JP5162802B2 - Anti-counterfeiting patterns and securities using them - Google Patents

Anti-counterfeiting patterns and securities using them Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP5162802B2
JP5162802B2 JP2001014197A JP2001014197A JP5162802B2 JP 5162802 B2 JP5162802 B2 JP 5162802B2 JP 2001014197 A JP2001014197 A JP 2001014197A JP 2001014197 A JP2001014197 A JP 2001014197A JP 5162802 B2 JP5162802 B2 JP 5162802B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
latent image
pattern
image pattern
closed
arrangement
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
JP2001014197A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP2002211103A (en
Inventor
春彦 佐藤
嘉夫 余吾
稔 小川
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Toppan Inc
Original Assignee
Toppan Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Toppan Inc filed Critical Toppan Inc
Priority to JP2001014197A priority Critical patent/JP5162802B2/en
Publication of JP2002211103A publication Critical patent/JP2002211103A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP5162802B2 publication Critical patent/JP5162802B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Description

【0001】
【発明の属する技術分野】
本発明は、紙幣、株券、商品券、宝くじ等の有価証券に施されている偽造防止手段の1つである潜像パターンに関するものである。
【0002】
【従来の技術】
偽造防止手段として、ホロクラムを有価証券に貼り付けたり、紙に透かし模様を入れたり、視認する位置によって像が表示される潜像パターン、複写で再現できないマイクロ文字や細紋を印刷したり、蛍光インキ、赤外吸収インキ、UVインキ等を用いて印刷する等の各種の方法が複合的に施されている。
【0003】
この偽造防止手段の1つである潜像パターンは、図5に示すように、他の偽造防止手段とともに有価証券(10)の一部分に設けられている。この有価証券を真上方向から見ると、(11)部は単なる細紋の模様とでしか認識できないが、この部分に微細な凹凸形状で潜像パターンを形成しておくと、有価証券を傾けたり或いは視点方向を移動させると、凹凸による影が生じて潜像パターンが浮かび上がり、認識できるようになる。この部分が潜像パターン表示部(11)となっている。
【0004】
この凹凸形状を形成する手法としては様々な方法が用いられるが、中でも凹版印刷やスクリーン印刷によるインキの盛り、或いはエンボスプレス加工が一般的に採用されている。
【0005】
従来、このような潜像パターンは、図6に示すように潜像パターンとして「2」の文字を例にとって説明すると、潜像パターンを形成する領域内は横(水平)角度方向の線状に沿って微細な凹凸形状(12)にし、文字「2」パターンの領域外は縦(垂直)方向の線状に沿って微細な凹凸形状(13)に成形されている。
【0006】
このような構成の潜像パターンは、潜像パターンの全領域にわたって規則的な凹凸で形成されているために、通常の状態(潜像パターンが認識不可能と意図した状態、例えば、印刷物の垂直方向から眺めた場合など)においても、潜像が視認されてしまうことがある。
【0007】
【発明が解決しようとする課題】
本発明は以上のような問題点に着目してなされたもので、通常の状態では潜像パターンが容易に視認できないような潜像パターンであり、これによって、偽造、改竄等の不正行為防止の効果を更に高めることができる偽造防止パターンを提供することを課題としている。
【0008】
上記課題を解決するためになされた請求項1に記載の発明は、配列した群からなる凹凸パターンの集合で構成され、配置、形状、大きさがランダムな閉図形が複数形成され、潜像パターンを形成する領域内に存在する閉図形の凹凸パターンの線の配列方向と、潜像パターンを形成しない領域内に存在する、閉図形の凹凸パターンの線の配列方向とが異なることを特徴とする偽造防止パターンである。
【0011】
また、請求項2に記載の発明は、潜像パターンを形成する領域内に存在する閉図形を構成する凹凸パターンの線の配列方向と、潜像パターンを形成しない領域内に存在する閉図形を構成する凹凸パターンの線の配列方向との配列角度の差が約90°であることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の偽造防止パターンである。
【0012】
また、請求項3に記載の発明は、前記凹凸パターンの線のピッチは5〜20本/mm、凹凸の高低差は10〜100μmであることを特徴とする請求項1又は2に記載の偽造防止パターンである。
【0013】
また、請求項に記載の発明は、請求項1〜のいずれか1項に記載の偽造防止パターンを設けたことを特徴とする有価証券である。
【0014】
潜像パターンは、丸、矩形、楕円、星、或いは不定形の閉図形の集合によって潜像パターンを形成しており、閉図形の配置、形状、大きさもランダムで構わないので通常の状態では容易に視認できなくなる。
また、閉図形内に形成される凹凸の角度方向は、必ずしも同一である必要はなく、±10°の許容範囲がある。この許容範囲内であれば、同一方向から観測した場合、支障無く潜像パターンが視認できる。また、凹凸の角度方向を変えることで偽造、改竄の不正行為がより効果的に防止できる。
【0015】
また、潜像パターン内に形成する凹凸の角度方向と、潜像パターン以外の凹凸の角度方向は、潜像パターンが分離して視認される必要がある。このために、両者の角度に差を設ける必要がある。
この角度差として、潜像パターン外閉図形に形成された凹凸の角度は、潜像パターン内閉図形に形成された凹凸の最小角度方向より20°以上小さい、又は最大角度より20°以上大きくすることで、潜像パターンが分離されて視認できる。
好ましい両者の差は、一方が水平、他の一方が垂直、すなわち、90°である。
また、閉図形の大きさも同一であっても良いが、大きさを変えることで通常の状態で更に視認し難くなり好都合である。
【0016】
【発明の実施の形態】
以下、本発明の実施の形態について詳細に説明する。
【0017】
図1は、本発明の潜像パターンの1例を示す平面図である。
図1(a)に示すように、潜像パターンとして、「2」の数字を例にして説明すると、「2」の潜像パターン内閉図形(1)である円形に形成される凹凸の角度を垂直にし、潜像パターン外閉図形(2)であるの円形に形成される凹凸の角度を水平にしたものである。
これを、紙面に対して左右方向に徐々に傾けて眺めると、ある角度に達すると図1(b)に示すように、潜像パターンが鮮明に視認されるようになる。
【0018】
図2は、図1の潜像パターン内閉図形(1)である円形の構成を説明する図であり、(a)は平面図、(b)はX−X部の断面図を示す。すなわち、基材(4)に凹凸を設けたことで基材を傾けると影が生じ、濃く視認されるようになる。また、(c)は図1の潜像パターン外閉図形(2)である円形を構成を説明する図であり、(c)は平面図、(d)はY−Y部の断面図を示す。
このように、凹凸の角度方向を変えておくことで、傾けたり、観察する位置を変えることにより、一方が影を生じた時には、他方は影を生じなく、両者が分離されて視認されることになる。
【0019】
図3は、他の潜像パターンの例であり、潜像パターン内閉図形である円形の凹凸の角度方向を±10°範囲内で変化させ、潜像パターン外閉図形である円形の大きさ、凹凸の角度をそれそれ変化させたものである。
この例では、潜像パターン内閉図形である1Aの円形に形成された凹凸の角度を基準にして時計方向に+10°回転させたものが1B、−10°回転させたものが1Cである。また潜像パターン外閉図形である2Aの円形に形成された凹凸を基準にして時計方向に+20°回転させたものが2B、−20°回転させたものが2Cである。
