JP5612832B2 - Unit building - Google Patents

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JP5612832B2
JP5612832B2 JP2009137003A JP2009137003A JP5612832B2 JP 5612832 B2 JP5612832 B2 JP 5612832B2 JP 2009137003 A JP2009137003 A JP 2009137003A JP 2009137003 A JP2009137003 A JP 2009137003A JP 5612832 B2 JP5612832 B2 JP 5612832B2
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reinforcing
building
unit
members
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JP2010281164A (en
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大西 克則
克則 大西
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Sekisui Chemical Co Ltd
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本発明は、複数の建物ユニットを隣接させて構成するユニット建物に関するものである。   The present invention relates to a unit building configured by adjoining a plurality of building units.

従来、工場で製作された複数の建物ユニットを縦、横に積み重ねて構築するユニット建物が知られている。一般に、これらの建物ユニット間には、誤差吸収を目的とするものを除いて実質的な隙間を設けることなく近接させて連結をおこなっている。   Conventionally, a unit building in which a plurality of building units manufactured in a factory are stacked vertically and horizontally is known. In general, these building units are connected in close proximity without providing a substantial gap except for the purpose of absorbing errors.

これに対して、特許文献1,2などには、建物ユニット間に隙間を設けて連結させることによって、建物ユニットの倍数の制限を越えて建築面積を広げることができるユニット建物が開示されている。   On the other hand, Patent Documents 1 and 2 disclose unit buildings that can expand the building area beyond the limit of multiples of building units by providing a gap between the building units and connecting them. .

特開2007−247343号公報JP 2007-247343 A 特許第3796494号公報Japanese Patent No. 3796494

しかしながら、特許文献1,2に開示されたユニット建物では、建物ユニット間の隙間に渡し梁又は構造用合板が隙間無く配置されることでユニット建物の水平剛性が確保されるようになっているため、材料費が嵩む。また、隙間全域に構造部材である渡し梁又は構造用合板を取り付けた場合、梁材間に配管などをおこなっても構造部材であれば取り外しが困難で、配管の修理などの維持管理を容易におこなうことができない。   However, in the unit buildings disclosed in Patent Documents 1 and 2, the horizontal rigidity of the unit building is ensured by arranging the cross beams or the structural plywood without gaps in the gaps between the building units. , Material costs increase. In addition, when a structural beam or a structural plywood is attached to the entire gap, it is difficult to remove the structural member even if piping is used between the beams, and maintenance such as piping repair is easy. I can't do it.

また、梁材間の剛性を渡し梁などで軸方向の全長に亘って高め過ぎてしまうと、建物ユニットの梁材が撓みにくくなり、変形によってエネルギーを吸収するという骨組構造体本来の特性が充分発揮できなくなるおそれがある。   Also, if the rigidity between the beams is increased too much over the entire length in the axial direction by using a crossing beam, the beam material of the building unit becomes difficult to bend, and the original characteristics of the frame structure that absorb energy by deformation are sufficient. There is a risk that it will not be able to be demonstrated.

そこで、本発明は、骨組構造体本来の特性を維持したうえで、建物ユニット間に配管などをおこなうスペースを確保することが可能なユニット建物を提供することを目的としている。   Therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide a unit building that can secure a space for piping between building units while maintaining the original characteristics of the frame structure.

前記目的を達成するために、本発明のユニット建物は、梁材と柱材とによって骨組みが形成される建物ユニットを複数、隣接させて構成されるユニット建物であって、対向する前記建物ユニット間に形成される溝状の隙間は、長手方向に延伸されて複数の建物ユニット間に跨って形成されるとともに、前記隙間の長手方向に延設される断面視略C字形の補強梁は、開放口を前記隙間の中心側に向けた状態で複数の梁材に跨って架け渡されることを特徴とする。   In order to achieve the above object, the unit building of the present invention is a unit building constituted by adjoining a plurality of building units each of which a framework is formed by a beam material and a column material, and between the opposing building units. The groove-shaped gap formed in the longitudinal direction is formed across a plurality of building units, and the reinforcing beam having a substantially C-shaped cross-sectional view extending in the longitudinal direction of the gap is open. It is spanned across a plurality of beam members in a state where the mouth is directed toward the center of the gap.

ここで、前記補強梁のC字の開放口に対して、断面視略C字形の重ね補強梁を開放口同士が対向する向きにして並設させることができる。また、前記補強梁と前記重ね補強梁と前記梁材とは、これらを貫通するボルト部によって連結される構成であってもよい。   Here, with respect to the C-shaped opening of the reinforcing beam, the overlapping reinforcing beams having a substantially C-shaped cross-sectional view can be arranged in parallel so that the opening ports face each other. Further, the reinforcing beam, the overlap reinforcing beam, and the beam material may be connected by a bolt portion that passes through them.

さらに、前記補強梁は、前記建物ユニットの隅角部に柱材が配置されていない梁材間に跨って架け渡すことができる。また、前記隙間に管材を配設することができる。さらに、前記隙間は20−30cmの幅であって、前記建物ユニットの床梁となる梁材間に跨って着脱自在に床パネルが設置されることが好ましい。   Furthermore, the reinforcing beam can be bridged between beam members in which column members are not arranged at the corners of the building unit. Moreover, a pipe material can be arrange | positioned in the said clearance gap. Further, it is preferable that the gap has a width of 20-30 cm, and a floor panel is detachably installed across the beam members to be the floor beams of the building unit.

また、前記隙間は、その隙間を挟んで対向する梁材間が部分的に連結部材によって連結される構造とすることができる。ここで、前記連結部材は、前記隙間の長手方向に間隔を置いて配置される複数の支持材と、それらの支持材間に架け渡される連結面材とを備えている構成とすることができる。さらに、前記支持材は、長さ調整手段によって調整された長さで前記梁材の側面側に両端がそれぞれ固定される構成とすることもできる。   Moreover, the said clearance gap can be made into the structure where the beam materials which oppose on both sides of the clearance gap are partially connected by the connection member. Here, the connection member may be configured to include a plurality of support members arranged at intervals in the longitudinal direction of the gap, and a connection surface material spanned between the support members. . Furthermore, the support material may be configured such that both ends are fixed to the side surface side of the beam material with a length adjusted by a length adjusting means.

このように構成された本発明のユニット建物は、断面視略C字形の補強梁を、開放口が隙間の中心側を向くようにして複数の梁材に跨って架け渡す。   The unit building of the present invention configured as described above bridges a substantially C-shaped reinforcing beam in cross section across a plurality of beam members so that the opening is directed toward the center of the gap.

このため、補強梁が隙間を占有する領域が少なくなり、隙間に様々な管材を配管して有効に活用することができる。また、梁材の軸方向に沿って補強梁を架け渡す構造であれば、大地震が起きたときなどに建物ユニットの梁材を撓ませることができるので、骨組構造体を変形させて地震のエネルギーを吸収させるという本来の構造特性によってユニット建物の倒壊を防ぐことができる。   For this reason, the area | region where a reinforcement beam occupies a clearance gap decreases, and it can pipe and use various pipe materials in a clearance gap effectively. In addition, a structure that spans a reinforcing beam along the axial direction of the beam can bend the beam of the building unit when a large earthquake occurs. The original structural property of absorbing energy can prevent the unit building from collapsing.

