JP5526394B2 - Powdered food quantitative server - Google Patents

Powdered food quantitative server Download PDF

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JP5526394B2
JP5526394B2 JP2012092572A JP2012092572A JP5526394B2 JP 5526394 B2 JP5526394 B2 JP 5526394B2 JP 2012092572 A JP2012092572 A JP 2012092572A JP 2012092572 A JP2012092572 A JP 2012092572A JP 5526394 B2 JP5526394 B2 JP 5526394B2
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opening
powder
shutter
server
chamber
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JP2013221809A (en
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充 湯浅
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ペニージャパン株式会社
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本発明は、粉末食品を所定量ずつ供給する定量サーバに関する。   The present invention relates to a quantitative server that supplies a predetermined amount of powdered food.

コーヒー、お茶、ジュース、コーンスープ、味噌汁等の飲料食品の元となる種々の粉末食品がある。このような粉末食品を水、湯、牛乳等の液体に溶かすだけで飲料食品を作成できるので、所望の飲料食品を簡易且つ速やかに作成できて便利である。
ここで、粉末食品と液体の量によって飲料食品の濃さが変わるため、一定品質(濃さ)の飲料食品を得るためには、所定量の液体に溶かす粉末食品を正確に計量することが必要となる。
例えば、特許文献1には、粉末飲料原料を封入したカプセルを所定量ずつ供給するカプセル供給機構を備えた飲料自動供給装置の発明が開示されている。
There are various powdered foods that are the basis of beverage foods such as coffee, tea, juice, corn soup, and miso soup. A beverage food can be prepared simply by dissolving such powdered food in a liquid such as water, hot water, milk, etc., so that a desired beverage food can be easily and quickly prepared.
Here, since the concentration of beverage food varies depending on the amount of powdered food and liquid, it is necessary to accurately measure powdered food dissolved in a predetermined amount of liquid in order to obtain beverage food of constant quality (thickness) It becomes.
For example, Patent Document 1 discloses an invention of an automatic beverage supply apparatus provided with a capsule supply mechanism that supplies a predetermined amount of capsules filled with powdered beverage ingredients.

特開2011−224242号公報JP 2011-224242 A

本発明は、粉末食品を所定量ずつ供給することが可能な定量サーバを簡易な機構により実現することを目的とする。   An object of this invention is to implement | achieve the fixed_quantity | quantitative_assay server which can supply a powdered food for every predetermined amount with a simple mechanism.

本発明では、上記目的を達成するために、粉末食品の定量サーバを以下の構成とした。
すなわち、本発明に係る粉末食品の定量サーバは、所定量の粉末食品を収容する計量室を形成する部材であって、前記計量室内に粉末食品を取り込む上側開口部と、前記計量室内の粉末食品を排出する下側開口部を有する計量部材と、前記計量部材の上側開口部と下側開口部を閉鎖するシャッター部材と、を備え、前記シャッター部材は、所定の方向に移動可能であり、前記計量部材の上側開口部を開放する上側開放部と、前記計量部材の下側開口部を開放する下側開放部とを有し、前記シャッター部材の移動に連れて変位する上側開放部と下側開放部は、当該移動方向について、前記計量室の当該移動方向における幅より大きい間隔を有することを特徴とする
In the present invention, in order to achieve the above object, the powdered food quantitative server has the following configuration.
That is, the powdered food quantification server according to the present invention is a member that forms a weighing chamber for storing a predetermined amount of powdered food, an upper opening for taking the powdered food into the weighing chamber, and a powdered food in the weighing chamber And a shutter member that closes the upper and lower openings of the metering member, and the shutter member is movable in a predetermined direction, An upper opening portion and a lower side that have an upper opening portion that opens an upper opening portion of the measuring member and a lower opening portion that opens a lower opening portion of the measuring member, and which are displaced as the shutter member moves. The opening part has a larger interval in the movement direction than the width of the weighing chamber in the movement direction.

上記の構成によれば、シャッター部材に設けられた上側開放部及び上側開放部の位置をシャッター部材の移動により変位させることで、計量室の上側開口部のみを開放して下側開口部を閉鎖した第1状態と、計量室の上側開口部と下側開口部を共に閉鎖した第2状態と、計量室の下側開口部のみを開放して上側開口部を閉鎖した第3状態とを切り替えることができる。
第1状態では、計量室の上側開口部のみが開放されるので、上側開口部から計量室内に粉末食品が取り込まれる。
第2状態では、計量室の上側開口部と下側開口部が共に閉鎖されるので、計量室内にその空間容量分の粉末食品を確保した状態が維持される。
第3状態では、計量室の下側開口部のみが開放されるので、計量室内に確保された粉末食品が排出される。
According to said structure, only the upper side opening part of a measurement chamber is open | released and the lower side opening part is closed by displacing the position of the upper side opening part provided in the shutter member, and the upper side opening part by movement of a shutter member. The first state, the second state in which the upper and lower openings of the weighing chamber are both closed, and the third state in which only the lower opening of the weighing chamber is opened and the upper opening is closed. be able to.
In the first state, only the upper opening of the weighing chamber is opened, so that the powdered food is taken into the weighing chamber from the upper opening.
In the second state, since the upper opening and the lower opening of the weighing chamber are both closed, a state where powdered food for the space volume is secured in the weighing chamber is maintained.
In the third state, since only the lower opening of the weighing chamber is opened, the powdered food secured in the weighing chamber is discharged.

