JP5945407B2 - Solar cell panel laying structure and solar cell panel intermediate holding member - Google Patents

Solar cell panel laying structure and solar cell panel intermediate holding member Download PDF

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JP5945407B2
JP5945407B2 JP2011267712A JP2011267712A JP5945407B2 JP 5945407 B2 JP5945407 B2 JP 5945407B2 JP 2011267712 A JP2011267712 A JP 2011267712A JP 2011267712 A JP2011267712 A JP 2011267712A JP 5945407 B2 JP5945407 B2 JP 5945407B2
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solar cell
cell panel
roof
eaves
top surface
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JP2013119729A (en
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利樹 金野
利樹 金野
昌司 土井
昌司 土井
克典 高井
克典 高井
石田 謙介
謙介 石田
直樹 後藤
直樹 後藤
直樹 平尾
直樹 平尾
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Kaneka Corp
Utsunomiya Industry Co Ltd
Daiwa House Industry Co Ltd
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Kaneka Corp
Utsunomiya Industry Co Ltd
Daiwa House Industry Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

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  • Roof Covering Using Slabs Or Stiff Sheets (AREA)

Description

本発明は、太陽電池パネルの敷設構造及び太陽電池パネルの中間保持部材に関するものである。本発明は、特にフレームレス太陽電池パネルの敷設構造に関するものである。   The present invention relates to a solar cell panel laying structure and an intermediate holding member for a solar cell panel. The present invention particularly relates to a laying structure of a frameless solar cell panel.

太陽電池パネルは、太陽光エネルギーを受けて電力を発生させることができる。
近年、このような太陽電池パネルを一般家庭の屋根に敷き詰めて設置し、家庭で使用する電力を太陽電池パネルが発生する電力で賄う太陽光発電システムを採用する家庭が増加しつつある。
The solar cell panel can generate electric power upon receiving solar energy.
In recent years, an increasing number of households adopt such a photovoltaic power generation system in which such solar cell panels are installed on a common household roof and the electric power used by the households is covered by the electric power generated by the solar cell panels.

ここで太陽電池パネルを一般家庭の屋根に設置する代表的な方策として、モジュール化した太陽電池パネル自体に瓦(屋根部材)の機能を持たせ、屋根下地に敷設した瓦と太陽電池パネルを置換する方法が提案されている。
例えば、特許文献1では、複数の棒状のレール部材を住宅の屋根の勾配方向に平行に敷設し、そのレール部材によって太陽電池パネルの両端を挟持することによって屋根の勾配方向への動きを規制している。そして、レール部材の延伸方向(屋根の勾配方向に対して直交する方向)に沿って太陽電池パネルをスライドさせて敷設していき固定する構造が記載されている。
Here, as a typical measure for installing solar panels on the roof of ordinary households, the modularized solar cell panel itself has the function of a tile (roof member), and the tile and solar cell panel laid on the roof base are replaced. A method has been proposed.
For example, in Patent Document 1, a plurality of bar-shaped rail members are laid in parallel to the slope direction of a house roof, and the movement of the roof panel in the slope direction is regulated by sandwiching both ends of the solar cell panel by the rail members. ing. And the structure which slides and lays and fixes a solar cell panel along the extending | stretching direction (direction orthogonal to the gradient direction of a roof) of a rail member is described.

特開2002−4526号公報JP 2002-4526 A

特許文献1のレール部材は、太陽電池パネルの幅に合わせてレール部材を配置する必要があり、屋根への設置距離等を厳密に設計する必要がある。そのため、太陽電池パネルのレール部材の設置作業に時間を要し、作業性が悪いという問題があった。一般的に屋根は高いところに位置しており、足場等の設置環境を考慮すると、作業時間の短縮が望まれている。   The rail member of patent document 1 needs to arrange | position a rail member according to the width | variety of a solar cell panel, and needs to design strictly the installation distance etc. to a roof. Therefore, it takes time to install the rail member of the solar cell panel, and there is a problem that workability is poor. Generally, the roof is located at a high place, and considering the installation environment such as a scaffold, it is desired to shorten the working time.

そこで、本発明者らは、レール部材によって太陽電池パネルの一辺全体を固定するのではなく、太陽電池パネルの一辺の中間部を固定することによって、レール部材の敷設本数を削減し、作業性の向上を図った。
ところが、太陽電池パネルの一辺の中間部を固定すると、太陽電池パネルの角部等が重なり、太陽電池パネルの辺が直交する辺集結部が形成される。その辺集結部においては自由端となっているため、強度が低くなっている。そのため、外部から圧力を受けると、太陽電池パネルが湾曲し、破壊される虞があった。
Therefore, the present inventors do not fix the entire side of the solar cell panel by the rail member, but fix the intermediate part of one side of the solar cell panel, thereby reducing the number of rail members installed and improving workability. Improved.
However, when the intermediate portion on one side of the solar cell panel is fixed, the corners of the solar cell panel overlap, and a side concentration portion where the sides of the solar cell panel are orthogonal to each other is formed. Since the edge is a free end, the strength is low. Therefore, when a pressure is received from the outside, the solar cell panel may be bent and destroyed.

そこで、本発明は、上記した問題点を解決するものであり、例え太陽電池パネルの一辺の中間部を固定する場合であっても強度を確保できる太陽電池パネルの敷設構造を提供することを課題とするものである。   Therefore, the present invention solves the above-described problems, and provides a laying structure of a solar cell panel that can ensure the strength even when the intermediate part of one side of the solar cell panel is fixed. It is what.

上記した課題を解決するための請求項1に記載の発明は、複数の四角形の太陽電池パネルが行方向と列方向に並べられて平面的な広がりをもって設置されていて、3枚又は4枚の太陽電池パネルの辺が直交する辺集結部があり、辺集結部またはその近傍の位置に、辺集結部を形成する前記3枚又は4枚の太陽電池パネルを相互に接続する中間保持部材が宙空状態で装着されており、前記太陽電池パネルは、フレームレス太陽電池パネルであって屋根に設置されており、太陽電池パネルの平行な二辺の中間部分が屋根に対して固定され、前記中間保持部材が装着されていない状態においては、太陽電池パネルの他の平行な二辺側が自由端であり、前記中間保持部材は、骨格部材と、摩擦付与部材を有し、前記骨格部材は、天面部と、天面部から下方に離れた底面部と、前記天面部と前記底面部とを接続する支持部を有しており、前記天面部及び底面部は、長方形平板状であって、そのそれぞれの長辺が支持部に接続されており、前記天面部の短手方向の長さは、前記底面部の短手方向の長さよりも短いものであり、前記支持部の厚み方向の両側には、天面部と底面部と支持部とによって囲まれた保持凹部がそれぞれ形成されており、前記摩擦付与部材は、上面取り付け部と、下面取り付け部を有し、前記保持凹部の内面に沿って配されており、前記上面取り付け部は、前記天面部の上面の一部を覆う上面覆部と、前記天面部の下面を覆う下面覆部と、前記天面部の端面を覆う端面覆部から構成されており、隣接する太陽電池パネルの辺集結部は、前記上面取り付け部と下面取り付け部によって挟持されていることを特徴とする太陽電池パネルの敷設構造である。
すなわち、本発明は、複数の四角形の太陽電池パネルが行方向と列方向に並べられて平面的な広がりをもって設置されていて、3枚又は4枚の太陽電池パネルの辺が直交する辺集結部があり、辺集結部またはその近傍の位置に、辺集結部を形成する前記3枚又は4枚の太陽電池パネルを相互に接続する中間保持部材が宙空状態で装着されている。
The invention according to claim 1 for solving the above-described problem is that a plurality of rectangular solar cell panels are arranged in a row direction and a column direction and are installed with a planar spread, and three or four sheets are provided. There is a side concentrating portion where the sides of the solar cell panel are orthogonal to each other, and an intermediate holding member that connects the three or four solar cell panels forming the side concentrating portion to the side concentrating portion or a position in the vicinity thereof is a space. It is mounted in an empty state, and the solar cell panel is a frameless solar cell panel and is installed on the roof, and an intermediate part between two parallel sides of the solar cell panel is fixed to the roof, In a state in which the holding member is not mounted, the other two parallel sides of the solar cell panel are free ends, the intermediate holding member has a skeleton member and a friction applying member, and the skeleton member is a ceiling member. From the surface and top surface And a support portion that connects the top surface portion and the bottom surface portion, and the top surface portion and the bottom surface portion have a rectangular flat plate shape, and each long side thereof is a support portion. The length of the top surface portion in the short direction is shorter than the length of the bottom surface portion in the short direction, and on both sides of the support portion in the thickness direction, the top surface portion and the bottom surface portion And holding recesses surrounded by the support portion, and the friction applying member has an upper surface mounting portion and a lower surface mounting portion, and is arranged along the inner surface of the holding recess. The attachment portion is composed of an upper surface covering portion that covers a part of the upper surface of the top surface portion, a lower surface covering portion that covers the lower surface of the top surface portion, and an end surface covering portion that covers the end surface of the top surface portion. The side concentrator of the battery panel includes the upper surface mounting portion and the lower surface mounting portion. Therefore it is sandwiched a laying structure of the solar cell panel according to claim.
That is, according to the present invention, a plurality of quadrangular solar cell panels are arranged in a row direction and a column direction and are installed with a planar spread, and the side concentration part in which the sides of three or four solar cell panels are orthogonal to each other And an intermediate holding member for connecting the three or four solar cell panels forming the side concentration portion to each other is mounted in the air at the side concentration portion or in the vicinity thereof.

本発明の太陽電池パネルの敷設構造によれば、辺集結部またはその近傍の位置に、辺集結部を形成する前記3枚又は4枚の太陽電池パネルを相互に接続する中間保持部材が宙空状態で装着されている。即ち、太陽電池パネルの辺集結部またはその近傍の部位は宙空状態となっており、中間保持部材を取り付けていない状態においては、太陽電池パネルの厚み方向の外部からの正圧及び負圧に対して強度が弱い。しかしながら、本発明の太陽電池パネルの敷設構造によれば、中間保持部材を取り付けることによって、3枚又は4枚の太陽電池パネルが連結されるため、例え外部からの正圧及び負圧を受けたとしても、外圧を分散することができ、1枚当たりの太陽電池パネルにかかる外圧を低減することができる。それ故に、外圧に対して太陽電池パネルが湾曲しにくく、破壊されにくい。即ち、外圧に対する強度が高い。   According to the solar cell panel laying structure of the present invention, the intermediate holding member that interconnects the three or four solar cell panels forming the side concentration portion at the side concentration portion or in the vicinity thereof is in the air. It is installed in a state. That is, the side concentration part of the solar cell panel or a portion in the vicinity thereof is in an airborne state, and in the state where the intermediate holding member is not attached, positive and negative pressure from the outside in the thickness direction of the solar cell panel is applied. On the other hand, the strength is weak. However, according to the laying structure of the solar cell panel of the present invention, the three or four solar cell panels are connected by attaching the intermediate holding member, so that, for example, positive and negative pressures are received from the outside. However, it is possible to disperse the external pressure and to reduce the external pressure applied to one solar cell panel. Therefore, the solar cell panel is difficult to be bent with respect to the external pressure and is not easily destroyed. That is, the strength against external pressure is high.

本発明は、太陽電池パネルは屋根に設置されており、太陽電池パネルの平行な二辺の中間部分が屋根に対して固定され、前記中間保持部材が装着されていない状態においては、太陽電池パネルの他の平行な二辺側が自由端である。
請求項2に記載の発明は、前記下面覆部の下面には、複数の凸条部を有し、前記凸条部は、下面覆部の長手方向に沿って下方に向けて突出していることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の太陽電池パネルの敷設構造である。
In the present invention, the solar cell panel is installed on the roof, the solar cell panel is in a state where the intermediate part of the two parallel sides of the solar cell panel is fixed to the roof and the intermediate holding member is not mounted. The other two parallel sides are free ends.
According to a second aspect of the present invention, the lower surface of the lower surface covering portion has a plurality of protruding ridge portions, and the protruding ridge portions protrude downward along the longitudinal direction of the lower surface covering portion. The solar cell panel laying structure according to claim 1.

請求項3に記載の発明は、中間保持部材は、溝状の保持凹部が背中合わせに設けられたものであることを特徴とする請求項1又は2に記載の太陽電池パネルの敷設構造である。   The invention according to claim 3 is the solar cell panel laying structure according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the intermediate holding member is provided with groove-like holding recesses back to back.

本発明の太陽電池パネルの敷設構造によれば、保持部には二つの保持凹部が背中合わせに設けられている。即ち、一方の保持凹部で一つの太陽電池パネルの辺を挟んで保持し、他方の保持凹部で隣接する太陽電池パネルの辺を挟んで保持する。それ故に、1つの固定部材で隣接する太陽電池パネルを2枚固定できる。その結果、固定部材の個数を減少させることができ、コストを低減できる。   According to the laying structure of the solar cell panel of the present invention, the holding portion is provided with two holding recesses back to back. That is, one holding recess holds the side of one solar cell panel, and the other holding recess holds the side of the adjacent solar cell panel. Therefore, two adjacent solar cell panels can be fixed with one fixing member. As a result, the number of fixing members can be reduced, and the cost can be reduced.

請求項1に記載の発明は、保持凹部内には、摩擦付与部材が設けられている。   According to the first aspect of the present invention, a friction applying member is provided in the holding recess.

本発明の構造によれば、太陽電池パネルが抜け落ちしにくい。   According to the structure of the present invention, it is difficult for the solar cell panel to fall off.

請求項4に記載の発明は、複数の四角形の太陽電池パネルが行方向と列方向に並べられて平面的な広がりをもって設置されていて、3枚又は4枚の太陽電池パネルの辺が直交する辺集結部があり、辺集結部またはその近傍の位置に、宙空状態で装着される中間保持部材であって、溝状の保持凹部が背中合わせに設けられたものであり、前記太陽電池パネルは、フレームレス太陽電池パネルであって屋根に設置されたものであり、太陽電池パネルの平行な二辺の中間部分が屋根に対して固定され、前記中間保持部材が装着されていない状態においては、太陽電池パネルの他の平行な二辺側が自由端であり、骨格部材と、摩擦付与部材を有し、前記骨格部材は、天面部と、天面部から下方に離れた底面部と、前記天面部と前記底面部とを接続する支持部を有しており、天面部及び底面部は、長方形平板状であって、そのそれぞれの長辺が支持部に接続されており、前記天面部の短手方向の長さは、前記底面部の短手方向の長さよりも短いものであり、前記支持部の厚み方向の両側には、天面部と底面部と支持部とによって囲まれた保持凹部がそれぞれ形成されており、前記摩擦付与部材は、上面取り付け部と、下面取り付け部を有し、前記上面取り付け部は、前記天面部の上面の一部を覆う上面覆部と、前記天面部の下面を覆う下面覆部と、前記天面部の端面を覆う端面覆部から構成されており、前記摩擦付与部材は、前記保持凹部の内面に沿って配されており、隣接する太陽電池パネルの辺集結部を、前記上面取り付け部と下面取り付け部によって挟持することを特徴とする太陽電池パネルの中間保持部材である。
すなわち、本発明は、複数の四角形の太陽電池パネルが行方向と列方向に並べられて平面的な広がりをもって設置されていて、3枚又は4枚の太陽電池パネルの辺が直交する辺集結部があり、辺集結部またはその近傍の位置に、宙空状態で装着される中間保持部材であり、溝状の保持凹部が背中合わせに設けられている。
According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, a plurality of rectangular solar cell panels are arranged in a row direction and a column direction so as to be installed with a planar spread, and the sides of the three or four solar cell panels are orthogonal to each other. There is a side concentrating part, an intermediate holding member mounted in the air in the side concentrating part or in the vicinity thereof, groove-shaped holding concave parts are provided back to back, the solar cell panel In the state where the frameless solar cell panel is installed on the roof, the middle part of the two parallel sides of the solar cell panel is fixed to the roof, and the intermediate holding member is not mounted. The other two parallel sides of the solar cell panel are free ends, and have a skeleton member and a friction imparting member. The skeleton member includes a top surface portion, a bottom surface portion spaced downward from the top surface portion, and the top surface portion. And the bottom part The top surface portion and the bottom surface portion have a rectangular flat plate shape, and the respective long sides thereof are connected to the support portion, and the length of the top surface portion in the short direction is the bottom surface The holding recesses surrounded by the top surface portion, the bottom surface portion, and the support portion are respectively formed on both sides of the support portion in the thickness direction, and the friction application The member includes an upper surface attachment portion and a lower surface attachment portion, and the upper surface attachment portion includes an upper surface cover portion that covers a part of the upper surface of the top surface portion, a lower surface cover portion that covers a lower surface of the top surface portion, and the top surface. It is comprised from the end surface cover part which covers the end surface of a surface part, and the said friction provision member is distribute | arranged along the inner surface of the said holding | maintenance recessed part, The side concentration part of an adjacent solar cell panel is made into the said upper surface attachment part and a lower surface A solar cell characterized by being sandwiched by a mounting portion An intermediate holding member panel.
That is, according to the present invention, a plurality of quadrangular solar cell panels are arranged in a row direction and a column direction and are installed with a planar spread, and the side concentration part in which the sides of three or four solar cell panels are orthogonal to each other There is an intermediate holding member that is mounted in the air at the side concentration part or in the vicinity thereof, and groove-like holding concave portions are provided back to back.

本発明の太陽電池パネルの中間保持部材によれば、3枚又は4枚の太陽電池パネルの辺が直交する辺集結部があり、辺集結部またはその近傍の位置に、宙空状態で装着される中間保持部材である。即ち、太陽電池パネルの辺集結部またはその近傍の部位は宙空状態となっており、中間保持部材を取り付けていない状態においては、太陽電池パネルの厚み方向の外部からの正圧及び負圧に対して強度が弱い。しかしながら、本発明の中間保持部材によれば、3枚又は4枚の太陽電池パネルが連結されるため、例え外部からの正圧及び負圧を受けたとしても、外圧を分散することができ、1枚当たりの太陽電池パネルにかかる外圧を低減することができる。それ故に、外圧に対して太陽電池パネルが湾曲しにくく、破壊されにくい。即ち、外圧に対する強度が高い。
本発明の中間保持部材によれば、溝状の保持凹部が背中合わせに設けられている。即ち、一方の保持凹部で一つの太陽電池パネルの辺を挟んで保持し、他方の保持凹部で隣接する太陽電池パネルの辺を挟んで保持する。それ故に、1つの固定部材で隣接する太陽電池パネルを2枚固定できる。その結果、固定部材の個数を減少させることができ、コストを低減できる。
According to the intermediate holding member of the solar cell panel of the present invention, there are side concentration portions where the sides of the three or four solar cell panels are orthogonal to each other, and they are mounted in the air in the side concentration portion or in the vicinity thereof. Intermediate holding member. That is, the side concentration part of the solar cell panel or a portion in the vicinity thereof is in an airborne state, and in the state where the intermediate holding member is not attached, positive and negative pressure from the outside in the thickness direction of the solar cell panel is applied. On the other hand, the strength is weak. However, according to the intermediate holding member of the present invention, three or four solar cell panels are connected, so even if the external positive pressure and negative pressure are received, the external pressure can be dispersed, The external pressure applied to one solar cell panel can be reduced. Therefore, the solar cell panel is difficult to be bent with respect to the external pressure and is not easily destroyed. That is, the strength against external pressure is high.
According to the intermediate holding member of the present invention, the groove-like holding recesses are provided back to back. That is, one holding recess holds the side of one solar cell panel, and the other holding recess holds the side of the adjacent solar cell panel. Therefore, two adjacent solar cell panels can be fixed with one fixing member. As a result, the number of fixing members can be reduced, and the cost can be reduced.

本発明の太陽電池パネルの敷設構造によれば、外圧に対して太陽電池パネルが湾曲しにくく、破壊されにくく、外圧に対する強度が高い。   According to the laying structure of the solar cell panel of the present invention, the solar cell panel is not easily bent or broken with respect to the external pressure, and the strength against the external pressure is high.

