GB1518261A - Introducing gas into liquid - Google Patents

Introducing gas into liquid

Info

Publication number
GB1518261A
GB1518261A GB12923/74A GB1292374A GB1518261A GB 1518261 A GB1518261 A GB 1518261A GB 12923/74 A GB12923/74 A GB 12923/74A GB 1292374 A GB1292374 A GB 1292374A GB 1518261 A GB1518261 A GB 1518261A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
liquid
pressure
brewing
gas
oxygen
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB12923/74A
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Brewing Patents Ltd
Original Assignee
Brewing Patents Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Brewing Patents Ltd filed Critical Brewing Patents Ltd
Priority to GB12923/74A priority Critical patent/GB1518261A/en
Publication of GB1518261A publication Critical patent/GB1518261A/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/02Aerobic processes
    • C02F3/12Activated sludge processes
    • C02F3/1278Provisions for mixing or aeration of the mixed liquor
    • C02F3/1289Aeration by saturation under super-atmospheric pressure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12CBEER; PREPARATION OF BEER BY FERMENTATION; PREPARATION OF MALT FOR MAKING BEER; PREPARATION OF HOPS FOR MAKING BEER
    • C12C11/00Fermentation processes for beer
    • C12C11/003Fermentation of beerwort
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12HPASTEURISATION, STERILISATION, PRESERVATION, PURIFICATION, CLARIFICATION OR AGEING OF ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES; METHODS FOR ALTERING THE ALCOHOL CONTENT OF FERMENTED SOLUTIONS OR ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
    • C12H1/00Pasteurisation, sterilisation, preservation, purification, clarification, or ageing of alcoholic beverages
    • C12H1/12Pasteurisation, sterilisation, preservation, purification, clarification, or ageing of alcoholic beverages without precipitation
    • C12H1/14Pasteurisation, sterilisation, preservation, purification, clarification, or ageing of alcoholic beverages without precipitation with non-precipitating compounds, e.g. sulfiting; Sequestration, e.g. with chelate-producing compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M29/00Means for introduction, extraction or recirculation of materials, e.g. pumps
    • C12M29/06Nozzles; Sprayers; Spargers; Diffusers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

1518261 Dispersing gases in liquids BREWING PATENTS Ltd 23 June 1975 [22 March 1974] 12923/74 Heading B1C A method of introducing a relatively insoluble gas into a liquid (e.g. a fermentated liquid) comprises dissolving the gas under superatmospheric pressure, in a carrier liquid mixable with the said liquid, and introducing- the solution into the said liquid in such a way that the formation of gas bubbles is restricted or avoided. A relatively insoluble gas is defined in such a way as to include oxygen and nitrogen but. exclude carbon dioxide. The formation of bubbles may be avoided by injecting the gas/liquid solution vigorously through a short tubular nozzle, it being stated that the fall in pressure is thus so rapid that bubbles have no time to form; injecting it at low velocity through a nozzle such as one in which the pressure drops gradually in the length of the nozzle, such as a coil of stainless steel tube which may be rolled : to the section shown in Fig. 1; or a nozzle as shown in Fig. 2 which ejects the liquid as a sheet. Examples relate- -to the introduction of oxygen into brewing wort of high specific gravity with avoidance of foam production and of release of dissolved carbon dioxide. The carrier liquid may be water or brewing liquor and may be mixed with part of the brewing wort at high pressure and the pressure than reduced; it may be cooled to 2‹C to enable the gas content to be increased repeated slow injections of carrier liquid may be made at intervals into the brewing liquor to reduce the ester level. Water saturated with oxygen at a partial pressure of 5 atmospheres absolute can be introduced into fermentation liquid at atmospheric pressure at a dilution rate of 2% giving an oxygen content of 6p.p.m., or at 10 atmospheres at a dilution rate of 1:9 into a circulation line of brewing liquor, or into an oxygen-free wort on its way to the fermentation vessel.
GB12923/74A 1975-06-23 1975-06-23 Introducing gas into liquid Expired GB1518261A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB12923/74A GB1518261A (en) 1975-06-23 1975-06-23 Introducing gas into liquid