そして、第1状態から第3状態へ遷移する間に第2状態を必ず経由することから、上側開口部と下側開口部の両方が開放(部分的な開放も含む)された状態は発生せず、計量室への粉末食品の取り込みと計量室からの粉末食品の排出とが同時に行なわれることはない。したがって、第3状態において排出される粉末食品の量は常に定量(計量室の空間容量分)となる。
更に、第1状態〜第3状態の切り替えに際し、シャッター部材の移動によって発生する微細な振動が、粉末食品に伝達して粉末食品のスムーズな移動を助勢し、粉末食品の正確な計量に効果的に作用する。
このように、本発明では、計量室に粉末食品を取り込む第1状態と、計量室から粉末食品を排出する第3状態との間に、計量室内にその空間容量分の粉末食品を確保した状態を維持する第2状態を設け、第1状態〜第3状態の切り替えをシャッター部材の移動により制御するという簡易な機構を採用することで、粉末食品を所定量ずつ正確に供給できるようにしている。
And since the second state is always passed during the transition from the first state to the third state, a state in which both the upper opening and the lower opening are opened (including partial opening) should not occur. In addition, the intake of the powdered food into the measuring chamber and the discharge of the powdered food from the measuring chamber are not performed simultaneously. Therefore, the amount of powdered food discharged in the third state is always fixed (for the space capacity of the weighing chamber).
Furthermore, when switching from the first state to the third state, the fine vibration generated by the movement of the shutter member is transmitted to the powdered food, assisting the smooth movement of the powdered food, and effective for accurate measurement of the powdered food. Act on.
Thus, in this invention, the state which ensured the powdered food for the space capacity in the measurement chamber between the 1st state which takes in powdered food into a measurement chamber, and the 3rd state which discharges powdered food from a measurement chamber The second state is maintained, and a simple mechanism of controlling the switching between the first state to the third state by moving the shutter member is employed so that the powdered food can be accurately supplied by a predetermined amount. .

また、本発明は、上記の粉末食品の定量サーバにおいて、前記計量部材における前記計量室の側面の少なくとも1つの面が移動可能であることを特徴とする。このような構成により、計量室の空間容量、すなわち、供給する粉末食品の量を簡易に変更することができる。   Moreover, the present invention is characterized in that, in the powder food quantification server, at least one of the side surfaces of the weighing chamber of the weighing member is movable. With such a configuration, the space capacity of the weighing chamber, that is, the amount of powdered food to be supplied can be easily changed.

また、本発明は、上記の粉末食品の定量サーバにおいて、前記計量部材へ供給する粉末食品を収容する粉末収容体を更に備え、前記粉末収容体は、前記計量室へ粉末食品を供給する供給口を容体下部に有し、前記供給口へ向かって縮径する形状であることを特徴とする。このような構成により、粉末収容体内の粉末食品を供給口へ効率よく導くことができる。   The powder food quantification server may further include a powder container for storing the powdered food to be supplied to the weighing member, and the powder container may supply the powdered food to the weighing chamber. In the lower part of the container, and the diameter is reduced toward the supply port. With such a configuration, the powdered food in the powder container can be efficiently guided to the supply port.

また、本発明は、上記の粉末食品の定量サーバにおいて、前記シャッター部材を前記移動方向の一方に付勢する付勢部材を更に備えたことを特徴とする。このような構成により、利用者によるシャッター部材の操作を簡略化することができる。また、付勢部材から発生する振動が粉末食品のスムーズな移動を更に助勢する。すなわち、粉末収容体内の食品粉末を供給口から計量室へスムーズに導く作用が高められる。   The powder food quantification server may further include a biasing member that biases the shutter member in one of the moving directions. With such a configuration, the operation of the shutter member by the user can be simplified. Moreover, the vibration generated from the urging member further assists the smooth movement of the powdered food. That is, the action of smoothly guiding the food powder in the powder container from the supply port to the measuring chamber is enhanced.

また、本発明は、上記の粉末食品の定量サーバにおいて、前記粉末収容体に蓋をする蓋部を更に備え、前記蓋部は、乾燥剤を収容する収容空間と、前記収容空間を前記粉末収容体と連通する第1連通部と、前記収容空間を外部と連通する第2連通部とを有することを特徴とする。このような構成により、粉末収容体内の粉末が計量室内へ移動する際に粉末収容体内の空気が円滑に流動し、粉末の移動がスムーズになる。また、粉末収容体内の粉末が計量室内へ移動する際の空気の移動に伴って、乾燥剤の収容空間内の空気が粉末収容体内へ取り込まれるので、粉末収容体内の粉末から効果的に湿気を除去できる。   The powder food quantification server may further include a lid that covers the powder container, wherein the lid includes a storage space for storing a desiccant and the storage space for storing the powder. It has the 1st communication part connected with a body, and the 2nd communication part which connects the said storage space with the exterior, It is characterized by the above-mentioned. With such a configuration, when the powder in the powder container moves into the measuring chamber, the air in the powder container smoothly flows, and the powder moves smoothly. Further, as the air in the powder container moves into the measurement chamber, the air in the desiccant storage space is taken into the powder container as the air moves, so moisture is effectively removed from the powder in the powder container. Can be removed.

本発明によれば、計量室の上下の開口部の開け閉めをシャッター部材の移動によって制御しつつ、上側の開口部のみを開放した状態から下側の開口部のみを開放した状態へ遷移する過程で、上下の開口部を共に閉鎖した状態を経由させるので、粉末食品を所定量ずつ正確に供給することが可能であり、しかも、その仕組みを簡易な機構により実現することができる。   According to the present invention, the process of transitioning from the state in which only the upper opening is opened to the state in which only the lower opening is opened while the opening and closing of the upper and lower openings in the weighing chamber is controlled by the movement of the shutter member. Thus, since the upper and lower openings are both closed, the powdered food can be accurately supplied in predetermined amounts, and the mechanism can be realized by a simple mechanism.

