JP4180435B2 - Roofing materials - Google Patents

Roofing materials Download PDF

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JP4180435B2
JP4180435B2 JP2003126826A JP2003126826A JP4180435B2 JP 4180435 B2 JP4180435 B2 JP 4180435B2 JP 2003126826 A JP2003126826 A JP 2003126826A JP 2003126826 A JP2003126826 A JP 2003126826A JP 4180435 B2 JP4180435 B2 JP 4180435B2
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piece
waterproof
roofing
material
roofing material
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JP2004332279A (en
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淳二 佐藤
雅彦 鈴木
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アイジー工業株式会社
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【0001】 [0001]
【発明の属する技術分野】 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
本発明は、屋根材として今までにない施工性を有し、かつ防水機能、断熱機能、結露防止機能、等を形成した屋根材に係るものである。 The present invention has no workability ever as roofing, and waterproof, heat insulating function, condensation prevention function is one of such a roofing material forming the.
【0002】 [0002]
【従来の技術】 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
一般に、金属製板材をロール成形、プレス成形等して加工した屋根材は数多く上市され、その形状は、所謂引っ掛け構造であった。 In general, a metal sheet roll forming, processed roofing material by press-forming or the like are marketed numerous, its shape was called hooking structure. (例えば、特許文献1、2参照)。 (E.g., see Patent Documents 1 and 2).
【0003】 [0003]
【特許文献1】 [Patent Document 1]
特開2002−038658号公報【特許文献2】 JP 2002-038658 Publication [Patent Document 2]
特開2002−155602号公報【0004】 Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 2002-155602 Publication [0004]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】 [Problems that the Invention is to Solve
しかしながら、特許文献1、2は引っ掛け構造であるために、勾配が急な屋根に使用した際に、連結した上段の屋根材が自重で落ちてくるので、上段の屋根材の固定部を固定具(釘)で固定するまで、屋根材が落ちないように手で押さえている必要があり、施工が大変であった。 However, in order Patent Documents 1 and 2 are hooked structure, when the gradient is used to steep roofs, the upper roofing linked are falling by their own weight, fastener fixing portion of the upper roof member until the fixed (nails), must be pressed by hand as roofing material does not fall, construction was very.
【0005】 [0005]
【課題を解決するための手段】 In order to solve the problems]
本発明はこのような欠点を解決するために、化粧面の水上側の先端を上方に突出した第1防水片と、第1防水片の先端を水上側に突出した嵌合片と、第1防水片の先端を水下側へ突出した第2防水片と、化粧面の先端を水上側で上方へ突出した固定片を形成し、化粧面の水下側の先端を下方に垂下した段差化粧面と、化粧面の水下側の先端近傍を下方に突出した最奥片と、最奥片の先端を水下側に突出した差込片と、化粧面と最奥片と差込片とから係合溝を形成すると共に、嵌合片の水上端と第2防水片の水下端間の幅と、最奥片と段差化粧面間の幅をほぼ同じ長さに形成した屋根材を提供するものである。 To solve the present invention such drawbacks, a first waterproof piece the water side of the distal end of the decorative surface projecting upward, the engagement piece projecting tip of the first waterproof strip on the water side, the first a second waterproof piece tip waterproof piece projecting water under side, the front end of the decorative surface to form a fixing piece projecting upward on the water side, step makeup water under side of the distal end of the decorative surface is downwardly depending the surface, the innermost piece the vicinity of the front end of the water under side of the decorative surface projecting downward, the insertion piece which protrudes the tip of the innermost strip of water under side, a decorative surface and innermost piece and insertion piece provided to form the engaging groove, and the width between the water bottom water top and second waterproof piece fitting pieces, the roofing material formed into substantially the same length and width between innermost piece and the stepped decorative surface from it is intended to.
【0006】 [0006]
【発明の実施の形態】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
以下に図面を用いて本発明に係る屋根材について詳細に説明する。 Hereinafter will be described in detail roofing material according to the present invention with reference to the drawings. 図1は金属製屋根材Bと裏打材Cよりなる屋根材Aの代表的一例を示す説明図、図2(a)、(b)は屋根材Aの施工状態を示す説明図である。 1 is an explanatory view showing a representative example of a roofing material A made of metal roofing B and lining material C, FIG. 2 (a), (b) is an explanatory view showing the construction state of the roofing material A. 図中、αは下地、βは釘等の固定具を示している。 In the figure, alpha is the base, beta denotes a fastener such as a nail.
