JP2000171730A - Battery type portable endoscopic device - Google Patents

Battery type portable endoscopic device

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Publication number
JP2000171730A
JP2000171730A JP10348889A JP34888998A JP2000171730A JP 2000171730 A JP2000171730 A JP 2000171730A JP 10348889 A JP10348889 A JP 10348889A JP 34888998 A JP34888998 A JP 34888998A JP 2000171730 A JP2000171730 A JP 2000171730A
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JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
endoscope
portion
cover
insertion
part
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP10348889A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Seiichi Hosoda
Shigeto Magai
Ichiro Nakamura
Takeaki Nakamura
Masaaki Nakazawa
Takashi Suzuki
Katsuji Watanabe
一郎 中村
剛明 中村
雅明 中沢
勝司 渡辺
成人 真貝
誠一 細田
高志 鈴木
Original Assignee
Olympus Optical Co Ltd
オリンパス光学工業株式会社
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Publication date
Application filed by Olympus Optical Co Ltd, オリンパス光学工業株式会社 filed Critical Olympus Optical Co Ltd
Priority to JP10348889A priority Critical patent/JP2000171730A/en
Publication of JP2000171730A publication Critical patent/JP2000171730A/en
Application status is Granted legal-status Critical

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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a battery type portable endoscopic device which is suitable for portable use, is capable of preventing the occurrence of infectious diseases, etc., even in the environment where the washing and disinfecting (or sterilizing) of its insertion part is difficult and is capable of repetitively making endoscope inspection. SOLUTION: A battery type light source 3 is freely attachably and detachably connected to a light guide mouthpiece 14 of a manipulation part 7 of the endoscope 2. The light of a light emitting element therein is supplied from the light guide mouthpiece 14 to the illumination system in the endoscope 2 and is emitted from an illumination window at the front end 9 of the flexible insertion part 6. The illuminated lesion, etc., may be made observable from an eyepiece part 8 via an observation optical system. The insertion part 6 is covered with a sheath part 42 of an endoscope cover 5 consisting of a thin tube. When the endoscopic inspection is carried out by the sheath part 42, the insertion part 6 is isolated so as not to be stained. In addition, a cord part 43 is mounted to the sheath part 42 to facilitate the attachment and detachment of the sheath part 42 to and from the insertion part 6.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は携帯使用に適するバッテリ式光源で内視鏡検査が可能なバッテリ式携帯内視鏡装置に関する。 With the present invention is battery powered portable endoscope apparatus capable endoscopy in battery-powered light source suitable for portable use. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】一般に、バッテリ光源式の内視鏡は携帯性に優れており、緊急時の処置や、ベットサイドでの処置のように、大きな光源装置を運び込むことが困難な場所での用途に特に優れた機能を発揮する。 In general, an endoscope of the battery light source type has excellent portability, treatment or emergency, such as the treatment with bedside use in large light source device difficult place to bring in the It exhibits a particularly excellent function. 例えば特開平10−43133号公報には、電源に乾電池を使用し、 For example, Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 10-43133, by using the dry battery to a power source,
水密構造にしたバッテリ型光源(バッテリ光源とも言う)が、操作部に着脱自在に取り付いているバッテリ式携帯内視鏡装置が開示されている。 In the battery-type light source watertight (also referred to as battery source) is detachably Toritsui and are battery powered portable endoscope apparatus in the operation unit is disclosed.

【0003】従来、特に医療用のバッテリ式携帯内視鏡装置においても内視鏡検査を行った後には体腔内に挿入された挿入部を洗滌・消毒(または滅菌)を行うことが次の内視鏡検査を行う際に起こりえる感染症等を防ぐために必要となる。 Conventionally, especially among performing the cleaning and disinfecting the insertion portion inserted into the body cavity after the endoscopy also in battery-operated portable endoscope apparatus for medical use (or sterilization) of the following required to prevent infections and the like that can occur when performing the endoscopic inspection.

【0004】 [0004]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】特開平10−4313 The object of the invention is to be Solved by JP-A-10-4313
3号公報のような内視鏡装置は簡便性を利点として在宅医療で使用する場合が多い。 The endoscope apparatus, such as a 3 JP is often used in home health care of convenience as an advantage. しかしながら、在宅医療では洗滌、消毒(または滅菌)を行う環境が十分でない場合が多く、その場合には、複数のバッテリ式携帯内視鏡装置を用意しなければならない欠点があった。 However, the home care cleaning, disinfection (or sterilization) if the environment is not sufficient in many cases perform, in that case, there is a disadvantage that must be provided a plurality of battery-powered portable endoscope apparatus.

【0005】(発明の目的)本発明は、上述した点に鑑みてなされたもので、携帯使用に適し、挿入部を洗滌、 [0005] (object of the invention) The present invention has been made in view of the above, suitable for portable use, washing the insertion portion,
消毒(または滅菌)を行うことが十分でない環境でも感染症等の発生を防止でき、繰り返し内視鏡検査を行うことができるバッテリ式携帯内視鏡装置を提供することを目的とする。 Disinfection (or sterilization) in an environment is not sufficient to perform a can be prevented occurrence of infectious diseases, and to provide a battery-powered portable endoscope apparatus capable of performing repetitive endoscopy.

【0006】 [0006]

【課題を解決するための手段】操作部と、前記操作部に連結された挿入部と、前記挿入部内に配設された照明系とを有する内視鏡と、前記内視鏡の操作部に連結され前記照明系に照明光を供給するための発光素子が内蔵されたバッテリ式光源と、前記内視鏡の挿入部を着脱に外装する内視鏡カバーと、を設けることにより、内視鏡検査毎に内視鏡カバーを新しいものに交換することにより、 An operation section Means for Solving the Problems], an insertion part connected to the operating unit, an endoscope and an illumination system disposed in the insertion portion, the operation portion of the endoscope and connected to battery-powered light source light-emitting element is built for supplying illumination light to the illumination system, and an endoscope cover the exterior of the insertion portion of the endoscope in the detachable, by providing the endoscope by exchanging the endoscope cover with a new one for each inspection,
挿入部を洗滌、消毒(または滅菌)を行うことなく、挿入部を清潔な状態に設定して、繰り返しの内視鏡検査を行うことができるようにする。 Washing the insertion portion, without disinfection (or sterilization), by setting the insertion portion into a clean state, so that it is possible to perform endoscopy repeated.

【0007】 [0007]

【発明の実施の形態】以下、図面を参照して本発明の実施の形態を説明する。 BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION Hereinafter, an embodiment of the present invention with reference to the drawings. (第1の実施の形態)図1ないし図3は本発明の第1の実施の形態に係り、図1は第1の実施の形態のバッテリ式携帯内視鏡装置の外観図、図2はバッテリ式光源の分解図、図3は内視鏡カバー部の構成及び作用を示す説明図である。 (First Embodiment) FIGS. 1 to 3 relates to a first embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 1 is an external view of a battery powered portable endoscope apparatus of the first embodiment, FIG. 2 exploded view of the battery-type light source, FIG. 3 is an explanatory view showing the configuration and operation of the endoscope cover portion.

【0008】図1に示すように本発明の第1の実施の形態のバッテリ式携帯内視鏡装置1は、水密構造の内視鏡2と、該内視鏡2に着脱自在で選択して装着されるバッテリ式光源3及びライトガイドケーブル4と、内視鏡2 [0008] Figure 1 a first embodiment of the battery-operated portable endoscope apparatus of the present invention as shown in 1 includes an endoscope 2 of the watertight, select detachable to the internal endoscope 2 a battery-powered light source 3 and light guide cable 4 to be mounted, the endoscope 2
の挿入部6を覆うようにディスポーザブルで装着される内視鏡カバー5とから構成される。 Composed of the endoscope cover 5 which is mounted in a disposable so as to cover the insertion portion 6.

【0009】内視鏡2は可撓性を有する細長の挿入部6 [0009] endoscope 2 of the elongated flexible insertion portion 6
と、この挿入部6の後端に連設された把持部を兼ねる操作部7と、この操作部7の後端に設けられた接眼部8とを有する。 When has the operation unit 7 which also serves as a grip portion provided continuously to the rear end of the insertion portion 6, the eyepiece portion 8 provided at a rear end of the operation portion 7. また、挿入部6は硬質の先端部9と、この先端部9の後端に隣接して設けられた湾曲自在の湾曲部1 The insertion portion 6 and the rigid tip 9, the curved portion 1 of bendable provided adjacent to a rear end of the distal end portion 9
1と、この湾曲部11の後端から操作部7の前端まで延びる長尺の可撓部12とから構成され、操作部7に設けた湾曲操作レバー13を操作することにより、湾曲部1 1 and consists of a long flexible section 12 which extends from the rear end of the bending portion 11 to the front end of the operation portion 7, by operating the bending operation lever 13 provided on the operation unit 7, the curved portion 1
1を湾曲することができる。 It is possible to bend the 1.

