JP2003103239A - Apparatus for treating waste - Google Patents

Apparatus for treating waste

Info

Publication number
JP2003103239A
JP2003103239A JP2001298734A JP2001298734A JP2003103239A JP 2003103239 A JP2003103239 A JP 2003103239A JP 2001298734 A JP2001298734 A JP 2001298734A JP 2001298734 A JP2001298734 A JP 2001298734A JP 2003103239 A JP2003103239 A JP 2003103239A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
piston
openings
waste
storage
opening
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2001298734A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Hitoshi Satomi
見 仁 里
Original Assignee
Satomi Seisakusho:Kk
株式会社サトミ製作所
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Satomi Seisakusho:Kk, 株式会社サトミ製作所 filed Critical Satomi Seisakusho:Kk
Priority to JP2001298734A priority Critical patent/JP2003103239A/en
Publication of JP2003103239A publication Critical patent/JP2003103239A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an apparatus for treating wastes wherein the wastes are compressed to remove water therefrom. SOLUTION: The apparatus for treating wastes is provided with a receiving port 10a that receives wastes 2; a main storage body 10 that stores the wastes 2 received through the port 10a and is provided with a storage part S having a plurality of openings a; an opening and shutting member S1 that opens or shuts a passage connecting the storage part S to the receiving port 10a; a piston P that is provided in a manner in which it can freely advance into or retract from the part S and compresses the wastes 2 in the part S; a groove part 10b that is provided in the main storage body 10 and receives the effluent water from a plurality of the openings a; the front wall S2 of the part S opposing to the piston P; and a wall moving means T that moves the front wall S2 so as for it not to oppose to the piston and releases that part of the part S which opposes to the piston P.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention
【0001】本発明は、廃棄物処理装置に係り、特に、
廃棄物を圧縮して廃棄物内に含まれている水を除去する
ことができる廃棄物処理装置に関する。
The present invention relates to a waste treatment device, and more particularly,
The present invention relates to a waste treatment device capable of compressing waste to remove water contained in the waste.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】有機性廃棄物、例えば、生ごみは、含水
率が高く、そのまま堆肥資源として利用することは困難
で、例えば、処理過程において、水分吸収補助材(例え
ば、おがくず)を投入したり、また、ヒ−タ加熱による
高温発酵により水分を蒸発させている。
2. Description of the Related Art Organic waste, such as food waste, has a high water content and is difficult to use as it is as a compost resource. For example, a water absorption auxiliary material (eg sawdust) is added during the treatment process. Alternatively, the water is evaporated by high temperature fermentation by heating the heater.
【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかしながら、上述の
処理過程においては、多くの水分吸収補助材を投入しな
ければならず、また、ヒ−タ加熱の際、多くの加熱量を
必要とし、効率が良くないという問題点があった。本発
明は、上述した問題点を除去するようにした廃棄物処理
装置を提供するものである。
However, in the above-mentioned treatment process, a large amount of water absorption auxiliary must be added, and a large amount of heat is required for heating the heater, resulting in a high efficiency. There was a problem that was not good. The present invention provides a waste treatment device which eliminates the above-mentioned problems.
【0003】[0003]
【課題を解決するための手段】上記目的を達成するため
に、請求項1記載の廃棄物処理装置は、廃棄物を受け入
れるための受入口と、この受入口を介して受け入れられ
た前記廃棄物を収納すると共に複数の開口部を有する収
納部を備えた収納部本体と、前記収納部と前記受入口と
を接続する通路を開閉する開閉部材と、前記収納部内に
進退自在に設けられ、前記収納部内の前記廃棄物を圧縮
するピストンと、前記収納部本体内に設けられ、前記複
数の開口部より流出する水を受ける溝部と、前記ピスト
ンと対向する前記収納部の前壁と、この前壁を前記ピス
トンと対向しないように、移動させて前記収納部の前記
ピストンと対向する部分を開放する壁移動手段とを備え
ている。
In order to achieve the above object, a waste treatment apparatus according to a first aspect of the present invention is provided with a receiving port for receiving waste and the waste received through the receiving port. And a storage member main body having a storage portion having a plurality of openings, a opening / closing member that opens and closes a passage connecting the storage portion and the receiving port, and a retractable member provided in the storage portion, A piston for compressing the waste in the storage portion, a groove portion provided in the storage portion main body for receiving water flowing out from the plurality of openings, a front wall of the storage portion facing the piston, and a front wall thereof. Wall moving means for moving the wall so as not to face the piston and opening a portion of the housing portion facing the piston.
