JP5928928B2 - 5-stage power converter, control method and control apparatus therefor - Google Patents

5-stage power converter, control method and control apparatus therefor Download PDF

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JP5928928B2
JP5928928B2 JP2014549350A JP2014549350A JP5928928B2 JP 5928928 B2 JP5928928 B2 JP 5928928B2 JP 2014549350 A JP2014549350 A JP 2014549350A JP 2014549350 A JP2014549350 A JP 2014549350A JP 5928928 B2 JP5928928 B2 JP 5928928B2
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capacitor
end point
switch transistor
connected
inductor unit
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JP2015503895A (en
Inventor
波 何
波 何
▲電▼波 傅
▲電▼波 傅
▲藝▼行 ▲呂▼
▲藝▼行 ▲呂▼
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▲ホア▼▲ウェイ▼技術有限公司Huawei Technologies Co.,Ltd.
▲ホア▼▲ウェイ▼技術有限公司Huawei Technologies Co.,Ltd.
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Priority to CN201210222899.2A priority patent/CN102891611B/en
Application filed by ▲ホア▼▲ウェイ▼技術有限公司Huawei Technologies Co.,Ltd., ▲ホア▼▲ウェイ▼技術有限公司Huawei Technologies Co.,Ltd. filed Critical ▲ホア▼▲ウェイ▼技術有限公司Huawei Technologies Co.,Ltd.
Priority to PCT/CN2013/073818 priority patent/WO2014000490A1/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M5/00Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases
    • H02M5/40Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc
    • H02M5/42Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters
    • H02M5/44Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices to convert the intermediate dc into ac
    • H02M5/453Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices to convert the intermediate dc into ac using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal
    • H02M5/458Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices to convert the intermediate dc into ac using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only
    • H02M5/4585Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices to convert the intermediate dc into ac using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only having a rectifier with controlled elements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M5/00Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases
    • H02M5/40Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc
    • H02M5/42Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters
    • H02M5/44Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices to convert the intermediate dc into ac
    • H02M5/453Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices to convert the intermediate dc into ac using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal
    • H02M5/458Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices to convert the intermediate dc into ac using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M7/00Conversion of ac power input into dc power output; Conversion of dc power input into ac power output
    • H02M7/42Conversion of dc power input into ac power output without possibility of reversal
    • H02M7/44Conversion of dc power input into ac power output without possibility of reversal by static converters
    • H02M7/48Conversion of dc power input into ac power output without possibility of reversal by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode
    • H02M7/483Converters with outputs that each can have more than two voltages levels
    • H02M7/487Neutral point clamped inverters

Description

  The present invention relates to power conversion technology, and more particularly, to a five-stage power converter, a control method thereof, and a control device.

  An uninterruptible power system (UPS) is a power converter having a constant voltage and frequency, includes an energy storage device, and includes a rectifier and an inverter as main components. UPS is primarily used to supply uninterruptible power to a single computer, computer network system, or other electrical and electronic devices. When the power supply input is normal, the UPS stabilizes the power supply and supplies power to the load. In this case, the UPS operates as an AC power supply voltage stabilizer and charges the internal energy storage device. When the power is interrupted, the UPS immediately uses the electrical energy stored in the internal energy storage device to continue supplying AC power to the load using an inverse conversion approach so that the load continues to operate correctly.

  The rectifier of the power inverter realizes the power factor correction circuit (power factor correction, PFC) function in the operation mode of the power source and raises the voltage to the DC BUS voltage in the discharge mode. The inverter converts a DC BUS voltage into an AC voltage and provides the AC voltage to the load. Generally, the rectifier is implemented by a double boost (Boost) circuit or a Vienna rectifier, and the inverter may be a common two-stage half-bridge / full-bridge inverter or a three-stage mid-clamp inverter.

  Prior art power converters can only be used for four-stage power conversion to output four-stage voltages.

  In view of the above-mentioned drawbacks in the prior art, embodiments of the present invention provide a five-stage power converter and a control method for realizing a five-stage operation mode.

  In one aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a five-stage power converter comprising an inverter and at least one rectifier. The rectifier includes a rectifier control circuit, a first capacitor and a second capacitor connected in parallel, and a third capacitor and a fourth capacitor connected in parallel. The first end point of the first capacitor, the first end point of the second capacitor, the first end point of the third capacitor, and the first end point of the fourth capacitor are grounded.

  The rectifier control circuit includes a second endpoint of the first capacitor, a second endpoint of the second capacitor, a second endpoint of the third capacitor, and a second endpoint of the fourth capacitor. Is configured to input current. The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor and the second end point of the second capacitor is the same, and the amount of electricity accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor is The amount of electricity stored in the second end point of the second capacitor is larger than that of the second capacitor, and the polarities of the charges stored in the second end point of the third capacitor and the second end point of the fourth capacitor are the same. The amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is greater than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the third capacitor, and the first capacitor and the second capacitor The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the second capacitor is opposite to the polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor and the fourth capacitor.

  The inverter includes a discharge control circuit, a first inductor unit and a first load connected in series. The first end point of the inductor unit is connected to the first end point of the first load, and the second end point of the first load is grounded. The discharge control circuit includes a second end point of the second capacitor of the rectifier, a second end point of the first capacitor, a second end point of the third capacitor, and a second end point of the fourth capacitor. It is comprised so that it may discharge continuously from 2 end points. The discharge current flows through the first inductor unit and the first load connected in series, and the first capacitor, the second capacitor, the third capacitor, and the fourth capacitor Charging and discharging are alternately performed.

  In some cases, the rectifier control circuit includes a second inductor unit, a first switching circuit, a first control circuit, and a second control circuit. The first end point of the second inductor unit is connected to an external input power source.

  The first control circuit includes a third diode, a fourth diode, and a third switch transistor. The third diode is connected in series to a circuit between the second end point of the first capacitor and the second end point of the second inductor unit, and the anode of the third diode is the Connected to the second end point of the second inductor unit, the cathode of the third diode is connected to the second end point of the first capacitor, the fourth diode and the third switch transistor Are connected in series in a circuit between the second end point of the second capacitor and the second end point of the second inductor unit, and the anode of the fourth diode is connected to the second inductor unit Is connected to the second end point.

  The second control circuit includes a fifth diode, a sixth diode, and a fourth switch transistor. The fifth diode is connected in series to a circuit between the second end point of the fourth capacitor and the second end point of the second inductor unit, and the anode of the fifth diode is the Connected to the second end point of the second inductor unit, the cathode of the fifth diode is connected to the second end point of the fourth capacitor, and the sixth diode and the fourth switch transistor Is connected in series with a circuit between the second end of the third capacitor and the second end of the second inductor unit, and the anode of the sixth diode is connected to the second inductor unit Is connected to the second end point.

  The first switching circuit transfers the flow of energy storage current provided by the external input power source from the first end point to the second end point of the second inductor unit or the second inductor. It is configured to switch from the second endpoint of the unit to the first endpoint.

  Alternatively, the first switching circuit includes a first switch transistor and a second switch transistor connected in series, and a first diode and a second diode connected in series. The polarities of the first diode and the second diode are set oppositely, and the point between the first switch transistor and the second switch transistor is the point between the first diode and the second diode. Communicate with.

  Furthermore, the external input power source includes an external AC input power source and a battery group. The external AC input power source is connected to the first end point of the second inductor unit by using an AC switch element.

  When the rectifier includes a rectifier control circuit, the battery group includes a first battery unit and a second battery unit. The anode of the first battery unit is connected to the first end point of the second inductor unit in the rectifier control circuit by using a DC switch element, and the cathode of the first battery unit is grounded. And the cathode of the second battery unit is connected to the first end point of the second inductor unit in the rectifier control circuit by using a DC switch element, and the anode of the second battery unit Is grounded.

  Alternatively, when the first rectifier and the second rectifier are provided, the battery group includes a third battery unit and a fourth battery unit. The anode of the third battery unit is connected to the first end of the second inductor unit of the first rectifier by using a DC switch element, and the cathode of the third battery unit is grounded And the cathode of the fourth battery unit is connected to the first end point of the second inductor unit of the second rectifier by using a DC switch element, and the anode of the fourth battery unit Is grounded.

  The rectifier control circuit includes a third inductor unit, a fourth inductor unit, a second switching circuit, a third control circuit, and a fourth control circuit. The first end point of the third inductor unit and the first end point of the fourth inductor unit are connected to an external input power source.

  The third control circuit includes a seventh diode, an eighth diode, and a fifth switch transistor. The seventh diode is connected in series to a circuit between the second endpoint of the first capacitor and the second endpoint of the third inductor unit, and the anode of the seventh diode is the The third inductor unit is connected to the second end point, the seventh diode cathode is connected to the second capacitor second end point, and the eighth diode and the fifth switch transistor are Connected in series to a circuit between the second end point of the second capacitor and the second end point of the third inductor unit, and the anode of the eighth diode is connected to the third inductor unit. Connected to the second end point.

  The fourth control circuit includes a ninth diode, a tenth diode, and a sixth switch transistor. The ninth diode is connected in series to a circuit between the second end point of the fourth capacitor and the second end point of the fourth inductor unit, and the anode of the ninth diode is The fourth inductor unit is connected to the second end point, the cathode of the ninth diode is connected to the second end point of the fourth capacitor, the tenth diode and the sixth switch transistor Is connected in series with a circuit between the second end point of the third capacitor and the second end point of the fourth inductor unit, and the anode of the tenth diode is connected to the fourth inductor unit Is connected to the second end point.

  The second switching circuit transfers the flow of energy storage current provided by an external input power source from the first end point of the third inductor unit to the second end point, or the fourth inductor The unit is configured to switch from the second end point to the first end point.

  Alternatively, the second switching circuit includes a seventh switch transistor and an eighth switch transistor. One end of the seventh switch transistor is connected to the second end point of the third inductor unit, the other end of the seventh switch transistor is grounded, and one end of the eighth switch transistor The end is connected to the second end point of the fourth inductor unit, and the other end of the eighth switch transistor is grounded.

  Alternatively, the external input power source includes an external AC input power source or a battery group. The external input power source and the first end point of the third inductor unit, and the external AC input power source and the first end point of the fourth inductor unit are connected by using an AC switch element.

  The battery group includes a fifth battery unit and a sixth battery unit. The anode of the fifth battery unit is connected to the first end point of the third inductor unit by using a DC switch element, the cathode of the fifth battery unit is grounded, and the sixth battery unit The cathode of the battery unit is connected to the first end point of the fourth inductor unit by using a DC switch element, and the anode of the sixth battery unit is grounded.

  Alternatively, the first inductor unit, the second inductor unit, the third inductor unit, or the fourth inductor unit may be combined with a single inductor element or a plurality of inductor elements connected in parallel, or in series. May be formed by a plurality of inductor elements connected to each other.

  The discharge control circuit in the above-described embodiment includes the ninth switch transistor, the tenth switch transistor, the eleventh switch transistor, the twelfth switch transistor, the thirteenth switch transistor, and the fourteenth switch transistor. A transistor and a third switching circuit are provided.