また、補強梁のC字の開放口に対して重ね補強梁のC字の開放口を対向させて重ねるようにすれば、補強構造が隙間を占有する領域を最小限に抑えることができるうえに、配管などのスペースとして隙間を有効に活用することができる。   In addition, if the C-shaped opening of the reinforcing beam is overlapped with the C-shaped opening of the reinforcing beam so as to face each other, the area where the reinforcing structure occupies the gap can be minimized. The gap can be used effectively as a space for piping.

さらに、補強梁と重ね補強梁と梁材との連結を、これらを貫通するボルト部によっておこなうのであれば、容易に実施することができる。また、このように建物ユニット間に跨る補強構造が形成されることによって、柱材が存在しない建物ユニット間に跨る大きな室内空間を形成することができる。   Furthermore, if the connection between the reinforcing beam, the overlapped reinforcing beam, and the beam material is performed by a bolt portion penetrating them, it can be easily implemented. In addition, by forming the reinforcing structure straddling between the building units in this way, a large indoor space straddling between the building units where there is no column material can be formed.

さらに、隙間が20−30cmの幅であれば、床パネルを補強して剛性を上げなくても床梁間に跨って床パネルを設置することができる。また、床パネルが着脱自在であれば、配管や補強構造の修理又は交換などの維持管理を容易におこなうことができる。ここで、20−30cmの幅の隙間は、隙間に渡す床下地などに対して特別な補強をおこなうことなく、直接、床下地を架け渡すことが可能な距離である。   Furthermore, if the gap is 20-30 cm wide, the floor panel can be installed across the floor beams without reinforcing the floor panel and increasing the rigidity. In addition, if the floor panel is detachable, maintenance such as repair or replacement of the piping or the reinforcing structure can be easily performed. Here, the gap having a width of 20-30 cm is a distance at which the floor substrate can be directly bridged without performing any special reinforcement on the floor substrate to be passed to the gap.

また、建物ユニット間の隙間の対向する梁材間が、部分的に連結部材によって連結されると、それらの連結部材の配置箇所で建物ユニット間の剪断方向及び隙間の幅方向の変形が拘束される。他方、連結部材間は前記剪断方向及び前記隙間の幅方向の変形が許容される。   In addition, when the beam members facing each other in the gap between the building units are partially connected by the connecting member, the shear direction between the building units and the deformation in the width direction of the gap are restricted at the place where the connecting members are arranged. The On the other hand, deformation in the shear direction and the width direction of the gap is allowed between the connecting members.

このように部分的に建物ユニット間の剪断方向及び隙間の幅方向の梁材の変形が拘束される構成であれば、それ以外の部分に構造部材を配置する必要がなく簡素な構成にすることができる。   In this way, if the deformation of the beam material in the shear direction between the building units and the width direction of the gap is partially constrained, it is not necessary to arrange structural members in other parts, and the structure is simplified. Can do.

さらに、連結部材を、隙間の長手方向に間隔を置いて配置される複数の支持材と、それらの支持材間に架け渡される連結面材とによって構成すれば、支持材によって相対的な建物ユニット間の剪断方向の変形が拘束されるうえに、支持材間に架け渡される連結面材によって隙間の幅方向の変形を拘束することができる。   Further, if the connecting member is constituted by a plurality of support members arranged at intervals in the longitudinal direction of the gap, and a connecting surface material spanned between the support members, a relative building unit is supported by the support member. In addition to restraining deformation in the shear direction, deformation in the width direction of the gap can be restrained by the connecting surface material spanned between the support members.

また、複数の支持材間が連結面材で連結されていれば、梁材間の水平方向の連結が面でおこなわれ、水平力が作用してもユニット建物にねじれが発生し難い。   Further, if the plurality of support members are connected by the connecting surface material, the horizontal connection between the beam members is performed on the surface, and even if a horizontal force is applied, the unit building is not easily twisted.

また、長さ調整手段を備えた支持材であれば、建物ユニット間の隙間の幅に多少の誤差が生じたとしても、長さ調整手段によって調整することで、容易に支持材を梁材間に架け渡すことができる。   In addition, if the support member is provided with a length adjusting means, even if a slight error occurs in the width of the gap between the building units, the support member can be easily adjusted between the beam members by adjusting the length adjusting means. Can be bridged to.

本発明の実施の形態のユニット建物の補強構造の構成を説明する断面図である。It is sectional drawing explaining the structure of the reinforcement structure of the unit building of embodiment of this invention. 二方向の建物ユニット間に隙間が形成されたユニット建物の構成を説明する平面図である。It is a top view explaining the structure of the unit building in which the clearance gap was formed between the building units of two directions. 建物ユニット間の連結構造の構成を説明する部分拡大平面図である。It is a partial expanded plan view explaining the structure of the connection structure between building units. 図3のA−A矢視方向の断面図である。It is sectional drawing of the AA arrow direction of FIG. 建物ユニット間の隙間周辺の構成を説明する詳細平面図である。It is a detailed top view explaining the structure of the clearance gap between building units. 建物ユニット間の隙間周辺の構成を説明する図であって、(a)は2階の天井部周辺の構成を示した断面図、(b)は2階と1階の境界周辺の構成を示した断面図、(c)は1階の床部周辺の構成を示した断面図である。It is a figure explaining the structure around the clearance gap between building units, (a) is sectional drawing which showed the structure around the ceiling part of the 2nd floor, (b) shows the structure around the boundary of the 2nd floor and the 1st floor (C) is a sectional view showing a configuration around the floor portion of the first floor. 実施例のユニット建物の補強構造の構成を説明する断面図である。It is sectional drawing explaining the structure of the reinforcement structure of the unit building of an Example. 実施例の2階の天井部周辺の補強構造の構成を説明する断面図である。It is sectional drawing explaining the structure of the reinforcement structure of the ceiling part periphery of the 2nd floor of an Example.

以下、本発明の実施の形態について図面を参照して説明する。   Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

図1は、本実施の形態のユニット建物10の補強構造の構成を示した断面図、図2は、この補強構造を備えたユニット建物10の概略構成を示した平面図である。また、図3,4は、建物ユニット間の連結構造の構成を説明する図である。   FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a configuration of a reinforcing structure of a unit building 10 according to the present embodiment, and FIG. 2 is a plan view illustrating a schematic configuration of the unit building 10 including the reinforcing structure. 3 and 4 are diagrams for explaining the structure of the connecting structure between the building units.

まず、図2を参照しながらユニット建物10の構成から説明すると、このようなユニット建物10は、工場で製作される複数の建物ユニット1A−1Fを現場で接合することによって構築される。   First, the structure of the unit building 10 will be described with reference to FIG. 2. Such a unit building 10 is constructed by joining a plurality of building units 1A-1F manufactured at a factory on site.

なお、ここではユニット建物10の2階の平面図については説明しないが、図4に示すように1階の建物ユニット1A−1Fの上には同様の構成の建物ユニット1,・・・が載置される。また、以下では、位置の特定を要しない場合は、建物ユニット1A−1Fについては建物ユニット1としてまとめて説明する。   Here, a plan view of the second floor of the unit building 10 will not be described, but building units 1,... Having the same configuration are placed on the first floor building units 1A-1F as shown in FIG. Placed. In the following description, the building units 1A to 1F will be collectively described as the building unit 1 when it is not necessary to specify the position.