【0020】
図4は、他の潜像パターンの例であり、閉図形の形状、大きさをを変化させたものである。図4(a)は閉図形の形状及び大きさを、図4(b)は閉図形の形状、大きさ、凹凸の角度方向をそれぞれ変化させたものである。
【0021】
上記の説明では、潜像パターン内閉図形に形成される凹凸の角度は垂直にし、潜像パターン外閉図形に形成される凹凸の角度方向は水平にしたが、これに限定されるものではないことは当然である。
【0022】
この潜像パターンを形成するには、先に記述したように、インキをインキ被膜が大きい凹版印刷方式、或いはスクリーン印刷方式でインキ被膜層によって凹凸形状を形成したり、金型に用いてプレス方式で紙等の有価証券基材に直接で凹凸形状を形成する通常の方法が用いられる。この凹凸形状のピッチは5〜20本/mm程度、凹凸の高低差は10〜100μm程度である。
【0023】
【発明の効果】
以上説明したように、潜像パターンは閉図形の集合で形成することで、通常の状態では潜像パターンが容易に視認できないようにすることができる。
また、凹凸の角度方向も必ずしも同一しなくてもよく、変化させることによって、偽造、改竄等の不正行為の効果を更に高めることが可能となる。
【図面の簡単な説明】
【図1】本発明の潜像パターンを説明する1例であり、(a)は潜像パターンの平面図、(b)は視認される潜像パターンが視認された状態を示す平面図である。
【図2】本発明の潜像パターンを形成する閉図形の構成を説明するものであり、
(a)は閉図形に形成される凹凸の角度方向が垂直であること示す閉図形の平面図、(b)は(a)のX−X部の断面図、(c)は閉図形に形成される凹凸の角度方向が水平であることを示す図形の平面図、(d)は(c)のY−Y部の断面図をそれぞれ示す。
【図3】本発明の他の潜像パターンを示す1例の平面図である。
【図4】本発明の他の潜像パターンを示す1例の平面図である。
【図5】潜像パターンを設けた有価証券の1例を示す平面図である。
【図6】従来の潜像パターンの1例を示す平面図である。
【符号の説明】
1…潜像パターン内閉図形
2…潜像パターン外閉図形
3…凹凸
4…基材
10…有価証券
11…潜像パターン表示部
12、13…凹凸
[0001]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a latent image pattern which is one of forgery preventing means applied to securities such as banknotes, stock certificates, gift certificates, and lotteries.
[0002]
[Prior art]
As anti-counterfeiting means, holoclam can be pasted on securities, watermarks can be placed on paper, latent image patterns can be displayed depending on the viewing position, micro characters and fine patterns that cannot be reproduced by copying, Various methods such as printing using ink, infrared absorbing ink, UV ink, and the like are applied in combination.
[0003]
As shown in FIG. 5, the latent image pattern, which is one of the forgery prevention means, is provided in a part of the securities (10) together with other forgery prevention means. Looking at this securities from directly above, the part (11) can only be recognized as a fine pattern, but if a latent image pattern is formed in this part with a fine uneven shape, the securities are tilted. Or moving the viewpoint direction, shadows due to unevenness occur, and the latent image pattern emerges and can be recognized. This portion is a latent image pattern display section (11).
[0004]
Various methods are used as a method for forming the uneven shape, and in particular, ink printing by intaglio printing or screen printing, or emboss press processing is generally employed.
[0005]
Conventionally, such a latent image pattern will be described by taking the character “2” as an example of the latent image pattern as shown in FIG. 6, and the region in which the latent image pattern is formed is linear in the horizontal (horizontal) angle direction. A fine uneven shape (12) is formed along the outside of the character “2” pattern, and a fine uneven shape (13) is formed along the vertical (vertical) line shape.
[0006]
Since the latent image pattern having such a configuration is formed with regular unevenness over the entire area of the latent image pattern, it is in a normal state (a state in which the latent image pattern is intended to be unrecognizable, for example, a vertical direction of a printed matter). The latent image may be visually recognized even when viewed from the direction.
[0007]
[Problems to be solved by the invention]
The present invention has been made paying attention to the above problems, and is a latent image pattern in which the latent image pattern cannot be easily visually recognized in a normal state, thereby preventing illegal acts such as forgery and tampering. It is an object to provide a forgery prevention pattern that can further enhance the effect.
[0008]
In order to solve the above-mentioned problem, the invention according to claim 1 is composed of a set of concave and convex patterns made up of arranged line groups , and a plurality of closed figures whose arrangement, shape, and size are random are formed, and a latent image is formed. The arrangement direction of the concavo-convex pattern line of the closed figure existing in the pattern forming area is different from the arrangement direction of the concavo-convex pattern line of the closed figure existing in the area not forming the latent image pattern. It is a forgery prevention pattern.
