direction. The left-right width of the entire ceiling material 24 can be easily adjusted. The end portion of the ceiling material 24 provided with the folding line 24b is fastened and fixed to the side ceiling material 30 via a connecting member 62 described later.
図2に示すように、桁部材20より前側の天井材24は、前端部が前枠アタッチメント46に支持され、後端部が桁部材20の取付溝20bに支持される。支持溝20bは、桁部材20の前側面の長手方向に沿って形成された溝部であり、天井材24の端部を挿入支持可能である。桁部材20より後側の天井材24は、前端部が受け部材44に支持され、後端部が垂木掛けアタッチメント59に支持される。垂木掛けアタッチメント59は、垂木掛け18bに取付固定されている。 As shown in FIG. 2, the ceiling member 24 on the front side of the girder member 20 has a front end portion supported by the front frame attachment 46 and a rear end portion supported by the mounting groove 20b of the girder member 20. The support groove 20b is a groove portion formed along the longitudinal direction of the front side surface of the girder member 20, and the end portion of the ceiling member 24 can be inserted and supported. The ceiling member 24 on the rear side of the girder member 20 has a front end portion supported by the receiving member 44 and a rear end portion supported by the rafter hanging attachment 59. The rafter hanging attachment 59 is attached and fixed to the rafter hanging 18b.
側部天井材30は、天井材24側の端部に設けられた取付片30bが取付ねじ56を介して裏板58に締結される(図4参照)。裏板58は、裏板挿入部52bに側方から挿入保持され、入口開口52aの縁部に引っ掛かかることで抜け止めされている。これにより、側部天井材30は支持部材10を介して垂木28に吊下支持される。 In the side ceiling material 30, a mounting piece 30b provided at the end on the ceiling material 24 side is fastened to the back plate 58 via mounting screws 56 (see FIG. 4). The back plate 58 is inserted and held from the side into the back plate insertion portion 52b, and is prevented from coming off by being caught by the edge portion of the inlet opening 52a. As a result, the side ceiling member 30 is suspended and supported by the rafters 28 via the support member 10.
なお、側部天井材30は、天井材24側とは反対側の端部が連結ねじ57を用いて連結アタッチメント60と連結され、連結アタッチメント60を介して側枠18c,18dと連結固定される。このため、側部天井材30は側枠18c,18dに対して強固に固定される。連結アタッチメント60は、略L字状の押出形材であり、その上部が側枠18c,18dの下面に対して取付ねじ63を用いて連結固定される。連結アタッチメント60は、化粧材25を支持する機能も有する。 The end of the side ceiling material 30 opposite to the ceiling material 24 side is connected to the connecting attachment 60 by using the connecting screw 57, and is connected and fixed to the side frames 18c and 18d via the connecting attachment 60. .. Therefore, the side ceiling material 30 is firmly fixed to the side frames 18c and 18d. The connecting attachment 60 is a substantially L-shaped extruded shape member, and the upper portion thereof is connected and fixed to the lower surfaces of the side frames 18c and 18d using mounting screws 63. The connecting attachment 60 also has a function of supporting the decorative material 25.
図4に示すように、天井材24の左右一方の端部は、支持部材10ではなく側部天井材30に対して連結部材62を介して取付ねじ61を用いて締結固定される。側部天井材30の取付片30bには、連結部材62が取付ねじ56で共締め固定され、この連結部材62に対して天井材24が取付ねじ61によって締結される。なお、天井材24の左右他方の端部は、側部天井材30の取付片30bに対して引っ掛けて連結される。連結部材62や取付ねじ61、天井材24の取付片30bに対する引っ掛け部が外観上に露出することを防止するため、側部天井材30の端部には前後方向に延在するカバー部材64が装着される。 As shown in FIG. 4, one of the left and right ends of the ceiling member 24 is fastened and fixed to the side ceiling member 30 instead of the support member 10 by using mounting screws 61 via a connecting member 62. A connecting member 62 is fastened and fixed to the mounting piece 30b of the side ceiling member 30 by a mounting screw 56, and the ceiling member 24 is fastened to the connecting member 62 by a mounting screw 61. The left and right other ends of the ceiling material 24 are hooked and connected to the mounting piece 30b of the side ceiling material 30. A cover member 64 extending in the front-rear direction is provided at the end of the side ceiling member 30 in order to prevent the hooking portion of the connecting member 62, the mounting screw 61, and the ceiling member 24 for the mounting piece 30b from being exposed on the outside. It will be installed.
