JP5512765B2 - Stepping error prevention device - Google Patents

Stepping error prevention device Download PDF

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JP5512765B2
JP5512765B2 JP2012189118A JP2012189118A JP5512765B2 JP 5512765 B2 JP5512765 B2 JP 5512765B2 JP 2012189118 A JP2012189118 A JP 2012189118A JP 2012189118 A JP2012189118 A JP 2012189118A JP 5512765 B2 JP5512765 B2 JP 5512765B2
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accelerator pedal
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直大 原田
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本発明は、自動車を運転する際のアクセルとブレーキの踏み間違いに起因する事故の防止を目的とする踏み間違い防止装置に関する。   The present invention relates to a stepping error prevention device for the purpose of preventing an accident caused by a mistake in stepping on an accelerator and a brake when driving an automobile.

近年、自動車の運転中におけるアクセルとブレーキの踏み間違いに起因する事故が増大し、大きな社会問題となっている。アクセルとブレーキの踏み間違いが生じやすい原因の一つは、「自動車を加速させる」、「自動車を停止させる」という全く相反する二種類の操作を「右足による踏込動作」という同一の動作で行うという自動車の操作機構にあるものと推測される。このため、アクセルとブレーキの踏み間違い事故防止を目的とする技術として、自動車の操作ペダルを改良する提案がなされている(例えば、特許文献1,2参照。)。   In recent years, accidents caused by misstepping of the accelerator and brake while driving a car have increased, which has become a major social problem. One of the causes of the mistake of stepping on the accelerator and brake is that the two opposite operations, “accelerate the car” and “stop the car”, are performed in the same operation, “stepping with the right foot”. It is presumed to be in the vehicle operating mechanism. For this reason, proposals have been made to improve the operation pedal of an automobile as a technique for preventing accidental accidents in depression of the accelerator and the brake (see, for example, Patent Documents 1 and 2).

一方、オートマチック車のアクセルとブレーキの踏み間違い事故の防止を目的としたものではないが、下肢に障害を持つ身体障害者が手動操作のみで自動車を運転することができるようにすることを目的とする運転補助装置が提案されている(例えば、特許文献3,4参照。)。   On the other hand, it is not intended to prevent accidents in the stepping on the accelerator and brake of an automatic vehicle, but it is intended to allow disabled persons with disabilities in the lower limbs to drive a car only by manual operation. A driving assistance device has been proposed (see, for example, Patent Documents 3 and 4).

特開2012−104084号公報JP 2012-104084 A 特開2012−121539号公報JP 2012-121539 A 特開2007−45384号公報JP 2007-45384 A 特開2004−291950号公報JP 2004-291950 A

特許文献1に記載された「車両操作ペダル」及び特許文献2に記載された「自動車用アクセル踏み間違い時の暴走防止装置」は、一つの操作ペダルの位置でアクセル操作とブレーキ操作とを行い、これらの操作の違いを自動的に識別する機能を設けることによって踏み間違いを防止するものであり、それぞれ所定の効果を発揮することができると推測されるが、構造が複雑であり、既存の自動車に容易に採用することができない。   The “vehicle operation pedal” described in Patent Document 1 and the “runaway prevention device when an accelerator depression for an automobile is mistaken” described in Patent Document 2 perform an accelerator operation and a brake operation at the position of one operation pedal, By providing a function that automatically identifies the difference between these operations, mistakes in treading are prevented, and it is speculated that each can exert a predetermined effect, but the structure is complicated and existing automobiles Cannot be easily adopted.

一方、特許文献3に記載された「自動車の運転補助装置」及び特許文献4に記載された「自動車の手動式運転補助装置」は下肢に障害を持つ身体障害者にとっては非常に有益な運転補助装置であるが、一般人が運転する自動車に採用した場合にアクセルとブレーキの踏み間違いを防止する機能は有していない。   On the other hand, the “automobile driving assistance device” described in Patent Document 3 and the “automobile driving assistance device” described in Patent Document 4 are very useful driving assistance for physically handicapped persons with disabilities in the lower limbs. Although it is a device, it does not have a function to prevent a mistake in stepping on the accelerator and brake when it is used in a car driven by a general public.

