JP2897619B2 - Automatic warehouse - Google Patents

Automatic warehouse

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Publication number
JP2897619B2
JP2897619B2 JP29010993A JP29010993A JP2897619B2 JP 2897619 B2 JP2897619 B2 JP 2897619B2 JP 29010993 A JP29010993 A JP 29010993A JP 29010993 A JP29010993 A JP 29010993A JP 2897619 B2 JP2897619 B2 JP 2897619B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
loading
unloading
train
load
elevating
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
JP29010993A
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Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH07117815A (en
Inventor
一義 福原
Original Assignee
株式会社ダイフク
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 株式会社ダイフク filed Critical 株式会社ダイフク
Priority to JP29010993A priority Critical patent/JP2897619B2/en
Publication of JPH07117815A publication Critical patent/JPH07117815A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP2897619B2 publication Critical patent/JP2897619B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、棚と入出庫用電車とを
備えた自動倉庫、特に重量物と軽量物の両方を取り扱う
自動倉庫に関するものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to an automatic warehouse equipped with shelves and an entrance / exit train, and more particularly to an automatic warehouse for handling both heavy and light objects.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】この種の自動倉庫では、一般的に棚の下
側領域を重量物収納領域とし、棚の上側領域を軽量物収
納領域とするのであるが、従来のこの種の自動倉庫で
は、当該棚に沿って走行する入出庫用電車として、所謂
スタッカークレーンタイプのものを設け、当該クレーン
の昇降キャレッジには、重量物と軽量物の何れにも使用
し得る荷移載手段、例えばランニングフォークを設けた
ものであった。
2. Description of the Related Art In an automatic warehouse of this type, generally, a lower area of a shelf is used as a heavy goods storage area and an upper area of the shelf is used as a light goods storage area. A so-called stacker crane type train is provided as an entrance / exit train traveling along the shelf, and a lifting / lowering carriage of the crane has a load transfer means that can be used for both heavy and light objects, such as running. It had a fork.

【0003】[0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】このような従来の構成
では、クレーンの走行速度や昇降キャレッジの昇降速度
を、重量物の搬送時には低速とし、軽量物の搬送時には
高速とするような自動制御は実用上困難であるため、重
量物の搬送に好適な低速で制御する必要があり、軽量物
の入出庫作業は勿論のこと、重量物の入出庫時にも昇降
キャレッジを棚の各段荷支持部間で昇降運動させなけれ
ばならないので、重量物の入出庫作業も能率的に行うこ
とが出来なかった。
In such a conventional configuration, automatic control is performed such that the traveling speed of the crane and the lifting speed of the lifting and lowering carriage are set to be low when transferring heavy objects and high when transferring lightweight objects. Since it is difficult in practice, it is necessary to control at a low speed suitable for transporting heavy objects, not only for loading and unloading of lightweight items, but also for lifting and lowering the carriage at each stage loading support section Since it has to be moved up and down between them, the work of loading and unloading heavy goods cannot be performed efficiently.

【0004】[0004]

【課題を解決するための手段】本発明は上記のような従
来の問題点を解決するために成されたものであって、そ
の特徴を後述する実施例の参照符号を括弧付きで付して
示すと、棚(1A,1B) と重量物入出庫用電車(10)と軽量物
入出庫用電車(11)とを備えた自動倉庫であって、棚(1A,
1B) は、重量物収納用下側領域(12)と軽量物収納用上側
領域(13)とに区画され、重量物入出庫用電車(10)は、棚
の下側領域(12)に沿って走行可能で、当該下側領域の各
段荷支持部(12a) に各別に対応する上下複数段の荷移載
手段(15a,15b) を備え、軽量物入出庫用電車(11)は、棚
の上側領域(13)に沿って走行可能で、1つの荷移載手段
(18)を有する昇降キャレッジ(19)を備え、当該昇降キャ
レッジ(19)の昇降により1つの荷移載手段(18)を棚の上
側領域(13)内の任意のレベルの荷支持部(13a) に対応さ
せることが出来るものである点に特徴を有する。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been made to solve the above-mentioned conventional problems, and its features are indicated by parenthesized reference numerals in the embodiments described later. As shown, it is an automatic warehouse equipped with a shelf (1A, 1B), a heavy goods entry / exit train (10), and a light goods entry / exit train (11), and the shelf (1A, 1B).
1B) is divided into a lower area for storing heavy goods (12) and an upper area for storing light goods (13), and the train for loading and unloading heavy goods (10) runs along the lower area (12) of the shelf. The lower part of the lower area is provided with a plurality of upper and lower stages of load transfer means (15a, 15b) corresponding to the respective stage load support portions (12a). It can travel along the upper area (13) of the shelf, and
A lifting carriage (19) having a loading support (13a) at an arbitrary level in the upper area (13) of the shelf by raising and lowering the lifting carriage (19). )).

【0005】[0005]

【実施例】以下、本発明の一実施例を添付の例示図に基
づいて説明すると、図1に於いて、1A,1Bは並設さ
れた棚であって、間に電車走行通路2が形成されてい
る。3は棚1Aの一端に配設された入庫用昇降搬送装置
であって、当該入庫用昇降搬送装置3の電車走行通路2
とは反対側に入庫用移載装置4が配設され、この入庫用
移載装置4の入庫用昇降搬送装置3とは反対側に隣接し
て搬送用電車5の入庫用停止位置6が設定されている。
7は棚1Aの他端に配設された出庫用昇降搬送装置であ
って、当該出庫用昇降搬送装7の電車走行通路2とは反
対側に出庫用移載装置8が配設され、この出庫用移載装
置8の出庫用昇降搬送装置7とは反対側に隣接して搬送
用電車5の出庫用停止位置9が設定されている。10は
電車走行通路2の下側に配設された重量物入出庫用電車
であり、11は電車走行通路2の上側に配設された軽量
物入出庫用電車である。
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS An embodiment of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings. In FIG. 1, 1A and 1B are side-by-side shelves, and a train running path 2 is formed between them. Have been. Numeral 3 denotes a storage elevator, which is disposed at one end of the shelf 1A.
On the opposite side of the storage transfer device 4, a storage stop position 6 of the transport train 5 is set adjacent to the storage transfer device 4 on the opposite side of the storage elevating transport device 3. Have been.
Reference numeral 7 denotes a lifting elevating transport device disposed at the other end of the shelf 1A, and a discharging transfer device 8 is disposed on a side of the lifting elevating transport device 7 opposite to the train traveling path 2. An exit stop position 9 of the transport train 5 is set adjacent to the exit transfer device 8 on the side opposite to the exit elevator device 7. Numeral 10 denotes a heavy goods entry / exit train arranged below the train traveling passage 2, and reference numeral 11 denotes a lightweight goods entering / exiting train arranged above the train traveling passage 2.

