JP2010191636A - Battery replacement system for electric device - Google Patents

Battery replacement system for electric device Download PDF

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JP2010191636A
JP2010191636A JP2009034569A JP2009034569A JP2010191636A JP 2010191636 A JP2010191636 A JP 2010191636A JP 2009034569 A JP2009034569 A JP 2009034569A JP 2009034569 A JP2009034569 A JP 2009034569A JP 2010191636 A JP2010191636 A JP 2010191636A
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battery
electric
device
data
replacement
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JP5249079B2 (en
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Hideyo Ando
英世 安藤
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Doken:Kk
株式会社 動研
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62HCYCLE STANDS; SUPPORTS OR HOLDERS FOR PARKING OR STORING CYCLES; APPLIANCES PREVENTING OR INDICATING UNAUTHORIZED USE OR THEFT OF CYCLES; LOCKS INTEGRAL WITH CYCLES; DEVICES FOR LEARNING TO RIDE CYCLES
    • B62H3/00Separate supports or holders for parking or storing cycles
    • B62H2003/005Supports or holders associated with means for bike rental
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • Y02T90/124Electric charging stations by exchange of energy storage elements

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To facilitate data processing or charging processing accompanied by battery replacement for an electric device such as a battery-assisted bicycle.
SOLUTION: The battery replacement system 10 of an electric device includes: an IC chip 13a which is mounted on a battery and into which history data are written; a value determination device (controller 19) for, on the basis of the history data of each of a battery removed from an electric device through a data reading device and a battery to be replaced, determining the value index difference of both of them; and a payment/reception processor (controller 19) for performing settlement processing or payment/reception processing accompanied by battery replacement on the basis of the value index difference.
COPYRIGHT: (C)2010,JPO&INPIT

Description

本発明は、電動自転車(電動アシスト二輪車という場合がある)やハイブリッド車、携帯電話などの電動装置に搭載されたバッテリの交換に際して、そのバッテリ情報に基づいて精算などの受払処理を簡単適切に行なうことのできる電動装置のバッテリ交換システムに関する。 The present invention includes an electric bicycle (sometimes referred to electrically assisted motorcycles) and hybrid vehicles, when exchange of a battery mounted on an electric device such as a mobile phone, simply appropriately perform receipts and payments processing such as settlement based on the battery information It related to the battery exchange system of the electric device that can.

従来より、電動自転車や電動自動車などの電動式車両は排出ガスの少ないことや、エネルギ資源の多様化への対応性などの面において、ガソリンエンジンなどを搭載した車両に比較して優位にある。 Conventionally, an electric vehicle such as electric bicycles and electric automobiles that and less exhaust gas, in terms of responsiveness to a variety of energy resources, is dominant in comparison with the vehicle equipped with a gasoline engine. このような電動式車両においては、搭載されたバッテリに対してその充電を迅速に行う必要があり、ガソリンスタンドと同形態の充電スタンドを設置し、該充電スタンドによりバッテリを充電するようにしたシステムが提案されている。 System In such an electric vehicle, where it is necessary to perform the charge quickly to onboard battery, installed charging stations gas station in the same form, and to charge the battery by the charging stand There has been proposed.

例えば、特許文献1には、充電情報及び電動車両の識別情報を通信回線を介して取得する管理装置を備え、充電スタンドには電動車両に取付けられた識別情報記録担体に記録されている電動車両の識別情報を取得する情報取得手段と、充電用電力を供給する電力供給手段と、前記管理装置と通信回線を介して情報を送受信する通信手段と、を備えた充電スタンド管理システムが記載されている。 For example, an electric vehicle in Patent Document 1, a management device to get through the communication line identification information of the charging information and the electric vehicle, the charging station recorded in the identification information recording carrier attached to the electric vehicle information acquisition means for acquiring identification information of a power supply means for supplying the charging power, the management device and communication means for transmitting and receiving information via a communication line, describes a charging station management system with there.

特開2008−65635号公報 JP 2008-65635 JP

しかしながら、従来の充電システムでは、高性能のバッテリチャージャを備えた充電スタンドであっても、そのバッテリへの充電に数分間以上を要するため、利用者にとって使い勝手のよいものとはいえず、普及の妨げとなっていた。 However, in the conventional charging system, even charging station having a high-performance battery charger, because it takes more than a few minutes to charge to the battery, it can not be said that good convenient for the user, the spread It had become a hindrance.
また、特許文献1に記載の技術は、ユーザの識別情報に基づいて充電の可否を判断すると共に、その充電量に応じた課金をユーザ毎に記録することによって充電処理を容易にするものと考えられる。 The technique described in Patent Document 1 is configured to determine whether the charging based on the identification information of the user, believed to facilitate the charging process by recording the accounting according to the charge amount for each user It is. しかし、この技術は、本来、識別データなどを入出力する通信機能に依存しているものであり、通信機能を持たないバッテリステーションや電動自転車などにおけるバッテリ交換や充電に際して、その使用可能時間などバッテリ情報の入出力処理に労力がかかるとともに迅速な課金処理が困難であるという問題点があった。 However, this technique is inherently, which relies on a communication function of inputting and outputting such identification data, when battery replacement or charging of a battery station or electric bicycles without a communication function, such as the available time battery rapid charging processing with effort according to the input and output processing of the information has a problem that it is difficult.

