JP5096108B2 - Liquid ejecting apparatus and image forming apparatus - Google Patents

Liquid ejecting apparatus and image forming apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
JP5096108B2
JP5096108B2 JP2007286293A JP2007286293A JP5096108B2 JP 5096108 B2 JP5096108 B2 JP 5096108B2 JP 2007286293 A JP2007286293 A JP 2007286293A JP 2007286293 A JP2007286293 A JP 2007286293A JP 5096108 B2 JP5096108 B2 JP 5096108B2
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Prior art keywords
liquid
blade
cleaning
head
ejection
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JP2008155623A (en
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敏郎 得能
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株式会社リコー
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/005Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by bringing liquid or particles selectively into contact with a printing material
    • B41J2/01Ink jet
    • B41J2/135Nozzles
    • B41J2/165Preventing or detecting of nozzle clogging, e.g. cleaning, capping or moistening for nozzles
    • B41J2/16585Preventing or detecting of nozzle clogging, e.g. cleaning, capping or moistening for nozzles for paper-width or non-reciprocating print heads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/005Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by bringing liquid or particles selectively into contact with a printing material
    • B41J2/01Ink jet
    • B41J2/135Nozzles
    • B41J2/165Preventing or detecting of nozzle clogging, e.g. cleaning, capping or moistening for nozzles
    • B41J2/16517Cleaning of print head nozzles
    • B41J2/16535Cleaning of print head nozzles using wiping constructions
    • B41J2/16538Cleaning of print head nozzles using wiping constructions with brushes or wiper blades perpendicular to the nozzle plate
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/005Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by bringing liquid or particles selectively into contact with a printing material
    • B41J2/01Ink jet
    • B41J2/135Nozzles
    • B41J2/165Preventing or detecting of nozzle clogging, e.g. cleaning, capping or moistening for nozzles
    • B41J2/16517Cleaning of print head nozzles
    • B41J2/16535Cleaning of print head nozzles using wiping constructions
    • B41J2/16541Means to remove deposits from wipers or scrapers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/005Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by bringing liquid or particles selectively into contact with a printing material
    • B41J2/01Ink jet
    • B41J2/135Nozzles
    • B41J2/165Preventing or detecting of nozzle clogging, e.g. cleaning, capping or moistening for nozzles
    • B41J2/16517Cleaning of print head nozzles
    • B41J2/16552Cleaning of print head nozzles using cleaning fluids

Description

  The present invention relates to a liquid ejection apparatus and an image forming apparatus.

  As an image forming apparatus such as a printer, a facsimile machine, a copying machine, or a multifunction machine of these, for example, a liquid (e.g., a liquid ejecting apparatus) including a recording head composed of a liquid ejecting head for ejecting liquid droplets of a recording liquid (liquid) is used. Hereinafter, although it is also referred to as “paper”, the material is not limited, and a recording medium as a liquid (hereinafter, referred to as “recording medium”, “recording medium”, “transfer material”, “recording paper” and the like is also used synonymously). Some of them perform image formation (recording, printing, printing, and printing are also used synonymously) by attaching the ink to the paper.

  The image forming apparatus means an apparatus for forming an image by discharging a liquid onto a medium such as paper, thread, fiber, fabric, leather, metal, plastic, glass, wood, ceramics, etc. The term “not only” means not only giving an image having a meaning such as a character or a figure to a medium but also giving an image having no meaning such as a pattern to the medium. Further, the liquid is not limited to the recording liquid and ink, and is not particularly limited as long as it is a liquid capable of forming an image. The “image forming apparatus” includes both a serial type image forming apparatus that forms an image while scanning by mounting a liquid discharge head on a carriage and a line type image forming apparatus that includes a line type liquid discharge head. A “liquid ejection device” is a device that ejects liquid droplets (droplets) from a liquid ejection head.

  In this way, in the liquid ejection device that ejects liquid droplets from the liquid ejection head, foreign matters such as thickened or dried ink, dust, and dust adhere to the nozzle outer surface of the head, causing clogging of the nozzle, A maintenance / recovery mechanism (device) for maintaining and recovering the reliability of the head is indispensable in order to prevent normal ejection from being performed due to the occurrence of an air damper phenomenon due to the generation of bubbles inside the nozzle. is there.

  This maintenance / recovery mechanism includes a cap (cap member) that seals the nozzle surface of the head (surface on which droplets are discharged). In addition, an operation of sucking ink filled in the head from the nozzle by a suction means such as a suction pump communicating with the cap (head suction or nozzle suction), or a wiper blade using an elastic member such as rubber A wiping operation on the head surface, an idle ejection operation (or also referred to as a preliminary ejection operation) for ejecting ink so as not to contribute to image formation, and ejecting thickened ink or mixed color ink in the nozzle hole and in the vicinity of the entrance. In combination, an operation of removing bubbles, thickened ink, attached dust, and the like in the liquid chamber and maintaining a state in which stable droplet discharge can be performed is performed.