そこで、本発明が解決しようとする課題は、既存の自動車に大改造を加えることなく装着することができ、簡素な構造で使い方も容易であり、ペダルの踏み間違い事故を確実に防止することができる踏み間違い防止装置を提供することにある。   Therefore, the problem to be solved by the present invention is that it can be installed in an existing car without major modification, is easy to use with a simple structure, and can reliably prevent accidental pedal depression. The object is to provide a stepping error prevention device that can be used.

本発明の踏み間違い防止装置は、自動車のアクセルペダルの上方のインストルメンタルパネルに取り付け、運転席に着座した運転者の手動操作により前記アクセルペダルを操作可能とするアクセル操作補助具と、前記自動車のハンドルを運転者が片手で操作可能とするため前記ハンドルに取り付けられるハンドル操作補助具とで構成される踏み間違い防止装置であって、
前記アクセル操作補助具が、前記インストルメンタルパネルに起立姿勢で係止される筒状体と、前記筒状体内に昇降可能に挿通されたロッドと、前記ロッドの上端側に設けられた押圧部と、前記ロッドの下端側に設けられた作動部と、前記作動部の昇降動作でアクセルペダルを操作するため前記アクセルペダルに取り付けられる受動部材と、前記作動部の昇降動作を前記受動部材に伝えるため前記作動部と前記受動部材との間に設けられた伝達手段とを備え、
前記ハンドル操作補助具が、前記ハンドルに沿って着脱可能に装着される円弧状の係合部材と、前記係合部材に回転自在に軸支された操作ノブとを備え
前記伝達手段として、下降動作する前記作動部と接触して、その押圧力を前記受動部材に伝える受圧部を前記受動部材に設け、
前記ロッドの押圧部を操作するための梃部材を前記筒状体に設けたことを特徴とする。
The stepping error prevention device of the present invention is attached to an instrument panel above an accelerator pedal of an automobile, and an accelerator operation assisting tool capable of operating the accelerator pedal by a manual operation of a driver seated on a driver's seat, A step error prevention device comprising a steering wheel operation assisting tool attached to the steering wheel so that the driver can operate the steering wheel with one hand,
The accelerator operation assisting tool is a tubular body that is locked to the instrumental panel in a standing posture, a rod that is inserted into the tubular body so as to be movable up and down, and a pressing portion that is provided on the upper end side of the rod. An actuating portion provided on a lower end side of the rod, a passive member attached to the accelerator pedal for operating the accelerator pedal by the raising / lowering operation of the actuating portion, and for transmitting the raising / lowering operation of the actuating portion to the passive member A transmission means provided between the actuating part and the passive member;
The handle operation assisting tool includes an arcuate engagement member that is detachably mounted along the handle, and an operation knob that is rotatably supported by the engagement member .
As the transmission means, the passive member is provided with a pressure receiving portion that is in contact with the operating portion that moves downward and transmits the pressing force to the passive member.
A rod member for operating the pressing portion of the rod is provided on the cylindrical body .

ここで、本発明の踏み間違い防止装置においては、前記伝達手段として、下降動作する前記作動部と接触して、その押圧力を前記受動部材に伝える受圧部を前記受動部材に設けている
Here, the erroneous application prevention device of the present invention, as the transmission means, in contact with the actuating part for downward movement, is provided with a pressure receiving portion for transmitting the pressing force to the passive member to the receiving member.

また、本発明の踏み間違い防止装置においては、前記ロッドの押圧部を操作するための梃部材を前記筒状体に設けている
Further, the erroneous application prevention device of the present invention is provided with a lever member for operating the pressing portion of the rod into the tubular body.

さらに、前記ロッドの押圧部に加えられる押圧力に逆らう方向の付勢力を当該ロッドに付与する弾性機構を設けることが望ましい。   Furthermore, it is desirable to provide an elastic mechanism that applies an urging force in a direction against the pressing force applied to the pressing portion of the rod to the rod.

一方、前記ロッドを、軸心方向に分離可能な上部ロッド及び下部ロッドで形成することができる。   Meanwhile, the rod may be formed of an upper rod and a lower rod that are separable in the axial direction.

本発明により、既存の自動車に大改造を加えることなく装着することができ、簡素な構造で使い方も容易であり、ペダルの踏み間違い事故を確実に防止することができる踏み間違い防止装置を提供することができる。   According to the present invention, there is provided a step error prevention device that can be mounted on an existing car without major modification, is easy to use with a simple structure, and can reliably prevent a pedal accident. be able to.