【0004】また、請求項2記載の廃棄物処理装置は、
請求項1記載の廃棄物処理装置において、収納部は、底
壁と、この底壁に対向する開閉部材と、この開閉部材と
前記底壁との間に位置する側壁で構成され、前記側壁
は、ピストンと対向する前壁と、この前壁の一方の側面
に位置する第1の側壁と、前記前壁の他方の側面に位置
し、前記第1の側壁に対向する第2の側壁と、前記前壁
に対向する部分を開放してなり、この開放した部分に移
動自在な前記ピストンが位置し、前記前壁に対向し、収
納部本体の外側に位置すると共に、前記前壁を覆うカバ
−と、このカバ−と前記前壁を前記ピストンと対向しな
いように、移動させて前記収納部の前記ピストンと対向
する部分を開放する壁移動手段と、前記収納部の少なく
とも、前記前壁、前記第1の側壁、前記第2の側壁及び
前記底壁にそれぞれ複数の開口部が設けられている。
The waste treatment device according to claim 2 is
The waste treatment device according to claim 1, wherein the storage section includes a bottom wall, an opening / closing member facing the bottom wall, and a side wall positioned between the opening / closing member and the bottom wall, and the side wall is A front wall facing the piston, a first side wall located on one side surface of the front wall, and a second side wall located on the other side surface of the front wall and facing the first side wall, A cover which is formed by opening a portion facing the front wall, and in which the movable piston is located, faces the front wall, is located outside the housing main body, and covers the front wall. -, A wall moving means for moving the cover and the front wall so as not to face the piston so as to open a portion of the storage portion facing the piston, at least the storage portion, the front wall, To the first side wall, the second side wall and the bottom wall, respectively. Opening number is provided.
【0005】また、請求項3記載の廃棄物処理装置は、
請求項1又は請求項2記載の廃棄物処理装置において、
複数の開口部を有する前壁に前記開口部の大きさと異な
る大きさの開口部を複数有する第1のスクリ−ン部材
を、複数の開口部を有する底壁に前記開口部の大きさと
異なる大きさの開口部を複数有する第2のスクリ−ン部
材を、複数の開口部を有する第1の側壁に前記開口部の
大きさと異なる大きさの開口部を複数有する第3のスク
リ−ン部材を、複数の開口部を有する第2の側壁に前記
開口部の大きさと異なる大きさの開口部を複数有する第
4のスクリ−ン部材を、それぞれ着脱自在に取り付ける
ものである。
The waste treatment device according to claim 3 is
In the waste treatment device according to claim 1 or 2,
A front screen having a plurality of openings has a first screen member having a plurality of openings having a size different from the size of the openings, and a bottom wall having a plurality of openings has a size different from the size of the openings. A second screen member having a plurality of openings, and a third screen member having a plurality of openings having a size different from the size of the openings on the first side wall having the plurality of openings. A fourth screen member having a plurality of openings having a size different from the size of the opening is detachably attached to the second side wall having the plurality of openings.
【0006】[0006]
【実施例】本発明の一実施例の廃棄物処理装置を図面を
参照して説明する。図1乃至図3において、1は廃棄物
処理装置で、廃棄物処理装置1は、廃棄物2(例えば、
生ごみ、製紙スクリ−ン粕等の有機性廃棄物)を圧縮し
て廃棄物2に含まれる水をある程度除去して後の処理工
程の便宜(例えば、運搬)を図るようにしたものであ
る。
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS A waste treatment apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. 1 to 3, reference numeral 1 denotes a waste treatment device, and the waste treatment device 1 includes a waste 2 (for example,
Organic waste such as food waste and papermaking screen dregs) is compressed to remove water contained in the waste 2 to some extent to facilitate the subsequent processing steps (for example, transportation). .
【0007】10は収納部本体で、収納部本体10は、廃棄
物2を受け入れるための受入口10aと、この受入口10a
を介して受け入れられた廃棄物2を収納すると共に複数
の開口部aを有する収納部Sを備えている。S1 は、収
納部Sと受入口10aとを接続する通路を開閉する開閉部
材で、開閉部材S1 は、第1のシンリンダ−C1 のロッ
ドR1 により進退するようになっている。
Reference numeral 10 denotes a storage unit main body. The storage unit main body 10 has a receiving port 10a for receiving the waste 2 and the receiving port 10a.
