JP4432111B2 - Retractable headrest for vehicle - Google Patents

Retractable headrest for vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
JP4432111B2
JP4432111B2 JP2004171620A JP2004171620A JP4432111B2 JP 4432111 B2 JP4432111 B2 JP 4432111B2 JP 2004171620 A JP2004171620 A JP 2004171620A JP 2004171620 A JP2004171620 A JP 2004171620A JP 4432111 B2 JP4432111 B2 JP 4432111B2
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Prior art keywords
latch
headrest
portion
lock plate
headrest body
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JP2004171620A
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JP2005349915A (en
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英二 鳥羽
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テイ・エス テック株式会社
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Description

The present invention relates to a retractable headrest for a vehicle, and is suitable for application to, for example, a retractable headrest for a vehicle provided at an upper portion of a seat back of a rear seat.

Conventionally, in a vehicle, a headrest body is provided at the upper part of the seat back, and a structure of an electrically retractable headrest that prevents the headrest body from protruding from the upper part of the seat back by tilting the headrest body is considered. (For example, refer to Patent Document 1).
Japanese Utility Model Publication No. 5-53559 (FIG. 3)

However, in a retractable headrest for a vehicle using such an electrically retractable headrest structure, each part of a so-called retractable mechanism such as a motor for tilting the headrest body is formed according to each vehicle type. In addition, it is necessary to arrange it in the seat back according to its shape, and it has not been possible to provide versatility for a structure that can tilt the headrest body.

The present invention has been made in consideration of the above points, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a vehicular retractable headrest having high versatility.

According to a first aspect of the present invention, a pillar having a horizontal shaft portion and mounted on the upper portion of the seat back, a headrest main body having a lower side rotatably provided on the horizontal shaft portion of the pillar, and the headrest main body And a retractable mechanism for moving the headrest body backward, the retractable mechanism being provided on a headrest urging means for urging the upper part of the headrest body to the rear side, and on a horizontal shaft portion of the pillar. A lock plate having a first locking portion, a latch provided on the headrest body and having a second locking portion that can be locked to the first locking portion of the lock plate, and the headrest body. Latch urging means for urging the latch so that the second locking portion is locked to the first locking portion of the lock plate in a substantially vertical standing state; and the latch urging force The power of the means The second locking portion of the latch from the first locking portion of the lock plate and the locking released, and to an actuator which axis is arranged horizontally.

According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a pillar having a horizontal shaft portion and mounted on the upper portion of the seat back, a headrest main body whose lower side is rotatably provided on the horizontal shaft portion of the pillar, and the headrest. A retractable mechanism built in the main body for moving the headrest main body backward, the retractable mechanism including a headrest urging means for urging the upper portion of the headrest main body rearward, and a horizontal shaft portion of the pillar. A lock plate having a first locking portion; and a lock plate provided on the headrest main body, disposed above the lock plate, and lockable to the first locking portion of the lock plate. The latch having two locking portions and the latch so that the second locking portion is locked to the first locking portion of the lock plate when the headrest body is in an upright state in which the headrest body is substantially vertical. A latch biasing means for biasing the latch plate, and a second latching portion of the latch from the first latching portion of the lock plate against the biasing force of the latch biasing means. And an actuator having a shaft arranged in a horizontal direction .
According to a third aspect of the present invention, the actuator is arranged in a horizontal direction in which a motor driven in response to a command from the operation unit and a driving force of the motor are transmitted and parallel to the horizontal shaft portion of the pillar. The rack is provided with an arm that unlocks the second latching portion of the latch from the first latching portion of the lock plate in accordance with the slide of the rack.

According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, the arm is formed in an L shape in which the motor side is long and the latch side is short, and an end portion disposed on the latch side corresponds to the slide of the rack. The latch is rotated by raising and pushing up the pushing surface of the latch, and the second locking portion of the latch is released from the first locking portion of the lock plate .

According to claim 5 of the present invention, the lock plate is fixed to the central portion of the horizontal shaft portion of the pillar .
Further, according to a sixth aspect of the present invention, the latch includes a latch bracket that is rotatably provided, the lock plate is provided with a stopper, and the stopper is disposed when the headrest body is in an upright state. It was made to contact the latch bracket.

