JP2009198120A - Hybrid solar heat power generation device - Google Patents

Hybrid solar heat power generation device Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2009198120A
JP2009198120A JP2008041941A JP2008041941A JP2009198120A JP 2009198120 A JP2009198120 A JP 2009198120A JP 2008041941 A JP2008041941 A JP 2008041941A JP 2008041941 A JP2008041941 A JP 2008041941A JP 2009198120 A JP2009198120 A JP 2009198120A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
receiver
column
heliostat
power generation
reflected light
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Granted
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JP2008041941A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP4463308B2 (en
Inventor
Kazuaki Ezawa
Takashi Kawaguchi
Toshihiko Maemura
Konosuke Oku
敏彦 前村
幸之介 奥
隆 川口
一明 江澤
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Mitsui Eng & Shipbuild Co Ltd
三井造船株式会社
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Publication of JP2009198120A publication Critical patent/JP2009198120A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S40/00Safety or protection arrangements of solar heat collectors; Preventing malfunction of solar heat collectors
    • F24S40/20Cleaning; Removing snow
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S20/00Solar heat collectors specially adapted for particular uses or environments
    • F24S20/20Solar heat collectors for receiving concentrated solar energy, e.g. receivers for solar power plants
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S23/00Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors
    • F24S23/70Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors with reflectors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S23/00Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors
    • F24S23/70Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors with reflectors
    • F24S23/79Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors with reflectors with spaced and opposed interacting reflective surfaces
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S23/00Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors
    • F24S23/70Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors with reflectors
    • F24S2023/83Other shapes
    • F24S2023/833Other shapes dish-shaped
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S23/00Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors
    • F24S23/70Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors with reflectors
    • F24S2023/87Reflectors layout
    • F24S2023/874Reflectors formed by assemblies of adjacent similar reflective facets
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • Y02E10/41Tower concentrators

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a solar heat power generation device for preventing solar heat from being remarkably reduced when heat collecting efficiency is deteriorated since light is condensed in one receiver from a heliostat arranged in the vicinity of the receiver arranged on a column and a heliostat arranged at a distance. <P>SOLUTION: This solar heat power generation device has the column 4 having the receivers 1a-1c for receiving sunlight, and a plurality of the heliostats 6 arranged in a concentric circle shape around this column 4 and reflecting the sunlight toward the receiver 1, and is characterized in that the column 4 has at least the two receivers 1a and 1b in the vertical direction, and the upper receiver 1a receives reflected light R1 from the heliostat 6a arranged at a distance, and the lower receiver 1b receives reflected light R2 from the heliostat 6b arranged in the vicinity. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2009,JPO&INPIT

Description

  The present invention relates to a power generation device using solar heat, and relates to a solar power generation device that increases the light collection efficiency of reflected light from a heliostat and improves power generation efficiency.

  In recent years, interest in the global environment, such as global warming by exhaust gas combusted with fossil fuels, depletion of fossil fuels, and the like, has been attracting attention. As such alternative energy, wind power generation and solar power generation are becoming widespread.

  In particular, a concentrating solar power generator that heats a heat medium with the heat collected from sunlight, generates water vapor with the heat of the heat medium, and drives a steam turbine with the water vapor to generate electric power is a conventional thermal power generation. It is attracting attention because it can be operated with the same power generation equipment and can produce high output.

  As such a concentrating solar thermal power generation device, a trough solar thermal power generation device provided with a pipe into which a heat medium is introduced in the axial direction of a semicircular reflecting plate having a reflective surface formed on one surface ( For example, Patent Document 1), a dish-shaped solar power generation apparatus (for example, Patent Document 2) in which a reflection plate is formed on one surface, and a heat medium heating unit is provided in the vicinity of the reflection plate. A tower type solar thermal power generation apparatus (for example, Patent Document 3) in which a large number of heliostats are installed around and a tower with a heat medium heating unit provided at the top is arranged at the center has been proposed.

  In addition, a beam-down solar power generation apparatus has been proposed in which a large number of heliostats are installed around the heat medium heating unit at the bottom, and a curved reflector (center reflector) is provided above the heat medium heating unit. (For example, Non-Patent Document 1).

