JP5493333B2 - Organic electroluminescent element, white organic electroluminescent element, display device and lighting device - Google Patents

Organic electroluminescent element, white organic electroluminescent element, display device and lighting device Download PDF

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JP5493333B2
JP5493333B2 JP2008284054A JP2008284054A JP5493333B2 JP 5493333 B2 JP5493333 B2 JP 5493333B2 JP 2008284054 A JP2008284054 A JP 2008284054A JP 2008284054 A JP2008284054 A JP 2008284054A JP 5493333 B2 JP5493333 B2 JP 5493333B2
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秀雄 ▲高▼
秀謙 尾関
利恵 片倉
栄作 加藤
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コニカミノルタ株式会社
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  The present invention relates to an organic electroluminescence element, a white organic electroluminescence element, a display device, and a lighting device.

  Conventionally, there is an electroluminescence display (ELD) as a light-emitting electronic display device. Examples of the constituent elements of ELD include inorganic electroluminescent elements and organic electroluminescent elements (hereinafter also referred to as organic EL elements). Inorganic electroluminescent elements have been used as planar light sources, but an alternating high voltage is required to drive the light emitting elements.

  On the other hand, an organic EL element has a configuration in which a light emitting layer containing a compound that emits light is sandwiched between a cathode and an anode, and injects electrons and holes into the light emitting layer to recombine excitons. This is an element that emits light by utilizing the emission of light (fluorescence / phosphorescence) when this exciton is deactivated, and can emit light at a voltage of several volts to several tens of volts. Therefore, it has a wide viewing angle, high visibility, and since it is a thin-film type completely solid element, it has attracted attention from the viewpoints of space saving and portability.

  For the development of organic EL elements for practical application, M.M. A. Baldo et al. , Nature, 395, 151-154 (1998), since Princeton University reported on an organic EL device using phosphorescence emission from an excited triplet. A. Baldo et al. , Nature, 403, 17, 750-753 (2000), US Pat. No. 6,097,147, research on materials that exhibit phosphorescence at room temperature has become active.

  In addition, recently discovered organic EL devices that use phosphorescence can realize a luminous efficiency that is approximately four times that of previous devices that use fluorescence. Research and development of light-emitting element layer configurations and electrodes are performed all over the world.

  For example, S.M. Lamansky et al. , J .; Am. Chem. Soc. , 123, 4304 (2001), a number of compounds have been studied for synthesis centering on heavy metal complexes such as iridium complexes.

  As host compounds of these phosphorescent dopants, carbazole derivatives represented by CBP and m-CP are well known (see, for example, Patent Documents 1 and 2).

  In particular, as a blue light emitting host compound, m-CP having a large band gap and derivatives thereof are known.

However, from the viewpoint of practical use, it is still insufficient in terms of the external extraction quantum efficiency of the device, the light emission lifetime, and the like, and further improvement techniques are required.
JP 2002-308837 A Japanese Patent Laying-Open No. 2005-213188

  An object of the present invention is to provide an organic electroluminescence element having a high external extraction quantum efficiency and a long emission lifetime, a white organic electroluminescence element including the element, a display device, and an illumination device.

An object of the present invention is Ru is achieved by the configuration 1-9 below, according to the specific invention, in the configuration 1, X is in formula (1) -O -, - S-, or -Si ( An organic electroluminescent device of R2) (R3)-is provided .

  1. An organic electroluminescence device comprising at least one compound represented by the following general formula (1).

[Wherein, X represents -N (R1)-, -O-, -S- or -Si (R2) (R3)-, and R1 to R3 each represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent. E 1 to E 8 each represent —C (R 4) — or a nitrogen atom. R4 represents a hydrogen atom, a substituent, or a single bond with a compound selected from the group consisting of the following general formulas (2), (3) and (4). However, at least one of E 1 to E 8 is linked to a compound selected from the group consisting of the general formulas (2), (3) and (4). ]

[Wherein, E 9 to E 13 each represent —C (R 5) — or a nitrogen atom. R5 is hydrogen original frame other represents a single bond in the general formula (1). ]

[Wherein, E 14 to E 23 each represent —C (R 6) — or a nitrogen atom. R6 is hydrogen original frame other represents a single bond in the general formula (1). However, at least one of E 14 to E 23 represents a nitrogen atom. ]

[Wherein, E 24 to E 31 each represent —C (R 7) — or a nitrogen atom. R7 to R9 each represent a hydrogen atom, a substituent, or a single bond with the general formula (1). Provided that at least one of E 24 ~ E 31 represents a nitrogen atom. ]
2. 2. The organic electroluminescence device according to 1 above, wherein the compound represented by the general formula (1) is a compound represented by the following general formula (5).

Wherein, E 32 to E 39 are each -C (R10) - represents a group or a nitrogen atom. R10 represents a single bond with a hydrogen atom, a substituent or a compound selected from the group consisting of the general formulas (2), (3) and (4). However, at least one of E 32 to E 39 is connected to the general formula (2), (3) or (4). A represents an n-valent group, and n represents 1 or 2. ]
3. 3. The organic electroluminescence as described in 1 or 2 above, wherein the compound represented by the general formula (1) or (5) has a band gap between the ground state and the triplet excited state of 2.7 eV or more. element.

4). As a constituent layer, a light emitting layer containing at least a host compound and a phosphorescent compound, a hole transporting layer containing at least one hole transporting compound, and an electron transporting layer containing at least one electron transporting compound The organic electroluminescence device as described in any one of 1 to 3 above, wherein the compound represented by the general formula (1) or (5) is contained as a host compound.

5. 5. The organic electroluminescent device according to 4 above, wherein the HOMO energy difference between the phosphorescent compound and the host compound is 0.5 eV to 1.5 eV.

  6). 6. The organic electroluminescence device as described in 4 or 5 above, wherein the phosphorescent compound is an iridium compound represented by the following general formula (6).

[Wherein Q 1 represents a 5-membered or 6-membered aromatic hydrocarbon ring or aromatic heterocycle. Ar represents an aromatic hydrocarbon group or an aromatic heterocyclic group. k represents an integer of 2 or 3, and has m secondary ligands L so as to satisfy the valence of iridium. m represents 0 or 1; ]
7). The white organic electroluminescent element provided with the organic electroluminescent element of any one of said 1-6.

  8). A display device comprising the organic electroluminescent element according to any one of 1 to 6 or the white organic electroluminescent element according to 7 above.

  9. 8. An illuminating device comprising the organic electroluminescent element according to any one of 1 to 6 or the white organic electroluminescent element according to 7.

  According to the present invention, an organic electroluminescence element having a high external extraction quantum efficiency and a long emission lifetime, a white organic electroluminescence element including the element, a display device, and a lighting device can be provided.

In the organic EL device of the present invention, by having the configuration described in any one of the configurations 1 to 7, an organic electroluminescence device having a high external extraction quantum efficiency and a long emission lifetime, and a white light-emitting organic electroluminescence An element, a display device, and a lighting device can be provided.

  Hereinafter, the detail of each component of the organic EL element of this invention is demonstrated sequentially.

<< Compound Represented by Formula (1) >>
The compound represented by the general formula (1) according to the present invention will be described.

  The compound represented by the general formula (1) according to the present invention is contained in at least one organic layer that is a constituent layer of the organic EL device of the present invention described later, but has high external extraction quantum efficiency and light emission lifetime. From the viewpoint of improvement, it is preferably contained in at least one light emitting layer, and more preferably contained as a host compound in the light emitting layer.

  In the general formula (1), each of the substituents represented by R1 to R3 of -N (R1)-or -Si (R2) (R3)-represented by X is an alkyl group (for example, a methyl group). , Ethyl group, propyl group, isopropyl group, tert-butyl group, pentyl group, hexyl group, octyl group, dodecyl group, tridecyl group, tetradecyl group, pentadecyl group, etc.), cycloalkyl group (for example, cyclopentyl group, cyclohexyl group, etc.) ), Alkenyl groups (eg, vinyl, allyl, 1-propenyl, 2-butenyl, 1,3-butadienyl, 2-pentenyl, isopropenyl, etc.), alkynyl (eg, ethynyl, propargyl) Group), aromatic hydrocarbon group (aromatic hydrocarbon ring group, aromatic carbocyclic group, aryl group, etc., for example, phenyl group, p Chlorophenyl, mesityl, tolyl, xylyl, naphthyl, anthryl, azulenyl, acenaphthenyl, fluorenyl, phenanthryl, indenyl, pyrenyl, biphenylyl, etc.), aromatic heterocyclic groups (eg furyl) Group, thienyl group, pyridyl group, pyridazinyl group, pyrimidinyl group, pyrazinyl group, triazinyl group, imidazolyl group, pyrazolyl group, thiazolyl group, quinazolinyl group, carbazolyl group, carbolinyl group, diazacarbazolyl group (carboline of the above carbolinyl group) One of the carbon atoms constituting the ring is replaced by a nitrogen atom), a phthalazinyl group, etc.), a heterocyclic group (eg, a pyrrolidyl group, an imidazolidyl group, a morpholyl group, an oxazolidyl group, etc.), an alkoxy group (eg, , Methoxy group, Toxyl group, propyloxy group, pentyloxy group, hexyloxy group, octyloxy group, dodecyloxy group, etc.), cycloalkoxy group (for example, cyclopentyloxy group, cyclohexyloxy group, etc.), aryloxy group (for example, phenoxy group, Naphthyloxy group, etc.), alkylthio group (eg, methylthio group, ethylthio group, propylthio group, pentylthio group, hexylthio group, octylthio group, dodecylthio group, etc.), cycloalkylthio group (eg, cyclopentylthio group, cyclohexylthio group, etc.), Arylthio group (eg, phenylthio group, naphthylthio group, etc.), alkoxycarbonyl group (eg, methyloxycarbonyl group, ethyloxycarbonyl group, butyloxycarbonyl group, octyloxycarbonyl group, dodecyl) Oxycarbonyl group etc.), aryloxycarbonyl group (eg phenyloxycarbonyl group, naphthyloxycarbonyl group etc.), sulfamoyl group (eg aminosulfonyl group, methylaminosulfonyl group, dimethylaminosulfonyl group, butylaminosulfonyl group, hexyl) Aminosulfonyl group, cyclohexylaminosulfonyl group, octylaminosulfonyl group, dodecylaminosulfonyl group, phenylaminosulfonyl group, naphthylaminosulfonyl group, 2-pyridylaminosulfonyl group, etc.), acyl group (for example, acetyl group, ethylcarbonyl group, propyl group) Carbonyl group, pentylcarbonyl group, cyclohexylcarbonyl group, octylcarbonyl group, 2-ethylhexylcarbonyl group, dodecylcarbonyl group, phenylcarbon Nyl group, naphthylcarbonyl group, pyridylcarbonyl group, etc.), acyloxy group (for example, acetyloxy group, ethylcarbonyloxy group, butylcarbonyloxy group, octylcarbonyloxy group, dodecylcarbonyloxy group, phenylcarbonyloxy group, etc.), amide Groups (for example, methylcarbonylamino group, ethylcarbonylamino group, dimethylcarbonylamino group, propylcarbonylamino group, pentylcarbonylamino group, cyclohexylcarbonylamino group, 2-ethylhexylcarbonylamino group, octylcarbonylamino group, dodecylcarbonylamino group) , Phenylcarbonylamino group, naphthylcarbonylamino group, etc.), carbamoyl group (for example, aminocarbonyl group, methylaminocarbonyl group, dimethylamino) Rubonyl group, propylaminocarbonyl group, pentylaminocarbonyl group, cyclohexylaminocarbonyl group, octylaminocarbonyl group, 2-ethylhexylaminocarbonyl group, dodecylaminocarbonyl group, phenylaminocarbonyl group, naphthylaminocarbonyl group, 2-pyridylaminocarbonyl group Ureido group (for example, methylureido group, ethylureido group, pentylureido group, cyclohexylureido group, octylureido group, dodecylureido group, phenylureido group, naphthylureido group, 2-pyridylaminoureido group), sulfinyl group ( For example, methylsulfinyl group, ethylsulfinyl group, butylsulfinyl group, cyclohexylsulfinyl group, 2-ethylhexylsulfinyl group, dodecyls Rufinyl group, phenylsulfinyl group, naphthylsulfinyl group, 2-pyridylsulfinyl group, etc.), alkylsulfonyl group (for example, methylsulfonyl group, ethylsulfonyl group, butylsulfonyl group, cyclohexylsulfonyl group, 2-ethylhexylsulfonyl group, dodecylsulfonyl group) Etc.), arylsulfonyl group or heteroarylsulfonyl group (for example, phenylsulfonyl group, naphthylsulfonyl group, 2-pyridylsulfonyl group, etc.), amino group (for example, amino group, ethylamino group, dimethylamino group, butylamino group, Cyclopentylamino group, 2-ethylhexylamino group, dodecylamino group, anilino group, naphthylamino group, 2-pyridylamino group, etc.), halogen atom (for example, fluorine atom, chlorine atom, bromine atom, etc.) Fluorinated hydrocarbon group (for example, fluoromethyl group, trifluoromethyl group, pentafluoroethyl group, pentafluorophenyl group, etc.), cyano group, nitro group, hydroxy group, mercapto group, silyl group (for example, trimethylsilyl group, trimethyl group) Isopropylsilyl group, triphenylsilyl group, phenyldiethylsilyl group, etc.) and phosphono group.

