ES2343231B1 - LUMINOUS MILESTONE. - Google Patents

LUMINOUS MILESTONE. Download PDF

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Publication number
ES2343231B1
ES2343231B1 ES200703154A ES200703154A ES2343231B1 ES 2343231 B1 ES2343231 B1 ES 2343231B1 ES 200703154 A ES200703154 A ES 200703154A ES 200703154 A ES200703154 A ES 200703154A ES 2343231 B1 ES2343231 B1 ES 2343231B1
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Spain
Prior art keywords
solar panel
batteries
milestone
luminous
housing
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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ES200703154A
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Spanish (es)
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ES2343231A1 (en
Inventor
Miguel Alfredo Miro Perez
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Individual
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F9/00Arrangement of road signs or traffic signals; Arrangements for enforcing caution
    • E01F9/60Upright bodies, e.g. marker posts or bollards; Supports for road signs
    • E01F9/604Upright bodies, e.g. marker posts or bollards; Supports for road signs specially adapted for particular signalling purposes, e.g. for indicating curves, road works or pedestrian crossings
    • E01F9/615Upright bodies, e.g. marker posts or bollards; Supports for road signs specially adapted for particular signalling purposes, e.g. for indicating curves, road works or pedestrian crossings illuminated
    • E01F9/617Illuminated or wired-up posts, bollards, pillars or like upstanding bodies or structures for traffic guidance, warning or control
    • E01F9/0165

Abstract

Hito luminoso, constituido a partir de un cuerpo o columna inferior (2), comprendiendo superiormente un alojamiento (4) con aberturas laterales (5) y protectores (6), cubierto superiormente por una tapa (7) sellada mediante un adhesivo especial que la fusiona, incorporando, fijado sin holguras, una carcasa (8), transparente, que alberga, unas luces (9), tipo leds fijas o intermitentes, un módulo electrónico (10) y una placa solar (11), contando con baterías (12) de acumulación, o sin placa solar (11) y baterías (12), alimentado mediante corriente alterna a través de la red eléctrica, con el correspondiente cableado de conexión. Para instalaciones con elevado número de hitos (1) de energía solar, en sustitución de placas solares (11) y baterías (12), se prevé una única placa solar (13) común de mayor tamaño, dotada de las correspondientes baterías de acumulación (14), estando conectada mediante el correspondiente cableado al conjunto de dichos hitos (1).Luminous milestone, constituted from a body or lower column (2), comprising superiorly a housing (4) with side openings (5) and protectors (6), covered superiorly by a cover (7) sealed by a special adhesive that fuses it, incorporating, fixed without gaps, a housing (8), transparent, which houses, some lights (9), type fixed leds or turn signals, an electronic module (10) and a solar panel (11), counting on accumulation batteries (12), or without solar panel (11) and batteries (12), powered by alternating current through the electrical network, with the corresponding connection wiring. For facilities with high number of milestones (1) of solar energy, in replacement of solar panels (11) and batteries (12), a single solar panel (13) larger, equipped with corresponding accumulation batteries (14), being connected by means of the corresponding wiring to the set of said milestones (one).

Description

Hito luminoso.Luminous Landmark

Objeto de la invenciónObject of the invention

La invención, tal como expresa el enunciado de la presente memoria descriptiva, se refiere a un hito luminoso, que aporta a la función a que se destina varias ventajas e innovadoras características, que se describirán en detalle más adelante.The invention, as expressed in the statement of The present specification refers to a luminous milestone, which brings to the function to which several advantages and innovations are destined features, which will be described in detail later.