【0007】 [0007]
下地αは、新築の際は図2(a)、(b)に示すように垂木1、野地板2、防水シート3(一点鎖線で示す)から構成した木造下地を示したものである。 Base α is the time of new construction FIG. 2 (a), shows a timber base which is composed of rafters 1 (b), the sheathing roof board 2 (shown by a chain line) waterproof sheet 3. すなわち、垂木1上に野地板2を敷設し、野地板2上に防水シート3を配設した一般的な構造の下地αである。 In other words, laying the sheathing roof board 2 on rafters 1, the underlying α of general structure waterproof sheet 3 is disposed on the sheathing 2. また、下地αとしてH形鋼、I形鋼、ミゾ形鋼、軽量ミゾ形鋼、リップ溝形鋼、等辺山形鋼、不等辺山形鋼、角形鋼(角パイプ)、円形鋼(円形パイプ)、等を使用した鉄骨下地でも良いものである。 Also, H-section steel as an underlying alpha, I-shaped steel, channel steel, lightweight channel steel, lip groove-shaped steel, equilateral angle steel, scalene angle steel, square steel (square pipe), circular steel (round pipe), those may be a steel base that was used and the like. 勿論、既存の屋根をそのまま改修する屋根の際には、これら下地α上に新生瓦や瓦棒等の既存屋根(図示せず)が形成された既存屋根構造が下地αとなるものである。 Of course, when the roof directly renovate existing roof is to existing roof structures existing roof (not shown) formed of new tiles or tile rod or the like is formed on these underlying alpha is underlying alpha. 勿論、防水シート3を形成しない下地αでも良いものである。 Of course, it is a good thing, even the base α which does not form a waterproof sheet 3.
【0008】 [0008]
金属製屋根材Bは、例えば金属板(カラー鋼板、銅板、アルミニウム板、チタン板、ステンレス板、サンドイッチ鋼板、クラッド鋼板等)等をロール成形、プレス成形、押出成形、等によって形成したものである。 Metal roofing B, for example a metal plate (color steel plate, copper plate, aluminum plate, titanium plate, stainless steel plate, a sandwich steel plate, clad plate, etc.) or roll molding, and is formed by press molding, extrusion molding, etc. . 勿論、屋根材Aの表面材として、金属製屋根材Bの代わりに窯業系素材、もしくは合成樹脂材(プラスチック)、等で形成してもよいものである。 Of course, as the surface material of the roofing material A, the metal roofing ceramic based material in place of B or synthetic resin material (plastic), one in which may be formed of, or the like.
【0009】 [0009]
さらに説明すると、金属製屋根材Bは長尺板状であり、図1に示すように、略水平面状の化粧面4と、裏面5と、化粧面4の先端を下方に垂下した段差化粧面6と、段差化粧面6と化粧面4に沿って内側方に突出した上面7と、上面7の先端を下方に突出した最奥片8と、最奥片8の先端を水下側に突出した差込片9と、上面7と最奥片8と差込片9とから略コ字状の係合溝10を形成し、上面7と係合溝10により挿入間隙11を形成して雄型連結部12としたものである。 To further illustrate, the metal roofing B is a long plate shape, as shown in FIG. 1, a substantially horizontal plane of the decorative surface 4, a back surface 5, step decorative surface of the front end of the decorative surface 4 and downwardly depending 6 projecting an upper surface 7 which projects laterally inside along the step the decorative surface 6 and the decorative surface 4, the deepest piece 8 protruding the tip of the upper surface 7 downward, the tip of the innermost piece 8 in water lower the insertion piece 9 which is to form the engaging groove 10 of substantially U-shape from the upper surface 7 and innermost piece 8 and the insertion piece 9 Prefecture, male forming an insertion gap 11 to the top surface 7 and the engaging groove 10 it is obtained by the mold coupling unit 12.