  These substituents may be further substituted with the above substituents. In addition, a plurality of these substituents may be bonded to each other to form a ring.

  In the general formula (1), the substituents represented by R1 to R3 are the same as the substituents represented by R1 to R3 in the general formula (1).

The substituents represented by R 4 of —C (R 4) — represented by E 1 to E 8 in General Formula (1) are the substituents represented by R 1 to R 3 in General Formula (1), respectively. It is synonymous.

  In the general formula (1), at least one of E1 to E8 is linked to a compound selected from the group consisting of the general formulas (2), (3) and (4).

(Compound represented by the general formula (2))
In the general formula (2), in —C (R5) — each represented by E 9 to E 13 , the substituent represented by R5 is represented by R1 to R3 in the general formula (1). It is synonymous with a substituent.

(Compound represented by the general formula (3))
In the general formula (3), the substituents represented by R 6 of —C (R 6) — represented by E 14 to E 23 are the substituents represented by R 1 to R 3 in the general formula (1). Synonymous with group.

(Compound represented by the general formula (4))
In the general formula (4), -C represented by each of E 24 ~E 31 (R7) - substituent represented by R7, and the substituents represented by each of R8, R9 of the general formula (1 ) Are the same as the substituents represented by R1 to R3.

  Of the compounds represented by the general formula (1) according to the present invention, a compound represented by the general formula (5) is particularly preferable.

<< Compound Represented by Formula (5) >>
The compound represented by the general formula (5) according to the present invention will be described.

In General Formula (5), each of the substituents represented by R 10 of —C (R 10) — represented by E 32 to E 39 is a substituent represented by R 1 to R 3 in General Formula (1). It is synonymous with.

In the general formula (5), as the n-valent group represented by A, for example,
In the case of n = 2, it represents a divalent linking group, and the divalent linking group may include a hydrocarbon group such as alkylene, alkenylene, alkynylene, arylene, or a hetero atom, Even a divalent linking group derived from a compound having an aromatic heterocycle (also referred to as a heteroaromatic compound) such as a thiophene-2,5-diyl group or a pyrazine-2,3-diyl group. It may be a chalcogen atom such as oxygen or sulfur. Further, it may be a group such as an alkylimino group, a dialkylsilanediyl group, or a diarylgermandiyl group that connects and connects heteroatoms.

  When n = 1, it represents a substituent, and the substituent includes an alkyl group (for example, methyl group, ethyl group, propyl group, isopropyl group, tert-butyl group, pentyl group, hexyl group, octyl group, dodecyl group). Group, tridecyl group, tetradecyl group, pentadecyl group, etc.), cycloalkyl group (for example, cyclopentyl group, cyclohexyl group, etc.), alkenyl group (for example, vinyl group, allyl group, 1-propenyl group, 2-butenyl group, 1, 3-butadienyl group, 2-pentenyl group, isopropenyl group, etc.), alkynyl group (for example, ethynyl group, propargyl group, etc.), aromatic hydrocarbon group (aromatic hydrocarbon ring group, aromatic carbocyclic group, aryl group) For example, phenyl group, p-chlorophenyl group, mesityl group, tolyl group, xylyl group, naphthyl group, anthryl Group, azulenyl group, acenaphthenyl group, fluorenyl group, phenanthryl group, indenyl group, pyrenyl group, biphenylyl group, etc., aromatic heterocyclic group (for example, furyl group, thienyl group, pyridyl group, pyridazinyl group, pyrimidinyl group, pyrazinyl group) , Triazinyl group, imidazolyl group, pyrazolyl group, thiazolyl group, quinazolinyl group, carbazolyl group, carbolinyl group, diazacarbazolyl group (one of the carbon atoms constituting the carboline ring of the carbolinyl group is replaced by a nitrogen atom) Phthalazinyl group etc.), heterocyclic group (eg pyrrolidyl group, imidazolidyl group, morpholyl group, oxazolidyl group etc.), alkoxy group (eg methoxy group, ethoxy group, propyloxy group, pentyloxy group, hexyl) Oxy group, octyl Xyl group, dodecyloxy group, etc.), cycloalkoxy group (eg, cyclopentyloxy group, cyclohexyloxy group, etc.), aryloxy group (eg, phenoxy group, naphthyloxy group, etc.), alkylthio group (eg, methylthio group, ethylthio group) Propylthio group, pentylthio group, hexylthio group, octylthio group, dodecylthio group, etc.), cycloalkylthio group (for example, cyclopentylthio group, cyclohexylthio group, etc.), arylthio group (for example, phenylthio group, naphthylthio group, etc.), alkoxycarbonyl group (Eg, methyloxycarbonyl group, ethyloxycarbonyl group, butyloxycarbonyl group, octyloxycarbonyl group, dodecyloxycarbonyl group, etc.), aryloxycarbonyl group (eg, phenyloxy Carbonyl group, naphthyloxycarbonyl group, etc.), sulfamoyl group (for example, aminosulfonyl group, methylaminosulfonyl group, dimethylaminosulfonyl group, butylaminosulfonyl group, hexylaminosulfonyl group, cyclohexylaminosulfonyl group, octylaminosulfonyl group, dodecyl) Aminosulfonyl group, phenylaminosulfonyl group, naphthylaminosulfonyl group, 2-pyridylaminosulfonyl group, etc.), acyl group (for example, acetyl group, ethylcarbonyl group, propylcarbonyl group, pentylcarbonyl group, cyclohexylcarbonyl group, octylcarbonyl group, 2-ethylhexylcarbonyl group, dodecylcarbonyl group, phenylcarbonyl group, naphthylcarbonyl group, pyridylcarbonyl group, etc.), acyloxy group ( For example, acetyloxy group, ethylcarbonyloxy group, butylcarbonyloxy group, octylcarbonyloxy group, dodecylcarbonyloxy group, phenylcarbonyloxy group, etc.), amide group (for example, methylcarbonylamino group, ethylcarbonylamino group, dimethylcarbonyl) Amino group, propylcarbonylamino group, pentylcarbonylamino group, cyclohexylcarbonylamino group, 2-ethylhexylcarbonylamino group, octylcarbonylamino group, dodecylcarbonylamino group, phenylcarbonylamino group, naphthylcarbonylamino group, etc.), carbamoyl group ( For example, aminocarbonyl group, methylaminocarbonyl group, dimethylaminocarbonyl group, propylaminocarbonyl group, pentylaminocarbonyl group, Hexylaminocarbonyl group, octylaminocarbonyl group, 2-ethylhexylaminocarbonyl group, dodecylaminocarbonyl group, phenylaminocarbonyl group, naphthylaminocarbonyl group, 2-pyridylaminocarbonyl group, etc.), ureido group (for example, methylureido group, ethyl) Ureido group, pentylureido group, cyclohexylureido group, octylureido group, dodecylureido group, phenylureido group, naphthylureido group, 2-pyridylaminoureido group, etc.), sulfinyl group (for example, methylsulfinyl group, ethylsulfinyl group, butylsulfinyl group) Cyclohexylsulfinyl group, 2-ethylhexylsulfinyl group, dodecylsulfinyl group, phenylsulfinyl group, naphthylsulfinyl group, 2-pyridyl Sulfinyl group etc.), alkylsulfonyl group (eg methylsulfonyl group, ethylsulfonyl group, butylsulfonyl group, cyclohexylsulfonyl group, 2-ethylhexylsulfonyl group, dodecylsulfonyl group etc.), arylsulfonyl group or heteroarylsulfonyl group (eg Phenylsulfonyl group, naphthylsulfonyl group, 2-pyridylsulfonyl group, etc.), amino group (for example, amino group, ethylamino group, dimethylamino group, butylamino group, cyclopentylamino group, 2-ethylhexylamino group, dodecylamino group, Anilino group, naphthylamino group, 2-pyridylamino group, etc.), halogen atom (eg, fluorine atom, chlorine atom, bromine atom, etc.), fluorinated hydrocarbon group (eg, fluoromethyl group, trifluoromethyl group, penta) Fluoroethyl group, pentafluorophenyl group, etc.), cyano group, nitro group, hydroxy group, mercapto group, silyl group (eg, trimethylsilyl group, triisopropylsilyl group, triphenylsilyl group, phenyldiethylsilyl group, etc.), phosphono group, etc. Is mentioned.