[0011]
According to the second aspect of the present invention, the arrangement direction of the concavo-convex pattern lines constituting the closed figure existing in the area where the latent image pattern is formed, and the closed figure existing in the area where the latent image pattern is not formed. The forgery-preventing pattern according to claim 1, wherein a difference in arrangement angle with the arrangement direction of the lines of the concavo-convex pattern constituting is about 90 °.
[0012]
The invention according to claim 3 is the forgery according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the line pitch of the uneven pattern is 5 to 20 lines / mm, and the height difference of the unevenness is 10 to 100 μm. It is a prevention pattern.
[0013]
The invention according to claim 4 is a securities characterized by providing the forgery prevention pattern according to any one of claims 1 to 3 .
[0014]
The latent image pattern is formed by a collection of circles, rectangles, ellipses, stars, or indeterminate closed figures, and the arrangement, shape, and size of the closed figures may be random, so it is easy in normal conditions. Will not be visible.
Further, the angular directions of the irregularities formed in the closed figure are not necessarily the same, and there is an allowable range of ± 10 °. Within this allowable range, the latent image pattern can be visually recognized without any trouble when observed from the same direction. Further, counterfeiting and tampering can be effectively prevented by changing the angular direction of the unevenness.
[0015]
In addition, the angular direction of the unevenness formed in the latent image pattern and the angular direction of the unevenness other than the latent image pattern must be visually recognized separately. For this reason, it is necessary to provide a difference between the two angles.
As this angle difference, the angle of the unevenness formed on the closed figure outside the latent image pattern is 20 ° or more smaller than the minimum angle direction of the unevenness formed on the closed figure inside the latent image pattern, or 20 ° or more larger than the maximum angle. Thus, the latent image pattern is separated and can be visually recognized.
The preferred difference between the two is that one is horizontal and the other is vertical, ie 90 °.
Further, the size of the closed figure may be the same, but changing the size is more convenient because it is more difficult to visually recognize in a normal state.
[0016]
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail.
[0017]
FIG. 1 is a plan view showing an example of a latent image pattern of the present invention.
As shown in FIG. 1A, when the number “2” is described as an example of the latent image pattern, the angle of the unevenness formed in a circle that is the closed figure (1) in the latent image pattern “2”. Is an angle of unevenness formed in a circle which is a closed figure (2) outside the latent image pattern.
When this is viewed by being gradually inclined in the left-right direction with respect to the paper surface, the latent image pattern is clearly visible as shown in FIG. 1B when a certain angle is reached.
[0018]
2A and 2B are diagrams for explaining a circular configuration that is the closed figure (1) in the latent image pattern of FIG. 1, in which FIG. 2A is a plan view, and FIG. 2B is a cross-sectional view of the XX section. That is, when the substrate is tilted by providing irregularities on the substrate (4), a shadow is generated and the image is viewed deeply. 2C is a diagram for explaining a configuration of a circle which is the latent image pattern outer closed figure (2) of FIG. 1, FIG. 3C is a plan view, and FIG. 4D is a cross-sectional view of a YY portion. .