本発明に係る粉末食品の定量サーバの一例である粉末サーバの設置例を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the example of installation of the powder server which is an example of the fixed quantity server of the powdered food which concerns on this invention. (a)は本例に係る粉末サーバの右前方斜視図であり、(b)は本例に係る粉末サーバの左後方斜視図である。(A) is a right front perspective view of the powder server according to the present example, and (b) is a left rear perspective view of the powder server according to the present example. 本例に係る粉末サーバの粉末収容部を構成する各部品を例示する図である。It is a figure which illustrates each component which comprises the powder accommodating part of the powder server which concerns on this example. 本例に係る粉末サーバのA−A断面図である。It is AA sectional drawing of the powder server which concerns on this example. 本例に係る粉末サーバの計量部材の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the measuring member of the powder server concerning this example. 本例に係る粉末サーバのシャッター部材の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the shutter member of the powder server concerning this example. 本例に係る粉末サーバにおけるシャッター部材と計量室の位置関係を説明する図である。It is a figure explaining the positional relationship of the shutter member and the measurement chamber in the powder server concerning this example. 本例に係る粉末サーバにおける計量室の調整を説明する図である。It is a figure explaining adjustment of the measurement room in the powder server concerning this example. 本例に係る粉末サーバの蓋部分のB−B断面図である。It is BB sectional drawing of the cover part of the powder server which concerns on this example.

本発明の一実施形態について図面を参照して説明する。
図1には、本発明に係る粉末食品の定量サーバの一例である粉末サーバ1の設置例を示してある。本例の粉末サーバ1は、家庭、職場(オフィス)、レストランや飲食店などの種々の場所に設置することができる。本例で扱う粉末食品としては、コーヒー、お茶、ジュース、コーンスープ、味噌汁等の飲料食品の元となるものの他に、そのまま食用に供することが可能なものも含まれる。なお、以下の説明では、粉末食品を粉末と略記する。
An embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 shows an installation example of a powder server 1 which is an example of a powder food quantitative server according to the present invention. The powder server 1 of this example can be installed in various places such as homes, workplaces (offices), restaurants and restaurants. The powdered food handled in this example includes those that can be used for food as they are, in addition to those that are the basis of beverage foods such as coffee, tea, juice, corn soup, and miso soup. In the following description, powdered food is abbreviated as powder.

図1の例では、4体の粉末サーバ1をラック2に設置してある。各々の粉末サーバ1にそれぞれ異なる種類の粉末を収容しておけば、利用者は、所望の粉末が収容された粉末サーバ1に下にカップ等の容器3を配置して当該粉末サーバ1を操作するだけで、所望の粉末を所定量分だけ容器3に取り出すことができる。   In the example of FIG. 1, four powder servers 1 are installed in a rack 2. If each type of powder server 1 contains different types of powder, the user operates the powder server 1 by placing a container 3 such as a cup below the powder server 1 containing the desired powder. By simply doing, a predetermined amount of the desired powder can be taken out into the container 3.

図2(a)には、粉末サーバ1の右前方斜視図を示してあり、同図(b)は、粉末サーバ1の左後方斜視図を示してある。
本例の粉末サーバ1は、粉末収容部6を落下機構部7の上に重ねた構造であり、粉末収容部6に収容されている粉末を落下機構部7により所定量ずつ計量して排出する仕組みになっている。
FIG. 2A shows a right front perspective view of the powder server 1, and FIG. 2B shows a left rear perspective view of the powder server 1.
The powder server 1 of this example has a structure in which the powder container 6 is stacked on the dropping mechanism unit 7, and the powder stored in the powder container 6 is measured and discharged by the dropping mechanism unit 7 by a predetermined amount. It is structured.

図3には、粉末サーバ1の粉末収容部6を構成する各部品を例示してある。また、図4には、粉末サーバ1のA−A断面図を示してある。
本例の粉末収容部6は、粉末を収容する収容容器(粉末収容体)13を落下機構部7の上に容器支持部14で支持し、収容容器13上部の開口を上蓋11a及び中蓋11bからなる蓋部11で覆った構造となっている。また、容器支持部14の前面側には、収容容器13の内容物(粉末)の説明等を記載したカードを保持可能なカード保持部15が取り付けられる。
In FIG. 3, each component which comprises the powder accommodating part 6 of the powder server 1 is illustrated. FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the powder server 1 taken along the line AA.
The powder container 6 of this example supports a container (powder container) 13 that stores powder on the drop mechanism unit 7 by a container support unit 14, and the upper opening of the container 13 is an upper lid 11 a and an inner lid 11 b. It is the structure covered with the cover part 11 which consists of. Further, a card holding portion 15 capable of holding a card describing the contents (powder) of the container 13 is attached to the front side of the container support portion 14.

収容容器13は、漏斗状に縮径する傾斜部16を容器下側に有し、その先端部分が、収容容器13の下に位置する落下機構部7へ粉末を供給する供給口17となる。この傾斜部16は、所定の傾斜角で縮径する第1傾斜部16aと、第1傾斜部16aより急峻な傾斜角で縮径する第2傾斜部16bとを有しており、粉末収容部6内の粉末を効率よく供給口17へ導いて排出できるようにしてある。   The container 13 has an inclined portion 16 that is reduced in diameter in a funnel shape on the lower side of the container, and a tip portion of the container 13 serves as a supply port 17 that supplies powder to the dropping mechanism unit 7 located below the container 13. The inclined portion 16 includes a first inclined portion 16a that is reduced in diameter at a predetermined inclination angle, and a second inclined portion 16b that is reduced in diameter at a steeper inclination angle than the first inclined portion 16a, and a powder container. The powder in 6 can be efficiently guided to the supply port 17 and discharged.