このような建物ユニット1は、二隅から四隅に配置される柱材としての柱11,・・・と、その柱11,・・・の下端間に架け渡される梁材としての床梁12,12A,・・・と、柱11,・・・の上端間に架け渡される梁材としての天井梁13,13A,・・・とによってボックス形のラーメン構造体(骨組構造体)に形成される。ここで、長辺側の梁材を床梁12又は天井梁13とし、短辺側の梁材を床梁12A又は天井梁13Aとする。   Such a building unit 1 includes a pillar 11 as a pillar material arranged from two corners to four corners, and a floor beam 12 as a beam material spanned between the lower ends of the pillars 11. Are formed into a box-shaped frame structure (framework structure) by the ceiling beams 13, 13A,..., Which are bridged between the upper ends of the columns 11,. . Here, the beam material on the long side is the floor beam 12 or the ceiling beam 13, and the beam material on the short side is the floor beam 12A or the ceiling beam 13A.

そして、柱11は角形鋼管、床梁12及び天井梁13は断面視略C字形の鋼材によって形成されており、柱11と床梁12(12A)及び天井梁13(13A)は接合枠材14を介して接合される。   The column 11 is formed of a square steel pipe, the floor beam 12 and the ceiling beam 13 are formed of a substantially C-shaped steel material in cross section, and the column 11, the floor beam 12 (12A), and the ceiling beam 13 (13A) are joined frame members 14. It is joined via.

この接合枠材14は、図3,4に示すように、柱11の側面に当接させる柱当接面14aと、床梁12又は天井梁13の側面に当接させる梁当接面14bとが略直交するように形成されている。   As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the joining frame member 14 includes a column contact surface 14 a that contacts the side surface of the column 11, and a beam contact surface 14 b that contacts the side surface of the floor beam 12 or the ceiling beam 13. Are formed so as to be substantially orthogonal.

そして、接合枠材14の柱当接面14aを柱11の側面に当接させて溶接接合し、柱11から延出された梁当接面14bに床梁12(12A)又は天井梁13(13A)の側面を当接させて溶接接合する。   Then, the column contact surface 14a of the joining frame member 14 is brought into contact with the side surface of the column 11 and welded, and the floor beams 12 (12A) or the ceiling beams 13 ( 13A) are brought into contact with each other and welded together.

また、図2に示したユニット建物10は、長辺側と短辺側との両方の梁材間に溝状の隙間が形成された建物である。すなわち、長辺側の建物ユニット1A,1B、1B,1C、1D,1E、1E,1F間には、20−30cm程度の隙間101,・・・がそれぞれ形成される。   The unit building 10 shown in FIG. 2 is a building in which a groove-like gap is formed between the beam members on both the long side and the short side. That is, gaps 101,... Of about 20-30 cm are formed between the long side building units 1A, 1B, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1E, 1E, 1F, respectively.

また、短辺側の建物ユニット1A,1D、1B,1E、1C,1F間には、20−30cm程度の隙間102,・・・がそれぞれ形成される。例えば、建物ユニット1A,1D間の隙間102は、隙間102の長手方向に延伸されることによって、複数の建物ユニット1B,1E、1C,1F間に跨って形成される。   In addition, gaps 102 of about 20-30 cm are formed between the building units 1A, 1D, 1B, 1E, 1C, 1F on the short side. For example, the gap 102 between the building units 1A and 1D is formed across the plurality of building units 1B, 1E, 1C, and 1F by extending in the longitudinal direction of the gap 102.

このようにして形成された長辺側の隙間101には、図3に示すように連結部材2が配置される。この連結部材2は、柱11と天井梁13の接合部が形成される建物ユニット1A,1Bの隅角部の近傍の対向する天井梁13,13間に配置される。   As shown in FIG. 3, the connecting member 2 is arranged in the gap 101 on the long side formed in this way. The connecting member 2 is disposed between the facing ceiling beams 13 and 13 in the vicinity of the corners of the building units 1A and 1B where the joints between the columns 11 and the ceiling beams 13 are formed.

また、この連結部材2は、接合部の近傍にそれぞれ配置されるので、一対の並設された建物ユニット1A,1B間においては、天井梁13の軸方向の両端付近の2箇所に連結部材2,2が配置される。そして、連結部材2,2間には、天井梁13の軸方向に沿って溝状の空間が形成される。   Moreover, since this connection member 2 is each arrange | positioned in the vicinity of a junction part, between a pair of building units 1A and 1B arranged in parallel, the connection member 2 is provided at two locations near both ends in the axial direction of the ceiling beam 13. , 2 are arranged. A groove-like space is formed between the connecting members 2 and 2 along the axial direction of the ceiling beam 13.

さらに、この連結部材2の配置位置を詳細に説明すると、柱11と天井梁13とを接合する接合枠材14が設けられている位置に配置される。   Furthermore, if the arrangement position of this connection member 2 is demonstrated in detail, it will arrange | position in the position where the joining frame material 14 which joins the pillar 11 and the ceiling beam 13 is provided.

この連結部材2は、隙間101の長手方向(天井梁13の軸方向)に間隔を置いて配置される複数の支持材21A,21Bと、それらの支持材21A,21B間に架け渡される連結面材24とを備えている。   The connecting member 2 includes a plurality of support members 21A and 21B arranged at intervals in the longitudinal direction of the gap 101 (the axial direction of the ceiling beam 13), and a connecting surface spanned between the support members 21A and 21B. The material 24 is provided.

この支持材21A,21Bは、柱11と天井梁13とを接合する接合枠材14の側面に取り付けられるもので、一方の支持材21Aは柱11に近接して取り付けられ、他方の支持材21Bは接合枠材14の端縁付近に取り付けられる。   The supporting members 21A and 21B are attached to the side surface of the joining frame member 14 that joins the column 11 and the ceiling beam 13, and one supporting member 21A is attached in the vicinity of the column 11 and the other supporting member 21B. Is attached in the vicinity of the edge of the joining frame member 14.

これらの支持材21A,21Bには、例えば六角柱状の本体部211の両端に雌ネジ穴212,212が設けられており、その雌ネジ穴212に図3に示すように天井梁13の内側からボルト22を螺入して、接合枠材14を介して支持材21A,21Bを天井梁13にそれぞれ固定する。   These support members 21A and 21B are provided with female screw holes 212 and 212 at both ends of, for example, a hexagonal column-shaped main body 211, and the female screw holes 212 are formed from the inside of the ceiling beam 13 as shown in FIG. Bolts 22 are screwed in, and the support members 21A and 21B are fixed to the ceiling beam 13 via the joint frame member 14, respectively.

すなわち、このボルト22の螺入する長さによって支持材21A,21Bの長さが調整される。ここで、図3に示した一方の支持材21Aは、本体部211の両端がそれぞれ接合枠材14,14の側面に当接しているので、ボルト22,22だけで固定されるが、他方の支持材21Bは、本体部211と接合枠材14との間にボルト22の軸部が露出しているので、その部分にナット23を嵌めて接合枠材14への固定をおこなう。   That is, the lengths of the support members 21A and 21B are adjusted by the length of the bolt 22 to be screwed. Here, since one end of the support member 21A shown in FIG. 3 is fixed only by the bolts 22 and 22 because both ends of the main body portion 211 are in contact with the side surfaces of the joint frame members 14 and 14, respectively, Since the shaft portion of the bolt 22 is exposed between the main body portion 211 and the joint frame member 14, the support member 21 </ b> B is fixed to the joint frame member 14 by fitting a nut 23 therein.

