JP2769987B2 - Planting floating mat - Google Patents

Planting floating mat

Info

Publication number
JP2769987B2
JP2769987B2 JP7084689A JP8468995A JP2769987B2 JP 2769987 B2 JP2769987 B2 JP 2769987B2 JP 7084689 A JP7084689 A JP 7084689A JP 8468995 A JP8468995 A JP 8468995A JP 2769987 B2 JP2769987 B2 JP 2769987B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
mat
planting
synthetic resin
floating
net
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
JP7084689A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH08252036A (en
Inventor
ヤエミ 前田
Original Assignee
前田屋外美術株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 前田屋外美術株式会社 filed Critical 前田屋外美術株式会社
Priority to JP7084689A priority Critical patent/JP2769987B2/en
Publication of JPH08252036A publication Critical patent/JPH08252036A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP2769987B2 publication Critical patent/JP2769987B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/60Fishing; Aquaculture; Aquafarming

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
【0001】[0001]
【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、ダム湖等の人工貯水
池、或は自然湖沼における水面や護岸及び水位変動によ
り生じる湖岸法面等に、植物の生育を図るための植栽浮
体マットに関するものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a floating mat for planting on an artificial reservoir such as a dam lake, or on a shore slope caused by fluctuations in water level, seawalls and water levels in natural lakes and marshes. It is.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】近年、ダム湖の水資源やダム湖自体の景
観について、種々の問題が提起されている。即ち、ダム
湖等においては、満水時に湖岸の法面に生育した植物が
水を被って枯れてしまうことから、渇水期には、ダム湖
水際の法面の露出は茶褐色の地肌が現れて、その景観が
著しく損なわれるばかりでなく、降雨時には該法面部地
肌の侵食が生じて湖底に土砂が堆積する問題を有してい
る。
2. Description of the Related Art In recent years, various problems have been raised regarding the water resources of dam lakes and the landscape of dam lakes themselves. In other words, in a dam lake, etc., plants that grew on the slope of the lake shore when they are full are covered with water and die. Not only is the landscape significantly impaired, but also the erosion of the slope surface during rainfall causes sedimentation on the lake bottom.
【0003】更に渇水期にはこうした地肌の露出と相俟
って微生物が棲息するための水際の自然環境が変わって
しまい、水質浄化能が低下するためアオコが発生するな
どの問題も生じていた。
[0003] Further, during the drought period, the natural environment at the water's edge for the inhabitation of microorganisms changes due to the exposure of the scalp, and problems such as the occurrence of water bloom due to a decrease in water purification ability have arisen. .
【0004】[0004]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】本発明は上記問題に鑑
みてなされたものであり、ダム湖等の人工貯水池、或は
自然湖沼における水面や護岸及び水位変動により生じる
湖岸法面等に、植物の生育を図り、また野鳥や魚介類、
水生昆虫等の棲息場所を確保すると共に、植物の育生に
よる水質改善効果と併せて自然環境の向上を図ることが
できる植栽浮体マットを提供することを目的とするもの
である。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been made in view of the above-mentioned problems, and has been proposed in which an artificial reservoir such as a dam lake, or a lake surface or a revetment in a natural lake or a lake shore slope caused by a change in water level is used for planting. Of wild birds and seafood,
It is an object of the present invention to provide a plant floating mat that can secure a habitat for aquatic insects and the like and improve a natural environment in addition to an effect of improving water quality by growing plants.