【0010】上記挿入部6内には照明光を伝送する照明系として図示しないライトガイドが挿通され、このライトガイドの後端(基端)側は操作部7内で屈曲されて操作部7のライトガイド口金14に固定されている。 [0010] into the insertion portion 6 is a light guide is inserted (not shown) as an illumination system for transmitting illumination light, the light guide rear end (base end) side is bent in the operating portion 7 of the operation section 7 It is fixed to the light guide connector 14.

【0011】このライトガイド口金14は操作部7の側部表面から突出し、熱伝導性の良好な部材で形成されている。 [0011] The light guide connector 14 is formed from the side surface of the operation portion 7 protrudes, a good member of thermally conductive. このライトガイド口金14の外周面には雄ねじ部15が設けてあり、バッテリ式光源3或いはライトガイドケーブル4を装着することができるようにしている。 The light on the outer peripheral surface of the guide connector 14 is provided with a male screw portion 15, so that it is possible to mount the battery-powered light source 3 or the light guide cable 4.

【0012】例えば、ライトガイドケーブル4の基端にはライトガイド口金14に接続する接続部16が設けてあり、この接続部16の接続口金16aはライトガイド口金14と嵌合して、光学的に結合し、光の伝送が可能な状態に設定され、この接続口金16aの外周側には接続リング16bが設けてあり、この接続リング16bにはライトガイド口金14の雄ねじ部15に螺合により着脱自在に接続するねじ孔が設けてある。 [0012] For example, the proximal end of the light guide cable 4 is provided with a connecting portion 16 connected to the light guide connector 14, connection mouth ring 16a of the connecting portion 16 is engaged with the light guide connector 14, optical bind to, is set to the ready transmission of light, on the outer peripheral side of the connection mouth ring 16a Yes in connection ring 16b is provided, by screwing the external thread portion 15 of the light guide connector 14 to the connecting ring 16b screw holes for detachably connected is provided. また、このライトガイドケーブル4の他端には図示しない光源装置のライトガイドコネクタ受けに着脱自在で接続されるライトガイドコネクタ17が設けてある。 Further, the light guide connector 17 is detachably connected to the receiving light guide connector of a light source device (not shown) to the other end of the light guide cable 4 is provided.

【0013】ライトガイドケーブル4を接続した状態の場合は通常の内視鏡の構成と同様となり、ライトガイドケーブル4の他端のライトガイドコネクタ17を、図示しない既存の光源装置に接続することにより、このライトガイドコネクタ17には、光源装置内部に設けられているランプから照明光が供給され、ライトガイドケーブル4内の図示しないライトガイドファイバ、接続部16 [0013] The light guide if a state where the cable 4 is connected to be like a normal endoscope structure, the other end of the light guide connector 17 of the light guide cable 4, by connecting to an existing light source device (not shown) , the light guide connector 17, is supplied illumination light from the lamp is provided inside the light source device, a light guide fiber (not shown) of the light guide cable 4, the connecting portion 16
を介して内視鏡2内のライトガイドファイバに照明光が供給される。 The illumination light is supplied to the light guide fiber of the endoscope within 2 via.

【0014】また、バッテリ式光源3は水密構造に形成された略T字形状の外形であり、その一端に接続部18 Further, battery powered light source 3 is a profile of substantially T-shape formed in watertight, connection 18 to one end
が設けてあり、この接続部18を構成する接続口金18 Connection mouth ring 18 is provided with, which constitutes the connection portion 18
aはライトガイド口金14と嵌合して、光学的に結合し、光の伝送が可能な状態に設定され、この接続口金1 a is engaged with the light guide connector 14, optically coupled, is set in the transmission capable state of the light, the connection mouth ring 1
8aの外周側には接続リング18bが設けてあり、この接続リング18bにはライトガイド口金14の雄ねじ部15に螺合により着脱自在に接続するねじ孔が設けてある。 The 8a outer peripheral side of the Yes and connecting ring 18b is provided, in this connection ring 18b is provided with a threaded hole for removably connected by screwing the male screw portion 15 of the light guide connector 14.

【0015】そして、ライトガイド口金14の外周側の雄ねじ部15に前記接続部16または前記接続部18の接続リング16bまたは18bを螺合させることによる内視鏡2にライトガイドケーブル4又はバッテリ式光源3とを一体的に接続することができるようにしている。 [0015] Then, the light guide connector 14 the endoscope 2 to the light guide cable 4 or battery type connection ring 16b or 18b of the the outer circumferential side of the external thread portion 15 connecting portion 16 or the connecting portion 18 by screwing the so that it is possible to integrally connect the light source 3.

【0016】また、上記操作部7には吸引操作を行うための吸引ボタン20と、この吸引ボタン20の基端付近から側部方向に突出する図示しない吸引チャンネルに連通する吸引口金21とが設けられている。 Further, a suction button 20 for performing suction operation on the operation section 7, and the suction base 21 communicating with the suction channel (not shown) protruding from near the proximal end of the suction button 20 on the side direction is provided It is. この吸引口金21は図示しないチューブを介して図示しない吸引装置に接続され、吸引ボタン20を適宜操作することによって吸引チャンネル、吸引口金21を介して体腔内の体液などを吸引することができるようになっている。 The suction connector 21 is connected to a suction device (not shown) through a not shown tube, channel suction by operating the suction button 20 as appropriate, to be able to aspirate such as body fluids in the body cavity through the suction base 21 going on.

【0017】さらに、操作部7の先端側には鉗子などの処置具を挿入するための鉗子挿入口22が設けられている。 Furthermore, the tip side of the operating portion 7 forceps insertion port 22 for inserting a treatment tool such as forceps is provided. この鉗子挿入口22は内視鏡2内に設けられている吸引チャンネルに連通している。 The forceps slot 22 is communicated with a suction channel provided in the endoscope 2. この鉗子挿入口22には鉗子栓23が取り付けられている。 Forceps plug 23 is attached to the forceps insertion opening 22.

【0018】なお、本実施の形態では挿入部6を覆う内視鏡カバー5を構成する(後述する)シース部42はその先端側も閉じており、内視鏡カバー5を装着した状態では吸引を行えないようにしている。 [0018] Incidentally, (described later) constituting the endoscope cover 5 which covers the insertion portion 6 in this embodiment the sheath 42 is closed also the tip side, the suction in a state of mounting the endoscope cover 5 the so that can not be performed. また、処置具も挿通使用しないできない状態となる。 In addition, a state can not be a treatment tool not inserted use. 内視鏡カバー5を装着しない場合には使用できる(内視鏡カバーを装着して使用する構成は第2或いは第3の実施の形態で説明する)。 It can be used when not mounting the endoscope cover 5 (structure used in the endoscope cover mounted will be described in the second or third embodiment).

【0019】また上記操作部7の吸引ボタン20の近傍にはバッテリ式光源3のランプ27をON/OFFするスイッチ24が設けられている。 [0019] switch 24 to ON / OFF the lamp 27 of the battery-powered light source 3 in the vicinity of the suction button 20 of the operation portion 7 is provided. このスイッチ24は一度押すと頭部が凹みON状態になり、次に押すと頭部が元の位置に戻りOFFになる方式である。 The switch 24 is turned ON state depressions head pressing once, then press the head is a method to be OFF to return to its original position.

【0020】なお、内視鏡2の操作部7の例えば鉗子挿入口22と反対側の位置には通気口金25が突設しており、この通気口金25から内視鏡2の内部に空気を送り込むことによって内視鏡2の水漏れ検査を行えるようにしている。 [0020] Note that the position of, for example, a forceps insertion opening 22 of the operation portion 7 of the endoscope 2 opposite and vent port 25 is protruded, the air inside of the endoscope 2 from the vent connecter 25 and to allow the water leakage inspection of the endoscope 2 by feeding.

【0021】また、上記バッテリ式光源3は図2に示すような構造になっている。 Further, the battery powered light source 3 has a structure as shown in FIG. つまり、バッテリ式光源3は中空の光源本体部26と、この光源本体部26に接続部18と反対側の開口端部26aから先端のランプ27側が挿入されるようにして装着されるランプ部28と、このランプ部28が装着される方向と直交する方向に突出した中空部のバッテリ収納部29内に収納されるバッテリとしての乾電池30と、このバッテリ収納部29の開口端部29aを覆う蓋体31とから構成される。 In other words, the lamp unit 28 to battery-powered light source 3 and the hollow of the light source body portion 26, the lamp 27 side of the distal end is mounted so as to be inserted from the open end 26a of the connecting portion 18 to the light source body portion 26 opposite When the lid for covering the battery 30 as a battery which the lamp unit 28 is housed in the battery compartment 29 of the hollow portion projecting in a direction orthogonal to the direction to be attached, the opening end 29a of the battery housing part 29 It consists of the body 31..

【0022】そして、着脱自在なランプ部28或いは蓋体31を取り外すことによって、発光素子としてランプ27の交換或いは乾電池30の交換を行えるようになっている。 [0022] Then, by removing the removable lamp portion 28 or the lid 31, it is able to perform the exchange of replacement or battery 30 of the lamp 27 as a light-emitting element. 光源本体部26は絶縁性の樹脂部材等の外装部材32で形成されている。 The light source body portion 26 is formed in the outer member 32 such as an insulating resin member.