【0006】図2及び図3に示すように棚1A,1B
は、重量物収納用下側領域12と軽量物収納用上側領域
13とに区画され、重量物収納用下側領域12には、上
下複数段(図示例では2段)で電車走行方向に多数に区
画された重量物用荷支持部12aが設けられ、軽量物収
納用上側領域13には、上下複数段(図示例では3段)
で電車走行方向に多数に区画された軽量物用荷支持部1
3aが設けられている。そして、重量物入出庫用電車1
0は、電車走行通路2の左右両側に架設された一対のガ
イドレール14に支持されて棚の下側領域12に沿って
走行するものであり、当該下側領域12の各段荷支持部
12aに各別に対応する上下複数段(図示例では2段)
の荷移載手段15a,15bを備えている。
As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, shelves 1A, 1B
Are divided into a lower area 12 for storing heavy goods and an upper area 13 for storing light goods, and the lower area 12 for storing heavy goods has a plurality of upper and lower stages (two stages in the illustrated example) in the train traveling direction. The load support portion 12a for heavy goods is provided, and a plurality of upper and lower steps (three steps in the illustrated example) are provided in the upper area 13 for storing light goods.
Load support part 1 for light goods divided in the direction of train travel
3a is provided. And the heavy goods loading / unloading train 1
Numeral 0 is supported by a pair of guide rails 14 provided on both left and right sides of the train traveling path 2 and travels along the lower area 12 of the shelf. Upper and lower stages corresponding to each (two stages in the illustrated example)
Are provided.

【0007】軽量物入出庫用電車11は、従来のスタッ
カークレーンタイプのものであって、電車走行通路2の
左右両側に架設された一対の支持用下側ガイドレール1
6に支持され且つ電車走行通路2の上方中央に架設され
た振れ止め用上側ガイドレール17に案内されて棚の上
側領域13に沿って走行するものであり、1つの荷移載
手段18を有する昇降キャレッジ19を備え、当該昇降
キャレッジ19の昇降により1つの荷移載手段18を棚
の上側領域13内の任意のレベルの荷支持部13aに対
応させることが出来るものである。20は昇降キャレッ
ジ19を案内する門形フレームであって、その上端が振
れ止め用ガイドレール17にローラを介して係合してい
る。
The light-loading / loading train 11 is of a conventional stacker crane type, and includes a pair of supporting lower guide rails 1 provided on both right and left sides of a train traveling path 2.
6 and is guided by an upper-side guide rail 17 for steadying provided at the upper center of the train travel path 2 and travels along the upper region 13 of the shelf, and has one load transfer means 18. A lifting carriage 19 is provided so that one loading / transferring means 18 can correspond to an arbitrary level of the load support portion 13a in the upper region 13 of the shelf by raising and lowering the lifting carriage 19. Reference numeral 20 denotes a gate-shaped frame for guiding the lifting carriage 19, the upper end of which is engaged with the steadying guide rail 17 via a roller.

【0008】図4〜図6に示すように、入出庫用昇降搬
送装置3,7は同一構造のものであって、これら昇降搬
送装置3,7は、重量物入出庫用電車10の各段荷移載
手段15a,15bと軽量物入出庫用電車11の昇降キ
ャレッジ19が下降限位置にあるときの荷移載手段18
とに接続する複数レベルで停止可能な昇降荷台21を備
え、当該昇降荷台21上には、図5に参照符号を付した
ように、荷移載方向に対し直交する方向に3列以上(図
示例では5列)のフォーク出退昇降空間22a〜22e
を並列形成する複数列の荷支持具23を備えた荷支持手
段24が設けられている。25は昇降荷台21の昇降ガ
イド支柱である。
As shown in FIG. 4 to FIG. 6, the loading and unloading transporting devices 3 and 7 have the same structure. The load transfer means 18 when the load transfer means 15a, 15b and the lifting carriage 19 of the light-weight article loading / unloading train 11 are at the lower limit position.
And a lifting platform 21 which can be stopped at a plurality of levels, and is provided with three or more rows on the lifting platform 21 in a direction orthogonal to the load transfer direction, as indicated by reference numerals in FIG. In the example shown, five rows) fork egress / retreat elevating spaces 22a to 22e
Are provided in parallel with a plurality of rows of load supporting members 23 for forming the load supporting members 23 in parallel. Reference numeral 25 denotes a lifting guide column of the lifting platform 21.

【0009】重量物入出庫用電車10の各段荷移載手段
15a,15bは、図2及び図3に示すように、倒立門
形フレーム26に荷受渡しストロークだけ昇降可能に支
持された両荷移載手段15a,15bに共通の昇降機枠
27と、当該昇降機枠27に設けられた出退移動自在な
複数列のフォーク28a〜28dとから構成されたもの
で、図5に示すようにこれらフォーク28a〜28d
は、入出庫用昇降搬送装置3,7の昇降荷台21上のフ
ォーク出退昇降空間22a〜22eの内、中央位置のフ
ォーク出退昇降空間22cを除く左右両側領域にある各
2つのフォーク出退昇降空間22a,22b及び22
d,22eに対応する位置に配置されている。
As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, each of the load transfer means 15a and 15b of the heavy goods loading / unloading train 10 is supported by an inverted gate-shaped frame 26 so as to be able to move up and down by a load delivery stroke. It comprises a lift frame 27 common to the transfer means 15a and 15b, and a plurality of rows of forks 28a to 28d which are provided on the lift frame 27 and which can move in and out, as shown in FIG. 28a-28d
The two forks move in the left and right sides of the fork moving space 22a to 22e of the fork moving space 22a to 22e on the loading platform 21 of the loading and unloading moving devices 3 and 7, respectively, except for the central position of the fork moving space 22c. Elevating spaces 22a, 22b and 22
It is arranged at a position corresponding to d and 22e.

【0010】軽量物入出庫用電車11の荷移載手段18
は、図2及び図6に示すように出退移動自在なフォーク
29a〜29cから成り、図6に示すようにこれらフォ
ーク29a〜29cは、入出庫用昇降搬送装置3,7の
昇降荷台21上のフォーク出退昇降空間22a〜22e
(図5参照)の内、中央領域にある3つのフォーク出退
昇降空間22b〜22dに対応する位置に配置されてい
る。
[0010] The load transfer means 18 of the light-loading goods loading / unloading train 11
Are composed of forks 29a to 29c which can move in and out as shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 6, and as shown in FIG. Fork egress and retraction space 22a to 22e
Among them (see FIG. 5), they are arranged at positions corresponding to the three fork egress / retreat elevating spaces 22b to 22d in the central area.

【0011】図1に示した入出庫用移載装置4,8は同
一構造のものであって、これら各移載装置4,8は、図
5及び図6に示すように、入出庫用昇降搬送装置3,7
に於ける昇降荷台21上の全てのフォーク出退昇降空間
22a〜22eに対応する位置で並設された複数の出退
移動自在なフォーク30a〜30eを備えている。これ
らフォーク30a〜30eは、荷受渡しストロークだけ
昇降可能な昇降台31上に並設されている。また、図1
に示した搬送用電車5上には、図5及び図6に示すよう
に、入出庫用昇降搬送装置3,7に於ける昇降荷台21
上の荷支持手段24と同一構造の荷支持手段、即ちフォ
ーク出退昇降空間32a〜32eを形成する複数列の荷
支持具33を備えた荷支持手段34が設けられている。
The loading / unloading transfer devices 4 and 8 shown in FIG. 1 have the same structure. As shown in FIGS. Transport devices 3, 7
And a plurality of movable forks 30a to 30e arranged side by side at positions corresponding to all the fork egress / removal elevating spaces 22a to 22e on the elevating loading platform 21 in FIG. These forks 30a to 30e are juxtaposed on a lift 31 that can be moved up and down by a load delivery stroke. FIG.
As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, on the transport train 5 shown in FIG.
A load supporting means having the same structure as the upper load supporting means 24, that is, a load supporting means 34 having a plurality of rows of load supporting members 33 forming fork egress / retreat elevating spaces 32a to 32e is provided.

