JP2021112103A - Rotary solar panel power generation device that can be cleaned automatically - Google Patents

Rotary solar panel power generation device that can be cleaned automatically Download PDF

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JP2021112103A
JP2021112103A JP2020076317A JP2020076317A JP2021112103A JP 2021112103 A JP2021112103 A JP 2021112103A JP 2020076317 A JP2020076317 A JP 2020076317A JP 2020076317 A JP2020076317 A JP 2020076317A JP 2021112103 A JP2021112103 A JP 2021112103A
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pulley
space
rotating shaft
solar panel
ratchet wheel
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楊凱東
Kaidong Yang
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • H02S20/32Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment specially adapted for solar tracking
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/10Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules extending in directions away from a supporting surface
    • F24S25/12Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules extending in directions away from a supporting surface using posts in combination with upper profiles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S30/40Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement
    • F24S30/42Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement with only one rotation axis
    • F24S30/425Horizontal axis
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

To provide a rotary solar panel power generation device that can be cleaned automatically.SOLUTION: A rotary solar panel power generation device that can be cleaned automatically includes a main body 10, a first motor 13 is provided in the main body, a first rotating shaft 12 extending vertically is connected to the first motor so as to be transmitted, a first rotating space 17 is provided below the first rotating shaft, a first ratchet wheel 18 is provided in the first rotating space, the first ratchet wheel is fixedly connected to the first rotating shaft, and the degree of inclination of a solar panel 38 is automatically adjusted according to the orientation of the sun in the sky to bring the solar panel into sufficient contact with the sun's rays, thereby improving the efficiency of the solar panel and automatically cleaning dust on the outer surface of the solar panel.SELECTED DRAWING: Figure 1

Description

本願発明は電気エネルギーの分野に関し、具体的には自動的に清掃できる回転式ソーラーパネル発電装置である。 The present invention relates to the field of electrical energy, specifically, a rotary solar panel power generator that can be automatically cleaned.

従来のソーラーパネル発電装置は、ソーラーパネルが固定されているため、傾斜角度を調整することができなく、太陽が時間によって異なる方位にあり、固定式ソーラーパネルは太陽光を十分に受けることができなく、自動的に清掃できる回転式ソーラーパネル発電装置を設計し、上述の問題を解决する必要がある。 In the conventional solar panel power generation device, since the solar panel is fixed, the inclination angle cannot be adjusted, the sun is in different directions depending on the time, and the fixed solar panel can receive sufficient sunlight. It is necessary to design a rotary solar panel power generator that can be cleaned automatically and solve the above-mentioned problems.

中国特許出願公開第105186998号明細書Chinese Patent Application Publication No. 105186998

本願発明の目的は、自動的に清掃できる回転式ソーラーパネル発電装置を提供することにより、上記の技術欠点を克服し、装置の実用性を向上させる。 An object of the present invention is to overcome the above technical drawbacks and improve the practicality of the device by providing a rotary solar panel power generator that can be automatically cleaned.

上記の課題を解決するため、本願発明は以下の技術プランを採用する:本体を含み、前記本体の中には第一モータが設けられ、前記第一モータには上下に伸びる第一回転軸が伝動可能に連結され、前記第一回転軸の下方には第一回転空間が設けられ、前記第一回転空間の中には第一ラチェット車が設けられ、前記第一ラチェット車は前記第一回転軸と固定的に連結し、前記第一ラチェット車には第一伝動ベルトがスライド可能に設けられ、前記第一ラチェット車の左側には第一プーリが設けられ、前記第一プーリは前記第一ラチェット車と前記第一伝動ベルトにより伝動可能に連結され、前記第一プーリの中央には上方に伸びる第二回転軸が固定的に設けられ、前記第二回転軸には第一ピンがスライド可能に設けられ、前記第一ピンの左側には上方に伸びる第一移動棒が固定的に設けられ、前記第一回転軸の上方には第二回転空間が設けられ、前記第二回転空間の中には第二ラチェット車が設けられ、前記第二ラチェット車は前記第一回転軸と固定的に連結し、前記第二ラチェット車には第二伝動ベルトがスライド可能に設けられ、前記第二ラチェット車の右側には第一スリーブが設けられ、前記第一スリーブは前記第二ラチェット車と前記第二伝動ベルトによりスライド可能に連結され、前記第一スリーブの中央には上下に伸びるネジ棒がねじ山により連結され、前記第一スリーブの下方には第三回転空間が設けられ、前記第三回転空間の中には第二スリーブが設けられ、前記第二スリーブは前記ネジ棒とねじ山により連結し、前記第二スリーブの右側には第二プーリが設けられ、前記第二プーリには第三伝動ベルトがスライド可能に設けられ、前記第二プーリは前記第二スリーブと前記第三伝動ベルトにより伝動可能に連結され、前記第二プーリの中央には上方に伸びる第三回転軸が固定的に設けられ、前記第三回転軸の上方には作業空間が設けられ、前記作業空間の中には第一斜歯歯車が設けられ、前記第一斜歯歯車は前記第三回転軸と固定的に連結し、前記第一斜歯歯車の後方は第二斜歯歯車と噛み合っており、前記第二斜歯歯車の中央には後方に伸びる第四回転軸が固定的に設けられ、前記第四回転軸の後方には第四回転空間が設けられ、前記第四回転空間の中には第三プーリが設けられ、前記第三プーリは前記第四回転軸と固定的に連結している。 In order to solve the above problems, the present invention adopts the following technical plan: the main body is included, the first motor is provided in the main body, and the first motor has a first rotation shaft extending up and down. It is movably connected, a first rotation space is provided below the first rotation shaft, a first ratchet wheel is provided in the first rotation space, and the first ratchet wheel is the first rotation. Fixedly connected to the shaft, the first ratchet wheel is slidably provided with a first transmission belt, a first pulley is provided on the left side of the first ratchet wheel, and the first pulley is the first pulley. The ratchet wheel and the first transmission belt are mobilably connected, and a second rotation shaft extending upward is fixedly provided in the center of the first pulley, and the first pin is slidable on the second rotation shaft. A first moving rod extending upward is fixedly provided on the left side of the first pin, and a second rotating space is provided above the first rotating shaft in the second rotating space. Is provided with a second ratchet wheel, the second ratchet wheel is fixedly connected to the first rotating shaft, the second ratchet wheel is slidably provided with a second transmission belt, and the second ratchet wheel is slidable. A first sleeve is provided on the right side of the car, the first sleeve is slidably connected to the second ratchet wheel by the second transmission belt, and a screw rod extending up and down is screwed in the center of the first sleeve. It is connected by a thread, a third rotation space is provided below the first sleeve, a second sleeve is provided in the third rotation space, and the second sleeve is connected to the screw rod by a screw thread. A second pulley is provided on the right side of the second sleeve, a third transmission belt is slidably provided on the second pulley, and the second pulley is provided by the second sleeve and the third transmission belt. A third rotating shaft that is movably connected and extends upward is provided in the center of the second pulley, and a working space is provided above the third rotating shaft. The first oblique gear is provided, the first oblique gear is fixedly connected to the third rotating shaft, and the rear part of the first oblique gear meshes with the second oblique gear. A fourth rotating shaft extending rearward is fixedly provided in the center of the oblique gear, a fourth rotating space is provided behind the fourth rotating shaft, and a third pulley is provided in the fourth rotating space. Is provided, and the third pulley is fixedly connected to the fourth rotation shaft.