本発明は、前記従来の問題点を解決するためになされたものであり、電動自転車などの電動装置におけるバッテリ交換に伴うデータ処理や課金処理を容易にして、バッテリにより駆動される電動自転車やハイブリッド車、携帯電話、音楽プレイヤなどを含む電動装置の利用、普及に寄与することを目的とする。 The present invention, wherein has been made to solve the conventional problems, a data processing and billing processing in response to the battery exchange in an electric device, such as an electric bicycle to facilitate, electric bicycles and hybrid driven by a battery car, mobile phone, use of electric devices, including music players, and thereby contribute to the spread.

(1)本発明の電動装置のバッテリ交換システムは、電動装置に着脱可能に搭載されその駆動源となるバッテリを予め充電されたバッテリに交換するバッテリステーションを備えた電動装置のバッテリ交換システムであって、前記バッテリにそれぞれ取り付けられその充電可能回数、使用年月日数、使用可能期限、残存電気量などの履歴データが書き込まれるICチップと、前記バッテリステーションに設けられバッテリから取得された履歴データをICチップに読み書きするデータ読書装置と、前記データ読書装置を介して前記電動装置から取り外されたバッテリと交換されるバッテリとのそれぞれの履歴データに基づいて双方の価値指数差を判定する価値判定装置と、前記価値指数差に基づいてバッテリ交換に伴う精算処理や受け払い処 (1) Battery replacement system for an electric apparatus of the present invention, there battery exchange system of the electric apparatus equipped with a battery station to replace the battery as a driving source is detachably mounted on the electric device in advance charged battery Te, the number of charge cycles is attached to each of the battery, use date numbers, use expiration date, an IC chip historical data such as the remaining quantity of electricity is written, the historical data obtained from the battery provided in the battery station a data reading device for reading and writing to the IC chip, determines the value determination unit value index difference both based on the respective history data of the battery in which the is replaced with a battery detached from the electric device via a data reading device If, settlement processing and receipt and processing associated with battery replacement, based on the value exponent difference を行なう受払処理装置と、を有することを特徴とする。 It characterized by having a a receipts and payments processing apparatus for performing.

(2)本発明の電動装置のバッテリ交換システムは、前記(1)の電動装置のバッテリ交換システムにおいて、前記電動装置が電動自転車であって、前記バッテリステーション又は前記バッテリには電動自転車から取り外されたバッテリの端子部に装着されてその残存電気量などの履歴データを取得するデータ取得装置を設けることもできる。 (2) Battery replacement system for an electric apparatus of the present invention, in the battery exchange system of the electric apparatus (1), the electric device is an electric bicycle, removed from the electric bicycle in the battery station or the battery were mounted on the terminal portion of the battery can be provided a data acquisition device for acquiring history data such as the remaining quantity of electricity.

(3)本発明の電動装置のバッテリ交換システムは、前記(1)又は(2)の電動装置のバッテリ交換システムにおいて、前記受払処理装置が、電動装置から取り外されたバッテリAが装入される使用済電池ボックスと、充電済のバッテリBが収納される交換用電池ボックスとを備え、前記交換用電池ボックスには内蔵するバッテリBの取り出しを禁止するロック機構を有し、前記価値判定装置により判定された各電池ボックスに収納されたバッテリAとBとの価値指数差に対応した手数料などを含む代金の納入によりバッテリBのロック状態を解除するように構成されている。 (3) battery replacement system for an electric apparatus of the present invention, in the battery exchange system of the electric apparatus (1) or (2), the receipts and payments processing apparatus, a battery A was removed from the electric device is charged a spent battery box, and a replacement battery box charge already of the battery B is housed, said the replacement battery box having a locking mechanism to prohibit the removal of the battery B to be built, by the value determination device It is configured to unlock the battery B by the delivery of the price, including the fees corresponding to the value index difference between the determined battery a and B stored in the battery box was.

本発明によれば、電動装置から取り外されたバッテリと交換されるバッテリとのそれぞれのICチップに保持された履歴データに基づいて双方の価値指数差を判定して、この価値指数差に基づいて受け払い処理を行なうので、電動装置に対するバッテリ交換に伴うデータ処理や課金処理を容易にすることができる。 According to the present invention, to determine the value exponent difference of both based on the history data stored in each IC chip of a battery to be exchanged with the battery detached from the electric device, on the basis of the value exponent difference since receiving performs payment processing, it is possible to facilitate data processing and billing processing in response to battery replacement to the electric device. こうして、バッテリにより駆動される電動自転車やハイブリッド車、携帯電話、音楽プレイヤなどを含む電動装置の利用、普及に貢献することができる。 In this way, electric bicycles and hybrid vehicles are driven by the battery, mobile phone, use of electric devices, including music players, can contribute to the spread.

実施例1に係る電動装置のバッテリ交換システムの概略説明図である。 It is a schematic explanatory view of the battery exchange system of the electric apparatus according to the first embodiment. 同交換システムのバッテリステーションの拡大斜視図である。 It is an enlarged perspective view of a battery station in the same switching system. 同交換システムにおける制御系のブロック構成図である。 It is a block diagram of a control system in the switching system. 実施例2に係る電動装置のバッテリ交換システムの概略説明図である。 It is a schematic explanatory view of the battery exchange system of the electric apparatus according to the second embodiment.