【0005】[0005]
【課題を解決するための手段】本発明の植栽浮体マット
は、合成樹脂により尭分な内部空隙を有するように適宜
厚さに成形し、面方向に一定の広さをもらた立体網状マ
ット骨体と、通気及び通水性を有すると共に植物の根及
び茎の生育を妨げない不織布または織布成は編布等から
なり、前記立体網状マット骨体の全周面を囲繞してなる
植栽用土流出防止シートと、稙物の根張りを可能にする
合成樹脂発泡体の板材からなり、前記植栽用土流出防止
シートによって囲繞された立体網状マット骨体の下面に
並設した発泡性浮板と、合成樹脂繊維を網状または布帛
状に編成または織成したシート材からなり、前記浮板と
植栽用土流出防止シートによって囲繞された立体網状マ
ット骨体を囲繞一体化してなる合成樹脂繊維被覆シート
とからなり、前記立体網状マット骨体の内腔間隙に植栽
用土を充填した構造にしたことを要旨とするものであ
る。
Means for Solving the Problems The planting floating mat of the present invention is formed by a synthetic resin into a three-dimensional net-like mat having a certain width in a plane direction, which is appropriately molded so as to have a large internal space. Planting the bone body and the nonwoven fabric or woven fabric that has ventilation and water permeability and does not hinder the growth of the roots and stems of the plant is made of a knitted cloth or the like and surrounds the entire peripheral surface of the three-dimensional net-like mat bone. A soil outflow prevention sheet and a synthetic resin foam plate material that enables rooting of a plant ,
A foamable floating plate juxtaposed on the lower surface of a three-dimensional net-like mat skeleton surrounded by a sheet, and a sheet material in which synthetic resin fibers are knitted or woven in a net shape or a fabric shape;
A synthetic resin fiber-coated sheet formed by surrounding and integrating the three-dimensional net-like mat skeleton surrounded by the plant soil outflow prevention sheet, and having a structure in which the soil for planting was filled into the lumen gap of the three-dimensional net-like mat skeleton. The gist is that.
【0006】また、前記植栽用土流出防止シートの下面
と発泡性浮板間に植物の根の通過を阻止する根止めシー
トを介在した構造にすることもできる。
In addition, a structure may be employed in which a sheet for preventing the passage of plant roots is interposed between the lower surface of the soil outflow prevention sheet for planting and the foamable floating plate.
【0007】上記植栽浮体マットの側面及び/または底
面に合成樹脂繊維を梯子状または帯状に編成した連繋構
造を縫着し、相互のマットを連繋したり、着脱自在にな
る重鎮を設け、浮遊時の吃水高を調節可能にしたり、或
は網状立体漁礁及び/または合成樹脂繊維を編成または
織成した微生物棲息ネットを着脱自在に取り付けること
を要旨とするものである。
On the side and / or bottom of the planting floating mat, a connecting structure in which synthetic resin fibers are knitted in a ladder shape or a band shape is sewn to connect the mats or a detachable heavy weight is provided. The gist of the present invention is to make it possible to adjust the draft height at the time, or to attach / detach a reticulated net and / or a microbial inhabiting net woven or woven with synthetic resin fibers.
【0008】[0008]
【作用】上記植栽浮体マットによれば、合成樹脂繊維を
立体網状体に成形した立体網状マット骨体を骨格とし
て、該内部空隙に植栽用土を収容した構造になるため、
該部からの変形荷重に対して充分な剛性を持つようにな
り、植栽浮体マットを水面に設置した場合の波浪や湖岸
の法面に設置した場合の重力による形崩れが生じること
がない。また、用土の空隙が植物の根の伸長を適切な状
態に保持し、植物の根の成長阻害を解消するように作用
する。
According to the above-mentioned planting floating mat, since a three-dimensional reticulated mat skeleton made of synthetic resin fibers formed into a three-dimensional reticulated body is used as a skeleton, the internal cavity is filled with planting soil.
The plant mat has sufficient rigidity against the deformation load from the portion, and there is no occurrence of wave when the planting floating mat is installed on the water surface or collapse due to gravity when it is installed on the slope of the lake shore. In addition, the voids in the medium maintain the elongation of the roots of the plant in an appropriate state, and act to eliminate growth inhibition of the roots of the plant.