更の技術プラン、前記第三プーリには第四伝動ベルトがスライド可能に設けられ、前記第三プーリの上方には第四プーリが設けられ、前記第四プーリは前記第三プーリと前記第四伝動ベルトにより伝動可能に連結され、前記第四プーリの中央には後方に伸びる第五回転軸が固定的に設けられ、前記第五回転軸の後方には第三ラチェット車が固定的に設けられ、前記第三ラチェット車の上方は歯車と噛み合っており、前記歯車の中央には後方に伸びる第六回転軸が固定的に設けられている。 Further technical plan, the third pulley is provided with a fourth transmission belt so as to be slidable, the fourth pulley is provided above the third pulley, and the fourth pulley is the third pulley and the fourth pulley. A fifth rotating shaft extending rearward is fixedly provided in the center of the fourth pulley, and a third ratchet wheel is fixedly provided behind the fifth rotating shaft. The upper part of the third ratchet wheel meshes with a gear, and a sixth rotating shaft extending rearward is fixedly provided at the center of the gear.

更の技術プラン、前記第六回転軸の後方には第二モータが伝動可能に連結され、前記歯車の上方は第四ラチェット車と噛み合っており、前記第四ラチェット車の前方には前方に伸びる第七回転軸が固定的に設けられ、前記第七回転軸の前方には第五プーリが固定的に設けられ、前記第五プーリには第五伝動ベルトがスライド可能に設けられ、前記第五プーリの上方には第六プーリが設けられ、前記第六プーリは前記第五プーリと前記第五伝動ベルトにより伝動可能に連結され、前記第六プーリの中央には前方に伸びる第八回転軸が固定的に設けられ、前記第八回転軸には第二ピンがスライド可能に設けられている。 Further technical plan, a second motor is movably connected to the rear of the sixth rotating shaft, the upper part of the gear meshes with the fourth ratchet wheel, and extends forward to the front of the fourth ratchet wheel. A seventh rotating shaft is fixedly provided, a fifth pulley is fixedly provided in front of the seventh rotating shaft, a fifth transmission belt is slidably provided on the fifth pulley, and the fifth A sixth pulley is provided above the pulley, and the sixth pulley is movably connected to the fifth pulley by the fifth transmission belt, and an eighth rotation shaft extending forward is located at the center of the sixth pulley. It is fixedly provided, and a second pin is slidably provided on the eighth rotating shaft.

更の技術プラン、前記第二ピンの上方には第一移動空間が設けられ、前記第一移動空間の中には左方に伸びる第二移動棒が設けられ、前記第二移動棒は前記第二ピンと固定的に連結し、前記第二移動棒の中央には前後に伸びる第一位置制限軸がスライド可能に設けられ、前記第一位置制限軸は前記第一移動空間の前後壁面に固定的に設けられている。 Further technical plan, a first moving space is provided above the second pin, a second moving rod extending to the left is provided in the first moving space, and the second moving rod is the second moving rod. A first position limiting shaft that is fixedly connected to the two pins and extends back and forth is provided in the center of the second moving rod so as to be slidable, and the first position limiting shaft is fixed to the front and rear wall surfaces of the first moving space. It is provided in.

更の技術プラン、前記ネジ棒の上方には連結棒が固定的に設けられ、前記ネジ棒の中には下方に伸びる第二位置制限軸がスライド可能に設けられ、前記第二位置制限軸は前記本体と固定的に連結し、前記連結棒の上方には傾斜板が設けられ、前記傾斜板の中には第五回転空間が設けられ、前記第五回転空間の中には前後に伸びる第一連結軸が設けられ、前記第一連結軸は前記連結棒と回転可能に連結している。 Further technical plan, a connecting rod is fixedly provided above the screw rod, and a second position limiting shaft extending downward is slidably provided in the screw rod, and the second position limiting shaft is It is fixedly connected to the main body, an inclined plate is provided above the connecting rod, a fifth rotating space is provided in the inclined plate, and a fifth rotating space extending back and forth is provided in the fifth rotating space. A connecting shaft is provided, and the first connecting shaft is rotatably connected to the connecting rod.