蓋部11は、収容容器13上部の開口の蓋となる中蓋11bを上蓋11aで更に覆った構造であり、上蓋11aと中蓋11bによって形成される空間(以下、乾燥剤収容空間という)内に乾燥剤(例えば、シリカゲル)を配置できるようにしてある。
また、中蓋11bの底面には複数の連通孔19を設けてあり、当該複数の連通孔19によって蓋部11内の乾燥剤収容空間を収容容器13内の空間と連通させている。
また、図9に粉末サーバ1の蓋部分のB−B断面図を示すように、上蓋11aには、中蓋11bに載せる縁部分に複数の突起部18を形成してある。この複数の突起部18で上蓋11aを中蓋11bから若干持ち上げた状態に支持することで、上蓋11aと中蓋11bの重ね合わせ部分に垂直方向の隙間を設けている。また、上蓋11aにおける中蓋11bに対向する部位の内径を、中蓋11bにおける上蓋11aに対向する部位の外径より若干大き目にすることで、上蓋11aと中蓋11bの重ね合わせ部分に水平方向の隙間を設けている。これにより、蓋部11内の乾燥剤収容空間を外部と連通させている。
The lid 11 has a structure in which an upper lid 11a further covers an inner lid 11b serving as a lid of the upper opening of the storage container 13, and is in a space formed by the upper lid 11a and the inner lid 11b (hereinafter referred to as a desiccant accommodating space). A desiccant (for example, silica gel) can be disposed on.
In addition, a plurality of communication holes 19 are provided on the bottom surface of the inner lid 11 b, and the desiccant storage space in the lid portion 11 is communicated with the space in the storage container 13 through the plurality of communication holes 19.
In addition, as shown in FIG. 9 which is a cross-sectional view taken along the line B-B of the lid portion of the powder server 1, the upper lid 11a is formed with a plurality of protrusions 18 on the edge portion to be placed on the inner lid 11b. The plurality of protrusions 18 support the upper lid 11a slightly lifted from the inner lid 11b, thereby providing a vertical gap in the overlapping portion of the upper lid 11a and the inner lid 11b. Further, by making the inner diameter of the portion of the upper lid 11a facing the inner lid 11b slightly larger than the outer diameter of the portion of the inner lid 11b facing the upper lid 11a, the overlapping portion of the upper lid 11a and the inner lid 11b is set in the horizontal direction. The gap is provided. Thereby, the desiccant accommodation space in the cover part 11 is connected with the exterior.

次に、落下機構部7の構造について説明する。
本例の落下機構部7は、その外形を成す筐体21内に、粉末を計量する計量室Sを形成する計量部材22と、計量部材22を包み込むように形成されたシャッター部材31を備えた構造となっている。
筐体21は、その上面と下面に、計量部材22の計量室Sの位置に合わせて開口を設けてあり、計量室Sへの粉末の取り込み及び計量室Sからの粉末の排出を阻害しないようにしてある。
Next, the structure of the dropping mechanism unit 7 will be described.
The drop mechanism unit 7 of the present example includes a measuring member 22 that forms a measuring chamber S for measuring powder, and a shutter member 31 that is formed so as to wrap the measuring member 22 in a casing 21 that forms the outer shape thereof. It has a structure.
The casing 21 is provided with openings on the upper and lower surfaces thereof in accordance with the position of the measuring chamber S of the measuring member 22 so as not to hinder the intake of the powder into the measuring chamber S and the discharge of the powder from the measuring chamber S. It is.

図5には、計量部材22の斜視図を示してある。
本例の計量部材22は、側面を面体で覆い且つ上下を開放した空間を有しており、当該空間が粉末を計量する計量室Sとなる。計量室Sの上側の開口部は、収容容器13に設けられた供給口17の位置に合わせられ、収容容器13から粉末を取り込む取込口として機能する。また、計量室Sの下側の開口部は、カップ等の容器3の配置位置に合わせられ、容器3へ粉末を排出する排出口として機能する。
計量室Sの側面のうちの1つの面を成す面体22aは、計量室Sの空間容量を拡大又は縮小する方向(図5の左右方向)へ移動自在となっている。この面体22aには、連結棒23を介して操作部24が接合されており、この操作部24を操作することで、面体22aを移動させることができる。すなわち、計量室Sの空間容量を面体22aの位置に応じて変更可能にしてある。
FIG. 5 shows a perspective view of the measuring member 22.
The measuring member 22 of this example has a space in which the side surface is covered with a face and the top and bottom are open, and the space becomes a measuring chamber S for measuring powder. The upper opening of the measuring chamber S is aligned with the position of the supply port 17 provided in the storage container 13 and functions as an intake port for taking in powder from the storage container 13. In addition, the lower opening of the measuring chamber S is aligned with the arrangement position of the container 3 such as a cup and functions as a discharge port for discharging the powder to the container 3.
The face 22a that forms one of the side surfaces of the measuring chamber S is movable in a direction in which the space capacity of the measuring chamber S is enlarged or reduced (left-right direction in FIG. 5). An operation portion 24 is joined to the face body 22a via a connecting rod 23. By operating the operation portion 24, the face body 22a can be moved. That is, the space capacity of the measuring chamber S can be changed according to the position of the face piece 22a.

図6には、シャッター部材31の斜視図を示してある。
本例のシャッター部材31は、垂直方向の面状の基部と、当該基部の上下それぞれから水平方向に延びる2つの板材で構成された断面コ字の形状であり、計量部材22をコ字の内側に包み込むように配置される。このシャッター部材31は、粉末サーバ1の奥行き方向(図6の左右方向)に移動自在に設けてあり、シャッター部材31に連結棒34を介して接合された操作部35を操作することで、シャッター部材31を移動させることができる。
FIG. 6 shows a perspective view of the shutter member 31.
The shutter member 31 of this example has a U-shaped cross section composed of a vertical planar base and two plates extending horizontally from the upper and lower sides of the base. It is arranged so that it wraps around. The shutter member 31 is provided so as to be movable in the depth direction (left-right direction in FIG. 6) of the powder server 1, and the shutter 35 is operated by operating an operation unit 35 joined to the shutter member 31 via a connecting rod 34. The member 31 can be moved.

