FR2822414A1 - Motor vehicle pressure monitoring wheel and tyre has inner and outer envelopes with pressure control actuators - Google Patents

Motor vehicle pressure monitoring wheel and tyre has inner and outer envelopes with pressure control actuators Download PDF

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Publication number
FR2822414A1
FR2822414A1 FR0114094A FR0114094A FR2822414A1 FR 2822414 A1 FR2822414 A1 FR 2822414A1 FR 0114094 A FR0114094 A FR 0114094A FR 0114094 A FR0114094 A FR 0114094A FR 2822414 A1 FR2822414 A1 FR 2822414A1
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France
Prior art keywords
pressure
tire
envelope
wheel
characterized
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Withdrawn
Application number
FR0114094A
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French (fr)
Inventor
Michel Maquaire
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Syegon
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Syegon
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Publication date
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Priority to FR0114094A priority Critical patent/FR2822414A1/en
Publication of FR2822414A1 publication Critical patent/FR2822414A1/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60CVEHICLE TYRES; TYRE INFLATION; TYRE CHANGING OR REPAIRING; REPAIRING, OR CONNECTING VALVES TO, INFLATABLE ELASTIC BODIES IN GENERAL; DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS RELATED TO TYRES
    • B60C23/00Devices for measuring, signalling, controlling, or distributing tyre pressure or temperature, specially adapted for mounting on vehicles; Arrangement of tyre inflating devices on vehicles, e.g. of pumps, of tanks; Tyre cooling arrangements
    • B60C23/02Signalling devices actuated by tyre pressure
    • B60C23/04Signalling devices actuated by tyre pressure mounted on the wheel or tyre
    • B60C23/0408Signalling devices actuated by tyre pressure mounted on the wheel or tyre transmitting the signals by non-mechanical means from the wheel or tyre to a vehicle body mounted receiver
    • B60C23/041Means for supplying power to the signal- transmitting means on the wheel
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60CVEHICLE TYRES; TYRE INFLATION; TYRE CHANGING OR REPAIRING; REPAIRING, OR CONNECTING VALVES TO, INFLATABLE ELASTIC BODIES IN GENERAL; DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS RELATED TO TYRES
    • B60C23/00Devices for measuring, signalling, controlling, or distributing tyre pressure or temperature, specially adapted for mounting on vehicles; Arrangement of tyre inflating devices on vehicles, e.g. of pumps, of tanks; Tyre cooling arrangements
    • B60C23/001Devices for manually or automatically controlling or distributing tyre pressure whilst the vehicle is moving
    • B60C23/004Devices for manually or automatically controlling or distributing tyre pressure whilst the vehicle is moving the control being done on the wheel, e.g. using a wheel-mounted reservoir

Abstract

The motor vehicle wheel and tyre pressure monitor has a tyre with an outer envelope (3) mounted on the rim. There in an inner envelope (5) at the base of the rim (2) to form a reserve of pressurized air. There is an actuator (6) to allow passage of air from the inner envelope to the outer to inflate the latter. A second actuator in the external envelope allows its deflation. The tyre pressure can be provided by a pump actuated by acceleration and deceleration movements of the wheel

Description

<Desc / Clms Page number 1>

 The technical sector of the present invention is that of vehicle tires and of pressure adjustment and control systems.

 In the preferred field of application above, it has already been proposed to integrate into a conventional tire a pneumatic valve intended mainly for inflating and deflating a tire. The valve is controlled by a pneumatic block itself controlled automatically by an electronic unit or manually by push buttons. For more precision, reference may be made to patents EP-0246953 and EP-0296017. In this embodiment, the particular structure of the tire is not described and it will be noted that the inflation is only ensured by a source external to the tire.

 However, the simple control of the inflation and deflation of the tire by means of an external source is no longer satisfactory today because the users wish that the management of the pressure prevailing in the capacity as a function of the state of the ground traveled as well as the detection of any capacity anomaly are performed automatically and in total autonomy. Reference may be made to patent FR-88.00476 which describes a system for maintaining the pressure of a tire.

 It is the object of the invention to provide a wheel with tire incorporating a pressure source and a reliable system for regulating the pressure of the tire and to continuously and automatically control the state of said tire.

 The subject of the invention is therefore a wheel with a tire for a vehicle capable of being inflated or deflated of the type consisting of an outer casing mounted on a rim, characterized in that it comprises an inner casing disposed in a recess of the rim and able to constitute a reserve of air under high pressure, a first actuator integrated in the internal envelope allowing the passage of air towards the external envelope to ensure its inflation, a second actuator integrated in the envelope

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 external allowing the passage of air to the outside to ensure its deflation.