本発明の第1実施形態の屋根構造の概念図である。It is a conceptual diagram of the roof structure of 1st Embodiment of this invention. 図1の太陽電池パネルを除いた概念図である。It is a conceptual diagram except the solar cell panel of FIG. 図1の屋根構造で採用する金属製の屋根材を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the metal roof materials employ | adopted with the roof structure of FIG. 図1の固定部材とレール部材を組み立てたときの斜視図である。It is a perspective view when the fixing member and rail member of FIG. 1 are assembled. 図4のレール部材の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the rail member of FIG. 図5のレール部材のA−A断面図である。It is AA sectional drawing of the rail member of FIG. 図4の固定部材を表す斜視図である。It is a perspective view showing the fixing member of FIG. 図7の保持部を表す斜視図である。It is a perspective view showing the holding | maintenance part of FIG. 図8の保持部を別視野から視た斜視図である。It is the perspective view which looked at the holding | maintenance part of FIG. 8 from another visual field. 図8の保持部の分解斜視図である。It is a disassembled perspective view of the holding | maintenance part of FIG. 図8の保持部の断面図である。It is sectional drawing of the holding | maintenance part of FIG. 図7の基礎部を表す斜視図である。It is a perspective view showing the fundamental part of FIG. 図12の要部の拡大図である。It is an enlarged view of the principal part of FIG. 図12の基礎部を別視野から視た斜視図である。It is the perspective view which looked at the fundamental part of Drawing 12 from another visual field. 基礎部に保持部を固定する際の説明図である。It is explanatory drawing at the time of fixing a holding | maintenance part to a base part. 図1の太陽電池パネルの位置関係を表す図であり、連結ピースを除いている図である。It is a figure showing the positional relationship of the solar cell panel of FIG. 1, and is a figure which excludes the connection piece. 図2の連結ピースの斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the connection piece of FIG. 図17の連結ピースの分解斜視図である。It is a disassembled perspective view of the connection piece of FIG. 図17の連結ピースの断面図である。It is sectional drawing of the connection piece of FIG. 図1の屋根構造で採用する軒先取付け金具(軒先取付け具)を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the eaves mounting bracket (eave mounting fixture) employ | adopted with the roof structure of FIG. 図20の軒先取付け金具を示す分解斜視図である。It is a disassembled perspective view which shows the eaves edge attachment metal fitting of FIG. 図20の軒先金具本体を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the eaves-end metal fitting main body of FIG. 図22の軒先金具本体を別方向からみた斜視図である。It is the perspective view which looked at the eaves-end metal fitting body of Drawing 22 from another direction. 図22の軒先金具本体を示す平面図であり、係合部を破線で示している。It is a top view which shows the eaves-end metal fitting main body of FIG. 22, and has shown the engaging part with the broken line. 図20のモジュール保持金具を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the module holding metal fitting of FIG. 図25のモジュール保持金具を別方向からみた斜視図である。It is the perspective view which looked at the module holding metal fitting of FIG. 25 from another direction. 図25のモジュール保持金具を示す右側面図である。It is a right view which shows the module holding metal fitting of FIG. 図20の軒先取付け金具の組み立て手順を示す説明図であり、(a)は軒先金具本体にモジュール保持金具を取り付ける前の状態を示し、(b)は軒先金具本体にモジュール保持金具を添えあてた状態を示し、(c)は軒先金具本体とモジュール保持金具とを一体に固定する様子を示す。It is explanatory drawing which shows the assembly procedure of the eaves-end attachment metal fitting of FIG. 20, (a) shows the state before attaching a module holding bracket to an eaves-end fitting main body, (b) attached the module holding fitting to the eaves-end fitting main body. A state is shown, (c) shows a mode that the eaves-end metal fitting body and the module holding metal fitting are fixed integrally. 図20の軒先取付け金具を別の方向からみた斜視図である。It is the perspective view which looked at the eaves tip attachment metal fitting of FIG. 20 from another direction. 本実施形態の屋根構造の施工手順のうちの第1の工程を示す斜視図であり、屋根下地の軒先に軒先取付け金具を取り付けた状態を示す。It is a perspective view which shows the 1st process in the construction procedure of the roof structure of this embodiment, and shows the state which attached the eaves tip attachment metal fitting to the eaves of the roof base. 本実施形態の屋根構造の施工手順のうちの第2の工程を示す斜視図であり、軒側第1行目の屋根部材を設置した状態を示す。It is a perspective view which shows the 2nd process in the construction procedure of the roof structure of this embodiment, and shows the state which installed the roof member of the eaves side 1st line. 本実施形態の屋根構造の施工手順のうちの第2の工程において、屋根部材の軒先側部分を軒先取付け金具に掛止する様子を示す説明図であり、(a)は屋根部材を軒先取付け金具に掛止する前の状態を示し、(b)は屋根部材を軒先取付け金具に掛止した後の状態を示す。It is explanatory drawing which shows a mode that the eaves side part of a roof member is hooked to an eaves attaching bracket in the 2nd process of the construction procedure of the roof structure of this embodiment, (a) is a roof member attaching an eaves attaching bracket. The state before latching is shown, (b) shows the state after latching the roof member on the eaves-end fitting. 本実施形態の屋根構造の施工手順のうちの第2の工程において、軒側第1行目の屋根部材の軒側部分を屋根下地に固定した状態を示す斜視図である。In the 2nd process of the construction procedure of the roof structure of this embodiment, it is a perspective view which shows the state which fixed the eaves side part of the roof member of the eaves side 1st line to the roof base | substrate. 本実施形態の屋根構造の施工手順のうちの第2の工程において、軒側第1行目の屋根部材の軒側部分を屋根下地に固定する様子を示す拡大断面図であり、(a)は屋根部材を固定する前の状態を示し、(b)は屋根部材を屋根下地上に固定した後の状態を示す。It is an expanded sectional view showing signs that the eaves side portion of the roof member of the eaves side first row is fixed to the roof base in the second step of the construction procedure of the roof structure of the present embodiment, (a) The state before fixing a roof member is shown, (b) shows the state after fixing a roof member on a roof base. 本実施形態の屋根構造の施工手順のうちの第3の工程を示す斜視図であり、軒側第2行目の屋根部材を設置した状態を示す。It is a perspective view which shows the 3rd process in the construction procedure of the roof structure of this embodiment, and shows the state which installed the roof member of the eaves side 2nd row. 本実施形態の屋根構造の施工手順のうちの第3の工程において、軒側第2行目の屋根部材の軒先側部分を軒側第1行目の屋根部材に掛止する様子を示す説明図であり、(a)は軒側第2行目の屋根部材を軒側第1行目の屋根部材に掛止する前の状態を示し、(b)は軒側第2行目の屋根部材を軒側第1行目の屋根部材に掛止した後の状態を示す。Explanatory drawing which shows a mode that the eaves side part of the roof member of the eaves side 2nd line is hooked to the roof member of the eaves side 1st line in the 3rd process in the construction procedure of the roof structure of this embodiment. (A) shows the state before the eaves side second row roof member is hooked on the eaves side first row roof member, and (b) shows the eave side second row roof member. The state after hanging on the roof member of the eaves side 1st line is shown. 本実施形態の屋根構造の施工手順のうちの第3の工程において、軒側第2行目の屋根部材を屋根下地に固定した状態を示す斜視図である。In the 3rd process of the construction procedure of the roof structure of this embodiment, it is a perspective view which shows the state which fixed the roof member of the eaves side 2nd line to the roof base | substrate. 本実施形態の屋根構造の施工手順のうちの第3の工程において、軒側第2行目以降の行の屋根部材を屋根下地に固定する様子を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows a mode that the roof member of the line after the eaves side 2nd line is fixed to a roof base | substrate in the 3rd process in the construction procedure of the roof structure of this embodiment. 本実施形態の屋根構造の施工手順のうちの第4の工程を示す斜視図であり、軒側第1行目のレール部材を屋根上に設置する様子を示す。It is a perspective view which shows the 4th process among the construction procedures of the roof structure of this embodiment, and shows a mode that the rail member of the eaves side 1st line is installed on a roof. 本実施形態の屋根構造の施工手順のうちの第4の工程を示す斜視図であり、軒側第2行目のレール部材を屋根上に設置する様子を示す。It is a perspective view which shows the 4th process in the construction procedure of the roof structure of this embodiment, and shows a mode that the rail member of the eaves side 2nd row is installed on a roof. 本実施形態の屋根構造の施工手順のうちの第5の工程を示す斜視図であり、レール部材に中間取付け金具を取り付ける様子を示す。It is a perspective view which shows the 5th process in the construction procedure of the roof structure of this embodiment, and shows a mode that an intermediate attachment metal fitting is attached to a rail member. レール部材に固定部材を固定する際の説明図であり、(a)は取り付け姿勢を表し、(b)は係合姿勢を表す。It is explanatory drawing at the time of fixing a fixing member to a rail member, (a) represents an attachment attitude | position and (b) represents an engagement attitude | position. 本実施形態の屋根構造の施工手順のうちの第6の工程を示す斜視図であり、軒側第1行目の太陽電池パネルを取り付ける様子を示す。It is a perspective view which shows the 6th process in the construction procedure of the roof structure of this embodiment, and shows a mode that the solar cell panel of the eaves side 1st row is attached. 本実施形態の屋根構造の施工手順のうちの第6の工程を示す斜視図であり、軒側第1行目の太陽電池パネルを取り付けた状態を示す。It is a perspective view which shows the 6th process in the construction procedure of the roof structure of this embodiment, and shows the state which attached the solar cell panel of the eaves side 1st line. 本実施形態の屋根構造の施工手順のうちの第6の工程において、軒側第1行目の太陽電池パネルの軒側部分を軒先取付け金具に取り付けた状態を示す拡大断面図である。In the 6th process in the construction procedure of the roof structure of this embodiment, it is an expanded sectional view which shows the state which attached the eaves side part of the solar cell panel of the eaves side 1st line to the eaves tip attachment metal fitting. 太陽電池パネルに固定部材を装着する際の説明図であり、(a)装着前、(b)装着後を表す。It is explanatory drawing at the time of mounting | wearing a fixing member to a solar cell panel, (a) Before mounting | wearing, (b) After mounting | wearing is represented. 太陽電池パネルに連結ピースを装着する際の説明図であり、(a)装着前、(b)装着後を表す。It is explanatory drawing at the time of mounting | wearing with a connection piece to a solar cell panel, (a) Before mounting | wearing, (b) After mounting | wearing is represented. 本実施形態の屋根構造の施工手順のうちの第7の工程を示す斜視図であり、軒側第1行目以降の行の太陽電池パネルを取り付ける様子を示す。It is a perspective view which shows the 7th process in the construction procedure of the roof structure of this embodiment, and shows a mode that the solar cell panel of the line after the eaves side 1st line is attached. 本実施形態の屋根構造の施工手順のうちの第7の工程を示す斜視図であり、軒側第2行目の太陽電池パネルを取り付けた状態を示す。It is a perspective view which shows the 7th process in the construction procedure of the roof structure of this embodiment, and shows the state which attached the solar cell panel of the eaves side 2nd row. 本発明の固定部材の基礎部に対する保持部の固定位置を変更した場合の斜視図である。It is a perspective view at the time of changing the fixing position of the holding | maintenance part with respect to the base part of the fixing member of this invention. 本発明の固定部材の固定位置を変更した場合、太陽電池パネルに連結ピースを装着する際の説明図であり、(a)装着前、(b)装着後を表す。When the fixing position of the fixing member of this invention is changed, it is explanatory drawing at the time of mounting | wearing a connection piece to a solar cell panel, (a) Before mounting, (b) represents after mounting. 本発明の固定部材の基礎部に対する保持部の固定位置を変更した場合の斜視図である。It is a perspective view at the time of changing the fixing position of the holding | maintenance part with respect to the base part of the fixing member of this invention. 本発明の太陽電池パネルの変形例を表す斜視図である。It is a perspective view showing the modification of the solar cell panel of this invention. 本発明の骨格部材の変形例を表す断面斜視図である。It is a section perspective view showing the modification of the frame member of the present invention. 本発明の太陽電池パネルの敷設構造の変形例を表す平面図である。It is a top view showing the modification of the laying structure of the solar cell panel of this invention.

以下、本発明の実施形態について詳細に説明する。なお、以下の説明において、特に断りがない限り、上下左右前後の位置関係は、通常の設置位置(図1)を基準に説明する。また、以下の説明においては、屋根下地への取り付け時の軒先側を前方側、棟側を後方側とも記す。即ち、屋根の軒先に位置する端部側を前方側、屋根の軒先と対になる端部側を後方側と記す。そして、太陽電池パネル2の位置関係については、太陽電池パネル2を屋根上に取り付けたときの桁行方向を列方向w、梁間方向を行方向lと示す。   Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail. In the following description, unless otherwise specified, the positional relationship between the top, bottom, left, and right is described based on the normal installation position (FIG. 1). Moreover, in the following description, the eaves side at the time of attachment to a roof base is described as the front side, and the ridge side is described as the rear side. That is, the end side located at the eaves of the roof is referred to as the front side, and the end side that is paired with the eaves of the roof is referred to as the rear side. And about the positional relationship of the solar cell panel 2, the row direction when the solar cell panel 2 is attached on a roof is shown as the column direction w, and the direction between beams is shown as the row direction l.

本発明の第1実施形態の屋根構造1は、具体的にはフレームレス太陽電池パネルの敷設構造を採用している。屋根構造1では、図1,図2のように複数の太陽電池パネル2が金属製の屋根部材202が敷き詰められた金属葺きの基礎屋根構造203の上に、梁間方向たる行方向l及び桁行方向たる列方向wに広がりをもって設置されている。本実施形態では、太陽電池パネル2が碁盤状に並んで配されている。即ち、太陽電池パネル2が行方向l及び列方向wに整列している。
また、屋根構造1は、図1,図2のように太陽電池パネル2と、レール部材3と、固定部材5と、連結ピース100と、軒先取付け金具200を有している。
Specifically, the roof structure 1 of the first embodiment of the present invention adopts a laying structure of a frameless solar cell panel. In the roof structure 1, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, a plurality of solar battery panels 2 are placed on a metal-funded basic roof structure 203 in which metal roof members 202 are spread, and a row direction l and a column direction in the beam direction. It is installed with a spread in the row direction w. In this embodiment, the solar cell panels 2 are arranged side by side in a grid pattern. That is, the solar cell panels 2 are aligned in the row direction l and the column direction w.
Moreover, the roof structure 1 has the solar cell panel 2, the rail member 3, the fixing member 5, the connection piece 100, and the eaves edge attachment metal fitting 200 like FIG. 1, FIG.

以下、本発明の第1実施形態の屋根構造1の各構成部材について説明する。   Hereinafter, each structural member of the roof structure 1 of 1st Embodiment of this invention is demonstrated.

まず、屋根部材202について説明する。
屋根部材202は、銅、ステンレス、アルミ、鋼等の金属や、これら金属のうちの適宜なものを表面処理したカラーステンレス、カラーアルミ、フッ素鋼鈑、ガルバリウム鋼鈑、カラー鉄板等を加工して形成される略長方形薄板状の屋根材である。この屋根部材202の短手方向lの片側端部には、図3で示されるように、掛止片212が形成されており、短手方向lの他方端部からやや中心よりの部分には、掛止突起213が形成されている。
First, the roof member 202 will be described.
The roof member 202 is formed by processing a metal such as copper, stainless steel, aluminum, steel, or a color stainless steel, a color aluminum, a fluorine steel plate, a galvalume steel plate, a color iron plate, or the like obtained by surface-treating an appropriate one of these metals. It is a substantially rectangular thin plate-like roof material formed. As shown in FIG. 3, a hook piece 212 is formed at one end of the roof member 202 in the short direction 1, and the other end in the short direction l is slightly closer to the center. A latching protrusion 213 is formed.

掛止片212は、屋根部材202の短手方向lの端部を裏面側へ折り曲げて形成される、所謂小鈎とも称される部分である。より具体的には、この掛止片212は、屋根部材202を屋根下地に取り付けたときに、軒先側(図3の短手方向l前方側)に位置する端部を折り曲げて形成されるものであり、断面形状が略「V」字状で長手方向wに延びている。   The latching piece 212 is a portion called a so-called gavel, which is formed by bending an end portion of the roof member 202 in the short direction 1 to the back surface side. More specifically, the hooking piece 212 is formed by bending an end portion located on the eaves side (front side in the short direction 1 in FIG. 3) when the roof member 202 is attached to the roof base. The cross-sectional shape is substantially “V” and extends in the longitudinal direction w.

掛止突起213は、金属板の一部を表面側に凸となるように折り曲げて形成される部分である。即ち、掛止突起213は、屋根部材202の表裏方向において裏面側から表面側へ向かう方向(高さ方向における上方)に突出するように立設された二つの突出壁部213a,213bと、二つの突出壁部213a,213bの間で突出端面を形成する端面形成部213cによって形成されている。   The latching protrusion 213 is a part formed by bending a part of the metal plate so as to be convex on the surface side. That is, the latching protrusion 213 includes two projecting wall portions 213a and 213b that are erected so as to project in the direction from the back surface side to the front surface side (upward in the height direction) in the front and back direction of the roof member 202, It is formed by the end surface formation part 213c which forms a protrusion end surface between the two protrusion wall parts 213a and 213b.

二つの突出壁部213a,213bは、いずれも、屋根部材202の表裏方向(高さ方向)に対してやや傾斜して突出しており、より具体的には、いずれも掛止片212が位置する端部側(図3の短手方向l前方側)へ近づく方向に傾斜して突出している。ここで、掛止片212が位置する端部に近い位置に形成された突出壁部213bと、もう一方の突出壁部213aとは傾斜角度が異なっており、掛止片212に近い位置に形成された突出壁部213bが他の突出壁部213aより急な角度で傾斜している。
そして、掛止片212に近い位置に形成された突出壁部213bと、この突出壁部213bの下端部と連続する部分との間には、屋根材掛止空間214が形成されている。この屋根材掛止空間214は、断面形状三角形状で屋根部材202の長手方向wに延びる空間となっている。
Each of the two protruding wall portions 213a and 213b protrudes slightly inclined with respect to the front and back direction (height direction) of the roof member 202, and more specifically, both of the latching pieces 212 are located. Inclining and projecting toward the end side (the front side in the short direction 1 in FIG. 3). Here, the protruding wall portion 213b formed at a position close to the end portion where the latching piece 212 is located and the other protruding wall portion 213a have different inclination angles and are formed at a position close to the latching piece 212. The projecting wall portion 213b is inclined at a steeper angle than the other projecting wall portions 213a.
And the roof material latching space 214 is formed between the protruding wall part 213b formed in the position close | similar to the latching piece 212, and the part which follows the lower end part of this protruding wall part 213b. The roof material latching space 214 is a space having a triangular cross-sectional shape and extending in the longitudinal direction w of the roof member 202.

端面形成部213cは、略長方形平板状の部分であり、短手方向l両端部で、二つの突出壁部213a,213bの上端部分とそれぞれ連続している。この端面形成部213cは、屋根部材202の掛止突起213と隣接する部分、即ち、突出壁部213a,213bの下端部と連続する部分と、屋根部材202の表裏方向において離れた位置で略平行となっている。
以上が屋根部材202の説明である。
The end surface forming portion 213c is a substantially rectangular flat plate portion, and is continuous with the upper end portions of the two protruding wall portions 213a and 213b at both ends in the lateral direction l. The end surface forming portion 213c is substantially parallel to a portion adjacent to the latching protrusion 213 of the roof member 202, that is, a portion continuous with the lower end portions of the protruding wall portions 213a and 213b, and a position separated in the front and back direction of the roof member 202. It has become.
The above is the description of the roof member 202.

続いて、太陽電池パネル2について説明する。
太陽電池パネル2は、通常、太陽電池パネル自身に、図示しない端子ボックス、ケーブル、断熱補強材等の部材を取り付けて使用されるものである。なお、太陽電池パネル2の種類は、特に限定されるものではないが、本実施形態では、所謂枠体を使用しないフレームレス太陽電池パネルとも称されるものを採用している。
また、太陽電池パネル2の外観は、図1のように四角形状の板状体となっている。
Next, the solar cell panel 2 will be described.
The solar cell panel 2 is usually used by attaching members such as a terminal box, a cable, and a heat insulation reinforcing material (not shown) to the solar cell panel itself. In addition, although the kind of solar cell panel 2 is not specifically limited, In this embodiment, what is called a frameless solar cell panel which does not use what is called a frame is employ | adopted.
Moreover, the external appearance of the solar cell panel 2 is a rectangular plate-like body as shown in FIG.

