JP4811348B2 - Drum washing machine - Google Patents

Drum washing machine Download PDF

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JP4811348B2
JP4811348B2 JP2007138592A JP2007138592A JP4811348B2 JP 4811348 B2 JP4811348 B2 JP 4811348B2 JP 2007138592 A JP2007138592 A JP 2007138592A JP 2007138592 A JP2007138592 A JP 2007138592A JP 4811348 B2 JP4811348 B2 JP 4811348B2
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washing
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laundry
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JP2008289680A (en
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亜美 柴山
裕幸 藤井
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パナソニック株式会社
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本発明は、水平方向または略傾斜方向に回転中心軸を有する回転ドラム内で、洗い、すすぎ、脱水の各行程を実行するドラム式洗濯機に関するものである。   The present invention relates to a drum type washing machine that performs washing, rinsing, and dewatering processes in a rotating drum having a rotation center axis in a horizontal direction or a substantially inclined direction.
従来、この種のドラム式洗濯機は、衣類の洗浄効果を高める為、あるいは衣類に付着した細菌類を死滅させる為、洗濯水を加熱手段により高温にする機能が付加されているのが一般的である(例えば、特許文献1参照)。   Conventionally, this type of drum-type washing machine is generally provided with a function of increasing the temperature of the washing water by heating means in order to enhance the washing effect of the clothes or to kill bacteria attached to the clothes. (For example, see Patent Document 1).
図7は、特許文献1に記載された従来のドラム式洗濯機を示すものである。以下、その構成について説明する。   FIG. 7 shows a conventional drum-type washing machine described in Patent Document 1. In FIG. Hereinafter, the configuration will be described.
図7に示すように、回転ドラム1は、外周部に多数の通水孔2を全面に設け、外槽3内に回転自在に配設している。回転ドラム1の回転中心に回転軸4の一端を略水平方向に固定し、回転軸4の他端に従動プーリ5を固定している。第1のモータ6は、回転ドラム1を第6の所定回転速度N6(例えば、53r/min)で回転させて、洗濯またはすすぎをするものであり、第2のモータ7は、回転ドラム1を第7の所定回転速度N7(例えば、1000r/min)で高速回転させて脱水するものである。   As shown in FIG. 7, the rotating drum 1 is provided with a large number of water passage holes 2 on the entire outer peripheral portion and is rotatably disposed in the outer tub 3. One end of the rotary shaft 4 is fixed in a substantially horizontal direction at the rotation center of the rotary drum 1, and a driven pulley 5 is fixed on the other end of the rotary shaft 4. The first motor 6 rotates or rotates the rotary drum 1 at a sixth predetermined rotational speed N6 (for example, 53 r / min), and the second motor 7 rotates the rotary drum 1. The dehydration is performed by rotating at a high speed at a seventh predetermined rotation speed N7 (for example, 1000 r / min).
これら第1のモータ6および第2のモータ7は、それぞれベルト8、9を介して従動プーリ5に連結している。前記従動プーリ5は、2種の減速比を有しており、第1のモータ6をベルト8を介して減速比が大きい従動プーリ5aと連結し回転ドラムの低速回転を、第2のモータ7をベルト9を介して減速比が小さい従動プーリ5bと連結し回転ドラム1の高速回転をさせるためのものである。   The first motor 6 and the second motor 7 are connected to the driven pulley 5 via belts 8 and 9, respectively. The driven pulley 5 has two types of reduction ratios, and the first motor 6 is connected to a driven pulley 5a having a large reduction ratio via a belt 8 to rotate the rotary drum at a low speed, thereby allowing the second motor 7 to rotate. Is connected to a driven pulley 5b having a small reduction ratio via a belt 9 to rotate the rotating drum 1 at a high speed.
外槽3は、断面が回転軸4を中心とした略真円形状の外槽本体3aと外槽本体3aの開口部を覆う略円状の外槽前板3bとで構成して回転ドラム1を外包し、回転ドラム1と外槽3は、回転軸4と直行する方向の形状を回転軸4を中心として略同心円となるように構成し、底部側にヒータ(加熱手段)14を収容する略凹状の加熱体収容室15を設けている。   The outer tub 3 includes a substantially circular outer tub main body 3a whose section is centered on the rotation shaft 4 and a substantially circular outer tub front plate 3b covering the opening of the outer tub main body 3a. The rotating drum 1 and the outer tub 3 are configured so that the shape perpendicular to the rotating shaft 4 is substantially concentric with the rotating shaft 4 as the center, and a heater (heating means) 14 is accommodated on the bottom side. A substantially concave heating body accommodating chamber 15 is provided.
この外槽3は、外箱10の上方よりばね体11で揺動可能に吊り下げ、防振ダンパー12により脱水起動時の振動が低減され、かつ定常脱水時の振動が外箱10に伝達されないように防振支持するとともに、脱水時の振動を低減する重り13を設けている。さらに外槽3底部には排水用のホース16の一端を接続し、ホース16の他端を排水ポンプ17に接続して外槽3内の洗濯水を排水するようにしている。上記ヒータ14の下方近傍には、温度検知装置18と温度過昇防止装置19を、外槽本体3aの底部に固定している。   The outer tub 3 is suspended so as to be swingable by a spring body 11 from above the outer box 10, the vibration at the time of dehydration activation is reduced by the vibration isolation damper 12, and the vibration at the time of steady dehydration is not transmitted to the outer box 10. In this way, a weight 13 is provided to prevent vibration and reduce vibration during dehydration. Further, one end of a drainage hose 16 is connected to the bottom of the outer tub 3, and the other end of the hose 16 is connected to a drainage pump 17 to drain the washing water in the outer tub 3. Near the lower portion of the heater 14, a temperature detection device 18 and an overtemperature prevention device 19 are fixed to the bottom of the outer tub body 3a.
略筒状のパッキング部材20は、ゴム等の可撓性材料で構成され回転ドラム1の前面開口部に対応する外槽3の開口部とボデー前面開口部との間を水密的に連結するもので、外槽側端部を外槽前板3bに固着している。ボデー前面開口部に蓋21を開閉自在に設けている。給水弁22は外槽3内に水を給水するものである。   The substantially cylindrical packing member 20 is made of a flexible material such as rubber and connects the opening of the outer tub 3 corresponding to the front opening of the rotating drum 1 and the front opening of the body in a watertight manner. Thus, the outer tank side end is fixed to the outer tank front plate 3b. A lid 21 is provided at the opening on the front of the body so as to be freely opened and closed. The water supply valve 22 supplies water into the outer tub 3.
制御装置23は、第1のモータ6、第2のモータ7、ヒータ14、排水ポンプ17、給水弁22などの電装部材の動作を制御し、洗濯、すすぎ、脱水などの一連の行程を逐次制御する制御手段および入力手段、表示手段などで構成されている。   The control device 23 controls the operation of electrical components such as the first motor 6, the second motor 7, the heater 14, the drainage pump 17, and the water supply valve 22, and sequentially controls a series of processes such as washing, rinsing, and dehydration. Control means, input means, display means and the like.
上記構成において動作を説明すると、蓋21を開いて回転ドラム1内に洗濯物を投入し、電源スイッチ(図示せず)をオンした後、制御装置23に設けたスタートスイッチ(図示せず)を操作して運転を開始すると、給水弁22が動作して給水し、水位検知手段(図示せず)により所定の水位を検知すると給水を停止し、第1のモータ6を駆動する。洗濯行程では、洗濯物に水が吸水されるため不足分を補給水しながら、回転ドラム1は第1のモータ6によって第1の回転数N1で低速回転駆動され、回転ドラム1内の洗濯物は持ち上げられて水面上に落下されるいわゆるたたき洗いを行う。   To explain the operation in the above configuration, the lid 21 is opened, the laundry is put into the rotary drum 1, the power switch (not shown) is turned on, and then the start switch (not shown) provided in the control device 23 is turned on. When the operation is started by operating, the water supply valve 22 operates to supply water, and when a predetermined water level is detected by a water level detection means (not shown), the water supply is stopped and the first motor 6 is driven. In the washing process, since water is absorbed into the laundry, the rotating drum 1 is driven to rotate at a low speed by the first motor 6 at the first rotational speed N1 while supplying the deficient water, and the laundry in the rotating drum 1 is recovered. Do soups that are lifted and dropped onto the water surface.
そのとき、ヒータ14に通電して、温度検知装置18により温度を検知しつつ、外槽3内の洗濯水の温度を制御しながら、外槽内の洗濯水を加熱し、洗濯水や洗剤の活性化により洗浄効果を高める構成である。   At that time, the heater 14 is energized, the temperature is detected by the temperature detector 18, the temperature of the washing water in the outer tub 3 is controlled, the washing water in the outer tub is heated, and the washing water and detergent It is the structure which improves the cleaning effect by activation.