 According to one embodiment, the actuator comprises an opening means, a means for controlling the opening and a source of electrical energy, the source of electrical energy being constituted by an electronic system capable of recovering and storing either energy resulting from the effects of inertia linked to the acceleration or deceleration of the vehicle or from the cyclic deformation of the sidewalls of said tire.

 According to another embodiment, the source of electrical energy can be connected to a dynamo driven by the acceleration or deceleration of the vehicle.

 According to this embodiment, the tire comprises a first temperature and pressure detector integrated in the internal envelope intended to measure the pressure and the temperature prevailing in said envelope and a second temperature and pressure detector integrated in the external envelope intended to measure measuring the pressure and the temperature prevailing in said envelope.

 Advantageously, each detector is equipped with a transmitter which can be triggered either remotely to transmit on demand the temperature and pressure data or automatically in the event of variation of the parameters and of temperature exceeding predetermined limits.

 The invention also relates to a system for regulating the pressure prevailing in a tire, characterized in that it comprises an electronic assembly capable of transmitting information to one or the other of the actuators and / or of receiving the information delivered by the detector or detectors to control the pressure and the temperature prevailing in the external envelope and in the internal envelope, a control means of the electronic assembly and a keyboard, said system controlling the value of the pressure of the external envelope between a minimum value and a maximum value according to a control logic in relation to the conditions

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 external to which the tire is subjected and ensuring permanent control of the value of said pressure prevailing in said tire.

 Advantageously, the control means is in the form of an electronic unit containing logic control means.

 Advantageously also, the keyboard comprises indicators of the state of the capacity visible by an operator and means for displaying a correction or reference values of the pressure prevailing in each of the piloted tires.

 Advantageously also, the keyboard is integral with the control means.

 Advantageously also, the system comprises means making it possible to detect the venting of a capacity to the air and to locate said capacity.

 Advantageously also, the system comprises set values differentiated according to the state of charge of the vehicle for example at full load, at half load or empty and this for each type of terrain in association with an overspeed indicator.

 Advantageously also, the system comprises either a permanent system for maintaining the pressure of the internal envelope, or minimum values of the pressure which must prevail in the internal envelope in order either to alert the driver so that he proceeds to restore it to pressure by an external intervention, either to trigger an automatic inflation device that can be integrated in the vehicle or in the wheel.

 A very first advantage of the tire according to the invention lies in the simplified structure for producing the wheels of a vehicle capable of integrating all the elements making it possible to manage its inflation pressure and to know its condition.

 Another advantage of the invention lies in the permanent availability of a source of air pressure in the internal envelope allowing very rapid inflation of the external envelope.

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 Another advantage of the invention lies in the isolation of the pressure source from the outside.

 Another advantage of the invention lies in the fact that the pressure source allows normal rolling of the vehicle in the event of a puncture.

 Another advantage of the invention lies in the fact that the system allows the operator to impose at any time a setpoint different from the setpoint imposed automatically.

 Another advantage lies in the fact that the system makes it possible to isolate a capacity from the rest of the installation in the event of serious damage.

 Another advantage of the system according to the invention lies in the fact that a capacity can be changed without any disturbance in operation, the system remaining operational.

Other characteristics, details and advantages of the invention will emerge more clearly on reading the description given below by way of indication in relation to a drawing in which: - Figure 1 is a schematic section of the tire according to the invention ,

Figure img00040001

- Figure 2 illustrates the schematic embodiment of an embodiment of an actuator, - Figure 3 illustrates the schematic embodiment of an embodiment of a sensor, - Figure 4 illustrates the schematic embodiment of the control system .

 In Figure 1, there is shown a wheel 1 of a vehicle not shown, consisting of a rim 2 on which is mounted an outer casing 3. The rim 2 has a peripheral part 4 having a recess. An internal envelope 5 is advantageously arranged in the hollow. This envelope 5 can be in the form of a closed tube with a thick wall or in the form of a solid rod provided with communicating perforations. This envelope 5 can be pressurized

<Desc / Clms Page number 5>

Figure img00050001

high, for example 100. 105 Pa, if no permanent inflation system is installed or for example 5 to 10. 105 Pa if a permanent inflation system is used to build up a reserve of compressed air capable of supplying the envelope external 3.

 The internal casing 5 has sufficient hardness and resistance to constitute a rolling surface in the event of a non-compensable puncture of the external casing 3.

