CN212518876U - Solar photovoltaic panel equipment - Google Patents

Solar photovoltaic panel equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212518876U
CN212518876U CN202021348342.XU CN202021348342U CN212518876U CN 212518876 U CN212518876 U CN 212518876U CN 202021348342 U CN202021348342 U CN 202021348342U CN 212518876 U CN212518876 U CN 212518876U
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China
Prior art keywords
photovoltaic panel
steering
cleaning
mounting rack
frame
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CN202021348342.XU
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Chinese (zh)
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陈涛
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陈涛
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Priority to CN202021348342.XU priority Critical patent/CN212518876U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a solar photovoltaic panel device, which comprises a photovoltaic panel mounting rack, a photovoltaic panel is mounted on the upper surface of the photovoltaic panel mounting rack, a cleaning mechanism is arranged on the lower part of the photovoltaic panel, a rotating shaft is arranged on the back surface of the photovoltaic panel mounting rack, a driven gear is mounted at one end of the rotating shaft through a flat key, the rotating shaft is fixed on a frame through a bearing seat, a steering mechanism is fixed on one side of the frame, a driving gear is arranged on the steering mechanism, the driving gear is in T-shaped surrounding connection with the driven gear through a toothed belt, the steering mechanism is controlled by a PLC control module according to a light angle sensor, the orientation of the solar photovoltaic panel is adjusted to form the best irradiation angle with sunlight, the power generation efficiency is greatly improved, the steering mechanism can also enable the solar mounting rack to rotate back and forth within 180 degrees, the cleaning mechanism slides from, clean cleaning is constantly carried out photovoltaic board, prevents that the accumulation of dust from causing the harm to equipment.