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB12923/74A GB1518261A (en) 1975-06-23 1975-06-23 Introducing gas into liquid

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB1518261A true GB1518261A (en) 1978-07-19

Family

ID=10013612

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB12923/74A Expired GB1518261A (en) 1975-06-23 1975-06-23 Introducing gas into liquid

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (1) GB1518261A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0007507A1 (en) * 1978-07-20 1980-02-06 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Process for the fermentation of wort into beer
EP0334728A1 (en) * 1988-03-22 1989-09-27 L'air Liquide, Societe Anonyme Pour L'etude Et L'exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude Process for the controlled oxygenation of an alcoholic fermentation must, and installation therefor
EP0343394A1 (en) * 1988-04-28 1989-11-29 Endotronics Inc. Method of culturing cells using highly gas saturated media
EP0542089A1 (en) * 1991-11-14 1993-05-19 KLAUS ESAU ARMATUREN MASCHINEN ANLAGEN & HANS HUEBER GmbH Method and apparatus for propagating brewer's yeast
EP0683224A3 (en) * 1994-05-18 1997-06-25 Bass Plc Improvements in and relating to beer and other beverages and a method of dispensing beer and other beverages, particularly lager.

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0007507A1 (en) * 1978-07-20 1980-02-06 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Process for the fermentation of wort into beer
EP0334728A1 (en) * 1988-03-22 1989-09-27 L'air Liquide, Societe Anonyme Pour L'etude Et L'exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude Process for the controlled oxygenation of an alcoholic fermentation must, and installation therefor
FR2629096A1 (en) * 1988-03-22 1989-09-29 Air Liquide PROCESS FOR THE CONTROLLED OXYGENATION OF AN ALCOHOLIC FERMENTATION MUT, AND CORRESPONDING INSTALLATION
US4978545A (en) * 1988-03-22 1990-12-18 L'air Liquide, Societe Anonyme Pour L'etude Et L'exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude Process for the controlled oxygenation of an alcoholic fermentation must or wort
EP0343394A1 (en) * 1988-04-28 1989-11-29 Endotronics Inc. Method of culturing cells using highly gas saturated media
EP0542089A1 (en) * 1991-11-14 1993-05-19 KLAUS ESAU ARMATUREN MASCHINEN ANLAGEN & HANS HUEBER GmbH Method and apparatus for propagating brewer's yeast
EP0683224A3 (en) * 1994-05-18 1997-06-25 Bass Plc Improvements in and relating to beer and other beverages and a method of dispensing beer and other beverages, particularly lager.

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4041180A (en) Introducing gases into fermentation liquids
GB1489946A (en) Process and apparatus for the culture of microorganisms
GB1534361A (en) Process and apparatus for preparing and dispensing carbonated liquids
EG16312A (en) A process & a fermanter for the production of alcohol
GB1518261A (en) Introducing gas into liquid
GB1455567A (en) Treatment of liquid
GB1322609A (en) Production of beer
SU967278A3 (en) Method and apparatus for contacting gas and liquid
IE801129L (en) Fermentation process and apparatus
GB1437458A (en) Continuous determination of the toxicity of liquids
ES395447A1 (en) Deoxidizing metal
GB1160539A (en) Process for Producing Iodine Pentafluoride
GB1435248A (en) Method for culturing hydrogen oxidising bacteria
SU606553A3 (en) Method of obtaining microorganism biomass
EP0249288A3 (en) Method and reactor vessel for the fermentative preparation ofpolysaccharides, in particular xanthane
US2927028A (en) Impregnating liquids with gas
GB1484786A (en) Beverage carbonating process and equipment
GB1256920A (en)
GB1371027A (en) Cooling and freeze-concentrating liquid food products
GB1432290A (en) Process for the production of steel
GB1439212A (en) Process for the production of chloroformic esters
GB1425692A (en) Method for the continuous oxidation of aliphatic side chains of aromatic compounds
GB827404A (en) Fermentation vessel and process
GB1418561A (en) Citric acid production
SU1507786A1 (en) Method of cultivating yeast biomass

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PS Patent sealed
732 Registration of transactions, instruments or events in the register (sect. 32/1977)
PCNP Patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee