JP4729055B2 - Consolidated structure and unit building of unit building - Google Patents

Consolidated structure and unit building of unit building Download PDF

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JP4729055B2
JP4729055B2 JP2008016248A JP2008016248A JP4729055B2 JP 4729055 B2 JP4729055 B2 JP 4729055B2 JP 2008016248 A JP2008016248 A JP 2008016248A JP 2008016248 A JP2008016248 A JP 2008016248A JP 4729055 B2 JP4729055 B2 JP 4729055B2
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克則 大西
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積水化学工業株式会社
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本発明は、複数の建物ユニットを隣接させて構成するユニット建物の連結構造、及びそれを備えたユニット建物に関するものである。 The present invention is the connection structure of the unit building constructing by adjacent multiple building units, and a unit building including the same thing.

従来、工場で製作された複数の建物ユニットを縦、横に積み重ねて構築するユニット建物が知られている。 Conventionally, vertical multiple building units that are manufactured in the factory, the unit building constructing stacked next is known. 一般に、これらの建物ユニット間には、誤差吸収を目的とするものを除いて実質的な隙間を設けることなく近接させて連結をおこなっている。 Generally, between these building units, it is subjected to coupling in close proximity without providing substantial clearance except those for the purpose of error absorption.

これに対して、特許文献1,2などには、建物ユニット間に隙間を設けて連結させることによって、建物ユニットの倍数の制限を越えて建築面積を広げることができるユニット建物が開示されている。 In contrast, in the Patent Documents 1 and 2, by linking a gap is provided between the building units, the unit building it is possible to widen the building area is disclosed beyond the limits of the multiples of the building unit .
特開2007−247343号公報 JP 2007-247343 JP 特許第3796494号公報 Patent No. 3796494 Publication

しかしながら、特許文献1に開示されたユニット建物では、建物ユニット間の隙間に渡し梁が隙間無く配置されることでユニット建物の水平剛性が確保されるようになっているため、隙間全域に渡し梁を配置する材料費が嵩むおそれがある。 However, the unit building disclosed in Patent Document 1, because the beam passes into the gap between the building units so that the horizontal rigidity of the unit building by being arranged with no clearance is secured, the beam passes into the gap entire which may increase material cost to place.

また、特許文献2に開示されたユニット建物は、柱間が連結部材で連結されるだけでは構造的に不安定であり、梁材間に構造用合板を架け渡すことによって水平面剛性が確保される。 Also, the unit building disclosed in Patent Document 2, only between the pillars are connected by the connecting member is structurally unstable, horizontal rigidity is ensured by the bridging of structural plywood between beam members . このため、この構造用合板には切欠きや穴を設けることができず、梁材間に配管や振動減衰装置の配置などをおこなうことができない。 Therefore, this is the structural plywood can not be provided with a notch or hole, it can not be performed like arrangement of piping and vibration damping device between the beam material.

さらに、梁材間の剛性を渡し梁などで長手方向の全長に亘って高め過ぎてしまうと、梁材が撓みにくくなり、変形によってエネルギーを吸収するという骨組構造体本来の特性が充分発揮できなくなるおそれがある。 Furthermore, the excessively increased in the longitudinal direction of the entire length of the passing beam, etc. rigidity between the beam member becomes difficult to bend the beam members, it can not be sufficiently exhibited inherent properties frame structure that absorbs energy by deformation I fear there is.

そこで、本発明は、骨組構造体本来の特性を維持したうえで簡素な構成で必要な強度が確保できるユニット建物の連結構造、及びそれを備えたユニット建物を提供することを目的としている。 The present invention aims at providing connection structure of the unit building the necessary strength with a simple structure in terms of maintaining the frame structure inherent properties can be ensured, and a unit building including the same.

前記目的を達成するために、本発明のユニット建物の連結構造は、梁材と柱材とによって骨組みが形成される建物ユニットを複数、隣接させて構成されるユニット建物の連結構造であって、少なくとも一対の並設された建物ユニット間には間取り調整用の隙間が形成されて、その隙間の対向する梁材間は、前記柱材との接合部の近傍となる両端で連結部材によって連結されるとともに、前記連結部材の配置箇所では前記建物ユニット間の剪断方向及び前記隙間の幅方向の変形が拘束され、前記梁材の長手方向の前記連結部材間は前記剪断方向及び前記隙間の幅方向の変形が許容されることを特徴とする。 To achieve the above object, the connection structure of the unit building of the present invention, a building unit which framework is formed by the beam member and the pillar plurality, a connection structure of the unit building constructed by adjacent, at least the pair of juxtaposed building units is formed a gap for adjusting floor plan, the inter-gap opposing beam members that the are connected by the connecting member at both ends of the vicinity of the joint between the column members Rutotomoni, wherein the arrangement position of the connecting member in the width direction of the deformation of the shearing direction and the gap between the building units are bound, between the longitudinal direction of the connecting member of the beam member in the width direction of the shearing direction and the gap wherein the deformation of is permitted.

ここで、前記連結部材は、前記梁材の長手方向に間隔を置いて配置される複数の支持材と、それらの支持材間に架け渡される連結面材とを備えた構成とする。 Here, the connection member includes a plurality of support members which are spaced in the longitudinal direction of the beam member shall be the structure in which a connecting surface material to be stretched between them support. また、前記支持材は長さ調整手段によって調整された長さで前記梁材の側面側に固定されるのが好ましい。 Further, the support member is preferably secured to the side surface side of the beam member length which is adjusted by the length adjusting means.

さらに、前記柱材と前記梁材とはそれぞれの側面に当接させる当接面を備えた接合枠材を介して接合されており、前記支持材は前記接合枠材を介して前記梁材に固定されるように構成することができる。 Furthermore, the A pillar and the beam members are joined through the joining frame member having an abutment surface for abutting on each side, said support material to said beam members via the joint frame member it can be configured to be secured.

また、本発明のユニット建物は、上記ユニット建物の連結構造を備えるとともに、前記隙間は20−30cmの幅であって、前記隙間の上方には、前記建物ユニットの床梁となる梁材間に跨って床パネルが設置されることを特徴とする。 Also, the unit building of the present invention is provided with a connecting structure of the unit building, the gap is a width of 20-30 cm, above the said gap between the beam member serving as the floor beams of the building unit astride wherein the floor panels are installed.

さらに、前記連結部材で連結される隙間が形成された前記建物ユニットの梁材間に管材を配設することができる。 Furthermore, it is possible to dispose the tubing between beam members of the building units where gaps are formed which are connected by the connecting member. また、前記連結部材で連結される隙間が形成された前記建物ユニットの梁材間に補強梁又は振動減衰装置を配置することもできる。 It is also possible to arrange the reinforcing beam or vibration damping device between the beam member of the building units where gaps are formed which are connected by the connecting member.

