JP6271399B2 - Exterior wall panel mounting structure - Google Patents

Exterior wall panel mounting structure Download PDF

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JP6271399B2
JP6271399B2 JP2014232662A JP2014232662A JP6271399B2 JP 6271399 B2 JP6271399 B2 JP 6271399B2 JP 2014232662 A JP2014232662 A JP 2014232662A JP 2014232662 A JP2014232662 A JP 2014232662A JP 6271399 B2 JP6271399 B2 JP 6271399B2
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wall panel
panel unit
slab
vertical direction
wall
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JP2016094787A (en
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智美 添田
智美 添田
大輔 桂
大輔 桂
栄紀 鴨下
栄紀 鴨下
義人 有馬
義人 有馬
洋輔 小濱
洋輔 小濱
昌信 宮田
昌信 宮田
賢悟 山本
賢悟 山本
秀俊 橘
秀俊 橘
純 谷口
純 谷口
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Fujita Corp
Daiwa House Industry Co Ltd
Nippon Steel Coated Sheet Corp
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Fujita Corp
Daiwa House Industry Co Ltd
Nippon Steel Coated Sheet Corp
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Description

この発明は、物流施設等の鉄骨系建物等における建物躯体への外壁パネルの取付け構造に関する。 The present invention relates to a mounting structure of the outer wall panels to the building structures in steel-framed buildings, etc. distribution facilities.

物流施設、コンビニエンスストア等の建物の外壁では、ロックウールなどの不燃断熱材を鋼板で挟み込んだ構造の金属サンドイッチ構造の耐火パネルである外壁パネルを、上下に複数枚並べて構築するものがある。このような外壁を施工するのに、従来は、図14のようにスラブ51,梁53、54、柱(図示せず)等からなる建物躯体50に、下地となる胴縁53を先行して取付け、この胴縁53に前記複数枚の外壁パネル52を取り付ける。この場合、スラブ51の上部に胴縁固定用のピース55を取り付けてそこに胴縁53を固定する。その胴縁53に、外部足場(図示せず)を利用して、足場側から外壁パネル52を下段から順にビスで固定していく。   Some of the outer walls of buildings such as logistics facilities and convenience stores are constructed by arranging a plurality of outer wall panels, which are fireproof panels of a metal sandwich structure in which a non-combustible heat insulating material such as rock wool is sandwiched between steel plates. In order to construct such an outer wall, conventionally, as shown in FIG. 14, a body frame 53 as a foundation is preceded by a building housing 50 including a slab 51, beams 53 and 54, columns (not shown), and the like. The plurality of outer wall panels 52 are attached to the trunk edge 53. In this case, a piece 55 for fixing the trunk edge is attached to the upper part of the slab 51 and the trunk edge 53 is fixed thereto. The outer wall panel 52 is fixed to the trunk edge 53 with a screw in order from the lower stage using an external scaffold (not shown).

外壁パネル52の胴縁53へのビス固定作業は、胴縁53と反対側に設けられた足場から行われ、外壁パネル52が外壁面を構成する場合は、外部足場から行われる。この時、外壁パネル52は1枚1枚ウインチなどによって吊り上げられ、胴縁53に取り付けられる。   The screw fixing work to the trunk edge 53 of the outer wall panel 52 is performed from a scaffold provided on the opposite side to the trunk edge 53, and when the outer wall panel 52 constitutes the outer wall surface, it is performed from the outer scaffold. At this time, the outer wall panels 52 are lifted one by one by a winch or the like and attached to the trunk edge 53.

特許第5059567号公報Japanese Patent No. 5059567 特開2004−346601号公報JP 2004-346601 A 特開平01−182466号公報Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 01-182466 実開平01−085379号公報Japanese Utility Model Publication No. 01-085379 特許第4709321号公報Japanese Patent No. 4709321 特開2012−057370号公報JP 2012-057370 A 特開平09−096025号公報JP 09-096025 A

近年、建築施工では省力化や短工期化が求められているが、上記した従来の外壁パネルの施工方法では、外壁パネル52を1枚ずつ吊り上げ、建物躯体50の胴縁53に取り付けるので、省力化や短工期化は期待できない。また、外壁パネル52を胴縁53に取付ける作業は高所作業となるため、建物躯体50の外周に足場が必要であり、外壁パネル52の取付け施工の間、足場を解体できないことから、例えば外構工事など足場に影響する工事が滞るなどの問題がある。   In recent years, there has been a demand for labor saving and shortening the construction period in building construction. However, in the above-described conventional method for constructing an outer wall panel, the outer wall panels 52 are lifted one by one and attached to the trunk edge 53 of the building frame 50. No shortening or shortening of construction period can be expected. Further, since the work of attaching the outer wall panel 52 to the trunk edge 53 is a work at a high place, a scaffold is required on the outer periphery of the building housing 50, and the scaffold cannot be disassembled during the installation work of the outer wall panel 52. There is a problem that construction works that affect the scaffolding such as construction work are delayed.

このような課題を解決する対策として、建物躯体50に取付けられる複数枚の外壁パネル52を、下地となる胴縁53に地組みして下地一体型の外壁パネルユニット(図示せず)としておき、この下地一体化外壁パネルを一度に吊り上げて建物躯体の外壁パネル取付面に取付けることで、省力化や短工期化を図ることを考えた。   As a countermeasure to solve such a problem, a plurality of outer wall panels 52 attached to the building housing 50 are grounded on a trunk edge 53 serving as a base to form a base-integrated outer wall panel unit (not shown). We thought about saving labor and shortening the construction period by lifting this foundation-integrated outer wall panel at once and mounting it on the outer wall panel mounting surface of the building frame.