  The first end point of the ninth switch transistor is connected to the second end point of the first capacitor, and the second end point of the ninth switch transistor is the first end point of the tenth switch transistor. The second end point of the tenth switch transistor is connected to the second end point of the first inductor unit, and the first end point of the eleventh switch transistor is the second end point of the tenth switch transistor. The second end of the eleventh switch transistor is connected to the first end of the tenth switch transistor, and the second end of the fourteenth switch transistor is connected to the second end of the fourteenth switch transistor. The end point of 1 is connected to the second end point of the fourth capacitor, and the second end point of the fourteenth switch transistor is connected to the thirteenth switch transistor. 1 is connected to the second endpoint of the thirteenth switch transistor, and the second endpoint of the thirteenth switch transistor is connected to the second endpoint of the first inductor unit. A second end point of the third capacitor is connected to a second end point of the third capacitor, and a second end point of the twelfth switch transistor is connected to a second end point of the fourteenth switch transistor.

  The first end point of the third switching circuit is connected to the second end point of the first inductor unit, the second end point of the third switching circuit is grounded, and the third end point is time-dependent. A forward conduction from the second end point of the switching circuit to the first end point or a reverse conduction from the first end point to the second end point of the third switching circuit is realized.

  In another aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a method for controlling the five-stage power converter described above. The five-stage power converter method includes a second end point of a first capacitor, a second end point of a second capacitor, a second end point of a third capacitor, and a second end point of a fourth capacitor. The rectifier control circuit is controlled to input current to the second capacitor, and the polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor and the second end point of the second capacitor is the same. The amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the first capacitor is larger than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor, and the second end point of the third capacitor and the The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is the same, and the amount of electricity accumulated at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor. Larger than the amount of electricity generated, The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second endpoint of the second capacitor and the second capacitor is opposite to the polarity of the charge accumulated at the second endpoint of the third capacitor and the fourth capacitor; , Continuous from the second endpoint of the second capacitor of the rectifier, the second endpoint of the first capacitor, the second endpoint of the third capacitor, and the second endpoint of the fourth capacitor Controlling the discharge control circuit to discharge electrically, the discharge current flowing through the first inductor unit and the first load connected in series, the first capacitor, Charging and discharging one of the second capacitor, the third capacitor, and the fourth capacitor are alternately performed.

  In yet another aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a controller for the five-stage power converter described above. The control device inputs current to the second end point of the first capacitor, the second end point of the second capacitor, the second end point of the third capacitor, and the second end point of the fourth capacitor. The rectifier control module is configured to control the rectifier control circuit as described above, and the polarities of the charges accumulated in the second end point of the first capacitor and the second end point of the second capacitor are the same The amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the first capacitor is greater than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor, and the second end point of the third capacitor And the polarity of the electric charge accumulated at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is the same, and the amount of electricity accumulated at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is the second end point of the third capacitor. From the amount of electricity stored in The polarities of the charges accumulated at the second end points of the first capacitor and the second capacitor are the polarities of the charges accumulated at the second end points of the third capacitor and the fourth capacitor. The opposite rectifier control module, the second endpoint of the second capacitor of the rectifier, the second endpoint of the first capacitor, the second endpoint of the third capacitor, and the fourth capacitor An inverter control module configured to control the discharge control circuit so as to continuously discharge from the second end point of the first inductor unit, wherein the discharge current is connected to the first inductor unit and the first connected in series. The first capacitor, the second capacitor, the third capacitor, and the fourth capacitor are alternately charged and discharged. Comprising a converter control module.

  Embodiments of the present invention provide a five-stage power converter, and a control method and control apparatus therefor. The five-stage power converter includes an inverter and at least one rectifier. The rectifier includes a rectifier control circuit, a first capacitor and a second capacitor connected in parallel, and a third capacitor and a fourth capacitor connected in parallel. The first end point of the first capacitor, the first end point of the second capacitor, the first end point of the third capacitor, and the first end point of the fourth capacitor are grounded, and the rectifier The control circuit can charge the first capacitor, the second capacitor, the third capacitor, and the fourth capacitor. As a result, the polarities of the charges accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor and the second end point of the second capacitor are the same, and accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor. The amount of electricity is larger than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor, and the amount of charge stored at the second end point of the third capacitor and the second end point of the fourth capacitor is The polarities are the same, and the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is greater than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the third capacitor, and the first capacitor and the second capacitor The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the second capacitor is opposite to the polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor and the fourth capacitor. The inverter discharge control circuit includes a second end point of the second capacitor of the rectifier, a second end point of the first capacitor, a second end point of the third capacitor, and the fourth capacitor. Is configured to continuously discharge from the second end point, thereby realizing a five-stage operation mode.

  To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention or in the prior art more clearly, the following briefly describes the accompanying drawings required for describing the embodiments or the prior art. Apparently, the accompanying drawings in the following description show only some embodiments of the present invention, and those skilled in the art can still derive other drawings from these accompanying drawings without creative work.

1 is a circuit architecture diagram of a five-stage power converter according to a first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. FIG. 4 is a circuit architecture diagram of a five-stage power converter according to a second embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 6 is a circuit architecture diagram of a five-stage power converter according to a third embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 6 is a circuit architecture diagram of a five-stage power converter according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention. 3 is a flowchart of a control method of a five-stage power converter according to the first embodiment of the present invention. 5 is a flowchart of a control method of a five-stage power converter according to a second embodiment of the present invention. It is a flowchart of the control method of the 5-step power converter according to the 3rd Embodiment of this invention. It is a flowchart of the control method of the 5-step power converter according to the 4th Embodiment of this invention. 6 is a schematic diagram of operating voltage waveforms of a control method of a five-stage power converter according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention. 1 is a structural schematic diagram of a control device of a five-stage power converter according to a first embodiment of the present invention. 4 is a structural schematic diagram of a control device of a five-stage power converter according to a second embodiment of the present invention. 4 is a structural schematic diagram of a control device of a five-stage power converter according to a third embodiment of the present invention. 5 is a structural schematic diagram of a control device for a five-stage power converter according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention;

  In order to make the objects, technical solutions, and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention easier to understand, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. Explain clearly and sufficiently. Apparently, the described embodiments are merely a part rather than all of the embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

  The five-stage power converter and the control method provided in the embodiments of the present invention can implement a five-stage operation and can be applied to a UPS system. When the system operates with an AC power supply, the rectifier of the five-stage power converter can convert the input AC to DC and realize the input power element correction PFC function. When the AC power source is interrupted, the 5-stage power converter immediately uses the electrical energy stored in the internal energy storage device and continues to supply AC power to the load by using an inverse conversion approach. Try to keep it working properly.

  The power conversion topology of the five-stage power converter provided in the embodiment of the present invention is formed by a rectifier and an inverter. The rectifier is configured to convert input alternating current to direct current and implement a power element correction PFC function. The inverter is configured to convert a DC voltage after rectification to an AC output voltage.

  FIG. 1 is a circuit architecture diagram of a five-stage power converter according to a first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a circuit architecture diagram of a five-stage power converter according to the second embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 3 is a circuit architecture diagram of a five-stage power converter according to the third embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 4 is a circuit architecture diagram of a five-stage power converter according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIGS. 1, 2, 3, or 4, the five-stage power converter provided in one embodiment of the present invention comprises an inverter and at least one rectifier. The rectifier includes a rectifier control circuit, a first capacitor C1 and a second capacitor C2 connected in parallel, and a third capacitor C3 and a fourth capacitor C4 connected in parallel. The first end point of the first capacitor C1, the first end point of the second capacitor C2, the first end point of the third capacitor C3, and the first end point of the fourth capacitor C4 are grounded.

  The rectifier control circuit includes a second end point of the first capacitor C1, a second end point of the second capacitor C2, a second end point of the third capacitor C3, and a second end point of the fourth capacitor C4. And the polarity of the electric charge accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor C1 and the second end point of the second capacitor C2 is the same, and the first capacitor C1 has the second polarity. The amount of electricity stored at the second end point is larger than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor C2, and the second end point of the third capacitor C3 and the second end point of the fourth capacitor C4 The electric charge stored in the second capacitor C4 has the same polarity, and the amount of electricity stored in the second end point of the fourth capacitor C4 is larger than the amount of electricity stored in the second end point of the third capacitor C3. Capacitor C1 and the second capacitor The polarity of the charge accumulated in the second end point of the SITA C2 is opposite to the polarity of the third capacitor C3 and the charge accumulated in the second end point of the fourth capacitor C4.

  The inverter includes a discharge control circuit, a first inductor unit L1 and a first load R1 connected in series. The first end point of the first inductor unit L1 is connected to the first end point of the first load R1, the second end point of the first load R1 is grounded, and the fifth capacitor C5 is connected to the first end point. Connected in parallel to the load. The discharge control circuit includes a second end point of the second capacitor C2 of the rectifier, a second end point of the first capacitor C1, a second end point of the third capacitor C3, and a second end point of the fourth capacitor C4. The discharge current flows through the first inductor unit L1 and the first load R1 connected in series. The first capacitor C1 and the second capacitor are configured to discharge continuously from the two end points. Charging and discharging of any of C2, the third capacitor C3, and the fourth capacitor C4 are performed alternately.

  The 5-stage power converter according to the first embodiment of the present invention implements the 5-stage output and the input power element correction PFC function by using the rectifier control circuit of the rectifier and the discharge control circuit of the inverter.

  In the five-stage power converter provided in the above embodiment of the present invention, the rectifier control circuit of the rectifier may have a plurality of configuration forms. For example, as shown in FIG. 1, the rectifier control circuit includes a second inductor unit L2, a first switching circuit 1, a first control circuit K1, and a second control circuit K2. The first end point of the inductor unit L2 is connected to an external input power source.

  The first control circuit K1 includes a third diode D3, a fourth diode D4, and a third switch transistor Q3. The third diode D3 is connected in series in a circuit between the second end point of the first capacitor C1 and the second end point of the second inductor unit L2, and the anode of the third diode D3 is connected to the second diode D3. Connected to the second end of the second inductor unit L2, the cathode of the third diode D3 is connected to the second end of the first capacitor C1, and the fourth diode D4 and the third switch transistor Q3. Are connected in series in a circuit between the second end of the second capacitor C2 and the second end of the second inductor unit L2, and the anode of the fourth diode D4 is connected to the second inductor unit L2. Connected to second end point.

  The second control circuit K2 includes a fifth diode D5, a sixth diode D6, and a fourth switch transistor Q4. The fifth diode D5 is connected in series to a circuit between the second end point of the fourth capacitor C4 and the second end point of the second inductor unit L2, and the anode of the fifth diode D5 is connected to the second end point of the second diode unit L2. The second end of the inductor unit L2 is connected, the cathode of the fifth diode D5 is connected to the second end of the fourth capacitor C4, and the sixth diode D6 and the fourth switch transistor Q4 are connected to the second end of the inductor unit L2. Connected in series to a circuit between the second end of the second capacitor C3 and the second end of the second inductor unit L2, and the anode of the sixth diode D6 is connected to the second end of the second inductor unit L2. Is connected to the end point of

  The first switching circuit 1 transfers the flow of energy storage current provided by the external input power source from the first end point of the second inductor unit L2 to the second end point, or the second inductor unit. It is configured to switch from the second endpoint of L2 to the first endpoint.

