GB1228181A - - Google Patents

Info

Publication number
GB1228181A
GB1228181A GB1228181DA GB1228181A GB 1228181 A GB1228181 A GB 1228181A GB 1228181D A GB1228181D A GB 1228181DA GB 1228181 A GB1228181 A GB 1228181A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
shaft
pins
cylinders
cam
common
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2688967 priority Critical
Priority to JP3678167 priority
Application filed filed Critical
Priority to US1879470A priority
Publication of GB1228181A publication Critical patent/GB1228181A/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01BMACHINES OR ENGINES, IN GENERAL OR OF POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT TYPE, e.g. STEAM ENGINES
    • F01B3/00Reciprocating-piston machines or engines with cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis
    • F01B3/04Reciprocating-piston machines or engines with cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis the piston motion being transmitted by curved surfaces
    • F01B3/045Reciprocating-piston machines or engines with cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis the piston motion being transmitted by curved surfaces by two or more curved surfaces, e.g. for two or more pistons in one cylinder
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01BMACHINES OR ENGINES, IN GENERAL OR OF POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT TYPE, e.g. STEAM ENGINES
    • F01B3/00Reciprocating-piston machines or engines with cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis
    • F01B3/0002Reciprocating-piston machines or engines with cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis having stationary cylinders
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01BMACHINES OR ENGINES, IN GENERAL OR OF POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT TYPE, e.g. STEAM ENGINES
    • F01B3/00Reciprocating-piston machines or engines with cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis
    • F01B3/0002Reciprocating-piston machines or engines with cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis having stationary cylinders
    • F01B3/0005Reciprocating-piston machines or engines with cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis having stationary cylinders having two or more sets of cylinders or pistons
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01BMACHINES OR ENGINES, IN GENERAL OR OF POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT TYPE, e.g. STEAM ENGINES
    • F01B3/00Reciprocating-piston machines or engines with cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis
    • F01B3/0082Details
    • F01B3/0085Pistons
    • F01B3/0088Piston shoe retaining means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01BMACHINES OR ENGINES, IN GENERAL OR OF POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT TYPE, e.g. STEAM ENGINES
    • F01B3/00Reciprocating-piston machines or engines with cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis
    • F01B3/0082Details
    • F01B3/0094Driving or driven means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01BMACHINES OR ENGINES, IN GENERAL OR OF POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT TYPE, e.g. STEAM ENGINES
    • F01B3/00Reciprocating-piston machines or engines with cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis
    • F01B3/04Reciprocating-piston machines or engines with cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis the piston motion being transmitted by curved surfaces
    • F01B3/06Reciprocating-piston machines or engines with cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis the piston motion being transmitted by curved surfaces by multi-turn helical surfaces and automatic reversal
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01BMACHINES OR ENGINES, IN GENERAL OR OF POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT TYPE, e.g. STEAM ENGINES
    • F01B7/00Machines or engines with two or more pistons reciprocating within same cylinder or within essentially coaxial cylinders
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01BMACHINES OR ENGINES, IN GENERAL OR OF POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT TYPE, e.g. STEAM ENGINES
    • F01B7/00Machines or engines with two or more pistons reciprocating within same cylinder or within essentially coaxial cylinders
    • F01B7/02Machines or engines with two or more pistons reciprocating within same cylinder or within essentially coaxial cylinders with oppositely reciprocating pistons
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H25/00Gearings comprising primarily only cams, cam-followers and screw-and-nut mechanisms
    • F16H25/08Gearings comprising primarily only cams, cam-followers and screw-and-nut mechanisms for interconverting rotary motion and reciprocating motion
    • F16H25/12Gearings comprising primarily only cams, cam-followers and screw-and-nut mechanisms for interconverting rotary motion and reciprocating motion with reciprocation along the axis of rotation, e.g. gearings with helical grooves and automatic reversal or cams
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B75/00Other engines
    • F02B75/02Engines characterised by their cycles, e.g. six-stroke
    • F02B2075/022Engines characterised by their cycles, e.g. six-stroke having less than six strokes per cycle
    • F02B2075/025Engines characterised by their cycles, e.g. six-stroke having less than six strokes per cycle two
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B75/00Other engines
    • F02B75/02Engines characterised by their cycles, e.g. six-stroke
    • F02B2075/022Engines characterised by their cycles, e.g. six-stroke having less than six strokes per cycle
    • F02B2075/027Engines characterised by their cycles, e.g. six-stroke having less than six strokes per cycle four
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/18Mechanical movements
    • Y10T74/18056Rotary to or from reciprocating or oscillating
    • Y10T74/18296Cam and slide
    • Y10T74/18336Wabbler type