本発明の実施形態である踏み間違い防止装置を自動車に装着した状態を示す一部省略斜視図である。1 is a partially omitted perspective view showing a state where a stepping error prevention device according to an embodiment of the present invention is mounted on an automobile. 図1中に示すアクセル操作補助具の側面図である。It is a side view of the accelerator operation assistance tool shown in FIG. 図1中に示すハンドル操作補助具の正面図である。It is a front view of the handle operation assistance tool shown in FIG. 図3中のA−A線における断面図である。It is sectional drawing in the AA line in FIG. 図2に示すアクセル操作補助具において梃部材を起立させた状態を示す側面図である。It is a side view which shows the state which raised the eaves member in the accelerator operation assistance tool shown in FIG. 図5に示すアクセル操作補助具において上部ロッドを着脱する状態を示す側面図である。It is a side view which shows the state which attaches and detaches an upper rod in the accelerator operation assistance tool shown in FIG. 図2に示すアクセル操作補助具において上部ロッドを離脱させた状態を示す側面図である。It is a side view which shows the state which made the upper rod detach | leave in the accelerator operation assistance tool shown in FIG.

以下、図面に基づいて本発明の実施形態について説明する。図1,図2に示すように、本実施形態の踏み間違い防止装置は、アクセル操作補助具20とハンドル操作補助具40とによって構成されている。アクセル操作補助具20は、オートマチック方式の自動車10のアクセルペダル11の上方のインストルメンタルパネル13に取り付けられ、運転席14に着座した運転者(図示せず)の手動操作によりアクセルペダル11を操作可能とする補助具である。ハンドル操作補助具40は、運転席14に着座した運転者が片手でハンドル15を操作可能とするため、ハンドル15に取り付けられる補助具である。   Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the stepping error prevention device according to the present embodiment includes an accelerator operation assisting tool 20 and a handle operation assisting tool 40. The accelerator operation assisting tool 20 is attached to the instrument panel 13 above the accelerator pedal 11 of the automatic vehicle 10 and can be operated by a manual operation of a driver (not shown) seated in the driver's seat 14. It is an auxiliary tool. The handle operation assisting tool 40 is an assisting tool attached to the handle 15 so that the driver sitting on the driver's seat 14 can operate the handle 15 with one hand.

アクセル操作補助具20は、インストルメンタルパネル13に起立姿勢で係止される筒状体21と、筒状体21内に昇降可能に挿通されたロッド22(上部ロッド22a及び下部ロッド22b)と、筒状体21の上端開口部21aから露出した上部ロッド22aの上端側に設けられた押圧部23と、筒状体21の下端開口部21bから露出した下部ロッド22bの下端側に設けられた作動部24と、作動部24の昇降動作でアクセルペダル11を操作するためアクセルペダル11に取り付けられる受動部材25と、作動部24の昇降動作を受動部材25に伝えるため作動部24と受動部材25との間に設けられた伝達手段26とを備えている。   The accelerator operation assisting tool 20 includes a cylindrical body 21 that is locked to the instrumental panel 13 in a standing posture, and a rod 22 (upper rod 22a and lower rod 22b) that is inserted into the cylindrical body 21 so as to be movable up and down. The pressing portion 23 provided on the upper end side of the upper rod 22a exposed from the upper end opening portion 21a of the cylindrical body 21 and the operation provided on the lower end side of the lower rod 22b exposed from the lower end opening portion 21b of the cylindrical body 21. Part 24, passive member 25 attached to accelerator pedal 11 for operating accelerator pedal 11 by the raising / lowering operation of actuating part 24, actuating part 24 and passive member 25 for transmitting the raising / lowering action of actuating part 24 to passive member 25, And a transmission means 26 provided between the two.