【0023】ランプ部28は、絶縁性の樹脂部材などで形成されている略パイプ形状のホルダ本体33と、このホルダ本体33に刻設した接点ばね受け部34とを有する。 The lamp unit 28 has a substantially pipe-shaped holder main body 33 are formed of an insulating resin member, and a contact spring receiving portion 34 which is engraved on the holder body 33. また、ホルダ本体33内にはホルダ本体33に対して摺動可能な電気接点部35が設けられている。 Further, the electrical contact portion 35 slidable is provided to the holder main body 33 in the holder body 33.

【0024】前記光源本体部26の開口端部26a内部のランプ収容部内には導電性部材で形成した図示しないランプ収納ホルダが設けてあり、ランプ部28を装着した場合にはランプ収納ホルダに接点バネ受け部34が当接し、この接点バネ受け部34に対して回動自在で外周面に雄ねじ部を設けたランプホルダ装着ねじ部37と、 [0024] The in lamp housing portion of the inner open end 26a of the light source body portion 26 is provided with a lamp supporting holder (not shown) formed in the conductive member, when mounting the lamp unit 28 contacts the ramp housing holder the spring receiving portion 34 abuts the lamp holder mounting screw portion 37 having a male thread portion on an outer peripheral surface is rotatable with respect to the contact spring receiving portion 34,
このランプホルダ装着ねじ部37に取り付けられる熱伝導性の低い樹脂等で形成したホルダ外装部材38とで螺合されている。 Screwed by a holder exterior member 38 formed in the lamp holder mounting screw portion 37 having low thermal conductivity resin attached to. また、接点バネ受け部34とホルダ外装部材38の間は水密リング(図示しない)を介して水密螺合されている。 Further, between the contact spring receiving portion 34 and the holder outer member 38 is engaged watertight threaded through the watertight ring (not shown).

【0025】また、前記ランプホルダ装着ねじ部37の外周面部には水密リング39が設けられている。 Further, the outer peripheral surface of the lamp holder mounting screw portion 37 is watertight ring 39 is provided. また、 Also,
図2に示す蓋体31は光源本体部26のバッテリ収納部29の開口端部29aの外周面に配置したパッキン部材40で水密螺合される。 Lid 2 31 is engaged watertight screw with packing members 40 disposed on the outer peripheral surface of the opening end portion 29a of the battery housing portion 29 of the light source body portion 26. なお、ランプ27の先端ガラス面はレンズ形状を成し、発光した光を収束させる役目を持つ。 Incidentally, the tip glass surface of the lamp 27 forms a lens shape, with a role for converging the emitted light.

【0026】そして、内視鏡検査中等にランプ27が切れて交換したい場合は光源本体部26よりランプ部28 [0026] Then, if you wish to replace the endoscopy moderate off lamp 27 is a light source body portion 26 from the lamp unit 28
を取り出す。 The take out. 次にランプ部28のホルダ外装部材38を一方の手指で保持し、もう一方の手指で電気接点部35 Then holding the holder outer member 38 of the lamp unit 28 with one hand, the electrical contact portion 35 on the other hand
をホルダ外装部材38と反対側に動かす。 The move to the side opposite to the holder outer member 38.

【0027】すると電気接点部35内面の図示しない溝部よりランプ27のCリングが外れると共に、ランプ2 [0027] Then with the C-ring of the lamp 27 from the groove (not shown) of the electrical contact portion 35 inner surface is out, the lamp 2
7のランプ後端部電極を押圧するため、ランプ27を直接触れずにランプ部28からランプ27を取り外すことができる。 For pressing the 7 lamps rear end electrodes, it can be removed lamp 27 from the lamp unit 28 without touching the lamp 27 directly. 新しいランプ27の装着に関しては上記取り外しの逆である。 It is the reverse of the above-mentioned removal with respect to installation of the new lamp 27.

【0028】一方、図1に示すように挿入部6には全長に亘って、ディスポーザブル(使い捨て)の内視鏡カバー5が外装されている。 On the other hand, over the entire length in the insertion portion 6 as shown in FIG. 1, an endoscope cover 5 of disposable (single-use) is the exterior. 内視鏡カバー5は挿入部6を覆うシース部42と一対のひも部43からなり、ひも部4 The endoscope cover 5 is made of the sheath portion 42 and the pair of straps 43 covering the insertion portion 6, string section 4
3の基端はシース部42の先端の内周面に固定されており、手元端には術者が把持する把持部44が設けられている。 3 of the base end is fixed to the inner peripheral surface of the distal end of the sheath portion 42, the proximal end of the grip portion 44 which the operator grips are provided.

【0029】シース部42は、生体適合性を有する薄い弾性チューブ部材からなり、シース部42の先端面は透明部材で形成されており、先端部9に設けた照明窓からの照明光を透明部材を透過して出射し、また透明部材を介して観察窓に観察光が入射するようにしている。 The sheath 42 is made of a thin elastic tube member having a biocompatible, distal end surface of the sheath portion 42 is formed of a transparent member, the transparent member illumination light from the illumination window provided at the distal end portion 9 transmitted is emitted and the observation light to the observation window via the transparent member so that is incident. また、シース部42はその基端の開口以外は気密に近い水密構造となっており、シース部42で覆われた状態で挿入部6が不潔域となる体腔内に挿入されても、シース部42はシース部42の内側を清潔域、つまりシース部4 Also, sheath 42 is other than the opening of the proximal end has a watertight structure close hermetically, be inserted into a body cavity the insertion portion 6 in a state of being covered by the sheath 42 is unclean area, sheath 42 clean area inside the sheath portion 42, i.e. the sheath 4
2の内側の挿入部6を清潔な状態に維持できるようにしている。 2 inside the insertion portion 6 is to be maintained in a clean condition.

【0030】なお、シース部42全体を透明部材で形成しても良い。 [0030] It is also possible to form the entire sheath portion 42 of a transparent material. シース部42の材質としてはシリコンチューブ、ラテックスチューブ等が代表的である。 The material of the sheath portion 42 silicone tube, latex tube or the like are representative. ひも部4 String section 4
3はナイロンテグス等の細いひも状体からなる。 3 consists of a thin string-like member of such as nylon guts.

【0031】把持部44は手指の腹でつまめる程度の大きさ形状に構成されている。 The grip portion 44 is configured to the size and shape of the extent to which Tsumameru belly of the finger. ひも部43は本実施の形態では2本あるが、何本でも良い。 String portion 43 is two in this embodiment, but may be anything present. シース部42の長さは挿入部6の長さと同じかより長くなるように設けられている。 The length of the sheath portion 42 is provided to be longer than or equal to the length of the insertion portion 6. また、ひも部43の長さはシース部42の長さより長くなるように設けられている。 The length of the string portion 43 is provided to be longer than the length of the sheath 42.

【0032】本実施の形態では、内視鏡2はディスポーザブルな(使い捨ての)内視鏡カバー5で挿入部6を覆うように着脱自在で装着できるようにして、内視鏡検査毎に古い内視鏡カバー5を外し、新しい内視鏡カバー5 [0032] In this embodiment, as the endoscope 2 can be mounted detachable to cover the insertion portion 6 in the endoscope cover 5 disposable (disposable), among old endoscopic each inspection Remove the endoscope cover 5, the new endoscope cover 5
を装着して1つの内視鏡2で繰り返し内視鏡検査を行えるようにしていることが特徴となっている。 It is the distinctive feature that is to allow the repeating endoscopy in one of the endoscope 2 by mounting the.

【0033】また、この内視鏡カバー5にはシース部4 Further, the sheath unit 4 to the endoscope cover 5
2の前端内側にその先端を固定したひも部43、43を延出し、その基端の把持部44を把持して、挿入部6を覆うようにシース部42を装着したり、装着したシース部42を外す作業を簡単かつシース部42の外面に手を触れることなく行えるようにしている。 Extending the string portion 43 which is fixed to the tip 2 of the front end inner, grips the grip portion 44 of the proximal end, or attaching the sheath portion 42 so as to cover the insertion portion 6, attached to the sheath portion and to allow without touching the hand work to remove the 42 easily and the outer surface of the sheath 42.

【0034】次に本実施の形態における内視鏡2の挿入部6に対し内視鏡カバー5で覆う装着及び取り外しの作用を図3を参照して説明する。 [0034] Next the operation of loading and unloading covered by the endoscope cover 5 with respect to the insertion portion 6 of the endoscope 2 of the present embodiment will be described with reference to FIG. 図3(A)は挿入部6に予めシース部42が巻き取られた内視鏡カバー5を装着する寸前を示している。 FIG. 3 (A) shows the verge of mounting the endoscope cover 5 sheath portion 42 in advance in the insertion portion 6 is wound. ちなみに内視鏡カバー5は基本的にディスポーザブルで図示しない滅菌パック包装及び滅菌処理された状態で供給される。 Incidentally endoscope cover 5 is provided in a state of being sterilized packed packaging and sterilization not shown basically disposable.