According to the first and second aspects of the present invention, since all of the retractable mechanisms for moving the headrest body backward are incorporated in the headrest body, each part of the retractable mechanism is newly installed in the seat back. Since there is no need to arrange it, even if the seat back has various shapes depending on the vehicle type, the headrest body can be tilted by the actuator just by mounting the headrest body on the upper part of the seat back by the pillar, thus general-purpose A highly retractable headrest for vehicles can be realized.

According to the third aspect of the present invention, since the headrest body can be moved backward by remote control from the operation unit without directly touching the headrest body, the field of view can be easily expanded, and thus reliably and easily. Safety can be improved.

According to the embodiment of the present invention , since all the pillars supporting the headrest body can be hidden, the headrest body is provided with a retractable mechanism for moving the headrest body backward, and an ordinary headrest body is provided in appearance. The seat back and the headrest body can be integrated with each other. In addition, since the headrest body is arranged in the recess, cushions and bats can be arranged at all the contact points on the back side of the head of the passenger, and thus a rear seat that is easy to sit on can be realized even if a retractable headrest for vehicles is provided .

According to the embodiment of the present invention , the upper part of the seat back can be formed in a substantially flat shape, so that the field of view behind can be further expanded. Further, since the upper portion of the seat back can be formed in a substantially flat shape in this way, it is possible to prevent the headrest body from interfering with the front seat when the seat back is tilted forward. Furthermore, since the troublesome attaching / detaching work such as removing the headrest body and then tilting it forward can be omitted, the usability can be improved.

Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

In FIG. 1, reference numeral 1 denotes a vehicle rear seat as a whole. The rear seat 1 includes a seat cushion 2, a seat back 3, and vehicle retractable headrests 4A, 4B and 4C disposed on the seat back upper portion 3A. Each having a structure in which a cushion pad is assembled to a frame (not shown), and a skin L is attached thereto.

Actually, the seat back 3 has a trunk through portion 5 that is partially opened at the center, and the trunk through portion 5 is provided with a trunk through opening / closing device 6 for the vehicle. The vehicle retractable headrests 4A, 4B and 4C are respectively arranged on the upper part of the vehicle and on the left and right sides thereof.

These retractable headrests 4A, 4B and 4C for vehicles have the headrest bodies 7A, 7B and 7C exposed to the upper part 3A of the seat back 3, respectively, and the lower side of the headrest bodies 7A, 7B and 7C rotates as shown in FIG. The headrest body 7A, 7B and 7C are housed in the recesses 8A, 8B and 8C formed in the seat back upper part 3A, respectively, and the upper part of the seat back upper part 3A and the headrest are moved. The front faces 9A, 9B, and 9C of the main bodies 7A, 7B, and 7C can be formed in a substantially flat shape.

Since these vehicle-use retractable headrests 4A, 4B, and 4C all have the same internal structure, only the vehicle retractable headrest 4A will be described below for convenience of explanation.

Actually, as shown in FIG. 3, the headrest 4A for a vehicle has a headrest body 7A disposed in a recess 8A formed in the seat back upper part 3A, and projects from the side surfaces 10A and 10B of the headrest body 7A. The pillar 11 is attached to a seat back frame 12 included in the seat back 3, and the headrest body 7A is supported by the seat back 3.

Thus, as shown in FIG. 4, in the retractable headrest 4A for a vehicle, in the recess 8A of the seat back upper part 3A, there is a slight gap between the side surfaces 10A and 10B of the headrest body 7A and the side surfaces 13A and 13B of the recess 8A. In addition, the gap G is formed on the side surface, and the end portions of the pillar covers 14A and 14B made of a synthetic resin material provided on the side surfaces 10A and 10B are brought into contact with the side surface surfaces 13A and 13B of the recess 8A.

Actually, as shown in FIG. 5, the headrest body 7A has a headrest case 15 in a cushion pad, and pillar covers 14A and 14B are provided on side surfaces 16A and 16B of the headrest case 15, respectively. The pillar 11 protruding from the covers 14A and 14B is supported by being fitted into cylindrical pillar receiving portions 17A and 17B provided at the corners of the recess 8A of the seat back 3.

Here, the pillar 11 fitted into the pillar receiving portions 17A and 17B is made of metal, and as shown in FIG. 6, the lower side of the headrest case 15 is rotatably provided on the horizontal shaft portion 20, and the horizontal shaft portion 20 Ends 21A and 21B that are continuous on both sides of the cover are projected from the pillar covers 14A and 14B, then are bent substantially vertically downward, and then extend rearward.