In this way, by changing the angular direction of the unevenness, when one side produces a shadow by tilting or changing the observation position, the other does not produce a shadow and both are separated and visually recognized become.
[0019]
FIG. 3 shows another example of the latent image pattern. The angle of the circular unevenness, which is a closed figure in the latent image pattern, is changed within a range of ± 10 °, and the size of the circle, which is a closed figure outside the latent image pattern, is changed. The angle of the unevenness is changed accordingly.
In this example, 1B is rotated by + 10 ° clockwise with reference to the angle of the unevenness formed in a 1A circle, which is a closed figure in the latent image pattern, and 1C is rotated by −10 °. Further, 2B is obtained by rotating + 20 ° clockwise with reference to the irregularities formed in a circular shape of 2A that is a closed figure outside the latent image pattern, and 2C is rotated by −20 °.
[0020]
FIG. 4 is an example of another latent image pattern, in which the shape and size of a closed figure are changed. FIG. 4A shows the shape and size of the closed figure, and FIG. 4B shows the shape, size, and angular direction of the unevenness of the closed figure.
[0021]
In the above description, the angle of the unevenness formed on the closed figure inside the latent image pattern is vertical and the angle direction of the unevenness formed on the closed figure outside the latent image pattern is horizontal, but this is not restrictive. It is natural.
[0022]
In order to form this latent image pattern, as described above, the ink is formed in an intaglio printing method with a large ink film, or an uneven surface shape is formed by an ink film layer by a screen printing method, or a press method is used for a mold. In general, a usual method for forming a concavo-convex shape directly on a securities base material such as paper is used. The pitch of the concavo-convex shape is about 5 to 20 lines / mm, and the height difference of the concavo-convex shape is about 10 to 100 μm.
[0023]
【Effect of the invention】
As described above, the latent image pattern is formed by a set of closed figures, so that the latent image pattern cannot be easily visually recognized in a normal state.
Also, the angular directions of the irregularities do not necessarily have to be the same, and by changing them, it is possible to further enhance the effects of fraudulent acts such as forgery and tampering.
[Brief description of the drawings]
FIG. 1 is an example for explaining a latent image pattern of the present invention, (a) is a plan view of the latent image pattern, and (b) is a plan view showing a state in which a visible latent image pattern is visually recognized. .
FIG. 2 is a diagram for explaining the configuration of a closed figure that forms the latent image pattern of the present invention;
(A) is a plan view of a closed figure showing that the angle direction of the irregularities formed on the closed figure is vertical, (b) is a cross-sectional view of the section XX of (a), and (c) is formed on the closed figure. The top view of the figure which shows that the angular direction of the unevenness | corrugation formed is horizontal, (d) shows sectional drawing of the YY part of (c), respectively.
FIG. 3 is a plan view of an example showing another latent image pattern of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a plan view of an example showing another latent image pattern of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a plan view showing an example of securities provided with a latent image pattern.
FIG. 6 is a plan view showing an example of a conventional latent image pattern.
[Explanation of symbols]
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Latent image pattern inside closed figure 2 ... Latent image pattern outside closed figure 3 ... Unevenness 4 ... Base material 10 ... Securities 11 ... Latent image pattern display part 12, 13 ... Unevenness