筒状体21は略ひ字形状の係止バンド30及び複数のネジ31を用いて、アクセルペダル11の上方のインストルメントパネル13に取り付けられている。筒状体21の内部には上部ロッド22a及び下部ロッド22bからなるロッド22が軸心方向にスライド可能に挿入され、上部ロッド22aの上端に平板状の押圧部23が設けられ、下部ロッド22bの下端に作動部24が設けられている。また、ロッド22の押圧部23に加えられる押圧力に逆らう方向の付勢力、即ち、ロッド22を上方に付勢する弾性機構として、下部ロッド22bと筒状体21との間にバネ27が張設されている。   The cylindrical body 21 is attached to the instrument panel 13 above the accelerator pedal 11 using a substantially band-shaped locking band 30 and a plurality of screws 31. Inside the cylindrical body 21, a rod 22 composed of an upper rod 22a and a lower rod 22b is inserted so as to be slidable in the axial direction, and a flat plate-like pressing portion 23 is provided at the upper end of the upper rod 22a. An operating part 24 is provided at the lower end. Further, as an urging force in a direction against the pressing force applied to the pressing portion 23 of the rod 22, that is, as an elastic mechanism that urges the rod 22 upward, a spring 27 is stretched between the lower rod 22 b and the cylindrical body 21. It is installed.

伝達手段26は、作動部24の下端に設けられた凸曲面部24aと、作動部24の下降動作に伴って下降する凸曲面部24aと接触して、その押圧力を受動部材25に伝える皿形状の受圧部25aが受動部材25の上端に設けられている。受圧部25aの上面には凹曲面部25bが設けられ、下降動作する作動部24の凸曲面部24aが受圧部25aの凹曲面部25bに接触することにより、作動部24の押圧力が受動部材25に伝達される。   The transmission means 26 contacts the convex curved surface portion 24 a provided at the lower end of the operating portion 24 and the convex curved surface portion 24 a that descends as the operating portion 24 descends, and transmits the pressing force to the passive member 25. A shaped pressure receiving part 25 a is provided at the upper end of the passive member 25. A concave curved surface portion 25b is provided on the upper surface of the pressure receiving portion 25a. The convex curved surface portion 24a of the operating portion 24 that moves downward contacts the concave curved surface portion 25b of the pressure receiving portion 25a, so that the pressing force of the operating portion 24 is a passive member. 25.

受動部材25の下端側には断面コ字状の係止部材25cが固着されており、この係止部材25でアクセルペダル11の上下面を挟持し、複数のネジ25dで締め付けることによって受動部材25がアクセルペダル11に着脱可能に固定されている。図2に示すように、受動部材25及び係止部材25cの側面視形状は略レ字状をなしているが、これに限定するものではないので、インストルメンタルパネル13に取り付けられた筒状体21とアクセルペダル11との位置関係に応じた形状とすることができる。   A locking member 25c having a U-shaped cross section is fixed to the lower end side of the passive member 25. The upper and lower surfaces of the accelerator pedal 11 are clamped by the locking member 25 and tightened with a plurality of screws 25d. Is fixed to the accelerator pedal 11 in a detachable manner. As shown in FIG. 2, the shape of the passive member 25 and the locking member 25 c in a side view is substantially a letter shape. However, the shape is not limited to this, and the cylindrical body attached to the instrument panel 13 is not limited thereto. It can be set as the shape according to the positional relationship of 21 and the accelerator pedal 11. FIG.

筒状体21の上方には、上部ロッド22aの押圧部23を操作するための梃部材28が設けられている。梃部材28は、筒状体21上方に当該筒状体21と平行に立設された支持部材29の上端付近に略水平に設けられた支軸32を中心に起立・倒伏可能に取り付けられている。梃部材28の先端側には、運転者が手動操作する際に触れる操作部28aが設けられ、梃部部材28の下面側には押圧部23に当接して押圧力を伝える凸曲線部28cを有する橇状の接触部28bが設けられている。梃部材28の基端側(支軸32側)には、梃部材28の起立・倒伏に伴って、支持部材29の上端背面に付設された磁石33に吸着・分離可能な舌片状のストッパ34が設けられている。   Above the cylindrical body 21, a flange member 28 for operating the pressing portion 23 of the upper rod 22a is provided. The eaves member 28 is attached above the cylindrical body 21 so as to be able to stand up and down around a support shaft 32 provided substantially horizontally near the upper end of a support member 29 erected in parallel with the cylindrical body 21. Yes. An operation portion 28a that is touched when the driver performs manual operation is provided on the distal end side of the flange member 28, and a convex curve portion 28c that contacts the pressing portion 23 and transmits the pressing force is provided on the lower surface side of the flange member 28. A hook-shaped contact portion 28b is provided. On the base end side (support shaft 32 side) of the flange member 28, a tongue-like stopper that can be attracted and separated by the magnet 33 attached to the back surface of the upper end of the support member 29 as the flange member 28 rises and falls. 34 is provided.