【0009】根止めシートを設けた構造では、植物の根
の発泡性浮板下方への伸長を該根止めシートによって阻
止する構造になるため、植栽浮体マットが置かれた状態
で、植物の根が伸長して法面に固定されることを防止す
る。
[0009] In the structure provided with the anchor sheet, the root of the plant is prevented from extending below the foamable floating plate by the anchor sheet, so that the plant mat is placed on the plant floating mat. Prevents roots from elongating and being fixed to the slope.
【0010】上記植栽浮体マットは、湖底のアンカーと
ロープによって結索して移動流失を防止するものである
が、該ロープの長さを適当に設定することにより、水面
の上昇または下降に追従させることができる。また、底
面に一体化した発泡性浮板の体積を変えるか、または重
鎮の重量を変えることにより、植栽浮体マットの吃水高
を変更したり、水中の任意の位置に設置することが可能
である。
[0010] The above-mentioned planting floating mats are tied with anchors and ropes at the bottom of the lake to prevent movement and loss, but by following the rise or fall of the water surface by appropriately setting the length of the ropes. Can be done. In addition, by changing the volume of the foaming floating board integrated with the bottom or changing the weight of the heavyweight, it is possible to change the draft height of the floating mat for planting and install it at any position in the water. is there.
【0011】上記植栽浮体マットは、連繋構造を使用し
て複数個を面方向に連繋して使用することが可能であ
り、湖岸の法面から水面までの間を連続して覆うことに
よって法面の地肌の露出を解消することができる。そし
て、水位の変動によって低水位期に生じる法面の裸地に
連続して設置することで、法面の植栽を回復することが
できる。高水位期には植栽浮体マットが水面に浮上する
ため、従来のように植物が水没して枯れることがなく生
育が保持される。
A plurality of the above-mentioned planting floating mats can be connected in a plane direction using a linking structure, and can be used by continuously covering from the slope surface of the lake shore to the water surface. Exposure of the surface background can be eliminated. Then, by continuously installing the slope on the bare land that occurs in the low water level due to the fluctuation of the water level, the planting of the slope can be recovered. In the high water stage, the floating mat floats on the surface of the water, so that the plant is not submerged and does not die as in the related art, and the growth is maintained.
【0012】また、上記植栽浮体マットを水面に設置し
た場合、植栽による水中の栄養塩類の吸収作用により、
水質改善を図ることができる。更に、網状立体漁礁を取
り付けることによって魚類の産卵に適した環境を構成す
ることができると共に、微生物棲息ネットを取り付ける
ことにより、微生物による水質改善を期待することが可
能となる。
When the above-mentioned planting floating mat is placed on the water surface, the planting plant absorbs nutrients in the water by the planting.
Water quality can be improved. Furthermore, an environment suitable for spawning of fish can be formed by attaching a net-shaped three-dimensional reef, and improvement of water quality by microorganisms can be expected by attaching a microorganism-inhabiting net.
【0013】[0013]
【実施例】以下、本発明に係る植栽浮体マットの一実施
例を図面に従って説明する。図1は植栽浮体マット1の
一部切欠した斜視図、図2は同縦断面図を示すものであ
り、符号2は、合成樹脂繊維により充分な内部空隙を有
するように適宜厚さに成形すると共に面方向に一定の広
さをもった立体網状マット骨体である。該立体網状マッ
ト骨体は、ポリプロピレン等の熱可塑性合成樹脂を加熱
溶融してノズルより押し出し、線状としたものをカール
させたまま積み重ね、線状の相互接点を用着成形して一
定の厚さと線状密度を持つように一体化したポーラス材
である。
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS One embodiment of a planting floating mat according to the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is a partially cutaway perspective view of the planting floating mat 1, and FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of the mat 1. Numeral 2 is formed of a synthetic resin fiber to have an appropriate thickness so as to have a sufficient internal space. It is a three-dimensional net-like mat skeleton having a certain width in the surface direction. The three-dimensional net-like mat body is formed by heating and melting a thermoplastic synthetic resin such as polypropylene, extruding from a nozzle, stacking the linear ones while curling them, and forming a linear interconnecting contact to form a fixed thickness. This is a porous material integrated so as to have a linear density.
