GB2180217A - Containers for hydraulic fluids - Google Patents

Containers for hydraulic fluids Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2180217A
GB2180217A GB08622011A GB8622011A GB2180217A GB 2180217 A GB2180217 A GB 2180217A GB 08622011 A GB08622011 A GB 08622011A GB 8622011 A GB8622011 A GB 8622011A GB 2180217 A GB2180217 A GB 2180217A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
bag
tube
fluid
layer
package according
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB08622011A
Other versions
GB8622011D0 (en
Inventor
Hugh Abel
Gary Tempany
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Castrol Ltd
Original Assignee
Castrol Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to AU239985 priority Critical
Application filed by Castrol Ltd filed Critical Castrol Ltd
Publication of GB8622011D0 publication Critical patent/GB8622011D0/en
Publication of GB2180217A publication Critical patent/GB2180217A/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D77/00Packages formed by enclosing articles or materials in preformed containers, e.g. boxes, cartons, sacks or bags
    • B65D77/04Articles or materials enclosed in two or more containers disposed one within another
    • B65D77/06Liquids or semi-liquids or other materials or articles enclosed in flexible containers disposed within rigid containers
    • B65D77/062Flexible containers disposed within polygonal containers formed by folding a carton blank
    • B65D77/065Spouts, pouring necks or discharging tubes fixed to or integral with the flexible container

Abstract

A container for hydraulic fluid consists of a closed flexible bag 2 for containing the fluid, and an outlet fitting for dispensing fluid from the bag 2. The material of the bag 2 is such that it prevents water from penetrating it, and the outlet fitting includes a flexible tube 8 which may be secured in a bung 6 in a sleeve 4 attached to the bag 2. The flexible tube 8 is preferably sealed closed at its end 10 remote from the bag 2 during storage. A clamp 12 seals the flexible tube 8 when the end 10 has been cut off to dispense fluid. The bag 2 is preferably located within a protective box, the bag 2 collapsing as fluid is dispensed from it through tube 8. <IMAGE>

Description

SPECIFICATION Containers for hydraulic fluids The present invention relates to containers for hydraulic fluids, more particularly, brake fluids.

Brake fluids and other hydraulic fluids tend to be very hydroscopic, a typical formulation for brake fluid including glycol ether, borate ester of glycol ether and organic, primary and secondaryamines.

Brake fluids are usually supplied in screw topped containers. Atmospheric moisture absorption is a particular problem when the container is part empty and is not tightly capped; in these circumstances, the effective "shelf-life" of the product is substantially reduced.

According to the present invention there is prov idedacontainerforhydraulicfluid,saidcontainer comprising a closed flexible bag for containing the fluid, said bag being composed of a material which is inert with respect to hydraulic fluid and which is able to prevent moisture penetration to the interior of the bag, and an outlet fitting for dispensing of fluid from the bag, said outletfitting including a flexible tube.

Preferably, the tube is sealed closed at its outer end, said end being removable, for exampie by cutting, in orderto permitdischargeoffluid.

Preferably, clamping means are provided in order to close the tube by squeezing the tube.

Further according to the present invention, there is provided a package comprising a closed flexible bag containing hydraulic fluid, said bag being composed of a material which is inert with respect to the hydraulic fluid and which is capable of preventing penetration of moisture throughthe bag wall, an out letfitting leading from the bag fordispensing the fluid, and means for providing a seal against discharge offluid through the outlet fitting.

Preferably, the outlet fitting includes a flexible tube sealed at its outer end, said end being removable, for example by cutting, in order to permit discharge of fluid. The tube preferably carries clamping meansfor closing the tube by squeezing the tube whereby to permit controlled dispensing of fluid after removing the seal end. The bag and tube may be supplied in a box having a handle by which the box may be hung for dispensing of the fluid, with the tube being suspended from the box.

An embodiment ofthe invention will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings in which: Figure 7 is an elevation partly in section showing a bag and dispensing tube of a container in accordance with the invention; Figure2 is a section showing the bag and tube stored in a box; and Figure 3 is a perspective view showing the box in a position for dispensing the fluid.