Description

Solar photovoltaic panel equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a new forms of energy field, in particular to solar photovoltaic board equipment.
Background
The solar photovoltaic panel has the advantages that the power generation efficiency is closely related to the irradiation angle of solar rays, the solar photovoltaic panel is optimal in vertical irradiation, the light energy is collected most, the existing solar photovoltaic panels installed in batches calculate the ideal angle with the longest vertical irradiation time of the solar rays in one year according to the information of longitude and latitude of a placement point and the like, and then the solar photovoltaic panels are fixedly installed, the power generation mode with one fixed orientation can ensure that the optimal power generation efficiency can be achieved only at noon in one day, the orientation of the photovoltaic panels cannot be adjusted along with the change of the solar irradiation angle in the rest time, so that the waste of the light energy and the low efficiency are caused, in addition, the solar photovoltaic panels are fixedly exposed in the natural environment for a long time, the dust and sundries in the air are accumulated day and month, the lighting effect can be influenced, even the hot spot effect is generated to damage the components, manual cleaning or special equipment is adopted, the cleaning is not timely.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The to-be-solved technical problem of the utility model is overcome prior art's defect, provide a solar photovoltaic board equipment, according to the detection result of light angle inductor, utilize slewing mechanism to adjust photovoltaic board to best daylighting angle, through the round trip rotation by a wide margin of steering mechanism, under the effect of gravity, make and clean the mechanism and incessantly sweep the photovoltaic board surface, sweep the dust.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model provides a following technical scheme:
the utility model relates to a solar photovoltaic panel device, which comprises a photovoltaic panel mounting rack, a photovoltaic panel is mounted on the upper surface of the photovoltaic panel mounting rack, a cleaning mechanism is arranged on the lower part of the photovoltaic panel, a cleaning brush is arranged inside the cleaning mechanism, sliding blocks are arranged at two ends of the cleaning mechanism, a fixing ring is arranged on the back surface of the photovoltaic panel mounting rack, a rotating shaft is mounted on the fixing ring, a driven gear is mounted at one end of the rotating shaft through a flat key, bearing seats are symmetrically arranged at two sides of the photovoltaic panel mounting rack, the bottom of the bearing seats is fixed on a frame through bolts, a steering mechanism is fixed at one side of the frame, a light angle sensor is arranged at the upper part of the steering mechanism, a driving motor and a control box are fixed at the lower part of the steering mechanism, a driving gear is mounted on an, the driving gear is meshed with a toothed belt, and the toothed belt is connected with the driving gear and the driven gear in a T-shaped surrounding mode.
As an optimized technical scheme of the utility model, the inside of control box is equipped with PLC module able to programme and signal processing module.
As an optimal technical scheme of the utility model, the both sides of photovoltaic board mounting bracket are provided with the guide way, the guide way is character cut in bas-relief shape cavity structure, and both ends are closed.
As an optimal technical scheme of the utility model, the pivot forms overall structure through solid fixed ring and photovoltaic board mounting bracket.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the lower portion of the frame is provided with a pillar, and is connected by a bolt.
As a preferred technical scheme of the utility model, driving motor's output shaft has the reduction gear.
As a preferred technical scheme of the utility model, control box, light angle inductor and driving motor electric connection.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
the utility model discloses an actual angle of illumination of light angle inductor perception sunlight, lead-in automatic adjustment photovoltaic board angle procedure and the automatic program that cleans through PLC module able to programme, regular control steering mechanism, adjust the orientation of solar photovoltaic board, make it form the best angle of illumination with solar ray, realize generating efficiency's promotion by a wide margin, reduce the waste of solar energy, and control solar energy mount frame is in the rotation of making a round trip in 180, the utilization cleans the brush and cleans photovoltaic board surface cleaning, prevent that the accumulation of dust from causing the harm to equipment, very convenient and fast's completion oneself cleans work, guarantee that photovoltaic board all has good cleanliness every day, can realize that a motor drives polylith photovoltaic board linkage through toothed belt, moreover, the steam generator is simple in structure, and the installation cost is reduced.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings are included to provide a further understanding of the invention, and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention, and together with the description serve to explain the invention and not to limit the invention. In the drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic front view of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the steering mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a rear view structure diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the cleaning mechanism of the present invention;
in the figure: 1. a photovoltaic panel mounting frame; 2. a photovoltaic panel; 3. a cleaning mechanism; 30. cleaning a brush; 31. a slider; 4. a fixing ring; 5. a rotating shaft; 6. a bearing seat; 7. a driven gear; 8. a frame; 9. a steering mechanism; 90. a light angle sensor; 91. a drive motor; 92. a control box; 93. a driving gear; 10. A toothed belt; 11. a guide groove; 12 support columns.
Detailed Description
The preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and it will be understood that they are presented herein only to illustrate and explain the present invention, and not to limit the present invention. Wherein like reference numerals refer to like parts throughout.
In addition, if a detailed description of the known art is not necessary to show the features of the present invention, it is omitted. It should be noted that the terms "front," "back," "left," "right," "upper" and "lower" used in the following description refer to directions in the drawings, and the terms "inner" and "outer" refer to directions toward and away from, respectively, the geometric center of a particular component.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1-4, the utility model provides a solar photovoltaic panel device, which comprises a photovoltaic panel mounting rack 1, a photovoltaic panel 2 is mounted on the upper surface of the photovoltaic panel mounting rack 1, a cleaning mechanism 3 is arranged on the lower part of the photovoltaic panel 2, a cleaning brush 30 is arranged inside the cleaning mechanism 3, sliders 31 are arranged at two ends of the cleaning mechanism 3, a fixing ring 4 is arranged on the back surface of the photovoltaic panel mounting rack 1, a rotating shaft 5 is mounted on the fixing ring 4, a driven gear 7 is mounted at one end of the rotating shaft 5 through a flat key, bearing blocks 6 are symmetrically arranged at two sides of the photovoltaic panel mounting rack 1, the bottom of the bearing block 6 is fixed on a frame 8 through a bolt, a steering mechanism 9 is fixed on one side of the frame 8, a light angle sensor 90 is arranged at the upper end of the steering mechanism 9, a driving motor 91 and a PLC control box 92 are fixed at the lower end of the, the driving gear 93 is engaged with a toothed belt 10, and the toothed belt 10 is connected with the driving gear 93 and the driven gear 7 in a T-shaped surrounding manner.
