JP2002315469A - Method for greening hydrospace - Google Patents

Method for greening hydrospace

Info

Publication number
JP2002315469A
JP2002315469A JP2001126818A JP2001126818A JP2002315469A JP 2002315469 A JP2002315469 A JP 2002315469A JP 2001126818 A JP2001126818 A JP 2001126818A JP 2001126818 A JP2001126818 A JP 2001126818A JP 2002315469 A JP2002315469 A JP 2002315469A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
underwater
plant
water
greening
greening method
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2001126818A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yutaka Ota
豊 太田
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
OTA NAGISA
Original Assignee
OTA NAGISA
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by OTA NAGISA filed Critical OTA NAGISA
Priority to JP2001126818A priority Critical patent/JP2002315469A/en
Publication of JP2002315469A publication Critical patent/JP2002315469A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a method for greening a hydrospace by planting or a plant on the bottom undersea or a lake, or seeding the bottom. SOLUTION: In this method for greening the hydrospace, a seedling (1) of the plant is held by a holder (3), and the seedling (1) with the holder (3) fixed to a weight is sunk in the water. The seedling (1) of the plant is held by the holder (3) composed of a vegetable fiber such as fibers of loofa and palm. The seedling (1) held by the holder (3) and stored in a net (7) with concrete fragments or stones is sunk in the water.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】[0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、水中緑化方法に関
するものであり、更に詳しくは、水中、即ち海水中又は
淡水中の地面に植物を植え付け或いは播種して水中を緑
化させる方法に係るものである。本発明において海水中
の緑化に用いられる植物には、例えば、ワカメ、アカモ
ク、マクサ、コンブ、ホンダワラ、イトアシジ、エゾヤ
バス、ヒバマタ等が含まれる。本発明において淡水中の
緑化に用いられる植物には、例えば、チガヤ、ヨシ、マ
コモ、ササバ、フトイ、ミズアオイ等が含まれる。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to an underwater greening method, and more particularly, to a method of planting or sowing plants on the ground in water, that is, seawater or freshwater, to green the water. is there. Plants used for revegetation in seawater in the present invention include, for example, seaweed, Akamoku, maxa, kelp, Hondawara, Itoashiji, Ezoyabas, Hibamata and the like. Plants used for greening in freshwater in the present invention include, for example, scotch, reeds, makomo, saba, squirrel, mizuaoi and the like.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】海水又は淡水を浄化し、魚類が棲息し得
る状態にするためには、該水中にて植物を生育させるこ
とが望ましいと考えられている。水中を緑化する際に
は、一般に人が水中に潜って植物を手で植え付けるとい
う方法が行われている。
2. Description of the Related Art In order to purify seawater or freshwater so that fish can inhabit it, it is considered desirable to grow plants in the water. When greening underwater, a method is generally used in which a person dives underwater and plant plants by hand.

【0003】[0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかるに、このように
して水中に植え付けられた植物は潮流等の水流により水
中の地面から剥がれやすいという問題がある。
However, there is a problem that the plants planted underwater in this manner are easily peeled off the underwater ground by a current such as a tide.

【0004】本発明は、このような問題を解決し、植物
を水中に確実に定着させる方法を提供しようとしてなさ
れたものである。
The present invention has been made to solve such a problem and to provide a method for surely fixing plants in water.

【0005】[0005]

【課題を解決するための手段】上記課題を解決するため
に、本発明は下記の水中緑化方法を提供するものであ
る。
In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides the following underwater greening method.

【0006】(1)植物の種苗を保持体に保持させ、該
保持体を重りに固定した状態で水中に沈めるようにした
ことを特徴とする水中緑化方法(請求項1)。
(1) An underwater revegetation method characterized in that a plant seedling is held on a holder, and the holder is submerged in water with the holder fixed to a weight.

【0007】(2)植物の種苗を植物繊維よりなる保持
体に保持させ、該保持体をコンクリート片又は石と共に
網中に収納した状態で水中に沈めるようにしたことを特
徴とする水中緑化方法(請求項2)。
(2) An underwater greening method characterized in that plant seedlings are held in a holding body made of plant fiber, and the holding body is submerged in water while being housed in a net together with concrete pieces or stones. (Claim 2).