本実施形態に係る電動装置のバッテリ交換システムは、電動自転車やハイブリッド車、携帯電話機などの電動装置に着脱可能に搭載され、消耗したバッテリを予め充電されたバッテリに交換するバッテリステーションを備えた電動装置のバッテリ交換システムであって、バッテリにそれぞれ取り付けられその充電可能回数、使用年月日数、使用可能期限、残存電気量などの履歴データが書き込まれるICチップと、バッテリステーションに設けられバッテリから取得された履歴データをICチップに読み書きするデータ読書装置と、データ読書装置を介して電動装置から取り外されたバッテリと交換されるバッテリとのそれぞれの履歴データに基づいて双方の価値指数差を判定する価値判定装置と、価値指数差に基づいてバッテリ交換に伴う Battery replacement system for an electric device according to the present embodiment, electric bicycles and hybrid vehicles, is detachably installed in an electric apparatus such as a mobile phone, electric with a battery station to replace the pre-charged battery the depleted battery obtaining a battery exchange system of the apparatus, the number of charge cycles respectively attached to the battery, use date numbers, use expiration date, an IC chip historical data such as the remaining quantity of electricity is to be written, from the battery provided in the battery station It determines a data reading device, both the value index difference based on the respective history data and the battery to be exchanged with the battery detached from the electric device via a data reading device for reading and writing historical data in the IC chip and value determination device, due to battery replacement, based on the value exponent difference 算処理や受け払い処理を行なう受払処理装置と、を有する。 Having a receipts and payments processing apparatus for performing calculation processing or the receipt and processing.
これによって、電動自転車などの電動装置に対するバッテリ交換に伴う交換される双方のバッテリ価値指数に応じたデータ処理や課金処理を容易にすることができる。 This can facilitate the data processing and charging processing according to the battery value index both exchanged due to battery replacement to the electric devices such as electric bicycles.

電動装置は、電力を補助動力源または主動力源として駆動する自転車や自動車、携帯電話などであって、着脱して交換可能なバッテリユニットなどを備えている。 Electric devices, bicycles and cars driving power as an auxiliary power source or a main power source, there in mobile phones, and a like replaceable battery unit and detachable. 電動自転車の場合においては、ペダル、前後輪、チェーン等の一般的な自転車の構成に加え、使用者がペダルを踏み込むときの踏力を測定するトルクセンサや、補助駆動力を発生させるモータ、モータ出力を制御する制御部、モータ等に電力を供給する二次電池となるバッテリ等を備えている。 In the case of the electric bicycle, pedals, the front and rear wheels, in addition to the general bicycle construction such as a chain, and torque sensor for the user to measure the pedal force when depressing the pedals, the motor for generating the auxiliary driving force, the motor output control unit for controlling the, a battery or the like as a secondary battery for supplying electric power to the motor.
このような電動自転車では、使用者の踏力をトルクセンサで検出し、この踏力に応じた補助駆動力をモータで発生させるようにモータの制御が行なわれている。 In such electric bicycle, to detect the treading force of the user by the torque sensor, the control of the motor is performed so as to generate an auxiliary driving force in accordance with the depression force by a motor.

充電により繰り返し使用が可能なバッテリは、バッテリユニットなどを介して電動自転車などの電動装置のバッテリ装着部に着脱可能に搭載される。 Repeated use possible battery by charging is detachably mounted in the battery mounting unit of the electric devices such as electric bicycle via a battery unit. バッテリからモータに供給される電力とモータから出力される動力とは、モータの最大定格値の範囲内で実質的に比例し、バッテリの充電により一定のバッテリ電圧が維持される。 The power output from power and motor which is supplied from the battery to the motor, substantially proportional within the maximum rated value of the motor, a constant battery voltage is maintained by the charging of the battery. そして、そのバッテリの充電可能回数、使用年月日数、使用可能期限、残存電気量、バッテリの履歴、廃棄処分料金、これらの一部あるいは複数を、数値化したデータが、バッテリ毎に付設されたICチップやICタグなどの電子メモリに記録され、このデータに基づいてバッテリが管理されるようになっている。 The number of charge cycles that a battery, use date numbers, use expiration date, remaining amount of electricity, the battery history disposal rates, some of these or more, digitized data is annexed for each battery It is recorded in the electronic memory such as an IC chip or IC tag, so that the battery is managed based on this data.

ICチップは、近距離の無線通信によって情報をやりとりする電子メモリの機能を有した小型デバイスであり、データ読書装置となるICタグリーダから発射される電波によって微量な電力が回路内に発生し、その電力で情報を処理し、リーダに送信する。 IC chip is a small device that has the functions of electronic memory to communicate information via the near-field wireless communication, small amount of power is generated in the circuit by electromagnetic waves emitted from the IC tag reader comprising a data reading device, the processing the information in power, and transmits to the reader.
ICチップ(ICタグ)には複数の電子素子が乗った回路基板で構成されたものや、ワンチップIC(集積回路)タイプのものがある。 The IC chip (IC tag) and those composed of a circuit board riding plurality of electronic devices, one-chip IC (integrated circuit) a type of thing.
なお、電池パックなどに実装して使用する電池残量をリアルタイムに計測可能とする電池残量管理ICをこのようなICチップに付設することもできる。 It is also possible to attached a battery remaining amount management IC that allows measuring the battery level to use is mounted in a battery pack in real time such an IC chip. このような電池残量管理ICには、バッテリの内部インピーダンスを算出するためのアルゴリズムが実現されており、電池の劣化や温度、充放電のパターンなどによって変動する内部インピーダンスをその電池電圧を基にしてリアルタイムに計測して記憶することが可能である。 Such battery remaining amount management IC, the algorithm for calculating the internal impedance of the battery is realized, and battery deterioration and temperature, the internal impedance that varies depending on the pattern of charged and discharged based on the battery voltage it is possible to measure and store in real time Te.

