JP3510301B2 - Nori work boat, seaweed cutting method using seaweed work boat, and seaweed net chemical treatment method using seaweed work boat - Google Patents

Nori work boat, seaweed cutting method using seaweed work boat, and seaweed net chemical treatment method using seaweed work boat

Info

Publication number
JP3510301B2
JP3510301B2 JP28138793A JP28138793A JP3510301B2 JP 3510301 B2 JP3510301 B2 JP 3510301B2 JP 28138793 A JP28138793 A JP 28138793A JP 28138793 A JP28138793 A JP 28138793A JP 3510301 B2 JP3510301 B2 JP 3510301B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
seaweed
net
hull
fixed rope
nori
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
JP28138793A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH07132014A (en
Inventor
力雄 冨田
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nichimo Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Nichimo Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nichimo Co Ltd filed Critical Nichimo Co Ltd
Priority to JP28138793A priority Critical patent/JP3510301B2/en
Publication of JPH07132014A publication Critical patent/JPH07132014A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3510301B2 publication Critical patent/JP3510301B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、海苔の養殖場において
海面部分に展張されている海苔網に対して、海苔の刈取
りおよび海苔網の酸処理等の薬剤処理を単独若しくは連
続的に行なう海苔作業船に関する。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a seaweed, in which a seaweed net spread on a sea surface in a seaweed farm is subjected to chemical treatment such as cutting of seaweed and acid treatment of the seaweed alone or continuously. Regarding work boats.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】一般に、海苔養殖は海苔網に浮き子を取
付けて海面部分に浮かすようにして展張して錨で止める
浮き流し方式や、海中に立設した複数の支柱に係留綱を
もって海苔網を係留して展張した支柱方式により行なわ
れており、この両方式の使い分けは、養殖場の立地条件
等により決定されている。
2. Description of the Related Art In general, seaweed cultivation is carried out by attaching a float to the seaweed net, floating it on the sea surface, spreading it and stopping it with an anchor, or using a mooring net with a plurality of stanchions erected in the sea. It is carried out by a strut system that moored and expanded the two, and the proper use of both types is determined by the location conditions of the farm.

【0003】また、このような海苔養殖においては、海
苔網からの海苔の刈取り作業や、海苔網および海苔網に
繁殖する海苔の表面に、海水の水垢やゴミ等の浮遊物が
付着したり、雑菌が繁殖したりするなど、海苔の品質を
低下させる要因があり、高品質で健康な海苔を育成し、
収穫率を向上させるために、海苔の刈取りから刈取りの
間に、二回から三回程度、海苔網および海苔網に繁殖す
る海苔に対して酸処理を施したり、栄養剤を付与する薬
剤処理作業が行なわれている。
In addition, in such seaweed aquaculture, seaweed cuttings from seaweed nets, and seaweed nets and floating substances such as dust adhere to the surface of seaweed that propagates on the seaweed nets, There is a factor that deteriorates the quality of seaweed, such as miscellaneous bacteria, and grows high-quality and healthy seaweed,
In order to improve the harvesting rate, chemical treatment work is performed twice or three times between cuttings of laver and acid treatment or nourishment of laver nets and laver that propagates in laver nets. Is being carried out.

【0004】図14は浮き流し方式の海苔養殖の1例を
示しており、複数の海苔網1、1の展張状態を示す平面
図である。
FIG. 14 shows an example of floating nori culture, and is a plan view showing the spread state of a plurality of nori nets 1, 1.

【0005】長尺な各海苔網1は、左右端部の伸子棒
2、2の間に平行に展張されている3本の展張綱3、3
の間に2列平行状態に展張されている。また、各海苔網
1の長手方向の途中にも適宜に伸子棒(図示せず)が設
けられている。そして、前記左右端部の伸子棒2、2に
は、それぞれ固定ロープ4の2又状の端部4a、4aが
接続されており、これらの各固定ロープ4は左右方向に
引き伸ばされるとともに途中に浮子5を固着され、端部
に固着されたアンカ6をもって海底に係留されている。
Each of the long seaweed nets 1 has three extension ropes 3 and 3 which are extended in parallel between the extension bars 2 and 2 at the left and right ends.
The two columns are spread in parallel between the two. Further, an extension bar (not shown) is also provided in the middle of each nori net 1 in the longitudinal direction. Further, the forked rods 2 and 2 at the left and right ends are respectively connected to the forked ends 4a and 4a of the fixed rope 4, and the fixed ropes 4 are stretched in the left-right direction and are halfway. The float 5 is fixed, and the anchor 6 fixed to the end is anchored to the sea floor.

【0006】図15は浮き流し方式の海苔養殖の更に他
の例を示しており、図において太い実線で示す側綱と称
する固定ロープ8を海苔網1より大きい矩形のます状に
展張し、各ます部内に海苔網1の先端を2本の手綱9、
9により連結して展張している。各海苔網1の長手方向
の適当位置には伸子棒2、2が設けられている。
FIG. 15 shows still another example of floating nori culture, in which a fixed rope 8 called a side rope indicated by a thick solid line is stretched into a rectangular box larger than the nori net 1, Place the tip of the nori net 1 in the masu part with two reins 9,
It is connected by 9 and expanded. Extending rods 2 are provided at appropriate positions in the longitudinal direction of each seaweed net 1.

【0007】[0007]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】図14に示すようにし
て海面に展張されている海苔網1に対する海苔の刈取り
や、薬剤処理を従来は図14に示すような海苔作業船7
をもって行なっていた。すなわち、海苔作業船7の船首
を固定ロープ4に直角に向けて進行させて海苔作業船7
のほぼ中央部分までを固定ロープ4の下に潜らせ、続い
て海苔作業船7をその前後方向と直角方向すなわち海苔
網1の長手方向に進行させながら、海苔の刈取りや、薬
剤処理を施していた。海苔作業船7の前後方向を海苔網
1の長手方向に合わせて進行させることができないの
は、海苔網1の長手方向の延長上に展張されている固定
ロープ4、4が邪魔になって、海苔作業船7が海苔網1
の長手方向に前後方向を合わせて海苔網1の下に潜るよ
うに進行できないからである。
Conventionally, the seaweed work boat 7 as shown in FIG. 14 is used for cutting the seaweed on the seaweed net 1 spread on the sea surface as shown in FIG.
I was doing it with. That is, the bow of the seaweed work boat 7 is advanced toward the fixed rope 4 at a right angle, and the seaweed work boat 7 is moved.
The seaweed cutting vessel 7 is cut under the fixed rope 4 and then the seaweed working ship 7 is moved in a direction perpendicular to the front-rear direction, that is, in the longitudinal direction of the seaweed net 1, while cutting the seaweed and treating the chemicals. It was It is not possible to advance the front and rear direction of the seaweed work boat 7 in line with the longitudinal direction of the seaweed net 1 because the fixed ropes 4 and 4 stretched on the extension of the seaweed net 1 in the longitudinal direction interfere with each other. Nori work boat 7 is Nori net 1
This is because it is not possible to proceed so as to dive under the seaweed net 1 by aligning the front-back direction with the longitudinal direction.

【0008】しかしながら、前記従来方法においては、
海苔作業船7をその前後方向と直角方向に進行させなが
ら海苔の刈取りや薬剤処理を行なうものであるために、
種々の不都合が発生していた。
However, in the above conventional method,
Since the seaweed work boat 7 is moved in a direction perpendicular to the front-rear direction, the seaweed is cut and treated with chemicals,
Various inconveniences have occurred.