  These substituents may be further substituted with the above substituents. In addition, a plurality of these substituents may be bonded to each other to form a ring.

  Among them, an alkyl group, an aromatic hydrocarbon ring group or an aromatic heterocyclic group is preferably used.

(Band gap between ground state and excited triplet state)
In the compound represented by the general formula (1) or (5) according to the present invention, the band gap between the ground state and the triplet excited state is preferably 2.7 eV or more, more preferably 2.7 eV. It is preferably in the range of -4.0 eV.

  Here, regarding the band gap between the ground state and the excited triplet state, molecular orbital calculation using Gaussian 03 (the compound represented by the general formula (1) or (5) according to the present invention is represented by B3LYP / 6-31G * was used to determine the lowest excited triplet energy.

(Energy difference of HOMO (highest occupied orbit))
The HOMO energy difference between the phosphorescent compound described below and the compound represented by the general formula (1) or (5) according to the present invention is preferably 0.5 eV to 1.5 eV, more preferably HOMO. The energy difference is 0.8 eV to 1.0 eV.

  Here, the energy difference of HOMO between the phosphorescent compound and the compound represented by the general formula (1) or (5) according to the present invention is calculated by molecular orbital calculation using Gaussian 03 (general formula (1 ) Or (5) uses B3LYP / 6-31G * as a basis function, and phosphorescent compounds use B3LYP / LanL2DZ as a basis function. From this, the energy difference of HOMO was calculated.

  Hereinafter, although the specific example of a compound represented by General formula (1) or (5) based on this invention is shown, this invention is not limited to these.

  In addition, the compound according to the general formula (1) or (5) according to the present invention is disclosed in JP-A-2007-288035, Chem. Mater. It can be synthesized by referring to the method described in 2008, 20, 5951, Experimental Chemistry Course 5th Edition (Edited by Chemical Society of Japan).

  Further, when the lowest excitation triplet energy of the exemplified compounds (PH-1 to PH-36) was calculated by the above-described method, all were 2.7 eV to 3.1 eV, and a short-wave emission region such as blue light emission. It can be seen that the material can be used up to.

<< Layer structure of organic EL element >>
Next, although the preferable specific example of the layer structure of the organic EL element of this invention is shown below, this invention is not limited to these.

(I) Anode / light emitting layer unit / electron transport layer / cathode (ii) Anode / hole transport layer / light emitting layer unit / electron transport layer / cathode (iii) Anode / hole transport layer / light emitting layer unit / hole blocking Layer / electron transport layer / cathode (iv) anode / hole transport layer / light emitting layer unit / hole blocking layer / electron transport layer / cathode buffer layer / cathode (v) anode / anode buffer layer / hole transport layer / light emission Layer unit / hole blocking layer / electron transport layer / cathode buffer layer / cathode << light emitting layer >>
The light emitting layer according to the present invention is a layer that emits light by recombination of electrons and holes injected from the electrode, the electron transport layer, or the hole transport layer, and the light emitting portion is in the layer of the light emitting layer. May be the interface between the light emitting layer and the adjacent layer.

  The thickness of the light emitting layer is not particularly limited, but from the viewpoint of the uniformity of the film to be formed, the application of unnecessary high voltage during light emission, and the improvement of the stability of the emission color with respect to the drive current. It is preferable to adjust to the range of 2 nm-200 nm, More preferably, it adjusts to the range of 5 nm-100 nm.

  The light emitting layer of the organic EL device of the present invention preferably contains at least one kind of a light emitting host compound and a light emitting dopant as a guest material, and more preferably contains a light emitting host compound and three or more kinds of light emitting dopants. A host compound (also referred to as a light-emitting host) and a light-emitting dopant (also referred to as a light-emitting dopant compound) included in the light-emitting layer are described below.

(Host compound)
The host compound used in the present invention will be described.

  Here, the host compound in the present invention is a phosphorescent quantum yield of phosphorescence emission at a room temperature (25 ° C.) having a mass ratio of 20% or more in the compound contained in the light emitting layer. Is defined as a compound of less than 0.1. The phosphorescence quantum yield is preferably less than 0.01. Moreover, it is preferable that the mass ratio in the layer is 20% or more among the compounds contained in a light emitting layer.

  As the host compound, known host compounds may be used alone or in combination of two or more. By using a plurality of types of host compounds, it is possible to adjust the movement of charges, and the organic EL element can be made highly efficient. Moreover, it becomes possible to mix different light emission by using multiple types of light emission dopants mentioned later, and, thereby, arbitrary luminescent colors can be obtained.

  The light emitting host used in the present invention may be a conventionally known low molecular compound or a high molecular compound having a repeating unit, and a low molecular compound having a polymerizable group such as a vinyl group or an epoxy group (deposition polymerization property). Light emitting host).

  As the known host compound that may be used in combination, a compound that has a hole transporting ability and an electron transporting ability, prevents the emission of light from becoming longer, and has a high Tg (glass transition temperature) is preferable.

  Specific examples of known host compounds include compounds described in the following documents.

  JP-A-2001-257076, 2002-308855, 2001-313179, 2002-319491, 2001-357777, 2002-334786, 2002-8860, 2002-334787, 2002-15871, 2002-334788, 2002-43056, 2002-334789, 2002-75645, 2002-338579, 2002-105445 gazette, 2002-343568 gazette, 2002-141173 gazette, 2002-352957 gazette, 2002-203683 gazette, 2002-363227 gazette, 2002-231453 gazette, No. 003-3165, No. 2002-234888, No. 2003-27048, No. 2002-255934, No. 2002-286061, No. 2002-280183, No. 2002-299060, No. 2002. -302516, 2002-305083, 2002-305084, 2002-308837, and the like.

  Hereinafter, although the specific example of the compound preferably used as a host compound of the light emitting layer of the organic EL element of this invention is given, this invention is not limited to these.

  Moreover, although the reactive host compound which has a polymeric group shown below for formation of a light emitting layer can also be used, this invention is not limited to these.

(Luminescent dopant)
The light emitting dopant according to the present invention will be described.

  As the light-emitting dopant according to the present invention, a fluorescent dopant (also referred to as a fluorescent compound) or a phosphorescent dopant (also referred to as a phosphorescent emitter, a phosphorescent compound, a phosphorescent compound, or the like) can be used. From the viewpoint of obtaining an organic EL device with high luminous efficiency, the above-mentioned host compound is used as a light-emitting dopant (sometimes simply referred to as a light-emitting material) used in the light-emitting layer or light-emitting unit of the white organic EL device of the present invention. It is preferable to contain a phosphorescence dopant simultaneously with containing.

(Phosphorescent dopant)
The phosphorescent dopant according to the present invention will be described.

  The phosphorescent dopant according to the present invention is a compound in which light emission from an excited triplet is observed. Specifically, it is a compound that emits phosphorescence at room temperature (25 ° C.) and has a phosphorescence quantum yield. The phosphorescence quantum yield is preferably 0.1 or more, although it is defined as a compound of 0.01 or more at 25 ° C.

  The phosphorescence quantum yield can be measured by the method described in Spectroscopic II, page 398 (1992 edition, Maruzen) of Experimental Chemistry Course 4 of the 4th edition. Although the phosphorescence quantum yield in a solution can be measured using various solvents, the phosphorescence emitting dopant according to the present invention achieves the above phosphorescence quantum yield (0.01 or more) in any solvent. It only has to be done.

  There are two types of light emission of phosphorescent dopants in principle. One is the recombination of carriers on the host compound to which carriers are transported to generate an excited state of the host compound, and this energy is transferred to the phosphorescent dopant. Energy transfer type to obtain light emission from the phosphorescent dopant, and the other is that the phosphorescent dopant becomes a carrier trap, carrier recombination occurs on the phosphorescent dopant, and the phosphorescent dopant In any case, the excited state energy of the phosphorescent dopant is required to be lower than the excited state energy of the host compound.

  The phosphorescent dopant can be appropriately selected from known materials used for the light emitting layer of the organic EL device.

  The phosphorescent dopant according to the present invention is preferably a complex compound containing a group 8-10 metal in the periodic table of elements, more preferably an iridium compound, an osmium compound, or a platinum compound (platinum complex system). Compound) and rare earth complexes, and most preferred is an iridium compound.

(Fluorescent dopant (also called fluorescent compound))
Fluorescent dopants (fluorescent compounds) include coumarin dyes, pyran dyes, cyanine dyes, croconium dyes, squalium dyes, oxobenzanthracene dyes, fluorescein dyes, rhodamine dyes, pyrylium dyes, perylene dyes Examples thereof include dyes, stilbene dyes, polythiophene dyes, and rare earth complex phosphors.

  Next, an injection layer, a blocking layer, an electron transport layer, and the like used as a constituent layer of the organic EL element according to the present invention will be described.

  Hereinafter, although the specific example of the light emission dopant which may be used for formation of the light emitting layer of the organic EL element of this invention is given, this invention is not limited to these.

  Moreover, the light emitting layer which concerns on this invention may contain the reactive dopant which has a polymeric group as shown below.

<< Charge injection layer: electron injection layer, hole injection layer >>
The charge injection layer according to the present invention is provided as necessary, and includes an electron injection layer and a hole injection layer, and as described above, between the anode and the light emitting layer or the hole transport layer, and the cathode and the light emitting layer or the electron transport layer. It may be present between.

  An injection layer is a layer provided between an electrode and an organic layer in order to reduce drive voltage and improve light emission luminance. “Organic EL element and its forefront of industrialization (issued by NTT Corporation on November 30, 1998) 2), Chapter 2, “Electrode Materials” (pages 123 to 166) in detail, and includes a hole injection layer (anode buffer layer) and an electron injection layer (cathode buffer layer).

  The details of the anode buffer layer (hole injection layer) are described in JP-A-9-45479, JP-A-9-260062, JP-A-8-288069 and the like. As a specific example, copper phthalocyanine is used. Examples thereof include a phthalocyanine buffer layer represented by an oxide, an oxide buffer layer represented by vanadium oxide, an amorphous carbon buffer layer, and a polymer buffer layer using a conductive polymer such as polyaniline (emeraldine) or polythiophene.