データ読書装置はバッテリステーションに設けられてICタグリーダとしての機能を備え、ICチップに記憶されたバッテリの充電可能回数、使用年月日数、使用可能期限、残存電気量などのデータを読み書きするための装置である。 Data reading apparatus includes a function as the IC tag reader is provided in the battery station, number of charge cycles of the battery stored in the IC chip, use date numbers, use time limit, for reading and writing data, such as the remaining quantity of electricity it is a device. なおICチップには、バッテリ交換や充電に伴って発生する充電料金、廃棄処分料金、手数料などのデータも保持されており、これらの管理用データの処理もデータ読書装置を介して行なうことができる。 Note that the IC chip is charged charges generated due to battery replacement or charging, disposal rates, and the data for fees are held, can be performed through the processing of these management data also data reading device . データ読書装置は、RFIDタグなどの電子メモリに記憶されたバッテリの個別情報を、無線通信によってデータ呼び出し、登録、削除、更新などの読み書きを行なうための自動認識システムの構成要素である。 Data reading apparatus, the individual information of the battery stored in the electronic memory, such as a RFID tag, call data by wireless communication, registering, deleting, is a component of the automatic recognition system for reading and writing and updating. ICチップにデータ読書装置の読み取り部をかざすことによって、バッテリ情報(製造年月、検査データなど)がその液晶パネルなどの表示機器に表示され、さらに新しい情報を書き込むことで、バッテリの流通情報などを一元管理することもできるようになっている。 By holding the reading of the data reading device to the IC chip, a battery information (manufacturing date, inspection data) is displayed on the display device such as its liquid crystal panel, by further write new information, the distribution information of the battery such as so that the it can also be centrally managed.

価値判定装置は、バッテリ価値指数の判定プログラムがロードされたパソコンなどのコンピュータにその機能が担われた装置であって、データ読書装置とともにバッテリステーションに設けられる。 Value determination device is a device whose function is borne in a computer such as a personal computer that determination program battery value index is loaded, is provided along with the data reading device to the battery station. この価値判定装置は、データ読書装置を介して電動装置から取り外されたバッテリと交換されるバッテリとのそれぞれの履歴データに基づいて双方の価値指数差を判定する機能を有している。 The value determination device has a function of determining the value exponent difference of both based on the respective history data and the battery to be exchanged with the battery detached from the electric device via a data reading device.

受払処理装置は、前記価値判定装置により取得された価値指数差に基づいてバッテリ交換に伴う精算処理や受け払い処理を行なうための装置である。 Receipts and payments processing apparatus is an apparatus for performing the settlement processing and receipt and processing associated with the battery replacement based on the value exponent difference obtained by the value determination device. このような受払処理装置は例えば、電動装置から取り外されたバッテリや充電済のバッテリを収納するためのバッテリ収納部、バッテリ価値指数を表示するための価値指数表示部、バッテリ交換に伴う代金を収納精算するための代金挿入口などを備えた精算部、などの他に、前記価値判定装置を含めて各部を制御するためのコンピュータ制御部を備えて構成されている。 Such receipts and payments processing apparatus, for example, storage battery housing part for housing the battery removed battery or charging already from the electric device, the value exponent display section for displaying the battery value index, the price associated with battery replacement settlement unit having a like charge insertion opening for settlement, in addition to such, and is configured with a computer control unit for controlling the respective units including the value determination device.

また、本実施形態の電動装置のバッテリ交換システムは、前記電動装置が電動自転車であって、前記バッテリステーション又は前記バッテリには電動自転車から取り外されたバッテリの端子部に装着されてその残存電気量などの履歴データを取得するデータ取得装置を設けることもできる。 The battery exchange system of the electric apparatus of the present embodiment, the electric device is an electric bicycle, its remaining electrical quantity above the battery station or the battery is attached to the terminal portion of the battery has been removed from the electric bicycle It may be provided a data acquisition device for acquiring history data, such as. これによって、電池劣化状態や温度、充放電のパターンなどによって変動するバッテリの内部インピーダンスなどのデータをリアルタイムに計測記憶して、バッテリ管理を直接的かつ効率的に行なうことができる。 This can be done battery deterioration state and temperature data, such as the internal impedance of the battery which varies depending on the pattern of charged and discharged to measure stored in real time, the battery management directly and efficiently.

データ取得装置は前記バッテリステーションに配置されたセンサ類などであり、電動装置から取り外されたバッテリや交換されるバッテリの端子部や、キーボードなどの外部入力装置に接続される。 The data acquisition device wherein and the like battery station arranged sensors, the terminal portion and the battery is a battery or replacement detached from the electric device is connected to an external input device such as a keyboard. これによって、バッテリの残存電気量などの履歴データが、受払処理装置のコンピュータ制御部に送信されて、バッテリ交換に伴う精算処理を効率的に行なうことを可能にしている。 Thus, historical data such as the remaining quantity of electricity of the battery, are transmitted to the computer control unit of the receipts and payments processing apparatus, it is made possible to perform a settlement process that accompanies the battery exchange efficiently.