【0009】すなわち、まず海苔作業船7をその前後方
向と直角方向に進行させる操船作業が困難であり、熟練
を要するものであった。また、海苔作業船7上に設置す
る刈取り装置や薬剤処理装置(ともに図示せず)を海苔
作業船7の幅方向に移動する海苔網1が通過効能に設置
しなければならない。また、薬剤処理においては、薬剤
処理を施した海苔網1を直ちに海面に戻さないで所定時
間空中に浮かしておくほうが薬剤処理効果が大きいもの
であるが、海苔網1の海苔作業船7の幅方向の通過時間
は非常に短く、海苔網1は薬剤処理後直ちに海面に戻る
こととなり、十分な薬剤処理効果を期待できないもので
あった。このことより薬剤処理効果をできる限り大きく
しようとするためには、薬剤処理装置を船体の幅方向の
うち移動方向の最前部に配置する必要がある。そうする
と薬剤処理装置と刈取り装置とを海苔作業船7の幅方向
並べて設置することが不可能であり、海苔の刈取りと薬
剤処理とを連続して行なうことができないという不都合
があった。
That is, first, the marine vessel maneuvering work for advancing the seaweed working ship 7 in the direction perpendicular to the front-rear direction is difficult and requires skill. In addition, a mowing device and a chemical treatment device (both not shown) installed on the seaweed working ship 7 must be installed so that the seaweed net 1 moving in the width direction of the seaweed working ship 7 can pass through. Further, in the chemical treatment, it is more effective for the chemical treatment to leave the chemical-treated seaweed net 1 in the air for a predetermined time without immediately returning it to the sea surface. The passage time in the direction was very short, and the seaweed net 1 returned to the sea surface immediately after the chemical treatment, and a sufficient chemical treatment effect could not be expected. Therefore, in order to maximize the chemical treatment effect, it is necessary to dispose the chemical treatment device at the foremost portion in the moving direction in the width direction of the hull. Then, it is impossible to install the chemical treatment device and the mowing device side by side in the width direction of the seaweed work boat 7, and there is a disadvantage that the seaweed mowing and the chemical treatment cannot be performed continuously.

【0010】また、図15に示す養殖方式においては、
海苔作業船7は海苔網1の長手方向に進行できるが、各
海苔網1に設けられている伸子棒2が海苔作業船7に設
けられている支柱等に引掛かり、海苔作業船7の進行を
妨げるという不都合があった。
In the aquaculture system shown in FIG. 15,
The seaweed work boat 7 can travel in the longitudinal direction of the seaweed net 1, but the extension bar 2 provided in each seaweed net 1 is caught by the pillars provided in the seaweed work boat 7, and the seaweed work boat 7 advances. There was an inconvenience to prevent

【0011】本発明はこれらの点に鑑みてなされたもの
であり、海苔網の長手方向に海苔作業船の前後方向を合
わせて進行させながら海苔の刈取りと薬剤処理とを行な
うことができ、伸子棒を装着したままの海苔網に対して
も同様に海苔の刈取りと薬剤処理とを行なうことがで
き、作業効率に優れており、コストも低廉な海苔作業
船、海苔作業船を用いた海苔刈取り方法および海苔作業
船を用いた海苔網薬剤処理方法を提供することを目的と
する。
The present invention has been made in view of these points, and it is possible to perform cutting of nori and chemical treatment while advancing the nori work boat in the longitudinal direction of the nori net while advancing in the longitudinal direction thereof. Nori seaweed can also be cut and treated with chemicals even on the nori net with the stick attached, which has excellent work efficiency and is low in cost. An object of the present invention is to provide a method and a method for treating a seaweed net drug using a seaweed work boat.

【0012】[0012]

【課題を解決するための手段】前記目的を達成するため
に請求項1に記載の本発明の海苔作業船は、固定ロープ
をもって海面に展張させた海苔網に対する処理を行なう
海苔作業船において、前記固定ロープを海面から掬い上
げて船体上に導く固定ロープ案内部材と、前記船体の進
行方向の変更時に前記固定ロープに係合させて使用され
る進路変更用支柱と、前記海苔網を海面から掬い上げて
船体内に導くとともに船尾部に導く海苔網支承体と、前
記海苔網から海苔を刈取る刈取り装置および海苔網に対
して薬剤処理を施す薬剤処理装置の少なくとも一方を有
することを特徴とする。
[Means for Solving the Problems] In order to achieve the above-mentioned object, the seaweed work boat of the present invention according to claim 1 is a seaweed work boat for treating a seaweed net stretched on the sea surface with a fixed rope. a fixed rope guide member for guiding the fixed rope scooped from the sea surface to the hull, advancing of the hull
Used by engaging with the fixed rope when changing the row direction
A course support column, a seaweed net support that scoops the seaweed net from the sea surface and guides it into the hull, and guides it to the stern, and a reaper for cutting the seaweed from the seaweed net and a chemical treatment for the seaweed net. It is characterized in that it has at least one of a chemical treatment device for applying.

【0013】また、請求項2に記載の本発明の海苔作業
船を用いた海苔刈取り方法は、海苔網の端部からその長
手方向に延長させた固定ロープをもって海面に展張され
た海苔網に対する処理を行なう海苔作業船であって、前
記固定ロープを海面から掬い上げて船体の前後方向と平
行に船体内に導く固定ロープ案内部材と、前記船体の進
行方向の変更時に前記固定ロープに係合させて使用され
る進路変更用支柱と、前記海苔網を海面から掬い上げて
船体内に導くとともに船尾部に導く海苔網支承体と、前
記海苔網から海苔を刈取る刈取り装置を有する海苔作業
船を用いた海苔刈取り方法において、前記海苔作業船を
前記固定ロープに対してその長手方向に直交する方向よ
り進行させて前記固定ロープを掬い上げながら前記進路
変更用支柱と接触する位置まで進行させ、次に船体を回
動させて前記固定ロープを前記固定ロープ案内部材を介
して船体の前後方向と平行となるように船体内に導き、
その後船体を固定ロープおよび海苔網の長手方向と平行
に進行させて海苔網を船体内に導いて前記刈取り装置に
より海苔網から海苔を刈取ることを特徴とする。
The method of cutting laver using the laver work boat of the present invention according to claim 2 is a method for treating a laver net stretched on the sea surface with a fixed rope extending in the longitudinal direction from the end of the laver net. A seaweed work boat that carries out the following: a fixed rope guide member that scoops the fixed rope from the sea surface and guides it into the hull parallel to the longitudinal direction of the hull;
Used by engaging with the fixed rope when changing the row direction
A seaweed using a seaweed work boat that has a course-changing pillar, a seaweed net support that scoops the seaweed net from the sea surface into the hull and guides it to the stern, and a mowing device that cuts the seaweed from the seaweed net. In the cutting method, the seaweed work boat is advanced in a direction orthogonal to the longitudinal direction of the fixed rope, and the fixed rope is scooped up to advance the path.
Proceed to a position where it comes in contact with the change strut , then rotate the hull to guide the fixed rope through the fixed rope guide member into the hull so as to be parallel to the front-back direction of the hull,
After that, the hull is advanced parallel to the longitudinal direction of the fixed rope and the seaweed net to guide the seaweed net into the hull, and the seaweed is cut from the seaweed net by the cutting device.

【0014】また、請求項3に記載の海苔作業船を用い
た海苔網薬剤処理方法は、海苔網の端部からその長手方
向に延長させた固定ロープをもって海面に展張された海
苔網に対する処理を行なう海苔作業船であって、前記固
定ロープを海面から掬い上げて船体上に導く固定ロープ
案内部材と、前記船体の進行方向の変更時に前記固定ロ
ープに係合させて使用される進路変更用支柱と、前記海
苔網を海面から掬い上げて船体内に導くとともに船尾部
に導く海苔網支承体と、海苔網に対して薬剤処理を施す
薬剤処理装置を有する海苔作業船を用いた海苔網薬剤処
理方法において、前記海苔作業船を前記固定ロープに対
してその長手方向に直交する方向より進行させて前記固
定ロープを掬い上げながら前記進路変更用支柱と接触す
位置まで進行させ、次に船体を回動させて前記固定ロ
ープを前記固定ロープ案内部材を介して船体の前後方向
と平行となるように船体内に導き、その後船体を固定ロ
ープおよび海苔網の長手方向と平行に進行させて海苔網
を船体内に導いて前記薬剤処理装置により海苔網に薬剤
処理を施すことを特徴とする。
Further, the method for treating a seaweed net using a seaweed work boat according to a third aspect of the present invention is a method for treating a seaweed net stretched on the sea surface with a fixed rope extending in the longitudinal direction from the end of the seaweed net. A seaweed work boat to be carried out, which comprises a fixed rope guide member for picking up the fixed rope from the sea surface and guiding it onto the hull, and the fixed rope when changing the traveling direction of the hull.
Lanes used to engage with the rope, a nori net support that scoops the nori net from the sea surface into the hull and guides it to the stern, and a chemical agent for treating the nori net In the method for treating a seaweed net agent using a seaweed working ship having a processing device, the seaweed working ship is advanced from the direction orthogonal to the longitudinal direction of the fixed rope to scoop up the fixed rope to change the course. Contact with a pillar
To the position where the hull is rotated, and then the hull is rotated to guide the fixed rope into the hull through the fixed rope guide member so as to be parallel to the front-back direction of the hull, and then the hull of the fixed rope and the seaweed net. It is characterized in that the seaweed net is guided parallel to the longitudinal direction to guide the seaweed net into the hull and the seaweed net is subjected to a chemical treatment by the chemical treatment device.

