JP2006113892A - Automatic operation management system for electric vehicle - Google Patents

Automatic operation management system for electric vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2006113892A
JP2006113892A JP2004301879A JP2004301879A JP2006113892A JP 2006113892 A JP2006113892 A JP 2006113892A JP 2004301879 A JP2004301879 A JP 2004301879A JP 2004301879 A JP2004301879 A JP 2004301879A JP 2006113892 A JP2006113892 A JP 2006113892A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
electric vehicle
control unit
charging station
wind power
power generation
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Pending
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JP2004301879A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Tsutomu Takahashi
努 高橋
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Fuji Heavy Ind Ltd
富士重工業株式会社
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Priority to JP2004301879A priority Critical patent/JP2006113892A/en
Publication of JP2006113892A publication Critical patent/JP2006113892A/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/167Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies for supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles, i.e. smartgrids as interface for battery charging of electric vehicles [EV] or hybrid vehicles [HEV]
    • Y02T90/168Remote or cooperative charging operation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S30/00Systems supporting specific end-user applications in the sector of transportation
    • Y04S30/10Systems supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles
    • Y04S30/12Remote or cooperative charging

Abstract

An electric vehicle with a small remaining amount of a running battery is surely made to reach a charging place.
A car navigation device, a detection unit for detecting a remaining capacity of a running battery of the electric vehicle, a control unit for controlling automatic driving of the electric vehicle, and charging. A control unit for controlling power generation of the wind power generator and management of generated electricity in the stand, a user database, and a control unit for controlling the electric vehicle and wind power generation, the control unit of the electric vehicle is for running the electric vehicle When it is determined that the remaining amount of the battery is equal to or less than the predetermined value, a charge reservation is made and the position information of the charging station is provided to the control unit of the electric vehicle, and the control unit of the electric vehicle provides the provided information and the car navigation. An automatic operation management system for an electric vehicle, wherein the electric vehicle is automatically operated by automatic operation based on the device.
[Selection] Figure 1

Description

  The present invention relates to an electric vehicle automatic operation management system, and more particularly to an electric vehicle automatic operation management system that performs operation up to a wind power generation charging station by automatic operation.

It has been attracting attention with the recent increase in environmental awareness, without generating exhaust gas as in the case of automobiles driven by internal combustion engines such as electric cars and gasoline cars. In addition, there is an increasing trend to supply electricity for charging the battery for running the electric vehicle by wind power generation that generates electricity using the wind blowing in nature without polluting the environment. It is also proposed that the vehicle is driven by electricity generated by wind power generation (see Patent Document 1).
JP 2004-215468 A

  Here, if it is entrusted to the driver to drive to the charging place of the electric vehicle, the driver will use the car for a while due to the driver's personal reasons, even though the remaining amount of electricity in the driving battery is small. There was a case that I could not reach.

  An object of the present invention is to ensure that an electric vehicle with a low remaining battery charge reaches a charging place.

    Then, in order to solve the said subject, the automatic operation management system of the electric vehicle of Claim 1 is an automatic operation management system of an electric vehicle, Comprising: The electric vehicle and the electricity which the wind power generator generated are stored. And a charging station for charging the electric vehicle, a car navigation device that acquires current position information of the electric vehicle and guides a route to a destination based on the current position information, and the electric vehicle A detection unit that detects a remaining capacity of the battery for driving, a control unit that controls automatic operation of the electric vehicle, a control unit that controls power generation of the wind power generator in the charging station, and management of generated power, A user database that stores information on the electric vehicle and the wind turbine generator, and the user database A control unit that controls the electric vehicle and wind power generation based on the information that is being performed, and the control unit of the electric vehicle determines that the remaining amount of the running battery of the electric vehicle is equal to or less than a predetermined value A charging reservation signal is transmitted to the control unit of the charging station to make a charging reservation, and further provides position information of the charging station that has made the charging reservation to the control unit of the electric vehicle, The control unit of the electric vehicle automatically operates the electric vehicle by the automatic operation based on the provided information and the car navigation device.

  According to the first aspect of the present invention, reservation of the charging station and operation up to the charging station can be performed quickly.