続いて、レール部材3について説明する。
レール部材3は、図1,図4のように固定部材5を屋根部材202に固定する際に、固定部材5を支持する部材である。レール部材3は、図5のように長尺状の棒状体であり、断面形状が「コ」の字状となっている。即ち、レール部材3は、長方形平板状の載置面16と、載置面16の幅方向wの両端から略垂直下方に向けて折り曲げられた壁部17,18を有している。そして、載置面16の下方には、図6のように壁部17,18に挟まれた空間19が形成されている。なお、空間19は、係止片56の一部又は全部が収納可能な空間を表し、閉鎖空間だけではなく、固定部材5の基礎部21の係止片56の挿入方向に開放した開放空間も含む。
Subsequently, the rail member 3 will be described.
The rail member 3 is a member that supports the fixing member 5 when the fixing member 5 is fixed to the roof member 202 as shown in FIGS. The rail member 3 is a long rod-shaped body as shown in FIG. 5 and has a cross-sectional shape of “U”. That is, the rail member 3 has a rectangular flat plate-shaped mounting surface 16 and wall portions 17 and 18 bent substantially vertically downward from both ends of the mounting surface 16 in the width direction w. A space 19 sandwiched between the wall portions 17 and 18 is formed below the placement surface 16 as shown in FIG. The space 19 represents a space in which a part or all of the locking piece 56 can be stored, and includes not only a closed space but also an open space opened in the insertion direction of the locking piece 56 of the base portion 21 of the fixing member 5. Including.

レール部材3の載置面16には、図5のように長手方向lの前端側から後端側に向かって、連結用ネジ孔60,係合孔6,連結用貫通孔61が順に設けられている。   As shown in FIG. 5, the mounting surface 16 of the rail member 3 is provided with a connecting screw hole 60, an engaging hole 6, and a connecting through hole 61 in order from the front end side to the rear end side in the longitudinal direction l. ing.

連結用ネジ孔60は、載置面16の前端部よりやや後方の部分に形成される、載置面16を表裏方向に貫通する開口形状円形の貫通孔である。   The connecting screw hole 60 is a through-hole having a circular shape that is formed in a portion slightly behind the front end portion of the placement surface 16 and penetrates the placement surface 16 in the front-back direction.

係合孔6は、長手方向に沿って延伸したスリット状をしており、載置面16の部材厚方向に貫通した孔である。また、係合孔6は、レール部材3の長手方向lの大半部分に亘って設けられている。係合孔6の開口幅W1は、図6のように壁部17,18間の距離W2よりも小さい。   The engagement hole 6 has a slit shape extending along the longitudinal direction, and is a hole that penetrates the mounting surface 16 in the member thickness direction. Further, the engagement hole 6 is provided over most of the rail member 3 in the longitudinal direction l. The opening width W1 of the engagement hole 6 is smaller than the distance W2 between the wall portions 17 and 18, as shown in FIG.

連結用貫通孔61は、図5のようにレール部材3の後方側の端部近傍に設けられる長孔である。連結用貫通孔61の長手方向lの長さは、係合孔6の長手方向lの長さより短くなっている。   The connection through hole 61 is a long hole provided in the vicinity of the rear end of the rail member 3 as shown in FIG. The length of the connecting through hole 61 in the longitudinal direction 1 is shorter than the length of the engaging hole 6 in the longitudinal direction 1.

また、レール部材3は、係合孔6に沿ってスライド可能な固定具7を有している。
固定具7は、図5,図6のように固定用ボルト8、位置決め用ナット10から形成されている。
固定用ボルト8は、具体的には、四角ボルトであり、頭部11が方形状をしたボルトである。頭部11の幅は、壁部17,18間の距離W2よりも小さく、係合孔6の開口幅W1よりも大きい。また、固定用ボルト8は、位置決め用ナット10と一対となっている。図5のように組み立てた時に、固定用ボルト8の軸部12は、係合孔6から露出している。
The rail member 3 has a fixture 7 that can slide along the engagement hole 6.
The fixture 7 is formed of a fixing bolt 8 and a positioning nut 10 as shown in FIGS.
Specifically, the fixing bolt 8 is a square bolt, and the head 11 is a square-shaped bolt. The width of the head portion 11 is smaller than the distance W2 between the wall portions 17 and 18, and larger than the opening width W1 of the engagement hole 6. The fixing bolt 8 is paired with a positioning nut 10. When assembled as shown in FIG. 5, the shaft portion 12 of the fixing bolt 8 is exposed from the engagement hole 6.

位置決め用ナット10は、図5のように平板状の部材であり、平面視略「U」字形をしている。即ち、位置決め用ナット10は、固定用ボルト8の軸部12と係合可能な切り欠き部15を有している。   The positioning nut 10 is a flat plate-like member as shown in FIG. 5 and has a substantially “U” shape in plan view. That is, the positioning nut 10 has a notch 15 that can be engaged with the shaft 12 of the fixing bolt 8.

壁部17,18に目を移すと、2つの壁部17,18は、長手方向lの後方に向かうにつれて間隔が狭まっていく。即ち、2つの壁部17,18は、前後方向lにやや傾斜しており、互いに近づく方向へ延設されている。このことから、レール部材3は、長手方向lの前方側から後方側に向かうにつれて幅方向wに狭まっていく。換言すると、レール部材3は、後端側が前端側に比べて細くなっている。   When the eyes are moved to the wall portions 17 and 18, the distance between the two wall portions 17 and 18 becomes narrower toward the rear in the longitudinal direction l. That is, the two wall portions 17 and 18 are slightly inclined in the front-rear direction l and are extended in a direction approaching each other. From this, the rail member 3 becomes narrower in the width direction w from the front side in the longitudinal direction l toward the rear side. In other words, the rail member 3 has a rear end side that is thinner than the front end side.

また、壁部17,18は、それぞれ、前端側に位置する掛止片接続部62と、掛止片接続部62の後方に位置する側壁部本体63から構成されている。このとき、側壁部本体63は、長手方向lの前方から後方に向かうにつれて高さ方向の長さが長くなっている。このとき、掛止片接続部62の高さ方向の長さと、側壁部本体63のうちで最も高さ方向の長さが短い部分である側壁部本体63の前端部分の長さを比べると、掛止片接続部62の高さ方向の長さが側壁部本体63の前端部分の長さより長くなっている。   Each of the wall portions 17 and 18 includes a latch piece connecting portion 62 positioned on the front end side and a side wall portion main body 63 positioned behind the latch piece connecting portion 62. At this time, the length in the height direction of the side wall portion main body 63 increases from the front to the rear in the longitudinal direction l. At this time, comparing the length in the height direction of the latching piece connecting portion 62 and the length of the front end portion of the side wall portion main body 63 which is the shortest length in the side wall portion main body 63, The length in the height direction of the latch piece connecting portion 62 is longer than the length of the front end portion of the side wall portion main body 63.

ここで、図5のレール部材3の前端側の下方部分に注目すると、壁部17,18の外側に位置する部分に、レール接続片64が設けられている。   Here, paying attention to the lower part on the front end side of the rail member 3 in FIG. 5, the rail connecting piece 64 is provided in a portion located outside the wall portions 17 and 18.

レール接続片64は、外形が長方形平板状であり、内側側面(壁部17,18側の側面)の前方部分で掛止片接続部62と略垂直に連続している。ここで、レール接続片64の前後方向(レール部材3の長手方向l)の長さは、掛止片接続部62の前後方向の長さより長くなっている。そのため、レール接続片64の内側側面は、前方部分のみで壁部17,18(掛止片接続部62)と連続し、後方部分では壁部17,18と接触しない状態となっている。
以上がレール部材3の説明である。
The rail connecting piece 64 has a rectangular flat plate shape, and is substantially perpendicular to the latching piece connecting portion 62 at the front portion of the inner side surface (the side surface on the side of the walls 17 and 18). Here, the length of the rail connection piece 64 in the front-rear direction (longitudinal direction 1 of the rail member 3) is longer than the length of the hook piece connection part 62 in the front-rear direction. Therefore, the inner side surface of the rail connection piece 64 is continuous with the wall portions 17 and 18 (the latching piece connection portion 62) only at the front portion, and is not in contact with the wall portions 17 and 18 at the rear portion.
The above is the description of the rail member 3.

続いて、固定部材5について説明する。
固定部材5は、図1,図7のように太陽電池パネル2の一辺を保持する保持部20と、レール部材3に固定される基礎部21から形成されている。固定部材5は、基礎部21を介してレール部材3に固定され、保持部20が太陽電池パネル2の一辺と係合することで、太陽電池パネル2を屋根に固定する。
Next, the fixing member 5 will be described.
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 7, the fixing member 5 is formed of a holding portion 20 that holds one side of the solar cell panel 2 and a base portion 21 that is fixed to the rail member 3. The fixing member 5 is fixed to the rail member 3 through the base portion 21, and the holding portion 20 engages with one side of the solar cell panel 2, thereby fixing the solar cell panel 2 to the roof.

保持部20は、図8のように正面視略「エ」字状であり、左右方向wに延びる部材である。
保持部20の長手方向wの長さは、図7のように基礎部21の幅方向wの長さよりも長い。具体的には、保持部20の長手方向wの長さは、基礎部21の幅方向wの長さの2倍程度となっている。即ち、図7のように組み立てた際に、保持部20は、基礎部21から外側方向にはみ出している。そのため、保持部20を基礎部21に対して相対的に長手方向wに移動させて基礎部21に固定することにより、保持部20を基礎部21に固定したときの保持部20の基礎部21に対する相対的な位置を左右方向wに変えることができる。即ち、固定部材5は、保持部20を基礎部21へ取り付けるとき、保持部20の位置を左右方向wへずらして取り付けることができる。
As shown in FIG. 8, the holding portion 20 has a substantially “e” shape when viewed from the front, and is a member extending in the left-right direction w.
The length of the holding part 20 in the longitudinal direction w is longer than the length of the base part 21 in the width direction w as shown in FIG. Specifically, the length of the holding portion 20 in the longitudinal direction w is about twice the length of the base portion 21 in the width direction w. That is, when assembled as shown in FIG. 7, the holding portion 20 protrudes outward from the base portion 21. Therefore, the base portion 21 of the holding portion 20 when the holding portion 20 is fixed to the base portion 21 by moving the holding portion 20 in the longitudinal direction w relative to the base portion 21 and fixing it to the base portion 21. The relative position with respect to can be changed in the left-right direction w. That is, the fixing member 5 can be attached by shifting the position of the holding part 20 in the left-right direction w when attaching the holding part 20 to the base part 21.

また、保持部20は、図10のように骨格部材22と摩擦付与部材25から形成されている。また、骨格部材22と摩擦付与部材25は、接着テープ等の公知の接着手段によって接着されている。骨格部材22の材質は、特に限定されるものではないが、本実施形態では、アルミニウムが採用されている。   Moreover, the holding | maintenance part 20 is formed from the frame member 22 and the friction provision member 25 like FIG. Further, the skeleton member 22 and the friction applying member 25 are bonded by a known bonding means such as an adhesive tape. The material of the skeleton member 22 is not particularly limited, but aluminum is employed in the present embodiment.

骨格部材22は、正面視略「エ」字状をした部材である。骨格部材22は、図10,図11のように天面部26と、底面部27と、天面部26と底面部27とを接続する支持部28と、を有している。
具体的には、骨格部材22は、長方形平板状の天面部26と、天面部26から下方に離れた位置に形成される長方形平板状の底面部27と、天面部26及び底面部27と一体に形成され、天面部26と底面部27との間に形成される空間を前後方向lに分割するように設けられた支持部28によって形成されている。天面部26と底面部27は、上下方向に平行となっている。天面部26の短手方向lの長さは、底面部27の短手方向lの長さよりも短い。
The skeleton member 22 is a member having a substantially “e” shape when viewed from the front. As shown in FIGS. 10 and 11, the skeleton member 22 includes a top surface portion 26, a bottom surface portion 27, and a support portion 28 that connects the top surface portion 26 and the bottom surface portion 27.
Specifically, the skeleton member 22 is integrated with a rectangular flat plate-shaped top surface portion 26, a rectangular flat plate-shaped bottom surface portion 27 formed at a position away from the top surface portion 26, and the top surface portion 26 and the bottom surface portion 27. And a support portion 28 provided so as to divide the space formed between the top surface portion 26 and the bottom surface portion 27 in the front-rear direction l. The top surface portion 26 and the bottom surface portion 27 are parallel to the vertical direction. The length of the top surface portion 26 in the short direction 1 is shorter than the length of the bottom surface portion 27 in the short direction l.

また、支持部28の部材厚方向lの両側には、天面部26と底面部27と支持部28とによって囲まれた固定空間30(保持凹部)が形成されている。即ち、骨格部材22は、2つの固定空間30a,30bを有しており、固定空間30a,30bの開放方向は、互いに外側を向いている。即ち、保持部20の前方側には、短手方向lの前方から後方に向かって窪んでおり、前方が開放された空間である前方固定空間30aが形成されている。一方、保持部20の後方側には、短手方向lの後方から前方へ向かって窪んでおり、後方側が開放された空間である後方固定空間30bが形成されている。そして、前方固定空間30a及び後方固定空間30bは、骨格部材22の長手方向w全体に亘って形成されている。言い換えると、前方固定空間30a及び後方固定空間30bは、骨格部材22に溝状に形成されている。   Further, fixed spaces 30 (holding recesses) surrounded by the top surface portion 26, the bottom surface portion 27, and the support portion 28 are formed on both sides of the support portion 28 in the member thickness direction l. That is, the skeleton member 22 has two fixed spaces 30a and 30b, and the opening directions of the fixed spaces 30a and 30b face each other. That is, on the front side of the holding portion 20, a front fixed space 30 a is formed that is recessed from the front to the rear in the short direction l and is open at the front. On the other hand, on the rear side of the holding portion 20, a rear fixed space 30b is formed which is recessed from the rear in the short direction l toward the front and is open at the rear side. The front fixed space 30 a and the rear fixed space 30 b are formed over the entire longitudinal direction w of the skeleton member 22. In other words, the front fixed space 30a and the rear fixed space 30b are formed in the frame member 22 in a groove shape.

また、底面部27の短手方向lの一方の端部には、図9のように長手方向wに複数の貫通孔40が直線上に配されている。本実施形態では、貫通孔40が幅方向wに所定の間隔を空けて、4つ設けられている。そして、各貫通孔40間の間隔は等間隔となっており、各貫通孔40間の距離は(貫通孔40aと貫通孔40b,貫通孔40bと貫通孔40c,貫通孔40cと貫通孔40dのそれぞれの中心間の距離)W3は、図12に示される基礎部21の固定孔52aと固定孔52b(固定孔52cと固定孔52d)間の距離W4と等しい。   In addition, at one end portion of the bottom surface portion 27 in the short direction l, a plurality of through holes 40 are linearly arranged in the longitudinal direction w as shown in FIG. In the present embodiment, four through holes 40 are provided at predetermined intervals in the width direction w. The intervals between the through holes 40 are equal, and the distances between the through holes 40 are (the through hole 40a and the through hole 40b, the through hole 40b and the through hole 40c, the through hole 40c and the through hole 40d). A distance W3 between the centers is equal to a distance W4 between the fixing hole 52a and the fixing hole 52b (the fixing hole 52c and the fixing hole 52d) of the base portion 21 shown in FIG.

また、骨格部材22の外面には、図8のように、天面部26と支持部28と底面部27との3つの部位に亘って摩擦付与部材25が取り付けられている。具体的には、摩擦付与部材25は、天面部26と底面部27と支持部28とによって形成される固定空間30に配されている。摩擦付与部材25は、EPDM(エチレンプロピレンゴム)発泡体等の適宜な衝撃吸収性が高く、止水性の高い材料によって形成される部材である。   Further, as shown in FIG. 8, the friction applying member 25 is attached to the outer surface of the skeletal member 22 over three portions of the top surface portion 26, the support portion 28, and the bottom surface portion 27. Specifically, the friction applying member 25 is arranged in a fixed space 30 formed by the top surface portion 26, the bottom surface portion 27, and the support portion 28. The friction imparting member 25 is a member formed of a material having a high appropriate shock absorption property such as an EPDM (ethylene propylene rubber) foam and a high water-stopping property.

摩擦付与部材25についてさらに具体的に説明すると、図11のように摩擦付与部材25は断面形状が略「S」字状となっている。摩擦付与部材25は、上面取り付け部31と、下面取り付け部32と、当接防止部33とを有している。
上面取り付け部31は、骨格部材22の天面部26を覆う部位である。断面形状が略「コ」字状となっている。即ち、上面取り付け部31は、上面覆部35と、下面覆部36と、端面覆部37と、を有している。
上面覆部35は、天面部26の上面の一部を覆う部位であり、下面覆部36は、天面部26の下面を覆う部位であり、端面覆部37は、天面部26の端面を覆う部位である。
下面覆部36の下面には、凸条部38が複数設けられている。本実施形態では、幅方向lに3つ平行に配されている。凸条部38は、図10,図11のように下面覆部36の長手方向w全体に設けられており、下方に向けて突出している。即ち、凸条部38は、短手方向lの力に対して抗力を有しており、図1のように組み立てた際に、太陽電池パネル2の抜け落ち防止機能を有する。
また、当接防止部33の高さは、太陽電池パネル2の厚みとほぼ同じかやや小さい。
The friction applying member 25 will be described more specifically. As shown in FIG. 11, the friction applying member 25 has a substantially “S” cross-sectional shape. The friction applying member 25 includes an upper surface attachment portion 31, a lower surface attachment portion 32, and a contact prevention portion 33.
The upper surface attachment portion 31 is a portion that covers the top surface portion 26 of the skeleton member 22. The cross-sectional shape is substantially “U” shape. That is, the upper surface attachment portion 31 has an upper surface cover portion 35, a lower surface cover portion 36, and an end surface cover portion 37.
The upper surface covering part 35 is a part that covers a part of the upper surface of the top surface part 26, the lower surface covering part 36 is a part that covers the lower surface of the top surface part 26, and the end surface covering part 37 covers the end surface of the top surface part 26. It is a part.
A plurality of ridges 38 are provided on the lower surface of the lower surface cover 36. In the present embodiment, three are arranged in parallel in the width direction l. As shown in FIGS. 10 and 11, the ridge 38 is provided over the entire length w of the lower surface cover 36 and protrudes downward. That is, the ridge 38 has a resistance against the force in the short direction l, and has a function of preventing the solar cell panel 2 from falling off when assembled as shown in FIG.
Further, the height of the contact preventing portion 33 is substantially the same as or slightly smaller than the thickness of the solar cell panel 2.

基礎部21に目を移すと、基礎部21は、レール部材3の係合孔6内に一部が挿入され、太陽電池パネル2の位置決め及び固定をする部材である。
本実施形態の基礎部21は、金属薄板を打ち抜き加工後に曲げ加工して形成されたものを採用している。基礎部21の材質は、特に限定されるものではないが、本実施形態では、亜鉛メッキ鋼板によって形成されている。
When the eyes are moved to the base portion 21, the base portion 21 is a member that is partially inserted into the engagement hole 6 of the rail member 3 to position and fix the solar cell panel 2.
The base portion 21 of the present embodiment employs a metal thin plate formed by bending after punching. Although the material of the base part 21 is not specifically limited, In this embodiment, it is formed with the galvanized steel plate.

基礎部21は、図12に示されるように、いずれも略長方形板状である載置部41、2つの底面部45,46、2つの側壁部47,48から構成されている。基礎部21は、載置部41、底面部45,46、側壁部47,48に亘って直線状のビード部50を有している。ビード部50は、基礎部21の幅方向w両端近傍に設けられており、基礎部21の長手方向lのほぼ全体に亘って設けられている。即ち、基礎部21は、ビード部50が設けられているため、曲げ応力に対する強度が高い。   As shown in FIG. 12, the base portion 21 includes a mounting portion 41, two bottom surface portions 45, 46, and two side wall portions 47, 48 each having a substantially rectangular plate shape. The base portion 21 has a linear bead portion 50 across the placement portion 41, the bottom surface portions 45 and 46, and the side wall portions 47 and 48. The bead portion 50 is provided in the vicinity of both ends in the width direction w of the base portion 21, and is provided over substantially the entire length direction l of the base portion 21. That is, since the base portion 21 is provided with the bead portion 50, the strength against bending stress is high.