【0035】図3(B)は挿入部6に内視鏡カバー5を装着している状態を示している。 [0035] FIG. 3 (B) shows a state of mounting the endoscope cover 5 in the insertion portion 6. ひも部43を挿入部6 The insertion portion 6 of the string portion 43
とシース部42の間に挟み込む様にして装着される。 It is mounted in the manner sandwiched between the sheath 42 and. 図3(C)は挿入部6からシース部42を取り外している状態を示している。 Figure 3 (C) shows a state where the insertion portion 6 has removed the sheath 42. 装着された状態(図1)から把持部44を術者の手指の腹で持って挿入部6の長手方向と垂直方向に引っ張るようにすることによってシース部42 Sheath 42 by a pull in the mounted state the longitudinal direction and the vertical direction of the insertion portion 6 has a grip portion 44 by the ball of the finger of the operator (FIG. 1)
が初期の形状の様に巻き取られるようにして取り外される。 There is removed so as to be wound up as the initial shape.

【0036】最終的に、術者の手指が内視鏡検査後の汚染されたシース部42に触れることなく内視鏡カバー5 [0036] Finally, the endoscope cover 5 without touching the sheath portion 42 which the operator's fingers are contaminated endoscope after the inspection
を挿入部6から取り外すことができる。 It can be removed from the insertion portion 6. しかも次の内視鏡検査に際して、新しい内視鏡カバー5の滅菌パックを開封して装着することで洗滌・消毒(または滅菌)を必要としないで直ぐに次の内視鏡検査に移れる利点がある。 Moreover when the next endoscopic examination, it is advantageous to Utsureru the immediately following endoscopy without requiring cleaning and disinfection (or sterilization) in mounting by opening the sterile pack new endoscope cover 5 .

【0037】従って、本実施の形態によれば、操作部7 [0037] Therefore, according to this embodiment, the operation section 7
にバッテリ式光源3を接続することにより、内視鏡検査ができる内視鏡装置を構成できると共に、体腔内に挿入される挿入部6をディスポーザブルの内視鏡カバー5で着脱自在に覆うようにしているので、挿入部6を洗浄及び消毒(或いは滅菌)しなくても、この内視鏡カバー5 The battery-powered light source 3 by connecting, it is possible to configure the endoscope apparatus capable endoscopy, the insertion portion 6 to be inserted into a body cavity so as to cover detachably endoscopic cover 5 disposable in since it is, without washing and disinfecting the insertion portion 6 (or sterilization), the endoscope cover 5
を交換することにより感染症等の発生を防止して同じ内視鏡2で内視鏡検査を繰り返し行うことができる。 It can be repeated endoscopic examination in infectious diseases such as the same endoscope 2 to prevent the generation of by exchanging.

【0038】また、この内視鏡カバー5にはそのシース部42の先端内側にその先端を固定したひも部43、4 Further, in this endoscope cover 5 string portion to fix the tip to the distal end inside of the sheath portion 42 43,4
3を設けているので、このひも部43、43を操作することにより、手をシース部42の外面に触れることなく挿入部6への着脱を行うことができる。 3 because the are provided, by operating the cord sections 43 and 43, the hand can be a mounted and demounted to the insertion portion 6 without touching the outer surface of the sheath 42.

【0039】なお、本実施の形態では発光素子としてランプ27を採用しているが、ランプ27の代わりに発光ダイオードを採用しても良い。 [0039] In the present exemplary embodiment employs a lamp 27 as a light-emitting element may be employed a light emitting diode instead of the lamp 27. この場合には高輝度タイプのものを採用すると良い。 It is preferable to adopt a high-intensity type in this case. また、高輝度タイプで複数の発光ダイオードを採用して、照明光量を増大するようにしても良い。 Further, employs a plurality of light emitting diodes at high intensity may be increased amount of illumination light.

【0040】(第2の実施の形態)次に図4を参照して本発明の第2の実施の形態を説明する。 [0040] illustrating a second embodiment of the Second Embodiment Next, with reference to the present invention Figure 4. 本実施の形態では内視鏡カバー5はチャンネルチューブを有する構造にし、かつ内視鏡側にはこのチャンネルチューブを収納する収納溝部を有する構造にしたものである。 The endoscope cover 5 in this embodiment is a structure having a channel tube, and the endoscope side is obtained by the structure having a housing groove for housing the channel tube.

【0041】図4に示す第2の実施の形態では第1の実施の形態において、内視鏡カバー5の一対のひも部43 [0041] In the second embodiment the first embodiment shown in FIG. 4, a pair of string portion 43 of the endoscope cover 5
の一方を中空のチューブで形成して管路46を構成した。 To constitute a conduit 46 to one formed by a hollow tube. 管路46はシース部42の先端に固着されており、 Conduit 46 is secured to the distal end of the sheath portion 42,
シース部42の先端面に管路46の開口部47を形成している。 It forms the opening 47 of the conduit 46 to the distal end surface of the sheath 42.

【0042】管路46は送気、送水、吸引または処置具挿通のいづれのチャンネルに使用できるものでもよく、 The conduit 46 is air, water, may be those that can be used to channel the Izure of aspiration or treatment instrument insertion,
材質もテフロン、イラックス、ゴアテックス、ポリウレタン等、任意のチューブ材を用いて形成できる。 Material also teflon, Irrax, Goretex, polyurethane, etc., can be formed using any tubing.

【0043】また、本実施の形態では内視鏡2の挿入部6の外周面には管路46が納まる溝48が設けられている。 [0043] The groove 48 which conduit 46 fits on the outer peripheral surface of the insertion portion 6 of the endoscope 2 in this embodiment is provided. 本実施の形態の場合、管路46の後端側は以下のような構成にした。 In this embodiment, the rear end of the pipe 46 has a configuration as follows. 図1ではチャンネルの後端には鉗子挿入口22と鉗子栓23とを設けているが、本実施の形態では管路46の手元端に2つに分岐する分岐部49を設け、この分岐部49の一方に鉗子挿入口51と鉗子栓5 Although the rear end of the channel in FIG. 1 are provided with a forceps insertion opening 22 and the forceps plug 23, the branch portion 49 that branches into two at hand end of the conduit 46 is provided in this embodiment, the branch portion forceps insertion opening 51 to one of 49 the forceps plug 5
2、分岐部49の他方に中間チューブ53が連通するように接続されている。 2, the intermediate tube 53 is connected so as to communicate with the other branch portion 49.

【0044】中間チューブ53の材質も前記管路46と同じ材質で構成されている。 The material of the intermediate tube 53 is also formed of the same material as the conduit 46. 中間チューブ53の手元側端部には三方活栓54が接続され、その三方活栓54のルアー口金55には図示しない吸引器に接続された吸引チューブの一端が接続される。 The proximal end of intermediate tube 53 is connected to stopcock 54, one end of the connected suction tube is connected to a suction device not shown in the luer cap 55 of the three-way stopcock 54.

【0045】三方活栓54の他端には接続チューブ56 [0045] to the other end of the three-way stopcock 54 connection tube 56
が連通するように接続されている。 There are connected so as to communicate. 接続チューブ56の材質も前記管路46と同じである。 The material of the connection tube 56 is also the same as the conduit 46. 接続チューブ56の手元端には図1で示される吸引口金21に連通接続される。 The proximal end of the connecting tube 56 is communicatively connected to the suction mouthpiece 21 shown in FIG. 尚、三方活栓54にはコック57が設けられており、通常は図4に示す位置で吸引チューブ及び接続チューブ56、中間チューブ53が連通しており、吸引ボタン20のON/OFFで管路46に吸引圧が加わるようになっている。 Incidentally, the three-way stopcock 54 and stopcock 57 is provided, the suction tube and the connection tube 56 normally in the position shown in FIG. 4, the intermediate tube 53 communicates with, ON / OFF in line of the suction button 20 46 suction pressure is so applied to.

【0046】吸引ボタン20がOFFの時は(吸引ボタン20を押さない時)は吸引圧が吸引ボタン20の所でリークするような構造になっている。 The suction button 20 is the OFF is structured such that leak (when not pressed suction button 20) Where the suction pressure of the suction button 20. 従って、開口部4 Therefore, the opening 4
7からの自然吸引はない。 There is no natural suction from the 7. なお、この場合には内視鏡2 Incidentally, the endoscope 2 in this case
には吸引チャンネルは設けてなく、操作部7には吸引ボタン20及び吸引口金21が設けてある。 The not provided suction channel, the operation unit 7 are provided a suction button 20 and the suction mouth 21.

【0047】以上、本実施の形態では、ひも部43の代りに管路46を設けており、ひも部43と管路46を第1の実施の形態と同じように引くことにより、内視鏡カバー5のシース部42を巻き取り外すことが可能である。 [0047] above, in this embodiment, is provided with a conduit 46 in place of the string portion 43, by pulling the string portion 43 and the conduit 46 as in the first embodiment, the endoscope it is possible to remove up the sheath portion 42 of the cover 5.

【0048】さらにひも部43の把持部44を手元側に露出させる必要がないので邪魔にならないと共に、処置等で汚れた管路46も一緒に交換できるので良い。 [0048] Furthermore, since it is not necessary to expose the grip portion 44 of the string portion 43 proximally with unobtrusive, good because conduit 46 contaminated with treatment or the like can exchange together. 本実施の形態でひも部43の代りに複数のチャンネルで構成しても良い。 Instead of string portion 43 in this embodiment may be constituted by a plurality of channels.