また、連結面材24は、図3に示すように平面視略台形に成形されるとともに、台形の上下辺となる両縁部が、図4に示すようフック状に折り曲げられて支持材21A,21Bに引掛けられるようになっている。このため、地震などでユニット建物10が変形して支持材21A,21Bの間隔が広がる方向の力が作用しても、この連結面材24の拘束によって支持材21A,21Bの間隔の広がりは抑えられる。   Further, the connecting surface material 24 is formed into a substantially trapezoidal shape in plan view as shown in FIG. 3, and both edge portions which are upper and lower sides of the trapezoid are bent into a hook shape as shown in FIG. 21B is hooked. For this reason, even if the unit building 10 is deformed due to an earthquake or the like and a force is applied in a direction in which the interval between the support members 21A and 21B increases, the expansion of the interval between the support members 21A and 21B is suppressed by the restraint of the connecting surface material 24. It is done.

また、図3に示すように、平面視略台形の連結面材24は、隙間101に配置し易く、また、先細りの形状によって支持材21Bの近傍で接合枠材14,14との間に間隙が生じるので、容易にナット23,23の締付けをおこなうことができる。   Further, as shown in FIG. 3, the connecting surface member 24 having a substantially trapezoidal shape in plan view is easily disposed in the gap 101 and has a gap between the connecting frame members 14 and 14 in the vicinity of the support member 21B due to the tapered shape. Therefore, the nuts 23 and 23 can be easily tightened.

以上においては、図2に示すように、長辺側の隙間101に配置される連結部材2,・・・について説明したが、この隙間101に直交する短辺側の隙間102について以下に説明する。   In the above description, as shown in FIG. 2, the connecting members 2,... Arranged in the long side gap 101 have been described, but the short side gap 102 orthogonal to the gap 101 will be described below. .

この隙間102は、短辺側の建物ユニット1A,1D、1B,1E、1C,1F間にそれぞれ形成される。そして、これらの隙間102,102,102に跨る補強構造を、補強梁5を使って構築する。   The gap 102 is formed between the building units 1A, 1D, 1B, 1E, 1C, and 1F on the short side. Then, a reinforcing structure over these gaps 102, 102, 102 is constructed using the reinforcing beam 5.

この補強梁5は、図1,2に示すように、短辺側の天井梁13A又は床梁12Aの軸方向に隙間101を隔てて並ぶ建物ユニット1A,1B,1C(1D,1E,1F)間に跨って配設される。   As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the reinforcing beams 5 are building units 1A, 1B, 1C (1D, 1E, 1F) arranged with a gap 101 in the axial direction of the ceiling beam 13A or the floor beam 12A on the short side. Arranged between them.

この補強梁5は、図1に示すように、断面視略C字形に形成されており、天井梁13Aの側面131に薄板53を介して補強梁5のウエッブが当接される。すなわち、補強梁5のC字の開放口は、隙間102の中心側に向いている。   As shown in FIG. 1, the reinforcing beam 5 is formed in a substantially C shape in sectional view, and the web of the reinforcing beam 5 is brought into contact with the side surface 131 of the ceiling beam 13 </ b> A via the thin plate 53. That is, the C-shaped opening of the reinforcing beam 5 faces the center side of the gap 102.

そして、補強梁5,5間は、図1,2に示すように連結部材2A,・・・によって連結される。すなわち、この短辺側の隙間102においては、建物ユニット1A,1C,1D,1Fの柱11のある隅角部の近傍では、建物ユニット1A,1D、1C,1F間には連結部材2による連結構造が形成される。   The reinforcing beams 5 and 5 are connected by connecting members 2A,... As shown in FIGS. That is, in the gap 102 on the short side, in the vicinity of the corner where the column 11 of the building unit 1A, 1C, 1D, 1F is located, the building unit 1A, 1D, 1C, 1F is connected by the connecting member 2 A structure is formed.

これに対して、建物ユニット1A−1Fの柱11のない隅角部の近傍では、建物ユニット1A,1D、1B,1E、1C,1F間には連結部材2Aによる連結構造が形成される。   On the other hand, in the vicinity of the corner portion without the pillar 11 of the building unit 1A-1F, a connecting structure by the connecting member 2A is formed between the building units 1A, 1D, 1B, 1E, 1C, and 1F.

この連結部材2Aは、図1に示すように、背面側に天井梁13A,13Aが配設される位置の補強梁5,5間に架け渡される。なお、この連結部材2Aは、補強梁5,5間を連結する構成であること以外は、連結部材2と同様の構成であるため、詳細な説明は省略する。   As shown in FIG. 1, the connecting member 2A is bridged between the reinforcing beams 5 and 5 at positions where the ceiling beams 13A and 13A are disposed on the back side. Since the connecting member 2A has the same configuration as the connecting member 2 except that the reinforcing beams 5 and 5 are connected to each other, detailed description thereof is omitted.

また、隙間102の補強梁5,5間には、図1に示すように、給水管、排水管、給気管、排気管、空調用管などの管材4を配管することができる。   Further, between the reinforcing beams 5 and 5 of the gap 102, as shown in FIG. 1, a pipe material 4 such as a water supply pipe, a drain pipe, an air supply pipe, an exhaust pipe, and an air conditioning pipe can be piped.

そして、このようにして隙間102に配管した場合は、床パネル32や天井板34を外すだけで容易に管材4の点検又は修理などの維持管理をおこなうことができる。すなわち、連結部材2,2A(2A,2A)間であれば天井梁13A,13A間は上下方向に連通されているので、床パネル32や天井板34を外すと配管を露出させることができる。   And when it pipes in the clearance gap 102 in this way, maintenance management, such as inspection or repair of the pipe material 4, can be easily performed only by removing the floor panel 32 and the ceiling board 34. That is, since the ceiling beams 13A and 13A are vertically communicated with each other between the connecting members 2 and 2A (2A and 2A), the piping can be exposed when the floor panel 32 and the ceiling plate 34 are removed.

さらに、連結部材2,2A(2A,2A)間であって補強梁5,5間であれば、配管を上階側に立ち上げたり、下階側に下ろしたりしても、連結構造及び補強構造の強度を低下させることがない。   Furthermore, if it is between the connecting members 2 and 2A (2A and 2A) and between the reinforcing beams 5 and 5, even if the pipe is raised to the upper floor side or lowered to the lower floor side, the connecting structure and reinforcement Does not reduce the strength of the structure.

続いて、図5,6を参照しながら、連結部材2周辺の構成の詳細について説明する。ここで、図5は建物ユニット1A,1B間の隙間101周辺の外壁パネル31を含めた平面図である。   Next, details of the configuration around the connecting member 2 will be described with reference to FIGS. Here, FIG. 5 is a plan view including the outer wall panel 31 around the gap 101 between the building units 1A and 1B.

この図5に示したように、建物ユニット1A,1Bには、それぞれ外壁パネル31A,31Aが取り付けられており、建物ユニット1A,1B間の隙間101には、外壁パネル31A,31A間を埋めるように隙間用の外壁パネル31が取り付けられる。また、外壁パネル31,31Aの内側には、グラスウールなどの断熱材331が配設され、室内側には内壁板33が取り付けられている。   As shown in FIG. 5, the building units 1A and 1B are provided with outer wall panels 31A and 31A, respectively, and the gap 101 between the building units 1A and 1B is filled between the outer wall panels 31A and 31A. An outer wall panel 31 for a gap is attached to the gap. Further, a heat insulating material 331 such as glass wool is disposed inside the outer wall panels 31 and 31A, and an inner wall plate 33 is attached to the indoor side.