しかし、その場合、図14に示す従来の外壁パネル52の胴縁53の取付構造では、胴縁53が上下のスラブ51で挟まれるように取付けられている。そのため、下地一体型の外壁パネルユニットを取付けようとする場合、外壁パネルユニットの胴縁53を上下のスラブ51,51間に嵌合させる作業が必要となり、その嵌合作業が非常に困難となる。さらに、下地一体型の外壁パネルユニットの取付けの効率が非常に悪くなる。そのため、下地一体型の外壁パネルユニットとして建物躯体へ取付ける施工方法の実現が難しい。   However, in that case, in the conventional structure for attaching the trunk edge 53 of the outer wall panel 52 shown in FIG. 14, the trunk edge 53 is attached so as to be sandwiched between the upper and lower slabs 51. Therefore, when it is intended to mount the base wall-integrated outer wall panel unit, it is necessary to fit the trunk edge 53 of the outer wall panel unit between the upper and lower slabs 51, 51, and the fitting work becomes very difficult. . Furthermore, the efficiency of attachment of the base-integrated outer wall panel unit becomes very poor. Therefore, it is difficult to realize a construction method for attaching to a building frame as a base-integrated outer wall panel unit.

この発明の目的は、複数枚の外壁パネルを下地となる胴縁と共に下地一体型の外壁パネルユニットとして纏めて建物躯体に取付けることができ、かつその取付け時に胴縁を上下スラブ間へ嵌合する作業が不要で作業性が良く、省力化、短工期化が可能な外壁パネルの取付け構造を提供することである。 An object of the present invention is to assemble a plurality of outer wall panels together with a trunk edge as a foundation as a foundation-integrated outer wall panel unit and attach it to a building frame, and fit the trunk edge between the upper and lower slabs at the time of attachment. work well unnecessary and workability, it is to provide a labor-saving, the mounting structure of a short construction period reduction can outer wall panels.

この発明の外壁パネルの取付け構造は、上下方向に並ぶ複数枚の外壁パネル、この外壁パネルの横幅方向の複数箇所で上下方向に延びる複数本の胴縁に取付けて外壁パネルユニットとされ、この外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁が、建物躯体のスラブよりも屋外側に位置して、前記外壁パネルユニットが前記建物躯体に取付けられることを基本構成とするMounting structure of the outer wall panels of the invention, the outer wall panels of a plurality arranged in a vertical direction, is an outer wall panel unit is attached to the plurality of furring strips extending vertically at a plurality of positions in the width direction of the outer wall panel, the the barrel edge of the outer wall panel unit, located on the outdoor side of the slab of the building structures to be the basic structure of the exterior wall panel unit is eclipsed attached to the building structures.

この構成によると、複数枚の外壁パネルを胴縁に取付けて下地一体型の外壁パネルユニットとしたため、複数の外壁パネルを纏めて建物躯体に取付けることができる。そのため、個々の外壁パネルを1枚ずつ建物躯体に取付ける従来の外壁パネルの取付け構造に比べて、省力化、短工期化が可能となる。外壁パネルユニットの胴縁を建物躯体に取付ける作業は、建物躯体内のスラブや梁上等から行えるため、建物躯体の外周に従来は必要であった足場が不要で、足場の構築,撤去作業が不要になるうえ、足場に起因した工事の遅延などの影響も少なくなる。
また、外壁パネルユニットの胴縁を、建物躯体のスラブよりも屋外側に位置させる。そのため、下地一体型の外壁パネルユニットとして纏めて建物躯体に取付ける構成でありながら、胴縁を上下スラブ間へ嵌合する作業が不要で困難な作業を伴わず、下地一体型の外壁パネルユニットを建物躯体に簡単かつ迅速に取り付けることができる。
According to this configuration, since the plurality of outer wall panels are attached to the trunk edge to form the base-integrated outer wall panel unit, the plurality of outer wall panels can be collectively attached to the building frame. Therefore, it is possible to save labor and shorten the construction period compared to a conventional outer wall panel mounting structure in which individual outer wall panels are mounted one by one on the building frame. Since the work of attaching the outer edge of the outer wall panel unit to the building frame can be performed from the slabs or beams on the building frame, there is no need for a scaffold on the outer periphery of the building frame. In addition to being unnecessary, the impact of construction delays due to the scaffolding is reduced.
Moreover, the trunk edge of the outer wall panel unit is positioned on the outdoor side of the slab of the building frame. For this reason, the base-integrated outer wall panel unit can be attached to the building frame as a base-integrated outer wall panel unit without the need to fit the trunk edge between the upper and lower slabs. It can be easily and quickly attached to the building frame.

上記基本構成において、前記スラブの端部および、上下のスラブ間の中間高さ位置にある耐風梁にファスナ取付けられ、これらファスナに、前記外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁ボルトまたは溶接で固定されても良い。
このようにスラブ端部や耐風梁に取付けたファスナに外壁パネルユニットの胴縁を固定する構造としたことで、外壁パネルユニットの建物躯体への取付作業が効率的に行え、またスラブ端部や耐風梁へ取付けることで、外壁パネルユニットを堅固に支持することができる。
In the above-described basic configuration, the end portion of the slab and the fastener is attached to wind beam in an intermediate height position between the upper and lower slabs, these fasteners, the furring strip of the outer wall panel unit is bolted or welded and it may be.
In this way, the body wall edge of the outer wall panel unit is fixed to the fastener attached to the end of the slab and the wind-resistant beam, so that the outer wall panel unit can be efficiently attached to the building frame, and the slab end and By attaching to the wind-resistant beam, the outer wall panel unit can be firmly supported.

上記耐風梁のファスナに外壁パネルユニットが取付けられる場合に、上下のスラブ間に前記外壁パネルユニットが1枚よりも多く配置され、1枚の前記外壁パネルユニットは、一端が前記スラブではなく前記耐風梁にのみ固定される。 When the outer wall panel unit is attached to the fastener of the wind resistant beam, more than one outer wall panel unit is disposed between the upper and lower slabs, and one end of the outer wall panel unit is not the slab but the wind resistant panel. only the beams Ru is fixed.