本実施形態の電動装置のバッテリ交換システムは、前記受払処理装置が電動装置から取り外されたバッテリAが装入される使用済電池ボックスと、充電済のバッテリBが収納される交換用電池ボックスとを備え、前記交換用電池ボックスには内蔵するバッテリBの取り出しを禁止するロック機構を有し、前記価値判定装置により判定された各電池ボックスに収納されたバッテリA、Bとの価値指数差に対応した手数料などを含む代金の納入によりバッテリBのロック状態を解除することができる。 Battery replacement system for an electric apparatus of the present embodiment, the spent battery box battery A of the receipts and payments processing device is detached from the electric device is charged, the replacement battery box charge already of the battery B is housed wherein the the replacement battery box having a locking mechanism to prohibit the removal of the battery B to be built, a battery a that is stored in each battery box, which is determined by the value determination device, the value index difference between B it is possible to release the lock state of the battery B by the delivery of the price, including the corresponding commission. これによって、バッテリ交換に伴う費用や、これらの一部あるいは複数を数値化し、バッテリに電子メモリとして記録を持たせた交換しようとするバッテリの数値を読み取り、そのバッテリの数値差を対価として表し、その対価を支払い、あるいは受領することで、バッテリの対価を精算させ、バッテリ交換の要求を満たすことができる。 Thus, costs and with the battery replacement, and quantify some of these or more, reads the value of the battery to be exchanged to have a recording as an electronic memory in the battery, represent numbers difference of the battery as consideration, Payment the compensation or by receipt, to settle the price of the battery, it is possible to meet the requirements of battery replacement.

使用済電池ボックス及び交換用電池ボックスには、挿入されたバッテリのICチップからその情報を読み取るためのデータ読書装置や、バッテリに接続されてその残存電気量、充電料金、廃棄処分料金、手数料などのデータを取得するためのデータ取得装置、バッテリ充電装置、バッテリのロック機構が配置される。 The spent battery box and replacement battery box, and the data reading device for reading the information from the inserted battery IC chip, the residual amount of electricity is connected to the battery, the charging fee, disposal rates, fees etc. data acquisition system for acquiring data, the battery charger, the battery of the locking mechanism is arranged. なお、使用済電池ボックス及び交換用電池ボックスはそれぞれの機能を共用した同一構成のものとして、複数のものをバッテリステーションに配置することもできる。 Incidentally, the used battery box and replacement battery boxes as the same structure used in common their functions, may be disposed more of the battery station.

(実施例1) (Example 1)
以下、本発明の電動装置のバッテリ交換システムの実施例について図面を参照して説明する。 It will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings embodiments of the battery exchange system of the electric apparatus of the present invention. 図1は実施例1に係る電動装置のバッテリ交換システムの概略説明図であり、図2は実施例1のバッテリ交換システムにおけるバッテリステーションの拡大斜視図である。 Figure 1 is a schematic explanatory view of the battery exchange system of the electric apparatus according to Embodiment 1, FIG. 2 is an enlarged perspective view of a battery station in the battery exchange system of the first embodiment.
実施例1の電動装置のバッテリ交換システム10は、図示するように複数の電動自転車11が係止される係止ポイント12と、電動自転車11に着脱可能に搭載され消耗したバッテリ13を予め充電されたバッテリに交換するための複数のバッテリ収納部14などを備えたバッテリステーション15により構成されている。 Battery replacement system 10 of the electric device of the first embodiment includes a locking point 12 in which a plurality of electric bicycle 11 is locked as shown, detachably mounted in advance charging the battery 13 which is depleted in the electric bicycle 11 It is constituted by a battery station 15 which includes a like plurality of battery compartment 14 for exchanging the battery was. なお、バッテリが着脱されるバッテリ収納部14は、適用される電動自転車の車種やメーカなどに応じて複数種類のものが配置されており、利用者が適宜選択して利用できるようになっている。 Incidentally, the battery accommodating section 14 in which the battery is detachable is disposed those multiple types depending on the applied electric bicycle models and manufacturers are, the user has to be able to select and use appropriate .

係止ポイント12は、電動自転車11や通常の自転車に応じて複数のものが配置されており、自転車を必要に応じて施錠して係止するための施錠機構12aや、バッテリ13の使用状態を判定するデータ取得装置などが設けられている。 Locking point 12, depending on the electric bicycle 11 or regular bicycles are arranged a plurality of ones, and the locking mechanism 12a for locking with locking optionally a bicycle, the use state of the battery 13 such as data acquisition device is provided or not. こうして使用者は、この電動自転車11に搭載されたバッテリ13の電源状態などに応じて、消耗したバッテリ13の電動自転車11から取り外して、係止ポイント12に隣接したバッテリステーション15のバッテリ収納部14のバッテリ差し込み口に挿入する。 Thus the user, such as in accordance with the power state of the battery 13 mounted in the electric bicycle 11, removed from the electric bicycle 11 of the depleted battery 13, the battery housing part 14 of the battery station 15 adjacent to the engaging point 12 It is inserted into the battery receptacle.
バッテリ13には電子メモリとなるICチップ13aが取り付けられており、そのバッテリ13の充電可能回数、使用年月日数、使用可能期限、残存電気量などの履歴データが書き込まれており、ICタグリーダなどを介して必要に応じてこれらのデータを参照できるようになっている。 The battery 13 is mounted an IC chip 13a to be electronic memory, number of charge cycles that the battery 13, use date numbers, use expiration date, and history data such as the remaining amount of electricity is written, IC tag reader including and to be able to refer to these data when necessary via.