ここで、本例のシャッター部材31は、上下の板材のそれぞれに開口部32,33を設けてある。このため、シャッター部材31を移動させて上側の開口部32の位置を計量部材22の計量室Sの位置に合わせれば、計量室Sの上側を開放した状態とすることができ、これらの位置をずらすことで、計量室Sの上側を閉鎖した状態とすることができる。同様に、シャッター部材31を移動させて下側の開口部33の位置を計量部材22の計量室Sの位置に合わせれば、計量室Sの下側を開放した状態とすることができ、これらの位置をずらすことで、計量室Sの下側を閉鎖した状態とすることができる。   Here, the shutter member 31 of this example is provided with openings 32 and 33 in the upper and lower plate materials, respectively. For this reason, by moving the shutter member 31 so that the position of the upper opening 32 matches the position of the measuring chamber S of the measuring member 22, the upper side of the measuring chamber S can be opened. By shifting, the upper side of the measuring chamber S can be closed. Similarly, by moving the shutter member 31 so that the position of the lower opening 33 matches the position of the measuring chamber S of the measuring member 22, the lower side of the measuring chamber S can be opened. By shifting the position, the lower side of the weighing chamber S can be closed.

また、上側の開口部32と下側の開口部33は、シャッター部材31の移動方向(図6の左右方向)においてずらした配置となっており、その間隔dは、シャッター部材31の移動方向における計量室Sの幅Dより大きくしてある。これは、上側の開口部32と下側の開口部33のそれぞれが計量部材22の計量室Sの位置から外れた状態を形成するためである。
以上のような構成により、シャッター部材31の位置に応じて、図7(a)のように計量室Sの上側のみを開放して下側を閉鎖した上側開放状態と、図7(b)のように計量室Sの上側と下側を共に閉鎖した上下閉鎖状態と、図7(c)のように計量室Sの下側のみを開放して上側を閉鎖した下側開放状態とを切り替えることができる。
なお、本例では、計量室Sの幅Dを面体22aの位置に応じて変更可能にしてあるので、計量室Sの幅Dが最大値の場合でも上下閉鎖状態が得られるように、上側の開口部32と下側の開口部33の間隔dを計量室Sの幅Dの最大値より大きくしてある。
Further, the upper opening 32 and the lower opening 33 are shifted in the moving direction of the shutter member 31 (left and right direction in FIG. 6), and the interval d is in the moving direction of the shutter member 31. It is larger than the width D of the measuring chamber S. This is because each of the upper opening 32 and the lower opening 33 forms a state in which the measurement member 22 is out of the position of the measurement chamber S.
With the above configuration, according to the position of the shutter member 31, an upper open state in which only the upper side of the measuring chamber S is opened and the lower side is closed as shown in FIG. The upper and lower closed states in which the upper and lower sides of the measuring chamber S are closed together, and the lower open state in which only the lower side of the measuring chamber S is opened and the upper side is closed as shown in FIG. Can do.
In this example, since the width D of the measuring chamber S can be changed according to the position of the face 22a, the upper and lower closed states can be obtained even when the width D of the measuring chamber S is the maximum value. The distance d between the opening 32 and the lower opening 33 is larger than the maximum value of the width D of the measuring chamber S.

また、本例では、上側の開口部32を板材の先端側に設け、下側の開口部を板材の根元側(基部側)に設けてある。このため、図4(a)〜(c)に示すように、計量室Sが上側開放状態の場合に、シャッター部材31を押し込む(計量部材22に近づく方向に移動)させることで、上側開放状態から上下閉鎖状態を経て下側開放状態に切り替えることができる。これとは逆に、計量室Sが下側開放状態の場合に、シャッター部材31を引き出す(計量部材22から離れる方向に移動させる)ことで、下側開放状態から上下閉鎖状態を経て上側開放状態に切り替えることができる。   Further, in this example, the upper opening 32 is provided on the front end side of the plate material, and the lower opening is provided on the base side (base side) of the plate material. Therefore, as shown in FIGS. 4A to 4C, when the weighing chamber S is in the upper open state, the shutter member 31 is pushed in (moved in a direction approaching the measuring member 22), thereby opening the upper open state. Can be switched to a lower open state through a vertically closed state. On the contrary, when the measuring chamber S is in the lower open state, the shutter member 31 is pulled out (moved in a direction away from the measuring member 22), so that the upper open state is passed from the lower open state to the upper and lower closed states. You can switch to

また、本例では、落下機構部7の筐体21内に、シャッター部材31を引き出し方向(計量部材22から離れる方向)に付勢する付勢部材36(本例では、バネ)を設けてあり、利用者が操作しない状態では計量室Sが上側開放状態になるようにしてある。すなわち、利用者は、所定量の粉末を得るためにはシャッター部材31の押し込み操作だけを行えばよい。   In this example, an urging member 36 (in this example, a spring) that urges the shutter member 31 in the pull-out direction (a direction away from the measuring member 22) is provided in the casing 21 of the dropping mechanism unit 7. When the user does not operate, the weighing chamber S is opened upward. That is, the user only needs to push the shutter member 31 in order to obtain a predetermined amount of powder.