洗濯行程が終了すると、排水ポンプ17が動作して外槽3内の洗濯水を排水する。すすぎ行程においても洗濯行程と同様の動作を行う。   When the washing process ends, the drain pump 17 operates to drain the washing water in the outer tub 3. In the rinsing process, the same operation as in the washing process is performed.
脱水行程では、回転ドラム1は第2のモータ7によって第2の回転数N2で高速回転駆動され、洗濯物は遠心脱水される。このとき、回転ドラム1内の洗濯物の片寄り、すなわちアンバランスが生じると、回転ドラム1、外槽3などの揺動体は振動するが、脱水起動時は防振ダンパー12により揺動体の振動を減衰し、定常脱水時は防振ダンパー12の防振機構により外箱10に伝達されることはない。
特開平10−263285号公報
In the dehydration process, the rotary drum 1 is driven to rotate at a high speed at the second rotation speed N2 by the second motor 7, and the laundry is dehydrated by centrifugation. At this time, when the laundry in the rotating drum 1 is shifted, that is, when an imbalance occurs, the swinging bodies such as the rotating drum 1 and the outer tub 3 vibrate. At the time of steady dehydration, the vibration is not transmitted to the outer box 10 by the vibration isolation mechanism of the vibration isolation damper 12.
Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 10-263285
しかしながら、このような従来のヒータ(加熱手段)を有するドラム式洗濯機においては、ヒータ(加熱手段)の制御と回転ドラムの制御を連動させていないために、洗濯水の分子運動と洗剤の活性化を無駄にしているという課題があった。また、洗濯水の加熱時間が長いことから、長時間高い温度でたたき洗いを行う洗濯するために、高い温度とたたき洗いの衝撃力との複合作用によって、洗濯物に傷みやしわが生じるという課題があった。さらに、長時間高い温度でたたき洗いを行うことは、消費電力即ちエネルギーを無駄に費やすという課題があった。   However, in the drum type washing machine having such a conventional heater (heating means), since the control of the heater (heating means) and the control of the rotating drum are not linked, the molecular motion of the washing water and the activity of the detergent There was a problem that waste was made. In addition, because the washing water is heated for a long time, there is a problem that the laundry is damaged and wrinkled due to the combined action of the high temperature and the impact force of the tapping wash in order to wash for a long time. was there. Furthermore, it has been a problem to waste power consumption, that is, energy, to perform washing at a high temperature for a long time.
本発明は、上記従来の課題を解決するもので、加熱された洗濯水の分子運動と洗剤の活性化を最も有効に活用し、また洗濯物に傷みやしわが生じることを抑制しながらも、無駄な消費電力を抑えつつ、一定以上の洗浄力を常に確保する洗濯を行う省エネルギー型のドラム式洗濯機を提供することを目的とする。   The present invention solves the above-described conventional problems, most effectively utilizing the molecular motion of heated washing water and activation of detergent, and while suppressing the occurrence of damage and wrinkles in the laundry, An object of the present invention is to provide an energy-saving drum-type washing machine that performs washing that always secures a detergency exceeding a certain level while suppressing wasteful power consumption.
本発明は上記目的を達成するために、洗い、すすぎ、脱水等の行程や加熱手段及び温度検知手段等を制御する制御手段は、洗い行程において前記加熱手段をONして温度検知手段が、第1の所定温度を検知するまでの間、回転ドラムの回転によって上方に持ち上げられた洗濯物が、その自重が勝る高さ位置から落下する撹拌動作を行う第1の所定回転速度で回転ドラムを回転させるようにした温水撹拌洗い行程と、前記温度検知手段が第1の所定温度を検知すると前記加熱手段をOFFし、前記温度検知手段が前記第1の所定温度より低い第2の所定温度を検知するまでの間は、洗濯物に与えられる撹拌力を前記第1の所定回転速度より小さい撹拌力が与えられるように、回転ドラムを第2の所定回転数で回転制御した温度調整行程と、前記温度調整工程後に第2の所定温度検知後に加熱手段のON開始から再び第1の所定温度を検知するまでの間において、前記の温水攪拌洗い工程と同回転数の第1の所定回転速度で回転ドラムを回転させるようにした保温撹拌洗い行程とを、洗濯行程中反復実行可能としたものである。   In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a control means for controlling the steps of washing, rinsing, dehydration, etc., the heating means and the temperature detecting means, etc. Until the predetermined temperature of 1 is detected, the laundry that is lifted upward by the rotation of the rotating drum rotates the rotating drum at a first predetermined rotating speed that performs a stirring operation in which the laundry falls from a height position where its own weight is superior. When the temperature detecting means detects the first predetermined temperature, the heating means is turned off, and the temperature detecting means detects a second predetermined temperature lower than the first predetermined temperature. In the meantime, the temperature adjustment process in which the rotating drum is rotationally controlled at the second predetermined rotation speed so that the stirring force applied to the laundry is less than the first predetermined rotation speed, After the second predetermined temperature is detected after the temperature adjustment step, the heating means rotates at the first predetermined rotational speed at the same rotational speed as in the warm water agitation washing step from when the heating means is turned on until the first predetermined temperature is detected again. The warming stirring and washing process in which the drum is rotated can be repeatedly executed during the washing process.
これによって、洗濯水を加熱しているときには、洗濯水の分子運動と洗剤の活性化を高め、また、洗濯水を加熱していないときには、洗濯物に与えられる撹拌力を弱めることで、洗濯水の分子運動と洗剤の活性化を最も有効に活用しながらも、洗濯物に傷みやしわが生じるのを抑制するとともに、一定以上の洗浄力を常に確保する洗濯を実行し、かつ、無駄な消費電力を抑える事ができる。   Thus, when washing water is heated, the molecular motion of the washing water and activation of the detergent are increased, and when the washing water is not heated, the stirring force applied to the laundry is weakened. The most effective use of molecular movement and detergent activation, while preventing damage and wrinkles in the laundry, and always washing more than a certain amount of washing and wasteful consumption Power can be reduced.
本発明のドラム式洗濯機は、温水洗濯による洗濯物の傷みやしわの発生を抑え、エネルギーの消費を抑制することができる。   The drum type washing machine of the present invention can suppress the generation of damage and wrinkles of the laundry due to hot water washing, and can suppress energy consumption.