【0015】[0015]

【0016】[0016]

【0017】[0017]

【作用】請求項1に記載の本発明の海苔作業船により、
請求項2または請求項3に記載の本発明方法を行なうこ
とにより、海苔作業船を固定ロープに対してその長手方
向に直交する方向より進行させて前記固定ロープを掬い
上げながら進路変更用支柱と接触する位置まで進行さ
せ、次に船体を回動させて前記固定ロープを前記固定ロ
ープ案内部材を介して船体の前後方向と平行となるよう
に船体内に導き、その後船体を固定ロープおよび海苔網
の長手方向と平行に進行させて海苔網を船体内に導いて
海苔の刈取りおよびまたは海苔網に対する薬剤処理を施
すことができる。これにより、海苔網の端部からその長
手方向に延長させた固定ロープをもって海面に展張させ
た海苔網に対しても、その海苔網の長手方向に海苔作業
船の前後方向を合わせて進行させながら海苔の刈取りと
薬剤処理とを作業効率良く行なうことができる。
With the seaweed work boat of the present invention according to claim 1,
By carrying out the method of the present invention as set forth in claim 2 or 3, the seaweed work boat is advanced in a direction orthogonal to the longitudinal direction of the fixed rope to scoop up the fixed rope, and a course changing column is formed. Proceed to the contact position, then rotate the hull to guide the fixed rope into the hull through the fixed rope guide member so as to be parallel to the front-back direction of the hull, and then move the hull to the fixed rope and seaweed net. It is possible to guide the seaweed net into the hull by advancing in parallel with the longitudinal direction of the seaweed to cut the seaweed and / or to treat the seaweed net with a chemical agent. As a result, even when the seaweed net stretched from the end of the seaweed net to the sea surface with a fixed rope extended in the longitudinal direction, the nori work boat is moved forward and backward while the nori seacraft is aligned with the longitudinal direction of the seaweed net. It is possible to efficiently perform cutting of seaweed and chemical treatment.

【0018】[0018]

【0019】[0019]

【実施例】以下、本発明の実施例を図1から図13によ
り説明する。
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to FIGS.

【0020】図1は本発明に係る海苔作業船の1実施例
の作業状態における全体の構成の要部を示す平面図であ
り、図2は図1の側面図であり、図3は海苔作業船の要
部をスケルトン的に示す斜視図、図4は刈取り装置の1
実施例を示す正面図、図5は薬剤処理装置の1実施例を
示す拡大断面図、図6は後部案内部材の拡大図、図7は
後部案内部材に取付けられたフックを示す分解斜視図で
ある。
FIG. 1 is a plan view showing the essential parts of the overall construction of a seaweed work boat according to one embodiment of the present invention in the working state, FIG. 2 is a side view of FIG. 1, and FIG. 3 is seaweed work. FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing a main part of the ship in a skeleton manner.
FIG. 5 is an enlarged cross-sectional view showing one embodiment of the medicine processing apparatus, FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of a rear guide member, and FIG. 7 is an exploded perspective view showing a hook attached to the rear guide member. is there.

【0021】本実施例の海苔作業船は、浮き流し方式と
称される海苔の養殖方法に用いられる海苔網から海苔を
刈取るとともに、酸処理を施す場合を示している。
The seaweed work boat of this embodiment shows a case where seaweed is cut from a seaweed net used in a seaweed cultivation method called a floating system and an acid treatment is performed.

【0022】図1から図3に示すように、本実施例の海
苔作業船11は、船体12に動力推進機構13を備えて
おり、その船体12の左右舷側の上部には、それぞれ支
柱15、15をもってパイプ状の上部案内部材14が設
けられている。この上部案内部材14の前端には、平面
形状がU字形状に形成された前部案内部材16がその基
端部をもってボルトなどの適宜な締結部材17により着
脱自在および回動自在に取付けられている。この前部案
内部材16のU字形状に湾曲した先端は固定ロープを掬
い上げるために船首より一定の傾斜で海中に没するよう
に形成されている。また、両上部案内部材14、14の
間隔は2枚横並びの海苔網1、1の幅より大きく(本実
施例においては約1.5倍)形成されている。両上部案
内部材14には、後述する後部案内部材18が伸縮自在
に設けられている。また、両上部案内部材14の間に
は、船体12の前方位置に海苔網1から海苔を刈取る刈
取り装置19が設けられており、船体12の中央部より
後方位置に海苔網1に対する薬剤処理を施す薬剤処理装
置20が設けられている。刈取り装置19より前方の甲
板上には、海苔網1、1を下方から支承する略コ字形の
パイプ若しくはロッド状の2つの前部支承体21が左右
平行状態に立設されている。両前部支承体21の船体1
2の幅方向の間隔は、2枚の海苔網1、1を下方より支
承できる大きさ(本実施例においては船体12の幅の約
1/3)に形成されている。この前部支承体21の前端
には、平面形状がU字形状に形成された海苔網掬い部材
22がその基端部をもってボルトなどの適宜な締結部材
23により着脱自在および回動自在に取付けられてい
る。この海苔網掬い部材22のU字形状に湾曲した先端
は、海苔網1を掬い上げるために船首より一定の傾斜で
海中に没するとともに、前部案内部材16の下方を通っ
てその前方まで伸びるように形成されている。この海苔
網掬い部材22は海苔網1を掬い上げるに十分な長さを
有すればよい。また、刈取り装置19と薬剤処理装置2
0との間には、海苔網1を下方から支承する2本の略L
字状の中間部支承体24、24が前方端を甲板に立設さ
せ、後方端を薬剤処理装置20の湾曲した入口案内部材
25に固着させることにより設置されている。また、薬
剤処理装置20と船尾との間には、海苔網1を下方から
支承する2本の略L字状の後部支承体26、26が前方
端を薬剤処理装置20の湾曲した出口案内部材27に固
着させ、後方端を甲板に立設させることにより設置され
ている。
As shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, a seaweed work boat 11 of this embodiment is provided with a power propulsion mechanism 13 on a hull 12, and columns 15, 15 are provided at the upper parts on the left and right port sides of the hull 12, respectively. A pipe-shaped upper guide member 14 is provided with 15. At the front end of the upper guide member 14, a front guide member 16 having a U-shaped planar shape is detachably and rotatably attached with its base end portion by an appropriate fastening member 17 such as a bolt. There is. The U-shaped curved tip of the front guide member 16 is formed so as to be submerged in the sea at a certain inclination from the bow to scoop up the fixed rope. Further, the interval between the upper guide members 14 and 14 is formed to be larger than the width of the two seaweed nets 1 and 1 arranged side by side (about 1.5 times in this embodiment). A rear guide member 18, which will be described later, is provided on both upper guide members 14 so as to be expandable and contractible. Further, a mowing device 19 for cutting the seaweed from the seaweed net 1 is provided in front of the hull 12 between both upper guide members 14, and a chemical treatment for the seaweed net 1 is made in the rear of the center of the hull 12. A chemical processing device 20 is provided for performing the above. On the deck in front of the cutting device 19, two substantially U-shaped pipes or rod-shaped front supporters 21 for supporting the seaweed nets 1 and 1 from below are erected in parallel in the left-right direction. Hull 1 of both front bearings 21
The widthwise interval of 2 is formed to a size capable of supporting the two seaweed nets 1 and 1 from below (about 1/3 of the width of the hull 12 in this embodiment). At the front end of this front support 21, a seaweed scooping member 22 having a U-shaped plane is attached at its base end by a suitable fastening member 23 such as a bolt so as to be detachable and rotatable. ing. The U-shaped curved tip of this seaweed net scooping member 22 is submerged in the sea at a constant inclination from the bow to scoop up the seaweed net 1 and extends below the front guide member 16 to the front thereof. Is formed. The seaweed net scooping member 22 may have a length sufficient to scoop up the seaweed net 1. In addition, the harvesting device 19 and the chemical treatment device 2
Between 2 and 0, there are two Ls that support the seaweed net 1 from below.
The character-shaped intermediate portion bearings 24, 24 are installed by having their front ends standing upright on the deck and fixing their rear ends to the curved inlet guide member 25 of the medicine processing apparatus 20. Further, between the medicine processing device 20 and the stern, two substantially L-shaped rear supporting bodies 26, 26 for supporting the seaweed net 1 from below are provided with curved front guide ends of the medicine processing device 20. It is installed by fixing it to 27 and standing the rear end on the deck.

