JP2007004205A - Method for manufacturing electrooptical device, and electrooptical device - Google Patents

Method for manufacturing electrooptical device, and electrooptical device Download PDF

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JP2007004205A
JP2007004205A JP2006253008A JP2006253008A JP2007004205A JP 2007004205 A JP2007004205 A JP 2007004205A JP 2006253008 A JP2006253008 A JP 2006253008A JP 2006253008 A JP2006253008 A JP 2006253008A JP 2007004205 A JP2007004205 A JP 2007004205A
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substrate
electro
layer
object
optical device
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Tetsuhiko Takeuchi
哲彦 竹内
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Seiko Epson Corp
セイコーエプソン株式会社
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<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a liquid crystal device with a plastics substrate, wherein respective films which necessitate heat treatment at temperature equal to or higher than T<SB>G</SB>of the plastics substrate have film characteristics equivalent to those in the case of being film formed on a glass substrate, and a method for manufacturing the same. <P>SOLUTION: The method for manufacturing the liquid crystal device having a liquid crystal layer held between a pair of substrates of which at least one is composed of a resin has: a step to form a layer for separation on a substrate for layer formation; a step to form a matter to be removed which has at least a conductive film and an alignment layer on the layer for separation; a step to irradiate the layer for separation with irradiation light so as to cause removal thereon and to remove the matter to be removed from the substrate for layer formation; and a step to stick the matter to be removed to the substrate. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2007,JPO&INPIT

Description

  The present invention relates to an electro-optical device manufacturing method and an electro-optical device.

  FIG. 31 is a cross-sectional view showing a schematic configuration of a conventional general passive matrix liquid crystal device. This figure shows a liquid crystal cell 1000 of a transmissive liquid crystal device, and a liquid crystal layer 1003 made of STN (Super Twisted Nematic) liquid crystal or the like is sandwiched between a pair of substrates 1001 and 1002 made of a glass substrate or the like. A color filter layer 1010 including color pixels 1010a such as red (R), green (G), and blue (B) and a light-shielding layer (black matrix) 1010b is formed on the display area of the first substrate 1002, and the color filter layer 1010 is formed thereon. A plurality of electrodes 1006 are formed in a stripe shape, and an alignment layer 1008 is further formed thereon. Similarly, in the display region of the second substrate 1001, a plurality of electrodes 1005 extending in a direction orthogonal to the electrodes 1006 of the first substrate 1002 are formed in a stripe shape, and an alignment layer 1007 is formed thereon. A polarizing plate (not shown) is provided on the outer surface side of each of the substrates 1001 and 1002. Reference numeral 1009 denotes a spacer for keeping the distance between the substrates (referred to as a cell gap) constant within the substrate surface, and reference numeral 1004 denotes a sealing material for bonding the substrates together and enclosing the liquid crystal. Here, as a substrate used in a normal liquid crystal device, a substrate such as a glass substrate or a quartz substrate has been conventionally selected.

However, in recent years, with the widespread use of portable electronic devices such as small portable information terminals, there is a demand for a liquid crystal device using a plastic film substrate having advantages such as light weight, easy thinning, non-breaking, and capable of curved display. Is growing. For this reason, for example, a plastic film having a thickness of about 0.4 × 10 −3 m (0.4 mm) or less made of a transparent polymer such as polycarbonate, polyacrylate, polyethersulfone, or polyolefin is used as the substrate. There has been a demand for adapting as a base material.
However, application of such a transparent resin substrate to a color liquid crystal cell has not been realized.

  The reason is as follows. FIG. 32 is an explanatory diagram of the manufacturing process of the color filter layer in the conventional liquid crystal cell. In the manufacturing process of the color filter layer 1010, first, as shown in FIG. 5A, a red (R) dye layer 1010r is formed by patterning on the first substrate 1002 by photolithography. As the treatment at this time, it is essential to perform heat treatment, and the temperature condition has been set to about 220 ° C.

  Then, as shown in FIG. 5B, when forming the green (G) dye layer 1010g, a layer 1010g ′ to be the green (G) dye layer 1010g is formed on the entire surface of the substrate 1002. Then, patterning was performed by a photolithography method. At this time, it is necessary to perform heat treatment under conditions of about 220 ° C. Thereafter, similarly, a blue (B) dye layer and a light shielding layer (black matrix) 1010b are formed to form a color filter layer 1010.

Further, the electrode 1006 is made of a transparent conductive material such as indium tin oxide (hereinafter referred to as ITO). When forming the electrode made of ITO, an evaporation method, a sputtering method, a CVD (Chemical Vapor) is used. After a conductive film made of an electrode material such as ITO is formed on the entire surface of the first substrate 1002 by the Deposition method, a predetermined photoresist is applied to the entire surface of the conductive film, and the photoresist is exposed and developed. A photoresist is formed in a predetermined pattern. Next, an electrode 1006 having a predetermined pattern was formed by etching the conductive film into a predetermined pattern. When the conductive film was formed, a substrate heat treatment at about 200 ° C. was required.
Furthermore, the alignment layer 1008 is made of polyimide or the like, and it is also necessary to perform a heat treatment at about 300 ° C. in the manufacturing process.

However, since the glass transition temperature TG of the transparent resin substrate is about 150 ° C. to 200 ° C., the substantial heat resistance temperature is about 125 ° C. to 160 ° C., and further heat treatment is performed. In such a case, problems such as deformation of the base material may occur. For this reason, when the resin-made base material was applied, there existed a problem that it could not endure the heat processing conditions of about 120 to 150 degreeC or more. Further, when the heat treatment temperature at the time of film formation of each layer is lowered in order to improve such a problem of the base material, the following problems have occurred.

  First, when the heat treatment temperature in forming the color filter layer 1010 is set to be equal to or lower than the heat resistant temperature of the transparent resin substrate of about 120 ° C., the dye layer 1010a is not sufficiently stabilized by the heat treatment at that temperature. For this reason, for example, as shown in FIG. 32 (c), the green (G) color resist 1010g ″ remains on the unstabilized red (R) dye layer 1010r, and thus has the desired spectral characteristics. A color filter cannot be formed.

  When the substrate heating temperature in forming the ITO film is set to be equal to or lower than the heat resistant temperature of the transparent resin base material of about 120 ° C., the resistance value of the formed ITO is increased. Only a value of about 40Ω / □ can be obtained. In this way, the resistance value of ITO processed at a low temperature is larger than the sheet resistance of 7 to 15 Ω / □ when ITO is formed on the glass substrate at a normal heat treatment temperature. Since the liquid crystal display device cannot be driven with a low driving voltage, the liquid crystal display device cannot be applied to a liquid crystal device that requires high definition.

  In addition, even when the heat treatment temperature during the formation of the alignment film 1008 is set to a value of about 120 ° C. or less, which is the heat resistant temperature of the transparent resin substrate, sufficient film properties such as orientation cannot be obtained sufficiently. It was.

The present invention has been made in order to solve the above-described problems. For example, a general plastic substrate or the like can be used, and each film that requires a heat treatment of TG or more of the plastic substrate can be used. It is an object of the present invention to provide a liquid crystal device having a film characteristic equivalent to that formed on a glass substrate and a manufacturing method thereof.

In the electro-optical device manufacturing method of the present invention, an electro-optical device manufacturing method in which at least one of a pair of substrates is sandwiched between substrates made of a resin,
Forming a separation layer on the forming substrate;
Forming a peeled object having at least a conductive film and an alignment film on the separation layer;
Irradiating the separation layer with irradiation light, causing separation in the separation layer, and separating the object to be separated from the forming substrate;
The above-described problem has been solved by including a step of attaching the object to be peeled to the substrate.
According to the present invention, the formation substrate is light-transmitting, and the separation layer is transmitted through the formation substrate and irradiated with irradiation light, thereby causing separation at an interface between the separation layer and the object to be separated. It is possible.
In the present invention, the separation layer may be peeled off when the bonding force between atoms or molecules of the substance constituting the separation layer disappears or decreases.
Moreover, it is preferable that the said irradiation light of this invention is a laser beam, and the wavelength of the said laser beam can be 100-350 nm.
The separation layer of the present invention is preferably composed of amorphous silicon.
The said board | substrate of this invention can be stuck by the adhesive sheet.
In the present invention, the conductive film is made of indium tin oxide, and its sheet resistance is preferably set to less than 30 Ω / □, and more preferably, the sheet resistance is set to 15 Ω / □ or less. it can.
Furthermore, means for forming a color filter layer can be employed for the object to be peeled of the present invention.
A reflective film may be formed on the object to be peeled according to the present invention.
A passivation film can be laminated on the side of the object to be peeled to which the substrate is attached.
In the present invention, the object to be peeled is a means of laminating at least the conductive film and the alignment film in this order on the forming substrate, or the object to be peeled is at least the alignment film on the forming substrate. It is possible to select means for stacking the conductive films in this order.
In this invention, the said irradiation light can be irradiated in the state in which the said board | substrate was stuck on the said to-be-separated object.
In the method for manufacturing a substrate for an electro-optical device of the present invention, a step of forming a separation layer on the forming substrate;
Forming a peeled object having at least a conductive film and an alignment film on the separation layer;
Irradiating the separation layer with irradiation light, causing separation in the separation layer, and separating the object to be separated from the forming substrate;
The above-described problem has been solved by including a step of attaching the object to be peeled to the substrate.
In the electro-optical device of the present invention, an electro-optical device in which an electro-optical material layer is sandwiched between substrates in which at least one of a pair of substrates is made of a resin,
At least a conductive film and an alignment film are formed on the substrate,
The said subject was solved by the said electrically conductive film consisting of indium tin oxide, and setting the sheet resistance to less than 30 ohms / square.
In the present invention, more preferably, the sheet resistance can be set to 15Ω / □ or less.
A reflective film may be formed on the substrate of the present invention.
The substrate and an object to be peeled having at least the conductive film and the alignment film can be attached by an adhesive sheet.
A passivation film may be stacked between the substrate of the present invention and the conductive film.
In addition, the electronic apparatus according to the present invention can include each of the electro-optical devices described above.

In the method for manufacturing an electro-optical device (liquid crystal device) according to the present invention, a separation layer is formed on a formation substrate such as a glass substrate or a quartz substrate, and the separation target includes at least a conductive film and an alignment film on the separation layer. Forming a product, irradiating the separation layer with irradiation light, causing separation in the separation layer, and separating the material to be separated from the forming substrate; and , Based on a plastic film having a thickness of about 0.4 × 10 −3 m (0.4 mm) or less made of a transparent polymer such as polyacrylate, polyethersulfone, and polyolefin, And a step of adhering to a plastic substrate (resin substrate) formed by laminating a gas barrier layer that does not transmit gas and a protective layer. In contrast to the case of directly forming a conductive film, an alignment film, etc., it is not necessary to set the temperature condition of the heat treatment in the peeled object forming step below the heat resistance temperature defined by the TG of the plastic film. It is possible to manufacture a liquid crystal device using a plastic film substrate having advantages such as having a conductive film and an alignment film having film characteristics, and having advantages such as light weight, easy thinning, no cracking, and curved display. .

Here, by applying a glass substrate, a quartz substrate, or the like having excellent heat resistance as the forming substrate, it becomes possible to perform heat treatment at a temperature higher than the heat resistance temperature defined by the TG of the plastic film, It is possible to repeat the formation and peeling of an object to be formed on a forming substrate such as, and therefore, even when a high-temperature heat treatment that is necessary for forming a quartz glass substrate is required, its cost Can be reduced.

  According to the present invention, the formation substrate is light-transmitting, and the separation layer and the coated layer are irradiated with irradiation light from the formation substrate side, that is, through the formation substrate. It is possible to cause peeling at the interface with the peeled object, and even when a layer with low transmittance such as an opaque conductive material that reflects light such as aluminum or silver is formed on the peeled object. , Peeling can be performed efficiently.

  Further, in the present invention, the separation of the separation layer is caused by the disappearance or reduction of the bonding force between atoms or molecules of the substance constituting the separation layer, so that the object to be separated and the separation layer in the state before the separation are removed. It is possible to peel the object to be peeled from the interface with this, and thereby prevent the separation layer from adhering to the object to be peeled.