As conventional maintenance and recovery devices, for example, Patent Documents 1 and 2 describe a device in which a wiper blade is provided on a belt member and the ejection port surface (nozzle surface) of the head is wiped by the circumferential movement of the belt member. .
JP 2002-079681 A JP 2001-205816 A

Patent Document 3 describes a configuration in which three wiper blades are provided, and the height of the central wiper blade is higher than that of other wiper blades. Patent Document 4 describes one provided with two wiper blades. Patent Document 5 describes a first wiping member for wiping off an ink ejection surface of a recording head and a second wiping member having a hardness higher than that of the first wiping member.
JP 2002-283581 A JP 2005-022193 A JP 09-290511 A

Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. H10-228667 describes a member provided with a member that presses against the nozzle portion of the recording head in the vicinity of the wiper blade.
JP 2004-330546 A

Patent Document 7 describes a platen member disposed on the back side of a belt member provided with a blade.
JP 2002-356026 A

  By the way, in an image forming apparatus including a liquid ejecting apparatus, a long head such as a line-type head in which nozzles are arranged side by side corresponding to the width of a sheet is being used in response to a demand for high speed.

  Therefore, when the long head is wiped (wiped) with a blade provided on the belt member as in the past, the belt member becomes long and is bent due to gravity, etc., and the nozzle surface is uniformly pressed. There is a problem that it is difficult to wipe.

  In this case, it is conceivable to provide a platen member on the back side of the belt member as described in Patent Document 7, but the belt member and platen member described in Patent Document 7 have the length of the line-type head (or When the blade attached to the belt member passes through the nozzle surface of the head and returns to the initial state, the recording liquid adhering to the blade is scattered.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and provides a liquid ejecting apparatus and an image forming apparatus that improve the wiping performance with respect to the ejection port surface of the long head and reduce the scattering of the recording liquid adhering to the blade. The purpose is to do.

In order to solve the above-described problem, a liquid ejection apparatus according to claim 1 of the present invention provides:
In a liquid discharge apparatus comprising: a liquid discharge head having a discharge port array in which a plurality of discharge ports are arranged side by side; and a maintenance recovery mechanism including a blade for wiping the discharge port surface on which the discharge port array of the liquid discharge head is formed ,
The maintenance and recovery mechanism carries the blade, and is disposed so as to be able to move around in the direction of the discharge port array of the liquid discharge head; and
A pressing unit that presses a portion of the belt member facing the liquid discharge head from the back side of the belt member, and maintains a substantially constant distance between the blade and the discharge port surface of the liquid discharge head;
The length that the pressing means keeps the interval substantially constant is not less than the length of the ejection port array and not more than the length of the liquid ejection head,
A means for varying the distance between the pressing means and the discharge port surface is provided.

According to the onset bright, thereby improving wiping property can wipe the discharge port surface with a uniform pressing force even in long head, blade recording liquid adhering when away from the nozzle surface of the head Spattering can be reduced.

Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings. First, a first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. 1 and FIG. 1 is a schematic explanatory view of a head maintenance / recovery mechanism of the liquid ejection apparatus according to the embodiment, and FIG. 2 is a schematic side sectional explanatory view of the same.
The liquid discharge apparatus includes a line-type liquid discharge head 1 and a unitized maintenance recovery unit 2 that maintains and recovers the reliability of the liquid discharge head 1.

  As shown in FIG. 3, the head 1 has a nozzle surface (discharge port surface) 13 on which a nozzle row (discharge port row) 12 in which nozzles (discharge ports) 11 for discharging a plurality of liquid droplets are arranged side by side is formed. Have. The length of the nozzle row 12 is approximately the length corresponding to the width of the paper.

  The maintenance / recovery unit 2 includes two blades (wiper blades) 22 and 23 for wiping the nozzle surface 13 of the liquid ejection head 1 and the nozzle surface 13 of the liquid ejection head 1 in the housing 21 of the unit. A cap member 24 for capping is provided.

  The two wiper blades 22 and 23 are respectively carried on an endless belt member 25. The belt member 25 is wound around the driving roller 26 and the driven roller 27, and rotates around the driving roller 26 by the driving motor 28 in the direction indicated by the arrow.

  On the back side of the belt member 25, the belt member 25 is pressed by lifting the portion of the belt member 25 facing the head 1 to the head 1 side from the tangent line between the driving roller 26 and the driven roller 27, and the blade 22, A pressing member 29 is provided as a pressing means for keeping the distance between the head 23 and the nozzle surface 13 of the head 1 substantially constant.

  The length L1 of the pressing member 29, that is, the length L1 that keeps the distance between the blades 22 and 23 and the nozzle surface 13 of the head 1 substantially constant is equal to or longer than the length L2 of the nozzle row 12 of the head 1, and The length of the head 1 is not more than L3 (L2 ≦ L1 ≦ L3).

  Further, the housing 21 of the maintenance / recovery unit 2 has inclined surfaces 21a, 21b and 21c, 21d formed on the inner bottom surface, and a discharge port for discharging the discharged recording liquid to a waste liquid tank (not shown) or the like at the bottom. 30 is formed. By forming the inclined surface at the bottom of the housing 21 and providing the discharge port 30, the recording liquid 4 removed by wiping or the like can be efficiently discharged from the maintenance / recovery unit 2.

The wiping operation of the maintenance / recovery operation by the maintenance / recovery unit 2 configured as described above will be described.
When wiping the nozzle surface 13 of the head 1, the drive motor 28 is driven to rotate the belt member 25, so that the blades 22 and 23 move and come into contact with the nozzle surface 13 of the head 1. The blades 22 and 23 wipe the nozzle surface 13 with the movement.

  At this time, since the back surface of the belt member 25 is lifted by the pressing member 29 at the portion facing the nozzle surface 13 of the head 1 and the flatness is maintained, the distance between the blades 22 and 23 and the nozzle surface 13 of the head 1 is maintained. Is held substantially constant, and the blades 22 and 23 come into contact (sliding contact) with the substantially uniform pressing force in the longitudinal direction of the nozzle surface 13, so that the nozzle surface 13 can be appropriately wiped. become.