側壁部47,48は、図12,図14のように、載置部41の長手方向l両端部から下方に向けて折り曲げて形成されている。また、底面部45,46は、側壁部47,48の端部(載置部41と対向する側)から長手方向lに向けて折り曲げて形成されている。言い換えると、載置部41と底面部45,46は、側壁部47,48を介して段状に連続している。即ち、側面視すると、載置部41は、図12のように底面部45,46に対して上方に向けて突出している。それ故に、基礎部21は、載置部41にかかる外力に対して弾性及び剛性を有する。
側壁部47の高さ方向の長さ(底面部45から載置部41までの長さ)は、側壁部48の高さ方向の長さ(底面部46から載置部41までの長さ)と等しい。そして、底面部45,46は、同一平面上に配されている。
As shown in FIGS. 12 and 14, the side wall portions 47 and 48 are formed by being bent downward from both ends in the longitudinal direction 1 of the mounting portion 41. The bottom surface portions 45 and 46 are formed by being bent in the longitudinal direction 1 from the end portions of the side wall portions 47 and 48 (side facing the placement portion 41). In other words, the placing portion 41 and the bottom surface portions 45 and 46 are continuous in a step shape via the side wall portions 47 and 48. That is, when viewed from the side, the mounting portion 41 protrudes upward with respect to the bottom surface portions 45 and 46 as shown in FIG. Therefore, the base portion 21 has elasticity and rigidity with respect to the external force applied to the placement portion 41.
The length in the height direction of the side wall portion 47 (the length from the bottom surface portion 45 to the placement portion 41) is the length in the height direction of the side wall portion 48 (the length from the bottom surface portion 46 to the placement portion 41). Is equal to And the bottom face parts 45 and 46 are distribute | arranged on the same plane.

また、載置部41の略中央には、部材厚方向に貫通した貫通孔51を有している。載置部41の長手方向lの両端部近傍には、一時締結要素43(図15参照)と係合可能な固定孔52が複数設けられている。本実施形態では、固定孔52は、図12のように貫通孔51を挟んで、側壁部47側に2個、側壁部48側に2個、計4個設けられている。側壁部47側の固定孔52a,52b間の距離、及び側壁部48側の固定孔52c,52d間の距離は共に等しく、上記したように、図7,図15のように組み立てた際に、保持部20の貫通孔40に対応する位置に設けられている。   Further, a through hole 51 penetrating in the thickness direction of the member is provided substantially at the center of the mounting portion 41. A plurality of fixing holes 52 that can be engaged with the temporary fastening elements 43 (see FIG. 15) are provided in the vicinity of both ends in the longitudinal direction 1 of the mounting portion 41. In the present embodiment, a total of four fixing holes 52 are provided, two on the side wall 47 side and two on the side wall part 48 side, with the through hole 51 interposed therebetween as shown in FIG. The distance between the fixing holes 52a and 52b on the side wall portion 47 side and the distance between the fixing holes 52c and 52d on the side wall portion 48 side are equal, and as described above, when assembled as shown in FIGS. It is provided at a position corresponding to the through hole 40 of the holding part 20.

図12の前方側に位置する底面部45(係止片側設置面)側に目を移すと、底面部45は、図12のように略長方形状の部位であり、短辺が固定部材5の長手方向lを向いている。底面部45の前方側端部(側壁部47に対向する側)には、下方に向けて折り曲げられた係合部53を有している。言い換えると、係合部53は、底面部45の前方側端部から垂下している。即ち、係合部53は、後述する底面部46の折り曲げ部55と対向する方向を向いており、載置部41の突出方向に対しても対向する方向を向いている。   When the eyes are moved to the bottom surface portion 45 (locking piece side installation surface) located on the front side in FIG. 12, the bottom surface portion 45 is a substantially rectangular portion as shown in FIG. It faces in the longitudinal direction l. At the front side end portion (side facing the side wall portion 47) of the bottom surface portion 45, there is an engaging portion 53 that is bent downward. In other words, the engaging portion 53 hangs from the front side end portion of the bottom surface portion 45. That is, the engaging portion 53 faces a direction facing a bent portion 55 of the bottom surface portion 46 described later, and faces the direction facing the protruding direction of the placement portion 41.

また、係合部53は、底面部45の長手方向wの中央に接続されている。係合部53は正面視すると逆「T」字状の部位である。即ち、係合部53は、レール部材3の係合孔6と係合可能な係止片56と、係止片56と底面部45とを接続する接続部57を有している。   Further, the engaging portion 53 is connected to the center of the bottom surface portion 45 in the longitudinal direction w. The engagement portion 53 is an inverted “T” -shaped part when viewed from the front. That is, the engaging portion 53 has a locking piece 56 that can be engaged with the engaging hole 6 of the rail member 3, and a connection portion 57 that connects the locking piece 56 and the bottom surface portion 45.

係止片56は、図13のように接続部57から幅方向w外側に張り出している。最大外形寸法たる係止片56の幅方向wの長さ(最大幅)W5は、レール部材3の係合孔6の開口幅W1(図6参照)よりも大きく、レール部材3の壁部17,18間の距離W2よりも小さい。また、接続部57の幅方向wの長さは、レール部材3の係合孔6の開口幅W1(図6参照)よりも小さい。
一方、最小外形寸法たる係止片56の部材厚(最小幅)W6は、レール部材3の係合孔6の開口幅W1(図6参照)よりも小さい。
The locking piece 56 protrudes from the connecting portion 57 to the outside in the width direction w as shown in FIG. The length (maximum width) W5 in the width direction w of the locking piece 56, which is the maximum external dimension, is larger than the opening width W1 (see FIG. 6) of the engagement hole 6 of the rail member 3, and the wall portion 17 of the rail member 3. , 18 is smaller than the distance W2. Further, the length of the connecting portion 57 in the width direction w is smaller than the opening width W1 (see FIG. 6) of the engagement hole 6 of the rail member 3.
On the other hand, the member thickness (minimum width) W6 of the locking piece 56, which is the minimum external dimension, is smaller than the opening width W1 (see FIG. 6) of the engagement hole 6 of the rail member 3.

図12の後方側に位置する底面部46(締結側設置面)側に目を移すと、底面部46は、図14のように略長方形状の部位であり、底面部45と同様、長辺が固定部材5の短手方向wを向いている。また、底面部46の端部(側壁部48に対向する側)には、上方に向けて折り曲げられた折り曲げ部55を有している。折り曲げ部55は、底面部46の長手方向w全体に亘って設けられている。
底面部46の略中央の位置には位置決め貫通孔58を有している。位置決め貫通孔58は、底面部46の部材厚方向に貫通した貫通孔である。位置決め貫通孔58の大きさは、レール部材3の固定具7の軸部12(図5参照)が挿通可能な大きさとなっている。また、位置決め貫通孔58は、係合部53と基礎部21の長手方向lに同一直線上に配されている。
When the eyes are moved to the bottom surface portion 46 (fastening side installation surface) side located on the rear side in FIG. 12, the bottom surface portion 46 is a substantially rectangular portion as shown in FIG. Faces the short direction w of the fixing member 5. In addition, a bent portion 55 that is bent upward is provided at an end portion (side facing the side wall portion 48) of the bottom surface portion 46. The bent portion 55 is provided over the entire longitudinal direction w of the bottom surface portion 46.
A positioning through hole 58 is provided at a substantially central position of the bottom surface portion 46. The positioning through hole 58 is a through hole penetrating in the member thickness direction of the bottom surface portion 46. The size of the positioning through hole 58 is such that the shaft portion 12 (see FIG. 5) of the fixture 7 of the rail member 3 can be inserted. Further, the positioning through hole 58 is arranged on the same straight line in the longitudinal direction 1 of the engaging portion 53 and the base portion 21.

続いて、固定部材5の保持部20と基礎部21の組み立て構造について説明すると、図15のように、基礎部21に保持部20を一時締結要素43によって締結される。
このとき、保持部20の長手方向wの中央側に位置する貫通孔40b,40cと、基礎部21の側壁部48側に位置する固定孔52c,52dは、互いに連通しており、貫通孔40b,40cと、固定孔52d,52cとのそれぞれに亘って一時締結要素43が挿通されている。本実施形態では、一時締結要素43として、ねじを用いている。
基礎部21の載置部41上に保持部20の底面部27が載置されている。貫通孔51上に底面部27が位置している。位置決め貫通孔58の投影面上に底面部27は位置していない。
以上が固定部材5の説明である。
Subsequently, the assembly structure of the holding portion 20 and the base portion 21 of the fixing member 5 will be described. As shown in FIG. 15, the holding portion 20 is fastened to the base portion 21 by a temporary fastening element 43.
At this time, the through holes 40b and 40c located on the center side in the longitudinal direction w of the holding part 20 and the fixing holes 52c and 52d located on the side wall part 48 side of the base part 21 communicate with each other, and the through hole 40b , 40c and the fixing holes 52d, 52c, the temporary fastening elements 43 are inserted. In the present embodiment, a screw is used as the temporary fastening element 43.
The bottom surface portion 27 of the holding portion 20 is placed on the placement portion 41 of the base portion 21. The bottom surface portion 27 is located on the through hole 51. The bottom surface portion 27 is not located on the projection surface of the positioning through hole 58.
The above is the description of the fixing member 5.

続いて、本発明の特徴たる連結ピース100について説明する。
連結ピース100(中間保持部材)は、図16のように列方向w及び行方向lに隣接する太陽電池パネル2の辺が密集し、直交する交点たる辺集結部101又はその近傍に取り付けられる部材である。本実施形態では、4つの太陽電池パネル2の角部が重なり合った辺集結部101に取り付けられ、太陽電池パネル2間を連結する部材である。
Then, the connection piece 100 which is the characteristic of this invention is demonstrated.
As shown in FIG. 16, the connecting piece 100 (intermediate holding member) is a member that is attached to the side concentrating portion 101 that is an intersecting point where the sides of the solar cell panels 2 adjacent to each other in the column direction w and the row direction l are close to each other and orthogonal to each other It is. In the present embodiment, the solar cell panels 2 are members that are attached to the side concentration portion 101 where the corner portions of the four solar cell panels 2 overlap each other.

連結ピース100は、図17のように保持部20とほぼ同様の形状を有しており、側面視略「エ」字状で、幅方向wに延びる部材である。
連結ピース100の材質は、特に限定されるものではないが、本実施形態では、アルミニウムが採用されている。
連結ピース100は、図18のように骨格部材122と摩擦付与部材125から形成されている。また、骨格部材122と摩擦付与部材125は、接着テープ等の公知の接着手段によって接着されている。
As shown in FIG. 17, the connecting piece 100 has substantially the same shape as the holding portion 20, and is a member extending in the width direction w in a substantially “e” shape in a side view.
Although the material of the connection piece 100 is not specifically limited, In this embodiment, aluminum is employ | adopted.
The connecting piece 100 is formed of a skeleton member 122 and a friction applying member 125 as shown in FIG. Further, the skeleton member 122 and the friction applying member 125 are bonded by a known bonding means such as an adhesive tape.

骨格部材122は、側面視略「エ」字状をした部材である。骨格部材122は、図18のように天面部126と、底面部127と、天面部126と底面部127とを接続する支持部128とを有している。
具体的には、長方形平板状の天面部126と、天面部126から下方に離れた位置に形成される長方形平板状の底面部127と、天面部126及び底面部127と一体に形成され、天面部126と底面部127との間に形成される空間を前後方向lに分割するように設けられた支持部128によって形成されている。天面部126と底面部127は、上下方向に平行となっている。天面部126の短手方向lの長さは、底面部127の短手方向lの長さよりも短い。
The skeleton member 122 is a member having a substantially “e” shape in a side view. As illustrated in FIG. 18, the skeleton member 122 includes a top surface portion 126, a bottom surface portion 127, and a support portion 128 that connects the top surface portion 126 and the bottom surface portion 127.
Specifically, the rectangular flat plate-shaped top surface portion 126, the rectangular flat plate-shaped bottom surface portion 127 formed at a position away from the top surface portion 126, the top surface portion 126, and the bottom surface portion 127 are integrally formed. A space formed between the surface portion 126 and the bottom surface portion 127 is formed by a support portion 128 provided so as to be divided in the front-rear direction l. The top surface portion 126 and the bottom surface portion 127 are parallel to the vertical direction. The length of the top surface portion 126 in the short direction 1 is shorter than the length of the bottom surface portion 127 in the short direction l.

また、支持部128の厚み方向lの両側には、天面部126と底面部127と支持部128とによって囲まれた固定空間130が形成されている。即ち、骨格部材122は、2つの固定空間130を有しており、固定空間130の開放方向は、互いに外側を向いている。
即ち、連結ピース100の前方側には、短手方向lの前方から後方に向かって窪んでおり、前方が開放された空間である前方固定空間130aが形成されている。一方、連結ピース100の後方側には、短手方向lの後方から前方へ向かって窪んでおり、後方側が開放された空間である後方固定空間130bが形成されている。そして、前方固定空間130a及び後方固定空間130bは、骨格部材122の長手方向w全体に亘って形成されている。言い換えると、前方固定空間130a及び後方固定空間130bは、骨格部材122に溝状に形成されている。
A fixed space 130 surrounded by the top surface portion 126, the bottom surface portion 127, and the support portion 128 is formed on both sides of the support portion 128 in the thickness direction l. That is, the skeleton member 122 has two fixed spaces 130, and the opening directions of the fixed spaces 130 face each other.
That is, on the front side of the connecting piece 100, a front fixed space 130a that is a space that is recessed from the front to the rear in the short direction l and is open to the front is formed. On the other hand, on the rear side of the connecting piece 100, a rear fixed space 130b, which is a space that is recessed from the rear in the lateral direction l toward the front and is open on the rear side, is formed. The front fixed space 130 a and the rear fixed space 130 b are formed over the entire longitudinal direction w of the skeleton member 122. In other words, the front fixed space 130a and the rear fixed space 130b are formed in the frame member 122 in a groove shape.

また、骨格部材122の外面には、天面部126と支持部128と底面部127との3つの部位に亘って摩擦付与部材125が取り付けられている。具体的には、摩擦付与部材125は、天面部126と底面部127と支持部128とによって形成される固定空間130の内面に沿って配されている。摩擦付与部材125は、EPDM(エチレンプロピレンゴム)発泡体等の適宜な衝撃吸収性が高く、止水性の高い材料によって形成される部材である。   In addition, a friction imparting member 125 is attached to the outer surface of the skeleton member 122 over three portions of the top surface portion 126, the support portion 128, and the bottom surface portion 127. Specifically, the friction applying member 125 is arranged along the inner surface of the fixed space 130 formed by the top surface portion 126, the bottom surface portion 127, and the support portion 128. The friction imparting member 125 is a member formed of a material having a high appropriate shock absorption property such as an EPDM (ethylene propylene rubber) foam and a high water-stopping property.

摩擦付与部材125についてさらに具体的に説明すると、摩擦付与部材125は、図19のように断面形状が略「S」字状となっている。摩擦付与部材125は、上面取り付け部131と、下面取り付け部132と、当接防止部133とを有している。
上面取り付け部131は、骨格部材122の天面部126を覆う部位である。断面形状が略「コ」字状となっている。即ち、上面取り付け部131は、上面覆部135と、下面覆部136と、端面覆部137と、を有している。
上面覆部135は、天面部126の上面の一部を覆う部位であり、下面覆部136は、天面部126の下面を覆う部位であり、端面覆部137は、天面部126の端面を覆う部位である。
下面覆部136の下面には、凸条部138が複数設けられている。本実施形態では、幅方向lに3つ平行に配されている。凸条部138は、下面覆部136の長手方向w全体に設けられており、下方に向けて突出している。即ち、凸条部138は、短手方向lの力に対して抗力を有しており、図1のように組み立てた際に、太陽電池パネル2の抜け落ち防止機能を有する。当接防止部133の高さは、太陽電池パネル2の厚みとほぼ同じかやや小さい。
The friction applying member 125 will be described more specifically. The friction applying member 125 has a substantially “S” cross-sectional shape as shown in FIG. The friction applying member 125 includes an upper surface attachment portion 131, a lower surface attachment portion 132, and an abutment prevention portion 133.
The upper surface attachment portion 131 is a portion that covers the top surface portion 126 of the skeleton member 122. The cross-sectional shape is substantially “U” shape. That is, the upper surface attachment portion 131 includes an upper surface cover portion 135, a lower surface cover portion 136, and an end surface cover portion 137.
The upper surface covering part 135 is a part that covers a part of the upper surface of the top surface part 126, the lower surface covering part 136 is a part that covers the lower surface of the top surface part 126, and the end surface covering part 137 covers the end surface of the top surface part 126. It is a part.
A plurality of ridges 138 are provided on the lower surface of the lower surface cover 136. In the present embodiment, three are arranged in parallel in the width direction l. The protruding portion 138 is provided over the entire longitudinal direction w of the lower surface covering portion 136 and protrudes downward. That is, the ridge portion 138 has a resistance against the force in the short direction l and has a function of preventing the solar cell panel 2 from falling off when assembled as shown in FIG. The height of the contact preventing portion 133 is substantially the same as or slightly smaller than the thickness of the solar cell panel 2.

連結ピース100の長手方向wの長さは、保持部20の長手方向w(図8参照)の長さより小さい。具体的には、連結ピース100は、保持部20の長手方向wの長さの半分程度となっている。   The length of the connecting piece 100 in the longitudinal direction w is smaller than the length of the holding portion 20 in the longitudinal direction w (see FIG. 8). Specifically, the connecting piece 100 is about half the length of the holding portion 20 in the longitudinal direction w.

続いて、軒先取付け金具200について説明する。   Next, the eaves mounting bracket 200 will be described.

軒先取付け金具200は、図20,図21で示されるように、軒先金具本体217と、モジュール保持金具218によって構成されている。そして、軒先金具本体217にモジュール保持金具218を一体に取り付けることで、太陽電池パネル2(図1参照)の端部を挿入可能なモジュール保持凹部219が形成されるものである。   As shown in FIGS. 20 and 21, the eaves-end fitting 200 is composed of an eaves-end fitting body 217 and a module holding bracket 218. And the module holding | maintenance recessed part 219 which can insert the edge part of the solar cell panel 2 (refer FIG. 1) is formed by attaching the module holding | maintenance metal fitting 218 integrally to the eaves-end metal fitting body 217.

軒先金具本体217は、亜鉛メッキ鋼板等の一枚板を折り曲げ加工することにより形成されるものであり、図22,図23で示されるように、下板部224と、下板部224の短手方向lの片側端部から上方に向かって略垂直に突出する正面立壁部225と、正面立壁部225の上端と連続して下板部224と対向する位置にある上板部226と、を有している。そして、下板部224と正面立壁部225、正面立壁部225と上板部226の折り曲げ角度は、いずれも略垂直となっている。   The eaves-end bracket body 217 is formed by bending a single plate such as a galvanized steel plate. As shown in FIGS. 22 and 23, the lower plate portion 224 and the short plate portion 224 are short. A front standing wall portion 225 that projects substantially vertically upward from one side end portion in the hand direction l, and an upper plate portion 226 that is continuous with the upper end of the front standing wall portion 225 and faces the lower plate portion 224. Have. And the bending angle of the lower board part 224 and the front standing wall part 225, and the front standing wall part 225 and the upper board part 226 are all substantially vertical.

下板部224は、図23で示されるように、平面視における外形が略「凸」字状の板部材となっている。即ち、下板部224は、長方形板状の長板部分224aと、この長板部分224aより小さい長方形板状の短板部分224bが一体となって形成されている。このとき、長板部分224aの長手方向wの仮想中心線α1と、短板部分224bの長手方向wの中心線α1とが同一となるように、長板部分224aと短板部分224bとが連続している。   As shown in FIG. 23, the lower plate portion 224 is a plate member whose outer shape in a plan view is substantially “convex”. That is, the lower plate portion 224 is formed integrally with a rectangular plate-like long plate portion 224a and a rectangular plate-like short plate portion 224b smaller than the long plate portion 224a. At this time, the long plate portion 224a and the short plate portion 224b are continuous so that the virtual center line α1 in the longitudinal direction w of the long plate portion 224a and the center line α1 in the longitudinal direction w of the short plate portion 224b are the same. doing.