このように構成された本発明のユニット建物の連結構造は、建物ユニット間の隙間の対向する梁材間が、長手方向の両端で連結部材によって連結され、それらの連結部材の配置箇所で建物ユニット間の剪断方向及び隙間の幅方向の変形が拘束される。 Connection structure of the unit building constructed as described invention, between the beam member opposite the gap between the building units are connected by a connecting member in the longitudinal direction of the ends, the building units in the arrangement position thereof coupling members deformation of the shearing direction and the gap width between is restrained. 他方、連結部材間は前記剪断方向及び前記隙間の幅方向の変形が許容されている。 On the other hand, between the connecting member deformed in the width direction of the shearing direction and the gap is allowed.

このように梁材間の長手方向の両端において、建物ユニット間の剪断方向及び隙間の幅方向の変形が拘束される構成であれば、それ以外の部分に構造部材を配置する必要がなく簡素な構成にすることができる。 In both lengthwise ends between this way the beam member, with the configuration in which deformation of the shearing direction and the gap width between the building units are restrained, simple without need to place the structural member to other portions it can be in the configuration.

また、連結部材の配置箇所以外では梁材を撓ませることができるので、大地震が起きたときなどに骨組構造体を変形させることで、地震のエネルギーを吸収させてユニット建物の倒壊を防ぐことができる。 Further, since the outside arrangement position of the connecting member can deflect the Harizai, by deforming the frame structure, such as when a large earthquake occurs, to prevent collapse of the unit building to absorb seismic energy can.

例えば、前記梁材の長手方向に間隔を置いて配置される複数の支持材と、それらの支持材間に架け渡される連結面材とによって連結部材を構成すれば、支持材によって相対的な建物ユニット間の剪断方向の変形が拘束されるうえに、支持材間に架け渡される連結面材によって隙間の幅方向の変形を拘束することができる。 For example, a plurality of support members which are spaced in the longitudinal direction of the beam member, if constituting a connecting member by a connecting surface material to be stretched between them support, relative buildings by the support member in terms of deformation of the shearing direction between the units is restricted, it is possible to restrain the widthwise direction of the deformation of the gap by a connecting surface material to be stretched between the support member.

このように、複数の支持材間が連結面材で連結されていれば、梁材間の水平方向の連結が面でおこなわれ、水平力が作用してもユニット建物にねじれが発生し難い。 Thus, if between the plurality of support members are connected by a connecting surface material, connecting the horizontal direction between the beam member is made in terms, twist the unit building also act horizontal force hardly occurs.

また、長さ調整手段を備えた支持材であれば、建物ユニット間の隙間の幅に多少の誤差が生じたとしても、長さ調整手段によって調整することで、容易に支持材を梁材に固定することができる。 Furthermore, if the support material provided with a length adjusting means, even if some error in the width of the gap between the building units occurs, by adjusting the length adjustment means, easily support the beam member it can be fixed.

また、連結部材を強度の大きな柱材と梁材の接合部の近傍に設けることで、連結部材を介して伝達される水平力によって梁材などが変形することを防ぐことができる。 Further, by providing the connecting member in the vicinity of the junction of the main pillar member and the beam member of the strength, it is possible to prevent the like beam members are deformed by the horizontal force transmitted through the connecting member.

特に、柱材と梁材とを接合枠材を介して接合することで接合部が補強されるうえに、その接合枠材を介して連結部材を固定するようにすれば、より強固な連結構造とすることができる。 In particular, on top of the joint is reinforced by bonding via the bonding frame member and the column member and the beam member, if to secure the connecting member via the bonding frame member, a stronger coupling structure it can be.

また、隙間が20−30cmの幅であれば、床パネルを補強して剛性を上げなくても床梁間に跨って床パネルを設置することができる。 Further, if the width of the gap is 20-30 cm, it is also possible without increasing the rigidity to reinforce the floor panel installing the floor panels across the floor Harima.

さらに、隙間に管材や補強梁や振動減衰装置を配置するようにすれば、梁材間の隙間を有効に活用できるうえに、梁材の上下の空間が管材等で占有されず、天井を高くしたり、床を低くしたりして室内空間を広く確保することが可能になる。 Furthermore, if to place the tubing and reinforcing beams and the vibration damping device in the gap, on top which can effectively utilize the gap between the beam member, the upper and lower spaces of the beam member is not occupied by the tubing and the like, high ceilings or, it is possible to secure a wide interior space or lower the bed.

そして、隙間によってユニット建物の大きさを調整できるので、建物ユニットの倍数という制限を離れて自由にユニット建物の形状や間取りを設計することができる。 Then, it is possible to adjust the size of the unit building by the gap, it is possible to freely design a shape and floor plan of the unit building away restriction that multiples of the building unit.

以下、本発明の最良の実施の形態について図面を参照して説明する。 Hereinafter, will be described with reference to the drawings the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

図1は、本実施の形態のユニット建物の連結構造の構成を示した部分拡大平面図、図2は図1のA−A矢視方向の断面図、図3,4はこの連結構造を備えたユニット建物10A,10Bの概略構成を示した平面図である。 Figure 1 is a partially enlarged plan view showing the configuration of the connection structure of the unit building according to the present embodiment, FIG. 2 taken along line A-A sectional view of FIG. 1, FIG. 3 and 4 equipped with the coupling structure units building 10A, is a plan view showing a schematic configuration of 10B.

まず、図3を参照しながらユニット建物10Aの構成から説明すると、このようなユニット建物10Aは、工場で製作される複数の建物ユニット1A−1Fを現場で接合することによって構築される。 First, to explain the configuration of the reference while the unit building 10A to FIG. 3, such a unit building 10A is constructed by joining a plurality of building units 1A-1F which is produced in a factory site. なお、ここではユニット建物10Aの2階の平面図については説明しないが、図2に示すように1階の建物ユニット1A−1Fの上には同様の構成の建物ユニット1,・・・が載置される。 Although not described second floor plan view of the unit building 10A here, building unit 1 of the same configuration on the first floor of the building units 1A-1F, as shown in FIG. 2, ... are mounting It is location.

また、このような建物ユニット1,1A−1Eは、四隅に配置される柱材としての柱11,・・・と、その柱11,・・・の下端間に架け渡される梁材としての床梁12,・・・と、柱11,・・・の上端間に架け渡される梁材としての天井梁13,13A,・・・とによってボックス形のラーメン構造体(骨組構造体)に形成される。 Furthermore, such building units 1, 1A-1E, the floor of the column 11 as a pillar member disposed at the four corners, and ..., the pillars 11, as a beam member that is bridged between the lower ends of ... beam 12, and ..., are formed in the pillar 11, roof beams 13, 13A, Frame structure box-shaped by the ... as beam members spanned between the upper end of the ... (frame structure) that.

