JP2004122131A - Garbage disposer - Google Patents

Garbage disposer Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2004122131A
JP2004122131A JP2003433149A JP2003433149A JP2004122131A JP 2004122131 A JP2004122131 A JP 2004122131A JP 2003433149 A JP2003433149 A JP 2003433149A JP 2003433149 A JP2003433149 A JP 2003433149A JP 2004122131 A JP2004122131 A JP 2004122131A
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tank
garbage
water
vessel
microorganisms
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Hiromi Hirota
広田 弘美
Hiroshi Nishida
西田 博史
Yasuyuki Nukina
貫名 康之
Hisaaki Miyaji
宮地 寿明
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Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd
松下電器産業株式会社
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Priority to JP2003433149A priority Critical patent/JP2004122131A/en
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a garbage disposer which enables garbage treatment to be performed in a kitchen sink, makes maintenance and settlement after the treatment unnecessary, further, reduces biochemical oxygen demand etc. of kitchen waste water and makes the kitchen waste water able to flow directly to a sewer pipe. <P>SOLUTION: The garbage disposer is provided with a crushing means 4 disposed in the kitchen sink 2, an adjustment vessel 10 in which the garbage crushed by a crushing means 4 is stored temporarily, a decomposing vessel 11 which is packed with filter material where microorganisms are implanted at the lower part of the adjustment vessel 10 and is used for aerobically decomposing the garbage etc. by the microorganisms, a water vessel 12 which stores water passing through the vessels 10, 11 and is connected with a sewer pipe 28 on the lower side of the vessel 11, the perforated partition plates 8, 9 which partition the respective vessels 10, 11, 12, a circulation pump 18 which feeds water in the water vessel 12 to the adjustment vessel 10, a stirring bar 14 which stirs the crushed garbage in the adjustment vessel 10, a suction port 20 and a discharge port 11c for passing the external air into the decomposition vessel 11 and a pressure-sending pump 30. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2004,JPO

Description

 本発明は主に家庭の台所で発生する有機物(生ごみや調理排液等)を微生物により分解処理し、下水管に流すことのできる生ごみ処理装置に関するものである。 (4) The present invention relates to a garbage disposal apparatus capable of decomposing organic substances (such as garbage and cooking effluent) mainly generated in a home kitchen with microorganisms and flowing the garbage through a sewer pipe.
 従来の生ごみ処理装置には、乾燥、減量させるもの、焼却してしまうもの、微生物により分解させるもの等、様々な構成のものが考えられている。しかし、処理後の残留物や媒体をメンテナンスする事が必ず必要であり、メンテナンス無しでそのまま下水管へ流すことのできる生ごみ処理装置は無かった。 Various types of conventional garbage disposal devices are considered, including those that dry, reduce weight, those that are incinerated, and those that are decomposed by microorganisms. However, it is necessary to maintain the residue and the medium after the treatment, and there has been no garbage disposal apparatus that can directly flow to the sewer without maintenance.
 従来の生ごみ処理装置では、乾燥、減量させるもの、焼却してしまうもの、微生物により分解させるもの等があるが、生ごみを処理する場合、水切りや処理装置までの運搬、処理後の残留物や媒体をメンテナンスする事が必ず必要であり、室内では臭いが発生したり、運搬時に汁だれをおこしたりし、使い勝手がよい物ではなかった。また、粉砕手段等をシンクの下に設け使い勝手を良くしたものは、高濃度の生物化学的酸素要求量(BOD)や固形物が下水管に流れ、下水管を詰まらせたり、河川の汚染や、下水処理場の処理能力の負担増となってしまう。 In conventional garbage disposal equipment, there are those that dry, reduce the weight, those that are incinerated, those that are decomposed by microorganisms, etc.When processing garbage, draining, transporting to the processing equipment, and residue after treatment In addition, it was necessary to maintain the media and media, and the odor was generated indoors and juice dripping occurred during transportation, which was not convenient. In addition, the crushing means and the like provided under the sink for improved usability include a high concentration of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and solids flowing into the sewage pipe, clogging the sewage pipe, polluting the river, This increases the load on the treatment capacity of the sewage treatment plant.