ここで、長板部分224aは、短手方向l(前後方向)の片側端部(前方側の端部)で正面立壁部225と連続しており、他方端部(後方側の端部)で短板部分224bと連続している。そして、短板部分224bは、短手方向lの片側端部(前方側の端部)で長板部分224aと連続しており、短手方向lの他方端部(後方側の端部)で背面立壁部228と連続している。即ち、下板部224は、短手方向lの片側端部で正面立壁部225と連続しており、他方端部で背面立壁部228と連続している。   Here, the long plate portion 224a is continuous with the front standing wall portion 225 at one end portion (front end portion) in the short direction l (front-rear direction), and at the other end portion (rear end portion). It is continuous with the short plate portion 224b. The short plate portion 224b is continuous with the long plate portion 224a at one end (front end) in the short direction l, and at the other end (rear end) in the short direction l. The rear standing wall 228 is continuous. That is, the lower plate portion 224 is continuous with the front standing wall portion 225 at one end portion in the short direction l, and is continuous with the rear standing wall portion 228 at the other end portion.

背面立壁部228は、短板部分224bの短手方向の片側端部を上方に折り曲げて形成されたものであり、下板部224から上方へ略垂直に突出する略長方形板状の部分である。この背面立壁部228は、正面立壁部225と対向する位置にあり、正面立壁部225よりも長手方向wの長さ及び高さ方向の長さが短くなっている。   The rear vertical wall portion 228 is formed by bending one side end portion of the short plate portion 224b in the short direction upward, and is a substantially rectangular plate-like portion projecting substantially vertically upward from the lower plate portion 224. . The rear standing wall portion 228 is located at a position facing the front standing wall portion 225, and the length in the longitudinal direction w and the length in the height direction are shorter than those in the front standing wall portion 225.

ここで、下板部224の後方端部(短手方向lにおいて背面立壁部228が位置する端部)より、やや前方側(正面立壁部225が位置する端部側)の部分に、下板部224を表裏方向(高さ方向であり上下方向)に貫通する3つの固定用ネジ孔229が設けられている。
より具体的には、下板部224の短板部分224bに、3つの固定用ネジ孔229が設けられるものであって、3つの固定用ネジ孔229は短板部分224bの長手方向wにおいて、列状に配されている。より詳細には、1つの固定用ネジ孔229は、短板部分224bの長手方向の中心近傍に位置しており、残りの2つの固定用ネジ孔229,229は、短板部分224bの長手方向wの両端部近傍にそれぞれ1つずつ位置している。
Here, the lower plate is positioned slightly forward (the end portion where the front standing wall portion 225 is located) from the rear end portion (the end portion where the rear standing wall portion 228 is located in the short direction 1) of the lower plate portion 224. Three fixing screw holes 229 that penetrate the portion 224 in the front and back direction (the height direction and the vertical direction) are provided.
More specifically, three fixing screw holes 229 are provided in the short plate portion 224b of the lower plate portion 224, and the three fixing screw holes 229 are arranged in the longitudinal direction w of the short plate portion 224b. Arranged in rows. More specifically, one fixing screw hole 229 is located near the center in the longitudinal direction of the short plate portion 224b, and the remaining two fixing screw holes 229 and 229 are in the longitudinal direction of the short plate portion 224b. One is located near each end of w.

また、下板部224の中心部分では、図23で示されるように、その一部が切り起こされて係合部230が形成されている。係合部230は、断面略L字状で軒先金具本体217の長手方向w(下板部224の長手方向)に沿って延びる部分である。より詳細には、係合部230は、斜め上側へ向かって突出する係合立壁部230aと、係合立壁部230aの上端と連続する天板部230bによって形成されている。   Further, at the center portion of the lower plate portion 224, as shown in FIG. 23, a part thereof is cut and raised to form the engaging portion 230. The engaging portion 230 is a portion having a substantially L-shaped cross section and extending along the longitudinal direction w of the eaves-end fitting main body 217 (longitudinal direction of the lower plate portion 224). More specifically, the engaging portion 230 is formed by an engaging standing wall portion 230a that protrudes obliquely upward, and a top plate portion 230b that is continuous with the upper end of the engaging standing wall portion 230a.

係合立壁部230aは、高さ方向の上方であり、且つ、正面立壁部225に近づく方向(後方側から前方側へ向かう方向)へ突出する、長方形板状の部分である。   The engagement standing wall 230a is a rectangular plate-like portion that is above the height direction and protrudes in a direction approaching the front standing wall 225 (a direction from the rear side toward the front side).

天板部230bは、係合立壁部230aの上端から正面立壁部225側へ向かって突出する(前方へ向かって突出する)長方形板状の部分である。このとき、天板部230bは、係合部230と隣接する下板部224の他の部分、即ち、係合立壁部230aの下端部と連続する部分と、高さ方向において離れた位置で略平行となっている。そして、天板部230bの下側には、係合立壁部230aによって一部(後方部分)を閉塞された空間231が形成されている。   The top plate portion 230b is a rectangular plate-like portion that protrudes from the upper end of the engagement standing wall portion 230a toward the front standing wall portion 225 (projects forward). At this time, the top plate portion 230b is substantially spaced from the other portion of the lower plate portion 224 adjacent to the engaging portion 230, that is, the portion continuing to the lower end portion of the engaging standing wall portion 230a in the height direction. It is parallel. A space 231 is formed on the lower side of the top plate portion 230b. The space 231 is partially closed (rear portion) by the engagement standing wall portion 230a.

正面立壁部225は、図22,図23で示されるように、軒先金具本体217の前端部に立設された、略長方形平板状の部分である。この正面立壁部225の中心部分には、正面立壁部225を厚さ方向(前後方向)に貫通する正面貫通孔232が設けられている。
正面貫通孔232は、図22で示されるように、開口形状が略長方形状の貫通孔となっている。このとき、正面貫通孔232の開口の長手方向の長さは、正面立壁部225の長手方向の長さより短くなっている。そして、正面貫通孔232は、正面貫通孔232の開口の仮想中心線α2と、正面立壁部225の長手方向の中心線α2とが同一となるように形成されている。
As shown in FIGS. 22 and 23, the front standing wall portion 225 is a substantially rectangular flat plate portion that is erected on the front end portion of the eaves-end metal fitting body 217. A front through-hole 232 that penetrates the front standing wall 225 in the thickness direction (front-rear direction) is provided at the center of the front standing wall 225.
As shown in FIG. 22, the front through hole 232 is a through hole having a substantially rectangular opening. At this time, the length of the opening of the front through-hole 232 in the longitudinal direction is shorter than the length of the front standing wall 225 in the longitudinal direction. The front through hole 232 is formed such that the virtual center line α2 of the opening of the front through hole 232 and the center line α2 in the longitudinal direction of the front standing wall portion 225 are the same.

また、正面貫通孔232の開口の短手方向の長さ(高さ方向の長さ)は、正面立壁部225の短手方向の長さ(高さ方向の長さ)よりやや短くなっている。そして、正面貫通孔232の開口は、正面立壁部225の下端から上端よりやや下方の部分に亘って形成されている。このとき、詳細には、正面貫通孔232の開口は、下板部224の前端近傍から、正面立壁部225の下端に至り、正面立壁部225の下端から上端よりやや下方の部分に亘って形成されている。   Further, the length of the opening of the front through-hole 232 in the short direction (length in the height direction) is slightly shorter than the length of the front standing wall 225 in the short direction (length in the height direction). . The opening of the front through-hole 232 is formed from the lower end of the front standing wall 225 to a portion slightly below the upper end. At this time, in detail, the opening of the front through-hole 232 is formed from the vicinity of the front end of the lower plate portion 224 to the lower end of the front standing wall portion 225 and extending from the lower end of the front standing wall portion 225 to a portion slightly below the upper end. Has been.

上板部226は、図22,図23で示されるように、外形が略「凸」字状の板部材となっている。即ち、上板部226も下板部224のように、長方形板状の長板部分226aと、この長板部分226aより小さい長方形板状の短板部分226bが一体となって形成されている。このとき、長板部分226aの長手方向wの仮想中心線α1と、短板部分226bの長手方向wの中心線α1とが同一となるように、長板部分226aと短板部分226bとが連続している。   As shown in FIGS. 22 and 23, the upper plate portion 226 is a plate member whose outer shape is substantially “convex”. That is, the upper plate portion 226, like the lower plate portion 224, is integrally formed with a rectangular plate-like long plate portion 226a and a rectangular plate-like short plate portion 226b smaller than the long plate portion 226a. At this time, the long plate portion 226a and the short plate portion 226b are continuous so that the virtual center line α1 in the longitudinal direction w of the long plate portion 226a and the center line α1 in the longitudinal direction w of the short plate portion 226b are the same. doing.

ここで、上板部226の長板部分226aは、短手方向lの片側端部(前方側の端部)で正面立壁部225と連続しており、他方端部(後方側の端部)で短板部分226bと連続している。   Here, the long plate portion 226a of the upper plate portion 226 is continuous with the front standing wall portion 225 at one end portion (front end portion) in the short direction l, and the other end portion (rear end portion). And is continuous with the short plate portion 226b.

そして、上板部226は下板部224と比べて短手方向l(前後方向)の長さが短くなっている。より具体的には、図24で示されるように、上板部226の長板部分226aの短手方向の長さL2は、下板部224の長板部分224aの短手方向の長さL1より短くなっており、上板部226の短板部分226bの短手方向の長さL3は、下板部224の短板部分223bの短手方向の長さL4より短くなっている。   The upper plate portion 226 is shorter in the short direction 1 (front-rear direction) than the lower plate portion 224. More specifically, as shown in FIG. 24, the length L2 of the long plate portion 226a of the upper plate portion 226 in the short direction is the length L1 of the long plate portion 224a of the lower plate portion 224 in the short direction. The shorter length L3 of the short plate portion 226b of the upper plate portion 226 is shorter than the length L4 of the short plate portion 223b of the lower plate portion 224 in the short direction.

そして、上板部226の後端部(図24における上端部分)、即ち、上板部226の一部たる短板部分226bの後端部(図24における上端部分)と、下板部224に形成された係合部230の後端部(図24における上端部分)とは、前後方向(上板部226及び下板部224の短手方向であり、図24における上下方向)において、略同一の位置となっている。そして、上板部226の短板部分226bの長手方向の長さL6は、係合部230の長手方向の長さL5より長くなっている。即ち、図23,図24で示されるように、上板部226の短板部分226bは、係合部230を上方から覆うように位置している。   Then, the rear end portion (upper end portion in FIG. 24) of the upper plate portion 226, that is, the rear end portion (upper end portion in FIG. 24) of the short plate portion 226b which is a part of the upper plate portion 226, and the lower plate portion 224 The rear end portion (upper end portion in FIG. 24) of the formed engaging portion 230 is substantially the same in the front-rear direction (the short direction of the upper plate portion 226 and the lower plate portion 224, and the up-down direction in FIG. 24). It has become the position. The length L6 in the longitudinal direction of the short plate portion 226b of the upper plate portion 226 is longer than the length L5 in the longitudinal direction of the engaging portion 230. That is, as shown in FIGS. 23 and 24, the short plate portion 226b of the upper plate portion 226 is positioned so as to cover the engaging portion 230 from above.

また、図22,図23で示されるように、上板部226の中心部分では、その一部が切り起こされて添板部234が形成されている。添板部234は、上板部226から上方に略垂直に突出するように立設された長方形平板状の部分であり、軒先金具本体217の長手方向w(上板部226の長手方向)に沿って延びている。即ち、添板部234は、厚さ方向が上板部226の短手方向l(前後方向)と同一となり、添板部234が形成する平面と正面立壁部225が形成する平面とが平行となるように立設されている。   Further, as shown in FIGS. 22 and 23, a part of the center portion of the upper plate portion 226 is cut and raised to form the accessory plate portion 234. The accessory plate portion 234 is a rectangular flat plate portion erected so as to protrude substantially vertically upward from the upper plate portion 226, and extends in the longitudinal direction w of the eaves-end metal fitting body 217 (longitudinal direction of the upper plate portion 226). Extending along. That is, the thickness direction of the accessory plate portion 234 is the same as the short direction 1 (front-rear direction) of the upper plate portion 226, and the plane formed by the accessory plate portion 234 and the plane formed by the front standing wall portion 225 are parallel. It is erected to become.

ここで、添板部234の前方及び側方に注目すると、上板部226を上下方向(表裏方向)に貫通する金具取付用貫通孔235が形成されている。
金具取付用貫通孔235は、開口形状が略「凹」字状の貫通孔であり、添板部234の前方及び側方を取り囲むように設けられている。この金具取付用貫通孔235は、添板部234の側方に位置する部分では、添板部234の前方から添板部234よりやや後方の部分まで延びている。
Here, when attention is paid to the front and side of the accessory plate portion 234, a fitting attachment through hole 235 that penetrates the upper plate portion 226 in the vertical direction (front and back direction) is formed.
The metal fitting mounting through hole 235 is a through hole having an approximately “concave” opening shape, and is provided so as to surround the front and side of the accessory plate portion 234. The metal fitting mounting through-hole 235 extends from the front of the accessory plate 234 to a portion slightly rearward of the accessory plate 234 in a portion located on the side of the accessory plate 234.

また、上板部226には、2つの金具用ネジ孔236と、2つの化粧板用ネジ孔237とが設けられており、それぞれ上板部226を上下方向(表裏方向)に貫通している。
金具用ネジ孔236は、金具取付用貫通孔235の側方に形成されている。より詳細には、2つの金具用ネジ孔236が、上板部226の長手方向wにおいて、金具取付用貫通孔235を挟んで列状に位置している。
Further, the upper plate portion 226 is provided with two metal fitting screw holes 236 and two decorative plate screw holes 237, which respectively penetrate the upper plate portion 226 in the vertical direction (front and back direction). .
The metal fitting screw hole 236 is formed on the side of the metal fitting attaching through hole 235. More specifically, the two metal fitting screw holes 236 are arranged in a row in the longitudinal direction w of the upper plate portion 226 with the metal fitting attaching through-hole 235 interposed therebetween.

ここで、図22,図23で示されるように、軒先金具本体217の長手方向wの両端近傍には、2つのビード部233がそれぞれ設けられている。これらのビード部233は、いずれも、下板部224から正面立壁部225を経由して上板部226まで回り込んで延びている。このビード部233は、いずれも、軒先取付け金具200の剛性を向上させるために設けられたものである。   Here, as shown in FIGS. 22 and 23, two bead portions 233 are provided in the vicinity of both ends in the longitudinal direction w of the eaves-end fitting main body 217. Each of these bead portions 233 extends from the lower plate portion 224 to the upper plate portion 226 via the front standing wall portion 225. Each of the bead portions 233 is provided in order to improve the rigidity of the eaves tip mounting bracket 200.

モジュール保持金具218は、亜鉛メッキ鋼板等の一枚板を折り曲げ加工することにより形成されるものである。モジュール保持金具218は、図25〜図27で示されるように、長方形平板状の保持側天板部240と、保持側天板部240の短手方向lの片側端部から略垂直下方へ垂下される保持側側壁部241と、保持側側壁部241の下端部から前方へ突出する取付小片部242と、保持側側壁部241の下端部から後方へ突出する取付大片部243と、を有している。   The module holding metal fitting 218 is formed by bending a single plate such as a galvanized steel plate. As shown in FIGS. 25 to 27, the module holding metal fitting 218 hangs substantially vertically downward from the rectangular flat plate-shaped holding side top plate portion 240 and one side end portion of the holding side top plate portion 240 in the short direction l. Holding side wall portion 241, mounting small piece portion 242 protruding forward from the lower end portion of holding side side wall portion 241, and mounting large piece portion 243 protruding rearward from the lower end portion of holding side side wall portion 241. ing.

保持側側壁部241は、図25〜図27で示されるように、外形が略長方形平板状となっている。そして、保持側側壁部241の下方部分では、長手方向wの両端に位置する部分がそれぞれ前方へ折り曲げられて2つの取付小片部242を形成しており(図25参照)、2つの取付小片部242の間に位置する部分が後方へと折り曲げられて取付大片部243を形成している(図26参照)。ここで、図27で示されるように、取付小片部242の折り曲げ位置と、取付大片部243の折り曲げ位置は高さ方向で異なる位置となっており、詳細には、2つの取付小片部242が取付大片部243より上方で折り曲げられている。   As shown in FIGS. 25 to 27, the holding-side side wall portion 241 has a substantially rectangular flat plate shape. And in the lower part of holding side wall part 241, the part located in the both ends of longitudinal direction w is bent ahead, respectively, and two attachment piece parts 242 are formed (refer to Drawing 25), and two attachment piece parts A portion located between 242 is bent rearward to form a large mounting piece 243 (see FIG. 26). Here, as shown in FIG. 27, the folding position of the attachment small piece portion 242 and the bending position of the attachment large piece portion 243 are different in the height direction. Specifically, the two attachment small piece portions 242 It is bent above the attachment large piece 243.

取付小片部242は、図25,図27で示されるように、モジュール保持金具218の下端からやや上方の部分で前方に突出する、略長方形板状の部分である。この取付小片部242には、取付小片部242の天面から底面までを貫通する金具用ネジ孔245が形成されている。
金具用ネジ孔245は開口形状が円形の貫通孔であり、取付小片部242の天面と底面の中心部に開口し、取付小片部242の高さ方向(上下方向)に沿って延びている。つまり、金具用ネジ孔245は、取付小片部242の中心部分を貫通する貫通孔となっている。
As shown in FIGS. 25 and 27, the attachment small piece portion 242 is a substantially rectangular plate-like portion that protrudes forward at a slightly upper portion from the lower end of the module holding metal fitting 218. The attachment small piece portion 242 is formed with a metal fitting screw hole 245 penetrating from the top surface to the bottom surface of the attachment small piece portion 242.
The screw hole 245 for metal fittings is a through-hole having a circular opening shape, and opens at the center of the top and bottom surfaces of the mounting small piece portion 242 and extends along the height direction (vertical direction) of the mounting small piece portion 242. . In other words, the metal fitting screw hole 245 is a through-hole penetrating the central portion of the attachment small piece portion 242.

取付大片部243は、図26,図27で示されるように、モジュール保持金具218の下端部分で後方に突出する、略長方形板状の部分である。この取付大片部243は、保持側天板部240と高さ方向で対向しており、保持側天板部240より長手方向w及び短手方向lの長さが短くなっている。   As shown in FIGS. 26 and 27, the attachment large piece 243 is a substantially rectangular plate-like portion that protrudes rearward from the lower end portion of the module holding metal fitting 218. The attachment large piece portion 243 faces the holding side top plate portion 240 in the height direction, and the lengths in the longitudinal direction w and the short direction l are shorter than the holding side top plate portion 240.

ここで、図25,図26で示されるようにモジュール保持金具218の長手方向wの中心近傍には、2条のビード部244が所定の間隔を空けて、それぞれ設けられている。これらのビード部244は、いずれも、取付大片部243から保持側側壁部241を経由して保持側天板部240まで回り込んで延びている。
またさらに、保持側天板部240の長手方向wの両端部に注目すると、図25で示されるように、長手方向wの端部からやや中心よりの部分に、それぞれビード部246が設けられている。これらのビード部246は、いずれも、保持側天板部240の後端から、保持側天板部240の前後方向lの中心近傍まで前方に向かって延びている。
これらのビード部244,ビード部246は、いずれも、軒先取付け金具200の剛性を向上させるために設けられたものである。
Here, as shown in FIGS. 25 and 26, two bead portions 244 are provided at predetermined intervals in the vicinity of the center of the module holding metal 218 in the longitudinal direction w. All of these bead portions 244 extend from the attachment large piece portion 243 to the holding side top plate portion 240 via the holding side wall portion 241.
Further, when attention is paid to both end portions in the longitudinal direction w of the holding-side top plate portion 240, as shown in FIG. 25, bead portions 246 are respectively provided at portions slightly from the center from the end portions in the longitudinal direction w. Yes. Each of these bead portions 246 extends forward from the rear end of the holding side top plate portion 240 to the vicinity of the center of the holding side top plate portion 240 in the front-rear direction l.
These bead portions 244 and bead portions 246 are provided in order to improve the rigidity of the eaves tip mounting bracket 200.