ここで、柱11は角形鋼管、床梁12及び天井梁13は断面視コ字形の溝形鋼材によって形成されており、柱11と床梁12及び天井梁13(13A)は接合枠材14を介して接合される。 Here, the pillar 11 RHS, floor beams 12 and ceiling beams 13 are formed by a groove-shaped steel material cross section U-shaped, the posts 11 and floor beams 12 and ceiling beams 13 (13A) is bonded frame member 14 They are joined through.

この接合枠材14は、図1,2に示すように、柱11の側面に当接させる柱当接面14aと、床梁12又は天井梁13の側面に当接させる梁当接面14bとが略直交するように形成されている。 The bonding frame member 14, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, and the bar abutment surface 14a to abut on the side surface of the pillar 11, and the beam contact surface 14b to abut on the side surface of the floor beam 12 or ceiling beams 13 There are formed so as to be substantially orthogonal. そして、接合枠材14の柱当接面14aを柱11の側面に当接させて溶接接合し、柱11から延出された梁当接面14bに床梁12又は天井梁13の側面を当接させて溶接接合する。 Then, a post abutment surface 14a of the joining frame member 14 and welded is brought into contact with the side surface of the pillar 11, the side surface of the floor beam 12 or ceiling beams 13 to extend out a beam abutment surface 14b from the pillar 11 equivalents is tangent to the weld joining.

また、図3に示したユニット建物10Aは、長辺側の梁材間にのみ隙間が形成された建物で、建物ユニット1A,1B、1B,1C、1D,1E、1E,1F間に、20−30cm程度の隙間101,・・・がそれぞれ形成されている。 Also, the unit building 10A shown in FIG. 3, in a building where gaps are formed only between the long sides of the beam members, building units 1A, 1B, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1E, 1E, between 1F, 20 gap 101 of about -30cm, ··· are respectively formed.

さらに、図4に示したユニット建物10Bは、長辺側と短辺側との両方の梁材間に隙間が形成された建物で、建物ユニット1A,1B、1B,1C、1D,1E、1E,1F間に、20−30cm程度の隙間101,・・・がそれぞれ形成されるとともに、建物ユニット1A,1D、1B,1E、1C,1F間に、20−30cm程度の隙間102,・・・がそれぞれ形成されている。 Furthermore, the unit building 10B shown in FIG. 4, in a building where gaps are formed between the beam members of both long side and short side, building units 1A, 1B, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1E, 1E , between 1F, the gap 101 of about 20-30 cm, with ... are formed respectively, the building units 1A, 1D, 1B, 1E, 1C, between 1F, gap of about 20-30 cm 102, ... There are formed respectively.

このようにして形成された隙間101(102)には、図1に示すように連結部材2が配置される。 This way, the gaps formed by 101 (102), the coupling member 2 is arranged as shown in FIG. この連結部材2は、柱11と天井梁13の接合部の近傍の対向する天井梁13,13間に配置される。 The connecting member 2 is disposed between the ceiling beam 13, 13 that face in the vicinity of the junction of the column 11 and the ceiling beam 13.

また、この連結部材2は、接合部の近傍にそれぞれ配置されるので、一対の並設された建物ユニット間においては、天井梁13の長手方向の両端付近の2箇所に連結部材2,2が配置される。 Further, the connecting member 2, since it is arranged in the vicinity of the joint portion, in between a pair of juxtaposed building units, connecting members 2 at two positions near both ends in the longitudinal direction of the ceiling beam 13 It is placed. そして、連結部材2,2間には、天井梁13の長手方向に沿って空間が形成される。 Then, between the connecting members 2, space is formed along the longitudinal direction of the ceiling beam 13.

一方、この連結部材2の配置位置をさらに詳細に説明すると、柱11と天井梁13とを接合する接合枠材14が設けられている位置に配置される。 On the other hand, to describe the position of the connecting member 2 in more detail, it is arranged at a position bonding frame member 14 that joins the posts 11 and the ceiling beam 13 is provided.

この連結部材2は、天井梁13の長手方向に間隔を置いて配置される複数の支持材21A,21Bと、それらの支持材21A,21B間に架け渡される連結面材24とを備えている。 The connecting member 2 includes a plurality of support members 21A are spaced in the longitudinal direction of the ceiling beam 13, and 21B, their support 21A, and a coupling surface material 24 to be stretched between 21B .

この支持材21A,21Bは、柱11と天井梁13とを接合する接合枠材14の側面に取り付けられるもので、一方の支持材21Aは柱11に近接して取り付けられ、他方の支持材21Bは接合枠材14の端縁付近に取り付けられる。 The support member 21A, 21B is intended to be attached to the side of the bonding frame member 14 that joins the posts 11 and the ceiling beam 13, one of the support member 21A is mounted proximate the pillar 11, the other support member 21B It is attached to the vicinity of the periphery of bonding frame member 14.

これらの支持材21A,21Bには、例えば六角柱状の本体部211の両端に雌ネジ穴212,212が設けられており、その雌ネジ穴212に図1に示すように天井梁13の内側からボルト22を螺入して、接合枠材14を介して支持材21A,21Bを天井梁13にそれぞれ固定する。 These support 21A, the 21B, for example, hexagonal and the female screw hole 212, 212 is provided at both ends of the columnar body portion 211, from the inside of the ceiling beam 13 as shown in FIG. 1 in that the female screw hole 212 the bolts 22 are screwed, respectively fixedly supporting member 21A via a bonding frame member 14, the 21B in the ceiling beam 13. すなわち、このボルト22の螺入する長さによって支持材21A,21Bの長さが調整される。 That is, the support member 21A by a length of threaded into the bolt 22, the length of 21B is adjusted. ここで、図1に示した一方の支持材21Aは、本体部211の両端がそれぞれ接合枠材14,14の側面に当接しているので、ボルト22,22だけで固定されるが、他方の支持材21Bは、本体部211と接合枠材14との間にボルト22が露出しているので、その部分にナット23を嵌めて接合枠材14への固定をおこなう。 Wherein one of the support 21A shown in FIG. 1, since the opposite ends of the body portion 211 is in contact with the side surface of each bonding frame member 14, 14, but is fixed only by bolts 22, 22, the other support 21B, since the bolt 22 is exposed between the main body portion 211 and the bonding frame member 14, performs the fixing of the joining frame member 14 is fitted a nut 23 in that portion.

