ES1099680U - Quadruple pillar for fixing and support of self-supporting modules (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding) - Google Patents

Quadruple pillar for fixing and support of self-supporting modules (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding) Download PDF

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Publication number
ES1099680U
ES1099680U ES201300885U ES201300885U ES1099680U ES 1099680 U ES1099680 U ES 1099680U ES 201300885 U ES201300885 U ES 201300885U ES 201300885 U ES201300885 U ES 201300885U ES 1099680 U ES1099680 U ES 1099680U
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Prior art keywords
pillar
quadruple
self
modules
support
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ES201300885U
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Spanish (es)
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ES1099680Y (en
Inventor
Antonio RIAÑO MARTÍNEZ
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American Building System S.L.
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Abstract

Quadruple pillar for fixing and supporting self-supporting modules, which being of the type of exempt or isolated from the wall is defined because it is formed by the unión by mechanical anchoring (6) of the four vertical edges (2) of the vertical faces without enclosure (1) of the structure of each of the four self-supporting modules required for each pillar, modules that attached by matching their vertical faces without enclosure (1) generate a building for which the quadruple pillar (7) will serve as support and support main deck or wrought in its central area. (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

Description

MÓDULOS AUTOPORTANTES SELF-SUPPORTING MODULES
OBJETO DE LA INVENCiÓN El presente objeto, según se explica en esta memoria descriptiva, se considera un elemento constructivo con resistencia estructural, formado por cuatro piezas que también son estructurales en menor medida. A esta función estructural se suma la de ser el elemento de unión principal entre los módulos habitables de los que forma parte. El pilar resultante es aislado, es decir no adosado a las paredes del módulo y de sección cuadrada o rectangular.   OBJECT OF THE INVENTION The present object, as explained in this specification, is considered a constructive element with structural strength, formed by four pieces that are also structural to a lesser extent. To this structural function is added that of being the main connecting element between the habitable modules of which it is a part. The resulting pillar is isolated, that is to say not attached to the walls of the module and of square or rectangular section.
Su utilización permite una ventaja constructiva para las soluciones modulares prefabricadas ya que permite dotar de mayor superficie diáfana a las estancias construidas. Cada uno de los cuatro componentes que conforman el pilar son partes integradas de los módulos independientes que, unidos, generan una edificación. Dichos módulos pueden ser menores de lo habitual al poder ser unidos en el terreno mediante este objeto, lo que facilita y abarata su transporte. Its use allows a constructive advantage for prefabricated modular solutions as it allows to provide a larger diaphanous surface to the built rooms. Each of the four components that make up the pillar are integrated parts of the independent modules that, together, generate a building. These modules can be smaller than usual because they can be joined in the field by means of this object, which facilitates and makes transportation cheaper.
ANTECENDENTES DE LA INVENCiÓN ANTECENDENTS OF THE INVENTION
El pilar tradicional es uno de los elementos más comunes de soporte en arquitectura e ingeniería, junto a muros y columnas, destinado a recibir cargas para transmitirlas a la cimentación. En el caso de estar aislado, como el que nos ocupa, o adosado al muro, es un elemento de una pieza monolítico en la mayoría de los casos. En construcción tradicional puede realizarse en obra mediante encofrado o formar parte de una estructura metálica o de madera o ser un elemento prefabricado añadido. En la construcción modular es menos habitual ya que conceptualmente el edificar con módulos trata de adosar horizontal o verticalmente "cajas" cerradas autoportantes con el cerramiento incluido. The traditional pillar is one of the most common support elements in architecture and engineering, together with walls and columns, designed to receive loads to be transmitted to the foundation. In the case of being isolated, like the one that occupies us, or attached to the wall, it is an element of a monolithic piece in most cases. In traditional construction it can be done on site by means of formwork or be part of a metal or wooden structure or be an added prefabricated element. In modular construction, it is less common since, conceptually, building with modules tries to attach horizontally or vertically closed "boxes" self-supporting with the enclosure included.