In practice, the headrest case 15 is configured such that a first case 22 made of metal is rotatably provided on the pillar 11, and a second case 23 made of synthetic resin is fitted in the first case 22. Have

In addition to this configuration, as shown in FIG. 7, the headrest case 15 has a reverse torsion coil spring 25 for urging the upper portion of the headrest body 7A backward, a lock plate 26, Built-in retractable mechanism 30 including a latch 27 that locks with the lock plate 26, a torsion coil spring 28 for urging the latch 27, and an actuator portion 29 for releasing the latch 27 from the lock plate 26 For example, when the operation switch (not shown) as an operation unit provided on the front panel is pressed, the headrest case 15 in the undulated state can be moved backward by the retractable mechanism 30.

Actually, a lock plate 26 for fixing the headrest case 15 in an upright state is fixed to the horizontal shaft portion 20 of the pillar 11 located in the headrest case 15 at a substantially central portion.

As shown in FIG. 8, the lock plate 26 has a notch 32 formed at the upper portion for engaging with a latch 27 that is rotatably provided on the latch bracket 31, and more than the pillar 11. A cylindrical stopper 33 is provided so as to penetrate the thickness above and at a position ahead of the notch 32.

Incidentally, the stopper 33 is capable of restricting the forward rotation of the headrest body 7A by the contact of the latch bracket 31 when the headrest body 7A is standing.

Further, the horizontal shaft portion 20 of the pillar 11 rotatably supports a pillar bearing portion 34 fixed to the inside of the first case 22 on both sides of the lock plate 26.

Actually, as shown in FIGS. 9A and 9B, the pillar bearing portion 34 is formed so that the flat portion 35 can be fixed to the inner side surface of the first case 22. Side portions 36A and 36B are bent at substantially right angles, and through holes 37 are formed in the side portions 36A and 36B, respectively, and the horizontal shaft portion 20 of the pillar 11 is inserted into the through holes 37. .

Further, the pillar bearing portion 34 has a spring locking portion 38 formed on the upper side of one side portion 36A, and one end of a reverse torsion coil spring 25 provided on the horizontal shaft portion 20 by the spring locking portion 38. 25A can be locked.

Here, the reverse torsion coil spring 25 (FIG. 7) is inserted from one side portion of the horizontal shaft portion 20, and the other end 25B is fixed to the lock pin 39 protruding from one side portion of the horizontal shaft portion 20. Locked and configured to apply a load in the direction of rewinding the backward torsion coil spring 25.

Thus, the backward torsion coil spring 25 always applies a load to the first case 22 that causes the upper portion of the headrest body 7A to fall backward via the pillar bearing portion.

Incidentally, a latch bracket 31 as shown in FIGS. 10A and 10B is fixed to the flat surface portion 35 of the pillar bearing portion 34, and an opening formed in the vicinity of the central portion of the latch bracket 31. A lock plate 26 is disposed at 41.

In practice, the latch bracket 31 is formed with side plates 42A and 42B erected substantially at right angles by bending a plate-like plate in a U-shape near the center, and an opening 41 between the side surfaces 42A and 42B. Have

The latch bracket 31 has through holes 43A and 43B on the side surfaces 42A and 42B, respectively. As shown in FIG. 11, the latch 27 is disposed in the opening 41 between the side surfaces 42A and 42B, and the latch bracket 31 extends from the through hole 43A on the side surface 42A. The latch 27 is pivotally attached by tightening the nut 45B to the bolt 45A inserted into the through hole 43B of the side surface 42B via the through hole 44 of the latch 27, so that the latch 27 can be rotated at the opening 41. Has been made.

In addition, the latch bracket 31 is provided with a latching torsion coil spring 28 between the outer surface of the side surface 42A and the bolt 45A, and one end 28A of the latching torsion coil spring 28 is connected to the one side surface 42A. The other end 28B of the latching torsion coil spring 28 is locked to a plate-like push-up portion 50 formed on the upper portion of the latch 27 (FIG. 8).

The torsion coil spring 28 for latch is configured to apply a load in a direction to rewind the torsion coil spring 28 for latch, and the locking projection 51 formed on the lower portion of the latch 27 is always locked to the lock plate by the load. It can be made to contact 26.