【0010】 [0010]
また、図1に示すように、化粧面4の水上側端部分には、化粧面4の上端部分をさらに水上側に突出し、先端を水下側に垂下した固定片15と、固定片15の下端を上方に屈曲した第1防水片13と、第1防水片13の先端を水上側に突出した上面14と、上面14と固定面15とから断面略コ字状に形成した前記差込片9と嵌合する嵌合溝16と、上面14の先端を水下側に屈曲した嵌合片13aと、嵌合片13aの先端を、水下側でかつ上方へ突出した第2防水片13bとから雌型連結部17を形成したものである。 Further, as shown in FIG. 1, the water side edge portion of the decorative surface 4 protrudes further water side upper end portion of the decorative surface 4, tip and fixing pieces 15 hanging down in the water under side, of the fixing piece 15 a first waterproof member 13 which is bent to the lower end upward, an upper surface 14 which projects the tip of the first waterproof member 13 on the water side, the insertion piece formed in a substantially U-shaped cross section and a top surface 14 fixed surface 15 for 9 and the fitting groove 16 to be fitted, a second waterproof member 13b protruding the tip of the upper surface 14 and fitting pieces 13a bent in water under side, the tip of the fitting piece 13a, and upwardly in Underwater side it is obtained by forming a female connection portion 17 and a.
【0011】 [0011]
段差化粧面6は、第2防水片13bと図2(b)に示すように連結されるものである。 Stepped decor surface 6 is intended to be connected as shown in the second waterproof member 13b and FIG. 2 (b). つまり、嵌合時に段差化粧面6が第2防水片13bの先端部分に衝突し、第2防水片13bがその衝突力により自己の持つスプリングバックにより変形し、強固に連結されるものである。 That is, the step the decorative surface 6 during the fitting impinges on the tip portion of the second water proof piece 13b, a second waterproof member 13b is deformed by springback with self by the collision force, in which are firmly connected.
【0012】 [0012]
嵌合片13aの水上端と第2防水片13bの水下端間の幅Tと、最奥片8と段差化粧面6間の幅をtとすると、T<tかつT≒t(ほぼ等しい)の関係で、ほぼ同じ長さに形成したものである。 Water upper end of the fitting piece 13a and the width T between the water bottom end of the second waterproof member 13b, and the width between the innermost piece 8 and the stepped decorative surface 6 and t, T <t and T ≒ t (approximately equal) in relation, and is formed in substantially the same length. 実際には、t=T+(0〜5mm)位である。 In fact, it is t = T + (0~5mm) position. これは、上記第2防水片13bがその衝突力により自己の持つスプリングバックにより変形し、段差化粧面6内部に強固に連結されるために必要な関係である。 This is the second waterproof member 13b is deformed by springback with self by the collision force, which is necessary relationships to be rigidly connected to the inner stepped decor surface 6.
【0013】 [0013]
第1防水片13は、上側に屈曲することにより防水機能を付加すると共に、嵌合片13aの一部としても機能する部分である。 The first waterproof member 13, as well as adding a waterproof function by bending upward a portion functioning as a part of the mating piece 13a.
【0014】 [0014]
第2防水片13bは屋根材Aに吹き付ける雨、風が、直接屋根材Aの上面7に吹き付けるのを防止し、屋根材Aが風により剥がされるのを防止するものである。 The second waterproof member 13b rain blown onto the roofing material A, wind, prevents the blown onto the upper surface 7 of the direct roofing material A, is intended to prevent the roofing material A is peeled by the wind. つまり、図3に示すように、風が矢印に示すように吹き付けると、下段の屋根材Aの第2防水片13bは風により一点鎖線矢印アに示すように防水片13の先端を中心に回転するように浮き上がる力が働くが、逆に上面14が一点鎖線矢印イに示すように上段の屋根材Aの差込片9を押さえ込むような力が働き係合力が強化され、屋根材Aが風により剥がされるのを防止するものである。 That is, as shown in FIG. 3, when sprayed as wind shown by arrow, rotates about the front end of the waterproof member 13 as a second waterproof member 13b of the lower roofing material A is shown in one-dot chain line arrow A by the wind to way floating force acts, but force acts engaging force as the upper surface 14 conversely press down the insertion piece 9 of the upper roofing material a as shown in dashed line arrows b is enhanced, roofing material a wind thereby preventing the of the peeled by.
【0015】 [0015]
このように、屋根材A同士の連結部内で相対する力が相殺されるために、屋根材Aが破壊されたり、固定片15に形成した固定具βが下地αより抜け落ちない限り、屋根材Aが風により剥がされることはないものである。 Thus, in order to opposing forces in connection portion between the roofing material A is canceled, as long as or roofing material A is broken, fixture β is formed on the fixed piece 15 falling out from the base alpha, roofing material A There are those not be peeled off by the wind.