ロッド22を構成する上部ロッド22aの下端部22axと、下部ロッド22bの上端部22bxとは、筒状体21の内部にて接触状態に保持されているが、後述する図6に示すように、上部ロッド22aと下部ロッド22bとは軸心方向に分離可能であり、上部ロッド22aを筒状体21から離脱させることもできる。   The lower end portion 22ax of the upper rod 22a constituting the rod 22 and the upper end portion 22bx of the lower rod 22b are held in contact within the cylindrical body 21, but as shown in FIG. The upper rod 22 a and the lower rod 22 b can be separated in the axial direction, and the upper rod 22 a can be detached from the cylindrical body 21.

一方、図1に示すように、自動車10のハンドル15にはハンドル操作補助具40が着脱可能に取り付けられている。図3,図4に示すように、ハンドル操作補助具40は、ハンドル15の内周に沿って着脱可能に装着される円弧状の係合部材41と、係合部材41の複数個所に回転自在に軸支された操作ノブ42と、を備えている。図4に示すように、ハンドル操作補助具40の係合部材41は弾性的可撓性を有する素材で形成され、その横断面はハンドル15の内周に沿って密着可能な樋形状をなし、係合部材41の内周側に固着された複数の軸受部材43にそれぞれ操作ノブ42が回転自在に軸支されている。   On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 1, a handle operation assisting tool 40 is detachably attached to the handle 15 of the automobile 10. As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the handle operation assisting tool 40 is rotatable at a plurality of positions of the arcuate engagement member 41 detachably mounted along the inner periphery of the handle 15 and the engagement member 41. And an operation knob 42 that is pivotally supported by the actuator. As shown in FIG. 4, the engaging member 41 of the handle operation assisting tool 40 is formed of an elastic and flexible material, and its cross section has a hook shape that can be closely attached along the inner periphery of the handle 15. An operation knob 42 is rotatably supported by a plurality of bearing members 43 fixed to the inner peripheral side of the engaging member 41.

ここで、図1,図2及び図3を参照しながら、踏み間違い防止装置の使い方について説明する。図1に示すように、自動車10のインストルメントパネル13に取り付けられたアクセル操作補助具20において、運転席14に着座した運転者が右手で梃部材28の操作部28aを押し下げると、その押圧力が接触部28bから押圧部23に伝わり、ロッド22(上部ロッド22a及び下部ロッド22b)が筒状体21の軸心方向に沿って下降する。この下降動作に伴い、下部ロッド22bの作動部24の凸曲面部25aが、受動部材25の受圧部25aの凹曲面部25bに当接して、受動部材25を押し下げるので、アクセルペダル11が押し下げられる。   Here, the usage of the stepping error prevention device will be described with reference to FIGS. As shown in FIG. 1, in the accelerator operation assisting tool 20 attached to the instrument panel 13 of the automobile 10, when the driver sitting on the driver's seat 14 pushes down the operating portion 28a of the eaves member 28 with the right hand, the pressing force Is transmitted from the contact portion 28b to the pressing portion 23, and the rod 22 (the upper rod 22a and the lower rod 22b) descends along the axial direction of the cylindrical body 21. With this downward movement, the convex curved surface portion 25a of the operating portion 24 of the lower rod 22b comes into contact with the concave curved surface portion 25b of the pressure receiving portion 25a of the passive member 25 and pushes down the passive member 25, so that the accelerator pedal 11 is pushed down. .

一方、運転者の右手によって梃部材28の操作部28aに加えている押圧力を解除すると、バネ27の復元力によりロッド22が元の位置に向かって上昇し、受動部材25に加わっている押し下げ力が解除されるので、アクセルペダル25はその復元機構により、元の状態(アイドリング状態)に復帰する。従って、運転者が右手で梃部材28の操作部28aに加える押圧力を増減することにより、既存の自動車10における右足によるアクセルペダル11の操作と同様の操作を行うことができる。   On the other hand, when the pressing force applied to the operating portion 28a of the eave member 28 is released by the driver's right hand, the rod 22 is raised toward the original position by the restoring force of the spring 27, and the pressing force applied to the passive member 25 is lowered. Since the force is released, the accelerator pedal 25 returns to the original state (idling state) by the restoring mechanism. Therefore, the same operation as the operation of the accelerator pedal 11 by the right foot in the existing automobile 10 can be performed by increasing or decreasing the pressing force applied to the operation portion 28a of the eaves member 28 with the right hand.