Claims (4)

配列した群からなる凹凸パターンの集合で構成され、配置、形状、大きさがランダムな閉図形が複数形成され、潜像パターンを形成する領域内に存在する閉図形の凹凸パターンの線の配列方向と、潜像パターンを形成しない領域内に存在する、閉図形の凹凸パターンの線の配列方向とが異なることを特徴とする偽造防止パターン。Consists of a set of concavo-convex patterns consisting of arranged line groups, multiple closed figures with random arrangement, shape, and size are formed, and an array of concavo-convex pattern lines of closed figures that exist within the area that forms the latent image pattern An anti-counterfeiting pattern characterized in that the direction and the arrangement direction of the lines of the concave / convex pattern of the closed figure existing in a region where the latent image pattern is not formed are different. 潜像パターンを形成する領域内に存在する閉図形を構成する凹凸パターンの線の配列方向と、潜像パターンを形成しない領域内に存在する閉図形を構成する凹凸パターンの線の配列方向との配列角度の差が約90°であることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の偽造防止パターン。The arrangement direction of the lines of uneven patterns forming closed graphic existing in the region for forming the latent image pattern, the arrangement direction of the lines of uneven patterns forming closed graphic existing in a region not forming a latent pattern The forgery prevention pattern according to claim 1, wherein a difference in arrangement angle is about 90 °. 前記凹凸パターンの線のピッチは5〜20本/mm、凹凸の高低差は10〜100μmであることを特徴とする請求項1又は2に記載の偽造防止パターン。The forgery prevention pattern according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a line pitch of the uneven pattern is 5 to 20 lines / mm, and an uneven height difference is 10 to 100 µm. 請求項1〜3のいずれか1項に記載の偽造防止パターンを設けたことを特徴とする有価証券。  A security comprising the anti-counterfeiting pattern according to any one of claims 1 to 3.
JP2001014197A 2001-01-23 2001-01-23 Anti-counterfeiting patterns and securities using them Expired - Fee Related JP5162802B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001014197A JP5162802B2 (en) 2001-01-23 2001-01-23 Anti-counterfeiting patterns and securities using them

