GB644013A - Improvements in or relating to the supply of heat to fluidized solid systems - Google Patents

Improvements in or relating to the supply of heat to fluidized solid systems

Info

Publication number
GB644013A
GB644013A GB1091147A GB1091147A GB644013A GB 644013 A GB644013 A GB 644013A GB 1091147 A GB1091147 A GB 1091147A GB 1091147 A GB1091147 A GB 1091147A GB 644013 A GB644013 A GB 644013A
Authority
GB
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
mixture
fluidized
combustion
fluid
heat
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB1091147A
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Standard Oil Development Co
Original Assignee
Standard Oil Development Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/02Fixed-bed gasification of lump fuel
    • C10J3/06Continuous processes
    • C10J3/10Continuous processes using external heating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J8/00Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes
    • B01J8/18Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes with fluidised particles
    • B01J8/1836Heating and cooling the reactor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B3/00Hydrogen; Gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen; Separation of hydrogen from mixtures containing it; Purification of hydrogen
    • C01B3/02Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen
    • C01B3/22Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen by decomposition of gaseous or liquid organic compounds
    • C01B3/24Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen by decomposition of gaseous or liquid organic compounds of hydrocarbons
    • C01B3/28Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen by decomposition of gaseous or liquid organic compounds of hydrocarbons using moving solid particles
    • C01B3/30Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen by decomposition of gaseous or liquid organic compounds of hydrocarbons using moving solid particles using the fluidised bed technique
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B3/00Hydrogen; Gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen; Separation of hydrogen from mixtures containing it; Purification of hydrogen
    • C01B3/02Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen
    • C01B3/32Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen by reaction of gaseous or liquid organic compounds with gasifying agents, e.g. water, carbon dioxide, air
    • C01B3/34Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen by reaction of gaseous or liquid organic compounds with gasifying agents, e.g. water, carbon dioxide, air by reaction of hydrocarbons with gasifying agents
    • C01B3/38Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen by reaction of gaseous or liquid organic compounds with gasifying agents, e.g. water, carbon dioxide, air by reaction of hydrocarbons with gasifying agents using catalysts
    • C01B3/42Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen by reaction of gaseous or liquid organic compounds with gasifying agents, e.g. water, carbon dioxide, air by reaction of hydrocarbons with gasifying agents using catalysts using moving solid particles
    • C01B3/44Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen by reaction of gaseous or liquid organic compounds with gasifying agents, e.g. water, carbon dioxide, air by reaction of hydrocarbons with gasifying agents using catalysts using moving solid particles using the fluidised bed technique
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B49/00Destructive distillation of solid carbonaceous materials by direct heating with heat-carrying agents including the partial combustion of the solid material to be treated
    • C10B49/02Destructive distillation of solid carbonaceous materials by direct heating with heat-carrying agents including the partial combustion of the solid material to be treated with hot gases or vapours, e.g. hot gases obtained by partial combustion of the charge
    • C10B49/04Destructive distillation of solid carbonaceous materials by direct heating with heat-carrying agents including the partial combustion of the solid material to be treated with hot gases or vapours, e.g. hot gases obtained by partial combustion of the charge while moving the solid material to be treated
    • C10B49/08Destructive distillation of solid carbonaceous materials by direct heating with heat-carrying agents including the partial combustion of the solid material to be treated with hot gases or vapours, e.g. hot gases obtained by partial combustion of the charge while moving the solid material to be treated in dispersed form
    • C10B49/10Destructive distillation of solid carbonaceous materials by direct heating with heat-carrying agents including the partial combustion of the solid material to be treated with hot gases or vapours, e.g. hot gases obtained by partial combustion of the charge while moving the solid material to be treated in dispersed form according to the "fluidised bed" technique
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/02Fixed-bed gasification of lump fuel
    • C10J3/20Apparatus; Plants
    • C10J3/34Grates; Mechanical ash-removing devices
    • C10J3/36Fixed grates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/46Gasification of granular or pulverulent flues in suspension
    • C10J3/48Apparatus; Plants
    • C10J3/482Gasifiers with stationary fluidised bed
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/72Other features
    • C10J3/74Construction of shells or jackets
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/72Other features
    • C10J3/78High-pressure apparatus
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2208/00Processes carried out in the presence of solid particles; Reactors therefor
    • B01J2208/00008Controlling the process
    • B01J2208/00017Controlling the temperature
    • B01J2208/00106Controlling the temperature by indirect heat exchange
    • B01J2208/00115Controlling the temperature by indirect heat exchange with heat exchange elements inside the bed of solid particles
    • B01J2208/00132Tubes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2208/00Processes carried out in the presence of solid particles; Reactors therefor
    • B01J2208/00008Controlling the process
    • B01J2208/00017Controlling the temperature
    • B01J2208/00106Controlling the temperature by indirect heat exchange
    • B01J2208/00115Controlling the temperature by indirect heat exchange with heat exchange elements inside the bed of solid particles
    • B01J2208/00141Coils
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
    • C10J2300/0913Carbonaceous raw material
    • C10J2300/093Coal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
    • C10J2300/0913Carbonaceous raw material
    • C10J2300/0943Coke
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
    • C10J2300/0913Carbonaceous raw material
    • C10J2300/0946Waste, e.g. MSW, tires, glass, tar sand, peat, paper, lignite, oil shale
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
    • C10J2300/0953Gasifying agents
    • C10J2300/0956Air or oxygen enriched air
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
    • C10J2300/0953Gasifying agents
    • C10J2300/0969Carbon dioxide
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
    • C10J2300/0953Gasifying agents
    • C10J2300/0973Water
    • C10J2300/0976Water as steam
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/12Heating the gasifier
    • C10J2300/1246Heating the gasifier by external or indirect heating

