JP2009000412A - Dental brace - Google Patents

Dental brace Download PDF

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JP2009000412A
JP2009000412A JP2007166152A JP2007166152A JP2009000412A JP 2009000412 A JP2009000412 A JP 2009000412A JP 2007166152 A JP2007166152 A JP 2007166152A JP 2007166152 A JP2007166152 A JP 2007166152A JP 2009000412 A JP2009000412 A JP 2009000412A
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teeth
portion
wire
front teeth
position
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一郎 ▲高▼畠
Ichiro Takahata
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Nippon Dental Support:Kk
有限会社日本デンタルサポート
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a dental brace capable of suitably moving teeth and facilitating the attachment/detachment to/from the teeth.
SOLUTION: This dental brace 1 includes an abutment part 4 abutting on the surfaces 3 in a tongue side of front teeth 2 whose position should be adjusted by the orthodontics, a wire having an energization part 5 which energizes the abutment part 4 for moving the front teeth 2 to be position-adjusted toward a position to be disposed after the orthodontics and extending along the surface 3 in the tongue side of the tooth row, a pair of mouthpieces 12 joined with sites 9 and 10 in the side of the both ends 7 and 8 of the wire and being installed on molar teeth 11 for retaining the wire 6, and an engagement projection 13 joined with the surface 3 in the tongue side of the front teeth to be position-adjusted and engaged with the abutment 4 for transmitting the energizing force from the energization part 5 to the front teeth 2.
COPYRIGHT: (C)2009,JPO&INPIT

Description

本発明は、歯列矯正、特に前歯を所望の方向に付勢して歯列を矯正する歯列矯正具に関する。 The present invention, orthodontic relates dental braces for correcting tooth alignment, especially urges the front teeth in the desired direction.

特開2005−349046号公報 JP 2005-349046 JP

例えば特許文献1においては、歯科矯正用のマウスピースが提案されている。 For example, in Patent Document 1, a mouthpiece for orthodontic has been proposed. 斯かるマウスピースは、透光性を有するように形成した場合には口外から視認され難くなるために、審美性の向上に貢献するものである。 Such mouthpiece, in order to become difficult to visually recognize from outside the mouth when you formed to have a light-transmitting property is intended to contribute to the improvement of the aesthetics.

ところで、斯かるマウスピースでは、歯を覆うことによって歯列矯正を行うために、歯を移動、特に圧下、挺出させることが困難である。 Incidentally, in such a mouthpiece, in order to perform the orthodontic by covering the tooth, moving the teeth, in particular pressure, difficult to out Ting. また、歯列矯正具は、歯科衛生上の観点からも歯からの着脱が容易であることが好ましい。 Further, dental braces, it is preferable from the viewpoint of dental hygiene is easy removable from the tooth.

本発明は、前記諸点に鑑みてなされたものであり、その目的とするところは、歯を好適に移動させることができ、しかも、歯からの着脱が容易である歯列矯正具を提供することにある。 The present invention has been made in view of the above-described aspects, and its object, it is possible to suitably move the teeth, moreover, to provide a dental braces is easy removable from the tooth It is in.

本発明の歯列矯正具は、歯列矯正において位置調整すべき前歯に当接する当接部及び位置調整すべき前歯が歯列矯正後に配されるべき位置に向かって移動されるように当接部を付勢する付勢部を有していると共に歯列の舌側の面に沿って伸びたワイヤと、ワイヤの両端側の部位に接合されていると共に当該ワイヤを保持すべく臼歯に装着される一対の保持具とを具備している。 Orthodontic device of the present invention, the contact as the front teeth to be in contact with adjusting abutment and located in front teeth to be positioning in orthodontics is moved toward the position to be placed after orthodontic a wire extending along the surface of the tongue side of the teeth with has a biasing portion that biases the parts, mounted on molar teeth to hold the wire with and is joined to the portion of the wire both ends of the and comprises a pair of holders to be.