【0012】棚1A,1Bの重量物収納用下側領域12
に於ける各重量物用荷支持部12aは、図2及び図5に
示すように、重量物入出庫用電車10に於ける各荷移載
手段15a,15bのフォーク28a〜28dが出退昇
降運動し得るフォーク出退昇降空間35a〜35dを形
成する複数列の荷支持具36を支持台37上に並設した
ものであり、軽量物収納用上側領域13に於ける軽量物
用荷支持部13aは、図2及び図6に示すように、軽量
物入出庫用電車11に於ける荷移載手段18のフォーク
29a〜29cが出退昇降運動し得るフォーク出退昇降
空間38a〜38cを形成する櫛歯状荷支持具39を備
えている。
The lower area 12 for storing heavy goods of the shelves 1A and 1B
As shown in FIGS. 2 and 5, the fork 28a to 28d of each of the load transfer means 15a and 15b of the heavy goods loading / unloading train 10 is moved up and down and moved up and down as shown in FIGS. A plurality of rows of load supporting tools 36 forming movable fork egress / retreat elevating spaces 35a to 35d are juxtaposed on a support table 37. As shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 6, the forks 29a to 29c of the load transfer means 18 in the light-weight article loading / unloading train 11 form fork egress / retreat elevating spaces 38a to 38c as shown in FIGS. And a comb-like load supporting tool 39.

【0013】各出退移動自在なフォーク28a〜28
d,29a〜29c,30a〜30eは、一般にランニ
ングフォークと呼称される従来周知のものであるから、
その詳細構造の図示と説明は省略する。また図示例で
は、重量物入出庫用電車10と軽量物入出庫用電車11
は、何れも取り扱える荷の最大長さを同一としている。
Each of the movable forks 28a to 28 is movable back and forth.
Since d, 29a to 29c and 30a to 30e are conventionally known ones generally called running forks,
Illustration and explanation of the detailed structure are omitted. Also, in the illustrated example, the heavy goods entry / exit train 10 and the lightweight goods entry / exit train 11
Have the same maximum load length.

【0014】次に上記自動倉庫の入庫作業について説明
すると、入庫すべき荷は、搬送用電車5の荷支持手段3
4上(荷支持具33上)に載置された状態で当該電車5
により入庫用停止位置6まで搬送される。図5に示すよ
うに電車5が入庫用停止位置6で停止したならば、入庫
用移載装置4の低レベルでのフォーク30a〜30e
(図6参照)の進出運動、昇降台31によるフォーク3
0a〜30eの上昇運動、及びフォーク30a〜30e
の後退運動から成る荷すくい取り動作を搬送用電車5側
に対して行わせ、搬送用電車5上の荷を入庫用移載装置
4上に取り込ませる。このとき各フォーク30a〜30
eは、搬送用電車5の荷支持手段34に於ける各フォー
ク出退昇降空間32a〜32e内を出退昇降運動する。
Next, a description will be given of the automatic warehouse loading operation.
4 on the load support 33 (on the load support 33).
Is transported to the storage stop position 6 by the As shown in FIG. 5, when the train 5 stops at the stop position 6 for storage, the forks 30a to 30e of the transfer device 4 for storage at a low level.
(See FIG. 6), the fork 3 by the elevating table 31
0a-30e ascent and forks 30a-30e
The transport train 5 is caused to perform a skimming operation consisting of a retreating motion of the transport train 5, and the load on the transport train 5 is taken into the storage transfer device 4. At this time, each fork 30a-30
e moves in and out of each of the fork egress and egress elevating spaces 32a to 32e in the load support means 34 of the transport train 5.

【0015】荷が入庫用移載装置4に取り込まれたなら
ば、入庫用昇降搬送装置3の荷支持手段24を搬送用電
車5の荷支持手段34と同一レベルまで下降停止させて
ある状態で、入庫用移載装置4の高レベルでのフォーク
30a〜30e(図6参照)の進出運動、昇降台31に
よるフォーク30a〜30eの下降運動、及びフォーク
30a〜30eの後退運動から成る荷降ろし動作を入庫
用昇降搬送装置3側に対して行わせ、入庫用移載装置4
上の荷を入庫用昇降搬送装置3の荷支持手段24上(荷
支持具23上)に移載させる。このとき各フォーク30
a〜30eは、入庫用昇降搬送装置3の荷支持手段24
に於ける各フォーク出退昇降空間22a〜22e内を出
退昇降運動する。
When the load is taken into the transfer device 4 for storage, the load support means 24 of the elevating and lowering transfer device 3 for storage is stopped down to the same level as the load support means 34 of the transport train 5. , The fork 30a to 30e (see FIG. 6) at a high level of the loading / unloading transfer apparatus 4, the fork 30a to 30e (see FIG. 6), the fork 30a to 30e lowered by the elevator 31, and the forks 30a to 30e retreat. Is performed on the storage-elevating transfer device 3 side, and the storage transfer device 4
The above load is transferred onto the load support means 24 (on the load support 23) of the elevating / lowering transport device 3 for storage. At this time, each fork 30
a to 30e are load supporting means 24 of the elevating / lowering transport device 3 for storing.
Move up and down in each of the fork elevating and lowering spaces 22a to 22e.

【0016】そして、入庫すべき荷が重量物の場合は、
重量物入出庫用電車10を入庫用昇降搬送装置3に隣接
する入庫用ホームポジションで停止させると共に、入庫
用昇降搬送装置3の荷支持手段24を昇降荷台21によ
り、重量物入出庫用電車10の荷移載手段15aまたは
15bと同一レベルまで上昇させ、入庫すべき荷が軽量
物の場合は、軽量物入出庫用電車11を入庫用昇降搬送
装置3に隣接する入庫用ホームポジションで停止させる
と共に、昇降キャレッジ19により荷移載手段18を下
降限レベルまで下降させ、入庫用昇降搬送装置3の荷支
持手段24を昇降荷台21により、軽量物入出庫用電車
11の荷移載手段18aと同一レベルまで上昇させる。
If the load to be stored is heavy,
The heavy goods loading / unloading train 10 is stopped at the storage home position adjacent to the loading / unloading transporting device 3, and the load supporting means 24 of the loading / unloading transporting device 3 is moved by the lifting platform 21 by the heavy loading / unloading train 10. Is lifted to the same level as the load transfer means 15a or 15b, and when the load to be stored is a light-weight product, the light-loading and unloading train 11 is stopped at the storage home position adjacent to the storage-elevating transfer device 3. At the same time, the loading / unloading means 18 is lowered to the lower limit level by the lifting / lowering carriage 19, and the load supporting means 24 of the loading / lowering transporting device 3 for loading is moved by the lifting / lowering platform 21 to the loading / unloading means 18a of the lightweight article loading / unloading train 11. Raise to the same level.

