JP6098865B2 - Windmill equipment - Google Patents

Windmill equipment Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP6098865B2
JP6098865B2 JP2012191941A JP2012191941A JP6098865B2 JP 6098865 B2 JP6098865 B2 JP 6098865B2 JP 2012191941 A JP2012191941 A JP 2012191941A JP 2012191941 A JP2012191941 A JP 2012191941A JP 6098865 B2 JP6098865 B2 JP 6098865B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
wind
opening
flange
tunnel body
annular disk
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
JP2012191941A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP2014047724A (en
Inventor
輿石 正己
正己 輿石
和男 野瀬
和男 野瀬
義 羽根
義 羽根
太田 俊昭
俊昭 太田
Original Assignee
清水建設株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 清水建設株式会社 filed Critical 清水建設株式会社
Priority to JP2012191941A priority Critical patent/JP6098865B2/en
Publication of JP2014047724A publication Critical patent/JP2014047724A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP6098865B2 publication Critical patent/JP6098865B2/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • Y02E10/721Blades or rotors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • Y02E10/723Control of turbines

Description

The present invention relates to a diffuser-type windmill equipment formed by arranging a cylindrical air channel around the wind turbine blade.

  Conventionally, there is known a diffuser type windmill device in which a cylindrical wind tunnel body is disposed around a windmill blade (see, for example, Patent Documents 1 to 3). This diffuser type windmill device is also called a lens windmill because the wind tunnel body can be a so-called wind lens, and its power generation efficiency is about three times higher than that of a conventional windmill without a wind tunnel body, It is a wind turbine that is currently attracting the most attention. The scale of power generation by this windmill is currently about 100 kW, but it is expected that the size of the facility will increase in the future.

  By the way, when the above-mentioned lens windmill is enlarged, it is considered that the following problems occur. That is, during a storm of about 60 m / s wind speed, a large wind load acts on the buttocks of the wind tunnel body, which causes a problem that a large cross-sectional force is generated in the wind tunnel body main body and its support structure. In order to cope with such a problem, the above-described Patent Document 1 proposes that the flange provided on the outer peripheral surface of the wind tunnel body is constituted by a plurality of up and down flange pieces.

  According to the configuration of this Patent Document 1, the wind tunnel body can function as a so-called wind lens in a state where the flange piece protrudes from the outer peripheral surface of the wind tunnel body by raising the flange piece during normal times. On the other hand, when the wind is strong, the flange piece can be tilted to reduce the resistance to the wind so that the flange is not present, and the force and moment to tilt the wind power generator itself can be reduced.

  Here, the flange piece is configured to stand up or tilt using the force of wind. More specifically, the flange piece is supported in an upright state by the magnetic force of an electromagnet provided on a flange piece support column that supports the flange piece. When tilting the flange piece from this state, the direction of the windmill is reversed to generate a wind opposite to the rising direction of the flange piece, and the flange piece is separated from the flange piece support column by the magnetic force of the electromagnet. Tilt with wind pressure. Further, the flange piece is held upright or tilted by the magnetic force of the electromagnet.

JP 2009-47069 A JP 2008-95671 A JP 2006-307783 A

  In said patent document 1, in order to raise and lower a flange piece, it is necessary to reverse the direction of a windmill. However, it is too inconvenient to reverse the direction of the windmill in order to tilt the flange piece every time a strong wind is generated. In particular, when the windmill is large, there is a problem that it is difficult to change the direction due to the gyro effect.

The present invention was made in view of the above, such as during storm, an excessive wind load on the flange portion of the air channel to provide a wind turbine equipment which can be easily avoided from acting Objective.

In order to solve the above-described problems and achieve the object, a windmill device according to the present invention includes a tubular wind tunnel body, a windmill provided inside the wind tunnel body, and a flange provided on the outer periphery of the wind tunnel body. A plurality of openings provided at a predetermined interval in the circumferential direction of the flange, and a ventilation means for opening the openings and allowing ventilation while closing and blocking the air. Drive means for driving the ventilation means, and the flange includes a plate disposed on the upstream side of the wind and a plate disposed on the downstream side, and the ventilation means is provided on the upstream side. An annular disk disposed between the plate disposed on the side and the plate disposed on the downstream side and provided coaxially with the flange, and the annular disk at a position corresponding to the position of the opening. has a fixed air baffle plate, said annular disc is the shaft circumference Characterized in that said air shielding plate by a predetermined angle rotation is to open or close the opening portion.