そして、図6は、建物ユニット1,1間の長辺側の隙間101の構成を示した断面図で、図6(a)は2階の上部に位置する屋根部、図6(b)は2階の床部と1階の天井部、図6(c)は1階の床部の構成を示した図である。   6 is a cross-sectional view showing the configuration of the gap 101 on the long side between the building units 1 and 1, FIG. 6 (a) is a roof portion located at the upper part of the second floor, and FIG. 6 (b) is The floor of the second floor and the ceiling of the first floor, FIG. 6C is a diagram showing the configuration of the floor of the first floor.

まず図6(a)から説明すると、2階の天井梁13,13の上方は、折板屋根36で覆われた屋根部となっており、天井梁13,13間の隙間101には、連結部材2が取り付けられている。   First, referring to FIG. 6A, the upper part of the ceiling beams 13 and 13 on the second floor is a roof portion covered with the folded plate roof 36, and the gap 101 between the ceiling beams 13 and 13 is connected to the ceiling 101. A member 2 is attached.

また、図6(b)に示すように、1階の天井梁13,13の上面には、それぞれ2階の床梁12,12が載置されており、それぞれの建物ユニット1内で床梁12に差し渡される床小梁322の上には、根太323を介して床板32Aが載置される。   Further, as shown in FIG. 6B, floor beams 12 and 12 on the second floor are placed on the upper surfaces of the ceiling beams 13 and 13 on the first floor, respectively. A floor board 32A is placed on the floor beam 322 passed to 12 via a joist 323.

さらに、建物ユニット1,1間の隙間101の上方には、床梁12,12間に跨って着脱自在に床パネル32が設置されている。この床パネル32は、床梁12,12間に架け渡される渡り根太321と、その上に張設されるパーチクルボードなどの板材によって構成される。ここで、隙間101が20−30cm程度であれば、特別に補強しなくても、渡り根太321(30cm四方程度の角材)とパーチクルボード(厚さ15−20mm程度)で床パネル32を構成することができる。   Further, a floor panel 32 is installed above the gap 101 between the building units 1 and 1 so as to be detachable between the floor beams 12 and 12. The floor panel 32 is composed of a cross joist 321 spanned between the floor beams 12 and 12 and a plate material such as a particle board stretched thereon. Here, if the gap 101 is about 20-30 cm, the floor panel 32 is made up of a crossed joist 321 (about 30 cm square) and a particle board (thickness about 15-20 mm) without special reinforcement. Can do.

また、1階の天井梁13,13の側面131,131間は、連結部材2によって連結され、その下方は天井板34によって塞がれる。ここで、この天井板34は、天井梁13に架け渡された横木341の下面に貼り付けられている。   Further, the side surfaces 131 and 131 of the ceiling beams 13 and 13 on the first floor are connected by the connecting member 2, and the lower part thereof is closed by the ceiling plate 34. Here, the ceiling plate 34 is affixed to the lower surface of the crosspiece 341 spanning the ceiling beam 13.

さらに、図6(c)に示すように、1階の床梁12,12間に跨って床パネル32が架け渡されて、建物ユニット1,1間の隙間101の上方が塞がれる。   Further, as shown in FIG. 6C, the floor panel 32 is bridged between the floor beams 12 and 12 on the first floor, and the upper portion of the gap 101 between the building units 1 and 1 is closed.

このようにして構成される隙間101は、2階の室内側にも1階の室内側にも露出されない閉じられた空間となっている。また、この隙間101は、図2に示すように建物ユニット1A−1Fの長辺側に沿って延伸される。   The gap 101 configured in this way is a closed space that is not exposed to the indoor side of the second floor or the indoor side of the first floor. Moreover, this gap | interval 101 is extended | stretched along the long side of building unit 1A-1F, as shown in FIG.

すなわち、この隙間101は、連続した長い溝状の閉じた空間になり、この隙間101に管材4の配管をおこなっても、外観を損ねたり室内側の空間が侵食されたりすることがない。また、隙間101は、着脱自在の床パネル32によって塞がれているので、配管の修理や追加などの維持管理を容易におこなうことができる。   That is, the gap 101 becomes a continuous long groove-like closed space, and even if piping of the pipe material 4 is performed in the gap 101, the appearance is not impaired and the indoor space is not eroded. Further, since the gap 101 is closed by the detachable floor panel 32, maintenance management such as repair or addition of piping can be easily performed.

次に、本実施の形態のユニット建物10の作用について説明する。   Next, the effect | action of the unit building 10 of this Embodiment is demonstrated.

このように構成された本発明のユニット建物10は、建物ユニット1,1間の隙間101の対向する天井梁13,13間が、隙間101の長手方向の両端で連結部材2,2によって連結され、建物ユニット1,1間の剪断方向及び隙間101の幅方向の変形が拘束される。ここで、建物ユニット1,1間の剪断方向の変形とは、建物ユニット1,1間に相対的に上下方向や天井梁13の軸方向の変位が生じることをいう。また、隙間101の幅方向の変形とは、建物ユニット1,1間の距離が近づいたり離れたりする方向の変位が生じることをいう。   In the unit building 10 of the present invention configured as described above, the opposing ceiling beams 13 and 13 of the gap 101 between the building units 1 and 1 are connected by connecting members 2 and 2 at both ends in the longitudinal direction of the gap 101. The deformation in the shear direction between the building units 1 and 1 and the width direction of the gap 101 are restrained. Here, the deformation in the shear direction between the building units 1 and 1 means that a relative displacement between the building units 1 and 1 and the axial direction of the ceiling beam 13 occur. Moreover, the deformation | transformation of the width direction of the clearance gap 101 means that the displacement of the direction where the distance between the building units 1 and 1 approaches or leaves | separates arises.

他方、隙間101の長手方向の連結部材2,2間には、連結部材2のような剛性の高い構造部材が天井梁13の軸方向に沿って配置されていないので、剪断方向及び隙間101の幅方向の変形が許容される。   On the other hand, between the connecting members 2 and 2 in the longitudinal direction of the gap 101, a highly rigid structural member such as the connecting member 2 is not disposed along the axial direction of the ceiling beam 13. Deformation in the width direction is allowed.

このように隙間101の長手方向の両端において、建物ユニット1,1間の剪断方向及び隙間101の幅方向の変形が拘束される構成であれば、それ以外の部分に構造部材を配置する必要がなく、材料費が抑えられた簡素な構成にすることができる。   In this way, at both ends in the longitudinal direction of the gap 101, if the shear direction between the building units 1 and 1 and the deformation in the width direction of the gap 101 are constrained, it is necessary to arrange structural members in other portions. And a simple configuration with reduced material costs.

また、連結部材2,2の配置箇所以外では天井梁13,13を撓ませることができるので、大地震が起きるとラーメン構造体(骨組構造体)を構成する天井梁13が連結部材2,2間の非剛性部で撓んで、その変形によって地震のエネルギーが吸収され、ユニット建物10が倒壊するような被害を防ぐことができる。   Moreover, since the ceiling beams 13 and 13 can be bent at places other than the place where the connecting members 2 and 2 are arranged, the ceiling beam 13 constituting the frame structure (frame structure) is connected to the connecting members 2 and 2 when a large earthquake occurs. It is possible to prevent the unit building 10 from being damaged by being bent at the non-rigid portion in between and absorbing the earthquake energy by the deformation.