【0017】次に、重量物入出庫用電車10の荷移載手
段15aまたは15bに於けるフォーク28a〜28
d、或いは軽量物入出庫用電車11の荷移載手段18a
に於けるフォーク29a〜29cに、低レベルでの進出
運動、昇降機枠27または昇降キャレッジ19による上
昇運動、及び後退運動から成る荷すくい取り動作を入庫
用昇降搬送装置3側に対して行わせることにより、入庫
用昇降搬送装置3の荷支持手段24上の荷を重量物入出
庫用電車10の荷移載手段15aまたは15b、或いは
軽量物入出庫用電車11の荷移載手段18a上に受け取
らせる。このとき重量物入出庫用電車10の荷移載手段
15aまたは15bに於けるフォーク28a〜28d
は、入庫用昇降搬送装置3の荷支持手段24に於けるフ
ォーク出退昇降空間22a,22b,22d,22e内
を出退昇降し、軽量物入出庫用電車11の荷移載手段1
8aに於けるフォーク29a〜29cは、入庫用昇降搬
送装置3の荷支持手段24に於けるフォーク出退昇降空
間22b〜22d内を出退昇降することになる。
Next, the forks 28a-28 in the load transfer means 15a or 15b of the heavy goods loading / unloading train 10 will be described.
d, or the loading / unloading means 18a of the train 11
The forks 29a to 29c perform a skimming operation including a low-level advancement movement, a lifting movement by the elevator frame 27 or the lifting carriage 19, and a retreating movement on the side of the loading / lowering transport device 3 for storage. As a result, the load on the load support means 24 of the loading / lowering transport device 3 for receiving goods is received on the load transferring means 15a or 15b of the heavy goods loading / unloading train 10 or the load transferring means 18a of the lightweight goods loading / unloading train 11. Let At this time, the forks 28a to 28d in the load transfer means 15a or 15b of the heavy goods loading / unloading train 10 are used.
Moves up and down in the fork egress / removal elevating spaces 22a, 22b, 22d and 22e in the load support means 24 of the elevating / transferring device 3 for loading and unloading, and the load transfer means 1
The forks 29a to 29c in 8a move up and down and up and down in the fork elevating and lowering spaces 22b to 22d in the load supporting means 24 of the elevating and lowering and conveying device 3 for entry.

【0018】重量物を荷移載手段15aまたは15bで
受け取った重量物入出庫用電車10は、入庫対象の重量
物用荷支持部12aに対応する位置まで走行させて停止
させ、重量物を支持している荷移載手段15aまたは1
5bに、高レベルでのフォーク28a〜28dの進出運
動、昇降機枠27によるフォーク28a〜28dの下降
運動、及びフォーク28a〜28dの後退運動から成る
荷降ろし動作を入庫対象の荷支持部12a側に対して行
わせ、重量物入出庫用電車10上の重量物を入庫対象の
重量物用荷支持部12a上(荷支持具36上)に移載さ
せる。このとき各フォーク28a〜28dは、荷支持部
12aに於ける各フォーク出退昇降空間35a〜35d
内を出退昇降運動する。
The heavy goods loading / unloading train 10 having received the heavy goods by the load transfer means 15a or 15b is moved to a position corresponding to the heavy goods load support portion 12a to be stored and stopped, and the heavy goods are supported. Loading means 15a or 1
5b, the unloading operation including the fork movements of the forks 28a to 28d at a high level, the lowering movement of the forks 28a to 28d by the elevator frame 27, and the retreating movement of the forks 28a to 28d is performed on the side of the load support portion 12a to be stored. Then, the heavy goods on the heavy goods loading / unloading train 10 are transferred onto the heavy goods load support portion 12a (the load support member 36) to be stored. At this time, each of the forks 28a to 28d is connected to each of the fork egress and retraction spaces 35a to 35d in the load supporting portion 12a.
Move in and out of the room.

【0019】軽量物を荷移載手段18で受け取った軽量
物入出庫用電車11は、入庫対象の軽量物用荷支持部1
3aに対応する位置まで走行させて停止させ、軽量物を
支持している荷移載手段18に、高レベルでのフォーク
29a〜29cの進出運動、昇降キャレッジ19による
フォーク29a〜29cの下降運動、及びフォーク29
a〜29cの後退運動から成る荷降ろし動作を入庫対象
の荷支持部13a側に対して行わせ、軽量物入出庫用電
車11上の軽量物を入庫対象の軽量物用荷支持部13a
上(櫛歯状荷支持具39上)に移載させる。このとき各
フォーク29a〜29cは、荷支持部13aに於ける各
フォーク出退昇降空間38a〜38c内を出退昇降運動
する。
The light goods loading / unloading train 11, which receives the light goods by the load transfer means 18, loads the light goods load supporting part 1 to be stored.
3a, the fork 29a-29c is moved at a high level, the fork 29a-29c is lowered by the lifting carriage 19, and the load transfer means 18 supporting the lightweight object is stopped. And fork 29
a to 29c, the unloading operation including the retreating motion is performed on the side of the load supporting unit 13a to be stored, and the light-weight object on the light-loading and unloading train 11 is loaded by the light-load supporting unit 13a.
It is transferred on the upper side (on the comb-like load support 39). At this time, each of the forks 29a to 29c moves up and down and moves up and down in each of the fork moving spaces 38a to 38c in the load supporting portion 13a.