  Further, the irradiation light of the present invention can be laser light, and the wavelength of the laser light is preferably 100 to 350 nm, more preferably a KrF excimer laser having a wavelength of 248 nm. is there. Thereby, the bonding force between atoms or molecules of the substance constituting the irradiated separation layer can be efficiently lost or reduced.

  Here, the separation layer of the present invention is preferably composed of amorphous silicon, which causes the amorphous silicon to be crystallized by laser irradiation to become polycrystalline silicon, resulting in a volume change. The object to be peeled can be peeled off.

  In the present invention, a plastic film substrate can be attached to an object to be peeled before being peeled off from the forming substrate or an object to be peeled off after being peeled off from the forming substrate with an adhesive sheet. Here, the pressure-sensitive adhesive sheet is not limited to a specific sheet, and can be generally applied to a thin film device that can be attached to a plastic substrate as long as it does not depart from the spirit of the present invention. It is.

In the present invention, the conductive film is made of indium tin oxide, and its sheet resistance is preferably set to less than 30 Ω / □, and more preferably, the sheet resistance is set to 15 Ω / □ or less. This is a characteristic that can be obtained by a heat treatment of about 200 ° C., which greatly exceeds the heat resistance temperature of the plastic film, and the influence of the voltage drop can be reduced by such a low resistance value. A high-definition liquid crystal device with a low driving voltage can be obtained.
Further, a color filter layer is formed on the object to be peeled of the present invention, and the necessary stability is obtained by sufficiently baking the solvent in the color resist by heat treatment at about 220 ° C. exceeding the heat resistance temperature of the plastic substrate. Is possible.

  The object to be peeled according to the present invention can be formed into a reflective liquid crystal device or a transflective liquid crystal device by forming a reflective film.

A passivation film made of SiO 2 is laminated on the side of the substrate to which the substrate is to be peeled, so that a plastic substrate can be directly attached to a conductive film or TFT (Thin Film Transistor) portion. Adhesion of the adhesive sheet can be prevented, and gas permeation and impurity diffusion to the liquid crystal cell can be further reduced.

  In the present invention, the means for laminating the object to be peeled at least in the order of the conductive film and the alignment film on the forming substrate, by sticking a plastic substrate on the side where the forming substrate is peeled, Applicable to both display substrates and drive substrates, liquid crystal devices of active matrix and passive matrix types, and transmissive, reflective, transflective, or projection types Is possible.

  Further, the object to be peeled is laminated on the forming substrate in the order of at least the alignment film and the conductive film, that is, peeled off from the forming substrate by means of laminating in the reverse order to the substrate of a normal liquid crystal device. By irradiating the irradiation light with a plastic substrate attached to the previous object to be peeled, a display substrate and a driving substrate of a passive matrix type liquid crystal device, and a display of an active matrix type liquid crystal device It is possible to adapt to an industrial board.

  In the present invention, an electro-optical device (liquid crystal device) can also be manufactured by combining and bonding these plastic substrates and ordinary glass substrates. In this case, for example, an active type driving substrate such as a TFT is formed on a glass substrate, the display substrate is formed in the reverse order, a plastic substrate is attached, and these are bonded together to form a liquid crystal device. You can also.

According to the electro-optical device, the manufacturing method thereof, and the electronic apparatus of the invention, a step of forming a separation layer on a forming substrate such as a glass substrate or a quartz substrate, and a substrate having at least a conductive film and an alignment film on the separation layer. A step of forming a peeled material, a step of irradiating the separation layer with irradiation light to cause peeling in the separation layer, and separating the material to be peeled from the forming substrate; and And a step of adhering to a plastic substrate (resin substrate) having a plastic film made of a polymer as a base material, compared with the case of directly forming a conductive film and an alignment film on the plastic film substrate Since it is not necessary to set the temperature condition of the heat treatment in the peel-off object forming step below the heat resistance temperature specified by the TG of the plastic film, the film has desired film characteristics. Electro-optical device (liquid crystal device) using a plastic film substrate that has a conductive film, an alignment film, a color filter layer, and has advantages such as light weight, easy thinning, no cracking, and curved display There is an effect that can be manufactured.

[First Embodiment]
Hereinafter, a first embodiment of an electro-optical device and a manufacturing method thereof according to the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. In the present embodiment and the following embodiments, a liquid crystal device will be described as an example of an electro-optical device.

  FIG. 30 is a flowchart showing a method for manufacturing a liquid crystal device according to the present invention, and FIGS. 1 to 6 are schematic cross-sectional views showing steps of the method for manufacturing a liquid crystal device according to the first embodiment. Is a forming substrate, g2 is a separation layer, g4 is an object to be peeled, and g7 is irradiation light. In addition, the code | symbol shown by [S1] etc. in this specification respond | corresponds to each process in the flowchart of FIG.

[S1 separation layer g2 forming step]
As shown in FIG. 1, a separation layer (light absorption layer) g2 is formed on one surface (separation layer formation surface g11) of the formation substrate g1. When the irradiation light g7 is irradiated from the irradiation light incident surface g12 side of the formation substrate g1 to be described later, the formation substrate g1 preferably has translucency through which the irradiation light g7 can be transmitted. In this case, the transmittance of the irradiation light g7 is preferably 10% or more, and more preferably 50% or more. If the transmittance is too low, the attenuation (loss) of the irradiation light g7 increases, and a larger amount of light is required to peel off the separation layer g2.

  The forming substrate g1 is preferably made of a highly reliable material, and particularly preferably made of a material having excellent heat resistance. The reason for this is that, for example, when forming an object to be peeled g4 or a passivation film (intermediate layer) g3 described later, the process temperature may be high (for example, about 350 to 1000 ° C.) depending on the type and forming method. Even in that case, if the formation substrate g1 has excellent heat resistance, the film formation conditions such as the temperature condition are defined by the heat resistance temperature of the plastic sheet in forming the material to be peeled g4 on the formation substrate g1. This is because the temperature can be higher than the temperature condition, and the range of setting is widened.

Furthermore, the substrate for forming g1, when the maximum temperature during the formation of the peeling product g4 was T max, is preferably one strain point is constituted by a T max above material, specifically, for forming The constituent material of the substrate g1 preferably has a strain point of 350 ° C. or higher. Furthermore, the thing of 500 degreeC or more is more preferable. Examples of such materials include heat-resistant glass such as quartz glass, soda glass, Corning 7059 (trade name), and Nippon Electric Glass OA-2 (trade name). As long as it is the process temperature at the time of formation of the separation layer g2, the intermediate layer g3, and the object to be peeled g4 set to about 200 ° C. to 300 ° C., an inexpensive glass material lower than the melting point is used as the forming substrate g1. be able to.

Further, the thickness of the forming substrate g1 is not particularly limited, but it is usually preferably about 0.1 to 5.0 mm, and more preferably about 0.5 to 1.5 mm. If the thickness of the forming substrate g1 is too thin, the strength is lowered. If it is too thick, the irradiation light g7 is easily attenuated when the transmittance of the forming substrate g1 is low. In addition, when the transmittance | permeability of the irradiation light g7 of the formation board | substrate g1 is high, the thickness may exceed the said value.
In addition, it is preferable that the thickness of the separation layer forming portion of the forming substrate g1 is uniform so that the irradiation light g7 can be uniformly irradiated. Further, since the forming substrate g1 is not removed by etching or the like, but peeled off from the separation layer g2 between the forming substrate g1 and the object to be peeled g4, the forming substrate g1 is detached, so that the work is easy. In addition, there is a wide range of choices regarding the formation substrate g1, for example, using a relatively thick substrate.

  Further, the separation layer forming surface g11 and the irradiation light incident surface g12 of the forming substrate g1 are not limited to flat surfaces as illustrated, and may be curved surfaces. In this case, it is possible to cope with a case where a plastic substrate described later is a curved surface.

Next, the separation layer g2 will be described.
As will be described later, the separation layer g2 absorbs the irradiation light g7 and causes separation (hereinafter referred to as “interface separation”) at the interface g2b between the separation layer g2 and the intermediate layer g3 or the object to be peeled g4. It has properties, and preferably, the irradiation of the irradiation light g7 leads to interfacial peeling by eliminating or reducing the bonding force between atoms or molecules of the substance constituting the separation layer g2.

  Furthermore, the irradiation with the irradiation light g7 may release a gas from the separation layer g2 and exhibit a separation effect. That is, there are a case where the component contained in the separation layer g2 is released as a gas and a case where the separation layer g2 absorbs light and becomes a gas for a moment, and its vapor is released, contributing to the separation. .

An example of such a composition of the separation layer g2 is amorphous silicon (a-Si).
This amorphous silicon (amorphous silicon) may contain H (hydrogen). In this case, the H content is preferably about 2 at% or more, and more preferably about 2 to 20 at%. In this case, when a predetermined amount of H is contained, hydrogen is released by irradiation with the irradiation light g7, and an internal pressure is generated in the separation layer g2, which causes the separation object g4 and the formation substrate g1 to be separated. It becomes the force to peel. The content of H in the amorphous silicon is adjusted by appropriately setting film forming conditions such as gas composition, gas pressure, gas atmosphere, gas flow rate, temperature, substrate temperature, and input power in CVD. be able to.

  In addition, the thickness of the separation layer g2 varies depending on various conditions such as the purpose of peeling, the composition of the separation layer g2, and the formation method, but it is usually preferably about 1 nm to 20 μm, and preferably about 10 nm to 2 μm. More preferably, it is about 40 nm to 1 μm. If the film thickness of the separation layer g2 is too small, the uniformity of film formation may be impaired, and unevenness may occur in the peeling. If the film thickness is too thick, good separation of the separation layer g2 is ensured. In addition, the power (light quantity) of the irradiation light g7 needs to be increased, and the separation layer g2 may remain on the object to be peeled g4 side, which may require the work of removing it, which is not preferable. Note that the thickness of the separation layer g2 is preferably as uniform as possible.

  The formation method of the separation layer g2 is not particularly limited, and is appropriately selected according to various conditions such as film composition and film thickness. For example, various vapor deposition methods such as CVD (including MOCVD, low pressure CVD, ECR-CVD), vapor deposition, molecular beam vapor deposition (MB), sputtering, ion plating, PVD, and the like can be mentioned. The above can also be combined, and it is particularly preferable to form the film by low pressure CVD or plasma CVD.

[S3 object to be peeled g4 forming step]
Next, as shown in FIG. 2, an object to be peeled g4 is formed on the separation layer g2.
The object to be peeled g4 is a layer transferred to a transfer body (substrate) 6 as described later, and is a functional thin film or thin film device formed on each substrate of the liquid crystal device as described later. And a plurality of layers such as a conductive film, an alignment film, a color filter layer, and a driving circuit. At this time, at least the alignment film and the conductive film are stacked in this order from the surface g4a on the separation layer g2 side to the upper surface g4b of the separation object g4. That is, an alignment film is formed on the surface g4a of the object to be peeled g4.
Such a functional thin film or thin film device is usually formed through a relatively high process temperature of about 200 ° C. to 300 ° C. or more in relation to the heat treatment temperature necessary for forming each film, as will be described later. . Therefore, in this case, as described above, the formation substrate g1 needs to have a high reliability that can withstand the process temperature. Such an object to be peeled g4 is usually formed through a plurality of steps as will be described later.

[S4 adhesive layer g5 forming step, S5 transfer body g6 sticking step]
As shown in FIG. 3, an adhesive layer (adhesive sheet) g5 is formed on an object to be peeled g4, and a transfer body g6 is bonded (bonded) through the adhesive layer g5.
Preferable examples of the adhesive constituting the adhesive layer g5 include various curable types such as a reactive curable adhesive, a thermosetting adhesive, a photocurable adhesive such as an ultraviolet curable adhesive, and an anaerobic curable adhesive. An adhesive is mentioned. The composition of the adhesive may be any, for example, epoxy, acrylate, or silicone. Such an adhesive layer g5 is formed by, for example, a coating method.

  In the case of using the curable adhesive, for example, after applying a curable adhesive on the object to be peeled g4 and joining a transfer body g6 to be described later, the curing method according to the characteristics of the curable adhesive is used. The curable adhesive is cured to adhere and fix the object to be peeled g4 and the transfer body g6.