WO2005 / 017421 JP 2004-169059 A JP 2005-106432 A Solar Energy, Volume 62, Number 2, February 1998, pp. 121-129 (9)

(Trough type)
The trough type solar thermal power generation apparatus is considerably enlarged in the width direction of the reflector, and further, a large number of the trough solar thermal power generators are installed in the vertical and horizontal directions, so that there is a problem that the installation area of the reflector becomes considerably large.

(Dish type)
The dish type is compact because it heats the heat medium by condensing each reflection plate, but there is a problem that the size of the reflection plate is limited and it is not suitable for large-scale power generation.

(Tower type)
As shown in FIG. 9, in the tower type solar thermal power generation apparatus, the reflected light R109 applied to the light receiving surface 105a of the receiver 105 from the heliostat 102 disposed far from the tower 100 is incident on the light receiving surface 105a. Is near a right angle and the irradiation area is small, so the amount of light per unit area increases and the illuminance increases, so the amount of heat collection is high, but the reflected light R108 irradiated from the heliostat 101 disposed in the vicinity is the light receiving surface 105a. On the other hand, the incident angle θ2 becomes an acute angle, and the irradiation area of the reflected light R108 applied to the light receiving surface 105a is expanded, the amount of light per valley area is decreased, and the illuminance is weakened.
When the heat receiving efficiency is expressed by sin θ (incident angle), it is about 100% for the heliostat 102 disposed in the distance, and about 50% for the heliostat 101 disposed in the vicinity.

(Beam down method)
In the beam-down solar thermal power generation apparatus, as shown in FIG. 10, the reflected light R119 from the heliostat 112 disposed far from the center reflector 116 has an acute incident angle with respect to the reflecting surface 116a of the center reflector 116. Therefore, the reflected light R119 is incident on the center reflector 116 in a considerably inclined state. As a result, there is a problem that the irradiation area of the reflected light R119 irradiated to the center reflector 116 from the heliostat 112 disposed in the distance increases, and the heat collection efficiency is lowered.
Further, even if the installation radius of the heliostat is about several hundreds of meters, the diameter of the center reflector is about 100 meters, and the weight thereof is several hundred tons.

(Invention)
In view of the above-described problems of the prior art, the present invention provides a receiver that receives reflected light from a heliostat disposed in the vicinity of a receiver and reflected light that is irradiated from a heliostat disposed in the distance to the receiver. An object of the present invention is to provide a solar power generation apparatus in which the illumination area is reduced and the illuminance is increased.

  The hybrid solar power generation apparatus according to the present invention is configured as follows.

1) A column having a receiver for receiving sunlight, and a plurality of heliostats arranged concentrically around the column to reflect sunlight toward the receiver, the column being vertically At least two receivers are provided, the upper receiver receives light reflected from a heliostat arranged in the distance, and the lower receiver receives light reflected from a heliostat arranged in the vicinity. It is characterized by.

2) When the luminous intensity when the incident angle of the reflected light received by the receiver is a right angle is 100%, the reflected light from the heliostat installed at the position where the luminous intensity is 60% or more is received by the receiver. It is characterized by doing.

3) The incident angle of the reflected light reflected from the heliostat disposed far from the column to the receiver provided above the column is set to 75 ° to 105 °, and the heliostat disposed in the vicinity of the column It is characterized in that the incident angle of the reflected light reflected to the receiver provided below the column is 75 ° to 105 °.

4) A column having a receiver for receiving sunlight, and a plurality of heliostats arranged concentrically around the column to reflect sunlight toward the receiver, and disposed far from the column. A receiver for receiving reflected light from the heliostat is provided at the top of the support column, a center reflector for receiving reflected light from the heliostat disposed in the vicinity of the support is provided at the bottom of the support column, and A receiver for receiving sunlight reflected by the center reflector is provided below the center reflector.

5) At least three pillars are assembled in a pyramid shape, a column body extending upward from the upper end side of the pillar is provided, a center reflector is fixed to the pillars assembled in the pyramid shape, and the center reflector A receiver is provided on each of the bottom and the column, and the reflected light from the heliostat arranged in the far side of the column is received by the receiver provided on the column, and from the heliostat arranged in the vicinity of the column The reflected light is received by a receiver provided on the support through a center reflector.