  When the blades 22 and 23 are separated from the nozzle surface 13, the length L <b> 1 at which the pressing member 29 keeps the distance between the blades 22 and 23 and the nozzle surface 13 of the head 1 substantially constant is the nozzle row 12 of the head 1. Therefore, the portion 25a of the belt member 25 extends from the end of the pressing member 29 to the driving roller 26, as shown in FIG. The blades 22 and 23 gradually move away from the nozzle surface 13 of the head 1 before reaching the end surface of the head 1 after leaving the region of the nozzle row 12 (nozzle row region).

  Accordingly, as shown in FIG. 1, when the blades 22 and 23 bent by being pressed against the nozzle surface 13 of the head 1 return to the original state, the blades 22 and 23 gradually return to the original state. Therefore, the wiping recording liquid adhering to the blades 22 and 23 is reduced from being scattered around.

  As described above, the maintenance and recovery mechanism carries the blade and is disposed so as to be able to move around in the direction of the discharge port array of the liquid discharge head, and the portion of the belt member that faces the liquid discharge head is a belt member. A pressure unit that presses from the back side and holds the interval between the blade and the discharge port surface of the liquid discharge head substantially constant, and the length that the press unit holds the interval substantially constant is the length of the discharge port array. Therefore, even with a long head, the discharge port surface can be wiped with a uniform pressing force, and as a result, the entire discharge port surface is cleaned. Thus, the wiping property is improved, the image omission due to non-ejection can be prevented, and the recording liquid adhering when the blade is separated from the nozzle surface of the head can be reduced.

Next, a second embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 5 is a schematic explanatory diagram of the head maintenance / recovery mechanism of the liquid ejection apparatus according to the embodiment.
Here, the pressing member 29 and the nozzle surface 13 are moved manually or automatically by a pressing means lifting / lowering means (not shown) from a position shown by a solid line to a broken line position continuously or stepwise. The distance can be varied. Thereby, for example, the position of the pressing member 29 is changed in accordance with the change in the state of the nozzle 11 of the head 1 due to temperature change or deterioration with time, and the pressing force against the nozzle surface 13 by the blades 22 and 23 is set appropriately. be able to.

  As described above, the pressing means is provided so as to be displaceable so that the distance from the nozzle surface is substantially constant over the entire surface of the discharge port, so that the blade is slid with an optimal pressing force according to a change in the state of the discharge port. For example, when the edge of the blade is worn compared to when the blade is new, the position of the pressing means is changed so that the distance from the discharge port is reduced, so that the pressing during wiping is performed. Appropriate wiping performance can be maintained by increasing the pressure.

Next, a third embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 6 is a schematic explanatory view for explaining a pressing member lifting mechanism in the head maintenance / recovery mechanism of the liquid ejection apparatus according to the embodiment, and FIG. 7 is a schematic side view of FIG.
Here, in the said 2nd Embodiment, the press member raising / lowering mechanism 41 which raises / lowers (up-down-moves) the press member 29 is provided. The elevating mechanism 41 moves the pressing member 41 up and down by rotating the cam 42 facing the pressing member 29 via a driving force transmission means including gears 44 and 45 by a driving motor 43. In addition, it is not restricted to this, It can also be set as the structure which rotates the cam 42 with a solenoid and a link member.

  The operation of this embodiment will be described with reference to the flowchart shown in FIG. 8. When the wiping operation of the nozzle surface 13 of the head 1 is started, the belt member 25 is rotated and the blades 22 and 23 perform the first wiping ( The pressing member 29 is then lifted by the elevating mechanism 41, the distance between the pressing member 29 and the nozzle surface 13 is shortened (the pressing force of the blades 22 and 23 is increased), and the belt member 25 is again formed. Is rotated and the blades 22 and 23 perform the second wiping (wiping).

  That is, since it is necessary to remove a large amount of the recording liquid adhering to the ejection port surface when wiping in the ejection port array direction, wiping was performed twice, and the first wiping mainly adhered to the ejection port surface. The purpose is to remove a large amount of recording liquid, and the second wiping aims to normalize the recording liquid meniscus at the discharge port. ) Can be set.

Next, a fourth embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. FIG. 9 is a schematic explanatory view of the head maintenance / recovery mechanism of the liquid ejection apparatus according to the embodiment, and FIG.
Here, there are two blades 22A, 23A, the height of the blade 22A that wipes the nozzle surface 13 first is higher than the height of the blade 23A that wipes the nozzle surface 13 later, The blade 23A to be wiped has a height that does not contact a region where the nozzle row 12 of the head 1 does not exist (region outside the nozzle row region).

  With this configuration, the blade 22A that wipes the nozzle surface 13 first wipes a large amount of the recording liquid adhering to the nozzle surface 13 while the blade 23A wipes the nozzle surface 13 later to the nozzle 12. An appropriate meniscus is formed, or the remaining recording liquid that has not been removed by wiping with the blade 22A is wiped off. In particular, when the recording liquid has a high viscosity (5 mPa / m or more), in the first wiping, most of the recording liquid can be removed by increasing the height of the blade 22A and strongly rubbing against the nozzle surface 13.

