JP2003175932A - Wooden pallet for stone - Google Patents

Wooden pallet for stone

Info

Publication number
JP2003175932A
JP2003175932A JP2001389504A JP2001389504A JP2003175932A JP 2003175932 A JP2003175932 A JP 2003175932A JP 2001389504 A JP2001389504 A JP 2001389504A JP 2001389504 A JP2001389504 A JP 2001389504A JP 2003175932 A JP2003175932 A JP 2003175932A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
seat
wood
wooden
skeleton
stone
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP2001389504A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP3870084B2 (en
Inventor
Masayuki Kachi
正行 加地
Hisao Asai
久雄 浅井
Original Assignee
Asahi Sangyo:Kk
有限会社アサヒ産業
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2001305185 priority Critical
Priority to JP2001-305185 priority
Application filed by Asahi Sangyo:Kk, 有限会社アサヒ産業 filed Critical Asahi Sangyo:Kk
Priority to JP2001389504A priority patent/JP3870084B2/en
Publication of JP2003175932A publication Critical patent/JP2003175932A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3870084B2 publication Critical patent/JP3870084B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a wooden pallet for stones with which sufficient strength can be obtained, and a manufacturing cost of which can be reduced by reducing the number of components made of relatively expensive materials and using inexpensive materials. <P>SOLUTION: A seat 10 comprises rectangular timbers 11 for a seat which are placed to extend in a fore-and-aft direction and be in parallel to one another separately in a lateral direction. A plate materials 12 is in addition fixed to an upper end surface of the rectangular timber 11 to extend in the lateral direction. A back 20 comprises rectangular timbers 21 for a back which are placed to extend vertically and be parallel to one another while they are inclined backward with respect to each of seat couplings 11a of the timbers 11 for the seat. Plate materials 22 are fixed to a front end surface of the timbers 21 for the back the extend in the lateral direction. A coupling means 30 includes a pair of left and right coupling plates 31a and 31b. While the seat coupling 11a and a back coupling 21a are sandwiched from both right and left sides by the pair of coupling plates 31a and 31b, lower sides of the coupling plates 31a and 31b are fixed to the seat coupling 11a. In addition, upper sides of the coupling plates 31a and 31b are fixed to the back coupling 21a, thereby coupling and fixing the seat 10 and the back 20 to each other in an immovable manner. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2003,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention
【0001】[0001]
【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は石材の運搬に使用す
る石材用パレットに関し、特に、全体を木質材料より構
成した石材用木質パレットに関するものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a stone pallet used for transporting stone, and more particularly to a stone wooden pallet which is entirely made of a wooden material.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】一般に、石材を工場内外で搬送したり運
搬したりするには、石材用パレットを使用する。具体的
には、石材用パレットは、正方形又は長方形板状の座部
と、前記支持板の後端に略垂直に固着された背部とを備
える。そして、通常は、長方形板状の多数の石材を、石
材用パレットの座部に縦積みすると共に背部にもたれさ
せた状態で、それらの石材をPPバンド等の結束部材に
より石材用パレットの座部上に結束して固定する。そし
て、石材を支持する石材用パレットを、フォークリフト
によりトラック等の運搬車両の荷台に搬送及び積載し、
目的地まで運搬し、目的地でフォークリフトにより運搬
車両の荷台から荷降ろしする。かかる石材用パレットと
しては、従来、スチール製のものが一般的であった。
2. Description of the Related Art Generally, a stone pallet is used to transport stones inside or outside a factory. Specifically, the stone material pallet includes a square or rectangular plate-shaped seat portion and a back portion that is fixed substantially vertically to the rear end of the support plate. Usually, a large number of rectangular plate-shaped stone materials are vertically stacked on the seat portion of the stone material pallet and leaned on the back portion, and the stone materials are attached to the seat portion of the stone material pallet by a binding member such as a PP band. Bind it on top and secure. Then, the stone pallet that supports the stone is transported and loaded onto the loading platform of the transportation vehicle such as a truck by a forklift,
Carry it to the destination, and unload it from the carrier bed of the transport vehicle with a forklift at the destination. Conventionally, such a stone pallet has been generally made of steel.
【0003】[0003]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかし、スチール製パ
レットは、強度は高く長持ちする一方、製造コストが高
くなってしまう。また、スチール製パレットは、それ自
体で相当の重量があるため、取扱いの点で改善する余地
がある。
However, while the steel pallet has high strength and longevity, the manufacturing cost becomes high. Further, since the steel pallet itself has a considerable weight, there is room for improvement in terms of handling.
【0004】そこで、本発明は、安価な木質材料を使用
して製造コストを低減することができると共に、石材の
荷役用途において十分な強度を得ることができ、更に、
軽量で取り扱いが容易な石材用木質パレットの提供を課
題とする。
Therefore, the present invention can reduce the manufacturing cost by using an inexpensive wood material, and can obtain a sufficient strength in the use of loading and unloading stone materials.
It is an object to provide a lightweight wooden pallet for stone materials that is easy to handle.
【0005】[0005]
【課題を解決するための手段】請求項1に係る石材用木
質パレットは、石材を下方から支持するための座部と、
石材を後方から支持するための背部と、前記座部及び背
部を互いに連結する連結手段とを備える。前記座部は、
複数本の断面矩形状の長尺状をなす座部用木質骨格材
を、前後方向に延びるよう、かつ、左右方向に離間する
よう互いに平行に配置し、前記座部用木質骨格材の後端
側に所定長さの部分を座部用連結部として残した状態
で、前記座部用木質骨格材の上端面に板状木質材を左右
方向に延びるよう固着してなる。前記背部は、断面矩形
状の長尺状をなす背部用木質骨格材を、前記座部用木質
骨格材の座部用連結部の各々に対して後方に傾斜した状
態で上下方向に延びるよう互いに平行に配置し、前記背
部用木質骨格材の下端側に所定長さの部分を背部用連結
部として残した状態で、前記背部用木質骨格材の前端面
に板状木質材を左右方向に延びるよう固着してなる。前
記連結手段は、左右一対の板状の木質連結材を含み、前
記左右一対の木質連結材により前記座部用連結部及び前
記背部用連結部を左右両側から挟んだ状態で、前記木質
連結材の下側部を前記座部用連結部に固着すると共に、
前記木質連結材の上側部を前記背部用連結部に固着する
ことにより、前記座部及び前記背部を互いに移動不能に
連結固定してなる。
According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a wooden pallet for stones, comprising: a seat portion for supporting the stone material from below;
A back portion for supporting the stone material from the rear and a connecting means for connecting the seat portion and the back portion to each other are provided. The seat is
A plurality of long wooden skeleton members for seats having a rectangular cross section are arranged in parallel to each other so as to extend in the front-rear direction and be separated in the left-right direction, and the rear end of the wooden skeleton member for seats. A plate-shaped wooden material is fixed to the upper end surface of the wooden skeleton member for a seat so as to extend in the left-right direction, with a portion having a predetermined length left as a connecting portion for the seat portion on the side. The back portion is a long wooden skeleton material for the back portion having a rectangular cross-section, and extends in the up-down direction while being inclined rearward with respect to each of the seat portion connecting portions of the seat portion wooden skeleton material. The plate-shaped wood material is extended in the left-right direction on the front end surface of the back wood skeleton member in a state in which they are arranged in parallel and a portion of a predetermined length is left on the lower end side of the back wood skeleton material as a back connection part. So that it sticks. The connecting means includes a pair of left and right plate-shaped wood connecting members, and the wood connecting member is sandwiched by the left and right pair of wood connecting members from the left and right sides of the seat connecting part and the back connecting part. While firmly fixing the lower side part to the seat connecting part,
By fixing the upper part of the wood connecting material to the back connecting part, the seat part and the back part are connected and fixed so as not to move.
【0006】請求項2に係る石材用木質パレットは、請
求項1の構成において、前記背部を前記座部に対して後
方に約3度〜10度の角度範囲で傾斜させた状態で、前
記木質連結材により前記座部及び前記背部を互いに移動
不能に固定した。
A wooden pallet for stones according to a second aspect is the wooden pallet for stone according to the first aspect, wherein the back portion is inclined rearward with respect to the seat portion within an angle range of about 3 to 10 degrees. The seat portion and the back portion were fixed so as not to move with each other by a connecting member.
【0007】請求項3に係る石材用木質パレットは、請
求項1または2の構成において、前記木質連結材が、前
記座部用木質骨格材の下側面と略同一方向に延びる下端
面と、前記下端面に対して前記背部用木質骨格材の傾斜
角度と略同一の傾斜角度で後方に傾斜する前端面とを有
する。
According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the wooden pallet for stones according to the first or second aspect, the wooden connecting member has a lower end surface extending in substantially the same direction as a lower side surface of the wooden skeleton member for the seat portion, and It has a front end surface that is inclined rearward at an inclination angle that is substantially the same as the inclination angle of the wooden skeleton member for the back part with respect to the lower end surface.
【0008】請求項4に係る石材用木質パレットは、請
求項1乃至3のいずれかの構成において、前記木質連結
材の後部が、前記背部用木質骨格材の後側面から後方に
突出し、前記木質連結材のうち、前記座部の左右両端の
木質連結材以外の木質連結材の後端面を、前記左右両端
の木質連結材の後端面より前方の位置で略垂直方向に延
びるよう形成し、長尺状をなす補強用木質材を前記左右
両端の木質連結材間に配置すると共に、前記補強用木質
材の前側面を前記左右両端の木質連結材以外の木質連結
材の後端面に固着した。
According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in the wooden pallet for stone material according to any one of the first to third aspects, the rear portion of the wooden connecting material projects rearward from the rear side surface of the back wooden skeleton material, Of the connecting members, the rear end faces of the wooden connecting members other than the wooden connecting members at the left and right ends of the seat portion are formed to extend in a substantially vertical direction at a position in front of the rear end faces of the wooden connecting members at the left and right ends. A reinforcing wood material having a length is arranged between the left and right wood connecting materials, and the front side surface of the reinforcing wood material is fixed to the rear end surface of the wood connecting material other than the left and right wood connecting materials.
【0009】請求項5に係る石材用木質パレットは、請
求項1乃至3のいずれかの構成において、前記各一対の
木質連結材間の隙間に、対応する幅のブロック状木質材
を挿入すると共に、前記ブロック状木質材の後端面が前
記木質連結材の後端面と略面一となるよう前記ブロック
状木質材を固着し、長尺状をなす補強用木質材を前記木
質連結材の後端面に配置して前記ブロック状木質材の後
端面に固着した。
According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, in the stone wooden pallet according to any one of the first to third aspects, a block-shaped wooden material having a corresponding width is inserted into the gap between each pair of the wooden connecting materials. The block-like wood material is fixed so that the rear end surface of the block-like wood material is substantially flush with the rear end surface of the wood-connecting material, and a long-shaped reinforcing wood material is formed on the rear end surface of the wood-connecting material. And was fixed to the rear end surface of the block-shaped wood material.
【0010】請求項6に係る石材用木質パレットは、請
求項1乃至5のいずれかの構成において、前記座部用木
質骨格材を前記座部の左右方向に等間隔で少なくとも3
本配置し、中央の座部用木質骨格材の厚みを、左右の座
部用木質骨格材の厚みより若干小さくして、前記座部に
石材を積載しない通常状態では、前記左右の座部用木質
骨格材が地面に接触すると共に前記中央の座部用木質骨
格材の下側面が地面から上方に位置するようにし、石材
を積載した積載状態では、石材の荷重により前記座部の
左右中央が下方に弾性的に湾曲して、前記左右の座部用
木質骨格材及び中央の座部用木質骨格材が全て地面に接
触するようにした。
According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, in the wooden pallet for stone material according to any one of the first to fifth aspects, at least three wooden skeleton members for seats are arranged at equal intervals in the lateral direction of the seat.
With this arrangement, the thickness of the wooden skeleton for seats in the center is made slightly smaller than the thickness of the wooden skeletons for seats on the left and right, and in the normal state where stones are not loaded on the seats The lower surface of the wooden skeleton for seats in the center is located above the ground while the wooden skeleton is in contact with the ground, and in the loading state in which stones are loaded, the left and right center of the seat is caused by the load of stones. It is bent elastically downward so that the left and right seat part wooden skeleton members and the central seat part wooden skeleton member are all in contact with the ground.
【0011】請求項7に係る石材用木質パレットは、複
数本の断面矩形状の長尺状をなす座部用木質骨格材を、
前後方向に延びるよう、かつ、左右方向に離間するよう
互いに平行に配置し、前記座部用木質骨格材の上端面に
板状木質材を左右方向に延びるよう固着してなる座部を
備える。また、前記座部用木質骨格材を前記座部の左右
方向に等間隔で少なくとも3本配置し、中央の座部用木
質骨格材の厚みを、左右の座部用木質骨格材の厚みより
若干小さくして、前記座部に石材を積載しない通常状態
では、前記左右の座部用木質骨格材が地面に接触すると
共に前記中央の座部用木質骨格材の下側面が地面から上
方に位置するようにし、石材を積載した積載状態では、
石材の荷重により前記座部の左右中央が下方に弾性的に
湾曲して、前記左右の座部用木質骨格材及び中央の座部
用木質骨格材が全て地面に接触するようにした。
According to a seventh aspect of the present invention, there is provided a stone wooden pallet comprising a plurality of elongated wooden skeleton members for seats having a rectangular cross section.
A seat portion is arranged parallel to each other so as to extend in the front-rear direction and separated in the left-right direction, and a plate-like wood material is fixed to the upper end surface of the wood skeleton material for the seat portion so as to extend in the left-right direction. In addition, at least three wooden skeleton members for the seat are arranged at equal intervals in the left-right direction of the seat, and the thickness of the central wooden skeleton member for the seat is slightly smaller than the thickness of the left and right wooden skeleton members for the seat. In a normal state in which the seats are not loaded with stones, the left and right seat skeleton wood skeletons are in contact with the ground, and the lower surface of the central seat skeleton wood is located above the ground. In the loading state with stones loaded,
The left and right center of the seat portion is elastically bent downward by the load of stone material so that the left and right seat portion wooden skeleton members and the central seat portion wooden skeleton member are all in contact with the ground.
【0012】請求項8に係る石材用木質パレットは、複
数本の断面矩形状の長尺状をなす座部用木質骨格材を、
前後方向に延びるよう、かつ、左右方向に離間するよう
互いに平行に配置し、前記座部用木質骨格材の上端面に
板状木質材を左右方向に延びるよう固着してなる座部を
備える。また、前記座部の最も前側の板状木質材の前端
に、石材締結用の締結バンドを収容するための切欠き凹
部を形成した。
According to an eighth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a wooden pallet for stones, comprising a plurality of elongated wooden skeleton members for seats having a rectangular cross section.
A seat portion is arranged parallel to each other so as to extend in the front-rear direction and separated in the left-right direction, and a plate-like wood material is fixed to the upper end surface of the wood skeleton material for the seat portion so as to extend in the left-right direction. Further, a cutout recess for accommodating a fastening band for fastening a stone material is formed at the front end of the plate-like wood material on the frontmost side of the seat portion.
【0013】請求項9に係る石材用木質パレットは、複
数本の断面矩形状の長尺状をなす座部用木質骨格材を、
前後方向に延びるよう、かつ、左右方向に離間するよう
互いに平行に配置し、前記座部用木質骨格材の上端面に
板状木質材を左右方向に延びるよう固着してなる座部を
備える。また、前記座部の板状木質材の左右両端部を、
左右両端の座部用木質骨格材より左方及び右方に突出さ
せた。
According to a ninth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a wooden pallet for stones, comprising a plurality of elongated wooden skeleton members for seats having a rectangular cross section.
A seat portion is arranged parallel to each other so as to extend in the front-rear direction and separated in the left-right direction, and a plate-like wood material is fixed to the upper end surface of the wood skeleton material for the seat portion so as to extend in the left-right direction. Also, the left and right ends of the plate-shaped wood material of the seat,
It was made to protrude to the left and right from the wooden skeleton material for seats at the left and right ends.
【0014】請求項10に係る石材用木質パレットは、
複数本の断面矩形状の長尺状をなす座部用木質骨格材
を、前後方向に延びるよう、かつ、左右方向に離間する
よう互いに平行に配置し、前記座部用木質骨格材の上端
面に板状木質材を左右方向に延びるよう固着してなる座
部を備える。また、前記座部の左右の座部用木質骨格材
と最も前側の板状木質材の左右両端部との間に形成され
る一対のコーナ部に、それぞれ、前記座部用木質骨格材
の厚みと略同一の厚みを有し、前記コーナ部に対応する
形状をなすブロック状木質材を固着した。
A wooden pallet for stone according to claim 10 is
A plurality of long wood skeleton members for seats having a rectangular cross section are arranged in parallel with each other so as to extend in the front-rear direction and be separated in the left-right direction, and the upper end surface of the wood skeleton members for seats. And a seat portion formed by fixing a plate-shaped wood material so as to extend in the left-right direction. Further, the thickness of the wood skeleton material for the seat portion, respectively, in a pair of corner portions formed between the left and right seat wood skeleton members of the seat portion and the left and right ends of the frontmost plate-shaped wood material. A block-shaped wood material having substantially the same thickness as the above and having a shape corresponding to the corner portion was fixed.
【0015】請求項11に係る石材用木質パレットは、
複数本の断面矩形状の長尺状をなす座部用木質骨格材
を、前後方向に延びるよう、かつ、左右方向に離間する
よう互いに平行に配置し、前記座部用木質骨格材の上端
面に板状木質材を左右方向に延びるよう固着してなる座
部と、断面矩形状の長尺状をなす背部用木質骨格材を、
前記座部用木質骨格材に対して後方に約3度〜10度の
角度範囲で傾斜した状態で上下方向に延びるよう、か
つ、互いに平行となるよう配置して連結固着し、前記背
部用木質骨格材に板状木質材を左右方向に延びるよう固
着してなる背部と、前記背部用木質骨格材を前記座部用
木質骨格材に対して後方から支持するよう、前記背部用
木質骨格材と前記座部用木質骨格材との間に固着された
木質斜材とを具備する。
A wooden pallet for stone according to claim 11 is
A plurality of long wood skeleton members for seats having a rectangular cross section are arranged in parallel with each other so as to extend in the front-rear direction and be separated in the left-right direction, and the upper end surface of the wood skeleton members for seats. A seat formed by fixing a plate-like wood material so as to extend in the left-right direction, and a wood skeleton material for the back part having a rectangular cross section,
The back timber is arranged so as to extend in the vertical direction in a state of being tilted rearwardly with respect to the wooden skeleton for the seat portion in an angle range of about 3 degrees to 10 degrees, and arranged so as to be parallel to each other and connected and fixed. A back portion formed by fixing a plate-like wood material to the skeleton so as to extend in the left-right direction, and the back wood skeleton material so as to support the back wood skeleton material from the rear with respect to the seat wood skeleton material. And a wooden diagonal member fixed between the wooden skeleton member for the seat portion.
【0016】請求項12に係る石材用木質パレットは、
石材を下方から支持するための座部と、石材を後方から
支持するための背部と、前記座部及び背部を互いに連結
する連結手段とを備える。前記座部は、複数本の断面矩
形状の長尺状をなす座部用木質骨格材を、前後方向に延
びるよう、かつ、左右方向に離間するよう互いに平行に
配置し、前記座部用木質骨格材の後端側の所定長さの部
分を座部用連結部とすると共に、前記座部用木質骨格材
の上端面に板状木質材を左右方向に延びるよう固着して
なり、前記背部は、断面矩形状の長尺状をなす背部用木
質骨格材を、前記座部用木質骨格材の座部用連結部の各
々に対して後方に傾斜した状態で上下方向に延びるよう
互いに平行に配置し、前記背部用木質骨格材の下端側の
所定長さの部分を背部用連結部とすると共に、前記背部
用木質骨格材に板状木質材を左右方向に延びるよう固着
してなり、前記連結手段は、左右一対の板状の木質連結
材を含み、前記左右一対の木質連結材により前記座部用
連結部及び前記背部用連結部を左右両側から挟んだ状態
で、前記木質連結材の下側部を前記座部用連結部に固着
すると共に、前記木質連結材の上側部を前記背部用連結
部に固着することにより、前記座部及び前記背部を互い
に移動不能に連結固定してなり、前記連結手段は、更
に、前記背部用木質骨格材を前記座部用木質骨格材に対
して後方から支持するよう、前記背部用木質骨格材と前
記座部用木質骨格材との間に固着された木質斜材を含
む。
A wooden pallet for stone according to claim 12 is
A seat portion for supporting the stone material from below, a back portion for supporting the stone material from the rear, and a connecting means for connecting the seat portion and the back portion to each other are provided. The seat portion is formed by arranging a plurality of long wood skeleton members for a seat portion having a rectangular cross section so as to extend in the front-rear direction and to be separated from each other in the left-right direction. A portion of a predetermined length on the rear end side of the skeletal member is used as a seat connecting portion, and a plate-shaped wooden member is fixed to the upper end surface of the wooden skeletal member for a seat so as to extend in the left-right direction. Is a longitudinal wooden skeleton member having a rectangular cross section, parallel to each other so as to extend in the vertical direction in a state of being inclined rearward with respect to each of the seat connecting portions of the wooden skeleton member for a seat. Arranged, the lower end side of the back wooden skeleton member with a predetermined length portion as a back connecting portion, the back wooden skeleton material is a plate-shaped wood material fixed to extend in the left-right direction, The connecting means includes a pair of left and right plate-shaped wood connecting members, and the left and right wood connecting members The lower part of the wood connecting material is fixed to the seat connecting part while the connecting part for the seat part and the connecting part for the back part are sandwiched from the left and right sides, and the upper part of the wood connecting part is By fixing to the back connecting portion, the seat portion and the back portion are connected and fixed so as to be immovable from each other, and the connecting means further comprises the back wooden skeleton member with respect to the seat wooden skeleton material. And a wood diagonal member fixed between the back wooden skeleton member and the seat wooden skeleton member so as to be supported from the rear.
【0017】請求項13に係る石材用木質パレットは、
請求項12の構成において、前記背部を前記座部に対し
て後方に約3度〜10度の角度範囲で傾斜させた状態
で、前記木質連結材により前記座部及び前記背部を互い
に移動不能に固定し、かつ、前記木質斜材により前記背
部用木質骨格材を前記座部用木質骨格材に対して後方か
ら支持した。
A wooden pallet for stone according to claim 13 is
13. The structure according to claim 12, wherein the wooden connecting member immobilizes the seat portion and the back portion relative to each other with the back portion inclined rearward with respect to the seat portion within an angle range of about 3 degrees to 10 degrees. The timber skeleton for the back portion was fixed and supported from the rear side with respect to the wood skeleton for the seat portion by the wood diagonal member.
【0018】請求項14に係る石材用木質パレットは、
請求項12または13の構成において、前記木質連結材
のうち、前記座部の左右両端の前記木質連結材の後部
を、前記背部用木質骨格材の後側面から後方に突出さ
せ、前記木質連結材のうち、前記座部の左右両端の木質
連結材以外の木質連結材を、前記背部用木質骨格材と同
一幅の長方形板状とし、前記背部用木質骨格材の左右の
側面に合致させた状態で、前記座部の左右両端の前記木
質連結材と共に前記背部用木質骨格材を前記座部用木質
骨格材に連結するようにし、更に、長尺板状をなす補強
用木質材を前記左右両端の木質連結材間に配置すると共
に、前記補強用木質材の前側面を前記背部用木質骨格材
及び前記左右両端の木質連結材以外の木質連結材の後端
面に固着した。
A wooden pallet for stone according to claim 14 is
The structure according to claim 12 or 13, wherein, of the wooden connecting members, rear portions of the wooden connecting members at the left and right ends of the seat portion are projected rearward from a rear side surface of the back wooden skeleton member, Among them, the wood connecting materials other than the wood connecting materials on both the left and right sides of the seat portion are formed into a rectangular plate having the same width as the back wooden skeleton material, and are matched with the left and right side surfaces of the back wooden skeleton material. At this time, the wood skeleton for the back portion is connected to the wood skeleton for the seat together with the wood connecting materials at the left and right ends of the seat, and further, the reinforcing wood in the form of a long plate is connected to the left and right ends. And the front side surface of the reinforcing wood material is fixed to the rear end surface of the wood connecting material other than the wood skeleton material for the back portion and the left and right wood connecting materials.
【0019】請求項15に係る石材用木質パレットは、
請求項12または13の構成において、前記木質連結材
が、合板からなり、前記木質斜材は、前記背部用木質骨
格材の左右寸法の範囲内の厚みを有する板材からなり、
前記座部用木質骨格材の上側面から前記背部用木質骨格
材の後側面まで傾斜して延び、前記座部用木質骨格材に
対して前記背部用木質骨格材を支持する。
A wooden pallet for stone according to claim 15 is
The structure according to claim 12 or 13, wherein the wood connecting member is made of plywood, and the wood diagonal member is made of a plate material having a thickness within a range of left and right dimensions of the back wooden skeleton material.
The seat back wooden skeleton extends obliquely from the upper side surface to the back side wooden skeleton rear surface and supports the back wooden skeleton member with respect to the seat wooden skeleton member.
【0020】[0020]
【発明の実施の形態】以下、本発明の実施の形態を説明
する。なお、各実施の形態を通じ、同一の部材、要素ま
たは部分には同一の符号を付して、その説明を省略す
る。
BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION Embodiments of the present invention will be described below. Throughout the embodiments, the same members, elements or portions are designated by the same reference numerals, and the description thereof will be omitted.