本発明の歯列矯正具によれば、特に上述の当接部及び付勢部を有したワイヤを具備するために、前歯を好適に移動させることができ、しかも、一対の保持具が臼歯に装着されるために歯列矯正具の歯からの着脱が容易である。 According to the orthodontic device of the present invention, particularly for having a wire having a contact portion and the biasing unit described above, it is possible to suitably move the front teeth, moreover, a pair of retainer molars it is easy removable from the teeth of the dental braces to be attached.

本発明の歯列矯正具の好ましい例では、付勢部は、位置調整すべき前歯が歯列矯正後に配されるべき位置に向かって圧下若しくは挺出されるように当接部を付勢するようになっている。 In a preferred embodiment of the orthodontic device of the present invention, the biasing unit, such that the front teeth to be adjusted position to urge the contact portion so that pressure or Ting out toward the position to be placed after orthodontic It has become. このような好ましい例によれば、前歯を好適に圧下若しくは挺出させることができる。 According to such a preferred example, it is possible to suitably reduction or Ting out the front teeth.

本発明の歯列矯正具の好ましい例では、当接部は、前歯に対して舌側に配されるワイヤの部位からなり、付勢部は、前記部位の両端の夫々に連なるワイヤの一対の部位からなる。 In a preferred embodiment of the orthodontic device of the present invention, the contact portion is made from the site of the wire which is arranged on the tongue side of the front teeth, the biasing portion comprises a pair of wires connected to each of both ends of the site made from the site.

本発明の歯列矯正具の好ましい例では、一対の保持具の夫々は、マウスピースからなる。 In a preferred embodiment of the orthodontic device of the present invention, each of the pair of the holder, consisting of a mouthpiece.

本発明の歯列矯正具の好ましい例では、位置調整すべき前歯の舌側の面に接合されると共に付勢部からの付勢力を当該前歯に伝達することができるように当接部に係合する係合突起を具備している。 In a preferred embodiment of the orthodontic device of the present invention relates to a contact portion to the urging force from the urging portion can be transmitted to the front teeth while being bonded to the surface of the tongue side of the front teeth to be adjusted position It is provided with engaging projections focus. このような好ましい例によれば、当接部を係合突起により確実に係合させることができて、付勢部からの付勢力を前歯に好適に伝達し得る。 According to such a preferred example, the contact portion can be securely engaged by the engagement projections and can preferably transmit the urging force of the urging portion in the front teeth.

本発明によれば、歯を好適に移動させることができ、しかも、歯からの着脱が容易である歯列矯正具を提供し得る。 According to the present invention, it is possible to suitably move the teeth, moreover, may provide dental braces is easy removable from the tooth.

次に、本発明の実施の形態の例を、図に示す例に基づいて更に詳細に説明する。 Next, an example of an embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the example shown in FIG. 尚、本発明は、これら例に何等限定されないのである。 Note that the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.

図1から図6において、本例の歯列矯正具1は、歯列矯正において位置調整すべき前歯2の舌側の面3に当接する当接部4及び位置調整すべき前歯2が歯列矯正後に配されるべき位置に向かって移動されるように当接部4を付勢する付勢部5を有していると共に歯列の舌側の面3に沿って伸びたワイヤ6と、ワイヤ6の両端7及び8側の部位9及び10に接合されていると共に当該ワイヤ6を保持すべく臼歯11に装着される一対の保持具としての一対のマウスピース12と、位置調整すべき前歯2の舌側の面3に接合されると共に付勢部5からの付勢力を当該前歯2に伝達することができるように当接部4に係合する係合突起13とを具備している。 In FIGS. 1-6, braces 1 of this embodiment, the abutting portions 4 and anterior 2 teeth to be adjusted position in contact with the surface 3 of the tongue side of the front teeth 2 to be adjusted positions in orthodontic a wire 6 extending along the surface 3 of the tongue side of the teeth with has a biasing portion 5 for urging the contact portion 4 so as to move toward the position to be placed after orthodontic, a pair of mouthpiece 12 as a pair of holders to be mounted on molar teeth 11 to hold the wire 6 with is bonded to both ends 7 and 8 side portion 9 and 10 of the wire 6, the front teeth to be adjusted position and an urging force from the urging portion 5 includes an engaging projection 13 which engages in the contact section 4 can be transmitted to the anterior 2 together are joined to the second surface 3 of the lingual . 付勢部5は、本例では前歯2が歯列矯正後に配されるべき位置に向かって圧下されるように当接部4を付勢するようになっている。 The biasing portion 5, in the present embodiment is adapted to bias the contact portion 4 so that the front teeth 2 is rolling toward the position to be placed after orthodontic.