第1の発明は、略水平方向または略傾斜方向に回転中心軸を有し胴部に多数の通水孔を有する回転ドラムと、洗濯機本体に弾性的に支持され前記回転ドラムを内包する水受け槽と、前記回転ドラムを回転駆動する駆動手段と、前記水受け槽内に給水する給水手段と、前記水受け槽内の洗濯水を加熱する加熱手段と、前記水受け槽内の水の温度を検知する温度検知手段と、前記温度検知手段からの情報を入力し前記駆動手段、給水手段および加熱手段等を制御して洗い、すすぎ、脱水等の行程を逐次制御する制御手段とを備え、前記制御手段は、洗い行程において、前記加熱手段をONし、前記温度検知手段が、前記加熱手段のON開始から第1の所定温度を検知するまでの間において、前記回転ドラムの回転によって上方に持ち上げられた洗濯物が、その自重が勝る高さ位置から落下する撹拌動作を行う第1の所定回転速度で前記回転ドラムを回転させる温水撹拌洗い行程と、前記温度検知手段が第1の所定温度を検知すると前記加熱手段をOFFし、前記第1の所定温度より低い第2の所定温度を検知するまでの間の温度調整行程と、前記温度検知手段が前記第2の所定温度を検知すると前記加熱手段を再度ONし、前記加熱手段のON開始から前記第1の所定温度を検知するまでの間において、前記第1の所定回転速度で前記回転ドラムを回転させるようにした保温撹拌洗い行程とを実行可能とし、前記温度調整行程においては、洗濯物に、前記温水撹拌洗い行程および保温撹拌洗い行程において、洗濯物に与えられる撹拌力より小さい撹拌力が与えられるように前記回転ドラムを回転制御し、前記温度調整行程および保温攪拌行程を洗い行程の時限中反復させたことにより、洗濯水を加熱しつつ、洗濯物に所定の撹拌力を与えることで、前記回転ドラム内の洗濯水の温度をムラなく均一に保ちつつ、洗濯水の分子運動と洗剤の活性化をもっとも有効に利用することができ、また、洗濯水を加熱していないときには、洗濯物に与えられる撹拌力を弱めることで、高い温度とたたき洗いの衝撃力の複合作用により発生する洗濯物の傷みやしわを抑制しながらも、一定以上の洗浄力を常に確保する洗濯を実行することができ、また無駄な消費電力を抑えるので省エネルギーにもなる。   According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a rotating drum having a rotation center axis in a substantially horizontal direction or a substantially inclined direction and having a large number of water passage holes in a body portion, and water that is elastically supported by a washing machine body and contains the rotating drum. A receiving tub, a driving means for rotationally driving the rotating drum, a water supplying means for supplying water into the water receiving tub, a heating means for heating washing water in the water receiving tub, and water in the water receiving tub Temperature detection means for detecting temperature; and control means for inputting information from the temperature detection means and controlling the driving means, the water supply means, the heating means, and the like so as to sequentially control processes such as washing, rinsing and dehydration. The control means turns on the heating means in the washing step, and the temperature detecting means moves upward by the rotation of the rotating drum during a period from when the heating means is turned on until the first predetermined temperature is detected. Lifted to wash When the temperature detecting means detects the first predetermined temperature, the hot water stirring and washing step of rotating the rotating drum at a first predetermined rotating speed for performing the stirring operation in which the object falls from a height position where the weight of the object falls. The heating means is turned OFF, and the temperature adjustment process until the second predetermined temperature lower than the first predetermined temperature is detected. When the temperature detecting means detects the second predetermined temperature, the heating means is turned on again. ON, and a heating and stirring and washing process in which the rotating drum is rotated at the first predetermined rotation speed from when the heating means is turned on until the first predetermined temperature is detected can be executed. In the temperature adjustment step, the rotary dryer is provided so that the laundry is given a stirring force smaller than the stirring force applied to the laundry in the warm water stirring washing step and the heat retaining stirring washing step. The temperature adjustment process and the heat-retaining stirring process are repeated during the time period of the washing process, so that a predetermined stirring force is applied to the laundry while heating the washing water. While maintaining the water temperature uniformly, the molecular motion of the washing water and the activation of the detergent can be utilized most effectively. Also, when the washing water is not heated, the stirring force applied to the laundry is increased. By weakening, it is possible to carry out washing that always secures a certain level of washing power while preventing the damage and wrinkles of the laundry caused by the combined action of high temperature and the impact force of tapping. It also saves energy by reducing power consumption.
第2の発明は、上記第1の発明のドラム式洗濯機において、制御手段は、温度調整行程においては、第1の所定回転速度より低く前記洗濯物が前記第1の回転速度で回転しているときより低い高さ位置から落下する第2の所定回転速度で前記回転ドラムを回転させる第1の弱撹拌動作を実行するように制御したことにより、弱い撹拌力で洗濯物の位置を入れ替えると共に、加熱された洗濯水を洗濯物にまんべんなく浸透させることができるので、洗濯物の傷みやしわを抑制するとともに、洗浄力を高め、洗いムラを少なくすることができるものである。   According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the drum-type washing machine according to the first aspect of the invention, in the temperature adjustment process, the control means causes the laundry to rotate at the first rotational speed that is lower than the first predetermined rotational speed. The position of the laundry is changed with a weak stirring force by controlling to execute the first weak stirring operation of rotating the rotating drum at a second predetermined rotational speed falling from a lower height position when Since the heated washing water can be uniformly permeated into the laundry, it is possible to suppress damage and wrinkles of the laundry, increase the cleaning power, and reduce washing unevenness.
第3の発明は、上記第1の発明のドラム式洗濯機において、制御手段は、回転ドラムを所定の正転、休止、反転、休止をそれぞれ所定の時限にて繰り返し駆動するように制御し、温度調整行程においては、温水撹拌洗い行程に対して、前記正転反転の時間を短縮するか、または、前記休止時間を延長するか、の少なくともいずれか一方で調整される第2の弱撹拌動作を実行するように制御したことにより、弱い撹拌力で洗濯物の位置を入れ替えることができると共に、加熱された洗濯水を洗濯物にまんべんなく浸透させることができるので、洗濯物の傷みやしわを抑制するとともに、洗浄力を高め、洗いムラを少なくすることができるものである。   According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the drum-type washing machine according to the first aspect of the present invention, the control means controls the rotary drum so as to repeatedly drive a predetermined forward rotation, pause, inversion, and pause at predetermined times, In the temperature adjustment process, the second weak stirring operation is adjusted to at least one of shortening the forward inversion time or extending the pause time with respect to the warm water stirring and washing process. Since the position of the laundry can be changed with a weak agitation force and the heated washing water can be evenly permeated into the laundry, the damage and wrinkles of the laundry are suppressed. In addition, the cleaning power can be increased and washing unevenness can be reduced.
以下、本発明の実施の形態について、図面を参照しながら説明する。なお、この実施の形態によって本発明が限定されるものではない。   Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. Note that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments.
(実施の形態1)
図1は、本発明の第1の実施の形態におけるドラム式洗濯機の縦断面図、図2は、同ドラム式洗濯機の一部ブロック化した制御回路図、図3は、同ドラム式洗濯機の入力設定手段および表示手段の拡大正面図、図4は、同ドラム式洗濯機の第1要部動作フローチャート、図5は、同ドラム式洗濯機の第2要部動作フローチャート、図6は、同ドラム式洗濯機の高温洗濯行程の説明図である。
(Embodiment 1)
FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a drum type washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a control circuit of the drum type washing machine, and FIG. 3 is a drum type washing machine. 4 is an enlarged front view of the input setting means and display means of the machine, FIG. 4 is a first main part operation flowchart of the drum type washing machine, FIG. 5 is a second main part operation flowchart of the drum type washing machine, and FIG. It is explanatory drawing of the high temperature washing process of the drum type washing machine.
図1に示すように、回転ドラム24は、有底円筒形に形成し外周部に多数の通水孔25を全面に設け、水受け槽26内に回転自在に配設している。回転ドラム24の回転中心に略傾斜方向に回転軸(回転中心軸)27を設け、回転ドラム24の軸心方向を正面側から背面側に向けて下向きに傾斜させて配設している。水受け槽26の外底面に取り付けたモータ(駆動手段)28の回転は、モータ28の回転軸に固着した駆動プーリ50と、回転軸27の端部に固設した従動プーリ51との間に張架したVベルト52により回転軸27に伝道され、回転ドラム24を正転、逆転方向に回転駆動せしめる。回転ドラム24の内壁面に数個の突起板29を設けて、衣類を回転方向に持ち上げ落下させるという撹拌動作、いわゆるたたき洗いを行う。   As shown in FIG. 1, the rotating drum 24 is formed in a bottomed cylindrical shape, and a large number of water passage holes 25 are provided on the entire outer periphery thereof, and are rotatably disposed in the water receiving tank 26. A rotation axis (rotation center axis) 27 is provided at the rotation center of the rotary drum 24 in a substantially inclined direction, and the axial center direction of the rotation drum 24 is inclined downward from the front side toward the back side. The rotation of the motor (driving means) 28 attached to the outer bottom surface of the water receiving tank 26 is between a driving pulley 50 fixed to the rotating shaft of the motor 28 and a driven pulley 51 fixed to the end of the rotating shaft 27. It is transmitted to the rotary shaft 27 by the stretched V-belt 52, and the rotary drum 24 is driven to rotate in the forward and reverse directions. Several protruding plates 29 are provided on the inner wall surface of the rotating drum 24 to perform a stirring operation of lifting and dropping clothes in the rotating direction, so-called tapping.
洗濯機本体30の正面側の上向き傾斜面30aに設けた開口部30bを蓋体31により開閉自在に覆い、この蓋体31を開くことにより、水受け槽26の水受け槽衣類出入口26aおよび回転ドラム24の回転ドラム衣類出入口24aを介して、回転ドラム24内に洗濯物を出し入れできるようにしている。なお、蓋体31は、運転動作中の使用者の安全性を保持するためフタロック40を動作せしめて開かないようにすることが可能な構成を有する。   The opening 30b provided in the upward inclined surface 30a on the front side of the washing machine body 30 is covered with a lid 31 so as to be freely opened and closed. By opening the lid 31, the water receiving tub clothing entrance 26a and the rotation of the water receiving tub 26 are rotated. The laundry can be taken in and out of the rotary drum 24 through the rotary drum clothing entrance 24a of the drum 24. Note that the lid 31 has a configuration capable of operating the lid lock 40 so as not to open in order to maintain the safety of the user during the driving operation.