また、運転者が右手で梃部材28の操作部28aを操作しているときは、ハンドル15を左手のみで操作しなければならないが、図1に示すように、ハンドル15に装着したハンドル操作補助具40の操作ノブ42を左手で把持すれば、ハンドル15の回転操作を左手のみで容易に実行することができるので、運転操作に支障が生じることはない。   Further, when the driver is operating the operating portion 28a of the eaves member 28 with the right hand, the handle 15 must be operated only with the left hand. However, as shown in FIG. If the operation knob 42 of the tool 40 is grasped with the left hand, the rotation operation of the handle 15 can be easily executed with only the left hand, so that the driving operation is not hindered.

従って、ペダルの踏み間違いを起こしそうな運転状況(例えば、車庫入れや方向変換など)が訪れたとき、運転者は、右足をブレーキペダル12上に乗せた状態を保ちながら、右手で梃部材28の操作部28aを操作してアクセルペダル11を作動させ、自動車10を走行させれば、ペダルの踏み間違い事故を確実に防止することができる。   Accordingly, when a driving situation (for example, entering a garage or changing direction) is likely to cause the pedal to be depressed, the driver keeps the right foot on the brake pedal 12 and keeps the saddle member 28 with the right hand. If the accelerator pedal 11 is operated by operating the operating portion 28a and the vehicle 10 is driven, an accidental accidental depression of the pedal can be reliably prevented.

また、アクセル操作補助具20は、既存の自動車10のアクセルペダル11に受動部材25を取り付け、アクセルペダル11の上方のインストルメントパネル13に筒状体21を起立姿勢で取り付けるだけで使用することができるので、既存の自動車10に大改造を加えることなく装着することができる。また、図2に示すように、アクセル操作補助具20は簡素な構造であり、運転者の右手のみで通常のアクセル操作を行うことができるので、使い方も容易である。   The accelerator operation assisting tool 20 can be used simply by attaching the passive member 25 to the accelerator pedal 11 of the existing automobile 10 and attaching the tubular body 21 to the instrument panel 13 above the accelerator pedal 11 in a standing posture. Therefore, it can be mounted on the existing automobile 10 without any major remodeling. Further, as shown in FIG. 2, the accelerator operation assisting tool 20 has a simple structure and can be operated easily because a normal accelerator operation can be performed only with the driver's right hand.

次に、図5に示すように、梃部材28の操作部28aを上方に持ち上げると、梃部材28は支軸32を中心に回動して起き上がり、ストッパ34が磁石33に吸着されるので、梃部材28は筒状体21と略平行な起立状態に保持される。従って、補助装置20を使用しないとき、あるいは座席14(図1参照)方向に突出した梃部材28が邪魔になるときなどは、図5に示すように、梃部材28を起立状態にして対処することができる。なお、起立した梃部材28に対し、磁石33の吸着力を超える倒伏方向の力を加えれば、ストッパ34が磁石33から離れ、梃部材28は元の状態に復帰する。   Next, as shown in FIG. 5, when the operating portion 28 a of the eaves member 28 is lifted upward, the eaves member 28 rotates and rises around the support shaft 32, and the stopper 34 is attracted to the magnet 33. The eaves member 28 is held in an upright state substantially parallel to the cylindrical body 21. Therefore, when the auxiliary device 20 is not used, or when the eaves member 28 protruding in the direction of the seat 14 (see FIG. 1) gets in the way, the eaves member 28 is erected as shown in FIG. be able to. In addition, if the force of the lying down direction exceeding the adsorption | suction force of the magnet 33 is applied with respect to the standing collar member 28, the stopper 34 will separate from the magnet 33 and the collar member 28 will return to the original state.