Thus, when the headrest body 7A is in the standing state, the latch protrusion 31 of the latch 27 is fitted into the notch 32 of the lock plate 26 in the latch bracket 31, as shown in FIG. Even when a load is applied to the torsion coil spring 25, the cutout portion 32 can be maintained in a state of pressing the locking projection 51, and the headrest body 7A can be held in a substantially upright state.

In the case of this embodiment, a lock plate stopper portion 52 made of a rubber member is provided on the inner lower surface of the first case 22, and when the headrest body 7A is in an upright state, the upper surface of the lock plate stopper portion 52 is The lower portion of the lock plate 26 abuts, so that the headrest body 7A can be reliably maintained in an upright state.

By the way, as shown in FIG. 7, an actuator portion 29 is arranged above the latch bracket 31 in the first case 22, and the tip of the rack 53 protrudes from the side portion of the actuator portion 29.

The rack 53 is arranged in a horizontal direction substantially parallel to the horizontal shaft portion 20 of the pillar 11, and a circular locking hole 54 is formed at the tip so as to penetrate the thickness. A headed shaft 56 formed at one end 55A is inserted into the locking hole 54 so that the rack 53 and the latch push-up arm 55 can be interlocked. Incidentally, a widened head 57 is formed on the headed shaft 56, and even if the rack 53 and the latch push-up arm 55 are interlocked with each other by the widened head 57, the headed shaft 56 is dropped from the locking hole 54. This can be prevented.

In practice, the latch push-up arm 55 is substantially L-shaped, and a corner is rotatably provided inside the first case 22 via a fixed shaft 58. The other end 55B (FIG. 8) is a latch bracket. It is arranged so that it can be positioned on the lower surface 59 (hereinafter referred to as a pressing surface) 59 of a plate-shaped pressing portion 50 that extends in the horizontal direction from the upper portion of the opening 41 of 31 and protrudes.

Incidentally, the other end of the arm torsion coil spring 65 whose one end is locked to the pillar bearing portion 34 is locked to the rack push-up arm 55, and one end 55A of the rack push-up arm 55 is always on the actuator portion 29 side. It is designed to be energized.

Here, the actuator unit 29 (FIG. 7) meshes with a motor 60 having a rotation shaft arranged in the horizontal direction and a worm 61 provided on the rotation shaft of the motor 60, and is connected to the other end of the rack 53 and a tooth. The mating gear 62 is incorporated in the case main body 63, the rack push-up arm 55 interlocking with the rack 53 is disposed outside the case main body 63, and the wiring 64 routed from the outside of the headrest case 15 is connected to the motor 60. Is electrically connected.

Incidentally, the wiring 64 is connected to, for example, a power supply unit of the vehicle, and after being routed from the lower part of the seat back frame 12 to the upper part of the seat back frame 12 through a predetermined location, as shown in FIG. It is drawn into the headrest case 15 through the pillar cover 14B together with the pillar 11. Incidentally, the wiring 64 is held by the holding member 68 in the pillar cover 14B.

Thus, the actuator unit 29 transmits the rotational driving force to the rack 53 via the gear 62 by instantaneously rotating the motor 60 forward and backward in response to a command given from an operation switch (not shown). The rack 53 can be instantaneously reciprocated in the horizontal direction.

In practice, as shown in FIG. 14, the actuator unit 29 normally has the rack 53 drawn into the case body 63, one end of the rack 53 is in the normal position P <b> 1, and the motor 60 is rotated forward. This rotational driving force is transmitted to the rack 53 via the worm 61 and the gear 62, and the rack 53 is moved in the horizontal direction so as to push it out of the case body 63, thereby latching one end of the latch push-up arm 55 from the normal position P1. It can be moved to the latch release position P3 via the position P2.

At this time, as shown in FIG. 15, the rack push-up arm 55 moves up from the normal position P1 to the latch release position P3 so that the other end 55B is raised via the fixed shaft 58, thereby the other end 55B. Pushes up the pushing surface 59 of the latch 27.

In practice, when the other end 55B of the latch push-up arm 55 is at the latch contact position P2, the other end 55B comes into contact with the push-up start position P5 of the push-up surface 59 as shown in FIGS. When the one end 55A moves from the latch contact position P2 to the latch release position P3, as shown in FIGS. 16B and 17, it moves to the push-up position P6 while making contact with the push-up surface 59, and pushes up accordingly. Push up part 50.