【0021】[実施の形態1]図1は本発明の実施の形
態1に係る石材用木質パレットを正面側から見て示す斜
視図である。図2は本発明の実施の形態1に係る石材用
木質パレットを示す側面図である。図3は本発明の実施
の形態1に係る石材用木質パレットの要部を拡大して示
す側面図である。図4は本発明の実施の形態1に係る石
材用木質パレットを示す底面図である。
[First Embodiment] FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a wooden pallet for stone according to a first embodiment of the present invention as viewed from the front side. FIG. 2 is a side view showing the stone wooden pallet according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 3 is a side view showing an enlarged main part of the wooden pallet for stone according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 4 is a bottom view showing the wooden pallet for stone according to the first embodiment of the present invention.
【0022】図1に示すように、実施の形態1に係る木
質材料製の石材用パレット(石材用木質パレット)は、
石材を積載して下方から支持するための座部10と、積
載した石材を後方から支持するための背部20と、前記
座部10及び背部20を互いに連結する連結手段30と
を備える。
As shown in FIG. 1, a stone material pallet made of wood material (a stone material wood pallet) according to the first embodiment is
A seat portion 10 for loading and supporting the stone material from below is provided, a back portion 20 for supporting the loaded stone material from the rear, and a connecting means 30 for connecting the seat portion 10 and the back portion 20 to each other.
【0023】前記座部10は、複数本の断面矩形状の長
尺状をなす座部用木質骨格材としての座部用平割材11
を、前後方向に延びるよう、かつ、左右方向に離間する
よう互いに平行に配置している。また、座部10は、座
部用平割材11の後端側に所定長さの部分を座部用連結
部11aとして残した状態で、座部用平割材11の上端
面の略全体に板状木質材としての板材12を左右方向に
延びるよう釘打ちにより固着している。これにより、座
部用平割材11が板材12により互いに連結され、全体
が平板パレット状となるよう一体化されて、座部10を
構成している。
The seat portion 10 has a plurality of elongated rectangular members having a rectangular cross section.
Are arranged in parallel with each other so as to extend in the front-rear direction and be separated in the left-right direction. In addition, the seat portion 10 has substantially the entire upper end surface of the flat parting material 11 for a seat part in a state in which a portion of a predetermined length is left as a connecting part 11a for the seat part on the rear end side of the flat parting material 11 for a seat part. A plate member 12 as a plate-shaped wood member is fixed by nailing so as to extend in the left-right direction. As a result, the flat division members 11 for the seat portion are connected to each other by the plate material 12, and are integrated so as to form a flat plate pallet shape as a whole to form the seat portion 10.
【0024】前記背部20は、断面矩形状の長尺状をな
す背部用木質骨格材としての背部用平割材21を、前記
座部用平割材11の座部用連結部11aの上端面の各々
に対して後方に傾斜した状態で上下方向に延びるよう、
かつ、座部用平割材11の間隔と同一間隔で左右方向に
離間するよう互いに平行に配置している。また、背部2
0は、背部用平割材21の下端側に所定長さの部分を背
部用連結部21aとして残した状態で、背部用平割材2
1の後端面の一部に板状木質材としての板材22を左右
方向に延びるよう釘打ちにより固着している。これによ
り、背部用平割材21が板材22により互いに連結さ
れ、全体が一体化されて、背部20を構成している。
The back portion 20 comprises a back splitting material 21 as a long back wooden skeleton member having a rectangular cross section and an upper end surface of a seat connecting portion 11a of the seat splitting material 11. So that it extends in the up-down direction while tilting backward with respect to each of
Further, they are arranged in parallel with each other so as to be separated from each other in the left-right direction at the same interval as that of the flat-split members 11 for seats. Also, the back 2
0 is a state where the back splitting material 21 has a portion of a predetermined length left on the lower end side of the back splitting material 21 as the back coupling portion 21a.
A plate material 22 as a plate-shaped wood material is fixed to a part of the rear end surface of the No. 1 by nailing so as to extend in the left-right direction. As a result, the back splitting members 21 are connected to each other by the plate member 22 and are integrated as a whole to form the back 20.
【0025】前記連結手段30は、左右一対の板状の木
質連結材としての連結板31a,31bからなる。そし
て、左右一対の連結板31a,31bにより座部用連結
部12a及び背部用連結部22aを左右両側から挟んだ
状態で、連結板31a,31bの下側部を座部用連結部
12aに固着すると共に、連結板31a,31bの上側
部を背部用連結部22aに固着している。これにより、
連結板31a,31bを介して、座部10及び背部20
を互いに前後方向及び左右方向への移動または傾動不能
に連結固定している。
The connecting means 30 is composed of a pair of left and right connecting plates 31a and 31b as plate-like wood connecting members. Then, with the pair of left and right connecting plates 31a and 31b sandwiching the seat connecting portion 12a and the back connecting portion 22a from both left and right sides, the lower side portions of the connecting plates 31a and 31b are fixed to the seat connecting portion 12a. In addition, the upper portions of the connecting plates 31a and 31b are fixed to the back connecting portion 22a. This allows
The seat portion 10 and the back portion 20 are connected via the connecting plates 31a and 31b.
Are fixed so that they cannot move or tilt in the front-rear direction and the left-right direction.
【0026】[連結板の構成]図2及び図3に示すよう
に、実施の形態1では、連結板31a,31bとして2
種類の連結板31a,31bを使用する。両連結板31
a,31bは、それぞれ、座部用平割材11の下側面と
略同一方向(前後方向)に延びる下端面31a1,31
b1と、前記下端面31a1,31b1に対して前記背
部用平割材21の傾斜角度θと略同一の傾斜角度で後方
に傾斜する前端面31a2,31b2とを有する。ま
た、座部用平割材11または背部用平割材21の左右両
端(最も外側)に位置する合計2枚の連結板31aは、
それぞれ、三角形の2つのコーナの頂点部分を切り取っ
た形状の変形五角形板状をなす。一方、座部用平割材1
1または背部用平割材21の中央(内側)に位置する合
計45枚の連結板31bは、それぞれ、長方形の1つの
コーナの頂点部分を切り取った形状の変形五角形板状を
なす。即ち、連結板31bは、連結板31aの前側及び
中央部分に完全に重複する。そして、連結板31aの後
側部は、連結板31bの後端から後方に突出する。これ
により、連結板31bの後端面31b3と背部用平割材
21の背部用連結部21aの上端面21a1との間に、
三角形状の空間が形成される。
[Structure of Connecting Plate] As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, in the first embodiment, two connecting plates 31a and 31b are used.
Kinds of connecting plates 31a, 31b are used. Both connecting plates 31
a and 31b are lower end surfaces 31a1 and 31a extending in substantially the same direction (front-back direction) as the lower side surface of the flat parting material 11 for the seat portion.
b1 and front end faces 31a2 and 31b2 which are inclined rearward at an inclination angle substantially the same as the inclination angle θ of the flat dividing material 21 for the back portion with respect to the lower end faces 31a1 and 31b1. Further, a total of two connecting plates 31a located at the left and right ends (outermost) of the flat part 11 for seats or the flat part 21 for backs,
Each of them has a modified pentagonal plate shape in which two vertexes of a triangle are cut off. On the other hand, flat split material for seat 1
One or a total of 45 connecting plates 31b located in the center (inside) of the back splitting material 21 each have a modified pentagonal plate shape in which the apex portion of one rectangular corner is cut off. That is, the connecting plate 31b completely overlaps the front side and the central portion of the connecting plate 31a. The rear side portion of the connecting plate 31a projects rearward from the rear end of the connecting plate 31b. As a result, between the rear end surface 31b3 of the connecting plate 31b and the upper end surface 21a1 of the back connecting portion 21a of the back flat splitting material 21,
A triangular space is formed.
【0027】なお、座部10は、座部用平割材11の後
端側の所定長さの部分を座部用連結部11aとして確保
できる限りにおいて、上記以外の構成とすることもでき
る。同様に、背部20は、背部用平割材21の下端側の
所定長さの部分を背部用連結部21aとして確保できる
限りにおいて、上記以外の構成とすることもできる。即
ち、座部用連結部11a及び背部用連結部21aは、前
記連結板31a,31bを固着するための部分であり、
連結板31a,31bの形状や固着態様に依存して、そ
の位置や長さが決定する。よって、例えば、座部10の
板材12及び背部20の板材22は、前記連結板31
a,31bと干渉せず、連結板31a,31bによる座
部用連結部11a及び背部用連結部21aの連結を妨げ
ない限りにおいて、座部10の後端部及び背部20の下
端部に固着することもできる。また、背部20の板材2
2は、背部用平割材21の後端面ではなく前端面に固着
することもでき、或いは、背部用平割材21の前端面及
び後端面の両方に固着することもできる。
The seat 10 may have a configuration other than the above as long as a portion of a predetermined length on the rear end side of the seat splitting member 11 can be secured as the seat connecting portion 11a. Similarly, the back portion 20 may have a configuration other than the above as long as a portion of a predetermined length on the lower end side of the back splitting material 21 can be secured as the back portion connecting portion 21a. That is, the seat connecting portion 11a and the back connecting portion 21a are portions for fixing the connecting plates 31a and 31b,
The position and the length of the connecting plates 31a and 31b are determined depending on the shape and the fixing mode of the connecting plates. Therefore, for example, the plate member 12 of the seat portion 10 and the plate member 22 of the back portion 20 are the same as the connecting plate 31.
As long as it does not interfere with a and 31b and does not interfere with the connection of the seat connecting portion 11a and the back connecting portion 21a by the connecting plates 31a and 31b, the sheet is fixed to the rear end portion of the seat portion 10 and the lower end portion of the back portion 20. You can also Also, the plate member 2 of the back 20
2 can be fixed to the front end face instead of the rear end face of the back flat split member 21, or can be fixed to both the front end face and the rear end face of the back flat split member 21.
【0028】ここで、前記背部20を前記座部10に対
して後方に約3度〜10度の角度範囲で傾斜させた状態
で、連結板31a,31bにより前記座部10及び前記
背部20を互いに移動不能に固定することが好ましい。
背部20の傾斜角度が3度より小さいと、縦積みした石
材を背部20に凭れた状態で支持したときに、石材が前
方に倒れる可能性もある。一方、背部20の傾斜角度が
10度より大きいと、凭れかかる石材から背部20に加
わる荷重が大きく、積載する石材の枚数(総重量)によ
っては、背部20が石材の荷重を十分に支持できなくな
る可能性もある。更に、本発明は、前記背部20を座部
10に対して後方に約3度〜7度の範囲の角度で傾斜さ
せた状態で、連結板31a,31bにより前記座部10
及び前記背部20を互いに移動不能に固定することが一
層好ましい(更に一層好ましくは3度〜5度)。背部2
0の傾斜角度を約3度〜5度の範囲の角度とした場合、
石材を背部20に安定して凭れた状態で支持するがで
き、かつ、通常の使用状態で石材を満載した場合でも、
背部20が石材の荷重を十分に支持することができる。
Here, in a state where the back portion 20 is inclined rearward with respect to the seat portion 10 within an angle range of about 3 to 10 degrees, the seat portion 10 and the back portion 20 are connected by the connecting plates 31a and 31b. It is preferred that they be immovably fixed to each other.
If the inclination angle of the back portion 20 is smaller than 3 degrees, the stone material may fall forward when the vertically stacked stone materials are supported by the back portion 20 in a state of being leaned. On the other hand, when the inclination angle of the back portion 20 is larger than 10 degrees, a load applied from the leaning stone material to the back portion 20 is large, and the back portion 20 cannot sufficiently support the load of the stone material depending on the number of loaded stone materials (total weight). There is a possibility. Further, according to the present invention, in the state where the back portion 20 is inclined rearward with respect to the seat portion 10 at an angle in the range of about 3 degrees to 7 degrees, the seat portion 10 is connected by the connecting plates 31a and 31b.
Further, it is more preferable that the back portions 20 are immovably fixed to each other (even more preferably 3 to 5 degrees). Back 2
When the inclination angle of 0 is an angle in the range of about 3 degrees to 5 degrees,
The stones can be supported on the back 20 in a stable and leaning state, and even when the stones are fully loaded in the normal use state,
The back portion 20 can sufficiently support the load of the stone material.
【0029】[フォーク挿入時の補強板]前記連結板3
1a,31bの後部は、前記背部用平割材21の後側面
から後方に突出している。更に、前記連結板31a,3
1bのうち、座部10の左右両端の連結板31a以外の
連結板31bの後端面31b3は、左右両端の連結板3
1aの後端面より前方の位置で略垂直方向に延びるよう
形成される。そして、長尺状をなす板状の補強用木質材
としての補強板35が、前記左右両端の連結板31a間
に配置され、その前側面を中央の連結板31bの後端面
31b3に当接させた状態で、その後側面側から釘打ち
することにより、連結板31bの後側に固着される。な
お、補強板35は、その左右両端面を左右両端の連結板
31aの内側面に当接させた状態で、更に連結板31a
の外側面側から釘打ちすることにより、連結板31aの
内側にも固着することが好ましい。
[Reinforcing plate when inserting fork] The connecting plate 3
The rear portions 1a and 31b project rearward from the rear side surface of the back splitting material 21. Furthermore, the connecting plates 31a, 3
1b, the rear end surface 31b3 of the connecting plate 31b other than the connecting plates 31a at the left and right ends of the seat portion 10 has a connecting plate 3 at the left and right ends.
It is formed so as to extend in a substantially vertical direction at a position in front of the rear end surface of 1a. Then, a reinforcing plate 35 as a long plate-shaped reinforcing wood material is disposed between the connecting plates 31a at the left and right ends, and its front side surface is brought into contact with the rear end surface 31b3 of the central connecting plate 31b. In this state, nailing is performed from the side surface side thereafter, so that the connection plate 31b is fixed to the rear side. The reinforcing plate 35 is further connected to the connecting plate 31a with its left and right end faces abutting the inner surfaces of the connecting plates 31a at the left and right ends.
It is also preferable to fix it to the inner side of the connecting plate 31a by nailing it from the outer surface side.
【0030】前記連結板31bの幅は、連結板31の後
端面31b3と座部用連結部11aの上側面11a1と
の間に、補強板35を取付けるための三角形状の空間を
形成できる限りにおいて、できるだけ大きくすることが
好ましい。連結板31bの幅が大きいほど、連結板31
bによる特に座部用連結部11aの固着面積が増大し、
かつ、連結板31b自体の面積も増大するため、座部用
平割材11と背部用平割材21との連結強度を増大する
ことができる。よって、連結板31bの後端面31b3
はできるだけ後方に位置させる方がよい。なお、前記連
結板31a,31bの形状は、座部用連結部11aと背
部用連結部21aとを連結できる限りにおいて、図1〜
5に示す以外の形状とすることができる。
The width of the connecting plate 31b is such that a triangular space for attaching the reinforcing plate 35 can be formed between the rear end surface 31b3 of the connecting plate 31 and the upper side surface 11a1 of the seat connecting portion 11a. It is preferable to make it as large as possible. The larger the width of the connecting plate 31b, the connecting plate 31
In particular, the fixing area of the seat connecting portion 11a due to b increases,
In addition, since the area of the connecting plate 31b itself is also increased, the connecting strength between the seat flat material 11 and the back flat material 21 can be increased. Therefore, the rear end surface 31b3 of the connecting plate 31b
Should be located as rearward as possible. The shapes of the connecting plates 31a and 31b are as shown in FIG. 1 as long as they can connect the seat connecting portion 11a and the back connecting portion 21a.
Other shapes than those shown in FIG.
【0031】[板材の突出部]ここで、前記座部10及
び前記背部20の板材12,22は、左右両端の座部用
平割材11及び背部用平割材21の間隔(左右寸法)よ
り大きな長さを有する。そして、板材12,22は、各
々の左右両端部が左右両端の座部用平割材11及び背部
用平割材21から所定寸法(例えば5cm)左方及び右
方に突出するよう、座部用平割材11及び背部用平割材
21に固着される。
[Protruding portion of plate material] Here, the plate materials 12 and 22 of the seat portion 10 and the back portion 20 have a space (left and right dimension) between the flat portion split material 11 for the seat portion and the flat split material 21 for the back portion at both left and right ends. Has a greater length. Then, the plate members 12 and 22 are seated so that the left and right ends thereof protrude to the left and right by a predetermined dimension (for example, 5 cm) from the seat splitting members 11 and the back flatting members 21 at the left and right ends. It is fixed to the flat split material 11 and the back flat split material 21.
【0032】[製造方法]次に、上記のように構成した
実施の形態1に係る石材用木質パレットの製造方法の一
例について説明する。
[Manufacturing Method] Next, an example of a method of manufacturing the stone wooden pallet according to the first embodiment configured as described above will be described.
【0033】石材用木質パレットを製造するには、例え
ば、まず、同一左右位置に配置される座部用平割材11
と背部用平割材21とを、対応する左右一対の連結板3
1a,31bにより連結する。即ち、座部用平割材11
に対して背部用平割材21を所定角度θで後方に傾斜さ
せた状態で、座部用連結部11a及び背部用連結部21
aを連結板31a,31b間に挟んで互いに固定する。
このとき、連結板31a,31bの下端面31a1,3
1baを座部用連結部11aの下側面に合致させた状態
で、背部用平割材21の背部用連結部21aの前側面を
連結板31a,31bの前端面31a2,31b2に位
置合わせすることにより、座部用平割材11に対して背
部用平割材21を自動的に所定の傾斜角度θで位置合わ
せすることができる。そして、この状態で、左右一対の
連結板31a,31bを背部用連結部21aに対して釘
打ち等により固着することにより、座部用平割材11に
対して背部用平割材21を所定の傾斜角度θで連結固定
することができる。その結果、座部用平割材11に対す
る背部用平割材21の位置決めを簡単に行うことがで
き、作業性を向上することができる。
In order to manufacture a wooden pallet for stones, for example, first, a flat dividing material 11 for seats arranged at the same left and right positions.
A pair of left and right connecting plates 3 corresponding to the flat split material 21 for the back
It connects by 1a and 31b. That is, the flat-split material for seat 11
In the state in which the back splitting member 21 is inclined rearward at a predetermined angle θ, the seat connecting portion 11a and the back connecting portion 21 are provided.
A is sandwiched between the connecting plates 31a and 31b and fixed to each other.
At this time, the lower end surfaces 31a1, 3 of the connecting plates 31a, 31b
Aligning the front side surface of the back connecting portion 21a of the back splitting member 21 with the front end surfaces 31a2, 31b2 of the connecting plates 31a, 31b with 1ba matched with the lower side surface of the seat connecting portion 11a. Thus, the back splitting member 21 can be automatically aligned with the seat splitting member 11 at a predetermined inclination angle θ. Then, in this state, the pair of left and right connecting plates 31a and 31b are fixed to the back connecting portion 21a by nailing or the like, whereby the back flat dividing material 21 is predetermined with respect to the seat flat dividing material 11. Can be connected and fixed at an inclination angle θ. As a result, the back split material 21 can be easily positioned with respect to the seat split material 11, and the workability can be improved.
【0034】こうして3個の座部用平割材11及び背部
用平割材21の連結体を製造したら、これらを左右に等
間隔で平行に並べ、座部用平割材11に板材12を、背
部用平割材21に板材22を、それぞれ釘打ち等により
貼り付ける。そして、補強板35を連結板31bの後端
面31b3の下端側に固着する。このとき、補強板35
の下端面と前側面との間の角部(コーナ部)を、座部用
連結部11aの上側面11a1と連結板31bの後端面
31b3との間のコーナ部に合致させて当接させること
により、補強板35を簡単に位置決めすることができ
る。そして、この状態で、補強板35を連結板31a,
31bに対して釘打ち等により簡単に固着することがで
きる。これにより、補強板35が、背部用平割材21の
後端に固着され、背部用平割材21間を連結して補強す
る。
In this way, after manufacturing the connected body of the three flat-split members 11 for the seat and the flat-split member 21 for the back, these are arranged in parallel on the left and right at equal intervals, and the plate member 12 is placed on the flat-split member 11 for the seat. The plate material 22 is attached to the back splitting material 21 by nailing or the like. Then, the reinforcing plate 35 is fixed to the lower end side of the rear end surface 31b3 of the connecting plate 31b. At this time, the reinforcing plate 35
The corner portion between the lower end surface and the front side surface of the seat portion should be brought into contact with the corner portion between the upper side surface 11a1 of the seat connecting portion 11a and the rear end surface 31b3 of the connecting plate 31b. Thus, the reinforcing plate 35 can be easily positioned. Then, in this state, the reinforcing plate 35 is connected to the connecting plate 31a,
It can be easily fixed to 31b by nailing or the like. As a result, the reinforcing plate 35 is fixed to the rear end of the back splitting material 21, and the back splitting material 21 is connected and reinforced.
【0035】[使用方法]次に、上記のように構成した
実施の形態1に係る石材用木質パレットの使用方法につ
いて説明する。
[How to Use] Next, a method of using the wooden pallet for stone according to the first embodiment configured as described above will be described.
【0036】石材を積載しない非使用時には、多数の石
材用木質パレットが、上下方向に積み重ねて多段積みし
た状態で、倉庫等の格納場所に保管され、また、石材を
積載する石材工場等の現場に移送される。よって、石材
用木質パレットは、図5に示すように補強板35を固着
しない状態で縦積みし、石材を積載するときに補強板3
5を後付けで固着するよう構成することが好ましい。図
5は実施の形態1に係る石材用パレット0において補強
板を後付けする場合を示す正面図である。即ち、石材用
木質パレットを多段積みして搬送するときには、補強板
35は石材用木質パレットに固着せず、分離した状態で
別個に搬送し、石材Sの積載現場で使用するときに固着
する。こうすると、空の石材用木質パレットを上下に積
み重ねて保管及び/または移送するときに、補強板35
が邪魔になることがなく、より多くの石材用木質パレッ
トを多段積みすることができ、その積み重ね数を増大す
ることができる。補強板35を後付する場合、補強板3
5がある場合と比較して、2倍の数の石材用木質パレッ
トを多段積みすることができる。
When not using stones, a large number of wooden pallets for stones are stacked vertically and stored in a storage location such as a warehouse, or at a site such as a stone factory where stones are loaded. Be transferred to. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 5, the wooden pallet for stones is vertically stacked without the reinforcing plate 35 being fixed, and when the stones are stacked, the reinforcing plate 3 is used.
It is preferable that 5 is fixed later. FIG. 5 is a front view showing a case where a reinforcing plate is retrofitted in the stone pallet 0 according to the first embodiment. That is, when the stone wooden pallets are stacked and conveyed, the reinforcing plate 35 is not fixed to the stone wooden pallets but is conveyed separately in a separated state and fixed when the stone S is used at the loading site. In this way, when the empty wooden pallets for stone are stacked vertically and stored and / or transferred, the reinforcing plate 35
It is possible to stack a larger number of stone pallets for stone materials in multiple stages without increasing the number of the pallets and to increase the number of stacks. When retrofitting the reinforcing plate 35, the reinforcing plate 3
Compared with the case where there is 5, it is possible to stack twice as many stone pallets for stone.
【0037】一方、石材用木質パレットの使用時には、
図2に示すように、各石材用木質パレットに石材Sを縦
積みして積載する。即ち、矩形板状等の形状をなす石材
Sを背部20に寄りかからせた状態で順次座部10の前
後方向に積み重ねて積載していく。所定枚数の石材Sを
石材用木質パレットに縦積みしたら、石材SをPPバン
ド等の締結用バンドBにより座部10上に締結して固定
し、搬送時に石材Sが座部10から移動したり脱落した
りしないようにする。そして、この状態で、フォークリ
フトの左右一対のフォークを、背部20の後方から座部
用平割材11間に形成された前後方向に延びる左右一対
の凹部空間にそれぞれ挿入し、フォークにより座部10
の板材12を介して石材用木質パレットを上下動して、
トラックの荷台等に積み降ろしする。このとき、フォー
クの基端側の上側面が、石材用木質パレットの補強板3
5の下端面に当接する。したがって、補強板35がない
場合は、フォークを介して座部10の板材12に石材S
の荷重が直接加わることになるが、本実施の形態では、
補強板35により石材Sの荷重が分担される。その結
果、フォークリフトによる搬送時に、座部10の板材1
2の割れ等を効果的に防止することができる。また、背
部20に対して左右方向への応力が加わったときの背部
20の横ぶれを補強板35により効果的に防止すること
ができる。
On the other hand, when using a wooden pallet for stone,
As shown in FIG. 2, the stone materials S are vertically stacked and loaded on each stone pallet for stone materials. That is, the stone materials S having a rectangular plate shape or the like are sequentially stacked and loaded in the front-rear direction of the seat portion 10 while being leaned toward the back portion 20. After a predetermined number of stone materials S are vertically stacked on the stone wooden pallet, the stone materials S are fastened and fixed on the seat portion 10 by fastening bands B such as PP bands, and the stone materials S move from the seat portion 10 during transportation. Do not drop it. Then, in this state, the pair of left and right forks of the forklift are inserted into the pair of left and right recessed spaces extending in the front-rear direction formed between the rear part of the back portion 20 and between the flat split members 11 for seats, and the seat portion 10 is inserted by the forks.
The wood pallet for stone is moved up and down through the plate 12 of
Unload it on a truck bed. At this time, the upper surface of the base end side of the fork is the reinforcing plate 3 of the wooden pallet for stone material.
It contacts the lower end surface of 5. Therefore, when the reinforcing plate 35 is not provided, the stone material S is attached to the plate material 12 of the seat portion 10 via the fork.
The load of is directly applied, but in the present embodiment,
The load of the stone S is shared by the reinforcing plate 35. As a result, the plate material 1 of the seat portion 10 is conveyed during transportation by a forklift.
2 can be effectively prevented. Further, the lateral deflection of the back portion 20 when a stress is applied to the back portion 20 in the left-right direction can be effectively prevented by the reinforcing plate 35.
【0038】[作用及び効果]次に、上記のように構成
した実施の形態1に係る石材用木質パレットの作用及び
効果について説明する。
[Operation and Effect] Next, the operation and effect of the wooden pallet for stone according to the first embodiment configured as described above will be described.
【0039】石材用木質パレットは、全体が木質材料か
らなるため、安価であり、また、スチール製のパレット
のように石材Sを破損したり傷付けたりするおそれがな
い。更に、石材用木質パレットは、左右一対の連結板3
1a,31bにより、座部用平割材11の座部用連結部
11a及び背部用平割材21の背部用連結部21aを左
右両側から挟んだ状態で支持するため、座部用連結部1
1a及び背部用連結部21aを面的に支持して連結する
ことができる。したがって、座部10と背部20との連
結面積が増大する。特に、石材用木質パレットの前後方
向(背部20の傾斜方向)における連結強度が飛躍的に
増大する。よって、石材用木質パレットは、背部20の
前方及び(背部の傾斜方向である)後方への荷重に対す
る強度(最大支持荷重)を十分に確保することができ
る。その結果、座部10に対する背部20の傾斜角度θ
を大きくしても、石材Sの後方荷重により背部20が後
方に倒れることはない。本実施の形態では、積載する石
材の枚数及び重量等によるが、通常想定される使用状態
では、座部10に対して背部20を約10度まで傾斜さ
せることができる。これにより、座部10に縦積みした
石材Sを背部20に大きな傾斜角度θで寄りかからせて
支持することができ、石材Sをより安定した状態で搬送
または運搬することができる。また、本実施の形態に係
る石材用木質パレットでは、石材S等による背部20に
対する前方荷重に対しても、背部20は容易に前方に倒
れることはない。
Since the wooden pallet for stones is entirely made of a wooden material, it is inexpensive and there is no risk of damaging or damaging the stone S unlike a steel pallet. Furthermore, the wooden pallet for stones has a pair of left and right connecting plates 3.