  When using a photo-curing adhesive, the translucent transfer body g6 is disposed on the uncured adhesive layer g5, and then the curing light is irradiated from the transfer body g6 to cure the adhesive. preferable. Moreover, if the forming substrate g1 has translucency, it is preferable to cure the adhesive by irradiating the curing light from both sides of the forming substrate g1 and the transfer body g6 to ensure the curing.

[S2 intermediate layer g3 forming step]
Note that, unlike the figure, an adhesive layer g5 may be formed on the transfer body g6 side, and a material to be peeled g4 may be adhered thereon. Further, an intermediate layer as described above may be provided between the object to be peeled g4 and the adhesive layer g5.

As the transfer body (substrate) g6, a polycarbonate system having a glass transition temperature TG that is lower than the forming substrate, having a glass transition temperature TG of about 150 ° C., and an actual heat resistance temperature of about 125 ° C. is used. Polyacrylate system having a temperature of about 170 ° C. and an actual heat resistance temperature of about 150 ° C. Polyether sulfone system having a glass transition temperature TG of about 200 ° C. and an actual heat resistance temperature of about 160 ° C., a glass transition temperature T A plastic film having a thickness of about 0.4 × 10 −3 m (0.4 mm) or less made of a transparent polymer such as polyolefin having G of about 140 ° C. and an actual heat-resistant temperature of about 120 ° C. And a plastic substrate (transparent resin substrate) in which a gas barrier layer that does not transmit gas and a protective layer are laminated on both sides. Such a substrate may be a flat plate or a curved plate.

Here, as a reason why the resin substrate as described above can be applied as the transfer body g6, in the present invention, the object to be peeled g4 is formed on the forming substrate g1 side, and then the object to be peeled g4 is transferred to the transfer body g6. Therefore, the characteristics required for the transfer body g6, particularly the heat resistance, does not depend on the temperature conditions or the like when forming the object to be peeled g4. Therefore, when the maximum temperature during the formation of the object to be peeled g4 is T max , a material having a glass transition point (T G ) or a softening point equal to or lower than T max can be used as a constituent material of the transfer body g6. That is, as described above, the transfer body g6 can be made of a material having a glass transition point (T G ) or a softening point of about 200 ° C. or less.
As a result, the mechanical properties of the transfer body g6 can have a certain degree of rigidity (strength) as plastic properties, and can also have flexibility and elasticity.

[S6 irradiation light g7 irradiation step, S7 object to be peeled g4 peeling step]
As shown in FIG. 4, the irradiation light g7 is irradiated from the back surface side (irradiation light incident surface g12 side) of the forming substrate g1. The irradiation light g7 passes through the formation substrate g1, and is then irradiated to the separation layer g2 from the interface g2a side. As a result, as shown in FIG. 5, interfacial peeling occurs in the separation layer g2, and the bonding force decreases or disappears. Therefore, when the forming substrate g1 and the transfer body g6 are separated from each other, the object to be peeled g4 becomes the forming substrate. Separated from g1 and transferred to the transfer body g6.

  Here, FIG. 6 shows a case where interface separation at the interface g2b occurs in the separation layer g2. The principle of interface separation of the separation layer g2 is that separation occurs in the constituent material of the separation layer g2, the release of the gas built in the separation layer g2, and the phases such as melting and transpiration that occur immediately after irradiation. It is estimated that this is due to change. This exfoliation means that the solid material that absorbs the irradiation light (the constituent material of the separation layer g2) is excited photochemically or thermally, and the surface or internal atom or molecule bond is cut and released. Mainly, all or part of the constituent material of the separation layer g2 appears as a phenomenon that causes a phase change such as melting or evaporation (vaporization). In addition, the phase change may result in a fine foamed state, resulting in a decrease in bonding strength.

  For this reason, separation may occur inside the separation layer g2 in a state where the separation layer g2 does not adhere to the object to be separated g4, and the separation layer g2 causes in-layer separation, interfacial separation, or both. It depends on the composition of the separation layer g2 and various other factors, and one of the factors includes conditions such as the type, wavelength, intensity, and reaching depth of the irradiation light g7.

The irradiation light g7 may be anything that causes the separation layer g2 to undergo in-layer peeling and / or interfacial peeling. For example, X-ray, ultraviolet light, visible light, infrared light (heat ray), laser light, millimeter wave, microwave , Electron beam, radiation (α ray, β ray, γ ray) and the like. Among them, laser light is preferable in that it easily causes separation (ablation) of the separation layer g2.
Of these laser devices that generate laser light, an excimer laser is particularly preferable. Since the excimer laser outputs high energy in a short wavelength region, the separation layer g2 can be peeled off in an extremely short time. Therefore, the temperature of the adjacent or near object to be peeled off g4, the forming substrate g1 or the like can be increased. The separation layer g2 can be peeled off with almost no increase, that is, without causing deterioration or damage.

In addition, when the irradiation light at the time of generating ablation in the separation layer g2 has wavelength dependency, the wavelength of the irradiated laser light is preferably about 100 to 350 nm, for example, a Kr-F laser of about 248 nm. Is used.
In addition, the energy density of the laser beam irradiated, particularly the energy density in the case of the excimer laser is preferably set to 10~5000mJ / cm 2 or so, and more preferably, 100 to 500 mJ / cm 2 or so. The irradiation time is preferably about 1 to 1000 nsec, more preferably about 10 to 100 nsec. When the energy density is low or the irradiation time is short, sufficient peeling or the like does not occur, and when the energy density is high or the irradiation time is long, the irradiation object g4 is adversely affected by the irradiation light transmitted through the separation layer g2. May have an effect. Irradiation light g7 typified by such Kr—F excimer laser light is preferably irradiated so that its intensity is uniform.

  The irradiation direction of the irradiation light g7 is not limited to the direction perpendicular to the separation layer g2, and may be a direction inclined by a predetermined angle with respect to the separation layer g2. Further, when the area of the separation layer g2 is larger than the irradiation area of one irradiation light, the entire area of the separation layer g2 can be irradiated with irradiation light in a plurality of times. Moreover, you may irradiate the same location twice or more. Further, irradiation light (laser light) of different types and different wavelengths (wavelength regions) can be irradiated twice or more to the same region or different regions.

  Finally, as shown in FIG. 5, the separation layer g2 adhering to the formation substrate g1 is removed by a method such as cleaning, etching, ashing, polishing, or a combination of these. When the forming substrate g1 is made of an expensive material such as quartz glass or a rare material, the forming substrate g1 can be reused (recycled).

Through the above steps, the transfer of the object to be peeled g4 to the transfer body g6 is completed. Thereafter, a surface treatment is performed on the layer to be peeled g4, and a predetermined treatment is performed on the peeled object g4 and the transfer body (substrate) 6. Thereby, as shown in FIG. 6, it can be set as one board | substrate of the liquid crystal panel laminated | stacked in order of the electrically conductive film, such as ITO, and the alignment film in order from the plastic substrate g6 side. Here, the alignment film is located on the surface g4a of the peeled object g4.
After spraying spacers on this liquid crystal substrate, this substrate and another substrate are attached via a sealing material, and liquid crystal is injected between these substrates to form a liquid crystal layer. Then, a liquid crystal device is manufactured by attaching optical elements such as a polarizing plate and a retardation plate to the outside of the substrate.

  In the present invention, the object to be peeled g4 itself having a conductive layer made of ITO, a color filter layer, an alignment film and the like is not directly formed on a plastic substrate, but on a forming substrate g1 having a high heat resistance temperature such as glass. In order to peel off the object to be peeled g4 from the separation layer g2, the processing temperature conditions for forming each layer of the peeled object g4 are different from each other regardless of the heat resistance temperature of the plastic film. Therefore, it is possible to maintain a high reliability that could not be obtained with a conventional liquid crystal device using a plastic substrate.

  Further, in the present embodiment, the object to be peeled g4 is formed by laminating at least the alignment film and the conductive film in this order on the formation substrate g1, that is, by laminating in the reverse order to the normal liquid crystal panel substrate. For display substrates and drive substrates for passive matrix type liquid crystal devices, and for display substrates for active matrix type liquid crystal devices, and for transmissive, reflective, transflective, or projection types Can also be adapted.

  Further, in this embodiment, a gas barrier for preventing gas permeation to the liquid crystal when manufactured as a liquid crystal device between the object to be peeled g4 and the adhesive layer (adhesive sheet) g5, that is, the surface g4b of the object to be peeled g4. As a layer, a layer similar to an intermediate layer (passivation film) g3 described later in the second embodiment can be formed.

  Further, in this embodiment, the separation layer g2 is irradiated with the irradiation light g7 from the forming substrate g1 side. However, when the peeled object g4 is not adversely affected by the irradiation of the irradiation light g7, the irradiation direction of the irradiation light g7 Is not limited to the above, and irradiation light may be irradiated from the side opposite to the formation substrate g1.

  Furthermore, the structure may be such that the object to be peeled g4 is peeled or transferred in the pattern by partially irradiating irradiation light in a predetermined pattern with respect to the surface direction of the separation layer g2 (first pattern). Method). This can be applied to a so-called multi-cavity manufacturing of a plurality of liquid crystal substrates from a single panel. In this case, in the step [S6], the irradiation light incident surface of the forming substrate g1 G12 can be masked corresponding to the pattern and irradiated with irradiation light g7, or the irradiation position of irradiation light g7 can be precisely controlled.

  Further, the separation layer g2 can be formed in a predetermined pattern instead of forming the separation layer g2 over the entire surface of the separation layer forming surface g11 of the forming substrate g1 (second method). In this case, it is possible to form the separation layer g2 in a predetermined pattern by masking or the like, or form the separation layer g2 on the entire surface of the separation layer formation surface g11 and then pattern or trim by etching or the like.

  According to the first method and the second method as described above, the object to be peeled g4 can be transferred together with its patterning and trimming. Further, the transfer may be repeated twice or more by the same method as described above.

  Further, a large transparent resin substrate (for example, an effective area of 900 mm × 1600 mm) is used as a transfer body g6, and a small unit covered on a small glass substrate (forming substrate) g1 (for example, an effective area of 45 mm × 40 mm). The peeled material g4 (thin film transistor) is sequentially transferred to adjacent positions a plurality of times (for example, about 800 times) to form the peeled material g4 over the entire effective area of the large transparent resin substrate, and finally the large transparent resin A liquid crystal display of the same size as the substrate can also be manufactured.

[Second Embodiment]
Hereinafter, a second embodiment of an electrical engineering device (liquid crystal device) and a manufacturing method thereof according to the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
In the present embodiment, the separation layer g2 is formed in the same manner as in the first embodiment until the step [S1] shown in FIGS. 30 and 1 described above.
7 to 12 are schematic cross-sectional views showing the steps of the method of manufacturing the liquid crystal device according to the present embodiment. In these drawings, the same components as those in the first embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals. Description is omitted.

[S2 intermediate layer g3 forming step]
As shown in FIG. 7, an intermediate layer (passivation film) g3 is formed on the separation layer g2.
The intermediate layer g3 is formed, for example, as a protective layer that physically or chemically protects an object to be peeled g4, which will be described later, at the time of manufacture or use. a barrier layer that prevents migration of components to or from g4, and a gas barrier layer that does not transmit gas to the liquid crystal when manufactured as a liquid crystal device. It can be formed to exhibit one.

The composition of the intermediate layer g3 is appropriately set according to the purpose of formation thereof. For example, the intermediate layer formed between the separation layer g2 made of amorphous silicon and the material to be peeled g4 to be a liquid crystal panel such as a thin film transistor. In the case of g3, silicon oxide such as SiO 2 can be used.

The thickness of the intermediate layer g3 is appropriately determined according to the purpose of formation and the function that can be exhibited, but it is usually preferably about 10 nm to 5 μm, and preferably about 40 nm to 1 μm. Is more preferable. Moreover, the formation method of the intermediate | middle layer g3 can also mention the method similar to the formation method quoted by the said separated layer g2.
Such an intermediate layer g3 can be formed of two or more layers having the same or different compositions. Also in this embodiment, the intermediate layer g3 may not be formed, and the material to be peeled g4 may be formed directly on the separation layer g2.