【0016】 [0016]
第2防水片13bは、防水片13の先端を水下側へ突出することにより、断面コ字状の溝を形成し、この溝により入ってこようとする風雨を、逆方向に回転させて排出し、防水性を向上するための形成したものである。 The second waterproof member 13b, by projecting the front end of the waterproof member 13 to the water under side to form a U-shaped cross section of the groove, the wind and rain to be Koyo entered by the groove, it is rotated in the reverse direction discharge and it is obtained by forming for improving the waterproofness.
【0017】 [0017]
裏打材Cは防水材、断熱材、吸音材、緩衝材、防火材、結露防止材、等として機能するものであり、不織布、合成樹脂製発泡シート(架橋化発泡ポリエチレンシート、等)、ロックウール、テックス(軟質繊維板)、ゴムシート、樹脂シート、等、あるいはこれらに遮音材、耐火材等を含浸、含有、混合、積層(一層、あるいは複数層)、サンドイッチ、等したものを使用することもできる。 Backing C waterproof material, heat insulating material, sound absorbing material, a cushioning material, fireproof material, which functions as a dew condensation preventing material, or the like, a nonwoven fabric, synthetic resin foam sheet (crosslinked foamed polyethylene sheets, etc.), rock wool , Tex (soft fiber board), rubber sheet, a resin sheet, etc., or these sound insulating material, impregnated with a refractory material such as, containing, mixed, laminated (more or a plurality of layers), the use of those sandwiches, etc. It can also be. 特に不織布は、縦糸と横糸を交差させて繊維から織物にする従来の方法と異なり、各種の繊維を接着剤等で結合した不織布等である。 In particular nonwoven fabric is different by intersecting the warp and weft fibers and conventional methods for the fabric, a variety of fibrous non-woven or the like attached by an adhesive or the like. この不織布はまず繊維が平行に交差するか、また無秩序に配列された薄いフェルト状のものを接着剤で結合させるか、または主体となる繊維状態の中に別の熱可塑性繊維を混在させて、加熱および加圧して溶融し相互に結合させたりして作られたものである。 The nonwoven first or fibers intersect in parallel, also randomly or be adhesively bonded to one of the array of thin felted, or a mix of different thermoplastic fibers in the fiber state in which a main and, heat and pressure to melt those made with or bound to each other. 勿論、素材自体に防水性の無いものには、樹脂材をコーティング、あるいは撥水剤、防水コーティング剤、等で防水機能を片面あるいは両面に付加したものである。 Of course, the ones without waterproof material itself, the coating of the resin material, or a water repellent, a waterproof coating agent, is obtained by adding a waterproof on one side or both sides in like.
【0018】 [0018]
以上説明したのは本発明に係る屋根材の一実施例にすぎず、図4(a)〜(c)に示すように屋根材Aを形成することもできる。 Or those described is only an example of a roofing material according to the present invention, it is also possible to form the roofing material A as shown in FIG. 4 (a) ~ (c).
【0019】 [0019]
【発明の効果】 【Effect of the invention】
以上説明したように、本発明に係る屋根材によれば、▲1▼第1防水片と第2防水片を形成した嵌合片が屋根材を落とし込み構造としても、防水性を維持できる。 As described above, according to the roofing material according to the present invention, ▲ 1 ▼ have a structure first waterproof piece and mating piece to form a second waterproof piece darken roofing can be maintained waterproof. ▲2▼勾配が急な屋根に使用しても、連結した上段の屋根材が自重で落ちてくることがないために、屋根材が落ちないように手で押さえている必要が無く、施工が楽である。 ▲ 2 ▼ even gradients used steep roof, for the upper roofing linked is never falling under its own weight, it is not necessary that the pressing by hand as roofing does not fall, the construction is it is easy. ▲3▼化粧面の水上端部と固定片が同一レベルで形成されているために、段差が小さくて良く、連結部分の荷重による変形がない。 ▲ 3 ▼ for fixing pieces with water upper part of the decorative surface is formed at the same level may step is small, there is no deformation due to the load of the connecting portions. ▲4▼上段の屋根材を下段の屋根材へ施工した際に、下段の屋根材の第2防水片が上段の屋根材の上面に接触し、常時第2防水片が係合溝内でスプリングバック効果を発揮し、防水性、気密性を向上するものである。 ▲ 4 ▼ when the upper roof member was constructed to lower roofing, second waterproof piece of the lower roof member is in contact with the upper surface of the upper roofing, Spring second waterproof member constantly in engagement grooves exert back effect, waterproof and improves the air tightness. ▲5▼第2防水片の形成により、屋根材同士の連結部内で相対する力が相殺されるために、屋根材が破壊されたり、固定片に形成した固定具が下地より抜け落ちない限り、屋根材が風により剥がされることはない。 ▲ 5 ▼ by the formation of the second water proof piece, for opposing force is canceled by a connecting portion between the roofing material, as long as or is destroyed roofing, fixtures formed on the fixed piece falling out from the base, the roof It is not that the wood is stripped by the wind. 等の特徴、効果がある。 Features etc., there is an effect.