【0023】そして、本実施例においては、前記前部案
内部材16、上部案内部材および後部案内部材18が前
記固定ロープ4を海面から掬い上げて船体12上に導く
固定ロープ案内部材として機能するように形成されてい
る。また、海苔網掬い部材22、前部支承体21、中間
部支承体24、後部支承体26および後部案内部材18
が前記固定ロープ4に続いて前記海苔網1を海面から掬
い上げて船体12内に導くとともに船尾部側に導く海苔
網支承体として機能するように形成されている。
In the present embodiment, the front guide member 16, the upper guide member and the rear guide member 18 function as a fixed rope guide member that scoops the fixed rope 4 from the sea surface and guides it onto the hull 12. Is formed in. Further, the seaweed scooping member 22, the front support 21, the intermediate support 24, the rear support 26, and the rear guide member 18 are provided.
After the fixed rope 4, the seaweed net 1 is formed so as to scoop up the seaweed net 1 from the sea surface and guide the seaweed net 1 into the hull 12 and also to the stern side to function as a seaweed net support.

【0024】また、前記両前部支承体21、21の間に
は、船体12の進行方向の変更時に固定ロープ4に係合
させて使用される進路変更用支柱28が設けられてい
る。この進路変更用支柱28は、海苔の刈取りや薬剤処
理を行なう場合には、両前部支承体21、21より低く
なるようにするために、上下方向に伸縮自在に形成され
ていたり、甲板上に起倒自在に設置されている。特に、
遠隔操作するためには、公知の上下駆動機構を用いて進
路変更用支柱28を上下動可能に形成するとよい。
Further, between the two front support members 21, 21, there is provided a course changing support column 28 which is used by engaging with the fixed rope 4 when the traveling direction of the hull 12 is changed. The course changing column 28 is formed to be vertically expandable and contractible so as to be lower than the front supporters 21 and 21 when cutting seaweed or treating chemicals. It is installed up and down freely. In particular,
In order to perform remote control, it is advisable to use a well-known vertical drive mechanism to form the course changing column 28 so as to be vertically movable.

【0025】また、前記の刈取り装置19としては従来
から公知のものを利用することができる。例えば、図4
に示すように、この刈取り装置19は、電動機(図示せ
ず)などによって回転される軸29に、ほぼ上部案内部
材14と同一の幅を有するL字型の刃30を放射状に取
付け、そのL字型の刃30を回転させることにより海苔
網1から垂れ下がる海苔を刈取るものである。この刈取
り装置19としては、他に2枚の円盤の外周間にピアノ
線などの線材を張設したものを回転させることにより、
張設された線材で海苔を刈取っても良く、連続して刈取
る機構であれば前記に限定されるものではない。
As the reaping device 19, a conventionally known device can be used. For example, in FIG.
As shown in FIG. 3, this mowing device 19 has an L-shaped blade 30 having substantially the same width as the upper guide member 14 radially attached to a shaft 29 rotated by an electric motor (not shown) or the like, and the L By rotating the character-shaped blade 30, the seaweed hanging down from the seaweed net 1 is cut. As the reaping device 19, by rotating a wire material such as a piano wire stretched between the outer circumferences of two other disks,
The stretched wire may be used to cut the seaweed, and the mechanism is not limited to the above as long as it is a mechanism for cutting continuously.

【0026】また、本実施例においては、前記薬剤処理
装置20を刈取り装置19の直後に配設して、海苔を刈
取られて水切り状態にある海苔網1に酸処理等の薬剤処
理を効果的に施すようにされている。この薬剤処理装置
20は図1から図3および図5に示すように、両上部案
内部材14間に固着された処理槽31を主体として形成
されている。処理槽31の前後壁部はそれぞれ若干切開
かれて入口32と出口33とが形成されており、左右に
分割されている略直方体状の海苔網抑え体34、34が
処理槽31の左右上端縁部にヒンジ35、35をもって
回動自在に装着されている。両海苔網抑え体34は、そ
の下面と処理槽31の底面との間を海苔網1が通過でき
るようにして海苔網1を処理槽31内に浸漬させるよう
に形成されている。また、両海苔網抑え体34、34の
間を固定ロープ4が前後方向に通過できるように形成さ
れている。更に、両海苔網抑え体34、34、は両者に
より海苔網1に装着されている伸子棒2を抑え込むよう
に作用する大きさを有すれば十分であり、両者間の下面
に図15に示す海苔網1の手綱9、9を強制的に導くこ
とのできる先端形状、例えば船の流線形をした先端部の
形状似せた形状に形形成されている。
Further, in the present embodiment, the chemical treatment device 20 is arranged immediately after the cutting device 19 to effectively treat the laver net 1 which has been cut with laver and drained, with acid or the like. It is supposed to be applied to. As shown in FIGS. 1 to 3 and 5, the chemical processing apparatus 20 is mainly formed of a processing tank 31 fixed between both upper guide members 14. The front and rear walls of the treatment tank 31 are slightly cut open to form an inlet 32 and an outlet 33, and the substantially rectangular parallelepiped-shaped seaweed net restraints 34 and 34 are divided into left and right edges. The hinges 35, 35 are rotatably attached to the section. Both seaweed net restraints 34 are formed so that the seaweed net 1 can be passed between the lower surface and the bottom of the treatment tank 31 so that the seaweed net 1 is immersed in the treatment tank 31. Further, the fixed rope 4 is formed so as to pass in the front-rear direction between the two seaweed net restraints 34, 34. Further, it is sufficient for both the nori net restraints 34, 34 to have a size that acts to restrain the extension rod 2 mounted on the nori net 1 by both, and the lower surface between them is shown in FIG. It is formed in a tip shape capable of forcibly guiding the reins 9, 9 of the seaweed net 1, for example, a shape similar to the shape of the streamlined tip of a ship.