前歯2には、中切歯21、側切歯22及び犬歯が含まれる。 Front teeth 2, central incisors 21 includes lateral incisor 22 and canine teeth. 臼歯11には、第一小臼歯、第二小臼歯23、第一大臼歯24、第二大臼歯25及び第三大臼歯26が含まれる。 The molars 11, first premolar, second premolar 23, first molar 24 includes a second molar 25 and third molars 26. 本例においては、位置調整すべき前歯2を中切歯21及び側切歯22とし、マウスピース12が装着される臼歯11を第二小臼歯23、第一大臼歯24、第二大臼歯25及び第三大臼歯26として、以下、歯列矯正具1について詳細に説明する。 In this example, the front teeth 2 to be adjusted position as central incisor 21 and lateral incisor 22, a molar 11 of the mouthpiece 12 is attached the second premolar 23, first molar 24, second molar 25 and a third molars 26, will be described in detail below braces 1.

ワイヤ6は、弾性を有しており、主にチタン、モリブデンを含んでいてもよい。 Wire 6 is resilient, it mainly titanium, also comprise molybdenum. ワイヤ6には、例えば歯列矯正用ワイヤを適用してもよい。 The wire 6 may be applied, for example, an orthodontic wire. ワイヤ6は、金属製であってもよく、また、合成樹脂製であってもよい。 Wire 6 may be metallic or may be made of synthetic resin.

当接部4は、前歯2に対して舌側に配されるワイヤ6の部位41からなる。 Abutment 4 is formed of a portion 41 of the wire 6 relative to the anterior 2 arranged on the lingual side. 部位41は、図1に示す二点鎖線42及び43間に位置する。 Site 41 is located between the two-dot chain line 42 and 43 shown in FIG. 斯かる部位41は、前歯2の舌側の面3に沿って円弧状に伸びている。 Site 41 such extends arcuately along the surface 3 of the tongue side of the front teeth 2.

弾性を有する付勢部5は、部位41の両端44及び45の夫々に連なるワイヤ6の一対の部位46及び47からなる。 Urging portion has elasticity. 5, a pair of sites 46 and 47 of the wire 6 connected to s each at both ends 44 and 45 of the site 41. 部位46は二点鎖線42及び48間に位置し、部位47は二点鎖線43及び49間に位置する。 Site 46 is located between the two-dot chain line 42 and 48, part 47 is positioned between the two-dot chain lines 43 and 49. 付勢部5は、歯列矯正具1の歯への装着時において復元可能に湾曲されることによって、当接部4をA方向に付勢するようになっている。 Biasing portion 5 by being restorable curved during attachment to the teeth of the dental braces 1, and the contact portion 4 so as to urge the A direction. 本例の付勢部5は、前歯2を圧下させるべく当接部4をA方向に付勢するようになっているが、例えば、前歯2を挺出させるべく当接部4をA方向とは逆の方向に付勢するようになっていてもよく、斯かる場合には、部位41は係合突起13に対して歯肉側に配された状態で当該係合突起13に係合される。 Urging portion 5 of the present embodiment, although the abutting portion 4 in order to pressure the anterior 2 is adapted to urge in the direction A, for example, the abutting portion 4 and the A direction in order to out Ting the anterior 2 may be adapted to urge the opposite direction, in such case, the portions 41 are engaged with the engaging projection 13 in a state arranged on the gingival side of the engaging projection 13 .