水受け槽26は、洗濯機本体30にばね33や振動吸収ダンパー34により揺動可能に吊り下げて防振支持されており、水受け槽26の下部に排水経路32の一端を接続し、排水経路32の他端を排水弁36に接続して水受け槽26内の洗濯水を機外に排水するようにしている。   The water receiving tank 26 is swingably supported by the washing machine body 30 by a spring 33 and a vibration absorbing damper 34, and is supported for vibration isolation. One end of a drainage path 32 is connected to the lower part of the water receiving tank 26, and drainage is performed. The other end of the path 32 is connected to a drain valve 36 so that the washing water in the water receiving tank 26 is drained outside the machine.
第1の給水弁(給水手段)37には、第1給水ホース48aの一端が接続され、第1給水ホース48aの他端は洗剤を収納する洗剤ケース35に接続され、さらに洗剤ケース35の下部に第2給水ホース48bの一端が接続され、第2給水ホース48bの他端が外槽26に接続されて、外槽26内に給水できるようにしている。   One end of a first water supply hose 48 a is connected to the first water supply valve (water supply means) 37, the other end of the first water supply hose 48 a is connected to a detergent case 35 for storing detergent, and a lower part of the detergent case 35 One end of the second water supply hose 48 b is connected to the other end, and the other end of the second water supply hose 48 b is connected to the outer tub 26 so that water can be supplied into the outer tub 26.
第2の給水弁(給水手段)38には、第3給水ホース49aの一端が接続され、第3給水ホース49aの他端は、注水口金部49bに接続されている。注水口金部49bは、注水される水が略水平方向に広がりながら回転ドラム24内へ注水されるようスリット状に開口しており、回転ドラム24内に広がるように注水される。   One end of a third water supply hose 49a is connected to the second water supply valve (water supply means) 38, and the other end of the third water supply hose 49a is connected to a water injection cap part 49b. The water injection cap portion 49 b is opened in a slit shape so that the water to be injected is injected into the rotary drum 24 while spreading in a substantially horizontal direction, and water is injected so as to spread into the rotary drum 24.
水位検知手段39は水受け槽26内の水位を検知するものである。また、水受け槽26の内底部に洗濯水を加熱するヒータ(加熱手段)41と洗濯水の温度を検知する温度検知手段42を備え、回転ドラム24内の洗濯物を温水洗浄する機能を有している。   The water level detection means 39 detects the water level in the water receiving tank 26. In addition, a heater (heating means) 41 for heating the washing water and a temperature detection means 42 for detecting the temperature of the washing water are provided at the inner bottom portion of the water receiving tub 26, and has a function of washing the laundry in the rotary drum 24 with warm water. is doing.
なお、本実施の形態では、回転ドラム24の回転中心に略傾斜方向に回転軸27を設け、回転ドラム24の軸心方向を正面側から背面側に向けて下向きに傾斜させて配設しているが、回転ドラム24の回転中心に略水平方向に回転軸27を設け、回転ドラム24の軸心方向を略水平方向に配設してもよい。   In the present embodiment, the rotation shaft 27 is provided in a substantially inclined direction at the rotation center of the rotary drum 24, and the axial center direction of the rotary drum 24 is inclined downward from the front side toward the back side. However, the rotary shaft 27 may be provided in the substantially horizontal direction at the rotation center of the rotary drum 24, and the axial center direction of the rotary drum 24 may be provided in the substantially horizontal direction.
また、本実施の形態では、水受け槽26の外底面に取り付けたモータ28の回転は、モータ28の回転軸に固着した駆動プーリ50と、回転軸27の端部に固設した従動プーリ51との間に張架したVベルト52により回転軸27に伝道されるように構成しているが、モータ28を水受け槽26の背面に固定し、回転ドラム24の回転軸27とモータ28の回転軸とを直結してもよい。   In this embodiment, the rotation of the motor 28 attached to the outer bottom surface of the water receiving tank 26 includes a drive pulley 50 fixed to the rotation shaft of the motor 28 and a driven pulley 51 fixed to the end of the rotation shaft 27. The motor 28 is fixed to the back surface of the water receiving tank 26, and the rotary shaft 27 of the rotary drum 24 and the motor 28 are connected to each other. You may connect with a rotating shaft directly.
制御装置43は、図2の制御回路図に示すように構成しており、モータ28、排水弁36、第1の給水弁37、第2の給水弁38、ヒータ41、フタロック40などの動作を制御し、洗濯、すすぎ、脱水の一連の行程を逐次制御するマイクロコンピュータからなる制御手段44を有している。制御手段44は、運転コース等を設定するための入力設定手段45からの情報を入力して、その情報を基に表示手段46で表示して使用者に知らせるとともに、入力設定手段45により運転開始が設定されると、洗濯物の量に応じてモータ28が受ける負荷変化から洗濯物の量を検知する布量検知手段55、水受け槽26内の水位を検知する水位検知手段39および水受け槽26内の水の温度を検知する温度検知手段42等からのデータを入力して負荷駆動手段47を介して、モータ28、排水弁36、第1の給水弁37、第2の給水弁38、ヒータ41、フタロック40などの動作を制御し、洗濯運転を行う。   The control device 43 is configured as shown in the control circuit diagram of FIG. 2, and operates the motor 28, the drain valve 36, the first water supply valve 37, the second water supply valve 38, the heater 41, the lid lock 40, and the like. Control means 44 comprising a microcomputer for controlling and sequentially controlling a series of steps of washing, rinsing and dehydration is provided. The control unit 44 inputs information from the input setting unit 45 for setting the driving course and the like, displays the information on the display unit 46 based on the information, notifies the user, and starts the operation by the input setting unit 45. Is set, the cloth amount detecting means 55 for detecting the amount of laundry from the load change received by the motor 28 according to the amount of laundry, the water level detecting means 39 for detecting the water level in the water receiving tank 26, and the water receiver Data from a temperature detection means 42 for detecting the temperature of the water in the tank 26 is input, and the motor 28, the drain valve 36, the first water supply valve 37, and the second water supply valve 38 are connected via the load driving means 47. The operation of the heater 41, the lid lock 40, etc. is controlled to perform the washing operation.
入力設定手段45は、図3に示すように、洗い時間を設定する洗い時間設定スイッチ45a、すすぎ回数を設定するすすぎ回数設定スイッチ45b、脱水時間を設定する脱水時間設定スイッチ45c、スタート・一時停止スイッチ45e、電源入りスイッチ45f、電源切りスイッチ45g、水位変更入力設定スイッチ45h、水温変更入力スイッチ45i、種々の洗いのコースを選択できるコース設定スイッチ45d等を有している。   As shown in FIG. 3, the input setting means 45 includes a washing time setting switch 45a for setting the washing time, a rinsing frequency setting switch 45b for setting the rinsing frequency, a dehydration time setting switch 45c for setting the dehydration time, and start / pause. A switch 45e, a power-on switch 45f, a power-off switch 45g, a water level change input setting switch 45h, a water temperature change input switch 45i, a course setting switch 45d for selecting various washing courses, and the like.
表示手段46は、同じく図3に示すように、洗い時間表示部46a、すすぎ回数表示部46b、脱水時間表示部46c、上記のコース設定スイッチ45dで設定される例えば高温水で洗濯する「除菌コース」などを表示するコース設定表示部46d、水位表示部(水位表示手段)46e、水温表示部46f、残り時間表示部46g、フタロック40により蓋体31がロックされているか否かを表示するフタロック表示部46h等を有している。   Similarly, as shown in FIG. 3, the display means 46 is a “sterilization time for washing with high temperature water set by the washing time display section 46 a, the rinse count display section 46 b, the dehydration time display section 46 c, and the course setting switch 45 d described above. Course setting display section 46d for displaying "course", water level display section (water level display means) 46e, water temperature display section 46f, remaining time display section 46g, lid lock for displaying whether lid 31 is locked by lid lock 40 A display unit 46h and the like are included.
以上のように構成されたドラム式洗濯機の構成において、図4の要部動作フローチャート1、図5の要部動作フローチャート2および図6の高温洗濯行程説明図を参照にしながら動作、作用を説明する。   In the configuration of the drum type washing machine configured as described above, the operation and action will be described with reference to the main part operation flowchart 1 in FIG. 4, the main part operation flowchart 2 in FIG. 5, and the high temperature washing process explanatory diagram in FIG. To do.