 The internal envelope 5 is provided with a first actuator 6 whose role is to authorize the passage of compressed air towards the external envelope 3. Thus by successive withdrawals it is possible to adjust the pressure prevailing in the external envelope 3. The envelope 5 is also provided with a first detector 7 intended to measure the temperature and the pressure prevailing inside and the advantage of which will be explained below.

 The envelope 3 is provided with a second actuator 8 intended to make it communicate with the outside environment.

The opening of this actuator 8 is controlled by means described below to ensure rapid or slow deflation of the envelope 3. The envelope 3 is also provided with a sensor 9 making it possible to measure the prevailing pressure and temperature inside of it.

 The structure of the sensors 7 and 9 is intended to wirelessly transmit the measurements carried out either continuously for a given time, or punctually at the discretion of the user, or finally randomly according to a control logic.

 The structure of the tire described therefore makes it possible to overcome, for normal operation, an external source of pressure and makes it possible to simplify the various controls or commands required to manage the pressure of the tire depending on the use of the vehicle, the condition of the running surface, of the load transported or of any other parameter considered relevant.

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FIG. 2 shows an exemplary embodiment of an actuator 6 (or 8) in the form of a non-return valve comprising for example a ball 10 bearing on a seat delimited by a support 11. The ball 10 is connected to a control means 12 intended to ensure detachment of the ball from its seat. An energy source 13 makes it possible for example to supply electric current to the means 12. As an example, the source 13 can be constituted by an electronic system capable of recovering and storing either the energy resulting from the effects of inertia linked to the acceleration or deceleration of the vehicle, ie the cyclical deformations of the sidewalls of the tire. Thus, a dynamo driven in rotation during acceleration or deceleration movements of the vehicle constitutes a means of energy production that can be miniaturized. The opening of the actuator is controlled by a receiver integrated into the control means 12.

This actuator can be produced in a very compact form with a very low mass allowing normal balancing of the wheel.

 In Figure 3, there is shown a sensor 7 (or 9) comprising a probe 14 or detector for measuring the temperature and a probe 15 or detector for measuring the pressure. These probes are connected to a transmitter 16.

Of course, the sensor can be controlled to put it on standby or activate it. The transmitter can be triggered either remotely to transmit temperature and pressure data on demand or automatically if the temperature and pressure parameters vary beyond pre-established setpoints.

 According to the invention, there is added to the tire previously described a regulation system making it possible to control the pressure in the external envelope 3 and to vary it automatically as a function of a certain number of criteria such as the load transported or the state of the ground.

 It is understood that such a possibility offered to users is desired. Indeed, the structure of a

<Desc / Clms Page number 7>

 vehicle is not used in the same way when it is fully loaded, half loaded or empty. The same is true when this vehicle is traveling on uneven terrain, on sand, on a road or on a highway. An intervention on the inflation pressure makes it possible to reduce these stresses and bring them back to a level compatible with the safety and mobility criteria required and a normal lifetime of the vehicle. On the other hand, it is essential to know at all times the condition of the vehicle's tires, in particular in the event of a puncture or in the event of irreparable damage.

 Advantageously also, the system comprises either a permanent system for maintaining the pressure of the internal envelope, or minimum values of the pressure which must prevail in the internal envelope in order either to alert the driver so that he proceeds to restore it to pressure by an external intervention, either to trigger an automatic inflation device that can be integrated in the vehicle or in the wheel.

 FIG. 4 shows the various components of the control system which comprises an electronic assembly 17, a control means 18 and a keyboard 19.

 The electronic assembly 17 makes it possible to ensure all the control functions provided by a control logic.

 This assembly makes it possible, as appropriate, to inflate or deflate the tire 1 or, as the case may be, a group of tires, to ensure automatic monitoring of the tire or tires by a permanent display of the pressure and the temperature, to adjust the tire pressure automatically according to a set point, to detect and locate a capacity vented, to compensate for this venting, to isolate a tire from the rest of the system if it is not compensable, to deliver overspeed information and to correct the pressure.

Of course, this assembly includes electronic means allowing the detection of the pressure and the temperature possibly integrated in the capacity or

<Desc / Clms Page number 8>

 arranged remotely in relation to the actuators and detectors described above.

 The assembly 17 may include a first receiver 20 in relation to the probes 14 of the sensors 7 and 9 of each tire and a second receiver 21 in relation to the probes 15 of these sensors, these two receivers can also be merged. The assembly 17 also includes an emitter 22 in relation to the actuator 6 and a second emitter in relation to the actuator 8.

 Thus, the signal transmitted by the transmitter 16 is received and processed in the control means in order to transmit the information to the keyboard 19.