Thus, as shown in FIGS. 18A and 18B, the latch 27 is moved around the axis of the bolt 45A by moving the other end 55B of the latch push-up arm 55 from the push-up start position P5 to the push-up position P6. In response to this, as shown in FIG. 15, the locking protrusion 51 locked to the notch 32 of the lock plate 26 by rotating and raising the locking protrusion 51 at the lower portion. The portion 51 is removed from the cutout portion 32 of the lock plate 26.

As a result, as shown in FIG. 19, the first case 22 transmits the urging force of the reverse torsion coil spring 25 via the pillar bearing portion 34, and the urging force causes the horizontal shaft portion 20 to move. The rotary shaft can be moved backward.

At this time, as shown in FIG. 20, the latch 27 always holds the locking projection 51 of the latch 27 with the lock plate 26 by the urging force of the torsion coil spring 28 for latching as the first case 22 is moved backward. Rotates while abutting against.

Thus, as shown in FIG. 21, the headrest body 7A is tilted back until the back surface 70 of the headrest body 7A comes into contact with the inner surface 71 of the recess 8A of the seat back upper portion 3A. The sheet is formed in a planar shape so as to substantially coincide with the sheet upper part 3A.

In the above configuration, when the headrest body 7A in the standing state is to be tilted backward, for example, an operation switch provided on the front panel is pressed by a passenger of a front seat (not shown), whereby the motor inside the headrest case 15 is 60 is instantaneously rotated forward and backward, and in response to this, the rack 53 reciprocates to raise and lower the other end of the latch push-up arm 55.

At this time, the latch 27 is rotated by pushing up the push-up portion 50 of the latch 27 by the other end of the latch push-up arm 55, and the latch protrusion 51 is unlocked from the notch 32 of the lock plate 26 accordingly. To do.

Thus, the headrest body 7A can be moved backward by the load acting in the rewinding direction of the backward torsion coil spring 25.

In this way, the headrest body 7A can be reliably moved backward only by the tiltable mechanism 30 such as the actuator portion 29 and the backward torsion coil spring 25 incorporated in the headrest body 7A.

Thus, the pillars of the retractable headrest 4A for the vehicle can be placed on the upper part 3A of the seat back in various shapes without having to newly arrange each part of the retractable mechanism 30 in the seat back 3 in accordance with various shapes of the seat back 3. The headrest body 7A can be moved backward by the motor 60 simply by attaching 11 and connecting the power supply unit to the wiring 64.

In the case of this embodiment, since the headrest body 7A is moved backward by the backward torsion coil spring 25, the headrest body 7A can be stabilized and moved backward. In addition, since the motor 60 is instantaneously rotated to release the latch 27, the motor 60 does not continue to rotate when the headrest body 7A is moved backward, and power consumption is reduced accordingly. While being able to reduce, a drive sound can be decreased.

In addition, a motor 60 is provided in the headrest body 7A, and this motor 60 is driven to rotate according to the operation of the operation switch provided on the front seat side, so that the passenger of the front seat can remotely control the front seat. The headrest body 7A of the rear seat 1 can be moved backward while riding.

Further, when the headrest main body 7A is moved backward, the headrest main body 7A is accommodated in the recess 8A of the seat back upper portion 3A, so that the entire seat back upper portion 3A can be formed in a substantially flat shape, thus further expanding the rear view. be able to.

In addition, since the seat back upper part 3A can be formed in a substantially flat shape as described above, the head back body 7A can reliably be moved forward without interfering with the front seat when a large space is secured in the trunk room.

When the headrest main body 7A in the rearward state is brought to the upright state, the headrest main body 7A is moved by hand until the headrest main body 7A becomes almost vertical against the urging force of the backward torsion coil spring 25. At this time, as the headrest body 7A moves forward, the locking projection 51 of the latch 27 moves while slidingly contacting the lock plate 26 by the urging force of the torsion coil spring 28 for latch, and the notch of the lock plate 26 is moved. When passing through the portion 32, the locking projection 51 is fitted into the notch 32, whereby the headrest body 7A can be maintained in an upright state.