  Another windmill device according to the present invention is characterized in that, in the above-described invention, the annular disk is formed of a U-shaped member in cross section, and rotation is guided by a roller bearing.

  According to the windmill device according to the present invention, the windmill device includes a tubular wind tunnel body, a windmill provided inside the wind tunnel body, and a flange portion provided on an outer periphery of the wind tunnel body, wherein the flange portion is provided. A plurality of openings provided at a predetermined interval in the circumferential direction, a ventilation means for opening and closing the openings to allow ventilation, and a driving means for driving the ventilation means. The ventilation means is an annular disk provided coaxially with the flange, has a wind shield at a position corresponding to the position of the opening, and the annular disk rotates around the axis by a predetermined angle. Since the windshield plate opens and closes the opening, the opening of the heel is closed during normal times to exhibit the wind lens effect of the wind tunnel body, while the opening is opened toward the heel during a storm. Let the wind pass. Here, when the annular disk of the ventilation means rotates by a predetermined angle, the wind shielding plate opens and closes the opening. Therefore, it is possible to easily avoid an excessive wind load from acting on the buttocks of the wind tunnel body during a storm.

FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view in normal time (during power generation) showing an embodiment of a windmill device and a wind power generator according to the present invention. FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view showing a windmill device and a wind power generator according to the present invention during a storm (non-power generation). FIG. 3 is a front view of the wind turbine apparatus according to the present invention. FIG. 4 is a side sectional view of the wind turbine apparatus according to the present invention. FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the upper right portion A of FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of the lower right portion B of FIG. FIG. 7 is a front view of the ventilation means of the wind turbine apparatus according to the present invention, and is a view taken along the line CC of FIGS. 5 and 6. FIG. 8 is a front view of the fixing means of the wind turbine apparatus according to the present invention, and is a view along the line DD in FIGS. 5 and 6.

It will be described below in detail with reference to the embodiment of the wind turbine equipment according to the present invention with reference to the drawings. Note that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments.

  As shown in FIG. 1 or FIG. 2, a wind turbine apparatus 10 according to the present invention includes a cylindrical wind tunnel body 12, a wind turbine 16 mounted on a nacelle 14 disposed on a central axis Z inside the wind tunnel body 12, And a flange 18 provided on the outer periphery of the body 12.

  As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the wind turbine 16 includes three blades 16 a arranged at equal intervals (120 ° intervals) in the circumferential direction.

  The nacelle 14 is fixed to the top of the tower 20. The lower part of the tower 20 is fixed to a base (not shown).

  On the wind inlet side 22 a of the nacelle 14, five support members 24 for supporting the wind tunnel body 12 project radially around the axis Z at equal intervals. The outer end 24 a of the support member 24 is bent in an L shape and is fixed to the end edge 12 a on the wind inlet side 22 a of the wind tunnel body 12. Thus, the wind tunnel body 12 is fixed to the tower 20 via the support member 24 and the nacelle 14.

  The flange portion 18 is provided with a plurality of openings 26 at predetermined intervals in the circumferential direction. In this embodiment, twelve openings 26 are provided at equal intervals of θ = 15 ° in the circumferential direction.

  The opening 26 is opened to allow ventilation, while the ventilation means 28 for closing and blocking the air and the driving means 30 for driving the ventilation means 28 are provided.

  As shown in FIG. 4, the wind tunnel body 12 has a body portion 12b having the same inner diameter from the edge 12a of the wind inlet side 22a to a certain range, and the inner diameter gradually decreases and expands toward the downstream side. It is connected to the reduced diameter portion 12c having a concave shape in cross section. The flange 18 protrudes radially outward from the edge 12d on the wind outlet side 22b.

  As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the flange portion 18 includes a plate 18 a disposed on the upstream side, a plate 18 b disposed on the downstream side, and an annular lid member 18 c that is externally fitted to the edges of the plates 18 a and 18 b. It is as a bag structure wrapped with.

  Inside the flange portion 18, there are provided ventilation means 28 and fixing means 46 for fixing the ventilation means 28 rotatably.