部位46は図5に示す正中線20に対して一方側に、部位47は正中線20に対して他方側に夫々位置する。 Site 46 to one side with respect to the midline 20 as shown in FIG. 5, portion 47 is respectively located on the other side of the midline 20. 部位46は、当接部4をA方向に付勢すべく、二点鎖線42から二点鎖線48までの領域全体において復元可能な撓みを生じるように形成されていてもよく、また、二点鎖線42から二点鎖線48までの領域において局所的に復元可能な撓みを生じるように形成されていてもよい。 Site 46, the contact portion 4 so as to urge in the direction A, may be formed to produce a recoverable deflection in the entire region from the two-dot chain line 42 to the two-dot chain line 48, also two points in the region from the chain line 42 to the two-dot chain line 48 may be formed to produce a deflection of locally restorable. 前記局所的に撓みを生じさせるためには、部位46の一部を湾曲させて形成してもよい。 To generate the locally deflection may be formed by bending a part of the site 46. 部位47は、当接部4をA方向に付勢すべく、二点鎖線43から二点鎖線49までの領域全体において復元可能な撓みを生じるように形成されていてもよく、また、二点鎖線43から二点鎖線49までの領域において局所的に復元可能な撓みを生じるように形成されていてもよい。 Site 47, the contact portion 4 so as to urge in the direction A, may be formed to produce a recoverable deflection in the entire region from the two-dot chain line 43 to the two-dot chain line 49, also two points in the region from the chain line 43 to the two-dot chain line 49 may be formed to produce a deflection of locally restorable. 前記局所的に撓みを生じさせるためには、部位47の一部を湾曲させて形成してもよい。 To generate the locally deflection may be formed by bending a part of the site 47.

部位46が当接部4を付勢する付勢力と部位47が当接部4を付勢する付勢力とは、互いに等しくなるように予め設定されていてもよいが、歯列矯正の関係において、例えば、部位46が当接部4を付勢する付勢力が、部位47が当接部4を付勢する付勢力を上回るように予め設定してもよく、また、例えば、部位46が当接部4を付勢する付勢力が、部位47が当接部4を付勢する付勢力を下回るように予め設定してもよい。 The biasing force biasing force and part 47 which portion 46 urges the abutment 4 biases the contact portion 4, but may be previously set to be equal to each other, in relation to orthodontic , for example, a biasing force site 46 urges the abutment 4 may be set portion 47 in advance to exceed the biasing force for biasing the abutment portion 4, also, for example, site 46 is brought biasing force for urging the contact portion 4 may be set in advance to be below the biasing force site 47 urges the abutment 4.

尚、部位46及び47は、第三大臼歯26寄りの位置においてワイヤ6の部位9及び10に連なっているが、例えば、両端7及び8に連なっていてもよく、斯かる場合には、ワイヤ6の折返し部50が形成されなくなる。 Incidentally, portions 46 and 47, but is continuous to the portion 9 and 10 of the wire 6 at the position of the third molar 26 closer, for example, may also be continuous with both ends 7 and 8, in such case, the wire 6 folded portion 50 is not formed of. また、本例の歯列矯正具1は、当接部4及び付勢部5に加えて、両端7及び8に連なる他の付勢部及び他の当接部を具備していてもよく、斯かる場合、他の当接部はマウスピース、係合突起等により位置調整すべき前歯、例えば犬歯に装着、係合されてもよく、他の付勢部は位置調整すべき犬歯が歯列矯正後に配されるべき位置に向かって移動されるように当該他の当接部を付勢するようになっていてもよい。 Further, dental braces 1 of the present embodiment may be added to the contact portion 4 and the biasing unit 5, are provided with a pressing portion other with a continuous to both ends 7 and 8 and other contact portion, in such a case, the other abutment mouthpiece, front teeth to be position adjustment by the engagement projections or the like, for example, attached to the canine, engaged may be, the other biasing portion canines teeth to be adjusted position the other abutment may be adapted to bias to be moved toward the position to be disposed after correction.