De forma más concreta, la invención tiene por objeto un hito, también conocido como bolardo, del tipo destinado a ser colocado en vías públicas o particulares para impedir el paso de vehículos sobre las aceras o zonas reservadas similares, el cual, estando constituido por un cuerpo rígido, que tanto puede ser de hierro como de caucho o cualquier otro material resistente y apto para fabricar hitos, que presenta la innovadora particularidad de incorporar un sistema luminoso electrónico alimentado de la energía solar o bien de la red eléctrica, con el fin de constituirse, además de cómo elemento obstaculizante, como elemento de señalización nocturna advirtiendo a conductores y peatones de su localización y de los límites entre la calzada y la acera.More specifically, the invention has object a milestone, also known as bollard, of the type intended for be placed on public or private roads to prevent the passage of vehicles on sidewalks or similar reserved areas, which, being constituted by a rigid body, which can be so much iron like rubber or any other resistant and suitable material to make milestones, which presents the innovative particularity of incorporate an energy-powered electronic light system solar or the electricity grid, in order to become, in addition as an obstacle, as a signaling element at night warning drivers and pedestrians of their location and of the boundaries between the road and the sidewalk.

Campo de aplicaciónScope

El campo de aplicación de la presente invención se encuentra dentro de la industria dedicada a la fabricación de hitos y elementos de señalización vial similares.The field of application of the present invention It is within the industry dedicated to the manufacture of similar milestones and road signs.

Antecedentes de la invenciónBackground of the invention

Es ampliamente conocida la utilización de hitos en vías, tanto de carácter público como privado, para impedir el paso de vehículos a determinados espacios, tales como las aceras o similares, haciendo que les sea imposible subirse a ellas ocupando un espacio especialmente destinado a peatones.The use of landmarks is widely known on track, both public and private, to prevent passing vehicles to certain spaces, such as sidewalks or similar, making it impossible to get on them occupying a space specially intended for pedestrians.

Dichos elementos suele estar fabricados en metal o caucho, siendo generalmente de color negro u oscuro, por lo que su visualización durante las horas nocturnas, y especialmente en lugares apartados o poco iluminados, suele ser dificultosa, con el consiguiente riesgo para los vehículos, incluso para lo viandantes, de colisionar con ellos.These elements are usually made of metal or rubber, being generally black or dark, so that its visualization during the night hours, and especially in remote or dimly lit places, it is usually difficult, with the consequent risk to vehicles, including pedestrians, of colliding with them.

Sería, por tanto, deseable la creación de un sistema que permita su adecuada visualización, tanto para los que se encuentren instalados en núcleos urbanos como, y especialmente, para los que se encuentren en lugares apartados fuera de la ciudad, tal como por ejemplo en una finca rural, etc., ya que en dichos lugares la iluminación puede ser prácticamente nula o muy escasa.It would therefore be desirable to create a system that allows its adequate visualization, both for those who find installed in urban centers such as, and especially, for those who are in remote places outside the city, such such as in a rural farm, etc., since in these places the lighting can be virtually nil or very low.

Sin embargo, en la actualidad y como referencia al estado de la técnica, debe mencionarse que, aunque son conocidos múltiples tipos de hitos, por parte del peticionario se desconoce la existencia de ningún hito que presente las características técnicas, estructurales y de configuración necesarias para dar solución a dicha problemática, siendo éste el principal objetivo de la presente invención.However, at present and as a reference to the state of the art, it should be mentioned that, although they are known multiple types of milestones, by the petitioner it is unknown the existence of any milestone that presents the technical characteristics, structural and configuration necessary to solve said problem, this being the main objective of the present invention.

Explicación de la invenciónExplanation of the invention.

Así, el hito luminoso que aquí se propone se configura por sí mismo como una destacable novedad dentro de su campo de aplicación, ya que, a tenor de su creación, se consigue de forma taxativa los objetivos señalados como idóneos, estando los detalles caracterizadores que lo hacen posible adecuadamente recogidos en las reivindicaciones finales que acompañan a la presente descripción.Thus, the luminous milestone proposed here is configures itself as a remarkable novelty within its field of application, since, according to its creation, it is achieved taxatively the objectives indicated as suitable, being the characterizing details that make it possible properly set out in the final claims that accompany the present description

En concreto, el hito que se preconiza es, tal como se ha mencionado, un hito dotado de un sistema luminoso electrónico alimentado, bien por energía solar, o bien a través de la red eléctrica.Specifically, the milestone that is recommended is such as mentioned, a milestone with a light system electronically powered, either by solar energy, or through the power grid