 本発明はこのような従来の生ごみ処理装置の課題を解決し、生ごみ等の発生する台所のシンクその場で処理ができ、更にメンテナンスや処理後の後始末を無くし、さらに、生ごみや台所排水の生物化学的酸素要求量(BOD)等も減らし、直接下水管へ流すことのできるようにしたものであり、生ごみ処理の家事作業を大幅に改善することのできると共に、臭いや運搬時の汁だれで室内を汚す事もない生ごみ処理装置を提供するものである。 The present invention solves the problems of such a conventional garbage processing apparatus, can perform processing on the spot of a kitchen sink where garbage or the like is generated, further eliminates maintenance and disposal after processing, and further reduces garbage and waste. It also reduces the biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) of kitchen wastewater and allows it to flow directly to the sewer pipes, which can greatly improve the housekeeping work of garbage disposal, as well as odor and transportation. An object of the present invention is to provide a garbage disposal apparatus that does not pollute the room with dripping juice.
 本発明は、台所のシンクに設けた粉砕手段と、粉砕手段により粉砕された生ごみ等の有機物を一旦貯留する調整槽と、その下部に位置し、有機物を微生物により好気的に分解するための分解槽と、その下方に位置し、これらの槽を通過した水分を貯める水槽と、適当な大きさの孔を有し、前記槽を分離する仕切板と、前記水槽内の水を前記調整槽に送るポンプ装置と、前記調整槽内の粉砕された有機物を撹拌する撹拌手段と、前記分解槽内に外気を通過させる送風手段とを備えたもので、分解槽で有機物を微生物が好気的に分解するために必要な酸素を送風手段により強制的に通過させることにより、分解の促進がはかれると共に、嫌気的分解により悪臭等が発生する事を防止する。 The present invention provides a crushing means provided in a kitchen sink, an adjustment tank for temporarily storing organic matter such as garbage crushed by the crushing means, and a lower part thereof, for aerobically decomposing organic matter by microorganisms. A decomposition tank, a water tank located below the tank for storing moisture passing through these tanks, a partition plate having a hole of an appropriate size and separating the tank, and adjusting the water in the water tank. A pump device for sending to the tank, a stirring means for stirring the pulverized organic matter in the adjustment tank, and a blowing means for passing outside air into the decomposition tank, wherein the microorganisms are aerobic in the decomposition tank. By forcibly passing oxygen required for chemical decomposition by a blowing means, decomposition is promoted, and at the same time, generation of offensive odor or the like due to anaerobic decomposition is prevented.
 本発明の生ごみ処理装置によれば、生ごみ等の発生する台所のシンクその場で処理ができ、更に処理後の残留物や媒体のメンテナンスや処理後の後始末を無くし、さらに、生ごみや台所排水の生物化学的酸素要求量(BOD)等も減らし、直接下水管へ流すことができるようになる。 ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to the garbage processing apparatus of this invention, it can process on the spot of the kitchen sink where garbage etc. generate | occur | produce, and further eliminates the maintenance of the residue after processing and a medium, and the post-processing after processing, It also reduces the biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) of kitchen and kitchen effluents and allows them to flow directly to sewers.