【0027】また、前記上部案内部材14の後端部に設
けられている後部案内部材18は、薬剤処理された海苔
網1を所定時間空中に浮かして支承するものであり、図
6に示すように、複数本(本実施例では3本)の次第に
小径とされるパイプ36a,36b,367cを同軸状
に入子式として伸縮自在に形成されており、最外側のパ
イプ36aが上部案内部材14内に挿入されるようにな
っている。さらに、3本のパイプ36a,36b,36
cの後端下面側には、それぞれ下端に所望の浮子37が
固着されている剛性の有るロッド38が上端をもって着
脱自在に取付けられている。そして、両側のロッド38
の間には、海苔網1を支承する網支承バー39a,39
b,39cが着脱自在に配設されている。最後部の網支
承バー39cには、図7に示すように、各パイプ36
a,36b,36cを引出す際に、伸子棒2等に引掛け
るフック40が軸41をもって枢着されており、このフ
ック40と網支承バー39cとの間には、フック40に
過大な力が作用した時に同図時計方向に回動することを
許容するクリック機構42が介装されている。この後部
案内部材18の各パイプ36a,36b,36cの最大
伸長時の全長は、少なくとも作業状態において、前記薬
剤処理装置20の部分において薬剤処理を施された海苔
網1が、少なくとも船11の進行に伴って後部案内部材
18の後端部まで相対移動する間に、十分な薬剤処理効
果等を施す時間だけ空中に浮上させることのできる長さ
とされている。また、各パイプ36a,36b,36c
を最大伸長状態から引戻すために、図6に示すように、
各パイプ36a,36b,36cの中心部にワイヤ43
を挿通させ、そのワイヤ43の一端を最内側のパイプ3
6cに固着し、ワイヤ43の他端を図示しない滑車等を
介して船体12の所望の位置に配設した引戻し専用のモ
ータ44に連結させている。また、前記各支柱15およ
びロッド38には、相対移動する海苔網1を展張する伸
子棒2が引掛かるのを防止する湾曲板状のプロテクタ4
5がそれぞれ固着されている。
The rear guide member 18 provided at the rear end portion of the upper guide member 14 supports the drug-treated seaweed net 1 by floating it in the air for a predetermined time, as shown in FIG. In addition, a plurality of (three in this embodiment) pipes 36a, 36b, 367c having a gradually smaller diameter are formed coaxially and telescopically so that the outermost pipe 36a can be extended. It is designed to be inserted inside. Further, the three pipes 36a, 36b, 36
On the lower surface of the rear end of c, a rigid rod 38 having a desired float 37 fixed to the lower end is detachably attached with the upper end. And the rods 38 on both sides
In between, the net support bars 39a, 39 for supporting the seaweed net 1 are provided.
b and 39c are detachably arranged. As shown in FIG. 7, the net support bar 39c at the rearmost portion is provided with the pipes 36
When pulling out a, 36b, 36c, a hook 40 for hooking on the extension rod 2 and the like is pivotally attached by a shaft 41, and an excessive force is applied to the hook 40 between the hook 40 and the net support bar 39c. A click mechanism 42 is provided which allows rotation in the clockwise direction in FIG. The maximum length of each of the pipes 36a, 36b, 36c of the rear guide member 18 at the maximum extension is such that, at least in the working state, the seaweed net 1 that has been subjected to the chemical treatment in the portion of the chemical treatment device 20 is at least the advance of the ship 11. Accordingly, the length is set such that the rear guide member 18 can be levitated in the air for a sufficient time for providing a sufficient drug treatment effect while moving relative to the rear end portion of the rear guide member 18. In addition, each pipe 36a, 36b, 36c
In order to pull back from the maximum extension state, as shown in FIG.
A wire 43 is provided at the center of each pipe 36a, 36b, 36c.
, And insert one end of the wire 43 into the innermost pipe 3
6c, and the other end of the wire 43 is connected to a pullback-dedicated motor 44 arranged at a desired position of the hull 12 via a pulley (not shown) or the like. In addition, a protector 4 in the shape of a curved plate that prevents the extension bar 2 that extends the relatively moving laver net 1 from being caught on each of the columns 15 and the rod 38.
5 are fixed respectively.

【0028】前記前部案内部材16および海苔網掬い部
材22は、前述したように、締結部材17および23部
分において分割および回動可能とされている方が、船の
養殖場への往復時に、前部案内部材16および海苔網掬
い部材22を海中より引き上げることができ、海水の抵
抗を受けることがなく、また停泊時における前部案内部
材16および海苔網掬い部材22の損傷、破壊を防止す
る意味で好ましいが、分割せずに全てを固定しておいて
も、海苔の刈取り、薬剤処理作業には、本質的に問題は
ない。また、前部案内部材16および海苔網掬い部材2
2の先端形状はU字形状に限らずV字形状など海面に展
張されている固定ロープ4および海苔網1を船体12の
前進に伴い、円滑に掬い上げる得る形状であればよく、
特に、本実施例の形状に限定されるものではない。
As described above, when the front guide member 16 and the seaweed scooping member 22 are divided and rotatable in the fastening members 17 and 23, when the ship is reciprocated to and from the farm, The front guide member 16 and the nori net scooping member 22 can be pulled up from the sea, are not subject to the resistance of seawater, and prevent damage and destruction of the front guide member 16 and the nori net scooping member 22 when anchored. Although it is preferable in terms of meaning, there is essentially no problem in cutting seaweed and treating chemicals even if they are all fixed without being divided. In addition, the front guide member 16 and the seaweed net scooping member 2
The tip shape of 2 is not limited to a U-shape, but may be a V-shape or the like so long as the fixed rope 4 and the seaweed net 1 stretched on the sea surface can be smoothly scooped as the hull 12 advances.
In particular, it is not limited to the shape of this embodiment.

【0029】また、前記後部案内部材18は、前述した
ように、伸縮自在とされるとともに、ロッド38および
網支承バー39a,39b,39cが着脱自在かつ分解
自在とされている方が、船の養殖場への往復時に、後部
案内部材18を船体12に収納することができ、海水の
抵抗を受けることがなく、また停泊時における後部案内
部材18の損傷、破壊を防止する意味で好ましいが、船
体12に固定しておいても、海苔の刈取り、薬剤処理作
業には、本質的に問題はない。
As described above, the rear guide member 18 is expandable and contractible, and the rod 38 and the net support bars 39a, 39b, 39c are detachable and dismountable. It is preferable that the rear guide member 18 can be housed in the hull 12 at the time of reciprocating to the aquaculture farm, does not receive the resistance of seawater, and prevents the rear guide member 18 from being damaged or destroyed when moored, Even if it is fixed to the hull 12, there is essentially no problem in the cutting of seaweed and the chemical treatment work.

【0030】また、船体12の最後尾には操舵室46が
設けられており、この操舵室46の高さは、海苔網1の
後部支承体26上の走行を妨げないように、後部支承体
26の高さより低くなっており、操舵室46内には刈取
り装置19、薬剤処理装置20等の動作を指令管理する
制御部を備えており、全てこの操舵室46内で操作を行
なうことが最も好ましいものである。
A steering room 46 is provided at the rear end of the hull 12, and the height of the steering room 46 is such that the rear support 26 does not hinder the traveling of the seaweed net 1 on the rear support 26. The height is smaller than the height of 26, and the steering room 46 is provided with a control unit for commanding and controlling the operations of the harvesting device 19, the chemical treatment device 20, etc., and it is most preferable to operate in this steering room 46. It is preferable.

【0031】また、刈取った海苔を収納する収納部47
と薬剤処理装置20以後の各機構等との間は、図示しな
い隔離板等により完全に隔離されている。
A storage section 47 for storing the cut seaweed
The mechanism and other parts after the medicine processing apparatus 20 are completely isolated by a separator plate or the like (not shown).

【0032】つぎに、前述した構成からなる本実施例の
海苔作業船11を利用した海苔刈取り方法並びに海苔網
の薬剤処理方法について、図8から図12により、海苔
網1の端部からその長手方向に延長させた固定ロープ4
をもって海面に展張されている海苔網1に適用する場合
を説明する。
Next, with respect to the nori cutting method and the chemical treatment method of nori net using the nori work boat 11 of the present embodiment having the above-mentioned structure, the end of the nori net 1 to the longitudinal direction thereof will be described with reference to FIGS. 8 to 12. Fixed rope 4 extended in the direction
The case of applying to the seaweed net 1 spread on the sea surface will be described.

【0033】まず、図8に示すように、前部案内部材1
6および海苔網掬い部材22を図1から図3に示すよう
に前方に延出させ、後部案内部材18は船体12の軸線
方向に最短となるように収縮させて、進路変更用支柱2
8を上部案内部材14より高い最高位置まで突出させた
状態で、船体12を固定ロープ4に向けて直交方向より
進行させる。この船体12の前進に伴って固定ロープ4
が前部案内部材16により掬い上げられて行く。そし
て、この直進は前記進路変更用支柱28が固定ロープ4
に接触するまで続けられる。
First, as shown in FIG. 8, the front guide member 1
6 and the seaweed scooping member 22 are extended forward as shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, and the rear guide member 18 is contracted so as to be the shortest in the axial direction of the hull 12, and the course changing prop 2
The hull 12 is advanced toward the fixed rope 4 in a direction orthogonal to the fixed rope 4 in a state where 8 is projected to a highest position higher than the upper guide member 14. As the hull 12 advances, the fixed rope 4
Are picked up by the front guide member 16. Then, in this straight line, the course changing support column 28 is used for the fixed rope 4.
It continues until it touches.