続いて、軒先取付け金具200の組み立て構造について説明すると、軒先取付け金具200は、図20で示されるように、軒先金具本体217とモジュール保持金具218とを一体に取り付けることで形成される。軒先金具本体217とモジュール保持金具218とを取り付けるとき、図21,図28で示されるように、軒先金具本体217の上板部226に形成された金具取付用貫通孔235に、モジュール保持金具218の下方部分が嵌め込まれた状態とする。   Next, the assembly structure of the eaves mounting bracket 200 will be described. As shown in FIG. 20, the eaves mounting bracket 200 is formed by integrally mounting the eaves mounting bracket body 217 and the module holding bracket 218. When attaching the eaves-end fitting main body 217 and the module holding fitting 218, as shown in FIG. 21 and FIG. 28, the module holding fitting 218 is inserted into the fitting attachment through-hole 235 formed in the upper plate portion 226 of the eaves-end fitting main body 217. It is assumed that the lower part of is fitted.

このとき、図28(b)で示されるように、モジュール保持金具218の取付大片部243の上面が、軒先金具本体217の上板部226の底面に下方から接触した状態となっている。
また、モジュール保持金具218の保持側側壁部241と、軒先金具本体217の添板部234とが前後方向l(図28の左右方向)において隣り合わせで面接触した状態となっている。詳細には、保持側側壁部241の後側面の一部と、添板部234の前側面とが接触した状態で、保持側側壁部241と添板部234とが並列して立設された状態となっている。
そして、図28(b),図28(c)で示されるように、モジュール保持金具218の取付小片部242が、軒先金具本体217の上板部226に上方から接触した状態となっている。このとき、それぞれの取付小片部242に形成された金具用ネジ孔245(図25参照)と、軒先金具本体217の上板部226に形成された金具用ネジ孔236(図21参照)とが重なりあった状態(図28(c)参照)となる。即ち、モジュール保持金具218の金具用ネジ孔245と、軒先金具本体217の金具用ネジ孔236とが重なり合って、一体の連通孔を形成した状態となっている。
At this time, as shown in FIG. 28 (b), the upper surface of the mounting large piece portion 243 of the module holding metal fitting 218 is in contact with the bottom surface of the upper plate portion 226 of the eaves-end metal fitting body 217 from below.
Further, the holding-side side wall portion 241 of the module holding metal fitting 218 and the accessory plate portion 234 of the eaves-end metal fitting main body 217 are in surface contact with each other in the front-rear direction l (left-right direction in FIG. 28). Specifically, the holding side wall portion 241 and the accessory plate portion 234 are erected in parallel in a state where a part of the rear side surface of the holding side wall portion 241 and the front side surface of the accessory plate portion 234 are in contact with each other. It is in a state.
Then, as shown in FIGS. 28B and 28C, the attachment small piece portion 242 of the module holding metal fitting 218 is in contact with the upper plate portion 226 of the eaves-end metal fitting 217 from above. At this time, there are metal screw holes 245 (see FIG. 25) formed in the respective mounting piece portions 242 and metal screw holes 236 (see FIG. 21) formed in the upper plate portion 226 of the eaves-end metal body 217. The overlapped state (see FIG. 28C) is obtained. That is, the metal fitting screw hole 245 of the module holding metal fitting 218 and the metal fitting screw hole 236 of the eaves-end metal fitting body 217 are overlapped to form an integral communication hole.

そして、モジュール保持金具218の金具用ネジ孔245と、軒先金具本体217の金具用ネジ孔236とに、ビス等の締結要素238を挿通して、モジュール保持金具218と軒先金具本体217とを一体に固定する。
なお、ここで締結要素とは、ネジ、釘、ビス等の上位概念とする。
Then, a fastening element 238 such as a screw is inserted through the metal fitting screw hole 245 of the module holding metal fitting 218 and the metal fitting screw hole 236 of the eave metal fitting main body 217 so that the module holding metal fitting 218 and the eave metal fitting main body 217 are integrated. Secure to.
Here, the fastening element is a superordinate concept such as a screw, a nail, or a screw.

このように、軒先取付け金具200が組み立てられると、図28(b),図28(c),図29で示されるように、モジュール保持金具218の一部たる保持側天板部240の下方に、保持側天板部240、保持側側壁部241、軒先金具本体217の上板部226によって囲まれた空間であるところのモジュール保持凹部219が形成される。   When the eaves mounting bracket 200 is assembled in this way, as shown in FIGS. 28 (b), 28 (c), and 29, below the holding side top plate 240, which is a part of the module holding bracket 218. A module holding recess 219 is formed which is a space surrounded by the holding side top plate 240, the holding side wall 241 and the upper plate 226 of the eaves-end bracket body 217.

モジュール保持凹部219は、図29で示されるように、断面略長方形状で軒先取付け金具200の左右方向w(前後方向及び上下方向に直交する方向)に沿って延びる、後方側が開放された空間である。言い換えると、モジュール保持凹部219は、上板部226上に溝状に形成されている。
ここで、図28(c),図29で示されるように、モジュール保持凹部219と、係合部230の下方に位置する空間231とは、軒先取付け金具200の高さ方向で重なる位置となっている。そして、モジュール保持凹部219の前端部分と、この空間231の前端部分とは、前後方向l(図28における左右方向)で同一の位置となっている。
また、モジュール保持凹部219には、ゴム等の弾性体で作られた保護部材(図示せず)が設けられている。このことにより、太陽電池パネル2を嵌めこんだとき、太陽電池パネル2の嵌めこんだ部分が傷つくことがなく、且つ嵌めこんだ太陽電池パネル2がたつくこともない。
以上が軒先取付け金具200の説明である。
As shown in FIG. 29, the module holding recess 219 is a space having a substantially rectangular cross section and extending along the left-right direction w (the direction perpendicular to the front-rear direction and the up-down direction) of the eaves mounting bracket 200 and having the open rear side. is there. In other words, the module holding recess 219 is formed in a groove shape on the upper plate portion 226.
Here, as shown in FIGS. 28 (c) and 29, the module holding recess 219 and the space 231 located below the engaging portion 230 are positioned so as to overlap with each other in the height direction of the eaves tip mounting bracket 200. ing. And the front-end part of the module holding | maintenance recessed part 219 and the front-end part of this space 231 are the same positions in the front-back direction 1 (left-right direction in FIG. 28).
The module holding recess 219 is provided with a protective member (not shown) made of an elastic body such as rubber. Thus, when the solar cell panel 2 is fitted, the fitted portion of the solar cell panel 2 is not damaged, and the fitted solar cell panel 2 is not shaken.
The above is the description of the eaves mounting bracket 200.

続いて、本実施形態の屋根構造1の一般的な施工手順に沿って、屋根構造1の位置関係について説明する。   Then, the positional relationship of the roof structure 1 is demonstrated along the general construction procedure of the roof structure 1 of this embodiment.

本実施形態の屋根構造1を施工するには、最初の屋根下地を形成し、その上に屋根部材202を行列状に並べて平面的な広がりをもって載置する。そしてこの屋根部材202を設置する際に、軒先取付け金具200と、レール部材3を一体に取り付ける。
そして、軒先取付け金具200と、レール部材3に取り付けた固定部材5と、連結ピース100によって、太陽電池パネル2を屋根上に設置する。
つまり、本実施形態では、太陽電池パネル2の設置に先立って、基礎屋根構造203を構築する。
In order to construct the roof structure 1 of the present embodiment, the first roof base is formed, and the roof members 202 are arranged in a matrix on the roof base 202 and placed with a planar spread. And when installing this roof member 202, the eaves-end fitting 200 and the rail member 3 are attached integrally.
And the solar cell panel 2 is installed on the roof by the eaves-end fitting 200, the fixing member 5 attached to the rail member 3, and the connecting piece 100.
That is, in this embodiment, the foundation roof structure 203 is constructed prior to the installation of the solar cell panel 2.

具体的な手順は次の通りである。
まず、第1の工程として、図30で示されるように、屋根下地の軒先部分に、複数の軒先取付け金具200を所定の間隔を空けて取り付ける。このとき、野地板268の軒先側先端面268aと、軒先取付け金具200の一部たる正面立壁部225の前側面とが同一平面を形成するように設置される。そして、軒先取付け金具200の固定用ネジ孔229(図23参照)に、木ネジ等の締結要素271を挿通し、軒先取付け金具200を屋根下地と一体に固定する。
The specific procedure is as follows.
First, as a first step, as shown in FIG. 30, a plurality of eaves mounting brackets 200 are attached to the eaves of the roof base with a predetermined interval. At this time, the eaves side front end surface 268a of the base plate 268 and the front side surface of the front standing wall portion 225 which is a part of the eaves end fitting 200 are installed so as to form the same plane. Then, a fastening element 271 such as a wood screw is inserted into the fixing screw hole 229 (see FIG. 23) of the eaves attaching bracket 200, and the eaves attaching bracket 200 is fixed integrally with the roof base.

次に、第2の工程として、図31で示されるように、軒側第1行目の列の屋根部材202aを屋根下地上に取り付ける。このとき、図32(a)で示されるように、屋根部材202aの掛止片212を、軒先取付け金具200の上板部226と下板部224に間に形成される空間272(係合領域)へと移動させる。そして、屋根部材202aの掛止片212をさらに軒先側(前側であり図32の右側)へと移動させて係合部230を乗り越えさせ、その後に屋根部材202aの掛止片212を下方側へと移動させて棟側へと引き上げる。このことにより、図32(b)で示されるように、屋根部材202aの掛止片212を軒先取付け金具200の係合部230に引っかけた状態とする。即ち、屋根部材202aの掛止片212が、係合部230の下方に形成された空間231に入り込んだ状態となり、軒側第1行目の列の屋根部材202aの軒先側端部が、軒先取付け金具200に掛止された状態となる。   Next, as a second step, as shown in FIG. 31, the roof member 202a in the first row of eaves side is attached on the roof base. At this time, as shown in FIG. 32A, a space 272 (engagement region) formed between the upper plate portion 226 and the lower plate portion 224 of the eaves-end fitting 200 with the hook piece 212 of the roof member 202a. ). Then, the latching piece 212 of the roof member 202a is further moved to the eaves side (the front side and the right side in FIG. 32) to get over the engaging portion 230, and then the latching piece 212 of the roof member 202a is moved downward. And move it up to the building side. As a result, as shown in FIG. 32 (b), the latching piece 212 of the roof member 202 a is in a state of being hooked on the engaging portion 230 of the eaves edge mounting bracket 200. That is, the latching piece 212 of the roof member 202a enters the space 231 formed below the engaging portion 230, and the eave end side end of the roof member 202a in the first row of eaves side is the eave end. It will be in the state latched by the attachment metal fitting 200. FIG.

そして、図33で示されるように、屋根部材202aの軒先側端部が軒先取付け金具200に掛止された状態で、屋根部材202aの棟側部分を吊子269と共に屋根下地に固定する。より詳細には、図34で示されるように、屋根部材202aの上に吊子269を載置し、重ね合わせた屋根部材202a及び吊子269を屋根下地に締結要素274を介して固定する。
このことにより、軒側第1行目の列の屋根部材202aが屋根下地上に取り付けられる。
Then, as shown in FIG. 33, the ridge side portion of the roof member 202a is fixed to the roof base together with the hanging member 269 in a state where the eave end side end portion of the roof member 202a is hooked on the eave end mounting bracket 200. More specifically, as shown in FIG. 34, a hanging member 269 is placed on the roof member 202a, and the overlapped roof member 202a and the hanging member 269 are fixed to the roof base via a fastening element 274.
As a result, the roof member 202a in the first row of the eaves side is attached on the roof base.

ここで、上記したように、屋根部材202aが屋根下地上に取り付けられたとき、屋根部材202aの軒先側端部では、掛止片212が軒先取付け金具200に掛止された状態となっている。この状態では、屋根部材202aの上方への移動が軒先取付け金具200によって阻止されるため、屋根部材202aが強風に煽られても浮き上がってしまうことがない。つまり、本実施形態の屋根構造1では、屋根部材202aが強風に煽られても剥離しない、風害に強い屋根部材202の取り付けが可能となる。   Here, as described above, when the roof member 202a is mounted on the roof base, the hook piece 212 is hooked on the eaves mounting bracket 200 at the eaves side end of the roof member 202a. . In this state, since the upward movement of the roof member 202a is blocked by the eaves-end fitting 200, the roof member 202a does not float even if it is beaten by a strong wind. That is, in the roof structure 1 of the present embodiment, it is possible to attach the roof member 202 which is resistant to wind damage and does not peel even when the roof member 202a is blown by strong wind.

また、軒側第1行目の列の屋根部材202aが取り付けられたとき、図32で示されるように、屋根部材202aが軒先取付け金具200の固定用ネジ孔229を上方から覆った状態となる。このように、屋根部材202aが、軒先取付け金具200の下板部224における固定用ネジ孔229が形成されている領域の上部全域を覆うため、軒先取付け金具200の固定用ネジ孔229から屋根下地側へ雨水が浸入することがない。   Further, when the roof member 202a in the first row of the eaves side is attached, as shown in FIG. 32, the roof member 202a covers the fixing screw hole 229 of the eaves tip mounting bracket 200 from above. . Thus, since the roof member 202a covers the entire upper area of the region where the fixing screw hole 229 is formed in the lower plate portion 224 of the eaves mounting bracket 200, the roof base 202 is fixed from the fixing screw hole 229 of the eaves mounting bracket 200. Rainwater does not enter the side.

そしてまた、上記したように、軒先取付け金具200の正面立壁部225には正面貫通孔232が設けられている(図22参照)。このことから、上板部226と下板部224に間に形成される空間272(図32参照)に雨水が入り込んでしまった場合であっても、この正面貫通孔232から入り込んだ雨水を外部へと排出することができる。また、このように正面立壁部225に正面貫通孔232を形成すると、正面立壁部225の大部分を切り欠かれることとなるため、軒先取付け金具200を軽量化することができる。このことにより、屋根構造1の軽量を図ることができる。   And as above mentioned, the front through-hole 232 is provided in the front standing wall part 225 of the eaves edge attachment metal fitting 200 (refer FIG. 22). For this reason, even if rainwater enters the space 272 (see FIG. 32) formed between the upper plate portion 226 and the lower plate portion 224, the rainwater that has entered from the front through-hole 232 is removed from the outside. Can be discharged. Further, when the front through-hole 232 is formed in the front standing wall portion 225 in this way, most of the front standing wall portion 225 is cut out, so that the eaves tip mounting bracket 200 can be reduced in weight. Thereby, the weight of the roof structure 1 can be achieved.

さらに、第3の工程として、軒側第2行目以降の列の屋根部材202を取り付ける。即ち、軒側第2行目の列の屋根部材202b,軒側第3行目の列の屋根部材202c・・・を屋根下地上に設置する。   Further, as a third step, the roof members 202 in the second and subsequent rows on the eaves side are attached. That is, the roof member 202b in the second row of the eaves side, the roof member 202c in the third row of the eaves side, are installed on the roof base.

まず、図35で示されるように、軒側第2行目の列の屋根部材202bを屋根下地上に設置する。このとき、図36で示されるように、軒側第2行目の列の屋根部材202bの掛止片212を、軒側第1行目の列の屋根部材202aの屋根材掛止空間214に引っかけた状態とする。即ち、図36(a)で示されるように、第2行目の列の屋根部材202bの掛止片212を、第1行目の列の屋根部材202aの掛止突起213よりも軒側(図36の右側)に位置させる。その状態から、第2行目の列の屋根部材202bの掛止片212を第1行目の列の屋根部材202aの表面近傍へと移動させ、棟側へと引き上げる。このことにより、図36(b)で示されるように、第2行目の列の屋根部材202bの掛止片212が、第1行目の列の屋根部材202aの屋根材掛止空間214に入り込んだ状態となる。このことにより、軒側第2行目の列の屋根部材202bの軒先側端部が掛止される。   First, as shown in FIG. 35, the roof member 202b in the second row of eaves side is installed on the roof base. At this time, as shown in FIG. 36, the latching piece 212 of the roof member 202b in the second row of eaves side is put into the roof material latching space 214 of the roof member 202a in the first row of eaves side. Make it hooked. That is, as shown in FIG. 36A, the latching piece 212 of the roof member 202b in the second row is connected to the eaves side (the eaves side 213 of the roof projection 202c of the roof member 202a in the first row). It is located on the right side of FIG. From this state, the latching piece 212 of the roof member 202b in the second row is moved to the vicinity of the surface of the roof member 202a in the first row, and is pulled up to the ridge side. As a result, as shown in FIG. 36B, the latching piece 212 of the roof member 202b in the second row is placed in the roof material latching space 214 of the roof member 202a in the first row. It enters the state. As a result, the end of the eaves side of the roof member 202b in the second row of eaves is hooked.

そして、図37に示されるように、軒側第2行目の列の屋根部材202bの軒先側端部が掛止された状態で、軒側第2行目の列の屋根部材202bの棟側部分を吊子269と共に屋根下地に固定する。
なお、軒側第2行目の列の屋根部材202bの棟側部分の固定方法は、軒側第1行目の列の屋根部材202aの棟側部分の固定方法と同じであるため、説明を省略する。
Then, as shown in FIG. 37, the ridge side of the roof member 202b in the second row of eaves side in the state where the end portion on the eave side of the roof member 202b in the second row of eaves side is hooked. The part is fixed to the roof base together with the hanging element 269.
Note that the method for fixing the ridge side portion of the roof member 202b in the second row of eaves side is the same as the method for fixing the ridge side portion of the roof member 202a in the first row of eaves side. Omitted.

このように、軒先側端部が掛止された状態で棟側部分を固定することにより、軒側第2行目の列の屋根部材202bが屋根下地上に取り付けられる。   Thus, the roof member 202b of the row | line | column of the eaves side 2nd row is attached on a roof base | substrate by fixing a ridge side part in the state in which the eaves edge side edge part was latched.

さらに、図38に示されるように、軒側第3行目の列の屋根部材202cといった軒側第2行目以降の列の屋根部材202についても、軒側第2行目の列の屋根部材202bと同様に取り付けていく。そして、すべての屋根部材202が屋根下地上に取り付けられたことをもって、屋根下地上への屋根部材202の敷設が完了し、基礎屋根構造203が完成する。   Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 38, the roof member 202 in the second row of the eaves side, such as the roof member 202c in the second row of the eaves side, as well as the roof member 202 in the second row of the eaves side. It is attached in the same manner as 202b. And when all the roof members 202 are attached on the roof base, the laying of the roof members 202 on the roof base is completed, and the foundation roof structure 203 is completed.

次に、第4の工程として、屋根部材202が敷設された基礎屋根構造203に対し、レール部材3を取り付ける。   Next, as a fourth step, the rail member 3 is attached to the foundation roof structure 203 on which the roof member 202 is laid.

まず、図39で示されるように、軒側第1行目の列のレール部材3aを屋根下地上に取り付ける。より詳細には、軒側第1行目の列のレール部材3aのレール接続片64の一部を、軒側第1行目の屋根部材202aと軒側第2行目の屋根部材202bとが重った部分に形成される隙間に挿入する。そして、その状態で、ボルト等の締結部材(図示せず)によって、軒側第1行目の列のレール部材3aの軒先側端部を屋根部材202上に固定する。このとき、レール部材3aは、レール部材3aの長手方向が屋根の傾斜方向に沿うように配される。そして、この軒側第1行目の列のレール部材3aは、その大半部分が軒側第2行目の屋根部材202b上に位置する。   First, as shown in FIG. 39, the rail members 3a in the first row of eaves side are attached on the roof base. More specifically, a part of the rail connection piece 64 of the rail member 3a in the first row of the eaves side is divided into a roof member 202a in the first row of eaves side and a roof member 202b in the second row of eaves side. Insert into the gap formed in the heavy part. Then, in this state, the eave end side end of the rail member 3a in the first row of eaves side is fixed on the roof member 202 by a fastening member (not shown) such as a bolt. At this time, the rail member 3a is arranged so that the longitudinal direction of the rail member 3a is along the inclination direction of the roof. The majority of the rail members 3a in the first row of the eaves side are located on the roof member 202b in the second row of the eaves.