【0008】(3)前記植物繊維はヘチマ又はヤシの繊
維である(請求項3)。
(3) The plant fiber is a loofah or palm fiber (claim 3).

【0009】(4)上下両端を開口したコンクリート枠
内に上下両端を開口した複数の筒状体を配設し、各筒状
体内には植物の種苗を土と共に収納し、該コンクリート
枠上には各筒状体内の土の流出を当面防ぐための紙カバ
ーを被せ、該筒状体を紙カバーの上から該コンクリート
枠に縛着した状態で水中に沈めるようにしたことを特徴
とする水中緑化方法(請求項4)。
(4) A plurality of tubular bodies having upper and lower ends opened are disposed in a concrete frame having upper and lower ends opened. Plant seeds and seedlings are stored in each cylindrical body together with soil. Underwater is characterized by covering with a paper cover to prevent the outflow of soil in each cylindrical body for the time being, and submerging the cylindrical body in the water while being tied to the concrete frame from above the paper cover. Greening method (Claim 4).

【0010】(5)前記筒状体内には木炭片を収納する
(請求項5)。
(5) A piece of charcoal is stored in the tubular body.

【0011】特許請求の範囲を含む本明細書における種
苗は、植物体の全部又は一部であって繁殖の用に供され
るものをいい、種子、胞子、茎、苗、苗木、穂木、台
木、種菌を含むものとする。また、本発明による水中緑
化方法は、種苗が水中で生育し、該植物が水面上に伸び
る場合をも含むものである。
Seedlings in the present specification, including the claims, refer to all or a part of a plant and used for propagation, and include seeds, spores, stems, seedlings, seedlings, scions, Rootstock and inoculum shall be included. The underwater greening method according to the present invention also includes the case where seeds and seedlings grow in water and the plants grow on the water surface.

【0012】[0012]

【作用】[請求項1の水中緑化方法]植物の種苗を保持
する保持体は重りに固定された状態で水中に沈められる
ため、後に流失し又は浮き上がることはない。保持体に
保持された種苗は水中で生育し、水を浄化する。生育し
た植物の近傍にはやがて小動物や魚類が棲息するように
なる。
According to the first aspect of the present invention, since the holding body for holding the seedlings of the plant is submerged in the water while being fixed to the weight, the holding body does not flow away or float later. The seeds and seedlings held by the holder grow in water and purify the water. In the vicinity of the grown plants, small animals and fish will eventually inhabit.

【0013】[請求項2の水中緑化方法]保持体は重り
となるコンクリート片又は石と共に網中に収納された状
態で水中に沈められるため、後に流失し又は浮き上がる
ことはない。保持体は植物繊維よりなるものであるた
め、やがて水中で分解される。しかして、保持体を形成
する植物繊維が水中で分解される頃までには、植物の種
苗は水中で生育し、水中の地面に根を下ろすため、植物
は保持体が消滅した後も水中の地面に定着した状態で生
存する。その他の点においては、請求項2の水中緑化方
法は請求項1の水中緑化方法と同様の作用をなす。
The underwater greening method according to the second aspect of the present invention is such that the holding body is immersed in water in a state of being stored in a net together with a concrete piece or stone as a weight, so that the holding body does not flow away or float up later. Since the support is made of plant fiber, it is eventually decomposed in water. However, by the time the plant fibers forming the holding body are decomposed in water, the seedlings of the plant grow in the water and take root on the underwater ground. Survive on the ground. In other respects, the underwater greening method of claim 2 has the same operation as the underwater greening method of claim 1.

【0014】[請求項3の水中緑化方法]ヘチマ又はヤ
シの繊維よりなる保持体は植物の種苗を好ましく保持
し、やがて水を汚染することなく好ましく分解される。
その他の点においては、請求項3の水中緑化方法は請求
項1の水中緑化方法と同様の作用をなす。
The underwater revegetation method according to the third aspect of the present invention is that the support made of luffa or coconut fiber preferably retains seedlings of plants and is preferably decomposed without contaminating water.
In other respects, the underwater greening method of claim 3 has the same effect as the underwater greening method of claim 1.