ワイヤ6の部位46及び47の夫々に対してマウスピース12側に位置する部位9及び10の夫々は、マウスピース12に埋設されている。 Each of the sites 9 and 10 located mouthpiece 12 side with respect to each of the sites 46 and 47 of the wire 6 's are embedded in the mouthpiece 12.

一対のマウスピース12は、夫々互いに同様に形成されているので、正中線20に対して一方側に配されるマウスピース12について詳細に説明し、正中線20に対して他方側に配されるマウスピース12については図に適宜同符号を付してその詳細な説明を省略する。 A pair of mouthpiece 12, so each are mutually likewise formed details the mouthpiece 12 which is disposed on one side relative to the midline 20, are disposed relative to the median line 20 on the other side the mouthpiece 12 are designated by the appropriate same reference numerals in FIG detailed description thereof will be omitted.

マウスピース12は、合成樹脂製(エチレンビニルアセテート(EVA)製、セルロースアセトブチレート製等を含む)であり、透光性を有する。 Mouthpiece 12 is made of synthetic resin (ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) manufactured by, cellulose acetobutyrate, Ltd., etc.), it has a light-transmitting property. マウスピース12の歯面に当接する面は、本例では、正中線20の一方側に位置する小臼歯23、大臼歯24、25及び26の歯列に対応する形状を有している。 Surface contacting the tooth surface of the mouthpiece 12, in this example, bicuspid 23 located on one side of the midline 20 has a corresponding shape to the teeth of the molars 24, 25 and 26. 小臼歯23並びに大臼歯24、25及び26に対して舌側に位置するマウスピース12の部位61には、ワイヤ6の部位9及び10並びに端部7及び8が埋設されている。 The portion 61 of the mouthpiece 12 located lingually for premolars 23 and molars 24, 25 and 26, portions 9 and 10 and the ends 7 and 8 of the wire 6 is embedded. マウスピース12は、全体として薄肉に形成されるのが好ましい。 Mouthpiece 12 is preferably formed to be thin as a whole. マウスピース12の肉厚は、本例では部位61を除いて0.8mmから2mm程度である。 The thickness of the mouthpiece 12 is about 2mm from 0.8mm except portion 61 in this example. 部位61はマウスピース12の他の部位と比べて厚肉に形成されていてもよい。 Site 61 may be formed thicker than other parts of the mouthpiece 12. 本例のマウスピース12は、小臼歯23並びに大臼歯24、25及び26を覆うように形成されているが、これらに加えて、第一小臼歯をも覆うように形成されていてもよく、また、ワイヤ6を好適に保持することができる範囲において、第一小臼歯及び小臼歯23並びに大臼歯24、25及び26のうちの少なくともいずれか一つを覆うように形成されていてもよい。 Mouthpiece 12 of the present example is formed so as to cover the premolars 23 and molars 24, 25 and 26, in addition to these, may be formed so as to cover the first premolar, Furthermore, to the extent that it is possible to suitably hold the wire 6 may be formed so as to cover at least one of a first premolar and premolars 23 and molars 24, 25 and 26.

尚、マウスピース12は、例えば、位置調整すべき臼歯11が存する場合には、当該臼歯11に対して適正位置側に向かう圧力を与えることができるように、矯正前の歯列と矯正されるべき臼歯11が適正位置に配された場合の歯列とに基づいて形成されていてもよく、斯かる場合には、前歯2の歯列矯正と伴わせて、臼歯11の歯列矯正をも行い得る。 Incidentally, the mouthpiece 12, for example, when the molar 11 to be adjusted position exists, as can give a pressure toward the proper position side with respect to the molar teeth 11, is corrected with the teeth before orthodontic It should molars 11 may be formed on the basis of the teeth when disposed in the proper position, in such a case, by accompanied with orthodontic front teeth 2, also orthodontic molars 11 get done.