上記基本構成において、前記外壁パネルユニットが上下に複数並び、上下に隣合う前記外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁の対向する端部が、ジョイントプレートで相互に連結されても良い。
上下の外壁パネルユニットの胴縁を相互に連結すると、連結された複数本の胴縁を1本と見做して建物躯体に取付けることができ、建物躯体への胴縁の取付箇所の個数が削減できる。また、ジョイントプレートによると、連結が簡素な構成で行える。
In the above basic configuration , a plurality of the outer wall panel units may be arranged vertically, and opposing ends of the trunk edges of the outer wall panel units adjacent to each other may be connected to each other with a joint plate.
When the upper and lower outer wall panel unit body edges are connected to each other, it is possible to attach a plurality of connected body edges as one, and attach to the building frame. Can be reduced. Further, according to the joint plate, the connection can be made with a simple configuration.

上記基本構成において、前記外壁パネルユニットが上下に複数並び、これら上下に並ぶ外壁パネルユニットにおける前記胴縁が、前記建物躯体を構成する梁またはスラブに対して上下に跨って位置し、上下に隣合う前記外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁の対向する端部が相互に連結されても良い。前記梁は、スラブを支える梁や、上下のスラブ間の中間高さ位置にある耐風梁等であっても良い。このように、胴縁が建物躯体の梁またはスラブを跨ぐように位置する場合、無足場施工がより一層容易になる。 In the above basic configuration , a plurality of the outer wall panel units are arranged vertically, and the trunk edges of the upper and lower outer wall panel units are positioned so as to straddle the beam or slab constituting the building frame and are adjacent to each other vertically. Opposing ends of the body edges of the matching outer wall panel units may be connected to each other. The beam may be a beam that supports a slab, a wind-resistant beam at an intermediate height position between upper and lower slabs , or the like. In this way, when the trunk edge is positioned so as to straddle the beam or slab of the building frame, the scaffold construction is further facilitated.

上記基本構成において、前記外壁パネルは、不燃断熱材を鋼板で挟み込んだ金属サンドイッチパネルであっても良い。このような金属サンドイッチパネルを用いると、軽量で不燃性、断熱性の良い外壁が構築できる。このような金属サンドイッチパネルを用いた外壁に、この発明を適用することで、その胴縁を建物躯体のスラブよりも屋外側に位置させる外壁パネルの取付け構造とした上記の各効果が効果的に発揮される。 In the above basic configuration , the outer wall panel may be a metal sandwich panel in which an incombustible heat insulating material is sandwiched between steel plates. When such a metal sandwich panel is used, an outer wall that is lightweight, incombustible, and has good heat insulation can be constructed. By applying the present invention to the outer wall using such a metal sandwich panel, each of the above effects can be effectively achieved as an outer wall panel mounting structure in which the trunk edge is positioned on the outdoor side of the slab of the building frame. Demonstrated.

上記基本構成において、前記建物躯体の柱を跨いで前記外壁パネルユニットが位置していても良い。In the basic configuration, the outer wall panel unit may be located across the pillars of the building frame.

この発明の第1の外壁パネルの取付け構造は、上下方向に並ぶ複数枚の外壁パネルが、この外壁パネルの横幅方向の複数箇所で上下方向に延びる複数本の胴縁に取付けられて外壁パネルユニットとされ、この外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁が、建物躯体のスラブよりも屋外側に位置し、前記スラブの端部および、上下のスラブ間の中間高さ位置にある耐風梁にファスナが取付けられ、これらファスナに、前記外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁がボルトまたは溶接で固定されることで前記外壁パネルが前記建物躯体に取付けられ、前記外壁パネルユニットが上下に複数並び、上下に隣合う前記外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁の対向する端部が、ジョイントプレートで相互に連結され、前記上下に並ぶ外壁パネルユニットにおける前記胴縁が、前記建物躯体を構成する梁またはスラブに対して上下に跨って位置し、上下に隣合う前記外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁の対向する端部が相互に連結され、前記外壁パネルは、不燃断熱材を鋼板で挟み込んだ金属サンドイッチパネルであり、上下のスラブ間に前記外壁パネルユニットが1枚よりも多く配置され、1枚の前記外壁パネルユニットは、一端が前記スラブではなく前記耐風梁にのみ固定されるため、作業性が良く、足場も不要で、省力化、短工期化が可能となる。 According to the first outer wall panel mounting structure of the present invention, a plurality of outer wall panels arranged in the vertical direction are mounted on a plurality of trunk edges extending in the vertical direction at a plurality of locations in the width direction of the outer wall panel. The outer edge of the outer wall panel unit is located on the outdoor side of the slab of the building frame, and a fastener is attached to the wind-resistant beam located at the intermediate height between the end of the slab and the upper and lower slabs. The outer wall panel is attached to the building frame by fixing the body edge of the outer wall panel unit to these fasteners by bolts or welding, and a plurality of the outer wall panel units are arranged vertically and adjacent to each other in the vertical direction. Opposing ends of the trunk edge of the panel unit are connected to each other by a joint plate, and the trunk edge of the outer wall panel unit arranged in the vertical direction is The opposite end portions of the trunk edge of the outer wall panel unit that are positioned vertically with respect to the beam or slab constituting the object body and are adjacent to each other in the vertical direction are connected to each other, and the outer wall panel is made of non-combustible heat insulating material. Ri metal sandwich panels der sandwiched in steel, is the arrangement more than one exterior wall panel unit is between the upper and lower slab, one of the outer wall panel unit is fixed only to the wind beam rather than one said slab because it is, good workability, the scaffold also unnecessary, labor saving, short construction period reduction can be achieved.