 請求項1記載の発明は、台所のシンクに設けた粉砕手段と、粉砕手段により粉砕された生ごみ等の有機物を一旦貯留する調整槽と、その下部に位置し、微生物を着床させるろ材を満たし、有機物を微生物により好気的に分解するための分解槽と、その下方に位置し、これらの槽を通過した水分を貯め、下水管とつながる水槽と、適当な大きさの孔を有し、前記槽を分離する仕切板と、前記水槽内の水を前記調整槽に送るポンプ装置と、前記調整槽内の粉砕された有機物を撹拌する撹拌手段と、前記分解槽内に外気を通過させる送風手段とを備えたものである。そして、粉砕手段で粉砕処理された生ごみと汁分および台所排水が調整槽に入り、そのうち固形分は仕切板があるためこの槽に留まる。又、液分や細かい固形分は分解槽に入り、この槽のろ床に着床している微生物により液分や細かい固形分の有機物が分解される。分解された後の水や、分解しきらない有機物の溶解した液分は、下方へ落ちて行き、一旦水槽に貯められポンプにより再度調整槽に戻され、同じ事が繰り返されるうちにほとんどの有機物が微生物により分解されてしまい、下水管のほうへ流し出されていく。この時、調整槽に溜まった固形分は撹拌棒等の撹拌手段により徐々に細かくなったり、循環する液分により溶解したりし、徐々に分解槽の方へ落ちてゆくようにしている。これはあまり早く分解槽に大量に入ると分解仕切らない有機物が多くなり、それが水槽に入り高濃度のまま下水管の方へ流れてしまうことを防止する作用と、大きな固形分のまま調整槽に残ると、次々に粉砕された生ゴミが入ってきた場合、調整槽にどんどん溜まり大きな調整槽が必要となるのを防止する作用、および調整槽から分解槽へ均一に有機物を落下させ微生物全体にゆきわたる様にし、微生物の働きを安定させ、分解能力を向上させる作用がある。さらにまた、分解槽で有機物を微生物が好気的に分解するためには酸素が必要であり、このため分解槽内のろ床の間に酸素を強制的に通過させる送風手段を設けることにより、分解の促進がはかれると共に、嫌気的分解により悪臭等が発生する事を防止するという作用がある。 The invention according to claim 1 includes a crushing means provided in a kitchen sink, an adjusting tank for temporarily storing organic matter such as garbage crushed by the crushing means, and a filter medium located below the filter for landing microorganisms. It has a decomposition tank for filling and aerobically decomposing organic matter by microorganisms, and a water tank located below and storing water passing through these tanks and connected to a sewer pipe, and a hole of an appropriate size. A partition plate for separating the tank, a pump device for sending water in the water tank to the adjustment tank, a stirring means for stirring the pulverized organic matter in the adjustment tank, and passing outside air into the decomposition tank. And a blowing means. Then, the garbage, juice, and kitchen wastewater pulverized by the pulverizing means enter the adjusting tank, and the solid content therein remains in the tank due to the presence of the partition plate. In addition, liquids and fine solids enter the decomposition tank, and microorganisms that have settled on the filter bed of this tank decompose organic matter of liquids and fine solids. Decomposed water and dissolved liquids of organic substances that cannot be completely decomposed fall down, are temporarily stored in a water tank, returned to the adjustment tank again by a pump, and most of the organic substances are repeated while the same thing is repeated. Is decomposed by microorganisms and flows out to the sewer. At this time, the solid content accumulated in the adjusting tank is gradually reduced by a stirring means such as a stirring rod, or dissolved by the circulating liquid, and gradually falls toward the decomposition tank. This is because when entering a large amount into the decomposition tank too early, the organic matter that does not decompose is increased, preventing it from entering the water tank and flowing to the sewer pipe with a high concentration, and an adjustment tank with a large solid content If the garbage is crushed one after another, the garbage will collect more and more in the adjustment tank to prevent the need for a large adjustment tank. It has the effect of stabilizing the action of microorganisms and improving the decomposition ability. Furthermore, oxygen is required for the microorganisms to aerobically decompose the organic matter in the decomposition tank, and therefore, by providing a blowing means for forcibly passing oxygen between the filter beds in the decomposition tank, the decomposition is performed. It has the effect of promoting acceleration and preventing the generation of offensive odors and the like due to anaerobic decomposition.
 (実施の形態1)
 本発明の第1の実施の形態を図1に基づき説明する。
(Embodiment 1)
A first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG.