As shown in Figure 1 of the drawings, a container for brake fluid or other hydraulicfluid comprises a flexible bag 2 composed of a material which is inert with respect to the particular fluid and which has high barrier properties against penetration of moisture. Atubular outletsleeve 4 extending from the bag wall receives a bung 6 as a tight friction fit so that the bung is sealed within the sleeve. The bung 6 incl udes a tubu lar outlet spigot to wh ich is attached to a length of flexible tubing 8. The tubing 8 is of a slightly smaller internal diameterthan the external diameter ofthe spigot, so that the tubing 8 is a tight sealing fit on the spigot, the spigot preferably being barbed in orderto prevent inadvertent removal ofthe tube.The outer end ofthe tubing is sealed, for example by means of a heat seal 10 or by means of a plug sealed within the end ofthetubing.

Suitable material for forming the bag comprises an aluminium foil laminate sheet consisting of layers of biaxially oriented nylon (BON), polyvinylidenechloride (PVDC), aluminium foil and linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), the latter layer being the inner layer. The bag is produced by heat sealing two such laminate sheets along their peripheral edges, with the LLDPE layers of the two laminate sheets being in face to face relation. In such a bag, the nylon outer layer provides the necessary structural strength, the PVDC layer provides a secondary moisture barrier, and the foil layer provides the primary moisture barrier. The LLDPE inner layer provides a layer which can be heat sealed, this layer being heat sealed along its peripheral edgetothe LLDPE inner layer of the other laminate sheet.

Another suitable material forforming the bag comprises a laminate sheet consisting ofan outer layer of a metallized polyester, a middle layer of a metallized polyester, and an inner layerofethylenevinyl acetate copolymerto enable heat sealing to the corresponding innerlayerofan identical laminate sheet whereby to form the bag in the manner described above. The outer layer is metallized on its innersurface, for examplewith aluminium using a vacuum technique. The middle layer is identical to the outer layer but reversed so that the metallizing is on its outer surface whereby the two metallized layers face each other. in this laminate, the two metallized layers provide the moisture barrier, with the polyester layers providing the required strength.The polyester may consist of polyethylene terephthalate.

The above are only examples of suitable materials having the necessary characteristics, and other suitable materials may be used.

The outletsleeve 4 comprises at its inner end an annularflange4awhich iswelded to the inner layer ofthe bag, whereby to form a seal between the bag and the sleeve. The external surface ofthe bung 6 preferably comprises a series of annular sealing ribs in order to ensure that a moisture proof seal is defined between the sleeve 4 and bung 6. The outlet sleeve and bung may beformed from high orion density polyethylene.

The tubing may consist of a thermoplastic ei astomer, such as ethylene-propylene-diene-monomer copolymer.

The bag is factory-fiiled with brake fluid or other hydraulicfluidthrough the outlet sleeve 4, the bung 6 and sealed tube 8then being fitted in orderto seal the bag. The fluid is dispensed from the bag by cutting offthesealed end 10 ofthetube 8, enabling thefluid toflowfrom the end ofthetube intoafluid reservoir, such as in the master cylinder of a vehicle braking system, the bag 2 collapsing upon discharge ofthe fluid. Thefluidflowthrough thetube 8 can be stopped by means of a clamp 12 mounted on thetube 8and operative to constrictthetube.

Preferably, the clamp 12 comprises opposed rectilinear clamping elements 14mounted on opposed arms 16 interconnected by a flexible web 18 suitably apertured to permit passage ofthe tube 8. The free end 20 of one of the arms 16 is bent over and is formed with a series of ratchetteeth 20a, this end also being apertured to permit passage of the tube 8.

The free end of the other arm 16 is tapered to cooperate with the ratchet teeth 20a. To operate the clamp 12 to closethetube 8, the two arms 16 are simply squeezed togetherwhereby to close the tube, the arms being retained in the clamping position by the co-operation between the ratchet teeth 20a and the tapered end of the arm. To release the clamp, the bent arm end 20a is flexed outwardly When the clamp 12 is operated to close the tube 8, the opposed walls of the tube are clamped together to form a moisture-proof barrier. The remaining fluid is stored in the collapsed bag 2. As dispensing of the fluid results in collapsing ofthe bag rather than in gress of air into the bag,the remaining fluid continuesto be stored free from contact with moisture.