【0015】[請求項4の水中緑化方法]コンクリート
枠は重りとなる。コンクリート枠上に被せられた紙カバ
ーは各筒状体内の土の流出を当面防ぐものであるが、間
もなく水中で溶ける。筒状体内に土と共に収納された植
物の種苗はやがて生育し、上方に伸びる。また、植物の
根はやがて筒状体の下方に伸びて水中の地面に達する。
その他の点においては、請求項4の水中緑化方法は請求
項1の水中緑化方法と同様の作用をなす。
The underwater greening method according to claim 4 The concrete frame becomes a weight. The paper cover over the concrete frame prevents the outflow of soil in each tubular body for the time being, but will soon dissolve in water. The seedlings of the plants stored together with the soil in the cylindrical body eventually grow and extend upward. In addition, the roots of the plants eventually extend below the tubular body and reach the underwater ground.
In other respects, the underwater greening method of claim 4 performs the same operation as the underwater greening method of claim 1.

【0016】[請求項5の水中緑化方法]筒状体内に収
納された木炭片は内部に気泡を含有している。この気泡
は植物の生育を助ける。その他の点においては、請求項
5の水中緑化方法は請求項1の水中緑化方法と同様の作
用をなす。
The underwater greening method according to claim 5 The charcoal pieces stored in the cylindrical body contain bubbles inside. These bubbles help the plants grow. In other respects, the underwater greening method of claim 5 performs the same operation as the underwater greening method of claim 1.

【0017】[0017]

【発明の実施の形態】次に、本発明の実施の形態を添付
図面に従って説明する。本発明による水中緑化方法は、
植物の種苗を保持体に保持させ、該保持体を重りに固定
した状態で水中に沈めるようにしたものであるが、その
一例を図1、図2に示す。
Next, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. The underwater greening method according to the present invention comprises:
Plant and seedlings of a plant are held on a holder, and the holder is submerged in water with the holder fixed to a weight. One example is shown in FIG. 1 and FIG.

【0018】即ち、図1、図2に示す事例においては、
植物の種苗1を植物繊維よりなる保持体3に保持させ、
該保持体3をコンクリート片又は石5と共に網7中に収
納した状態で水中に沈めるようになす。
That is, in the cases shown in FIGS. 1 and 2,
The seedling 1 of the plant is held on a holding body 3 made of plant fiber,
The holder 3 is immersed in water while being stored in a net 7 together with the concrete pieces or stones 5.

【0019】保持体3を構成する植物繊維は好ましくは
ヘチマ又はヤシの繊維とする。網7は一例として金網と
する。符号9に示すものは生育しつつある植物であり、
符号11はその根である。
The plant fibers constituting the support 3 are preferably loofah or coconut fibers. The net 7 is a wire net as an example. The one shown at 9 is a growing plant,
Reference numeral 11 is the root.

【0020】次に、図3、図4に示す事例について説明
する。符号13に示すものは上下両端を開口したコンク
リート枠である。コンクリート枠13内には上下両端を
開口した複数の筒状体15を配設する。筒状体15は一
例として円筒状体とする。各筒状体15内には植物の種
苗1を土17と共に収納する。コンクリート枠13上に
は各筒状体15内の土17の流出を当面防ぐための紙カ
バー19を被せる。該筒状体15を紙カバー19の上か
ら縄、紐等の縛着手段21によりコンクリート枠13に
縛着した状態で水中に沈めるようになす。この事例にお
いては、直根を有する植物が好ましく用いられる。
Next, the cases shown in FIGS. 3 and 4 will be described. Reference numeral 13 denotes a concrete frame having upper and lower ends opened. A plurality of tubular bodies 15 having upper and lower ends opened in the concrete frame 13 are arranged. The cylindrical body 15 is, for example, a cylindrical body. The seeds 1 of the plant are stored together with the soil 17 in each cylindrical body 15. A paper cover 19 is placed on the concrete frame 13 to prevent the outflow of the soil 17 in each tubular body 15 for the time being. The tubular body 15 is immersed in the water while being bound to the concrete frame 13 by binding means 21 such as a rope or a string from above the paper cover 19. In this case, plants having direct roots are preferably used.

【0021】筒状体15内には好ましくは木炭片23を
収納する。
A piece of charcoal 23 is preferably housed in the tubular body 15.