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001014197A JP5162802B2 (en) 2001-01-23 2001-01-23 Anti-counterfeiting patterns and securities using them

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2002211103A JP2002211103A (en) 2002-07-31
JP5162802B2 true JP5162802B2 (en) 2013-03-13

Family

ID=18880927

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2001014197A Expired - Fee Related JP5162802B2 (en) 2001-01-23 2001-01-23 Anti-counterfeiting patterns and securities using them

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP5162802B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4585859B2 (en) * 2002-09-17 2010-11-24 キヤノン株式会社 Ink set and image forming method

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA965125A (en) * 1972-07-06 1975-03-25 American Bank Note Company Latent image forming process, apparatus and product
JP2827786B2 (en) * 1993-02-15 1998-11-25 凸版印刷株式会社 Image forming body with anti-counterfeiting by copying
JP3718742B2 (en) * 1998-06-30 2005-11-24 独立行政法人 国立印刷局 Printing or display image creation method and image display body created by the creation method
JP4452794B2 (en) * 1999-11-02 2010-04-21 独立行政法人 国立印刷局 Intaglio printed matter having anti-counterfeit structure and discrimination method
JP2002154262A (en) * 2000-11-20 2002-05-28 Toppan Printing Co Ltd Valuable securities

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2002211103A (en) 2002-07-31

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4033059A (en) Documents of value including intaglio printed transitory images
US8100436B2 (en) Data support with an optically variable structure
US5479507A (en) Copy indicating security device
US5722693A (en) Embossed document protection methods and products
JP3909238B2 (en) Printed matter with micropattern
US8876167B2 (en) Anti-counterfeit printed matter
CN102712206A (en) Security device and method of manufacturing the same
JP2004148819A (en) Forgery preventive function using pattern of which cycle varies
JP2004276560A (en) Latent image displaying medium
CN101863193B (en) Printed anti-counterfeiting pattern, method for manufacturing same and anti-counterfeiting product with same
JP4039237B2 (en) Image forming body having latent image
NZ512806A (en) Security document with first embossing having smaller second embossing, with first embossing hiding and revealing second embossing at predetermined viewing angles
JP2007237416A (en) Image forming body
JP4418882B2 (en) Information carrier
JP5162802B2 (en) Anti-counterfeiting patterns and securities using them
JP4528933B2 (en) Formed body capable of discriminating authenticity
JP4452794B2 (en) Intaglio printed matter having anti-counterfeit structure and discrimination method
JP3931557B2 (en) Anti-counterfeiting patterns and securities using them
JP3686953B2 (en) Anti-counterfeit printed matter and its production method
JP2009083156A (en) Image forming body and method for preparing the same
JP2007196413A (en) Image forming body
JP4715020B2 (en) Securities with anti-counterfeiting / tampering measures and methods for making them
JP2003072219A (en) Image forme
JP2007196412A (en) Image forming body
JP2002254792A (en) Printed matter whose genuineness can be identified using fine slit image and method for identifying the same

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20080117

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20100817

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20101018

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20101130

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20110131

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20110301

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20110428

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20121120

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20121203

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20151228

Year of fee payment: 3

R150 Certificate of patent or registration of utility model

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150

LAPS Cancellation because of no payment of annual fees