Next, a fifth embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 11 is a schematic explanatory view of the head maintenance / recovery mechanism of the liquid ejection apparatus according to the embodiment, and FIG. 12 is a schematic side view of FIG.
Here, there are two blades 22B and 23B, and as shown in FIG. 12A, the width of the blade 22B that wipes the nozzle surface 13 first is equal to or larger than the width of the nozzle surface 13, and FIG. ), The width of the blade 23B that wipes the nozzle surface 13 later is narrower than the width of the nozzle surface 13. Here, the width of the blade 23B that wipes the nozzle surface 13 later is the width of the nozzle 12 on the nozzle surface 13. The width is the minimum necessary for covering.

  By configuring in this way, the blade 22B that wipes the nozzle surface 13 first wipes a large amount of the recording liquid adhering to the nozzle surface 13 while the blade 23B wipes the nozzle surface 13 later to the nozzle 12. An appropriate meniscus can be formed, and substantially two wiping operations can be performed by one round movement of the belt member, thereby shortening the time for the wiping operation.

Next, a different example of the sixth embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 13 is a schematic explanatory view of the head maintenance / recovery mechanism of the liquid ejection apparatus according to the embodiment.
Here, two blades 22C and 23C are provided. In the first example, the pressing force of the blade 23C that wipes the nozzle surface 13 later on the nozzle surface 13 is set higher than the pressing force of the blade 22C that wipes the nozzle surface 13 first.

  In the second example, the thickness of the blade 22C that wipes the nozzle surface 13 first is formed thinner than the thickness of the blade 23C that wipes the nozzle surface 13 later.

  Furthermore, in the third example, the hardness of the blade 23C that wipes the nozzle surface 13 later is set lower than the hardness of the blade 22C that wipes the nozzle surface 13 first.

  With such a configuration, the nozzles 12 are later wiped off by the blade 23B that wipes the nozzle surface 13 while wiping off a large amount of the recording liquid adhering to the nozzle surface 13 with the blade 22B that wipes the nozzle surface 13 first. Thus, a suitable meniscus can be formed, and substantially two wiping operations can be performed by one round movement of the belt member, thereby shortening the time for the wiping operation.

Next, a seventh embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 14 is a schematic explanatory diagram of a head maintenance / recovery mechanism of the liquid ejection apparatus according to the embodiment.
Here, the recording liquid adhering to the blade 22 is absorbed and removed on the drive roller 26 side of the inclined surface 21a of the housing 21, that is, in the vicinity of the blade 22 that has wiped the nozzle surface 13 started to face the inclined surface 21a. A cleaning member 51 is provided as a cleaning means including, for example, an absorbing member for cleaning. When the wiping operation is finished, the belt member 25 is stopped in a state where the blade 22 is in contact with the cleaning means 51.

  Thus, at the end of the wiping operation, the recording liquid adheres to the blade by wiping the discharge port surface. However, since the recording liquid stops in contact with the cleaning member, the recording liquid adhering to the blade is removed by the cleaning means. In the next wiping operation, the nozzle surface can be wiped with a clean blade, and the discharge port surface can be continuously cleaned.

Next, an eighth embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 15 is a schematic explanatory view of the head maintenance / recovery mechanism of the liquid ejection apparatus according to the embodiment.
Here, the recording liquid adhering to the blade 22 is dissolved or the like on the drive roller 26 side of the inclined surface 21a of the housing 21, that is, in the vicinity of the blade 22 that wipes the nozzle surface 13 starts to face the inclined surface 21a. A cleaning liquid storage portion 53 that stores a cleaning liquid 52 as cleaning means for removing and cleaning is provided. When the wiping operation is finished, the belt member 25 is stopped in a state where the blade 22 is immersed in the cleaning liquid 51 (a state where the blade 22 is in contact with the cleaning means). By making the cleaning liquid 52 replaceable, the blade 22 can be continuously cleaned.

  Thus, at the end of the wiping operation, the recording liquid adheres to the blade by wiping the discharge port surface, but since the recording liquid stops in contact with the cleaning liquid, the recording liquid adhering to the blade is removed by the cleaning means, In the next wiping operation, the nozzle surface can be wiped with a clean blade, and the discharge port surface can be continuously cleaned.

Next, a ninth embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 16 is a schematic explanatory view of a head maintenance / recovery mechanism of the liquid ejection apparatus according to the embodiment, and FIG. 17 is a schematic side sectional explanatory view of the same.
Here, a cleaning member 61 that contacts the inclined surface 21 a of the housing 21 and moves toward the discharge port 30 is disposed. This cleaning member 61 is attached to an endless belt member 62. The belt member 62 includes a driving roller 63 and a driven roller 64 that are coaxial with the driving roller 26 and the driven roller 27 and driven by the same driving motor 28, and guide rollers 65 and 66 that guide the belt member 62 along the inclined surface 21a. Between the belt member 34 and the belt member 34 to move around. By using the same drive source for the belt member 24 and the belt member 61, the configuration can be simplified and the apparatus can be downsized.

  With this configuration, the recording liquid 4 removed by wiping or the like after completion of the wiping operation or the like can be pushed out by the cleaning member 61 toward the discharge port 30 on the inclined surface 21a. Can be discharged.

Next, a tenth embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 18 is a schematic explanatory view of a main part of the liquid ejection apparatus according to the embodiment.
Here, a plurality of heads 1k, 1c, 1m, and 1y that discharge droplets of different colors and maintenance / recovery units 2k, 2c, 2m, and 2y corresponding to the heads 1k, 1c, 1m, and 1y are provided. . In this configuration, during the wiping operation, as shown in FIG. 18A, the nozzle surfaces 13 of the heads 1k, 1c, 1m, and 1y face the belt members 25 of the maintenance and recovery units 2k, 2c, 2m, and 2y, respectively. Thus, the nozzle surface 13 is wiped by the blades 22 and 23 by the circumferential movement of the belt member 25.