Para ello el hito está dotado en su parte superior de un alojamiento, adecuadamente protegido y a la vez visible, en el que incorpora un cuerpo compacto o carcasa en cuyo interior alberga, adecuadamente conectados, unas luces, que pueden ser leds de bajo consumo, de carácter fijo o intermitente, un módulo electrónico y, para el caso de estar alimentado a partir de la energía solar, adquiriendo entonces un carácter totalmente autónomo, contará, además, con una placa solar (módulo fotovoltaico), que recibe la energía solar durante el día, almacenándola en unas pequeñas baterías, las cuales deberán tener al menos la capacidad suficiente para abastecer a la mencionada luz durante toda la noche.For this the milestone is endowed in its part superior accommodation, adequately protected and at the same time visible, which incorporates a compact body or housing in whose interior houses, properly connected, some lights, which can be low-power, fixed or intermittent LEDs, a module electronic and, in the case of being fed from the solar energy, then acquiring a totally autonomous character, It will also have a solar panel (photovoltaic module), which receive solar energy during the day, storing it in some small batteries, which should have at least the capacity enough to supply the mentioned light throughout the night.

Para el caso de que el hito luminoso se prevea alimentar a través de la red eléctrica, mediante corriente alterna, simplemente será necesario que se disponga en las cercanías de este tipo de corriente.In the event that the luminous milestone is foreseen feed through the mains, by alternating current, it will simply be necessary to be available in the vicinity of this type of current.

Por otra parte, cabe destacar que, para zonas en las que se vaya a prever la instalación de un elevado número de hitos de carácter autónomo, es decir, alimentados mediante energía solar, la invención contempla la posibilidad de que, en lugar de incorporar cada uno de ellos una placa solar, instalar una placa solar de mayor tamaño, común a todos ellos, con el consiguiente ahorro económico.On the other hand, it should be noted that, for areas in which will provide for the installation of a large number of autonomous milestones, that is, powered by energy solar, the invention contemplates the possibility that, instead of incorporate each of them a solar panel, install a plate larger solar, common to all of them, with the consequent economic savings

Cabe destacar que, en los casos en que se instalen una gran cantidad de hitos en una misma zona, y en los que se produjera más energía de la consumida, se podría aprovechar la energía sobrante que captan del sol para otros usos, suponiendo un destacable ahorro en gastos de consumo de energía.It should be noted that, in cases where install a large number of landmarks in the same area, and where if more energy is produced than consumed, the surplus energy that they capture from the sun for other uses, assuming a Remarkable savings in energy consumption expenses.

Finalmente se debe mencionar la posibilidad de incorporar el sistema luminoso descrito a hitos ya existentes en el mercado, a los que se colocará el sistema modificando los modelos de fundición, vulcanizado u otros, de cada hito para dotarlos del correspondiente alojamiento anteriormente descrito, y del que precisan para su adecuado funcionamiento.Finally, the possibility of incorporate the light system described to existing milestones in the market, to which the system will be placed by modifying the models of foundry, vulcanized or others, of each milestone to provide them with corresponding accommodation described above, and of which They need for proper operation.

Cabe señalar, además, que el hito podrá disponer de una rotulación luminoso, por ejemplo con el nombre de la ciudad, etc.It should also be noted that the milestone may provide of a luminous lettering, for example with the name of the city, etc.

El nuevo hito luminoso representa, por consiguiente, una estructura innovadora de características estructurales y constitutivas desconocidas hasta ahora para tal fin, razones que unidas a su utilidad práctica, la dotan de fundamento suficiente para obtener el privilegio de exclusividad que se solicita.The new luminous landmark represents, by consequently, an innovative structure of features structural and constitutive unknown so far for that purpose, reasons that together with its practical utility, endow it with foundation enough to get the privilege of exclusivity that request.