The storage unit S has a plurality of openings a and stores the waste 2 received via the storage unit S. S 1 is an opening / closing member that opens and closes a passage that connects the storage section S and the receiving port 10 a, and the opening / closing member S 1 is moved forward and backward by the rod R 1 of the first cylinder cylinder C 1 .
【0008】また、Pはピストンで、ピストンPは収納
部S内に進退自在に設けられ、収納部S内の廃棄物2を
圧縮するものである。ピストンPは、第2のシンリンダ
−C2 のロッド(ピストン棒)R2 により進退するよう
になっている。なお、収納部SのピストンPと対向する
部分は前壁S2 で、この前壁S2 をピストンPと対向し
ないように移動させて(本実施例では、前壁S2 を上方
に移動させる。)、収納部SのピストンPと対向する部
分、つまり、前壁S2 を壁移動手段Tで開放するように
なっている。この壁移動手段Tは、例えば、第3のシン
リンダ−C3 と、この第3のシンリンダ−C3 により進
退するロッドR3 と、第3のシンリンダ−C3 を制御す
る制御部(図示せず)とで構成され、前壁S2はロッド
3 に接続されている。また、10bは収納部本体10内に
設けられた複数の開口部aより流出する水を受ける溝部
である。また、Gは、ベ−スB上に設けられ、進退する
ロッドR1 、R2 に身体が触れないようにガ−ドするガ
−ド部材である。
Further, P is a piston, and the piston P is provided in the storage portion S so as to be movable back and forth, and compresses the waste 2 in the storage portion S. The piston P is adapted to move back and forth by a rod (piston rod) R 2 of a second cylinder cylinder C 2 . A portion of the storage portion S facing the piston P is a front wall S 2 , and the front wall S 2 is moved so as not to face the piston P (in the present embodiment, the front wall S 2 is moved upward). .), The portion of the storage portion S facing the piston P, that is, the front wall S 2 is opened by the wall moving means T. The wall moving means T, for example, a third Shinrinda -C 3, a rod R 3 to advance and retreat by the third Shinrinda -C 3, without controlling section (shown for controlling the third Shinrinda -C 3 ) And the front wall S 2 is connected to the rod R 3 . Further, 10b is a groove portion for receiving water flowing out from a plurality of openings a provided in the housing body 10. Further, G is a guard member which is provided on the base B and guards the rods R 1 and R 2 moving forward and backward so that the body does not touch them.
【0009】従って、開閉部材S1 を開いて収納部Sを
開放した状態で、廃棄物2を受入口10aに投下すると、
収納部S内に廃棄物2が受け入れられ、その後、開閉部
材S1 を閉じて(又は、開閉部材S1 を閉じた状態で、
廃棄物2を受入口10aに投下し、その後、開閉部材S1
を開いて廃棄物2を収納部S内に受け入れ、開閉部材S
1 を閉じても良い。)、収納部Sを閉じた状態でピスト
ンPを前壁S2 に向かって移動させれば、収納部S内の
廃棄物2は圧縮され、廃棄物2内に含まれている水を除
去することができ、壁移動手段Tにより前壁S2 をピス
トンPと対向しないように移動させて収納部Sを開放
し、その後、更に、ロッドR2 を第2のシンリンダ−C
2 より伸ばすように移動させて、水を除去された廃棄物
2’(例えば、角状に成形された廃棄物2’)をピスト
ンPにより収納部本体10の外へと排出することができる
(図3参照)。なお、廃棄物2を圧縮する際、生じる水
は収納部Sの開口部aより流出して、溝部10b内に導か
れれる。
Therefore, when the waste 2 is dropped into the receiving port 10a with the opening / closing member S 1 opened and the storage S opened,
The waste 2 is received in the storage unit S, and then the opening / closing member S 1 is closed (or, with the opening / closing member S 1 closed,
The waste 2 is dropped into the receiving port 10a, and then the opening / closing member S 1
Open to receive the waste 2 in the storage section S, and open / close member S
You may close 1 . ), If the piston P is moved toward the front wall S 2 with the storage S closed, the waste 2 in the storage S is compressed and the water contained in the waste 2 is removed. The front wall S 2 is moved by the wall moving means T so as not to face the piston P to open the storage portion S, and then the rod R 2 is further moved to the second cylinder-C.
The waste 2 ′ from which water has been removed (for example, the waste 2 ′ formed into a horn shape) can be discharged to the outside of the storage unit main body 10 by the piston P by moving so as to extend from 2 ( (See FIG. 3). In addition, when the waste 2 is compressed, the water generated flows out from the opening a of the storage S and is guided into the groove 10b.