図2〜図4に示すように、前側及び左右両側の3面の化粧材25は、側部天井材30や前枠アタッチメント46等のアタッチメント部材を介して天井材24と連続している。このため、化粧材25から天井材24までが一体に構成され、屋外構造物11の外観品質を高めている。 As shown in FIGS. 2 to 4, the decorative materials 25 on the front side and the three surfaces on the left and right sides are continuous with the ceiling material 24 via attachment members such as the side ceiling material 30 and the front frame attachment 46. Therefore, the decorative material 25 to the ceiling material 24 are integrally formed to improve the appearance quality of the outdoor structure 11.
3.支持部材及び屋外構造物の作用効果の説明
以上のように、本実施形態に係る支持部材10は、上部部材となる垂木28(枠部材18)に対して下部部材となる天井材24(側部天井材30)を吊り下げ状態で取り付けるための部材であり、垂木28に取付固定される上取付部51と、天井材24(側部天井材30)が取付固定される下取付部52とを備える。下取付部52は、下端面で開口した入口開口52aと、入口開口52aの上部に連通して設けられて入口開口52aよりも幅広に形成され、所定の裏板58を挿入保持可能な裏板挿入部52bと、裏板挿入部52bの上部に連通して設けられて入口開口52a及び裏板挿入部52bよりも幅狭に形成され、取付ねじ55,56を螺入可能なねじ螺入溝52cとを有する。
3. 3. Explanation of Actions and Effects of Support Members and Outdoor Structures As described above, the support member 10 according to the present embodiment has a ceiling member 24 (side portion) as a lower member with respect to a rafter 28 (frame member 18) as an upper member. A member for mounting the ceiling material 30) in a suspended state, the upper mounting portion 51 to be mounted and fixed to the rafters 28 and the lower mounting portion 52 to which the ceiling material 24 (side ceiling material 30) is mounted and fixed. Be prepared. The lower mounting portion 52 is provided so as to communicate with the entrance opening 52a opened at the lower end surface and the upper portion of the entrance opening 52a so as to be wider than the entrance opening 52a, and a back plate capable of inserting and holding a predetermined back plate 58 can be inserted and held. A screw threading groove that is provided so as to communicate with the insertion portion 52b and the upper portion of the back plate insertion portion 52b and is formed to be narrower than the inlet opening 52a and the back plate insertion portion 52b and into which mounting screws 55 and 56 can be screwed. It has 52c and.
従って、支持部材10は、取付ねじ55を用いて下部部材である天井材24を下取付部52に締結する際は、取付ねじ55を入口開口52aから裏板挿入部52bを通してねじ螺入溝52cに螺入させればよい。このため、締結時に切子が発生せず、上向き作業になる天井材24の取付作業時の作業性が向上すると共に、切子の発生によって施工現場や作業者が汚れることも抑制できる。なお、例えば取付ねじ55としてドリルねじを用いた場合であっても、溝部であるねじ螺入溝52cを僅かに穿孔させながら容易に螺入させることができる。これにより、締結時の切子の発生量が通常のドリルねじによる締結時の切子の発生量に比べて大幅に低減される。その結果、上向き作業になる天井材24の取付作業時の作業性が向上すると共に、切子の大量発生によって施工現場や作業者が汚れることも抑制できる。しかも当該支持部材10は、裏板58を保持可能な裏板挿入部52bを有する。このため、裏板挿入部52bに保持した裏板58に対して、例えば天井材24とは別の下部部材である側部天井材30を締結することができる。このため、当該支持部材10は高い汎用性を有し、施工現場での作業性も一層向上する。 Therefore, when the support member 10 uses the mounting screw 55 to fasten the ceiling member 24, which is a lower member, to the lower mounting portion 52, the mounting screw 55 is passed through the back plate insertion portion 52b from the inlet opening 52a and the screw threading groove 52c. It should be screwed into. Therefore, no kiriko is generated at the time of fastening, and the workability at the time of mounting the ceiling material 24, which is an upward work, is improved, and it is possible to prevent the construction site and the operator from becoming dirty due to the kiriko. Even when a drill screw is used as the mounting screw 55, for example, the screw screw-in groove 52c, which is a groove portion, can be easily screwed in while being slightly perforated. As a result, the amount of facets generated at the time of fastening is significantly reduced as compared with the amount of facets generated at the time of fastening with a normal drill screw. As a result, the workability at the time of mounting the ceiling material 24, which is an upward work, is improved, and it is possible to prevent the construction site and the operator from becoming dirty due to the large amount of kiriko. Moreover, the support member 10 has a back plate insertion portion 52b capable of holding the back plate 58. Therefore, for example, the side ceiling member 30 which is a lower member different from the ceiling member 24 can be fastened to the back plate 58 held by the back plate insertion portion 52b. Therefore, the support member 10 has high versatility, and workability at the construction site is further improved.