  As shown in FIGS. 7, 5, and 6, the ventilation means 28 includes an annular disk 32 that is provided coaxially with the flange 18. The annular disk 32 includes two U-shaped members 36 and 38 arranged concentrically around the axis Z, a plurality of ribs 40 connecting these members, and an opening of the flange 18 (not shown). The wind shielding plate 34 is disposed at a position corresponding to the position 26. Here, in the example of FIG. 7, the illustration of the wind shielding plate 34 is omitted for the upper left quadrant. Further, in FIG. 7, for easy explanation, a circular opening at the center of the annular disk 32 is relatively small.

  An opening 42 is formed between adjacent wind shielding plates 34. That is, in this embodiment, the openings 42 are formed in the annular disk 32 at intervals of 15 ° in the circumferential direction. The wind shield 34 is fixed to the annular disk 32 with bolts or the like. A substantially arcuate spur gear 44 is fixed to the inner peripheral surface of the lower part of the U-shaped member 36 in cross section.

  Then, when the annular disk 32 rotates about the axis Z by a predetermined angle θ, the wind shield plate 34 opens and closes the opening 26 (not shown). In this embodiment, the predetermined angle θ is 15 °, and the opening 26 (not shown) can be opened or closed by rotating the annular disk 32 by 15 °.

  As shown in FIGS. 8, 5, and 6, the fixing unit 46 includes an annular member 48 that is provided coaxially with the flange portion 18. The annular member 48 includes two cross-sectional L-shaped members 50 and 52 arranged concentrically around the axis Z, and a plurality of ribs 54 that connect these members. An opening 56 is formed between the adjacent ribs 54.

  As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the annular disk 32 of the ventilation means 28 is accommodated in a space formed between the L-shaped members 50 and 52 of the annular member 48. The annular member 48 has roller bearings 58 and 60. The roller bearing 58 is disposed on each rib 54 so as to be able to contact the wind shield plate 34 of the ventilation means 28, and supports the wind shield plate 34 rotatably. The roller bearings 60 are arranged at predetermined intervals in the circumferential direction on the inner peripheral side of the L-shaped member 50 in cross section, abut against the inner peripheral surface of the cross-sectional U-shaped member 36 of the ventilation means 28, and the annular disk 32. Guide the rotation. In the example of FIG. 8, the roller bearings 58 and 60 are arranged at 24 places and 7 places, respectively. Further, in FIG. 8, for easy explanation, the circular opening at the center of the annular member 32 is shown relatively small.

  Further, bearings 62 are arranged at predetermined intervals in the circumferential direction on the inner surface side of the plate 18a of the flange portion 18. The bearing 62 is in contact with the upstream side surface of the U-shaped member 38 in the cross section of the ventilation means 28 and supports the U-shaped member 38 in a rotatable manner. In this embodiment, twelve bearings 62 are arranged at equal intervals in the circumferential direction.

  As shown in FIGS. 6, 7, and 8, the driving unit 30 includes a small motor 64 (electric motor) attached to a lower portion of the plate 18 a of the flange portion 18 via a jig 64 a. The tip of the output shaft 66 of the small motor 64 is connected to a rotating gear 68 disposed inside the flange 18, and this rotating gear 68 is fixed to the annular disk 32 of the ventilation means 28. The spur gear 44 is engaged. By rotating the small motor 64, the annular disk 32 is rotated by a predetermined angle in a predetermined direction via the spur gear 44.

The wind turbine generator 100 using the present invention includes the wind turbine device 10 and a generator (not shown) that is driven by the wind turbine 16 to generate power.

  In the above embodiment, the members such as the wind tunnel body 12, the five support members 24 for the wind tunnel body, the flange portion 18, and the wind shield plate 34 can be formed of an appropriate material, for example, lightweight as FRP or plastic. And it can be configured with high strength. The U-shaped members 36 and 38 and the ribs 40 of the ventilation means 28 and the L-shaped members 50 and 52 and the ribs 54 of the fixing means 46 can be made of a light metal such as aluminum. Resin bearings can be used as the roller bearings 58 and 60 and the bearing 62.