  In the five-stage power converter provided in one embodiment of the present invention, the first switching circuit 1 is connected in series with the first switch transistor Q1 and the second switch transistor Q2 connected in series. And a first diode D1 and a second diode D2. The polarities of the first diode D1 and the second diode D2 are set opposite to each other, and the point between the first switch transistor Q1 and the second switch transistor Q2 is the first diode D1 and the second diode D2. Communicate with the points between.

  In a five-stage power converter according to an embodiment of the present invention, the five-stage rectifier adds a tributary for each positive and negative BUS voltage based on a general Vienna rectifier. The third switch transistor Q3 and the fourth diode D4 form a positive BUS voltage branch, the fourth switch transistor Q4 and the sixth diode D6 form a negative BUS voltage branch, and the five-stage inverter Two tributaries are added based on a general I-type three-stage mid-point clamp type inverter. The eleventh switch transistor Q11 outputs a positive half cycle of the sine wave accordingly, and the twelfth switch transistor Q12 outputs a negative half cycle of the sine wave accordingly.

  In some cases, each of the switch transistors in the above-described embodiments may be a metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET), an insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT), or an insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT). Or another switch element. It may be a single switch transistor or a plurality of switch transistors connected in series or connected directly or alternately in parallel in the circuit.

  Each diode of the rectifier may be a common diode or switch element such as a MOSFET and IGBT for synchronous rectification. There may be one diode or a plurality of diodes connected in series or in parallel.

  The second inductor unit of the rectifier may be formed by one inductor unit or multiple inductor units connected in parallel or in series.

  In the five-stage power converter provided in one embodiment of the present invention, the five-stage rectifier is improved based on a general Vienna rectifier, while maintaining the high efficiency of the Vienna rectifier while implementing a five-stage operation. Since five-step operation is supported, the PFC inductance can be further reduced.

  As shown in FIG. 2, in the five-stage power converter according to the second embodiment of the present invention, the external input power source includes an external AC input power source V and a battery group. The external AC input power source V is connected to the first end point of the second inductor unit L2 by using the AC switch element TR1.

  In the present embodiment, the rectifier includes a rectifier control circuit, and the battery group includes a first battery unit V1 and a second battery unit V2. The anode of the first battery unit V1 is connected to the first end point of the second inductor unit L2 in the rectifier control circuit by using the DC switch element X1, and the cathode of the first battery unit V1. Is grounded and the cathode of the second battery unit V2 is connected to the first end point of the second inductor unit L2 in the rectifier control circuit by using the DC switch element X2, and the second battery unit The anode of V2 is grounded.

  This embodiment is an abbreviation of the power converter according to the second embodiment shown in FIG. 2 by adding an AC switch element TR1, a DC switch element X1, and a DC switch element X2 to the input AC power or the battery switching circuit. The circuit of FIG. 1 is improved by forming a circuit diagram. Current conversion and smoothing are realized by a fifth inductor unit L3 and a sixth inductor unit L4 connected in series to two groups of battery units.

  The operation principle of the circuit of this embodiment is the same as that shown in FIG. The difference is that a set of five-stage rectifiers are shared after adding AC and battery switching circuitry. In the AC power supply mode, the PFC function is realized by the 5-stage rectifier, and in the battery mode, the DC amplification function is implemented by the 5-stage rectifier.

  According to the embodiment of the present invention, in the battery mode, the first battery unit V1 and the second battery unit share one amplifier circuit. In the switching case, two groups of batteries may be directly shorted if a circuit parasitic or control signal exception occurs. In order to avoid such a risk, an overcurrent fuse may be added to each battery unit. Furthermore, the fifth inductor unit L5 and the sixth inductor unit L6 may be added to realize current conversion and smoothing.

  As shown in FIG. 3, in the five-stage power converter according to the third embodiment of the present invention, the external input power source includes an external AC input power source V and a battery group. The external AC input power source V is connected to the first end point of the second inductor unit L2 by using the AC switch element TR1.

  In this embodiment, two rectifiers, that is, a first rectifier and a second rectifier are provided. The battery group includes a third battery unit V3 and a fourth battery unit V4. The anode of the third battery unit V3 is connected to the first end point of the second inductor unit L2 of the first rectifier by using the DC switch element X3, and the cathode of the third battery unit V3. Is grounded, the cathode of the fourth battery unit V4 is connected to the first end of the second inductor unit L2 of the second rectifier by using the DC switch element X4, and the fourth battery unit V4 The anode is grounded.

  In the present embodiment, the circuit shown in FIG. 2 is further implemented, and two sets of rectifiers are used to form a schematic circuit diagram of the five-stage power converter according to the third embodiment shown in FIG.

  The operation principle of the circuit according to this embodiment is the same as that shown in FIG. The difference is that when the third battery unit V3 and the fourth battery unit V4 operate in the battery mode, these battery units use two independent 5-stage rectifiers, respectively, There is no risk. Further, in the AC power supply mode, the two sets of five-stage rectifiers may be connected directly or alternately in parallel. As a result, the conduction loss of the power switch transistor is reduced and the efficiency is increased.

  The circuit rectifier described above uses a diode and a power switch transistor to form a switched tributary, i.e., a high voltage output in the main circuit and a low voltage output in the tributary, a single inductor dual output dual boost. Or formed by a Vienna rectifier.

  As shown in FIG. 4, in the five-stage power converter according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention, the rectifier control circuit includes a third inductor unit L3, a fourth inductor unit L4, and a second switching circuit. 2, a third control circuit K3, and a fourth control circuit K4. The first end point of the third inductor unit L3 and the first end point of the fourth inductor unit L4 are connected to an external input power source.

  The third control circuit K3 includes a seventh diode D7, an eighth diode D8, and a fifth switch transistor Q5. The seventh diode D7 is connected in series in a circuit between the second end point of the first capacitor C1 and the second end point of the third inductor unit L3, and the anode D7 of the seventh diode is the third end point. Is connected to the second end of the inductor unit L3, the cathode D7 of the seventh diode is connected to the second end of the first capacitor C1, and the eighth diode D8 and the fifth switch transistor Q5 are The second diode C8 is connected in series in a circuit between the second end point of the second capacitor C2 and the second end point of the third inductor unit L3, and the anode of the eighth diode D8 is connected to the third inductor unit L3. Connected to second end point.

  The fourth control circuit K4 includes a ninth diode D9, a tenth diode D10, and a sixth switch transistor Q6. The ninth diode D9 is connected in series in a circuit between the second endpoint of the fourth capacitor C4 and the second endpoint of the fourth inductor unit L4, and the anode D9 of the ninth diode is the fourth diode. Is connected to the second end of the inductor unit L4, the cathode of the ninth diode D9 is connected to the second end of the fourth capacitor C4, and the tenth diode D10 and the sixth switch transistor Q6 Connected in series between the second end of the third capacitor C3 and the second end of the fourth inductor unit L4, the anode of the tenth diode D10 is the second of the fourth inductor unit L4. Is connected to the end point of

  The second switching circuit 2 of the five-stage power converter of the present embodiment changes the flow of the energy storage current provided by the external input power source from the first end point of the third inductor unit L3 to the second end point. Or from the second end point of the fourth inductor unit L4 to the first end point.

  Specifically, the second switching circuit 2 may include a seventh switch transistor Q7, an eighth switch transistor Q8, a thirteenth diode D13, and a fourteenth diode D14. One end of the seventh switch transistor Q7 is connected to the second end point of the third inductor unit L3 and the cathode of the thirteenth diode D13, the other end of the seventh switch transistor Q7 is grounded, One end of the eighth switch transistor Q8 is connected to the second end point of the fourth inductor unit L4 and the anode of the fourteenth diode D14, the other end of the eighth switch transistor Q8 is grounded, The anode of the diode D13 and the cathode of the fourteenth diode D14 are grounded.

  In the five-stage power converter of this embodiment, the external input power source includes an external AC input power source V or a battery group. The external input power source and the first end point of the third inductor unit L3, and the external AC input power source V and the first end point of the fourth inductor unit L4 are connected by using an AC switch element. The

  The battery group includes a fifth battery unit V5 and a sixth battery unit V6. The anode of the fifth battery unit V5 is connected to the first end point of the third inductor unit L3 by using the DC switch element X5, the cathode of the fifth battery unit V5 is grounded, The cathode of the battery unit V6 is connected to the first end point of the fourth inductor unit L4 by using the DC switch element X6, and the anode of the sixth battery unit V6 is grounded.

  In this embodiment, the 5-stage rectifier in the power converter architecture of the first embodiment is replaced with a 5-stage double boost circuit, and an AC or battery input control repeater or silicon-controlled thyristor SCR is added. Is a schematic circuit diagram of a five-stage power converter according to the fourth embodiment shown in FIG.

  Further, in the five-stage power converter in each of the above-described embodiments, the first inductor unit L1, the second inductor L2, the third inductor unit L3, or the fourth inductor unit L4 is a single unit. It is formed by an inductor element, or a plurality of inductor elements connected in parallel, or a plurality of inductor elements connected in series.

  In some cases, the five-stage power converter circuit according to the second to fourth embodiments uses two battery groups, the appropriate switch element is configured at the input, and the five-stage rectifier You may make it have the direct current | flow amplification function for forming positive BUS output voltage and negative BUS output voltage, and positive Vin and negative Vin. Thus, the commutation mode power element can be reused in battery mode. Furthermore, the circuit described above may operate with a single battery group. Silicon controlled thyristor SCR, repeater, and power switch transistor may be used as battery input switch elements, and triode AC semiconductor switch TRIAC, repeater, and power switch transistor may be used as AC input switch elements .

  In the five-stage power converter in each of the above-described embodiments, the discharge control circuit includes the ninth switch transistor Q9, the tenth switch transistor Q10, the eleventh switch transistor Q11, and the twelfth switch transistor Q12. , A thirteenth switch transistor Q13, a fourteenth switch transistor Q14, and a third switching circuit 3.

  The first end point of the ninth switch transistor Q9 is connected to the second end point of the first capacitor C1, and the second end point of the ninth switch transistor Q9 is the first end point of the tenth switch transistor Q10. The second end point of the tenth switch transistor Q10 is connected to the second end point of the first inductor unit L1, and the first end point of the eleventh switch transistor Q11 is the second end point. The second end of the capacitor C2 is connected to the anode of the eleventh diode D11, and the second end of the eleventh switch transistor Q11 is connected to the first end of the tenth switch transistor Q10 and the eleventh diode. D11 is connected to the cathode, and the first end point of the fourteenth switch transistor Q14 is connected to the second end point of the fourth capacitor C4. The second end point of the fourteenth switch transistor Q14 is connected to the first end point of the thirteenth switch transistor Q13, and the second end point of the thirteenth switch transistor Q13 is the first inductor unit L1. And the first end point of the twelfth switch transistor Q12 is connected to the second end point of the third capacitor C3 and the cathode of the twelfth diode D12, and the twelfth switch transistor The second end point of Q12 is connected to the second end point of the fourteenth switch transistor Q14 and the anode of the twelfth diode D12.