The seat connecting portion 1a and 31b support the seat connecting portion 11a of the seat dividing material 11 and the back connecting portion 21a of the back dividing material 21 in a state of being sandwiched from the left and right sides.
The 1a and the back connecting portion 21a can be supported by a surface and connected. Therefore, the connecting area between the seat portion 10 and the back portion 20 increases. In particular, the connecting strength in the front-rear direction (inclining direction of the back portion 20) of the stone wooden pallet is dramatically increased. Therefore, the wooden pallet for stones can sufficiently secure the strength (maximum supporting load) with respect to the load on the front side of the back portion 20 and on the rear side (which is the inclination direction of the back portion). As a result, the inclination angle θ of the back portion 20 with respect to the seat portion 10
Even if is increased, the back portion 20 does not fall backward due to the backward load of the stone S. In the present embodiment, the back portion 20 can be tilted up to about 10 degrees with respect to the seat portion 10 in a normally assumed use state, although it depends on the number and weight of the stone materials to be loaded. Accordingly, the stone materials S vertically stacked on the seat portion 10 can be leaned against the back portion 20 with a large inclination angle θ and supported, and the stone materials S can be transported or transported in a more stable state. Further, in the stone wooden pallet according to the present embodiment, the back portion 20 does not easily fall forward even when a front load is applied to the back portion 20 by the stone material S or the like.
【0040】発明者等による実験結果によれば、本実施
の形態に係る石材用木質パレットは、特に、前方荷重に
対する強度(最大支持荷重)が飛躍的に増大することが
確認されている。例えば、図1に示すタイプの石材用木
質パレットの場合、次の条件下で計測すると、凭れかか
る石材に対する背部20の耐荷重は以下の通りであっ
た。
According to the results of experiments conducted by the inventors, it has been confirmed that the wooden pallet for stone according to the present embodiment has a drastically increased strength (maximum supporting load) against a front load. For example, in the case of the wooden pallet for stones of the type shown in FIG. 1, the load resistance of the back portion 20 against the leaning stones was as follows when measured under the following conditions.
【0041】 寸法=W800mm*L900mm*H800mm 積載総重量=1200kg 背部20の傾斜角度=約5度[0041] Dimension = W800mm * L900mm * H800mm Total load weight = 1200kg Inclination angle of back 20 = about 5 degrees
【0042】 最大後方支持耐荷重(後方への耐荷重)=約200kg これは、通常の使用条件(石材の最大積載枚数及び最大
荷重等)を考慮しても十分な値である。
Maximum rear supporting load capacity (rear load capacity) = about 200 kg This is a sufficient value even in consideration of normal use conditions (maximum number of loaded stone materials, maximum load, etc.).
【0043】 最大前方支持耐荷重(前方への耐荷重)=約240kg これは、通常の使用条件を考慮しても十分以上の値であ
る。
Maximum front support load capacity (load capacity to the front) = about 240 kg This is a value which is more than sufficient even in consideration of normal use conditions.
【0044】加えて、背部20を座部10に対して面的
に連結することにより、石材用木質パレットの前後方向
のみならず、左右方向においても座部10に対する背部
20の連結強度を増大することができる。よって、座部
10に石材Sを積載したときに、左右方向への応力が加
わった場合でも、背部20が横ぶれすることを防止する
ことができ、座部10に対する背部20の座屈を防止す
ることができる。
In addition, by connecting the back part 20 to the seat part 10 in a plane manner, the strength of connecting the back part 20 to the seat part 10 is increased not only in the front-rear direction but also in the left-right direction of the wooden pallet for stones. be able to. Therefore, when the stone material S is loaded on the seat 10, even if stress is applied in the left-right direction, it is possible to prevent the back 20 from laterally swinging, and prevent buckling of the back 20 with respect to the seat 10. can do.
【0045】また、連結板31a,31bは、構造合板
等の安価な合板により構成することができ、石材用木質
パレットの製造コストを一層低減することができる。
Further, the connecting plates 31a, 31b can be made of inexpensive plywood such as structural plywood, and the manufacturing cost of the wooden pallet for stone can be further reduced.
【0046】ここで、座部10及び背部20の板材1
2,22の左右両端が、左右両端の座部用平割材11及
び背部用平割材21と面一にある場合、座部用平割材1
1及び背部用平割材21に板材12,22を釘打ちした
ときに、釘打ちにより板材12,22の左右両端が割れ
てしまう可能性がある。しかし、本実施の形態では、板
材12,22の左右両端の突出部分により、釘打ちによ
る割れ方向(板材12,22の幅方向)への応力が吸収
されるため、板材12,22の割れを効果的に防止する
ことができる。
Here, the plate member 1 of the seat portion 10 and the back portion 20
When the right and left ends of 2, 22 are flush with the flat part 11 for seat and the flat part 21 for back, the flat part 1 for seat is 1
When the plate members 12 and 22 are nailed to the 1 and the back split member 21, there is a possibility that the left and right ends of the plate members 12 and 22 are cracked by the nailing. However, in the present embodiment, the protruding portions at the left and right ends of the plate members 12 and 22 absorb the stress in the cracking direction (width direction of the plate members 12 and 22) due to nailing, so that the plate members 12 and 22 are cracked. It can be effectively prevented.
【0047】[釘の対角打ち]なお、左右一対の連結板
31a,31bを座部用連結部11a及び背部用連結部
21aに釘打ちする場合、通常は、座部用連結部11a
及び背部用連結部21aの長さ方向に沿って直線的に一
定間隔で釘を打つ。しかし、連結板31a,31bに
は、座部用連結部11a及び背部用連結部21aの上下
方向に沿って幅方向に交互に位置をずらしながら釘をジ
グザグ状に打つこともできる。こうすると、連結板31
a,31bの面方向に加わる荷重を、ジグザグ状に打っ
た釘により面方向に均等に分散して負担することがで
き、連結板31a,31bによる座部10及び背部20
の連結強度を一層増大することができる。更に、この場
合、左右一対の連結板31a,31bの一方と他方とで
ジグザグ方向が対称となるよう釘打ちすることもできる
(釘の対角打ち)。例えば、一方の連結板31a,31
bには、(座部用連結部11a及び背部用連結部21a
の厚さ方向一側から見て)左、右、左、右の順で4本の
釘をジグザグに打ち、他方の連結板31a,31bに
は、(座部用連結部11a及び背部用連結部21aの厚
さ方向一側から見て)右、左、右、左の順で4本の釘を
ジグザグに打つ。こうすると、左右一対の連結板31
a,31bの面方向に加わる荷重を、対角打ちした釘に
より面方向に一層均等に分散して負担することができ、
連結板31a,31bによる座部10及び背部20の連
結強度を一層増大することができる。
[Diagonal Driving of Nail] When the pair of left and right connecting plates 31a and 31b are nailed to the seat connecting portion 11a and the back connecting portion 21a, usually, the seat connecting portion 11a is used.
And, nails are linearly driven at regular intervals along the length direction of the back connecting portion 21a. However, it is also possible to strike the nails on the connecting plates 31a and 31b in a zigzag shape while shifting the positions alternately in the width direction along the vertical direction of the seat connecting portion 11a and the back connecting portion 21a. In this way, the connecting plate 31
The load applied in the surface direction of a, 31b can be evenly distributed in the surface direction by the zigzag nails and can be borne, and the seat portion 10 and the back portion 20 by the connecting plates 31a, 31b.
The connection strength of can be further increased. Further, in this case, nailing can be performed so that one side and the other side of the pair of left and right connecting plates 31a and 31b are symmetrical in zigzag directions (diagonal nailing). For example, one of the connecting plates 31a, 31
In b, (connecting part for seat 11a and connecting part for back 21a
Zigzag four nails in the order of left, right, left, and right (when viewed from one side in the thickness direction of the), and the other connecting plates 31a and 31b (the connecting portion for the seat portion 11a and the connecting portion for the back portion). The four nails are struck in a zigzag manner in the order of right, left, right, and left (when viewed from one side in the thickness direction of the part 21a). In this way, the pair of left and right connecting plates 31
The load applied in the plane direction of a and 31b can be evenly distributed in the plane direction by the diagonally nailed nails and can be borne.
It is possible to further increase the connecting strength between the seat portion 10 and the back portion 20 by the connecting plates 31a and 31b.
【0048】[幅広の板材の使用]なお、本実施の形態
では、各板材12,22として、幅の広い板材(背幅
板)を使用する。この場合、背幅板からなる板材12,
22を上下方向に略一定間隔で配置した3本の釘打ちに
より座部用平割材11及び背部用平割材21に固着する
ことが好ましい。こうすると、板材12,22が前後方
向または上下方向にねじれることを効果的に防止するこ
とができる。また、背幅板を使用することにより、石材
用木質パレット全体の強度が高くなる。
[Use of Wide Plate] In the present embodiment, a wide plate (back width plate) is used as each of the plates 12 and 22. In this case, the plate material 12 composed of the back width plate,
It is preferable to fix 22 to the flat part 11 for seats and the flat part 21 for backs by nailing three nails 22 arranged at substantially constant intervals in the vertical direction. This can effectively prevent the plate members 12 and 22 from twisting in the front-rear direction or the vertical direction. In addition, the use of the back width plate increases the strength of the entire wooden pallet for stone material.
【0049】[実施の形態2:補強板固着用のブロック
材]図6は本発明の実施の形態2に係る石材用木質パレ
ットの要部を示す斜視図である。
[Second Embodiment: Block Material for Fixing Reinforcing Plate] FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing a main part of a wooden pallet for stone according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
【0050】実施の形態2に係る石材用木質パレット
は、実施の形態1に係る石材用木質パレットにおいて、
補強板35を固着するためのブロック状木質材を更に備
えている。その他の構成は実施の形態1と同様である。
具体的には、図6に示すように、実施の形態2では、前
記各一対の連結板31a,31b間の隙間に、対応する
幅のブロック状木質材としての埋込ブロック材41が挿
入され、釘打ちにより固着されている。このとき、埋込
ブロック材41は、その後端面が連結板31a,31b
の後端面と略面一となるよう配置される。なお、埋込ブ
ロック材41の固着は、連結板31a,31bの外側か
ら釘打ちしたり、座部用平割材11に対して釘打ちした
りして行うことができる。そして、実施の形態2では、
前記補強板35は、連結板31a,31bの後端面に配
置され、埋込ブロック材41の後端面に釘打ちにより固
着されている。なお、このとき、補強板35を連結板3
1a,31bの後端面にも釘打ちにより固着することも
可能である。
The stone wooden pallet according to the second embodiment is the same as the stone wooden pallet according to the first embodiment.
It further comprises a block-shaped wood material for fixing the reinforcing plate 35. Other configurations are similar to those of the first embodiment.
Specifically, as shown in FIG. 6, in the second embodiment, the embedded block material 41 as a block-shaped wood material having a corresponding width is inserted into the gap between the pair of connecting plates 31a and 31b. , Fixed by nailing. At this time, the embedded block member 41 has rear end surfaces connected to the connecting plates 31a and 31b.
It is arranged so as to be substantially flush with the rear end face. The embedded block material 41 can be fixed by nailing from the outside of the connecting plates 31a and 31b, or by nailing the flat dividing material 11 for the seat portion. Then, in the second embodiment,
The reinforcing plate 35 is arranged on the rear end faces of the connecting plates 31a and 31b, and is fixed to the rear end face of the embedded block material 41 by nailing. At this time, the reinforcing plate 35 is connected to the connecting plate 3
It is also possible to fix it to the rear end faces of 1a and 31b by nailing.
【0051】実施の形態2では、補強板35の前側面
を、連結板31a,31bの後端面に当接させた状態
で、補強板35を埋込ブロック材41に対して釘打ちに
より簡単に固着することができる。これにより、実施の
形態1におけると同様の作用及び効果を補強板35が発
揮する。
In the second embodiment, with the front side surface of the reinforcing plate 35 in contact with the rear end surfaces of the connecting plates 31a and 31b, the reinforcing plate 35 is simply nailed to the embedded block member 41. Can be fixed. As a result, the reinforcing plate 35 exerts the same operation and effect as in the first embodiment.
【0052】[実施の形態3:バンド収容用切欠き凹
部]図7は本発明の実施の形態3に係る石材用木質パレ
ットを背面側から見て示す斜視図である。
[Third Embodiment: Notch Recess for Band Storage] FIG. 7 is a perspective view showing a wooden pallet for stone according to a third embodiment of the present invention as viewed from the back side.
【0053】実施の形態3に係る石材用木質パレット
は、実施の形態1に係る石材用木質パレットにおいて、
締結バンドBを収容するための切欠き凹部12aを更に
備えている。その他の構成は実施の形態1と同様であ
る。具体的には、図7に示すように、実施の形態3で
は、座部10の最も前側の板材12の前端縁に左右一対
の切欠き凹部12aを切欠いて形成している。切欠き凹
部12aは左右の座部用平割材11と中央の座部用平割
材11との間の左右方向略中央位置にそれぞれ形成され
る。また、各切欠き凹部12aは略矩形状の平面形状を
有している。
The stone wooden pallet according to the third embodiment is the same as the stone wooden pallet according to the first embodiment.
A cutout recess 12a for accommodating the fastening band B is further provided. Other configurations are similar to those of the first embodiment. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 7, in the third embodiment, a pair of left and right cutout recesses 12a is formed by cutting out at the front edge of the frontmost plate member 12 of the seat portion 10. The notch recesses 12a are respectively formed at substantially central positions in the left-right direction between the left and right seat splitting members 11 and the central seat splitting member 11. Further, each notch recess 12a has a substantially rectangular planar shape.
【0054】ここで、座部10の最も前側の板材12の
前端縁に切欠き凹部12aを設けない場合、座部10に
石材Sを積載して締結バンドにより座部10上に締結し
て固定するときに、最も前側の板材の前端が、締結バン
ドBの締結圧力により割れてしまう可能性がある。しか
し、実施の形態3では、石材Sの締結時には、締結バン
ドBは切欠き凹部12aに収容され、切欠き凹部12a
内で板材12に当接する。したがって、締結バンドBの
締結圧力が板材12の切欠き凹部12aの周縁部分によ
り均等に吸収される。その結果、最も前側の板材12の
割れを効果的に防止することができる。
Here, when the cutout recess 12a is not provided at the front edge of the plate member 12 on the frontmost side of the seat portion 10, the stone material S is loaded on the seat portion 10 and fastened and fixed on the seat portion 10 by the fastening band. When doing so, the front end of the frontmost plate member may be cracked by the fastening pressure of the fastening band B. However, in the third embodiment, when the stone S is fastened, the fastening band B is housed in the notch recess 12a, and the notch recess 12a.
It abuts the plate member 12 inside. Therefore, the fastening pressure of the fastening band B is evenly absorbed by the peripheral portion of the cutout recess 12 a of the plate member 12. As a result, it is possible to effectively prevent the frontmost plate member 12 from cracking.
【0055】[実施の形態4:ワイヤ収容溝]図8は本
発明の実施の形態4に係る石材用木質パレットの要部を
示す側面図である。
[Fourth Embodiment: Wire Receiving Groove] FIG. 8 is a side view showing an essential part of a wooden pallet for stone according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention.
【0056】石材を石材用木質パレットで搬送する場合
において、所定の場合には、石材用木質パレットの座部
10にワイヤを玉掛けして、クレーンにより建築現場の
ビルの高所等に移送する場合がある。この場合、ワイヤ
は、座部10の左右方向に玉掛けする。そこで、実施の
形態4に係る石材用木質パレットは、実施の形態1に係
る石材用木質パレットにおいて、座部用平割材11の下
側面において前後の位置に、それぞれ、ワイヤWを収容
するための収容溝11bを形成している。その他の構成
は実施の形態1と同様である。具体的には、図8に示す
ように、各座部用平割材11の前側及び後側の所定位置
には、それぞれ、収容溝11bが座部用平割材11の幅
方向に延びるよう形成されている。よって、座部用平割
材11の前側の3個の収容溝11b及び後側の3個の収
容溝11bは、それぞれ、座部10の左右方向に一直線
上に連続している。
In the case where the stone material is conveyed by the stone material wooden pallet, in a predetermined case, a wire is slid on the seat portion 10 of the stone material wooden pallet and is transferred to a high place of a building on a construction site by a crane. There is. In this case, the wire is slid in the left-right direction of the seat portion 10. Therefore, in the stone wooden pallet according to the fourth embodiment, in the stone wooden pallet according to the first embodiment, the wires W are respectively housed at the front and rear positions on the lower surface of the flat part 11 for the seat portion. The accommodation groove 11b is formed. Other configurations are similar to those of the first embodiment. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 8, at the predetermined positions on the front side and the rear side of each seat portion flat dividing member 11, the accommodation grooves 11b extend in the width direction of the seat portion flat dividing member 11, respectively. Has been formed. Therefore, the three front accommodation grooves 11b and the three rear accommodation grooves 11b of the flat-split material 11 for the seat portion are continuous in a straight line in the left-right direction of the seat portion 10, respectively.
【0057】実施の形態4の石材用木質パレットでは、
座部10の前側及び後側において、それぞれ、ワイヤW
を座部用平割材11の収容溝11bに沿って収容配置
し、玉掛けすることができる。こうすると、座部用平割
材11においてワイヤWが当接する部分である下端の割
れを効果的に防止することができる。また、石材用木質
パレットを移送場所等の地面や床面に載置したときに、
玉掛けしたワイヤWが邪魔になることがない。よって、
石材用木質パレットを移送場所等の地面や床面に載置し
た後、石材用木質パレットを持ち上げることなく、玉掛
けしたワイヤYを座部10から簡単に抜き取ることがで
きる。なお、収容溝11bの代わりに、座部用平割材1
1を幅方向に貫通する貫通孔を形成しても同様の効果が
得られる。
In the wooden pallet for stone of the fourth embodiment,
The wires W are provided on the front side and the rear side of the seat portion 10, respectively.
Can be housed and arranged along the housing groove 11b of the flat-split material 11 for a seat, and can be slid. This makes it possible to effectively prevent cracking of the lower end of the flat part 11 for the seat, which is the part where the wire W abuts. Also, when placing a wooden pallet for stones on the ground or floor such as a transfer place,
The sled wire W does not get in the way. Therefore,
After placing the wooden pallet for stones on the ground or floor such as a transfer place, the slid wire Y can be easily pulled out from the seat 10 without lifting the wooden pallet for stones. In addition, instead of the accommodation groove 11b, the flat member 1 for the seat portion is used.
The same effect can be obtained by forming a through hole penetrating 1 in the width direction.
【0058】[実施の形態5:左右へのかしぎ防止構
造]図9は本発明の実施の形態5に係る石材用木質パレ
ットの要部を示す正面図である。
[Embodiment 5: Left and right caulking prevention structure] FIG. 9 is a front view showing a main part of a stone wooden pallet according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention.
【0059】実施の形態5に係る石材用木質パレット
は、実施の形態1に係る石材用木質パレットにおいて、
座部用平割材11の厚み(上下方向寸法)を、左右のも
のより中央のものが所定寸法Xだけ小さくなるようにし
ている。その他の構成は実施の形態1と同様である。具
体的には、図9に示すように、実施の形態5では、座部
10の左右方向に等間隔で配置した3本の座部用平割材
11のうち、中央の座部用平割材11Cの厚みを、左右
の座部用平割材11Sの厚みより所定寸法Xだけ若干小
さくしている。そして、座部10に石材Sを積載しない
通常状態では、左右の座部用平割材11Sが地面Gに接
触すると共に、中央の座部用平割材11Cの下側面が地
面Gから上方に位置するようにしている。一方、石材S
を積載した積載状態では、石材Sの荷重により座部10
の板材12の左右中央が下方に弾性的に湾曲して、左右
の座部用平割材11S及び中央の座部用平割材11Cが
全て地面Gに接触するようにしている。
The stone wooden pallet according to the fifth embodiment is the same as the stone wooden pallet according to the first embodiment.
The thickness (vertical dimension) of the flat-split material 11 for the seat portion is set so that the central one is smaller than the left and right ones by a predetermined dimension X. Other configurations are similar to those of the first embodiment. More specifically, as shown in FIG. 9, in the fifth embodiment, of the three seat section splitting members 11 arranged at equal intervals in the left-right direction of the seat section 10, the center section for the seat section is split. The thickness of the material 11C is made slightly smaller than the thickness of the left and right seat division flat members 11S by a predetermined dimension X. Then, in a normal state where the stone material S is not loaded on the seat portion 10, the left and right seat portion flat-splitting materials 11S contact the ground G, and the lower side surface of the central seat portion flat-splitting material 11C moves upward from the ground G. I am trying to locate it. On the other hand, stone S
In a loaded state in which the seats 10 are loaded by the load of the stone S.
The left and right centers of the plate member 12 are elastically curved downward so that the left and right seat portion flat-split materials 11S and the central seat portion flat-split material 11C are all in contact with the ground G.
【0060】ここで、全て(図示の例では3本)の平割
材11の厚みを同一とした場合、地面Gが平坦でなかっ
たり、或いは、左右及び中央に位置する全ての座部用平
割材111の下側面が面一でなかったりした場合、左右
の座部用平割材11のいずれか一方と、中央の座部用平
割材11とが地面Gに接触し、左右の座部用平割材11
の他方が地面Gから浮き上がる可能性がある。この場
合、座部10が中央の座部用平割材11を支点としてや
じろべえのように左右にかしいでしまい、軋みやぐらつ
きを生じたり、座部10に石材Sを積載したときにその
荷重により座部10が座屈したりする可能性がある。し
かし、実施の形態5では、座部10に石材Sを積載しな
い通常状態では、中央の座部用平割材11Cの下側面が
地面Gから上方に浮き上がった位置にあるため、必ず、
左右の座部用平割材11Sのみが地面Gに接触する。こ
れにより、座部10が中央の座部用平割材11Cを支点
としてやじろべえのように左右にかしぐことはない。し
たがって、座部10に軋みやぐらつきを生じたり、座部
10に石材Sを積載したときにその荷重により座部10
が座屈したりすることはない。また、座部10に石材S
を積載した積載状態では、石材Sの荷重により座部10
の左右中央が下方に弾性的に湾曲して、左右の座部用平
割材11S及び中央の座部用平割材11Cが、全て地面
に接触する。そのため、全ての座部用平割材11S,1
1Cにより座部10を支持し、石材Sの荷重を安定して
確実に負担することができる。
Here, when all (three in the example shown) flattening members 11 have the same thickness, the ground G is not flat, or all flats for seats located at the left and right and in the center are flat. When the lower surface of the split member 111 is not flush, either one of the left and right seat flat split members 11 and the central seat flat split member 11 come into contact with the ground G and the left and right seats are Division material for parts 11
There is a possibility that the other of the above floats from the ground G. In this case, the seat portion 10 is liable to the left and right like a jumbled bar with the central flat portion material 11 for the seat portion as a fulcrum, causing creaking or wobbling, or when the stone material S is loaded on the seat portion 10 due to the load. The seat 10 may buckle. However, in the fifth embodiment, in a normal state in which the stone S is not loaded on the seat portion 10, the lower surface of the central flat parting material 11C for the seat portion is located above the ground G, so that
Only the left and right seat splitting members 11S contact the ground G. As a result, the seat portion 10 does not squeeze to the left and right like the sword barbecue, with the central split member 11C for the seat portion as a fulcrum. Therefore, when the seat 10 is squeaky or wobbles, or when the stone S is loaded on the seat 10, the load causes the seat 10 to move.
Does not buckle. In addition, the stone S on the seat 10
In a loaded state in which the seats 10 are loaded by the load of the stone S.
The left and right centers of the seat are elastically curved downward, and the left and right seat portion flat-split members 11S and the center seat flat-split material 11C all come into contact with the ground. Therefore, all the flat dividing materials 11S, 1 for seats
The seat portion 10 is supported by 1C, and the load of the stone material S can be stably and reliably borne.
【0061】前記中央の座部用平割材11Cの厚みと、
左右の座部用平割材11Sの厚みとの差(寸法X)は、
任意の寸法とすることができるが、通常は、1mm〜5
mmの範囲とすることが好ましい。1mm未満では、製
造時の寸法誤差や寸法精度等により、中央の座部用平割
材11Cの厚みと、左右の座部用平割材11Sの厚みと
の寸法差を十分確保できない可能性がある。一方、5m
mを超えると、中央の座部用平割材11Cの強度が低下
する可能性がある。しかし、中央の座部用平割材11C
及び左右の座部用平割材11Sの厚みの差を確保でき、
かつ、中央の座部用平割材11Cの強度を確保できる限
りにおいて、他の寸法Xを採用することも無論可能であ
る。
The thickness of the central flat member 11C for the seat,
The difference (dimension X) from the thickness of the left and right flat split members 11S is
It can be of any size, but is typically from 1 mm to 5
The range of mm is preferable. If it is less than 1 mm, it may not be possible to secure a sufficient dimensional difference between the thickness of the central flat parting material 11C for the seat and the thickness of the flat parting material 11S for the left and right seats due to dimensional errors and dimensional accuracy during manufacturing. is there. On the other hand, 5m
If it exceeds m, the strength of the flat split material for seat 11C at the center may decrease. However, the center splitting material for seat 11C
And, it is possible to secure the difference in the thickness of the flat split material 11S for the left and right seats,
In addition, it is of course possible to use another dimension X as long as the strength of the central flat member 11C for the seat portion can be secured.
【0062】ところで、前記座部用平割材11は、座部
10の左右方向に等間隔で少なくとも3本配置すればよ
く、4本以上配置することもできる。いずれの場合も、
上記のように、中央の座部用平割材11の厚みを、左右
の座部用平割材11の厚みより若干小さくすればよい。
By the way, at least three flat dividing members 11 for the seat may be arranged at equal intervals in the lateral direction of the seat 10, and four or more flat dividing members 11 may be arranged. In either case,
As described above, the thickness of the central flat material 11 for the seat portion may be made slightly smaller than the thickness of the horizontal flat material 11 for the seat portions.
【0063】[実施の形態6:コーナブロック]図10
は本発明の実施の形態6に係る石材用木質パレットの要
部を座部の下面側から見て示す斜視図である。
[Sixth Embodiment: Corner Block] FIG.
FIG. 11 is a perspective view showing a main part of a wooden pallet for stones according to a sixth embodiment of the present invention as viewed from the lower surface side of a seat part.
【0064】実施の形態6に係る石材用木質パレット
は、実施の形態1に係る石材用木質パレットにおいて、
更に、座部10の座屈を防止する等の目的でコーナブロ
ック51を備えている。その他の構成は実施の形態1と
同様である。即ち、実施の形態1では、座部10の左右
の座部用平割材11の前端部の外側と、最も前側の板材
12の左右両端部(座部用平割材11から左右に突出す
る突出部分)との間には、左右一対の外側コーナ部が形
成される。そして、図10に示すように、実施の形態6
に係る石材用木質パレットは、かかる左右の外側コーナ
部に、それぞれ、ブロック状木質材としてのコーナブロ
ック51を固着している。各コーナブロック51は、座
部用平割材11の厚みと略同一の厚みを有し、コーナ部
に対応する直方体形状をなしている。更に、実施の形態
6に係る石材用木質パレットは、左右の座部用平割材1
1の前端部の内側と、最も前側の板材12との間に形成
される左右一対の内側コーナ部にも、それぞれ、同様の
コーナブロック51を固着している。なお、かかる内側
コーナ部のコーナブロック51は省略することもでき
る。
The stone wooden pallet according to the sixth embodiment is the same as the stone wooden pallet according to the first embodiment.