更の技術プラン、前記第一連結軸の前後方には第二移動空間が設けられ、前記第一連結軸は前記第二移動空間とスライド可能に連結し、前記第五回転空間の左側には第六回転空間が設けられ、前記第六回転空間の中には連結円型ブロックが設けられ、前記連結円型ブロックは前記第一移動棒と固定的に連結し、前記連結円型ブロックの中央には前後に伸びる第二連結軸が回転可能に設けられている。 Further technical plan, a second moving space is provided in front of and behind the first connecting shaft, the first connecting shaft is slidably connected to the second moving space, and on the left side of the fifth rotating space. A sixth rotation space is provided, a connecting circular block is provided in the sixth rotating space, the connecting circular block is fixedly connected to the first moving rod, and the center of the connecting circular block. Is rotatably provided with a second connecting shaft that extends back and forth.

更の技術プラン、前記傾斜板の上方にはソーラーパネルが固定的に設けられ、前記傾斜板の下方には清掃空間が設けられ、前記清掃空間の中には前記第二移動棒が設けられ、前記第二移動棒の下方にはソフトブラシが固定的に設けられている。 Further technical plan, a solar panel is fixedly provided above the inclined plate, a cleaning space is provided below the inclined plate, and the second moving rod is provided in the cleaning space. A soft brush is fixedly provided below the second moving rod.

本願発明が提供する自動的に清掃できる回転式ソーラーパネル発電装置は、太陽の天空における方位に応じ、ソーラーパネルの傾き程度を自動的に調節し、ソーラーパネルを太陽光線と十分に接触させ、ソーラーパネルの効率を向上させると同時に、本願発明はソーラーパネルの外表面の塵を自動的に清掃することができる。 The automatically cleanable rotary solar panel power generator provided by the present invention automatically adjusts the degree of inclination of the solar panel according to the orientation of the sun in the sky, and brings the solar panel into sufficient contact with the sun's rays to make the solar. At the same time as improving the efficiency of the panel, the present invention can automatically clean the dust on the outer surface of the solar panel.

下記に図1〜3をあわせて本願発明について詳しく説明し、便利に説明するために、下記の方向を以下のように規定する:図1は本願発明装置の正面図であり、以下に述べる上下左右前後の方向と図1の自身投影関係の上下左右前後の方向とが一致である。 In order to explain the invention of the present application in detail with reference to FIGS. 1 to 3 below and to explain the present invention in a convenient manner, the following directions are defined as follows: FIG. The left-right front-back direction and the up-down, left-right front-back direction of the self-projection relationship in FIG. 1 coincide with each other.

図1は本願発明の自動的に清掃できる回転式ソーラーパネル発電装置の全体構成模式図FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall configuration of a rotary solar panel power generator that can be automatically cleaned according to the present invention. 図2は図1におけるA―Aの構成模式図FIG. 2 is a schematic configuration diagram of AA in FIG. 図3は図2におけるB部の構成拡大模式図FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of the configuration of part B in FIG.