6) In a solar thermal power generation apparatus having a support column having a center reflector and a plurality of heliostats arranged concentrically around the support column, an arc shape is formed along the wall of the center reflector having a semicircular cross section. A frame whose one end is supported by the column, a cleaning robot that is movably attached along the frame, and a moving means that moves the frame to which the cleaning robot is attached in the circumferential direction of the center reflector. The cleaning robot includes an injection device that sprays cleaning water onto the wall surface of the center reflector.

7) The receiver provided below the center reflector is provided with a cone-shaped light receiving part, and sunlight is transmitted through the light entrance of the light receiving part to prevent intrusion of dust such as sand. It is characterized by providing dustproof means.

1) The reflected light from the heliostat arranged in the distance is received by the receiver provided in the upper part of the column, and the reflected light from the heliostat arranged in the vicinity is received by the receiver provided in the lower part of the column. Furthermore, since the depression angle is provided on the light receiving plate of the receiver so that it is orthogonal to or close to the reflected light from each receiver, the reflected light from the heliostat arranged far from the vicinity of the column is received by the receiver. The light is incident on the light receiving plate at an angle that is orthogonal or close thereto. Therefore, since the irradiation area of the reflected light incident on the receiver is narrowed and the illuminance is increased, the amount of heat received by the receiver is improved, the efficiency of heat exchange with the molten salt is improved, and the amount of heat generation can be increased.

2) Since the reflected light from the heliostat arranged far from the vicinity can be used efficiently, the amount of power generation can be increased by increasing the scale.

3) Since sand, dust, and the like attached to the surface of the center reflector are removed by the cleaning robot, a reduction in reflection efficiency from the center reflector to the receiver is prevented.

4) The dust-proof means prevents dust such as sand from entering the light-receiving portion of the receiver and fogging the surface of the inner wall, thereby reducing the efficiency of heat exchange with the molten salt.

5) Since the light receiving plate is formed in a shape in which the incident angle when the reflected light from the heliostat arranged from near to far is irradiated to the light receiving plate of the receiver is orthogonal or close to this angle, the receiver The amount of heat collected increases and the amount of power generation increases. Moreover, since the heat collection efficiency from the heliostat arranged far away is also improved, the scale can be increased and the amount of power generation can be increased.

  Hereinafter, the solar thermal power generation apparatus according to the present invention will be illustrated and described.

Example 1
FIG. 1 is a schematic configuration diagram of a solar thermal power generation apparatus A1 according to the present invention. In this solar thermal power generation apparatus A1, a plurality of receivers 1a, 1b, and 1c, which are heat exchangers that absorb solar heat and conduct it to a heat medium, are provided from the upper part to the lower part of the support column 4. In addition, a heliostat 6 (6a, 6b, 6c) having a reflecting mirror m composed of a plurality of small mirror plates that reflect sunlight, that is, solar heat, is concentrically formed around a support column 4 including receivers 1a, 1b, 1c Are arranged in large numbers.

  The receiver 1 includes a heat receiving plate 1a formed in a conical shape by connecting a large number of plate-like heat absorbers as shown in FIG. 2, and a heat medium tube wound a plurality of times along the inner periphery of the heat receiving plate 1a. Road 9 is provided. The heliostat 6 includes a tracking device for sunlight S and a driving device for driving the reflecting mirror m vertically and horizontally, and is controlled so as to reflect the sunlight S toward the receiver 1.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the receiver 1a arranged on the upper stage of the column 4 receives reflected light R1 from a distant heliostat 6a. The receiver 1b provided in the middle stage of the support column 4 receives the reflected light R2 from the heliostat 6b provided in the intermediate position, and the receiver 1c provided in the lower stage of the support column 4 receives the heliostat installed in the vicinity of the support column 4. The reflected light R3 from the stat 6c is received.

  The incident angles of the reflected lights R1, R2, and R3 incident on the receivers 1a, 1b, and 1c are angles of the light receiving plates 1a of the receivers 1a, 1b, and 1c so that the intensity of the reflected lights is 60% or more. Has been adjusted.