【0010】次に示す実施例は、収納部Sの周囲を複数
の開口部aを有する部材で構成したものである(図4乃
至図7)。即ち、収納部Sは、底壁S3 と、この底壁S
3 に対向する開閉部材S1 と、この開閉部材S1 と底壁
3 との間に位置する側壁で構成されている(図5及び
図6参照)。そして、上述の側壁は、ピストンPと対向
する前壁S2 と、前壁S2 の一方の側面に位置する第1
の側壁S4 と、前壁S2 の他方の側面に位置し、第1の
側壁S4 に対向する第2の側壁S5 と、前壁S2 に対向
する部分を開放してなり、この開放した部分に移動自在
なピストンPが位置している。Kはカバ−で、カバ−K
は前壁S2 に対向し、収納部本体10の外側に位置すると
共に、前壁S2 を覆っている。そして、このカバ−Kと
前壁S2 は、壁移動手段Tによりカバ−Kと前壁S2
ピストンPと対向しないように移動させて(本実施例で
は、カバ−K及び前壁S2 を上方に移動させる。)、収
納部SのピストンPと対向する部分を開放するようにな
っている(図6参照)。そして、収納部Sの少なくと
も、前壁S2 、第1の側壁S4 、第2の側壁S 5 及び底
壁S3 にそれぞれ複数の開口部aが設けられている。
In the embodiment shown below, a plurality of areas around the storage section S are provided.
It is composed of a member having an opening a (see FIG. 4).
Figure 7). That is, the storage S has a bottom wall S3 And this bottom wall S
3 Opening / closing member S facing1 And this opening / closing member S1 And bottom wall
S3 And a sidewall located between and (see FIG. 5 and
(See FIG. 6). And the above-mentioned side wall faces the piston P.
Front wall S2 And the front wall S2 First located on one side of
Side wall SFour And the front wall S2 Located on the other side of the
Side wall SFour The second side wall S opposite toFive And the front wall S2 Opposed to
Open the part you want to move, and move freely to this open part
The piston P is located. K is a cover, cover K
Is the front wall S2 And is located outside the storage unit main body 10
Both front wall S2 Covers. And with this cover K
Front wall S2 Is the cover K and the front wall S by the wall moving means T.2 But
Move it so that it does not face the piston P (in this embodiment,
Is the cover K and the front wall S2 Move upwards. ), Income
The part of the storage part S facing the piston P is opened.
(See FIG. 6). And at least the storage section S
Also front wall S2 , The first sidewall SFour , The second sidewall S Five And the bottom
Wall S3 Each has a plurality of openings a.
【0011】このように、収納部Sの少なくとも、前壁
2 、第1の側壁S4 、第2の側壁S5 及び底壁S3
それぞれ設けた複数の開口部aより、ピストンPの移動
により収納部S内の廃棄物2を圧縮する際、廃棄物2内
の水が流出するため、廃棄物2を圧縮する際の抵抗を軽
減でき、収納部S内の廃棄物2を効率良く圧縮すること
ができる。また、壁移動手段Tにより前壁S2 をピスト
ンPと対向しないように、つまり、前壁S2 を廃棄物2
に接触しながら、例えば、前壁S2 を上方に移動して、
前壁S2 の開口部a付近に張り付いている廃棄物をこす
りとって除去するため、前壁S2 の開口部aを清掃する
ことができる。なお、図示の開閉部材S1 には、開口部
aが設けられていないが、場合により、開閉部材S1
開口部aを複数設けても良い。
As described above, at least the front wall S 2 , the first side wall S 4 , the second side wall S 5, and the bottom wall S 3 of the storage portion S are provided with a plurality of openings a provided in the piston P, respectively. When the waste 2 in the storage S is compressed by movement, the water in the waste 2 flows out, so the resistance when compressing the waste 2 can be reduced, and the waste 2 in the storage S can be efficiently stored. Can be compressed. Moreover, the front wall S 2 is prevented from facing the piston P by the wall moving means T, that is, the front wall S 2 is disposed of as waste 2.
, While moving the front wall S 2 upward,
Since the waste stuck to the vicinity of the opening a of the front wall S 2 is scraped off and removed, the opening a of the front wall S 2 can be cleaned. Although the opening / closing member S 1 shown in the figure is not provided with the opening a, the opening / closing member S 1 may be provided with a plurality of openings a in some cases.