The inside PLC module that can programme that is equipped with of further control box 92 can direct control driving motor 91 carry out forward rotation or reverse rotation, and real-time light angle information can be handled to the signal processing module to the PLC module that can programme is makeed in the transmission.
The both sides of photovoltaic board mounting bracket 1 are provided with guide way 11, and guide way 11 is character cut in bas-relief shape cavity structure, and the slider 31 cooperation installation that cleans mechanism 3, and the guide way 11 both ends are closed, clean mechanism 3 and can make a round trip to slide on photovoltaic board 2.
The rotating shaft 5 and the photovoltaic panel mounting frame 1 form an integral structure through the fixing ring 4, and the driven gear 7 is driven through the transmission of the toothed belt 10, so that the angle adjustment of the photovoltaic panel 2 is realized.
The lower part of the frame 8 is provided with a strut 12, the strut 12 is fixed with a foundation, the whole equipment is supported, and the whole equipment is connected through bolts, so that the assembly and disassembly are convenient.
The output shaft of the driving motor 91 is connected with a speed reducer to ensure the accurate rotation angle.
The control box 92, the light angle sensor 90 and the driving motor 91 are electrically connected and connected to the photovoltaic cell, and provide power for the rotating mechanism 9 through the device itself.
Specifically, when in use, the frame 8 is fixed at the upper end of the pillar 12 through bolts, the bearing seat 6 and the steering mechanism 9 are installed on the frame 8 through bolts, the rotating shaft 5 is installed in the bearing seat 6, the photovoltaic panel installation frame 1 and the rotating shaft 5 are fixed into a whole through the fixing ring 4, the photovoltaic panel 2 is installed on the upper surface of the photovoltaic installation frame 1, the slide block 31 is installed on the convex-shaped cavity structure of the guide grooves 11 on the two sides in a matching manner, the cleaning mechanism 3 can slide back and forth on the photovoltaic panel 2, so that the cleaning brush 30 automatically cleans the surface of the photovoltaic panel 2, the driven gear 7 is installed at one end of the rotating shaft 5 through a flat key, the driven gear 7 is meshed and connected with the driving gear 93 of the steering mechanism 9 through the toothed belt 10, the transmission torque is ensured, the rotation of the photovoltaic panel 2 is realized, the control box 92, the light angle sensor 90 and, connect on photovoltaic cell, provide the power for slewing mechanism 9 through the device itself, leading-in automatic adjustment photovoltaic board angle procedure and automatic program of cleaning on the PLC control module in control box 92, can realize regularly adjusting the angle of photovoltaic board 2 and clean automatically.
The utility model discloses a PLC control module control steering mechanism, the programming sets up the inclination of interval certain time adjustment solar photovoltaic board, make it form the best angle of shining with solar ray, the efficiency of electricity generation is improved, reduce the waste of solar energy, it is further, the programming sets up carries out oneself every day and cleans, control steering mechanism promptly and make the rotation of making a round trip at 180 solar energy mount frame, clean the mechanism under the action of gravity, from the one end to the other end of mounting bracket ceaselessly, clean the photovoltaic board and clean, prevent the accumulation of dust, guarantee the good cleanliness of photovoltaic board.
Finally, it should be noted that: although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the embodiments described in the foregoing embodiments, or equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A solar photovoltaic panel device comprises a photovoltaic panel mounting rack (1) and is characterized in that a photovoltaic panel (2) is mounted on the upper surface of the photovoltaic panel mounting rack (1), a cleaning mechanism (3) is arranged on the lower portion of the photovoltaic panel (2), a cleaning brush (30) is arranged inside the cleaning mechanism (3), sliders (31) are arranged at two ends of the cleaning mechanism (3), a fixing ring (4) is arranged on the back surface of the photovoltaic panel mounting rack (1), a rotating shaft (5) is mounted on the fixing ring (4), a driven gear (7) is mounted at one end of the rotating shaft (5) through a flat key, bearing seats (6) are symmetrically arranged at two sides of the photovoltaic panel mounting rack (1), the bottom of each bearing seat (6) is fixed on a frame (8) through a bolt, a steering mechanism (9) is fixed on one side of the frame (8), the upper portion of steering mechanism (9) is provided with light angle inductor (90), the lower part of steering mechanism (9) is fixed with driving motor (91) and control box (92), install driving gear (93) through the parallel key on the output shaft of driving motor (91), toothed belt (10) is installed in driving gear (93) meshing, toothed belt (10) are T font and encircle and connect driving gear (93) and driven gear (7).
2. The solar photovoltaic panel installation according to claim 1, characterized in that said control box (92) is internally provided with a programmable PLC module and a signal processing module.
3. The solar photovoltaic panel device according to claim 2, wherein guide grooves (11) are formed in two sides of the photovoltaic panel mounting frame (1), the guide grooves (11) are of a concave cavity structure, and two ends of the guide grooves are closed.
4. The solar photovoltaic panel installation according to claim 1, wherein the rotating shaft (5) is connected with the photovoltaic panel installation frame (1) through a fixing ring (4) to form an integral structure.
5. The solar photovoltaic panel installation according to claim 1, characterized in that said frame (8) is provided at its lower part with studs (12) and is connected by means of bolts.
6. The solar photovoltaic panel installation according to claim 1, wherein a reducer is connected to the output shaft of said driving motor (91).
7. The solar photovoltaic panel device according to claim 2, wherein the control box (92), the light angle sensor (90) and the driving motor (91) are electrically connected.
CN202021348342.XU 2020-07-10 2020-07-10 Solar photovoltaic panel equipment Active CN212518876U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021348342.XU CN212518876U (en) 2020-07-10 2020-07-10 Solar photovoltaic panel equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021348342.XU CN212518876U (en) 2020-07-10 2020-07-10 Solar photovoltaic panel equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212518876U true CN212518876U (en) 2021-02-09

Family

ID=74436843

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021348342.XU Active CN212518876U (en) 2020-07-10 2020-07-10 Solar photovoltaic panel equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212518876U (en)

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