係合突起13は、例えば図3及び図4に示すように、前歯2に接合された状態においては、当該前歯2の舌側の面3から突出している。 Engaging projection 13, for example, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, in a state of being joined to the anterior 2 and protrudes from the surface 3 of the tongue side of the front teeth 2. 斯かる係合突起13は、金属製、例えばステンレス製であってもよく、また、樹脂製、例えば光重合レジン製であってもよい。 Such engagement projections 13, a metal, may be made of for example stainless steel, also made of resin, it may be, for example, made of light-curing resin. 係合突起13は、当接部4に好適に係合可能な形状であるならば、略半球状、方形状、円柱状、截頭円錐状のいずれの形状であってもよいが、本例では略半球状とする。 Engaging projection 13, if it is suitably shape that can engage abutment 4, hemispherical, square shape, a cylindrical shape, may it be a frusto conical any shape, the present embodiment In the substantially hemispherical. 係合突起13の突出長さは2mm以下、例えば1.5mmから2mm程度であってもよい。 Protruding length of the engagement projection 13 is 2mm or less, may be about 2mm, for example, from 1.5 mm. 斯かる係合突起13は、前歯2の舌側の面3に接着される。 Such engagement protrusion 13 is bonded to the surface 3 of the tongue side of the front teeth 2.

歯列矯正具1は、例えば図5及び図6に示すように上顎側の歯に装着される。 Dental braces 1 is mounted, for example, in the teeth of the upper jaw side as shown in FIGS. マウスピース12が臼歯11に装着されると、当接部4は係合突起13に係合され、付勢部5は、マウスピース12と当接部4との間で撓められ、この撓みに抗する復元力に基づいて当接部4をA方向に付勢する。 When the mouthpiece 12 is attached to the molar 11, abutment 4 is engaged with the engaging projection 13, the biasing portion 5, flexed between the mouthpiece 12 and the contact portion 4, the deflection the abutment 4 is urged in the direction a on the basis of the restoring force against the. 而して、上顎側の歯に装着された歯列矯正具1は、当接部4から係合突起13を介して中切歯21及び側切歯22にA方向の矯正力を与えることとなる。 And Thus, dental braces 1 mounted on the teeth of the upper jaw side, and to provide a corrective force in the A direction to the central incisors 21 and lateral incisor 22 via the engaging projection 13 from the abutment 4 Become. 尚、本例の歯列矯正具1は上顎側の歯に装着されるように形成されているが、例えば、下顎側の歯列を矯正する場合には、勿論、下顎側の歯に装着されるように形成される。 Incidentally, dental braces 1 of this embodiment are formed so as to be mounted on the teeth of the upper jaw side, for example, when correcting tooth alignment of the lower jaw side, of course, be fitted to the teeth of the lower jaw It is formed to so that.

歯列矯正具1によれば、歯列矯正において位置調整すべき前歯2に当接する当接部4及び位置調整すべき前歯2が歯列矯正後に配されるべき位置に向かって移動されるように当接部4を付勢する付勢部5を有していると共に歯列の舌側の面3に沿って伸びたワイヤ6と、ワイヤ6の両端7及び8側の部位9及び10に接合されていると共に当該ワイヤ6を保持すべく臼歯11に装着される一対の保持具としてのマウスピース12とを具備しているために、前歯2を好適に移動させることができ、しかも、一対のマウスピース12が臼歯11に装着されるために歯列矯正具1の歯からの着脱が容易である。 According to the orthodontic device 1, so that the front teeth 2 to be in contact with adjusting abutting portion 4 and the position in the front teeth 2 to be alignment in orthodontics is moved toward the position to be placed after orthodontic the abutting portion 4 and the wire 6 extending along the surface 3 of the tongue side of the teeth with has a biasing portion 5 for urging, at both ends 7 and 8 side portion 9 and 10 of the wires 6 into to have and a mouthpiece 12 as a pair of holders to be mounted on molar teeth 11 to hold the wire 6 with being joined, it is possible to suitably move the front teeth 2, moreover, a pair mouthpiece 12 is easily detached from the teeth of the dental braces 1 to be attached to the molar 11. また、斯かる歯列矯正具1によれば、歯列矯正具1の装着者が口を開いても、前歯2の頬側の面66にはワイヤ6が露呈しないので口外から視認され難い。 Further, according to such dental braces 1, also open the wearer mouth dental braces 1, the surface 66 of the buccal front teeth 2 is visible from outside the mouth the wire 6 is not exposed hard. 付勢部5は、位置調整すべき前歯2が歯列矯正後に配されるべき位置に向かって圧下若しくは挺出されるように当接部4を付勢するようになっている場合には、前歯2を好適に圧下若しくは挺出させることができる。 The biasing portion 5, if it has been such that the front teeth 2 to be adjusted position for urging the abutting portion 4 as reduction or Ting out toward the position to be placed after orthodontic front teeth 2 can be suitably reduction or Ting issued.