  During standby, as shown in FIG. 18 (b), the heads 1k, 1c, 1m, 1y and the maintenance / recovery units 2k, 2c, 2m, 2y move relatively, and the heads 1k, 1c, The 1 m and 1 y nozzle surfaces 13 are capped by the cap members 3 of the maintenance / recovery units 2k, 2c, 2m, and 2y, respectively.

  Further, during printing, as shown in FIG. 18 (c), the heads 1k, 1c, 1m, 1y and the maintenance / recovery units 2k, 2c, 2m, 2y move relatively, and the heads 1k, 1c, 1m, Each nozzle surface 13 of 1y descends to a position facing the sheet 5 to be conveyed, and droplets are ejected from the nozzles 11 at a predetermined timing to form an image on the sheet 5 conveyed in the direction of the arrow.

Next, another example of the image forming apparatus including the liquid ejection apparatus according to the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 24 is a schematic configuration diagram of the image forming apparatus.
This image forming apparatus is a line type image forming apparatus provided with a full line type head. The image forming apparatus includes an image forming unit 402 and a transport mechanism 403 for transporting paper inside the apparatus main body 401. A paper feed tray 404 capable of stacking a large number of paper sheets 405 is provided. The paper 405 fed from the paper feed tray 404 is taken in, and a required image is displayed by the image forming unit 402 while the paper 405 is transported by the transport mechanism 403. After recording, the paper 405 is discharged onto a paper discharge tray 406 mounted on the other side of the apparatus main body 401.

  The image forming unit 402 is a line type constituted by a liquid discharge head that has a liquid tank that contains a liquid serving as a recording liquid, and has nozzle rows corresponding to the length of the paper in the width direction (direction perpendicular to the transport direction). Heads 411y, 411m, 411c, and 411k are provided. These line-type heads 411y, 411m, 411c, and 411k are attached to a head holder (not shown) and arranged so as to be movable up and down.

  The line-type heads 411y, 411m, 411c, and 411k eject droplets of each color in the order of, for example, yellow, magenta, cyan, and black from the upstream side in the paper conveyance direction. As the line-type head, a single head in which a plurality of nozzle rows that discharge droplets of each color are arranged at a predetermined interval can be used, or a head and a liquid cartridge can be used separately. .

  Further, corresponding to the line type heads 411y, 411m, 411c, 411k, the above-described maintenance / recovery units 412y, 412m, 412c, 412k according to the present invention are provided. These maintenance / recovery units 412y, 412m, 412c, and 412k are arranged so as to be movable in the paper transport direction, and in the same manner as described in the tenth embodiment, the line-type heads are used according to wiping, capping, and printing. 411y, 411m, 411c, and 411k are moved to a wiping position, a capping position, and a retreat position during printing.

  The sheets 405 in the sheet feeding tray 404 are separated one by one by a sheet feeding roller 421, fed into the apparatus main body 401, and sent to the transport mechanism 403 by a sheet supply roller 422.

  The conveyance mechanism 403 is configured such that a conveyance belt 425 stretched between a driving roller 423 and a driven roller 424, a charging roller 426 for charging the conveyance belt 425, and the conveyance belt 425 face the image forming unit 2. A recording liquid wiping member (here, a cleaning roller) composed of a guide member (plastic template) 427 for guiding part and a porous body as a cleaning means for removing the recording liquid (ink) attached to the conveying belt 425 428 and a sheet pressing roller 429 that presses the sheet 405 toward the conveying belt 425 side.

  Further, on the downstream side of the transport mechanism 403, a paper discharge roller 431 for sending the paper 405 on which an image is recorded to the paper discharge tray 406 is provided.

  In the line type image forming apparatus configured as described above, by feeding the paper 405 by charging the conveyance belt 425, the paper 405 is attracted to the conveyance belt 425 by electrostatic force and conveyed by the circular movement of the conveyance belt 425. An image is formed by the image forming unit 402 and discharged to a discharge tray 406.

  In such a line type image forming apparatus, by providing the liquid ejection apparatus according to the present invention, a high quality image can be stably formed at a high speed.

Next, an eleventh embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 20 is a schematic cross-sectional explanatory view of the vicinity of the cleaning liquid storage portion 53 in the head maintenance / recovery mechanism of the liquid ejection apparatus according to the embodiment, and FIG. 21 is a schematic plan explanatory view of the same.
In the present embodiment, in the eighth embodiment described with reference to FIG. 15, at least one of the cleaning blade 100 and the cleaning blade 102 (102a and 102b) for cleaning the blade 22 in the cleaning liquid storage portion 53, only 102a in FIG. (Shown) is provided. The height of the tip of the blade 100c (see FIG. 22) of the cleaning blade 100 and the cleaning blade 102 is lower than the height of the liquid surface of the cleaning liquid 52, and the cleaning blades 100 and 102 are arranged so as to be immersed in the cleaning liquid 52. Yes. For example, there is a gap g between the cleaning blade 100 and the liquid level. Further, the height of the blade 100 c of the cleaning blade 100 is arranged higher than the height of the blade of the cleaning blade 102.