  The details of the cathode buffer layer (electron injection layer) are described in JP-A-6-325871, JP-A-9-17574, JP-A-10-74586, and the like. Specifically, strontium, aluminum, etc. Metal buffer layer typified by lithium, alkali metal compound buffer layer typified by lithium fluoride, alkaline earth metal compound buffer layer typified by magnesium fluoride, oxide buffer layer typified by aluminum oxide, etc. . The buffer layer (injection layer) is preferably a very thin film, and the film thickness is preferably in the range of 0.1 nm to 5 μm although it depends on the material.

<Blocking layer: hole blocking layer, electron blocking layer>
The blocking layer is provided as necessary in addition to the basic constituent layer of the organic compound thin film as described above. For example, it is described in JP-A Nos. 11-204258, 11-204359, and “Organic EL elements and their forefront of industrialization” (issued by NTT, Inc. on November 30, 1998). There is a hole blocking (hole blocking) layer.

  The hole blocking layer has a function of an electron transport layer in a broad sense, and is made of a hole blocking material having a function of transporting electrons and a very small ability to transport holes. By blocking the holes, the probability of recombination of electrons and holes can be improved.

  Moreover, the structure of the electron carrying layer mentioned later can be used as a hole-blocking layer concerning this invention as needed.

  The hole blocking layer of the organic EL device according to the present invention is preferably provided adjacent to the light emitting layer.

  The hole blocking layer preferably contains the azacarbazole derivative mentioned as the host compound.

  In the present invention, when a plurality of light emitting layers having different light emission colors are provided, the light emitting layer having the shortest wavelength of light emission is preferably closest to the anode among all the light emitting layers. In this case, it is preferable to additionally provide a hole blocking layer between the shortest wave layer and the light emitting layer next to the anode next to the anode.

  Furthermore, it is preferable that 50% by mass or more of the compound contained in the hole blocking layer provided at the position has an ionization potential of 0.3 eV or more larger than the host compound of the shortest wave emitting layer.

  The ionization potential is defined by the energy required to emit an electron at the HOMO (highest occupied molecular orbital) level of the compound to the vacuum level, and can be obtained by the following method, for example.

  (1) Using Gaussian 98 (Gaussian 98, Revision A.11.4, MJ Frisch, et al, Gaussian, Inc., Pittsburgh PA, 2002.), a molecular orbital calculation software manufactured by Gaussian, USA The ionization potential can be obtained as a value obtained by rounding off the second decimal place of the value (eV unit converted value) calculated by performing structural optimization using B3LYP / 6-31G *. This calculation value is effective because the correlation between the calculation value obtained by this method and the experimental value is high.

  (2) The ionization potential can also be obtained by a method of directly measuring by photoelectron spectroscopy. For example, a method known as ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy can be suitably used by using a low energy electron spectrometer “Model AC-1” manufactured by Riken Keiki Co., Ltd.

  On the other hand, the electron blocking layer has a function of a hole transport layer in a broad sense, and is made of a material that has a function of transporting holes and has an extremely small ability to transport electrons, and transports electrons while transporting holes. By blocking, the recombination probability of electrons and holes can be improved. Moreover, the structure of the positive hole transport layer mentioned later can be used as an electron blocking layer as needed. The film thickness of the hole blocking layer and the electron transport layer according to the present invention is preferably 3 nm to 100 nm, and more preferably 5 nm to 30 nm.

<< Charge transport layer: electron transport layer, hole transport layer >>
Examples of the charge transport layer according to the present invention include an electron transport layer and a hole transport layer.

  Hereinafter, the electron transport layer and the hole transport layer according to the present invention will be described in detail.

《Hole transport layer》
The hole transport layer is made of a hole transport material having a function of transporting holes, and in a broad sense, a hole injection layer and an electron blocking layer are also included in the hole transport layer. The hole transport layer can be provided as a single layer or a plurality of layers.

  The hole transport material has any one of hole injection or transport and electron barrier properties, and may be either organic or inorganic. For example, triazole derivatives, oxadiazole derivatives, imidazole derivatives, polyarylalkane derivatives, pyrazoline derivatives and pyrazolone derivatives, phenylenediamine derivatives, arylamine derivatives, amino-substituted chalcone derivatives, oxazole derivatives, styrylanthracene derivatives, fluorenone derivatives, hydrazone derivatives, Examples thereof include stilbene derivatives, silazane derivatives, aniline copolymers, and conductive polymer oligomers, particularly thiophene oligomers.

  The above-mentioned materials can be used as the hole transport material, but it is preferable to use a porphyrin compound, an aromatic tertiary amine compound and a styrylamine compound, particularly an aromatic tertiary amine compound.

  Representative examples of aromatic tertiary amine compounds and styrylamine compounds include N, N, N ', N'-tetraphenyl-4,4'-diaminophenyl; N, N'-diphenyl-N, N'- Bis (3-methylphenyl)-[1,1′-biphenyl] -4,4′-diamine (TPD); 2,2-bis (4-di-p-tolylaminophenyl) propane; 1,1-bis (4-di-p-tolylaminophenyl) cyclohexane; N, N, N ′, N′-tetra-p-tolyl-4,4′-diaminobiphenyl; 1,1-bis (4-di-p-tolyl) Aminophenyl) -4-phenylcyclohexane; bis (4-dimethylamino-2-methylphenyl) phenylmethane; bis (4-di-p-tolylaminophenyl) phenylmethane; N, N'-diphenyl-N, N ' − (4-methoxyphenyl) -4,4'-diaminobiphenyl; N, N, N ', N'-tetraphenyl-4,4'-diaminodiphenyl ether; 4,4'-bis (diphenylamino) quadriphenyl; N, N, N-tri (p-tolyl) amine; 4- (di-p-tolylamino) -4 '-[4- (di-p-tolylamino) styryl] stilbene; 4-N, N-diphenylamino- (2-diphenylvinyl) benzene; 3-methoxy-4′-N, N-diphenylaminostilbenzene; N-phenylcarbazole, and also two of those described in US Pat. No. 5,061,569. Having a condensed aromatic ring in the molecule, for example, 4,4'-bis [N- (1-naphthyl) -N-phenylamino] biphenyl (NPD), JP-A-4-3086 4,4 ', 4 "-tris [N- (3-methylphenyl) -N-phenylamino] triphenylamine in which three triphenylamine units described in Japanese Patent No. 8 are linked in a starburst type ( MTDATA) and the like.

  Furthermore, a polymer material in which these materials are introduced into a polymer chain or these materials are used as a polymer main chain can also be used. In addition, inorganic compounds such as p-type-Si and p-type-SiC can also be used as the hole injection material and the hole transport material.

  JP-A-11-251067, J. Org. Huang et. al. A so-called p-type hole transport material as described in a book (Applied Physics Letters 80 (2002), p. 139) can also be used. In the present invention, these materials are preferably used because a light-emitting element with higher efficiency can be obtained.

  The hole transport layer can be formed by thinning the hole transport material by a known method such as a vacuum deposition method, a spin coating method, a casting method, a printing method including an ink jet method, or an LB method. it can. About the film thickness of a positive hole transport layer, it is preferable that it is the range of 5 nm-5 micrometers, More preferably, it is 5 nm-200 nm. The hole transport layer may have a single layer structure composed of one or more of the above materials.

  Alternatively, a hole transport layer having a high p property doped with impurities can be used. Examples thereof include JP-A-4-297076, JP-A-2000-196140, 2001-102175, J. Pat. Appl. Phys. 95, 5773 (2004), and the like.

  In the present invention, it is preferable to use a hole transport layer having such a high p property because a device with lower power consumption can be produced.

  Hereinafter, although the specific example of the compound preferably used for formation of the positive hole transport layer of the organic EL element of this invention is given, this invention is not limited to these.

  The hole transport layer according to the present invention may contain a hole transport material having a polymerizable group as shown below.

《Electron transport layer》
The electron transport layer is made of a material having a function of transporting electrons, and in a broad sense, an electron injection layer and a hole blocking layer are also included in the electron transport layer. The electron transport layer can be provided as a single layer or a plurality of layers.

  Conventionally, in the case of a single electron transport layer and a plurality of layers, an electron transport material (also serving as a hole blocking material) used for an electron transport layer adjacent to the light emitting layer on the cathode side is injected from the cathode. As long as it has a function of transferring electrons to the light-emitting layer, any material can be selected and used from among conventionally known compounds. For example, nitro-substituted fluorene derivatives, diphenylquinone derivatives Thiopyrandioxide derivatives, carbodiimides, fluorenylidenemethane derivatives, anthraquinodimethane and anthrone derivatives, oxadiazole derivatives and the like.

  In the oxadiazole derivative, a thiadiazole derivative in which the oxygen atom of the oxadiazole ring is substituted with a sulfur atom, and a quinoxaline derivative having a quinoxaline ring known as an electron-withdrawing group can also be used as an electron transport material.

  Furthermore, a polymer material in which these materials are introduced into a polymer chain or these materials are used as a polymer main chain can also be used.

  Also, metal complexes of 8-quinolinol derivatives such as tris (8-quinolinol) aluminum (Alq), tris (5,7-dichloro-8-quinolinol) aluminum, tris (5,7-dibromo-8-quinolinol) aluminum, Tris (2-methyl-8-quinolinol) aluminum, tris (5-methyl-8-quinolinol) aluminum, bis (8-quinolinol) zinc (Znq), etc., and the central metals of these metal complexes are In, Mg, Cu , Ca, Sn, Ga, or Pb can also be used as an electron transport material.

  In addition, metal-free or metal phthalocyanine, or those having terminal ends substituted with an alkyl group or a sulfonic acid group can be preferably used as the electron transporting material.

  In addition, the distyrylpyrazine derivative exemplified as the material of the light emitting layer can also be used as an electron transport material, and an inorganic semiconductor such as n-type-Si, n-type-SiC, etc. as in the case of the hole injection layer and the hole transport layer. Can also be used as an electron transporting material.

  The electron transport layer can be formed by thinning the electron transport material by a known method such as a vacuum deposition method, a spin coating method, a casting method, a printing method including an ink jet method, or an LB method.

  Although there is no restriction | limiting in particular about the film thickness of an electron carrying layer, Usually, 5 nm-about 5 micrometers, Preferably it is 5 nm-200 nm. The electron transport layer may have a single layer structure composed of one or more of the above materials.

  Alternatively, an electron transport layer with high n property doped with impurities as a guest material can be used. Examples thereof include JP-A-4-297076, JP-A-10-270172, JP-A-2000-196140, 2001-102175, J.A. Appl. Phys. 95, 5773 (2004), and the like.