蓋体31を開いて回転ドラム24内に洗濯物を投入し、S100で動作を開始し、S101で電源スイッチ45fをONした後、S102でコース設定スイッチ45dを操作して高温のコースを設定する。S103で水位、水温、洗い時間、すすぎ回数、脱水時間の設定に変更が有るか否かを判断する。変更が有る場合は、洗い時間設定スイッチ45a、すすぎ回数設定スイッチ45b、脱水時間設定スイッチ45c、水位変更入力設定スイッチ45h、水温変更入力スイッチ45i等を操作して、各設定の変更を行い、S104で表示手段46に変更内容を表示する。変更がない場合はS105に移行する。   The lid 31 is opened, the laundry is put into the rotary drum 24, the operation is started in S100, the power switch 45f is turned on in S101, and the course setting switch 45d is operated in S102 to set a high-temperature course. . In S103, it is determined whether or not the setting of the water level, the water temperature, the washing time, the number of times of rinsing, and the dehydration time are changed. When there is a change, each setting is changed by operating the washing time setting switch 45a, the number of rinsing times switch 45b, the dehydration time setting switch 45c, the water level change input setting switch 45h, the water temperature change input switch 45i, etc. Then, the change contents are displayed on the display means 46. If there is no change, the process proceeds to S105.
S105において、制御装置43に設けたスタートスイッチ45eを操作して運転を開始すると、S106で制御手段44によりフタロック40等を機能させ、次のS107で布量検知手段により回転ドラム5を回転させることにより洗濯物の量を検知する。S108で検知した洗濯物の量に対応する洗濯物量対応水位を決定する。   In S105, when the operation is started by operating the start switch 45e provided in the control device 43, the control means 44 causes the lid lock 40 or the like to function in S106, and in the next S107, the rotary drum 5 is rotated by the cloth amount detection means. By detecting the amount of laundry. A water amount corresponding water level corresponding to the amount of laundry detected in S108 is determined.
次に、第1の給水行程(S109〜S111)について説明する。S109において、第1の給水弁37を開き、第1給水ホース48aを通して洗剤ケース35に水を流し込むとともに、洗剤ケース35に流れ込んだ水は、洗剤ケース35内に収容された洗剤(図示せず)とともに、洗剤ケース35の下部に接続した第2給水ホース48bを通り、水受け槽26内に流れ込む。   Next, the first water supply process (S109 to S111) will be described. In S109, the first water supply valve 37 is opened, water is poured into the detergent case 35 through the first water supply hose 48a, and the water that has flowed into the detergent case 35 is a detergent (not shown) contained in the detergent case 35. At the same time, it passes through the second water supply hose 48 b connected to the lower part of the detergent case 35 and flows into the water receiving tank 26.
S110において、水位検知手段39が、洗濯物量対応水位より低い第1の所定水位まで水が供給されたことを検知すると、S111において、第1の給水弁37が閉じられ給水は停止される。   In S110, when the water level detection means 39 detects that water has been supplied to the first predetermined water level lower than the laundry level corresponding water level, in S111, the first water supply valve 37 is closed and the water supply is stopped.
次に、洗剤溶かし行程(S112〜S114)について説明する。S112において、回転ドラム24を洗濯物が回転ドラム24の内壁に張り付く程度の第3の所定回転速度N3で回転させる。そして、S113で第1の所定時間(例えば、1分)が経過するまで回転を行う。ここで、第3の所定回転速度N3は、回転ドラム24の回転に伴う遠心力により洗濯物が回転ドラム5の内周面に張り付く程度の回転速度であるが、例えば、回転ドラム3の直径が500±50mm程度であるとき、90〜140r/min程度の回転速度となる。また、第1の所定水位を、回転ドラム24の最下部が水没する程度の水位にすれば、早い第3の所定回転速度N3で回転ドラム24が回転駆動されることにより、水受け槽26内に給水された水と洗剤に早い水流を発生させ、洗剤を効率的に、しかも素早く溶解することができる。   Next, the detergent melting process (S112 to S114) will be described. In S <b> 112, the rotating drum 24 is rotated at a third predetermined rotation speed N <b> 3 that allows the laundry to stick to the inner wall of the rotating drum 24. Then, the rotation is performed until a first predetermined time (for example, 1 minute) elapses in S113. Here, the third predetermined rotational speed N3 is a rotational speed at which the laundry is stuck to the inner peripheral surface of the rotating drum 5 by the centrifugal force accompanying the rotation of the rotating drum 24. For example, the diameter of the rotating drum 3 is When it is about 500 ± 50 mm, the rotation speed is about 90 to 140 r / min. Further, if the first predetermined water level is set to such a level that the lowermost part of the rotary drum 24 is submerged, the rotary drum 24 is driven to rotate at a fast third predetermined rotation speed N3, whereby the water receiving tank 26 It is possible to generate a quick water flow in the water and the detergent supplied to the detergent and dissolve the detergent efficiently and quickly.
S113で第1の所定時間が経過すると、S114において、回転ドラム24の回転を停止する。   When the first predetermined time has elapsed in S113, the rotation of the rotary drum 24 is stopped in S114.
次に、第2の給水行程(S115〜S118)について説明する。S115において、第1の給水弁37を開くとともに、第2の給水弁38を開く。第2の給水弁38が開かれることで、第3給水ホース49aを通して注水口金部49bから回転ドラム24内に注水される。既述のように注水口金部49bはスリット状に開口しているため、注水された水は略水平方向に広がって回転ドラム24内の洗濯物にふりかかり、洗濯物に浸透する。同時に、S116において、回転ドラム24を第4の所定回転速度N4(例えば45r/min)で、正転(例えば、10秒)、休止(例えば、5秒)、反転(例えば、10秒)、休止(例えば、5秒)の繰り返しの反転回転駆動をさせる。これにより、洗濯物は回転ドラム24内を移動するため、洗濯物に洗濯水をまんべんなくかけることができ、略均一に洗濯水を浸透させることができる。したがって、後の泡生成行程(S119〜S121)で回転ドラム24を高い回転速度である第5の所定回転速度N5(例えば、100r/min以上)で回転させたときに、洗濯水が洗濯物に不均一に浸透することによる偏荷重のアンバランスが生じ水受け槽26が異常振動する、といった問題を防止することができる。   Next, the second water supply process (S115 to S118) will be described. In S115, the first water supply valve 37 is opened and the second water supply valve 38 is opened. When the second water supply valve 38 is opened, water is injected into the rotary drum 24 from the water injection cap portion 49b through the third water supply hose 49a. As described above, since the water injection cap portion 49b is opened in a slit shape, the injected water spreads in a substantially horizontal direction and sprinkles on the laundry in the rotating drum 24 and penetrates into the laundry. At the same time, in S116, the rotating drum 24 is rotated forward (for example, 10 seconds), stopped (for example, 5 seconds), reversed (for example, 10 seconds), and stopped at a fourth predetermined rotational speed N4 (for example, 45 r / min). The reversal rotation drive is repeated (for example, 5 seconds). Thereby, since the laundry moves in the rotary drum 24, the washing water can be applied evenly to the laundry, and the washing water can be permeated substantially uniformly. Therefore, when the rotating drum 24 is rotated at the fifth predetermined rotation speed N5 (for example, 100 r / min or more), which is a high rotation speed, in the subsequent foam generation process (S119 to S121), the washing water is applied to the laundry. It is possible to prevent the problem that the unbalanced uneven load due to non-uniform permeation causes the water receiving tank 26 to vibrate abnormally.
S117において、第1の所定水位より高く洗濯物量対応水位より低い水位である第2の所定水位まで水が給水されたことを水位検知手段39により検知すると、S118において第1の給水弁37および第2の給水弁38を閉じて給水を停止するとともに、回転ドラム24の回転を停止させる。   In S117, when the water level detecting means 39 detects that the water has been supplied to the second predetermined water level that is higher than the first predetermined water level and lower than the laundry level-corresponding water level, the first water supply valve 37 and the first water supply valve 37 and the first water supply are detected in S118. The water supply valve 38 is closed to stop water supply, and the rotation of the rotary drum 24 is stopped.
次に、泡生成行程(S119〜S121)について説明する。S119において、回転ドラム24の回転速度を、第5の所定回転速度N5(例えば、100r/min以上)まで立ち上げ、水受け槽26内の洗濯水を泡立たせて洗剤泡を生成する。   Next, the bubble generation process (S119 to S121) will be described. In S119, the rotational speed of the rotary drum 24 is raised to a fifth predetermined rotational speed N5 (for example, 100 r / min or more), and the washing water in the water receiving tub 26 is bubbled to generate detergent foam.
このようにして大量に生成された洗剤泡は、水受け槽26と回転ドラム24の間に充満して回転ドラム開口部24a側へ上昇し、回転ドラム開口部24aから回転ドラム24内に流入する。   The detergent foam generated in a large amount in this manner is filled between the water receiving tank 26 and the rotary drum 24, rises to the rotary drum opening 24a side, and flows into the rotary drum 24 from the rotary drum opening 24a. .