  Here, the cleaning blade 100 contacts the side surface 22b of the blade 22 shown in FIG. 23 and removes the recording liquid adhering to the side surface 22b of the blade 22. Further, the cleaning blade 102 removes the recording liquid adhering to the vicinity of the top surface (including the inclined surface) 22a of the tip of the blade 22 shown in FIG.

  Further, the cleaning liquid container 53 has a downstream end in the moving direction of the belt member 25 of the cleaning liquid container 53 and an upstream end in the moving direction of the belt member 25 of the cleaning liquid container 53 in order to generate a flow of the cleaning liquid in the cleaning liquid container. The tubes 104 are connected to the tanks 106, and the tubes 104 are connected to the tanks 106. On-off valves 105 a and 105 b are interposed between the tubes 106. A pump 108 is provided between the tank 106 and the downstream end of the cleaning liquid container 53 in the moving direction of the belt member 25, and in a direction opposite to the moving direction (arrow A direction) of the belt member 25 (arrow B direction). Supply cleaning solution. The tank 106 includes a filter 112 and a waste liquid reservoir 114. The filter is disposed such that the lower end is inclined toward the downstream side in the flow direction, and the recording liquid contained in the cleaning liquid discharged from the cleaning liquid storage unit 53 contacts the filter 112 and is guided toward the waste liquid reservoir 114. The recording liquid adhering to the cleaning blades 100 and 102 and the blade 22 is peeled off from the cleaning blades 100 and 102 and the blade 22 by the flow of the cleaning liquid generated by the pump 108 and flows to the tank 106. Further, the tank 106 (which may include the tube 104) can be removed while the on-off valves 105a and 105b are closed, whereby replacement and filtering can be performed when the waste liquid reservoir 114 becomes full. 112 can be easily exchanged.

  At this time, since the flow direction of the cleaning liquid by the pump 108 and the movement direction of the blade 22 by the rotation of the belt member 25 are opposite to each other, the blade 22 moves against the flow of the cleaning liquid. Thus, the deposits on the blade 22 can be efficiently removed.

  The cleaning blade 102 may be provided downstream of the cleaning blade 100 in the cleaning liquid flow direction like the cleaning blade 102a, or may be provided upstream of the cleaning blade 100 in the cleaning liquid flow direction like the cleaning blade 102b. It may be provided. When the cleaning blade 102b on the upstream side in the cleaning liquid flow direction is provided with respect to the cleaning blade 100, after the cleaning blade 100 is separated from the blade 22 in the blade 22 whose side surface is cleaned by the cleaning blade 100, the cleaning blade 102b. Thus, the recording liquid remaining at the tip of the blade 22 can be removed. On the other hand, when the cleaning blade 102 is provided downstream of the cleaning blade 100 in the flow direction of the cleaning liquid, the recording liquid attached to the tip of the blade 22 is first removed by the cleaning blade 102a, and then the side surface of the blade 22 is removed by the cleaning blade 100. to clean up.

Here, the details of the cleaning blades 100 and 102 will be described with reference to FIG. 22A is a perspective explanatory view of the cleaning blade, FIG. 22B is also a front explanatory view, FIG. 22C is a side explanatory view, and FIG. 22D is an explanatory view seen from the lower side showing another example. ) Is an explanatory view seen from the lower side showing still another example.
The cleaning blades 100 and 102 have a blade portion 100 a having a blade edge 100 c that contacts the blade 22 and peels off the recording liquid attached to the blade 22, and a fixing portion 100 b that fixes the blade portion 100 a to the bottom of the cleaning liquid storage portion 53. . The fixed portion 100b is formed to be smaller in width than the blade portion 100a so as not to hinder the flow of the cleaning liquid. The fixing portion 100b is preferably formed in a streamlined shape as shown in FIG. 22 (d) so as not to hinder the flow of the cleaning liquid, and has a sharp upstream end in the cleaning liquid supply direction as shown in FIG. 22 (e). It may be formed. Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 22C, the tip of the blade edge 100c of the blade portion is formed obliquely upward with respect to the blade 22, and the recording liquid peeled off from the blade 22 is guided downward from the blade edge 100c. Therefore, it is difficult to flow upward above the blade edge 100c. Further, the blade portion 100a is formed thinner in the height direction than the fixed portion 100b so as not to disturb the flow of the cleaning liquid.

  As described above, the recording liquid adhering to the blade 22 is removed from the blade 22 by the cleaning blades 100 and 102, and the removed recording liquid is flowed to the tank 108 by the pump 108, and the waste liquid reservoir in the tank 108 is collected. To be precipitated. Also, the recording liquid adhering to the cleaning blades 100 and 102 is caused to flow into the tank 108 by the pump 108 and is deposited in the waste liquid reservoir of the tank 108. For this reason, the recording liquid removed from the blade 22 in the cleaning liquid container 53 is flowed to the tank 108, so that the blade 22 can be cleaned with clean cleaning blades 100 and 102 to which no recording liquid is attached. Therefore, the recording liquid adhering to the blade 22 can be reliably removed.

  In the above embodiments, the printer configuration has been described as the image forming apparatus according to the present invention. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and can be applied to an image forming apparatus such as a printer / fax / copier multifunction machine. Further, the present invention can also be applied to an image forming apparatus that uses a recording liquid or a fixing processing liquid that is a liquid other than ink, and other liquid discharge apparatuses that discharge liquid droplets.