この発明の第2の外壁パネルの取付け構造は、上下方向に並ぶ複数枚の外壁パネルが、この外壁パネルの横幅方向の複数箇所で上下方向に延びる複数本の胴縁に取付けられて外壁パネルユニットとされ、この外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁が、建物躯体のスラブよりも屋外側に位置し、前記スラブの端部、および上下のスラブ間の中間高さ位置にある耐風梁にファスナが取付けられ、これらファスナに、前記外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁がボルトまたは溶接で固定されることで前記外壁パネルが前記建物躯体に取付けられ、前記外壁パネルユニットが上下に複数並び、これら外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁が中空部材であって、上下に隣合う前記外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁の対向する端部が、両胴縁の端部間に渡って嵌まり込む嵌込み部材によって相互に連結され、前記上下に並ぶ外壁パネルユニットにおける前記胴縁が、前記建物躯体を構成する梁またはスラブに対して上下に跨って位置し、上下に隣合う前記外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁の対向する端部が相互に連結され、前記外壁パネルは、不燃断熱材を鋼板で挟み込んだ金属サンドイッチパネルであり、上下のスラブ間に前記外壁パネルユニットが1枚よりも多く配置され、1枚の前記外壁パネルユニットは、一端が前記スラブではなく前記耐風梁にのみ固定されるため、作業性が良く、足場も不要で、省力化、短工期化が可能となる。 According to the second outer wall panel mounting structure of the present invention, an outer wall panel unit is formed by mounting a plurality of outer wall panels arranged in the vertical direction on a plurality of trunk edges extending in the vertical direction at a plurality of locations in the width direction of the outer wall panel. Fasteners are attached to the wind-resistant beams at the trunk edge of the outer wall panel unit located on the outdoor side of the slab of the building frame, and at the intermediate height between the end of the slab and the upper and lower slabs. The outer wall panel is attached to the building frame by fixing the body edge of the outer wall panel unit to the fastener by bolts or welding, and a plurality of the outer wall panel units are arranged vertically, and the outer wall panel unit The body edge is a hollow member, and the opposite ends of the body wall of the outer wall panel unit adjacent to each other in the vertical direction are fitted between the ends of both body edges. The trunk edges of the outer wall panel units that are interconnected by a material and are arranged vertically are positioned so as to straddle the beam or slab constituting the building frame, and the trunks of the outer wall panel units adjacent to each other vertically. are connected to each other opposite ends of the edge, the outer wall panel, Ri metal sandwich panels der sandwiching the noncombustible heat insulating material of a steel plate, the outer wall panel unit are arranged more than one between the upper and lower slab, Since one end of the one outer wall panel unit is fixed not to the slab but to the wind-resistant beam , the workability is good, no scaffold is required, and labor saving and a short construction period are possible.

(A)はこの発明の第1の実施形態にかかる外壁パネルの取付け構造を示す縦断面図、(B)はその部分水平断面図である。(A) is the longitudinal cross-sectional view which shows the attachment structure of the outer wall panel concerning 1st Embodiment of this invention, (B) is the partial horizontal sectional view. (A)は外壁パネルユニットの平面図、(B)は同外壁パネルユニットにおける胴縁への外壁パネルの取付け部分を示す部分拡大平面図である。(A) is a top view of an outer wall panel unit, (B) is the elements on larger scale which show the attachment part of the outer wall panel to the trunk edge in the same outer wall panel unit. 同外壁パネルユニットの斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the same outer wall panel unit. 外壁パネルの断面図である。It is sectional drawing of an outer wall panel. 上下に隣合う外壁パネルの境界部分の断面図である。It is sectional drawing of the boundary part of the outer wall panel adjacent up and down. (A),(B)は、それぞれ上下に隣合う外壁パネルユニット間の胴縁同士の連結構造の各例を示す斜視図である。(A), (B) is a perspective view which shows each example of the connection structure of the trunk edges between the outer wall panel units adjacent to each other up and down. 同連結構造の他の例を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the other example of the connection structure. 外壁パネルの取付け構造の施工に用いられる地組架台に胴縁を保持させた状態を示す正面図である。It is a front view which shows the state which hold | maintained the trunk edge to the groundwork frame used for construction of the attachment structure of an outer wall panel. 同地組架台に外壁パネルユニットを組み付けた状態を示す右側面図である。It is a right view which shows the state which assembled | attached the outer wall panel unit to the same ground frame. 外壁パネルユニットを建物躯体に取付ける作業の説明図である。It is explanatory drawing of the operation | work which attaches an outer wall panel unit to a building frame. 外壁パネルの取付け構造の他の実施形態の部分水平断面図である。It is a partial horizontal sectional view of other embodiments of the attachment structure of an outer wall panel. 同外壁パネルの取付け構造の部分斜視図である。It is a fragmentary perspective view of the attachment structure of the same outer wall panel. 外壁パネルの取付け構造の参考提案例の部分縦断面図である。It is a partial longitudinal cross-sectional view of the reference proposal example of the attachment structure of an outer wall panel. 従来例の縦断面図である。It is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of a prior art example.

この発明の第1の実施形態を図1ないし図10と共に説明する。この外壁パネルの取付け構造が適用される建物は、例えば物流施設となる倉庫やコンビニエンスストア等の鉄骨系建物であり、各階の床は、デッキプレート上にコンクリートを打設したスラブ31で構成される。   A first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. Buildings to which this outer wall panel mounting structure is applied are, for example, steel-framed buildings such as warehouses and convenience stores that serve as distribution facilities, and the floors of each floor are composed of slabs 31 in which concrete is placed on deck plates. .