【0012】上述の実施例の廃棄物処理装置1において
は、生ごみ、製紙スクリ−ン粕等の有機性廃棄物は対応
できるが、廃棄物2の種類、例えば、汚泥の場合、前壁
2 、第1の側壁S4 、第2の側壁S5 及び底壁S3
それぞれ設けた複数の開口部aの大きさのものでは、大
き過ぎて対応できない場合がある。かかる場合に対応す
ることができる廃棄物処理装置1について、図8乃至図
12を参照して説明する。
In the waste treatment device 1 of the above embodiment
Is compatible with organic waste such as kitchen waste and paper screen residue.
Yes, but in the case of waste 2 types, for example sludge, front wall
S 2 , The first sidewall SFour , The second sidewall SFive And the bottom wall S3 To
If the size of each of the plurality of openings a provided is large,
It may not be possible to respond because it is too late. In such cases
8 to FIG.
This will be described with reference to 12.
【0013】この廃棄物処理装置1の収納部Sの前壁S
2 、第1の側壁S4 、第2の側壁S5 及び底壁S3 にそ
れぞれ設けた複数の開口部aの大きさ(例えば、直径が
10mm〜15mm又は、スリット幅2.0mm 〜3.0mm )と異なる
大きさの開口部a’(スリット幅0.1mm 〜0.3mm )を複
数有するスクリ−ン部材S’2 〜S’5 (図10参照)
を、それぞれの部材(前壁S2 〜第2の側壁S5 )に着
脱自在に、例えば、ボルトで取り付けたものである。
The front wall S of the storage section S of the waste treatment apparatus 1
2 , the size (for example, the diameter of the plurality of openings a provided in each of the first side wall S 4 , the second side wall S 5, and the bottom wall S 3)
10mm~15mm or slit width 2.0 mm ~3.0Mm) and different sizes of the opening a '(subscription has a plurality of slit width 0.1mm ~0.3mm) - down member S' 2 ~S '5 (see FIG. 10)
Are removably attached to the respective members (front wall S 2 to second side wall S 5 ), for example, with bolts.
【0014】即ち、前壁S2 を支持部材とし、複数の開
口部aを有する前壁S2 に開口部aの大きさと異なる大
きさの開口部a’を複数有する第1のスクリ−ン部材
S’ 2 (図10参照)を着脱自在に、また、底壁S3
支持部材とし、複数の開口部aを有する底壁S3 に開口
部aの大きさと異なる大きさの開口部a’を複数有する
第2のスクリ−ン部材S’ 3 (図10参照)を着脱自在
に、また、第1の側壁S4 を支持部材とし、複数の開口
部aを有する第1の側壁S4 に開口部aの大きさと異な
る大きさの開口部a’を複数有する第3のスクリ−ン部
材S’4 (図10参照)を着脱自在に、また、第2の側
壁S5 を支持部材とし、複数の開口部aを有する第2の
側壁S5 に開口部aの大きさと異なる大きさの開口部
a’を複数有する第5のスクリ−ン部材S’5 (図10
参照)を着脱自在に、それぞれ、例えば、ボルトで取り
付けたものである(図8、図9、図11及び図12参
照)。なお、着脱自在にボルトで取り付ける際、例え
ば、開閉部材S1 又は前壁S 2 を開いて、収納部Sを開
放した状態で、収納部S内で作業ができるようになって
いる。
That is, the front wall S2 As a support member
Front wall S having a mouth a2 Is different from the size of the opening a
First screen member having a plurality of opening portions a '
S ' 2 (See FIG. 10), the bottom wall S is detachable.3 To
A bottom wall S serving as a support member and having a plurality of openings a3 In the opening
It has a plurality of openings a'having a size different from that of the part a.
Second screen member S ' 3 (See Fig. 10)
And the first side wall SFour As a support member and multiple openings
First side wall S having part aFour Is different from the size of the opening a.
Third screen portion having a plurality of openings a'of different sizes
Material S 'Four (See FIG. 10) detachably, and also on the second side
Wall SFive A second supporting member having a plurality of openings a
Side wall SFive An opening of a size different from the size of the opening a
Fifth screen member S'having a plurality of a 'Five (Fig. 10
Removably, each with a bolt, for example.
Attached (see FIGS. 8, 9, 11 and 12).
See). In addition, when attaching with detachable bolts, for example,
Opening / closing member S1 Or front wall S 2 To open the storage section S.