すなわち、天井梁13の軸方向に間隔を置いて配置される複数の支持材21A,21Bと、それらの支持材21A,21B間に架け渡される連結面材24とによって連結部材2を構成すれば、支持材21A,21Bによって相対的な建物ユニット1,1間の剪断方向の変形が拘束されるうえに、支持材21A,21B間に架け渡される連結面材24によって隙間101の幅方向の変形を拘束することができる。   That is, if the connecting member 2 is constituted by a plurality of supporting members 21A and 21B arranged at intervals in the axial direction of the ceiling beam 13, and a connecting face member 24 spanned between the supporting members 21A and 21B. In addition, the deformation in the shear direction between the relative building units 1 and 1 is restrained by the support members 21A and 21B, and the width of the gap 101 is deformed by the connecting surface material 24 spanned between the support materials 21A and 21B. Can be restrained.

そして、このように複数の支持材21A,21B間が連結面材24で連結されていれば、天井梁13,13間の水平方向の連結が面でおこなわれ、水平力が作用してもユニット建物10にねじれが発生し難い。   If the support members 21A and 21B are connected by the connecting surface member 24 in this way, the horizontal connection between the ceiling beams 13 and 13 is performed on the surface, and the unit is applied even if a horizontal force is applied. It is difficult for the building 10 to be twisted.

また、長さ調整手段を備えた支持材21A,21Bであれば、建物ユニット1,1間の隙間101の幅に多少の誤差が生じたとしても、長さ調整手段によって調整することで、容易に支持材21A,21Bを天井梁13,13間に固定することができる。   Further, in the case of the supporting members 21A and 21B provided with the length adjusting means, even if a slight error occurs in the width of the gap 101 between the building units 1 and 1, it is easy to adjust by the length adjusting means. The support members 21A and 21B can be fixed between the ceiling beams 13 and 13.

特に、柱11と天井梁13とを接合枠材14を介して接合することで接合部が補強されるうえに、その接合枠材14を介して連結部材2を固定するようにすることで、より強固な連結構造とすることができる。   In particular, by joining the column 11 and the ceiling beam 13 via the joint frame member 14, the joint portion is reinforced, and by fixing the connecting member 2 via the joint frame member 14, A stronger connection structure can be obtained.

そして、このように連結部材2を強度の大きな柱11と天井梁13の接合部の近傍に設けることで、連結部材2を介して伝達される水平力によって天井梁13が変形することを防ぐことができる。   And by providing the connection member 2 in the vicinity of the joint portion between the column 11 having a high strength and the ceiling beam 13 in this way, the ceiling beam 13 is prevented from being deformed by a horizontal force transmitted through the connection member 2. Can do.

また、隙間101が20−30cmの幅であれば、床パネル32の渡り根太321が30cm四方程度の角材であっても、床梁12,12間に跨って床パネル32を設置することができる。   Further, if the gap 101 is 20-30 cm wide, the floor panel 32 can be installed across the floor beams 12, 12 even if the cross joist 321 of the floor panel 32 is a square member of about 30 cm square. .

なお、以上においては、長辺側の隙間101を例にして作用について説明したが、長辺側の隙間101に直交する短辺側の隙間102についても同様のことがいえる。   In the above description, the operation has been described using the gap 101 on the long side as an example, but the same applies to the gap 102 on the short side orthogonal to the gap 101 on the long side.

そして、短辺側の隙間102において、断面視略C字形の補強梁5を、開放口が隙間102の中心側を向くようにして複数の天井梁13A,13A,13Aに跨って架け渡すことで、建物ユニット1,1,1間を補強することができる。   Then, in the gap 102 on the short side, the reinforcing beam 5 having a substantially C-shaped cross-sectional view is bridged across the plurality of ceiling beams 13A, 13A, 13A so that the opening is directed to the center side of the gap 102. The space between the building units 1, 1, 1 can be reinforced.

例えば、通常の建物ユニットを並べただけでは建物ユニット間に跨る空間には柱11が立設されることになるが、建物ユニット1A,1B,1C(1D,1E,1F)間に跨る補強構造を形成することによって、柱11が存在しない建物ユニット間に跨る大きな室内空間を形成できるようになる。   For example, a column 11 is erected in a space that spans between building units only by arranging normal building units, but a reinforcing structure that straddles between building units 1A, 1B, 1C (1D, 1E, 1F) By forming a large indoor space that spans between building units in which the pillars 11 do not exist can be formed.

そして、板材に比べて剛性を高め易い断面視略C字形の補強梁5を使用するのであれば、補強構造が隙間102を占有する領域が少なくなり、隙間102に様々な管材4を配管して有効に活用することができる。   If the reinforcing beam 5 having a substantially C-shaped cross-sectional view, which is easy to increase the rigidity as compared with the plate material, is used, the area where the reinforcing structure occupies the gap 102 is reduced, and various pipe materials 4 are piped in the gap 102. It can be used effectively.

そして、このように隙間101,102が設けられたユニット建物10は、その大きさを建物ユニット1の倍数という大きさの制限を離れて調整できるので、自由にユニット建物10の形状や間取りを設計することができる。   Since the unit building 10 having the gaps 101 and 102 can be adjusted without the size limit of multiples of the building unit 1, the shape and floor plan of the unit building 10 can be freely designed. can do.

以下、前記した実施の形態とは別の形態の実施例について、図7,8を参照しながら説明する。なお、前記実施の形態で説明した内容と同一乃至均等な部分の説明については同一符号を付して説明する。   Hereinafter, an example of a mode different from the above-described embodiment will be described with reference to FIGS. The description of the same or equivalent parts as those described in the above embodiment will be given the same reference numerals.

この実施例では、前記実施の形態において説明した補強梁5のC字の開放口に対して、断面視略C字形の重ね補強梁51を開放口同士が対向する向きにして並設させた補強構造について説明する。   In this example, the reinforcing reinforcing beam 51 described in the above-described embodiment is reinforced by arranging the overlapping reinforcing beams 51 having a substantially C-shaped cross-sectional view in parallel with each other so that the opening ports face each other. The structure will be described.

この補強梁5は、図2,7に示すように、短辺側の天井梁13A又は床梁12Aの軸方向に隙間101を隔てて並ぶ建物ユニット1A,1B,1C(1D,1E,1F)間に跨って配設されている。   As shown in FIGS. 2 and 7, the reinforcing beams 5 are building units 1A, 1B, 1C (1D, 1E, 1F) arranged with a gap 101 in the axial direction of the ceiling beam 13A or floor beam 12A on the short side. It is arranged between them.

また、補強梁5は、図7に示すように、断面視略C字形に形成されており、天井梁13Aの側面131に薄板53を介して補強梁5のウエッブが当接される。そして、補強梁5のC字の開放口に断面視略C字形の重ね補強梁51が配設される。すなわち、補強梁5と重ね補強梁51とは、C字の開放口同士が向き合うように配設され、断面視ロ字形に形成される。   Further, as shown in FIG. 7, the reinforcing beam 5 is formed in a substantially C shape in a sectional view, and the web of the reinforcing beam 5 is brought into contact with the side surface 131 of the ceiling beam 13 </ b> A via the thin plate 53. Then, an overlapped reinforcing beam 51 having a substantially C-shaped cross-sectional view is disposed at the C-shaped opening of the reinforcing beam 5. In other words, the reinforcing beam 5 and the overlapping reinforcing beam 51 are disposed so that the C-shaped open ports face each other, and are formed in a rectangular shape in cross section.