また、連結面材24は、図1に示すように平面視略台形に成形されるとともに、台形の上下辺となる両縁部が、図2に示すようフック状に折り曲げられて支持材21A,21Bに引掛けられるようになっている。 The connecting surface member 24, while being shaped in plan view substantially trapezoidal as shown in FIG. 1, a trapezoidal edges of the upper and lower sides, the supporting member 21A is bent in a hook shape as shown in FIG. 2, It is adapted to be hooked to 21B. このため、地震などでユニット建物10Aが変形して支持材21A,21Bの間隔が広がる方向の力が作用しても、この連結面材24の拘束によって支持材21A,21Bの間隔の広がりは抑えられる。 Therefore, earthquakes, etc. in unit building 10A is deformed to support 21A, also the direction of the force spacing spreads the 21B acts, support 21A by restraint of the connecting face member 24, the spread of 21B intervals suppresses It is.

また、図1に示すように、平面視略台形の連結面材24は、隙間101に配置し易く、また、先細りの形状によって支持材21Bの近傍で接合枠材14,14との間に間隙が生じるので、容易にナット23,23の締付けをおこなうことができる。 Further, as shown in FIG. 1, the coupling surface material 24 of substantially trapezoidal plan view, easily disposed in the gap 101, also the gap between the joining frame members 14, 14 in the vicinity of the supporting substrate 21B by a tapered shape since occurs, it is possible to easily tighten the nut 23.

さらに、図5−7を参照しながら、連結部材2周辺の構成の詳細について説明する。 Furthermore, with reference to Figure 5-7, details of the coupling member 2 around the structure.

図5は1階と2階の境界付近の外壁パネル31を含めた縦断面図であり、図6は建物ユニット1A,1B間の隙間101周辺の外壁パネル31を含めた平面図である。 Figure 5 is a longitudinal sectional view including an outer wall panel 31 near the first and second floor of the boundary, FIG. 6 is a plan view including an outer wall panel 31 near the gap 101 between the building units 1A, 1B.

図5に示したように、1階と2階の柱11,11の正面には外壁パネル31,31がそれぞれ取り付けられており、その内側にはグラスウールなどの断熱材331が配設され、室内側には内壁板33が取り付けられている。 As shown in FIG. 5, is attached the outer wall panels 31, 31 respectively in front of the first and second floors of the pillars 11 and 11, insulation 331 such as glass wool is disposed on the inside, the chamber the inner wall plate 33 is attached to the inner side. また、2階の床梁12の上面には床パネル32が設置されるとともに、1階の天井梁13の下面には天井板34が貼り付けられている。 Further, on the upper surface of the second floor of the floor beams 12 with the floor panel 32 is installed, the lower surface of the first floor ceiling beam 13 is attached is a ceiling plate 34.

さらに、2階の外壁パネル31と1階の外壁パネル31との間隙に配設される水切りカバー35の背面側には、防水シート351が敷設されており、その上端を取り付ける受け金具352は、連結部材2に向けて延設されるアーム部354を介して連結面材24の上面にネジ353で固定される。 Further, on the back side of the drain cover 35 disposed in a gap between the second floor of the outer wall panel 31 and the first floor of the outer wall panel 31, a waterproof sheet 351 are laid, the receiving metal 352 for mounting the upper end, via the arm portion 354 that extends toward the connecting member 2 is fixed by screws 353 to the top surface of the coupling surface material 24.

また、図6に示したように、建物ユニット1A,1Bには、それぞれ外壁パネル31A,31Aが取り付けられており、建物ユニット1A,1B間の隙間101には、外壁パネル31A,31A間を埋めるように隙間用の外壁パネル31が取り付けられる。 Further, as shown in FIG. 6, the building units 1A, the 1B, respectively external wall panels 31A, and 31A are attached, building units 1A, the gap 101 between 1B, fill the outer wall panel 31A, the inter-31A the outer wall panels 31 for clearance is attached to.

そして、図7は、建物ユニット1,1間の隙間101を図5のB−B矢視方向で見た断面図で、図7(a)は2階の上部に位置する屋根部、図7(b)は2階の床部と1階の天井部、図7(c)は1階の床部の構成を示した図である。 Then, FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the gap 101 as seen in taken along line B-B direction of viewing Figure 5 between the building units 1, 1, 7 (a) is a roof portion located on the second floor of the upper, 7 (b) the ceiling of the second floor of the floor unit and the first floor, Fig. 7 (c) is a diagram showing the configuration of the first floor of the floor unit.

まず図7(a)から説明すると、2階の天井梁13,13の上方は、折板屋根36で覆われた屋根部となっており、天井梁13,13間の隙間101には、連結部材2が取り付けられている。 First, explaining the FIG. 7 (a), the upper second floor ceiling beams 13 and 13, has a covered roof portion at the bending plate roof 36, into the gap 101 between the ceiling beams 13 and 13, connected member 2 is attached.

また、図7(b)に示すように、1階の天井梁13,13の上面には、それぞれ2階の床梁12,12が載置されており、それぞれの建物ユニット1内で床梁12に差し渡される床小梁322の上には、根太323を介して床板32Aが載置される。 Further, as shown in FIG. 7 (b), 1 floor on the upper surface of the ceiling beam 13, which is the second floor of the loading floor beams 12 and 12, respectively, floor beams in each building unit within 1 on the floor joists 322 pointing passed to 12, the floor plate 32A is mounted via a joist 323.

さらに、建物ユニット1,1間の隙間101の上方には、床梁12,12間に跨って床パネル32が設置されている。 Furthermore, above the gap 101 between the building units 1, 1, floor panel 32 is installed over between floor beam 12, 12. この床パネル32は、床梁12,12間に架け渡される渡り根太321と、その上に張設されるパーチクルボードなどの板材によって構成される。 The floor panel 32 includes a cross joist 321 to be stretched between the floor beams 12, 12, constituted by a plate material, such as particle board to be stretched thereon. ここで、隙間101が20−30cm程度であれば、特別に補強しなくても、渡り根太321(30cm四方程度の角材)とパーチクルボード(厚さ15−20mm程度)で床パネル32を構成することができる。 Here, if the order of the gap 101 is 20-30 cm, without specially reinforced, over joists 321 (30 cm square of about timbers) and particle board (thickness about 15-20 mm) to constitute a floor panel 32 in can.

また、1階の天井梁13,13の側面131,131間は、連結部材2によって連結され、その下方は天井板34によって塞がれる。 Further, while the side surface 131 of the first floor ceiling beams 13, 13 are connected by the connecting member 2, the lower is closed by a ceiling plate 34. ここで、この天井板34は、天井梁13に架け渡された横木341の下面に貼り付けられている。 Here, the ceiling plate 34 is adhered to the lower surface of the crosspiece 341 bridged ceiling beam 13.

さらに、図7(c)に示すように、1階の床梁12,12間に跨って床パネル32が架け渡されて、建物ユニット1,1間の隙間101の上方が塞がれる。 Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 7 (c), 1 floor across between floor beams 12 and 12 the floor panels 32 are bridged, the upper gap 101 between the building units 1, 1 are closed.