Abstract

A method of supplying heat to a fluidized bed of solids comprises contacting the fluidized mass with a heat-transfer surface heated by a fluid combustion mixture burning in contact with the surface which also separates the burning mixture and the fluidized mass. The heat transfer surface may comprise conventional heating coils or banks of tubes disposed within the fluidized bed and through the fluid combustion mixture is circulated or the fluidized mass may be contained within the heat transfer surfaces which are surrounded by the fluid combustion mixture. In a modification, a portion of the fluidized solids is withdrawn from the bed, circulated in indirect heat exchange with the burning fluid combustion mixture and returned to the bed. The preferred fluid combustion mixtures are (a) a suspension of powdered solid fuel in air and (b) a mixture of combustible gases and air in which finely divided inert solids are suspended. The method may be applied to the conversion of petroleum, oil shale and pitch; and to the reformation of methane or the like with steam to produce a synthesis gas. A fluidized bed containing a reformer catalyst such as nickel oxide with promoters such as magnesia and alumina is maintained in a single reaction zone heated to a temperature of about 1500 DEG F. by a fluid combustion mixture passed through a bank of tubes disposed within the fluidized bed, a mixture of steam and natural gas being introduced into the zone. The Specification as open to inspection under Sect. 91 also provided for the use of the following fluid heating mediums; liquids such as refractory oils or fused inorganic salt mixtures (e.g. a mixture of NaNO3, NaNO2 and KNO3); molten metals (e.g. lead); mercury vapours; hot combustion gases. This subject-matter does not appear in the Specification as accepted.
GB1091147A 1946-08-15 1947-04-23 Improvements in or relating to the supply of heat to fluidized solid systems Expired GB644013A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US644013X true 1946-08-15 1946-08-15

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB644013A true true GB644013A (en) 1950-10-04

Family

ID=22055710

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB1091147A Expired GB644013A (en) 1946-08-15 1947-04-23 Improvements in or relating to the supply of heat to fluidized solid systems
GB2571849A Expired GB665723A (en) 1946-08-15 1949-10-06 Improvements in or relating to transfer of heat to fluidized solid beds

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB2571849A Expired GB665723A (en) 1946-08-15 1949-10-06 Improvements in or relating to transfer of heat to fluidized solid beds