【0014】上記立体網状マット骨体2の内部空隙に
は、植物の根の伸長を妨げることがなく、且つ植物体を
支承するに充分な支承力を発揮する非水溶性の植栽用土
3を充填すると共に、該立体網状マット骨体2の全周面
を、通気及び通水性を有すると共に植物の根及び茎の生
育を妨げない不織布または織布或は編布等からなる植栽
用土流出防止シート4によって囲繞してなる。
A water-insoluble planting soil 3 which does not hinder the elongation of the roots of the plant and exhibits a sufficient supporting force for supporting the plant is provided in the internal space of the three-dimensional reticulated mat bone 2. In addition to filling, the entire peripheral surface of the three-dimensional net-like mat body 2 is prevented from flowing out of planting soil made of nonwoven fabric, woven fabric or knitted fabric which has ventilation and water permeability and does not hinder the growth of plant roots and stems. It is surrounded by a sheet 4.
【0015】また符号5は、植物の根張りを可能にする
合成樹脂発泡体の板材からなり、上記植栽用土流出防止
シート4を囲繞した立体網状マット骨体2の下面に並設
した発泡性浮板であり、植物の根張りを可能にするため
に、例えば図3に示すように面方向に多数の透孔51,
51…(実施例では矩形孔であるが孔の形態は種々に変
えることができる)が穿設してある。
Reference numeral 5 denotes a foam made of a synthetic resin foam plate material that enables the rooting of the plant, and is juxtaposed on the lower surface of the three-dimensional net-like mat body 2 surrounding the soil outflow prevention sheet 4 for planting. For example, as shown in FIG. 3, a large number of through holes 51,
51 (a rectangular hole in the embodiment, but the shape of the hole can be variously changed).
【0016】該発泡性浮板5は、発泡スチロール樹脂等
の非連通性発泡樹脂材によって構成されており、全体の
体積を変え(板厚を変えることによって実施することが
できる。)て、水上に設置した場合の吃水高を調整する
ことができる。
The foamable floating plate 5 is made of a non-communicating foamed resin material such as styrene foam resin, and has an overall volume changed (which can be implemented by changing the plate thickness) to be placed on water. Draft height when installed can be adjusted.
【0017】上記発泡性浮板5と植栽用土流出防止シー
ト4の囲繞体は、合成樹脂繊維を網状または布帛状に編
成または織成たシート材からなる合成樹脂繊維被覆シー
ト6によって全体を囲繞一体化して構成される。
The surrounding body of the foamable floating plate 5 and the soil outflow prevention sheet 4 for planting is entirely surrounded by a synthetic resin fiber covering sheet 6 made of a sheet material in which synthetic resin fibers are knitted or woven in a net shape or a fabric shape. It is configured integrally.
【0018】符号7は、植栽浮体マット1の側面に位置
して、合成樹脂繊維被覆シート6に縫着した連繋構造で
あり、該連繋構造7は、合成樹脂繊維を梯子状に編成
し、各側面に複数の連繋部を構成してなるもので、面方
向に植栽浮体マット1を連繋して使用する場合、該連繋
構造7,7間をロープまたはチェーン等によって結索す
る。
Reference numeral 7 denotes a connecting structure located on the side surface of the planting floating mat 1 and sewn to the synthetic resin fiber covering sheet 6, and the connecting structure 7 knits synthetic resin fibers into a ladder shape. A plurality of connecting portions are formed on each side surface. When the planting floating mat 1 is used in a plane direction, the connecting structures 7 are tied with a rope or a chain.