Abstract

1,228,181. Reciprocating pumps; I. C. engine driving gear; reciprocating compressors. D. ODAWARA. April 25, 1968 [April 28. 1967; June 10, 1967], No.19742/68. Headings F1A, F1B and F1N. [Also in Division F2] Conversion of reciprocating motion into rotary motion, or vice versa, in a piston machine including a plurality of pistons 3 in cylinders 2 arranged circumferentially about a central axis, e.g. an I.C. engine, pump or compressor, is effected by pins 8 mounted radially on the pistons and engaging in an endless cam groove 18 formed on the inner surface of one or more rotary cylindrical sleeves 20 rotating about an axis parallel to the axes of the cylinders 2. As shown, the cam groove 18 is defined by two cylindrical cams 6, 6<SP>1</SP>, mounted in the sleeve 20 fast with a rotary shaft 1, the piston 3 being prevented from rotating by the pin 8 passing through a straight slot 16 in the fixed cylinder 2. Again, Fig. 3 (not shown), two double pistons 3 each comprising a pair of oppositely directed pistons on common piston rods 4 and having common pins 8, slide in a common fixed cylinder 2. A plurality of the cylinders 2 are arranged circumferentially about a central axis and the pins 8 engage in cam grooves 18 mounted on cylindrical sleeves 20 each formed with an external ring gear (22) meshing a gear (23) on the shaft 1 parallel to the fixed cylinder. Further, Figs.4-6, (not shown), six pistons 3 are arranged in six cylinders arranged circumferentially about the shaft 1, their pins 8 engaging a common cam groove 18 in the sleeve 20 on shaft 1. In Fig. 7, (not shown), twelve cylinders are arranged around the shaft 1, six cylinders on each of two concentric circles with the inner sliding blocks 7 connected to the outer blocks which carry the pins 8 engaging in a common cam groove. Again, Fig. 8, (not shown), two units of the machine of Fig.6 (not shown) are connected back-to-back so that their pins engage in two cam grooves 18 mounted on a common sleeve 20 on shaft 1. In Fig. 9, (not shown), the pins 8 extend through the blocks 7 and engage in outer and inner cam grooves 18, (15), the inner cam groove (15), being mounted on a boss (24) integral with sleeve 20 and surrounding the shaft 1. Antifriction means, e.g. roller bearings, are mounted on the pins 8 where they pass through the inner and outer straight slots (16<SP>1</SP>) in the fixed cylinders 2. In Fig. 10, (not shown), four cylinders I. C. engine is shown in which each piston has a pin 8 extending radially outwards and carrying double antifriction means, e.g. a double roller bearing, engaging in a cam groove formed in a bracket 20 on a shaft 1, the bracket 20 also carrying two axially extending cam surfaces which engage tappets to open and close inlet and outlet valves through push rods and rockers. In Fig. 11, (not shown), each cylinder carries a double piston with valves at each end, the cylindrical bracket 20 having an external ring gear (22) engaging a gear (23) on a parallel shaft 1. By providing the engine with injection pumps and nozzles it may operate in a diesel cycle. In Fig.13, (not shown), the shaft 1 of the Fig. 10 embodiment extends through the fixed cylinder block. Again, Fig. 14, (not shown), an I.C. engine is formed by combining the embodiments of Figs. 8 and 9, the pins 8 being received by double roller bearings in their cam grooves, and cam faces being formed on the sleeve 20 to operate the inlet and outlet valves. In Fig. 16, (not shown), various cam grooves for two-cycle, four-cycle, or six-cycle machines, for four-cycle machines with a casting stroke, and for two-cycle machines with non-compressible fluids, are shown.
GB1228181D 1967-04-28 1968-04-25 Expired GB1228181A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2688967 1967-04-28
JP3678167 1967-06-10
US1879470A true 1970-03-16 1970-03-16

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB1228181A true GB1228181A (en) 1971-04-15

Family

ID=63721115

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB1228181D Expired GB1228181A (en) 1967-04-28 1968-04-25

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US3598094A (en)
DE (1) DE1751073A1 (en)
FR (1) FR1562381A (en)
GB (1) GB1228181A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2205361A (en) * 1986-10-09 1988-12-07 Ah Soon Lee Compact air compressor
EP1435459A2 (en) * 2003-01-06 2004-07-07 Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Jidoshokki Reciprocating pump and vacuum pump