Thus, when the headrest body 7A is in the standing state, the front surface 3B of the seat back 3 and the front surface 9A of the headrest body 7A can be made substantially flat, so that the rear side of the passenger's head on the rear seat 1 can be entirely and reliably Can support.

In the case of this embodiment, when the headrest body 7A is moved forward and becomes substantially vertical, the lower part of the lock plate 26 comes into contact with the upper surface of the lock plate stopper part 52, and the stopper 33 of the lock plate 26 By abutting against the side surface of the latch bracket 31, the rotation of the headrest body 7A can be restricted, and an excessive load can be applied to the headrest body 7A to prevent the backward torsion coil spring 25 from being damaged.

Further, the horizontal shaft portion 20 of the pillar 11 protrudes from the side portion of the headrest body 7A, and in the seat back upper part 3A, the opposite ends 21A and 21A of the pillar 11 pass through the side surfaces 13A and 13B of the recess 8A facing each other to the seat back frame 12. 21B is attached, so that all the pillars 11 supporting the headrest body 7A can be hidden.

In the rear seat 1, the pillar 11 is not exposed, and the cushion bat can be disposed at all the contact points on the back side of the head of the passenger.

In this way, since the hole that exposes the pillar 11 to the outside is not formed on the back surface of the headrest body 7A and the like, it is possible to prevent entry of dust and the like from the outside, and thus the folding mechanism 30 is It is possible to prevent failure due to dust or the like.

Incidentally, in the case of this embodiment, the first case 22 is formed with an oval hole 66 along a locus along which one end of the rack push-up arm 55 moves from the normal position P1 to the latch release position P3. By inserting a rod-like member (not shown) from the oblong hole 66, one end of the rack push-up arm 55 can be forcibly moved, so that the headrest main body 7A can be moved backward even if the motor 60 fails, for example. Or it can be upright.

As described above, in this embodiment, since all of the retractable mechanism 30 for moving the headrest body 7A backward is incorporated in the headrest body 7A, each part of the retractable mechanism 30 is newly added to the seat back 3. Therefore, even if the seat back 3 has various shapes depending on the vehicle type, the headrest body 7A can be installed by the actuator 29 just by attaching the headrest body 7A to the upper part 3A of the seat back by the pillar 11. Thus, it is possible to realize a vehicular retractable headrest 4A with high versatility.

Further, in this embodiment, the motor 60 is driven to rotate in response to a command from the operation switch and the latch 27 is unlocked, so that the occupant does not touch the headrest body 7A directly from the operation switch. Since the headrest body 7A can be moved backward by remote operation, the field of view can be easily expanded, and thus safety can be improved reliably and easily.

Further, the headrest body 7A is disposed in the recess formed in the seat back upper part 3A, and the horizontal shaft portion 20 is seat-backed from the side surface surfaces 13A and 13B facing the recess 8A via both side surfaces 10A and 10B of the headrest body 7A. By attaching it to the frame 12, it is possible to hide all the pillars 11 supporting the headrest main body 7A, so that it has a retractable mechanism 30 for moving the headrest main body 7A backwards, and it looks as if it is a normal headrest main body in appearance Thus, the seat back 3 and the headrest body 7A can be integrated with each other. In addition, since the headrest body 7A is arranged in the recess 8A, the cushion / bat can be arranged in all the contact areas on the back side of the head of the passenger, and thus a rear seat that is easy to sit on even if the retractable headrest 4A for the vehicle is provided. 1 can be realized.

Further, when the headrest body 7A is housed in the recess 8A, the upper part of the headrest body 7A becomes substantially straight with the seatback upper part 3A, so that the seatback upper part 3A becomes substantially flat and further widens the rear view. be able to. Further, since the seat back upper part 3A can be formed in a substantially flat shape as described above, it is possible to prevent the headrest body 7A from interfering with the front seat when the seat back 3 is tilted forward. Furthermore, since the troublesome attaching / detaching work such as removing the headrest body 7A and then moving it forward can be omitted, the usability can be improved.

In the above-described embodiment, the case has been described in which the other end 55B of the latch push-up arm 55 is pushed up by the rotational drive of the motor 60 and the latch 27 is unlocked as the actuator. As shown in FIG. 22 in which the same reference numerals are assigned to corresponding parts to those in FIG. 7, an actuator comprising a shaft 100, a button 101, and a rack push-up arm 55 is used instead of the actuator unit 29 including the motor 60. A portion 102 may be provided, and when the button 101 is pressed, the other end 55B of the latch push-up arm 55 is pushed up to release the latch 26.