  According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the electric vehicle automatic operation management system according to the first aspect, the control unit of the charging station makes a charge reservation according to a charge request signal from the control unit of the electric vehicle. It is characterized by.

  According to the second aspect of the present invention, the driver can select a charge reservation time.

  The invention according to claim 3 is the electric vehicle automatic operation management system according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the control unit of the electric vehicle performs automatic driving after the electric vehicle reaches the automatic driving area. It is characterized by performing.

  According to the third aspect of the present invention, the automatic driving can be easily performed on the electric vehicle by starting the automatic driving from the automatic driving area.

  According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in the electric vehicle automatic operation management system according to any one of the first to third aspects, the control unit of the electric vehicle transmits a position correction signal transmitted from the charging station. It is characterized in that automatic operation is performed according to the conditions.

  According to the fourth aspect of the present invention, it is possible to appropriately reach the charging station composed of the wind turbine generator by performing the position correction during the automatic operation.

  According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, in the electric vehicle automatic operation management system according to any one of the first to fourth aspects, the charge reservation signal from the control unit of the electric vehicle is for charging the electric vehicle. A necessary amount of electricity is transmitted to a control unit of a charging station having a battery in which a remaining battery remains.

  According to the invention of claim 5, it is possible to appropriately reserve a charge for a wind turbine generator that has a battery having an appropriate charge amount.

  According to the first aspect of the present invention, it is possible to reduce the labor of the driver who operates the reservation for charging and the wind power generation charging station.

  According to the first aspect of the present invention, since the operation of the battery for traveling to the wind power generation charging station is performed without consuming the most electricity, the electricity in the battery for traveling is depleted before charging. It is less likely to occur, and the electric vehicle can be reliably operated to the charging place.

  According to the first aspect of the present invention, electricity is generated by wind power, so that electricity can be supplied to the electric vehicle while maintaining a clean environment without causing environmental pollution.

  According to the second aspect of the invention, it is possible to make a charge reservation in consideration of the driver's convenience.

  According to the third aspect of the invention, automatic driving can be performed while ensuring the safety of the electric vehicle by performing automatic driving from an automatic driving area where safe driving can be safely performed.

  According to the fourth aspect of the invention, the electric vehicle can accurately arrive at the wind power generation charging station while reflecting the result of the position correction.

  According to the fifth aspect of the present invention, in wind power generation, it may be assumed that there is not a sufficient amount of stored electricity depending on the weather, but charging can be reliably performed when the vehicle arrives at the charging stand.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 to 1 and 2. FIG. 1 is a diagram showing a configuration example of an electric vehicle automatic operation management system 1 according to the present invention. An electric vehicle automatic operation management system 1 according to the present embodiment includes an electric vehicle management device 2, an electric vehicle 3, and a wind power generation charging stand 4.

  In addition, there is no restriction | limiting in the number of the electric vehicle which comprises the structure of the electric vehicle automatic operation management system 1 which concerns on this invention, and a wind power generation charging stand. In the present embodiment, the charging stand stores electricity generated by the wind power generator. However, the power generation method is not limited to wind power generation, and may be solar power generation, hydroelectric power generation, or the like.

  The electric vehicle management apparatus 2, the electric vehicle 3, and the wind power generation charging station 4 communicate with each other by a wireless method such as public line communication using a telephone line.

  The public line communication is hardware or software that executes various processes for connecting to each mobile phone network and realizing calling and mail transmission. The wireless communication means performs, for example, protocol processing for establishing and maintaining communication between the base station and the mobile phone, encoding / decoding processing of signals such as voice, transmission processing such as multiplexing and modulation.

  The electric vehicle management apparatus 2 performs registration of various information in a database, data management, transmission of information to the registered electric vehicle and wind power charging station, and the like. The electric vehicle management device 2 is configured by a computer. As shown in FIG. 1, the electric vehicle management device 2 has an operation input unit 21 (hereinafter “ Management device side operation input unit 21 ”), VICS receiving unit 22 for receiving information provided by VICS (Vehicle Information and Communication System), and electric vehicle management device side communication unit 23 (hereinafter referred to as“ management device ”). And an electric vehicle management apparatus-side control section 25 (hereinafter referred to as “management apparatus-side control section 25”) that controls each function of the user database 24.