  Specifically, the incident angles of the reflected lights R1, R2, and R3 are in the range where the low incident angle β is 75 ° and the high incident angle γ is 105 ° as shown in FIG. That is, as shown in FIG. 3, the irradiation efficiency of sunlight irradiated to the light receiving plate 1a becomes maximum when the incident angle of sunlight on the light receiving plate 1a is 90 ° (vertical), and is smaller than 90 °. When it becomes larger or larger, it rapidly decreases exponentially, so that the intensity of reflected light is in the range of 75 ° to 105 ° at which the intensity of reflected light is 60% or more.

  Further, the light receiving plate 1a is attached with an inclination α with respect to the axial direction of the column 4, and the inclination α is such that the incident angles of the reflected lights R1, R2, R3 from the respective heliostats 1a, 1b, 1c are 75 °. It is adjusted to be ~ 105 °.

  That is, assuming that the area of sunlight reflected toward the light receiving plate 1a at an incident angle of 90 ° is 100, the sunlight is inclined with respect to the light receiving plate 1a when the incident angle is in the range of 75 ° to 105 °. The area is within 104. Therefore, even if it is a heliostat which is not irradiating sunlight perpendicularly with respect to the light-receiving plate 1a, the irradiation efficiency is 60% or more.

  Further, by setting the incident angle of the reflected light irradiated to the light receiving plate 1a to 75 ° to 105 °, the incident angle of the sunlight irradiated to the light receiving plate 1a is most shifted from 90 ° as shown in FIG. Even a heliostat has a power generation efficiency of 60% or more.

  As shown in FIG. 4, the incident angle is adjusted in the range of 75 ° to 105 ° so that the power generation efficiency is 60% or more as shown in FIG. 4 (incident angle and power generation efficiency). When the incident angle is out of the above range, the power generation amount decreases exponentially. Therefore, when the power generation amount at the incident angle of 90 ° is 100, the incident angle of sunlight irradiated to the light receiving plate 1a is 90 °. Even the heliostat that is farthest away from the power generation, the power generation amount can be maintained at 60 or more.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the heliostat group 6 is divided and adjusted so that the incident angles of the reflected lights R1, R2, and R3 to the receivers 1a, 1b, and 1c are in the above-described ranges. That is, a short distance section C1, a middle distance section C2, and a long distance section C3 are provided in this order from the vicinity of the support column 4, and the respective heliostats 6a disposed in the sections C1, C2, and C3. , 6b, 6c are adjusted to irradiate predetermined receivers 1a, 1b, 1c with sunlight, and the incident angles of the reflected lights R1, R2, R3 applied to the receivers 1a, 1b, 1c are within the above-mentioned range. It is adjusted to be (75 ° to 105 °).

  Specifically, in the present embodiment, the installation height of each receiver 1a, 1b, 1c is about 105m (height h3) for the long distance receiver 1a and about 60m (height h2) for the intermediate distance receiver 1b. ), The short-distance receiver 1c is about 30 m (height h1), and the above-mentioned areas are about 100-400 m for the long-distance area C3, about 50-200 m for the medium-distance area C2, and near-distance area C1. Is approximately 15 to 60 m, and the incident angles of the reflected lights R1, R2, and R3 applied to the receivers 1a, 1b, and 1c are in the range of 75 ° to 105 °.

  The solar thermal power generation apparatus A1 configured in this manner receives the reflected lights R1, R2, and R3 emitted from the heliostat group 6 with predetermined receivers 1a, 1b, and 1c, and is supplied to the receivers 1a, 1b, and 1c. The heating medium (for example, molten salt of 40% sodium nitrite, 7% sodium nitrate, 53% potassium nitrate, etc.) is heated to about 500 ° C. Next, this high-temperature molten salt is introduced into a heat exchanger attached to the support column 4 to generate water vapor, and further, a turbine generator is driven by this water vapor to generate electric power.

  The molten salt is heated by the receiver and stored in the high-temperature molten salt tank, and then sent to the heat exchanger, used for power generation, and stored in the low-temperature molten salt tank. In the high-temperature molten salt tank, an amount of molten salt that can store a sufficient amount of heat for power generation is stored so that power can be generated even at night when solar heat cannot be obtained. As a result, it becomes possible to generate power continuously day and night.