【0022】[0022]

【発明の効果】[請求項1の発明]植物の種苗を保持す
る保持体は重りに固定された状態で水中に沈められるた
め、後に流失し又は浮き上がることはない。保持体に保
持された種苗は水中で生育し、水を浄化する。ヘドロ状
の水底も好ましく浄化される。生育した植物の近傍には
やがて小動物や魚類が棲息するようになる。また、植物
が水中の地面に根を張ったときには、砂の流失が防止さ
れる。
According to the first aspect of the present invention, the holding body for holding the seeds of the plant is submerged in the water while being fixed to the weight, so that it will not be washed away or lifted up later. The seeds and seedlings held by the holder grow in water and purify the water. Sludge-like water bottoms are also preferably purified. In the vicinity of the grown plants, small animals and fish will eventually inhabit. Also, when the plants take root on the underwater ground, sand erosion is prevented.

【0023】[請求項2の発明]保持体は重りとなるコ
ンクリート片又は石と共に網中に収納された状態で水中
に沈められるため、後に流失し又は浮き上がることはな
い。保持体は植物繊維よりなるものであるため、やがて
水中で分解される。しかして、保持体を形成する植物繊
維が水中で分解される頃までには、植物の種苗は水中で
生育し、水中の地面に根を下ろすため、植物は保持体が
消滅した後も水中の地面に定着した状態で生存する。そ
の他の点においては、請求項2の水中緑化方法は請求項
1の水中緑化方法と同様の効果を発揮する。
[Invention of Claim 2] Since the holding body is immersed in water while being stored in a net together with a concrete piece or a stone serving as a weight, the holding body will not be washed away or lifted up later. Since the support is made of plant fiber, it is eventually decomposed in water. However, by the time the plant fibers forming the holding body are decomposed in water, the seedlings of the plant grow in the water and take root on the underwater ground. Survive on the ground. In other respects, the underwater greening method of claim 2 exhibits the same effect as the underwater greening method of claim 1.

【0024】[請求項3の発明]ヘチマ又はヤシの繊維
よりなる保持体は植物の種苗を好ましく保持し、やがて
水を汚染することなく好ましく分解される。その他の点
においては、請求項3の水中緑化方法は請求項1の水中
緑化方法と同様の効果を発揮する。
[Invention of claim 3] The support made of loofah or coconut fiber preferably retains plant seeds and seeds, and is preferably decomposed without polluting water. In other respects, the underwater greening method of claim 3 has the same effect as the underwater greening method of claim 1.

【0025】[請求項4の発明]コンクリート枠は重り
となる。コンクリート枠上に被せられた紙カバーは各筒
状体内の土の流出を当面防ぐものであるが、間もなく水
中で溶ける。筒状体内に土と共に収納された植物の種苗
はやがて生育し、上方に伸びる。また、植物の根はやが
て筒状体の下方に伸びて水中の地面に達する。その他の
点においては、請求項4の水中緑化方法は請求項1の水
中緑化方法と同様の効果を発揮する。
[Invention of Claim 4] The concrete frame becomes a weight. The paper cover over the concrete frame prevents the soil from flowing out of each tubular body for the time being, but will soon dissolve in water. The seeds and seedlings of the plants stored together with the soil in the tubular body grow and grow upward. In addition, the roots of the plants eventually extend below the tubular body and reach the underwater ground. In other respects, the underwater greening method of claim 4 exhibits the same effect as the underwater greening method of claim 1.

【0026】[請求項5の発明]筒状体内に収納された
木炭片は内部に気泡を含有している。この気泡は植物の
生育を助ける。その他の点においては、請求項5の水中
緑化方法は請求項1の水中緑化方法と同様の効果を発揮
する。
[Invention of claim 5] The charcoal pieces contained in the cylindrical body contain bubbles inside. These bubbles help the plants grow. In other respects, the underwater greening method of claim 5 exhibits the same effect as the underwater greening method of claim 1.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]

【図1】本発明による水中緑化方法の一例を示す説明図
である。
FIG. 1 is an explanatory diagram showing an example of an underwater greening method according to the present invention.

【図2】保持体の一例を示す正面図である。FIG. 2 is a front view showing an example of a holder.

【図3】本発明による水中緑化方法の別の一例を示す説
明図である。
FIG. 3 is an explanatory view showing another example of the underwater greening method according to the present invention.