  The first end point of the third switching circuit 3 is connected to the second end point of the first inductor unit L1, the second end point of the third switching circuit 3 is grounded, and the third switching according to time is performed. The forward conduction from the second end point of the circuit 3 to the first end point or the reverse conduction from the first end point to the second end point of the third switching circuit 3 is realized.

  In some cases, the inverter of the discharge control circuit described above uses a five-stage structure. In this structure, four inverter main switch transistors Q9, Q10, Q13, and Q14 are connected to form an I-type structure, and two inverter freewheel switch transistors Q11 and Q12 are T-type. Inverter external transistors Q9 and Q14 are connected to a positive BUS voltage and a negative BUS voltage, and inverter internal transistors Q10 and Q13 are connected to a positive Vin voltage and a negative Vin voltage. .

  In the rectifier control circuit and the discharge control circuit formed by the rectifier and inverter of the five-stage power converter according to each of the above-described embodiments, the rectifier converts the input alternating current into direct current to realize the power element correction PFC function, and the inverter The DC voltage is converted after rectification to an AC output voltage, thereby realizing five stages of circuit output.

  FIG. 5 is a flowchart of a control method of the five-stage power converter according to the first embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 5, referring to FIGS. 1 to 4, the embodiment of the control method of the five-stage power converter corresponds to the first embodiment of the five-stage power converter, and each of the above-described embodiments. The control method of the 5-stage power converter provided in Fig. 1 is shown. The control method of the five-stage power converter includes the following.

  In step 501, current flows to the second endpoint of the first capacitor C1, the second endpoint of the second capacitor C2, the second endpoint of the third capacitor C3, and the second endpoint of the fourth capacitor C4. The rectifier control circuit is controlled to input. The polarities of the charges accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor C1 and the second end point of the second capacitor C2 are the same, and the quantity of electricity accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor C1 is The amount of electricity stored in the second end point of the second capacitor C2 is larger than that of the second capacitor C2, and the polarities of the charges stored in the second end point of the third capacitor C3 and the second end point of the fourth capacitor C4 are the same. The amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the fourth capacitor C4 is larger than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the third capacitor C3, and the first capacitor C1 and the second capacitor C2 The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point is opposite to the polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor C3 and the fourth capacitor C4.

  In step 502, the second endpoint of the second capacitor C2 of the rectifier, the second endpoint of the first capacitor C1, the second endpoint of the third capacitor C3, and the second endpoint of the fourth capacitor C4. The discharge control circuit is controlled so as to discharge continuously. The discharge current flows through the first inductor unit L1 and the first load R1 connected in series, and the first capacitor C1, the second capacitor C2, the third capacitor C3, and the fourth capacitor. Charging and discharging of any of C4 are performed alternately.

  According to the control method of the five-stage power converter provided in the embodiment of the present invention, the rectifier control circuit inputs current from the first capacitor C1 to the fourth capacitor C4 and stores power in the capacitor. The discharge control circuit is controlled to continuously discharge from the first capacitor C1 to the fourth capacitor C4 of the rectifier to release the energy stored in the capacitor. As a result, a 5-stage output to the UPS system is realized, and an input power element correction PFC function is implemented.

  FIG. 6 is a flowchart of a control method of a five-stage power converter according to the second embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 6, referring to FIG. 1, in some cases, in step 501 of the first method embodiment, a second endpoint of the first capacitor C1, a second endpoint of the second capacitor C2, Controlling the rectifier control circuit to input current to the second end point of the third capacitor C3 and the second end point of the fourth capacitor C4 includes the following.

  In step 601, the energy storage current flow provided by the external input power source is switched from the first end point of the second inductor unit L2 to the second end point so as to store energy for the second inductor unit L2. The first switching circuit 1 is controlled.

  In step 602, the first switching circuit 1 is turned off, and the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the first capacitor C1 is greater than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor C2. Thus, the second inductor unit L2 charges the first capacitor C1 and the second capacitor C2, and the second end point of the second capacitor C2 and the second end point of the second inductor unit L2 Allowing the duty cycle of a third switch transistor Q3 connected in series therebetween to be controlled.

  In step 603, the flow of the energy storage current provided by the external input power source is switched from the second end point of the second inductor unit L2 to the first end point so as to store energy for the second inductor unit L2. The first switching circuit 1 is controlled.

  In step 604, the first switching circuit 1 is turned off, and the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the fourth capacitor C4 is larger than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the third capacitor C3. Thus, the second inductor unit L2 charges the third capacitor C3 and the fourth capacitor C4, and the second end point of the third capacitor C3 and the second end point of the second inductor unit L2 Allows the duty cycle of the fourth switch transistor Q4 connected in series between to be controlled.

  In the following, the operating principle of the five-stage rectifier in the first and second method embodiments is briefly described by using the positive half-cycle of the input voltage sine wave as an example.

  When the first switch transistor Q1 conducts, current flows through the input voltage line and the second inductor unit L2, the first switch transistor Q1, and the second diode D2, and then returns to the output line. The second inductor unit of the PFC stores energy. When the first switch transistor Q1 is turned off, the second inductor unit L2 releases energy by using two approaches. One of the two approaches is that the second inductor unit L2 uses the third diode D3 to charge the first capacitor C1 to generate a positive BUS voltage across the first capacitor C1. The other is that the second inductor unit L2 conducts to the third switch transistor Q3 in the on / off state, thereby charging the second capacitor C2 and positive at both ends of the second capacitor C2. It is to generate a Vin voltage. By charging the duty cycle of the third switch transistor Q3, the amount of electricity charged in the second capacitor C2 is controlled, and the voltage across the second capacitor C2 reaches the set value of the positive Vin voltage. You may make it do. Only when the second inductor unit L2 releases energy can the third switch transistor Q3 be conducted to maintain normal operation. In principle, the third diode D3 and the first capacitor C1 constitute a boost Boost converter, a positive BUS voltage output is realized across the first capacitor C1, a fourth diode D4, a third switch. The transistor Q3 and the second capacitor C2 constitute a buck Buck converter, and a positive Vin voltage output is realized across the second capacitor C2.

  The operating principle of the negative half cycle of the input voltage sine wave of the five-stage rectifier is similar. In the negative half cycle, when the second switch transistor Q2 and the first diode D1 conduct, the input current is opposite to the positive half cycle input current. That is, the current flowing through the second inductor unit L2 is opposite and the charging of the third capacitor C3 and the fourth capacitor C4 is turned off after storing energy. Details are not repeated here.

  In the present embodiment, by switching the first switching circuit 1, energy may be stored in the first capacitor C1 and the second capacitor C2 or the third capacitor C3 and the fourth capacitor C4. Is formed at an intermediate point of the energy storage circuit, that is, a point between the first capacitor C1 and the fourth capacitor C4. Thus, the five-stage rectifier circuit can achieve a positive BUS voltage and a negative BUS voltage, a positive Vin voltage and a negative Vin voltage, and a zero level.

  FIG. 7 is a flowchart of a control method of a five-stage power converter according to the third embodiment of the present invention. The third embodiment of the five-stage power converter method corresponds to the fourth embodiment of the five-stage power converter. As shown in FIG. 7, referring to FIG. 4 or the first method embodiment, the second endpoint of the first capacitor C1, the second endpoint of the second capacitor C2, the third capacitor C3 in step 501 The step of controlling the rectifier control circuit to input current to the second end point of the second capacitor and the second end point of the fourth capacitor C4 includes:

  In step 701, the flow of the energy storage current provided by the external input power source is switched from the first end point of the third inductor unit L3 to the second end point to store energy for the third inductor unit L3. The second switching circuit 2 is controlled.

  In step 702, the second switching circuit 2 is turned off so that the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the first capacitor C1 is larger than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor C2. Then, the second inductor unit L2 charges the first capacitor C1 and the second capacitor C2, and the second end point of the second capacitor C2 and the second end point of the second inductor unit L3. Allows the duty cycle of the fifth switch transistor Q5 connected in series between to be controlled.

  In step 703, the second switching circuit 2 is controlled so as to switch the flow of the energy storage current provided by the external input power source from the second end point of the fourth inductor unit L4 to the first end point.

  In step 704, the second switching circuit 2 is turned off so that the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the fourth capacitor C4 is larger than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the third capacitor C3. Then, the second inductor unit L2 charges the third capacitor C3 and the fourth capacitor C4, and the second end point of the third capacitor C3 and the second end point of the third inductor unit L3. Allows the duty cycle of the sixth switch transistor Q6 connected in series between to be controlled.

  The operation principle of the circuit according to the third embodiment of the control method of the five-stage power converter is to form a double boost circuit using two sets of dual boost circuits and output a positive BUS voltage and a negative BUS voltage. Except for this point, it is the same as the above-described method embodiment. On the other hand, two tributaries, that is, the fifth switch transistor Q5 and the eighth diode D8, and the sixth switch transistor Q6 and the tenth diode D10 have a positive Vin voltage and a negative Vin voltage. Form. The DC switch element X5 and DC switch element X6 of the control repeater or silicon control thyristor SCR form a changeover switch in the battery mode, and the AC switch element X7 and AC switch element X8 form a changeover switch in the AC power supply mode. The changeover switch is used to switch the energy storage of the first capacitor C1 or the energy storage of the third capacitor C3 and the fourth capacitor C4 to apply to the UPS system application. In some cases, the system can also operate correctly with a single battery group.

  FIG. 8 is a flowchart of a control method of a five-stage power converter according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of an operating voltage waveform of the control method of the five-stage power converter according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 9, T1 to T6 represent periods. The fourth embodiment of the control method of the five-stage power converter corresponds to the embodiments of the five-stage power converter shown in FIGS. As shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, referring to FIGS. 1-4, embodiments of a control method for a five-stage power converter further include:

  In step 801, in the period T1, the eleventh switch transistor Q11 is controlled to conduct continuously, the tenth switch transistor Q10 is controlled to be in the on / off state, and the tenth switch transistor Q10 is in the turn-off state. 9 switches transistor Q9 and controls second capacitor C2 to discharge. The discharge current flows continuously through the first inductor unit L1 and the first load R1.

In step 802, in the period T2, the tenth switch transistor Q10 is controlled to be constantly conducting, and the ninth switch transistor Q9 is controlled to be in the on / off state, so that the eleventh is continuously conducted. And the first capacitor C1 is controlled so as to be discharged. The discharge current flows continuously through the first inductor unit L1 and the first load R1.

  In step 803, in the period T3, the eleventh switch transistor Q11 is controlled to conduct continuously, the tenth switch transistor Q10 is controlled to be in the on / off state, and the tenth switch transistor Q10 is in the turn-off state. 9 switches transistor Q9 and controls second capacitor C2 to discharge. The discharge current flows continuously through the first inductor unit L1 and the first load R1.

  In step 804, the third switching circuit 3 is controlled to switch to forward conduction from the second end point of the third switching circuit 3 to the first end point.

  In step 805, in the period T4, the twelfth switch transistor Q12 is controlled so as to conduct continuously, the thirteenth switch transistor Q13 is controlled so as to be in the on / off state, and the twelfth switch transistor Q13 is set in the turn-off state. 14 switches transistor Q14 and controls third capacitor C3 to discharge. The discharge current flows continuously through the first inductor unit L1 and the first load R1.