 The control means 18 is an electronic box containing logic control means making it possible to initiate each of the measures necessary for the operation of the system. It is therefore a series of instructions or program making it possible to obtain a display at the level of the keyboard 19 representative of the given order. Thus, if one wishes to inflate the envelope 3 according to a pre-established setpoint following, for example, a passage from soft ground to a road, the opening of the actuator 8 is commanded to put the pressure source constituted by communication into communication. internal envelope 5 with the envelope 3. When the set value is reached, that is to say when the difference between the two values in question is zero, the housing 18 commands the closing of the actuator 6. A similar process is adopted to ensure deflation of the envelope 3. When the order is given, the actuator 8 is open and the air escapes to the outside. It is the same when it is desired to control the pressure of a tire. The pressure sensor is activated by the control means 18 and the measured value is displayed on the keyboard. It goes without saying that the means 18 makes it possible to discriminate the information coming from each tire.

 A regular check of the pressure reserve 5 is provided to verify its correct operation and to measure the air pressure present. Thus for a pressure in the tire 2 of up to 800 kPa, the pressure in

<Desc / Clms Page number 9>

 the internal envelope 5 could for example be around 1200 kPa with a permanent inflation system or around 10,000 kPa without this device. If the pressure in the envelope 5 becomes lower than that in the envelope 3, the system continues to operate in a degraded mode in which inflation is no longer possible, the other functions being available.

 The keyboard 19 comprises indicators of the state of the capacity visible by an operator and means for displaying a correction or a reference value of the pressure prevailing in the capacity. This keyboard can include, for example, an indicator by pressure threshold depending on the terrain and the vehicle load, an indicator of the charge itself, an indicator of an abnormality of the pressure accumulator, an indicator of anomaly of part of the system, an indicator of the location of the capacity vented, an indicator of the state of the damaged capacity such as a puncture compensable by permanent inflation or impossible to compensate. All these indicators are initiated by the electronic assembly or, conversely, the value displayed by an operator is transmitted by the keyboard 19 to the means 18 which in turn controls the selected member.

 The keyboard can be made integral with the control means.

 The system may include an overspeed indicator.

This can be important when the displayed nominal pressure of the tires is not correlated with the vehicle speed. The system according to the invention comprises means for comparing the speed of the vehicle with respect to the maximum speed authorized for the nominal pressure displayed. The corresponding indicator on the keyboard is supplied and the driver of the vehicle is warned of this situation. He can then correct the inflation instruction until the overspeed signal disappears. If the driver does not intervene after a given time, an automatic correction of the inflation pressure may

<Desc / Clms Page number 10>

 intervene with reference to a speed chart integrated in the housing 9 at the time of delivery of the system.

 The system according to the invention can provide both slow deflation of the outer casing 3 and rapid deflation. By slow deflation is meant, for example, a deflation of 2.5. 105 Pa at 2. 105 Pa in 5 mm. By rapid deflation is meant, for example, a deflation of 2.105 Pa to 105 Pa in a few seconds.

 This rapid deflation can be important in case of ice or emergency braking - to quickly adapt the grip of the tire.

Claims (8)

  1.  CLAIMS 1. Wheel with tire (1) for a vehicle capable of being inflated or deflated of the type consisting of an external casing (3) mounted on a rim (2), characterized in that it comprises an internal casing (5) arranged at the bottom of the rim (2) and capable of constituting a reserve of air under high pressure, a first actuator (6) integrated in the internal envelope (5) allowing the passage of air to the external envelope (3 ) to ensure its inflation, a second actuator (8) integrated in the outer envelope (3) allowing the evacuation of air to the outside to ensure its deflation.
  2.  2. Wheel with tire for vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the actuator (6) comprises an opening means (10), a means (12) for controlling the opening and a source of electrical energy ( 13).
  3.  3. Wheel with tire for vehicle according to claim 2, characterized in that the source of electrical energy (13) consists of an electronic system capable of recovering and storing the energy resulting from the inertia associated with acceleration or the deceleration of the vehicle or the cyclic deformation of the tire.
  4.  4. Wheel with tire for vehicle according to claim 2, characterized in that the source (13) of electrical energy can be connected to a dynamo driven by the acceleration or deceleration of the vehicle.
  5.  5. Wheel with tire for vehicle according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises a first temperature and pressure detector (7) integrated in the internal envelope (5) intended to measure the pressure and the temperature prevailing in said envelope.
  6.  6. Wheel with tire for vehicle according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises a second temperature and pressure detector (9) integrated in the outer casing (3) intended
    <Desc / Clms Page number 12>
     measuring the pressure and the temperature prevailing in said envelope.
  7.  7. Wheel with tire for vehicle according to claim 5 or 6, characterized in that the detector (7, 9) is equipped with a triggerable transmitter (16) either remotely for transmitting the temperature and pressure data or automatically in in the event of a variation of the pressure and temperature parameters higher or lower than a pre-established setpoint.
  8.  8. Wheel with tire for vehicle according to claim 6 or 7, characterized in that one or the other of the actuators (6,8) is connected to an electronic assembly (17) capable of transmitting information to and / or receiving the information delivered by the detector (s) (7, 9) to control the pressure and the temperature prevailing in the external envelope (3) and / or in the internal envelope (5), to a control means (18 ) of the electronic assembly and to a keyboard (19), said assembly controlling the value of the pressure of the external envelope between a minimum value and a maximum value according to a control logic in relation to the external conditions at which the tire is subjected and ensuring permanent control of the value of said pressure prevailing in said tire.
FR0114094A 2001-10-31 2001-10-31 Motor vehicle pressure monitoring wheel and tyre has inner and outer envelopes with pressure control actuators Withdrawn FR2822414A1 (en)