Further, a corner block 51 is provided for the purpose of preventing the seat portion 10 from buckling. Other configurations are similar to those of the first embodiment. That is, in the first embodiment, the outside of the front end portion of the left and right seat division flat members 11 of the seat portion 10 and the left and right ends of the frontmost plate member 12 (the left and right protrusions from the seat portion flat division member 11). A pair of left and right outer corner portions are formed between the outer corner portion and the protruding portion). Then, as shown in FIG.
In the stone wood pallet according to the above, corner blocks 51 as block wood are fixed to the left and right outer corner portions, respectively. Each corner block 51 has substantially the same thickness as the flat-split material 11 for a seat portion, and has a rectangular parallelepiped shape corresponding to the corner portion. Furthermore, the wooden pallet for stones according to the sixth embodiment is provided with the flat split materials 1 for the left and right seats.
Similar corner blocks 51 are fixed to a pair of left and right inner corner portions formed between the inner side of the front end portion of No. 1 and the frontmost plate member 12, respectively. The corner block 51 of the inner corner portion may be omitted.
【0065】ここで、座部10に石材Sを積載したとき
に、板材12の左右両端の突出部分のいずれかに石材S
の荷重が偏って加わった場合、座部10が左右に座屈す
る可能性がある。しかし、実施の形態6では、板材12
の左右両端の突出部分の下面側の外側コーナ部に存在す
るコーナブロック51が、地面に接触して、板材12の
左右両端の突出部分に加わる石材Sの荷重を確実に支持
する。その結果、座部10の座屈を効果的に防止するこ
とができる。更に、内側コーナのコーナブロック51
が、同様に地面に接触して、板材12の左右両端の突出
部分に加わる石材Sの荷重を確実に支持する。その結
果、座部10の座屈を一層効果的に防止することができ
る。
Here, when the stone material S is loaded on the seat portion 10, the stone material S is placed on either of the left and right protruding portions of the plate material 12.
If the load is applied unevenly, the seat portion 10 may buckle left and right. However, in the sixth embodiment, the plate material 12
The corner blocks 51 existing in the outer corner portions on the lower surface side of the protruding portions at the left and right ends contact the ground and reliably support the load of the stone material S applied to the protruding portions at the left and right ends of the plate member 12. As a result, buckling of the seat portion 10 can be effectively prevented. Furthermore, the corner block 51 of the inner corner
However, similarly, the load of the stone material S applied to the protruding portions at the left and right ends of the plate material 12 is surely supported by coming into contact with the ground. As a result, buckling of the seat portion 10 can be prevented more effectively.
【0066】[実施の形態7〜10]以下に述べる実施
の形態7〜10に係る石材用木質パレットは、座部の奥
行き(前後方向寸法)や幅(左右方向寸法)、及び/ま
たは、背部の幅(左右方向寸法)や高さ(上下方向寸
法)が、実施の形態1の石材用木質パレットと異なる。
そして、各種寸法の異なる石材用木質パレットは、対応
する各種寸法の石材を積載及び搬送するために使用され
る。
[Embodiments 7 to 10] The wooden pallets for stones according to Embodiments 7 to 10 described below are the depth (front-rear dimension) and width (left-right dimension) of the seat portion, and / or the back portion. Has a width (horizontal dimension) and a height (vertical dimension) different from those of the stone wooden pallet of the first embodiment.
Then, the stone wooden pallets having different sizes are used to load and convey the corresponding stone materials having various sizes.
【0067】[実施の形態7]図11は本発明の実施の
形態7に係る石材用木質パレットを示す斜視図である。
実施の形態7に係る石材用木質パレットは、実施の形態
1に係る石材用木質パレットにおいて、背部20Aの高
さを実施の形態1より小さくしている。即ち、図11に
示すように、実施の形態7では、背部用平割材21Aと
して、実施の形態1の背部用平割材21より低い高さの
ものが使用される。また、背部用平割材21Aには、そ
の上端に1枚の板材22が固着されている。その他の構
成は実施の形態1と同様である。
[Seventh Embodiment] FIG. 11 is a perspective view showing a wooden pallet for stone according to a seventh embodiment of the present invention.
In the stone wooden pallet according to the seventh embodiment, the height of the back portion 20A is smaller than that of the first embodiment in the stone wooden pallet according to the first embodiment. That is, as shown in FIG. 11, in the seventh embodiment, a back splitting material 21A having a height lower than that of the back splitting material 21 of the first embodiment is used. Further, one plate member 22 is fixed to the upper end of the back splitting material 21A. Other configurations are similar to those of the first embodiment.
【0068】[実施の形態8]図12は本発明の実施の
形態8に係る石材用木質パレットを示す斜視図である。
実施の形態8に係る石材用木質パレットは、実施の形態
1に係る石材用木質パレットにおいて、座部10Bの奥
行き並びに背部20Bの高さを実施の形態1より小さく
している。即ち、図12に示すように、実施の形態8で
は、座部用平割材11Bとして、実施の形態1の座部用
平割材11より短い長さのものが使用される。また、座
部用平割材11Bには、3枚の板材12が固着されてい
る。更に、実施の形態8に係る石材用木質パレットは、
実施の形態7と同様の背部20Aを備えている。その他
の構成は実施の形態1と同様である。
[Embodiment 8] FIG. 12 is a perspective view showing a wooden pallet for stone according to Embodiment 8 of the present invention.
The stone wooden pallet according to the eighth embodiment is the stone wooden pallet according to the first embodiment in which the depth of the seat portion 10B and the height of the back portion 20B are smaller than those of the first embodiment. That is, as shown in FIG. 12, in the eighth embodiment, as the seat section flat-split material 11B, a sheet having a shorter length than the seat section flat-split material 11 of the first embodiment is used. Further, the three plate members 12 are fixed to the seat flat material 11B. Furthermore, the wooden pallet for stone according to the eighth embodiment is
It has a back portion 20A similar to that of the seventh embodiment. Other configurations are similar to those of the first embodiment.
【0069】[実施の形態9]図13は本発明の実施の
形態9に係る石材用木質パレットを示す斜視図である。
実施の形態9に係る石材用木質パレットは、実施の形態
1に係る石材用木質パレットにおいて、座部10Bの幅
並びに背部20Bの幅を実施の形態1より小さくしてい
る。即ち、図13に示すように、実施の形態9に係る石
材用木質パレットは、実施の形態1と同様の座部用平割
材11を2本使用する。座部用平割材11には、実施の
形態1の板材12より長さの短い4枚の板材12Cが固
着されている。更に、実施の形態9に係る石材用木質パ
レットは、実施の形態1と同様の背部用平割材21を2
本使用する。背部用平割材21には、実施の形態1の板
材22より長さの短い2枚の板材22Cが固着されてい
る。また、連結板31a,31bには、実施の形態1の
補強板35より長さの短い補強板35Cが固着されてい
る。その他の構成は実施の形態1と同様である。
[Ninth Embodiment] FIG. 13 is a perspective view showing a stone wooden pallet according to a ninth embodiment of the present invention.
The stone wooden pallet according to the ninth embodiment is the stone wooden pallet according to the first embodiment in which the width of the seat portion 10B and the width of the back portion 20B are smaller than those of the first embodiment. That is, as shown in FIG. 13, the stone wooden pallet according to the ninth embodiment uses two flat parting materials 11 for a seat similar to those of the first embodiment. Four plate members 12C having a shorter length than the plate member 12 according to the first embodiment are fixed to the flat section member 11 for the seat portion. Furthermore, the wooden pallet for stones according to the ninth embodiment has the same back splitting material 21 as in the first embodiment.
Use this book. Two plate members 22C having a shorter length than the plate member 22 of the first embodiment are fixed to the back splitting member 21. Further, a reinforcing plate 35C having a shorter length than the reinforcing plate 35 of the first embodiment is fixed to the connecting plates 31a and 31b. Other configurations are similar to those of the first embodiment.
【0070】[実施の形態10]図14は本発明の実施
の形態10に係る石材用木質パレットを示す斜視図であ
る。実施の形態10に係る石材用木質パレットは、実施
の形態1に係る石材用木質パレットにおいて、座部10
Bの幅を実施の形態1より大きくすると共に、その奥行
きを実施の形態1より小さくしている。また、背部20
Bの幅を実施の形態1より大きくしている。即ち、図1
4に示すように、実施の形態10に係る石材用木質パレ
ットは、実施の形態8と同様の座部用平割材11Bを4
本使用する。座部用平割材11Bには、実施の形態1の
板材12より長さの長い3枚の板材12Dが固着されて
いる。更に、実施の形態10に係る石材用木質パレット
は、実施の形態1と同様の背部用平割材21を4本使用
する。背部用平割材21には、実施の形態1の板材22
より長さの長い2枚の板材22Dが固着されている。ま
た、連結板31a,31bには、実施の形態1の補強板
35より長さの長い補強板35Dが固着されている。そ
の他の構成は実施の形態1と同様である。
[Embodiment 10] FIG. 14 is a perspective view showing a stone wooden pallet according to Embodiment 10 of the present invention. The wooden pallet for stones according to the tenth embodiment is the same as the wooden pallet for stones according to the first embodiment.
The width of B is larger than that of the first embodiment, and the depth thereof is smaller than that of the first embodiment. Also, the back 20
The width of B is made larger than that of the first embodiment. That is, FIG.
As shown in FIG. 4, the stone wooden pallet according to the tenth embodiment includes the flat part 11B for seat similar to that of the eighth embodiment.
Use this book. Three plate members 12D having a length longer than that of the plate member 12 according to the first embodiment are fixed to the seat portion splitting member 11B. Furthermore, the stone wooden pallet according to the tenth embodiment uses four flat backing materials 21 similar to those of the first embodiment. The back splitting material 21 is the plate material 22 of the first embodiment.
Two plate members 22D having a longer length are fixed. Further, a reinforcing plate 35D having a length longer than that of the reinforcing plate 35 of the first embodiment is fixed to the connecting plates 31a and 31b. Other configurations are similar to those of the first embodiment.
【0071】[実施の形態11]図15は本発明の実施
の形態11に係る石材用木質パレットを示す斜視図であ
る。
[Eleventh Embodiment] FIG. 15 is a perspective view showing a wooden pallet for stone according to an eleventh embodiment of the present invention.
【0072】図15に示すように、実施の形態11に係
る石材用木質パレットは、上記各実施の形態と同様の座
部110と背部120とを備えている。座部110の左
右両端には、それぞれ、一対の長尺状の平割材111
が、前後方向に延びるよう平割材111の厚みの間隔を
置いて配置されている。また、座部110の左右中央に
は、1本の平割材111が前後方向に延びるよう配置さ
れている。平割材111は、その幅方向が上下方向とな
るよう、かつ、互いに平行に配置されている。平割材1
11の上面には、複数枚(図15では4枚)の板材11
2が、左右方向に延びるよう配置され、釘打ちして固着
されている。
As shown in FIG. 15, the stone wooden pallet according to the eleventh embodiment includes a seat portion 110 and a back portion 120 similar to those of the above-described respective embodiments. At the left and right ends of the seat portion 110, a pair of long flat split members 111 are provided.
However, they are arranged at intervals of the thickness of the flat dividing material 111 so as to extend in the front-rear direction. Further, at the center of the seat portion 110 in the left-right direction, one flat split material 111 is arranged so as to extend in the front-rear direction. The flat split members 111 are arranged parallel to each other such that the width direction thereof is the vertical direction. Flat split material 1
A plurality of (four in FIG. 15) plate members 11 are provided on the upper surface of the plate member 11.
2 are arranged so as to extend in the left-right direction and fixed by nailing.
【0073】一方、背部120は、左右両端及び中央
に、それぞれ、長尺状の平割材121を上下方向に延び
るよう配置している。左右の平割材121の下端部は、
それぞれ、座部110の左右各一対の平割材111の後
端部より所定距離前方の位置に挟んだ状態で釘打ちして
固着されている。中央の平割材121は、座部110の
中央の平割材111の後端部より所定距離前方の位置に
釘打ちして固着されている。各平割材121の後方に
は、短い平割材の一端を斜めに切除した形状の補強斜材
125が前方に傾斜した状態で配置されている。左右の
補強斜材125の後端部は、それぞれ、左右各一対の平
割材111の後端部に挟んだ状態で釘打ちして固着され
ている。中央の補強斜材125の後端部は、中央の平割
材111の後端部に釘打ちして固着されている。そし
て、各補強斜材125の前端部は、その斜めに切除した
端面を、対応する平割材121の後端面に密接させた状
態で釘打ちにより固着されている。平割材121の上端
部及び上下方向略中央部には、それぞれ、板材122
が、左右方向に延びるよう配置され、釘打ちして固着さ
れている。
On the other hand, the back portion 120 is provided with long flat split members 121 at the left and right ends and the center thereof so as to extend in the vertical direction. The lower ends of the left and right flat split materials 121 are
Each of the left and right flat split members 111 of the seat portion 110 is nailed and fixed at a position a predetermined distance ahead of the rear end portions of the flat split members 111. The central split member 121 is nailed and fixed to a position ahead of the rear end of the central split member 111 of the seat portion 110 by a predetermined distance. Behind each flat-split material 121, a reinforcing diagonal member 125 having a shape obtained by obliquely cutting one end of the short flat-split material is arranged in a state of being inclined forward. The rear end portions of the left and right reinforcing diagonal members 125 are nailed and fixed in a state of being sandwiched between the rear end portions of the pair of left and right flat split members 111, respectively. The rear end of the central reinforcing diagonal member 125 is nailed and fixed to the rear end of the central flat split member 111. The front end portion of each reinforcing diagonal member 125 is fixed by nailing with its end face cut obliquely in close contact with the rear end face of the corresponding flat dividing member 121. A plate member 122 is provided on each of the upper end portion and the substantially central portion in the vertical direction of the flat split member 121.
Are arranged so as to extend in the left-right direction, and are fixed by nailing.
【0074】この石材用木質パレットは、縦積みした石
材をある程度後方に傾斜した状態で背部120に持たれ
かけさせることができるよう、座部110に対して背部
120を所定の角度で後方に傾斜させている。一方、石
材用木質パレットでは、背部120の平割材121の下
端部を座部110の平割材111に釘打ちして固定する
と共に、補強斜材125により平割材121を後方から
連結支持し、背部120が後方に倒れるのを防止するよ
うになっている。
In this stone wood pallet, the back 120 is tilted backward at a predetermined angle with respect to the seat 110 so that the vertically stacked stones can be held by the back 120 while being tilted backward to some extent. I am letting you. On the other hand, in the wooden pallet for stones, the lower end of the flat split material 121 of the back portion 120 is nailed and fixed to the flat split material 111 of the seat portion 110, and the flat split material 121 is connected and supported from the rear by the reinforcing diagonal member 125. However, the back 120 is prevented from falling backward.
【0075】ここで、前記背部120を前記座部110
に対して後方に約3度〜10度の角度範囲で傾斜させた
状態で、前記釘打ち及び補強斜材125により前記座部
110及び前記背部120を互いに移動不能に固定する
ことが好ましい。背部120の傾斜角度が3度より小さ
いと、縦積みした石材を背部120に凭れた状態で支持
したときに、石材が前方に倒れる可能性もある。一方、
背部120の傾斜角度が10度より大きいと、凭れかか
る石材から背部120に加わる荷重が大きく、積載する
石材の枚数(総重量)によっては、背部120が石材の
荷重を十分に支持できなくなる可能性もある。更に、本
発明は、前記背部120を座部110に対して後方に約
3度〜7度の範囲の角度で傾斜させた状態で、前記釘打
ち及び補強斜材125により前記座部110及び前記背
部120を互いに移動不能に固定することが一層好まし
い(更に一層好ましくは3度〜5度)。背部120の傾
斜角度を約3度〜5度の範囲の角度とした場合、石材を
背部120に安定して凭れた状態で支持するができ、か
つ、通常の使用状態で石材を満載した場合でも、背部1
20が石材の荷重を十分に支持することができる。
Here, the back portion 120 is replaced with the seat portion 110.
On the other hand, it is preferable that the seat portion 110 and the back portion 120 be immovably fixed to each other by the nailing and reinforcing diagonal member 125 in a state of being tilted rearward in an angle range of about 3 degrees to 10 degrees. When the inclination angle of the back portion 120 is smaller than 3 degrees, the stone material may fall forward when the vertically stacked stone materials are supported by the back portion 120 in a leaning state. on the other hand,
When the inclination angle of the back portion 120 is larger than 10 degrees, the load applied from the leaning stone material to the back portion 120 is large, and the back portion 120 may not be able to sufficiently support the load of the stone material depending on the number of loaded stone materials (total weight). There is also. Further, according to the present invention, in the state where the back portion 120 is inclined rearward with respect to the seat portion 110 at an angle in the range of about 3 degrees to 7 degrees, the nailing and reinforcing diagonal members 125 are used to form the seat portion 110 and the seat portion 110. More preferably, the backs 120 are immovably fixed to each other (even more preferably 3 to 5 degrees). When the inclination angle of the back portion 120 is set to an angle in the range of about 3 degrees to 5 degrees, the stone material can be stably supported on the back portion 120 in a leaned state, and even when the stone material is loaded in a normal use state. , Back 1
20 can sufficiently support the load of the stone material.
【0076】発明者等の実験結果によれば、例えば、図
15に示すタイプの石材用木質パレットの場合、次の条
件下で計測すると、凭れかかる石材に対する背部120
の耐荷重は以下の通りであった。
According to the results of experiments by the inventors, for example, in the case of a wooden pallet for stones of the type shown in FIG. 15, when measured under the following conditions, the back 120 against the leaning stones is
The withstand load of was as follows.
【0077】 寸法=W800mm*L900mm*H800mm 積載総重量=1200kg 背部120の傾斜角度=約5度[0077] Dimension = W800mm * L900mm * H800mm Total load weight = 1200kg Inclination angle of back 120 = about 5 degrees
【0078】 最大後方支持耐荷重(後方への耐荷重)=約240kg これは、通常の使用条件(石材の最大積載枚数及び最大
荷重等)を考慮しても十分以上の値である。
Maximum rear supporting load capacity (rear load capacity) = about 240 kg This is a value which is more than sufficient even in consideration of normal use conditions (maximum number of loaded stone materials, maximum load, etc.).
【0079】 最大前方支持耐荷重(前方への耐荷重)=約110kg これは、通常の使用条件を考慮しても十分な値である。[0079] Maximum front support load capacity (front load capacity) = approx. 110 kg This is a sufficient value even in consideration of normal use conditions.
【0080】なお、本実施の形態に係る石材用木質パレ
ットにおいても、実施の形態1に係る石材用木質パレッ
トにおけるように、板材112,122の左右両端部を
左右両端の座部用平割材111及び背部用平割材121
から左方及び右方に突出させることもできる。即ち、実
施の形態11に係る石材用木質パレットは、図15で
は、座部110の板材112及び背部120の板材12
2の左右両端が、それぞれ、座部用平割材111及び背
部用平割材121の左右両端と面一にあるように示され
ている。しかし、座部110の板材112及び背部12
0の板材122を、座部用平割材111及び背部用平割
材121の左右両端から左右に突出させることもでき
る。
In the stone wooden pallet according to the present embodiment as well, as in the stone wooden pallet according to the first embodiment, the left and right end portions of the plate members 112 and 122 are flat split materials for seat portions at the left and right ends. 111 and back splitting material 121
Can also be projected to the left and right. That is, in the wooden pallet for stones according to the eleventh embodiment, in FIG. 15, the plate member 112 of the seat portion 110 and the plate member 12 of the back portion 120 are illustrated.
The left and right ends of 2 are shown to be flush with the left and right ends of the flat part 111 for seat and the flat part 121 for back, respectively. However, the plate member 112 and the back portion 12 of the seat 110 are
The plate member 122 of 0 can be projected to the left and right from the left and right ends of the flat dividing material 111 for the seat portion and the flat dividing material 121 for the back portion.
【0081】また、本実施の形態に係る石材用木質パレ
ットにおいて、実施の形態3の構成(締結バンドを収容
するための切欠き凹部)を採用することもできる。即
ち、実施の形態3と同様、図15に示す石材用木質パレ
ットにおいても、最も前側の板材112の前端縁に切欠
き凹部12aを設けることができる。更に、実施の形態
3に係る切欠き凹部12aの構成は、座部10または座
部110と同様の座部を有する限りにおいて、その他の
構成の各種の石材用木質パレットに適用することができ
る。
In addition, in the stone wooden pallet according to the present embodiment, the configuration of the third embodiment (a notched recess for accommodating the fastening band) can be adopted. That is, similarly to the third embodiment, the wood pallet for stone shown in FIG. 15 can also be provided with the cutout recess 12a at the front end edge of the frontmost plate 112. Further, the configuration of the cutout recess 12a according to the third embodiment can be applied to various stone wooden pallets having other configurations as long as it has a seat similar to the seat 10 or the seat 110.
【0082】更に、本実施の形態に係る石材用木質パレ
ットにおいて、実施の形態4の構成(ワイヤを収容する
ための収容溝)を採用することもできる。即ち、実施の
形態4と同様、図15に示す石材用木質パレットにおい
ても、座部用平割材111の下側面において前後の位置
に、それぞれ、ワイヤWを収容するための収容溝11b
(または貫通孔)を形成することができる。なお、実施
の形態4の構成は、座部10または座部110と同様の
座部を有する限りにおいて、その他の構成の各種の石材
用木質パレットに適用することができる。
Further, in the stone wooden pallet according to the present embodiment, the configuration of the fourth embodiment (accommodation groove for accommodating the wire) can be adopted. That is, similarly to the fourth embodiment, also in the wooden pallet for stone shown in FIG. 15, the housing grooves 11b for housing the wires W are respectively provided at the front and rear positions on the lower side surface of the flat parting material 111 for the seat portion.
(Or through holes) can be formed. The configuration of the fourth embodiment can be applied to various stone wooden pallets having other configurations as long as the configuration has the same seat as the seat 10 or the seat 110.
【0083】更にまた、本実施の形態に係る石材用木質
パレットにおいて、実施の形態5の構成(左右へのかし
ぎ防止構造)を採用することもできる。即ち、実施の形
態5と同様、図15に示す石材用木質パレットにおいて
も、中央の座部用平割材111の厚みを、左右の座部用
平割材111の厚みより所定寸法Xだけ若干小さくする
こともできる。なお、実施の形態5の構成は、座部10
及び座部110と同様の座部を有する限りにおいて、そ
の他の構成の各種の石材用木質パレットに適用すること
ができる。
Furthermore, in the stone wooden pallet according to the present embodiment, the structure of the fifth embodiment (a structure for preventing the squeezing to the left and right) can be adopted. That is, similarly to the fifth embodiment, in the stone wooden pallet shown in FIG. 15, the thickness of the central flat part 111 for the seat is slightly smaller than the thickness of the flat flat part 111 for the seat by a predetermined dimension X. It can be made smaller. The configuration of the fifth embodiment is the same as the seat portion 10.
Also, as long as it has a seat similar to the seat 110, it can be applied to various stone wooden pallets having other configurations.
【0084】[製造コストの比較]上記実施の形態11
の石材用木質パレットは、材料として、平割材111、
板材112、平割材121、平割材からなる補強斜材1
25及び板材122を使用する。また、石材用木質パレ
ットは、石材を座部110に載せたとき、その荷重によ
り座部110(特に平割材111)が左右に座屈しない
よう、座部100の左右に各一対の平割材111を配置
している。また、石材の後方荷重により背部120が後
方に倒れないよう、補強斜材125を使用する。
[Comparison of Manufacturing Costs] [Embodiment 11]
The wooden pallet for stones of
Reinforcing diagonal member 1 consisting of plate material 112, flat-split material 121, flat-split material
25 and the plate material 122 are used. In addition, when the stone material is placed on the seat portion 110, the pair of flat pallets on the left and right sides of the seat portion 100 prevent the seat portion 110 (particularly the flat dividing material 111) from buckling to the left and right when the stone material is placed on the seat portion 110. The material 111 is arranged. Further, a reinforcing diagonal member 125 is used so that the back portion 120 does not fall backward due to the backward load of the stone material.
【0085】一方、上記実施の形態1〜10に係る石材
用木質パレットは、実施の形態11と比べて、比較的安
価な木材を使用することができる。即ち、実施の形態1
〜10に係る石材用木質パレットは、比較的高価な木材
である平割材の使用本数を減らすことができ、部品点数
及び製造コストの点で更に有利となる。即ち、図15に
示す実施の形態では、座部用平割材111の数を少なく
とも左右両端の配置位置では2個とする必要があるが、
実施の形態1〜10では、座部用平割材11の数を左右
両端の配置位置で各1個とすることができる。その結
果、全体の座部用平割材11の使用本数を削減して、石
材用木質パレットの製造コストを更に一層低減すること
ができる。
On the other hand, the wooden pallets for stone according to the first to tenth embodiments can use relatively inexpensive wood as compared with the eleventh embodiment. That is, the first embodiment
The wooden pallets for stones according to Nos. 10 to 10 can reduce the number of flat division materials used, which is relatively expensive wood, and are further advantageous in terms of the number of parts and the manufacturing cost. That is, in the embodiment shown in FIG. 15, it is necessary to set the number of flat dividing members 111 for the seat portion to two at least at the arrangement positions at the left and right ends.
In the first to tenth embodiments, the number of the flat division members 11 for the seat portion can be one at each of the left and right ends. As a result, it is possible to reduce the total number of the flat division members 11 for the seat to be used and further reduce the manufacturing cost of the wooden pallet for stone.
【0086】[実施の形態12]図16は本発明の実施
の形態12に係る石材用木質パレットを正面側から見て
示す斜視図である。図17は本発明の実施の形態12に
係る石材用木質パレットの要部を拡大して示す側面図で
ある。図18は本発明の実施の形態12に係る石材用木
質パレットを示す底面図である。図19は本発明の実施
の形態12に係る石材用パレットを示す背面図である。
図20は本発明の実施の形態12に係る石材用木質パレ
ットの要部を背面側から見て示す斜視図である。
[Embodiment 12] FIG. 16 is a perspective view showing a wooden pallet for stone according to Embodiment 12 of the present invention as viewed from the front side. FIG. 17 is an enlarged side view showing a main part of a stone wooden pallet according to a twelfth embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 18 is a bottom view showing a stone wooden pallet according to the twelfth embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 19 is a rear view showing a stone material pallet according to Embodiment 12 of the present invention.
FIG. 20 is a perspective view showing a main part of a wooden pallet for stone material according to a twelfth embodiment of the present invention as viewed from the back side.
【0087】実施の形態12に係る石材用木質パレット
は、実施の形態1〜10に係る石材用木質パレットの連
結板31a,31bと同様の思想と、実施の形態11に
係る石材用木質パレットの補強斜材125と同様の思想
とを組み合わせたものである。具体的には、図16に示
すように、実施の形態12に係る石材用木質パレットの
連結手段30は、左右一対の板状の木質連結材としての
連結板31a,231bからなる。そして、左右一対の
連結板31a,231bにより座部用連結部12a及び
背部用連結部22aを左右両側から挟んだ状態で、連結
板31a,231bの下側部を座部用連結部12aに固
着すると共に、連結板31a,231bの上側部を背部
用連結部22aに固着している。これにより、連結板3
1a,231bを介して、座部10及び背部20を互い
に前後方向及び左右方向への移動または傾動不能に連結