  The management device side operation input unit 21 includes, for example, a touch panel, a light pen, various keys, operation buttons, and the like. When the user operates these, an operation signal corresponding to the operation is sent to the management device side control unit 25. It is designed to output.

  The management device side communication unit 23 includes an antenna that transmits and receives a signal in a frequency band used for telephone line communication, a public line communication module as a wireless communication unit that performs communication processing in accordance with a telephone line communication standard according to a command, a program, The CPU that controls the entire unit by executing the CPU, the ROM that stores the CPU control program and control data, the RAM that provides the work space to the CPU, and the data transfer between the CPU and each input / output module It is comprised by the I / O interface which performs.

  Moreover, the management apparatus side communication part 23 transmits / receives information with the electric vehicle 3 and the wind power generation charging stand 4.

  In addition, the management device side communication unit 23 receives information on the electric vehicle 3 periodically transmitted from the electric vehicle 3.

  In the user database 24, identification information and the like regarding the electric vehicle 3 and the wind power generation charging station 4 that use the electric vehicle automatic operation management system are registered.

  The user database 24 stores information about the user who uses the electric vehicle automatic operation management system 1, such as personal information such as the user's name and address, and the use history of the electric vehicle automatic operation management system by the user. These pieces of information can be changed, deleted, viewed, etc. by operating the management apparatus side operation input unit 21.

  In the user database 24, information transmitted from the electric vehicle 3 and the wind power charging station 4 and wind power prediction information in the vicinity of the wind power charging station are registered.

  The management device side control unit 25 is configured by, for example, a CPU (Central Processing Unit) and the like, reads a predetermined program stored in a ROM (Read Only Memory), expands it in a work area of a RAM (Random Access Memory), Various processes are executed according to the program.

  The management device side control unit 25 analyzes the information transmitted from the electric vehicle 3 and the wind power generation charging station 4 received by the management device side communication unit 23 and the wind power prediction information. The management device side control unit 25 controls the electric vehicle and the wind power generation charging station based on the analyzed information.

  The contents of the analysis are, for example, calculation of the remaining capacity of the battery for traveling of the electric vehicle 3, calculation of the travelable distance of the electric vehicle 3, and the amount of electricity necessary to reach the destination.

  The contents of the analysis are, for example, the current amount of electricity stored in the wind power generation charging station 4 and the amount of electricity that will be stored in the future based on the wind prediction data.

  The management device side control unit 25 receives the power generation characteristics of the wind power generator (not shown) of the wind power generation charging station 4 transmitted from the wind power generation charging station 4 and the vicinity of the wind power generation charging station 4 received by the management device side communication unit 23 The predicted power storage amount is calculated based on the wind power prediction data. The power generation characteristics of a wind power generator are how many meters of wind blown per second and how much electricity is generated.

  The management device side control unit 25 periodically transmits information about the remaining capacity of the traveling battery from the management device side communication unit 23 to the electric vehicle 3.

  When the destination is set in the car navigation device 33 of the electric vehicle 3, the management device-side control unit 25 is a probe centered on the distance from the current location of the electric vehicle 3 to the destination and the remaining capacity of the traveling battery. When it is determined from the information, traffic jam prediction, and the like that the battery for traveling of the electric vehicle 3 does not have sufficient remaining capacity for the electric vehicle 3 to reach the destination, the electric vehicle management apparatus side communication unit 23 A charging recommendation signal is transmitted to the electric vehicle side communication unit 34.

  Even when the destination is not set in the car navigation device 33 of the electric vehicle 3, the management device-side control unit 25 provides predetermined information as a result of analyzing the probe information of the electric vehicle.

  The predetermined information is, for example, information that the remaining capacity of the traveling battery has reached a predetermined value. The predetermined value is represented by a ratio of the remaining capacity of the traveling battery received by the management device side communication unit 23 to the chargeable capacity of the traveling battery.