次に、図40で示されるように、軒側第2行目の列のレール部材3bを屋根下地上に取り付ける。具体的には、軒側第2行目の列のレール部材3bのレール接続片64の一部を、軒側第2行目の屋根部材202bと軒側第3行目の屋根部材202cとが重った部分に形成される隙間に挿入する。このとき、軒側第2行目の列のレール部材3bの軒先側端部が、軒側第1行目の列のレール部材3aの棟側端部に上方から嵌めこまれ、軒側第1行目の列のレール部材3aの一部と軒側第2行目の列のレール部材3bの一部とが、高さ方向(梁間方向及び桁行方向に直交する方向)で密着しつつ重なった状態となる。
具体的に説明すると、上記したように、レール部材3は長手方向の両端で幅方向の長さが異なる構造となっている。このため、2つのレール部材3a,3bは、一方のレール部材3aの幅方向の長さが短い部分に、他方のレール部材3bの幅方向の長さが長い部分を被せることにより、一部が密着しつつ重なった状態で長手方向(行方向l)に連結可能となっている。
このように2つのレール部材3a,3bの重なった状態で、ボルト等の締結部材(図示せず)で重なった部分を挿通し、軒側第1行目の列のレール部材3aの棟側端部と、軒側第2行目の列のレール部材3bの軒先側端部とを屋根部材202上に固定する。
Next, as shown in FIG. 40, the rail members 3b in the second row of eaves side are attached on the roof base. Specifically, a part of the rail connection piece 64 of the rail member 3b in the second row of eaves side is divided into a roof member 202b in the second row of eaves and a roof member 202c in the third row of eaves. Insert into the gap formed in the heavy part. At this time, the eave end side end portion of the rail member 3b in the second row of the eaves side is fitted into the ridge side end portion of the rail member 3a in the first row of the eave side from the upper side, A part of the rail member 3a in the row column and a part of the rail member 3b in the second row of the eaves side overlap each other in close contact with each other in the height direction (a direction orthogonal to the beam direction and the column direction). It becomes a state.
Specifically, as described above, the rail member 3 has a structure in which the length in the width direction is different at both ends in the longitudinal direction. For this reason, a part of the two rail members 3a and 3b is partially covered by covering a portion where the length in the width direction of one rail member 3a is short with a portion where the length in the width direction of the other rail member 3b is long. It can be connected in the longitudinal direction (row direction 1) in a state of overlapping while closely contacting.
Thus, in the state where the two rail members 3a and 3b overlap, the portion overlapped by the fastening member (not shown) such as a bolt is inserted, and the ridge side end of the rail member 3a in the first row of the eaves side And the eaves side end of the rail member 3b in the second row of the eaves side are fixed on the roof member 202.

そして、軒側第2行目以降の列のレール部材3を取り付ける場合も、軒側第2行目の列のレール部材3bと同じように取り付けていく。そして、最後に、最上段に位置するレール部材3の棟側端部をボルト等の締結部材(図示せず)で固定することにより、レール部材3の取り付けを完了する。   And also when attaching the rail member 3 of the column after the eaves side 2nd row, it attaches similarly to the rail member 3b of the column of the eaves side 2nd row. And finally, attachment of the rail member 3 is completed by fixing the ridge side edge part of the rail member 3 located in the uppermost stage with fastening members (not shown), such as a volt | bolt.

さらに、第5の工程として、図41で示されるように、レール部材3に固定部材5を取り付ける。
このとき、図42(a)のようにレール部材3の係合孔6に基礎部21の係合部53を差し込む(取り付け姿勢)。即ち、基礎部21の係合部53の幅方向wが、レール部材3の係合孔6の延伸方向とほぼ一致するように係合部53を差し込む。言い換えると、基礎部21の係合部53の部材厚方向を係合孔6の開口幅方向に合わせて、レール部材3の係合孔6に係合部53を挿入する。なお、ここでいう「ほぼ一致」とは、完全に一致だけではなく、若干傾倒したものも含む概念である。本実施形態では、係合孔6の延伸方向に対して係合部53の−10度から10度の傾倒を表す。
Further, as a fifth step, the fixing member 5 is attached to the rail member 3 as shown in FIG.
At this time, the engaging portion 53 of the base portion 21 is inserted into the engaging hole 6 of the rail member 3 as shown in FIG. That is, the engaging portion 53 is inserted so that the width direction w of the engaging portion 53 of the base portion 21 substantially matches the extending direction of the engaging hole 6 of the rail member 3. In other words, the engaging portion 53 is inserted into the engaging hole 6 of the rail member 3 such that the thickness direction of the engaging portion 53 of the base portion 21 is aligned with the opening width direction of the engaging hole 6. Note that “substantially coincidence” here is a concept that includes not only perfect coincidence but also a slight inclination. In the present embodiment, the inclination of the engaging portion 53 from −10 degrees to 10 degrees with respect to the extending direction of the engaging hole 6 is represented.

次に、図42(a)の矢印のように基礎部21の接続部57(図12参照)を回転軸として周方向に回転させ、図42(b)のように固定用ボルト8の軸部12を貫通孔58内に挿入し、公知のナットによって固定用ボルト8を仮締めする(係合姿勢)。
このとき、基礎部21の係合部53の幅方向w(図7参照)は、レール部材3の係合孔6の延伸方向に対して交差する方向を向いている。言い換えると、基礎部21の係合部53の部材厚方向は、係合孔6の開口幅方向に対して交差する方向を向いている。本実施形態では、基礎部21の係合部53の部材厚方向は、係合孔6の開口幅方向に対して直交する方向を向いている。
係合部53の係止片56がレール部材3の係合孔6に係合することによって、レール部材3に対する固定部材5の離反方向への移動が規制されている。言い換えると、固定部材5のレール部材3からの離脱が不能となっている。即ち、外部から負圧を受けても、固定部材5はレール部材3から離脱しない。
Next, the connecting portion 57 (see FIG. 12) of the base portion 21 is rotated in the circumferential direction as indicated by the arrow in FIG. 42 (a), and the shaft portion of the fixing bolt 8 as shown in FIG. 42 (b). 12 is inserted into the through hole 58, and the fixing bolt 8 is temporarily tightened with a known nut (engagement posture).
At this time, the width direction w (see FIG. 7) of the engaging portion 53 of the base portion 21 faces the direction intersecting the extending direction of the engaging hole 6 of the rail member 3. In other words, the member thickness direction of the engaging portion 53 of the base portion 21 faces the direction intersecting the opening width direction of the engaging hole 6. In the present embodiment, the member thickness direction of the engaging portion 53 of the base portion 21 faces the direction orthogonal to the opening width direction of the engaging hole 6.
When the locking piece 56 of the engaging portion 53 is engaged with the engaging hole 6 of the rail member 3, the movement of the fixing member 5 with respect to the rail member 3 in the separating direction is restricted. In other words, the fixing member 5 cannot be detached from the rail member 3. That is, even when negative pressure is applied from the outside, the fixing member 5 does not leave the rail member 3.

また、底面部45,46がレール部材3の上面に載置されている。固定用ボルト8と固定部材5の位置関係は規制され、固定具7と固定部材5は一体的にレール部材3のスリット状の係合孔6の延伸方向にのみスライド可能となっている。
なお、固定部材5は、固定用ボルト8が仮締め状態では、レール部材3の長手方向に沿って移動可能であり、固定用ボルト8が本止め状態では、レール部材3に対して相対的に移動不可能な状態に取り付けられている。
Further, the bottom surface portions 45 and 46 are placed on the upper surface of the rail member 3. The positional relationship between the fixing bolt 8 and the fixing member 5 is restricted, and the fixing tool 7 and the fixing member 5 can be integrally slid only in the extending direction of the slit-like engagement hole 6 of the rail member 3.
The fixing member 5 is movable along the longitudinal direction of the rail member 3 when the fixing bolt 8 is temporarily tightened, and relatively fixed with respect to the rail member 3 when the fixing bolt 8 is in the fully-fastened state. It is mounted in an immovable state.

第5の工程の固定部材5のレール部材3への取り付けの完了をもって、屋根上への太陽電池パネル2の取り付け用の部材(軒先取付け金具200、レール部材3、固定部材5)の設置が完了する。
そして、引き続き、基礎屋根構造203上に太陽電池パネル2を設置していく。
With the completion of the attachment of the fixing member 5 to the rail member 3 in the fifth step, the installation of the members for attaching the solar cell panel 2 on the roof (the eaves-end fitting 200, the rail member 3, the fixing member 5) is completed. To do.
And the solar cell panel 2 is installed on the foundation roof structure 203 continuously.

続いて実施する第6の工程では、図43,図44で示されるように、軒側第1行目の列の太陽電池パネル2aを屋根下地上に取り付ける。   Subsequently, in the sixth step to be carried out, as shown in FIGS. 43 and 44, the solar cell panels 2a in the first row of eaves side are attached on the roof base.

このとき、太陽電池パネル2aの軒先側端部を、軒先取付け金具200のモジュール保持凹部219に嵌め込んだ状態とする。すると、図45で示されるように、軒側第1行目の列の太陽電池パネル2aの軒先側先端部分と、軒側第1行目の列の屋根部材202aの軒先側先端部分とが、行方向l(屋根の傾斜方向)において略同一の位置となる。このとき、軒側第1行目の列の太陽電池パネル2aの軒先側先端部分と、軒側第1行目の列の屋根部材202aの軒先側先端部分とは、いずれも屋根下地(野地板268)の軒先側端部に極めて近接した位置となっている。換言すると、軒側第1行目の列の太陽電池パネル2aの軒先側先端部分と、軒側第1行目の列の屋根部材202aの軒先側先端部分のいずれもが、屋根下地(野地板268)の軒先側先端部分と略同じ位置となり、高さ方向で重なった状態となる。
つまり、本実施形態の屋根構造1では、太陽電池パネル2と屋根部材202のそれぞれの軒先側端部を、屋根下地(野地板268)の軒先側端部に極めて近接させて敷設できる。このように、屋根の軒先突端部分に太陽電池パネル2が設置可能な領域を形成することで、屋根の軒先の突端(前方側)から棟側(後方側)に向かって、ほとんど隙間がない状態で太陽電池パネル2を敷設していくことができる。換言すると、本実施形態の屋根構造1によると、屋根上に太陽電池パネル2を設置できない領域が殆どなく、屋根上の略全ての部分に太陽電池パネル2を設置できるので、屋根上により多くの太陽電池パネル2を設置できる。
At this time, the eaves side end of the solar cell panel 2a is fitted into the module holding recess 219 of the eaves mounting bracket 200. Then, as shown in FIG. 45, the eaves-side front end portion of the solar panel 2a in the first row of eaves side and the eaves-side front end portion of the roof member 202a in the first row of eaves side, The positions are substantially the same in the row direction l (the roof inclination direction). At this time, the eaves-side front end portion of the solar cell panel 2a in the first eave side row and the eaves-side front end portion of the roof member 202a in the first eave row column are both the roof base (field plate). 268) is very close to the edge of the eaves side. In other words, the eaves-side front end portion of the eaves-side first row of the solar cell panels 2a and the eaves-side front end portion of the eaves-side first row of the roof members 202a are both roof bases (field boards). 268) is substantially the same position as the front end portion of the eaves side, and is overlapped in the height direction.
That is, in the roof structure 1 of the present embodiment, the eaves side ends of the solar cell panel 2 and the roof member 202 can be laid very close to the eaves side ends of the roof base (field plate 268). In this way, there is almost no gap from the protruding end (front side) of the roof eaves to the ridge side (rear side) by forming an area where the solar cell panel 2 can be installed at the eaves protruding end portion of the roof. The solar cell panel 2 can be laid. In other words, according to the roof structure 1 of the present embodiment, there is almost no area where the solar cell panel 2 cannot be installed on the roof, and the solar cell panel 2 can be installed in almost all parts on the roof. The solar cell panel 2 can be installed.

次に、図46(a)の矢印のように固定具7と固定部材5を係合孔6の延伸方向へ一体的にスライドさせ、方形状の太陽電池パネル2aの行方向l上側の辺に取り付け、図46(b)のように公知のナットによって固定用ボルト8を本締めする。
このとき、太陽電池パネル2aの幅方向w(列方向)の中間部分に固定部材5が取り付けられている。即ち、太陽電池パネル2aの行方向l上側の端部は、保持部20の一方の固定空間30(前方固定空間30a)(図10参照)内に差し込まれている。具体的には、太陽電池パネル2の辺が摩擦付与部材25の上面取り付け部31と下面取り付け部32によって挟持されている。即ち、凸条部38は、太陽電池パネル2の上面に圧接されている。
また、このとき、太陽電池パネル2aの列方向w両端に位置する辺は、ともに自由端となっている。即ち、列方向w両端側に位置する太陽電池パネル2の2辺近傍の領域は、固定部材5によって片持ち状に固定されている。
Next, as shown by the arrow in FIG. 46 (a), the fixing tool 7 and the fixing member 5 are integrally slid in the extending direction of the engaging hole 6, and the side of the rectangular solar cell panel 2a in the row direction l is formed. As shown in FIG. 46B, the fixing bolt 8 is finally tightened with a known nut.
At this time, the fixing member 5 is attached to an intermediate portion in the width direction w (column direction) of the solar cell panel 2a. That is, the upper end of the solar cell panel 2a in the row direction l is inserted into one fixed space 30 (front fixed space 30a) (see FIG. 10) of the holding unit 20. Specifically, the sides of the solar cell panel 2 are sandwiched between the upper surface attachment portion 31 and the lower surface attachment portion 32 of the friction applying member 25. That is, the ridge portion 38 is in pressure contact with the upper surface of the solar cell panel 2.
At this time, the sides located at both ends in the column direction w of the solar cell panel 2a are both free ends. That is, the region in the vicinity of the two sides of the solar cell panel 2 located on both ends of the column direction w is fixed in a cantilever manner by the fixing member 5.

このようにして、軒側第1行目の列の太陽電池パネル2aの屋根下地上への取り付けが完了する。
ここで、本実施形態の軒先取り付け具200で太陽電池パネル2を取り付けると、太陽電池パネル2と屋根部材202の間に広い隙間が形成される(図45参照)。この隙間は、太陽電池パネル2の下方に雨水が流れ込んでしまったとき、流れ込んだ雨水が流れる空間となる。即ち、本実施形態の軒先取り付け具200で太陽電池パネル2を取り付けると、屋根部材202と太陽電池パネル2の間に雨水が溜まることなく軒先側へと流れていく。
In this way, the attachment of the solar cell panels 2a in the first row of the eaves side to the roof base is completed.
Here, when the solar cell panel 2 is attached with the eaves tip attachment tool 200 of the present embodiment, a wide gap is formed between the solar cell panel 2 and the roof member 202 (see FIG. 45). This gap becomes a space through which the rainwater flows when the rainwater flows below the solar cell panel 2. That is, when the solar cell panel 2 is attached with the eaves tip attachment tool 200 of the present embodiment, rainwater does not collect between the roof member 202 and the solar cell panel 2 and flows toward the eaves side.

さらに、第7の工程として、図48,49で示されるように、軒側第2行目以降の列の太陽電池パネル2を設置する。   Further, as a seventh step, as shown in FIGS. 48 and 49, the solar cell panels 2 in the columns on and after the second row of eaves are installed.

まず、図47で示されるように、軒側第1行目の列の太陽電池パネル2aの棟側端部に連結ピース100を取り付ける。言い換えると、図47(a)から図47(b)のように列方向wに隣接した太陽電池パネル2aの角部同士が重なる辺集結部101及びその近傍に連結ピース100を装着する。
このとき、列方向w(桁行方向)に隣接する2つの太陽電池パネル2aのそれぞれの棟側端部であって、且つ2つの太陽電池パネル2aの境界となる部分に連結ピース100が取り付けられる。連結ピース100側から見ると、連結ピース100は、列方向wに隣接する2つの太陽電池パネル2aに亘って連結ピース100が取り付けられている。言い換えると、列方向wに隣接する2つの太陽電池パネル2a間の境界を跨いで連結ピース100が取り付けられている。具体的には、連結ピース100の前方固定空間130a(図17,図18参照)には、軒側第1行目の列の太陽電池パネル2aであって、列方向wに並んだ2つの太陽電池パネル2aの隣接する角部分が嵌めこまれた状態となる。
即ち、太陽電池パネル2の辺集結部101及びその近傍は、連結ピース100の前方固定空間130a(図17,図18参照)内に差し込まれる。具体的には、列方向wに隣接する太陽電池パネル2aの辺集結部101が摩擦付与部材125の上面取り付け部131と下面取り付け部132によって挟持されている。即ち、凸条部138(図19参照)は、太陽電池パネル2の上面を圧着している。
またこのとき、列方向wに隣接する太陽電池パネル2によって、連結ピース100は、太陽電池パネル2と一体となって持ち上げられ、宙空状態となっている。即ち、連結ピース100の下方には、空間が形成されている。
First, as shown in FIG. 47, the connecting piece 100 is attached to the ridge side end of the solar cell panel 2a in the first row of the eaves side. In other words, as shown in FIGS. 47 (a) to 47 (b), the connecting piece 100 is attached to the side concentration part 101 where corners of the solar cell panels 2a adjacent to each other in the column direction w overlap each other and the vicinity thereof.
At this time, the connecting piece 100 is attached to each of the ridge-side end portions of the two solar cell panels 2a adjacent to each other in the column direction w (column direction) and the boundary between the two solar cell panels 2a. When viewed from the connection piece 100 side, the connection piece 100 is attached to the connection piece 100 across the two solar cell panels 2a adjacent to each other in the column direction w. In other words, the connection piece 100 is attached across the boundary between the two solar cell panels 2a adjacent to each other in the column direction w. Specifically, in the front fixed space 130a (see FIGS. 17 and 18) of the connecting piece 100, there are two solar panels 2a arranged in the column direction w, which are the solar cell panels 2a in the first row of eaves. The adjacent corner portions of the battery panel 2a are fitted.
That is, the side concentration part 101 of the solar cell panel 2 and the vicinity thereof are inserted into the front fixed space 130a (see FIGS. 17 and 18) of the connection piece 100. Specifically, the side concentration portions 101 of the solar cell panels 2 a adjacent to each other in the column direction w are sandwiched between the upper surface attachment portion 131 and the lower surface attachment portion 132 of the friction applying member 125. That is, the ridge portion 138 (see FIG. 19) presses the upper surface of the solar cell panel 2.
At this time, the connecting piece 100 is lifted together with the solar cell panel 2 by the solar cell panel 2 adjacent in the column direction w, and is in an airborne state. That is, a space is formed below the connection piece 100.

この状態において、固定部材5によって、軒側第2行目の列の太陽電池パネル2bの軒先側端部を固定する。より具体的には、軒側第1行目の列の太陽電池パネル2aの棟側部分を固定する固定部材5の後方固定空間30bに、軒側第2行目の列の太陽電池パネル2bの軒先側端部を嵌め込んだ状態にする。即ち、固定部材5の保持部20(図7参照)は、前方固定空間30a(図10参照で軒側第1行目の列の太陽電池パネル2aの棟側端部を保持し、後方固定空間30b(図10参照)で軒側第2行目の列の太陽電池パネル2bの軒先側端部を保持した状態となる。   In this state, the eaves side end of the solar cell panel 2b in the second row of eaves side is fixed by the fixing member 5. More specifically, the solar cell panel 2b in the second row of the eaves side is placed in the rear fixed space 30b of the fixing member 5 that fixes the ridge side portion of the solar cell panel 2a in the first row in the eave side. The eaves side end is fitted. That is, the holding part 20 (see FIG. 7) of the fixing member 5 holds the front fixing space 30a (see FIG. 10, the ridge side end of the solar panel 2a in the first row of the eaves side, and the rear fixing space. At 30b (see FIG. 10), the eaves end side end of the solar cell panel 2b in the second row of eaves is held.

このとき、軒側第2行目の列の太陽電池パネル2bの軒先側端部を、連結ピース100の後方固定空間130b(図17,図18参照)に嵌め込んだ状態とする。即ち、連結ピース100は、列方向w(桁行方向)に隣接する2つの太陽電池パネル2bのそれぞれの軒先側端部を固定している。また、連結ピース100は、後方固定空間130bに2つの太陽電池パネル2bの境界を跨いで嵌め込まれた状態となっている。より具体的には、連結ピース100の後方固定空間130bは、軒側第2行目の列の太陽電池パネル2bの隣接する角部が嵌めこまれた状態となっている。   At this time, the eave end side end portion of the solar cell panel 2b in the second row of eaves side is fitted in the rear fixed space 130b (see FIGS. 17 and 18) of the connection piece 100. That is, the connecting piece 100 fixes the eaves side end portions of the two solar cell panels 2b adjacent in the column direction w (column direction). Moreover, the connection piece 100 is the state fitted in the back fixed space 130b across the boundary of the two solar cell panels 2b. More specifically, the rear fixed space 130b of the connecting piece 100 is in a state in which adjacent corners of the solar cell panels 2b in the second row of eaves are fitted.