Descripción de los dibujosDescription of the drawings

Para complementar la descripción que se está realizando y con objeto de ayudar a una mejor comprensión de las características de la invención, se acompaña a la presente memoria descriptiva, como parte integrante de la misma, de un juego de planos, en los que con carácter ilustrativo y no limitativo se ha representado lo siguiente:To complement the description that is being performing and in order to help a better understanding of the characteristics of the invention, is attached herein descriptive, as an integral part of it, of a game of planes, in which with an illustrative and non-limiting nature, represented the following:

La figura número 1.- Muestra una vista en alzado de un ejemplo de realización preferida de la invención, en la que se aprecian las principales partes y elementos de que consta, así como la configuración y disposición de los mismos.Figure number 1.- Shows an elevation view of a preferred embodiment of the invention, in which they appreciate the main parts and elements of which it consists, as well as the configuration and arrangement of them.

La figura número 2.- Muestra una vista en perspectiva y explosionada de los distintos elementos que incorpora el hito representado en la figura 1.Figure number 2.- Shows a view in perspective and exploded of the different elements that it incorporates the milestone represented in figure 1.

La figura número 3.- Muestra una representación esquemática de un conjunto de hitos autónomos conectados a una placa solar común.Figure number 3.- Shows a representation schematic of a set of autonomous milestones connected to a plate common solar.

Realización preferente de la invenciónPreferred Embodiment of the Invention

A la vista de las mencionadas figuras, y de acuerdo con la numeración adoptada, se puede observar en ellas un ejemplo de realización preferente de la invención, la cual comprende las partes y elementos que se indican y describen en detalle a continuación.In view of the aforementioned figures, and of according to the numbering adopted, you can see in them a preferred embodiment of the invention, which comprises the parts and elements indicated and described in detail to continuation.

Así, tal como se aprecia en la figura 1, hito (1) en cuestión se configura esencialmente a partir de un cuerpo o columna inferior (2), constituyente del hito propiamente dicho, y que puede estar realizado en cualquier material adecuadamente rígido y resistente apto para el uso convencional a que se destina, estando fijado a terreno a través de una base (3) mediante sistemas convencionales, en cuya parte superior incorpora, de forma caracterizadora un alojamiento (4) dotado de aberturas laterales (5) y elementos protectores (6), el cual se encuentra cubierto superiormente por el acabado extremo del propio hito, siendo los elementos funcionales introducidos por su parte interior, o por una tapa (7) que puede adoptar cualquier forma, tal como la de una esfera como en el ejemplo representado sin que ello suponga una limitación, estando preferentemente realizado en caucho o material similar, en orden a permitir su sellado mediante un adhesivo especial que se fusiona con el caucho, evitando así posibles actos de vandalismo sobre el hito (1).Thus, as seen in figure 1, milestone (1) in question is essentially configured from a body or lower column (2), constituent of the milestone itself, and which can be made of any suitably rigid material and resistant suitable for the conventional use to which it is intended, being fixed to the ground through a base (3) by systems conventional, whose upper part incorporates, so characterize a housing (4) provided with side openings (5) and protective elements (6), which is covered superiorly for the extreme finish of the milestone itself, being the functional elements introduced by its inner part, or by a cover (7) that can take any form, such as that of a sphere as in the example represented without this implying a limitation, being preferably made of rubber or material similar, in order to allow its sealing by means of an adhesive special that merges with rubber, thus avoiding possible acts of vandalism over the milestone (1).

El mencionado alojamiento (4) incorpora en su interior, fijado sin holguras, un cuerpo compacto conformado por una carcasa (8), la cual será adecuadamente resistente a los posibles golpes, estando igualmente sellada para resistir los factores externos de la intemperie.The mentioned accommodation (4) incorporates in its inside, fixed without gaps, a compact body consisting of a housing (8), which will be adequately resistant to possible blows, being equally sealed to resist the factors external weather.

Dicha carcasa (8) alberga, adecuadamente conectados, unas luces (9), tal como leds de bajo consumo o similar, de carácter fijo o intermitente, un módulo electrónico (10) y una placa solar (11), la cual recibirá la correspondiente radiación solar a través de las mencionadas aberturas (5) previstas en el alojamiento (4), contando con unas pequeñas baterías (12) de acumulación, las cuales deberán tener al menos la capacidad suficiente para abastecer a la mencionada luz durante toda la noche.Said housing (8) properly houses connected, lights (9), such as low consumption LEDs or similar, fixed or intermittent, an electronic module (10) and a solar panel (11), which will receive the corresponding radiation solar through the mentioned openings (5) provided in the accommodation (4), with small batteries (12) of accumulation, which should have at least the capacity enough to supply the mentioned light throughout the night.