【0020】出庫作業は上記入庫作業の逆手順で行われ
る。即ち、棚1A,1Bの出庫対象の荷支持部12a,
13aからフォーク28a〜28dまたは29a〜29
cの荷すくい取り動作により荷を受け取った入出庫用電
車10,11は、出庫用昇降搬送装置7に隣接する出庫
用ホームポジションまで走行して停止する。このとき軽
量物入出庫用電車11に於いては、荷移載手段18を備
えた昇降キャレッジ19は下降限レベルまで下降する。
そして、これら入出庫用電車10,11の荷移載手段1
5aまたは15b、或いは下降限レベルまで下降した荷
移載手段18上の荷は、同一レベルまで昇降して停止し
た出庫用昇降搬送装置7の荷支持手段24上(荷支持具
23上)に、電車側荷移載手段のフォークフォーク28
a〜28dまたは29a〜29cの荷降ろし動作により
出庫移載される。この後、出庫用昇降搬送装置7の荷支
持手段24が下降限レベルまで下降し、同一レベルの出
庫用移載装置8に於けるフォーク30a〜30eの荷す
くい上げ動作により、出庫用昇降搬送装置7の荷支持手
段24上の荷が出庫用移載装置8上に出庫移載される。
更に、当該出庫用移載装置8上の荷が出庫用停止位置9
で停止した搬送用電車5の荷支持手段34上へ、出庫用
移載装置8に於けるフォーク30a〜30eの荷降ろし
動作により出庫移載されるのである。
The unloading operation is performed in the reverse order of the above-mentioned storing operation. That is, the load support portions 12a, which are to be retrieved from the shelves 1A and 1B,
13a to fork 28a-28d or 29a-29
The loading and unloading trains 10, 11 which have received the load by the picking-up operation of c travel to the delivery home position adjacent to the lifting and lowering transport device 7 and stop. At this time, the lift carriage 19 provided with the load transfer means 18 in the light-loading goods loading / unloading train 11 descends to the lower limit level.
Then, the loading / unloading means 1 of these loading / unloading trains 10, 11
5a or 15b, or the load on the load transfer means 18 which has been lowered to the lower limit level, is moved up and down to the same level on the load support means 24 (on the load support 23) of the unloading elevating / conveying device 7 which stops. Fork fork 28 of train side loading / unloading means
The items are unloaded and transferred by the unloading operations a to 28d or 29a to 29c. Thereafter, the load support means 24 of the outgoing elevating transport device 7 descends to the lower limit level, and the fork 30a-30e in the outgoing transfer device 8 at the same level picks up the load, thereby causing the outgoing elevating transport device 7 to move. The load on the load support means 24 is unloaded and transferred onto the unloading transfer device 8.
Further, the load on the transfer device 8 for unloading is moved to the stop position 9 for unloading.
The unloading operation of the forks 30a to 30e in the unloading transfer device 8 causes the unloading and transfer to be performed on the load supporting means 34 of the transport train 5 stopped by the above.

【0021】なお上記実施例では、重量物としては、重
量物入出庫用電車10の荷移載手段15,15bに於け
る中央側一対のフォーク28b,28cで支持すること
の出来る最小長さのものから、全てのフォーク28a〜
28dで支持することになる最大長さのものまでを取り
扱うことが出来、軽量物としては、棚側荷支持部13a
の中央のフォーク出退昇降空間38bの左右両側の荷支
持具39で支持することの出来る最小長さのものから、
軽量物入出庫用電車11の荷移載手段18に於ける全て
のフォーク29a〜29cで支持することになる最大長
さのものまでを取り扱うことが出来るが、図示例では、
重量物の最大長さのものと同一長さの軽量物を取り扱え
るように、軽量物入出庫用電車11の荷移載手段18に
於ける荷支持空間の巾を大きくしている。また、棚1
A,1B側の軽量物用荷支持部13aとして、軽量物入
出庫用電車11の荷移載手段18に於ける全てのフォー
ク29a〜29cで丁度支持することの出来る長さ以下
のものを収納する小巾の荷支持部と、重量物の最大長さ
のものと同一長さの長尺軽量物を収納する大巾の荷支持
部とを設けている。
In the above embodiment, the heavy object has a minimum length which can be supported by the pair of forks 28b, 28c on the center side of the load transfer means 15, 15b of the heavy object loading / unloading train 10. From things, all forks 28a-
28d can be handled up to the maximum length that can be supported.
From the minimum length that can be supported by the load supports 39 on both left and right sides of the center fork egress / retraction space 38b,
Although it is possible to handle up to the maximum length that can be supported by all the forks 29a to 29c in the load transfer means 18 of the light-loading goods loading / unloading train 11, in the illustrated example,
The width of the load support space in the load transfer means 18 of the light-loading / shipping train 11 is increased so that a light-weight object having the same length as that of the heavy-weight object can be handled. Shelf 1
The A and 1B side light article load support portions 13a which are shorter than the length which can be supported by all the forks 29a to 29c in the load transfer means 18 of the light article loading / unloading train 11 are stored. And a large-sized load supporting portion for accommodating a long and light object having the same length as the maximum length of the heavy object.

【0022】上記のように長さの異なる荷を取り扱う場
合、これら荷の入庫時に搬送用電車5上から入庫用移載
装置4上へ荷を、フォーク30cの中央位置に荷の長さ
方向中央位置が位置するように移載する必要がある。従
って、図7に示すように入庫用移載装置4には、フォー
ク並列方向の中央位置に荷をセンタリングするセンタリ
ング手段40を併設するのが望ましい。このセンタリン
グ手段40としては従来周知の種々のものが利用し得る
が、例えば図示のように、フォーク並列方向に移動可能
に上部フレーム(下部フレームでも良い)41に支持さ
れた一対の横動部材42a,42bと、これら両横動部
材42a,42bに支持させた荷押圧挟持部材43a,
43bと、両横動部材42a,42bに設けたラックギ
ヤ部44a,44bに同時に咬合して両横動部材42
a,42bを互いに逆方向に同一量だけ強制移動させる
駆動用ピニオンギヤ45とから成るセンタリング手段4
0が利用出来る。
When handling loads of different lengths as described above, the loads are loaded from the transport train 5 onto the loading transfer device 4 at the center of the fork 30c at the time of loading the loads. It is necessary to transfer so that the position is located. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 7, it is desirable that the storage transfer device 4 be provided with a centering means 40 for centering the load at the center position in the fork parallel direction. As the centering means 40, conventionally known various means can be used. For example, as shown in the figure, a pair of laterally moving members 42a supported by an upper frame (or a lower frame) 41 so as to be movable in the fork parallel direction are used. , 42b and the load pressing and holding members 43a, 43b supported by the two laterally moving members 42a, 42b.
43b and the rack gear portions 44a, 44b provided on both the laterally moving members 42a, 42b simultaneously engage with the two laterally moving members 42a, 44b.
and a drive pinion gear 45 for forcibly moving a and 42b in the opposite directions by the same amount.
0 is available.

【0023】このセンタリング手段40によれば、搬送
用電車5上からフォーク30a〜30e上に荷が移載さ
れた後、駆動用ピニオンギヤ45を正転駆動し、両横動
部材42a,42bを介して一対の荷押圧挟持部材43
a,43bを互いに接近する方向に連動移動させる。こ
の結果、当該両荷押圧挟持部材43a,43bが荷を左
右両側から押圧挟持して、荷巾に関係なくセンタリング
することになる。
According to the centering means 40, after the load is transferred from the transport train 5 onto the forks 30a to 30e, the driving pinion gear 45 is driven to rotate forward, and the driving pinion gear 45 is driven through the two laterally moving members 42a and 42b. And a pair of load pressing and holding members 43
a, 43b are linked to each other in a direction approaching each other. As a result, the two load pressing and holding members 43a and 43b press and hold the load from both the left and right sides, and perform centering regardless of the load width.