このとき、列方向wに隣接した太陽電池パネル2の角部同士が重なる辺集結部101及びその近傍は、連結ピース100の後方固定空間130b(図17,図18参照)内に差し込まれる。
具体的には、太陽電池パネル2bの角部が摩擦付与部材125の上面取り付け部131と下面取り付け部132によって挟持されている。即ち、凸条部138は、太陽電池パネル2の上面に圧接されている。
またこのとき、列方向wに隣接する太陽電池パネル2及び行方向lに隣接する太陽電池パネル2によって、連結ピース100が太陽電池パネル2と一体となって持ち上げられ、宙空状態となっている。即ち、連結ピース100の下方には、空間が形成されている。そのため、連結ピース100と太陽電池パネル2が両端支持となっており、剛性が高い。
At this time, the side concentration portion 101 where the corner portions of the solar cell panels 2 adjacent to each other in the column direction w overlap and its vicinity are inserted into the rear fixed space 130b (see FIGS. 17 and 18) of the connection piece 100.
Specifically, the corner portion of the solar cell panel 2 b is sandwiched between the upper surface attachment portion 131 and the lower surface attachment portion 132 of the friction applying member 125. That is, the ridge portion 138 is in pressure contact with the upper surface of the solar cell panel 2.
At this time, the connecting piece 100 is lifted together with the solar cell panel 2 by the solar cell panel 2 adjacent in the column direction w and the solar cell panel 2 adjacent in the row direction l, and is in an airborne state. . That is, a space is formed below the connection piece 100. Therefore, the connection piece 100 and the solar cell panel 2 are supported at both ends, and the rigidity is high.

即ち、連結ピース100は、軒側第1行目の列の隣接する太陽電池パネル2aと、それぞれ行方向l(段方向であり、梁間方向)で隣接する2つの太陽電池パネル2bの4つの角が集まった辺集結部101に取り付けられており、連結ピース100は、これら4つの太陽電池パネル2a,2a,2b,2bを一体に固定している。   That is, the connecting piece 100 has four corners of the adjacent solar cell panels 2a in the first row of eaves side and the two solar cell panels 2b adjacent in the row direction l (the step direction and the beam direction). Are attached to the side collecting portion 101 where the four solar cell panels 2a, 2a, 2b, and 2b are integrally fixed.

このように、軒側第2行目の列の太陽電池パネル2bの軒先側端部が固定部材5と連結ピース100で保持されたことをもって、軒側第2行目の列の太陽電池パネル2bの軒先側の取り付けが終了する。   Thus, the eaves side second row column solar cell panel 2b is held by the fixing member 5 and the connecting piece 100 so that the eave side second row column solar cell panel 2b. Installation of the eaves side is finished.

続いて、図49に示されるように、軒側第2行目の列の太陽電池パネル2bの棟側端部を固定する。詳細には、軒側第2行目の列の太陽電池パネル2bの軒先側端部が、軒先取付け金具200のモジュール保持凹部219(図20参照)と、連結ピース100の後方固定空間130b(図18参照)に嵌め込まれた状態において、軒側第2行目の列の太陽電池パネル2bの棟側端部を固定する。このとき、軒側第2行目の列の太陽電池パネル2bの棟側端部は、軒側第2行目の列の太陽電池パネル2bよりさらに棟側に取り付けた固定部材5の前方固定空間30a(図10参照)に嵌め込まれる。
なお、軒側第2行目の列の太陽電池パネル2bの棟側部分の固定方法は、軒側第1行目の列の太陽電池パネル2aの棟側部分の固定方法と同じであるため、説明を省略する。
Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 49, the ridge side end of the solar cell panel 2b in the second row of the eaves side is fixed. More specifically, the eaves side end of the solar cell panel 2b in the second row of eaves is connected to the module holding recess 219 (see FIG. 20) of the eaves mounting bracket 200 and the rear fixed space 130b (see FIG. 20) of the connecting piece 100. 18), the ridge side end of the solar cell panel 2b in the second row of eaves side is fixed. At this time, the ridge side end portion of the solar cell panel 2b in the second row of eaves side is a front fixed space of the fixing member 5 attached to the ridge side further than the solar cell panel 2b in the second row of eaves side. 30a (see FIG. 10).
In addition, since the fixing method of the ridge side part of the solar panel 2b in the second row of the eaves side is the same as the fixing method of the ridge side part of the solar panel 2a in the first row of the eaves side, Description is omitted.

このことにより、図49で示されるように、軒側第2行目の列の太陽電池パネル2bの屋根下地上への取り付けが完了する。
さらに、軒側第3行目の列の太陽電池パネル2を取り付ける場合においても、軒側第2行目の列の太陽電池パネル2bと同様に取り付けていく。そして、すべての太陽電池パネル2が列方向w及び行方向lに広がりをもって、基礎屋根構造203上に取り付けられたことをもって、太陽電池パネル2の敷設が完了する。
また、屋根の軒先部分に軒先取付け金具200の上方から化粧板277(図1参照)を取り付ける。
このことをもって、屋根構造1が完成する。
As a result, as shown in FIG. 49, the attachment of the solar cell panels 2b in the second row of eaves to the roof base is completed.
Furthermore, when the solar cell panels 2 in the third row of eaves are attached, they are attached in the same manner as the solar panel 2b in the second row of eaves. Then, the installation of the solar cell panels 2 is completed when all the solar cell panels 2 are attached to the foundation roof structure 203 so as to spread in the column direction w and the row direction l.
Further, a decorative board 277 (see FIG. 1) is attached to the eaves portion of the roof from above the eaves mounting bracket 200.
With this, the roof structure 1 is completed.

ところで、太陽電池パネル2の敷設する際に列方向wに並んだ太陽電池パネル2間の辺集結部101と保持部20の幅方向w端部との距離が、連結ピース100の底面部127の幅方向の長さの半分以下の場合、連結ピース100が干渉し、取り付けられない場合がある。即ち、連結ピース100の存在が邪魔となり、固定部材5が取り付けられない場合がある。
ところが、本発明の保持部20は、一時締結要素43を取り付ける位置を変更することによって相対位置を変更可能としている。即ち、このような連結ピース100が干渉する場合でも、保持部20は、基礎部21に対して相対的に変更可能であるため、使用可能である。
By the way, when the solar cell panel 2 is laid, the distance between the side concentration portion 101 between the solar cell panels 2 arranged in the column direction w and the end portion in the width direction w of the holding portion 20 is equal to the bottom portion 127 of the connection piece 100. If the length is less than half of the length in the width direction, the connecting piece 100 may interfere and not be attached. That is, the presence of the connecting piece 100 may be an obstacle and the fixing member 5 may not be attached.
However, the holding part 20 of the present invention can change the relative position by changing the position where the temporary fastening element 43 is attached. That is, even when such a connecting piece 100 interferes, the holding part 20 can be used because it can be changed relative to the base part 21.

具体的には、列方向wに隣接する太陽電池パネル2間の辺集結部101及びその近傍に用いられる固定部材5Aは、図50のように、辺集結部101側の貫通孔40a(又は40d)に締結要素43を取り付け、保持部20と基礎部21とを固定されている。
保持部20の長手方向wの辺集結部101に対向する側に位置する貫通孔40a,40bと、基礎部21の側壁部48側に位置する固定孔52d,52cは、互いに連通しており、貫通孔40a,40bと、固定孔52d,52cとのそれぞれに亘って一時締結要素43が挿通されている。また、保持部20の重心は、太陽電池パネル2の接続部位側に偏心している。
保持部20は、図51(a),図51(b)のように列方向wに隣接する2つの太陽電池パネル2間に亘って取り付けられている。言い換えると、列方向wに隣接する2つの太陽電池パネル2間の境界を跨いで保持部20が取り付けられている。
即ち、太陽電池パネル2の辺集結部101及びその近傍は、保持部20の固定空間30内に差し込まれている。具体的には、太陽電池パネル2の辺集結部101及びその近傍が摩擦付与部材25の上面取り付け部31と下面取り付け部32によって挟持されている。即ち、凸条部38は、太陽電池パネル2の上面に圧着されている。
Specifically, the side concentration portion 101 between the solar cell panels 2 adjacent to each other in the column direction w and the fixing member 5A used in the vicinity thereof are, as shown in FIG. 50, a through hole 40a (or 40d) on the side concentration portion 101 side. The fastening element 43 is attached to the retaining part 20 and the holding part 20 and the base part 21 are fixed.
The through holes 40a and 40b located on the side facing the side concentration part 101 in the longitudinal direction w of the holding part 20 and the fixing holes 52d and 52c located on the side wall part 48 side of the base part 21 communicate with each other. Temporary fastening elements 43 are inserted through the through holes 40a and 40b and the fixing holes 52d and 52c, respectively. Further, the center of gravity of the holding portion 20 is eccentric to the connection site side of the solar cell panel 2.
The holding | maintenance part 20 is attached ranging between the two solar cell panels 2 adjacent to the column direction w like Fig.51 (a) and FIG.51 (b). In other words, the holding part 20 is attached across the boundary between two solar cell panels 2 adjacent in the column direction w.
That is, the side concentration part 101 of the solar cell panel 2 and the vicinity thereof are inserted into the fixed space 30 of the holding part 20. Specifically, the side concentration portion 101 of the solar battery panel 2 and the vicinity thereof are sandwiched between the upper surface attachment portion 31 and the lower surface attachment portion 32 of the friction applying member 25. That is, the ridge portion 38 is pressure-bonded to the upper surface of the solar cell panel 2.

本発明の屋根構造1によれば、レール部材3の上面に底面部45,46が載置されるため、例え外部から圧力を受けても、レール部材3の長手方向lのぐらつきを抑制可能である。   According to the roof structure 1 of the present invention, since the bottom surface portions 45 and 46 are placed on the upper surface of the rail member 3, even if pressure is applied from the outside, wobbling in the longitudinal direction 1 of the rail member 3 can be suppressed. is there.

また、本発明の屋根構造1によれば、例え外部から圧力を受けても、太陽電池パネル2の辺集結部101に加わる力をそれぞれの太陽電池パネル2に分散できるため、正圧及び負圧に対する強度が高い。   Further, according to the roof structure 1 of the present invention, even if pressure is applied from the outside, the force applied to the side concentration portion 101 of the solar cell panel 2 can be distributed to each solar cell panel 2, so that positive pressure and negative pressure High strength against.

上記した実施形態では、基礎部21の固定孔52の内、行方向後方に位置する固定孔52c,52dに締結要素43を介して保持部20を装着したが、本発明はこれに限定されるものではなく、図52のように行方向前方に位置する固定孔52a,52bに締結要素43を介して保持部20を装着してもよい。   In the above-described embodiment, the holding portion 20 is attached to the fixing holes 52c and 52d positioned rearward in the row direction among the fixing holes 52 of the base portion 21, but the present invention is limited to this. Instead, the holding portion 20 may be attached to the fixing holes 52a and 52b positioned forward in the row direction as shown in FIG.

上記した実施形態では、太陽電池パネル2として枠体を設けないフレームレス太陽電池パネルを用いたが、本発明はこれに限定されるものではなく、図53のように枠体75を設けた太陽電池パネルを用いてもよい。この場合、枠体75に固定部材5や連結ピース100や軒先取付け金具200を固定されることが好ましい。   In the embodiment described above, a frameless solar cell panel without a frame is used as the solar cell panel 2, but the present invention is not limited to this, and the solar with a frame 75 as shown in FIG. A battery panel may be used. In this case, it is preferable that the fixing member 5, the connecting piece 100, and the eaves mounting bracket 200 are fixed to the frame body 75.

上記した実施形態では、骨格部材22,骨格部材122として、一体的に成形したものを用いたが、本発明はこれに限定されるものではなく、図54のように略「コ」字状の板体の背面77同士を重ねてピペット等の締結要素76で締結させて形成してもよい。   In the above-described embodiment, the skeleton member 22 and the skeleton member 122 are integrally molded. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and is substantially “U” -shaped as shown in FIG. The back surfaces 77 of the plate bodies may be overlapped and fastened by a fastening element 76 such as a pipette.

上記した実施形態では、太陽電池パネル2が行方向l及び列方向wに整列したものを用いたが、本発明はこれに限定されるものではなく、太陽電池パネル2が行方向l又は列方向w(例えば、図55)にずれていてもよい。   In the above-described embodiment, the solar cell panel 2 aligned in the row direction l and the column direction w is used. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the solar cell panel 2 is aligned in the row direction l or the column direction. It may be shifted to w (for example, FIG. 55).

1 屋根構造(敷設構造)
2 太陽電池パネル
100 連結ピース(中間保持部材)
101 辺集結部
125 摩擦付与部材
130 固定空間(保持凹部)
1 Roof structure (laying structure)
2 Solar cell panel 100 connection piece (intermediate holding member)
101 Side concentrator 125 Friction imparting member 130 Fixed space (holding recess)

Claims (4)

複数の四角形の太陽電池パネルが行方向と列方向に並べられて平面的な広がりをもって設置されていて、3枚又は4枚の太陽電池パネルの辺が直交する辺集結部があり、辺集結部またはその近傍の位置に、辺集結部を形成する前記3枚又は4枚の太陽電池パネルを相互に接続する中間保持部材が宙空状態で装着されており、
前記太陽電池パネルは、フレームレス太陽電池パネルであって屋根に設置されており、太陽電池パネルの平行な二辺の中間部分が屋根に対して固定され、前記中間保持部材が装着されていない状態においては、太陽電池パネルの他の平行な二辺側が自由端であり、
前記中間保持部材は、骨格部材と、摩擦付与部材を有し、
前記骨格部材は、天面部と、天面部から下方に離れた底面部と、前記天面部と前記底面部とを接続する支持部を有しており、
前記天面部及び底面部は、長方形平板状であって、そのそれぞれの長辺が支持部に接続されており、前記天面部の短手方向の長さは、前記底面部の短手方向の長さよりも短いものであり、
前記支持部の厚み方向の両側には、天面部と底面部と支持部とによって囲まれた保持凹部がそれぞれ形成されており、
前記摩擦付与部材は、上面取り付け部と、下面取り付け部を有し、前記保持凹部の内面に沿って配されており、
前記上面取り付け部は、前記天面部の上面の一部を覆う上面覆部と、前記天面部の下面を覆う下面覆部と、前記天面部の端面を覆う端面覆部から構成されており、
隣接する太陽電池パネルの辺集結部は、前記上面取り付け部と下面取り付け部によって挟持されていることを特徴とする太陽電池パネルの敷設構造。
A plurality of quadrangular solar cell panels are arranged in a row direction and a column direction and are installed with a planar spread, and there are side concentration portions in which the sides of three or four solar cell panels are orthogonal to each other. Or the intermediate holding member for connecting the three or four solar cell panels forming the side concentration part to each other is mounted in the air in a position in the vicinity thereof,
The solar cell panel is a frameless solar cell panel that is installed on the roof, the middle part of two parallel sides of the solar cell panel is fixed to the roof, and the intermediate holding member is not mounted In, the other two parallel sides of the solar cell panel are free ends,
The intermediate holding member has a skeleton member and a friction imparting member,
The skeleton member has a top surface portion, a bottom surface portion spaced downward from the top surface portion, and a support portion that connects the top surface portion and the bottom surface portion,
The top surface portion and the bottom surface portion have a rectangular flat plate shape, and their long sides are connected to the support portion, and the length of the top surface portion in the short direction is the length of the bottom surface portion in the short direction. Shorter than that,
On both sides in the thickness direction of the support portion, holding concave portions surrounded by the top surface portion, the bottom surface portion, and the support portion are formed, respectively.
The friction imparting member has an upper surface mounting portion and a lower surface mounting portion, and is disposed along the inner surface of the holding recess.
The upper surface mounting portion is composed of an upper surface covering portion that covers a part of the upper surface of the top surface portion, a lower surface covering portion that covers a lower surface of the top surface portion, and an end surface covering portion that covers an end surface of the top surface portion,
The solar cell panel laying structure characterized in that side concentration portions of adjacent solar cell panels are sandwiched between the upper surface attachment portion and the lower surface attachment portion.
前記下面覆部の下面には、複数の凸条部を有し、
前記凸条部は、下面覆部の長手方向に沿って下方に向けて突出していることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の太陽電池パネルの敷設構造。
The lower surface of the lower surface covering portion has a plurality of ridges,
2. The solar cell panel laying structure according to claim 1, wherein the protruding portion protrudes downward along the longitudinal direction of the lower surface covering portion.
中間保持部材は、溝状の保持凹部が背中合わせに設けられたものであることを特徴とする請求項1又は2に記載の太陽電池パネルの敷設構造。   The solar cell panel laying structure according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the intermediate holding member is provided with groove-like holding recesses back to back. 複数の四角形の太陽電池パネルが行方向と列方向に並べられて平面的な広がりをもって設置されていて、3枚又は4枚の太陽電池パネルの辺が直交する辺集結部があり、辺集結部またはその近傍の位置に、宙空状態で装着される中間保持部材であって、溝状の保持凹部が背中合わせに設けられたものであり、
前記太陽電池パネルは、フレームレス太陽電池パネルであって屋根に設置されたものであり、太陽電池パネルの平行な二辺の中間部分が屋根に対して固定され、前記中間保持部材が装着されていない状態においては、太陽電池パネルの他の平行な二辺側が自由端であり、
骨格部材と、摩擦付与部材を有し、
前記骨格部材は、天面部と、天面部から下方に離れた底面部と、前記天面部と前記底面部とを接続する支持部を有しており、
天面部及び底面部は、長方形平板状であって、そのそれぞれの長辺が支持部に接続されており、前記天面部の短手方向の長さは、前記底面部の短手方向の長さよりも短いものであり、
前記支持部の厚み方向の両側には、天面部と底面部と支持部とによって囲まれた保持凹部がそれぞれ形成されており、
前記摩擦付与部材は、上面取り付け部と、下面取り付け部を有し、
前記上面取り付け部は、前記天面部の上面の一部を覆う上面覆部と、前記天面部の下面を覆う下面覆部と、前記天面部の端面を覆う端面覆部から構成されており、
前記摩擦付与部材は、前記保持凹部の内面に沿って配されており、
隣接する太陽電池パネルの辺集結部を、前記上面取り付け部と下面取り付け部によって挟持することを特徴とする太陽電池パネルの中間保持部材。
A plurality of quadrangular solar cell panels are arranged in a row direction and a column direction and are installed with a planar spread, and there are side concentration portions in which the sides of three or four solar cell panels are orthogonal to each other. Or an intermediate holding member mounted in the air at a position in the vicinity thereof, and groove-shaped holding recesses are provided back to back,
The solar cell panel is a frameless solar cell panel that is installed on the roof, the middle part of two parallel sides of the solar cell panel is fixed to the roof, and the intermediate holding member is mounted In the absence, the other two parallel sides of the solar cell panel are free ends,
A skeleton member and a friction imparting member,
The skeleton member has a top surface portion, a bottom surface portion spaced downward from the top surface portion, and a support portion that connects the top surface portion and the bottom surface portion,
The top surface portion and the bottom surface portion have a rectangular flat plate shape, and the long sides thereof are connected to the support portion, and the length of the top surface portion in the short direction is shorter than the length of the bottom surface portion in the short direction. Is also short,
On both sides in the thickness direction of the support portion, holding concave portions surrounded by the top surface portion, the bottom surface portion, and the support portion are formed, respectively.
The friction imparting member has an upper surface mounting portion and a lower surface mounting portion,
The upper surface mounting portion is composed of an upper surface covering portion that covers a part of the upper surface of the top surface portion, a lower surface covering portion that covers a lower surface of the top surface portion, and an end surface covering portion that covers an end surface of the top surface portion,
The friction applying member is arranged along the inner surface of the holding recess,
An intermediate holding member for a solar cell panel, wherein a side concentration portion of adjacent solar cell panels is sandwiched between the upper surface attachment portion and the lower surface attachment portion.
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