このように、回転ドラム24を第5の所定回転速度N5で、S120の第2の所定時間(例えば、30秒)回転させて洗剤泡を生成し、回転ドラム24内に洗剤泡を充満させると、S121において回転ドラム24の回転を停止する。   As described above, when the rotating drum 24 is rotated at the fifth predetermined rotation speed N5 for the second predetermined time of S120 (for example, 30 seconds) to generate detergent bubbles, the rotating drum 24 is filled with the detergent bubbles. In step S121, the rotation of the rotary drum 24 is stopped.
さらに、洗濯物が回転ドラム24の内周面に張り付いた状態で回転しており、洗濯物が一部に偏った状態で固まって回転している状態よりも広い範囲で洗濯物に洗剤泡を浸透させることができ、洗剤泡をより早く洗濯物全体に浸透させることができる。   Furthermore, the laundry is rotating with the inner surface of the rotating drum 24 being stuck, and the detergent has a detergent foam in a wider range than the state where the laundry is hardened and rotated while being partially biased. And the detergent foam can penetrate the entire laundry more quickly.
以上のように、泡生成行程(S119〜S121)では、洗濯水を体積の大きい泡の状態にして、回転ドラム5内の洗濯物に付着浸透させることにより、汚れに洗剤成分が作用しやすくなり、高濃度の洗濯水が染み込みやすくなって洗いムラが抑制され、洗浄力が向上する。また、洗剤泡を含む洗濯水を早期に洗濯物に浸透させるほど洗浄力を上げることができるので、この泡生成行程はできるだけ早い段階で行うことが望ましい。   As described above, in the foam generation process (S119 to S121), the detergent component easily acts on the dirt by making the washing water into a foam with a large volume and adhering and penetrating into the laundry in the rotating drum 5. , High-concentration washing water can easily permeate, and washing unevenness is suppressed and cleaning power is improved. In addition, since the washing power can be increased as the washing water containing the detergent foam penetrates into the laundry at an early stage, it is desirable to perform this foam generation process as early as possible.
次に、第3の給水行程(S122〜S126)について説明する。S122において、第2の給水弁38を開き第3給水ホース49aを通じて注水口金部49bから回転ドラム24内に給水するとともに、S123において、回転ドラム24を、第4の所定回転速度N4(回転ドラム24内に収容された洗濯物が、回転ドラム24の回転により回転方向に持ち上げられ、回転に伴う慣性や遠心力よりも自重が勝る高さ位置に移動したとき回転ドラム24の下方内周面上に落下する挙動を示す回転速度、例えば45r/min)で右回転(例えば、15秒)・休止(例えば、5秒)・第4の所定回転速度N4で左回転(例えば、15秒)・休止(例えば、5秒)の順で繰り返し回転させる。   Next, the third water supply process (S122 to S126) will be described. In S122, the second water supply valve 38 is opened and water is supplied into the rotary drum 24 from the water injection cap 49b through the third water supply hose 49a. In S123, the rotary drum 24 is moved to the fourth predetermined rotational speed N4 (the rotary drum 24). When the laundry contained therein is lifted in the rotational direction by the rotation of the rotating drum 24 and moved to a height position where the weight of the laundry is higher than the inertia and centrifugal force associated with the rotation, the laundry is placed on the lower inner peripheral surface of the rotating drum 24. Rotation speed indicating the falling behavior (for example, 45 r / min), right rotation (for example, 15 seconds), pause (for example, 5 seconds), left rotation at the fourth predetermined rotation speed N4 (for example, 15 seconds), pause (for example) For example, the rotation is repeated in the order of 5 seconds).
S124において、第3の所定水位(第2の所定水位と同程度か低い水位)を検知すると、S125において、第2の給水弁38を閉じ給水を停止する。   In S124, when the third predetermined water level (a water level approximately equal to or lower than the second predetermined water level) is detected, in S125, the second water supply valve 38 is closed to stop water supply.
その後、S126において、第3の所定時間(例えば、1分30秒)の経過を検知すると、第3の給水行程を終了し、次の温水撹拌洗い行程(S127〜S132)へ移る。   Thereafter, when the passage of a third predetermined time (for example, 1 minute 30 seconds) is detected in S126, the third water supply process is terminated, and the process proceeds to the next warm water stirring and washing process (S127 to S132).
以上のように、第3の給水行程(S122〜S126)において、回転ドラム24内に直接給水することにより、回転ドラム24内の洗剤泡を減らし、洗濯水の洗剤濃度を下げる。すなわち、後の温水撹拌洗い行程において、たたき洗いを行うときに回転ドラム5内に洗剤泡があると、洗剤泡が緩衝材となって、たたき洗いの効果が十分に得られない。そのため、この第2の給水行程で給水することにより、洗剤泡を減らし、洗剤濃度を低くして洗濯水の泡立ちを減らすようにしている。   As mentioned above, in the 3rd water supply process (S122-S126), by supplying water directly in the rotating drum 24, the detergent foam in the rotating drum 24 is reduced and the detergent concentration of washing water is reduced. That is, if there is detergent foam in the rotating drum 5 when performing tapping washing in the subsequent warm water stirring washing process, the detergent foam becomes a buffer material, and the tapping effect cannot be sufficiently obtained. Therefore, by supplying water in this second water supply process, detergent bubbles are reduced, and the detergent concentration is lowered to reduce foaming of washing water.
次に、温水撹拌洗い行程(S127〜S132)について説明する。S127において、ヒータ41に通電し、S128において、第1の給水弁37を開き、水受け槽26内にも給水するとともに、第2の給水弁38を開き第3給水ホース49aを通じて注水口金部49bから回転ドラム24の内部に給水する。また、同時に、S129において、回転ドラム24を第1の所定回転速度N1(例えば、45r/min)で右回転(例えば、5秒)・休止(例えば、15秒)・第1の所定回転速度N1で左回転(例えば、5秒)・休止(例えば、15秒)の順に繰り返し反転回転させる。   Next, the hot water stirring and washing process (S127 to S132) will be described. In S127, the heater 41 is energized, and in S128, the first water supply valve 37 is opened to supply water into the water receiving tank 26, and the second water supply valve 38 is opened and the water supply cap 49b is opened through the third water supply hose 49a. To supply water into the rotary drum 24. At the same time, in S129, the rotary drum 24 is rotated right (for example, 5 seconds), paused (for example, 15 seconds), first predetermined rotation speed N1 at the first predetermined rotation speed N1 (for example, 45 r / min). Rotate counterclockwise repeatedly in the order of left rotation (for example, 5 seconds) and pause (for example, 15 seconds).
上記のように、温水撹拌洗い行程においては、回転ドラム24を第1の所定回転速度N1で回転させることにより、回転ドラム24の内周面の複数位置に設けた突起板29が、回転ドラム24内の洗濯物を引っ掛けて回転方向に持ち上げる。持ち上げられた洗濯物は、その自重が回転に伴う慣性や遠心力に勝る高さ位置まで持ち上げられたとき落下する。このように洗濯物は次々と持ち上げられては落下するため位置が次々と入れ替わり、注水口金部49bから回転ドラム24に給水される水が洗濯物に略均一にふりかかり浸透する。これにより、洗濯物に付着浸透している洗剤泡が注水口金部49bより給水される水によってさらに洗濯物内部にまで浸透することになる。このように随時洗濯物に洗剤泡が浸透しながら、洗濯物は落下したときの衝撃力で洗浄される。   As described above, in the warm water stirring and washing process, the rotating drum 24 is rotated at the first predetermined rotation speed N1, so that the protrusion plates 29 provided at a plurality of positions on the inner peripheral surface of the rotating drum 24 are rotated. Hook the laundry inside and lift it in the direction of rotation. The lifted laundry drops when its own weight is lifted to a height that exceeds the inertia and centrifugal force associated with rotation. Since the laundry is lifted and dropped one after another in this way, the positions are changed one after another, and the water supplied from the water injection cap 49b to the rotary drum 24 is applied almost uniformly to the laundry and penetrates. Thereby, the detergent foam adhering and penetrating into the laundry further penetrates into the inside of the laundry by the water supplied from the water injection cap portion 49b. As described above, the laundry is washed with the impact force when it falls while the detergent foam penetrates the laundry as needed.
また、洗濯水を撹拌しながら加熱することにより、洗濯水および洗濯物の温度を均一に保つので、洗浄力を高め、洗いムラを少なくすることができるものである。   Further, by heating the washing water while stirring, the temperature of the washing water and the laundry is kept uniform, so that the cleaning power can be increased and washing unevenness can be reduced.