  There is no predetermined value, and an administrator or user of the electric vehicle management apparatus 2 can arbitrarily determine the value. Therefore, it can be determined freely such as 10%, 20%, etc.

  The predetermined information may be, for example, a travelable distance of the electric vehicle 3.

  The predetermined information is information that the distance from the current location of the electric vehicle to the nearest charging facility is a predetermined distance. The predetermined distance is a distance in which the distance from the current location of the electric vehicle to the charging facility is shorter than the travelable distance of the electric vehicle. The predetermined distance is not particularly limited as long as it is shorter than the travelable distance. For example, the predetermined distance can be determined as 0.9 times the travelable distance or 3 km shorter than the travelable distance. The value can be arbitrarily determined by an administrator or user of the electric vehicle automatic operation management system 1.

  Further, the predetermined distance is not necessarily the same for vehicles using the electric vehicle automatic operation management system, and may be determined for each type of electric vehicle, or may be determined individually for each user of the electric vehicle.

  After transmitting the traveling battery charging recommendation signal, the management device side control unit 25 searches the wind power generation charging station registered in the user database 24, and the electric vehicle 3 reaches the current remaining capacity of the traveling battery. It is possible to provide the address and map information of the wind power charging station 4 that can be charged and can be charged to reach the destination.

  When the charging reservation application signal is transmitted from the electric vehicle side communication unit 34 to the electric vehicle management device side communication unit 23, the management device side control unit 25 receives the wind power generation charging from the electric vehicle management device side communication unit 23. A charging reservation application signal for the electric vehicle 3 is transmitted to the stand-side communication unit 41.

  In addition, when a reservation acceptance signal is transmitted from the electric vehicle side communication unit 34 to the management device side communication unit 23, the management device side control unit 25 sends the management device side communication unit 23 to the electric vehicle side communication unit 34. A reservation acceptance procedure completion signal is transmitted to the terminal.

  Moreover, when the management apparatus side control part 25 receives the charge start permission request signal in the management apparatus side communication part 23, the electric vehicle 3 which transmitted the charge start permission request signal has started the charge reservation for wind power generation charging. A charging start permission signal is transmitted to the stand 4, and a chargeable signal is transmitted to the electric vehicle 3 to make it possible to charge at the wind power generation charging station 4.

  In addition, the management device side control unit 25 is an ECU such as an electric vehicle battery, an inverter, a motor, a brake, and a GPS that are transmitted from the management device side operation input unit 21 through the identification number of the electric vehicle or a public line. The group information is stored in the user database 24 for each electric vehicle.

  Moreover, the management apparatus side control part 25 extracts the traffic jam information around the electric vehicle 3 and the traffic jam information on the travel route from the traffic jam information received by the VICS receiving unit 22. The extracted traffic jam information is registered in the user database 24 every predetermined time in the database, and the traffic jam information in the user database 24 is updated.

  In addition, the management device side control unit 25 reserves a wind power generation charging station in accordance with the state of the traveling battery of the electric vehicle 3.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the electric vehicle 3 includes an information terminal device 31 for transmitting and receiving information, an ECU 32 for transmitting information of each part of the electric vehicle 3 to the information terminal device 31, and a car navigation device 33 (hereinafter referred to as “information terminal device 31”). "Car navigation system 33").

  The information terminal device 31 is provided with an electric vehicle side communication unit 34 for transmitting information and an information terminal device side control unit 35 for performing overall control of the information terminal device.

  The electric vehicle side communication unit 34 includes an antenna that transmits and receives a signal in a frequency band used for telephone line communication, a telephone line communication module as a wireless communication unit that performs communication processing in accordance with a telephone line communication standard according to a command, a program The CPU that controls the entire unit by executing the CPU, the ROM that stores the CPU control program and control data, the RAM that provides the work space to the CPU, and the data transfer between the CPU and each input / output module It is comprised by the I / O interface which performs.