ここで、シャッター部材31の上下の開口部32,33の位置関係を逆にした配置、すなわち、上側の開口部32を板材の根元側(基部側)に設け、下側の開口部を板材の先端側に設けてもよく、この場合には、シャッター部材31を押し込み方向(計量部材22に近づく方向)に付勢する付勢部材36を設けることで、利用者が操作しない状態で計量室Sを上側開放状態にすることができる。すなわち、利用者は、所定量の粉末を得るためにはシャッター部材31の引き出し操作だけを行えばよい。
なお、付勢部材36を設けない構成としてもよく、この場合は、所定量の粉末を得るためにシャッター部材31の押し込み操作及び引き出し操作が必要となる。
Here, the arrangement in which the positional relationship between the upper and lower openings 32 and 33 of the shutter member 31 is reversed, that is, the upper opening 32 is provided on the base side (base side) of the plate material, and the lower opening is formed of the plate material. The metering chamber S may be provided on the front end side. In this case, by providing a biasing member 36 that biases the shutter member 31 in the pushing direction (direction approaching the metering member 22), the metering chamber S is not operated by the user. Can be opened upward. That is, the user only needs to perform the pull-out operation of the shutter member 31 in order to obtain a predetermined amount of powder.
The urging member 36 may not be provided. In this case, the shutter member 31 must be pushed and pulled out in order to obtain a predetermined amount of powder.

次に、本例の粉末サーバ1の動作について説明する。
利用者が操作する前の状態では、図4(a)に示すように、付勢部材36によってシャッター部材31が計量部材22から離れる方向に付勢されており、計量室Sは上側開放状態になっている。つまり、計量室Sの上側が開放されて収容容器13の供給口17に接続される一方、計量室Sの下側が閉鎖される。これにより、収容容器13から計量室Sの空間容量分の粉末が計量室S内に取り込まれる。
Next, operation | movement of the powder server 1 of this example is demonstrated.
In a state before the user operates, as shown in FIG. 4A, the shutter member 31 is urged away from the measuring member 22 by the urging member 36, and the measuring chamber S is in the upper open state. It has become. That is, the upper side of the weighing chamber S is opened and connected to the supply port 17 of the container 13, while the lower side of the weighing chamber S is closed. Thereby, the powder for the space capacity of the measuring chamber S is taken into the measuring chamber S from the storage container 13.

この状態から操作部35を押し込むと、シャッター部材31が連動して押し込まれ、図4(b)に示すように、計量室Sは上下閉鎖状態となる。つまり、計量室Sの上側が閉鎖さると共に計量室Sの下側も閉鎖される。これにより、計量室S内にその空間容量分の粉末を確保した状態が維持される。   When the operation unit 35 is pushed in from this state, the shutter member 31 is pushed in conjunction, and the measuring chamber S is closed up and down as shown in FIG. 4B. That is, the upper side of the measuring chamber S is closed and the lower side of the measuring chamber S is also closed. Thereby, the state which ensured the powder for the space volume in the measurement chamber S is maintained.

この状態から操作部35を更に押し込むと、図4(c)に示すように、計量室Sは下側開放状態となる。つまり、計量室Sの上側が閉鎖されたまま、計量室Sの下側が開放される。これにより、計量室S内に確保されていた粉末が、その下に配置されるカップ等の容器3に排出される。すなわち、所定量(計量室Sの空間容量)分の粉末が容器3に取り出される。   When the operation unit 35 is further pushed in from this state, as shown in FIG. 4C, the measuring chamber S is in a lower open state. That is, the lower side of the measuring chamber S is opened while the upper side of the measuring chamber S is closed. Thereby, the powder ensured in the measurement chamber S is discharged into a container 3 such as a cup disposed under the powder. That is, a predetermined amount (space capacity of the measuring chamber S) of powder is taken out into the container 3.

このように、本例の粉末サーバ1では、計量室Sに粉末を取り込む上側開放状態から、計量室Sから粉末を排出する下側開放状態へ遷移する間に、計量室S内にその空間容量分の粉末食品を確保した状態を維持する上下閉鎖状態を必ず経由することから、計量室Sの上下の開口部が共に開放(部分的な開放も含む)された状態は発生しない。このため、計量室Sへの粉末の取り込みと計量室Sからの粉末の排出とが同時に行なわれることはない。したがって、下側開放状態において排出される粉末の量は常に定量(計量室Sの空間容量分)となる。   Thus, in the powder server 1 of this example, during the transition from the upper open state in which the powder is taken into the measuring chamber S to the lower open state in which the powder is discharged from the measuring chamber S, the space capacity in the measuring chamber S is increased. Therefore, the upper and lower openings of the measuring chamber S are not opened together (including partially opened). For this reason, taking-in of the powder into the measuring chamber S and discharging of the powder from the measuring chamber S are not performed simultaneously. Therefore, the amount of powder discharged in the lower open state is always a fixed amount (for the space capacity of the measuring chamber S).

その後、利用者が操作部35を離すと、付勢部材36の付勢力によってシャッター部材31が計量部材22から離れる方向に戻っていき、下側開放状態であった計量室Sが上下閉鎖状態を経て上側開放状態に戻る。これにより、収容容器13から計量室Sの空間容量分の粉末が計量室S内に再度取り込まれる。
また、シャッター部材31の移動(及び付勢部材36の付勢力)によって発生する振動は、収容容器13に伝搬して収容容器13内の粉末にも伝わっていき、収容容器13内の粉末を供給口17から計量室Sへスムーズに導く作用を奏する。
Thereafter, when the user releases the operation unit 35, the shutter member 31 returns to the direction away from the measuring member 22 by the urging force of the urging member 36, and the measuring chamber S, which is in the lower open state, is in the upper and lower closed state. After that, it returns to the upper open state. As a result, the powder corresponding to the space capacity of the measuring chamber S is again taken into the measuring chamber S from the storage container 13.
Further, the vibration generated by the movement of the shutter member 31 (and the urging force of the urging member 36) propagates to the container 13 and is also transmitted to the powder in the container 13 to supply the powder in the container 13. There is an effect of smoothly leading from the mouth 17 to the measuring chamber S.