さらに、このとき、ヒータ41に通電しているので、第3の給水行程における反転時限(右回転(例えば、15秒)・休止(例えば、5秒)・左回転(例えば、15秒)・休止(例えば、5秒))より、回転時間を短くし、休止時間を長く設定しているので、水温上昇時の洗濯物の温度と機械力の複合作用により発生する洗濯物の傷みやしわを抑制するものである。   Further, since the heater 41 is energized at this time, the inversion time period (right rotation (for example, 15 seconds), pause (for example, 5 seconds), left rotation (for example, 15 seconds), pause in the third water supply stroke (For example, 5 seconds), the rotation time is shortened and the rest time is set longer, so that the damage and wrinkles of the laundry caused by the combined action of the laundry temperature and mechanical force when the water temperature rises are suppressed. To do.
そして、洗濯物量対応水位まで給水すると(S130)、S131において、第1の給水弁37および第2の給水弁38を閉じ、給水を停止する。S132において、第1の所定温度(例えば、40℃)以上に洗濯水の温度が到達すると、次の温度調整行程(S133〜S135)へ移行する。   When water is supplied to the laundry level corresponding water level (S130), in S131, the first water supply valve 37 and the second water supply valve 38 are closed, and water supply is stopped. In S132, when the temperature of the washing water reaches a first predetermined temperature (for example, 40 ° C.) or higher, the process proceeds to the next temperature adjustment process (S133 to S135).
温度調整行程では、まず、ヒータ41の通電制御については、図4〜図6に示すように、S133において、ヒータ41の通電を停止し、また、同時に、回転ドラム24の回転制御については、S134において、回転ドラム24を第1の所定速度N1(例えば、45r/min)よりも低い、第2の所定回転速度N2(例えば、35r/min)で(第1の弱撹拌動作)、かつ、温水撹拌洗い行程における反転時限(右回転(例えば、5秒)・休止(例えば、15秒)・左回転(例えば、5秒)・休止(例えば、15秒))より、回転時間を短くし、休止時間を長く設定した右回転(例えば、3秒)・休止(例えば、17秒)・左回転(例えば、3秒)・休止(例えば、17秒)の順に繰り返し回転の、第2の弱撹拌動作をさせる。   In the temperature adjustment process, first, for the energization control of the heater 41, as shown in FIGS. 4 to 6, the energization of the heater 41 is stopped in S133, and at the same time, the rotation control of the rotary drum 24 is performed in S134. The rotating drum 24 is moved at a second predetermined rotational speed N2 (for example, 35 r / min) (first weak stirring operation) lower than the first predetermined speed N1 (for example, 45 r / min) and hot water Rotation time is shortened from the reversal time limit (right rotation (for example, 5 seconds), pause (for example, 15 seconds), counterclockwise rotation (for example, 5 seconds), pause (for example, 15 seconds)) in the agitation washing process. Second weak stirring operation with repeated rotation in the order of right rotation (for example, 3 seconds), pause (for example, 17 seconds), left rotation (for example, 3 seconds), and pause (for example, 17 seconds) with a long time Let
これにより、回転ドラム24の回転数を低くかつ回転時間も短くなるので、洗濯物の温度と機械力の複合作用により発生する洗濯物の傷みやしわを抑制することができる。さらに、加熱された洗濯水をかきまぜる時間も少なくなるので、大量の洗剤泡が発生するのを防ぐことができるとともに、無駄な消費電力を抑えるので省エネにもなる。   Thereby, since the rotation speed of the rotating drum 24 is lowered and the rotation time is also shortened, it is possible to suppress the damage and wrinkles of the laundry caused by the combined action of the temperature of the laundry and the mechanical force. Furthermore, since the time for stirring the heated washing water is reduced, it is possible to prevent a large amount of detergent bubbles from being generated, and to save energy because unnecessary power consumption is suppressed.
S135において、洗濯水の温度が第2の所定温度(例えば、37℃)以下であると検知すると、次の保温撹拌洗い行程(S136〜S138)へ移行する。   In S135, when it is detected that the temperature of the washing water is equal to or lower than the second predetermined temperature (for example, 37 ° C.), the process proceeds to the next heat-retaining stirring washing process (S136 to S138).
保温攪拌洗い行程では、S136において、ヒータ41に通電し、S137において、回転ドラム24を第1の所定回転速度N1(例えば、45r/min)で右回転(例えば、5秒)・休止(例えば、15秒)・第1の所定回転速度N1で左回転(例えば、5秒)・休止(例えば、15秒)の順に繰り返し回転させる。   In the heat insulation stirring washing process, in S136, the heater 41 is energized, and in S137, the rotating drum 24 is rotated clockwise (for example, 5 seconds) at a first predetermined rotation speed N1 (for example, 45 r / min) and paused (for example, for example). 15 seconds) · The left rotation (for example, 5 seconds) and pause (for example, 15 seconds) are repeatedly performed at the first predetermined rotation speed N1 in this order.
上記のように、回転ドラム24を第1の所定回転速度N1で回転させ、かつ反転回転周期も温水攪拌洗い行程と同様の、右回転(例えば、15秒)・休止(例えば、5秒)・左回転(例えば、15秒)・休止(例えば、5秒)を動作することにより、洗濯物の上下方向落下動作も十分行われ位置も次々と入れ替わり、洗濯水を撹拌しながら加熱することにより、洗濯水および洗濯物の温度を均一に保つので、洗浄力を高め、洗いムラを少なくすることができるものである。   As described above, the rotating drum 24 is rotated at the first predetermined rotation speed N1, and the reverse rotation period is the same as that in the warm water stirring and washing process, such as clockwise rotation (for example, 15 seconds), pause (for example, 5 seconds), By operating left rotation (for example, 15 seconds) and rest (for example, 5 seconds), the vertical movement of the laundry is sufficiently performed, and the positions are sequentially changed one after another. By heating the washing water while stirring, Since the temperature of the washing water and the laundry is kept uniform, the washing power can be increased and washing unevenness can be reduced.
さらに、このとき、ヒータ41に通電しているので、第3の給水行程におけるような極めて強い攪拌動作を行う反転時限(右回転(例えば、15秒)・休止(例えば、5秒)・左回転(例えば、15秒)・休止(例えば、5秒))より、回転時間を短くし、休止時間を長く設定しているので、水温上昇時の洗濯物の温度と機械力の複合作用により発生する洗濯物の傷みやしわを抑制するものである。   In addition, since the heater 41 is energized at this time, the inversion time period (right rotation (for example, 15 seconds), pause (for example, 5 seconds), and left rotation for performing an extremely strong stirring operation as in the third water supply stroke is performed. (For example, 15 seconds) and rest (for example, 5 seconds), the rotation time is shortened and the rest time is set to be long, so it occurs due to the combined action of the laundry temperature and mechanical force when the water temperature rises. It suppresses the damage and wrinkles of the laundry.
その後、S138において、洗濯水の温度が第1の所定温度(例えば、40℃)以上であると検知すると、S133の温度調整行程に戻り、ヒータ41の通電を停止する。この動作をS139において、温度調整行程開始後、第6の所定時間(例えば50分)経過するまで、反復を繰り返す。   Thereafter, in S138, when it is detected that the temperature of the washing water is equal to or higher than a first predetermined temperature (for example, 40 ° C.), the process returns to the temperature adjustment process in S133, and energization of the heater 41 is stopped. This operation is repeated in S139 until the sixth predetermined time (for example, 50 minutes) has elapsed after the temperature adjustment process is started.
そして、上記のように、S139において、第6の所定時間即ち洗い行程の時限を経過したことを判定すると次行程のすすぎ行程S140に移行し、ヒータ41の通電制御および回転ドラム24の回転制御を停止する。すすぎ行程の動作は、従来と同等であるので、説明を省略する。   As described above, when it is determined in S139 that the sixth predetermined time, that is, the time limit of the washing process has elapsed, the process proceeds to the rinsing process S140 of the next process, and the energization control of the heater 41 and the rotation control of the rotary drum 24 are performed. Stop. Since the operation of the rinsing process is the same as the conventional one, the description is omitted.
以上のように、温水撹拌洗い行程(S127〜S132)と温度調整行程(S133〜S135)および保温撹拌洗い行程(S136〜S138)を実行することにより、洗濯物の傷みやしわを抑制しながらも、一定以上の洗浄力を常に確保することができる。   As described above, by performing the warm water stirring and washing process (S127 to S132), the temperature adjustment process (S133 to S135), and the heat retaining stirring and washing process (S136 to S138), it is possible to suppress damage and wrinkles of the laundry. The detergency over a certain level can always be ensured.
また、保温撹拌洗い行程を実行することにより、無駄な消費電力を抑えるので省エネルギーになる。   In addition, by performing the heat-retaining stirring and washing process, wasteful power consumption is suppressed, thereby saving energy.