  The ECU 32 performs overall control of an ECU provided in each device of the electric vehicle such as a battery, an inverter, a motor, and a brake device. The information transmitted from the battery to the information terminal device side control unit 35 is, for example, battery remaining capacity and battery failure information. The information transmitted from the inverter to the information terminal device side control unit 35 is, for example, inverter failure information. The information transmitted from the motor to the information terminal device side control unit 35 is, for example, the current motor speed and motor failure information. The information transmitted from the brake device to the information terminal device side control unit 35 is, for example, the number of times the user of the electric vehicle 3 steps on the brake within a predetermined time, failure information, and the like. The information transmitted from the car navigation system 33 to the information terminal device side control unit 35 is, for example, the current location of the electric vehicle and the failure information of the car navigation system.

  The car navigation system 33 includes an input operation unit for inputting various information (not shown), a voice input unit for inputting by voice, a display unit for displaying various information to the user, a voice output unit for outputting voice, and a hard disk, for example. Storage unit for storing various data, external memory for storing personal data of users input from outside, direction sensor for detecting the direction in which the vehicle travels, and receiving signals from GPS (Global Positioning Systems) satellites A GPS receiving unit or the like is provided.

  The car navigation system 33 is configured to display a route to the destination according to user settings.

  The information received by the electric vehicle side communication unit 34 is transmitted to the driver by being output from a sound output unit (not shown) or displayed on the image display unit.

  Moreover, the information terminal device side control part 35 attaches identification information with respect to the electric vehicle management apparatus 2 according to operation of the operation input part which is not shown in figure, and performs an authentication request | requirement.

  Moreover, the information terminal device side control part 35 transmits the charge reservation application signal from the electric vehicle side communication part 34 according to the operation signal from the operation input part which is not shown in figure.

  In addition, the information terminal device side control unit 35 is charged with the identification information of the electric vehicle attached from the electric vehicle side communication unit 34 to the electric vehicle management device side communication unit 23 in response to an operation of an operation input unit (not shown). A start permission request signal is transmitted.

  In addition, when the charging of the electric vehicle is completed, the information terminal device side control unit 35 responds to the operation of the operation input unit (not shown) from the electric vehicle side communication unit 34 to the electric vehicle management device side communication unit 23. A charge completion signal is transmitted.

  Moreover, the information terminal device side control part 35 can perform the automatic driving | operation of the electric vehicle 3. FIG.

  Alternatively, automatic driving may be started after the electric vehicle reaches the automatic driving area.

  There are two types of autonomous driving: an electric vehicle management device-led type and an electric vehicle hand-led type.

  The automatic driving area is an area where the electric vehicle 3 can safely perform automatic driving, and is determined by a manager of the electric vehicle management device 2 according to a predetermined standard.

  Moreover, the information terminal device side control part 35 will be in an automatic driving mode, and will start automatic driving | operation, when the electric vehicle 3 arrives at an automatic driving | operation area.

  The wind power generation charging station 4 includes a wind power generation charging station side communication unit 41 for transmitting and receiving information, a battery 42, wind power for controlling power generation, management of generated power, and overall control of each unit. A power generation / charging stand side controller 43 and a GPS receiver 44 are provided.

  The wind power generation charging station side communication unit 41 includes an antenna that transmits and receives a signal in a frequency band used for telephone line communication, and a public line communication module as a wireless communication unit that performs communication processing in accordance with the telephone line communication standard according to a command. A CPU that executes the program to control the entire unit, a ROM that stores a control program and control data for the CPU, a RAM that provides a work space for the CPU, and data between the CPU and each input / output module It is comprised by the I / O interface which delivers.

  A general-purpose battery is used as the battery 42, and electricity stored in the wind power charging station is stored.

  When the charge reservation application signal is transmitted together with the amount of electricity necessary for charging the electric vehicle 3 from the management device side communication unit 23, the wind power generation charging station side control unit 43 charges the battery 42 with the electric vehicle 3. A search is performed to determine whether the necessary amount of electricity remains, and if it is determined that the necessary amount of electricity remains, a reservation acceptance signal is transmitted from the wind power charging station communication unit 41 to the management device communication unit 23 Is supposed to do.

  In addition, the wind power generation charging station side control unit 43 is configured to ensure an amount of electricity necessary for charging the electric vehicle 3 that has received the reservation.