  In the present invention, it is preferable to use an electron transport layer having such a high n property because an element with lower power consumption can be manufactured.

  Hereinafter, although the specific example of the compound (electron transport material) preferably used together for formation of the electron carrying layer of the white organic EL element of this invention is given, this invention is not limited to these.

  Moreover, the electron carrying layer which concerns on this invention may contain the reactive electron transport material which has a polymeric group as shown below.

<Condensation polymer>
In the method for producing an organic EL element of the present invention, in addition to the constituent material of the organic layer of the organic EL element, the following condensation polymers can be used as appropriate.

  Hereinafter, although the specific example of the condensation polymer used for this invention is given, this invention is not limited to these.

"anode"
As the anode in the organic EL element, an electrode material made of a metal, an alloy, an electrically conductive compound, or a mixture thereof having a high work function (4 eV or more) is preferably used. Specific examples of such electrode materials include metals such as Au, and conductive transparent materials such as CuI, indium tin oxide (ITO), SnO 2 , and ZnO. Alternatively, an amorphous material such as IDIXO (In 2 O 3 —ZnO) capable of forming a transparent conductive film may be used.

  For the anode, these electrode materials may be formed into a thin film by a method such as vapor deposition or sputtering, and a pattern having a desired shape may be formed by a photolithography method, or when pattern accuracy is not so high (about 100 μm or more) A pattern may be formed through a mask having a desired shape at the time of vapor deposition or sputtering of the electrode material.

  Or when using the substance which can be apply | coated like an organic electroconductivity compound, wet film-forming methods, such as a printing system and a coating system, can also be used. When light emission is extracted from the anode, it is desirable that the transmittance be greater than 10%, and the sheet resistance as the anode is preferably several hundred Ω / □ or less.

  Further, although the film thickness depends on the material, the range of 10 nm to 1000 nm is preferable, and the range of 10 nm to 200 nm is more preferable.

"cathode"
As the cathode, a material having a work function (4 eV or less) metal (referred to as an electron injecting metal), an alloy, an electrically conductive compound and a mixture thereof as an electrode material is used.

Specific examples of such electrode materials include sodium, sodium-potassium alloy, magnesium, lithium, magnesium / copper mixture, magnesium / silver mixture, magnesium / aluminum mixture, magnesium / indium mixture, aluminum / aluminum oxide (Al 2 O 3 ) Mixtures, indium, lithium / aluminum mixtures, rare earth metals and the like.

Among these, from the point of durability against electron injection and oxidation, etc., a mixture of an electron injecting metal and a second metal which is a stable metal having a larger work function than this, for example, a magnesium / silver mixture, Magnesium / aluminum mixtures, magnesium / indium mixtures, aluminum / aluminum oxide (Al 2 O 3 ) mixtures, lithium / aluminum mixtures, aluminum and the like are preferred.

  The cathode can be produced by forming a thin film of these electrode materials by a method such as vapor deposition or sputtering. The sheet resistance as the cathode is preferably several hundred Ω / □ or less, and the film thickness is preferably in the range of 10 nm to 5 μm, more preferably in the range of 50 nm to 200 nm.

  In order to transmit the emitted light, if either one of the anode or the cathode of the organic EL element is transparent or translucent, the light emission luminance is improved, which is convenient.

  Moreover, after producing the said metal by the film thickness of 1 nm-20 nm to a cathode, the transparent or semi-transparent cathode can be produced by producing the electroconductive transparent material quoted by description of the anode on it, By applying this, an element in which both the anode and the cathode are transmissive can be manufactured.

"substrate"
As a substrate (hereinafter also referred to as a base, a base material, a support substrate, a support, etc.) that can be used in the organic EL device according to the present invention, there is no particular limitation on the type of glass, plastic, etc., and it is transparent. Or opaque. When extracting light from the substrate side, the substrate is preferably transparent. Examples of the transparent substrate preferably used include glass, quartz, and a transparent resin film. A particularly preferable substrate is a resin film capable of giving flexibility to the organic EL element.

  Examples of the resin film include polyesters such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and polyethylene naphthalate (PEN), polyethylene, polypropylene, cellophane, cellulose diacetate, cellulose triacetate, cellulose acetate butyrate, cellulose acetate propionate (CAP), Cellulose esters such as cellulose acetate phthalate (TAC) and cellulose nitrate or derivatives thereof, polyvinylidene chloride, polyvinyl alcohol, polyethylene vinyl alcohol, syndiotactic polystyrene, polycarbonate, norbornene resin, polymethylpentene, polyether ketone, polyimide , Polyethersulfone (PES), polyphenylene sulfide, polysulfones Cycloolefin resins such as polyetherimide, polyetherketoneimide, polyamide, fluororesin, nylon, polymethylmethacrylate, acrylic or polyarylate, Arton (trade name, manufactured by JSR) or Appel (trade name, manufactured by Mitsui Chemicals) Can be mentioned.

On the surface of the resin film, an inorganic film, an organic film, or a hybrid film of both may be formed. Water vapor permeability measured by a method in accordance with JIS K 7129-1992 (25 ± 0.5 ° C., It is preferably a barrier film having a relative humidity (90 ± 2)% RH) of 0.01 g / (m 2 · 24 h) or less, and further, oxygen permeation measured by a method according to JIS K 7126-1987. The film is preferably a high barrier film having a degree of 10 −3 ml / (m 2 · 24 h · MPa) or less and a water vapor permeability of 10 −5 g / (m 2 · 24 h) or less.

  As a material for forming the barrier film, any material may be used as long as it has a function of suppressing entry of elements that cause deterioration of elements such as moisture and oxygen. For example, silicon oxide, silicon dioxide, silicon nitride, or the like can be used. Further, in order to improve the brittleness of the film, it is more preferable to have a laminated structure of these inorganic layers and organic material layers. Although there is no restriction | limiting in particular about the lamination | stacking order of an inorganic layer and an organic layer, It is preferable to laminate | stack both alternately several times.

  The method for forming the barrier film is not particularly limited. For example, the vacuum deposition method, the sputtering method, the reactive sputtering method, the molecular beam epitaxy method, the cluster ion beam method, the ion plating method, the plasma polymerization method, the atmospheric pressure plasma weighting. A combination method, a plasma CVD method, a laser CVD method, a thermal CVD method, a coating method, and the like can be used. However, an atmospheric pressure plasma polymerization method as described in JP-A-2004-68143 is particularly preferable.

  Examples of the opaque substrate include a metal plate such as aluminum and stainless steel, a film, an opaque resin substrate, a ceramic substrate, and the like.

  The external extraction efficiency at room temperature of light emission of the organic EL device according to the present invention is preferably 1% or more, more preferably 5% or more.

  Here, the external extraction quantum efficiency (%) = the number of photons emitted to the outside of the organic EL element / the number of electrons sent to the organic EL element × 100.

  In addition, a hue improvement filter such as a color filter may be used in combination, or a color conversion filter that converts the emission color from the organic EL element into multiple colors using a phosphor. In the case of using a color conversion filter, the λmax of light emission of the organic EL element is preferably 480 nm or less.

<Sealing>
As a sealing means of the organic EL element used for this invention, the method of adhere | attaching a sealing member, an electrode, and a support substrate with an adhesive agent can be mentioned, for example.

  As a sealing member, it should just be arrange | positioned so that the display area | region of an organic EL element may be covered, and concave plate shape or flat plate shape may be sufficient. Further, transparency and electrical insulation are not particularly limited.

  Specific examples include a glass plate, a polymer plate / film, and a metal plate / film. Examples of the glass plate include soda-lime glass, barium / strontium-containing glass, lead glass, aluminosilicate glass, borosilicate glass, barium borosilicate glass, and quartz. Examples of the polymer plate include polycarbonate, acrylic, polyethylene terephthalate, polyether sulfide, and polysulfone. Examples of the metal plate include those made of one or more metals or alloys selected from the group consisting of stainless steel, iron, copper, aluminum, magnesium, nickel, zinc, chromium, titanium, molybdenum, silicon, germanium, and tantalum.

  In the present invention, a polymer film and a metal film can be preferably used because the organic EL element can be thinned.

Furthermore, the polymer film, measured oxygen permeability by the method based on JIS K 7126-1987 is 1 × 10 -3 ml / m 2 / 24h or less, as measured by the method based on JIS K 7129-1992 water vapor transmission rate (25 ± 0.5 ° C., relative humidity (90 ± 2)% RH) is preferably that of 1 × 10 -3 g / (m 2 / 24h) or less.

  For processing the sealing member into a concave shape, sandblasting, chemical etching, or the like is used.

  Specific examples of the adhesive include photocuring and thermosetting adhesives having reactive vinyl groups such as acrylic acid oligomers and methacrylic acid oligomers, and moisture curing adhesives such as 2-cyanoacrylates. be able to. Moreover, heat | fever and chemical curing types (two-component mixing), such as an epoxy type, can be mentioned. Moreover, hot-melt type polyamide, polyester, and polyolefin can be mentioned. Moreover, a cationic curing type ultraviolet curing epoxy resin adhesive can be mentioned.

  In addition, since an organic EL element may deteriorate by heat processing, what can be adhesive-hardened from room temperature to 80 degreeC is preferable. A desiccant may be dispersed in the adhesive. Application | coating of the adhesive agent to a sealing part may use commercially available dispenser, and may print like screen printing.

  In addition, it is also possible to suitably form an inorganic or organic layer as a sealing film by covering the electrode and the organic layer on the outer side of the electrode facing the substrate with the organic layer interposed therebetween, and in contact with the substrate. In this case, the material for forming the film may be any material that has a function of suppressing intrusion of elements that cause deterioration of elements such as moisture and oxygen. For example, silicon oxide, silicon dioxide, silicon nitride, or the like may be used. it can.

  Further, in order to improve the brittleness of the film, it is preferable to have a laminated structure of these inorganic layers and layers made of organic materials. The method for forming these films is not particularly limited. For example, vacuum deposition, sputtering, reactive sputtering, molecular beam epitaxy, cluster ion beam method, ion plating method, plasma polymerization method, atmospheric pressure plasma A polymerization method, a plasma CVD method, a laser CVD method, a thermal CVD method, a coating method, or the like can be used.

  In the gap between the sealing member and the display area of the organic EL element, an inert gas such as nitrogen or argon, or an inert liquid such as fluorinated hydrocarbon or silicon oil can be injected in the gas phase and liquid phase. preferable. A vacuum is also possible. Moreover, a hygroscopic compound can also be enclosed inside.