  In step 806, in the period T5, the thirteenth switch transistor Q13 is controlled to conduct continuously, and the fourteenth switch transistor Q14 is controlled to be on / off, and the twelfth switch transistor Q13 is made to conduct continuously. And the fourth capacitor C4 is controlled so as to be discharged. The discharge current flows continuously through the first inductor unit L1 and the first load R1.

  In step 807, in the period T6, the twelfth switch transistor Q12 is controlled so as to conduct continuously, the thirteenth switch transistor Q13 is controlled so as to be in the on / off state, and the twelfth switch transistor Q13 is set in the turn-off state. 14 switches transistor Q14 and controls third capacitor C3 to discharge. The discharge current flows continuously through the first inductor unit L1 and the first load R1.

  In step 808, the third switching circuit 3 is controlled to switch to reverse conduction from the first end point to the second end point of the third switching circuit 3.

  As shown in FIG. 9, in the present embodiment, two different kinds of voltages, that is, a positive BUS voltage and a negative BUS voltage, and a positive Vin voltage and a negative Vin voltage (Boost output voltage + BUS and −BUS and Buck output) Voltages + Vin and -Vin) and a zero level are formed. These may realize five stages with respect to the inverter midpoint voltage. As shown in FIG. 9, the horizontal axis represents time t, the vertical axis in the upper diagram represents the waveform of the output voltage Vout across the first load R1 in the above embodiment, and the vertical axis in the lower diagram represents It represents the waveform of the output voltage Vmid between points A and B of the inverter. The sine waveform of the output voltage Vout indicates the voltage between two end points of either the fifth capacitor C5 or the first load R1, and the sine waveform is formed as follows. That is, the waveform Vmid between the points A and B is filtered by the first inductor unit L1 and the fifth capacitor C5, and then a high frequency square waveform is filtered and then a sine waveform is output.

  With reference to FIG. 9, the operation principle of the five-stage inverter in this embodiment will be described below by using the positive half cycle of the sine wave of the input voltage as an example.

  There are two cases for the midpoint of the output voltage. That is, the output sine wave voltage waveform is divided into two segments. That is, the output voltage Vout is smaller than the voltage across the second capacitor C2, and the output voltage Vout is greater than the voltage across the second capacitor C2. There are therefore two modes of operation. In the operation mode 1, in the periods T1 and T3, the output voltage Vout is smaller than the voltage across the second capacitor C2, corresponding to the steps 801 and 803. In this case, the eleventh switch transistor Q11 conducts continuously, the tenth switch transistor Q10 operates in the on / off state, and the fifteenth switch transistor Q15 and the fifteenth diode D15 are free-wheeling. A path is formed to obtain the + Vin voltage and the zero level of the output voltage between the midpoints A and B of the inverter. In the operation mode 2, the output voltage Vout is higher than the voltage across the second capacitor C2 in the period T2, corresponding to step 802. In this case, the tenth switch transistor Q10 is continuously conducting, the ninth switch transistor Q9 operates in an on / off state, and the tenth switch transistor Q10 and the eleventh diode D11 are free-wheeling. A path is formed to obtain + Vin and + BUS voltages of the output voltage between the midpoints A and B of the inverter. In the free holly ring path described above, the free holly ring path is connected to the first inductor unit in the vertical bridge arm, ie when the ninth switch transistor Q9 and the tenth switch transistor Q10 are turned off. L11 may be provided to achieve a zero level for the output inverter midpoint.

  Specifically, the procedure for acquiring the voltages + BUS and + Vin in the positive half cycle is as follows. In period T2, when the ninth switch transistor Q9 and the tenth switch transistor Q10 conduct in step 802, energy is transferred from the first capacitor C1 in the amplifier circuit to the first inductor unit L1 and output. Is done. The + BUS voltage between points A and B is also called the +2 level. In the periods T1 and T3, when the ninth switch transistor Q9 is turned off in steps 801 and 803, the eleventh diode D11 and the tenth switch transistor Q10 conduct and energy is transferred from the second capacitor C2 to the second capacitor C2. 1 is transmitted to the inductor unit L1 and output. The + Vin voltage between points A and B is also called the +1 level. When the above-described freewheeling path is activated, the ninth switch transistor Q9 and the tenth switch transistor Q10 are turned off in steps 801 and 803, and the fifteenth switch transistor Q15 and the fifteenth diode D15 are conducted. Then, the zero level between points A and B is acquired and output by the first inductor unit L1.

  Accordingly, three stages, namely + Vin, + BUS, and zero level can be output at the output voltage midpoint.

  Similarly, -Vin and -BUS can be acquired in the negative half cycle of the output voltage sine wave of the five-stage inverter. -Vin and -BUS correspond to the -1 level and the -2 level, and correspond to the period T4, the period T6, and the period T5. Details are not repeated here.

  In this embodiment, since the DC input voltage is low, the switching loss of the internal transistor of the switch transistor can be reduced when constructing the lower half segment of the sine wave. On the other hand, the amplifier circuit processes only partial power and has low conduction loss. Switching loss can be reduced by implementing multiple levels. Since the inverter midpoint voltage is in five stages, the output inverter induction can be reduced, the output current harmonic can be improved, and the output voltage harmonic distortion THDv can be improved. Further, a fast recovery diode is used as the fifteenth diode D15 and the sixteenth diode D16, like a common three-stage inverter. To further improve efficiency, MOSFET / IGBT may be connected in parallel, and the switch transistor elements connected in parallel may provide a reactive compensation current path. On the other hand, appropriate control logic is used. When the inverter limits the output current, the fifteenth switch transistor Q15 and fifteenth diode D15, or the sixteenth switch transistor Q16 and the sixteenth diode D16, are conducted to provide an output current free-wheeling path. To do. The voltage stress of the switch transistor can be reduced by the output current free hole ring path. In addition, power transistors and switch transistors are centrally arranged to facilitate increased element utilization and to reduce power consumption by integrating into a single power module.

  According to the control method of the five-stage power converter provided in each of the above-described embodiments, the circuit formed by the rectifier and the inverter can be controlled to realize the five-stage operation. The 5-step operation may be applied to the UPS system. When an AC power source is interrupted, by using an inverse transformation approach, the UPS immediately uses the electrical energy stored in the internal energy storage device to continuously supply AC power to the load. As a result, the load continues to operate correctly.

  Corresponding to the embodiment of the control method described above, the present invention further provides a control device for controlling the five-stage power converter shown in FIGS. FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a control device for a five-stage power converter according to the first embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 10, with reference to FIGS. 1-4, the device embodiment is specific to a device for controlling a five-stage power converter. The apparatus includes a current at a second end point of the first capacitor C1, a second end point of the second capacitor C2, a second end point of the third capacitor C3, and a second end point of the fourth capacitor C4. The rectifier control module 1001 is configured to control the rectifier control circuit to input the electric charge, and is stored in the second end point of the first capacitor C1 and the second end point of the second capacitor C2. Are of the same polarity, and the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the first capacitor C1 is greater than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor C2, and the third capacitor C3 has a second polarity. 2 and the second end point of the fourth capacitor C4 have the same polarity, and the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the fourth capacitor C4 is the same as that of the third capacitor C3. Accumulated at the end of 2 The polarity of the electric charge accumulated in the second end points of the first capacitor C1 and the second capacitor C2 is larger than the generated electric quantity and accumulated in the second end points of the third capacitor C3 and the fourth capacitor C4. A rectifier control module 1001 opposite to the polarity of the charge, a second end point of the second capacitor C2 of the rectifier, a second end point of the first capacitor C1, a second end point of the third capacitor C3, And an inverter control module 1002 configured to control the discharge control circuit to continuously discharge from the second end point of the fourth capacitor C4, wherein the discharge current is a first inductor connected in series Any of the first capacitor C1, the second capacitor C2, the third capacitor C3, and the fourth capacitor C4 that flows through the unit L1 and the first load R1 Comprising the inverter control module 1002 discharge are alternately performed and charge, a.

  The control device of the five-stage power converter provided in the first embodiment of the present invention includes the energy storage and discharge of the first capacitor C1 and the second capacitor C2, or the third capacitor C3 and the fourth capacitor C4. Energy storage and discharge are realized by using the rectifier control module 1001 and the inverter control module 1002, thereby realizing a 5-stage output and an input power element correction PFC function.

  In the control device for a five-stage power converter provided in the embodiment of the present invention, the rectifier control module may have a plurality of configuration forms. For example, the module shown in FIG. 11 may be used. FIG. 11 is a structural schematic diagram of a control device for a five-stage power converter according to the second embodiment of the present invention. The rectifier control module in the second embodiment corresponds to the rectifier control circuit shown in FIG. As shown in FIG. 11, referring to FIG. 1, the rectifier control module moves the flow of energy storage current provided by the external input power source from the first end point of the second inductor unit L2 to the second end point. And a first rectifier control unit 1101 configured to control the first switching circuit 1 so as to store energy for the second inductor unit L2, and a second end point of the first capacitor C1. The first switching circuit 1 is turned off so that the accumulated amount of electricity is larger than the amount of electricity accumulated at the second end point of the second capacitor C2, so that the second inductor unit L2 becomes the first capacitor. Charging C1 and the second capacitor C2, between the second end point of the second capacitor C2 and the second end point of the second inductor unit L2. A second rectifier control unit 1102 configured to control a duty cycle of a third switch transistor Q3 connected to the column and a second flow of the energy storage current provided by the external input power supply to the second rectifier control unit 1102; A third rectifier configured to control the first switching circuit 1 so as to store energy for the second inductor unit L2 by switching from the second end point of the inductor unit L2 to the first end point The first switching circuit 1 is controlled so that the amount of electricity accumulated at the second end point of the control unit 1103 and the fourth capacitor C4 is larger than the amount of electricity accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor C3. Turned off, the second inductor unit L2 charges the third capacitor C3 and the fourth capacitor C4, and the third A fourth switch transistor Q4 configured to control a duty cycle of a fourth switch transistor Q4 connected in series between the second end point of the capacitor C3 and the second end point of the second inductor unit L2. A rectifier control unit 1104.

  In the present embodiment, by switching the first switching circuit 1, the flow of the energy storage current provided by the external input power supply is changed from the first end point of the second inductor unit L2 to the second of the second inductor unit L2. Switching to the second end point or switching from the second end point of the second inductor unit L2 to the first end point to realize energy storage for the second inductor unit L2, and then the first switching The circuit 1 is turned off to realize charging of the first capacitor C1 and the second capacitor C2 or charging of the third capacitor C3 and the fourth capacitor C4.