【0019】また該連繋構造と同種の連繋構造8が、植
栽浮体マット1の底面にも構成してある。符号9は、上
記連繋構造8に対して連繋鎖10を介して着脱自在に取
り付けたアンカーであり、湖底に置いて植栽浮体マット
1の移動流失を防止してなる。
A connecting structure 8 of the same kind as the connecting structure is also provided on the bottom surface of the floating mat 1. Reference numeral 9 denotes an anchor detachably attached to the connecting structure 8 via a connecting chain 10 to prevent the planting floating mat 1 from moving and flowing when placed on the lake bottom.
【0020】前記連繋構造7,8は、図4に示すような
梯子状だけでなく、植栽浮体マット1の側面と底面に対
して、図5に示すように、合成樹脂繊維を帯状に編成或
は織成したものをループを形成するように縫着したもの
であっても、前記梯子状のものと同様に使用することが
できる。
The connecting structures 7 and 8 are not only ladder-shaped as shown in FIG. 4 but also knit synthetic resin fibers in a strip shape as shown in FIG. Alternatively, even a woven fabric sewn to form a loop can be used in the same manner as the ladder-like fabric.
【0021】上記連繋構造8または9には、必要に応じ
て、充分な内部空隙を有するように適宜厚さに成形した
合成樹脂線状ポーラス材等からなる魚類産卵用の網状立
体漁礁11や合成樹脂繊維を編成または織成し、微生物
の棲息を容易にする微生物棲息ネット12を着脱自在に
取り付けることができる。
The connecting structure 8 or 9 has a net-shaped three-dimensional fishing reef 11 for spawning fish, which is made of a synthetic resin linear porous material or the like which is appropriately formed to have a sufficient internal space, if necessary. A microbe-habiting net 12 for knitting or weaving resin fibers and facilitating the inhabitation of microbes can be detachably attached.
【0022】更に、符号13は水面に設置した植栽浮体
マット1の上記連繋構造9に垂下した重鎮であり、該重
鎮の荷重を変えることによって前述した発泡性浮板5の
体積変更と同様に、水面WLとの吃水高を調節したり、
または水中に設置した植栽浮体マット1の水面WL下位
置の調節を行うことができる。
Further, reference numeral 13 denotes a heavyweight hanging down on the connecting structure 9 of the planting floating body mat 1 installed on the water surface. The volume 13 of the foamable floating plate 5 is changed by changing the load of the heavyweight. , Adjust the draft height with the surface WL,
Alternatively, the position below the water surface WL of the planting floating mat 1 installed in the water can be adjusted.
【0023】尚、前記実施例の説明では、水面に浮遊さ
せて使用する植栽マット1について述べたが、ダム湖の
法面等と水面の両用に設置して使用する植栽マット1の
場合は、上記植栽用土流出防止シート4の下面と発泡性
浮板5の間に植物の根の通過を阻止する可撓性の合成樹
脂シートからなる根止めシート14(図1に二点鎖線で
示す)を介在した構造にすることが必要である。
In the description of the above embodiment, the planting mat 1 used by floating on the water surface has been described. However, in the case of the planting mat 1 installed and used for both the slope of a dam lake and the water surface. Is an anchor sheet 14 made of a flexible synthetic resin sheet that prevents passage of plant roots between the lower surface of the planting soil outflow prevention sheet 4 and the foamable floating plate 5 (indicated by a two-dot chain line in FIG. 1). It is necessary to make the structure intervening (shown).
【0024】図6は本発明の植栽浮体マット1を水面に
設置した場合の種々の態様を示すものであり、これを説
明する。 (a)低水位期の状態を示すものである。 (b)高水位期の状態を示すものである。 (c)発泡性浮板5の体積または重鎮13の荷重を調整
して水中設置した状態を示すものである。 (d)魚類産卵用の網状立体漁礁11と、微生物の棲息
を容易にする微生物棲息ネット12を植栽浮体マット1
に取り付けた状態の仕様を示すものである。
FIG. 6 shows various embodiments in which the planting floating mat 1 of the present invention is installed on the water surface, which will be described. (A) The state of the low water level period is shown. (B) The state of the high water level period is shown. (C) A state in which the volume of the foamable floating plate 5 or the load of the heavyweight 13 is adjusted and installed underwater. (D) A floating mat 1 for planting a net-shaped three-dimensional reef 11 for spawning fish and a microbial inhabiting net 12 for facilitating the inhabitation of microorganisms.