 図1において、1は流し台で、シンク2の排水口部3には粉砕手段4が設けられている。粉砕手段4と生ごみ処理槽5はトラップ部6を有するパイプ7でつながっている。生ごみ処理槽5は、ほぼ円柱状をし、仕切板8、9で調整槽10、分解槽11、水槽12に分離されている。そして、仕切板8はメッシュ状の金網で構成され、仕切板9は、穴の空いた円盤で構成されている。調整槽10と分解槽11の中央部には軸13が貫通しており、その軸13に垂直に撹拌棒14が数カ所設けてあり、駆動モータ15で回転する様になっている。分解槽11には微生物が着床するためのろ材16が充填されている。 に お い て In FIG. 1, reference numeral 1 denotes a sink, and a crushing means 4 is provided at a drain port 3 of a sink 2. The crushing means 4 and the garbage disposal tank 5 are connected by a pipe 7 having a trap portion 6. The garbage disposal tank 5 has a substantially columnar shape and is separated into partitioning tanks 8 and 9 into an adjustment tank 10, a decomposition tank 11, and a water tank 12. The partition plate 8 is formed of a mesh-shaped wire net, and the partition plate 9 is formed of a disc with holes. A shaft 13 penetrates the center of the adjusting tank 10 and the decomposition tank 11, and a plurality of stirring rods 14 are provided perpendicularly to the shaft 13, and are rotated by a drive motor 15. The decomposition tank 11 is filled with a filter medium 16 for microorganisms to land on the floor.
 水槽12の底部17を循環ポンプ18の吸引側へ接続し、循環ポンプ18の吐出側が調整槽10の天面10aに設けられた散水ノズル部19へ接続されている。同様に、調整槽10の天面10aには吸気口20があり、生ごみ処理槽5の側面部にオーバーフロー経路22を設け、この経路22の上端側の開口部23を調整槽10の側面部の上方に配し、経路22の下端側の開口部21を水槽12の水位線Aより下方に配している。また、水槽12は水位線Aより下方までのびた仕切24で2部屋に分かれ、一方の部屋25は分解槽11に通じ、他方の部屋26は下水管28とパイプ29でつながっている。更に、30は空気の圧送ポンプで、吸気側は水槽12と分解槽11の間の空間部11aに臨む排気口11cに、吐出側は水槽11の部屋26の空間部11bにそれぞれパイプ31、32でつながっている。 底 The bottom 17 of the water tank 12 is connected to the suction side of the circulation pump 18, and the discharge side of the circulation pump 18 is connected to the water spray nozzle 19 provided on the top surface 10 a of the adjustment tank 10. Similarly, an air inlet 20 is provided on the top surface 10 a of the adjustment tank 10, an overflow path 22 is provided on a side surface of the garbage disposal tank 5, and an opening 23 on an upper end side of the path 22 is formed on the side surface of the adjustment tank 10. , And the opening 21 on the lower end side of the path 22 is disposed below the water level line A of the water tank 12. The water tank 12 is divided into two rooms by a partition 24 extending below the water level line A, one of the rooms 25 communicates with the disassembling tank 11, and the other room 26 is connected to a sewer pipe 28 and a pipe 29. Further, reference numeral 30 denotes a pump for feeding air, and the suction side is connected to an exhaust port 11c facing the space 11a between the water tank 12 and the decomposition tank 11, and the discharge side is connected to the space 31b of the room 26 of the water tank 11, respectively. Connected.
 以上のように構成された生ごみ処理装置において、その動作を説明する。 動作 The operation of the garbage processing apparatus configured as described above will be described.