バッテリステーション15は、図2に示すように、電動自転車11から取り外されたバッテリや充電済みのバッテリが挿入されて複数配列されるバッテリ収納部14を備えるとともに、バッテリ交換処理における操作方法や代金などを表示するための液晶パネルなどのディスプレー装置15aや、ブザー15b、精算ボタン15c、キャンセルボタン15d、領収書発行口15e、返金口15f、コインなどの貨幣投入口15g、充電完了ランプ15h、金額表示パネル15iなどが配置されている。 Battery station 15, as shown in FIG. 2, provided with a battery compartment 14 for the battery and a charged battery removed from the electric bicycle 11 is being inserted multiple sequences, such as operations and cash in the battery exchange process and the display device 15a such as a liquid crystal panel for displaying, buzzer 15b, settlement button 15c, a cancel button 15d, receipt issue port 15e, refund opening 15f, money input port 15g, such as coins, charging completion lamp 15h, amount display such panel 15i is disposed.
さらに、制御系のブロック構成図(図3)に示すように、台形スタンド状に形成されたバッテリステーション15のバッテリ収納部14には、ディスプレー装置15aや充電完了ランプ15hなどの入出力装置16に加えて、バッテリ13に取り付けられたICチップ13aを介して、その充電可能回数、使用年月日数、使用可能期限、残存電気量などの履歴データを取得するためのICタグリーダライタなどのデータ読書装置17と、バッテリ収納部14にセットされたバッテリ13を充電するためのバッテリ充電装置18と、バッテリステーション15におけるバッテリ充電や交換処理などを制御するための制御装置19とを備えている。 Furthermore, as shown in the control system block diagram (FIG. 3), the battery housing part 14 of the battery station 15 formed in a trapezoidal stand shape, the input-output device 16 such as a display device 15a and the charging completion lamp 15h in addition, via the IC chip 13a attached to the battery 13, the number of charge cycles, use date number, available time limit, the data reading device such as an IC tag reader-writer for acquiring history data such as the remaining quantity of electricity 17, and a battery charger 18 for charging the battery 13 set in the battery housing portion 14, and a control unit 19 for controlling the battery charging and exchange process in the battery station 15.
なお、コンピュータやシーケンサなどからなる制御装置19は、電動自転車11から取り外されたバッテリと交換されるバッテリとからデータ取得装置などを介して取得されたそれぞれの履歴データに基づいて双方の価値指数差を判定する価値判定装置と、価値指数差に基づいてバッテリ交換に伴う精算処理やバッテリの受け払い処理を行なうための受払処理装置としての機能を有している。 The control unit 19 composed of a computer or sequencer, both in value index difference based on the respective history data acquired via a data acquisition system from a battery to be exchanged with the battery removed from the electric bicycle 11 and value determination device determines, based on the value exponent difference has a function as receipts and payments processing apparatus for performing a receipt and processing of the settlement process and the battery with the battery replacement.

バッテリの受払処理においては、電動自転車11から取り外されたバッテリAをバッテリ収納部14に挿入することによって、バッテリAと交換対象となる充電済のバッテリBの価値指数、充電料、手数料の差額を受領あるいは支払することによりバッテリBを受け取ることができる。 In receipts and payments processing of the battery, by inserting the battery A was removed from the electric bicycle 11 in battery compartment 14, the value index of charge already of the battery B to be replaced with the battery A, the charging fee, the difference of charge You can receive the battery B by receipt or payment.
このような新品バッテリの価値指数を100%として設定して、これから例えば減価償却した残りの価値を以下のような項目別に価値指数として数値化する。 The value index of such new battery is set as 100%, to quantify the value index by the following items remaining value that now for example depreciation.
(1)バッテリ充電可能回数(最初を100として、残り回数を%表示) (1) Battery chargeable number (as the first 100, displays the remaining number%)
(2)使用年月日数(最初を100として、残り日数を%表示) (2) Use Date number (as the first 100, it displays the remaining number of days%)
(3)残存電気量(完全充電を100として、残りを%表示) (3) the remaining amount of electricity (fully charged as a 100, displaying the remaining%)
(4)バッテリ履歴:バッテリの経時劣化があるため、製造年月日から賞味期限までの期間を100%として、残り日数を%表示) (4) Battery history: because of the aging of the battery, as 100% when the interval from date of manufacture to expiration date, display the number of days remaining%)
(5)充電料金:バッテリBの充電に要する料金(6)バッテリの廃棄処分料金:予め新品バッテリの段階で廃棄処分費用または買取金を盛り込んだもの。 (5) charging fee: waste disposal charges (6) battery required to charge the battery B fee: advance of the new battery stage that incorporates a waste disposal costs or purchase gold.

こうして、バッテリAがバッテリ充電装置18に接続されると、データ取得装置を介してそのバッテリのICチップ13aに記録された情報データが制御装置19に読み込まれ、精算処理がなされる。 Thus, the battery A is when it is connected to the battery charger 18, the information data recorded in the IC chip 13a of the battery via the data acquisition device is read into the control unit 19, payment processing is performed. バッテリステーション15では、大型のカセットテープ差込口と同じような形状の空いている差込口にバッテリAを入れることで、バッテリAの充電前の価値指数がディスプレー装置15aに表示される。 In battery station 15, by inserting the battery A to outlet are vacant similar shape as the large cassette tape insertion port, the value index of the previous charging of the battery A is displayed on the display device 15a. そして利用者は他の差込口に差し込まれているバッテリBの中からその表示されている価値指数を参照して好みのものを選択する。 The user selects those preferences by referring to the value index is the display from the battery B is plugged into the other outlet. こうして、バッテリBが収納されているバッテリ収納部14の金額表示パネル15iには充電後の料金表示がされ、精算ボタン15cの操作によってバッテリAとBとの交換に伴う精算処理が実行される。 Thus, the amount display panel 15i of the battery housing portion 14 in which the battery B is housed is fee displayed after charging, settlement processing involved in the exchange of the battery A and B are executed by the operation of the payment button 15c. 最後にバッテリステーション15の前面に設けられたロックボタン15jを操作することによりバッテリBをそのバッテリ収納部14から取り外すことができる。 Finally, the battery B by operating the lock button 15j provided on the front surface of the battery station 15 can be detached from the battery compartment 14.