なお、本実施の形態では、温度調整行程(S133〜S135)においては、第1の弱撹拌動作即ちドラム回転数を例えば35r/minと低い数値に設定することと、第2の弱撹拌動作即ちドラムの反転回転周期を例えば運転3秒・休止17秒と攪拌時間を短くした設定、との両方を行っているが、いずれか一方の攪拌動作のみ行っても同等の効果を得られる。   In the present embodiment, in the temperature adjustment process (S133 to S135), the first weak stirring operation, that is, the drum rotation speed is set to a low value such as 35 r / min, and the second weak stirring operation, that is, For example, both the rotation rotation period of the drum is set to 3 seconds of operation and 17 seconds of rest and the stirring time is shortened. However, even if only one of the stirring operations is performed, the same effect can be obtained.
また、温度調整行程(S133〜S135)の第2の弱撹拌動作において、温水撹拌洗い行程における反転時限より、回転時間を短くし、休止時間を長くという両方を行っているが、回転時間を短くするのみ、或いは、休止時間を長くするのみでも同等の効果を得られる。   Further, in the second weak stirring operation of the temperature adjustment process (S133 to S135), both the rotation time is shortened and the resting time is longer than the inversion time in the warm water stirring washing process, but the rotation time is shortened. The same effect can be obtained only by increasing the pause time.
以上のように、本発明にかかるドラム式洗濯機は、洗濯水を加熱することで、洗濯水の分子運動と洗剤の活性化を高め、また、洗濯水が所定以上の水温においては、洗濯物に与えられる撹拌力を弱めることで、洗濯物に傷みやしわが生じるのを抑制しながらも、無駄な消費電力を抑えつつ、一定以上の洗浄力を常に確保する洗濯を実行することができるので、乾燥機能を有するドラム式洗濯乾燥機にも利用可能である。   As described above, the drum-type washing machine according to the present invention increases the molecular motion of the washing water and the activation of the detergent by heating the washing water. By weakening the stirring force applied to the laundry, it is possible to execute washing that constantly secures a certain level of cleaning power while suppressing wasteful power consumption while suppressing damage and wrinkles on the laundry. It can also be used for a drum-type washing and drying machine having a drying function.
本発明の実施の形態1におけるドラム式洗濯機の縦断面図The longitudinal cross-sectional view of the drum type washing machine in Embodiment 1 of this invention 同ドラム式洗濯機の一部ブロック化した制御回路図Control circuit diagram of a part of the drum type washing machine 同ドラム式洗濯機の入力設定手段および表示手段の拡大正面図Enlarged front view of input setting means and display means of the drum type washing machine 同ドラム式洗濯機の第1要部動作フローチャートFirst main part operation flowchart of the drum type washing machine 同ドラム式洗濯機の第2要部動作フローチャートSecond main part operation flowchart of the drum type washing machine 同ドラム式洗濯機の高温洗濯行程の説明図Explanatory drawing of the hot washing process of the drum type washing machine 従来のドラム式洗濯機の縦断面図Vertical section of a conventional drum-type washing machine
符号の説明Explanation of symbols
24 回転ドラム
25 通水孔
26 水受け槽
27 回転軸(回転中心軸)
28 モータ(駆動手段)
30 洗濯機本体
37 第1の給水弁(給水手段)
38 第2の給水弁(給水手段)
41 ヒータ(加熱手段)
42 温度検知手段
44 制御手段
24 Rotating drum 25 Water passage hole 26 Water receiving tank 27 Rotating shaft (Rotating center shaft)
28 Motor (drive means)
30 Washing machine body 37 First water supply valve (water supply means)
38 Second water supply valve (water supply means)
41 Heater (heating means)
42 Temperature detection means 44 Control means

Claims (3)

  1. 略水平方向または略傾斜方向に回転中心軸を有し胴部に多数の通水孔を有する回転ドラムと、洗濯機本体に弾性的に支持され前記回転ドラムを内包する水受け槽と、前記回転ドラムを回転駆動する駆動手段と、前記水受け槽内に給水する給水手段と、前記水受け槽内の洗濯水を加熱する加熱手段と、前記水受け槽内の水の温度を検知する温度検知手段と、前記温度検知手段からの情報を入力し前記駆動手段、給水手段および加熱手段等を制御して洗い、すすぎ、脱水等の行程を逐次制御する制御手段とを備え、前記制御手段は、洗い行程において、前記加熱手段をONし、前記温度検知手段が、前記加熱手段のON開始から第1の所定温度を検知するまでの間において、前記回転ドラムの回転によって上方に持ち上げられた洗濯物が、その自重が勝る高さ位置から落下する撹拌動作を行う第1の所定回転速度で前記回転ドラムを回転させる温水撹拌洗い行程と、前記温度検知手段が第1の所定温度を検知すると前記加熱手段をOFFし、前記第1の所定温度より低い第2の所定温度を検知するまでの間の温度調整行程と、前記温度検知手段が前記第2の所定温度を検知すると前記加熱手段を再度ONし、前記加熱手段のON開始から前記第1の所定温度を検知するまでの間において、前記第1の所定回転速度で前記回転ドラムを回転させるようにした保温撹拌洗い行程とを実行可能とし、前記温度調整行程においては、洗濯物に、前記温水撹拌洗い行程および保温撹拌洗い行程において、洗濯物に与えられる撹拌力より小さい撹拌力が与えられるように前記回転ドラムを回転制御し、前記温度調整行程および保温攪拌行程を洗い行程の時限中反復させたドラム式洗濯機。 A rotating drum having a rotation center axis in a substantially horizontal direction or a substantially inclined direction and having a large number of water passage holes in a body portion; a water receiving tank elastically supported by a washing machine body and containing the rotating drum; and the rotation Drive means for rotationally driving the drum, water supply means for supplying water into the water receiving tub, heating means for heating washing water in the water receiving tub, and temperature detection for detecting the temperature of water in the water receiving tub And control means for sequentially controlling processes such as washing, rinsing, dehydration and the like by inputting information from the temperature detecting means and controlling the driving means, the water supply means, the heating means and the like, the control means comprising: In the washing process, the heating unit is turned on, and the laundry is lifted upward by the rotation of the rotating drum during a period from when the heating unit is turned on until the first predetermined temperature is detected. But its own The hot water stirring and washing process of rotating the rotating drum at a first predetermined rotational speed for performing the stirring operation of dropping from a height position where the temperature is superior, and the heating means is turned off when the temperature detecting means detects the first predetermined temperature. A temperature adjustment process until a second predetermined temperature lower than the first predetermined temperature is detected, and when the temperature detecting means detects the second predetermined temperature, the heating means is turned on again, and the heating The temperature maintaining step can be performed during the period from the start of turning on of the means to the detection of the first predetermined temperature, with the heat-retaining and washing step in which the rotating drum is rotated at the first predetermined rotation speed. The rotation drum is rotationally controlled so that the laundry is given a stirring force smaller than the stirring force given to the laundry in the warm water stirring washing step and the heat retaining stirring washing step. The temperature control step and the mixture was stirred while keeping stroke cycled in timed stroke washing drum type washing machine.
  2. 制御手段は、温度調整行程においては、第1の所定回転速度より低く前記洗濯物が前記第1の回転速度で回転しているときより低い高さ位置から落下する第2の所定回転速度で前記回転ドラムを回転させる第1の弱撹拌動作を実行するように制御した請求項1記載のドラム式洗濯機。 In the temperature adjustment process, the control means has the second predetermined rotation speed at which the laundry falls from a lower position than when the laundry is rotating at the first rotation speed lower than the first predetermined rotation speed. The drum type washing machine according to claim 1, wherein the first weak stirring operation for rotating the rotating drum is controlled.
  3. 制御手段は、回転ドラムを所定の正転、休止、反転、休止をそれぞれ所定の時限にて繰り返し駆動するように制御し、温度調整行程においては、温水撹拌洗い行程に対して、前記正転反転の時間を短縮するか、または、前記休止時間を延長するか、の少なくともいずれか一方で調整される第2の弱撹拌動作を実行するように制御した請求項1記載のドラム式洗濯機。 The control means controls the rotating drum to be repeatedly driven in predetermined forward rotation, pause, inversion, and pause at predetermined times, respectively. In the temperature adjustment process, the normal rotation inversion is performed with respect to the hot water stirring and washing process. 2. The drum type washing machine according to claim 1, wherein the second weak agitation operation adjusted to at least one of shortening the period of time and / or extending the pause time is performed.
JP2007138592A 2007-05-25 2007-05-25 Drum washing machine Expired - Fee Related JP4811348B2 (en)

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