 台所で発生した生ごみを粉砕手段4に投入し、電源を入れて粉砕しながら水を流し込んでやると、粉砕された生ごみや水はパイプ7を通って生ごみ処理槽5の調整槽10に入る。粉砕された生ごみは、撹拌棒14により撹拌され、仕切板8の金網の開口より大きな物は調整槽10上に残り、その他の細かい固形物や液分は徐々に分解槽11に入ってゆく。これらの液分や細かい固形分は分解槽11に入り、この槽のろ材16に着床している微生物により有機物が分解されてゆく。そして、分解された後の水や、分解しきらない有機物の溶解した液分は、一旦水槽12に貯められ、循環ポンプ18で調整槽10に戻される。調整槽10に戻される際にはその槽10の上部に配した散水ノズル部19より散水される。そして、同じ事が繰り返されるうちに生ごみの有機物ほとんど微生物により分解され、かなりのBOD濃度が減少してしまう。そして、水槽12の水位がある程度高くなるとパイプ29を通って下水管28のほうへ流し出されていく。 When the garbage generated in the kitchen is put into the crushing means 4 and the water is poured while the power is turned on and crushed, the crushed garbage and water pass through the pipe 7 and are adjusted in the adjusting tank 10 of the garbage processing tank 5. to go into. The crushed garbage is stirred by the stirring rod 14, and the thing larger than the opening of the wire mesh of the partition plate 8 remains on the adjustment tank 10, and other fine solids and liquid components gradually enter the decomposition tank 11. . These liquids and fine solids enter the decomposition tank 11, and the organic matter is decomposed by microorganisms that have settled on the filter medium 16 of this tank. The decomposed water or the dissolved liquid of organic substances that cannot be completely decomposed are temporarily stored in the water tank 12 and returned to the adjustment tank 10 by the circulation pump 18. When the water is returned to the adjusting tank 10, water is sprayed from a watering nozzle unit 19 arranged on the upper part of the tank 10. Then, while the same is repeated, most of the organic matter in the garbage is decomposed by microorganisms, and the BOD concentration is considerably reduced. Then, when the water level in the water tank 12 becomes high to some extent, the water is drained toward the sewer pipe 28 through the pipe 29.
 また、圧送ポンプ30により調整槽10の吸気口20から外気を吸い込み、仕切板8、分解槽11のろ材16の間を通っている間に発生した二酸化炭素と共に仕切板9を抜け、圧送ポンプ30に吸い込まれる。そして水槽12の部屋26の空間部11bに送られ、パイプ29を通って下水管28の方へ流れてゆく。又、撹拌棒14は分解槽11内のろ床16の撹拌も行い、微生物を掻き落とすことにより、ろ材16が常に空気が通過できるような状態を保っている。また、調整槽10に一気に大量の水分がくると、開口部23よりオーバーフロー経路22を通って水槽12へ流れる様になっている。このように、粉砕手段3に生ごみを投入するだけで、微生物が生ごみの有機物を最終的には水と二酸化炭素に分解して下水管28へ流してしまうもので、処理後のメンテナンスや運搬の必要が全く無いものである。 Further, the outside air is sucked from the inlet port 20 of the regulating tank 10 by the pump 30, and passes through the partition plate 9 together with the carbon dioxide generated while passing between the partition plate 8 and the filter medium 16 of the decomposition tank 11. Sucked into. Then, the water is sent to the space 11 b of the room 26 of the water tank 12, and flows through the pipe 29 toward the drain 28. Further, the stirring rod 14 also stirs the filter bed 16 in the decomposition tank 11 to scrape microorganisms, thereby maintaining a state in which the filter medium 16 can always pass air. Also, when a large amount of water comes into the adjusting tank 10 at a stretch, the water flows from the opening 23 to the water tank 12 through the overflow path 22. In this way, by merely putting the garbage into the crushing means 3, the microorganisms eventually decompose the organic matter of the garbage into water and carbon dioxide and flow to the sewage pipe 28. There is no need for transportation.
 以上のように、本発明にかかる生ごみ処理装置によれば、処理後の残留物や媒体をメンテナンス無しでそのまま下水管へ流すことができるようになり、台所まわりの生ごみ処理装置に幅広く適用できるようになる。 As described above, according to the garbage disposal apparatus according to the present invention, it becomes possible to flow the residue and medium after treatment to the sewer pipe as they are without maintenance, and widely applied to garbage disposal apparatuses around the kitchen. become able to.
本発明の実施の形態1における生ごみ処理装置の断面図Sectional view of the garbage processing apparatus according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.