FIG. 3 is a schematic explanatory diagram of a head maintenance / recovery mechanism of the liquid ejection apparatus according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a schematic side sectional view of FIG. 1. It is a plane explanatory view explaining an example of the head of the liquid ejection device. It is a principal part expansion schematic explanatory drawing similarly used for description of the wiping operation | movement by a maintenance recovery unit. FIG. 6 is a schematic explanatory diagram of a head maintenance / recovery mechanism of a liquid ejection apparatus according to a second embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 10 is a schematic explanatory diagram for explaining a pressing member elevating mechanism in a head maintenance / recovery mechanism of a liquid ejection apparatus according to a third embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 7 is a schematic side view of FIG. 6. It is a flowchart with which it uses for description of the wiping operation | movement by a maintenance recovery unit similarly. It is a typical explanatory view of the head maintenance recovery mechanism of the liquid discharge device concerning a 4th embodiment of the present invention. It is a principal part expansion schematic explanatory drawing similarly used for description of the wiping operation | movement by a maintenance recovery unit. FIG. 10 is a schematic explanatory diagram of a head maintenance / recovery mechanism of a liquid ejection apparatus according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 12 is a schematic side view of FIG. 11. It is a typical explanatory view of the head maintenance recovery mechanism of the liquid ejection device concerning a 6th embodiment of the present invention. It is a typical explanatory view of the head maintenance recovery mechanism of the liquid discharge device concerning a 7th embodiment of the present invention. It is a typical explanatory view of the head maintenance recovery mechanism of the liquid ejection device concerning an 8th embodiment of the present invention. It is a typical explanatory view of the head maintenance recovery mechanism of the liquid ejection device concerning a 9th embodiment of the present invention. It is a typical side cross-sectional explanatory drawing similarly. It is a typical explanatory view of a liquid ejection device concerning a 10th embodiment of the present invention. 1 is a schematic configuration diagram illustrating an example of an image forming apparatus including a liquid ejection apparatus according to the present invention. It is typical sectional explanatory drawing of the washing | cleaning liquid accommodating part vicinity among the head maintenance recovery mechanisms of the liquid discharge apparatus which concerns on 11th Embodiment of this invention. It is a schematic plane explanatory drawing similarly. (A) is a perspective explanatory view for explaining the details of the cleaning blade, (b) is also a front explanatory view, (c) is also a side explanatory view, (d) is an explanatory view seen from the bottom showing another example, (E) is explanatory drawing seen from the lower side which shows another example. It is an enlarged explanatory drawing similarly used for description of the cleaning location of the blade by the cleaning blade.

Explanation of symbols

1, 1k, 1c, 1m, 1y ... Liquid discharge head (recording head)
2, 2k, 2c, 2m, 2y ... maintenance / recovery unit 3 ... cap member 4 ... wiped recording liquid 5 ... paper 11 ... nozzle (discharge port)
12 ... Nozzle row (discharge port row)
13 ... Nozzle surface (discharge port surface)
21 ... Housing 22, 23, 22A, 23A, 22B, 23B, 22C, 23C ... Blade (wiper blade)
25 ... belt member 29 ... pressing member 51 ... cleaning member 52 ... cleaning liquid 100, 102 ... cleaning blades 411k, 411c, 411m, 411y ... recording head 412k, 412c, 412m, 412y ... maintenance / recovery unit

Claims (18)