当該支持部材10は、押出形材で構成され、その長手方向に入口開口52a、裏板挿入部52b及びねじ螺入溝52cが延在している。このため、当該支持部材10の製造効率が向上し、コストを低減できる。しかも当該支持部材10の長手方向に入口開口52a等が延在している。このため、1本の支持部材10の長手方向の所望位置に異なる種類の下部部材である天井材24や側部天井材30を適宜取り付けることができ、高い汎用性や作業性が得られる。 The support member 10 is made of an extruded profile, and an inlet opening 52a, a back plate insertion portion 52b, and a screw threading groove 52c extend in the longitudinal direction thereof. Therefore, the manufacturing efficiency of the support member 10 can be improved and the cost can be reduced. Moreover, the inlet opening 52a and the like extend in the longitudinal direction of the support member 10. Therefore, different types of lower members such as the ceiling member 24 and the side ceiling member 30 can be appropriately attached to a desired position in the longitudinal direction of one support member 10, and high versatility and workability can be obtained.
当該支持部材10では、ねじ螺入溝52cは、裏板挿入部52bと連通する入口部分に、裏板挿入部52bからねじ螺入溝52cに向かう方向で次第に幅狭となるテーパ形状部52dを有する。すなわち、当該支持部材10は、入口開口52aから裏板挿入部52bで一端開口幅が広がった後、再びねじ螺入溝52cで開口幅が狭くなる。このため、ねじ螺入溝52cに対して取付ねじ55を円滑に挿入できない懸念もある。この点、当該支持部材10ではねじ螺入溝52cの入口部分にテーパ形状部52dを設けたため、ねじ螺入溝52cに対して取付ねじ55を円滑に挿入可能であり、作業性が一層向上する。 In the support member 10, the screw threading groove 52c has a tapered shape portion 52d that gradually narrows in the direction from the back plate insertion portion 52b toward the screw threading groove 52c at the inlet portion communicating with the back plate insertion portion 52b. Have. That is, after the opening width of the support member 10 is widened at one end from the inlet opening 52a at the back plate insertion portion 52b, the opening width is narrowed again at the screw threading groove 52c. Therefore, there is a concern that the mounting screw 55 cannot be smoothly inserted into the screw threading groove 52c. In this respect, since the support member 10 is provided with the tapered shape portion 52d at the inlet portion of the screw threading groove 52c, the mounting screw 55 can be smoothly inserted into the screw threading groove 52c, and the workability is further improved. ..
また、本実施形態に係る屋外構造物11は、屋根体12での一部の天井材となる天井材24の締結と、他部の天井材となる側部天井材30の締結とに共通の支持部材10を利用している。このため、構造物全体での作業性が向上すると共に、コストが低減される。 Further, the outdoor structure 11 according to the present embodiment is common to the fastening of the ceiling material 24 which is a part of the ceiling material in the roof body 12 and the fastening of the side ceiling material 30 which is the ceiling material of the other part. The support member 10 is used. Therefore, the workability of the entire structure is improved and the cost is reduced.
なお、本発明は、上記した実施形態に限定されるものではなく、本発明の主旨を逸脱しない範囲で自由に変更できることは勿論である。 It should be noted that the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment, and of course, it can be freely changed without departing from the gist of the present invention.
10 支持部材、11 屋外構造物、12 屋根体、14 柱部材、16 天井、18 枠部材、20 桁部材、22 屋根材、24 天井材、25 化粧材、26,54〜56,61 取付ねじ、27 外壁、28 垂木、30 側部天井材、51 上取付部、52 下取付部、52a 入口開口、52b 裏板挿入部、52c ねじ螺入溝、52d テーパ形状部、53 ブリッジ部、58 裏板 10 Support members, 11 Outdoor structures, 12 Roofs, 14 Pillar members, 16 Ceilings, 18 Frame members, 20-digit members, 22 Roofing materials, 24 Ceiling materials, 25 Decorative materials, 26, 54-56, 61 Mounting screws, 27 outer wall, 28 rafters, 30 side ceiling material, 51 upper mounting part, 52 lower mounting part, 52a inlet opening, 52b back plate insertion part, 52c screw threading groove, 52d tapered shape part, 53 bridge part, 58 back plate

Claims (4)

  1. 上部部材に対して下部部材を吊り下げ状態で取り付けるための支持部材であって、
    前記上部部材に取付固定される上取付部と、前記下部部材が取付固定される下取付部とを備え、
    前記下取付部は、
    下端面で開口した入口開口と、
    前記入口開口の上部に連通して設けられて該入口開口よりも幅広に形成され、所定の裏板を挿入保持可能な裏板挿入部と、
    前記裏板挿入部の上部に連通して設けられて前記入口開口及び前記裏板挿入部よりも幅狭に形成され、ねじを螺入可能なねじ螺入溝と
    を有し、これにより、該下取付部では、下から上に向かって順に、前記入口開口と、前記裏板挿入部と、前記ねじ螺入溝と、が配置されていることを特徴とする支持部材。
    A support member for attaching the lower member to the upper member in a suspended state.