固定している。更に、実施の形態12では、各平割材2
1の後方に、短い平割材または板材の一端を斜めに切除
した形状の補強斜材225が前方に傾斜した状態で配置
されている。各補強斜材225の前端部は、その斜めに
切除した長さ方向一端面(前側の端面)としての第1の
支持端面225aが、対応する各背部用平割材21の背
部用連結部21aの後側面の上端部に密接した状態で釘
打ち等により固着されている。また、各補強斜材225
の後端部は、長さ方向他端面(後側の端面)としての第
2の支持端面225bが、対応する各座部用平割材11
の座部用連結部11aの上側面11a1の後端部に密接
した状態で釘打ち等により固着されている。
The stone wooden pallet according to the twelfth embodiment has the same concept as the connecting plates 31a and 31b of the stone wooden pallet according to the first to tenth embodiments and the stone wooden pallet according to the eleventh embodiment. This is a combination of the same idea as the reinforcing diagonal member 125. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 16, the connecting means 30 of the stone wood pallet according to the twelfth embodiment includes a pair of left and right connecting plates 31a and 231b as plate-like wood connecting materials. Then, with the pair of left and right connecting plates 31a and 231b sandwiching the seat connecting part 12a and the back connecting part 22a from both left and right sides, the lower part of the connecting plates 31a and 231b is fixed to the seat connecting part 12a. In addition, the upper portions of the connecting plates 31a and 231b are fixed to the back connecting portion 22a. Thereby, the connecting plate 3
The seat portion 10 and the back portion 20 are connected and fixed to each other via 1a and 231b so as not to move or tilt in the front-rear direction and the left-right direction. Further, in the twelfth embodiment, each flat split material 2
A reinforcing diagonal member 225 having a shape obtained by obliquely cutting one end of a short flat material or a plate material is arranged behind 1 in a state of being inclined forward. The front end portion of each reinforcing diagonal member 225 has a first support end face 225a as one end face (front end face) in the lengthwise direction, which is obliquely cut, and the corresponding back connecting portion 21a of each back flat dividing member 21. It is fixed by nailing or the like in close contact with the upper end of the rear side surface. Also, each reinforcing diagonal member 225
The rear end portion has a second supporting end surface 225b as the other end surface in the length direction (end surface on the rear side) to which the flat-split material 11 for each seat portion corresponds.
It is fixed by nailing or the like in close contact with the rear end of the upper side surface 11a1 of the seat connecting portion 11a.
【0088】詳細には、図17〜19に示すように、実
施の形態12では、2種類の連結板31a,231bを
使用する。両連結板31a,231bは、それぞれ、座
部用平割材11の下側面と略同一方向(前後方向)に延
びる下端面31a1,231b1と、前記下端面31a
1,231b1に対して前記背部用平割材21の傾斜角
度θと略同一の傾斜角度で後方に傾斜する前端面31a
2,231b2とを有する。一方、座部用平割材11ま
たは背部用平割材21の中央(内側)に位置する合計4
枚の連結板231bは、それぞれ、背部用平割材21の
下側部(背部用連結部21a)と略同一の長方形板状板
状をなす。即ち、連結板231bは、連結板31aの前
側部分に完全に重複し、その後端面231b3は背部用
連結部21aの後端面と略一致する。そして、連結板3
1aの中央部及び後側部は、連結板231bの後端面
(背部用連結部21aの後端面)から後方に突出する。
Specifically, as shown in FIGS. 17 to 19, in the twelfth embodiment, two types of connecting plates 31a and 231b are used. The two connecting plates 31a and 231b respectively have lower end surfaces 31a1 and 231b1 extending in substantially the same direction (front-back direction) as the lower side surface of the flat part 11 for seat portion, and the lower end surface 31a.
1, 231b1, a front end face 31a that is inclined rearward at an inclination angle substantially the same as the inclination angle θ of the flat dividing material 21 for the back portion.
2, 231b2. On the other hand, a total of 4 located in the center (inside) of the seat flat material 11 or the back flat material 21.
Each of the connecting plates 231b has a rectangular plate-like shape that is substantially the same as the lower portion of the back splitting member 21 (the connecting portion 21a for the back portion). That is, the connecting plate 231b completely overlaps the front portion of the connecting plate 31a, and the rear end surface 231b3 thereof substantially coincides with the rear end surface of the back connecting portion 21a. And the connecting plate 3
The central portion and the rear side portion of 1a project rearward from the rear end surface of the connecting plate 231b (rear end surface of the back connecting portion 21a).
【0089】一方、補強斜材225は、連結板31aの
傾斜後端面31a1と略同一の傾斜角度で、連結板31
aの傾斜後端面31a1に沿って前方に傾斜して延びる
よう、座部用平割材11の座部用連結部11aと背部用
平割材21の背部用連結部21aとの間に固着されてい
る。補強斜材225の後側面225dは、連結板31a
の後側面31a3とほぼ合致するようにすることが、強
度等の面から好ましい。なお、補強斜材225は、対を
なす連結板31aと連結板231bとの間の間隔内の厚
みを有する木質材、好ましくは、合板等の板材により、
図17〜図19に示す形状の板状に加工形成することが
好ましい。これにより、連結板231bの後端面231
b3と背部用平割材21の背部用連結部21aの上端面
21a1と補強斜材225の前側面225cとの間に、
三角形状の空間が形成される。
On the other hand, the reinforcing diagonal member 225 has the same inclination angle as that of the inclined rear end surface 31a1 of the connecting plate 31a, and the connecting plate 31a.
It is fixed between the seat connecting portion 11a of the seat splitting material 11 and the back connecting portion 21a of the back splitting material 21 so as to extend forward along the inclined rear end surface 31a1 of a. ing. The rear side surface 225d of the reinforcing diagonal member 225 has the connecting plate 31a.
It is preferable that the rear side surface 31a3 and the rear side surface 31a3 substantially coincide with each other in terms of strength and the like. The reinforcing diagonal member 225 is made of a wood material having a thickness within the space between the pair of connecting plates 31a and 231b, preferably a plate material such as plywood.
It is preferable to process and form a plate shape having the shape shown in FIGS. Accordingly, the rear end surface 231 of the connecting plate 231b is
b3, between the upper end surface 21a1 of the back connecting portion 21a of the back splitting member 21 and the front side surface 225c of the reinforcing diagonal member 225,
A triangular space is formed.
【0090】そして、前記補強板35の左右両端が、か
かる三角形状の空間に収容されると共に、左右両端の連
結板31a間に配置されている。補強板35は、その前
側面を全て(3本)の背部用平割材21の後端面及び中
央の4枚の連結板231bの後端面231b3に当接さ
せた状態で、その後側面側から釘打ちすることにより、
背部用平割材21及び連結板231bに固着されてい
る。なお、補強板35は、実施の形態1と同様、釘打ち
等により連結板31aの内側にも固着することが好まし
い。
The left and right ends of the reinforcing plate 35 are housed in the triangular space, and are arranged between the left and right connecting plates 31a. The reinforcing plate 35 has nails from its rear side surface in a state in which the front side surfaces thereof are in contact with the rear end surfaces of all (three) back splitting members 21 and the rear end surfaces 231b3 of the four central connecting plates 231b. By hitting
It is fixed to the back splitting material 21 and the connecting plate 231b. The reinforcing plate 35 is preferably fixed to the inside of the connecting plate 31a by nailing or the like as in the first embodiment.
【0091】ここで、前記補強斜材225は、上記のよ
うに、対をなす連結板31aと連結板231bとの間の
間隔内の厚みを有するものとすることができる。この場
合、補強斜材225を合板等の安価な板材により形成す
ることができ、その材料費を低減することができる。一
方、補強斜材225は、対をなす連結板31aと連結板
231bとの間の間隔(即ち、背部用平割材21の厚
み)以上の厚みとすることもできる。例えば、第1の事
例では、左右の補強斜材225の厚みを、連結板31a
の内側面から連結板231bの外側面まで至る厚み(即
ち、背部用平割材21の厚みと連結板231bの厚みと
を加えた厚み)とすることもできる。この場合、連結板
231bは、上記のように背部用連結部21aに対応す
る長方形板状ではなく、背部用連結部21a及び座部用
連結部11aに対応する略L字板状とすることが好まし
い。こうすると、補強斜材225の第1の支持端面22
5aを背部用連結部21aの後側面及びL字状の連結板
231bの後側面に支持及び固着すると共に、補強斜材
225の第2の支持端面225bを座部用連結部11a
の上側面及びL字状の連結板231bの上側面に支持及
び固着することができる。その結果、連結板231bの
面積を増大して、連結板31a及び連結板231bによ
る座部10及び背部20の連結強度を増加できると共
に、補強斜材225の厚み及び支持端面225a,22
5bの面積を増大して、補強斜材225による座部10
及び背部20の連結強度を増加できる。
Here, the reinforcing diagonal member 225 may have a thickness within the space between the pair of connecting plates 31a and 231b as described above. In this case, the reinforcing diagonal member 225 can be formed of an inexpensive plate material such as plywood, and the material cost thereof can be reduced. On the other hand, the reinforcing diagonal member 225 may have a thickness equal to or larger than the distance between the pair of connecting plates 31a and 231b (that is, the thickness of the back splitting member 21). For example, in the first case, the thickness of the left and right reinforcing diagonal members 225 is set to the connecting plate 31a.
The thickness from the inner side surface to the outer side surface of the connecting plate 231b (that is, the thickness of the back splitting material 21 and the connecting plate 231b) may be used. In this case, the connecting plate 231b is not a rectangular plate shape corresponding to the back connecting portion 21a as described above, but may be a substantially L-shaped plate corresponding to the back connecting portion 21a and the seat connecting portion 11a. preferable. By doing so, the first supporting end surface 22 of the reinforcing diagonal member 225 is formed.
5a is supported and fixed to the rear side surface of the back connecting portion 21a and the rear side surface of the L-shaped connecting plate 231b, and the second supporting end surface 225b of the reinforcing diagonal member 225 is connected to the seat connecting portion 11a.
It can be supported and fixed to the upper side surface and the upper side surface of the L-shaped connecting plate 231b. As a result, the area of the connecting plate 231b can be increased to increase the connecting strength of the seat portion 10 and the back portion 20 by the connecting plate 31a and the connecting plate 231b, and the thickness of the reinforcing diagonal member 225 and the supporting end faces 225a, 225a, 22.
The seat portion 10 by the reinforcing diagonal member 225 is increased by increasing the area of 5b.
Also, the connection strength of the back portion 20 can be increased.
【0092】或いは、第2の事例では、中央の補強斜材
225の厚みを、一方の連結板231bの内側面から他
方の連結板231bの外側面まで至る厚み(即ち、背部
用平割材21の厚みと一方の連結板231bの厚みとを
加えた厚み)としたり、一方の連結板231bの外側面
から他方の連結板231bの外側面まで至る厚み(即
ち、背部用平割材21の厚みと両方の連結板231bの
厚みとを加えた厚み)としたりすることもできる。この
場合、(少なくとも補強斜材225が肉厚となる側の)
連結板231bは、上記のように背部用連結部21a及
び座部用連結部11aに対応する略L字板状とすること
が好ましい。こうすると、上記と同様、補強斜材225
を座部用連結部11a及び背部用連結部21a並びに連
結板231bに支持及び固着することができ、座部10
及び背部20の連結強度を増加できる。
Alternatively, in the second example, the thickness of the central reinforcing diagonal member 225 is the thickness from the inner side surface of one connecting plate 231b to the outer side surface of the other connecting plate 231b (that is, the back splitting member 21). Or the thickness of one connecting plate 231b), or the thickness from the outer surface of one connecting plate 231b to the outer surface of the other connecting plate 231b (that is, the thickness of the back splitting material 21). And the thickness of both connecting plates 231b). In this case (at least on the side where the reinforcing diagonal member 225 becomes thick)
The connecting plate 231b is preferably a substantially L-shaped plate corresponding to the back connecting part 21a and the seat connecting part 11a as described above. By doing this, as in the above, the reinforcing diagonal members 225
Can be supported and fixed to the seat connecting portion 11a, the back connecting portion 21a, and the connecting plate 231b.
Also, the connection strength of the back portion 20 can be increased.
【0093】或いは、第3の事例では、左右の補強斜材
225の厚みを、連結板31aの外側面から連結板23
1bの外側面まで至る厚み(即ち、背部用平割材21の
厚みと連結板31aの厚みと連結板231bの厚みとを
加えた厚み)とすることもできる。この場合、連結板2
31bのみならず、連結板31aも、上記のように背部
用連結部21a及び座部用連結部11aに対応する略L
字板状とする。そして、上記と同様、補強斜材225を
座部用連結部11a及び背部用連結部21a並びに連結
板31a及び連結板231bに支持及び固着することが
でき、座部10及び背部20の連結強度を増加できる。
或いは、上記第1〜第3の事例を適宜組み合わせて用い
ることもできる。
Alternatively, in the third example, the thickness of the left and right reinforcing diagonal members 225 is changed from the outer side surface of the connecting plate 31a to the connecting plate 23a.
It is also possible to use the thickness of the outer surface of 1b (that is, the thickness of the back splitting material 21, the thickness of the connecting plate 31a, and the thickness of the connecting plate 231b). In this case, the connecting plate 2
Not only 31b but also the connecting plate 31a is substantially L corresponding to the back connecting portion 21a and the seat connecting portion 11a as described above.
It should be in a plate shape. Then, similarly to the above, the reinforcing diagonal member 225 can be supported and fixed to the seat connecting portion 11a and the back connecting portion 21a, the connecting plate 31a and the connecting plate 231b, and the connecting strength of the seat 10 and the back 20 can be increased. Can increase.
Alternatively, the first to third cases described above can be appropriately combined and used.
【0094】更に、連結板231bを、背部用連結部2
1a及び座部用連結部11a及び補強斜材225に対応
する略三角形枠状とすることもできる。即ち、連結板2
31bの前端面231b1と背部用連結部21aの下端
面と補強斜材225の後側面225dとの間に形成され
る三角形状に対応する三角形状の外形を有し、かつ、連
結板231bの後端面231b3と背部用連結部21a
の上端面21a1と補強斜材225の前側面225cと
の間に形成される上記三角形状の空間に対応する三角形
状の開口を有する連結板231bを使用してもよい。こ
の場合、連結板231bの面積を更に増大して、連結板
31a及び連結板231bによる座部10及び背部20
の連結強度を一層増加できると共に、補強斜材225の
厚み及び支持端面225a,225bの面積を増大し
て、補強斜材225による座部10及び背部20の連結
強度を一層増加できる。また、連結板231bの後端面
231b3と背部用連結部21aの上端面21a1と補
強斜材225の前側面225cとの間に形成される三角
形状の空間及び連結板231bの三角形状の開口を介し
て、補強板35を背部用平割材21及び連結板231b
の後側面(及び/または連結板31aの内側面)に固着
することができる。更にまた、連結板231bのみなら
ず、連結板31aをも同様の略三角形枠状とすることも
できる。この場合、連結板231bの後端面231b3
と背部用連結部21aの上端面21a1と補強斜材22
5の前側面225cとの間に形成される三角形状の空間
及び連結板31a,231bの三角形状の開口を介し
て、補強板35を背部用平割材21及び連結板31a,
231bの後側面に固着することができる。
Further, the connecting plate 231b is connected to the back connecting portion 2
It is also possible to make it a substantially triangular frame shape corresponding to the connecting portion 1a for the seat portion 11a and the reinforcing diagonal member 225. That is, the connecting plate 2
31b has a triangular outer shape corresponding to the triangular shape formed between the front end surface 231b1 of 31b, the lower end surface of the back connecting portion 21a, and the rear side surface 225d of the reinforcing diagonal member 225, and the rear of the connecting plate 231b. End face 231b3 and back joint 21a
A connecting plate 231b having a triangular opening corresponding to the triangular space formed between the upper end surface 21a1 and the front side surface 225c of the reinforcing diagonal member 225 may be used. In this case, the area of the connecting plate 231b is further increased so that the seat portion 10 and the back portion 20 are formed by the connecting plate 31a and the connecting plate 231b.
Can be further increased, the thickness of the reinforcing diagonal member 225 and the areas of the support end faces 225a and 225b can be increased, and the connecting strength of the seat portion 10 and the back portion 20 by the reinforcing diagonal member 225 can be further increased. In addition, a triangular space formed between the rear end surface 231b3 of the connecting plate 231b, the upper end surface 21a1 of the back connecting portion 21a and the front side surface 225c of the reinforcing diagonal member 225 and the triangular opening of the connecting plate 231b are inserted. The reinforcing plate 35 to the back splitting material 21 and the connecting plate 231b.
It can be fixed to the rear side surface (and / or the inner side surface of the connecting plate 31a). Furthermore, not only the connecting plate 231b but also the connecting plate 31a can be formed in a similar triangular frame shape. In this case, the rear end surface 231b3 of the connecting plate 231b
And the upper end surface 21a1 of the back connecting portion 21a and the reinforcing diagonal member 22.
5 through the triangular space formed between it and the front side surface 225c and the triangular openings of the connecting plates 31a and 231b, the reinforcing plate 35 is attached to the back flat split member 21 and the connecting plate 31a,
It can be fixed to the rear side surface of 231b.
【0095】上記いずれの場合も、背部20の傾斜角度
は、実施の形態1と同様、約3度〜10度の範囲とする
ことが好ましく、約3度〜7度の範囲とすることが更に
好ましく、約3度〜5度の範囲とすることが更に一層好
ましい。
In any of the above cases, the inclination angle of the back portion 20 is preferably in the range of about 3 degrees to 10 degrees, and more preferably in the range of about 3 degrees to 7 degrees, as in the first embodiment. It is more preferably about 3 to 5 degrees.
【0096】実施の形態12に係る石材用木質パレット
は、実施の形態6と同様、座部10の座屈を防止する等
の目的で、座部10の各座部用平割材11の前端部左右
両側面に固定ブロック251を固着している。具体的に
は、座部10の各座部用平割材11の前端部の内外側面
と最も前側の板材12との間に形成される全てのコーナ
部には、図19に示すように、それぞれ、ブロック状木
質材としてのコーナブロック251が釘打ち等により固
着されている。各コーナブロック251は、座部用平割
材11の厚みと略同一の厚みを有し、各コーナ部に対応
する直方体形状若しくは短い板状をなしている。なお、
全てのコーナ部にコーナブロックを固着することなく、
必要な座屈強度に応じて、必要な数のコーナブロックを
必要なコーナ部に固着することもできる。
The wooden pallet for stone according to the twelfth embodiment is similar to the sixth embodiment in that the front end of the flat dividing material 11 for each seat portion of the seat portion 10 is used for the purpose of preventing buckling of the seat portion 10, and the like. Fixed blocks 251 are fixed to both left and right side surfaces of the part. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 19, in all the corner portions formed between the inner and outer surfaces of the front end portion of each seat portion flat-split material 11 of the seat portion 10 and the frontmost plate material 12, as shown in FIG. A corner block 251 as a block-shaped wood material is fixed by nailing or the like. Each corner block 251 has a thickness that is substantially the same as the thickness of the flat division member 11 for a seat portion, and has a rectangular parallelepiped shape or a short plate shape corresponding to each corner portion. In addition,
Without fixing corner blocks to all corners,
Depending on the required buckling strength, the required number of corner blocks can be fixed to the required corner portions.
【0097】上記のように構成した実施の形態12に係
る石材用木質パレットは、実施の形態1や実施の形態6
で述べたと同様の作用及び効果を発揮すると共に、石材
による後方荷重に対する支持強度を一層向上することが
できる。発明者等による実験結果によれば、本実施の形
態に係る石材用木質パレットは、特に、後方荷重に対す
る強度(最大支持荷重)が飛躍的に増大することが確認
されている。例えば、図16に示すタイプの石材用木質
パレットの場合、次の条件下で計測すると、凭れかかる
石材に対する背部20の耐荷重は以下の通りであった。
The stone wooden pallet according to the twelfth embodiment having the above-described structure is used in the first and sixth embodiments.
The same action and effect as described above can be exhibited, and the supporting strength against the rear load by the stone material can be further improved. According to the experimental results by the inventors, it has been confirmed that the strength of the wooden pallet for stone according to the present embodiment, especially to the rear load (maximum supporting load), increases dramatically. For example, in the case of the stone wooden pallet of the type shown in FIG. 16, the load resistance of the back portion 20 against the leaning stone material was as follows when measured under the following conditions.
【0098】 寸法=W800mm*L900mm*H800mm 積載総重量=1200kg 背部20の傾斜角度=約5度[0098] Dimension = W800mm * L900mm * H800mm Total load weight = 1200kg Inclination angle of back 20 = about 5 degrees
【0099】 最大後方支持耐荷重(後方への耐荷重)=約300kg これは、通常の使用条件(石材の最大積載枚数及び最大
荷重等)を考慮しても十分以上の値である。
Maximum rear supporting load capacity (rear load capacity) = about 300 kg This is a value that is more than sufficient even in consideration of normal use conditions (maximum number of stone materials to be loaded, maximum load, etc.).
【0100】 最大前方支持耐荷重(前方への耐荷重)=約240kg これは、通常の使用条件を考慮しても十分以上の値であ
る。
Maximum front supporting load capacity (load capacity to the front) = about 240 kg This is a value that is more than sufficient even in consideration of normal use conditions.
【0101】一方、本実施の形態では、座部10に石材
Sを積載したときに、板材12の左右方向に石材Sの荷
重が偏って加わり、座部10が左右に座屈する可能性が
生じた場合でも、板材12の下面側の各コーナ部に存在
するコーナブロック251が、地面に接触して、板材1
2の左右方向に加わる石材Sの荷重を確実に支持する。
その結果、座部10の座屈を効果的に防止することがで
きる。
On the other hand, in this embodiment, when the stone material S is loaded on the seat portion 10, the load of the stone material S is biased in the lateral direction of the plate material 12 and the seat portion 10 may buckle left and right. Even in the case of the plate material 1, the corner blocks 251 existing in the respective corner portions on the lower surface side of the plate material 12 come into contact with the ground, and the plate material 1
The load of the stone material S applied in the left-right direction of 2 is reliably supported.
As a result, buckling of the seat portion 10 can be effectively prevented.
【0102】なお、実施の形態12に係る石材用木質パ
レットは、補強斜材225を固着できる限りにおいて、
連結板231bを長方形状や略L字状や略三角形枠状以
外の形状、例えば、実施の形態1の連結板31bと同様
の略五画形状等の他の形状とし、面積を大きくして連結
強度を増大してもよい。或いは、連結板231bを連結
板31aと同様の略五画形状の板材より形成し、補強板
35を貫通して挿入できるような孔を形成してもよい。
The stone wooden pallet according to the twelfth embodiment is as long as the reinforcing diagonal members 225 can be fixed.
The connecting plate 231b has a shape other than a rectangular shape, a substantially L shape, or a substantially triangular frame shape, for example, another shape such as a substantially pentagonal shape similar to that of the connecting plate 31b of the first embodiment, and has a large area for connection. The strength may be increased. Alternatively, the connecting plate 231b may be formed of a plate material having a substantially pentagonal shape similar to the connecting plate 31a, and a hole that can be inserted through the reinforcing plate 35 may be formed.
【0103】[その他の別例]上記のように、本発明に
係る石材用木質パレットは、積載する石材の寸法(長さ
及び幅)に応じて、必要とする座部及び背部の奥行き、
幅、高さが決定される。よって、本発明に係る石材用木
質パレットは、必要とする座部及び背部の奥行き、幅、
高さに合わせて、使用する座部用平割材及び背部用平割
材の本数や長さを増減変更すると共に、座部用平割材及
び背部用平割材に固着する板材の枚数及び長さを増減変
更する。
[Other Other Examples] As described above, the stone wooden pallet according to the present invention requires the required depth of the seat portion and the back portion according to the dimensions (length and width) of the stone material to be loaded,
The width and height are determined. Therefore, the stone wood pallet according to the present invention, the depth and width of the required seat and back,
Depending on the height, the number and length of the seat flats and back flats to be used can be increased or decreased, and the number of plates to be fixed to the seat flats and back flats and Increase or decrease the length.
【0104】[固着手段]なお、上記各実施の形態で
は、座部用平割材11,11B及び背部用平割材21,
21Aに対する板材11,11B,11S,11C,1
2,12C,12D、連結板31a,31b,231
b、補強板35、埋込ブロック材41及びコーナブロッ
ク51,251の固着は、釘打ちにより行っている。こ
の場合、釘の種類としては、通常の釘の他、ねじ釘を使
用することもできる。また、上記固着は、釘打ち以外の
方法、例えば、接着により行うこともでき、或いは、釘
打ち及び接着を併用することもできる。或いは、それ以
外の固着用具を使用して行うこともできる。
[Fixing Means] In each of the above-mentioned embodiments, the flat-split material for seats 11, 11B and the flat-split material for back 21, 21,
Plate materials 11, 11B, 11S, 11C, 1 for 21A
2, 12C, 12D, connecting plates 31a, 31b, 231
The b, the reinforcing plate 35, the embedded block member 41, and the corner blocks 51 and 251 are fixed by nailing. In this case, as the type of nail, screw nails can be used in addition to ordinary nails. Further, the fixing may be performed by a method other than nailing, for example, by bonding, or nailing and bonding may be used together. Alternatively, it can be performed using other fixing tools.
【0105】[材料]また、上記座部用平割材11,1
1B、背部用平割材21,21A、板材11,11B,
11S,11C,12,12C,12D、連結板31
a,31b,231b、補強板35、埋込ブロック材4
1及びコーナブロック51,251の材質は、木質であ
る限りにおいて、通常の木材の他、合成木材等の各種木
質材料を使用することもできる。更に、本発明の座部用
木質骨格材及び背部用木質骨格材としては、断面矩形状
の長尺状をなす限りにおいて、平割材以外にも、各種の
木質材料を使用することができる。また、本発明の板状
木質材としては、板材以外にも、各種の板状木質材料を
使用することができる。更に、本発明の木質連結材とし
ては、板状をなす限りにおいて、各種の木質材料を使用
することができる。また、本発明の補強用木質材として
は、長尺状をなす限りにおいて、各種の木質材料を使用
することができる。更に、本発明のブロック状木質材と
しては、ブロック状をなす限りにおいて、各種の木質材
料を使用することができる。
[Material] In addition, the flat dividing members 11 and 1 for the seat portion
1B, back splitting materials 21, 21A, plate materials 11, 11B,
11S, 11C, 12, 12C, 12D, connecting plate 31
a, 31b, 231b, reinforcing plate 35, embedded block material 4
As the material of 1 and the corner blocks 51 and 251 as long as they are made of wood, various wood materials such as synthetic wood can be used in addition to ordinary wood. Further, as the wood skeleton material for seats and the wood skeleton material for backs of the present invention, various wood materials other than the flat split material can be used as long as they are long and have a rectangular cross section. Further, as the plate-shaped wood material of the present invention, various plate-shaped wood materials other than the plate material can be used. Further, as the wood connecting material of the present invention, various wood materials can be used as long as they have a plate shape. As the reinforcing wood material of the present invention, various wood materials can be used as long as they are long. Further, as the block-shaped wood material of the present invention, various wood-based materials can be used as long as they form a block shape.