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (2) GB644013A (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0383565A1 (en) * 1989-02-14 1990-08-22 Manufacturing And Technology Conversion International, Inc. Processes and apparatus for endothermic reactions
US5133297A (en) * 1991-04-22 1992-07-28 Manufacturing And Technology Conversion International, Inc. Pulsed atmospheric fluidized bed combustor apparatus and process
US5197399A (en) * 1991-07-15 1993-03-30 Manufacturing & Technology Conversion International, Inc. Pulse combusted acoustic agglomeration apparatus and process
US5211704A (en) * 1991-07-15 1993-05-18 Manufacturing Technology And Conversion International, Inc. Process and apparatus for heating fluids employing a pulse combustor
US5255634A (en) * 1991-04-22 1993-10-26 Manufacturing And Technology Conversion International, Inc. Pulsed atmospheric fluidized bed combustor apparatus
US5536488A (en) * 1991-07-01 1996-07-16 Manufacturing And Technology Conversion Indirectly heated thermochemical reactor processes
US5909654A (en) * 1995-03-17 1999-06-01 Hesboel; Rolf Method for the volume reduction and processing of nuclear waste
WO2003012014A2 (en) * 2001-07-20 2003-02-13 Bu Bioenergie & Umwelttechnik Ag Device and method for the generation of gas
WO2013004398A3 (en) * 2011-07-05 2013-04-11 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method for the parallel production of hydrogen and carbon-containing products

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5370715A (en) * 1993-04-27 1994-12-06 Kortzeborn; Robert N. Waste destructor and method of converting wastes to fluid fuel
US6247660B1 (en) * 1998-10-07 2001-06-19 Sumitomo Special Metals Co., Ltd. Process for hydrogen-pulverizing a rare earth metal-based magnetic material, and hydrogen-pulverizing case

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5059404A (en) * 1989-02-14 1991-10-22 Manufacturing And Technology Conversion International, Inc. Indirectly heated thermochemical reactor apparatus and processes
US5637192A (en) * 1989-02-14 1997-06-10 Manufacturing And Technology Conversion International Endothermic spent liquor recovery process
EP0383565A1 (en) * 1989-02-14 1990-08-22 Manufacturing And Technology Conversion International, Inc. Processes and apparatus for endothermic reactions
EP0550401A1 (en) * 1989-02-14 1993-07-07 Manufacturing And Technology Conversion International, Inc. Processes and apparatus for endothermic reactions
US5255634A (en) * 1991-04-22 1993-10-26 Manufacturing And Technology Conversion International, Inc. Pulsed atmospheric fluidized bed combustor apparatus
US5133297A (en) * 1991-04-22 1992-07-28 Manufacturing And Technology Conversion International, Inc. Pulsed atmospheric fluidized bed combustor apparatus and process
US5536488A (en) * 1991-07-01 1996-07-16 Manufacturing And Technology Conversion Indirectly heated thermochemical reactor processes
US5211704A (en) * 1991-07-15 1993-05-18 Manufacturing Technology And Conversion International, Inc. Process and apparatus for heating fluids employing a pulse combustor
US5197399A (en) * 1991-07-15 1993-03-30 Manufacturing & Technology Conversion International, Inc. Pulse combusted acoustic agglomeration apparatus and process
US5909654A (en) * 1995-03-17 1999-06-01 Hesboel; Rolf Method for the volume reduction and processing of nuclear waste
WO2003012014A2 (en) * 2001-07-20 2003-02-13 Bu Bioenergie & Umwelttechnik Ag Device and method for the generation of gas
WO2003012014A3 (en) * 2001-07-20 2003-10-02 Bu Bioenergie & Umwelttechnik Device and method for the generation of gas
WO2013004398A3 (en) * 2011-07-05 2013-04-11 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method for the parallel production of hydrogen and carbon-containing products
US9359200B2 (en) 2011-07-05 2016-06-07 Basf Se Method for the parallel production of hydrogen and carbon-containing products

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB665723A (en) 1952-01-30 application

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