[S3 object to be peeled g4 forming step]
Next, as shown in FIG. 8, an object to be peeled g4 is formed on the intermediate layer g3.
Here, the layered structure of the object to be peeled g4 includes a plurality of layers such as a conductive film made of ITO, an alignment film, a color filter layer, and a driving circuit. The stacking order will be described later. This is different from the first embodiment described above.

As will be described later, the object to be peeled g4 of the present embodiment is a layer transferred to the transfer body g6, and is a functional thin film or thin film device formed on each substrate of the liquid crystal device, and is made of ITO. It includes a plurality of layers such as a film, an alignment film, a color filter layer, and a driving circuit. Here, at least the conductive film and the alignment film are stacked in this order from the surface g4a on the intermediate layer g3 side of the object to be peeled g4 toward the upper surface g4b.
Such a functional thin film or thin film device is usually formed through a relatively high process temperature of about 200 ° C. to 300 ° C. or more in relation to the heat treatment temperature necessary for forming each film, as will be described later. . Therefore, in this case, as described above, the formation substrate g1 needs to have a high reliability that can withstand the process temperature. Such an object to be peeled g4 is usually formed through a plurality of steps as will be described later.

[S5 ′ transfer body g6 ′ adhesion step]
As shown in FIG. 9, a transfer body g6 ′ is placed on the object to be peeled g4.
As the transfer body g6 ′ of the present embodiment, a plastic substrate with a pressure sensitive adhesive sheet whose one side is a slightly adhesive type, or a suction pad such as a silicone resin is used.

[S7 object to be peeled g4 peeling step]
As shown in FIG. 10, the irradiation light g7 is irradiated from the back surface side (irradiation light incident surface g12 side) of the forming substrate g1. The irradiation light g7 passes through the formation substrate g1, and is then irradiated to the separation layer g2 from the interface g2a side. As a result, as in [S7 object to be peeled g4 peeling step] of the first embodiment shown in FIGS. 30 and 5, the separation layer g2 is peeled off and the bonding force is reduced or disappears. And the transfer body g6 ′ are separated from each other, the peeled object g4 is detached from the forming substrate g1 and transferred to the transfer body g6 ′. At this time, a Kr—F excimer laser having a wavelength of about 248 nm that causes separation of the separation layer g2 is also used as the irradiation light g7.

[S8 adhesive layer g8 forming step, S9 substrate g9 sticking step]
Next, as shown in FIG. 11, an adhesive layer (adhesive sheet) g8 is formed on the surface g3a side of the intermediate layer g3, and the substrate g9 is bonded (bonded) via the adhesive layer g8.
As a suitable example of the adhesive constituting the adhesive layer g8, the description thereof is omitted according to the adhesive layer g5 of the first embodiment. Such an adhesive layer g8 is formed by, for example, a coating method.

As the substrate g9, a polycarbonate system having a glass transition temperature TG lower than that of the forming substrate, a glass transition temperature TG of about 150 ° C. and an actual heat resistance temperature of about 125 ° C., and a glass transition temperature TG of about 170 ° C. There the actual temperature limit polyacrylate is about 0.99 ° C., the actual heat resistance temperature is the glass transition temperature T G of about 200 ° C. is about 160 ° C. polyether sulfone-based, glass transition temperature T G is 140 ° C. A plastic film having a thickness of about 0.4 × 10 −3 m (0.4 mm) or less and made of a transparent polymer such as polyolefin having an actual heat resistance of about 120 ° C. In addition, a plastic substrate (transparent resin substrate) in which a gas barrier layer that does not transmit gas and a protective layer are laminated. Such a substrate may be a flat plate or a curved plate.

Here, as a reason why the above-described resin substrate can be applied as the substrate g9, in the present invention, the object to be peeled g4 is formed on the forming substrate g1, and then the object to be peeled g4 is transferred to the substrate through the transfer body g6. This is because the characteristics required for the substrate g9, particularly the heat resistance, for transfer to g9 does not depend on the temperature conditions at the time of forming the object to be peeled g4. Therefore, when the maximum temperature during the formation of the object to be peeled g4 is T max , a material having a glass transition point (T G ) or a softening point equal to or lower than T max can be used as the constituent material of the substrate g9. That is, as described above, the transfer body g6 can be made of a material having a glass transition point (T G ) or a softening point of about 200 ° C. or less.
As a result, the mechanical properties of the substrate g9 can have a certain degree of rigidity (strength) as plastic properties, and can have flexibility and elasticity.

[S10 transfer body g6 ′ peeling step]
Next, as shown in FIG. 12, the transfer body g6 ′ and the object to be peeled g4 are separated.

The transfer of the object to be peeled g4 to the substrate g9 is completed through the above steps. Thereafter, a surface treatment is performed on the layer to be peeled g4, and a predetermined treatment is performed on the material to be peeled g4 and the substrate g9. Thereby, it can be set as one board | substrate of the liquid crystal panel laminated | stacked in order of the electrically conductive film, such as ITO, and an alignment film in order from the plastic substrate g9 side. Here, the alignment film is located on the surface g4b of the object to be peeled g4.
After spraying spacers on this liquid crystal substrate, this substrate and another substrate are attached via a sealing material, and liquid crystal is injected between these substrates to form a liquid crystal layer. Then, a liquid crystal device is manufactured by attaching optical elements such as a polarizing plate and a retardation plate to the outside of the substrate.

  In this embodiment, the same effect as that of the first embodiment can be obtained, and the object to be peeled g4 itself formed with a conductive layer, a color filter layer, an alignment film, etc. made of ITO is directly formed on the plastic substrate g9. Rather than forming the separation object g4 on the forming substrate g1 having a high heat resistance temperature such as glass via the separation layer g2, the separation object g4 is separated from the separation layer g2. Regardless of the heat resistance temperature of the plastic film, the processing temperature conditions can be the temperature conditions necessary to maintain each film characteristic. Can be maintained.

  Further, in this embodiment, the object to be peeled g4 itself is transferred to the plastic substrate g9 via the transfer body g6 ′. Therefore, when forming the object to be peeled g4, the stacking sequence is formed on a normal glass substrate. It can be done as a similar process. Therefore, it can be applied to a TFT (Thin Film Transistor) type liquid crystal panel.

  In this embodiment, the object to be peeled off g4 is laminated on the formation substrate g1 at least in the order of the alignment film and the conductive film, on both the display substrate and the drive substrate, and in the active matrix and passive. Any type of liquid crystal device of a matrix can be applied to a transmission type, a reflection type, a transflective type, or a projection type.

[Third Embodiment]
Hereinafter, a third embodiment of an electro-optical device (liquid crystal device) and a method for manufacturing the same according to the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

  The present embodiment is a simple matrix type liquid crystal device and a method for manufacturing the same, and will be described mainly with respect to the part to be peeled off g4. The other embodiments shown in FIGS. Components that are substantially the same as those of the second embodiment shown in FIG.

In the present embodiment, the separation layer g2 is formed on the formation substrate g1 in the same manner as in the first embodiment up to the [S1 separation layer g2 formation step] shown in FIGS. 30 and 1 described above.
13 to 15 are schematic cross-sectional views showing the steps of the manufacturing method of the liquid crystal device according to the present embodiment, and FIG. 16 is a cross-sectional view showing the liquid crystal device according to the present embodiment. g42 is an electrode (conductive film), and g43 is a color filter layer.

[S3-1 Separation Object (Alignment Film g41) Formation Step]
Next, as shown in FIG. 13A, a film of about 1.0 to 50 × 10 −8 m (0.01 to 0.5 μm) is formed as the first layer of the object to be peeled g4 on the separation layer g2. An alignment film g41 made of an alignment polymer such as a thick polyimide is formed. The alignment film g41 is formed at least over the entire portion that becomes the display region.
At this time, heat treatment under a temperature condition of about 300 ° C. is performed as baking of polyimide or the like. Therefore, in this case, as described above, the formation substrate g1 needs to have a high reliability that can withstand the process temperature.

[S3-2 object to be peeled off (conductive film g42) forming step]
Next, as shown in FIG. 13B, as the second layer of the object to be peeled g4 on the alignment film g41, a transparent conductive material such as ITO, or an opaque conductive material that reflects light such as aluminum or silver. A conductive film g42 made of a material is formed. Here, a transparent conductive material that transmits light, such as ITO, is selected in the display area, but this is not necessary when adapting to the display area of the reflective drive substrate and the lead-out wiring. Absent.
At this time, the sheet resistance of ITO is 7Ω / □ to 15Ω / □ (film thickness of about 150 nm), which is 15Ω / □ by performing heat treatment at a temperature of about 200 ° C. by a method such as sputtering, CVD, or vapor deposition. □ It can be set to the following values. Therefore, in this case, as described above, the formation substrate g1 needs to have a high reliability that can withstand the process temperature.

[S3-3 object to be peeled off (color filter layer g43) forming step]
Next, as shown in FIG. 14, as the third layer of the object to be peeled g4 on the conductive film g42, the pigment layers g43r, g43g, g43b of red (R), green (G), blue (B), etc. A color filter layer g43 composed of a light shielding layer (black matrix) g43m is formed.
First, a transparent conductive material that transmits light, such as ITO, is selected in the portion to be the display area, but this is not the case when the display area of the reflection type driving substrate and the lead wiring are adapted. .
At this time, heat treatment is performed at a temperature of about 200 ° C. by a sputtering method, a CVD method, a vapor deposition method, or the like. Therefore, in this case, as described above, the formation substrate g1 needs to have a high reliability that can withstand the process temperature.

[S3-3A Red (R) Dye Layer g43r Formation Step]
Next, as shown in FIG. 14A, a red (R) dye layer g43r is formed on the conductive film g42 with a color resist. At this time, patterning is performed by a photolithography method, and at that time, heat treatment at about 220 ° C. is performed as a post-bake treatment or the like.

[S3-3B Green (G) Dye Layer g43g Formation Step]
Next, a green (G) dye layer g43g is formed on the conductive film g42. At this time, as shown in FIG. 14B, a color resist layer g43g ′ is formed over the conductive film g42 and the red (R) dye layer g43r, and then as shown in FIG. 14C. Unnecessary portions of the color resist layer g43g ′ are removed and patterned by photolithography. On this occasion. As prebake and postbake treatment, heat treatment at about 220 ° C. is performed.
Here, the red (R) dye layer g43r is heat-treated at a temperature setting of about 220 ° C., so that it is sufficiently stabilized, and the green (G) color resist is formed on the red (R) dye layer g43r. The layer g43g ′ does not remain. Therefore, the color purity of the red (R) pigment layer g43r as the color filter layer g43 can be maintained in a desired state.

[S3-3C Blue (B) Dye Layer g43b Formation Step]
Next, similarly, as shown in FIG. 14D, a blue (B) dye layer g43b is formed on the conductive film g42 with a color resist. At this time, patterning is performed by a photolithography method, and at that time, heat treatment at about 220 ° C. is performed as a post-bake treatment or the like.
Here, since the red (R) dye layer g43r and the green (G) dye layer g43g are heat-treated at a temperature setting of about 220 ° C., the red (R) dye layer g43r is sufficiently stabilized. In addition, the blue (B) color resist layer does not remain on the green (G) dye layer g43g. Therefore, the color purity of the red (R) pigment layer g43r and the green (G) pigment layer g43g as the color filter layer g43 can be maintained in a desired state.

[S3-3D black matrix g43m formation process]
Next, similarly, as shown in FIG. 14E, a black matrix g43m is formed on the conductive film g42 with a color resist. At this time, patterning is performed by a photolithography method, and at that time, heat treatment at about 220 ° C. is performed as a post-bake treatment or the like.
Here, since the red (R) dye layer g43r, the green (G) dye layer g43g, and the blue (B) dye layer g43b are heat-treated at a temperature setting of about 220 ° C., they are sufficiently stabilized. The black matrix color resist layer does not remain on the red (R) dye layer g43r, the green (G) dye layer g43g, and the blue (B) dye layer g43b. Accordingly, the color purity of the red (R) dye layer g43r, the green (G) dye layer g43g, and the blue (B) dye layer g43b as the color filter layer g43 can be maintained in a desired state.