【0106】[0106]
【発明の効果】請求項1の石材用木質パレットは、全体
が木質材料からなるため、安価であり、また、スチール
製のパレットのように石材を破損したり傷付けたりする
おそれがない。更に、左右一対の木質連結材により、座
部用木質骨格材の座部用連結部及び背部用木質骨格材の
背部用連結部を左右両側から挟んだ状態で支持するた
め、座部用連結部及び背部用連結部を面的に支持して連
結することができる。したがって、座部と背部との連結
面積が増大し、特に、石材用木質パレットの前後方向
(背部の傾斜方向)における連結強度が飛躍的に増大す
る。よって、背部の傾斜方向である後方への荷重に対す
る強度を飛躍的に増大することができる。その結果、座
部に対する背部の傾斜角度を大きくしても、石材の荷重
により背部が倒れることはない。これにより、座部に縦
積みした石材を背部に大きな傾斜角度で寄りかからせて
支持することができ、石材をより安定した状態で搬送ま
たは運搬することができる。
The wooden pallet for stone according to the first aspect is inexpensive because it is entirely made of a wooden material, and there is no risk of damaging or damaging the stone unlike a steel pallet. Further, the pair of left and right wood connecting members support the seat connecting portion of the seat wooden skeletal member and the back connecting portion of the back wooden skeletal member in a state of being sandwiched from the left and right sides. Also, the back connecting portion can be supported while being supported in a planar manner. Therefore, the connecting area between the seat portion and the back portion is increased, and in particular, the connecting strength in the front-rear direction (inclining direction of the back portion) of the stone wooden pallet is dramatically increased. Therefore, it is possible to dramatically increase the strength with respect to the load to the rear, which is the direction of inclination of the back. As a result, even if the angle of inclination of the back portion with respect to the seat portion is increased, the back portion does not fall due to the load of the stone material. As a result, the stone materials vertically stacked on the seat portion can be leaned against the back portion with a large inclination angle and supported, and the stone materials can be transported or transported in a more stable state.
【0107】加えて、背部を座部に対して面的に連結す
ることにより、石材用木質パレットの前後方向のみなら
ず、左右方向においても座部に対する背部の連結強度を
増大することができる。よって、座部に石材を積載した
ときに、左右方向への応力が加わった場合でも、背部が
横ぶれすることを防止することができ、座部に対する背
部の座屈を少なくすることができる。
In addition, by connecting the back portion to the seat portion in a planar manner, the strength of connecting the back portion to the seat portion can be increased not only in the front-rear direction but also in the left-right direction of the stone pallet for stone material. Therefore, when a stone material is loaded on the seat portion, even if a stress is applied in the left-right direction, the back portion can be prevented from laterally swinging, and buckling of the back portion with respect to the seat portion can be reduced.
【0108】また、連結手段は、木質連結材を安価な合
板により構成することができ、製造コストを一層低減す
ることができる。更に、座部用木質骨格材の数を各1個
とすることができ、全体の使用本数を削減して、製造コ
ストを更に一層低減することができる。
Further, the connecting means can be made of wood connecting material made of inexpensive plywood, and the manufacturing cost can be further reduced. Further, the number of the wooden skeleton members for the seat portion can be set to one, respectively, and the total number of used wooden skeleton members can be reduced to further reduce the manufacturing cost.
【0109】請求項2の石材用木質パレットは、更に、
座部に対する背部の傾斜角度を後方に約3度〜10度の
角度範囲としたことにより、縦積みした石材を背部に凭
れた状態で支持したときに、石材が前方に倒れることを
有効に防止でき、かつ、凭れかかる石材から背部に加わ
る後方荷重を背部により確実に支持することができる。
請求項3の石材用木質パレットは、更に、木質連結材の
下端面を座部用木質骨格の下側面に合致させた状態で、
背部用木質骨格材の背部用連結部の前側面を木質連結材
の前端面に位置合わせすることにより、座部用木質骨格
材に対して背部用木質骨格材を自動的に所定の傾斜角度
で位置合わせすることができる。そして、この状態で、
左右一対の木質連結材を背部用連結部に対して釘打ち等
により固着することにより、座部用木質連結材に対して
背部用木質骨格材を所定の傾斜角度で連結固定すること
ができる。その結果、座部用木質骨格材に対する背部用
木質骨格材の位置決めを簡単に行うことができ、作業性
を向上することができる。
The wood pallet for stone according to claim 2 further comprises:
By setting the angle of inclination of the back part to the seat part to an angle range of about 3 degrees to 10 degrees backward, it is possible to effectively prevent the stone materials from falling forward when supporting vertically stacked stone materials while leaning against the back. The back load applied from the leaning stone material to the back can be reliably supported by the back.
The wooden pallet for stones according to claim 3, further in a state where the lower end surface of the wooden connecting material is matched with the lower surface of the wooden skeleton for the seat portion,
By aligning the front side surface of the back connecting part of the back timber skeleton with the front end surface of the wood connecting material, the back timber skeleton is automatically set at a predetermined inclination angle with respect to the seat wood skeleton. Can be aligned. And in this state,
By fixing the pair of left and right wood connecting members to the back connecting portion by nailing or the like, the back wooden skeleton member can be connected and fixed to the seat connecting wooden member at a predetermined inclination angle. As a result, the back wooden skeleton can be easily positioned with respect to the seat wooden skeleton, and the workability can be improved.
【0110】請求項4の石材用木質パレットは、更に、
板状の補強用木質材の下端面と前側面との間のコーナ部
を、座部用木質骨格材の後端部の上側面と左右両端の木
質連結材以外の木質連結材の後端面との間のコーナ部に
合致させて当接させることにより、補強用木質材を簡単
に位置決めすることができる。そして、この状態で、補
強用木質材を左右両端の木質連結材以外の木質連結材に
対して釘打ち等により簡単に固着することができる。こ
れにより、補強用木質材が、背部用木質骨格材の後端に
固着され、背部用木質骨格材間を連結して補強する。な
お、フォークリフトのフォークを座部の後側から差し込
むと、フォークは座部の板状木質材の下側面に当接する
と共に、補強用木質材の下端面に当接して、座部を介し
てパレットを上下動する。したがって、フォークリフト
による搬送時に、座部の板状木質材の割れを防止するこ
とができる。また、背部に対して左右方向への応力が加
わったときの背部の横ぶれを補強用木質材により効果的
に防止することができる。
The wooden pallet for stone according to claim 4 further comprises:
The corners between the lower end surface and the front side surface of the plate-shaped reinforcing wood material are the upper surface of the rear end portion of the wooden skeleton member for the seat and the rear end surface of the wood connecting material other than the left and right wood connecting materials. The reinforcing wood material can be easily positioned by aligning and abutting the corner portions between them. Then, in this state, the reinforcing wood material can be easily fixed to the wood connecting material other than the left and right wood connecting materials by nailing or the like. As a result, the reinforcing wood material is fixed to the rear end of the back wood skeleton member, and the back wood skeleton members are connected and reinforced. When the fork of the forklift truck is inserted from the rear side of the seat part, the fork comes into contact with the lower side surface of the plate-like wood material of the seat part and the lower end surface of the reinforcing wood material, and the pallet is inserted through the seat part. Move up and down. Therefore, it is possible to prevent cracking of the plate-like wood material of the seat portion during transportation by the forklift. Further, the lateral swing of the back portion when a stress is applied to the back portion in the left-right direction can be effectively prevented by the reinforcing wood material.
【0111】請求項5の石材用木質パレットは、更に、
補強用木質材の前側面を、木質連結材の後端面に当接さ
せた状態で、補強用木質材をブロック状木質材に対して
釘打ち等により簡単に固着することができる。これによ
り、補強用木質材が、背部用木質骨格材の後端に固着さ
れ、背部用木質骨格材間を連結して補強する。したがっ
て、背部に対して左右方向への応力が加わったときの背
部の横ぶれを補強用木質材により効果的に防止すること
ができる。
The wooden pallet for stone according to claim 5 further comprises:
It is possible to easily fix the reinforcing wood material to the block-shaped wood material by nailing or the like with the front side surface of the reinforcing wood material being in contact with the rear end surface of the wood connection material. As a result, the reinforcing wood material is fixed to the rear end of the back wood skeleton member, and the back wood skeleton members are connected and reinforced. Therefore, the lateral swing of the back portion when a stress is applied to the back portion in the left-right direction can be effectively prevented by the reinforcing wood material.
【0112】請求項6の石材用木質パレットは、更に、
座部に石材を積載しない通常状態では、中央の座部用木
質骨格材の下側面が地面から上方に浮き上がった位置に
あるため、必ず、左右の座部用木質骨格材のみが地面に
接触することになり、座部が中央の座部用木質骨格材を
支点としてやじろべえのように左右にかしぐことはな
い。したがって、座部に軋みやぐらつきを生じたり、座
部に石材を積載したときにその荷重により座部が座屈し
たりすることはない。また、座部に石材を積載した積載
状態では、石材の荷重により座部の左右中央が下方に弾
性的に湾曲して、左右の座部用木質骨格材に加えて中央
の座部用木質骨格材が全て地面に接触する。そのため、
全ての座部用木質骨格材により座部を支持し、石材の荷
重を安定して確実に負担することができる。
The wooden pallet for stone according to claim 6 further comprises:
In a normal state where no stone is loaded on the seat, the lower side surface of the wood skeleton for the seat in the center is located above the ground, so that only the wood skeleton for the seats on the left and right always contacts the ground. This means that the seat does not squeeze to the left or right like the jjibae with the wooden skeleton for the seat in the center as a fulcrum. Therefore, the seat does not creak or wobble, and when the stone is loaded on the seat, the load does not cause the seat to buckle. In addition, when the stone is loaded on the seat, the left and right center of the seat elastically bends downward due to the load of the stone, and the wooden skeleton for the center seat is added to the wooden skeleton for the left and right seats. All the materials come into contact with the ground. for that reason,
The seat portion is supported by all the wooden skeleton members for the seat portion, and the load of the stone material can be stably and reliably beared.
【0113】請求項7の石材用木質パレットは、上記の
ように構成したため、請求項6と同様の効果を発揮す
る。
Since the stone wooden pallet according to claim 7 is configured as described above, it exhibits the same effect as that of claim 6.
【0114】請求項8の石材用木質パレットは、石材の
締結時に、締結バンドは収容凹部に収容され、収容凹部
内で板状木質材に当接する。したがって、締結バンドの
締結圧力が板状木質材の収容凹部の周縁部分により均等
に吸収される。その結果、最も前側の板状木質材の割れ
を効果的に防止することができる。
In the stone wooden pallet according to the eighth aspect, the fastening band is housed in the housing recess when the stone is fastened, and abuts against the plate-shaped wood material in the housing recess. Therefore, the fastening pressure of the fastening band is evenly absorbed by the peripheral portion of the accommodation recess of the plate-shaped wood material. As a result, it is possible to effectively prevent the front wooden plate from cracking.
【0115】請求項9の石材用木質パレットは、板状木
質材の左右両端部の突出部分により、釘打ちによる割れ
方向(板材の幅方向)への応力が吸収されるため、板状
木質材を釘打ちしたときに、板状木質材の割れを効果的
に防止することができる。
According to the wood pallet for stones of claim 9, since the stress in the cracking direction (width direction of the plate material) due to nailing is absorbed by the protruding portions at the left and right ends of the plate-shaped wood material, It is possible to effectively prevent cracking of the plate-like wood material when nailing.
【0116】請求項10の石材用木質パレットは、座部
に石材を積載したときに、板状木質材の左右両端突出部
分の下面側のコーナ部に存在するブロック状木質材が、
地面に接触して、板状木質材の左右両端突出部分に加わ
る石材の荷重を確実に支持する。その結果、座部の座屈
を効果的に防止することができる。
According to the stone wooden pallet of claim 10, when the stone is loaded on the seat portion, the block-shaped wooden material existing at the corners on the lower surface side of the protruding portions on the left and right ends of the plate-shaped wooden material is
By contacting the ground, it reliably supports the load of stone applied to the left and right protruding parts of the plate-shaped wood material. As a result, buckling of the seat can be effectively prevented.
【0117】請求項11の石材用木質パレットは、全体
が木質材料からなるため、安価であり、また、スチール
製のパレットのように石材を破損したり傷付けたりする
おそれがない。更に、木質斜材により、座部用木質骨格
材の座部用連結部に対して背部用木質骨格材の背部用連
結部を後方から支持するため、座部用連結部及び背部用
連結部を後方から確実かつ強固に支持して連結すること
ができる。したがって、座部と背部との連結強度が増大
し、特に、背部の後方荷重に対する強度が増大する。更
に、座部用木質骨格材に対する背部用木質骨格材の傾斜
角度を後方に約3度〜10度の角度範囲としたことによ
り、縦積みした石材を背部に凭れた状態で支持したとき
に、石材が前方に倒れることを有効に防止でき、かつ、
凭れかかる石材から背部に加わる後方荷重を背部により
確実に支持することができる。その結果、座部に対する
背部の傾斜角度を大きくしても、石材の荷重により背部
が倒れることはない。これにより、座部に縦積みした石
材を背部に大きな傾斜角度で寄りかからせて支持するこ
とができ、石材をより安定した状態で搬送または運搬す
ることができる。
The stone wooden pallet according to claim 11 is inexpensive because the whole is made of a wooden material, and there is no risk of damaging or damaging the stone unlike a steel pallet. Further, since the wood diagonal member supports the back connecting portion of the back wooden skeleton from the rear with respect to the seat connecting portion of the seat wooden skeleton, the seat connecting portion and the back connecting portion are provided. It is possible to securely and firmly support and connect from the rear. Therefore, the connection strength between the seat portion and the back portion is increased, and particularly, the strength of the back portion against a rear load is increased. Furthermore, when the inclination angle of the back wooden skeleton with respect to the seat wooden skeleton is set to an angle range of about 3 to 10 degrees backward, when the vertically stacked stones are supported by the back, It is possible to effectively prevent the stones from falling forward, and
The back load applied from the leaning stone material to the back can be reliably supported by the back. As a result, even if the angle of inclination of the back portion with respect to the seat portion is increased, the back portion does not fall due to the load of the stone material. As a result, the stone materials vertically stacked on the seat portion can be leaned against the back portion with a large inclination angle and supported, and the stone materials can be transported or transported in a more stable state.
【0118】請求項12の石材用木質パレットは、全体
が木質材料からなるため、安価であり、また、スチール
製のパレットのように石材を破損したり傷付けたりする
おそれがない。更に、左右一対の木質連結材により、座
部用木質骨格材の座部用連結部及び背部用木質骨格材の
背部用連結部を左右両側から挟んだ状態で支持するた
め、座部用連結部及び背部用連結部を面的に支持して連
結することができる。したがって、座部と背部との連結
面積が増大し、特に、石材用木質パレットの前後方向
(背部の傾斜方向)における連結強度が飛躍的に増大す
る。よって、背部の傾斜方向である後方への荷重に対す
る強度を飛躍的に増大することができる。その結果、座
部に対する背部の傾斜角度を大きくしても、石材の荷重
により背部が倒れることはない。これにより、座部に縦
積みした石材を背部に大きな傾斜角度で寄りかからせて
支持することができ、石材をより安定した状態で搬送ま
たは運搬することができる。更にまた、木質斜材によ
り、座部用木質骨格材の座部用連結部に対して背部用木
質骨格材の背部用連結部を後方から支持するため、座部
用連結部及び背部用連結部を後方から確実かつ強固に支
持して連結することができる。したがって、座部と背部
との連結強度が一層増大し、特に、背部の後方荷重に対
する強度が一層増大する。
The stone wooden pallet of claim 12 is inexpensive because it is entirely made of a wooden material, and there is no risk of damaging or scratching the stone unlike a steel pallet. Further, the pair of left and right wood connecting members support the seat connecting portion of the seat wooden skeletal member and the back connecting portion of the back wooden skeletal member in a state of being sandwiched from the left and right sides. Also, the back connecting portion can be supported while being supported in a planar manner. Therefore, the connecting area between the seat portion and the back portion is increased, and in particular, the connecting strength in the front-rear direction (inclining direction of the back portion) of the stone wooden pallet is dramatically increased. Therefore, it is possible to dramatically increase the strength with respect to the load to the rear, which is the direction of inclination of the back. As a result, even if the angle of inclination of the back portion with respect to the seat portion is increased, the back portion does not fall due to the load of the stone material. As a result, the stone materials vertically stacked on the seat portion can be leaned against the back portion with a large inclination angle and supported, and the stone materials can be transported or transported in a more stable state. Furthermore, since the wooden diagonal member supports the back connecting portion of the back wooden skeleton from the rear with respect to the seat connecting portion of the seat wooden skeleton, the seat connecting portion and the back connecting portion are provided. Can be securely and firmly supported and connected from the rear. Therefore, the strength of connection between the seat portion and the back portion is further increased, and particularly, the strength of the back portion against a rear load is further increased.
【0119】請求項13の石材用木質パレットは、更
に、座部に対する背部の傾斜角度を後方に約3度〜10
度の角度範囲としたことにより、縦積みした石材を背部
に凭れた状態で支持したときに、石材が前方に倒れるこ
とを有効に防止でき、かつ、凭れかかる石材から背部に
加わる後方荷重を背部により確実に支持することができ
る。
In the stone wood pallet according to the thirteenth aspect, the inclination angle of the back portion with respect to the seat portion is further about 3 degrees to 10 degrees backward.
By setting the angle range of degrees, it is possible to effectively prevent the stones from falling forward when the vertically stacked stones are supported on the back, and the back load applied from the leaning stones to the back is backed. Can be reliably supported.
【0120】請求項14の石材用木質パレットは、更
に、板状の補強用木質材の下端面と前側面との間のコー
ナ部を、座部用木質骨格材の後端部の上側面と背部用木
質骨格材の後側面及び左右両端の木質連結材以外の木質
連結材の後端面との間のコーナ部に合致させて当接させ
ることにより、補強用木質材を簡単に位置決めすること
ができる。そして、この状態で、補強用木質材を背部用
木質骨格材及び/または左右両端の木質連結材以外の木
質連結材に対して釘打ち等により簡単に固着することが
できる。これにより、補強用木質材が、背部用木質骨格
材の後端に固着され、背部用木質骨格材間を連結して補
強する。なお、フォークリフトのフォークを座部の後側
から差し込むと、フォークは座部の板状木質材の下側面
に当接すると共に、補強用木質材の下端面に当接して、
座部を介してパレットを上下動する。したがって、フォ
ークリフトによる搬送時に、座部の板状木質材の割れを
防止することができる。また、背部に対して左右方向へ
の応力が加わったときの背部の横ぶれを補強用木質材に
より効果的に防止することができる。
In the stone wood pallet according to claim 14, the corner portion between the lower end surface and the front side surface of the plate-shaped reinforcing wood material is further provided with the upper side surface of the rear end portion of the wood skeleton material for seats. The reinforcing wood material can be easily positioned by matching and abutting the corners between the rear side surface of the back wooden skeleton material and the rear end surfaces of the wood connecting materials other than the wood connecting materials at the left and right ends. it can. Then, in this state, the reinforcing wood material can be easily fixed to the wood skeleton material for the back portion and / or the wood connection material other than the left and right wood connection materials by nailing or the like. As a result, the reinforcing wood material is fixed to the rear end of the back wood skeleton member, and the back wood skeleton members are connected and reinforced. When the fork of the forklift is inserted from the rear side of the seat part, the fork comes into contact with the lower side surface of the plate-like wood material of the seat part and also comes into contact with the lower end surface of the reinforcing wood material,
Move the pallet up and down via the seat. Therefore, it is possible to prevent cracking of the plate-like wood material of the seat portion during transportation by the forklift. Further, the lateral swing of the back portion when a stress is applied to the back portion in the left-right direction can be effectively prevented by the reinforcing wood material.
【0121】請求項15の石材用木質パレットは、更
に、木質連結材が合板からなるため、その材料を安価に
入手し、安価かつ容易に製作することができ、全体の製
造コストを低減することができる。また、木質斜材も板
材より構成することができるため、その材料を安価に入
手し、安価かつ容易に製作することができ、全体の製造
コストを一層低減することができる。
In the stone wood pallet according to claim 15, since the wood connecting material is made of plywood, the material can be obtained at low cost, can be manufactured easily at low cost, and the overall manufacturing cost can be reduced. You can Further, since the wooden diagonal member can also be made of a plate member, the material can be obtained at low cost, can be manufactured inexpensively and easily, and the overall manufacturing cost can be further reduced.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]
【図1】図1は本発明の実施の形態1に係る石材用木質
パレットを正面側から見て示す斜視図である。
FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a wooden pallet for stones according to a first embodiment of the present invention as viewed from the front side.
【図2】図2は本発明の実施の形態1に係る石材用木質
パレットを示す側面図である。
FIG. 2 is a side view showing a wooden pallet for stone according to the first embodiment of the present invention.
【図3】図3は本発明の実施の形態1に係る石材用木質
パレットの要部を拡大して示す側面図である。
[Fig. 3] Fig. 3 is a side view showing an enlarged main part of the stone wooden pallet according to the first embodiment of the present invention.
【図4】図4は本発明の実施の形態1に係る石材用木質
パレットを示す底面図である。
FIG. 4 is a bottom view showing the wooden pallet for stone according to the first embodiment of the present invention.
【図5】図5は実施の形態1に係る石材用木質パレット
において補強板を後付けする場合を示す正面図である。
FIG. 5 is a front view showing a case where a reinforcing plate is retrofitted in the stone wooden pallet according to the first embodiment.
【図6】図6は本発明の実施の形態2に係る石材用木質
パレットの要部を示す斜視図である。
FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing a main part of a wooden pallet for stone according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
【図7】図7は本発明の実施の形態3に係る石材用木質
パレットを背面側から見て示す斜視図である。
FIG. 7 is a perspective view showing a wooden pallet for stones according to a third embodiment of the present invention as viewed from the back side.
【図8】図8は本発明の実施の形態4に係る石材用木質
パレットの要部を示す側面図である。
FIG. 8 is a side view showing a main part of a wooden pallet for stone according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention.
【図9】図9は本発明の実施の形態5に係る石材用木質
パレットの要部を示す正面図である。
FIG. 9 is a front view showing a main part of a wooden pallet for stones according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention.
【図10】図10は本発明の実施の形態6に係る石材用
木質パレットの要部を座部の下面側から見て示す斜視図
である。
FIG. 10 is a perspective view showing a main part of a wooden pallet for stones according to a sixth embodiment of the present invention as viewed from the lower surface side of a seat part.
【図11】図11は本発明の実施の形態7に係る石材用
木質パレットを示す斜視図である。
FIG. 11 is a perspective view showing a wooden pallet for stone according to a seventh embodiment of the present invention.
【図12】図12は本発明の実施の形態8に係る石材用
木質パレットを示す斜視図である。
FIG. 12 is a perspective view showing a stone wooden pallet according to an eighth embodiment of the present invention.
【図13】図13は本発明の実施の形態9に係る石材用
木質パレットを示す斜視図である。
FIG. 13 is a perspective view showing a wooden pallet for stone according to a ninth embodiment of the present invention.
【図14】図14は本発明の実施の形態10に係る石材
用木質パレットを示す斜視図である。
FIG. 14 is a perspective view showing a wooden pallet for stone according to a tenth embodiment of the present invention.
【図15】図15は本発明の実施の形態11に係る石材
用木質パレットを示す斜視図である。
FIG. 15 is a perspective view showing a wooden pallet for stones according to an eleventh embodiment of the present invention.
【図16】図16は本発明の実施の形態12に係る石材
用木質パレットを正面側から見て示す斜視図である。
FIG. 16 is a perspective view showing a wooden pallet for stones according to a twelfth embodiment of the present invention as viewed from the front side.
【図17】図17は本発明の実施の形態12に係る石材
用木質パレットの要部を拡大して示す側面図である。
FIG. 17 is a side view showing, on an enlarged scale, a main part of a wooden pallet for stone material according to a twelfth embodiment of the present invention.
【図18】図18は本発明の実施の形態12に係る石材
用木質パレットを示す底面図である。
FIG. 18 is a bottom view showing a stone wooden pallet according to Embodiment 12 of the present invention.
【図19】図19は本発明の実施の形態12に係る石材
用パレットを示す背面図である。
FIG. 19 is a rear view showing a stone pallet according to Embodiment 12 of the present invention.
【図20】図20は本発明の実施の形態12に係る石材
用木質パレットの要部を背面側から見て示す斜視図であ
る。
FIG. 20 is a perspective view showing a main part of a wooden pallet for stones according to a twelfth embodiment of the present invention as viewed from the back side.
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
10:座部、11,11B:座部用平割材(座部用木質
骨格材) 11S:座部用平割材(左右の座部用木質骨格材) 11C:座部用平割材(中央の座部用木質骨格材) 11a:座部用連結部、12,12C,12D:板材
(板状木質材) 12a:切欠き凹部 20:背部、21,21A:背部用平割材(背部用木質
骨格材) 21a:背部用連結部、22,22C,22D:板材
(板状木質材) 30:連結手段、31a,31b,231b:連結板
(木質連結材) 31a1,31b1,231b1:下端面 31a2,31b2,231b2:前端面 31b3,231b3:後端面 35,35C,35D:補強板(補強用木質材) 41:ブロック状木質材(埋込ブロック材) 51,251:ブロック状木質材(コーナブロック) 225:補強斜材(木質斜材)
10: Seat part, 11 and 11B: Flat split material for seat part (wooden frame material for seat part) 11S: Flat split material for seat part (wooden frame material for left and right seat parts) 11C: Flat plate material for seat part ( Wood skeleton material for seat in the center) 11a: Connection portion for seat, 12, 12C, 12D: Plate material (wood material) 12a: Notch recess 20: Back part, 21,21A: Flat part for back part (back part) Wood skeleton material) 21a: Back connection part, 22, 22C, 22D: Plate material (plate wood material) 30: Connection means, 31a, 31b, 231b: Connection plate (wood connection material) 31a1, 31b1, 231b1: Bottom End faces 31a2, 31b2, 231b2: Front end faces 31b3, 231b3: Rear end faces 35, 35C, 35D: Reinforcing plate (wood material for reinforcement) 41: Block-shaped wood material (embedded block material) 51, 251: Block-shaped wood material ( Corner block) 225: Reinforcement Diagonal wood (woody diagonal)