図5に示すように梃部材28が起立状態にあるときは、図6に示すように、上部ロッド22aは下部ロッド22bから分離して筒状体21に着脱可能であるため、アクセル操作補助具20を使用しないときなどは、上部ロッド22aを筒状体21から離脱させておくこともできる。また、上部ロッド22aを筒状体21から離脱させておけば、図7に示すように、梃部材28を使用位置まで倒伏させても、当該梃部材28の手動操作によるアクセルペダル11の操作は不可能となるので、アクセル操作補助具20自体の誤操作や悪戯によるアクセル誤操作などを防止することができる。   When the eaves member 28 is in the upright state as shown in FIG. 5, the upper rod 22a is separated from the lower rod 22b and can be attached to and detached from the cylindrical body 21 as shown in FIG. When not using 20, the upper rod 22a can be detached from the cylindrical body 21. Further, if the upper rod 22a is separated from the cylindrical body 21, as shown in FIG. 7, the operation of the accelerator pedal 11 by the manual operation of the hook member 28 can be performed even if the hook member 28 is laid down to the use position. This makes it impossible to prevent erroneous operation of the accelerator operation assisting tool 20 itself or erroneous operation of the accelerator due to mischief.

さらに、図3に示すハンドル操作補助具40は、弾性的可撓性を有する円弧状の係合部材41をハンドル15の内周に沿って装着すれば直ちに使用可能であり、複数の操作ノブ42のいずれかを左手で把持すれば、ハンドル15を小さく回転させたり、大きく回転させたり(必要なときは360度以上回転させたり)することができるので、ハンドル操作性も良好である。また、係合部材41をハンドル15の内周から離脱させれば、ハンドル操作補助装置40を容易に取り外すことができる。   Further, the handle operation assisting tool 40 shown in FIG. 3 can be used immediately if an arcuate engagement member 41 having elasticity and flexibility is mounted along the inner periphery of the handle 15, and a plurality of operation knobs 42. If one of the above is gripped with the left hand, the handle 15 can be rotated slightly or greatly (when necessary, it can be rotated 360 degrees or more), and the handle operability is also good. Further, if the engaging member 41 is detached from the inner periphery of the handle 15, the handle operation assisting device 40 can be easily removed.

図1に示す踏み間違い防止装置は、オートマチック方式の自動車10に取り付けているが、これに限定するものではないので、手動変速方式の自動車に取り付けて使用することも可能であり、前述と同様の作用効果を得ることができる。また、本実施形態の踏み間違い防止装置を手動操作方式の自動車に取り付けた場合、運転者は、右足をブレーキペダルに乗せた状態で、左手でハンドル操作補助具40の操作ノブ42を把持し、右手で梃部材28の操作部28aを操作しながら、左足でクラッチペダルを操作することも可能であるため、急坂路における坂道発進など、微妙なクラッチミート操作を要する状況下においても優れた操作性、安全性を発揮する。   The stepping error prevention device shown in FIG. 1 is attached to an automatic vehicle 10, but is not limited to this, and can be used by being attached to a manual transmission vehicle. An effect can be obtained. Further, when the stepping error prevention device of this embodiment is attached to a manually operated vehicle, the driver holds the operation knob 42 of the handle operation assisting tool 40 with the left hand while the right foot is placed on the brake pedal, It is possible to operate the clutch pedal with the left foot while operating the operation portion 28a of the eaves member 28 with the right hand, and thus excellent operability even under conditions that require delicate clutch meet operations such as starting on a steep slope. , Demonstrate safety.

また、図1〜図7に基づいて説明した、アクセル操作補助具20及びハンドル操作補助具40によって構成される踏み間違い防止装置は、本発明の踏み間違い防止装置の一例を示すものであり、本発明の踏み間違い防止装置は図1に示す踏み間違い防止装置に限定されない。   Moreover, the step error prevention device constituted by the accelerator operation auxiliary tool 20 and the handle operation auxiliary tool 40 described based on FIGS. 1 to 7 shows an example of the step error prevention device of the present invention. The stepping error prevention device of the invention is not limited to the stepping error prevention device shown in FIG.

本発明の踏み間違い防止装置は、自動車の運転中におけるペダルの踏み間違い事故を防止する装置として、自動車産業の分野において広く利用することができる。   The stepping error prevention device of the present invention can be widely used in the field of the automobile industry as a device for preventing an accidental stepping of a pedal during driving of a vehicle.