次に、本実施の形態のユニット建物の連結構造の作用について説明する。 Next, the operation of the coupling structure of the unit building according to the present embodiment.

このように構成された本発明のユニット建物10(10A,10B)の連結構造は、建物ユニット1,1間の隙間101(102)の対向する天井梁13,13間が、長手方向の両端で連結部材2,2によって連結され、建物ユニット1,1間の剪断方向及び隙間101(102)の幅方向の変形が拘束される。 Connection structure of the unit building 10 of the present invention configured as described above (10A, 10B) is between ceiling beams 13, 13 opposite the gap 101 between the building units 1, 1 (102), at both longitudinal ends are connected by a connecting member 2, 2, the width direction of the deformation of the shearing direction and the gap 101 between the building units 1, 1 (102) is restrained. ここで、建物ユニット1,1間の剪断方向の変形とは、建物ユニット1,1間に相対的に上下方向や天井梁13の長手方向の変位が生じることをいう。 Here, the deformation of the shearing direction between the building units 1, 1 refers to relatively the longitudinal displacement in the vertical direction and the ceiling beam 13 occurs between the building units 1, 1. また、隙間101(102)の幅方向の変形とは、建物ユニット1,1間の距離が近づいたり離れたりする方向の変位が生じることをいう。 Further, the width direction of the deformation of the gap 101 (102) refers to the direction of displacement and away from the distance between the building units 1, 1 is produced.

他方、連結部材2,2間には、連結部材2のような剛性の高い構造部材が天井梁13の長手方向に沿って配置されていないので、剪断方向及び隙間101(102)の幅方向の変形が許容される。 On the other hand, between the connecting members 2, high rigidity structural members, such as connecting member 2 is so not arranged along the longitudinal direction of the ceiling beam 13, the shearing direction and the gap 101 in the width direction (102) deformation is allowed.

このように天井梁13,13間の長手方向の両端において、建物ユニット1,1間の剪断方向及び隙間101(102)の幅方向の変形が拘束される構成であれば、それ以外の部分に構造部材を配置する必要がなく、材料費が抑えられた簡素な構成にすることができる。 In both lengthwise ends between this way ceiling beams 13, 13, with the configuration in which the width direction of the deformation of the shearing direction and the gap 101 between the building units 1, 1 (102) is restrained, the other part it is not necessary to place the structural member, it is possible to simplify a construction material cost is suppressed.

また、連結部材2,2の配置箇所以外では天井梁13,13を撓ませることができるので、大地震が起きるとラーメン構造体(骨組構造体)を構成する天井梁13が連結部材2,2間の非剛性部で撓んで、その変形によって地震のエネルギーが吸収され、ユニット建物10が倒壊するような被害を防ぐことができる。 Further, since the outside arrangement position of the connecting members 2 can deflect the ceiling beams 13 and 13, connecting ceiling beams 13 constituting the major earthquakes rigid frame structure (frame structure) members 2 deflected by the non-rigid portion between, seismic energy is absorbed by the deformation, it is possible to prevent damage such as unit building 10 is collapsed.

すなわち、天井梁13の長手方向に間隔を置いて配置される複数の支持材21A,21Bと、それらの支持材21A,21B間に架け渡される連結面材24とによって連結部材2を構成すれば、支持材21A,21Bによって相対的な建物ユニット1,1間の剪断方向の変形が拘束されるうえに、支持材21A,21B間に架け渡される連結面材24によって隙間101の幅方向の変形を拘束することができる。 That is, a plurality of support members 21A, 21B which are arranged at a longitudinally spacing of the ceiling beam 13, their support 21A, when constituting the coupling member 2 by a coupling surface material 24 to be stretched between 21B , support 21A, on top of the relative shear direction between building units 1,1 deformation is restrained by 21B, deformation in the width direction of the gap 101 by the support member 21A, the coupling surface material 24 to be stretched between 21B it can be restrained.

そして、このように複数の支持材21A,21B間が連結面材24で連結されていれば、天井梁13,13間の水平方向の連結が面でおこなわれ、水平力が作用してもユニット建物10にねじれが発生し難い。 And thus the plurality of support members 21A, if inter 21B is long are connected by a connecting surface material 24, the horizontal connection between the roof beams 13 and 13 are performed in terms, also act horizontal force unit twist is less likely to occur in the building 10.

また、長さ調整手段を備えた支持材21A,21Bであれば、建物ユニット1,1間の隙間101(102)の幅に多少の誤差が生じたとしても、長さ調整手段によって調整することで、容易に支持材21A,21Bを天井梁13,13間に固定することができる。 Further, if the supporting member 21A, 21B having a length adjustment means, even if some error in the width of the gap 101 between the building units 1, 1 (102) occurs, by adjusting the length adjusting means in, it can be easily fixed support 21A, and 21B between the ceiling beams 13 and 13.

特に、柱11と天井梁13とを接合枠材14を介して接合することで接合部が補強されるうえに、その接合枠材14を介して連結部材2を固定するようにすることで、より強固な連結構造とすることができる。 In particular, on top of the joint is reinforced by bonding via the bonding frame member 14 and the bar 11 and the ceiling beam 13, by so as to secure the connecting member 2 via the bonding frame member 14, It may be stronger coupling structure.

そして、このように連結部材2を強度の大きな柱11と天井梁13の接合部の近傍に設けることで、連結部材2を介して伝達される水平力によって天井梁13が変形することを防ぐことができる。 Then, by providing in the vicinity of the joint portion of the thus connecting member 2 large pillars 11 between the strength and the ceiling beam 13, to prevent the ceiling beam 13 is deformed by the horizontal force transmitted through the coupling member 2 can.

また、隙間101が20−30cmの幅であれば、床パネル32の渡り根太321が30cm四方程度の角材であっても、床梁12,12間に跨って床パネル32を設置することができる。 Further, if the width of the gap 101 is 20-30 cm, even over joists 321 of the floor panel 32 is a square timber of approximately 30cm square, can be installed floor panel 32 spans between the floor beams 12, 12 .

さらに、隙間101,102によってユニット建物10の大きさを調整できるので、建物ユニット1の倍数という大きさの制限を離れて、自由にユニット建物10の形状や間取りを設計することができる。 Furthermore, it is possible to adjust the size of the unit building 10 by a gap 101, 102 away limit the size of a multiple of the building unit 1 is, it is possible to freely design a shape and floor plan of the unit building 10.

以下、前記した実施の形態とは別の形態の実施例について説明する。 Hereinafter, a description will be given of an embodiment of another form the aforementioned embodiments. なお、前記実施の形態で説明した内容と同一乃至均等な部分の説明については同一符号を付して説明する。 Incidentally, it is denoted by the same reference numerals for a description of the contents of the same or equivalent parts described in the embodiments.