そして、補強梁5と重ね補強梁51とは、図7に示すようにボルト部52によって連結され、一体化される。このボルト部52は、補強梁5、重ね補強梁51及び天井梁13Aを貫通するボルト521と、そのボルト521に装着されるナット522とによって構成される。   Then, the reinforcing beam 5 and the overlapping reinforcing beam 51 are connected and integrated by a bolt portion 52 as shown in FIG. The bolt portion 52 includes a bolt 521 that passes through the reinforcing beam 5, the lap reinforcing beam 51, and the ceiling beam 13 </ b> A, and a nut 522 that is attached to the bolt 521.

続いて、2階の天井部の断面図である図8を参照しながら、建物ユニット1,1間の短辺側の隙間102における補強梁6を使った補強構造の詳細について説明する。   Next, the details of the reinforcing structure using the reinforcing beam 6 in the gap 102 on the short side between the building units 1 and 1 will be described with reference to FIG. 8 which is a cross-sectional view of the ceiling portion on the second floor.

この補強構造は、2階の天井梁13Aに沿って取り付けられる補強梁6と、その補強梁6に並設させる重ね補強梁61と、補強梁6と重ね補強梁61とを天井梁13Aに連結するボルト部52とから主に構成される。   In this reinforcing structure, the reinforcing beam 6 attached along the ceiling beam 13A on the second floor, the overlapping reinforcing beam 61 arranged in parallel to the reinforcing beam 6, and the reinforcing beam 6 and the overlapping reinforcing beam 61 are connected to the ceiling beam 13A. It is mainly comprised from the bolt part 52 to do.

この補強梁6は、断面視略C字形に成形されており、天井梁13Aの側面131に薄板63を介して補強梁6のウエッブが当接されている。また、重ね補強梁61は、断面視略C字形に成形されており、補強梁6のC字の開放口に開放口が向き合うように配設される。   The reinforcing beam 6 is formed in a substantially C shape in a sectional view, and the web of the reinforcing beam 6 is brought into contact with the side surface 131 of the ceiling beam 13A via the thin plate 63. The overlap reinforcing beam 61 is formed in a substantially C shape in a sectional view, and is disposed so that the opening is opposed to the C opening of the reinforcing beam 6.

そして、補強梁6と重ね補強梁61とは、ボルト部62によって連結され、一体化される。このボルト部62は、補強梁6、重ね補強梁61及び天井梁13Aを貫通するボルト621と、そのボルト621に装着されるナット622とによって構成される。   The reinforcing beam 6 and the overlapping reinforcing beam 61 are connected and integrated by a bolt portion 62. The bolt portion 62 is configured by a bolt 621 that passes through the reinforcing beam 6, the overlapping reinforcing beam 61, and the ceiling beam 13 </ b> A, and a nut 622 attached to the bolt 621.

このように短辺側の隙間102において、補強梁5(6)と重ね補強梁51(61)とをボルト部52(62)によって天井梁13Aに連結することで、建物ユニット1,1間を補強することができる。   In this way, in the gap 102 on the short side, the reinforcing beam 5 (6) and the overlapping reinforcing beam 51 (61) are connected to the ceiling beam 13A by the bolt portion 52 (62), so that the building units 1 and 1 are connected. Can be reinforced.

例えば、通常の建物ユニットを並べただけでは建物ユニット間に跨る空間には柱11が立設されることになるが、建物ユニット1A,1B,1C(1D,1E,1F)間に跨る補強構造を形成することによって、柱11が存在しない建物ユニット間に跨る大きな室内空間を形成できるようになる。   For example, a column 11 is erected in a space that spans between building units only by arranging normal building units, but a reinforcing structure that straddles between building units 1A, 1B, 1C (1D, 1E, 1F) By forming a large indoor space that spans between building units in which the pillars 11 do not exist can be formed.

また、補強梁5(6)に断面視略C字形の部材を使用し、重ね補強梁51(61)をそのC字の開放口に重ねるようにすれば、補強構造が隙間102を占有する領域が少なくなり、隙間102に様々な管材4を配管して有効に活用することができる。   In addition, if a substantially C-shaped member in cross-section is used for the reinforcing beam 5 (6) and the overlapping reinforcing beam 51 (61) is stacked on the C-shaped opening, the reinforcing structure occupies the gap 102. Therefore, various pipe materials 4 can be piped in the gap 102 and used effectively.

なお、他の構成及び作用効果については、前記実施の形態と略同様であるので説明を省略する。   Other configurations and functions and effects are substantially the same as those in the above-described embodiment, and thus description thereof is omitted.

以上、図面を参照して、本発明の実施の形態を詳述してきたが、具体的な構成は、この実施の形態及び実施例に限らず、本発明の要旨を逸脱しない程度の設計的変更は、本発明に含まれる。   The embodiment of the present invention has been described in detail above with reference to the drawings. However, the specific configuration is not limited to the embodiment and the example, and the design change is within a range not departing from the gist of the present invention. Are included in the present invention.

例えば、前記実施の形態及び実施例では、短辺側の隙間102に建物ユニット1A,1B,1C(1D,1E,1F)に跨る補強構造(補強梁5,6など)を設けたが、これに限定されるものではなく、長辺側の隙間101に補強構造を設けるものであってもよい。   For example, in the embodiment and the example, the reinforcing structure (reinforcing beams 5, 6 etc.) straddling the building units 1A, 1B, 1C (1D, 1E, 1F) is provided in the gap 102 on the short side. However, the reinforcing structure may be provided in the gap 101 on the long side.

すなわち、前記実施の形態では、連結構造は長辺側の隙間101を例示しながら、また、補強構造は短辺側の隙間102を例示しながら説明したが、これに限定されるものではなく、いずれの隙間101,102にも同様の構造を設けることができる。   That is, in the above-described embodiment, the connecting structure has been described while illustrating the gap 101 on the long side, and the reinforcing structure has been illustrated by illustrating the gap 102 on the short side, but is not limited thereto. A similar structure can be provided in any of the gaps 101 and 102.

また、図2では、補強梁5の端部は建物ユニット1A,1C(1D,1F)の中間あたりになっているが、これに限定されるものではなく、建物ユニット1A,1C(1D,1F)の全長にわたる長さにするなど、必要な強度に応じて任意に設定することができる。   Moreover, in FIG. 2, although the edge part of the reinforcement beam 5 is the middle of building unit 1A, 1C (1D, 1F), it is not limited to this, Building unit 1A, 1C (1D, 1F) ) Can be arbitrarily set according to the required strength.

さらに、前記実施の形態及び実施例では、建物ユニット1A−1Fの一部の柱11を省略するために補強構造を設けたが、これに限定されるものではなく、キャンチバルコニーを設ける場合など、柱11のある建物ユニット1の隅角部に対しても上述した補強梁5,6を使った補強構造を設けることができる。   Furthermore, in the said embodiment and Example, although the reinforcement structure was provided in order to abbreviate | omit one column 11 of building unit 1A-1F, it is not limited to this, When providing a cantilever balcony, A reinforcing structure using the reinforcing beams 5 and 6 described above can also be provided at the corners of the building unit 1 with the pillars 11.

また、前記実施の形態では、2本の支持材21A,21Bとそれらに架け渡される連結面材24とによって連結部材2(2A)を構成したが、これに限定されるものではなく、建物ユニット1,1間の剪断方向及び隙間101の幅方向の変形を拘束できる構成であればよい。   Moreover, in the said embodiment, although the connection member 2 (2A) was comprised by two support material 21A, 21B and the connection surface material 24 spanned over them, it is not limited to this, A building unit Any configuration that can restrain deformation in the shear direction between 1 and 1 and the width direction of the gap 101 may be used.