Work can be done inside the storage section S in the released state
There is.
【0015】また、廃棄物2の種類により、ピストンP
の押し圧力、押し付けスピ−ドを調整できるようになっ
ており、また、図示しない制御装置により、収納部Sを
閉じた状態でピストンPを前壁S2 に向かって移動し
て、収納部S内の廃棄物2を圧縮し、圧縮後、ピストン
Pを前壁S2 から離れるように戻して、廃棄物2を介し
て前壁S2 を押し付けないようにして、壁移動手段Tに
よる前壁S2 を、例えば、前壁S2 を上方に移動させ、
その後、ロッドR2 を第2のシンリンダ−C2より伸ば
すように移動させて、水を除去された廃棄物2’(例え
ば、角状に成形された廃棄物2’)をピストンPにより
収納部本体10の外へと排出することができるようにして
いる。
Depending on the type of waste 2, the piston P
It is possible to adjust the pressing force and the pressing speed of the piston. Also, by a control device (not shown), the piston P is moved toward the front wall S 2 with the housing S closed, and the housing S is closed. The waste 2 in the inside is compressed, and after compression, the piston P is returned away from the front wall S 2 so that the front wall S 2 is not pressed through the waste 2, and the front wall by the wall moving means T is pressed. the S 2, for example, by moving front wall S 2 upward,
After that, the rod R 2 is moved so as to extend from the second cylinder-C 2 and the waste 2 ′ from which the water has been removed (for example, the horn-shaped waste 2 ′) is stored by the piston P. It can be discharged to the outside of the main body 10.
【0016】[0016]
【発明の効果】請求項1記載の廃棄物処理装置によれ
ば、収納部内に受入口を介して受け入れられた廃棄物を
収納し、ピストンにより収納部内の廃棄物を圧縮して、
廃棄物内に含まれている水を除去することができ、水を
除去された廃棄物は、壁移動手段により前壁をピストン
と対向しないように移動させ、ピストンにより収納部本
体の外へと排出することができる。
According to the waste treatment apparatus of the first aspect, the waste received through the receiving port is stored in the storage unit, and the waste in the storage unit is compressed by the piston,
The water contained in the waste can be removed, and the waste from which the water has been removed is moved by the wall moving means so that the front wall does not face the piston, and the piston moves out of the storage unit main body. Can be discharged.
【0017】また、請求項2記載の廃棄物処理装置によ
れば、前述した請求項1記載の発明の効果に加え、ピス
トンの移動により収納部内の廃棄物を圧縮する際、収納
部の、少なくとも、前壁、第1の側壁、第2の側壁及び
底壁にそれぞれ設けられた複数の開口部より廃棄物内の
水が流出するため、廃棄物を圧縮する際の抵抗を軽減で
き、収納部内の廃棄物を効率良く圧縮することができ、
また、壁移動手段により前壁をピストンと対向しないよ
うに、つまり、前壁を廃棄物に接触しながら移動して、
前壁の開口部付近に張り付いている廃棄物をこすりとっ
て除去するため、前壁の開口部を清掃することができ
る。
Further, according to the waste treatment apparatus of the second aspect, in addition to the effect of the first aspect of the invention described above, when the waste in the storage section is compressed by the movement of the piston, at least the storage section , The water in the waste flows out through a plurality of openings provided on the front wall, the first side wall, the second side wall, and the bottom wall, respectively, so that the resistance when compressing the waste can be reduced, and the inside of the storage part can be reduced. Can efficiently compress the waste of
Also, by the wall moving means, so that the front wall does not face the piston, that is, while moving the front wall while contacting the waste,
Since the waste adhered near the opening of the front wall is scraped off and removed, the opening of the front wall can be cleaned.
【0018】また、請求項3記載の廃棄物処理装置によ
れば、前述した請求項1又は請求項2記載の発明の効果
に加え、廃棄物の種類により、前壁、第1の側壁、第2
の側壁及び底壁にそれぞれ設けた複数の開口部の大きさ
のものでは、対応できない場合、前壁、第1の側壁、第
2の側壁及び底壁にそれぞれ設けた複数の開口部の大き
さと異なる大きさの開口部を複数有するスクリ−ン部材
を、それぞれの部材に着脱自在に設けることにより、一
つの廃棄物処理装置で対応することができる。
According to the waste treatment apparatus of claim 3, in addition to the effect of the invention of claim 1 or 2, the front wall, the first side wall, and the Two
If the size of the plurality of openings provided on the side wall and the bottom wall is not sufficient, the size of the plurality of openings provided on the front wall, the first side wall, the second side wall, and the bottom wall, respectively. By providing a screen member having a plurality of openings of different sizes to each member in a detachable manner, one waste treatment device can be used.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]
【図1】図1は、本発明の一実施例の廃棄物処理装置の
概略的側断面図である。
FIG. 1 is a schematic side sectional view of a waste treatment device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
【図2】図2は、図1のX−X線による概略的断面図で
ある。
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view taken along line XX of FIG.