Claims (15)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 石材を下方から支持するための座部と、
    石材を後方から支持するための背部と、前記座部及び背
    部を互いに連結する連結手段とを備え、 前記座部は、複数本の断面矩形状の長尺状をなす座部用
    木質骨格材を、前後方向に延びるよう、かつ、左右方向
    に離間するよう互いに平行に配置し、前記座部用木質骨
    格材の後端側の所定長さの部分を座部用連結部とすると
    共に、前記座部用木質骨格材の上端面に板状木質材を左
    右方向に延びるよう固着してなり、 前記背部は、断面矩形状の長尺状をなす背部用木質骨格
    材を、前記座部用木質骨格材の座部用連結部の各々に対
    して後方に傾斜した状態で上下方向に延びるよう互いに
    平行に配置し、前記背部用木質骨格材の下端側の所定長
    さの部分を背部用連結部とすると共に、前記背部用木質
    骨格材に板状木質材を左右方向に延びるよう固着してな
    り、 前記連結手段は、左右一対の板状の木質連結材を含み、
    前記左右一対の木質連結材により前記座部用連結部及び
    前記背部用連結部を左右両側から挟んだ状態で、前記木
    質連結材の下側部を前記座部用連結部に固着すると共
    に、前記木質連結材の上側部を前記背部用連結部に固着
    することにより、前記座部及び前記背部を互いに移動不
    能に連結固定してなることを特徴とする石材用木質パレ
    ット。
    1. A seat for supporting a stone material from below,
    A back part for supporting a stone material from the rear, and a connecting means for connecting the seat part and the back part to each other are provided, and the seat part comprises a plurality of elongated rectangular wood skeletal members having a rectangular cross section. , Extending in the front-rear direction and spaced apart in the left-right direction, are arranged in parallel with each other, and a portion of a predetermined length on the rear end side of the wooden skeleton member for a seat portion serves as a seat portion connecting portion, and A plate-like wood material is fixed to the upper end surface of the wood skeleton member for parts so as to extend in the left-right direction, and the back part is a long wood skeleton material for the back part having a rectangular cross section, and the wood skeleton for the seat part. The seat connecting portions of the material are arranged in parallel to each other so as to extend in the up-down direction in a state of being inclined rearward, and a portion of a predetermined length on the lower end side of the back timber skeleton material serves as the back connecting portion At the same time, a plate-like wood material is fixed to the back wood skeletal material so as to extend in the left-right direction. Becomes, the connecting means comprises a pair of left and right plate-shaped wooden connecting member,
    While sandwiching the seat connecting part and the back connecting part from the left and right sides by the pair of left and right wood connecting materials, the lower part of the wood connecting material is fixed to the seat connecting part, and A wooden pallet for stones, characterized in that the seat portion and the back portion are connected and fixed to each other by immobilizing the upper portion of the wooden connecting member to the connecting portion for the back portion.
  2. 【請求項2】 前記背部を前記座部に対して後方に約3
    度〜10度の角度範囲で傾斜させた状態で、前記木質連
    結材により前記座部及び前記背部を互いに移動不能に固
    定したことを特徴とする請求項1記載の石材用木質パレ
    ット。
    2. The back part is located approximately 3 times behind the seat part.
    The wooden pallet for stone according to claim 1, wherein the seat portion and the back portion are fixed so as not to move with each other by the wooden connecting member in a state of being inclined in an angle range of 10 degrees to 10 degrees.
  3. 【請求項3】 前記木質連結材は、前記座部用木質骨格
    材の下側面と略同一方向に延びる下端面と、前記下端面
    に対して前記背部用木質骨格材の傾斜角度と略同一の傾
    斜角度で後方に傾斜する前端面とを有することを特徴と
    する請求項1または2記載の石材用木質パレット。
    3. The wood connecting material has a lower end surface extending substantially in the same direction as a lower side surface of the seat wood skeleton member, and an inclination angle of the back wood skeleton member with respect to the lower end surface. The wooden pallet for stone according to claim 1 or 2, further comprising a front end surface that is inclined rearward at an inclination angle.
  4. 【請求項4】 前記木質連結材の後部は、前記背部用木
    質骨格材の後側面から後方に突出し、 前記木質連結材のうち、前記座部の左右両端の木質連結
    材以外の木質連結材の後端面を、前記左右両端の木質連
    結材の後端面より前方の位置で略垂直方向に延びるよう
    形成し、長尺状をなす補強用木質材を前記左右両端の木
    質連結材間に配置すると共に、前記補強用木質材の前側
    面を前記左右両端の木質連結材以外の木質連結材の後端
    面に固着したことを特徴とする請求項1乃至3のいずれ
    か1項記載の石材用木質パレット。
    4. A rear portion of the wooden connecting member projects rearward from a rear side surface of the back wooden skeleton member, and of the wooden connecting members, a wooden connecting member other than the wooden connecting members on both left and right ends of the seat portion is formed. The rear end face is formed to extend in a substantially vertical direction at a position in front of the rear end faces of the left and right wood connecting members, and a long reinforcing wood member is arranged between the left and right end wood connecting members. The wood pallet for stone according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the front side surface of the reinforcing wood material is fixed to the rear end surface of the wood connecting material other than the left and right wood connecting materials.
  5. 【請求項5】 前記各一対の木質連結材間の隙間に、対
    応する幅のブロック状木質材を挿入すると共に、前記ブ
    ロック状木質材の後端面が前記木質連結材の後端面と略
    面一となるよう前記ブロック状木質材を固着し、長尺状
    をなす補強用木質材を前記木質連結材の後端面に配置し
    て前記ブロック状木質材の後端面に固着したことを特徴
    とする請求項1乃至3のいずれか1項記載の石材用木質
    パレット。
    5. A block-shaped wood material having a corresponding width is inserted into a gap between the pair of wood-based connection materials, and a rear end surface of the block-shaped wood material is substantially flush with a rear end surface of the wood-based connection material. The block-shaped wood material is fixed so that the long-shaped reinforcing wood material is arranged on the rear end surface of the wood connection material, and is fixed to the rear end surface of the block-shaped wood material. Item 3. A wooden pallet for stone material according to any one of items 1 to 3.
  6. 【請求項6】 前記座部用木質骨格材を前記座部の左右
    方向に等間隔で少なくとも3本配置し、中央の座部用木
    質骨格材の厚みを、左右の座部用木質骨格材の厚みより
    若干小さくして、前記座部に石材を積載しない通常状態
    では、前記左右の座部用木質骨格材が地面に接触すると
    共に前記中央の座部用木質骨格材の下側面が地面から上
    方に位置するようにし、石材を積載した積載状態では、
    石材の荷重により前記座部の左右中央が下方に弾性的に
    湾曲して、前記左右の座部用木質骨格材及び中央の座部
    用木質骨格材が全て地面に接触するようにしたことを特
    徴とする請求項1乃至5のいずれか1項記載の石材用木
    質パレット。
    6. At least three wooden skeleton members for the seat are arranged at equal intervals in the left-right direction of the seat, and the thickness of the central wooden skeleton member for the seat is set to be equal to the thickness of the wooden skeleton members for the left and right seats. In a normal state in which the thickness is slightly smaller than that and the stone is not loaded on the seat, the left and right wooden skeletons for the seat are in contact with the ground, and the lower side surface of the central wooden skeleton for the seat is above the ground. When the stones are loaded,
    The left and right center of the seat portion is elastically curved downward due to the load of stone material, and the left and right wooden skeleton members for the seat portion and the central wooden skeleton member for the seat portion are all in contact with the ground. The wooden pallet for stone according to any one of claims 1 to 5.
  7. 【請求項7】 複数本の断面矩形状の長尺状をなす座部
    用木質骨格材を、前後方向に延びるよう、かつ、左右方
    向に離間するよう互いに平行に配置し、前記座部用木質
    骨格材の上端面に板状木質材を左右方向に延びるよう固
    着してなる座部を備え、 前記座部用木質骨格材を前記座部の左右方向に等間隔で
    少なくとも3本配置し、中央の座部用木質骨格材の厚み
    を、左右の座部用木質骨格材の厚みより若干小さくし
    て、前記座部に石材を積載しない通常状態では、前記左
    右の座部用木質骨格材が地面に接触すると共に前記中央
    の座部用木質骨格材の下側面が地面から上方に位置する
    ようにし、石材を積載した積載状態では、石材の荷重に
    より前記座部の左右中央が下方に弾性的に湾曲して、前
    記左右の座部用木質骨格材及び中央の座部用木質骨格材
    が全て地面に接触するようにしたことを特徴とする石材
    用木質パレット。
    7. A plurality of long wooden skeletal members for a seat portion having a rectangular cross section are arranged in parallel with each other so as to extend in the front-rear direction and to be separated in the left-right direction. The upper end surface of the skeletal material is provided with a seat portion formed by fixing a plate-like wood material so as to extend in the left-right direction, and at least three wood skeleton materials for the seat portion are arranged at equal intervals in the left-right direction of the seat portion, and a center is provided. In a normal state in which the thickness of the seat wooden skeleton is slightly smaller than the thickness of the left and right seat wooden skeletons and stones are not loaded on the seats, the left and right seat wooden skeletons are grounded. And the lower side of the wooden skeleton for the seat in the center is located above the ground, and in the loading state in which stones are loaded, the left and right centers of the seats elastically move downward due to the load of the stones. The left and right wooden skeletons for the seat and the central wooden bone for the seat are curved. For stone wood pallets, wherein the wood is in contact all the ground.
  8. 【請求項8】 複数本の断面矩形状の長尺状をなす座部
    用木質骨格材を、前後方向に延びるよう、かつ、左右方
    向に離間するよう互いに平行に配置し、前記座部用木質
    骨格材の上端面に板状木質材を左右方向に延びるよう固
    着してなる座部を備え、 前記座部の最も前側の板状木質材の前端に、石材締結用
    の締結バンドを収容するための切欠き凹部を形成したこ
    とを特徴とする石材用木質パレット。
    8. A plurality of long wooden skeletal members for a seat portion having a rectangular cross section are arranged in parallel with each other so as to extend in the front-rear direction and be separated from each other in the left-right direction. In order to accommodate a fastening band for fastening stones at the front end of the plate-like wood material at the frontmost side of the seat portion, a seat portion is formed by fixing the plate-like wood material to extend in the left-right direction on the upper end surface of the skeletal material. A wooden pallet for stones, characterized in that a notched concave portion is formed.
  9. 【請求項9】 複数本の断面矩形状の長尺状をなす座部
    用木質骨格材を、前後方向に延びるよう、かつ、左右方
    向に離間するよう互いに平行に配置し、前記座部用木質
    骨格材の上端面に板状木質材を左右方向に延びるよう固
    着してなる座部を備え、 前記座部の板状木質材の左右両端部を、左右両端の座部
    用木質骨格材より左方及び右方に突出させたことを特徴
    とする石材用木質パレット。
    9. A plurality of long wooden skeleton members for a seat, which have a rectangular cross section, are arranged in parallel with each other so as to extend in the front-rear direction and be separated in the left-right direction. The upper end surface of the skeletal material is provided with a seat portion formed by fixing a plate-shaped wood material so as to extend in the left-right direction, and the left and right end portions of the plate-shaped wood material of the seat portion are left from the left and right ends of the wood skeleton material for the seat portion. A wooden pallet for stones characterized by being projected to the right and to the right.
  10. 【請求項10】 複数本の断面矩形状の長尺状をなす座
    部用木質骨格材を、前後方向に延びるよう、かつ、左右
    方向に離間するよう互いに平行に配置し、前記座部用木
    質骨格材の上端面に板状木質材を左右方向に延びるよう
    固着してなる座部を備え、 前記座部の左右の座部用木質骨格材と最も前側の板状木
    質材の左右両端部との間に形成される一対のコーナ部
    に、それぞれ、前記座部用木質骨格材の厚みと略同一の
    厚みを有し、前記コーナ部に対応する形状をなすブロッ
    ク状木質材を固着したことを特徴とする石材用木質パレ
    ット。
    10. A plurality of elongated wood skeletal members for a seat having a rectangular cross section are arranged in parallel with each other so as to extend in the front-rear direction and to be separated from each other in the left-right direction. The upper end surface of the skeletal material is provided with a seat portion formed by fixing a plate-shaped wood material so as to extend in the left-right direction, and the left and right end portions of the wood skeleton material for the left and right seat parts of the seat portion and the frontmost plate-shaped wood material. In a pair of corner portions formed between, respectively, having a thickness substantially the same as the thickness of the wood skeleton for the seat portion, the block-shaped wood material having a shape corresponding to the corner portion is fixed. A characteristic wooden pallet for stone materials.
  11. 【請求項11】 複数本の断面矩形状の長尺状をなす座
    部用木質骨格材を、前後方向に延びるよう、かつ、左右
    方向に離間するよう互いに平行に配置し、前記座部用木
    質骨格材の上端面に板状木質材を左右方向に延びるよう
    固着してなる座部と、 断面矩形状の長尺状をなす背部用木質骨格材を、前記座
    部用木質骨格材に対して後方に約3度〜10度の角度範
    囲で傾斜した状態で上下方向に延びるよう、かつ、互い
    に平行となるよう配置して連結固着し、前記背部用木質
    骨格材に板状木質材を左右方向に延びるよう固着してな
    る背部と、 前記背部用木質骨格材を前記座部用木質骨格材に対して
    後方から支持するよう、前記背部用木質骨格材と前記座
    部用木質骨格材との間に固着された木質斜材とを具備す
    ることを特徴とする石材用木質パレット。
    11. A plurality of long wood skeletal members for a seat having a rectangular cross section are arranged in parallel with each other so as to extend in the front-rear direction and be separated from each other in the left-right direction. A seat formed by fixing a plate-like wood material to the upper end surface of the skeletal material so as to extend in the left-right direction, and a long wood skeletal material for the back portion having a rectangular cross section with respect to the wood skeletal material for the seat The plate-like wood material is horizontally attached to the back wood skeleton member so as to extend in the up-down direction in a state of being tilted rearward in an angle range of about 3 degrees to 10 degrees and to be fixed in parallel with each other. A back portion formed so as to extend so as to support the back wooden skeleton member from the rear with respect to the seat wooden skeleton member, and between the back wooden skeleton member and the seat wooden skeleton member. A wooden pallet for stones, characterized in that
  12. 【請求項12】 石材を下方から支持するための座部
    と、石材を後方から支持するための背部と、前記座部及
    び背部を互いに連結する連結手段とを備え、 前記座部は、複数本の断面矩形状の長尺状をなす座部用
    木質骨格材を、前後方向に延びるよう、かつ、左右方向
    に離間するよう互いに平行に配置し、前記座部用木質骨
    格材の後端側の所定長さの部分を座部用連結部とすると
    共に、前記座部用木質骨格材の上端面に板状木質材を左
    右方向に延びるよう固着してなり、 前記背部は、断面矩形状の長尺状をなす背部用木質骨格
    材を、前記座部用木質骨格材の座部用連結部の各々に対
    して後方に傾斜した状態で上下方向に延びるよう互いに
    平行に配置し、前記背部用木質骨格材の下端側の所定長
    さの部分を背部用連結部とすると共に、前記背部用木質
    骨格材に板状木質材を左右方向に延びるよう固着してな
    り、 前記連結手段は、左右一対の板状の木質連結材を含み、
    前記左右一対の木質連結材により前記座部用連結部及び
    前記背部用連結部を左右両側から挟んだ状態で、前記木
    質連結材の下側部を前記座部用連結部に固着すると共
    に、前記木質連結材の上側部を前記背部用連結部に固着
    することにより、前記座部及び前記背部を互いに移動不
    能に連結固定してなり、 前記連結手段は、更に、前記背部用木質骨格材を前記座
    部用木質骨格材に対して後方から支持するよう、前記背
    部用木質骨格材と前記座部用木質骨格材との間に固着さ
    れた木質斜材を含むことを特徴とする石材用木質パレッ
    ト。
    12. A seat portion for supporting a stone material from below, a back portion for supporting a stone material from the rear, and a connecting means for connecting the seat portion and the back portion to each other, wherein a plurality of the seat portions are provided. The long wooden skeletal members for seats having a rectangular cross section are arranged in parallel with each other so as to extend in the front-rear direction and to be separated in the left-right direction, and the rear end side of the wooden skeletal members for seats is provided. A portion having a predetermined length is used as a seat connecting portion, and a plate-like wood material is fixed to the upper end surface of the seat wood skeleton so as to extend in the left-right direction, and the back portion has a rectangular cross section. The wooden skeleton members for the back, which are in the form of scales, are arranged parallel to each other so as to extend in the vertical direction in a state of being inclined rearward with respect to each of the connecting portions for the seats of the wooden skeleton member for the seats, A portion of a predetermined length on the lower end side of the skeleton is used as a back connecting portion, and the back Will be fixed to extend the plate-shaped wooden material in the lateral direction on the quality skeletal material, said coupling means comprises a pair of left and right plate-shaped wooden connecting member,
    While sandwiching the seat connecting part and the back connecting part from the left and right sides by the pair of left and right wood connecting materials, the lower part of the wood connecting material is fixed to the seat connecting part, and By fixing the upper portion of the wooden connecting member to the back connecting portion, the seat portion and the back portion are fixedly connected to each other immovably, and the connecting means further comprises the back wooden skeleton member. A wooden pallet for stones, comprising a wooden diagonal timber fixed between the back wooden skeleton and the seat wooden skeleton so as to support the wooden skeleton for a seat from the rear. .
  13. 【請求項13】 前記背部を前記座部に対して後方に約
    3度〜10度の角度範囲で傾斜させた状態で、前記木質
    連結材により前記座部及び前記背部を互いに移動不能に
    固定し、かつ、前記木質斜材により前記背部用木質骨格
    材を前記座部用木質骨格材に対して後方から支持したこ
    とを特徴とする請求項12記載の石材用木質パレット。
    13. The seat part and the back part are immovably fixed to each other by the wood connecting member in a state where the back part is inclined rearward with respect to the seat part in an angle range of about 3 degrees to 10 degrees. The wooden pallet for stone according to claim 12, wherein the wooden skeleton for the back portion is supported by the wooden diagonal member from the rear side with respect to the wooden skeleton for the seat portion.
  14. 【請求項14】 前記木質連結材のうち、前記座部の左
    右両端の前記木質連結材の後部を、前記背部用木質骨格
    材の後側面から後方に突出させ、 前記木質連結材のうち、前記座部の左右両端の木質連結
    材以外の木質連結材を、前記背部用木質骨格材と同一幅
    の長方形板状とし、前記背部用木質骨格材の左右の側面
    に合致させた状態で、前記座部の左右両端の前記木質連
    結材と共に前記背部用木質骨格材を前記座部用木質骨格
    材に連結するようにし、 更に、長尺板状をなす補強用木質材を前記左右両端の木
    質連結材間に配置すると共に、前記補強用木質材の前側
    面を前記背部用木質骨格材及び前記左右両端の木質連結
    材以外の木質連結材の後端面に固着したことを特徴とす
    る請求項12または13記載の石材用木質パレット。
    14. Among the wood connecting materials, the rear parts of the wood connecting materials at the left and right ends of the seat portion are projected rearward from the rear side surface of the back wooden skeleton material, A wood connecting material other than the wood connecting materials on both the left and right sides of the seat portion is formed into a rectangular plate shape having the same width as the back wooden skeleton material, and in the state of being matched with the left and right side surfaces of the back wooden skeleton material, The wood skeleton for the back part is connected to the wood skeleton for the seat together with the wood tie for both left and right ends of the section, and the reinforcing wood material in the form of a long plate is further connected to the wood tie for the left and right ends. 14. The interposition is provided, and the front side surface of the reinforcing wood material is fixed to the rear end surface of the wood connecting material other than the back wood skeleton material and the left and right wood connecting materials. Wooden pallet for stone as described.
  15. 【請求項15】 前記木質連結材は、合板からなり、 前記木質斜材は、前記背部用木質骨格材の左右寸法の範
    囲内の厚みを有する板材からなり、前記座部用木質骨格
    材の上側面から前記背部用木質骨格材の後側面まで傾斜
    して延び、前記座部用木質骨格材に対して前記背部用木
    質骨格材を支持することを特徴とする請求項12または
    13記載の石材用木質パレット。
    15. The wood connecting member is made of plywood, and the wood diagonal member is made of a plate material having a thickness within a lateral dimension of the back wooden skeleton member. 14. The stone material according to claim 12 or 13, characterized in that it extends obliquely from a side surface to a rear side surface of the back wooden skeleton material and supports the back wooden skeleton material with respect to the seat wooden skeleton material. Wood pallet.
JP2001389504A 2001-10-01 2001-12-21 Wooden pallet for stone Expired - Fee Related JP3870084B2 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001305185 2001-10-01
JP2001-305185 2001-10-01
JP2001389504A JP3870084B2 (en) 2001-10-01 2001-12-21 Wooden pallet for stone