図1において、この外壁パネルの取付け構造は、上下方向に並ぶ複数枚の外壁パネル22を、この外壁パネル22の横幅方向の複数箇所で上下方向に延びる複数本の胴縁23に取付けて図3,図10に示すような外壁パネルユニット21とし、この外壁パネルユニット21の前記胴縁23を、図1のように建物躯体26のスラブ31よりも屋外側に位置させて、前記外壁パネルユニット21を建物躯体26に取付けたものである。外壁パネルユニット21は、上下左右に複数並べて設置される。   In FIG. 1, the outer wall panel mounting structure is constructed by mounting a plurality of outer wall panels 22 arranged in the vertical direction on a plurality of trunk edges 23 extending in the vertical direction at a plurality of positions in the lateral width direction of the outer wall panel 22. , The outer wall panel unit 21 as shown in FIG. 10, and the trunk edge 23 of the outer wall panel unit 21 is positioned on the outdoor side of the slab 31 of the building housing 26 as shown in FIG. Is attached to the building frame 26. A plurality of outer wall panel units 21 are installed side by side in the vertical and horizontal directions.

外壁パネル22は、耐火性および断熱性を有する横長の耐火パネルである。外壁パネル22は、具体例を挙げると、図4に示すように、不燃断熱材27を屋外側および屋内側の鋼板28,29で挟み込んだ金属サンドイッチパネルとされる。不燃断熱材27は、ロックウール等の非定形の材料であるが、けい酸カルシウム板や石膏ボード等であっても良い。
図5は、上下に隣り合う外壁パネル22,22の継手部分を断面図で示している。上下の外壁パネル22,22は、互いに嵌まり合う突条部分および凹溝条部分を有し、その蛇行した嵌まり合い面で雨水や風の侵入を阻止し、または侵入した雨水が流下し易くなる継手形状とされる。
The outer wall panel 22 is a horizontally long fireproof panel having fire resistance and heat insulation. For example, as shown in FIG. 4, the outer wall panel 22 is a metal sandwich panel in which an incombustible heat insulating material 27 is sandwiched between steel plates 28 and 29 on the outdoor side and the indoor side. The incombustible heat insulating material 27 is an amorphous material such as rock wool, but may be a calcium silicate plate or a gypsum board.
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view showing joint portions of the outer wall panels 22 and 22 adjacent to each other in the vertical direction. The upper and lower outer wall panels 22 and 22 have a protruding ridge portion and a recessed groove portion that fit together, and the meandering fitting surface prevents rainwater or wind from entering, or the rainwater that has entered easily flows down. The joint shape is as follows.

図1において、胴縁23は、建物躯体26への外壁パネル22の取付け用の下地となる棒状の下部材であって、ここでは断面C字状の軽量形鋼のリップ溝形鋼が用いられている。この胴縁23は、そのC字の開口側が胴縁23の並び方向つまり外壁パネル22の幅方向を向くように設けられる。胴縁23は、この他に角パイプ等の軽量形鋼であっても良く、またリップ溝形鋼と角パイプとを混在させても良い。   In FIG. 1, the trunk edge 23 is a rod-like lower member that serves as a base for mounting the outer wall panel 22 to the building frame 26, and here, a lip groove steel of a lightweight section steel having a C-shaped cross section is used. ing. The trunk edge 23 is provided so that the C-shaped opening side faces the arrangement direction of the trunk edges 23, that is, the width direction of the outer wall panel 22. In addition, the body edge 23 may be a lightweight steel such as a square pipe, or a lip groove steel and a square pipe may be mixed.

外壁パネル22の胴縁23への取付けには、図2(B)に示すようにドリル付きタッピングビス等の軸状の固着具30が用いられる。同図において、固着具30の頭部が外壁パネル22の表面から沈み込んで図示されているのは、外壁パネル22における継手部分の凹み部22a(図4、図5)内に固着具30の頭部が位置しているためである。   For attaching the outer wall panel 22 to the body edge 23, as shown in FIG. 2B, a shaft-like fixing tool 30 such as a tapping screw with a drill is used. In the same figure, the head of the fixing tool 30 is shown sinking from the surface of the outer wall panel 22, and the fixing tool 30 is placed in the recess 22 a (FIG. 4, FIG. 5) of the joint portion of the outer wall panel 22. This is because the head is located.

図1において、外壁パネルユニット21の胴縁23を建物躯体26に取付ける構造としては、建物躯体26のスラブ31の端部および耐風梁32にファスナ14を取付け、これらファスナ14に、外壁パネルユニット21の胴縁23をボルトまたは溶接で固定する構造とされる。スラブ31は、建物躯体26の梁41上にデッキプレートを載せ、その上にコンクリートを打設した構成とされ、外壁側の木口面は内向きの溝形鋼等の形鋼31aで構成されている。スラブ31のファスナ14は、上記形鋼31aの上面に溶接等で固定されている。ファスナ14は、L形鋼の切片等からなり、各胴縁23と対応する箇所に部分的に設けられている。   In FIG. 1, as a structure for attaching the trunk edge 23 of the outer wall panel unit 21 to the building housing 26, the fastener 14 is attached to the end of the slab 31 of the building housing 26 and the wind-resistant beam 32, and the outer wall panel unit 21 is attached to these fasteners 14. The body edge 23 is fixed with bolts or welding. The slab 31 has a structure in which a deck plate is placed on the beam 41 of the building frame 26, and concrete is placed thereon, and the end face of the outer wall side is formed of a shape steel 31a such as an inward grooved steel. Yes. The fastener 14 of the slab 31 is fixed to the upper surface of the shape steel 31a by welding or the like. The fastener 14 is made of an L-shaped steel piece or the like, and is partially provided at a portion corresponding to each trunk edge 23.

図2(B)は胴縁23のファスナ14への取付部分を拡大して示したものである。同図の例では、ファスナ14の横片14aが形鋼31aの上面に固定され、立片14bに胴縁23がボルト42およびナット43により固定される。ナット43は、リップ溝形の胴縁23のフランジ内面に溶接等で固定してもよく、またボルト締め時に屋内側から固定しても良い。なお、胴縁23は、ファスナ14に対しボルト42に代えて溶接で固定しても良い。   FIG. 2B is an enlarged view of the attachment portion of the trunk edge 23 to the fastener 14. In the example of the figure, the lateral piece 14a of the fastener 14 is fixed to the upper surface of the section steel 31a, and the trunk edge 23 is fixed to the standing piece 14b by bolts 42 and nuts 43. The nut 43 may be fixed to the inner surface of the flange of the lip groove-shaped body edge 23 by welding or the like, or may be fixed from the indoor side when bolted. The trunk edge 23 may be fixed to the fastener 14 by welding instead of the bolt 42.