  According to this embodiment, the receiver is provided with the plurality of receivers so that the incident angle of the reflected light irradiated from the heliostat to the receiver is orthogonal or close to the angle. Therefore, the receiver irradiated with the reflected light from the heliostat. The light receiving area becomes smaller and the illuminance becomes stronger. As a result, the amount of solar heat collected is improved, and the amount of heat applied to the molten salt is increased. As a result, the amount of power generation can be increased.

  In addition, since the amount of heat collection due to the large scale is greatly improved as compared with the conventional case, large scale power generation becomes possible.

(Example 2)
In this embodiment, as shown in FIG. 5, a receiver 11 a is provided on the upper portion of the support column 14, and a center reflector 13 and a receiver 12 are provided on the lower portion. The center reflector 13 is formed in a curved shape with a semicircular cross section by a large number of small mirror-like reflecting mirrors 13a, and is fixed from the support column 14 by a plurality of cables or rod-like suspension means 13c.

  The receiver 12 provided in the lower part is provided with a heat collecting recess for receiving the reflected light from the center reflector 13 on the upper surface, and a number of heat medium pipes are provided around the recess to impart solar heat to the heat medium. It is supposed to be.

  As shown in FIG. 5, a large number of heliostat groups 16 are concentrically arranged around the column 14, and a heliostat 16 b disposed in the vicinity of the column 14 and a heliostat 16 a disposed far away. It is divided into and. The heliostat 16b in the vicinity of the support column 14 irradiates the center reflector 13 with reflected light R11 of sunlight S, and the far heliostat 16a irradiates the upper receiver 11a with reflected light R12. Further, the reflected light R12 applied to the center reflector 13 is condensed on the lower receiver 12.

  The heliostat 16b disposed in the vicinity, the heliostat 16a disposed in the distance, and the receiver 11a and the center reflector 13 are configured such that the light receiving areas of the receiver 11a and the center reflector 13 are reduced and the illuminance is increased. Has been adjusted. That is, the incident angle of incident light is orthogonal or close to the angle so that the light receiving area is reduced. Specifically, the incident angle is 75 ° to 105 ° as in the first embodiment.

  The center reflector 13 is provided with cleaning means G for cleaning the wall surface (reflecting mirror surface) of the center reflector 13. As shown in FIG. 6, the cleaning means G is formed in an arch shape along the wall surface 13 c of the center reflector 13, and the lower end side is supported by the support column 14 and is movable along the frame f. An attached cleaning robot GR and a drive device m2 for moving the frame f to which the cleaning robot GR is attached in the circumferential direction of the center reflector 13 are provided.

  The frame f is formed with a narrow width in order to reduce blocking of reflected light irradiated toward the center reflector 13. Further, it is made of a heat-resistant alloy so as to withstand high heat caused by reflected light emitted from the heliostat group 6, and a lightweight alloy is used. As the alloy, for example, a high nickel iron alloy such as Inconel or Hastelloy can be used.

  The upper end side of the frame f is connected to a driving device m1 provided on the annular peripheral edge of the center reflector 13, and the frame f is moved together with the driving device m2 on the lower end side of the frame f. The frame f can be a cantilever that is supported by the driving device m2 on the support column 14 side.

  The cleaning robot GR has a cleaning device n that sprays cleaning water on the wall surface 13 c of the center reflector 13. The cleaning device n includes an injection nozzle that cleans dust and the like attached to the wall surface 13c. Further, a synthetic resin cover for preventing the washing water from leaking outside is provided around the cleaning device n. Further, the washing water is collected and filtered by a filtration device, and then sprayed from a nozzle, so that the water is circulated and reused. Moreover, warm water and water vapor | steam using the heat | fever of the heat medium (molten salt) for electric power generation can also be injected from a nozzle.

  The cleaning means G operates at night when the reflected lights R11 and R12 are not incident on the center reflector 13, and is automatically operated at night using a computer.

  When solar heat is irradiated from the heliostat group 6, the cleaning robot GR is moved to the upper end side or the lower end side of the frame f so as not to be affected by solar heat. Moreover, since sunlight irradiates strongly the heliostat arranged on the north side of the center reflector 13 on the northern hemisphere side, the frame f is moved to the south side of the center reflector 13 so as to reduce the influence and blocking by solar heat. It has become.