Families Citing this family (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA929818A (en) * 1971-03-31 1973-07-10 Striegl George Engine power unit
US3893433A (en) * 1973-07-02 1975-07-08 Resonance Motors Inc Rotary engine with rotating cylinders
GB1467969A (en) * 1974-01-14 1977-03-23 Kristiansen H Internal combustion engine and operating cycle
GB1560093A (en) * 1975-07-11 1980-01-30 Richter P A Fluid operated device
WO1980000096A1 (en) * 1978-06-14 1980-01-24 T Hosokawa Axial-type rotary piston pump
US4213427A (en) * 1978-06-16 1980-07-22 Alfonso Di Stefano Rotary engine
WO1982003889A1 (en) * 1981-04-27 1982-11-11 Stinebaugh Donald E Internal combustion engine
US4553508A (en) * 1981-04-27 1985-11-19 Stinebaugh Donald E Internal combustion engine
DE3224482C2 (en) * 1981-09-23 1991-11-21 Prodromos Bekiaroglou PISTON MACHINE
US4658768A (en) * 1981-12-28 1987-04-21 Carson Douglas T Engine
DE3311021A1 (en) * 1983-03-25 1984-10-11 Josef Lang Piston machine with oscillating pistons and a reversing device for conversion to a rotary motion
DE3313611A1 (en) * 1983-04-14 1984-10-18 Siegfried Imelauer Motor/pump unit
DE3326294A1 (en) * 1983-07-21 1985-01-31 Adomeit H Multiple expansion IC engine - has cylinders of increasing dia. contg. pistons coupled to shaft via cam discs contoured for constant torque
GB8404159D0 (en) * 1984-02-17 1984-03-21 Sophocles Papanicolacu J P Ic engine
FR2574474A1 (en) * 1984-12-07 1986-06-13 Snyders Rene TWO-STROKE ENGINE
US4834033A (en) * 1986-10-31 1989-05-30 Larsen Melvin J Apparatus and method for a balanced internal combustion engine coupled to a drive shaft
AU610126B2 (en) * 1987-01-16 1991-05-16 Geelong Engine Co. Pty. Ltd. Axial engine
WO1988005495A1 (en) * 1987-01-16 1988-07-28 Geelong Engine Co., Pty. Ltd. Axial engine
DE3731786A1 (en) * 1987-07-02 1989-01-12 Ernst Reimers Drive arrangement
DE4018354A1 (en) * 1990-06-08 1991-12-12 Ernst Reimers Rotary to linear motion converter - operates using set of rings and curved track
US5799629A (en) * 1993-08-27 1998-09-01 Lowi, Jr.; Alvin Adiabatic, two-stroke cycle engine having external piston rod alignment
CN1096851A (en) * 1994-01-28 1994-12-28 武守仁 Cam-type piston internal-combustion engine
HRP970053B1 (en) * 1997-01-07 2009-10-31 Čular Želimir Two-stroke engine with spirally operating piston
US6662775B2 (en) 1999-03-23 2003-12-16 Thomas Engine Company, Llc Integral air compressor for boost air in barrel engine
US6698394B2 (en) 1999-03-23 2004-03-02 Thomas Engine Company Homogenous charge compression ignition and barrel engines
US6435145B1 (en) 2000-11-13 2002-08-20 Moises Antonio Said Internal combustion engine with drive shaft propelled by sliding motion
FR2818314B1 (en) 2000-12-19 2003-06-06 Robert Giacomin Alternative opposite piston machine
US6938590B2 (en) * 2003-04-16 2005-09-06 Terry Buelna Rotary piston motor
US20040231620A1 (en) * 2003-05-23 2004-11-25 Antonio Cannata Engine with drive ring
US8046299B2 (en) 2003-10-15 2011-10-25 American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc. Systems, methods, and devices for selling transaction accounts
US8171812B2 (en) * 2005-10-07 2012-05-08 Wavetech Engines, Inc. Systems and methods for facilitating conversion between reciprocating linear motion and rotational motion
US7360521B2 (en) * 2005-10-07 2008-04-22 Wavetech Engines, Inc. Reciprocating engines
DE102007054321A1 (en) * 2007-10-31 2009-05-07 Hüttlin, Herbert, Dr. h.c. piston engine
KR20110032803A (en) * 2009-09-24 2011-03-30 최진희 Crankless engine
RU2450138C2 (en) * 2010-03-15 2012-05-10 Игорь Антонович Холмянский Internal combustion engine
US9032917B1 (en) * 2011-04-21 2015-05-19 Mark McNitt Barrel cam rotating cylinder engine
NL2007988C2 (en) * 2011-12-16 2013-06-18 Griend Holding B V Cam follower with an angled axis of rotation.

Family Cites Families (8)

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US1232202A (en) * 1916-03-18 1917-07-03 Emmett J Brown Air-compressor.
US1572068A (en) * 1921-08-31 1926-02-09 Advanced Engine Co Inc Engine
US1569525A (en) * 1922-04-26 1926-01-12 Ivan L Owens Rotary engine
US1802902A (en) * 1928-05-12 1931-04-28 Brau Marcel Internal-combustion engine
US1876506A (en) * 1929-11-25 1932-09-06 Lee Engineering Res Corp Engine
US2269106A (en) * 1938-03-23 1942-01-06 Anton R Hoffmann Internal combustion motor
US2274097A (en) * 1938-10-27 1942-02-24 John B Sheerer Crankless engine
US2401466A (en) * 1945-05-23 1946-06-04 Cecil B Davis Internal-combustion engine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2205361A (en) * 1986-10-09 1988-12-07 Ah Soon Lee Compact air compressor
EP1435459A2 (en) * 2003-01-06 2004-07-07 Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Jidoshokki Reciprocating pump and vacuum pump
EP1435459A3 (en) * 2003-01-06 2005-09-07 Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Jidoshokki Reciprocating pump and vacuum pump

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR1562381A (en) 1969-04-04
DE1751073A1 (en) 1970-08-13
US3598094A (en) 1971-08-10

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PS Patent sealed
PLNP Patent lapsed through nonpayment of renewal fees