【0034】次に、図9に示すように、操舵作業によ
り、船首が海苔網1に向くように進路変更用支柱28が
ほぼ中心となるようにして船体12を回転させる。この
時、固定ロープ4は前部案内部材16、上部案内部材1
4および後部案内部材18の上面を乗り越えるように案
内されて、次第に船体12内に入り、ついには図10に
示すように、固定ロープ4が船体12の幅方向中央部の
位置に到達し、薬剤処理装置20の左右の海苔網抑え体
34、34の間に入る。この進路変更用支柱28がある
と、船体12の回動を容易に行なうことができるが、進
路変更用支柱28を省いて前記と同様に操船するように
してもよい。
Then, as shown in FIG. 9, the hull 12 is rotated by a steering operation such that the course-changing support column 28 is located substantially at the center so that the bow faces the nori net 1. At this time, the fixed rope 4 is connected to the front guide member 16 and the upper guide member 1.
4 and the upper part of the rear guide member 18 are guided to gradually enter the hull 12, and finally, as shown in FIG. 10, the fixed rope 4 reaches the position of the widthwise central part of the hull 12, It enters between the left and right seaweed net restraints 34, 34 of the processing device 20. If the course changing support column 28 is provided, the hull 12 can be easily rotated, but the course changing support column 28 may be omitted and the boat may be operated in the same manner as described above.

【0035】次に、操舵作業により船体12の回動を停
止させるとともに、海苔網1の長手方向に前進させ、同
時に進路変更用支柱28を前部支承体21の高さより低
い位置まで引下げる。
Next, the turning operation of the hull 12 is stopped by the steering operation, and it is advanced in the longitudinal direction of the seaweed net 1, and at the same time, the course changing support column 28 is lowered to a position lower than the height of the front support 21.

【0036】これにより、図11および図12に示すよ
うに、先端を海中に没入させた海苔網掬い部材22によ
り海苔網1を海面から連続的に抄い上げ、船の自力前進
に伴い海苔網1を前部支承体21、刈取り装置19、中
間部支承体24、薬剤処理装置20および後部支承体2
6に沿って船体12の後部へ導びく。さらに、海苔網1
の端面若しくは伸子棒2が収縮状態の後部案内部材18
の後端部に達したら、網支承バー39cの後端に取付け
られているフック40を伸子棒2等に引掛け、海苔網1
の後方への相対移動に伴って後部案内部材18の各パイ
プ36c,36b,36aを順番に後方へ引出して行
く。各パイプ36c,36b,36aが最長に繰出され
ると、フック40に過大な力が加わり、クリック機構4
2が外れてフック40が軸41を中心として回動して、
フック40と海苔網1との係合が解かれる。以後は、海
苔網1だけが後方へ移動して行き、後部案内部材18の
後端部から再び海面に戻される。
As a result, as shown in FIGS. 11 and 12, the seaweed net 1 is continuously lifted from the sea surface by the seaweed net scooping member 22 having its tip immersed in the sea, and the seaweed net is moved along with the ship's own advance. 1 is a front support 21, a mowing device 19, an intermediate support 24, a medicine processing device 20, and a rear support 2
Follow 6 to the rear of the hull 12. Furthermore, seaweed net 1
Of the rear guide member 18 in the contracted state of the end face of the rod or the extension rod 2.
When reaching the rear end of the net support bar 39c, hook the hook 40 attached to the rear end of the net support bar 39c on the extension rod 2 or the like to form the nori net 1
The respective pipes 36c, 36b, 36a of the rear guide member 18 are sequentially drawn out rearward in accordance with the relative movement of the pipes rearward. When each of the pipes 36c, 36b, 36a is extended to the maximum length, an excessive force is applied to the hook 40 and the click mechanism 4
2 is disengaged and the hook 40 is rotated about the shaft 41,
The engagement between the hook 40 and the seaweed net 1 is released. After that, only the seaweed net 1 moves backward and is returned to the sea surface from the rear end of the rear guide member 18.

【0037】その間に、前部支承体21から中間部支承
体24の間を移動する海苔網1から垂れ下がった海苔の
葉体を刈取り装置19により連続して刈取り収穫し、船
体12の収納部47内に収納し、続いて薬剤処理装置2
0により、海苔網1が海苔網抑え体34の下を潜って処
理液に浸漬される間に、刈取り後の海苔網1に対して薬
剤処理の1態様である酸処理を施し、更に、後部案内部
材18の後端部まで相対移動する間に酸処理剤を海苔の
細胞内に十分に浸透させ、また、葉体に付着している雑
菌を殺菌させる。
In the meantime, the leaves of the seaweed hanging from the seaweed net 1 moving between the front support 21 and the middle support 24 are continuously harvested and harvested by the harvesting device 19, and the storage portion 47 of the hull 12 is stored. It is housed in the inside, and then the chemical treatment device 2
0, while the seaweed net 1 is dipped under the seaweed net suppressor 34 and immersed in the treatment solution, the seaweed net 1 after cutting is subjected to an acid treatment, which is one mode of the chemical treatment, and further While relatively moving to the rear end of the guide member 18, the acid treatment agent is sufficiently permeated into the cells of the seaweed, and various bacteria adhering to the leaf body are sterilized.

【0038】海苔網1の全長に対して海苔の刈取りと薬
剤処理を施した後、船体12を約90度回動させるよう
に操舵して、船体12、前部案内部材16、上部案内部
材14および後部案内部材18を固定ロープ4から脱出
させて一連の作業を終了させる。
After cutting the seaweed and treating the chemicals over the entire length of the seaweed net 1, the ship 12 is steered so as to rotate about 90 degrees, and the ship 12, the front guide member 16 and the upper guide member 14 are steered. And the rear part guide member 18 is made to escape from the fixed rope 4, and a series of work is completed.

【0039】その後、必要に応じて次の海苔網1に対す
る作業を前記と同様にして開始する。
Then, if necessary, the next operation for the laver net 1 is started in the same manner as described above.

【0040】また、図13により前述した構成からなる
本実施例の海苔作業船11を利用した海苔刈取り方法並
びに海苔網の薬剤処理方法について、矩形のます状に展
張した固定ロープ8を用いて展張されている海苔網1に
適用する場合を説明する。
Regarding the method of cutting seaweed and the method of treating the seaweed net using the seaweed work boat 11 of the present embodiment having the configuration described above with reference to FIG. The case of applying it to the existing laver net 1 will be described.