【図4】図3におけるコンクリート枠等を示す斜視図で
ある。
FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing a concrete frame and the like in FIG. 3;

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

1 種苗 3 保持体 5 コンクリート片又は石 7 網 9 植物 11 根 13 コンクリート枠 15 筒状体 17 土 19 紙カバー 21 縛着手段 23 木炭片 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Seedling 3 Holder 5 Concrete piece or stone 7 Net 9 Plant 11 Root 13 Concrete frame 15 Cylindrical body 17 Soil 19 Paper cover 21 Binding means 23 Charcoal piece

Claims (5)

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims] 【請求項1】 植物の種苗を保持体に保持させ、該保持
体を重りに固定した状態で水中に沈めるようにしたこと
を特徴とする水中緑化方法。
An underwater greening method comprising: holding a seedling of a plant in a holding body; and submerging the holding body in water with the holding body fixed to a weight.
【請求項2】 植物の種苗を植物繊維よりなる保持体に
保持させ、該保持体をコンクリート片又は石と共に網中
に収納した状態で水中に沈めるようにしたことを特徴と
する水中緑化方法。
2. An underwater revegetation method, characterized in that plant seedlings are held in a holding body made of plant fiber, and the holding body is submerged in a net together with concrete pieces or stones in a net.
【請求項3】 前記植物繊維はヘチマ又はヤシの繊維で
あることを特徴とする請求項2の水中緑化方法。
3. The underwater greening method according to claim 2, wherein the plant fiber is luffa or palm fiber.
【請求項4】 上下両端を開口したコンクリート枠内に
上下両端を開口した複数の筒状体を配設し、各筒状体内
には植物の種苗を土と共に収納し、該コンクリート枠上
には各筒状体内の土の流出を当面防ぐための紙カバーを
被せ、該筒状体を紙カバーの上から該コンクリート枠に
縛着した状態で水中に沈めるようにしたことを特徴とす
る水中緑化方法。
4. A plurality of cylindrical bodies having upper and lower ends opened in a concrete frame having upper and lower ends opened, and plant seedlings and soil are stored in each cylindrical body together with soil. Underwater greening characterized by covering a paper cover for preventing the outflow of soil in each cylindrical body for the time being, and submerging the cylindrical body in the water while being bound to the concrete frame from above the paper cover Method.
【請求項5】 前記筒状体内には木炭片を収納したこと
を特徴とする請求項4の水中緑化方法。
5. The underwater greening method according to claim 4, wherein a piece of charcoal is stored in the cylindrical body.
JP2001126818A 2001-04-25 2001-04-25 Method for greening hydrospace Pending JP2002315469A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001126818A JP2002315469A (en) 2001-04-25 2001-04-25 Method for greening hydrospace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001126818A JP2002315469A (en) 2001-04-25 2001-04-25 Method for greening hydrospace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2002315469A true JP2002315469A (en) 2002-10-29

Family

ID=18975795

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2001126818A Pending JP2002315469A (en) 2001-04-25 2001-04-25 Method for greening hydrospace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2002315469A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006211985A (en) * 2005-02-07 2006-08-17 North Green:Kk Structure for undersea installation and method for activating marine resource
JP2007129913A (en) * 2005-11-08 2007-05-31 North Green:Kk Construction for undersea installation, method for activation of aquatic resource and weeding method
JP2015097483A (en) * 2013-11-18 2015-05-28 鹿島建設株式会社 Biological habitat forming structure, biological habitat forming method, and planting construction method
CN106525216A (en) * 2016-11-04 2017-03-22 山东省科学院激光研究所 Fiber isolation net laying method and recovering method
KR101773459B1 (en) * 2015-07-15 2017-08-31 제명훈 Sea Forest Making Apparatus

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006211985A (en) * 2005-02-07 2006-08-17 North Green:Kk Structure for undersea installation and method for activating marine resource
JP2007129913A (en) * 2005-11-08 2007-05-31 North Green:Kk Construction for undersea installation, method for activation of aquatic resource and weeding method
JP2015097483A (en) * 2013-11-18 2015-05-28 鹿島建設株式会社 Biological habitat forming structure, biological habitat forming method, and planting construction method
KR101773459B1 (en) * 2015-07-15 2017-08-31 제명훈 Sea Forest Making Apparatus
CN106525216A (en) * 2016-11-04 2017-03-22 山东省科学院激光研究所 Fiber isolation net laying method and recovering method

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