ここでは図1〜3を参照し、本願発明の自動的に清掃できる回転式ソーラーパネル発電装置は本体10を含み、前記本体10の中には第一モータ13が設けられ、前記第一モータ13には上下に伸びる第一回転軸12が伝動可能に連結され、前記第一回転軸12の下方には第一回転空間17が設けられ、前記第一回転空間17の中には第一ラチェット車18が設けられ、前記第一ラチェット車18は前記第一回転軸12と固定的に連結し、前記第一ラチェット車18には第一伝動ベルト15がスライド可能に設けられ、前記第一ラチェット車18の左側には第一プーリ16が設けられ、前記第一プーリ16は前記第一ラチェット車18と前記第一伝動ベルト15により伝動可能に連結され、前記第一プーリ16の中央には上方に伸びる第二回転軸14が固定的に設けられ、前記第二回転軸14には第一ピン11がスライド可能に設けられ、前記第一ピン11の左側には上方に伸びる第一移動棒42が固定的に設けられ、前記第一回転軸12の上方には第二回転空間62が設けられ、前記第二回転空間62の中には第二ラチェット車63が設けられ、前記第二ラチェット車63は前記第一回転軸12と固定的に連結し、前記第二ラチェット車63には第二伝動ベルト28がスライド可能に設けられ、前記第二ラチェット車63の右側には第一スリーブ29が設けられ、前記第一スリーブ29は前記第二ラチェット車63と前記第二伝動ベルト28によりスライド可能に連結され、前記第一スリーブ29の中央には上下に伸びるネジ棒32がねじ山により連結され、前記第一スリーブ29の下方には第三回転空間21が設けられ、前記第三回転空間21の中には第二スリーブ20が設けられ、前記第二スリーブ20は前記ネジ棒32とねじ山により連結し、前記第二スリーブ20の右側には第二プーリ23が設けられ、前記第二プーリ23には第三伝動ベルト24がスライド可能に設けられ、前記第二プーリ23は前記第二スリーブ20と前記第三伝動ベルト24により伝動可能に連結され、前記第二プーリ23の中央には上方に伸びる第三回転軸22が固定的に設けられ、前記第三回転軸22の上方には作業空間27が設けられ、前記作業空間27の中には第一斜歯歯車25が設けられ、前記第一斜歯歯車25は前記第三回転軸22と固定的に連結し、前記第一斜歯歯車25の後方は第二斜歯歯車26と噛み合っており、前記第二斜歯歯車26の中央には後方に伸びる第四回転軸50が固定的に設けられ、前記第四回転軸50の後方には第四回転空間56が設けられ、前記第四回転空間56の中には第三プーリ48が設けられ、前記第三プーリ48は前記第四回転軸50と固定的に連結している。 Here, referring to FIGS. 1 to 3, the rotary solar panel power generator that can be automatically cleaned according to the present invention includes a main body 10, and a first motor 13 is provided in the main body 10, and the first motor 13 is provided. A first rotating shaft 12 extending vertically is connected to the first rotating shaft 12 so as to be transmitted, a first rotating space 17 is provided below the first rotating shaft 12, and a first ratchet wheel is provided in the first rotating space 17. 18 is provided, the first ratchet vehicle 18 is fixedly connected to the first rotating shaft 12, and the first transmission belt 15 is slidably provided on the first ratchet vehicle 18, and the first ratchet vehicle 18 is provided. A first pulley 16 is provided on the left side of the 18, and the first pulley 16 is motivatedly connected to the first ratchet wheel 18 by the first transmission belt 15, and is upward in the center of the first pulley 16. A second rotating shaft 14 that extends is fixedly provided, a first pin 11 is slidably provided on the second rotating shaft 14, and a first moving rod 42 that extends upward is provided on the left side of the first pin 11. A second rotating space 62 is provided above the first rotating shaft 12, a second ratchet wheel 63 is provided in the second rotating space 62, and the second ratchet wheel 63 is provided. Is fixedly connected to the first rotating shaft 12, a second transmission belt 28 is slidably provided on the second ratchet wheel 63, and a first sleeve 29 is provided on the right side of the second ratchet wheel 63. The first sleeve 29 is slidably connected to the second ratchet wheel 63 by the second transmission belt 28, and a screw rod 32 extending vertically is connected to the center of the first sleeve 29 by a screw thread. A third rotation space 21 is provided below the first sleeve 29, a second sleeve 20 is provided in the third rotation space 21, and the second sleeve 20 is provided by the screw rod 32 and a screw thread. A second pulley 23 is provided on the right side of the second sleeve 20, a third transmission belt 24 is slidably provided on the second pulley 23, and the second pulley 23 is the second sleeve 20. A third rotary shaft 22 extending upward is fixedly provided in the center of the second pulley 23, and a work space is above the third rotary shaft 22. 27 is provided, a first oblique gear 25 is provided in the work space 27, the first oblique gear 25 is fixedly connected to the third rotating shaft 22, and the first oblique gear 25 is fixedly connected to the third rotating shaft 22. The rear part of the 25 meshes with the second oblique gear 26, and the above A fourth rotating shaft 50 extending rearward is fixedly provided at the center of the second oblique gear 26, and a fourth rotating space 56 is provided behind the fourth rotating shaft 50, and the fourth rotating space 56 is provided. A third pulley 48 is provided inside, and the third pulley 48 is fixedly connected to the fourth rotating shaft 50.

好ましくは、前記第三プーリ48には第四伝動ベルト49がスライド可能に設けられ、前記第三プーリ48の上方には第四プーリ55が設けられ、前記第四プーリ55は前記第三プーリ48と前記第四伝動ベルト49により伝動可能に連結され、前記第四プーリ55の中央には後方に伸びる第五回転軸54が固定的に設けられ、前記第五回転軸54の後方には第三ラチェット車53が固定的に設けられ、前記第三ラチェット車53の上方は歯車60と噛み合っており、前記歯車60の中央には後方に伸びる第六回転軸52が固定的に設けられている。 Preferably, the third pulley 48 is provided with the fourth transmission belt 49 so as to be slidable, the fourth pulley 55 is provided above the third pulley 48, and the fourth pulley 55 is the third pulley 48. A fifth rotating shaft 54 extending rearward is fixedly provided at the center of the fourth pulley 55, and a third rotating shaft 54 is fixedly provided behind the fifth rotating shaft 54. The ratchet wheel 53 is fixedly provided, the upper part of the third ratchet wheel 53 meshes with the gear 60, and the sixth rotating shaft 52 extending rearward is fixedly provided in the center of the gear 60.

好ましくは、前記第六回転軸52の後方には第二モータ51が伝動可能に連結され、前記歯車60の上方は第四ラチェット車59と噛み合っており、前記第四ラチェット車59の前方には前方に伸びる第七回転軸57が固定的に設けられ、前記第七回転軸57の前方には第五プーリ58が固定的に設けられ、前記第五プーリ58には第五伝動ベルト46がスライド可能に設けられ、前記第五プーリ58の上方には第六プーリ47が設けられ、前記第六プーリ47は前記第五プーリ58と前記第五伝動ベルト46により伝動可能に連結され、前記第六プーリ47の中央には前方に伸びる第八回転軸30が固定的に設けられ、前記第八回転軸30には第二ピン45がスライド可能に設けられている。 Preferably, a second motor 51 is movably connected to the rear of the sixth rotating shaft 52, and the upper part of the gear 60 meshes with the fourth ratchet wheel 59, and is in front of the fourth ratchet wheel 59. A seventh rotating shaft 57 extending forward is fixedly provided, a fifth pulley 58 is fixedly provided in front of the seventh rotating shaft 57, and a fifth transmission belt 46 slides on the fifth pulley 58. A sixth pulley 47 is provided above the fifth pulley 58, and the sixth pulley 47 is migably connected to the fifth pulley 58 by the fifth transmission belt 46, and the sixth pulley 47 is movably connected to the fifth pulley 58. An eighth rotating shaft 30 extending forward is fixedly provided at the center of the pulley 47, and a second pin 45 is slidably provided on the eighth rotating shaft 30.