【0041】本実施例においては、前記実施例のような
船体12を約90度回動させる必要がないために、前部
案内部材16および海苔網掬い部材22の先端を海中に
没入させた状態で船体12を海苔網1の長手方向と平行
にして進行させる。これにより前部案内部材16が先ず
固定ロープ8を掬いあげ、続いて海苔網掬い部材22が
海苔網1を海面から連続的に抄い上げ、船の自力前進に
伴い海苔網1を前部支承体21、刈取り装置19、中間
部支承体24、薬剤処理装置20および後部支承体26
に沿って船体12の後部へ導びく。この時、海苔網1に
固着されている各伸子棒2はプロテクタ45により支柱
15等に引掛かるのを防止され、海苔網1は円滑に後方
に送られて行く。そして、海苔網1の先端部が薬剤処理
装置20の部分に達すると、1個の海苔網抑え体34、
34の流線形をした先端部が2本の手綱9、9を強制的
に当該海苔網抑え体34、34の下面に導き、以後海苔
網1が連続的に処理槽31内を浸漬通過されて行くゆ
く。さらに、固定ロープ8が収縮状態の後部案内部材1
8の後端部に達したら、網支承バー39cの後端に取付
けられているフック40を伸子棒2等に引掛け、海苔網
1の後方への相対移動に伴って後部案内部材18の各パ
イプ36c,36b,36aを順番に後方へ引出して行
く。各パイプ36c,36b,36aが最長に繰出され
ると、フック40に過大な力が加わり、クリック機構4
2が外れてフック40が軸41を中心として回動して、
フック40と固定ロープ8との係合が解かれる。以後
は、海苔網1だけが後方へ移動して行き、固定ロープ8
および後部案内部材18の後端部から再び海面に戻され
る。
In this embodiment, since it is not necessary to rotate the hull 12 by about 90 degrees as in the previous embodiment, the front guide member 16 and the nori net scooping member 22 have their tips immersed in the sea. The hull 12 is advanced in parallel with the longitudinal direction of the seaweed net 1. As a result, the front guide member 16 first scoops up the fixed rope 8, and subsequently the seaweed net scooping member 22 continuously lifts up the seaweed net 1 from the sea surface. Body 21, mowing device 19, intermediate support 24, chemical treatment device 20, and rear support 26
It leads to the rear part of the hull 12 along. At this time, each of the extension rods 2 fixed to the seaweed net 1 is prevented from being caught by the protector 45 or the like by the protector 45, and the seaweed net 1 is smoothly sent backward. When the tip of the seaweed net 1 reaches the portion of the chemical treatment device 20, one seaweed net restraint member 34,
The streamlined tip of 34 forcibly guides the two reins 9, 9 to the lower surface of the seaweed net restraining body 34, 34, and thereafter the seaweed net 1 is continuously dipped and passed through the treatment tank 31. Go on. Further, the fixed rope 8 is in the contracted state, and the rear guide member 1
When reaching the rear end of 8, the hook 40 attached to the rear end of the net support bar 39c is hooked on the extension rod 2 and the like, and each of the rear guide members 18 is moved along with the rearward relative movement of the seaweed net 1. The pipes 36c, 36b, 36a are pulled out to the rear in order. When each of the pipes 36c, 36b, 36a is extended to the maximum length, an excessive force is applied to the hook 40 and the click mechanism 4
2 is disengaged and the hook 40 is rotated about the shaft 41,
The engagement between the hook 40 and the fixed rope 8 is released. After that, only the seaweed net 1 moved backward, and the fixed rope 8
And it is returned to the sea surface again from the rear end of the rear guide member 18.

【0042】この間に、前記実施例と同様にして海苔刈
取りと海苔網の薬剤処理とが施される。
In the meantime, the seaweed cutting and the seaweed net chemical treatment are performed in the same manner as in the above-mentioned embodiment.

【0043】なお、本実施例の海苔作業船11は、海苔
の刈取り薬剤処理船としたが、刈取り装置19のみを稼
働させて、海苔の刈取り船としたり、薬剤処理装置20
のみを稼働させて、海苔の酸処理船として用いてもよ
い。
The seaweed working ship 11 of the present embodiment is a seaweed cutting chemical processing ship, but only the cutting device 19 is operated to operate as a seaweed cutting ship or the seaweed processing device 20.
Only the seaweed may be operated and used as a seaweed acid treatment vessel.

【0044】なお、本発明は前記実施例に限定されるも
のではなく、必要に応じて変更することができる。
The present invention is not limited to the above embodiment, but can be modified as necessary.

【0045】[0045]

【発明の効果】このように本発明の海苔作業船、海苔作
業船を用いた海苔刈取り方法および海苔作業船を用いた
海苔網薬剤処理方法は構成され、作用するものであるか
ら、海苔網の長手方向に海苔作業船の前後方向を合わせ
て進行させながら海苔の刈取りと薬剤処理とを行なうこ
とができ、また、伸子棒を装着したままの海苔網に対し
ても同様に海苔の刈取りと薬剤処理とを行なうことがで
き、作業効率に優れており、コストも低廉なものとな
る。
INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY As described above, the seaweed working ship, the seaweed cutting method using the seaweed working ship, and the seaweed net chemical treatment method using the seaweed working ship according to the present invention are constituted and operate. Nori seaweed and chemical treatment can be performed while advancing the longitudinal direction of the seaweed work boat in the longitudinal direction, and the seaweed cutting and chemical treatment can also be performed on nori seaweed with the extension rod attached. The processing can be performed, the work efficiency is excellent, and the cost is low.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]

【図1】本発明に係る海苔作業船の1実施例を示す説明
FIG. 1 is an explanatory view showing one embodiment of a seaweed work boat according to the present invention.

【図2】図1の側面図FIG. 2 is a side view of FIG.

【図3】本発明に係る海苔作業船の要部をスケルトン的
に示した斜視図
FIG. 3 is a skeleton perspective view showing a main part of a seaweed work boat according to the present invention.

【図4】刈取り装置の1実施例を示す正面図FIG. 4 is a front view showing an embodiment of a reaping device.

【図5】薬剤処理装置の1実施例を示す図1のV−V線
に沿った拡大断面図
5 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken along the line VV of FIG. 1 showing an embodiment of the chemical processing apparatus.

【図6】後部案内部材の拡大図FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of a rear guide member.

【図7】後部案内部材に取付けられたフックを示す分解
斜視図
FIG. 7 is an exploded perspective view showing a hook attached to a rear guide member.

【図8】本発明方法を工程順に示す平面図FIG. 8 is a plan view showing the method of the present invention in the order of steps.

【図9】図8の次の工程を示す平面図FIG. 9 is a plan view showing the next step of FIG.

【図10】図9の次の工程を示す平面図FIG. 10 is a plan view showing the next step in FIG.

【図11】図10の次の工程を示す平面図FIG. 11 is a plan view showing the next step of FIG.

【図12】図11の次の工程を示す平面図FIG. 12 is a plan view showing the next step of FIG. 11.

【図13】本発明方法を他の展張状態の海苔網に対して
適用した場合の図8と同様の図
FIG. 13 is a diagram similar to FIG. 8 in the case where the method of the present invention is applied to other spread laver nets.

【図14】従来の海苔網に対する処理方法を示す平面図FIG. 14 is a plan view showing a processing method for a conventional seaweed net.

【図15】従来の海苔網の他の展張状態を示す平面図FIG. 15 is a plan view showing another spreading state of the conventional seaweed net.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

1 海苔網 4 固定ロープ 11 海苔作業船 12 船体 14 上部案内部材 16 前部案内部材 18 後部案内部材 19 刈取り装置 20 薬剤処理装置 21 前部支承体 22 海苔網掬い部材 24 中間部支承体 26 後部支承体 28 進路変更用支柱 31 処理槽 34 海苔網抑え体 1 seaweed net 4 fixed rope 11 seaweed work boat 12 hull 14 Upper guide member 16 Front guide member 18 Rear guide member 19 reaper 20 Chemical processing equipment 21 Front support 22 Nori net scooping member 24 Intermediate part support 26 Rear support 28 Path change support 31 treatment tank 34 Nori net restraint body

───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (58)調査した分野(Int.Cl.7,DB名) A01D 44/02 A01G 33/02 101 ─────────────────────────────────────────────────── ─── Continuation of front page (58) Fields surveyed (Int.Cl. 7 , DB name) A01D 44/02 A01G 33/02 101

Claims (3)