As shown in Figures 2 and 3, the bag 2 is preferably supplied in a box 20 having a carrying handle 22 at its upper end. An internal wall 24 close to the bottom of the box divides the box into two compartments, an upper large compartment, and a lower small com apartment The bag 2 is stored in the uppercompart ment,with the tubular outlet sleeve 4 and bung 6 projecting into the lower compartment through an aperture in the wall 24. Thetube 8 is coiledforstor- age in the lower compartment. The bottom of the box is closed by a flap 26 which encloses the tube within the lower compartment, a central part of the flap 26 being perforated to permit removal in orderto pro vide access to the tube preparatory to use. The box may be hung by means of its handle 22 from a suit able supportto permit gravity feed offluid from the bag through the tube and intothefluid reservoir, say of an automobile. For typical applications, the tube may be of about a metre in length.

The embodiment has been described byway of ex ample only, and modifications are possible within the scope of the invention.

Claims (14)

1. A container for hydraulic fluid, said container comprising a closed flexible bag for containing the fluid, said bag being composed of a material which is inert with respect two hydraulic fluid and which is able to prevent moisture penetration to the interior of the bag, and an outlet fitting for dispensing of fluid from the bag, said outlet fitting including a flexible tube.
2. Acontainer according to claim 1, wherein the tube is sealed closed at its outer end, said end being removable in order to perm it discharge offluid.
3. A container according to claim 1 or claim 2, further comprising releasable clamping means for closingthetubebysqueezingthetube.
4. A container according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the bag isformedfrom a laminatecomprising a plastics layer and a metal foil layer.
5. A package comprising a closed flexible bag containing hydraulic fluid, said bag being composed of a material which is inert with respect to the hydraulicfluid and which is capable of preventing penetration of moisture through the bag wall, an out letfitting leading from the bagfordispensingthe fluid, and means for providing a seal against dis charge offluid through the outlet fitting.
6. A package according to claim 5, wherein the outlet fitting includes a flexible tube sealed at its outer end, said seal being removable in orderto permit discharge offluid.
7. A package according to claim 6, wherein the tube carries clamping means for closing the tube by squeezing the tube whereby to permit controlled dis pensing offluid after removing the seal.
8. A package according to any one of claims 5 to 7, wherein the bag is formed from a laminate comprising plastics inner and outer layers and a metal foil intermediate layer.
9. A package according to claim 8, wherein the outer layer is of a plastics which provides the laminate with structural strength, and the inner plastics layer is of a heat sealable plastics whereby the bag is formed by heat sealing two such laminates in face to face relation.
10. A package according to claim 9, wherein the outer layer consists of an outer layer of biaxially oriented nylon, intermediate layers of polyvinylidenechloride and aluminium foil, and an inner layer of polyethylene.
11. A package according to claim 6, or any claim dependent on claim 6, wherein the bag and tube are contained in a box having a handle by which the package can be hung for dispensing the fluid, with the tube suspended from the box.
12. A package according to claim 11, wherein the tube is packed within a lower portion of the box, said lower portion including a movable wall partto permit access to the tube.
13. A container substantially as hereinbefore describedwith reference to the accompanying drawings.
14. A package substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
GB08622011A 1985-09-12 1986-09-12 Containers for hydraulic fluids Withdrawn GB2180217A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU239985 1985-09-12

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB8622011D0 GB8622011D0 (en) 1986-10-22
GB2180217A true GB2180217A (en) 1987-03-25

Family

ID=3692913

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB08622011A Withdrawn GB2180217A (en) 1985-09-12 1986-09-12 Containers for hydraulic fluids