  FIG. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of a control device for a five-stage power converter according to the third embodiment of the present invention. The rectifier control module in the third embodiment corresponds to the rectifier control circuit shown in FIG. As shown in FIG. 12, referring to FIG. 4, the rectifier control module transfers the flow of energy storage current provided by the external input power source from the first end point of the third inductor unit L3 to the second end point. And a fifth rectifier control unit 1201 configured to control the second switching circuit 2 to store energy for the third inductor unit L3, and a second end point of the first capacitor C1. The second switching unit 2 is turned off so that the accumulated amount of electricity is larger than the amount of electricity accumulated at the second end point of the second capacitor C2, and the second inductor unit L2 becomes the first capacitor. C1 and the second capacitor C2 are charged, and the second end point of the second capacitor C2 and the second end point of the third inductor unit L3 are A sixth rectifier control unit 1202 configured to control a duty cycle of a fifth switch transistor Q5 connected in series, and a flow of the energy storage current provided by the external input power supply. A seventh rectifier control unit 1203 configured to control the second switching circuit 2 to switch from the second end point of the four inductor units L4 to the first end point; The second inductor unit L2 is turned off by turning off the second switching circuit 2 so that the amount of electricity stored at the second end point is greater than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the third capacitor C3. Charges the third capacitor C3 and the fourth capacitor C4, the second end point of the third capacitor C3 and the third inductor unit. Comprising the eighth rectifier control unit 1204 configured to control the duty cycle of the second of the sixth switching transistor Q6 connected in series between the end points of the bets L3, a.

  In the present embodiment, switching of the second switching circuit 2 switches the flow of the energy storage current provided by the external input power source from the first end point of the third inductor unit L3 to the second end point. The energy storage for the third inductor unit L3 is realized, or the energy storage for the fourth inductor unit L4 is performed by switching from the second end point of the fourth inductor unit L4 to the first end point. Is realized. Next, the second switching circuit 2 is turned off to realize charging of the first capacitor C1 and the second capacitor C2 or charging of the third capacitor C3 and the fourth capacitor C4.

  FIG. 13 is a schematic structural diagram of a control device for a five-stage power converter according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention. The inverter control module according to the fourth embodiment corresponds to the inverter control circuit shown in FIGS. 1 to 4, and the following units output voltages for the periods shown in FIG. As shown in FIGS. 9 and 13, with reference to FIGS. 1-4, the inverter control module in each of the above-described device embodiments has an eleventh switch circuit that continuously conducts at an output voltage corresponding to period T1. Control the transistor Q11, control the tenth switch transistor Q10 to be in the on / off state, control the ninth switch transistor Q9 to be in the turn-off state, and the second capacitor to discharge A first inverter control unit 1301 configured to control C2, wherein the discharge current flows continuously through the first inductor unit L1 and the first load R1. And the tenth switch transistor Q10 is controlled so as to conduct continuously at the output voltage corresponding to the period T2. Controlling the ninth switch transistor Q9 to be in an on / off state, controlling the eleventh switch transistor Q11 to be continuously conductive, and controlling the first capacitor C1 to be discharged. A second inverter control unit 1302 configured, wherein the discharge current continuously flows through the first inductor unit L1 and the first load R1, and corresponds to a period T3 The eleventh switch transistor Q11 is controlled to continuously conduct with the output voltage, and the tenth switch transistor Q10 is controlled to be in an on / off state, and the ninth switch is to be in a turnoff state. A third transistor configured to control the second capacitor C2 to control and discharge the transistor Q9; The third inverter control unit 1303 in which the discharge current continuously flows through the first inductor unit L1 and the first load R1, and the third switching circuit through the third switching circuit. A fourth inverter control unit 1304 configured to control switching to forward conduction from the second end point of the circuit 3 to the first end point, and to continuously conduct at an output voltage corresponding to the period T4. To control the twelfth switch transistor Q12, to control the thirteenth switch transistor Q13 so as to be in the on / off state, and to control the fourteenth switch transistor Q14 so as to be in the turn-off state. The fifth inverter control unit 1305 is configured to control the third capacitor C3. Thus, the discharge current continuously flows through the first inverter unit L1 and the fifth inverter control unit 1305 that flows continuously through the first load R1, and the output voltage corresponding to the period T5. The switch transistor Q13 is controlled, the fourteenth switch transistor Q14 is controlled so as to be in the on / off state, the twelfth switch transistor Q12 is controlled so as to be continuously conductive, and the fourth switch transistor Q14 is discharged. A sixth inverter control unit 1306 configured to control the second capacitor C4, wherein the discharge current continuously flows through the first inductor unit L1 and the first load R1. The twelfth switch transistor Q12 is continually conducting with the unit 1306 at an output voltage corresponding to the period T6. Control, control thirteenth switch transistor Q13 to be in an on / off state, control fourteenth switch transistor Q14 to be in a turn-off state, and control third capacitor C3 to discharge A seventh inverter control unit 1307 configured to reverse the seventh inverter control unit 1307 in which the discharge current continuously flows through the first inductor unit L1 and the first load R1; And an eighth inverter control unit 1308 configured to control the third switching circuit 3 so as to switch the direction conduction from the first end point of the third switching circuit 3 to the second end point.

  In the control device for the five-stage power converter in each of the above-described embodiments, the circuit is formed by a rectifier control module and an inverter control module. The rectifier control module controls the circuit to convert the input AC to DC and implement the power element correction PFC function, and the inverter control module converts the DC voltage after rectification to the AC output voltage. Control, thereby realizing five stages of circuit output.

  The controller of the circuit provided in the above-described apparatus embodiment can be a micro control unit (Micro Control Unit, MCU), digital signal processing (Digital Signal Processing, DSP), or complex programmable logic device (CPLD). It may be mounted using a digital signal processing chip such as

  In summary, the technical solutions provided in the embodiments of the present invention allow a rectifier and an inverter to operate in five stages by adding a tributary based on a power converter. Specifically, the 5-stage inverter and rectifier are cascaded to form a high-performance online UPS system. The UPS has the advantages of a five-stage inverter and rectifier, such as low power transistor connection loss, low switching loss, low reverse or rectification inductance, and good input / output total harmonic distortion THD. Circuit topologies of embodiments of the present invention can flexibly form single phase UPS, three phase UPS, and three phase systems with or without neutral lines. By using input switching, interleaved parallel can be realized in the AC main power supply mode, and interleaved parallel can be easily realized in the battery mode. Furthermore, the entire circuit has a simple structure and is performed with high reliability.

  Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention and do not limit the present invention. Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the above embodiments, the technical solutions described in the above-described embodiments can be used without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that modifications may be made, or equivalent replacements may be made to some or all of the technical solutions of the above-described embodiments.

1001 Rectifier control module 1002 Inverter control module 1101 1st rectifier control unit 1102 2nd rectifier control unit 1103 3rd rectifier control unit 1104 4th rectifier control unit 1201 5th rectifier control unit 1202 6th rectifier control unit 1203 7th rectifier control unit 1204 8th rectifier control unit 1301 1st inverter control unit 1302 2nd inverter control unit 1303 3rd inverter control unit 1304 4th inverter control unit 1305 5th inverter control unit 1306 6th inverter control unit 1307 7th inverter control unit 1308 8th inverter control unit

Claims (16)