図1において、耐風梁32は、上下のスラブ31,31間の中間高さ位置に設けられて外壁パネル22に作用する風荷重を内側から支える梁である。耐風梁32に対する外壁パネルユニット21の胴縁23の取付けも、スラブ31への取付けと同様にファスナ14とボルト・ナットまたは溶接で行われている。   In FIG. 1, a wind resistant beam 32 is a beam that is provided at an intermediate height position between upper and lower slabs 31 and 31 and supports a wind load acting on the outer wall panel 22 from the inside. The body edge 23 of the outer wall panel unit 21 is attached to the wind-resistant beam 32 by fasteners 14 and bolts / nuts or welding in the same manner as the attachment to the slab 31.

外壁パネルユニット21の高さは、同図の例では上下のスラブ31,31間の高さよりも低く、各外壁パネルユニット21の胴縁23は、スラブ31、梁41、及び耐風梁32のいずれか対して上下に跨っている。上下に並ぶ外壁パネルユニット21,21は、胴縁23の対向する端部が相互に連結されている。そのため、同図の例では、各外壁パネルユニット21の胴縁23の下部は直接には建物躯体26に取付けられていないが、下側に連結された胴縁23の上部が建物躯体26に取付けられることで、胴縁23の下部も建物躯体26に堅固に支持される。   The height of the outer wall panel unit 21 is lower than the height between the upper and lower slabs 31, 31 in the example of the figure, and the trunk edge 23 of each outer wall panel unit 21 is any of the slab 31, the beam 41, and the wind resistant beam 32. On the other hand, it straddles up and down. The outer wall panel units 21, 21 arranged vertically are connected to each other at opposite ends of the trunk edge 23. Therefore, in the example of the figure, the lower part of the trunk edge 23 of each outer wall panel unit 21 is not directly attached to the building frame 26, but the upper part of the trunk edge 23 connected to the lower side is attached to the building frame 26. As a result, the lower portion of the trunk edge 23 is also firmly supported by the building frame 26.

上下の胴縁23,23の相互の連結は、この例では図6(A)に拡大して示すように、両胴縁23の端部外面に跨がって配置したジョイントプレート15をそれぞれ両胴縁23に、ボルト16であるいは溶接で固定することにより行われている。ジョイントプレート15は、同図(B)のように胴縁23の内面に配置しても良い。   In this example, the upper and lower body edges 23 are connected to each other by connecting the joint plates 15 arranged over the outer surface of the end portions of both body edges 23 as shown in FIG. 6A. It is performed by fixing to the trunk edge 23 with a bolt 16 or by welding. The joint plate 15 may be disposed on the inner surface of the trunk edge 23 as shown in FIG.

両胴縁23,23の端部同士の連結は、この他に図7のように、中空部材である両胴縁23,23の端部間に渡って嵌まり込む嵌込み部材17を設けることで行っても良い。嵌込み部材17は、例えば上下のいずれかの胴縁に一部突出状態に嵌め込んで固定しておき、上側の外壁パネルユニット21の設置時にその一部突出状態とした嵌込み部材17の突出部分に胴縁23を嵌め込む。この嵌め込みの後、嵌め込み部分を溶接やボルトで固定しても良いが、必ずしも固定しなくても良い。   In addition to this, as shown in FIG. 7, the end portions of both body edges 23, 23 are connected by providing a fitting member 17 that fits between the end portions of both body edges 23, 23 that are hollow members. You can go there. The fitting member 17 is, for example, partially fitted into and fixed to one of the upper and lower body edges and fixed, and the fitting member 17 is projected in a partially protruding state when the upper outer wall panel unit 21 is installed. The trunk edge 23 is fitted into the part. After this fitting, the fitting part may be fixed with welding or a bolt, but it is not necessarily fixed.

なお、図1(B)および図2(A)に示すように、スラブ31と外壁パネル22との間には、外壁パネルユニット21の胴縁23をスラブ31よりも屋外側に位置させることによって、スラブ31の縁に沿う隙間dが生じるが、この隙間dは、モルタルやロックウール等の耐火材の充填部45によって塞ぐ。   In addition, as shown in FIG. 1 (B) and FIG. 2 (A), between the slab 31 and the outer wall panel 22, by positioning the trunk edge 23 of the outer wall panel unit 21 on the outdoor side from the slab 31. A gap d is formed along the edge of the slab 31, and the gap d is closed by a filling portion 45 of a refractory material such as mortar or rock wool.

上記隙間dを小さくするために、図11,図12に示すように、スラブ31の縁に切欠部31bを設け、この切欠部31b内に胴縁23を配置しても良い。切欠部31b内は上記耐火材を充填した充填部45とする。この場合、切欠部31bがない箇所では、スラブ31の縁に外壁パネル22が接して隙間dが生じないようにしても良く、また隙間dが少し残るようにしてその隙間dに上記耐火材の充填部45で塞いでも良い。   In order to reduce the gap d, as shown in FIGS. 11 and 12, a notch 31b may be provided at the edge of the slab 31, and the body edge 23 may be disposed in the notch 31b. The inside of the cutout portion 31b is a filling portion 45 filled with the refractory material. In this case, in a place where the notch portion 31b is not provided, the outer wall panel 22 may be in contact with the edge of the slab 31 so that the gap d is not generated, and the gap d is left a little so that the refractory material can be left in the gap d. The filling portion 45 may be used for blocking.