図8には、建物ユニット1,1間の隙間101に管材としての塩化ビニル管4が配設された断面図を示した。 8 has a cross-sectional view vinyl tube 4 chloride is disposed of as a tubing into the gap 101 between the building units 1, 1. なお、この断面図は、柱11から離れた天井梁13の長手方向の中央付近の断面図であり、図示はされていないが、天井梁13,13間は、前記実施の形態と同様に、柱11との接合部付近となる天井梁13の長手方向の両端で連結部材2,2によってそれぞれ連結されている。 Incidentally, the sectional view is a cross-sectional view of the vicinity of the longitudinal center of the ceiling beam 13 away from the pillar 11, although not shown, between ceiling beams 13 and 13, similarly to the above embodiment, They are connected respectively by connecting members 2 at both longitudinal ends of the ceiling beam 13 to be near the junction of the pillar 11.

この図8に示すように、床梁12には建物ユニット1内に向けて床小梁322が差し渡され、その上面には根太323が架け渡され、その根太323の上面には床板32Aの側縁が載置されている。 As shown in FIG. 8, the floor beam 12 toward the building unit 1 is passed pointing floor joists 322, joists 323 spans on the upper surface thereof, the floor plate 32A in the upper surface of the joists 323 side edge is placed. また、この根太323の上面には、床梁12,12間に跨って渡り根太321を架け渡した床パネル32の側縁も載置されて、床板32A,32Aと床パネル32とで面一の床面が形成されて隙間101の上方が塞がれている。 Further, on the upper surface of the joists 323, side edges of the floor panel 32 which hung the joists 321 over spanning between floor beams 12 and 12 be mounted, floor 32A, flush out with 32A and the floor panel 32 and the floor surface is formed over the gap 101 is closed in.

また、天井梁13には、建物ユニット1内に向けて横木341が架け渡され、その下面には天井板34A,34Aが貼り付けられ、天井板34A,34A間には天井板34が貼り付けられることで隙間101の下方が塞がれている。 In addition, the ceiling beams 13, crosspiece 341 toward the building unit 1 is bridged, the ceiling plate 34A is in its lower surface, 34A are attached, the ceiling plate 34A, paste is ceiling plate 34 between 34A It is blocked the lower gap 101 by being.

このようにして構成される隙間101は、2階の室内側にも1階の室内側にも露出されない閉じられた空間となっている。 In this way, it constituted a gap 101 has a second floor 1 to the indoor side floor of the room was also closed not exposed side space. また、この隙間101は、図3,4に示すように建物ユニット1A−1Fの長辺側に沿って延伸される。 Further, the gap 101 is extended along the long side of the building units 1A-1F, as shown in FIGS.

すなわち、この隙間101は、連続した長い溝状の閉じた空間になり、この隙間101に何かを配置したとしても外観を損ねたり、室内側の空間が侵食されたりすることがない。 That is, the gap 101 will become a continuous long groove-like closed space, or impair the appearance even when placed something in the gap 101, never space of the indoor side or eroded.

そこで、例えば、図8に示すように、隙間101に沿って塩化ビニル管4を配設して給排水に利用する。 Therefore, for example, as shown in FIG. 8, along the gap 101 used for plumbing and arranged vinyl chloride pipe 4. この塩化ビニル管4は、周囲がロックウールなどの耐火材で被覆されている。 The vinyl chloride tube 4 surrounding is coated with a refractory material such as rock wool. また、隙間101には、給排水用の管材だけでなく、給排気用や冷暖房用の管材を配設することもできる。 Further, the gap 101, as well as tubing for plumbing, it is also possible to dispose the tubing for and heating and cooling supply and exhaust.

また、このようにして隙間101に配管した場合は、床パネル32や天井板34を外すだけで容易に配管の点検又は修理をおこなうことができる。 Also, if you pipe in this way the gap 101, it is possible to perform inspection or repair of the readily piping only by removing the floor panels 32 and top plate 34. すなわち、連結部材2,2間であれば天井梁13,13間は上下方向に連通されているので、床パネル32や天井板34を外すと配管を露出させることができる。 That is, while ceiling beams 13 and 13 as long as between the connecting members 2 because communicates with the vertical direction, it can be an exposed piping remove the floor panel 32 and the ceiling plate 34. さらに、連結部材2,2間であれば、配管を上階側に立ち上げたり、下階側に下ろしたりしても、連結構造の連結強度を低下させることがない。 Furthermore, if between the connecting members 2, or launched pipeline upstairs side, even or down on the lower floor side, it does not reduce the connection strength of the connection structure.

一方、図9は、建物ユニット1,1間の隙間101に補強梁を配置した構成を説明する図であって、図9(a)は2階の天井部の断面図、図9(b)は2階の床部と1階の天井部の断面図を示している。 On the other hand, FIG. 9 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of arranging the reinforcing beam in the gap 101 between the building units 1, 1, 9 (a) is a cross-sectional view of the second floor ceiling section, and FIG. 9 (b) is a cross-sectional view of a second floor of the floor unit and the first floor ceiling. なお、これらの断面図は、柱11から離れた天井梁13の長手方向の中央付近の断面図であり、図示はされていないが、天井梁13,13間は前記実施の形態と同様に柱11との接合部付近となる両端で連結部材2,2によってそれぞれ連結されている。 Incidentally, these cross-sectional view is a cross-sectional view of the vicinity of the longitudinal center of the ceiling beam 13 away from the pillar 11, although not shown, while ceiling beams 13 and 13 columns as with the embodiments They are connected respectively by connecting members 2 at both ends of the vicinity of the joint portion of the 11.

まず、図9(a)に示すように、2階の天井梁13には、それよりも梁成の高い補強梁5Aが取り付けられている。 First, as shown in FIG. 9 (a), the second floor of the ceiling beam 13, a high reinforcing beams 5A of RyoNaru is attached than that. この補強梁5Aは、断面視略C字形に成形されており、天井梁13の側面131に薄板53を介して補強梁5Aのウエッブが当接されてボルト51とナット52で締結されている。 The reinforcing beam 5A is formed into a cross-sectional view substantially C-shaped, web reinforcement beams 5A on the side surfaces 131 of the ceiling beam 13 through the thin plate 53 is fastened is abutting a bolt 51 and a nut 52.

また、図9(b)に示すように、2階の床梁12と1階の天井梁13には、その2つを積み重ねた高さよりも梁成の高い補強梁5Bが取り付けられている。 Further, as shown in FIG. 9 (b), the second floor of the floor beam 12 and the first floor ceiling beam 13, a high reinforcing beam 5B having RyoNaru is attached than the height of a stack of two. この補強梁5Bは、断面視略C字形に成形されており、天井梁13の側面131に薄板53を介して補強梁5Bのウエッブが当接されてボルト51とナット52で締結されている。 The reinforcing beam 5B is formed into a cross-sectional view substantially C-shaped, web reinforcement beams 5B on the side surface 131 of the ceiling beam 13 through the thin plate 53 is fastened is abutting a bolt 51 and a nut 52.