  1. A five-stage power converter comprising an inverter and at least one rectifier,
    The rectifier includes a rectifier control circuit, a first capacitor and a second capacitor connected in parallel, and a third capacitor and a fourth capacitor connected in parallel, and a first capacitor of the first capacitor An end point, a first end point of the second capacitor, a first end point of the third capacitor, and a first end point of the fourth capacitor;
    The rectifier control circuit includes a second endpoint of the first capacitor, a second endpoint of the second capacitor, a second endpoint of the third capacitor, and a second endpoint of the fourth capacitor. The first capacitor has the same polarity as the charge stored in the second end point of the first capacitor and the second end point of the second capacitor. The amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor is larger than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor, and the second end point of the third capacitor and the fourth end point of the third capacitor The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the capacitor is the same, and the amount of electricity accumulated at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor. Larger than the amount of electricity The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor and the second capacitor is the polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor and the fourth capacitor. The opposite,
    The inverter includes a discharge control circuit and a first inductor unit and a first load connected in series, and a first end point of the first inductor unit is a first end of the first load. Connected to an end point, the second end point of the first load is grounded,
    The discharge control circuit includes the second end point of the second capacitor of the rectifier, the second end point of the first capacitor, the second end point of the third capacitor, and the fourth end point. A discharge current flowing through the first inductor unit and the first load connected in series, the first capacitor being configured to discharge continuously from the second end of the capacitor; Charging and discharging of any of the second capacitor, the third capacitor, and the fourth capacitor are performed alternately,
    The rectifier control circuit includes a second inductor unit, a first switching circuit, a first control circuit, and a second control circuit, and a first end point of the second inductor unit is an external input power source It is connected to,
    The first control circuit includes a third diode, a fourth diode, and a third switch transistor, and the third diode includes the second end point of the first capacitor and the second diode. Connected in series in a circuit between the second end of the inductor unit, the anode of the third diode is connected to the second end of the second inductor unit, and The cathode is connected to the second end point of the first capacitor, and the fourth diode and the third switch transistor are connected to the second end point of the second capacitor and the second inductor unit. Connected in series in a circuit between the second end point and the anode of the fourth diode is in contact with the second end point of the second inductor unit. It is,
    The second control circuit includes a fifth diode, a sixth diode, and a fourth switch transistor, and the fifth diode includes the second end point of the fourth capacitor and the second diode. Connected in series with the second end point of the second inductor unit, the anode of the fifth diode is connected to the second end point of the second inductor unit, and A cathode of a diode is connected to the second end point of the fourth capacitor, and the sixth diode and the fourth switch transistor are connected to the second end point of the third capacitor and the second inductor. -Connected in series in a circuit between the second end of the unit and the anode of the sixth diode is the second end of the second inductor unit It is connected to,
    It said first switching circuit comprises a flow of energy power storage current provided by the external input power, from the first end point of the second inductor unit to the second endpoint, or the second Configured to switch from the second end point of the inductor unit to the first end point,
    5-stage power converter.
  2. The first switching circuit includes a first switch transistor and a second switch transistor connected in series, and a first diode and a second diode connected in series, and the first diode, The polarity of the second diode is set to be opposite, and the point between the first switch transistor and the second switch transistor communicates with the point between the first diode and the second diode. The five-stage power converter according to claim 1 .
  3. The external input power source includes an external AC input power source and a battery group, and the external AC input power source is connected to the first end point of the second inductor unit by using an AC switch element.
    The battery group includes a first battery unit and a second battery unit, and an anode of the first battery unit is a second inductor unit in the rectifier control circuit by using a DC switch element. The cathode of the first battery unit is grounded and the cathode of the second battery unit is connected to the second end in the rectifier control circuit by using a DC switch element. connected to said first end point of the inductor unit, the anode of the second battery unit is Ru is grounded, out of the power converter according to claim 1.
  4.   The 5-stage power converter comprises two rectifiers,
      The external input power source includes an external AC input power source and a battery group, and the external AC input power source uses the AC switch element to thereby form the first inductor unit of the second inductor unit of each of the two rectifiers. Connected to the end point,
      The battery group includes a third battery unit and a fourth battery unit, and an anode of the third battery unit is a first rectifier of the two rectifiers by using a DC switch element. The second inductor unit is connected to the first end point, the cathode of the third battery unit is grounded, and the cathode of the fourth battery unit is connected to the second end by using a DC switching element. 2. The five-stage power according to claim 1, wherein the second stage rectifier of the two rectifiers is connected to the first end point of the second inductor unit and the anode of the fourth battery unit is grounded. converter.
  5.   The first inductor unit or the second inductor unit is formed by a single inductor element, or multiple inductor elements connected in parallel, or multiple inductor elements connected in series. 5. The five-stage power converter according to any one of 4.
  6. A five-stage power converter comprising an inverter and at least one rectifier,
    The rectifier includes a rectifier control circuit, a first capacitor and a second capacitor connected in parallel, and a third capacitor and a fourth capacitor connected in parallel, and a first capacitor of the first capacitor An end point, a first end point of the second capacitor, a first end point of the third capacitor, and a first end point of the fourth capacitor;
    The rectifier control circuit includes a second endpoint of the first capacitor, a second endpoint of the second capacitor, a second endpoint of the third capacitor, and a second endpoint of the fourth capacitor. The first capacitor has the same polarity as the charge stored in the second end point of the first capacitor and the second end point of the second capacitor. The amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor is larger than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor, and the second end point of the third capacitor and the fourth end point of the third capacitor The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the capacitor is the same, and the amount of electricity accumulated at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor. Larger than the amount of electricity The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor and the second capacitor is the polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor and the fourth capacitor. The opposite,
    The inverter includes a discharge control circuit and a first inductor unit and a first load connected in series, and a first end point of the first inductor unit is a first end of the first load. Connected to an end point, the second end point of the first load is grounded,
    The discharge control circuit includes the second end point of the second capacitor of the rectifier, the second end point of the first capacitor, the second end point of the third capacitor, and the fourth end point. A discharge current flowing through the first inductor unit and the first load connected in series, the first capacitor being configured to discharge continuously from the second end of the capacitor; Charging and discharging of any of the second capacitor, the third capacitor, and the fourth capacitor are performed alternately,
    The rectifier control circuit includes a third inductor unit, a fourth inductor unit, a second switching circuit, a third control circuit, and a fourth control circuit. 1 end point and the first end point of the fourth inductor unit are connected to an external input power source;
    The third control circuit includes a seventh diode, an eighth diode, and a fifth switch transistor, and the seventh diode includes the second end point of the first capacitor and the third diode. Connected in series in a circuit between the second end of the inductor unit, the anode of the seventh diode is connected to the second end of the third inductor unit, and The cathode is connected to the second end point of the first capacitor, and the eighth diode and the fifth switch transistor are connected to the second end point of the second capacitor and the third inductor unit. Connected in series in a circuit between the second end point and the anode of the eighth diode is connected to the second end point of the third inductor unit. It is,
    The fourth control circuit includes a ninth diode, a tenth diode, and a sixth switch transistor, and the ninth diode includes the second end point of the fourth capacitor and the fourth diode. Connected in series in a circuit between the second end of the inductor unit and the anode of the ninth diode is connected to the second end of the fourth inductor unit; The cathode is connected to the second end point of the fourth capacitor, and the tenth diode and the sixth switch transistor are connected to the second end point of the third capacitor and the fourth inductor unit. Connected in series in a circuit between the second end point and the anode of the tenth diode is connected to the second end of the fourth inductor unit. It is connected to,
    The second switching circuit causes a flow of energy storage current provided by the external input power source from the first end point of the third inductor unit to the second end point, or the fourth end point. Configured to switch from the second end point of the inductor unit to the first end point,
    5-stage power converter.
  7. The second switching circuit includes a seventh switch transistor and an eighth switch transistor, and one end of the seventh switch transistor is connected to the second end point of the third inductor unit. The other end of the seventh switch transistor is grounded, one end of the eighth switch transistor is connected to the second end point of the fourth inductor unit, and the eighth switch transistor The five-stage power converter according to claim 6 , wherein the other end of the transistor is grounded.
  8. The external input power source includes an external AC input power source or a battery group, the external input power source and the first end point of the third inductor unit, and the external AC input power source and the fourth inductor unit of the first inductor unit. The first end points are connected by using an AC switch element,
    The battery group includes a fifth battery unit and a sixth battery unit, and an anode of the fifth battery unit uses a DC switch element to thereby form the first inductor of the third inductor unit. Connected to an end point, the cathode of the fifth battery unit is grounded, and the cathode of the sixth battery unit is connected to the first end point of the fourth inductor unit by using a DC switching element is, the anode of the sixth battery unit is grounded, out of the power converter of claim 6.
  9.   The third inductor unit or the fourth inductor unit is formed by a single inductor element, or a plurality of inductor elements connected in parallel, or a plurality of inductor elements connected in series. 9. The five-stage power converter according to claim 8.
  10. A five-stage power converter comprising an inverter and at least one rectifier,
    The rectifier includes a rectifier control circuit, a first capacitor and a second capacitor connected in parallel, and a third capacitor and a fourth capacitor connected in parallel, and a first capacitor of the first capacitor An end point, a first end point of the second capacitor, a first end point of the third capacitor, and a first end point of the fourth capacitor;
    The rectifier control circuit includes a second endpoint of the first capacitor, a second endpoint of the second capacitor, a second endpoint of the third capacitor, and a second endpoint of the fourth capacitor. The first capacitor has the same polarity as the charge stored in the second end point of the first capacitor and the second end point of the second capacitor. The amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor is larger than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor, and the second end point of the third capacitor and the fourth end point of the third capacitor The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the capacitor is the same, and the amount of electricity accumulated at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor. Larger than the amount of electricity The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor and the second capacitor is the polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor and the fourth capacitor. The opposite,
    The inverter includes a discharge control circuit and a first inductor unit and a first load connected in series, and a first end point of the first inductor unit is a first end of the first load. Connected to an end point, the second end point of the first load is grounded,
    The discharge control circuit includes the second end point of the second capacitor of the rectifier, the second end point of the first capacitor, the second end point of the third capacitor, and the fourth end point. A discharge current flowing through the first inductor unit and the first load connected in series, the first capacitor being configured to discharge continuously from the second end of the capacitor; Charging and discharging of any of the second capacitor, the third capacitor, and the fourth capacitor are performed alternately,
    The discharge control circuit includes a ninth switch transistor, a tenth switch transistor, an eleventh switch transistor, a twelfth switch transistor, a thirteenth switch transistor, a fourteenth switch transistor, 3 switching circuits,
    The first end point of the ninth switch transistor is connected to the second end point of the first capacitor, and the second end point of the ninth switch transistor is the first end point of the tenth switch transistor. Is connected to the second end point of the first inductor unit, and the first end point of the eleventh switch transistor is connected to the second end point of the tenth switch transistor. The 14th switch is connected to the 2nd end point of the 2nd capacitor, the 2nd end point of the 11th switch transistor is connected to the 1st end point of the 10th switch transistor, A first end point of the transistor is connected to the second end point of the fourth capacitor, and a second end point of the fourteenth switch transistor is the thirteenth end point; Connected to the first end point of the switch transistor, the second end point of the thirteenth switch transistor is connected to the second end point of the first inductor unit, and A first end point connected to the second end point of the third capacitor, a second end point of the twelfth switch transistor connected to the second end point of the fourteenth switch transistor;
    The first end point of the third switching circuit is connected to the second end point of the first inductor unit, the second end point of the third switching circuit is grounded, and the third end point according to time Implementing forward conduction from the second end point of the switching circuit to the first end point or reverse conduction from the first end point of the third switching circuit to the second end point;
    5-stage power converter.
  11. A method for controlling a five-stage power converter according to any one of claims 1 to 5,
    A rectifier control circuit for inputting current to the second end point of the first capacitor, the second end point of the second capacitor, the second end point of the third capacitor, and the second end point of the fourth capacitor Wherein the polarities of the charges accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor and the second end point of the second capacitor are the same, and The amount of electricity stored at the second end point is greater than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor, and the second end point of the third capacitor and the fourth capacitor The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point is the same, and the amount of electricity accumulated at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor. Greater than the amount of electricity, The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor and the second capacitor is opposite to the polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor and the fourth capacitor. A step and
    The second end point of the second capacitor of the rectifier, the second end point of the first capacitor, the second end point of the third capacitor, and the second end point of the fourth capacitor. Controlling a discharge control circuit to continuously discharge from an end point, wherein a discharge current flows through a first inductor unit and a first load connected in series, the first capacitor; Charging and discharging any one of the second capacitor, the third capacitor, and the fourth capacitor are alternately performed;
    With
    Rectifier control to input current to the second end point of the first capacitor, the second end point of the second capacitor, the second end point of the third capacitor, and the second end point of the fourth capacitor The step of controlling the circuit is:
    The first switching is performed so that the energy storage current flow provided by the external input power source is switched from the first end point of the second inductor unit to the second end point to store energy for the second inductor unit. Controlling the circuit;
    Turning off the first switching circuit so that the second inductor unit can charge the first capacitor and the second capacitor, and the second endpoint of the second capacitor and the second The amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the first capacitor by controlling the duty cycle of a third switch transistor connected in series between the second end points of the inductor unit of the first capacitor Larger than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor;
    The flow of the energy storage current provided by the external input power source is switched from the second end point of the second inductor unit to the first end point so as to store energy for the second inductor unit. Controlling the first switching circuit;