図8〜図10は、外壁パネルユニット21の組み立てから、建物躯体26への取付までの過程を示す。外壁パネルユニット21を組み立てる地組み過程では、例えば図8,9に示す地組架台1を用いる。この地組架台1は、鉄骨で組まれた地組架台本体2に、下側および上側の治具取付桟12,13が互いに上下に位置して設けられ、これら治具取付桟12,13に胴縁支持用の複数の下端固定治具3および上側固定治具4が取付けられている。また、地組架台本体2の上端にクレーン等のパネル揚重装置24が設置されている。   FIGS. 8-10 shows the process from the assembly of the outer wall panel unit 21 to the attachment to the building frame 26. FIG. In the assembly process for assembling the outer wall panel unit 21, for example, the assembly platform 1 shown in FIGS. 8 and 9 is used. In this groundwork frame 1, lower and upper jig mounting bars 12, 13 are provided on the groundwork frame body 2, which is constructed of a steel frame, so as to be positioned above and below each other. A plurality of lower end fixing jigs 3 and upper side fixing jigs 4 for supporting the trunk edge are attached. Further, a panel lifting device 24 such as a crane is installed at the upper end of the groundwork frame main body 2.

上記下端固定治具3および上側固定治具4に各胴縁23の下端および上部を支持させて、各胴縁23を立ち姿勢で平行に支持する。この立ち姿勢に支持された複数本の胴縁23に、外壁パネル22を1枚ずつパネル揚重装置24で吊り上げて下から順に取付ける。これにより、外壁パネルユニット21が立ち姿勢で組み立てられる。この組み立てられた外壁パネルユニット21を、図10のようにクレーン等の揚重装置25を用いて吊り上げ、作業者40が補助しながら建物躯体26へ取付ける。   The lower end fixing jig 3 and the upper fixing jig 4 support the lower end and the upper portion of each barrel edge 23, and each barrel edge 23 is supported in a standing posture in parallel. The outer wall panels 22 are lifted by the panel lifting device 24 one by one on the plurality of trunk edges 23 supported in this standing posture and attached in order from the bottom. Thereby, the outer wall panel unit 21 is assembled in a standing posture. The assembled outer wall panel unit 21 is lifted by using a lifting device 25 such as a crane as shown in FIG. 10, and is attached to the building frame 26 with the assistance of the operator 40.

この外壁パネルの取付け構造および取付け方法によると、次の各利点が得られる。
・外壁パネル22を1枚ずつ吊り上げる必要が無くなり、複数枚一度に吊り上げることで、省力化、短工期化が図れる。
・複数の外壁パネル22を下地となる胴縁23に地組みする下地一体型施工が可能となり、外部足場の削減につながる。例えば全面総足場が必要であったのが、縦目地部分の止水やビス固定等のためだけの足場とし、高所作業車やゴンドラなどのみで済ますことができる。
・外部足場からのシーリング材の施工やガスケットの挿入などが不要となるオープンジョイント構法や、予め外壁パネル22に取り付けられたガスケットジョイント構法などの場合、さらに高所作業車やゴンドラによる外部作業もなくすことができる。
・足場の組み付けや解体・撤去作業がないことで、工事の安全性の向上にも寄与する。
・外部足場をなくすことで、外構作業を円滑に進めることができる。
According to this outer wall panel mounting structure and mounting method, the following advantages can be obtained.
-It is not necessary to lift the outer wall panels 22 one by one, and by lifting a plurality of sheets at once, labor saving and a shorter construction period can be achieved.
-Underground integrated construction is possible in which a plurality of outer wall panels 22 are grounded to the trunk edge 23 serving as a foundation, leading to a reduction in external scaffolding. For example, it was necessary to use a total scaffold for the entire area, but it could be used only for waterstops and screw fixing at the vertical joints, and it could be done only with an aerial work platform or a gondola.
・ In the case of an open joint construction method that eliminates the need to install sealing material or insert gaskets from an external scaffold, or a gasket joint construction method that is attached to the outer wall panel 22 in advance, it eliminates external work using an aerial work vehicle or gondola. be able to.
-The absence of assembly, dismantling and removal of scaffolds will contribute to the improvement of construction safety.
・ External work can be carried out smoothly by eliminating external scaffolding.

なお、上記実施形態では、スラブ31の端部にファスナ14を取付け、このファスナ14に外壁パネルユニット21の胴縁23を固定したが、この他に参考提案例として示すと、図13のように、スラブ31の外壁パネル22側の縁に沿う上方位置に鉄骨梁33を設け、この鉄骨梁33にファスナ14を取付け、このファスナ14に外壁パネルユニット21の胴縁23をボルトまたは溶接で固定しても良い。
このような取付け構造とすると、前記鉄骨梁33で風圧を支持することができ、また建物が例えば倉庫の場合、前記鉄骨梁33をフォークリフトなどの車止め、もしくは車止めを固定するための下地材に兼用することができる。したがって、鉄骨梁33のスラブ31からの設置高さは、スラブ31上を走行するフォークリフトの車輪に対して車止めとして機能可能な高さとすることが好ましい。
In addition, in the said embodiment, the fastener 14 was attached to the edge part of the slab 31, and the trunk | drum 23 of the outer wall panel unit 21 was fixed to this fastener 14, If it shows as a reference proposal example in addition to this, as shown in FIG. The steel beam 33 is provided at an upper position along the edge of the slab 31 on the outer wall panel 22 side, the fastener 14 is attached to the steel beam 33, and the body edge 23 of the outer wall panel unit 21 is fixed to the fastener 14 with bolts or welding. May be.
With such a mounting structure, the steel beam 33 can support the wind pressure, and when the building is a warehouse, for example, the steel beam 33 is also used as a vehicle stop such as a forklift or a base material for fixing the vehicle stop. can do. Therefore, it is preferable that the installation height of the steel beam 33 from the slab 31 is a height that can function as a vehicle stop with respect to the wheels of the forklift traveling on the slab 31.