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FR0114094A FR2822414A1 (en) 2001-10-31 2001-10-31 Motor vehicle pressure monitoring wheel and tyre has inner and outer envelopes with pressure control actuators

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2860931A1 (en) * 2003-10-08 2005-04-15 Syegon Data transmission device for vehicle tire inflation/deflation system, has circular antenna forming semi-closed loop around wheel rim acting as capacitive mass, and case acting as transmitter and communicating with receiver via antenna
WO2006027044A1 (en) * 2004-09-09 2006-03-16 Pirelli Tyre S.P.A. Wheel assembly with internal pressure reservoir and pressure fluctuation warning system
GB2554459A (en) * 2016-09-29 2018-04-04 Energy Tech Institute Llp Wheel assembly

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2649337A1 (en) * 1976-10-29 1978-05-11 Rolf Erkens Safety rim for tubeless tyre - has ring shaped reservoir for high pressure air to replenish tyre through pressure control valve
EP0246953A1 (en) 1986-05-16 1987-11-25 ETAT-FRANCAIS représenté par le DELEGUE GENERAL POUR L'ARMEMENT (DPAG) Piloted pneumatic valve for the remote actuation of the inflation or deflation of an envelope
EP0296017A1 (en) 1987-06-04 1988-12-21 ETAT-FRANCAIS représenté par le DELEGUE GENERAL POUR L'ARMEMENT (DPAG) Piloted pneumatic valve for the remote control of the inflation and deflation of a capacity and installation using such a valve
EP0621144A1 (en) * 1993-04-22 1994-10-26 Hughes Aircraft Company Vehicle tire management system including wheel with self-contained tire inflation/deflation apparatus

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2649337A1 (en) * 1976-10-29 1978-05-11 Rolf Erkens Safety rim for tubeless tyre - has ring shaped reservoir for high pressure air to replenish tyre through pressure control valve
EP0246953A1 (en) 1986-05-16 1987-11-25 ETAT-FRANCAIS représenté par le DELEGUE GENERAL POUR L'ARMEMENT (DPAG) Piloted pneumatic valve for the remote actuation of the inflation or deflation of an envelope
EP0296017A1 (en) 1987-06-04 1988-12-21 ETAT-FRANCAIS représenté par le DELEGUE GENERAL POUR L'ARMEMENT (DPAG) Piloted pneumatic valve for the remote control of the inflation and deflation of a capacity and installation using such a valve
EP0621144A1 (en) * 1993-04-22 1994-10-26 Hughes Aircraft Company Vehicle tire management system including wheel with self-contained tire inflation/deflation apparatus

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2860931A1 (en) * 2003-10-08 2005-04-15 Syegon Data transmission device for vehicle tire inflation/deflation system, has circular antenna forming semi-closed loop around wheel rim acting as capacitive mass, and case acting as transmitter and communicating with receiver via antenna
WO2006027044A1 (en) * 2004-09-09 2006-03-16 Pirelli Tyre S.P.A. Wheel assembly with internal pressure reservoir and pressure fluctuation warning system
US7444859B2 (en) 2004-09-09 2008-11-04 Pirelli Tyre S.P.A. Wheel assembly with internal pressure reservoir and pressure fluctuation warning system
GB2554459A (en) * 2016-09-29 2018-04-04 Energy Tech Institute Llp Wheel assembly

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