Through the above steps, an object to be peeled g4 is formed.
Here, on the color filter layer g43, a layer similar to the intermediate layer (passivation film) g3 in the second embodiment described above can be formed as a gas barrier layer.
Further, for the reflective liquid crystal panel, a reflective film made of Al or the like can be formed on the color filter layer g43.

[S4 adhesive layer g5 forming step, S5 transfer body g6 forming step]
As shown in FIG. 15, an adhesive layer (adhesive sheet) g5 is formed on an object to be peeled g4, and a transfer body (substrate) g6 is bonded (bonded) through the adhesive layer g5. At this time, processing is performed in the same manner as in the first embodiment shown in FIG.

[S6 irradiation light g7 irradiation step, S7 object to be peeled g4 peeling step]
Then, the irradiation light g7 is irradiated and the to-be-separated object g4 and the formation substrate g1 are separated from the separation layer g2.
Next, an alignment treatment of the alignment polymer film is performed by rubbing the alignment polymer film (alignment film) g41 surface g4a made of polyimide or the like with a cloth or the like, thereby manufacturing a substrate g6A of the liquid crystal panel. .

  Next, in the same manner, an object to be peeled g4 without the color filter layer g43 is formed, peeled, and surface-treated to form one substrate g6B of the liquid crystal panel.

Here, a manufacturing method of the plastic substrate (transfer body) g6 will be described.
First, after forming a flat plastic film made of a transparent polymer such as polycarbonate, polyacrylate, polyethersulfone, or polyolefin, a polyvinyl alcohol resin layer is formed on at least one surface of the plastic film. A gas barrier layer is formed by applying or sputtering silicon dioxide or the like.
Finally, a protective layer made of phenoxy resin or the like is formed on the surface of the gas barrier layer, and the plastic substrate g6 is manufactured.

Next, as shown in FIG. 16, a liquid crystal device 40 is manufactured from these substrates g6A and g6B.
After the spacer 45 is dispersed on the substrate g6B, the substrate g6A is bonded to the substrate g6B through the sealant 44, and liquid crystal is injected between the substrates g6A and g6B to form the liquid crystal layer 46. Thereafter, the liquid crystal device 40 is manufactured by attaching optical elements such as a polarizing plate and a retardation plate to the outside of the substrates g6A and g6B.

In the present embodiment, it is possible to easily produce a simple matrix liquid crystal device in which the resistance value of ITO is kept low by using the same plastic substrate as that in the first embodiment, and the conductive film g42 can be manufactured. Since heat treatment under a temperature condition of about 200 ° C. can be performed during film formation, the sheet resistance of ITO can be set to a low value of 15Ω / □ or less (film thickness of about 150 nm).
Accordingly, since the liquid crystal display device can be driven at a low driving voltage, it can be applied to a liquid crystal device that requires high definition, and the performance as a liquid crystal device is not inferior to that of a glass substrate and is lightweight. It is possible to apply a plastic substrate having advantages such as being easy to make and thin, not being broken, and capable of displaying a curved surface.

Further, in the present embodiment, when the color filter layer g43 is formed, heat treatment can be performed under a temperature condition of about 220 ° C. Therefore, each of the red (R) dye layers g43r is used as the color filter layer g43. , Green (G) dye layer g43g, and blue (B) dye layer g43b, the color purity can be maintained in a desired state.
Therefore, it has been impossible to manufacture in the past, and while maintaining the color purity of the color filter equivalent to that of the glass substrate, it is easy to reduce the weight and thickness, not to break, and to display curved surfaces, etc. It is possible to manufacture a liquid crystal device to which a plastic substrate having the above advantages is applied.

  In addition, since the heat treatment temperature during the formation of the alignment film g41 can be about 300 ° C., the required film characteristics such as orientation are sufficiently maintained in a state equivalent to that of the glass substrate while being lightweight. It is possible to manufacture a liquid crystal device to which a plastic substrate is applied that has advantages such as being easy to make, thin, easy to break, and capable of curved display.

  In this embodiment, the substrate g6B can be transferred twice by forming an adhesive layer (adhesive sheet) g8 as in the second embodiment, and the substrate g6B can be bonded as a glass substrate. It is also possible not to transfer without forming the layer (adhesive sheet) g5. The present embodiment can also be applied to a transmission type, a reflection type, a transflective type, a projection type, and the like.

[Fourth Embodiment]
Hereinafter, a fourth embodiment of an electro-optical device and a manufacturing method thereof according to the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
In this embodiment, an active matrix type liquid crystal device using a TFT (transistor element) as a switching element will be described as an example of an electro-optical device. Also in this embodiment, components that are substantially equivalent to those in the first to third embodiments shown in FIGS. 1 to 16 are denoted by the same reference numerals and description thereof is omitted.

(Structure of electro-optical device)
First, the structure of the electro-optical device of the embodiment will be described by taking up a liquid crystal device. The electro-optical device (liquid crystal device) of the present embodiment includes a TFT array substrate (electro-optical device substrate) manufactured by the method of manufacturing the electro-optical device substrate of the present embodiment.

FIG. 17 is an equivalent circuit of various elements, wirings, and the like in a plurality of pixels formed in a matrix that forms a pixel portion (display region) of the liquid crystal device. FIG. 18 is an enlarged plan view showing a plurality of adjacent pixel groups on the TFT array substrate on which data lines, scanning lines, pixel electrodes, light-shielding films and the like are formed. FIG. 19 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line AA ′ of FIG.
In FIG. 17 to FIG. 19, the scales are different for each layer and each member so that each layer and each member have a size that can be recognized on the drawing.

  In FIG. 17, a plurality of pixels formed in a matrix that form a pixel portion of the liquid crystal device includes a plurality of pixel electrodes 9 a formed in a matrix and TFTs 30 for controlling the pixel electrodes 9 a, and an image signal is The supplied data line 6 a is electrically connected to the source of the TFT 30. The image signals S1, S2,..., Sn to be written to the data line 6a may be supplied line-sequentially in this order, or may be supplied for each group to a plurality of adjacent data lines 6a. . Further, the scanning line 3a is electrically connected to the gate of the TFT 30, and the scanning signals G1, G2,..., Gm are applied to the scanning line 3a in a pulse-sequential manner in this order at a predetermined timing. It is configured.

  The pixel electrode 9a is electrically connected to the drain of the TFT 30, and the image signal S1, S2,..., Sn supplied from the data line 6a is obtained by closing the switch of the TFT 30 as a switching element for a certain period. Write at a predetermined timing. Image signals S1, S2,..., Sn written to the liquid crystal via the pixel electrode 9a are held for a certain period with a counter electrode described later formed on a counter substrate described later.

  The liquid crystal modulates light by changing the orientation and order of the molecular assembly according to the applied voltage level, thereby enabling gradation display. In the normally white mode, the transmitted light amount of incident light decreases according to the applied voltage, and in the normally black mode, the transmitted light amount of incident light increases according to the applied voltage. Light having a contrast ratio corresponding to the image signal is emitted from the liquid crystal device.

  Here, in order to prevent a display defect such as a decrease in contrast ratio and flicker called flicker due to a leak of the held image signal, the liquid crystal capacitance formed between the pixel electrode 9a and the counter electrode is connected in parallel. A storage capacity 70 is added. For example, the voltage of the pixel electrode 9a is held by the storage capacitor 70 for a time that is three orders of magnitude longer than the time when the voltage is applied to the data line. Thereby, the holding characteristics are further improved, and a liquid crystal device with a high contrast ratio can be realized.

  Next, a planar structure in the transistor element formation region (pixel portion) of the TFT array substrate will be described in detail with reference to FIG. As shown in the figure, a plurality of transparent pixel electrodes 9a (contours are indicated by dotted line portions 9a ') in a matrix form in the transistor element formation region (pixel portion) on the TFT array substrate of the liquid crystal device. A data line 6a, a scanning line 3a, and a capacitor line 3b are provided along the vertical and horizontal boundaries of the pixel electrode 9a. The data line 6a is electrically connected to a source region to be described later in the semiconductor layer 1a of the single crystal silicon layer through the contact hole 5, and the pixel electrode 9a is connected to the source layer in the semiconductor layer 1a through the contact hole 8. It is electrically connected to a drain region described later. Further, the scanning line 3a is arranged so as to face the channel region (the hatched region in the upper right in the drawing) of the semiconductor layer 1a, and the scanning line 3a functions as a gate electrode.

  The capacitor line 3b extends from a portion intersecting the main line portion (that is, the first region formed along the scanning line 3a in plan view) extending along the scanning line 3a and the data line 6a. And a protruding portion (that is, a second region extending along the data line 6 a when viewed in a plan view) that protrudes forward (upward in the drawing) along the data line 6 a.

  A plurality of first light-shielding films (light-shielding layers) 11a are provided in the region indicated by the diagonal lines rising to the right in the drawing. More specifically, the first light-shielding film 11a is provided at a position where the TFT including the channel region of the semiconductor layer 1a is covered in the pixel portion as viewed from the substrate body side described later of the TFT array substrate. A main line portion that extends in a straight line along the scanning line 3a facing the main line portion of the line 3b, and protrudes from the portion intersecting the data line 6a to the adjacent step side (that is, downward in the figure) along the data line 6a. And a protruding portion. The tip of the downward projecting portion in each stage (pixel row) of the first light shielding film 11a overlaps the tip of the upward projecting portion of the capacitor line 3b in the next stage under the data line 6a. A contact hole 13 for electrically connecting the first light-shielding film 11a and the capacitor line 3b to each other is provided at the overlapping portion. In other words, in the present embodiment, the first light shielding film 11a is electrically connected to the upstream or downstream capacitor line 3b through the contact hole 13.

Next, a cross-sectional structure in the pixel portion of the liquid crystal device will be described with reference to FIG.
As shown in the drawing, in the liquid crystal device, a liquid crystal layer 50 is sandwiched between a TFT array substrate 10 and a counter substrate 20 disposed to face the TFT array substrate 10.
The TFT array substrate 10 is a plastic film having a thickness of about 0.4 × 10 −3 m (0.4 mm) or less made of a transparent polymer such as polycarbonate, polyacrylate, polyethersulfone, or polyolefin. A substrate body 10A composed of a plastic substrate (transparent resin substrate) in which a gas barrier layer and a protective layer that do not allow gas permeation are laminated on both sides as a base material, and an adhesive layer (on the liquid crystal layer 50 side) Adhesive sheet) g8 and the intermediate layer g3, and the pixel electrode 9a formed on the surface of the liquid crystal layer 50, the TFT 30, and the alignment film 16 are mainly composed. The counter substrate 20 is made of a plastic substrate equivalent to the substrate body 10A. The substrate body 20A and the adhesive layer (adhesive sheet) g8 and intermediate layer g3 formed on the liquid crystal layer 50 side and the liquid crystal layer 50 side The counter electrode (common electrode) 21 and the alignment film 22 formed on the surface are mainly used.

A pixel electrode 9a is provided on the surface of the substrate body 10A of the TFT array substrate 10 on the liquid crystal layer 50 side, and the alignment film 16 subjected to a predetermined alignment process such as a rubbing process is provided on the liquid crystal layer 50 side. Is provided. The pixel electrode 9a is made of a transparent conductive film of ITO (Indium Tin Oxide) having a sheet resistance of 15Ω / □ or less, specifically 7Ω / □, and the alignment film 16 is made of an organic material such as polyimide. It consists of a membrane.
On the surface of the substrate body 10A on the liquid crystal layer 50 side, as shown in FIG. 19, pixel switching TFTs 30 that perform switching control of the pixel electrodes 9a are provided at positions adjacent to the pixel electrodes 9a.

On the other hand, a counter electrode (common electrode) 21 is provided over the entire surface of the substrate body 20A of the counter substrate 20 on the liquid crystal layer 50 side, and a predetermined rubbing process or the like is provided on the liquid crystal layer 50 side. An alignment film 22 having been subjected to the alignment process is provided. The counter electrode 21 is made of an ITO transparent conductive film having a sheet resistance of 15 Ω / □ or less, specifically 7 Ω / □, and the alignment film 22 is made of an organic film such as polyimide.
On the surface of the substrate main body 20A on the liquid crystal layer 50 side, as shown in FIG. 19, a second light shielding film 23 is provided in a region other than the opening region of each pixel portion. By providing the second light-shielding film 23 on the counter substrate 20 side in this way, incident light from the counter substrate 20 side causes the channel region 1a ′ of the semiconductor layer 1a of the pixel switching TFT 30 and the LDD (Lightly Doped Drain) regions 1b and 1c. Intrusion into the image can be prevented and contrast can be improved.