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (1) GB2180217A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2613700A1 (en) * 1987-04-09 1988-10-14 Sotralentz Sa Device for flowing and emptying a tank or a container, in particular for a viscous fluid
DE3927954A1 (en) * 1988-09-08 1990-03-15 Sotralentz Sa Transport or storage liq. or powder container
GB2237260A (en) * 1989-10-04 1991-05-01 Bier Drive Gmbh Container for liquids, more particularly drinks
WO1997049619A2 (en) * 1996-06-27 1997-12-31 Castrol Limited Sachet
EP1101080A1 (en) * 1998-07-31 2001-05-23 Edwin D. Neas Vessel for containing/transporting a fluent substance
WO2004083070A1 (en) * 2003-03-13 2004-09-30 Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij B.V. Hydrocarbon fluids packaging
EP2067716A3 (en) * 2007-12-05 2009-11-25 Schlitt, Uwe Michael Method of dosing liquid media and container system

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB608123A (en) * 1942-12-16 1948-09-10 Spanel Abram Nathaniel Improvements in or relating to flexible, collapsible fluid containers and method of producing same
GB1196537A (en) * 1967-10-27 1970-06-24 Star Stabilimento Alimentare Manufacture of Flexible Laminated Material and Foodstuff Containers made therefrom
US3836425A (en) * 1971-01-12 1974-09-17 Ludlow Corp Thin, flexible barrier material
GB1379292A (en) * 1971-08-06 1975-01-02 Milprint Inc Multiplelayer packaging film with intermediate protective layer
GB1576701A (en) * 1978-05-30 1980-10-15 Baxter Travenol Lab Collapsible containers
US4228835A (en) * 1979-02-23 1980-10-21 Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. Breakaway cap for solution containers
US4363841A (en) * 1981-12-28 1982-12-14 Champion International Corporation Laminated packaging material

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB608123A (en) * 1942-12-16 1948-09-10 Spanel Abram Nathaniel Improvements in or relating to flexible, collapsible fluid containers and method of producing same
GB1196537A (en) * 1967-10-27 1970-06-24 Star Stabilimento Alimentare Manufacture of Flexible Laminated Material and Foodstuff Containers made therefrom
US3836425A (en) * 1971-01-12 1974-09-17 Ludlow Corp Thin, flexible barrier material
GB1379292A (en) * 1971-08-06 1975-01-02 Milprint Inc Multiplelayer packaging film with intermediate protective layer
GB1576701A (en) * 1978-05-30 1980-10-15 Baxter Travenol Lab Collapsible containers
US4228835A (en) * 1979-02-23 1980-10-21 Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. Breakaway cap for solution containers
US4363841A (en) * 1981-12-28 1982-12-14 Champion International Corporation Laminated packaging material

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2613700A1 (en) * 1987-04-09 1988-10-14 Sotralentz Sa Device for flowing and emptying a tank or a container, in particular for a viscous fluid
EP0289649A1 (en) * 1987-04-09 1988-11-09 Sotralentz S.A. Closure device for the outlet of a fluid-container
DE3927954A1 (en) * 1988-09-08 1990-03-15 Sotralentz Sa Transport or storage liq. or powder container
GB2237260A (en) * 1989-10-04 1991-05-01 Bier Drive Gmbh Container for liquids, more particularly drinks
WO1997049619A2 (en) * 1996-06-27 1997-12-31 Castrol Limited Sachet
WO1997049619A3 (en) * 1996-06-27 1998-03-05 Castrol Ltd Sachet
EP1101080A1 (en) * 1998-07-31 2001-05-23 Edwin D. Neas Vessel for containing/transporting a fluent substance
EP1101080A4 (en) * 1998-07-31 2003-08-13 Edwin D Neas Vessel for containing/transporting a fluent substance
WO2004083070A1 (en) * 2003-03-13 2004-09-30 Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij B.V. Hydrocarbon fluids packaging
EP2067716A3 (en) * 2007-12-05 2009-11-25 Schlitt, Uwe Michael Method of dosing liquid media and container system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB8622011D0 (en) 1986-10-22

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Legal Events

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WAP Application withdrawn, taken to be withdrawn or refused ** after publication under section 16(1)