In the above-described embodiment, the case where the pillar is protruded from the side portion of the headrest body has been described. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and if the retractable mechanism can be built in the headrest body, FIG. As shown, a protrusion hole 103 may be provided on the back surface of the headrest body 7A, and the pillar 104 may protrude from the protrusion hole 103, or the pillar may protrude from the bottom surface.

Further, in the above-described embodiment, the case where the concave notch 32 is used as the first locking portion and the convex locking projection 51 is used as the second locking portion has been described. The present invention is not limited to this, and the first locking portion may be a convex locking protrusion, and the second locking portion may be a concave notch.

It is a rough-line perspective view which shows the whole structure of a rear seat. It is a rough-line perspective view which shows a mode when a headrest main body falls back. It is a rough-line perspective view which shows a mode that the headrest main body is supported by the seat back frame. It is an approximate line sectional view showing detailed composition of a crevice of a seat back upper part. It is an approximate line sectional view showing signs that a headrest case is supported by a seat back frame. It is a rough-line perspective view which shows the whole structure of a pillar. It is a basic diagram which shows the internal structure of a headrest main body. It is detail drawing which shows the latching state of a lock plate and a latch. It is an approximate line figure showing the front composition and side composition of a pillar bearing part. It is a basic diagram which shows the front structure and side structure of a latch bracket. It is a perspective view with which it uses for description of the relationship between a latch bracket, a latch, and the torsion coil spring for a latch. It is a basic diagram which shows the latching state of the lock plate and latch at the time of a standing state. It is a basic diagram which shows the internal structure of a pillar cover. It is a basic diagram which shows the movable range of a latch raising arm. It is a basic diagram which shows a mode when a latch raising arm moves to the extreme end position. It is a basic diagram which shows a mode that a latch raising arm pushes up a pushing surface. It is a basic diagram which shows the position contact | abutted by the pushing surface of the other end of a latch raising arm. It is a basic diagram which shows a mode when a latch rotates. It is a basic diagram which shows an internal structure when a headrest case falls back. It is a basic diagram which shows the state of the latch release of the lock plate and latch at the time of a reverse state. It is a basic diagram which shows a mode when a headrest main body falls back to the seat back upper part. It is a basic diagram which shows the internal structure of the retractable headrest for vehicles by other embodiment.

3A Seat back top
Retractable headrest for 4A, 4B and 4C vehicles
7A, 7B and 7C headrest body
8A, 8B and 8C recess
11 pillar
25 Reverse torsion coil spring (headrest biasing means)
26 Lock plate
27 Latch
28 Torsion coil spring for latch (latch biasing means)
29 Actuator (Actuator)
30 Folding mechanism
32 Notch (first locking part)
51 Locking projection (second locking part)
53 racks
60 motor

Claims (6)