符号の説明Explanation of reference numerals
 2 シンク
 4 粉砕手段
 10 調整槽
 11 分解槽
 11c 排気口
 12 水槽
 14 撹拌棒(撹拌手段)
 16 ろ材
 18 循環ポンプ(ポンプ装置)
 20 吸気口
 22 オーバーフロー経路
 30 圧送ポンプ(吸気手段)
2 sink 4 crushing means 10 adjustment tank 11 decomposition tank 11c exhaust port 12 water tank 14 stirring rod (stirring means)
16 Filter media 18 Circulation pump (pump device)
Reference Signs List 20 intake port 22 overflow path 30 pressure pump (intake means)

Claims (1)

  1. 台所のシンクに設けた粉砕手段と、粉砕手段により粉砕された生ごみ等の有機物を一旦貯留する調整槽と、その下部に位置し、微生物を着床させるろ材を満たし、有機物を微生物により好気的に分解するための分解槽と、その下方に位置し、これらの槽を通過した水分を貯め、下水管とつながる水槽と、適当な大きさの孔を有し、前記槽を分離する仕切板と、前記水槽内の水を前記調整槽に送るポンプ装置と、前記調整槽内の粉砕された有機物を撹拌する撹拌手段と、前記分解槽内に外気を通過させる送風手段とを備えた生ごみ処理装置。 A crushing means provided in a kitchen sink, an adjusting tank for temporarily storing organic matter such as garbage crushed by the crushing means, and a lower part thereof, which is filled with a filter medium for immobilizing microorganisms, and the organic matter is aerobic by microorganisms. Tank having a suitable size, and a separating plate for separating the tank, the tank being located thereunder, storing water passing through these tanks, and connecting to a sewer pipe. And a pump device for sending water in the water tank to the adjustment tank, stirring means for stirring the pulverized organic matter in the adjustment tank, and air blowing means for passing outside air into the decomposition tank. Processing equipment.
JP2003433149A 2003-12-26 2003-12-26 Garbage disposer Pending JP2004122131A (en)

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JP890996A Division JP3555293B2 (en) 1996-01-23 1996-01-23 Garbage disposal equipment

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KR100957648B1 (en) 2007-12-14 2010-05-12 최병월 Disposing apparatus for food garbage
KR200459877Y1 (en) 2009-07-17 2012-04-20 (주)수도금속 Sewage treating trap capable of separating oil from leftover food
KR101308905B1 (en) 2013-03-12 2013-09-23 주식회사 퍼휴먼 Food wastes treater for sink mounting
JP2013226483A (en) * 2012-04-24 2013-11-07 Ohbayashi Corp Volume reduction system and volume reduction method for plant residue
KR101449642B1 (en) * 2013-09-09 2014-10-13 주식회사 퍼휴먼 Food wastes treater for sink mounting
CN104174627A (en) * 2013-05-24 2014-12-03 山东金王电器有限公司 Food waste harmless decomposition recovery reutilization device
CN104929205A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-09-23 苏州美生环保科技有限公司 Novel waste processor for biochemical degradation
JP6063532B1 (en) * 2015-08-21 2017-01-18 株式会社フジタ Processing device and cargo handling vehicle
CN109794118A (en) * 2019-02-22 2019-05-24 陈雪飞 A kind of building fresh air total system
CN111250513A (en) * 2020-01-19 2020-06-09 西安石油大学 Kitchen waste treatment device

Cited By (10)

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KR100957648B1 (en) 2007-12-14 2010-05-12 최병월 Disposing apparatus for food garbage
KR200459877Y1 (en) 2009-07-17 2012-04-20 (주)수도금속 Sewage treating trap capable of separating oil from leftover food
JP2013226483A (en) * 2012-04-24 2013-11-07 Ohbayashi Corp Volume reduction system and volume reduction method for plant residue
KR101308905B1 (en) 2013-03-12 2013-09-23 주식회사 퍼휴먼 Food wastes treater for sink mounting
CN104174627A (en) * 2013-05-24 2014-12-03 山东金王电器有限公司 Food waste harmless decomposition recovery reutilization device
KR101449642B1 (en) * 2013-09-09 2014-10-13 주식회사 퍼휴먼 Food wastes treater for sink mounting
CN104929205A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-09-23 苏州美生环保科技有限公司 Novel waste processor for biochemical degradation
JP6063532B1 (en) * 2015-08-21 2017-01-18 株式会社フジタ Processing device and cargo handling vehicle
CN109794118A (en) * 2019-02-22 2019-05-24 陈雪飞 A kind of building fresh air total system
CN111250513A (en) * 2020-01-19 2020-06-09 西安石油大学 Kitchen waste treatment device

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