【0049】本実施の形態によれば、第1の実施の効果の他に、内視鏡カバー5で挿入部6を覆った状態においても、吸引操作とか処理具を使用でき、使用しても挿入部6が汚染されることがなく、内視鏡検査を行うことができる。 In accordance with the present embodiment, in addition to the effects of the first embodiment, even in a state of covering the insertion portion 6 in the endoscope cover 5, can use the suction operation Toka treating implement, it is used without inserting portion 6 from being contaminated, it is possible to perform endoscopy.

【0050】(第3の実施の形態)次に本発明の第3の実施の形態を図5ないし図8を参照して説明する。 [0050] The third embodiment (Third Embodiment) Next present invention with reference to FIGS. 5 to 8 will be described. 図5 Figure 5
はバッテリ式携帯内視鏡装置の外観図、図6は挿入部の装着脱を示す説明図、図7は挿入部の構成を示す説明図、図8は挿入部カバー部の管路に管路カバーチューブを装着した状態の説明図である。 The conduit external view of a battery powered portable endoscope apparatus, Fig. 6 is an explanatory view showing the mounting and disengagement of the insertion portion, FIG. 7 is an explanatory diagram showing the configuration of the insertion portion, the conduit 8 is inserted cover portion the cover tube is an explanatory view of a state of mounting. 図5に示す本発明の第3の実施の形態の内視鏡装置59は、チャンネル付き内視鏡カバー方式の内視鏡(以下、カバー式内視鏡と略す)60と、このカバー式内視鏡60に着脱自在に装着されるバッテリ式光源3とから構成される。 Third Embodiment of the endoscope apparatus of the present invention shown in FIG. 5. 59, the channel endoscope with cover method endoscope (hereinafter, abbreviated as a cover type endoscope) 60, in the cover formula composed of battery-powered light source 3 which is removably attached to the endoscopic 60.

【0051】前記カバー式内視鏡60は、チャンネル付き内視鏡カバー(以下、カバーと略す)61と、チャンネル付き内視鏡カバー用内視鏡(以下、カバー用内視鏡と略す)62と、図6或いは図7(B)に示すチャンネルカバーチューブとしての管路カバーチューブ63との組み合わせからなっている。 [0051] The cover-type endoscope 60 is channeled endoscope cover (hereinafter, referred to as a cover) 61, channel endoscope with cover endoscopes (hereinafter, referred to as the cover endoscope) 62 If, which is a combination of a pipe cover tube 63 serving as a channel cover tube shown in FIG. 6 or FIG. 7 (B). 前記カバー61は、カバー用内視鏡62の挿入部64等を覆い、検査後におけるカバー用内視鏡62の洗滌・消毒を不要とするものである。 The cover 61 covers the insertion portion 64 of the cover endoscope 62 or the like, is intended to eliminate the cleaning and disinfection of the endoscope 62 cover after inspection.

【0052】図6及び図7(C)に示すようにカバー用内視鏡62は細長の挿入部64と、その後端に設けられた操作部65と、図5に示すように操作部65の後端に設けられた接眼部66とを有し、操作部65の側部の図示しないライトガイド口金にはバッテリ式光源3を着脱自在に接続することができる。 [0052] Figure 6 and the cover endoscope 62 as shown in FIG. 7 (C) and the insertion portion 64 of the elongated, an operation portion 65 provided at its rear end, the operation unit 65 as shown in FIG. 5 and a eyepiece 66 provided at a rear end, the light guide connector (not shown) of the side of the operating unit 65 can be connected to battery-powered light source 3 detachably. なお、バッテリ式光源3 Incidentally, battery powered light source 3
は第1の実施の形態で説明したものと同様の構成である。 It has the same configuration as that described in the first embodiment.

【0053】カバー用内視鏡62の挿入部64は、細長で円筒状に形成されている。 [0053] insertion portion 64 of the cover endoscope 62 is formed into a cylindrical shape by a thin length. 従って、前記カバー用内視鏡62には、従来のカバーのない内視鏡と同様の湾曲部構造を流用できる。 Therefore, the endoscope 62 for the cover, it uses the same bend structure and the endoscope without conventional cover.

【0054】前記カバー用内視鏡62の挿入部64は、 [0054] insertion portion 64 of the endoscope 62 for the cover,
図6或いは図7(C)に示すように操作部65の基端側から先端に向かって、順に可撓管部67と、湾曲可能な湾曲部68と、硬質の先端部69とから構成されておる。 6 or toward the tip from the base end side of the operation portion 65 as shown in FIG. 7 (C), and the flexible tube portion 67 in this order, a bendable bending portion 68 is constituted by a rigid distal end portion 69 Metropolitan and Nikki. 図5に示すように操作部65に設けた湾曲操作レバー70を操作することにより、湾曲部68を湾曲することができる。 By operating the bending operation lever 70 provided on the operation unit 65 as shown in FIG. 5, it is possible to bend the bending portion 68.

【0055】前記カバー用内視鏡62の先端部69には、照明光学系71,71と、対物光学系72とが設けてある。 [0055] the distal end portion 69 of the endoscope 62 for the cover, the illumination optical system 71, is provided and the objective optical system 72. 前記照明光学系71,71の後端には、バッテリ式光源3が接続されるようにしている。 The rear end of the illumination optical system 71, 71, battery powered light source 3 is to be connected.

【0056】また前記カバー用内視鏡62の先端部69 [0056] The distal portion 69 of the endoscope 62 for the cover
には、断面形状が、半円またはD状の管路挿通チャンネル74の開口が形成されている。 , The cross-sectional shape, the opening of the semi-circular or D-shaped duct insertion channel 74 is formed. この管路挿通チャンネル74は、カバー61の後述する複数の管路を挿通するものである。 The pipeline insertion channel 74 is for inserting a plurality of conduits to be described later of the cover 61. 前記管路挿通チャンネル74は挿入部64 Is the conduit through the channel 74 the insertion portion 64
及び操作部65内を経て、操作部65に設けられた吸引ボタン75の基端を経て吸引ボタン75の側部に設けられた吸引口金76に連通している。 And through the the operation portion 65, and communicates with the suction base 76 provided on the side of the suction button 75 through the proximal end of the suction button 75 provided on the operation unit 65.

【0057】図5に示すように、前記カバー用内視鏡6 [0057] As shown in FIG. 5, in viewing the cover lens 6
2を被覆するカバー61は、挿入部カバー部77を有し、本実施の形態では図6に示すように挿入部カバー部77の内側にはカバー用内視鏡62の管路挿通チャンネル74に挿入される管路カバーチューブ63が配置される(さらにこの内側に図7(A)に示す吸引管路83が挿通される)。 Cover 61 for covering the 2 includes an insertion portion cover 77, in this embodiment the conduit insertion channel 74 of the insertion portion for the inner side of the cover portion 77 covers endoscope 62 as shown in FIG. 6 conduit cover tube 63 to be inserted is arranged (further suction conduit 83 shown in FIG. 7 (a) is inserted into the inside).

【0058】前記カバー61の挿入部カバー部77は、 [0058] insertion cover portion 77 of the cover 61,
前記カバー用内視鏡62の挿入部64を覆うものである。 It is intended to cover the insertion portion 64 of the endoscope 62 for the cover. そして、前記カバー式内視鏡60は、カバー61により水密に覆われた状態で内視鏡検査に用いられる。 Then, the cover-type endoscope 60 is used for endoscopic examination by a cover 61 in a state covered with water-tight. 図7(A)に示すように、挿入部カバー部63は細長に形成されており、手元側の内視鏡操作部固定用口体部(以下、口体部と略す)79及び先端部80は、硬質の材料で形成されている。 As shown in FIG. 7 (A), inserting cover portion 63 is formed in an elongated endoscope operating portion affixing inlet body portion of the proximal side (hereinafter, referred to as the mouth body) 79 and a distal end 80 It is formed of a hard material.

【0059】また、挿入部カバー部77の口体部79 [0059] In addition, the mouth body 79 of the insertion portion cover portion 77
と、先端部80との間は、内部空間を外部環境と隔離する挿入部カバー外皮81により覆われている。 If, between the tip 80 is covered by the insertion cover skin 81 to isolate the internal space with the external environment. さらに、 further,
前記挿入部カバー部77は、その内部に、挿入部64が挿通可能な内視鏡挿入チャンネル82を形成している。 The insertion portion covering member 77 therein, the insertion portion 64 forms an endoscope insertion channel 82 can be inserted.
この内視鏡挿入チャンネル82の手元側基端部は、口体部79において、挿入部64挿入用の開口が形成されている。 Proximal base end portion of the endoscope insertion channel 82, in the mouth body 79, an opening for inserting the insertion portion 64 is formed. この内視鏡挿入チャンネル82の開口は、内視鏡挿入部64と密着する径に形成されている。 The opening of the endoscope insertion channel 82 is formed in a diameter which is in close contact with the endoscope insertion portion 64.