【0024】また上記実施例では、昇降搬送装置を入庫
用昇降搬送装置3と出庫用昇降搬送装置7とに分けると
共に、移載装置を入庫用移載装置4と出庫用移載装置8
とに分けたが、入出庫兼用の昇降搬送装置及び移載装置
を設けることも出来る。更に、入出庫用昇降搬送装置
3,7や入出庫用移載装置4,8を、重量物入出庫用電
車10との間で荷を受渡しする重量物専用の装置と、軽
量物入出庫用電車11との間で荷を受渡しする軽量物専
用の装置とに分けることも可能である。また、荷移載手
段として所謂ランニングフォークタイプのものを示した
が、他の如何なる形式の荷移載手段であっても良い。
In the above embodiment, the lifting / lowering transport device is divided into the loading / lowering transporting device 3 and the lifting / lowering transporting device 7, and the transfer device is divided into the loading transfer device 4 and the loading transfer device 8
However, it is also possible to provide an ascending / descending transport device and a transfer device which are also used for loading and unloading. In addition, the loading / unloading elevating / conveying devices 3 and 7 and the loading / unloading transfer devices 4 and 8 are provided with a device dedicated to transferring heavy goods to and from the heavy goods loading / unloading train 10, and a light loading / unloading device. It is also possible to divide it into a device dedicated to light-weight objects that transfers cargo to and from the train 11. Although the so-called running fork type is shown as the load transfer means, any other type of load transfer means may be used.

【0025】[0025]

【発明の作用及び効果】以上のように本発明の自動倉庫
によれば、棚の下側領域に対する重量物の入出庫作業は
重量物入出庫用電車で行い、棚の上側領域に対する軽量
物の入出庫作業は軽量物入出庫用電車で行うことが出
来、しかも重量物は、棚の下側領域の各段荷支持部のレ
ベルに対応する個別の荷移載手段で入出庫を行い、軽量
物は、棚の上側領域の各段荷支持部に対応するレベルに
昇降可能な1つの荷移載手段で入出庫を行うのであるか
ら、重量物の入出庫作業に於いては、重量物入出庫用電
車の走行速度を低速としながらも入出庫レベルを選択す
るための昇降運動は不要な荷移載手段により、結果的に
は比較的能率良く作業を行え、軽量物の入出庫作業に於
いては、負荷の少ない軽量物であるために入出庫用電車
の速度を高速にし且つ昇降キャレッジの昇降運動を高速
で行わせることが可能であって、やはり非常に能率良く
作業を行える。
As described above, according to the automatic warehouse of the present invention, the loading / unloading operation of the heavy goods to the lower area of the shelf is performed by the heavy goods loading / unloading train, and the light weight of the light goods to the upper area of the shelf is moved. The loading / unloading work can be performed by a light-weight loading / unloading train, and heavy loads can be loaded / unloaded by individual loading / unloading means corresponding to the level of each stage support in the lower area of the shelf. Objects are loaded and unloaded by a single loading / unloading means that can be moved up and down to a level corresponding to each of the load supports in the upper region of the shelf. The loading / unloading means for selecting the entry / exit level while keeping the traveling speed of the exit train low is unnecessary, and as a result, the work can be performed relatively efficiently, and the loading / unloading work for lightweight objects can be performed. In addition, the speed of the entry / exit train is increased because the load is a light-weight object with a small load. The lifting movement of the lifting carriage there can be performed at high speed, again performed very efficiently working.

【0026】このように本発明の自動倉庫によれば、重
量物軽量物の両者を夫々専用の入出庫用電車で入出庫し
得ることと相まって、重量物軽量物の何れをも能率的に
入出庫することが出来るに至ったのである。
As described above, according to the automatic warehouse of the present invention, both of the heavy and light objects can be loaded and unloaded by the dedicated entrance / exit trains, respectively. It was possible to leave the warehouse.

【0027】特に実施例にも示したように、電車走行通
路脇に、重量物入出庫用電車の各段荷移載手段と軽量物
入出庫用電車の1つの荷移載手段とに接続する複数レベ
ルで停止可能な昇降荷台を備えた入出庫用昇降搬送装置
を設け、前記昇降荷台には、重量物入出庫用電車の各段
荷移載手段と軽量物入出庫用電車の1つの荷移載手段の
何れもが荷受渡しを行える重量物軽量物兼用の荷支持手
段を設けるときは、重量物入出庫用電車に対する入出庫
用昇降搬送装置と軽量物入出庫用電車に対する入出庫用
昇降搬送装置とを各別に設けなければならない場合と比
較して、設備コストを下げることが出来る。
In particular, as shown in the embodiment, beside the traveling path of the train, it is connected to each stage loading / unloading means of the heavy goods loading / unloading train and one load transferring means of the lightweight goods loading / unloading train. A loading / unloading elevating / conveying device provided with a loading / unloading platform that can be stopped at a plurality of levels is provided. When any of the transfer means is provided with a load supporting means for both heavy goods and light goods, which can carry out the delivery of goods, a lifting / lowering transport device for loading / unloading of the heavy goods loading / unloading train and a lifting / lowering for loading / unloading of the light goods loading / unloading train. The equipment cost can be reduced as compared with the case where the transfer device and the transfer device must be separately provided.

【0028】そしてこの場合、入出庫用昇降搬送装置に
於ける昇降荷台上の荷支持手段として、荷移載方向に対
し直交する方向に3列以上のフォーク出退昇降空間を並
列形成する複数列の荷支持具を設け、重量物入出庫用電
車の各段荷移載手段には、荷受渡しストロークだけ昇降
可能な昇降機枠に設けられた出退移動自在な複数列のフ
ォークを設け、当該フォークは、入出庫用昇降搬送装置
に於ける昇降荷台上のフォーク出退昇降空間の内、少な
くとも左右両側領域にある各1つまたは各複数のフォー
ク出退昇降空間に対応する位置に配置し、軽量物入出庫
用電車の荷移載手段としては出退移動自在なフォークを
設け、当該フォークは、入出庫用昇降搬送装置に於ける
昇降荷台上のフォーク出退昇降空間の内、中央領域にあ
る1つまたは複数のフォーク出退昇降空間に対応する位
置に配置するときは、長尺の重量物と短尺の軽量物の何
れをも、各入出庫用電車との間で共通の入出庫用昇降搬
送装置により安定的にフォーキング移載することが出来
る。
In this case, as a load supporting means on the lifting platform in the loading / unloading lifting / lowering apparatus, a plurality of rows of three or more rows of fork elevating / lowering spaces formed in parallel in a direction perpendicular to the load transfer direction. And a plurality of rows of movable forks provided on a lift frame capable of moving up and down by a delivery stroke are provided in each stage load transfer means of the heavy goods loading / unloading train. Is disposed at a position corresponding to at least one or each of a plurality of fork egress / removal spaces in the left and right sides of the fork egress / removal elevating space on the elevating carrier in the loading / unloading elevating / conveying device. A fork that can move in and out is provided as a load transfer means of the loading / unloading train, and the fork is located in a central area of a fork elevating / lowering space on a lifting platform in the in / out elevator transport device. One or more When placed at the position corresponding to the fork egress / retraction space, both long heavy objects and short lightweight objects are stable by the common entrance / exit elevator transportation device between each entry / exit train. Can be transferred to Forking.