Between the TFT array substrate 10 and the counter substrate 20, which are configured in this manner and arranged so that the pixel electrode 9 a and the counter electrode 21 face each other, a sealing material (illustrated) formed between the peripheral portions of both substrates. Liquid crystal (electro-optical material) is enclosed in a space surrounded by (approximately), and a liquid crystal layer (electro-optical material layer) 50 is formed.
The liquid crystal layer 50 is made of, for example, a liquid crystal in which one or several types of nematic liquid crystals are mixed, and takes a predetermined alignment state by the alignment films 16 and 22 in a state where an electric field from the pixel electrode 9a is not applied.
Further, the sealing material is made of an adhesive such as a photo-curing adhesive or a thermosetting adhesive for bonding the TFT array substrate 10 and the counter substrate 20 at their peripheral portions, and both the substrates are inside. Spacers such as glass fibers and glass beads are mixed to make the distance between them a predetermined value.

Further, as shown in FIG. 19, on the surface of the substrate body 10A of the TFT array substrate 10 on the liquid crystal layer 50 side, a first light shielding film (light shielding layer) 11a is provided at a position corresponding to each pixel switching TFT 30. ing. The first light shielding film 11a is preferably made of a simple metal, an alloy, a metal silicide, or the like containing at least one of Ti, Cr, W, Ta, Mo, and Pd, which are preferably opaque high melting point metals.
By configuring the first light shielding film 11a from such a material, the high temperature in the formation process of the pixel switching TFT 30 performed after the formation process of the first light shielding film 11a on the surface of the substrate body 10A of the TFT array substrate 10 is achieved. By the treatment, it is possible to prevent the first light shielding film 11a from being broken or melted.

  In the present embodiment, since the pixel electrode 9a and the counter electrode 21 are made of ITO having a sheet resistance of 15Ω / □ or less, specifically 7Ω / □, the liquid crystal display device can be driven with a low drive voltage. Therefore, it can be applied to a liquid crystal device that requires high definition, and the performance as a liquid crystal device is comparable to that of a glass substrate. Possible, can have a plastic substrate.

(Method for manufacturing electro-optical device)
Next, a method for manufacturing a liquid crystal device having the above structure will be described with reference to FIGS.

  20 to 25 are process diagrams showing a part of the TFT array substrate in each process corresponding to the A-A 'cross section of FIG. 18 as in FIG. 20 to 25, the illustration of the formation substrate g1 and the separation layer g2 is omitted for simplification.

In the present embodiment, the intermediate layer g3 is formed in the same manner as in the second embodiment up to the [S2 intermediate layer g3 forming step] shown in FIGS. 30 and 7 described above.
Next, similarly to the step of [S3 peeled object g4 forming step] shown in FIGS. 30 and 8, the peeled object g4 is formed on the intermediate layer g3.

  First, as shown in FIG. 20A, an insulator layer (first interlayer insulating film) 12 is formed on the entire surface of the intermediate layer g3 on which the first light shielding film 11a is formed by sputtering, CVD, or the like. Form. As a material of the insulator layer 12, high insulating properties such as silicon oxide, silicon nitride, or NSG (non-doped silicate glass), PSG (phosphorus silicate glass), BSG (boron silicate glass), BPSG (boron phosphorus silicate glass), etc. Glass etc. can be illustrated.

  Next, as shown in FIG. 20B, a single crystal silicon layer of about 200 nm ± 5 nm is formed on the insulator layer 12, and a predetermined pattern as shown in FIG. 18 is obtained by a photolithography process, an etching process, and the like. The semiconductor layer 1a is formed. That is, in particular, in a region where the capacitor line 3b is formed under the data line 6a and a region where the capacitor line 3b is formed along the scanning line 3a, the first layer extending from the semiconductor layer 1a constituting the pixel switching TFT 30 is provided. One storage capacitor electrode 1f is formed.

  Next, as shown in FIG. 20C, the first storage capacitor electrode 1f together with the semiconductor layer 1a constituting the pixel switching TFT 30 is placed at a temperature of about 850 to 1300 ° C., preferably about 1000 ° C. for about 72 minutes. By thermal oxidation, a relatively thin thermal silicon oxide film having a thickness of about 60 nm is formed, and the gate insulating film 2 for forming a capacitor is formed together with the gate insulating film 2 of the pixel switching TFT 30. As a result, the thickness of the semiconductor layer 1a and the first storage capacitor electrode 1f is about 30 to 170 nm, and the thickness of the gate insulating film 2 is about 60 nm.

Next, as shown in FIG. 21A, a resist film 301 is formed at a position corresponding to the N-channel semiconductor layer 1a, and a dopant 302 of a V group element such as P is added to the P-channel semiconductor layer 1a at a low concentration. (For example, P ions are doped with an acceleration voltage of 70 keV and a doping amount of 2 × 10 11 / cm 2 ).
Next, as shown in FIG. 21B, a resist film is formed at a position corresponding to a P-channel semiconductor layer 1a (not shown), and a dopant 303 of a group III element such as B is formed on the N-channel semiconductor layer 1a. Is doped at a low concentration (for example, B ions at an acceleration voltage of 35 keV and a doping amount of 1 × 10 12 / cm 2 ).
Next, as shown in FIG. 21C, a resist film 305 is formed on the surface of the substrate 10 excluding the end of the channel region 1a ′ of each semiconductor layer 1a for each P channel and N channel. The dopant amount of a group V element such as P having a dose amount of about 1 to 10 times that in the step shown in FIG. 6A and the N channel is about 1 to 10 times that in the step shown in FIG. A dopant 306 of a group III element such as B is doped.
Next, as shown in FIG. 21D, in order to reduce the resistance of the first storage capacitor electrode 1f formed by extending the semiconductor layer 1a, it corresponds to the scanning line 3a (gate electrode) on the surface of the intermediate layer g3. A resist film 307 (wider than the scanning line 3a) is formed on the portion to be formed, and this is used as a mask to form a V group element dopant 308 such as P at a low concentration (for example, P ions at an acceleration voltage of 70 keV). Doping is performed at a doping amount of 3 × 10 14 / cm 2 .

  Next, as shown in FIG. 22A, a contact hole 13 reaching the first light shielding film 11a is formed in the first interlayer insulating film 12 by dry etching such as reactive etching, reactive ion beam etching, or wet etching. To do. At this time, opening the contact hole 13 or the like by anisotropic etching such as reactive etching or reactive ion beam etching has an advantage that the opening shape can be made substantially the same as the mask shape. However, if a hole is formed by combining dry etching and wet etching, these contact holes 13 and the like can be tapered, so that an advantage of preventing disconnection during wiring connection can be obtained.

Next, as shown in FIG. 22B, after the polysilicon film 3 is deposited with a thickness of about 350 nm by a low pressure CVD method or the like, phosphorus (P) is thermally diffused to make the polysilicon film 3 conductive. . Alternatively, a doped silicon film in which P ions are introduced simultaneously with the formation of the polysilicon film 3 may be used. Thereby, the conductivity of the polysilicon film 3 can be increased.
Next, as shown in FIG. 22C, the capacitor line 3b is formed together with the scanning line 3a having a predetermined pattern as shown in FIG. 18 by a photolithography process, an etching process, etc. using a resist mask. Thereafter, the polysilicon remaining on the back surface of the intermediate layer g3 is removed by etching while covering the surface of the intermediate layer g3 with a resist film.

Next, as shown in FIG. 22D, in order to form a P-channel LDD region in the semiconductor layer 1a, a position corresponding to the N-channel semiconductor layer 1a is covered with a resist film 309, and the scanning line 3a (gate Electrode) as a diffusion mask, first, a dopant 310 of a group III element such as B is doped at a low concentration (for example, BF2 ions are accelerated at 90 keV with a doping amount of 3 × 10 13 / cm 2 ), and a P channel The low concentration source region 1b and the low concentration drain region 1c are formed.
Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 22 (e), in order to form the P channel high concentration source region 1d and the high concentration drain region 1e in the semiconductor layer 1a, a position corresponding to the N channel semiconductor layer 1a is formed in a resist film. 309 and a state in which a resist layer is formed on the scanning line 3a corresponding to the P channel with a mask wider than the scanning line 3a (not shown), but also of a group III element such as B Dopant 311 is doped at a high concentration (for example, BF 2 ions at an acceleration voltage of 90 keV and a dose of 2 × 10 15 / cm 2 ).

Next, as shown in FIG. 23A, in order to form an N-channel LDD region in the semiconductor layer 1a, a position corresponding to the P-channel semiconductor layer 1a is covered with a resist film (not shown) and scanned. Using the line 3a (gate electrode) as a diffusion mask, a dopant 60 of a group V element such as P is doped at a low concentration (for example, P ions are accelerated at a voltage of 70 keV and a doping amount of 6 × 10 12 / cm 2 ). The N channel low concentration source region 1b and the low concentration drain region 1c are formed.
Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 23B, in order to form the N-channel high concentration source region 1d and the high concentration drain region 1e in the semiconductor layer 1a, a resist 62 is formed with a mask wider than the scanning line 3a. After forming on the scanning line 3a corresponding to the N channel, similarly, a dopant 61 of a V group element such as P is formed at a high concentration (for example, P ions are accelerated at a voltage of 70 keV and a dose of 4 × 10 15 / cm 2. And dope.

Next, as shown in FIG. 23 (c), for example, using a normal pressure or reduced pressure CVD method or TEOS gas so as to cover the capacitor line 3b and the scanning line 3a together with the scanning line 3a in the pixel switching TFT 30, A second interlayer insulating film 4 made of a silicate glass film such as NSG, PSG, BSG or BPSG, a silicon nitride film or a silicon oxide film is formed. The film thickness of the second interlayer insulating film 4 is preferably about 500 to 1500 nm, and more preferably 800 nm.
Thereafter, an annealing process at about 850 ° C. is performed for about 20 minutes in order to activate the high concentration source region 1d and the high concentration drain region 1e.

  Next, as shown in FIG. 23D, the contact hole 5 for the data line 31 is formed by dry etching such as reactive etching or reactive ion beam etching or by wet etching. Further, contact holes for connecting the scanning lines 3 a and the capacitor lines 3 b to wirings (not shown) are also formed in the second interlayer insulating film 4 by the same process as the contact holes 5.

  Next, as shown in FIG. 24A, on the second interlayer insulating film 4, a low-resistance metal such as light-shielding Al or a metal silicide or the like is formed on the second interlayer insulating film 4 by a sputtering process or the like as a metal film 6. The film is deposited to a thickness of 700 nm, preferably about 350 nm. Further, as shown in FIG. 24B, the data line 6a is formed by a photolithography process, an etching process, or the like.

  Next, as shown in FIG. 24C, a silicate glass film such as NSG, PSG, BSG, or BPSG is formed by using, for example, normal pressure or reduced pressure CVD method or TEOS gas so as to cover the data line 6a. Then, a third interlayer insulating film 7 made of a silicon nitride film, a silicon oxide film or the like is formed. The film thickness of the third interlayer insulating film 7 is preferably about 500 to 1500 nm, and more preferably 800 nm.

  Next, as shown in FIG. 25A, in the pixel switching TFT 30, a contact hole 8 for electrically connecting the pixel electrode 9a and the high concentration drain region 1e is formed by reactive etching, reactive ion beam. It is formed by dry etching such as etching.

Next, as shown in FIG. 25B, a transparent conductive film 9 such as ITO is formed on the third interlayer insulating film 7 to a thickness of about 50 to 200 nm by sputtering at about 200 ° C. Then, as shown in FIG. 25C, a pixel electrode 9a is formed by a photolithography process, an etching process, or the like. In the case where the liquid crystal device of the present embodiment is a reflective liquid crystal device, the pixel electrode 9a may be formed from an opaque material having a high reflectance such as Al.
Subsequently, a polyimide-based alignment film coating solution is applied onto the pixel electrode 9a, and a heat treatment at about 200 ° C. is performed to form the alignment film 16 (see FIG. 16).