以上説明したように、実施例1の電動装置のバッテリ交換システム10は、バッテリを充電したい場合、その使用者は充電時間を待つことなく、既充電のバッテリと交換することでバッテリを充電することができる。 As described above, the battery exchange system 10 of the electric device of the first embodiment, if you want to charge the battery, the user without waiting for the charging time, charging the battery by replacing the battery already charged can.
さらに、バッテリの充電可能回数、使用年月日数、使用可能期限、残存電気量、バッテリの履歴、充電料金、バッテリの廃棄処分料金、などこれらの一部あるいは複数をバッテリ価値指数として、価値判定装置として機能する制御装置により数値化することができる。 Furthermore, number of charge cycles the battery, use date numbers, use expiration date, remaining amount of electricity, the battery history, the charging fee, disposal rates of the battery, such as some of these or more as a battery value index value determination device it can be quantified by the function controlling unit as. こうして、バッテリに電子メモリとして記録を持たせた交換しようとする互いのバッテリの価値指数を読み取り、お互いのバッテリの価値指数差を対価として表し、その対価を支払い、あるいは受領することで、かかるバッテリの対価を精算させ、バッテリ充電の要求を満たすことを可能にするものである。 Thus, reading the value index of another battery to be exchanged to have a recording as an electronic memory in the battery, expressed in exchange value exponent difference each other of the battery, by the consideration payment, or receive, such battery to settle the consideration is to allow to meet the requirements of the battery charge.
したがって、電動自転車などの電動装置に対するバッテリ交換に伴うデータ処理や課金処理を容易にして、バッテリにより駆動される電動自転車やハイブリッド車、携帯電話、音楽プレイヤなどを含む電動装置におけるバッテリの使い回しを有効化するとともにその利用、普及に資することができる。 Thus, the data processing and billing processing in response to battery replacement to the electric device, such as an electric bicycle to facilitate, electric bicycles and hybrid vehicles driven by a battery, the mobile phone, the user turning of the battery in the electric device, including music player its use as well as activation, can contribute to the spread.

(実施例2) (Example 2)
図4は、実施例2に係る電動装置のバッテリ交換システムの概略説明図である。 Figure 4 is a schematic explanatory view of the battery exchange system of the electric apparatus according to the second embodiment.
実施例2の電動装置のバッテリ交換システム20は、電動アシスト自転車21などがフック係止機構22などを介して係止される自転車係止スタンド23と、電動アシスト自転車21から取り外されたバッテリ24を収納するための使用済電池ボックス25と、予め充電されたバッテリ26を保持する交換用電池ボックス27とを備えている。 Battery replacement system 20 of the electric device of the second embodiment, a bicycle locking stand 23 such as an electric assisted bicycle 21 is locked via a hook locking mechanism 22, a battery 24 which has been removed from the motor-assisted bicycle 21 a spent battery box 25 for housing, and a replacement battery box 27 for holding a battery 26 which is charged in advance.
そして、交換用電池ボックス27には、内蔵されたバッテリの取り出しを禁止する開閉扉などのロック機構を有するとともに、各ボックスに内蔵されたそれぞれのバッテリ24、26に付設されたICチップ28からデータ取得装置29を介してそれぞれの情報データが読み出される。 Then, the replacement battery box 27, which has a locking mechanism, such as a door for prohibiting the removal of built-in battery, data from the IC chip 28 is attached to each battery 24, 26 provided in each box each information data through the acquisition device 29 is read. こうして、各電池ボックス25、27に収納されたバッテリ24、26の価値指数差に対応した手数料などを含む所定の代金が表示部30に表示されて、貨幣投入口31に貨幣が投入されると、自転車係止スタンド23の図示しない実施例1と同様の制御装置32によりこの料金が判定されて、充電済みとなっているバッテリ26のロック状態が解除され、これによって交換対象となるバッテリ26の取り出しが可能となるようになっている。 Thus, when a predetermined fee, including the fees corresponding to the value exponent difference of the battery 24 housed in the battery box 25, 27 is displayed on the display unit 30, the money is put into the money insertion slot 31 this fee is determined according to example 1 and similar control device 32 (not shown) of the bicycle locking stands 23, unlocks the state of being battery 26 becomes charged, whereby the battery 26 to be replaced taken out so that the it is possible.

なお、バッテリの充電処理は、自転車係止スタンド23に内蔵された図示しない充電器もしくはこれとは別体に設けられた充電スタンドにおいてなされる。 The charging process of the battery, and have been not shown charger or which built the bicycle locking stand 23 is made in the charging station which is disposed separately. また、利用者により充電済みバッテリがその電池ボックスから取り出されると、使用済電池ボックス25と交換用電池ボックス27の機能が逆転して他方の使用済みバッテリの充電操作が開始されるようにしてもよい。 Further, when the charged battery is retrieved from the battery box by the user, the function of the replacement battery box 27 and the spent battery box 25 is reversed also be charged operation of the other of the spent battery is started good. これによって、使用済みバッテリの充電に伴う負荷を軽減して、電動装置のバッテリ交換システムの効率的な運営が可能になる。 Thus, to reduce the burden of the charging of spent batteries, allowing efficient operation of the battery exchange system of the electric apparatus.