(57)【特許請求の範囲】(57) [Claims] 【請求項1】 固定ロープをもって海面に展張された海
苔網に対する処理を行なう海苔作業船において、前記固
定ロープを海面から掬い上げて船体上に導く固定ロープ
案内部材と、前記船体の進行方向の変更時に前記固定ロ
ープに係合させて使用される進路変更用支柱と、前記海
苔網を海面から掬い上げて船体内に導くとともに船尾部
に導く海苔網支承体と、前記海苔網から海苔を刈取る刈
取り装置および海苔網に対して薬剤処理を施す薬剤処理
装置の少なくとも一方を有する海苔作業船。
1. In a seaweed work boat for treating a seaweed net stretched on the sea surface with a fixed rope, a fixed rope guide member for picking up the fixed rope from the sea surface and guiding it onto the hull, and a change in the traveling direction of the hull. Sometimes the fixed
Brace for use in engaging with a rope, a nori net support that scoops the nori net from the sea surface into the hull and guides it to the stern, and a cutting device for cutting nori from the nori net. And a seaweed working ship having at least one of a medicine processing device for performing a medicine processing on a seaweed net.
【請求項2】 海苔網の端部からその長手方向に延長さ
せた固定ロープをもって海面に展張された海苔網に対す
る処理を行なう海苔作業船であって、前記固定ロープを
海面から掬い上げて船体上に導く固定ロープ案内部材
と、前記船体の進行方向の変更時に前記固定ロープに係
合させて使用される進路変更用支柱と、前記海苔網を海
面から掬い上げて船体内に導くとともに船尾部に導く海
苔網支承体と、前記海苔網から海苔を刈取る刈取り装置
を有する海苔作業船を用いた海苔刈取り方法において、
前記海苔作業船を前記固定ロープに対してその長手方向
に直交する方向より進行させて前記固定ロープを掬い上
げながら前記進路変更用支柱と接触する位置まで進行さ
せ、次に船体を回動させて前記固定ロープを前記固定ロ
ープ案内部材を介して船体の前後方向と平行となるよう
に船体内に導き、その後船体を固定ロープおよび海苔網
の長手方向と平行に進行させて海苔網を船体内に導いて
前記刈取り装置により海苔網から海苔を刈取ることを特
徴とする海苔作業船を用いた海苔刈取り方法。
2. A seaweed working ship for treating a seaweed net stretched on the sea surface with a fixed rope extending from the end of the seaweed net in the longitudinal direction, the scooping up the fixed rope from the sea surface, and on the hull. And a fixed rope guide member that guides the ship to the fixed rope when changing the traveling direction of the hull.
Nori work that includes a course-changing support that is used in combination, a nori net support that scoops the nori net from the sea surface into the hull and guides it to the stern, and a cutting device that cuts nori from the nori net. In the seaweed cutting method using a ship,
While advancing the seaweed work boat relative to the fixed rope in a direction orthogonal to its longitudinal direction, while scooping up the fixed rope, proceed to a position where it comes into contact with the course changing prop, and then rotate the hull. The fixed rope is guided through the fixed rope guide member into the hull so as to be parallel to the longitudinal direction of the hull, and then the hull is advanced parallel to the longitudinal direction of the fixed rope and the nori net to put the nori net into the hull. A method for cutting seaweed using a seaweed work boat, characterized in that the seaweed is cut from the seaweed net by the cutting device.
【請求項3】 海苔網の端部からその長手方向に延長さ
せた固定ロープをもって海面に展張された海苔網に対す
る処理を行なう海苔作業船であって、前記固定ロープを
海面から掬い上げて船体上に導く固定ロープ案内部材
と、前記船体の進行方向の変更時に前記固定ロープに係
合させて使用される進路変更用支柱と、前記海苔網を海
面から掬い上げて船体内に導くとともに船尾部に導く海
苔網支承体と、海苔網に対して薬剤処理を施す薬剤処理
装置を有する海苔作業船を用いた海苔網薬剤処理方法に
おいて、前記海苔作業船を前記固定ロープに対してその
長手方向に直交する方向より進行させて前記固定ロープ
を掬い上げながら前記進路変更用支柱と接触する位置ま
で進行させ、次に船体を回動させて前記固定ロープを前
記固定ロープ案内部材を介して船体の前後方向と平行と
なるように船体内に導き、その後船体を固定ロープおよ
び海苔網の長手方向と平行に進行させて海苔網を船体内
に導いて前記薬剤処理装置により海苔網に薬剤処理を施
すことを特徴とする海苔作業船を用いた海苔網薬剤処理
方法。
3. A seaweed working ship for treating a seaweed net stretched on the sea surface with a fixed rope extending from the end of the seaweed net in the longitudinal direction, the scooping up the fixed rope from the sea surface, and onboard the hull. And a fixed rope guide member that guides the ship to the fixed rope when changing the traveling direction of the hull.
It has a course-changing support that is used in combination, a nori net support that scoops the nori net from the sea surface into the hull and guides it to the stern, and a chemical treatment device that applies chemical treatment to the nori net. In a method for treating a seaweed net using a seaweed work boat, the seaweed work boat is advanced in a direction orthogonal to the longitudinal direction of the fixed rope to scoop up the fixed rope while contacting the course changing props. To the position, and then the hull is rotated to guide the fixed rope through the fixed rope guide member into the hull so as to be parallel to the longitudinal direction of the hull, and then the hull is fixed to the longitudinal direction of the fixed rope and the seaweed net. A method for treating a seaweed net using a seaweed work boat, characterized in that the seaweed net is guided in the hull by traveling in parallel with the direction and the seaweed net is subjected to a chemical treatment by the chemical treatment device.
JP28138793A 1993-11-10 1993-11-10 Nori work boat, seaweed cutting method using seaweed work boat, and seaweed net chemical treatment method using seaweed work boat Expired - Fee Related JP3510301B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP28138793A JP3510301B2 (en) 1993-11-10 1993-11-10 Nori work boat, seaweed cutting method using seaweed work boat, and seaweed net chemical treatment method using seaweed work boat

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP28138793A JP3510301B2 (en) 1993-11-10 1993-11-10 Nori work boat, seaweed cutting method using seaweed work boat, and seaweed net chemical treatment method using seaweed work boat

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH07132014A JPH07132014A (en) 1995-05-23
JP3510301B2 true JP3510301B2 (en) 2004-03-29

Family

ID=17638437

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP28138793A Expired - Fee Related JP3510301B2 (en) 1993-11-10 1993-11-10 Nori work boat, seaweed cutting method using seaweed work boat, and seaweed net chemical treatment method using seaweed work boat

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP3510301B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4695555B2 (en) * 2006-07-04 2011-06-08 ニチモウ株式会社 Seaweed passing device, seaweed net chemical treatment device equipped with a rope passing device, and a seaweed work boat equipped with a rope passing device
MY159988A (en) * 2011-08-09 2017-02-15 Sirim Berhad A device for cultivation of aquatic plant
CN104756667B (en) * 2015-04-01 2019-04-09 中国海洋大学 A kind of novel kelp harvesting device
CN104885694B (en) * 2015-06-05 2016-08-17 苏州市农业科学院 Very water type water plant is gathered process integrated mechanical devices
CN111512775A (en) * 2020-06-24 2020-08-11 大连海洋大学 Laver cuts ship

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH07132014A (en) 1995-05-23

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4354323A (en) Long fishing line apparatus with movable multiple skate racks, a two position main hauler and a slack taker, and a water agitated automatic baiter
JP3510301B2 (en) Nori work boat, seaweed cutting method using seaweed work boat, and seaweed net chemical treatment method using seaweed work boat
US4616588A (en) Water craft and method for removing weeds and pollutants from navigable waters
JP3424981B2 (en) Nori net stretching apparatus, nori reaping method, nori net acid treatment method, and nori reaping and nori net acid treatment method
JP2938230B2 (en) Nori cutting method, nori net acid treatment method, and nori cutting and nori net acid treatment method
JPH0824500B2 (en) Nori acid treatment method and nori acid treatment vessel
US20030061978A1 (en) System and method for towing a shellfish dredge
JP2957968B2 (en) Nori net acid processing boat and nori cutting acid processing boat
JP2567207B2 (en) Nori acid treatment method and acid treatment vessel
JPH0681242U (en) Nori work boat
JP3251352B2 (en) Nori work boat
JP3091551B2 (en) Long object stretching device
US4674984A (en) Water craft and method for removing weeds and pollutants from navigable waters
JP2795553B2 (en) Nori net acid processing boat and nori cutting acid processing boat
JPH104809A (en) Laver culture and apparatus therefor
JP2549795Y2 (en) Nori net support device
JP4695555B2 (en) Seaweed passing device, seaweed net chemical treatment device equipped with a rope passing device, and a seaweed work boat equipped with a rope passing device
JPH0681243U (en) Nori work boat
JP3957362B2 (en) Farmed seaweed collection ship
JP2986762B2 (en) Nori harvesting boat and nori net guide mechanism
JPH1170A (en) Working boat for laver, installation structure of laver net and culture of laver using the same
JP5254595B2 (en) Nori mesh active treatment equipment
US3469377A (en) Apparatus for cutting marine plants
JP3193655B2 (en) Nori cultivation facilities that form a nori cultivation facility, laver net chemical processing equipment that uses a lace cultivation equipment that constitutes a nori cultivation facility, and nori work boats that use a nope cultivation equipment that constitutes a nori cultivation facility
JPH0755117B2 (en) Purse seine fishing

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20031225

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

LAPS Cancellation because of no payment of annual fees