  Thereafter, similarly to [S5 ′] of the second embodiment shown in FIGS. 30 and 9, a transfer body g6 ′ is placed on the object to be peeled g4, and [S6] of the second embodiment shown in FIG. Similarly, after the irradiation light g7 is irradiated, the object to be peeled g4 is transferred to the transfer body g6 ′. Next, similarly to [S8, S9] of the second embodiment shown in FIG. 11, an adhesive layer (adhesive sheet) g8 is formed on the surface g3a side of the intermediate layer g3 to bond (join) the substrate g9, and FIG. As in [S10] in the second embodiment, the transfer body g6 ′ and the object to be peeled g4 are separated, and then a rubbing process is performed in a predetermined direction so as to have a predetermined pretilt angle. Perform surface treatment.

  As described above, the TFT array substrate (electro-optical device substrate) 10 is manufactured.

Next, a manufacturing method of the counter substrate 20 and a method of manufacturing a liquid crystal device from the TFT array substrate 10 and the counter substrate 20 will be described.
For the counter substrate 20 shown in FIG. 19, a light-transmitting resin substrate equivalent to the substrate body 10A is prepared as the substrate body 20A, and on the surface of the forming substrate g1 on which the separation layer g2 and the intermediate layer g3 are formed. Then, a second light shielding film 23 and a second light shielding film as a peripheral parting described later are formed as the object to be peeled g4. The second light-shielding film 23 and the second light-shielding film as a peripheral parting described later are formed through a photolithography process and an etching process after sputtering a metal material such as Cr, Ni, and Al. These second light-shielding films may be formed of a material such as resin black in which carbon, Ti, or the like is dispersed in a photoresist in addition to the above metal material.

Thereafter, a transparent conductive film such as ITO is deposited to a thickness of about 50 to 200 nm on the entire surface of the formation substrate g1 by a sputtering method or the like under a temperature condition of about 300 degrees to form the counter electrode 21. Form. Further, an alignment film coating solution such as polyimide is applied to the entire surface of the counter electrode 21 and heat-treated at about 200 ° C. to form the alignment film 22 (see FIG. 19). Thereafter, similarly to the TFT array substrate 10, an adhesive layer (adhesive sheet) g8 is formed, and a plastic substrate g9 is adhered via the forming substrate g1 and the transfer body g6 ′, and surface treatment is performed.
The counter substrate 20 is manufactured as described above.

  Finally, the TFT array substrate 10 and the counter substrate 20 manufactured as described above are bonded to each other with a sealing material so that the alignment films 16 and 22 face each other, and a method such as a vacuum suction method is used. A liquid crystal device having the above-described structure is manufactured by sucking, for example, liquid crystal formed by mixing a plurality of types of nematic liquid crystals into the space to form a liquid crystal layer 50 having a predetermined thickness.

  In the present embodiment, the same effects as those of the first to third embodiments can be obtained, and the TFT array substrate 10 that requires heat treatment at a higher temperature than the simple matrix substrate can be formed on the forming substrate made of glass. With the characteristics of each layer maintained, it is possible to have a plastic substrate that can be easily reduced in weight and thickness, not broken, and capable of curved display.

(Overall configuration of liquid crystal device)
The overall configuration of the liquid crystal device of the present embodiment configured as described above will be described with reference to FIGS. 26 is a plan view of the TFT array substrate 10 as viewed from the counter substrate 20 side, and FIG. 27 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line HH ′ of FIG.

In FIG. 26, a sealing material 52 is provided on the surface of the TFT array substrate 10 along the edge thereof. As shown in FIG. 27, the opposing surface has substantially the same contour as the sealing material 52 shown in FIG. The substrate 20 is fixed to the TFT array substrate 10 by the sealing material 52.
As shown in FIG. 26, on the surface of the counter substrate 20, a second light shielding film 53 as a peripheral parting made of the same or different material as the second light shielding film 23 is provided in parallel with the inside of the sealing material 52. ing.

In the TFT array substrate 10, a data line driving circuit 101 and a mounting terminal 102 are provided along one side of the TFT array substrate 10 in a region outside the sealing material 52. It is provided along two sides adjacent to one side. Needless to say, when the delay of the scanning signal supplied to the scanning line 3a is not a problem, the scanning line driving circuit 104 may be provided on only one side.
In addition, the data line driving circuit 101 may be arranged on both sides along the side of the display region (pixel portion). For example, the odd-numbered data lines 6a are supplied with image signals from the data line driving circuit arranged along one side of the display area, and the even-numbered data lines 6a are arranged along the opposite side of the display area. An image signal may be supplied from the provided data line driving circuit. If the data lines 6a are driven in a comb-like shape in this way, the area occupied by the data line driving circuit can be expanded, so that a complicated circuit can be configured.

Further, a plurality of wirings 105 are provided on the remaining side of the TFT array substrate 10 to connect between the scanning line driving circuits 104 provided on both sides of the display area. Further, the second light shielding film 53 is used as a peripheral parting. A precharge circuit may be provided under the cover. In addition, at least one corner portion between the TFT array substrate 10 and the counter substrate 20 is provided with a conductive material 106 for electrical conduction between the TFT array substrate 10 and the counter substrate 20.
Further, on the surface of the TFT array substrate 10, an inspection circuit or the like for inspecting the quality, defects, etc. of the liquid crystal device during the manufacturing or at the time of shipment may be formed. Further, instead of providing the data line driving circuit 101 and the scanning line driving circuit 104 on the surface of the TFT array substrate 10, for example, the driving LSI mounted on the TAB (tape automated bonding substrate) is connected to the TFT array substrate 10. You may make it connect electrically and mechanically through the anisotropic conductive film provided in the periphery area | region.

  Further, for example, the TN (twisted nematic) mode, the STN (super TN) mode, and the D-STN (dual scan-STN) are respectively provided on the light incident side of the counter substrate 20 and the light output side of the TFT array substrate 10. ) Mode or the like, or a normally white mode / normally black mode, a polarizing film, a retardation film, a polarizing means, etc. are arranged in a predetermined direction.

When the liquid crystal device of this embodiment is applied to a color liquid crystal projector (projection display device), three liquid crystal devices are used as RGB light valves, and each panel is for RGB color separation. Each color light separated through the dichroic mirror is incident as projection light. Therefore, in that case, as shown in the above embodiment, the counter substrate 20 is not provided with a color filter.
However, even if an RGB color filter is formed together with the protective film in a predetermined region facing the pixel electrode 9a on which the second light shielding film 23 is not formed on the surface of the counter substrate 20 on the liquid crystal layer 50 side of the substrate body 20A. Good. With such a configuration, the liquid crystal device of the above embodiment can be applied to a color liquid crystal device such as a direct-view type or a reflective type color liquid crystal television other than the liquid crystal projector.

  Furthermore, a micro lens may be formed on the surface of the counter substrate 20 so as to correspond to one pixel. In this way, a bright liquid crystal device can be realized by improving the collection efficiency of incident light. Furthermore, a dichroic filter that creates RGB colors using light interference may be formed by depositing multiple layers of interference layers having different refractive indexes on the surface of the counter substrate 20. According to this counter substrate with a dichroic filter, a brighter color liquid crystal device can be realized.

  In the liquid crystal device according to this embodiment, incident light is incident from the counter substrate 20 side as in the conventional case. However, since the TFT array substrate 10 is provided with the first light-shielding film 11a, the TFT array substrate 10 Incident light may be incident from the side and emitted from the counter substrate 20 side.

(Electronics)
As an example of an electronic apparatus using the liquid crystal device (electro-optical device) of each of the above embodiments, a configuration of a projection display device will be described with reference to FIG.

  In FIG. 28, a projection display device 1100 is provided with three liquid crystal devices of the above-described embodiment, and is a schematic configuration diagram of an optical system of a projection liquid crystal device used as RGB liquid crystal devices 962R, 962G, and 962B. Show.

  A light source device 920 and a uniform illumination optical system 923 are employed in the optical system of the projection display device of this example. The projection display device includes a color separation optical system 924 as color separation means for separating the light beam W emitted from the uniform illumination optical system 923 into red (R), green (G), and blue (B); The three light valves 925R, 925G, and 925B as modulation means for modulating the color light beams R, G, and B, and the color synthesis prism 910 as color synthesis means for recombining the modulated color light beams are combined. A projection lens unit 906 is provided as projection means for enlarging and projecting the light beam onto the surface of the projection surface 100. Further, a light guide system 927 for guiding the blue light beam B to the corresponding light valve 925B is also provided.

  The uniform illumination optical system 923 includes two lens plates 921 and 922 and a reflection mirror 931, and the two lens plates 921 and 922 are arranged to be orthogonal to each other with the reflection mirror 931 interposed therebetween. The two lens plates 921 and 922 of the uniform illumination optical system 923 each include a plurality of rectangular lenses arranged in a matrix. The light beam emitted from the light source device 920 is divided into a plurality of partial light beams by the rectangular lens of the first lens plate 921. These partial light beams are superimposed in the vicinity of the three light valves 925R, 925G, and 925B by the rectangular lens of the second lens plate 922. Therefore, by using the uniform illumination optical system 923, even when the light source device 920 has a non-uniform illuminance distribution within the cross section of the emitted light beam, the three light valves 925R, 925G, and 925B can be uniformly illuminated. It can be illuminated.

Each color separation optical system 924 includes a blue-green reflecting dichroic mirror 941, a green reflecting dichroic mirror 942, and a reflecting mirror 943. First, in the blue-green reflecting dichroic mirror 941, the blue light beam B and the green light beam G included in the light beam W are reflected at right angles and travel toward the green reflecting dichroic mirror 942. The red light beam R passes through the mirror 941, is reflected at a right angle by the rear reflecting mirror 943, and is emitted from the emission unit 944 of the red light beam R to the prism unit 910 side.
Next, in the green reflection dichroic mirror 942, only the green light beam G out of the blue and green light beams B and G reflected by the blue-green reflection dichroic mirror 941 is reflected at right angles, and the green light beam G is emitted from the emitting portion 945. The light is emitted to the side of the combining optical system. The blue light beam B that has passed through the green reflecting dichroic mirror 942 is emitted from the emission part 946 of the blue light beam B to the light guide system 927 side. In this example, the distances from the light beam W emission part of the uniform illumination optical element to the color light emission parts 944, 945, and 946 in the color separation optical system 924 are set to be substantially equal.

Condensing lenses 951 and 952 are disposed on the emission side of the emission portions 944 and 945 for the red and green light beams R and G of the color separation optical system 924, respectively. Therefore, the red and green light beams R and G emitted from the respective emission portions are incident on these condenser lenses 951 and 952 and are collimated.
The collimated red and green light beams R and G are incident on the light valves 925R and 925G and modulated, and image information corresponding to each color light is added. That is, these liquid crystal devices are subjected to switching control according to image information by a driving unit (not shown), thereby modulating each color light passing therethrough. On the other hand, the blue light beam B is guided to the corresponding light valve 925B via the light guide system 927, where it is similarly modulated according to the image information. The light valves 925R, 925G, and 925B in this example further include incident-side polarization means 960R, 960G, and 960B, emission-side polarization means 961R, 961G, and 961B, and liquid crystal devices 962R and 962G disposed therebetween. , 962B.

  The light guide system 927 includes a condensing lens 954 arranged on the emission side of the emission part 946 of the blue light beam B, an incident-side reflection mirror 971, an emission-side reflection mirror 972, and an intermediate lens arranged between these reflection mirrors. 973 and a condenser lens 953 disposed on the front side of the light valve 925B. The blue light beam B emitted from the condenser lens 946 is guided to the liquid crystal device 962B via the light guide system 927 and modulated. The optical path length of each color light beam, that is, the distance from the emission part of the light beam W to each liquid crystal device 962R, 962G, 962B is the longest for the blue light beam B, and therefore, the light amount loss of the blue light beam is the largest. However, the light loss can be suppressed by interposing the light guide system 927.