  1. In a liquid discharge apparatus comprising: a liquid discharge head having a discharge port array in which a plurality of discharge ports are arranged side by side; and a maintenance recovery mechanism including a blade for wiping the discharge port surface on which the discharge port array of the liquid discharge head is formed ,
    The maintenance and recovery mechanism carries the blade, and is disposed so as to be able to move around in the direction of the discharge port array of the liquid discharge head; and
    A pressing unit that presses a portion of the belt member facing the liquid discharge head from the back side of the belt member, and maintains a substantially constant distance between the blade and the discharge port surface of the liquid discharge head;
    The length that the pressing means keeps the interval substantially constant is not less than the length of the ejection port array and not more than the length of the liquid ejection head,
    A liquid ejecting apparatus comprising means for varying the distance between the pressing means and the ejection port surface.
  2. 2. The liquid ejection apparatus according to claim 1 , wherein the discharge means is wiped at least twice with the blade and the urging means and the ejection face when the second wiping is performed rather than the first wiping. 3. A liquid ejecting apparatus characterized by shortening the distance between the first and second liquids.
  3. 2. The liquid ejection apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the blade has at least two blades, and the width of the blade that wipes the ejection port surface first is equal to or greater than the width of the ejection port surface of the liquid ejection head. A liquid ejection apparatus, wherein a width of a blade for wiping the ejection port surface is narrower than a width of an ejection port surface of the liquid ejection head.
  4. In a liquid discharge apparatus comprising: a liquid discharge head having a discharge port array in which a plurality of discharge ports are arranged side by side; and a maintenance recovery mechanism including a blade for wiping the discharge port surface on which the discharge port array of the liquid discharge head is formed ,
    The maintenance and recovery mechanism carries the blade, and is disposed so as to be able to move around in the direction of the discharge port array of the liquid discharge head; and
    A pressing unit that presses a portion of the belt member facing the liquid discharge head from the back side of the belt member, and maintains a substantially constant distance between the blade and the discharge port surface of the liquid discharge head;
    The length that the pressing means keeps the interval substantially constant is not less than the length of the ejection port array and not more than the length of the liquid ejection head,
    Having at least two blades,
    The height of the blade that wipes the discharge port surface first is higher than the height of the blade that wipes the discharge port surface later, and the blade that wipes the discharge port surface later is the discharge port array of the liquid discharge head A liquid ejecting apparatus, wherein the liquid ejecting apparatus does not come into contact with a region where no liquid exists.
  5. 5. The liquid ejection device according to claim 3 , wherein a pressing force against the ejection port surface of the blade that wipes the ejection port surface later is a pressing force against the ejection port surface of the blade that wipes the ejection port surface first. 6. A liquid discharge apparatus characterized by being higher than the above.
  6. 6. The liquid ejection apparatus according to claim 3 , wherein a thickness of a blade that wipes the ejection port surface first is thinner than a thickness of a blade that wipes the ejection port surface later. A liquid ejection device.
  7. 7. The liquid ejection device according to claim 3 , wherein a hardness of a blade that wipes the ejection port surface later is lower than a hardness of a blade that wipes the ejection port surface first. 8. Liquid ejecting device.
  8. 8. The liquid ejecting apparatus according to claim 1 , further comprising a cleaning unit that removes liquid adhering to the blade, and the blade is stopped in a state of being in contact with the cleaning unit. Liquid ejecting device.
  9. 9. The liquid ejection apparatus according to claim 8 , wherein the cleaning means is a cleaning liquid, and is stopped in a state where at least a tip portion of the blade is immersed in the cleaning liquid.
  10. The liquid discharge apparatus according to claim 9 , wherein the cleaning liquid is replaceable.
  11. In a liquid discharge apparatus comprising: a liquid discharge head having a discharge port array in which a plurality of discharge ports are arranged side by side; and a maintenance recovery mechanism including a blade for wiping the discharge port surface on which the discharge port array of the liquid discharge head is formed ,
    The maintenance and recovery mechanism carries the blade, and is disposed so as to be able to move around in the direction of the discharge port array of the liquid discharge head; and
    A pressing unit that presses a portion of the belt member facing the liquid discharge head from the back side of the belt member, and maintains a substantially constant distance between the blade and the discharge port surface of the liquid discharge head;
    The length that the pressing means keeps the interval substantially constant is not less than the length of the ejection port array and not more than the length of the liquid ejection head,
    The maintenance and recovery mechanism is unitized as a maintenance and recovery unit including a cap member for capping the discharge port surface of the liquid discharge head,
    The maintenance / recovery unit housing has an inclined bottom and a discharge opening provided at the bottom of the bottom.
    A cleaning member for cleaning the bottom surface of the housing of the maintenance and recovery unit;
    This cleaning member is provided on a belt member arranged so as to be able to move around, and is moved toward the discharge port.
  12. 12. The liquid ejecting apparatus according to claim 11 , wherein the belt member provided with the blade and the belt member provided with the cleaning member are driven around by the same drive source.
  13. A liquid ejecting apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 12, a liquid ejecting apparatus wherein the liquid ejection head is a line type liquid ejecting head.
  14. 14. The liquid discharge apparatus according to claim 13 , comprising a plurality of line type liquid discharge heads, and the maintenance recovery mechanism for each line type liquid discharge head.
  15. The liquid ejection apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 7 , further comprising a cleaning unit that removes the liquid adhering to the blade.
    The cleaning means includes
    A cleaning solution for cleaning the blade;
    A cleaning liquid storage section for storing the cleaning liquid;
    A liquid ejecting apparatus comprising: a cleaning blade that contacts the blade and removes the liquid adhering to the blade when the blade is moved by the belt member in contact with the cleaning liquid.
  16. The liquid ejection device according to claim 15 , wherein a pump that generates a flow of cleaning liquid in a direction opposite to a moving direction of the blade in the cleaning liquid storage unit;
    A tank that is contained in the cleaning liquid discharged from the cleaning liquid storage unit and that is attached to the blade and removed by a filter and stored in a waste liquid reservoir;
    A liquid ejecting apparatus comprising: a tube that is connected so as to circulate the cleaning liquid from the cleaning liquid storage section, through the tank, and from the pump to the cleaning liquid storage section.
  17. The liquid ejection device according to claim 15 or 16 , wherein the height of the tip of the blade of the cleaning blade is lower than the height of the liquid surface of the cleaning liquid, and the entire cleaning blade is soaked in the cleaning liquid, The cleaning blade has a cleaning blade that contacts the side surface of the blade and removes the recording liquid adhering to the side surface of the blade, and a cleaning blade that removes the recording liquid adhering to the vicinity of the top surface of the tip of the blade. A liquid ejection apparatus characterized by the above.
  18. From the liquid ejection head ejects liquid droplets in an image forming apparatus for forming an image on a recording medium, the image forming apparatus characterized by comprising a liquid ejecting apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 17.
JP2007286293A 2006-11-27 2007-11-02 Liquid ejecting apparatus and image forming apparatus Active JP5096108B2 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

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JP2006318106 2006-11-27
JP2006318106 2006-11-27
JP2007286293A JP5096108B2 (en) 2006-11-27 2007-11-02 Liquid ejecting apparatus and image forming apparatus

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JP2007286293A JP5096108B2 (en) 2006-11-27 2007-11-02 Liquid ejecting apparatus and image forming apparatus
US11/944,785 US7824004B2 (en) 2006-11-27 2007-11-26 Liquid discharging device and image forming apparatus

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US20080278538A1 (en) 2008-11-13
JP2008155623A (en) 2008-07-10

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