The figure shows the specification of the state attached to.
【0025】図7は本発明の植栽浮体マット1をダム湖
等の法面の裸地に設置した場合の態様を示すものであ
り、これを説明する。尚、符号15は法面設置用アンカ
ー杭である。 (a)低水位期の状態を示すものであり、連繋した植物
浮体マット1は法面に沿って敷設状態にあり、該植物浮
体マットに繁茂した植物によって法面が覆われる。 (b)高水位期の状態を示すものであり、植物浮体マッ
ト1に繁茂した植物は根止めシート14によって法面へ
の着根を阻止されているから発泡性浮板5の浮力によっ
て水面方向へ浮遊するようになる。
FIG. 7 shows an embodiment in which the planting floating mat 1 of the present invention is installed on a bare slope such as a dam lake. Reference numeral 15 denotes a slope installation anchor pile. (A) It shows the state of the low water stage, in which the linked plant floating mat 1 is laid along the slope, and the slope is covered with the plants that proliferate on the plant floating mat. (B) This indicates the state of the high water stage, and the plants that have grown on the plant floating mat 1 are prevented from rooting on the slope by the root-stop sheet 14, so that the buoyancy of the foamable floating plate 5 causes the water surface direction. Become floating.
【0026】[0026]
【発明の効果】以上述べたように本発明になる植栽浮体
マットは、浮体構造の平板に植物の繁茂を可能ならしめ
たことにより、また必要に応じて該浮体構造の下面から
繁茂した植物の根が伸長しない構造としたことにより、
ダム湖等の法面から水面に亙って複数個を面方向に連繋
した構造物を設置した場合、水面の昇降に応じて該法面
を覆った植栽浮体マットが水面側または法面側に自在に
設置して植物が繁茂した湖岸の景観を保持するようにな
る特徴を有する。
As described above, the planting floating mat according to the present invention has a structure in which plants can be grown on the flat plate of the floating structure and, if necessary, the plants growing from the lower surface of the floating structure. With the structure that the root of the root does not elongate,
In the case where a plurality of structures connected in a plane direction from the slope to the water surface such as a dam lake are installed, the floating mat covering the slope is placed on the water surface side or the slope side according to the elevation of the water surface. It has a feature that it can be freely installed in the area to maintain the landscape of the lake shore where the plants are thriving.
【0027】また、該植栽浮体マットは、該マット上に
繁茂した植物によって水中の栄養塩類の吸収が促進さ
れ、水質の改善効果が促進されるだけでなく、魚類産卵
用の網状立体漁礁や微生物の棲息を容易にする微生物棲
息ネットを該植栽浮体マットに取り付けて設置すること
ができるため、魚介類や水生昆虫等の棲息場所を確保す
ると共に、水質改善効果と併せて自然環境の向上を図る
ことができる等の優れた特徴を有するものであり、本発
明実施後の効果は極めて大きい。
In addition, the plant floating mat promotes the absorption of nutrients in the water by the plants growing on the mat, thereby improving the water quality. A microbial inhabiting net that facilitates the inhabitation of microorganisms can be attached to the planting floating mat, so that a habitat for fish and shellfish, aquatic insects, etc. can be secured, and the natural environment can be improved together with the water quality improvement effect. The present invention has excellent features such as being able to achieve the above, and the effect after implementation of the present invention is extremely large.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]
【図1】本発明に係る植栽浮体マットの一実施例を示す
一部切欠した斜視図である。
FIG. 1 is a partially cutaway perspective view showing an embodiment of a planting floating mat according to the present invention.