【図3】図3は、図1の前壁が上昇した状態の概略的側
断面図である。
FIG. 3 is a schematic side cross-sectional view of the front wall of FIG. 1 in a raised state.
【図4】図4は、本発明の他の一実施例の廃棄物処理装
置の概略的側断面図である。
FIG. 4 is a schematic side sectional view of a waste treatment device according to another embodiment of the present invention.
【図5】図5は、図4のX’−X’線による概略的断面
図である。
5 is a schematic cross-sectional view taken along line X′-X ′ of FIG.
【図6】図6は、図4の前壁が上昇した状態の概略的側
断面図である。
6 is a schematic side cross-sectional view of the front wall of FIG. 4 in a raised state.
【図7】図7は、図5の一部を拡大して示す概略的一部
拡大断面図である。
FIG. 7 is a schematic partially enlarged cross-sectional view showing a part of FIG. 5 in an enlarged manner.
【図8】図8は、本発明の他の一実施例の廃棄物処理装
置の概略的側断面図である。
FIG. 8 is a schematic side sectional view of a waste treatment device according to another embodiment of the present invention.
【図9】図9は、図8のY−Y線による概略的断面図で
ある。
9 is a schematic cross-sectional view taken along the line YY of FIG.
【図10】図10は、第1のスクリ−ン部材(第1のス
クリ−ン部材〜第4のスクリ−ン部材)の概略的斜視図
である。
FIG. 10 is a schematic perspective view of a first screen member (first screen member to fourth screen member).
【図11】図11は、図8の一部を拡大して示す概略的
一部拡大断面図である。
FIG. 11 is a schematic partially enlarged cross-sectional view showing a portion of FIG. 8 in an enlarged manner.
【図12】図12は、図11のZ方向から見た概略的図
である。
FIG. 12 is a schematic view seen from the Z direction in FIG. 11.
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
1 廃棄物処理装置 2 廃棄物 10 収納部本体 10a 受入口 10b 溝部 a 開口部 P ピストン S 収納部 S1 開閉部材 S2 前壁 T 壁移動手段1 waste disposal device 2 Waste 10 storage body 10a receiving port 10b groove a opening P piston S housing portion S 1 closing member S 2 front wall T wall moving means

Claims (3)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】廃棄物を受け入れるための受入口と、この
    受入口を介して受け入れられた前記廃棄物を収納すると
    共に複数の開口部を有する収納部を備えた収納部本体
    と、 前記収納部と前記受入口とを接続する通路を開閉する開
    閉部材と、 前記収納部内に進退自在に設けられ、前記収納部内の前
    記廃棄物を圧縮するピストンと、 前記収納部本体内に設けられ、前記複数の開口部より流
    出する水を受ける溝部と、 前記ピストンと対向する前記収納部の前壁と、 この前壁を前記ピストンと対向しないように、移動させ
    て前記収納部の前記ピストンと対向する部分を開放する
    壁移動手段と、 を備えていることを特徴とする廃棄物処理装置。
    1. A storage unit main body comprising a receiving port for receiving waste, a storage unit for storing the waste received through the receiving port and having a plurality of openings, and the storing unit. An opening / closing member that opens and closes a passage that connects the receiving port and the receiving port; a piston that is provided in the storage unit so as to be able to advance and retract and that compresses the waste in the storage unit; and a piston that is provided in the storage unit main body. A groove portion for receiving water flowing out from the opening of the housing, a front wall of the storage portion facing the piston, and a portion of the storage portion facing the piston so as not to face the piston. A waste treatment device comprising: a wall moving means for opening the container.