ここで、収容容器13内の空間は、中蓋11bに設けられた連通孔19、及び、上蓋11aと中蓋11bの間の隙間を介して外部へ通じており、収容容器13内の粉末が計量室S内へ移動する際に収容容器13内の空気が円滑に流動するので、粉末の移動がスムーズになる。
また、蓋部11の内部に形成された乾燥剤収容空間内の空気は、乾燥剤によって乾燥した状態に保たれており、収容容器13内の粉末が計量室S内へ移動する際の空気の移動に伴って収容容器13内へ取り込まれる。これにより、収容容器13内の粉末から効果的に湿気を除去することができる。
Here, the space in the storage container 13 communicates with the outside through the communication hole 19 provided in the inner lid 11b and the gap between the upper lid 11a and the inner lid 11b, and the powder in the storage container 13 is transferred to the outside. Since the air in the container 13 flows smoothly when moving into the measuring chamber S, the powder moves smoothly.
In addition, the air in the desiccant storage space formed inside the lid 11 is kept in a dry state by the desiccant, and the air when the powder in the storage container 13 moves into the measuring chamber S. It is taken into the storage container 13 with the movement. Thereby, moisture can be effectively removed from the powder in the container 13.

以上のように、本例の粉末サーバ1では、粉末食品を所定量ずつ正確に供給する仕組みを、簡易な機構により実現している。
なお、本例では、計量部材22の計量室Sにおける上下の開口を垂直方向で一致させ、シャッター部材31を水平移動させて開け閉めする構成にしているが、これらの向きを実用上有効な程度で斜めにしてもよく、要は、計量室Sへの粉末の取り込みと計量室Sからの粉末の排出に支障が無い態様であればよい。
As described above, in the powder server 1 of this example, a mechanism for accurately supplying a predetermined amount of powdered food is realized by a simple mechanism.
In this example, the upper and lower openings in the measuring chamber S of the measuring member 22 are aligned in the vertical direction, and the shutter member 31 is horizontally moved to open and close, but these directions are practically effective. It may be slanted, and the point is that the powder may be taken into the measuring chamber S and discharged without any trouble in the measuring chamber S.

次に、計量部材22によって形成される計量室Sの空間容量の調整について説明する。
図8には、計量部材22を平面方向に断面視した様子を示してある。本例では、計量室Sの側面の1つを成す面体22aに対して連結棒23の一端を回転自在に設け、連結棒23の他端に操作部24を接合してある。連結棒23は、連結棒支持部25に設けられた穴部に通されて、当該連結棒支持部25に支持される。また、連結棒23にネジ山を形成し、連結棒支持部25の穴部にネジ溝を形成して、連結棒23の回転を軸方向(図8の左右方向)の移動に変換するようにしてある。
このため、操作部24を操作して連結棒23を回転させることで、連結棒23が軸方向に移動し、これに連れて面体22aも移動することになる。これにより、図8(a)、(b)に示すように、計量室Sの幅Dを変化させることができるため、計量室Sの空間容量を任意に調整することが可能となる。
Next, adjustment of the space capacity of the measuring chamber S formed by the measuring member 22 will be described.
FIG. 8 shows a state in which the measuring member 22 is viewed in cross section in the plane direction. In this example, one end of the connecting rod 23 is rotatably provided to the face body 22 a forming one of the side surfaces of the measuring chamber S, and the operation portion 24 is joined to the other end of the connecting rod 23. The connecting rod 23 is passed through a hole provided in the connecting rod support portion 25 and supported by the connecting rod support portion 25. Further, a thread is formed on the connecting rod 23, and a thread groove is formed in the hole of the connecting rod support 25, so that the rotation of the connecting rod 23 is converted into movement in the axial direction (left-right direction in FIG. 8). It is.
For this reason, by operating the operation part 24 and rotating the connecting rod 23, the connecting rod 23 moves in the axial direction, and the face body 22a also moves accordingly. Accordingly, as shown in FIGS. 8A and 8B, the width D of the measuring chamber S can be changed, so that the space capacity of the measuring chamber S can be arbitrarily adjusted.

なお、本例では、シャッター部材31の操作部35に対向する側の面を移動可能にしているが、他の面を移動させるようにしてもよい。
また、本例では、計量室Sの空間容量を調整し易いように計量室Sの形状を立方体状にしているが、当該形状に限定するものではなく、他の形状を採用してもよい。
In this example, the surface of the shutter member 31 facing the operation unit 35 is movable, but other surfaces may be moved.
In this example, the shape of the measuring chamber S is a cubic shape so that the space capacity of the measuring chamber S can be easily adjusted. However, the shape is not limited to this shape, and other shapes may be adopted.

また、本例では、手動でシャッター部材31を移動させる例を示したが、電気的に駆動する部品を用いて自動でシャッター部材31を移動させるようにしてもよい。すなわち、例えば、モーターやソレノイド等の駆動部を用いてシャッター部材31を移動させる機構と、利用者から押下操作を受け付けるスイッチ部と、駆動部の動作を制御する制御部とを設け、スイッチ部にて押下操作を受け付けたことに応じて制御部により駆動部の動作を制御することで、シャッター部材31に所定の移動(例えば、上側開放状態(初期状態)、上下閉鎖状態、下側開放状態、上下閉鎖状態、上側開放状態の順に遷移させる一連の移動)を行なわせるようにしてもよい。   In this example, the shutter member 31 is manually moved. However, the shutter member 31 may be automatically moved using an electrically driven component. That is, for example, a mechanism that moves the shutter member 31 using a driving unit such as a motor or a solenoid, a switch unit that receives a pressing operation from a user, and a control unit that controls the operation of the driving unit are provided. By controlling the operation of the drive unit by the control unit in response to receiving the pressing operation, the shutter member 31 has a predetermined movement (for example, an upper open state (initial state), an upper and lower closed state, a lower open state, A series of movements of transition in the order of the up / down closed state and the upper open state) may be performed.