【図2】同縦断面図である。FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of the same.
【図3】同発泡性浮板の斜視図である。FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the foamable floating plate.
【図4】同連繋構造を示す拡大斜視図である。FIG. 4 is an enlarged perspective view showing the connection structure.
【図5】連繋構造の他の実施例を示す要部斜視図であ
る。
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a main part showing another embodiment of the connection structure.
【図6】本発明の植栽浮体マットを水面に設置した場合
の種々の態様を示す説明図である。
FIG. 6 is an explanatory view showing various aspects when the planting floating mat of the present invention is installed on the water surface.
【図7】本発明の植栽浮体マットをダム湖等の法面の裸
地に設置した場合の態様を示す説明図である。
FIG. 7 is an explanatory diagram showing an embodiment in which the planting float mat of the present invention is installed on a bare slope such as a dam lake.
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
1 植栽浮体マット 2 立体網状マット骨体 3 植栽用土 4 植栽用土流出防止シート 5 発泡性浮板 6 合成樹脂繊維被覆シート 7 連繋構造 8 連繋構造 9 アンカー 11 網状立体漁礁 12 微生物棲息ネット 13 重鎮 14 根止めシート 15 法面設置用アンカー杭 REFERENCE SIGNS LIST 1 planting floating mat 2 solid net-like mat body 3 planting soil 4 planting soil outflow prevention sheet 5 foamable floating board 6 synthetic resin fiber covering sheet 7 connecting structure 8 connecting structure 9 anchor 11 net-like three-dimensional fishing reef 12 microbial habitation net 13 Heavyweight 14 Rooting sheet 15 Anchor pile for slope installation

Claims (5)

    (57)【特許請求の範囲】(57) [Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 合成樹脂により充分な内部空隙を有する
    ように適宜厚さに成形し、面方向に一定の広さをもった
    立体網状マット骨体と、 通気及び通水性を有すると共に植物の根及び茎の生育を
    妨げない不織布または織布或は編布等からなり、前記立
    体網状マット骨体の全周面を囲繞してなる植栽用土流出
    防止シートと、 植物の根張りを可能にする合成樹脂発泡体の板材からな
    り、前記植栽用土流出防止シートによって囲繞された
    体網状マット骨体の下面に並設した発泡性浮板と、 合成樹脂繊維を網状または布帛状に編成または織成した
    シート材からなり、前記浮板と植栽用土流出防止シート
    によって囲繞された立体網状マット骨体を囲繞一体化し
    てなる合成樹脂繊維被覆シートとからなり、 前記立体網状マット骨体の内腔間隙に植栽用土を充填し
    た構造になることを特徴とする植栽浮体マット。
    1. A three-dimensional net-like mat body which is formed to a sufficient thickness with a synthetic resin so as to have a sufficient internal space, and has a certain width in a plane direction. A non-woven fabric, a woven fabric, a knitted fabric, or the like that does not hinder the growth of the stem, and a soil outflow prevention sheet for planting that surrounds the entire peripheral surface of the three-dimensional net-like mat body, and enables the plant to be rooted. A foamable floating plate made of a synthetic resin foam plate material and juxtaposed on the lower surface of a standing net-like mat frame surrounded by the planting soil outflow prevention sheet ; and a net-like or fabric-like synthetic resin fiber. The floating plate and the soil outflow prevention sheet for planting comprising a sheet material knitted or woven
    A synthetic resin fiber-coated sheet formed by surrounding and integrating the three-dimensional net-like mat body surrounded by the above-mentioned three-dimensional net-like mat body, and having a structure in which planting soil is filled in a cavity gap of the three-dimensional net-like mat bone. Floating mat.