【0060】また、前記内視鏡挿入チャンネル82は、 [0060] Also, the endoscope insertion channel 82,
挿入部カバー部77の先端部80において閉塞している。 It is closed at the distal end 80 of the insertion portion cover 77. この様に、内視鏡挿入チャンネル82は、カバー用内視鏡62の挿入部64を外部環境から隔離するようになっている。 Thus, the endoscope insertion channel 82 is adapted to isolate the insertion portion 64 of the cover endoscope 62 from the external environment. 前記内視鏡挿入チャンネル82内には、チャンネルとしての吸引管路83が挿通されている。 Within the endoscope insertion channel 82, the suction channel 83 as the channel is inserted.

【0061】前記吸引管路83は、先端部が挿入部カバー部77の先端部80にて開口している一方、その後端側は前記口体部79から手元側に向かって延出されており、手元側端部は開口している。 [0061] The suction conduit 83, while the tip is open at the distal end portion 80 of the insertion portion cover 77, the rear end is extended toward the proximal side from the inlet body portion 79 , proximal end is open.

【0062】また、前記挿入部カバー部77の先端部8 [0062] The tip portion 8 of the insertion portion covering portion 77
0には、図7(A)に示すように、内視鏡挿入チャンネル82の先端において、透明な窓84、85a、85b The 0, as shown in FIG. 7 (A), at the distal end of the endoscope insertion channel 82, a transparent window 84,85A, 85b
が設けられている。 It is provided. これらの窓84、85a、85b These window 84,85a, 85b
は、前記カバー用内視鏡62の観察光学系72と、前記照明光学系71,71とに、それぞれ対向する位置に配置されている。 It is an observation optical system 72 of the cover endoscope 62, the said illumination optical system 71, are disposed on each opposite positions.

【0063】さらに、前記挿入部カバー部77の先端部80には、開口87が設けられている。 [0063] Further, the tip portion 80 of the insertion portion cover 77, an opening 87 is provided. また、前記吸引管路83は、その先端では、先端部80に固定されていると共に、前記開口(処置具の出口)87に連通・接続している。 Further, the suction channel 83, in its front end, with which is fixed to the distal end portion 80, and communicatively connected to the opening (outlet of the treatment instrument) 87.

【0064】一方、図7(B)に示すチャンネルカバーチューブとしての管路カバーチューブ63は、断面形状が半円またはD状で薄肉の管体からなっていると共に、 [0064] On the other hand, the conduit cover tube 63 serving as a channel cover tube shown in FIG. 7 (B), the cross-sectional shape which is thin-walled tube with a semicircular or D-shaped,
前記管路挿通チャンネル74内を挿通可能な大きさに形成されている。 It is formed with the conduit through the channel 74 into which can be inserted size. 前記管路カバーチューブ63は、吸引管路83より若干短く、かつ前記管路挿通チャンネル74 The conduit cover tube 63 is slightly shorter than the suction conduit 83 and the conduit insertion channel 74
より長く形成されている。 It is longer form.

【0065】そして、前記管路カバーチューブ63の管空63aには、吸引管路83を挿通できるようになっている。 [0065] Then, the lumen 63a of the conduit cover tube 63 is adapted to be inserted through the suction channel 83. さらに、管路カバーチューブ63は、前記吸引管路83の長手方向に摺動可能になっている。 Furthermore, conduit cover tube 63 is adapted to slidably in the longitudinal direction of the suction conduit 83.

【0066】前記吸引管路83は、図7(B)に示す管路カバーチューブ63が装着された状態で、前記カバー用内視鏡62に設けた管路挿通チャンネル74内を挿通されるようになっている。 [0066] The suction conduit 83 is in a state in which the conduit cover tube 63 shown in FIG. 7 (B) is mounted, to be inserted through the conduit insertion channel 74 provided in the endoscope 62 for the cover It has become. 前記管路カバーチューブ63 The conduit cover tube 63
に挿通された前記吸引管路83は吸引ボタン75の吸引口金76から、さらに延出するようになっている。 The suction conduit 83 which is inserted into from the suction base 76 of the suction button 75, so as to further extend.

【0067】尚、前記管路カバーチューブ63の全長は、前記吸引管路83の長さと略同じ長さでも良い。 [0067] Incidentally, the overall length of the conduit cover tube 63 may be a length substantially the same as the length of the suction conduit 83. また、同チューブ63は、挿通完了後、巻き戻して使用するならば、若干長くてもよい。 Further, the tube 63 after insertion completion, if used rewind, may be slightly longer.

【0068】あるいは、前記管路カバーチューブ63 [0068] Alternatively, the conduit cover tube 63
は、挿入部カバー部77の口体部79から突出している前記管路部分の長さと、略同じ長さとしても良いし、各管路の手元側開口端部の近傍を覆うだけのものでも良い。 Is the length of the conduit portion projecting from the mouth body 79 of the insertion portion cover 77, to substantially may be the same length, be of only covering the vicinity of the proximal open end of the conduit good. これらの構成の場合、抜去時にずれないように、前記管路カバーチューブ63と前記管路とは、密着するように形成した方が良い。 For these configurations, so as not displaced during removal, the conduit cover tube 63 and the conduit, it is better to form in close contact. 図5に示すように、前記吸引口金76の手元側開口端は、図示しないチューブを介して吸引ビン及び図示しない吸引源に連通・接続するようになっている。 As shown in FIG. 5, the proximal open end of the suction connector 76 is adapted to communicatively connected to a suction source not suction bottle and illustrated through a tube (not shown).

【0069】前記挿入部カバー部77の口体部79には、その側部に、処置具挿入口91、及び拡張チューブ口体92とが突出して設けられている。 [0069] the mouth body 79 of the insertion portion cover 77 has, on its side, the treatment instrument insertion port 91, and the extension tube port body 92 is provided to project. 前記拡張チューブ口体92は、その内部管路が、前記内視鏡挿入チャンネル82に連通している。 The extension tube port 92, the internal conduit is in fluid communication with the endoscope insertion channel 82. 前記拡張チューブ口体92には、図示しない拡張器に接続され拡張チューブ(図示しない)が、着脱自在に接続されるようになっている。 Wherein the extension tube port body 92 is extended tube connected to the expansion device (not shown) (not shown) is adapted to be detachably connected.

【0070】前記処置具挿入口91は、挿入部カバー部77の軸方向斜め後方に突出している。 [0070] The treatment instrument insertion port 91 protrudes in the axial direction obliquely rearward of the insertion portion cover 77. 処置具挿入口9 Treatment instrument insertion port 9
1の内部管路は、突端に開口していると共に、他端で例えば前記吸引管路83に連通している。 Internal conduit 1, with open to tip and communicates, for example, to the suction conduit 83 the other end. すなわち、前記吸引管路83は、先端側においては、処置具チャンネルの管路も兼用している。 That is, the suction channel 83 in the distal end side, are also used pipe of the treatment instrument channel. 前記処置具挿入口91の突出する端部には、ほぼ筒状の処置具栓93が、処置具挿入口91と一体的に設けられている。 Wherein an end portion projecting the treatment instrument insertion opening 91, substantially cylindrical treatment instrument stopper 93 is provided integrally with the treatment instrument insertion port 91.

【0071】また、前記挿入部カバー部77の口体部7 [0071] In addition, the mouth body 7 of the insertion portion covering portion 77
9には、塩化コバルトを含浸したシール95が貼ってある。 The 9, seal 95 impregnated with cobalt chloride are affixed. 前記カバー61を収納している図示しない滅菌パックから取り出すと、塩化コバルトが水分を吸収して徐々に色が赤色に変化する。 Upon removal from the sterilizer pack (not shown) housing the said cover 61, the color gradually cobalt chloride absorbs moisture changes to red. つまり、前記シール95が変色していることで、滅菌パックから取り出した時間が長いことが確認できる。 That is, by the seal 95 is discolored, it can be confirmed that a long time is taken out from the sterilized pack. 放置時間が長いと、細菌が付着している可能性が高いので、使用せずに廃棄することができ、安全性を高めることができる。 When the standing time is longer, there is a high possibility that bacteria are attached can be disposed of without the use, it is possible to improve safety.

【0072】尚、前記シール95の取付位置は、前記挿入部カバー外皮81にしてもよい。 [0072] Incidentally, the mounting position of the seal 95 may be in the insertion portion covering outer skin 81. また、前記シール9 Further, the seal 9
5に含浸させる薬剤は、例えば、ニンヒドリン試薬のように、タンパク質検査試薬としてもよい。 5 agents impregnated in, for example, as ninhydrin reagent may be a protein test reagent. 前記挿入部カバー外皮81を体腔内に挿入すると、体内のタンパク質と、試薬が反応して変色する。 When the insertion portion covering outer skin 81 is inserted into the body cavity, and the body of the protein, the reagent is discolored react.

【0073】従って、前記カバー61は、一度検査に使用したものか否かが、すぐに判別でき、汚染されたものの再使用を防止できるので、衛生的かつ安全に使用できる。 [0073] Thus, the cover 61, whether or not used once the inspection is immediately able to determine, since the re-use of objects contaminated can be prevented, can be used hygienically and safely. このように構成された本実施の形態の作用を説明する。 Thus a description will be given of the operation of this embodiment configured. まず、図5のように内視鏡検査を行う装着状態に設定する場合の手順を説明する。 First, the procedure for setting the mounting state of performing endoscopic examination as in FIG.