    The first switching circuit is turned off so that the second inductor unit can charge the third capacitor and the fourth capacitor, and the second end point of the third capacitor and the second capacitor The amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the fourth capacitor by controlling the duty cycle of the fourth switch transistor connected in series between the second end points of the inductor unit Larger than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the third capacitor;
    Including a control method.
  12. A method for controlling a five-stage power converter according to any one of claims 6 to 9,
    A rectifier control circuit for inputting current to the second end point of the first capacitor, the second end point of the second capacitor, the second end point of the third capacitor, and the second end point of the fourth capacitor Wherein the polarities of the charges accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor and the second end point of the second capacitor are the same, and The amount of electricity stored at the second end point is greater than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor, and the second end point of the third capacitor and the fourth capacitor The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point is the same, and the amount of electricity accumulated at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor. Greater than the amount of electricity, The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor and the second capacitor is opposite to the polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor and the fourth capacitor. A step and
    The second end point of the second capacitor of the rectifier, the second end point of the first capacitor, the second end point of the third capacitor, and the second end point of the fourth capacitor. Controlling a discharge control circuit to continuously discharge from an end point, wherein a discharge current flows through a first inductor unit and a first load connected in series, the first capacitor; Charging and discharging any one of the second capacitor, the third capacitor, and the fourth capacitor are alternately performed;
    With
    Rectifier control to input current to the second end point of the first capacitor, the second end point of the second capacitor, the second end point of the third capacitor, and the second end point of the fourth capacitor The step of controlling the circuit is:
    Second switching as the flow of the provided energy power storage current by an external input power supply from a first end point of the third inductor unit is switched to the second endpoint storing energy for said third inductor unit Controlling the circuit;
    The second as said turning off the switching circuit third inductor unit can charge the second capacitor and the first capacitor, the second terminal point of said second capacitor and said third The amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the first capacitor by controlling the duty cycle of the fifth switch transistor connected in series between the second end points of the inductor unit of the first capacitor Larger than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor;
    Controlling the second switching circuit to switch the flow of the energy storage current provided by the external input power source from the second end point of the fourth inductor unit to the first end point;
    The second turns off the switching circuit and the fourth inductor unit is to be able to charge the fourth capacitor and the third capacitor, the third of the second endpoint and the fourth capacitor The amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is controlled by controlling the duty cycle of the sixth switch transistor connected in series between the second end points of the inductor unit of the fourth capacitor. Larger than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the third capacitor;
    Including a control method.
  13. A control method for a five-stage power converter according to claim 10,
    A rectifier control circuit for inputting current to the second end point of the first capacitor, the second end point of the second capacitor, the second end point of the third capacitor, and the second end point of the fourth capacitor Wherein the polarities of the charges accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor and the second end point of the second capacitor are the same, and The amount of electricity stored at the second end point is greater than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor, and the second end point of the third capacitor and the fourth capacitor The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point is the same, and the amount of electricity accumulated at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor. Greater than the amount of electricity, The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor and the second capacitor is opposite to the polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor and the fourth capacitor. A step and
    The second end point of the second capacitor of the rectifier, the second end point of the first capacitor, the second end point of the third capacitor, and the second end point of the fourth capacitor. Controlling a discharge control circuit to continuously discharge from an end point, wherein a discharge current flows through a first inductor unit and a first load connected in series, the first capacitor; Charging and discharging any one of the second capacitor, the third capacitor, and the fourth capacitor are alternately performed;
    With
    The control method is:
    Control the eleventh switch transistor to continuously conduct, control the tenth switch transistor to be in the on / off state, control the ninth switch transistor to be in the turnoff state, and discharge Controlling the second capacitor so that a discharge current continuously flows through the first inductor unit and the first load;
    Constantly controlling said tenth switch transistor to conducting the on / the to be in the OFF state ninth controls the switch transistor, the eleventh switch transistor controlled to constantly conductive Controlling the first capacitor to discharge, wherein the discharge current continuously flows through the first inductor unit and the first load;
    Control the eleventh switch transistor to be constantly conducting, control the tenth switch transistor to be in an on / off state, and control the ninth switch transistor to be in a turnoff state And controlling the second capacitor to discharge, wherein the discharge current continuously flows through the first inductor unit and the first load;
    Controlling the third switching circuit to switch to forward conduction from the second endpoint of the third switching circuit to the first endpoint;
    Control the twelfth switch transistor to continuously conduct, control the thirteenth switch transistor to be in an on / off state, control the fourteenth switch transistor to be in a turn-off state, and discharge Controlling the third capacitor so that a discharge current continuously flows through the first inductor unit and the first load;
    Controlling the thirteenth switch transistor to conduct continuously, controlling the fourteenth switch transistor to be on / off, and controlling the twelfth switch transistor to conduct continuously Controlling the fourth capacitor to discharge, wherein the discharge current continuously flows through the first inductor unit and the first load;
    Control the twelfth switch transistor to conduct continuously, control the thirteenth switch transistor to be in an on / off state, and control the fourteenth switch transistor to be in a turn-off state And controlling the third capacitor to discharge, wherein the discharge current continuously flows through the first inductor unit and the first load;
    Controlling the third switching circuit to switch to reverse conduction from the first end point to the second end point of the third switching circuit;
    A control method further comprising :
  14. A control device for a five-stage power converter according to any one of claims 1 to 5,
    A rectifier control circuit for inputting current to the second end point of the first capacitor, the second end point of the second capacitor, the second end point of the third capacitor, and the second end point of the fourth capacitor The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor and the second end point of the second capacitor is the same. The amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the first capacitor is greater than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor, and the second end point of the third capacitor. And the polarity of the electric charge accumulated at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is the same, and the amount of electricity accumulated at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is the same as that of the third capacitor. 2 accumulated at the end point The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor and the second capacitor is greater than the amount and accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor and the fourth capacitor. A rectifier control module opposite to the polarity of the charge;
    The second endpoint of the second capacitor of the rectifier, the second endpoint of the first capacitor, the second endpoint of the third capacitor, and the second endpoint of the fourth capacitor An inverter control module configured to control a discharge control circuit to continuously discharge from a discharge current flowing through a first inductor unit and a first load connected in series An inverter control module in which charging and discharging of any one of the first capacitor, the second capacitor, the third capacitor, and the fourth capacitor are alternately performed;
    With
    The rectifier control module is
    The first switching is performed so that the energy storage current flow provided by the external input power source is switched from the first end point of the second inductor unit to the second end point to store energy for the second inductor unit. A first rectifier control unit configured to control the circuit;
    Turning off the first switching circuit so that the second inductor unit can charge the first capacitor and the second capacitor; and the second end point of the second capacitor and the second The third switch transistor connected in series between the second end points of the two inductor units to control the duty cycle of the third capacitor to store the electricity stored at the second end point of the first capacitor. A second rectifier control unit configured to cause an amount to be greater than an amount of electricity stored at the second endpoint of the second capacitor;
    The flow of the energy storage current provided by the external input power source is switched from the second end point of the second inductor unit to the first end point so as to store energy for the second inductor unit. A third rectifier control unit configured to control the first switching circuit;
    The first switching circuit is turned off so that the second inductor unit can charge the third capacitor and the fourth capacitor, and the second end point of the third capacitor and the second capacitor The amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the fourth capacitor by controlling the duty cycle of the fourth switch transistor connected in series between the second end points of the inductor unit A fourth rectifier control unit configured to be greater than the amount of electricity stored at the second endpoint of the third capacitor;
    A control device comprising:
  15. A control device for a five-stage power converter according to any one of claims 6 to 9,
    A rectifier control circuit for inputting current to the second end point of the first capacitor, the second end point of the second capacitor, the second end point of the third capacitor, and the second end point of the fourth capacitor The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor and the second end point of the second capacitor is the same. The amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the first capacitor is greater than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor, and the second end point of the third capacitor. And the polarity of the electric charge accumulated at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is the same, and the amount of electricity accumulated at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is the same as that of the third capacitor. 2 accumulated at the end point The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor and the second capacitor is greater than the amount and accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor and the fourth capacitor. A rectifier control module opposite to the polarity of the charge;
    The second endpoint of the second capacitor of the rectifier, the second endpoint of the first capacitor, the second endpoint of the third capacitor, and the second endpoint of the fourth capacitor An inverter control module configured to control a discharge control circuit to continuously discharge from a discharge current flowing through a first inductor unit and a first load connected in series An inverter control module in which charging and discharging of any one of the first capacitor, the second capacitor, the third capacitor, and the fourth capacitor are alternately performed;
    With
    The rectifier control module is
    Second switching as the flow of the provided energy power storage current by the external input power from the first end point of the third inductor unit is switched to the second endpoint storing energy for said third inductor unit A fifth rectifier control unit configured to control the circuit;
    The second switching circuit is turned off so that the third inductor unit can charge the first capacitor and the second capacitor, and the second end point of the second capacitor and the third capacitor The amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the first capacitor by controlling the duty cycle of the fifth switch transistor connected in series between the second end points of the inductor unit of the first capacitor A sixth rectifier control unit configured to be greater than the amount of electricity stored at the second endpoint of the second capacitor;
    The second switching circuit is configured to control the flow of the energy storage current provided by the external input power source to switch the fourth inductor unit from the second end point to the first end point. A seventh rectifier control unit;
    The second turns off the switching circuit and the fourth inductor unit is to be able to charge the fourth capacitor and the third capacitor, the third of the second endpoint and the fourth capacitor The amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is controlled by controlling the duty cycle of the sixth switch transistor connected in series between the second end points of the inductor unit of the fourth capacitor. An eighth rectifier control unit configured to be larger than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the third capacitor;
    A control device comprising:
  16. The control device for a five-stage power converter according to claim 10,
    A rectifier control circuit for inputting current to the second end point of the first capacitor, the second end point of the second capacitor, the second end point of the third capacitor, and the second end point of the fourth capacitor The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor and the second end point of the second capacitor is the same. The amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the first capacitor is greater than the amount of electricity stored at the second end point of the second capacitor, and the second end point of the third capacitor. And the polarity of the electric charge accumulated at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is the same, and the amount of electricity accumulated at the second end point of the fourth capacitor is the same as that of the third capacitor. 2 accumulated at the end point The polarity of the charge accumulated at the second end point of the first capacitor and the second capacitor is greater than the amount and accumulated at the second end point of the third capacitor and the fourth capacitor. A rectifier control module opposite to the polarity of the charge;
    The second endpoint of the second capacitor of the rectifier, the second endpoint of the first capacitor, the second endpoint of the third capacitor, and the second endpoint of the fourth capacitor An inverter control module configured to control a discharge control circuit to continuously discharge from a discharge current flowing through a first inductor unit and a first load connected in series An inverter control module in which charging and discharging of any one of the first capacitor, the second capacitor, the third capacitor, and the fourth capacitor are alternately performed;
    With
    The inverter control module is
    Control the eleventh switch transistor to continuously conduct, control the tenth switch transistor to be in the on / off state, control the ninth switch transistor to be in the turnoff state, and discharge A first inverter control unit configured to control the second capacitor so that a discharge current continuously flows through the first inductor unit and the first load. 1 inverter control unit;
    Controlling the tenth switch transistor to be constantly conducting, controlling the ninth switch transistor to be in an on / off state, and controlling the eleventh switch transistor to be constantly conducting A second inverter control unit configured to control the first capacitor to discharge, wherein a discharge current is continuously passed through the first inductor unit and the first load. A second inverter control unit flowing;
    Control the eleventh switch transistor to be constantly conducting, control the tenth switch transistor to be in an on / off state, and control the ninth switch transistor to be in a turnoff state And a third inverter control unit configured to control the second capacitor to discharge, wherein the discharge current is continuous through the first inductor unit and the first load. A third inverter control unit flowing through
    A fourth inverter control unit configured to control the third switching circuit to switch to the forward conduction from the second terminal point of the third switching circuit to the first end point,
    Control the twelfth switch transistor to continuously conduct, control the thirteenth switch transistor to be in an on / off state, control the fourteenth switch transistor to be in a turn-off state, and discharge A fifth inverter control unit configured to control the third capacitor so that a discharge current continuously flows through the first inductor unit and the first load. 5 inverter control units;
    Controlling the thirteenth switch transistor to conduct continuously, controlling the fourteenth switch transistor to be on / off, and controlling the twelfth switch transistor to conduct continuously A sixth inverter control unit configured to control the fourth capacitor to discharge, wherein a discharge current is continuously passed through the first inductor unit and the first load. A sixth inverter control unit flowing;
    Control the twelfth switch transistor to conduct continuously, control the thirteenth switch transistor to be in an on / off state, and control the fourteenth switch transistor to be in a turn-off state And a seventh inverter control unit configured to control the third capacitor to discharge, wherein the discharge current is continuous through the first inductor unit and the first load. A seventh inverter control unit flowing through
    An eighth inverter control unit configured to control the third switching circuit to switch to reverse conduction from the first end point of the third switching circuit to the second end point;
    A control device comprising:
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WO2014000490A1 (en) 2014-01-03
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US20140334199A1 (en) 2014-11-13
JP2015503895A (en) 2015-02-02

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