歯列矯正具1によれば、位置調整すべき前歯2の舌側の面3に接合されると共に付勢部5からの付勢力を当該前歯2に伝達することができるように当接部4に係合する係合突起13を具備しているために、当接部4を係合突起13により確実に係合させることができて、付勢部5からの付勢力を前歯2に好適に伝達し得る。 According to the orthodontic device 1, the contact portion 4 so that the urging force of the urging portion 5 can be transmitted to the anterior 2 together are joined to the surface 3 of the tongue side of the front teeth 2 to be adjusted position in the order that includes the engaging projections 13 for engaging contact portions 4 and can be securely engaged by the engagement projections 13, the biasing force from the biasing portion 5 suitably front teeth 2 It can transmit.

尚、本例の歯列矯正具1では、例えば図7に示すように、マウスピース12に係合するように臼歯11に装着される係合突起65を更に具備していてもよい。 In the dental braces 1 of the present embodiment, for example, as shown in FIG. 7, it may further be provided with a engaging protrusion 65 to be attached to the molar 11 to engage the mouthpiece 12. 臼歯11の舌側の面3に装着された係合突起65は舌側に向かって突出し、臼歯11の頬側の面66に装着された係合突起65は頬側に向かって突出する。 Engaging projection 65 mounted on the surface 3 of the tongue side of the molars 11 protrudes toward the lingual side, the engaging projection 65 mounted on the surface 66 of the buccal molars 11 projects toward the buccal. 斯かる場合には、マウスピース12の夫々には、係合突起65に係合される凹み部が歯面に接する面側に形成される。 In such a case, the respective mouthpiece 12, recessed portions to be engaged with the engaging protrusion 65 is formed on the side in contact with the tooth surface. マウスピース12が係合突起65に係合された場合には、マウスピース12の臼歯11への装着がより確実となり、而して、斯かるマウスピース12によってワイヤ6をより好適に保持し得る。 When the mouthpiece 12 is engaged with the engaging protrusion 65 is fitted to the molars 11 of the mouthpiece 12 becomes more reliable, and Thus, may retain the wire 6 more suitably by such mouthpiece 12 .

また、本例の歯列矯正具1では、当接部4が部位41からなるが、これに代えて、例えば、歯列矯正すべき前歯2を覆い且つ係合突起13に係合されるように部位41に固着されたマウスピース(図示せず)を有した当接部4を具備していてもよく、斯かる場合には、付勢部5によるA方向の付勢力又はA方向とは逆の方向の付勢力を前歯2に容易に伝達することができ、加えて、マウスピースの形状に基づく前歯2の歯列矯正をも行い得る。 Further, the dental braces 1 of the present embodiment, as the abutting portion 4 is consist site 41, instead of this, for example, that is engaged and engaging projections 13 cover the front teeth 2 should orthodontic may be provided with a contact portion 4 having fixed and mouthpiece (not shown) to the site 41, in such a case, the biasing force or the direction a of the a direction by the biasing portion 5 the biasing force of the opposite direction can be easily transmitted to the front teeth 2, in addition, it may also perform orthodontic front teeth 2 based on the shape of the mouthpiece.