1:粉末サーバ、 2:ラック、 3:容器、 6:粉末収容部、 7:落下機構部、 11a:上蓋、 11b:中蓋、 13:収容容器(粉末収容体)、 14:容器支持部、 15:カード保持部、 21:筐体、 22:計量部材、 23:連結棒、 24:操作部、 25:連結棒支持部、 31:シャッター部材、 34:連結棒、 35:操作部、 36:付勢部材   1: powder server, 2: rack, 3: container, 6: powder container, 7: drop mechanism, 11a: upper lid, 11b: inner lid, 13: container (powder container), 14: container support, 15: Card holding portion, 21: Housing, 22: Measuring member, 23: Connecting rod, 24: Operating portion, 25: Connecting rod supporting portion, 31: Shutter member, 34: Connecting rod, 35: Operating portion, 36: Biasing member

Claims (4)

その下部に供給口を有して当該供給口へ向かって縮径する形状を成し、内部に粉末食品を収容する粉末収容体と、
前記粉末収容体の下部に位置して、当該粉末収容体に収容された粉末食品を落下させるために、上側開口部と下側開口部とにより前記供給口に位置合わせされた略上下方向に開放した計量室を有する計量部材と、
前記計量部材の上面側を覆う板材と、前記計量部材の下面側を覆う板材と、これら2つの板材を連結する基部とを有して、これら2つの板材を略水平方向に移動させるシャッター部材と、を備え、
前記計量室の上側開口部を開放する開口部を前記シャッター部材の上面側の板材に設け、前記計量室の下側開口部を開放する開口部を前記シャッター部材の下面側の板材に設け、
更に、当該シャッター部材の上面側の板材に設けた開口部と、当該シャッター部材の下面側の板材に設けた開口部とを略水平方向でずらして配置し、これら開口部の間隔を、前記計量室の略水平方向での幅より大きく設定し、
前記シャッター部材を略水平方向へ移動させることにより、前記計量室の上側開口部と下側開口部が共に閉鎖した上下閉鎖状態を経由して、前記計量室の上側開口部が開放して下側開口部が閉鎖した上側開放状態と、前記計量室の下側開口部が開放して上側開口部が閉鎖した下側開放状態と、に切り替えることができることを特徴とする粉末食品の定量サーバ。
A powder container that has a supply port at the lower part thereof and has a shape that decreases in diameter toward the supply port;
Located in the lower part of the powder container and opened in a substantially vertical direction aligned with the supply port by the upper opening and the lower opening in order to drop the powdered food stored in the powder container. A weighing member having a weighing chamber,
A shutter member that covers the upper surface side of the measuring member; a plate member that covers the lower surface side of the measuring member; and a base that connects the two plate members; and a shutter member that moves the two plate members in a substantially horizontal direction; With
An opening for opening the upper opening of the weighing chamber is provided in the plate member on the upper surface side of the shutter member, and an opening for opening the lower opening of the weighing chamber is provided in the plate member on the lower surface side of the shutter member,
Further, the opening provided in the plate member on the upper surface side of the shutter member and the opening provided in the plate material on the lower surface side of the shutter member are arranged so as to be shifted in a substantially horizontal direction, and the interval between these openings is measured by the measurement. Set larger than the width of the room in the horizontal direction,
By moving the shutter member in a substantially horizontal direction, the upper opening of the weighing chamber is opened and the lower opening is closed via the upper and lower closed states in which the upper opening and the lower opening of the weighing chamber are both closed. A powder food quantification server characterized in that it can be switched between an upper open state in which the opening is closed and a lower open state in which the lower opening of the weighing chamber is open and the upper opening is closed .
前記計量室の側面の少なくとも1つの面を成す前記計量部材の部分を移動可能として、当該計量室の容積を調整可能としたことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の粉末食品の定量サーバ。 2. The powder food quantification server according to claim 1, wherein a part of the weighing member forming at least one of the side surfaces of the weighing chamber can be moved, and the volume of the weighing chamber can be adjusted . 前記シャッター部材を付勢して、前記下側開放状態から前記上側開放状態に戻す付勢部材を備えたことを特徴とする請求項1又は請求項2に記載の粉末食品の定量サーバ。 3. The powdered food quantitative server according to claim 1, further comprising an urging member that urges the shutter member to return the lower open state to the upper open state . 前記粉末収容体の上部に設けられた開口を蓋する蓋部を備え、
前記蓋体は、乾燥剤を収容する収容空間と、前記収容空間を前記粉末収容体の内部と連通する第1連通部と、前記収容空間を前記粉末収容体の外部と連通する第2連通部とを有することを特徴とする請求項1乃至請求項3のいずれか1項に記載の粉末食品の定量サーバ。
A lid that covers an opening provided in the upper part of the powder container;
The lid includes a storage space for storing a desiccant, a first communication portion for communicating the storage space with the interior of the powder container, and a second communication portion for communicating the storage space with the outside of the powder container. The quantification server for powdered food according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized by comprising:
JP2012092572A 2012-04-16 2012-04-16 Powdered food quantitative server Expired - Fee Related JP5526394B2 (en)

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