  Examples of the hygroscopic compound include metal oxides (for example, sodium oxide, potassium oxide, calcium oxide, barium oxide, magnesium oxide, aluminum oxide) and sulfates (for example, sodium sulfate, calcium sulfate, magnesium sulfate, cobalt sulfate). Etc.), metal halides (eg calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, cesium fluoride, tantalum fluoride, cerium bromide, magnesium bromide, barium iodide, magnesium iodide etc.), perchloric acids (eg perchloric acid) Barium, magnesium perchlorate, and the like), and anhydrous salts are preferably used in sulfates, metal halides, and perchloric acids.

《Protective film, protective plate》
In order to increase the mechanical strength of the element, a protective film or a protective plate may be provided on the outer side of the sealing film on the side facing the substrate with the organic layer interposed therebetween or on the sealing film. In particular, when the sealing is performed by the sealing film, the mechanical strength is not necessarily high, and thus it is preferable to provide such a protective film and a protective plate. As a material that can be used for this, the same glass plate, polymer plate / film, metal plate / film, etc. used for the sealing can be used, but the polymer film is light and thin. Is preferably used.

《Light extraction》
The organic EL element emits light inside a layer having a refractive index higher than that of air (refractive index is about 1.7 to 2.1) and can extract only about 15% to 20% of the light generated in the light emitting layer. It is generally said. This is because light incident on the interface (interface between the transparent substrate and air) at an angle θ greater than the critical angle causes total reflection and cannot be taken out of the device, or between the transparent electrode or light emitting layer and the transparent substrate. This is because the light is totally reflected between the light and the light is guided through the transparent electrode or the light emitting layer, and as a result, the light escapes in the direction of the element side surface.

  As a method for improving the light extraction efficiency, for example, a method of forming irregularities on the surface of the transparent substrate to prevent total reflection at the interface between the transparent substrate and the air (US Pat. No. 4,774,435), A method for improving efficiency by giving light condensing property to a substrate (Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 63-314795), a method for forming a reflective surface on the side surface of an organic EL element (Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 1-220394), a substrate A method of forming an antireflection film by introducing a flat layer having an intermediate refractive index between the substrate and the light emitter (Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 62-172691), and lowering the refractive index than the substrate between the substrate and the light emitter. A method of introducing a flat layer having a structure (Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2001-202827), a method of forming a diffraction grating between any one of a substrate, a transparent electrode layer, and a light emitting layer (including between the substrate and the outside) No. 283751) .

  In the present invention, these methods can be used in combination with the organic EL device according to the present invention. However, a method of introducing a flat layer having a lower refractive index than the substrate between the substrate and the light emitter, or a substrate, A method of forming a diffraction grating between any layers of the transparent electrode layer and the light emitting layer (including between the substrate and the outside) can be suitably used.

  In the present invention, by combining these means, it is possible to obtain an organic EL device having further high luminance or durability.

  When a medium having a low refractive index is formed between the transparent electrode and the transparent substrate with a thickness longer than the wavelength of light, the light extracted from the transparent electrode has a higher extraction efficiency to the outside as the refractive index of the medium is lower.

  Examples of the low refractive index layer include aerogel, porous silica, magnesium fluoride, and a fluorine-based polymer. Since the refractive index of the transparent substrate is generally about 1.5 to 1.7, the low refractive index layer preferably has a refractive index of about 1.5 or less, more preferably 1.35 or less. .

  The thickness of the low refractive index medium is preferably at least twice the wavelength in the medium. This is because the effect of the low refractive index layer is diminished when the thickness of the low refractive index medium is about the wavelength of light and the electromagnetic wave that has exuded by evanescent enters the substrate.

  The method of introducing a diffraction grating into an interface or any medium that causes total reflection is characterized by a high effect of improving light extraction efficiency.

  This method uses the property that the diffraction grating can change the direction of light to a specific direction different from refraction by so-called Bragg diffraction such as first-order diffraction and second-order diffraction. Light that cannot be emitted due to total internal reflection between layers is diffracted by introducing a diffraction grating in any layer or medium (in a transparent substrate or transparent electrode), and the light is removed. I want to take it out.

  The introduced diffraction grating desirably has a two-dimensional periodic refractive index. This is because light emitted from the light-emitting layer is randomly generated in all directions, so in a general one-dimensional diffraction grating having a periodic refractive index distribution only in a certain direction, only light traveling in a specific direction is diffracted. Therefore, the light extraction efficiency does not increase so much.

  However, by making the refractive index distribution a two-dimensional distribution, light traveling in all directions is diffracted, and light extraction efficiency is increased.

  The position where the diffraction grating is introduced may be in any one of the layers or in the medium (in the transparent substrate or the transparent electrode), but is preferably in the vicinity of the organic light emitting layer where light is generated.

  At this time, the period of the diffraction grating is preferably about 1/2 to 3 times the wavelength of light in the medium.

  The arrangement of the diffraction grating is preferably two-dimensionally repeated such as a square lattice, a triangular lattice, or a honeycomb lattice.

<Condenser sheet>
The organic EL element according to the present invention is processed on the light extraction side of the substrate, for example, so as to provide a microlens array-like structure, or in combination with a so-called condensing sheet, so that the organic EL element is arranged in a specific direction, for example, the element light emitting surface. On the other hand, the brightness | luminance in a specific direction can be raised by condensing in a front direction.

  As an example of the microlens array, quadrangular pyramids having a side of 30 μm and an apex angle of 90 degrees are two-dimensionally arranged on the light extraction side of the substrate. One side is preferably 10 μm to 100 μm.

  If it becomes smaller than this, the effect of diffraction will generate | occur | produce and color, and if too large, thickness will become thick and is not preferable.

  As the condensing sheet, for example, a sheet that is put into practical use in an LED backlight of a liquid crystal display device can be used. As such a sheet, for example, a brightness enhancement film (BEF) manufactured by Sumitomo 3M Limited can be used.

  As the shape of the prism sheet, for example, the base material may be formed by forming a △ -shaped stripe having a vertex angle of 90 degrees and a pitch of 50 μm, or the vertex angle is rounded and the pitch is changed randomly. Other shapes may be used.

  Moreover, in order to control the light emission angle from a light emitting element, you may use together a light diffusing plate and a film with a condensing sheet. For example, a diffusion film (light-up) manufactured by Kimoto Co., Ltd. can be used.

<Application>
The organic EL element of the present invention can be used as a display device, a display, and various light emission sources. For example, lighting devices (home lighting, interior lighting), clock and liquid crystal backlights, billboard advertisements, traffic lights, light sources of optical storage media, light sources of electrophotographic copying machines, light sources of optical communication processors, light Although the light source of a sensor etc. are mentioned, It is not limited to this, Especially, it can use effectively for the use as a backlight of a liquid crystal display device, and a light source for illumination.

  In the organic EL element of the present invention, patterning may be performed by a metal mask, an ink jet printing method, or the like as needed during film formation. In the case of patterning, only the electrode may be patterned, the electrode and the light emitting layer may be patterned, or the entire layer of the device may be patterned. Can do.

  The light emission color of the organic EL device of the present invention and the compound according to the present invention is shown in FIG. 4.16 on page 108 of “New Color Science Handbook” (edited by the Japan Color Society, University of Tokyo Press, 1985). It is determined by the color applied to the CIE chromaticity coordinates as a result of measurement with a total CS-1000 (manufactured by Konica Minolta Sensing).

Further, when the organic EL element according to the present invention is a white element, white means that the chromaticity in the CIE1931 color system at 1000 cd / m 2 is measured when the front luminance at 2 ° viewing angle is measured by the above method. , X = 0.33 ± 0.07 and Y = 0.33 ± 0.1.

<Display device>
The display device of the present invention will be described. The display device of the present invention comprises the organic EL element of the present invention.

  Although the display device of the present invention may be single color or multicolor, the multicolor display device will be described here. In the case of a multicolor display device, a shadow mask is provided only at the time of forming a light emitting layer, and a film can be formed on one surface by vapor deposition, casting, spin coating, ink jet, printing, or the like.

  In the case of patterning only the light emitting layer, the method is not limited. However, the vapor deposition method, the ink jet method, the spin coating method, and the printing method are preferable.

  The configuration of the organic EL element provided in the display device is selected from the above-described configuration examples of the organic EL element as necessary.

  Moreover, the manufacturing method of an organic EL element is as having shown to the one aspect | mode of manufacture of the organic EL element of said invention.

  In the case of applying a DC voltage to the obtained multicolor display device, light emission can be observed by applying a voltage of about 2V to 40V with the positive polarity of the anode and the negative polarity of the cathode. Further, even when a voltage is applied with the opposite polarity, no current flows and no light emission occurs. Further, when an AC voltage is applied, light is emitted only when the anode is in the + state and the cathode is in the-state. The alternating current waveform to be applied may be arbitrary.

  The multicolor display device can be used as a display device, a display, and various light emission sources. In a display device or display, full-color display is possible by using three types of organic EL elements of blue, red, and green light emission.

  Examples of the display device and display include a television, a personal computer, a mobile device, an AV device, a character broadcast display, and an information display in an automobile. In particular, it may be used as a display device for reproducing still images and moving images, and the driving method when used as a display device for reproducing moving images may be either a simple matrix (passive matrix) method or an active matrix method.

  Light sources include home lighting, interior lighting, clock and liquid crystal backlights, billboard advertisements, traffic lights, light sources for optical storage media, light sources for electrophotographic copying machines, light sources for optical communication processors, light sources for optical sensors, etc. The present invention is not limited to these examples.

  Hereinafter, an example of a display device having the organic EL element of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

  FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing an example of a display device composed of organic EL elements. It is a schematic diagram of a display such as a mobile phone that displays image information by light emission of an organic EL element.

  The display 1 includes a display unit A having a plurality of pixels, a control unit B that performs image scanning of the display unit A based on image information, and the like.

  The control unit B is electrically connected to the display unit A, and sends a scanning signal and an image data signal to each of a plurality of pixels based on image information from the outside, and the pixels for each scanning line respond to the image data signal by the scanning signal. The image information is sequentially emitted to scan the image and display the image information on the display unit A.

  FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the display unit A.

  The display unit A includes a wiring unit including a plurality of scanning lines 5 and data lines 6, a plurality of pixels 3 and the like on a substrate. The main members of the display unit A will be described below.

  In the figure, the light emitted from the pixel 3 is extracted in the direction of the white arrow (downward).