【0074】上述した構成において、図8に示すように、挿入部カバー部77の吸引管路83に管路カバーチューブ63を装着する。 [0074] In the above configuration, as shown in FIG. 8, is mounted a pipe cover tube 63 to the suction conduit 83 of the insertion portion cover 77. この装着により、管路カバーチューブ63は、カバー61の先端部80の内壁に当接する。 This mounting, conduit cover tube 63 abuts the inner wall of the tip portion 80 of the cover 61. 次に、図6に示すように、前記吸引管路83を挿通した管路カバーチューブ63を、カバー用内視鏡62の管路挿通チャンネル74に挿通する。 Next, as shown in FIG. 6, the suction conduit 83 conduit cover tube 63 inserted through the, inserted into the pipe insertion channel 74 in the cover endoscope 62.

【0075】このとき、前記吸引管路83の開口端部は、管路カバーチューブ63により、前記管路挿通チャンネル74と隔離された状態で、前記管路挿通チャンネル74内を挿通される。 [0075] At this time, the open end of the suction conduit 83, via line cover tube 63, while being isolated from the conduit insertion channel 74 is inserted through the conduit insertion channel 74. そして、前記挿通と共に、挿入部カバー外皮81が内視鏡挿入部64を覆うことによって、同カバー用内視鏡62は、挿入部カバー77部へ装着される。 Then, along with the insertion, by inserting cover skin 81 covers the endoscope insertion portion 64, the endoscope 62 for the cover is attached to the insertion section cover 77 parts.

【0076】そして、内視鏡挿入部64の先端が、前記カバー61の先端部80の内壁に当接するまで、同挿入部64を挿入する。 [0076] Then, the distal end of the endoscope insertion portion 64, until it abuts against the inner wall of the tip portion 80 of the cover 61, to insert the same insertion portion 64. この挿入・装着が完全になされた状態では、操作部65に設けた吸引ボタン75の開口75 In a state where the insertion-mounting is made completely opening 75 of the suction button 75 provided on the operation unit 65
aから管路カバーチューブ63が延出する。 Conduit cover tube 63 extending from a.

【0077】さらに、管路カバーチューブ63の手元側開口からは前記吸引管路83が突出している。 [0077] Further, the suction channel 83 is protruded from the proximal side opening of the conduit cover tube 63. そして、 And,
前記吸引管路83は、前記吸引ボタン75に連通・接続される。 The suction conduit 83 is communicatively connected to the suction button 75.

【0078】尚、装着あるいは抜去時には、拡張器に接続された拡張チューブを介して、前記挿入部カバー部7 [0078] Incidentally, at the time of mounting or removal, through the extension tube connected to the dilator, the insertion part cover 7
7にチャンネル拡張用の空気を送る操作を行うことにより、装着及び取り外しが容易にできる。 By performing an operation of sending the air channel extended to 7, loading and unloading can be easily.

【0079】内視鏡検査後、挿入部カバー部77からカバー用内視鏡62を取り外すときには、まず図示しない吸引制御装置から吸引管路83を外す。 [0079] Endoscopic after the inspection, when removing the cover endoscope 62 from the insertion portion cover 77, first remove the suction conduit 83 from a not-shown suction control device. 次に、前記管路カバーチューブ63は、吸引管路83の各開口端部方向にスライドされる。 Next, the conduit cover tube 63 is slid into the open end direction of the suction conduit 83. これにより、前記吸引管路83の開口端部は管路カバーチューブ63により覆われる。 Thus, the open end of the suction conduit 83 is covered by a conduit cover tube 63.

【0080】その後に、前記挿入部カバー部77からカバー用内視鏡62が取り外される。 [0080] Then, the insertion portion covering portion 77 covers endoscope 62 from being removed. この場合、前記吸引管路83を内視鏡62の管路挿通チャンネル74から抜去する際、内視鏡62の管路挿通チャンネル74と前記管路の開口端部とは、管路カバーチューブ63により隔離されている。 In this case, the time of removal from the pipe insertion channel 74 of the endoscope 62 to the suction conduit 83, a conduit insertion channel 74 of the endoscope 62 and the conduit open end, the conduit cover tube 63 It is separated by. 従って、前記各管路の開口端部から漏れ出す汚水が仮にあっても、カバー用内視鏡62の管路挿通チャンネル74が汚染される心配はない。 Thus, the even sewage if leaking from the open end of each pipe, there is no fear that the pipe insertion channel 74 in the cover endoscope 62 is contaminated.

【0081】そして、汚れたカバー61のみが破棄され、カバー用内視鏡62は清潔なまま残る。 [0081] Then, it is only the cover 61 with dirty discarded, the cover endoscope 62 remains clean. 従って、前記カバー用内視鏡62は、滅菌された新しいカバー61 Accordingly, the cover endoscope 62, a new cover 61 that is sterile
を装着し、洗滌・消毒(または滅菌)なしに再び次の内視鏡検査を行うことができる。 The mounting can be carried out again following endoscopy without cleaning and disinfection (or sterilization). 本実施の形態では、検査終了後にカバー用内視鏡62を取り外す際、前記吸引管路83の開口端部から体液等が漏れ出す虞がなく、感染症の心配も無く安全かつ衛生的である。 In this embodiment, when removing the endoscope 62 cover after the inspection, no portions of the body fluid or the like leaks from the opening end of the suction conduit 83, is not safe and hygienic fear of infection . そして、本実施の形態では、カバー用内視鏡62の洗滌・消毒を不要とすることができると共に、カバー用内視鏡62の連続使用が可能である。 Then, in this embodiment, it is possible to eliminate the need for cleaning and disinfecting the endoscope 62 cover, it is possible to continuously use the cover endoscope 62.

【0082】また、予め管路カバーチューブ63で、前記各管路端部を覆ってから、カバー用内視鏡62に挿入することにより、仮にカバー用内視鏡62に汚物等が付着していても管路端部を汚染することがない。 [0082] Further, in advance conduit cover tube 63, from said covering each pipe end, by inserting the endoscope 62 cover, have tentatively adhered dirt and the like in the endoscope 62 cover never contaminate the pipe ends be.

【0083】尚、本実施の形態は、カバー用内視鏡62 [0083] Note that this embodiment, the cover endoscope 62
として光学式内視鏡に限定されるものでなく、撮像素子を備えたビデオ内視鏡(電子内視鏡)にも適用できる。 As the present invention is not limited to an optical endoscope, it can be applied to video endoscope having an imaging device (electronic endoscope).
この場合には、撮像素子に対する信号処理手段と表示手段とが必要になるので、携帯性を確保するために、信号処理手段を操作部に着脱自在にしても良いし、また表示手段として操作部に着脱自在の液晶モニタを採用しても良い。 In this case, since the display means signal processing means required for the imaging device, in order to secure portability, it may be detachable signal processing unit on the operation unit, also operating unit as a display unit it may be employed LCD monitor detachably. また、表示手段として既存のテレビを利用するようにしても良い。 In addition, it is also possible to use the existing TV as a display means.

【0084】また、吸引管路(チャンネル)83は異なる内径を有するものでその後端側の接続部は同じ内径等にして操作部に着脱自在に接続できるようにしたものでも良い。 [0084] Further, the suction channel (channel) 83 can be obtained by such connecting portion of the rear side having a different inside diameter can be connected detachably to the operation unit in the same inner diameter and the like. つまり、内径が異なるチャンネル付き内視鏡カバーを複数用意しておき、使用目的に適したチャンネル付き内視鏡カバーを選択使用するようにしても良い。 That is, the endoscope covered channels different inner diameters leave plurality prepared, may be selected using the endoscope covered channels which are suitable for the intended use. これによって1つのカバー用内視鏡に処置具の挿通機能等が異なる吸引管路(チャンネル)のカバーを選択するできるので、複数の患者の病変に対して、複数の内視鏡装置を用意する必要が無く、持ち運びが楽になる等、携帯使用に適した内視鏡装置を提供できる。 This interrupts can insert functions of the treatment instrument selects a different cover of the suction conduit (channel) in the endoscope for one cover, for a plurality of patient lesions, to prepare a plurality of endoscope apparatuses it is not necessary, such as carrying becomes easy, can provide an endoscopic device suitable for portable use. また、カバーに複数の吸引管路(チャンネル)83を設けたものにしても良い。 It may also be those having a plurality of suction channel (channel) 83 in the cover.

【0085】[付記] 1. [0085] [Appendix] 1. 操作部と、前記操作部に連結された挿入部と、前記挿入部内に配設された照明系とを有する内視鏡と、前記内視鏡の操作部に連結され前記照明系に照明光を供給するための発光素子が内蔵されたバッテリ式光源と、前記内視鏡の挿入部を着脱に外装する内視鏡カバーと、を備えたことを特徴とするバッテリ式携帯内視鏡装置。 An operation portion, an insertion portion connected to the operation portion, an endoscope having an illumination system disposed in the insertion portion, the illumination light is connected to the operating portion of the endoscope the illumination system a battery-powered light source light-emitting element is built for supplying the endoscope cover the exterior of the insertion portion of the endoscope in the removable, battery-powered portable endoscope apparatus comprising the.