The operation and action of the above configuration will be described.
In the case of a normal time (during power generation), as shown in FIGS. 1, 7 and the like, the driving means 30 is driven to rotate the ventilation means 28, and the opening 26 of the flange 18 and the opening of the ventilation means 28 (FIG. 7 openings 42) are arranged so as to be displaced by a certain angle θ (in this embodiment, θ = 15 °). If it does in this way, as shown in FIG. 1, the opening part 26 of the collar part 18 will be obstruct | occluded by the ventilation means 28 (wind-shielding board 34). In this case, since a vortex necessary for the lens windmill is formed, the power generation operation is performed with the wind lens effect of the wind tunnel body being exhibited.

  On the other hand, in the case of a storm (non-power generation), as shown in FIGS. 2, 7, etc., the driving means 30 is driven to rotate the ventilation means 28, and the opening 26 and the ventilation means 28 of the flange 18. The openings (openings 42 in FIG. 7) are arranged correspondingly. In this way, as shown in FIG. 2, the opening 26 of the flange 18 and the opening of the ventilation means 28 (opening 42 in FIG. 7) coincide with each other, so that the wind can pass through the flange 28. Since the wind passes through the opening 26 of the flange 18, an excessive wind load is applied to the flange 18, and a situation in which an excessive force is applied to the support member 24, the nacelle 14, the tower 20, and the foundation supporting the wind load is avoided. can do.

  As described above, according to the present invention, the opening 26 of the heel portion 18 is closed during normal times to exhibit the wind lens effect of the wind tunnel body 12, while the wind coming toward the heel portion 18 by opening the opening 26 during a stormy wind. Pass through. Here, when the annular disk 32 of the ventilation means 28 rotates by a predetermined angle, the wind shielding plate 34 opens and closes the opening 26.

  Therefore, according to the present invention, it is possible to easily avoid an excessive wind load from acting on the buttocks of the wind tunnel body during a storm. Further, the opening can be easily opened and closed without reversing the direction of the windmill.

  In addition, according to the present invention, wind power can be generated while exerting the wind lens effect of the wind tunnel body during normal times (during power generation), while the wind tunnel body main body, the buttock, and the wind tunnel body during stormy weather (non-power generation) The safety of the support structure can be improved. In particular, the cross-sectional force of the wind tunnel body and its support structure can be reduced. For example, according to a trial calculation by the present inventors, the present invention can reduce the generated cross-sectional force by about 40% as compared with a wind turbine apparatus having no opening in the flange.

  As described above, according to the windmill device according to the present invention, a windmill device including a cylindrical wind tunnel body, a windmill provided inside the wind tunnel body, and a flange provided on the outer periphery of the wind tunnel body. A plurality of openings provided at a predetermined interval in the circumferential direction of the flange, the ventilation means for closing and blocking the air while opening the openings to allow ventilation, and driving the ventilation means Drive means, and the ventilation means is an annular disk provided coaxially with the flange, and has a wind shield at a position corresponding to the position of the opening, and the annular disk is around the axis. The wind shield plate opens and closes the opening by rotating at a predetermined angle, so that the opening of the buttocks is closed during normal times to exhibit the wind lens effect of the wind tunnel body, while the opening is opened during windstorms. Pass the wind coming towards the buttocks. Here, when the annular disk of the ventilation means rotates by a predetermined angle, the wind shielding plate opens and closes the opening. Therefore, it is possible to easily avoid an excessive wind load from acting on the buttocks of the wind tunnel body during a storm.

As described above, the wind turbine equipment according to the present invention, a diffuser-type windmill device formed by arranging a cylindrical air channel around the wind turbine blades, and are useful for wind turbine generator according to the wind turbine device, in particular, It is suitable for easily avoiding an excessive wind load acting on the buttocks of the wind tunnel body during a storm.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 Windmill apparatus 12 Wind tunnel body 12a, 12d End edge 12b Trunk part 12c Diameter reduction part 14 Nacelle 16 Windmill 16a Blade | blade 18 Gutter part 18a, 18b Plate member 18c Annular lid member 20 Tower 22a Inlet side 22b Outlet side 24 Support member 24a Outer end 26 Opening portion 28 Ventilating means 30 Driving means 32 Annular disk 34 Wind shielding plate 36, 38 U-shaped member 40, 54 Rib 42, 56 Opening 44 Spur gear 46 Fixing means 48 Annular member 50, 52 L-shaped section Member 58, 60 Roller bearing 62 Bearing 64 Small motor 64a Jig 66 Output shaft 68 Gear for rotation 100 Wind power generator