  The scanning line 5 and the plurality of data lines 6 in the wiring portion are each made of a conductive material, and the scanning lines 5 and the data lines 6 are orthogonal to each other in a grid pattern and are connected to the pixels 3 at the orthogonal positions (details are illustrated). Not)

  When a scanning signal is applied from the scanning line 5, the pixel 3 receives an image data signal from the data line 6 and emits light according to the received image data.

  Full-color display is possible by appropriately arranging pixels in the red region, the green region, and the blue region on the same substrate.

  Next, the light emission process of the pixel will be described.

  FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a pixel.

  The pixel includes an organic EL element 10, a switching transistor 11, a driving transistor 12, a capacitor 13, and the like. A full color display can be performed by using red, green, and blue light emitting organic EL elements as the organic EL elements 10 in a plurality of pixels, and juxtaposing them on the same substrate.

  In FIG. 3, an image data signal is applied from the control unit B to the drain of the switching transistor 11 through the data line 6. When a scanning signal is applied from the control unit B to the gate of the switching transistor 11 via the scanning line 5, the driving of the switching transistor 11 is turned on, and the image data signal applied to the drain is supplied to the capacitor 13 and the driving transistor 12. Is transmitted to the gate.

  By transmitting the image data signal, the capacitor 13 is charged according to the potential of the image data signal, and the drive of the drive transistor 12 is turned on. The drive transistor 12 has a drain connected to the power supply line 7 and a source connected to the electrode of the organic EL element 10, and the power supply line 7 connects to the organic EL element 10 according to the potential of the image data signal applied to the gate. Current is supplied.

  When the scanning signal is moved to the next scanning line 5 by the sequential scanning of the control unit B, the driving of the switching transistor 11 is turned off. However, even if the driving of the switching transistor 11 is turned off, the capacitor 13 maintains the potential of the charged image data signal, so that the driving of the driving transistor 12 is kept on and the next scanning signal is applied. Until then, the light emission of the organic EL element 10 continues. When the scanning signal is next applied by sequential scanning, the driving transistor 12 is driven according to the potential of the next image data signal synchronized with the scanning signal, and the organic EL element 10 emits light.

  That is, the light emission of the organic EL element 10 is performed by providing the switching transistor 11 and the drive transistor 12 which are active elements with respect to the organic EL element 10 of each of the plurality of pixels, and light emission of the organic EL element 10 of each of the plurality of pixels 3. It is carried out. Such a light emitting method is called an active matrix method.

  Here, the light emission of the organic EL element 10 may be light emission of a plurality of gradations by a multi-value image data signal having a plurality of gradation potentials, or by turning on / off a predetermined light emission amount by a binary image data signal. Good. The potential of the capacitor 13 may be maintained until the next scanning signal is applied, or may be discharged immediately before the next scanning signal is applied.

  In the present invention, not only the active matrix method described above, but also a passive matrix light emission drive in which the organic EL element emits light according to the data signal only when the scanning signal is scanned.

  FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a passive matrix display device. In FIG. 4, a plurality of scanning lines 5 and a plurality of image data lines 6 are provided in a lattice shape so as to face each other with the pixel 3 interposed therebetween.

  When the scanning signal of the scanning line 5 is applied by sequential scanning, the pixels 3 connected to the applied scanning line 5 emit light according to the image data signal.

  In the passive matrix system, the pixel 3 has no active element, and the manufacturing cost can be reduced.

《Lighting device》
The lighting device of the present invention will be described. The illuminating device of this invention has the said organic EL element.

  The organic EL element of the present invention may be used as an organic EL element having a resonator structure. The purpose of use of the organic EL element having such a resonator structure is as follows. The light source of a machine, the light source of an optical communication processing machine, the light source of a photosensor, etc. are mentioned, However, It is not limited to these. Moreover, you may use for the said use by making a laser oscillation.

  Further, the organic EL element of the present invention may be used as a kind of lamp for illumination or exposure light source, a projection device for projecting an image, or a display for directly viewing a still image or a moving image. It may be used as a device (display).

  The driving method when used as a display device for moving image reproduction may be either a simple matrix (passive matrix) method or an active matrix method. Alternatively, a full-color display device can be manufactured by using two or more organic EL elements of the present invention having different emission colors.

  The organic EL material of the present invention can be applied to an organic EL element that emits substantially white light as a lighting device. A plurality of light emitting colors are simultaneously emitted by a plurality of light emitting materials to obtain white light emission by color mixing. The combination of a plurality of emission colors may include three emission maximum wavelengths of the three primary colors of blue, green, and blue, or two using the relationship of complementary colors such as blue and yellow, blue green and orange, etc. The thing containing the light emission maximum wavelength may be used.

  In addition, a combination of light emitting materials for obtaining a plurality of emission colors is a combination of a plurality of phosphorescent or fluorescent materials, a light emitting material that emits fluorescence or phosphorescence, and light from the light emitting material as excitation light. Any of those combined with a dye material that emits light may be used, but in the white organic EL device according to the present invention, only a combination of a plurality of light-emitting dopants may be mixed.

  It is only necessary to provide a mask only when forming a light emitting layer, a hole transport layer, an electron transport layer, etc., and simply arrange them separately by coating with the mask. Since other layers are common, patterning of the mask or the like is not necessary. In addition, for example, an electrode film can be formed by a vapor deposition method, a cast method, a spin coating method, an ink jet method, a printing method, or the like, and productivity is also improved.

  According to this method, unlike a white organic EL device in which light emitting elements of a plurality of colors are arranged in parallel in an array, the elements themselves are luminescent white.

  There is no restriction | limiting in particular as a luminescent material used for a light emitting layer, For example, if it is a backlight in a liquid crystal display element, the metal complex which concerns on this invention so that it may suit the wavelength range corresponding to CF (color filter) characteristic, Any one of known luminescent materials may be selected and combined to whiten.

<< One Embodiment of Lighting Device of the Present Invention >>
One aspect of the lighting device of the present invention that includes the organic EL element of the present invention will be described.

  The non-light emitting surface of the organic EL device of the present invention is covered with a glass case, a glass substrate having a thickness of 300 μm is used as a sealing substrate, and an epoxy-based photocurable adhesive (LUX TRACK manufactured by Toagosei Co., Ltd.) is used as a sealing material. LC0629B) is applied, and this is overlaid on the cathode and brought into close contact with the transparent support substrate, irradiated with UV light from the glass substrate side, cured and sealed, and as shown in FIG. 5 and FIG. Can be formed.

  FIG. 5 shows a schematic diagram of a lighting device, and the organic EL element 101 of the present invention is covered with a glass cover 102 (in the sealing operation with the glass cover, the organic EL element 101 is brought into contact with the atmosphere. And a glove box under a nitrogen atmosphere (in an atmosphere of high-purity nitrogen gas having a purity of 99.999% or more).

  FIG. 6 shows a cross-sectional view of the lighting device. In FIG. 6, 105 denotes a cathode, 106 denotes an organic EL layer, and 107 denotes a glass substrate with a transparent electrode.

  The glass cover 102 is filled with nitrogen gas 108 and a water catching agent 109 is provided.

  EXAMPLES Hereinafter, although an Example demonstrates this invention, this invention is not limited to these. The structures of the compounds used in the examples are shown below.

Example 1
A single charge device (electron only device: EOD): ITO / Ca / organic layer / Ca / Al was produced as follows.

<< Production of EOD1-1 >>
After patterning on a substrate (NH-Techno Glass NA-45) formed by depositing 100 nm of ITO (indium tin oxide) on a 100 mm × 100 mm × 1.1 mm glass substrate as an anode, this ITO transparent electrode was provided. The transparent support substrate was ultrasonically cleaned with isopropyl alcohol, dried with dry nitrogen gas, and subjected to UV ozone cleaning for 5 minutes.

The transparent support substrate provided with the ITO transparent electrode was attached to a vacuum deposition apparatus, and the vacuum chamber was depressurized to 4 × 10 −4 Pa. Ca was deposited to a thickness of 5 nm at a deposition rate of 0.2 Å / sec, and PH-1 was deposited to a thickness of 50 nm at a deposition rate of 1.0 Å / sec. .

  Finally, 5 nm of Ca as a cathode buffer layer and 110 nm of aluminum as a cathode were vapor-deposited to form a cathode, and EOD1-1 was produced.

<< Production of EOD1-2 to 1-16 >>
In the production of the single charge device EOD1-1, EOD1-2 to 1-16 were produced in the same manner except that the compound of the organic layer in Table 1 was used instead of PH-1.

<< Evaluation of EOD1-1 to 1-16 >>
Using the prepared EOD1-1 to 1-16, the stability of the compounds of the present invention against anion radicals was evaluated by the methods described below.

The applied voltage when a current of 20 mA / cm 2 was passed through each EOD for a certain period of time was measured, and the voltage fluctuation (increase) after a certain period of time was small compared to the comparison, and the stability against anion radicals was evaluated to be high. .

  The starting voltage is V0, 10 hours, the voltage after 50 hours is V10 and V50, V10-V0 is calculated as ΔV10, V50-V0 is calculated as ΔV50, and ΔV10 of the comparison EOD1-16 is set as 100 The relative values at the time are shown in Table 1.

  From Table 1, it is clear that all of the compounds represented by the general formula (1) according to the present invention have very high stability against anion radicals.

Example 2
<< Preparation of Organic EL Element 2-1 >>
After patterning on a substrate (NH-Techno Glass NA-45) formed by depositing 100 nm of ITO (indium tin oxide) on a 100 mm × 100 mm × 1.1 mm glass substrate as an anode, this ITO transparent electrode was provided. The transparent support substrate was ultrasonically cleaned with isopropyl alcohol, dried with dry nitrogen gas, and subjected to UV ozone cleaning for 5 minutes.

  On this transparent support substrate, a solution obtained by diluting poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) -polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT / PSS, Bayer, Baytron P Al 4083) to 70% with pure water at 3000 rpm for 30 seconds. Then, the film was formed by spin coating and then dried at 200 ° C. for 1 hour to provide a 30 nm-thick hole transport layer.

  On this hole transport layer, 20 mg of PH-1 is used as a host material, and a solution of 2 mg of PD-12 as a light emitting dopant in 2 ml of toluene is formed by spin coating at 1500 rpm for 30 seconds. And dried by heating at 120 ° C. for 1 hour to provide a light emitting layer having a thickness of 40 nm.

This was attached to a vacuum deposition apparatus, and the vacuum chamber was depressurized to 4 × 10 −4 Pa. Next, as an electron transport layer, OC-34 (bis (2-methyl-8-quinolate) -p-phenylphenolate aluminum complex; BAlq) was deposited to 30 nm, lithium fluoride 1 nm as a cathode buffer layer, and aluminum 110 nm as a cathode. Thus, a cathode was formed, and an organic EL element 2-1 was produced.