好ましくは、前記第二ピン45の上方には第一移動空間61が設けられ、前記第一移動空間61の中には左方に伸びる第二移動棒44が設けられ、前記第二移動棒44は前記第二ピン45と固定的に連結し、前記第二移動棒44の中央には前後に伸びる第一位置制限軸31がスライド可能に設けられ、前記第一位置制限軸31は前記第一移動空間61の前後壁面に固定的に設けられている。 Preferably, a first moving space 61 is provided above the second pin 45, and a second moving rod 44 extending to the left is provided in the first moving space 61, and the second moving rod 44 is provided. Is fixedly connected to the second pin 45, and a first position limiting shaft 31 extending back and forth is slidably provided at the center of the second moving rod 44, and the first position limiting shaft 31 is the first. It is fixedly provided on the front and rear wall surfaces of the moving space 61.

好ましくは、前記ネジ棒32の上方には連結棒33が固定的に設けられ、前記ネジ棒32の中には下方に伸びる第二位置制限軸19がスライド可能に設けられ、前記第二位置制限軸19は前記本体10と固定的に連結し、前記連結棒33の上方には傾斜板39が設けられ、前記傾斜板39の中には第五回転空間35が設けられ、前記第五回転空間35の中には前後に伸びる第一連結軸34が設けられ、前記第一連結軸34は前記連結棒33と回転可能に連結している。 Preferably, a connecting rod 33 is fixedly provided above the screw rod 32, and a second position limiting shaft 19 extending downward is slidably provided in the screw rod 32 to limit the second position. The shaft 19 is fixedly connected to the main body 10, an inclined plate 39 is provided above the connecting rod 33, a fifth rotating space 35 is provided in the inclined plate 39, and the fifth rotating space is provided. A first connecting shaft 34 extending back and forth is provided in the 35, and the first connecting shaft 34 is rotatably connected to the connecting rod 33.

好ましくは、前記第一連結軸34の前後方には第二移動空間36が設けられ、前記第一連結軸34は前記第二移動空間36とスライド可能に連結し、前記第五回転空間35の左側には第六回転空間37が設けられ、前記第六回転空間37の中には連結円型ブロック40が設けられ、前記連結円型ブロック40は前記第一移動棒42と固定的に連結し、前記連結円型ブロック40の中央には前後に伸びる第二連結軸41が回転可能に設けられている。 Preferably, a second moving space 36 is provided in front of and behind the first connecting shaft 34, and the first connecting shaft 34 is slidably connected to the second moving space 36 to form a fifth rotating space 35. A sixth rotating space 37 is provided on the left side, a connecting circular block 40 is provided in the sixth rotating space 37, and the connecting circular block 40 is fixedly connected to the first moving rod 42. A second connecting shaft 41 extending back and forth is rotatably provided at the center of the connecting circular block 40.

好ましくは、前記傾斜板39の上方にはソーラーパネル38が固定的に設けられ、前記傾斜板39の下方には清掃空間64が設けられ、前記清掃空間64の中には前記第二移動棒44が設けられ、前記第二移動棒44の下方にはソフトブラシ43が固定的に設けられている。 Preferably, the solar panel 38 is fixedly provided above the inclined plate 39, a cleaning space 64 is provided below the inclined plate 39, and the second moving rod 44 is provided in the cleaning space 64. Is provided, and a soft brush 43 is fixedly provided below the second moving rod 44.

本実施例の前記固定連結方法はボルト固定と融接などの方法を含むが、これらに限らない。 The fixed connection method of this embodiment includes, but is not limited to, bolt fixing and fusion welding methods.