Lógicamente, la descrita carcasa (8) será total o parcialmente transparente en orden a permitir el paso de la luz a través de ella y de las aberturas (5) del alojamiento (4) en el que se encuentra alojada, tanto para que se vea la luz durante su funcionamiento como para que la placa solar reciba la correspondiente radiación.Logically, the described housing (8) will be total or partially transparent in order to allow the passage of light to through it and the openings (5) of the housing (4) in which is housed, so that the light is seen during its operation so that the solar panel receives the corresponding radiation.

En una variante de realización de la invención, el hito luminoso (1), carece de la mencionada placa solar (11) y baterías (12), siendo alimentado mediante corriente alterna a través de la red eléctrica, para lo cual dispone del correspondiente cableado de conexión (no representado por ser convencional), siendo apto para ser instalado en lugares dotados de la correspondiente instalación eléctrica, pudiendo ser activados desde una centralita o bien de forma automática mediante un temporizador horario.In a variant embodiment of the invention, the luminous landmark (1), lacks the mentioned solar panel (11) and batteries (12), being powered by alternating current through of the electricity network, for which it has the corresponding connection wiring (not represented by being conventional), being suitable for installation in places equipped with the corresponding electrical installation, and can be activated from a switchboard or either automatically using a timer.

       \newpage\ newpage
    

Asimismo, la invención, para zonas en las que se realice la instalación de un elevado número de hitos (1) alimentados mediante energía solar, en lugar de incorporar cada uno de ellos una placa solar (11) y correspondientes baterías de acumulación (12), se prevé, opcionalmente, instalar una única placa solar (13) de mayor tamaño, dotada de las correspondientes baterías de acumulación (14), estando conectada mediante el correspondiente cableado al conjunto de dichos hitos (1), con el consiguiente ahorro económico.Also, the invention, for areas where install a large number of milestones (1) fed by solar energy, instead of incorporating each of them a solar panel (11) and corresponding accumulation batteries (12), it provides, optionally, to install a single solar panel (13) of greater size, equipped with the corresponding accumulation batteries (14), being connected by the corresponding wiring to the set of these milestones (1), with the consequent economic savings.

Descrita suficientemente la naturaleza de la presente invención, así como la manera de ponerla en práctica, no se considera necesario hacer más extensa su explicación para que cualquier experto en la materia comprenda su alcance y las ventajas que de ella se derivan, haciendo constar que, dentro de su esencialidad, podrá ser llevada a la práctica en otras formas de realización que difieran en detalle de la indicada a título de ejemplo, y a las cuales alcanzará igualmente la protección que se recaba siempre que no se altere, cambie o modifique su principio fundamental.Describe sufficiently the nature of the The present invention, as well as the way of putting it into practice, is not considers it necessary to extend its explanation so that any subject matter expert understands its scope and advantages that derive from it, stating that, within its essentiality, may be implemented in other forms of embodiment that differ in detail from that indicated by way of example, and which will also achieve the protection that collects as long as it does not alter, change or modify its principle fundamental.

Claims (3)