このように建物ユニット1の骨組構造体を構成する天井梁13や床梁12の剛性が不足する場合やキャンチレバー構造のバルコニーを設ける場合などには、この隙間101を利用して補強梁5A,5Bを配置して天井梁13や床梁12を補強することができる。 Thus the example, when the rigidity of the ceiling beams 13 and floor beams 12 of the frame structure of the building unit 1 is provided with a balcony or when cantilever structure is insufficient, the reinforcing beams 5A by utilizing this gap 101, 5B can be reinforced ceiling beams 13 and floor beams 12 to place.

そして、このように隙間101を利用した補強であれば、外観を損ねたり、室内側の空間が侵食されたりすることがないうえに、ユニット建物10を構築した後であっても、床パネル32や天井板34を外すだけで容易に補強をおこなうことができる。 Then, if the thus reinforced utilizing the gap 101, or impair the appearance, on top never space of the indoor side or eroded, even after building the unit building 10, floor panels 32 only by removing the or ceiling panel 34 can be performed easily reinforced.

すなわち、連結部材2,2間には、天井梁13,13間や床梁12,12間を塞ぐような構造部材が配置されていないので、天井梁13や床梁12の長手方向に沿った補強を容易におこなうことができる。 That is, between the connecting members 2, since the structural member such as to block between ceiling beams 13 and 13 or between the floor beams 12, 12 are not disposed, along the longitudinal direction of the ceiling beam 13 and floor beams 12 it can be easily reinforced.

また、同様にして、この隙間101を利用して、天井梁13,13間や床梁12,12間に、床の振動を減衰させる振動減衰装置や地震時の建物の横揺れ振動を減衰させる振動減衰装置を配置することができる。 Similarly, by utilizing this gap 101, between ceiling beams 13 and 13 or between the floor beams 12 and 12, attenuate rolling vibrations of the building at the time of the vibration damping device and earthquake damping vibrations of the floor it is possible to arrange the vibration damping device.

例えば、振動減衰装置が、天井梁13に地震時に発生する撓みを増幅させて減衰材に作用させ、それによってエネルギーを吸収させるような装置であれば、連結部材2,2間の天井梁13の変形が許容されていることによって、有効に振動減衰装置を機能させることができる。 For example, the vibration damping device, by amplifying the deflection generated at the time of an earthquake is applied to the damping material ceiling beam 13, whereby when the device such as to absorb energy, the ceiling beams 13 between the connecting member 2, 2 by deformation is allowed, it can function effectively vibration damping apparatus.

このように、隙間101に管材や補強梁や振動減衰装置を配置するようにすれば、天井梁13,13間や床梁12,12間の隙間101(102)を有効に活用できるうえに、天井梁13の下方や床梁12の上方の空間が管材や補強梁や振動減衰装置などで占有されず、天井を高くしたり、床を低くしたりして室内空間を広く確保することが可能になる。 Thus, if to place the tubing and reinforcing beams and the vibration damping device in the gap 101, on top which can effectively utilize the gap 101 (102) between the ceiling beams 13 and 13 or between the floor beams 12, 12, can be the space above the lower or floor beam 12 of the ceiling beam 13 is not occupied by such tubing and reinforcing beams and vibration damping apparatus, or to increase the ceiling, or by lowering the floor to secure a wide interior space become.

なお、他の構成及び作用効果については、前記実施の形態と略同様であるので説明を省略する。 Incidentally, a description thereof will be omitted for other configurations and operational effects are substantially the same as the previous embodiment.

以上、図面を参照して、本発明の最良の実施の形態を詳述してきたが、具体的な構成は、この実施の形態に限らず、本発明の要旨を逸脱しない程度の設計的変更は、本発明に含まれる。 Above, with reference to the drawings, have been described in detail the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the specific configuration is not limited to this embodiment, design changes to the extent that does not deviate from the gist of the present invention , it is included in the present invention.

例えば、前記実施の形態では、2本の支持材21A,21Bとそれらに架け渡される連結面材24とによって連結部材2を構成したが、これに限定されるものではなく、建物ユニット1,1間の剪断方向及び隙間101の幅方向の変形を拘束できる構成であればよい。 For example, in the embodiment, two supporting members 21A, was constructed the connecting member 2 by the 21B and the connecting surface material 24 to be stretched which is not limited thereto, the building units 1, 1 the width direction of the deformation of the shearing direction and the gap 101 between may be any configuration capable of restraining.

また、前記実施の形態では、支持材21A,21Bを天井梁13に固定するボルト22,22を長さ調整手段として使用して、支持材21A,21Bの長さを調整したが、これに限定されるものではなく、支持材の中央などに長さ調整手段を設けて長さを調整するようにしてもよい。 Further, in the above embodiment, the support member 21A, 21B and using the bolts 22, 22 fixed to the ceiling beam 13 as the length adjusting means, the support member 21A, but to adjust the length of 21B, limited to the invention is not, may be adjusted in length by providing a length adjustment means such as the center of the support member.

また、前記実施の形態及び実施例では、隙間101を例示しながら説明したが、これに限定されるものではなく、図4に示すような隙間101に略直交する方向に延設される隙間102においても同様の構成とすることができる。 Further, in the embodiments and examples, the gap 102 has been described with illustrative gaps 101, but the invention is not limited thereto, which extends in a direction substantially perpendicular to the gap 101 as shown in FIG. 4 it can be the same configuration in.

さらに、前記実施の形態では、梁材として天井梁13,13間を連結部材2で連結する場合について説明したが、これに限定されるものではなく、床梁12,12間を連結部材2で連結してもよい。 Furthermore, the above embodiment has been described for the case of connecting the ceiling beam 13 by the connecting member 2 as a beam member, is not limited thereto, between floor beams 12 and 12 by the connecting member 2 consolidated may be.

また、前記実施の形態では、2本の支持材21A,21Bを配置する場合について説明したが、これに限定されるものではなく、3本以上の支持材を配置することもできる。 Further, in the embodiment, two supporting members 21A, has been described to place 21B, is not limited thereto, it may be disposed three or more of the support.