The color light beams R, G, and B modulated through the light valves 925R, 925G, and 925B are incident on the color synthesis prism 910 and synthesized there. Then, the light synthesized by the color synthesis prism 910 is enlarged and projected onto the surface of the projection surface 100 at a predetermined position via the projection lens unit 906.
Although not shown, an air layer is formed between the liquid crystal device and the polarizing unit by forming the liquid crystal device and the polarizing unit apart from each other, so a cooling unit is provided between the liquid crystal device and the polarizing unit. By sending air such as cold air into the liquid crystal, it is possible to further prevent the temperature of the liquid crystal device from rising and to prevent malfunction due to the temperature rise of the liquid crystal device.

  Although the present embodiment described above has been described as a liquid crystal panel used for an active matrix transmission type liquid crystal device for convenience as a liquid crystal driving method, the liquid crystal device to which the present invention is applied maintains the characteristics of each film. Therefore, the image display method is not limited to the above-described embodiment, and can be applied to both color display and monochrome display, and is not limited to the transmissive type, but the reflective type. Needless to say, it may be a transflective type, a projection type, or the like.

(Other electronic devices)
As another example of an electronic device using the liquid crystal device (electro-optical device) of each of the above embodiments, a configuration of a portable electronic device such as a small portable information terminal will be described with reference to FIG.
FIG. 29A is a perspective view showing an example of a mobile phone. In FIG. 29A, reference numeral 1400 denotes a mobile phone main body, and reference numeral 1401 denotes a liquid crystal display unit using the liquid crystal display device.
FIG. 29B is a perspective view showing an example of a wristwatch type electronic device. In FIG. 29B, reference numeral 1300 indicates a watch body, and reference numeral 1301 indicates a liquid crystal display unit using the liquid crystal display device.
FIG. 29C is a perspective view illustrating an example of a portable information processing apparatus such as a word processor, a personal computer, or a PDA (Parsonal Disital Assistant). In FIG. 29C, reference numeral 1200 denotes an information processing apparatus, reference numeral 1202 denotes an input unit such as a keyboard, reference numeral 1204 denotes an information processing apparatus body, and reference numeral 1206 denotes a liquid crystal display unit using the liquid crystal display device.

The electronic devices shown in FIGS. 29A to 29C are provided with a liquid crystal display portion using the liquid crystal device of the above embodiment mode, so that high definition can be achieved while maintaining a spectral characteristic with a low driving voltage. In such a state, by applying a plastic substrate, an electronic device having advantages such as light weight, easy thinning, non-breaking, and capable of curved display, and the effect is particularly remarkable in terms of the screen portion. Can be realized.
The technical scope of the present invention is not limited to the above embodiment, and various modifications can be made without departing from the spirit of the present invention.

It is a schematic cross section which shows the process of the manufacturing method of the liquid crystal device which concerns on 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is a schematic cross section which shows the process of the manufacturing method of the liquid crystal device which concerns on 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is a schematic cross section which shows the process of the manufacturing method of the liquid crystal device which concerns on 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is a schematic cross section which shows the process of the manufacturing method of the liquid crystal device which concerns on 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is a schematic cross section which shows the process of the manufacturing method of the liquid crystal device which concerns on 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is a schematic cross section which shows the process of the manufacturing method of the liquid crystal device which concerns on 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is a schematic cross section which shows the process of the manufacturing method of the liquid crystal device which concerns on 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is a schematic cross section which shows the process of the manufacturing method of the liquid crystal device which concerns on 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is a schematic cross section which shows the process of the manufacturing method of the liquid crystal device which concerns on 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is a schematic cross section which shows the process of the manufacturing method of the liquid crystal device which concerns on 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is a schematic cross section which shows the process of the manufacturing method of the liquid crystal device which concerns on 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is a schematic cross section which shows the process of the manufacturing method of the liquid crystal device which concerns on 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is a schematic cross section which shows the process of the manufacturing method of the liquid crystal device which concerns on 3rd Embodiment of this invention. It is a schematic cross section which shows the process of the manufacturing method of the liquid crystal device which concerns on 3rd Embodiment of this invention. It is a schematic cross section which shows the process of the manufacturing method of the liquid crystal device which concerns on 3rd Embodiment of this invention. It is a schematic cross section which shows the liquid crystal device which concerns on 3rd Embodiment of this invention. In the electro-optical device according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention, it is an equivalent circuit diagram of various elements, wirings, and the like constituting the pixel unit. FIG. 10 is a plan view of a plurality of pixel groups adjacent to each other on a TFT array substrate in an electro-optical device according to a fourth embodiment of the invention. It is A-A 'sectional drawing of FIG. It is process drawing which shows the manufacturing method of the board | substrate for electro-optical devices of 4th Embodiment which concerns on this invention. It is process drawing which shows the manufacturing method of the board | substrate for electro-optical devices of 4th Embodiment which concerns on this invention. It is process drawing which shows the manufacturing method of the board | substrate for electro-optical devices of 4th Embodiment which concerns on this invention. It is process drawing which shows the manufacturing method of the board | substrate for electro-optical devices of 4th Embodiment which concerns on this invention. It is process drawing which shows the manufacturing method of the board | substrate for electro-optical devices of 4th Embodiment which concerns on this invention. It is process drawing which shows the manufacturing method of the board | substrate for electro-optical devices of 4th Embodiment which concerns on this invention. It is the top view which looked at the TFT array board | substrate of the electro-optical apparatus of 4th Embodiment based on this invention from the opposing board | substrate side with each component formed on it. It is H-H 'sectional drawing of FIG. 1 is a configuration diagram of a projection display device that is an example of an electronic apparatus using an electro-optical device according to an embodiment of the invention. 1 is a configuration diagram of a portable electronic device that is an example of an electronic device using an electro-optical device according to an embodiment of the invention. 3 is a flowchart showing a method for manufacturing a liquid crystal device according to the present invention. It is a schematic cross section which shows the conventional liquid crystal device. It is process drawing for demonstrating the conventional subject.

Explanation of symbols

  g1... Formation substrate, g11... Separation layer forming surface, g12... Irradiation light incident surface, g2. , G6: transfer body (substrate), g6 ′: transfer body, g7: irradiation light, g8: adhesive layer (adhesive sheet), g9: substrate (plastic substrate)

Claims (22)

  1. An electro-optical device manufacturing method in which an electro-optical material layer is sandwiched between substrates made of resin, at least one of a pair of substrates,
    Forming a separation layer on the forming substrate;
    Forming a peeled object having at least a conductive film and an alignment film on the separation layer;
    Irradiating the separation layer with irradiation light, causing separation in the separation layer, and separating the object to be separated from the forming substrate;
    And a step of adhering the object to be peeled to the substrate.
  2.   The formation substrate is translucent, and the separation layer is transmitted through the formation substrate and irradiated with irradiation light to cause separation at an interface between the separation layer and an object to be separated. The method of manufacturing an electro-optical device according to claim 1.
  3.   3. The method of manufacturing an electro-optical device according to claim 1, wherein the separation of the separation layer is caused by the disappearance or reduction of the bonding force between atoms or molecules of a substance constituting the separation layer.
  4.   The method of manufacturing an electro-optical device according to claim 1, wherein the irradiation light is laser light.
  5.   The method of manufacturing an electro-optical device according to claim 4, wherein the laser beam has a wavelength of 100 to 350 nm.
  6.   6. The method of manufacturing an electro-optical device according to claim 1, wherein the separation layer is made of amorphous silicon.
  7.   The method for manufacturing an electro-optical device according to claim 1, wherein the substrate is attached by an adhesive sheet.
  8.   The method of manufacturing an electro-optical device according to claim 1, wherein the conductive film is made of indium tin oxide, and the sheet resistance is set to be less than 30Ω / □.
  9.   The method of manufacturing an electro-optical device according to claim 8, wherein the sheet resistance is set to 15Ω / □ or less.
  10.   10. The method of manufacturing an electro-optical device according to claim 1, wherein a color filter layer is formed on the object to be peeled.
  11.   The method of manufacturing an electro-optical device according to claim 1, wherein a reflection film is formed on the object to be peeled.
  12.   The method for manufacturing an electro-optical device according to claim 1, wherein a passivation film is laminated on a side of the object to be peeled to which the substrate is attached.
  13.   13. The method of manufacturing an electro-optical device according to claim 1, wherein the object to be peeled is laminated on the forming substrate in the order of at least the conductive film and the alignment film.
  14.   13. The method of manufacturing an electro-optical device according to claim 1, wherein the object to be peeled is laminated on the formation substrate in the order of at least the alignment film and the conductive film.
  15.   The method of manufacturing an electro-optical device according to claim 14, wherein the irradiation light is irradiated in a state where the substrate is attached to the object to be peeled.
  16. Forming a separation layer on the forming substrate;
    Forming a peeled object having at least a conductive film and an alignment film on the separation layer;
    Irradiating the separation layer with irradiation light, causing separation in the separation layer, and separating the object to be separated from the forming substrate;
    And a step of adhering the object to be peeled to the substrate.
  17. An electro-optical device in which an electro-optical material layer is sandwiched between substrates made of resin, at least one of a pair of substrates,
    At least a conductive film and an alignment film are formed on the substrate,
    The electro-optical device, wherein the conductive film is made of indium tin oxide, and the sheet resistance is set to be less than 30Ω / □.
  18.   The electro-optical device according to claim 17, wherein the sheet resistance is set to 15Ω / □ or less.
  19.   The electro-optical device according to claim 17, wherein a reflective film is formed on the substrate.
  20.   The electro-optical device according to claim 17, wherein the substrate and an object to be peeled having at least the conductive film and the alignment film are attached by an adhesive sheet.
  21.   21. The electro-optical device according to claim 17, wherein a passivation film is laminated between the substrate and the conductive film.
  22.   An electro-optical device comprising the electro-optical device according to claim 17.
JP2006253008A 2006-09-19 2006-09-19 Method for manufacturing electrooptical device, and electrooptical device Withdrawn JP2007004205A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8012288B2 (en) 2007-08-13 2011-09-06 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Method of fabricating flexible display device
JP2012027177A (en) * 2010-07-22 2012-02-09 Kyodo Printing Co Ltd Method of manufacturing flexible thin film transistor substrate

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06202155A (en) * 1992-12-28 1994-07-22 Toshiba Corp Production of liquid crystal display device
JPH11243209A (en) * 1998-02-25 1999-09-07 Seiko Epson Corp Transfer method of thin-film device, the thin-film device, thin-film integrated circuit device, active matrix substrate, liquid crystal display device, and electronic apparatus
JP2000133809A (en) * 1998-10-27 2000-05-12 Seiko Epson Corp Peeling method
JP2000180899A (en) * 1998-12-14 2000-06-30 Nec Corp The liquid crystal display device
JP2000206568A (en) * 1999-01-11 2000-07-28 Seiko Epson Corp Electrooptical device and its manufacture
JP2000221541A (en) * 1999-01-28 2000-08-11 Seiko Epson Corp Production of electro-optic device, electro-optic device, and electronic equipment
JP2000338903A (en) * 1999-05-28 2000-12-08 Seiko Epson Corp Manufacture of electric optical device, electric optical device and projective type display device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06202155A (en) * 1992-12-28 1994-07-22 Toshiba Corp Production of liquid crystal display device
JPH11243209A (en) * 1998-02-25 1999-09-07 Seiko Epson Corp Transfer method of thin-film device, the thin-film device, thin-film integrated circuit device, active matrix substrate, liquid crystal display device, and electronic apparatus
JP2000133809A (en) * 1998-10-27 2000-05-12 Seiko Epson Corp Peeling method
JP2000180899A (en) * 1998-12-14 2000-06-30 Nec Corp The liquid crystal display device
JP2000206568A (en) * 1999-01-11 2000-07-28 Seiko Epson Corp Electrooptical device and its manufacture
JP2000221541A (en) * 1999-01-28 2000-08-11 Seiko Epson Corp Production of electro-optic device, electro-optic device, and electronic equipment
JP2000338903A (en) * 1999-05-28 2000-12-08 Seiko Epson Corp Manufacture of electric optical device, electric optical device and projective type display device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8012288B2 (en) 2007-08-13 2011-09-06 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Method of fabricating flexible display device
JP2012027177A (en) * 2010-07-22 2012-02-09 Kyodo Printing Co Ltd Method of manufacturing flexible thin film transistor substrate

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