  1. A pillar having a horizontal axis and mounted on the upper part of the seat back;
    A headrest body whose lower side is rotatably provided on the horizontal shaft portion of the pillar;
    A retractable mechanism that is built into the headrest body and tilts the headrest body backward;
    The retractable mechanism is:
    Headrest urging means for urging the upper portion of the headrest body to the rear side;
    A lock plate provided on the horizontal shaft portion of the pillar and having a first locking portion;
    A latch provided on the headrest body, and having a second locking portion that can be locked to the first locking portion of the lock plate;
    Latch urging means for urging the latch so that the second locking portion is locked to the first locking portion of the lock plate when the headrest body is in an upright state in which the headrest body is substantially vertical;
    An actuator in which the second latching portion of the latch is released from the first latching portion of the lock plate against the biasing force of the latch biasing means, and the shaft is disposed in the horizontal direction. A retractable headrest for vehicles.
  2. A pillar having a horizontal axis and mounted on the upper part of the seat back;
    A headrest body whose lower side is rotatably provided on the horizontal shaft portion of the pillar;
    A retractable mechanism that is built into the headrest body and tilts the headrest body backward;
    The retractable mechanism is:
    Headrest urging means for urging the upper portion of the headrest body to the rear side;
    A lock plate provided on the horizontal shaft portion of the pillar and having a first locking portion;
    A latch that is provided on the headrest body and is disposed above the lock plate and has a second locking portion that can be locked to the first locking portion of the lock plate;
    Latch urging means for urging the latch so that the second locking portion is locked to the first locking portion of the lock plate when the headrest body is in an upright state in which the headrest body is substantially vertical;
    The second latching portion of the latch is unlocked from the first latching portion of the lock plate against the biasing force of the latch biasing means, and the shaft is horizontally oriented. A retractable headrest for a vehicle, comprising: an actuator disposed on the vehicle.
  3. The actuator is
    A motor driven in response to a command from the operation unit;
    A rack disposed in a horizontal direction to which the driving force of the motor is transmitted and parallel to the horizontal axis portion of the pillar;
    3. The vehicle according to claim 1, further comprising: an arm that unlocks the second latching portion of the latch from the first latching portion of the lock plate according to the slide of the rack. Retractable headrest.
  4. The arm is
    The motor side is long and the latch side is short L-shaped, and the end arranged on the latch side rises according to the slide of the rack and pushes up the push surface of the latch to The tiltable headrest for a vehicle according to claim 3, wherein the second locking portion of the latch is released from the first locking portion of the lock plate by rotating.
  5. The tiltable headrest for a vehicle according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the lock plate is fixed to a central portion of a horizontal shaft portion of the pillar.
  6. The latch includes a latch bracket provided rotatably,
    The lock plate is provided with a stopper,
    6. The retractable headrest for a vehicle according to claim 1, wherein the stopper abuts on the latch bracket when the headrest main body is in an upright state.
JP2004171620A 2004-06-09 2004-06-09 Retractable headrest for vehicle Expired - Fee Related JP4432111B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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JP2004171620A JP4432111B2 (en) 2004-06-09 2004-06-09 Retractable headrest for vehicle

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2004171620A JP4432111B2 (en) 2004-06-09 2004-06-09 Retractable headrest for vehicle

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JP2005349915A JP2005349915A (en) 2005-12-22
JP4432111B2 true JP4432111B2 (en) 2010-03-17

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Families Citing this family (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5038736B2 (en) * 2007-02-05 2012-10-03 テイ・エス テック株式会社 Headrest and vehicle seat provided with the headrest
JP5038735B2 (en) * 2007-02-05 2012-10-03 テイ・エス テック株式会社 Headrest and vehicle seat provided with the headrest
EP2116149B1 (en) 2007-02-05 2013-05-22 TS Tech Co., Ltd. Headrest and vehicle seat with the headrest
JP5038734B2 (en) * 2007-02-05 2012-10-03 テイ・エス テック株式会社 Headrest and vehicle seat provided with the headrest
WO2008096766A1 (en) 2007-02-05 2008-08-14 Ts Tech Co., Ltd. Headrest and vehicle seat with the headrest
JP5057823B2 (en) 2007-03-31 2012-10-24 テイ・エス テック株式会社 Headrest and vehicle seat provided with the headrest
JP2008254474A (en) * 2007-03-31 2008-10-23 T S Tec Kk Head rest, and vehicular seat provided with head rest
JP2008253333A (en) * 2007-03-31 2008-10-23 T S Tec Kk Headrest and vehicle seat equipped with this headrest
JP5252824B2 (en) 2007-03-31 2013-07-31 テイ・エス テック株式会社 Headrest and vehicle seat provided with the headrest
JP5259114B2 (en) * 2007-03-31 2013-08-07 テイ・エス テック株式会社 Headrest and vehicle seat provided with the headrest
JP5116342B2 (en) * 2007-03-31 2013-01-09 テイ・エス テック株式会社 Headrest and vehicle seat provided with the headrest
JP5052941B2 (en) * 2007-03-31 2012-10-17 テイ・エス テック株式会社 Headrest and vehicle seat provided with the headrest
JP4063863B1 (en) * 2007-07-19 2008-03-19 備前発条株式会社 Headrest
KR100982796B1 (en) * 2008-01-30 2010-09-16 정해일 Headrest for cars
KR101016171B1 (en) 2008-06-27 2011-02-23 동광리어유한회사 A folding device of a headrest for the car seats
JP5559500B2 (en) 2008-09-30 2014-07-23 テイ・エス テック株式会社 Headrest

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