【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
【図1】本発明に係る屋根材の代表的一例を示す説明図である。 Is an explanatory diagram showing a representative example of a roofing material according to the present invention; FIG.
【図2】本発明に係る屋根材の施工状態を示す説明図である。 Is an explanatory view showing a construction condition of roofing material according to the present invention; FIG.
【図3】本発明に係る屋根材の施工状態を示す説明図である。 Is an explanatory view showing a construction condition of roofing material according to the present invention; FIG.
【図4】本発明に係る屋根材のその他の実施例を示す説明図である。 Is an explanatory view showing another embodiment of a roofing material according to the present invention; FIG.
【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS
α 下地β 固定具γ 空間A 屋根材B 金属製屋根材C 裏打材1 垂木2 野地板3 防水シート4 化粧面5 裏面6 段差化粧面7 上面8 最奥片9 差込片10 係合溝11 挿入間隙12 雄型連結部13 第1防水片13a 嵌合片13b 第2防水片14 上面15 固定片16 嵌合溝17 雌型連結部 α underlying β fixture γ space A roofing material B Metal roofing C backing 1 rafters 2 sheathing 3 waterproof sheet 4 decorative surface 5 back surface 6 stepped decorative surface 7 top 8 innermost piece 9 inserting piece 10 engaging groove 11 insertion gap 12 male coupling portion 13 first waterproof member 13a fitting pieces 13b second waterproof member 14 top surface 15 fixed piece 16 fitting groove 17 female connector portion

Claims (1)

  1. 化粧面の水下側に雄型連結部、水上側に雌型連結部を形成した長尺状の屋根材において、雄型連結部は化粧面の水下側の先端を下地側に屈曲した段差化粧面と、該段差化粧面から裏打材に沿い水上側に突出した上面と、該上面の先端を下地側に屈曲した最奥片と、該最奥片の先端を水下側に屈曲して突出した差込片とから形成し、雌型連結部は化粧面の水上側の先端を化粧面に沿って水上側から水下側に延びた固定片と、該固定片の先端を化粧面側に屈曲した第1防水片と、該第1防水片の先端を水上側へ折り返して突出した上面と、該上面の先端を水下側へ折り返して上面に沿って突出した嵌合片と、該嵌合片の先端を折り返して円弧状に形成し嵌合片よりも化粧面側に突出した第2防水片とから形成し、さらに、嵌合片の水上端と第2防 Male connecting portion of water under side of the decorative surface, in elongated roofing material forming the female coupling part on the water side, the male coupling portion is bent water under side of the distal end of the decorative surface on the base side step and the decorative surface, an upper surface that protrudes water side along the stepped decorative surface backing material, the innermost piece by bending a tip of the upper surface on the base side, by bending the tip of the outermost inner piece in water under side formed from the protruding insertion piece, the female coupling portion and fixing piece extending from the water side to Underwater side along the distal end of the water side of the decorative surface to the decorative surface, the decorative surface side tip of the fixing piece a first waterproof member bent in an upper surface that protrudes folded tip of the first waterproof member to the water side, a fitting piece which projects along top surface by folding the front end of the upper surface to the water bottom side, the formed in an arc shape by folding the tip of the fitting piece is formed from a second waterproof member protruding decorative surface than the mating piece, further, the mating piece of the water top and second proof 片の水下端間の幅と、最奥片と段差化粧面間の幅をほぼ同じ長さに形成したことを特徴とする屋根材。 Roofing material, wherein the width between the water bottom piece, that it has formed on substantially the same length and width between innermost piece and the stepped decorative surface.
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US9143484B2 (en) 2000-03-03 2015-09-22 Qualcomm Incorporated System for collecting billable information in a group communication network

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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JP4768328B2 (en) * 2005-05-20 2011-09-07 株式会社チユーオー Horizontal 葺 roof construction beside 葺 shingle and by that the connecting means

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9143484B2 (en) 2000-03-03 2015-09-22 Qualcomm Incorporated System for collecting billable information in a group communication network

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