  2. 【請求項2】収納部は、底壁と、この底壁に対向する開
    閉部材と、この開閉部材と前記底壁との間に位置する側
    壁で構成され、 前記側壁は、ピストンと対向する前壁と、この前壁の一
    方の側面に位置する第1の側壁と、前記前壁の他方の側
    面に位置し、前記第1の側壁に対向する第2の側壁と、
    前記前壁に対向する部分を開放してなり、 この開放した部分に移動自在な前記ピストンが位置し、 前記前壁に対向し、収納部本体の外側に位置すると共
    に、前記前壁を覆うカバ−と、 このカバ−と前記前壁を前記ピストンと対向しないよう
    に、移動させて前記収納部の前記ピストンと対向する部
    分を開放する壁移動手段と、 前記収納部の少なくとも、前記前壁、前記第1の側壁、
    前記第2の側壁及び前記底壁にそれぞれ複数の開口部が
    設けられていることを特徴とする請求項1記載の廃棄物
    処理装置。
    2. The storage section includes a bottom wall, an opening / closing member facing the bottom wall, and a side wall positioned between the opening / closing member and the bottom wall, the side wall facing the piston. A wall, a first side wall located on one side surface of the front wall, and a second side wall located on the other side surface of the front wall and facing the first side wall,
    A cover is formed by opening a portion facing the front wall, the movable piston is located in the opened portion, is opposed to the front wall, is located outside the storage unit main body, and covers the front wall. -, A wall moving means for moving the cover and the front wall so as not to face the piston to open a portion of the storage portion facing the piston, at least the storage portion, the front wall, The first sidewall,
    The waste treatment device according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of openings are provided in each of the second side wall and the bottom wall.
  3. 【請求項3】複数の開口部を有する前壁に前記開口部の
    大きさと異なる大きさの開口部を複数有する第1のスク
    リ−ン部材を、 複数の開口部を有する底壁に前記開口部の大きさと異な
    る大きさの開口部を複数有する第2のスクリ−ン部材
    を、 複数の開口部を有する第1の側壁に前記開口部の大きさ
    と異なる大きさの開口部を複数有する第3のスクリ−ン
    部材を、 複数の開口部を有する第2の側壁に前記開口部の大きさ
    と異なる大きさの開口部を複数有する第4のスクリ−ン
    部材を、 それぞれ着脱自在に取り付けることを特徴とする請求項
    1又は請求項2記載の廃棄物処理装置。
    3. A first screen member having a plurality of openings having a size different from the size of the openings in a front wall having a plurality of openings, and the opening in a bottom wall having a plurality of openings. A second screen member having a plurality of openings having a size different from that of the third screen, and a third screen member having a plurality of openings having a size different from the size of the opening on the first side wall having the plurality of openings. The screen member is detachably attached to a second side wall having a plurality of openings, and a fourth screen member having a plurality of openings having a size different from the size of the openings. The waste treatment device according to claim 1 or 2.
JP2001298734A 2001-09-28 2001-09-28 Apparatus for treating waste Pending JP2003103239A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001298734A JP2003103239A (en) 2001-09-28 2001-09-28 Apparatus for treating waste

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001298734A JP2003103239A (en) 2001-09-28 2001-09-28 Apparatus for treating waste

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2003103239A true JP2003103239A (en) 2003-04-08

Family

ID=19119588

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2001298734A Pending JP2003103239A (en) 2001-09-28 2001-09-28 Apparatus for treating waste

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2003103239A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2307384A1 (en) * 2006-05-09 2008-11-16 Santiago Miranda Palomino Continuous press equipment of disposed products with warehouse deposit and liquid extractor system. (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
KR100970740B1 (en) * 2008-07-23 2010-07-16 김경화 Apparatus for treating waste water
KR100975392B1 (en) 2007-10-23 2010-08-17 양은모 Compression apparatus for food leavings
JP2013031826A (en) * 2011-06-28 2013-02-14 Industria:Kk Fine matter removing apparatus and fine matter removing system
CN103722762A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-04-16 吴孔根 Rubbish crushing, hydraulic squeezing, dewatering, drying and separating all-in-one machine

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2307384A1 (en) * 2006-05-09 2008-11-16 Santiago Miranda Palomino Continuous press equipment of disposed products with warehouse deposit and liquid extractor system. (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
KR100975392B1 (en) 2007-10-23 2010-08-17 양은모 Compression apparatus for food leavings
KR100970740B1 (en) * 2008-07-23 2010-07-16 김경화 Apparatus for treating waste water
JP2013031826A (en) * 2011-06-28 2013-02-14 Industria:Kk Fine matter removing apparatus and fine matter removing system
CN103722762A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-04-16 吴孔根 Rubbish crushing, hydraulic squeezing, dewatering, drying and separating all-in-one machine

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