10 自動車
11 アクセルペダル
12 ブレーキペダル
13 インストルメントパネル
14 運転席
15 ハンドル
20 アクセル操作補助具
21 筒状体
21a 上端開口部
21b 下端開口部
22 ロッド
22a 上部ロッド
22ax 下端部
22b 下部ロッド
22bx 上端部
23 押圧部
24 作動部
24a 凸曲面部
25 受動部材
25a 受圧部
25b 凹曲面部
25c 係止部材
25d,31 ネジ
26 伝達手段
27 バネ
28 梃部材
28a 操作部
28b 接触部
28c 凸曲線部
29 支持部材
30 係止バンド
32 支軸
33 磁石
34 ストッパ
40 ハンドル操作補助具
41 係合部材
42 操作ノブ
43 軸受部材
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 Car 11 Accelerator pedal 12 Brake pedal 13 Instrument panel 14 Driver's seat 15 Handle 20 Accelerator operation aid 21 Cylindrical body 21a Upper end opening portion 21b Lower end opening portion 22 Rod 22a Upper rod 22ax Lower end portion 22b Lower rod 22bx Upper end portion 23 Press Part 24 actuating part 24a convex curved surface part 25 passive member 25a pressure receiving part 25b concave curved surface part 25c locking member 25d, 31 screw 26 transmission means 27 spring 28 collar member 28a operation part 28b contact part 28c convex curve part 29 support member 30 locking Band 32 Support shaft 33 Magnet 34 Stopper 40 Handle operation aid 41 Engagement member 42 Operation knob 43 Bearing member

Claims (3)

自動車のアクセルペダルの上方のインストルメンタルパネルに取り付け、運転席に着座した運転者の手動操作により前記アクセルペダルを操作可能とするアクセル操作補助具と、前記自動車のハンドルを運転者が片手で操作可能とするため前記ハンドルに取り付けられるハンドル補助操作具とで構成される踏み間違い防止装置であって、
前記アクセル操作補助具が、前記インストルメンタルパネルに起立姿勢で係止される筒状体と、前記筒状体内に昇降可能に挿通されたロッドと、前記ロッドの上端側に設けられた押圧部と、前記ロッドの下端側に設けられた作動部と、前記作動部の昇降動作でアクセルペダルを操作するため前記アクセルペダルに取り付けられる受動部材と、前記作動部の昇降動作を前記受動部材に伝えるため前記作動部と前記受動部材との間に設けられた伝達手段とを備え、
前記ハンドル操作補助具が、前記ハンドルに沿って着脱可能に装着される円弧状の係合部材と、前記係合部材に回転自在に軸支された操作ノブとを備え
前記伝達手段として、下降動作する前記作動部と接触して、その押圧力を前記受動部材に伝える受圧部を前記受動部材に設け、
前記ロッドの押圧部を操作するための梃部材を前記筒状体に設けたことを特徴とする踏み間違い防止装置。
Attached to the instrument panel above the accelerator pedal of the car, the driver can operate the accelerator pedal by manual operation of the driver seated in the driver's seat, and the driver can operate the car handle with one hand And a step error prevention device configured with a handle auxiliary operation tool attached to the handle,
The accelerator operation assisting tool is a tubular body that is locked to the instrumental panel in a standing posture, a rod that is inserted into the tubular body so as to be movable up and down, and a pressing portion that is provided on the upper end side of the rod. An actuating portion provided on a lower end side of the rod, a passive member attached to the accelerator pedal for operating the accelerator pedal by the raising / lowering operation of the actuating portion, and for transmitting the raising / lowering operation of the actuating portion to the passive member A transmission means provided between the actuating part and the passive member;
The handle operation assisting tool includes an arcuate engagement member that is detachably mounted along the handle, and an operation knob that is rotatably supported by the engagement member .
As the transmission means, the passive member is provided with a pressure receiving portion that is in contact with the operating portion that moves downward and transmits the pressing force to the passive member.
A step error prevention device, wherein a rod member for operating the pressing portion of the rod is provided on the cylindrical body .
前記ロッドの押圧部に加えられる押圧力に逆らう方向の付勢力を当該ロッドに付与する弾性機構を設けた請求項1記載の踏み間違い防止装置。 Claim 1 Symbol placement of erroneous application prevention device biasing force in a direction against the pressing force applied to the pressing portion has an elastic mechanism for imparting to the rod of said rod. 前記ロッドを、軸心方向に分離可能な上部ロッド及び下部ロッドで形成した請求項1または2記載の踏み間違い防止装置。 The step error prevention device according to claim 1 or 2 , wherein the rod is formed of an upper rod and a lower rod that are separable in an axial direction.
JP2012189118A 2012-08-29 2012-08-29 Stepping error prevention device Expired - Fee Related JP5512765B2 (en)

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