1. Hito luminoso, del tipo destinado a ser colocado en vías públicas o particulares para impedir el paso de vehículos sobre las aceras o zonas reservadas similares, constituido a partir de un cuerpo o columna inferior (2), de material rígido y resistente, tal como hierro, caucho u otro material apta para fabricar hitos de una buena resistencia, fijado al terreno a través de una base (3) mediante sistemas convencionales, caracterizado por el hecho de que en la parte superior del cuerpo (2) comprende un alojamiento (4) dotado de aberturas laterales (5) y elementos protectores (6), cubierto superiormente por el extremo superior de propio cuerpo (2) o por una tapa (7) preferentemente realizada en caucho o material similar, para permitir su sellado mediante un adhesivo especial que se fusiona, evitando posibles actos de vandalismo; en que el alojamiento (4) incorpora en su interior, fijado sin holguras, un cuerpo compacto conformado por una carcasa (8), total o parcialmente transparente, que alberga, adecuadamente conectados, unas luces (9), tal como leds de bajo consumo o similar, pudiendo ser carácter fijo o intermitente, un módulo electrónico (10) y una placa solar (11), contando con unas pequeñas baterías (12) de acumulación, de capacidad suficiente para abastecer a la mencionada luz durante toda la noche.1. Luminous milestone, of the type destined to be placed on public or private roads to prevent the passage of vehicles on the sidewalks or similar reserved areas, constituted from a lower body or column (2), of rigid and resistant material, such as iron, rubber or other material suitable for manufacturing milestones of good resistance, fixed to the ground through a base (3) by conventional systems, characterized by the fact that in the upper part of the body (2) it comprises a housing ( 4) provided with lateral openings (5) and protective elements (6), covered superiorly by the upper end of the body (2) or by a cover (7) preferably made of rubber or similar material, to allow its sealing by means of an adhesive special that merges, avoiding possible acts of vandalism; in which the housing (4) incorporates in its interior, fixed without gaps, a compact body formed by a housing (8), totally or partially transparent, that houses, properly connected, lights (9), such as low consumption LEDs or similar, being able to be a fixed or intermittent character, an electronic module (10) and a solar panel (11), with small accumulation batteries (12), of sufficient capacity to supply the mentioned light throughout the night. 2. Hito luminoso, según la reivindicación 1, caracterizado por el hecho de que, en una variante de realización, el hito (1), carece de la mencionada placa solar (11) y baterías (12), siendo alimentado mediante corriente alterna a través de la red eléctrica, para lo cual dispone del correspondiente cableado de conexión.2. Luminous milestone according to claim 1, characterized in that, in a variant embodiment, the landmark (1), lacks said solar panel (11) and batteries (12), being fed by alternating current to through the mains, for which it has the corresponding connection wiring. 3. Hito luminoso, según la reivindicación 1, caracterizado por el hecho de que, para zonas en las que se realice la instalación de un elevado número de hitos (1) alimentados mediante energía solar, en sustitución de cada placa solar (11) y correspondientes baterías de acumulación (12), opcionalmente, se instala una única placa solar (13) común de mayor tamaño, dotada de las correspondientes baterías de acumulación (14), estando conectada mediante el correspondiente cableado al conjunto de dichos hitos (1).3. Luminous landmark, according to claim 1, characterized in that, for areas in which the installation of a large number of landmarks (1) powered by solar energy, replacing each solar panel (11) and corresponding accumulation batteries (12), optionally, a single larger common solar panel (13) is installed, equipped with the corresponding accumulation batteries (14), being connected by means of the corresponding wiring to the set of said landmarks (1).
ES200703154A 2007-11-23 2007-11-23 LUMINOUS MILESTONE. Withdrawn - After Issue ES2343231B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ES200703154A ES2343231B1 (en) 2007-11-23 2007-11-23 LUMINOUS MILESTONE.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ES200703154A ES2343231B1 (en) 2007-11-23 2007-11-23 LUMINOUS MILESTONE.

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ES2343231A1 ES2343231A1 (en) 2010-07-26
ES2343231B1 true ES2343231B1 (en) 2011-06-06

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ES200703154A Withdrawn - After Issue ES2343231B1 (en) 2007-11-23 2007-11-23 LUMINOUS MILESTONE.

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105350468A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-02-24 国网山东莱阳市供电公司 Construction warning sign pile

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4438484A (en) * 1982-09-20 1984-03-20 Urban Systems Streetscape, Inc. Lighting bollard for use in an urban environment
AU619259B2 (en) * 1988-03-10 1992-01-23 Peter Owen Dormand Vandal resistant bollard light
GB9919171D0 (en) * 1999-08-14 1999-10-20 Foulsham Kevin C P Solar-powered apparatus
DE20308390U1 (en) * 2003-05-28 2003-08-28 Ventker Eckhard Hollow cylindrical bollard, includes internal light-emitting diodes on circuit strips surrounding support located at light exit openings

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