  According to the present embodiment, the reflected light R12 from the heliostat 16b disposed in the vicinity of the support column 14 including the receivers 11a and 12 and the center reflector 13 is irradiated toward the center reflector 13 and is distributed far from the support column 14. Since the reflected light from the installed heliostat 16a is irradiated toward the receiver 11a, the reflected light from the heliostat arranged from the vicinity of the support column 14 to the far side is received by the receivers 11a and 12 with high efficiency. can do.

  As a result, even if the installation area (installation radius) of the heliostat of the same scale as that of the prior art is used, the power generation amount increases as shown in FIG. 11, and the power generation amount can be remarkably increased by increasing the scale.

(Example 3)
In this embodiment, as shown in FIG. 7, a receiver 21 a is provided at the upper part of the column body 25, and a center reflector 23 is provided in the space of the pillar 24 that is open at the lower part and has a pyramid shape. Further, a receiver 22 is provided below the center reflector 23.

  The receiver 22 has a crucible-shaped condensing part 22b for collecting solar heat reflected from the center reflector 23 at the upper part, and a heat exchanging part with a heat medium pipe 22f wound around the outer part at the lower part. 22c is provided. The inner wall of the light condensing part 22b is a mirror surface and is introduced into the lower heat exchanging part 22c while reflecting solar heat therein.

  Furthermore, a dust-proof means g is provided at the opening 22a of the light collecting portion 22b of the receiver 22 installed below the center reflector 23. The dustproof means g is configured to transmit sunlight (solar heat) and to prevent dust such as sand from transmitting. As the dustproof means g, for example, a lid plate made of borosilicate glass or the like can be used.

  By providing the dustproof means, dust such as sand enters the inner side of the condensing part 22b from the opening 22a of the condensing part 22b of the receiver 22, and the mirror surface and the heat exchanging part 22f are contaminated. And the heat exchange efficiency is prevented from decreasing. Further, the receiver 22 has a height of about 5 m, and cleaning the inside thereof is not easy, so that the maintenance work can be saved by providing the dustproof means g.

  According to this embodiment, reflected light from a heliostat arranged in the distance is received by an upper receiver, and reflected light from a heliostat arranged in the vicinity is received by a receiver provided on the ground via a lower center reflector. As a result, the incident angle of sunlight radiated from a heliostat arranged in the vicinity from a distance approaches perpendicularly. As a result, the intensity of light applied to the light receiving surface of the receiver is increased, a high-temperature molten salt can be obtained, and a large amount of water vapor can be generated, thereby increasing the amount of power generation.

  Since the center reflector is supported by the pyramid-shaped support column, the support structure becomes strong and the earthquake resistance and wind resistance are improved.

  In addition, by providing dust-proof means at the entrance of the receiver installed below the center reflector, the heat exchange efficiency between the molten salt and the reflected light due to dust such as sand fogging the mirror surface inside the light collecting part 22b. Decrease is prevented.

  Further, the receiver provided below the center reflector has a crucible-shaped light receiving portion that is difficult to emit the heat of incident light to the outside, so that the thermal efficiency is improved.

It is the schematic of the solar thermal power generation device which concerns on this invention. It is a schematic sectional drawing of the receiver in the solar thermal power generation device which concerns on this invention. It is a figure which shows the incident angle and irradiation area of the solar heat with which a receiver is irradiated. It is a figure which shows the incident angle of solar heat with which a receiver is irradiated, and electric power generation amount. It is a figure which shows the 2nd embodiment of the solar thermal power generation device which concerns on this invention. It is the schematic of a cleaning apparatus. It is a figure which shows the 3rd embodiment of the solar thermal power generation device which concerns on this invention. It is the schematic of the receiver in the 3rd embodiment of the solar thermal power generation device which concerns on this invention. It is the schematic of the conventional tower type solar power generation device. It is the schematic of the conventional beam down system solar power generation device. It is a figure which shows the installation radius and power generation amount of a heliostat.