本発明の実施の形態の例の全体説明図である。 It is an overall explanatory view of an example embodiment of the present invention. 図1に示す例の斜視説明図である。 It is a perspective view of the embodiment shown in FIG. 図1に示す例の主に係合突起の説明図である。 It is an explanatory view of a main engaging projection of the embodiment shown in FIG. 図1に示す例の主に係合突起の説明図である。 It is an explanatory view of a main engaging projection of the embodiment shown in FIG. 図1に示す例の歯への装着時における説明図である。 It is an explanatory view at the time of attachment to the teeth of the embodiment shown in FIG. 図1に示す例の歯への装着時における断面説明図である。 It is a cross sectional view at the time of attachment to the teeth of the embodiment shown in FIG. 図1に示す例の一部説明図である。 It is part illustration of the embodiment shown in FIG.

符号の説明 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1 歯列矯正具2 前歯3、66 面4 当接部5 付勢部6 ワイヤ11 臼歯12 マウスピース13、65 係合突起 1 braces 2 front teeth 3, 66 surface 4 the abutment portion 5 urging portion 6 wire 11 molars 12 mouthpiece supplies 13, 65, the engaging projection

Claims (5)

  1. 歯列矯正において位置調整すべき前歯に当接する当接部及び位置調整すべき前歯が歯列矯正後に配されるべき位置に向かって移動されるように当接部を付勢する付勢部を有していると共に歯列の舌側の面に沿って伸びたワイヤと、ワイヤの両端側の部位に接合されていると共に当該ワイヤを保持すべく臼歯に装着される一対の保持具とを具備している歯列矯正具。 A biasing unit that biases the contact portion so that the front teeth to be in contact with adjusting abutment and located in front teeth to be adjusted positions in orthodontics is moved toward the position to be placed after orthodontic a wire extending along the surface of the tongue side of the teeth with has, a pair of holders to be mounted on molar teeth to hold the wire with and is joined to the portion of the wire both ends of the provided dental braces that you are.
  2. 付勢部は、位置調整すべき前歯が歯列矯正後に配されるべき位置に向かって圧下若しくは挺出されるように当接部を付勢するようになっている請求項1に記載の歯列矯正具。 Urging portion, teeth as claimed in claim 1 which is adapted to the front teeth to be adjusted position to urge the contact portion as pressure or Ting out toward the position to be placed after orthodontic orthotic.
  3. 当接部は、前歯に対して舌側に配されるワイヤの部位からなり、付勢部は、前記部位の両端の夫々に連なるワイヤの一対の部位からなる請求項1又は2に記載の歯列矯正具。 Abutment is made from the site of the wire which is arranged on the tongue side of the front teeth, the biasing portion, the teeth of claim 1 or 2 comprising a pair of portions of wires connected to each of both ends of the site braces.
  4. 一対の保持具の夫々は、マウスピースからなる請求項1から3のいずれか一項に記載の歯列矯正具。 Each of the pair of holders, dental braces according to any one of claims 1 consisting of the mouthpiece 3.
  5. 位置調整すべき前歯の舌側の面に接合されると共に付勢部からの付勢力を当該前歯に伝達することができるように当接部に係合する係合突起を具備している請求項1から4のいずれか一項に記載の歯列矯正具。 Claim that the urging force from the urging portion comprises a engagement protrusion that engages with the contact portion so that it can be transmitted to the front teeth while being bonded to the surface of the tongue side of the front teeth to be position adjustment braces according to any one of 1 to 4.
JP2007166152A 2007-06-25 2007-06-25 Dental brace Pending JP2009000412A (en)

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US9387051B2 (en) 2011-05-13 2016-07-12 Propel Orthodontics, Llc Method and device for causing tooth movement
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US10380212B2 (en) 2017-07-27 2019-08-13 Align Technology, Inc. Methods and apparatuses for forming a three-dimensional volumetric model of a subject's teeth

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