本発明の最良の実施の形態のユニット建物の連結構造の構成を説明する部分拡大平面図である。 Is a partially enlarged plan view illustrating the configuration of the connection structure of the unit building of the embodiment of the present invention. 図1のA−A矢視方向の断面図である。 It is a sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 一方向に隙間が形成されたユニット建物の構成を説明する平面図である。 One direction is a plan view illustrating the configuration of a building unit which gaps are formed. 二方向に隙間が形成されたユニット建物の構成を説明する平面図である。 In two directions is a plan view illustrating the configuration of a unit building a gap is formed. 建物ユニット間の隙間周辺の構成を説明する詳細断面図である。 It is a detailed cross-sectional view illustrating a configuration around the gap between the building units. 建物ユニット間の隙間周辺の構成を説明する詳細平面図である。 It is a detailed plan view illustrating the structure around the gap between the building units. 図5のB−B矢視方向で見た図であって、(a)は2階の天井部周辺の構成を示した断面図、(b)は2階と1階の境界周辺の構成を示した断面図、(c)は1階の床部周辺の構成を示した断面図である。 A view seen in taken along line B-B direction of viewing FIG. 5, the (a) is a sectional view showing a configuration around the ceiling of the second floor, (b) is near the second floor and the first floor of the boundary structure It shows cross-sectional view and a cross-sectional view showing a (c) the structure near the first floor of the floor unit. 実施例の隙間に配管をおこなった構成を説明する詳細断面図である。 Is a detailed cross-sectional view for explaining the structure was subjected to piping clearance embodiment. 実施例の隙間に補強梁を配置した構成を説明する詳細断面図であって、(a)は2階の天井部周辺の構成を示した図、(b)は2階と1階の境界周辺の構成を示した図である。 A detailed cross-sectional view illustrating a configuration of arranging the reinforcing beam in the gap of example, (a) shows the view showing the configuration around the second floor ceiling section, (b) the second floor and the first floor boundary around it is a diagram showing a configuration.

符号の説明 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

10A,10B ユニット建物1,1A−1F 建物ユニット101,102 隙間11 柱(柱材) 10A, 10B unit building 1, 1A-1F building unit 101 clearance 11 Column (pillar)
12 床梁(梁材) 12 floor beams (beam material)
13,13A 天井梁(梁材) 13,13A ceiling beams (beam material)
131 側面14 接合枠材14a 柱当接面(当接面) 131 sides 14 joining frame member 14a pillar abutment surface (contact surface)
14b 梁当接面(当接面) 14b beams abutment surface (contact surface)
2 連結部材21A,21B 支持材22 ボルト(長さ調整手段) 2 connecting members 21A, 21B support 22 bolt (length adjusting means)
24 連結面材32 床パネル4 塩化ビニル管(管材) 24 coupling surface material 32 floor panel 4 vinyl chloride tube (tube)
5A,5B 補強梁 5A, 5B reinforcing beams

Claims (8)

  1. 梁材と柱材とによって骨組みが形成される建物ユニットを複数、隣接させて構成されるユニット建物の連結構造であって、 The building unit which framework is formed by the beam member and the pillar plurality, a connection structure of the unit building constructed by adjacent,
    少なくとも一対の並設された建物ユニット間には間取り調整用の隙間が形成されて、その隙間の対向する梁材間は、前記柱材との接合部の近傍となる両端で連結部材によって連結される構造であって、 At least the pair of juxtaposed building units is formed a gap for adjusting floor plan, the inter-gap opposing beam members that the are connected by the connecting member at both ends of the vicinity of the joint between the column members a that structure,
    前記連結部材は、前記梁材の長手方向に間隔を置いて配置される複数の支持材と、それらの支持材間に架け渡される連結面材とを備え、 The connecting member comprises a plurality of support members which are spaced in the longitudinal direction of the beam member, and a connecting surface material to be stretched between them support,
    前記連結部材の配置箇所では前記建物ユニット間の剪断方向及び前記隙間の幅方向の変形が拘束され、前記梁材の長手方向の前記連結部材間は前記剪断方向及び前記隙間の幅方向の変形が許容されることを特徴とするユニット建物の連結構造。 Wherein the arrangement position of the connecting member in the width direction of the deformation of the shearing direction and the gap between the building units are bound, between the longitudinal direction of the connecting member of the beam material is deformed in the width direction of the shearing direction and the gap coupling structure unit building, characterized in that it is acceptable.
  2. 前記連結部材は、前記支持材を前記梁材にそれぞれ固定させるために前記梁材の内側から螺入される複数のボルトを備えていることを特徴とする請求項1に記載のユニット建物の連結構造。 The coupling member, the coupling of the unit building according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises a plurality of bolts which are screwed from the inside of the beam member to said support member in order to fix each of the beam members Construction.
  3. 前記連結面材は、フック状に折り曲げられた両縁部を前記支持材にそれぞれ引掛けることによって前記支持材間に架け渡されることを特徴とする請求項1又は2に記載のユニット建物の連結構造。 The connecting face member, the coupling of the unit building according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that to be stretched between the support member by kicking each hooking the edges bent in a hook shape to the supporting member Construction.
  4. 前記支持材は長さ調整手段によって調整された長さで前記梁材の側面側に固定されることを特徴とする請求項1乃至3のいずれか一項に記載のユニット建物の連結構造。 The support material connection structure of the unit building according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that it is fixed to the side surface side of the beam member length which is adjusted by the length adjusting means.
  5. 前記柱材と前記梁材とはそれぞれの側面に当接させる当接面を備えた接合枠材を介して接合されており、前記支持材は前記接合枠材を介して前記梁材に固定されることを特徴とする請求項1乃至4のいずれか一項に記載のユニット建物の連結構造。 The A pillar and the beam members are joined through the joining frame member having an abutment surface which abuts against the respective sides, the support member is secured to the beam members via the joint frame member connection structure of the unit building according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in Rukoto.
  6. 前記隙間は20−30cmの幅であって、前記隙間の上方には、前記建物ユニットの床梁となる梁材間に跨って床パネルが設置されることを特徴とする請求項1乃至のいずれか一項に記載のユニット建物の連結構造を備えたユニット建物。 The gap is a width of 20-30 cm, above the said gap, according to claim 1 to 5, characterized in that the floor panel is installed over between beam members as the floor beams of the building unit unit building having a connection structure of a unit building according to any one.
  7. 前記連結部材で連結される隙間が形成された前記建物ユニットの梁材間に管材を配設することを特徴とする請求項に記載のユニット建物。 Unit building according to claim 6, wherein disposing the tubing between beam members of the building units where gaps are formed which are connected by the connecting member.
  8. 前記連結部材で連結される隙間が形成された前記建物ユニットの梁材間に補強梁又は振動減衰装置を配置することを特徴とする請求項に記載のユニット建物。 Unit building according to claim 6, wherein placing the reinforcing beam or vibration damping device between the beam member of the building units where gaps are formed which are connected by the connecting member.
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JP5612845B2 (en) * 2009-09-17 2014-10-22 積水化学工業株式会社 Unit building and the local frame
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JP6019176B2 (en) * 2011-03-01 2016-11-02 積水化学工業株式会社 Consolidated structure and unit building of unit building
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