  Further, the wind power generation charging station side control unit 43 makes an authentication request with the identification information attached to the electric vehicle management apparatus 2.

  Further, the wind power generation charging station side control unit 43 transmits the operating status of the wind power generation charging station and the amount of power stored in the battery 42 from the wind power generation charging station side communication unit 41 to the management device side communication unit 23. .

  In addition, when receiving the charge reservation application signal from the electric vehicle management apparatus 2, the wind power generation charging station side control unit 43 secures the amount of electricity necessary for charging the electric vehicle that has applied for the charge reservation. Then, a reservation acceptance procedure completion signal is transmitted from the wind power generation charging station side communication unit 41 of the wind power generation charging station 4 to the management device side communication unit 23.

  Further, the wind power generation charging station side control unit 43 is configured to charge the electric vehicle 3 when the wind power generation charging station side communication unit 41 receives the charging start permission signal.

  The wind power generation charging station 4 is in a state where it cannot charge any electric vehicle when it does not receive the charging start permission signal.

  Further, the wind power generation charging station side control unit 43 transmits a charging completion signal from the wind power generation charging station side communication unit 41 to the management device side communication unit 23 when the charging of the electric vehicle 3 is completed. ing.

  The GPS receiver 44 receives a spread spectrum signal from each of a plurality of GPS satellites, and obtains current location data representing the absolute position of the vehicle on which the car navigation system is mounted based on the phase difference between the received plurality of spread spectrum signals. It comes to detect. In this embodiment, it is desirable to use the RTK-GPS method or the DGPS method.

  The detected position is transmitted from the wind power generation charging station side communication unit 41 to the electric vehicle.

  In addition, in the above-mentioned embodiment, although the electric vehicle management apparatus 2 manages the electric vehicle automatic operation management system, the electric vehicle management system 2 does not necessarily need to be provided. The management in the electric vehicle automatic operation management system in that case is performed by the probe car side control unit or the wind power generation charging stand side control unit.

  Below, the effect | action of the electric vehicle automatic operation management system 1 concerning this Embodiment is demonstrated.

  FIG. 2 is a flow sequence diagram regarding the operation of the electric vehicle management apparatus-led electric vehicle automatic operation management system 1.

  An authentication request is sent from each of the electric vehicle 3 and the wind power generation charging station 4 by an authentication request message to which identification information is attached (authentication request (1) (2)), and the management device side control unit 25 of the electric vehicle management device 2 Confirms based on the identification information of the electric vehicle and the wind power charging station using this system stored in the user database 24, and performs authentication (authentication (1) (2)) if valid. .

  When all of them are authenticated, necessary information is transmitted from the respective communication units of the electric vehicle 3 and the wind power generation charging stand 4 to the management device side communication unit 23 of the electric vehicle management device 2 as needed. The

  The management device side control unit 25 of the electric vehicle management device 2 analyzes the data of the electric vehicle 3. Then, information is provided on the remaining amount of the battery for running the electric vehicle 3, and a forced automatic driving instruction command is transmitted together.

  Further, the management device-side control unit 25 of the electric vehicle management device 2 analyzes the data of the registered wind power generation charging station, selects the wind power generation charging station 4, and provides stand information to the electric vehicle 3.

  Then, the automobile management device 2 transmits a charge reservation signal to the wind power generation charging station 4. If the reservation is possible, the wind power charging station 4 accepts the reservation and secures the amount of electricity necessary for charging.

  After receiving the stand information, the electric vehicle 3 sets a destination in the car navigation 33 and heads for the automatic driving area. When reaching the automatic driving area, the information terminal device side control unit 35 enters the automatic driving mode and transmits an automatic driving mode signal to the electric vehicle management device 2 to notify that the automatic driving mode has been entered.

  Then, a GPS correction signal is transmitted from the wind power generation charging station 4 to the electric vehicle 3, and the electric vehicle 3 arrives at the wind power generation charging station 4 while correcting the position accordingly. As for the automatic operation mode, as disclosed in, for example, Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2001-255937, automatic operation is performed by automatic steering or automatic acceleration / deceleration with a route to the destination as a target traveling route. Furthermore, as disclosed in Japanese Patent Application No. 2003-409529 by the present applicant, it is also possible to set a previously traveled route to the destination as a target travel route and drive the vehicle so as to follow it. It is.