Claims (2)

  1. A windmill device comprising a cylindrical wind tunnel body, a windmill provided inside the wind tunnel body, and a flange provided on the outer periphery of the wind tunnel body,
    A plurality of openings provided at predetermined intervals in the circumferential direction of the flange;
    Ventilation means for opening and closing the opening to allow ventilation, and further blocking and blocking the air, and drive means for driving the ventilation means,
    The flange includes a plate disposed on the upstream side of the wind and a plate disposed on the downstream side,
    The ventilation means is an annular disk disposed between the plate disposed on the upstream side and the plate disposed on the downstream side and provided coaxially with the flange portion, and corresponds to the position of the opening. A windshield plate fixed to the annular disk at the position , and the windshield plate opens or closes the opening by rotating the annular disk around the axis by a predetermined angle. Windmill device.
  2.   The windmill device according to claim 1, wherein the annular disk is configured by a U-shaped member in cross section, and rotation is guided by a roller bearing.
JP2012191941A 2012-08-31 2012-08-31 Windmill equipment Active JP6098865B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2012191941A JP6098865B2 (en) 2012-08-31 2012-08-31 Windmill equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2012191941A JP6098865B2 (en) 2012-08-31 2012-08-31 Windmill equipment

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2014047724A JP2014047724A (en) 2014-03-17
JP6098865B2 true JP6098865B2 (en) 2017-03-22

Family

ID=50607657

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2012191941A Active JP6098865B2 (en) 2012-08-31 2012-08-31 Windmill equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP6098865B2 (en)

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5554678A (en) * 1978-10-19 1980-04-22 Tokio Matsumoto Disaster prevention device of windmill for wind driven generator
EP1208301A4 (en) * 1999-06-16 2002-10-30 Prime Energy Corp A Neveda Cor Power-transducer/conversion system and related methodology
JP4949970B2 (en) * 2007-08-20 2012-06-13 俊昭 太田 Wind power generator
WO2011142286A1 (en) * 2010-05-12 2011-11-17 E&E株式会社 Horizontal axis type wind power generator equipped with air channel
JP5354297B2 (en) * 2010-06-16 2013-11-27 株式会社安川電機 Wind power generator

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2014047724A (en) 2014-03-17

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
AU2009301208B2 (en) Ring generator
US6674181B2 (en) Wind-driven twin turbine
US8177481B2 (en) Vertical axis wind turbine
AU2005216113B2 (en) Wind energy conversion system
KR100828234B1 (en) Wind turbine for generating electricity
US7980823B2 (en) Wind turbine generator rotor, wind turbine generator and wind turbine generator system
KR101280172B1 (en) Wind power generator
US7014416B2 (en) Control vane for a wind turbine
US7488150B2 (en) Vertical wind turbine system with adjustable inlet air scoop and exit drag curtain
US20120099977A1 (en) Fluid directing system for turbines
US4269563A (en) Wind turbine
US5038049A (en) Vertical axis wind powered generator
EP2235365B1 (en) Wind power plant
US20090136346A1 (en) Vertical axis wind turbine
US5126584A (en) Windmill
US8057159B2 (en) Twin wind turbine power system
JPWO2003027497A1 (en) Three-blade vertical wind turbine device
EP2604852B1 (en) Apparatus for generating electric power from wind energy
DK2686550T3 (en) An apparatus for gaining access to the nacelle of a wind turbine and associated methods
KR101299915B1 (en) Apparatus for generating by wind power
US6962478B2 (en) Vertical axis windmill
DE102011014476B4 (en) Wind turbine
US20040141845A1 (en) Vertical axis wind turbine
JP2019060345A (en) Wind power generation tower comprising gyro-mill type wind turbine
EP0610905A1 (en) Wind powered turbine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A711 Notification of change in applicant

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A711

Effective date: 20150701

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A821

Effective date: 20150701

A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20150805

A977 Report on retrieval

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A971007

Effective date: 20160613

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20160628

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20160825

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20170117

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20170208

R150 Certificate of patent or registration of utility model

Ref document number: 6098865

Country of ref document: JP

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150