1…地組架台
14…ファスナ
15…ジョイントプレート
17…嵌込み部材
21…外壁パネルユニット
22…外壁パネル
23…胴縁
26…建物躯体
31…スラブ
32…耐風梁
33…鉄骨梁
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Ground frame 14 ... Fastener 15 ... Joint plate 17 ... Insertion member 21 ... Outer wall panel unit 22 ... Outer wall panel 23 ... Trunk edge 26 ... Building frame 31 ... Slab 32 ... Wind-resistant beam 33 ... Steel beam

Claims (3)

上下方向に並ぶ複数枚の外壁パネルが、この外壁パネルの横幅方向の複数箇所で上下方向に延びる複数本の胴縁に取付けられて外壁パネルユニットとされ、この外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁が、建物躯体のスラブよりも屋外側に位置し、
前記スラブの端部、および上下のスラブ間の中間高さ位置にある耐風梁にファスナが取付けられ、これらファスナに、前記外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁がボルトまたは溶接で固定されることで前記外壁パネルが前記建物躯体に取付けられ、
前記外壁パネルユニットが上下に複数並び、上下に隣合う前記外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁の対向する端部が、ジョイントプレートで相互に連結され、
前記上下に並ぶ外壁パネルユニットにおける前記胴縁が、前記建物躯体を構成する梁またはスラブに対して上下に跨って位置し、上下に隣合う前記外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁の対向する端部が相互に連結され、
前記外壁パネルは、不燃断熱材を鋼板で挟み込んだ金属サンドイッチパネルであり、
上下のスラブ間に前記外壁パネルユニットが1枚よりも多く配置され、1枚の前記外壁パネルユニットは、一端が前記スラブではなく前記耐風梁にのみ固定される、
外壁パネルの取付け構造。
A plurality of outer wall panels arranged in the vertical direction are attached to a plurality of trunk edges extending in the vertical direction at a plurality of locations in the lateral width direction of the outer wall panel to form an outer wall panel unit, and the trunk edge of the outer wall panel unit is Located on the outdoor side of the building slab,
Fasteners are attached to wind-resistant beams at intermediate height positions between the end portions of the slab and the upper and lower slabs, and the outer edge of the outer wall panel unit is fixed to the fasteners by bolts or welding. A panel is attached to the building enclosure;
A plurality of the outer wall panel units are arranged vertically, and opposite ends of the trunk edges of the outer wall panel units adjacent to each other in the vertical direction are mutually connected by a joint plate,
The trunk edges of the outer wall panel units arranged in the vertical direction are located across the beam or slab constituting the building frame, and the opposite ends of the trunk edges of the outer wall panel units adjacent in the vertical direction are Interconnected,
The outer wall panels, Ri metal sandwich panels der sandwiching the noncombustible heat insulating material of a steel plate,
More than one outer wall panel unit is disposed between the upper and lower slabs, and one outer wall panel unit is fixed only to the wind-resistant beam at one end, not the slab.
External wall panel mounting structure.
上下方向に並ぶ複数枚の外壁パネルが、この外壁パネルの横幅方向の複数箇所で上下方向に延びる複数本の胴縁に取付けられて外壁パネルユニットとされ、この外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁が、建物躯体のスラブよりも屋外側に位置し、
前記スラブの端部、および上下のスラブ間の中間高さ位置にある耐風梁にファスナが取付けられ、これらファスナに、前記外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁がボルトまたは溶接で固定されることで前記外壁パネルが前記建物躯体に取付けられ、
前記外壁パネルユニットが上下に複数並び、これら外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁が中空部材であって、上下に隣合う前記外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁の対向する端部が、両胴縁の端部間に渡って嵌まり込む嵌込み部材によって相互に連結され、
前記上下に並ぶ外壁パネルユニットにおける前記胴縁が、前記建物躯体を構成する梁またはスラブに対して上下に跨って位置し、上下に隣合う前記外壁パネルユニットの前記胴縁の対向する端部が相互に連結され、
前記外壁パネルは、不燃断熱材を鋼板で挟み込んだ金属サンドイッチパネルであり、
上下のスラブ間に前記外壁パネルユニットが1枚よりも多く配置され、1枚の前記外壁パネルユニットは、一端が前記スラブではなく前記耐風梁にのみ固定される、
外壁パネルの取付け構造。
A plurality of outer wall panels arranged in the vertical direction are attached to a plurality of trunk edges extending in the vertical direction at a plurality of locations in the lateral width direction of the outer wall panel to form an outer wall panel unit, and the trunk edge of the outer wall panel unit is Located on the outdoor side of the building slab,
Fasteners are attached to wind-resistant beams at intermediate height positions between the end portions of the slab and the upper and lower slabs, and the outer edge of the outer wall panel unit is fixed to the fasteners by bolts or welding. A panel is attached to the building enclosure;
A plurality of the outer wall panel units are arranged vertically, and the trunk edges of these outer wall panel units are hollow members, and the opposite ends of the trunk edges of the outer wall panel units adjacent to each other in the vertical direction are end portions of both trunk edges. Are connected to each other by fitting members that fit in between,
The trunk edges of the outer wall panel units arranged in the vertical direction are located across the beam or slab constituting the building frame, and the opposite ends of the trunk edges of the outer wall panel units adjacent in the vertical direction are Interconnected,
The outer wall panels, Ri metal sandwich panels der sandwiching the noncombustible heat insulating material of a steel plate,
More than one outer wall panel unit is disposed between the upper and lower slabs, and one outer wall panel unit is fixed only to the wind-resistant beam at one end, not the slab.
External wall panel mounting structure.
請求項1または請求項2に記載の外壁パネルの取付け構造であって、前記建物躯体の柱を跨いで前記外壁パネルユニットが位置する外壁パネルの取付け構造。 The outer wall panel mounting structure according to claim 1 or 2 , wherein the outer wall panel unit is located across a column of the building frame.
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