  2. 【請求項2】 前記植栽用土流出防止シートの下面と発
    泡性浮板間に植物の根の通過を阻止する根止めシートを
    介在したことを特徴とする請求項1記載の植栽浮体マッ
    ト。
    2. The mat according to claim 1, further comprising a sheet for preventing the passage of plant roots between the lower surface of the soil outflow prevention sheet for planting and the foamable floating plate.
  3. 【請求項3】 前記植栽浮体マットの側面に合成樹脂繊
    維を梯子状に編成した連繋構造を縫着したことを特徴と
    する請求項1または2記載の植栽浮体マット。
    3. The planting floating mat according to claim 1, wherein a linked structure in which synthetic resin fibers are knitted in a ladder shape is sewn to a side surface of the planting floating mat.
  4. 【請求項4】 前記植栽浮体マットの底面に縫着した合
    成樹脂繊維を梯子状または帯状に編成してなる連繋構造
    に対して、着脱自在になる重鎮を設け、浮遊時の吃水高
    を調節可能にしたことを特徴とする請求項1または2記
    載の植栽浮体マット。
    4. A detachable heavyweight is provided for a linked structure formed by knitting synthetic resin fibers sewn on the bottom surface of the planting floating mat in a ladder shape or a band shape, and adjusts a draft height when floating. The planting floating mat according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the mat is enabled.
  5. 【請求項5】 前記植栽浮体マットの底面に縫着した合
    成樹脂繊維を梯子状または帯状に編成してなる連繋構造
    に対して、合成樹脂により充分な内部空隙を有するよう
    に適宜厚さに成形した網状立体漁礁及び/または合成樹
    脂繊維を編成または織成した微生物棲息ネットを着脱自
    在に取り付けたことを特徴とする請求項1記載の植栽浮
    体マット。
    5. A connecting structure formed by knitting synthetic resin fibers sewn on the bottom surface of the planting floating mat in a ladder-like or band-like form, so that the synthetic resin has an appropriate thickness so as to have a sufficient internal space with the synthetic resin. The planting floating mat according to claim 1, wherein a microbial habitation net formed by knitting or weaving the formed net-like three-dimensional fishing reef and / or synthetic resin fiber is detachably attached.
JP7084689A 1995-03-16 1995-03-16 Planting floating mat Expired - Lifetime JP2769987B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP7084689A JP2769987B2 (en) 1995-03-16 1995-03-16 Planting floating mat

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP7084689A JP2769987B2 (en) 1995-03-16 1995-03-16 Planting floating mat

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH08252036A JPH08252036A (en) 1996-10-01
JP2769987B2 true JP2769987B2 (en) 1998-06-25

Family

ID=13837647

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP7084689A Expired - Lifetime JP2769987B2 (en) 1995-03-16 1995-03-16 Planting floating mat

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2769987B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NZ578179A (en) * 2004-05-24 2009-11-27 Fountainhead Llc Super-enhanced, adjustably buoyant floating island
CN100341798C (en) * 2005-09-08 2007-10-10 浙江大学 Method and system for floating composite botanical zone in situ biologically rehabilitating water body
WO2008014087A2 (en) * 2006-07-25 2008-01-31 Fountainhead, Llc Buoyant plant habitat and process for its manufacture
US8001932B2 (en) * 2007-04-03 2011-08-23 Fountainhead, Llc Fish spawning structure
JP5111318B2 (en) * 2008-09-30 2013-01-09 武 小暮 Spawning bed for medaka and spawning method of medaka
US8950362B2 (en) * 2011-11-30 2015-02-10 Kangwon National University University-Industry Cooperation Foundation Complex floating wetland equipment
CN104756847A (en) * 2014-01-03 2015-07-08 深圳市铁汉生态环境股份有限公司 Aquatic plant planting floating bed, planting floating bed group and planting method
CN104365511B (en) * 2014-10-20 2017-04-12 浙江海洋学院 Floating type carbon sink shellfish and algae farm

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH08252036A (en) 1996-10-01

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