本願発明の全体の機械的作業の流れ:
1.本願発明が静止状態にあるとき、傾斜板39は本体10の上方に位置し、傾斜板39が水平に置かれ、第二移動棒44は清掃空間64の中の最後方に位置し、本願発明が始動されると、ソーラーパネル38を振れさせて太陽と正対させる必要があり、ソーラーパネル38を左方に振れさせることが必要とされると、第一モータ13を起動し、第一モータ13は第一回転軸12を正回転させ、第一回転軸12は第二ラチェット車63を回転させ、第二ラチェット車63は第一スリーブ29を回転させ、第一スリーブ29はネジ棒32を上方に移動させ、ネジ棒32は上方に移動して連結棒33を上方に移動させ、連結棒33は上方に移動して傾斜板39の右側を上昇させて左側を下降させ、傾斜板39を左側に振れさせることにより、ソーラーパネル38は左側に振れ、
2.ソーラーパネル38を左側に振れさせる必要があるとき、第二モータ51が始動され、第二モータ51は正回転して第六回転軸52を回転させ、第六回転軸52は歯車60を回転させ、歯車60は第三ラチェット車53を回転させ、 第三ラチェット歯車53は第五回転軸54を回転させ、第五回転軸54は第四プーリ55を回転させ、第四プーリ55は第三プーリ48を回転させ、第三プーリ48は第四回転軸50を回転させ、第四回転軸50は第二斜歯歯車26を回転させ、第二斜歯歯車26は第一斜歯歯車25を回転させ、
3.第一斜歯歯車25は第三回転軸22を回転させ、第三回転軸22は第二プーリ23を回転させ、第二プーリ23は第二スリーブ20を回転させ、第二スリーブ20は回転してネジ棒32を下方に移動させ、ネジ棒32は下方に移動して連結棒33を下方に移動させ、連結棒33は下方に移動して傾斜板39の右側を下方に移動させ、傾斜板39の左側が上昇することにより、傾斜板39が右側に振れ、ソーラーパネル38を右側に振れさせることにより、ソーラーパネルの傾斜方向をコントロールすることを実現し、ソーラーパネルが太陽光の照射方向と正対することができ、
4.ソーラーパネルの表面を清掃する時、第一モータ13を始動し、第一モータ13が逆回転して第一回転軸12を逆回転させ、第一回転軸12が逆回転して第一ラチェット車18を回転させ、第一ラチェット車18が第一プーリ16を回転させ、第一プーリ16が第二回転軸14を回転させ、第二回転軸14は第一ピン11を下方に移動させ、第一ピン11は下方に移動して第一移動棒42を下方に移動させ、第一移動棒42は下方に移動して連結円型ブロック40を下方に移動させ、
5.連結円型ブロック40は下方に移動して傾斜板39を下方に移動させ、傾斜板39は下方に移動してソーラーパネル38を下方に移動させ、ソーラーパネル38が完全に下方に清掃空間64の中に移動すると、第一モータ13を止め、第二モータ51を始動し、第二モータ51が逆回転して第六回転軸52を逆回転させ、第六回転軸52は逆回転して歯車60を回転させ、歯車60は回転して第四ラチェット車59を回転させ、第四ラチェット車59は第七回転軸57を回転させ、第七回転軸37は第五プーリ58を回転させ、第五プーリ58は第六プーリ47を回転させ、
6.第六プーリ47は第八回転軸30を回転させ、第八回転軸30は回転して第二ピン45を前後方に往復移動させ、第二ピン45は前後方に往復移動して第二移動棒44を前後に往復運動させ、第二移動棒44が前後に往復運動してソフトブラシ43を前後に往復運動させ、ソフトブラシ43はソーラーパネル38の上表面と接触することにより、ソフトブラシ43はソーラーパネル38の表面にある埃を清掃し、ソーラーパネル38の表面清掃機能を実現し、
7.清掃が終わると、第一モータ13が始動されて逆回転し、それにより第一ピン11は最低点まで下降した後、第一ピン11はまた上方に移動し、最終的にはソーラーパネル38を上方に移動させて元の位置に戻らせる。
Overall mechanical work flow of the present invention:
1. 1. When the present invention is in a stationary state, the inclined plate 39 is located above the main body 10, the inclined plate 39 is placed horizontally, and the second moving rod 44 is located at the rearmost position in the cleaning space 64. When is started, it is necessary to swing the solar panel 38 to face the sun, and when it is necessary to swing the solar panel 38 to the left, the first motor 13 is started and the first motor is started. 13 rotates the first rotating shaft 12 in the forward direction, the first rotating shaft 12 rotates the second ratchet wheel 63, the second ratchet wheel 63 rotates the first sleeve 29, and the first sleeve 29 rotates the screw rod 32. The screw rod 32 moves upward, the connecting rod 33 moves upward, the connecting rod 33 moves upward, the right side of the inclined plate 39 is raised and the left side is lowered, and the inclined plate 39 is moved upward. By swinging to the left, the solar panel 38 swings to the left,
2. When it is necessary to swing the solar panel 38 to the left, the second motor 51 is started, the second motor 51 rotates forward to rotate the sixth rotating shaft 52, and the sixth rotating shaft 52 rotates the gear 60. , The gear 60 rotates the third ratchet wheel 53, the third ratchet gear 53 rotates the fifth rotating shaft 54, the fifth rotating shaft 54 rotates the fourth pulley 55, and the fourth pulley 55 is the third pulley. 48 is rotated, the third pulley 48 rotates the fourth rotating shaft 50, the fourth rotating shaft 50 rotates the second oblique gear 26, and the second oblique gear 26 rotates the first oblique gear 25. Let me
3. 3. The first oblique gear 25 rotates the third rotating shaft 22, the third rotating shaft 22 rotates the second pulley 23, the second pulley 23 rotates the second sleeve 20, and the second sleeve 20 rotates. The screw rod 32 is moved downward, the screw rod 32 is moved downward to move the connecting rod 33 downward, the connecting rod 33 is moved downward and the right side of the inclined plate 39 is moved downward, and the inclined plate is moved downward. By raising the left side of 39, the tilt plate 39 swings to the right, and by swinging the solar panel 38 to the right, it is possible to control the tilt direction of the solar panel, and the solar panel becomes the sunlight irradiation direction. Can face each other,
4. When cleaning the surface of the solar panel, the first motor 13 is started, the first motor 13 rotates in the reverse direction to rotate the first rotating shaft 12 in the reverse direction, and the first rotating shaft 12 rotates in the reverse direction to rotate the first ratchet wheel. 18 is rotated, the first ratchet wheel 18 rotates the first pulley 16, the first pulley 16 rotates the second rotating shaft 14, the second rotating shaft 14 moves the first pin 11 downward, and the second The pin 11 moves downward to move the first moving rod 42 downward, the first moving rod 42 moves downward, and the connecting circular block 40 moves downward.
5. The connecting circular block 40 moves downward to move the inclined plate 39 downward, the inclined plate 39 moves downward to move the solar panel 38 downward, and the solar panel 38 moves completely downward in the cleaning space 64. When it moves in, the first motor 13 is stopped, the second motor 51 is started, the second motor 51 rotates in the reverse direction to rotate the sixth rotating shaft 52 in the reverse direction, and the sixth rotating shaft 52 rotates in the reverse direction to rotate the gear. 60 is rotated, the gear 60 is rotated to rotate the fourth ratchet wheel 59, the fourth ratchet wheel 59 rotates the seventh rotating shaft 57, the seventh rotating shaft 37 rotates the fifth pulley 58, and the fifth The fifth pulley 58 rotates the sixth pulley 47, and the fifth pulley 58 rotates the sixth pulley 47.
6. The sixth pulley 47 rotates the eighth rotating shaft 30, the eighth rotating shaft 30 rotates to reciprocate the second pin 45 forward and backward, and the second pin 45 reciprocates forward and backward to move the second pin 45. The rod 44 is reciprocated back and forth, the second moving rod 44 is reciprocated back and forth to reciprocate the soft brush 43 back and forth, and the soft brush 43 comes into contact with the upper surface of the solar panel 38, whereby the soft brush 43 Cleans the dust on the surface of the solar panel 38 and realizes the surface cleaning function of the solar panel 38.
7. After cleaning, the first motor 13 is started and rotates in the reverse direction, whereby the first pin 11 is lowered to the lowest point, and then the first pin 11 is moved upward again, and finally the solar panel 38 is moved. Move it upwards to return it to its original position.