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001389504A JP3870084B2 (en) 2001-10-01 2001-12-21 Wooden pallet for stone

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2003175932A true JP2003175932A (en) 2003-06-24
JP3870084B2 JP3870084B2 (en) 2007-01-17

Family

ID=26623524

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2001389504A Expired - Fee Related JP3870084B2 (en) 2001-10-01 2001-12-21 Wooden pallet for stone

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP3870084B2 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007106601A (en) * 2005-10-12 2007-04-26 Truetzschler Gmbh & Co Kg Apparatus on spinning machine, especially spinning preparation machine, for throwing, placing and releasing fiber sliver
WO2016044767A1 (en) * 2014-09-19 2016-03-24 Chan Simon Cs Dunnage system
US10625484B2 (en) 2016-03-21 2020-04-21 Nuevopak Technology Company Limited Sheet stock material configuration and apparatus, systems and methods for feeding sheet stock material to a dunnage system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007106601A (en) * 2005-10-12 2007-04-26 Truetzschler Gmbh & Co Kg Apparatus on spinning machine, especially spinning preparation machine, for throwing, placing and releasing fiber sliver
WO2016044767A1 (en) * 2014-09-19 2016-03-24 Chan Simon Cs Dunnage system
US10625484B2 (en) 2016-03-21 2020-04-21 Nuevopak Technology Company Limited Sheet stock material configuration and apparatus, systems and methods for feeding sheet stock material to a dunnage system
US11027511B2 (en) 2016-03-21 2021-06-08 Nuevopak Technology Company Limited Sheet stock material configuration and apparatus, systems and methods for feeding sheet stock material to a dunnage system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP3870084B2 (en) 2007-01-17

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US20060096508A1 (en) Modular pallet
US20040089572A1 (en) Pallet and transportation container
US3557719A (en) Paperboard pallet assembly
US3835791A (en) Press-on pallet support
JP3870084B2 (en) Wooden pallet for stone
JP2000516185A (en) Assembling pallets
CA2352469A1 (en) Pallet assembly
KR20020072351A (en) A carriage for transporting plate glass
CA1259957A (en) Load carrying apparatus
JP2002337923A (en) Architectural composite panel conveying device
EP1513712A2 (en) Pinless wheel bumper block
US6598847B2 (en) Support beam
JP3226744U (en) Pallet stacking kit and stacking attachment
US20110047890A1 (en) Method of Packaging a Storage Building Kit of Parts
JP3978352B2 (en) palette
WO1994026626A1 (en) Transport rack
EP1435328B1 (en) Pallet assembly formed of separable part pallets
KR200361995Y1 (en) pallet
JP2003165697A (en) Container carrying-out method
US6851555B1 (en) Stackable pallet bracket, package, and method
JP2005225512A (en) Transporting method for glass plate
JPH07223640A (en) Carrier pallet
JP2784135B2 (en) Transport skit
JP2003267373A (en) Transporting pallet
JP2001261038A (en) Pallet

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20041220

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20060529

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20060725

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Effective date: 20060829

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20061016

R150 Certificate of patent (=grant) or registration of utility model

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150

LAPS Cancellation because of no payment of annual fees