以上説明したように、本発明の電動装置のバッテリ交換システムは、バッテリの履歴データをICチップに記録してこのデータに基づいてバッテリ交換に伴う精算処理や受け払い処理を効率的に行なうようにしたことを要旨とするものであり、これに該当するものは本発明の権利範囲に属する。 As described above, the battery exchange system of the electric apparatus of the present invention, the history data of the battery recorded in the IC chip to perform the settlement processing and receipt and processing associated with the battery replacement on the basis of this data effectively and that the one that the gist belong to the scope of the present invention that fall under this. 例えば、本発明のバッテリ交換システムは、電動自転車のみならずハイブリッド自動車、携帯電話機、音楽プレイヤなどを含む電動装置に対して広く適用することが可能である。 For example, the battery exchange system of the present invention, a hybrid vehicle not only electric bicycles, mobile phone, it can be widely applied to the electric device, including music player.

10 実施例1の電動装置のバッテリ交換システム 11 電動自転車 12 係止ポイント 12a 施錠機構 13 バッテリ 13a ICチップ 14 バッテリ収納部 15 バッテリステーション 15a ディスプレー装置 15b ブザー 15c 精算ボタン 15d キャンセルボタン 15e 領収書発行口 15f 返金口 15g 貨幣投入口 15h 充電完了ランプ 15i 金額表示パネル 15j ロックボタン 16 入出力装置 17 データ読書装置 18 バッテリ充電装置 19 制御装置 20 実施例2の電動装置のバッテリ交換システム 21 電動アシスト自転車 22 フック係止機構 23 自転車係止スタンド 24 バッテリ 25 使用済電池ボックス 26 バッテリ 27 交換用電池ボックス 28 ICチップ 29 データ取得装置 30 表示部 31 貨幣 10 battery exchange system 11 electric bicycle electric device of Example 1 12 engaging point 12a locking mechanism 13 battery 13a IC chip 14 battery storage 15 battery station 15a display device 15b buzzer 15c payment button 15d cancel button 15e receipt issue port 15f refund port 15g money inlet 15h charging completion lamp 15i amount display panel 15j lock button 16 input device 17 data reading device 18 the battery exchange system 21 power-assisted bicycle 22 hook engagement of the electric device of the battery charging device 19 controller 20 example 2 locking mechanism 23 bicycle lock the stand 24 battery 25 spent battery box 26 battery 27 replacement battery box 28 IC chip 29 data acquisition device 30 display unit 31 monetary 投入口 32 制御装置 Inlet 32 ​​controller

Claims (3)

  1. 電動装置に着脱可能に搭載されその駆動源となるバッテリを予め充電されたバッテリに交換するバッテリステーションを備えた電動装置のバッテリ交換システムであって、 A battery exchange system of the electric apparatus equipped with a battery station for exchanging detachably mounted on the battery as a driving source to the electric device in advance charged battery,
    前記バッテリにそれぞれ取り付けられその充電可能回数、使用年月日数、使用可能期限、残存電気量などの履歴データが書き込まれるICチップと、 Its number of charge cycles respectively attached to the battery, an IC chip using date number, available time limit, historical data such as the remaining quantity of electricity is to be written,
    前記バッテリステーションに設けられバッテリから取得された履歴データをICチップに読み書きするデータ読書装置と、 A data reading device for reading and writing history data acquired from the battery provided in the battery station IC chip,
    前記データ読書装置を介して前記電動装置から取り外されたバッテリと交換されるバッテリとのそれぞれの履歴データに基づいて双方の価値指数差を判定する価値判定装置と、 And value determination device determines the value exponent difference of both based on the respective history data and the battery to be exchanged with the battery detached from the electric device via the data reading device,
    前記価値指数差に基づいてバッテリ交換に伴う精算処理や受け払い処理を行なう受払処理装置と、 And receipts and payments processing apparatus for performing settlement processing and receipt and processing associated with the battery replacement on the basis of the value exponent difference,
    を有することを特徴とする電動装置のバッテリ交換システム。 Battery replacement system for an electric apparatus, comprising a.
  2. 前記電動装置が、電動自転車であって、 The electric device, an electric bicycle,
    前記バッテリステーション又は前記バッテリには、 The battery station or the battery,
    電動自転車から取り外されたバッテリの端子部に装着されてその残存電気量などの履歴データを取得するデータ取得装置が設けられていることを特徴とする請求項1記載の電動装置のバッテリ交換システム。 Battery replacement system for an electric device according to claim 1, characterized in that mounted on the terminal portion of the battery has been removed from the electric bicycle data acquisition device for acquiring history data such as the remaining quantity of electricity is provided.
  3. 前記受払処理装置が、 The receipts and payments processing apparatus,
    電動装置から取り外されたバッテリAが装入される使用済電池ボックスと、充電済のバッテリBが収納される交換用電池ボックスとを備え、 Comprising a spent battery box battery A detached from the electric device is charged, a replacement battery box charge already of the battery B is housed,
    前記交換用電池ボックスは、 The replacement battery box,
    内蔵するバッテリBの取り出しを禁止するロック機構を有し、前記価値判定装置により判定された各電池ボックスに収納されたバッテリAとBとの価値指数差に対応した手数料などを含む代金の納入によりバッテリBのロック状態を解除することを特徴とする請求項1又は2記載の電動装置のバッテリ交換システム。 Has a locking mechanism to prohibit the extraction of the built-in battery B, the delivery of the price, including the fees corresponding to the value exponent difference between the battery A and B stored in the battery box, which is determined by the value determination device battery replacement system for an electric apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the unlock state of the battery B.
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