Explanation of symbols

A1, A2, A3 Solar power generation device L Sunlight L1, L2, L3, L11, L12, L21, L22 Reflected light c1 Short distance section c2 Medium distance section c3 Long distance section 1a, 1b, 1c, 11a, 12, 21a, 22 receiver 4, 14, 24 support 6a, 6b, 6c, 16a, 16b, 26a, 26b heliostat 13, 23 center reflector 22a opening 22b condensing part

Claims (7)

  1. A column having a receiver that receives sunlight, and a plurality of heliostats arranged around the column and reflecting sunlight toward the receiver,
    The support column is provided with at least two receivers in the vertical direction, the upper receiver receives reflected light from a heliostat disposed far away, and the lower receiver from a heliostat disposed nearby. The solar thermal power generation apparatus characterized by receiving the reflected light.
  2.   When the light intensity when the incident angle of the reflected light received by the receiver is a right angle is 100%, the reflected light from the heliostat installed at the position where the light intensity is 60% or more is received by the receiver. The solar thermal power generation apparatus of Claim 1 characterized by these.
  3. The incident angle of the reflected light reflected from the heliostat disposed far from the column to the receiver provided above the column is 75 ° to 105 °,
    The solar thermal power generation apparatus according to claim 1, wherein an incident angle of reflected light reflected from a heliostat disposed in the vicinity of the column to a receiver provided below the column is set to 75 ° to 105 °.
  4. A column having a receiver that receives sunlight, and a plurality of heliostats arranged around the column and reflecting sunlight toward the receiver,
    A receiver for receiving reflected light from a heliostat disposed far from the support is provided at the top of the support, and a center reflector for receiving reflected light from the heliostat disposed in the vicinity of the support is provided. Provided at the bottom of the column,
    Furthermore, the solar thermal power generation apparatus provided with the receiver which light-receives the sunlight reflected by the center reflector below this center reflector.
  5. At least three pillars are assembled in a pyramid shape, a column body extending upward from the upper end side of the pillar is provided, a center reflector is fixed to the pillars assembled in the pyramid shape, and further below the center reflector. , Provide a receiver on each column,
    Reflected light from a heliostat arranged far from the column is received by a receiver provided on the column, and reflected light from the heliostat arranged near the column is sent to the column via a center reflector. A solar thermal power generation device characterized in that a receiver is provided to receive light.
  6. In a solar thermal power generation apparatus having a support column having a center reflector and a plurality of heliostats arranged around the support column,
    A frame that is formed in an arch shape along the wall surface of the center reflector having a semicircular cross section, one end of which is supported by the support column, a cleaning robot that is movably attached along the frame, and the cleaning robot is attached Moving means for moving the frame in the circumferential direction of the center reflector,
    The cleaning device for a solar thermal power generation device according to claim 4, wherein the cleaning robot has an injection device that sprays cleaning water on a wall surface of a center reflector.
  7.   The receiver provided below the center reflector is provided with a cone-shaped light receiving portion, and the light receiving portion of the light receiving portion transmits sunlight and prevents dust and other dust from entering into the entrance. 6. The solar thermal power generation apparatus according to claim 4, further comprising means.
JP2008041941A 2008-02-22 2008-02-22 Hybrid solar power generator Expired - Fee Related JP4463308B2 (en)

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JP2008041941A JP4463308B2 (en) 2008-02-22 2008-02-22 Hybrid solar power generator
ES201090049A ES2383786B2 (en) 2008-02-22 2008-12-27 Energy generation device from solar heat.
US12/735,620 US20100319678A1 (en) 2008-02-22 2008-12-27 Hybrid solar heat power generation device
CN2008801272241A CN101946133B (en) 2008-02-22 2008-12-27 Hybrid solar heat power generation device
PCT/JP2008/073869 WO2009104347A1 (en) 2008-02-22 2008-12-27 Hybrid solar heat power generation device
AU2008351048A AU2008351048B2 (en) 2008-02-22 2008-12-27 Hybrid solar heat power generation device

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JP (1) JP4463308B2 (en)
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AU (1) AU2008351048B2 (en)
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CN101946133B (en) 2012-10-10
AU2008351048B2 (en) 2011-11-24
CN101946133A (en) 2011-01-12
JP4463308B2 (en) 2010-05-19
WO2009104347A1 (en) 2009-08-27
ES2383786B2 (en) 2012-12-18
ES2383786A1 (en) 2012-06-26
AU2008351048A1 (en) 2009-08-27
US20100319678A1 (en) 2010-12-23

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