さらに、前記実施の形態では、連結部材2,2Aが建物ユニット1A−1Fの隅角部の近傍に配置される場合について説明したが、これに限定されるものではなく、天井梁13,13(13A,13A)間を全長にわたって連結するのではなく部分的に連結するのであれば、任意の位置に連結部材2,2Aを架け渡すことができる。   Furthermore, although the said embodiment demonstrated the case where the connection members 2 and 2A were arrange | positioned in the vicinity of the corner | angular part of building unit 1A-1F, it is not limited to this, Ceiling beams 13 and 13 ( 13A, 13A) can be bridged at any position as long as they are partially connected rather than connected over their entire length.

また、前記実施の形態では、支持材21A,21Bを天井梁13に固定するボルト22,22を長さ調整手段として使用して、支持材21A,21Bの長さを調整したが、これに限定されるものではなく、支持材の中央などに長さ調整手段を設けて長さを調整するようにしてもよい。   Moreover, in the said embodiment, although the bolts 22 and 22 which fix the support materials 21A and 21B to the ceiling beam 13 were used as length adjustment means, the length of the support materials 21A and 21B was adjusted, However, it is limited to this. However, the length may be adjusted by providing a length adjusting means in the center of the support member.

さらに、前記実施の形態では、梁材として天井梁13,13(13A,13A)間を連結部材2(2A)で連結する場合について説明したが、これに限定されるものではなく、床梁12,12(12A,12A)間を連結部材2(2A)で連結してもよい。   Furthermore, although the said embodiment demonstrated the case where the ceiling beams 13 and 13 (13A, 13A) were connected with the connection member 2 (2A) as a beam material, it is not limited to this, The floor beam 12 , 12 (12A, 12A) may be connected by a connecting member 2 (2A).

10 ユニット建物
1,1A−1F 建物ユニット
101,102 隙間
11 柱(柱材)
12,12A 床梁(梁材)
13,13A 天井梁(梁材)
2,2A 連結部材
21A,21B 支持材
22 ボルト(長さ調整手段)
24 連結面材
32 床パネル
4 管材
5,6 補強梁
51,61 重ね補強梁
52,62 ボルト部
10 unit building 1, 1A-1F building unit 101, 102 clearance 11 pillar (column material)
12, 12A Floor beam (beam material)
13, 13A Ceiling beam (beam material)
2,2A Connecting member 21A, 21B Support material 22 Bolt (length adjusting means)
24 Connecting surface material 32 Floor panel 4 Tubing materials 5, 6 Reinforcement beams 51, 61 Overlapping reinforcement beams 52, 62 Bolt part

Claims (9)

梁材と柱材とによって骨組みが形成される建物ユニットを複数、隣接させて構成されるユニット建物であって、
対向する前記建物ユニット間に形成される溝状の隙間は、長手方向に延伸されて複数の建物ユニット間に跨って形成されるとともに、
前記隙間の長手方向に延設される対となる断面視略C字形の補強梁は、それぞれ開放口を前記隙間の中心側に向けた状態で複数の梁材に跨って架け渡されるとともに、前記対となる補強梁のそれぞれのウエッブが前記隙間を挟んで対向する梁材のそれぞれの側面に当接され、かつ前記対となる補強梁間には前記隙間の長手方向に延伸される間隙があることを特徴とするユニット建物。
A unit building composed of a plurality of adjacent building units, each of which has a frame formed of beams and pillars,
The groove-like gap formed between the building units facing each other is formed across a plurality of building units by extending in the longitudinal direction,
The reinforcing beams having a substantially C-shaped cross-sectional view and extending in the longitudinal direction of the gap are bridged across a plurality of beam members in a state where the opening is directed to the center side of the gap, and Each web of the pair of reinforcing beams is brought into contact with each side surface of the beam members facing each other with the gap therebetween , and there is a gap extending in the longitudinal direction of the gap between the pair of reinforcing beams. A unit building characterized by
前記補強梁のC字の開放口に対して、断面視略C字形の重ね補強梁を開放口同士が対向する向きにして並設させたことを特徴とする請求項1に記載のユニット建物。   2. The unit building according to claim 1, wherein overlapping reinforcing beams having a substantially C-shaped cross-sectional view are arranged in parallel with each other with respect to the C-shaped opening of the reinforcing beam so as to face each other. 前記補強梁と前記重ね補強梁と前記梁材とは、これらを貫通するボルト部によって連結されることを特徴とする請求項2に記載のユニット建物。   The unit building according to claim 2, wherein the reinforcing beam, the overlap reinforcing beam, and the beam material are connected by a bolt portion that passes through the reinforcing beam. 前記補強梁は、前記建物ユニットの隅角部に柱材が配置されていない梁材間に跨って形成されることを特徴とする請求項1乃至3のいずれか一項に記載のユニット建物。   The unit building according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the reinforcing beam is formed straddling between beam members in which column members are not disposed at corner portions of the building unit. 前記隙間に管材を配設することを特徴とする請求項1乃至4のいずれか一項に記載のユニット建物。   The unit building according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein a pipe material is disposed in the gap. 前記隙間は20−30cmの幅であって、前記建物ユニットの床梁となる梁材間に跨って着脱自在に床パネルが設置されることを特徴とする請求項1乃至5のいずれか一項に記載のユニット建物。   The said clearance gap is a width | variety of 20-30 cm, Comprising: A floor panel is installed detachably straddling between the beam materials used as the floor beam of the said building unit. Unit building described in. 前記隙間は、その隙間を挟んで対向する梁材間が部分的に連結部材によって連結されることを特徴とする請求項1乃至6のいずれか一項に記載のユニット建物。   The unit building according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the gap is partially connected by a connecting member between beam members facing each other across the gap. 梁材と柱材とによって骨組みが形成される建物ユニットを複数、隣接させて構成されるユニット建物であって、
対向する前記建物ユニット間に形成される溝状の隙間は、長手方向に延伸されて複数の建物ユニット間に跨って形成されるとともに、
前記隙間の長手方向に延設される断面視略C字形の補強梁は、開放口を前記隙間の中心側に向けた状態で複数の梁材に跨って架け渡されており、
前記隙間は、その隙間を挟んで対向する梁材間が部分的に連結部材によって連結されるとともに、前記連結部材は、前記隙間の長手方向に間隔を置いて配置される複数の支持材と、それらの支持材間に架け渡される連結面材とを備えていることを特徴とするユニット建物。
A unit building composed of a plurality of adjacent building units, each of which has a frame formed of beams and pillars,
The groove-like gap formed between the building units facing each other is formed across a plurality of building units by extending in the longitudinal direction,
The substantially C-shaped reinforcing beam in cross-sectional view extending in the longitudinal direction of the gap is spanned across a plurality of beam members in a state where the opening is directed to the center side of the gap,
The gap is partially connected by a connecting member between beam members facing each other across the gap, and the connecting member includes a plurality of support members arranged at intervals in the longitudinal direction of the gap, features and to Ruyu knit buildings that a connecting surface material to be stretched between them support.
前記支持材は、長さ調整手段によって調整された長さで前記梁材の側面側に両端がそれぞれ固定されることを特徴とする請求項8に記載のユニット建物。
The unit building according to claim 8, wherein both ends of the support member are fixed to the side surfaces of the beam member with a length adjusted by a length adjusting unit.
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