【0029】更に、入出庫用昇降搬送装置の電車走行通
路側とは反対側に入出庫用移載装置を配設し、当該移載
装置には、入出庫用昇降搬送装置に於ける昇降荷台上の
全てのフォーク出退昇降空間に対応する位置で並設され
た複数の出退移動自在なフォークを設けることにより、
長尺の重量物と短尺の軽量物の何れをも、入出庫用昇降
搬送装置との間で安定的にフォーキング移載することが
出来る。そして入庫用移載装置に、フォーク並列方向の
中央位置に荷をセンタリングするセンタリング手段を併
設することにより、入庫用移載装置に対する長さの異な
る荷の供給を容易に行える。勿論、入出庫用移載装置に
隣接する位置で停止可能な搬送用電車を設け、当該電車
上に、入出庫用昇降搬送装置に於ける昇降荷台上の荷支
持手段と同一構造の荷支持手段を設けることにより、こ
の自動倉庫に対する重量物や軽量物の搬入や当該自動倉
庫から出庫された重量物や軽量物の搬出を、共通の搬送
用電車を利用して便利に行うことが出来る。
Further, a loading / unloading transfer device is disposed on a side of the loading / unloading lifting / lowering transport device opposite to the side of the train traveling path, and the loading / unloading loading / unloading loading / unloading transport device in the loading / unloading lifting / lowering transport device is provided on the transfer device. By providing a plurality of movable forks arranged side by side at the positions corresponding to all the upper fork elevating and lowering spaces,
Either a long heavy object or a short light object can be stably forked and transferred to and from the loading / unloading elevating / conveying device. By providing the storage transfer device with a centering means for centering the load at the center position in the fork parallel direction, it is possible to easily supply loads of different lengths to the storage transfer device. Of course, a transport train that can be stopped at a position adjacent to the loading / unloading transfer device is provided, and on the train, load supporting means having the same structure as the load supporting means on the lifting platform in the loading / unloading vertical transport device. By using the common transportation train, it is possible to carry in a heavy or light object to the automatic warehouse and to carry out a heavy or light object discharged from the automatic warehouse.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]

【図1】 全体の構成を示す概略平面図である。FIG. 1 is a schematic plan view showing the entire configuration.

【図2】 片側の棚と重量物入出庫用電車及び軽量物入
出庫用電車を示す側面図である。
FIG. 2 is a side view showing a shelf on one side, a heavy goods entry / exit train, and a lightweight article entry / exit train.

【図3】 両側の棚と重量物入出庫用電車及び軽量物入
出庫用電車を示す縦断正面図である。
FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional front view showing shelves on both sides, a heavy goods entry / exit train, and a lightweight article entry / exit train.

【図4】 各入出庫用電車と昇降搬送装置及び移載装置
を示す縦断正面図である。
FIG. 4 is a longitudinal sectional front view showing each entry / exit train, an elevating / lowering transport device, and a transfer device.

【図5】 入庫側の重量物入出庫用電車のレベルでの横
断平面図である。
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional plan view at the level of a heavy goods entry / exit train on the entry side.

【図6】 出庫側の軽量物入出庫用電車のレベルでの横
断平面図である。
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional plan view at the level of the light-weight entry / exit train on the exit side.

【図7】 入庫用移載装置の別の実施例を示す側面図で
ある。
FIG. 7 is a side view showing another embodiment of the storage transfer device.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

1A 棚 1B 棚 2 電車走行通路 3 入庫用昇降搬送装置 4 入庫用移載装置 5 搬送用電車 7 出庫用昇降搬送装置 8 出庫用移載装置 10 重量物入出庫用電車 11 軽量物入出庫用電車 12 棚の重量物収納用下側領域 12a 重量物用荷支持部 13 棚の軽量物収納用上側領域 13a 軽量物用荷支持部 15a 重量物用荷移載手段 15b 重量物用荷移載手段 18 軽量物用荷移載手段 19 昇降キャレッジ 21 昇降荷台 22a〜22e フォーク出退昇降空間 23 荷支持具 24 荷支持手段 27 昇降機枠 28a〜28d フォーク 29a〜29c フォーク 30a〜30e フォーク 31 昇降台 32a〜32e フォーク出退昇降空間 33 荷支持具 34 荷支持手段 35a〜35d フォーク出退昇降空間 36 荷支持具 38a〜38c フォーク出退昇降空間 39 荷支持具 40 センタリング手段 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1A shelf 1B shelf 2 Train traveling passage 3 Elevating transportation device for entrance 4 Transfer device for entrance 5 Transportation train 7 Elevating transportation device for exit 8 Departure transfer device 10 Heavy goods entrance / exit train 11 Lightweight entrance / exit train Reference Signs List 12 Lower area for storing heavy goods on shelf 12a Load support for heavy goods 13a Upper area for storing light goods on shelf 13a Support for light goods 15a Heavy load transfer means 15b Heavy load transfer means 18 Light-weight load transfer means 19 Lifting carriage 21 Lifting platform 22a to 22e Fork egress and retraction space 23 Load support 24 Load support means 27 Lifting frame 28a to 28d Fork 29a to 29c Fork 30a to 30e Fork 31 Lifting table 32a to 32e Fork egress and retraction space 33 Load support 34 Load support means 35a to 35d Fork egress and retraction space 36 Load support 38a to 38c Forks projecting and retracting the lift space 39 load support member 40 centering means

Claims (6)