上記方式により、本分野の当業者は本願発明の範囲内で作動状況に応じて各種な改変を加えられる。 According to the above method, those skilled in the art can make various modifications according to the operating conditions within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

本体を含み、前記本体の中には第一モータが設けられ、前記第一モータには上下に伸びる第一回転軸が伝動可能に連結され、前記第一回転軸の下方には第一回転空間が設けられ、前記第一回転空間の中には第一ラチェット車が設けられ、前記第一ラチェット車は前記第一回転軸と固定的に連結し、前記第一ラチェット車には第一伝動ベルトがスライド可能に設けられ、前記第一ラチェット車の左側には第一プーリが設けられ、前記第一プーリは前記第一ラチェット車と前記第一伝動ベルトにより伝動可能に連結され、前記第一プーリの中央には上方に伸びる第二回転軸が固定的に設けられ、前記第二回転軸には第一ピンがスライド可能に設けられ、前記第一ピンの左側には上方に伸びる第一移動棒が固定的に設けられ、前記第一回転軸の上方には第二回転空間が設けられ、前記第二回転空間の中には第二ラチェット車が設けられ、前記第二ラチェット車は前記第一回転軸と固定的に連結し、前記第二ラチェット車には第二伝動ベルトがスライド可能に設けられ、前記第二ラチェット車の右側には第一スリーブが設けられ、前記第一スリーブは前記第二ラチェット車と前記第二伝動ベルトによりスライド可能に連結され、前記第一スリーブの中央には上下に伸びるネジ棒がねじ山により連結され、前記第一スリーブの下方には第三回転空間が設けられ、前記第三回転空間の中には第二スリーブが設けられ、前記第二スリーブは前記ネジ棒とねじ山により連結し、前記第二スリーブの右側には第二プーリが設けられ、前記第二プーリには第三伝動ベルトがスライド可能に設けられ、前記第二プーリは前記第二スリーブと前記第三伝動ベルトにより伝動可能に連結され、前記第二プーリの中央には上方に伸びる第三回転軸が固定的に設けられ、前記第三回転軸の上方には作業空間が設けられ、前記作業空間の中には第一斜歯歯車が設けられ、前記第一斜歯歯車は前記第三回転軸と固定的に連結し、前記第一斜歯歯車の後方は第二斜歯歯車と噛み合っており、前記第二斜歯歯車の中央には後方に伸びる第四回転軸が固定的に設けられ、前記第四回転軸の後方には第四回転空間が設けられ、前記第四回転空間の中には第三プーリが設けられ、前記第三プーリは前記第四回転軸と固定的に連結していることを特徴とする自動的に清掃できる回転式ソーラーパネル発電装置。 A first motor is provided in the main body including the main body, a first rotating shaft extending vertically is connected to the first motor so as to be transmitted, and a first rotating space is below the first rotating shaft. Is provided, a first ratchet wheel is provided in the first rotating space, the first ratchet wheel is fixedly connected to the first rotating shaft, and the first ratchet wheel is fixedly connected to the first transmission belt. Is provided so as to be slidable, a first pulley is provided on the left side of the first ratchet wheel, and the first pulley is movably connected to the first ratchet wheel by the first transmission belt, and the first pulley is transmitted. A second rotating shaft extending upward is fixedly provided in the center of the above, a first pin is slidably provided on the second rotating shaft, and a first moving rod extending upward is provided on the left side of the first pin. Is fixedly provided, a second rotation space is provided above the first rotation shaft, a second ratchet wheel is provided in the second rotation space, and the second ratchet wheel is the first. Fixedly connected to the rotating shaft, the second ratchet wheel is slidably provided with a second transmission belt, the right side of the second ratchet wheel is provided with a first sleeve, and the first sleeve is the first sleeve. The two ratchet wheels are slidably connected by the second transmission belt, a screw rod extending vertically is connected to the center of the first sleeve by a screw thread, and a third rotation space is provided below the first sleeve. A second sleeve is provided in the third rotation space, the second sleeve is connected to the screw rod by a screw thread, and a second pulley is provided on the right side of the second sleeve. A third transmission belt is slidably provided on the two pulleys, the second pulley is movably connected to the second sleeve by the third transmission belt, and a third extending upward in the center of the second pulley. A rotating shaft is fixedly provided, a working space is provided above the third rotating shaft, a first oblique gear is provided in the working space, and the first oblique gear is the third. It is fixedly connected to the rotating shaft, the rear part of the first oblique gear meshes with the second oblique gear, and the fourth rotating shaft extending rearward is fixedly provided in the center of the second oblique gear. A fourth rotation space is provided behind the fourth rotation axis, a third pulley is provided in the fourth rotation space, and the third pulley is fixedly connected to the fourth rotation axis. A rotary solar panel power generator that can be cleaned automatically. 前記第三プーリには第四伝動ベルトがスライド可能に設けられ、前記第三プーリの上方には第四プーリが設けられ、前記第四プーリは前記第三プーリと前記第四伝動ベルトにより伝動可能に連結され、前記第四プーリの中央には後方に伸びる第五回転軸が固定的に設けられ、前記第五回転軸の後方には第三ラチェット車が固定的に設けられ、前記第三ラチェット車の上方は歯車と噛み合っており、前記歯車の中央には後方に伸びる第六回転軸が固定的に設けられていることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の自動的に清掃できる回転式ソーラーパネル発電装置。 A fourth transmission belt is slidably provided on the third pulley, a fourth pulley is provided above the third pulley, and the fourth pulley can be transmitted by the third pulley and the fourth transmission belt. A fifth rotating shaft extending rearward is fixedly provided at the center of the fourth pulley, and a third ratchet wheel is fixedly provided behind the fifth rotating shaft. The automatically cleanable rotary solar according to claim 1, wherein the upper part of the car meshes with a gear, and a sixth rotating shaft extending rearward is fixedly provided in the center of the gear. Panel power generator. 