  After arrival, the electric vehicle 3 transmits an arrival signal to the wind power generation charging station 4, and the wind power generation charging station 4 transmits a charging permission signal thereto, and charging is started accordingly.

  In the case of the electric vehicle initiative type, as shown in FIG. 3, the remaining capacity information of the battery is provided to the electric vehicle 3, and a charging incentive signal is transmitted together with the charging request signal from the electric vehicle 3. When transmitted to the vehicle management device 2, the electric vehicle management device 2 transmits a charge reservation signal to the wind power generation charging station 4. The wind power charging station 4 secures the necessary amount of electricity accordingly. The subsequent processing is the same as in the case of the electric vehicle management apparatus initiative type.

  As described above, according to the present invention, it is possible to reduce the labor of a driver who operates a reservation for charging and a wind power generation charging station.

  In addition, since the automatic operation is performed up to the wind power generation charging station 4, the operation is performed without consuming the most of the electricity of the battery for traveling. The electric vehicle can be reliably operated to the charging place.

It is a block diagram which shows the structural example of the electric vehicle management system which concerns on this invention. It is a flow sequence diagram in the electric vehicle management system led electric vehicle management system according to the present invention. It is a flow sequence diagram in an electric vehicle initiative type electric vehicle management system according to the present invention.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Electric vehicle automatic operation management system 2 Electric vehicle management apparatus 3 Electric vehicle 4 Wind power generation charging station 21 Electric vehicle management apparatus side operation input part 22 VICS receiving part 23 Electric vehicle management apparatus side communication part 24 User database 25 Electric vehicle management apparatus side Control unit 31 Information terminal device 33 Car navigation device 34 Electric vehicle side communication unit 35 Information terminal device side control unit 41 Wind power generation charging station side communication unit 42 Battery 43 Wind power generation charging station side control unit 44 GPS reception unit

Claims (5)

  1. An automatic operation management system for electric vehicles,
    An electric vehicle and a charging stand that charges the electric vehicle by storing electricity generated by the wind power generator,
    A car navigation device that obtains current position information of the electric vehicle and performs route guidance to a destination based on the current position information;
    A detection unit for detecting a remaining capacity of the battery for running the electric vehicle;
    A control unit for controlling automatic driving of the electric vehicle;
    A control unit for controlling the power generation of the wind turbine generator at the charging station, and managing the generated electricity;
    A user database for storing information on the electric vehicle and the wind turbine generator;
    A control unit that controls the electric vehicle and wind power generation based on information stored in the user database;
    When the control unit of the electric vehicle determines that the remaining amount of the running battery of the electric vehicle is equal to or less than a predetermined value, the charge reservation signal is transmitted to the control unit of the charging station, and the charge reservation is performed. And the position information of the charging station that has made the reservation for charging is provided to the control unit of the electric vehicle, and the control unit of the electric vehicle performs the electric operation by automatic driving based on the provided information and the car navigation device. An electric vehicle automatic operation management system characterized by automatically operating an automobile.
  2.   2. The electric vehicle automatic operation management system according to claim 1, wherein the control unit of the charging station makes a charge reservation according to a charge request signal from the control unit of the electric vehicle.
  3.   3. The electric vehicle automatic operation management system according to claim 1, wherein the control unit of the electric vehicle performs automatic driving after the electric vehicle reaches an automatic driving area.
  4.   The electric vehicle automatic operation management according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the control unit of the electric vehicle performs automatic driving according to a position correction signal transmitted from the charging station. system.
  5.   The charge reservation signal from the control unit of the electric vehicle is transmitted to the control unit of the charging station having a battery in which an amount of electricity necessary for charging the electric vehicle remains. The electric vehicle automatic operation management system according to claim 4.
JP2004301879A 2004-10-15 2004-10-15 Automatic operation management system for electric vehicle Pending JP2006113892A (en)

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