(57)【特許請求の範囲】(57) [Claims] 【請求項1】棚(1A,1B) と重量物入出庫用電車(10)と軽
量物入出庫用電車(11)とを備えた自動倉庫であって、 棚(1A,1B) は、重量物収納用下側領域(12)と軽量物収納
用上側領域(13)とに区画され、 重量物入出庫用電車(10)は、棚の下側領域(12)に沿って
走行可能で、当該下側領域の各段荷支持部(12a) に各別
に対応する上下複数段の荷移載手段(15a,15b)を備え、 軽量物入出庫用電車(11)は、棚の上側領域(13)に沿って
走行可能で、1つの荷移載手段(18)を有する昇降キャレ
ッジ(19)を備え、当該昇降キャレッジ(19)の昇降により
1つの荷移載手段(18)を棚の上側領域(13)内の任意のレ
ベルの荷支持部(13a) に対応させることが出来るもので
ある自動倉庫。
An automatic warehouse comprising a shelf (1A, 1B), a heavy goods loading / unloading train (10), and a lightweight goods loading / unloading train (11), wherein the shelf (1A, 1B) has a weight It is divided into a lower area for storing goods (12) and an upper area for storing light goods (13), and the heavy goods loading / unloading train (10) can travel along the lower area (12) of the shelf, Each stage load support section (12a) in the lower region is provided with a plurality of upper and lower stages of load transfer means (15a, 15b) respectively corresponding to each other, and the light goods loading / unloading train (11) is provided in the upper region of the shelf ( 13) is provided with a lifting carriage (19) having one load transfer means (18), and one load transfer means (18) is placed on the upper side of the shelf by raising and lowering the lift carriage (19). An automated warehouse that can correspond to any level of load support (13a) in the area (13).
【請求項2】電車走行通路脇に配設された入出庫用昇降
搬送装置(3,7) を備え、当該昇降搬送装置(3,7) は、重
量物入出庫用電車(10)の各段荷移載手段(15a,15b) と軽
量物入出庫用電車(11)の荷移載手段(18)とに接続する複
数レベルで停止可能な昇降荷台(21)を備え、当該昇降荷
台(21)は、重量物入出庫用電車(10)の各段荷移載手段(1
5a,15b) と軽量物入出庫用電車(11)の荷移載手段(18)の
何れもが荷受渡しを行える重量物軽量物兼用の荷支持手
段(24)を備えている請求項1に記載の自動倉庫。
2. An elevator car (3, 7) for loading and unloading provided on the side of a train traveling passage, wherein the elevator transporting apparatus (3, 7) is provided with each of the heavy goods loading and unloading trains (10). A loading / unloading platform (21) which can be stopped at a plurality of levels connected to the step loading / unloading means (15a, 15b) and the loading / unloading means (18) of the light goods loading / unloading train (11); 21) is a means for transferring each stage of the heavy goods loading / unloading train (10).
5a, 15b), and both the load transfer means (18) of the light-loading and unloading train (11) are provided with load support means (24) for both heavy and light-weight goods capable of delivering and receiving goods. Automatic warehouse described.
【請求項3】入出庫用昇降搬送装置(3,7) に於ける昇降
荷台(21)上の荷支持手段(24)は、荷移載方向に対し直交
する方向に3列以上のフォーク出退昇降空間(22a〜22e)
を並列形成する複数列の荷支持具(23)を備え、 重量物入出庫用電車(10)の各段荷移載手段(15a,15b)
は、荷受渡しストロークだけ昇降可能な昇降機枠(27)に
設けられた出退移動自在な複数列のフォーク(28a〜28d)
から成り、当該フォーク(28a〜28d)は、入出庫用昇降搬
送装置(3,7) に於ける昇降荷台(21)上のフォーク出退昇
降空間(22a〜22e)の内、少なくとも左右両側領域にある
各1つまたは各複数のフォーク出退昇降空間(22a,22b,2
2d,22e) に対応する位置に配置され、 軽量物入出庫用電車(11)の荷移載手段(18)は出退移動自
在なフォーク(29a〜29c)から成り、当該フォーク(29a〜
29c)は、入出庫用昇降搬送装置(3,7) に於ける昇降荷台
(21)上のフォーク出退昇降空間(22a〜22e)の内、中央領
域にある1つまたは複数のフォーク出退昇降空間(22b,2
2c,22d) に対応する位置に配置されている請求項2に記
載の自動倉庫。
3. The loading support means (24) on the lifting platform (21) in the loading / unloading lifting / lowering transport device (3, 7) comprises three or more rows of fork outlets in a direction perpendicular to the load transfer direction. Retreat space (22a ~ 22e)
A plurality of rows of load supports (23) that are formed in parallel with each other, and each stage load transfer means (15a, 15b) of the heavy goods loading / unloading train (10)
Is a plurality of rows of forks (28a to 28d) that are movable in and out of the elevator frame (27) that can be moved up and down by a load delivery stroke.
The forks (28a to 28d) are at least left and right sides of the fork egress / retreat elevating space (22a to 22e) on the elevating loading platform (21) in the loading / unloading elevating / conveying device (3, 7). One or more fork elevating spaces (22a, 22b, 2
2d, 22e), and the load transfer means (18) of the light-loading / shipping train (11) is composed of forks (29a to 29c) which can move in and out, and the forks (29a to 29c).
29c) is the lifting platform in the loading / unloading transport device (3,7)
(21) One or more fork elevating / lowering spaces (22b, 2) in the central area of the fork elevating / lowering spaces (22a to 22e)
The automatic warehouse according to claim 2, wherein the automatic warehouse is arranged at a position corresponding to (2c, 22d).
【請求項4】入出庫用昇降搬送装置(3,7) の電車走行通
路側とは反対側に配設された入出庫用移載装置(4,8) を
備え、当該移載装置(4,8) は、入出庫用昇降搬送装置
(3,7)に於ける昇降荷台(21)上の全てのフォーク出退昇
降空間(22a〜22e)に対応する位置で並設された複数の出
退移動自在なフォーク(30a〜30e)を備えている請求項3
に記載の自動倉庫。
And a loading / unloading transfer device (4, 8) disposed on a side of the loading / unloading elevating / lowering transport device (3, 7) opposite to the side of the train traveling passage. , 8) is a vertical transportation device
A plurality of movable forks (30a to 30e) arranged side by side at positions corresponding to all the fork egress / removal elevating spaces (22a to 22e) on the elevating loading platform (21) in (3, 7). Claim 3 comprising
Automatic warehouse described in.
【請求項5】入庫用移載装置(4) には、フォーク並列方
向の中央位置に荷をセンタリングするセンタリング手段
(40)が併設されている請求項4に記載の自動倉庫。
5. A centering means for centering a load at a center position in the fork parallel direction, wherein the loading transfer device (4) is provided.
5. The automatic warehouse according to claim 4, further comprising (40).
【請求項6】入出庫用移載装置(4,8) に隣接する位置で
停止可能な搬送用電車(5) を備え、当該電車(5) 上に
は、入出庫用昇降搬送装置(3,7) に於ける昇降荷台(21)
上の荷支持手段(24)と同一構造の荷支持手段(34)が設け
られている請求項4または5に記載の自動倉庫。
A transportation train (5) that can be stopped at a position adjacent to the loading / unloading transfer device (4, 8), and the loading / unloading elevating transportation device (3) is provided on the train (5). , Loading platform at (7)
The automatic warehouse according to claim 4 or 5, further comprising a load supporting means (34) having the same structure as the upper load supporting means (24).
JP29010993A 1993-10-26 1993-10-26 Automatic warehouse Expired - Fee Related JP2897619B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP29010993A JP2897619B2 (en) 1993-10-26 1993-10-26 Automatic warehouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP29010993A JP2897619B2 (en) 1993-10-26 1993-10-26 Automatic warehouse

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH07117815A JPH07117815A (en) 1995-05-09
JP2897619B2 true JP2897619B2 (en) 1999-05-31

Family

ID=17751919

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP29010993A Expired - Fee Related JP2897619B2 (en) 1993-10-26 1993-10-26 Automatic warehouse

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2897619B2 (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2016210518A (en) * 2013-10-23 2016-12-15 村田機械株式会社 Automated warehouse and operation method of the same
US9187245B2 (en) * 2014-01-15 2015-11-17 Sergey N. Razumov Transferring containers in storage system
US20150225187A1 (en) 2014-02-11 2015-08-13 Sergey N. Razumov Multi-level storage system with transportation devices movable in substantially perpendicular directions and method of transferring containers in desired sequence
US20160016731A1 (en) * 2014-07-16 2016-01-21 Sergey N. Razumov Loading desired container sequence onto board of container carriage in storage system
US9505556B2 (en) 2014-09-03 2016-11-29 Ottos Consultants Ltd. Storage system using lifting mechanism for collecting containers in desired sequence
DE102018123179A1 (en) * 2018-02-06 2019-08-08 Ludwig Brandmüller order picking

Also Published As

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