<< Production of Organic EL Elements 2-2 to 2-10 >>
In the production of the organic EL element 2-1, organic EL elements 2-2 to 2-10 were produced in the same manner except that the host material was changed to the compounds shown in Table 2.

<< Evaluation of Organic EL Elements 2-1 to 2-10 >>
When evaluating the obtained organic EL elements 2-1 to 2-10, the non-light-emitting surface of each organic EL element after production was covered with a glass case, and a glass substrate having a thickness of 300 μm was used as a sealing substrate. An epoxy-based photo-curing adhesive (Lux Track LC0629B manufactured by Toagosei Co., Ltd.) is applied as a sealing material in the periphery, and this is placed on the cathode to be in close contact with the transparent support substrate and irradiated with UV light from the glass substrate side. Then, it was cured and sealed, and an illumination device as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 was formed and evaluated.

<< External quantum efficiency >>
About the produced organic EL element, external extraction quantum efficiency (%) when 2.5 mA / cm 2 constant current was applied in a dry nitrogen gas atmosphere at 23 ° C. was measured. For the measurement, a spectral radiance meter CS-1000 (manufactured by Konica Minolta Sensing) was used.

<Luminescent life>
When driving at a constant current of 2.5 mA / cm 2 in a dry nitrogen gas atmosphere at 23 ° C., the time required for the luminance to drop to half of the luminance immediately after the start of light emission (initial luminance) was measured. Was used as an index of life as half-life time (τ0.5).

  For the measurement, a spectral radiance meter CS-1000 (manufactured by Konica Minolta Sensing) was used in the same manner. The results of the external extraction quantum efficiency and the light emission lifetime of the organic EL elements 2-1 to 2-10 were evaluated relative to the organic EL element 2-10 as 100.

  The obtained results are shown in Table 2.

  From Table 2, it can be seen that the emission lifetime is particularly improved by using the compound represented by the general formula (1) according to the present invention as the host material.

  Moreover, it has a correlation with the stability result with respect to the anion radical shown in Table 1 of Example 1, and it originates in the compound represented by General formula (1) which concerns on this invention having been stabilized with respect to the anion radical. The result is estimated.

  In addition, the quantum efficiency of external extraction was also improved, and it was found that this is an excellent host material applicable to blue phosphorescent light emitting materials.

Example 3
<< Production of Organic EL Element 3-1 >>
After patterning on a substrate (NH-Techno Glass NA-45) formed by depositing 100 nm of ITO (indium tin oxide) on a 100 mm × 100 mm × 1.1 mm glass substrate as an anode, this ITO transparent electrode was provided. The transparent support substrate was ultrasonically cleaned with isopropyl alcohol, dried with dry nitrogen gas, and subjected to UV ozone cleaning for 5 minutes.

  On this transparent support substrate, a solution obtained by diluting poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) -polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT / PSS, Bayer, Baytron P Al 4083) to 70% with pure water at 3000 rpm for 30 seconds. Then, the film was formed by spin coating and then dried at 200 ° C. for 1 hour to provide a 30 nm-thick hole transport layer.

  On this hole transport layer, 20 mg of PH-14 as a host material and a solution of 2 mg of PD-12 as a light emitting dopant in 2 ml of toluene are formed by spin coating under conditions of 1500 rpm and 30 seconds. And dried by heating at 120 ° C. for 1 hour to provide a light emitting layer having a thickness of 40 nm.

This was attached to a vacuum deposition apparatus, and the vacuum chamber was depressurized to 4 × 10 −4 Pa. Next, OC-16 was deposited as an electron transport layer at 30 nm, lithium fluoride 1 nm was deposited as a cathode buffer layer, and aluminum 110 nm was deposited as a cathode to form a cathode, and an organic EL device 3-1 was fabricated.

<< Production of Organic EL Elements 3-2 to 3-10 >>
In the production of the organic EL element 3-1, the organic EL elements 3-2 to 3-10 were produced in the same manner except that the host material and the luminescent dopant (phosphorescent material) were changed to the compounds shown in Table 3. did.

  Further, from molecular orbital calculation using Gaussian 03 (as a basis function, B3LYP / 6-31G * is used as the host compound, and B3LYP / LanL2DZ is used as the phosphorescent material), the host material and light emission used for the production of the organic EL element are used. The HOMO of the dopant (phosphorescent material) was calculated, and the difference in HOMO between the host material and phosphorescent material used for each element is shown in Table 3 as ΔHD.

<< Evaluation of Organic EL Elements 3-1 to 3-10 >>
The obtained organic EL elements 3-1 to 3-10 were measured for the light emission lifetime in the same manner as described in Example 2. The results were obtained by relative evaluation with the organic EL element 3-10 as 100.

  The obtained results are shown in Table 3.

  From Table 3, it is clear that the device of the present invention containing the compound represented by the general formula (1) according to the present invention exhibits excellent emission lifetime characteristics.

  Further, it was found that when ΔHD is about 0.5 (1.5 or less), a remarkable light emission lifetime characteristic is exhibited, and the effect of the present invention is maximized.

Example 4
A full-color display device was produced as follows.

<Production of full-color display device>
(Blue light emitting organic EL device)
The organic EL element 2-8 produced in Example 3 was used as a blue light-emitting organic EL element.

(Green light-emitting organic EL device)
In the production of the organic EL element 2-8 described in Example 3, a blue light-emitting organic EL element 2-8G was produced in the same manner except that PD-12 was changed to PD-1.

(Red light emitting organic EL device)
In the production of the organic EL element 2-8 of Example 3, red light emitting organic EL element 2-8R was produced in the same manner except that PD-12 was changed to PD-10.

  The red, green and blue light-emitting organic EL elements are juxtaposed on the same substrate to produce an active matrix type full-color display device having the form shown in FIG. 1, and FIG. 2 shows the display of the produced display device. Only the schematic diagram of part A is shown. That is, a wiring portion including a plurality of scanning lines 5 and data lines 6 on the same substrate, and a plurality of juxtaposed pixels 3 (light emission color is a red region pixel, a green region pixel, a blue region pixel, etc.) The scanning lines 5 and the plurality of data lines 6 in the wiring portion are each made of a conductive material, and the scanning lines 5 and the data lines 6 are orthogonal to each other in a lattice shape and are connected to the pixels 3 at the orthogonal positions ( Details are not shown). The plurality of pixels 3 are driven by an active matrix system provided with an organic EL element corresponding to each emission color, a switching transistor as an active element, and a driving transistor, and a scanning signal is applied from a scanning line 5. Then, an image data signal is received from the data line 6 and light is emitted according to the received image data. In this way, a full color display device was produced by appropriately juxtaposing the red, green, and blue pixels.

  It was confirmed that by driving the full-color display device, a full-color moving image display having a high light emission efficiency and a long light emission life can be obtained.

Example 5
<< Production of white light-emitting lighting device >>
In the production of the organic EL element 2-8 produced in Example 2, the white light-emitting organic EL element 2-8W was produced in the same manner except that PD-12 was changed to PD-1, PD-10, and PD-12. did.

  The obtained organic EL element 2-8W was covered with a glass case on the non-light-emitting surface in the same manner as in the above-described example to obtain a lighting device. The illuminating device could be used as a thin illuminating device that emits white light with high luminous efficiency and long emission life.

It is the schematic diagram which showed an example of the display apparatus comprised from an organic EL element. It is a schematic diagram of a display part. It is a schematic diagram of a pixel. It is a schematic diagram of a passive matrix type full-color display device. It is the schematic of an illuminating device. It is sectional drawing of an illuminating device.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Display 3 Pixel 5 Scan line 6 Data line 7 Power supply line 10 Organic EL element 11 Switching transistor 12 Drive transistor 13 Capacitor A Display part B Control part 107 Glass substrate with a transparent electrode 106 Organic EL layer 105 Cathode 102 Glass cover 108 Nitrogen gas 109 Water catcher

Claims (8)

  1. An organic electroluminescence device comprising at least one compound represented by the following general formula (1).
    Wherein, X is, - O -, - S-, or -Si (R2) (R3) - represents, R2 and R3 each represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent. E 1 to E 8 each represent —C (R 4) — or a nitrogen atom. R4 represents a hydrogen atom, a substituent, or a single bond with a compound selected from the group consisting of the following general formulas (2), (3) and (4). However, at least one of E 1 to E 8 is linked to a compound selected from the group consisting of the general formulas (2), (3) and (4). ]
    [Wherein, E 9 to E 13 each represent —C (R 5) — or a nitrogen atom. R5 represents a hydrogen atom or a single bond with the general formula (1). ]
    [Wherein, E 14 to E 23 each represent —C (R 6) — or a nitrogen atom. R6 represents a hydrogen atom or a single bond with the general formula (1). However, at least one of E 14 to E 23 represents a nitrogen atom. ]
    [Wherein, E 24 to E 31 each represent —C (R 7) — or a nitrogen atom. R7 to R9 each represent a hydrogen atom, a substituent, or a single bond with the general formula (1). Provided that at least one of E 24 ~ E 31 represents a nitrogen atom. ]
  2. 2. The organic electroluminescence device according to claim 1, wherein in the compound represented by the general formula (1 ), a band gap between a ground state and a triplet excited state is 2.7 eV or more.
  3. As a constituent layer, a light emitting layer containing at least a host compound and a phosphorescent compound, a hole transporting layer containing at least one hole transporting compound, and an electron transporting layer containing at least one electron transporting compound the a, organic electroluminescent device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that it contains a compound represented by the general formula (1) as a host compound.
  4. 4. The organic electroluminescence device according to claim 3 , wherein the HOMO energy difference between the phosphorescent compound and the host compound is 0.5 eV to 1.5 eV.
  5. The organic electroluminescence device according to claim 3 or 4, wherein the phosphorescent compound is characterized in that an iridium compound represented by the following general formula (6).
    [Wherein Q 1 represents a 5-membered or 6-membered aromatic hydrocarbon ring or aromatic heterocycle. Ar represents an aromatic hydrocarbon group or an aromatic heterocyclic group. k represents an integer of 2 or 3, and has m secondary ligands L so as to satisfy the valence of iridium. m represents 0 or 1; ]
  6. White organic electroluminescent element comprising the organic electroluminescent element of any one of claims 1-5.
  7. A display device comprising the organic electroluminescence element according to any one of claims 1 to 5 or the white organic electroluminescence element according to claim 6 .
  8. An illuminating device comprising the organic electroluminescent element according to any one of claims 1 to 5 or the white organic electroluminescent element according to claim 6 .
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