    An upper mounting portion to be mounted and fixed to the upper member and a lower mounting portion to which the lower member is mounted and fixed are provided.
    The lower mounting portion
    The entrance opening opened on the lower end surface and
    A back plate insertion portion which is provided so as to communicate with the upper part of the entrance opening and is formed wider than the entrance opening and can insert and hold a predetermined back plate.
    A screw threading groove that is provided so as to communicate with the upper part of the back plate insertion portion and is formed narrower than the inlet opening and the back plate insertion portion and into which a screw can be screwed .
    Have a, thereby, the lower mounting portion, in order from bottom to top, to said inlet opening, said back plate insertion portion, and the screw screwed grooves, characterized that you have been arranged Support member.
  2. 請求項1に記載の支持部材において、
    当該支持部材は押出形材で構成され、その長手方向に前記入口開口、前記裏板挿入部及び前記ねじ螺入溝が延在していることを特徴とする支持部材。
    In the support member according to claim 1,
    The support member is made of an extruded profile, and has an inlet opening, a back plate insertion portion, and a screw threading groove extending in the longitudinal direction thereof.
  3. 請求項1又は2に記載の支持部材において、
    前記ねじ螺入溝は、前記裏板挿入部と連通する入口部分に、前記裏板挿入部から前記ねじ螺入溝に向かう方向で次第に幅狭となるテーパ形状部を有することを特徴とする支持部材。
    In the support member according to claim 1 or 2,
    The support having a tapered portion that gradually narrows in the direction from the back plate insertion portion toward the screw insertion groove at the inlet portion communicating with the back plate insertion portion. Element.
  4. 桁部材と枠部材とを有し、前記桁部材と前記枠部材とに支持された垂木で天井材を支持した屋根体を有する屋外構造物であって、
    上端部が前記垂木の下面と締結され、下端部が前記天井材の上面と締結されることで、前記垂木に対して前記天井材を吊り下げ状態で支持する支持部材を備え、
    前記支持部材は、前記垂木に取付固定される上取付部と、前記天井材に取付固定される下取付部とを有し、
    前記下取付部は、下端面で開口した入口開口と、前記入口開口の上部に連通して設けられて該入口開口よりも幅広に形成され、所定の裏板を挿入保持可能な裏板挿入部と、前記裏板挿入部の上部に連通して設けられて前記入口開口及び前記裏板挿入部よりも幅狭に形成され、ねじを螺入可能なねじ螺入溝とを有し、
    一部の前記天井材は、前記ねじ螺入溝に対して螺入された前記ねじによって前記支持部材と締結され、
    他部の前記天井材は、前記裏板挿入部に挿入保持された前記裏板に対して所定のねじを用いて締結されていることを特徴とする屋外構造物。
    An outdoor structure having a girder member and a frame member, and having a roof body in which the ceiling material is supported by rafters supported by the girder member and the frame member.
    A support member is provided that supports the ceiling material in a suspended state with respect to the rafter by fastening the upper end portion to the lower surface of the rafter and the lower end portion to the upper surface of the ceiling material.
    The support member has an upper mounting portion that is mounted and fixed to the rafters and a lower mounting portion that is mounted and fixed to the ceiling material.
    The lower mounting portion is a back plate insertion portion that is provided so as to communicate with an entrance opening opened at the lower end surface and above the entrance opening and is formed wider than the entrance opening so that a predetermined back plate can be inserted and held. And a screw threading groove which is provided so as to communicate with the upper part of the back plate insertion portion and is formed narrower than the entrance opening and the back plate insertion portion and into which a screw can be screwed.
    A part of the ceiling material is fastened to the support member by the screw screwed into the screw threading groove.
    An outdoor structure characterized in that the ceiling material of another portion is fastened to the back plate inserted and held in the back plate insertion portion by using a predetermined screw.
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