【0086】2. [0086] 2. 付記1において、前記内視鏡カバーは前記カバーの基端側から延出するひも状体を設けたことを特徴とするバッテリ式携帯内視鏡装置。 In Addition 1, the endoscope cover the battery type portable endoscope apparatus characterized in that a string-like body extending from the base end side of the cover. 3. 3. 付記1において、前記内視鏡カバーは前記内視鏡の操作部に着脱自在に装着される複数の異なるチャンネル付きカバーを備えたことを特徴とするバッテリ式携帯内視鏡装置。 In Addition 1, the endoscope cover the battery type portable endoscope apparatus characterized by comprising a plurality of different channels with a cover which is detachably attached to the operation portion of the endoscope.

【0087】4. [0087] 4. 付記1において、前記内視鏡カバーはディスポーザブルのカバーであることを特徴とするバッテリ式携帯内視鏡装置。 In Addition 1, battery powered portable endoscope apparatus, wherein the endoscope cover is the cover of the disposable. 5. 5. 挿入部と、前記挿入部内に配設された照明系と、前記挿入部の基端側に連結され、前記照明系に照明光を供給するランプとを内蔵したバッテリ式光源を接続する接続部を有するバッテリ式内視鏡の前記挿入部に対して、 An insertion portion, an illumination system disposed in the insertion portion, wherein coupled to the proximal end side of the insertion portion, the connecting portion connecting the battery-powered light source which incorporates a lamp for supplying an illumination light to the illumination system with respect to the insertion portion of the battery type endoscope having,
前記挿入部を被覆する挿入部カバー部を有することを特徴とするバッテリ式内視鏡用カバー。 Battery type endoscope cover, characterized in that it has an insertion cover portion that covers the insertion portion.

【0088】 [0088]

【発明の効果】以上説明したように本発明によれば、操作部と、前記操作部に連結された挿入部と、前記挿入部内に配設された照明系とを有する内視鏡と、前記内視鏡の操作部に連結され前記照明系に照明光を供給するための発光素子が内蔵されたバッテリ式光源と、前記内視鏡の挿入部を着脱に外装する内視鏡カバーと、を設けているので、内視鏡検査毎に内視鏡カバーを新しいものに交換することにより、挿入部を洗滌、消毒(または滅菌) According to the present invention as described above, according to the present invention, the endoscope having an operation portion, an insertion portion connected to the operating unit, and an illumination system disposed in the insertion portion, wherein a battery-powered light source in the light-emitting element for being connected to the operating portion of the endoscope to provide illumination light to the illumination system is built, the endoscope cover the exterior of the insertion portion of the endoscope in the detachable, the since is provided, by replacing with a new endoscopic cover to an endoscope each inspection, cleaning the insert portion, disinfection (or sterilization)
を行うことなく、挿入部を清潔な状態に設定して、繰り返しの内視鏡検査を行うことができる。 The without, by setting the insertion portion into a clean state, it is possible to perform endoscopy repeated.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】本発明の第1の実施の形態のバッテリ式携帯内視鏡装置の全体図。 Overall view of a first embodiment of the battery-operated portable endoscope apparatus of the present invention; FIG.

【図2】バッテリ式光源の構成を示す分解斜視図。 Figure 2 is an exploded perspective view showing the structure of a battery-powered light source.

【図3】内視鏡カバーの装着脱を示す説明図。 [Figure 3] endoscope explanatory view showing a mounting de cover.

【図4】本発明の第2の実施の形態のバッテリ式携帯内視鏡装置における主要部を示す斜視図。 Perspective view of the main part of a battery type portable endoscope apparatus of the second embodiment of the present invention; FIG.

【図5】本発明の第3の実施の形態のバッテリ式携帯内視鏡装置の外観図。 Figure 5 an external view of a third embodiment of the battery-operated portable endoscope apparatus of the present invention.

【図6】挿入部の装着脱を示す説明図。 Figure 6 is an explanatory view showing the mounting and disengagement of the insertion portion.

【図7】挿入部の構成を示す説明図。 Figure 7 is an explanatory view showing an insertion portion configuration.

【図8】挿入部カバー部の管路に管路カバーチューブを装着した状態の説明図。 Figure 8 is an explanatory diagram of a state of mounting a pipe cover tube to the conduit of the insertion portion cover portion.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1…バッテリ式携帯内視鏡装置 2…内視鏡 3…バッテリ式光源 4…ライトガイドケーブル 5…内視鏡カバー 6…挿入部 7…操作部 8…接眼部 9…先端部 11…湾曲部 12…可撓部 13…湾曲操作レバー 14…ライトガイド口金 15…雄ねじ部 16…接続部 16a…接続口金 16b…固定リング 17…ライトガイドコネクタ 18…接続部 18a…接続口金 18b…固定リング 20…吸引ボタン 21…吸引口金 22…鉗子挿入口 26…光源本体部 29…バッテリ収納部 31…蓋体 42…シース部 43…ひも部 44…把持部 1 ... battery powered portable endoscope apparatus 2 ... endoscope 3 ... battery-powered light source 4 ... light guide cable 5 ... endoscope cover 6 ... insertion portion 7 ... operation section 8 ... eyepiece 9 ... tip 11 ... curved part 12 ... flexible portion 13 ... bending operation lever 14 ... light guide connector 15 ... male screw portion 16 ... connecting portion 16a ... connection mouth ring 16b ... fixed ring 17 ... light guide connector 18 ... connecting portion 18a ... connection mouth ring 18b ... fixed ring 20 ... suction button 21 ... suction connector 22 ... forceps insertion opening 26 ... light source body portion 29 ... battery housing part 31 ... lid 42 ... sheath portion 43 ... string portion 44 ... grip part

───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (72)発明者 中村 一郎 東京都渋谷区幡ヶ谷2丁目43番2号 オリ ンパス光学工業株式会社内 (72)発明者 真貝 成人 東京都渋谷区幡ヶ谷2丁目43番2号 オリ ンパス光学工業株式会社内 (72)発明者 鈴木 高志 東京都渋谷区幡ヶ谷2丁目43番2号 オリ ンパス光学工業株式会社内 (72)発明者 細田 誠一 東京都渋谷区幡ヶ谷2丁目43番2号 オリ ンパス光学工業株式会社内 (72)発明者 中村 剛明 東京都渋谷区幡ヶ谷2丁目43番2号 オリ ンパス光学工業株式会社内 Fターム(参考) 2H040 BA24 CA04 DA03 DA11 DA21 DA51 DA57 4C061 AA00 BB02 CC04 DD03 FF06 FF12 FF24 FF46 GG14 ────────────────────────────────────────────────── ─── of the front page continued (72) inventor Ichiro Nakamura, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo Hatagaya 2-chome No. 43 No. 2 Olympus optical industry Co., Ltd. in the (72) inventor Makai adult Tokyo, Shibuya-ku, Hatagaya 2-chome # 43 No. 2 Olympus optical industry Co., Ltd. in the (72) inventor Takashi Suzuki, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo Hatagaya 2-chome No. 43 No. 2 Olympus optical industry Co., Ltd. in the (72) inventor Seiichi Hosoda Shibuya-ku, Tokyo Hatagaya 2-chome # 43 No. 2 Olympus optical industry Co., Ltd. in the (72) inventor Nakamura Takeaki Tokyo, Shibuya-ku, Hatagaya 2-chome No. 43 No. 2 Olympus optical industry Co., Ltd. in the F-term (reference) 2H040 BA24 CA04 DA03 DA11 DA21 DA51 DA57 4C061 AA00 BB02 CC04 DD03 FF06 FF12 FF24 FF46 GG14

Claims (1)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 操作部と、前記操作部に連結された挿入部と、前記挿入部内に配設された照明系とを有する内視鏡と、 前記内視鏡の操作部に連結され前記照明系に照明光を供給するための発光素子が内蔵されたバッテリ式光源と、 前記内視鏡の挿入部を着脱に外装する内視鏡カバーと、 を備えたことを特徴とするバッテリ式携帯内視鏡装置。 And 1. A manipulation portion, and the insertion is connected to the operating section unit, the endoscope having an insertion portion to be disposed illumination system, coupled the illumination in the operation portion of the endoscope a battery-powered light source light-emitting element is built for supplying illumination light to the system, the battery type in a mobile, characterized in that it and a endoscope cover the exterior of the insertion portion of the endoscope in the removable endoscope apparatus.
JP10348889A 1998-12-08 1998-12-08 Battery type portable endoscopic device Granted JP2000171730A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP10348889A JP2000171730A (en) 1998-12-08 1998-12-08 Battery type portable endoscopic device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP10348889A JP2000171730A (en) 1998-12-08 1998-12-08 Battery type portable endoscopic device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2000171730A true JP2000171730A (en) 2000-06-23

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP10348889A Granted JP2000171730A (en) 1998-12-08 1998-12-08 Battery type portable endoscopic device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2000171730A (en)

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