前記第六回転軸の後方には第二モータが伝動可能に連結され、前記歯車の上方は第四ラチェット車と噛み合っており、前記第四ラチェット車の前方には前方に伸びる第七回転軸が固定的に設けられ、前記第七回転軸の前方には第五プーリが固定的に設けられ、前記第五プーリには第五伝動ベルトがスライド可能に設けられ、前記第五プーリの上方には第六プーリが設けられ、前記第六プーリは前記第五プーリと前記第五伝動ベルトにより伝動可能に連結され、前記第六プーリの中央には前方に伸びる第八回転軸が固定的に設けられ、前記第八回転軸には第二ピンがスライド可能に設けられていることを特徴とする請求項2に記載の自動的に清掃できる回転式ソーラーパネル発電装置。 A second motor is movably connected to the rear of the sixth rotary shaft, the upper part of the gear meshes with the fourth ratchet wheel, and a seventh rotary shaft extending forward is in front of the fourth ratchet wheel. Fixedly provided, a fifth pulley is fixedly provided in front of the seventh rotating shaft, a fifth transmission belt is slidably provided on the fifth pulley, and above the fifth pulley. A sixth pulley is provided, the sixth pulley is movably connected to the fifth pulley by the fifth transmission belt, and an eighth rotation shaft extending forward is fixedly provided in the center of the sixth pulley. The rotary solar panel power generator that can be automatically cleaned according to claim 2, wherein a second pin is slidably provided on the eighth rotating shaft. 前記第二ピンの上方には第一移動空間が設けられ、前記第一移動空間の中には左方に伸びる第二移動棒が設けられ、前記第二移動棒は前記第二ピンと固定的に連結し、前記第二移動棒の中央には前後に伸びる第一位置制限軸がスライド可能に設けられ、前記第一位置制限軸は前記第一移動空間の前後壁面に固定的に設けられていることを特徴とする請求項3に記載の自動的に清掃できる回転式ソーラーパネル発電装置。 A first moving space is provided above the second pin, a second moving rod extending to the left is provided in the first moving space, and the second moving rod is fixed to the second pin. A first position limiting shaft that is connected and extends back and forth is slidably provided at the center of the second moving rod, and the first position limiting shaft is fixedly provided on the front and rear wall surfaces of the first moving space. The rotary solar panel power generation device according to claim 3, wherein the rotary solar panel power generation device can be automatically cleaned. 前記ネジ棒の上方には連結棒が固定的に設けられ、前記ネジ棒の中には下方に伸びる第二位置制限軸がスライド可能に設けられ、前記第二位置制限軸は前記本体と固定的に連結し、前記連結棒の上方には傾斜板が設けられ、前記傾斜板の中には第五回転空間が設けられ、前記第五回転空間の中には前後に伸びる第一連結軸が設けられ、前記第一連結軸は前記連結棒と回転可能に連結していることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の自動的に清掃できる回転式ソーラーパネル発電装置。 A connecting rod is fixedly provided above the screw rod, a second position limiting shaft extending downward is slidably provided in the screw rod, and the second position limiting shaft is fixed to the main body. An inclined plate is provided above the connecting rod, a fifth rotating space is provided in the inclined plate, and a first connecting shaft extending back and forth is provided in the fifth rotating space. The automatically cleaning rotary solar panel power generator according to claim 1, wherein the first connecting shaft is rotatably connected to the connecting rod. 前記第一連結軸の前後方には第二移動空間が設けられ、前記第一連結軸は前記第二移動空間とスライド可能に連結し、前記第五回転空間の左側には第六回転空間が設けられ、前記第六回転空間の中には連結円型ブロックが設けられ、前記連結円型ブロックは前記第一移動棒と固定的に連結し、前記連結円型ブロックの中央には前後に伸びる第二連結軸が回転可能に設けられていることを特徴とする請求項5に記載の自動的に清掃できる回転式ソーラーパネル発電装置。 A second moving space is provided in front of and behind the first connecting shaft, the first connecting shaft is slidably connected to the second moving space, and a sixth rotating space is on the left side of the fifth rotating space. A connecting circular block is provided in the sixth rotating space, and the connecting circular block is fixedly connected to the first moving rod and extends back and forth in the center of the connecting circular block. The rotary solar panel power generator that can be automatically cleaned according to claim 5, wherein the second connecting shaft is rotatably provided. 前記傾斜板の上方にはソーラーパネルが固定的に設けられ、前記傾斜板の下方には清掃空間が設けられ、前記清掃空間の中には前記第二移動棒が設けられ、前記第二移動棒の下方にはソフトブラシが固定的に設けられていることを特徴とする請求項5に記載の自動的に清掃できる回転式ソーラーパネル発電装置。 A solar panel is fixedly provided above the inclined plate, a cleaning space is provided below the inclined plate, the second moving rod is provided in the cleaning space, and the second moving rod is provided. The rotary solar panel power generation device according to claim 5, wherein a soft brush is fixedly provided below the surface of the solar panel.
JP2020076317A 2020-01-03 2020-04-22 Rotary solar panel power generation device that can be cleaned automatically Pending JP2021112103A (en)

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