En la construcción modular, cuando los pilares aislados o exentos son necesarios para soportar la carga de la cubierta o forjado y poder conseguir mayor distancia entre muros y por tanto estancias más amplias, estos suelen ser igualmente In the modular construction, when the isolated or exempt pillars are necessary to support the load of the roof or floor and to be able to achieve greater distance between walls and therefore larger rooms, these are usually equally
Nº solicitud23/10/2013F.OEPM23/10/2013F.Efectiva Nº application23 / 10 / 2013F.OEPM23 / 10 / 2013F.Efectiva
elementos de una pieza prefabricados añadidos que se sueldan o atornillan a la estructura, normalmente a las vigas, elemento estructural que trabaja principalmente a flexión. prefabricated elements of an added piece that are welded or screwed to the structure, normally to the beams, structural element that works mainly to flex.
En el caso presente, cada una de las piezas del pilar cuádruple resultante es una de las cuatro aristas verticales de los módulos independientes que conformarán la edificación, concretamente la arista común entre las dos caras sin cerramiento de cada módulo. Al disponer todas las aristas juntas en torno a un eje vertical y unirlas mediante un anclaje mecánico se consigue el pilar cuádruple. Esto permite que la construcción que resulta al sumar los módulos tenga mayor superficie diáfana que la resultante si los módulos hubieran tenido cerramiento por sus seis caras: es decir, los elementos de soporte hubieran sido los muros únicamente, en vez del pilar cuádruple más los muros, como en el presente caso. In the present case, each of the pieces of the resulting quadruple pillar is one of the four vertical edges of the independent modules that will make up the building, specifically the common edge between the two faces without enclosure of each module. By arranging all the edges together around a vertical axis and joining them by means of a mechanical anchor, the quadruple pillar is achieved. This allows the construction that results from adding the modules to have a larger diaphanous surface than the resulting one if the modules had been enclosed by its six faces: that is, the support elements would have been the walls only, instead of the quadruple pillar plus the walls , as in the present case.
DESCRIPCiÓN DE LA INVENCiÓN DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
Pilar exento para soporte de cubierta o forjado de una construcción modular, compuesto por cuatro elementos paralelepípedos verticales que corresponden a las aristas verticales de la estructura de los módulos autoportantes que componen la edificación una vez se adosan dichos módulos haciendo coincidir sus caras sin cerramiento. La unión en obra mediante anclaje mecánico de estas cuatro aristas conforma el pilar cuádruple como principal elemento de fijación y soporte central. El tipo de anclaje mecánico y su número variará en función de la altura y grosor del pilar, siendo adecuados los existentes en el marcado que consigan fijar las cuatro piezas que forman el pilar como un todo. Al ser parte estructural de cada módulo autoportante, estas aristas verticales vienen unidas de fábrica a las aristas horizontales de la estructura respectiva de la cubierta o forjado. Ambas aristas tanto las verticales que forman el pilar como las horizontales tienen forma de paralelepípedo. El pilar resultante tendrá una sección con un tamaño cuatro veces mayor que la sección de cada arista vertical y quedará rematado en su parte superior por el encuentro de las aristas de la cubierta, que una vez unidas con anclaje mecánico formarán dos vigas que se cruzan en el eje del pilar. Extendable pillar for roof or forged support of a modular construction, composed of four vertical parallelepiped elements that correspond to the vertical edges of the structure of the self-supporting modules that make up the building once these modules are attached by matching their faces without enclosure. The joint in work by mechanical anchoring of these four edges forms the quadruple pillar as the main fixing element and central support. The type of mechanical anchor and its number will vary depending on the height and thickness of the pillar, those existing in the marking being suitable to fix the four pieces that form the pillar as a whole. Being a structural part of each self-supporting module, these vertical edges are joined at the factory to the horizontal edges of the respective structure of the roof or floor. Both edges, both the vertical ones that form the pillar and the horizontal ones, have a parallelepiped shape. The resulting pillar will have a section with a size four times larger than the section of each vertical edge and will be topped by its upper part by the meeting of the edges of the roof, which once joined with mechanical anchoring will form two beams that intersect in the axis of the pillar.
DESCRIPCiÓN DE LA REALIZACiÓN PREFERIDA DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
Como muestran los dibujos presentados, puede observarse como el dispositivo se conforma con cuatro módulos para cada pilar, de un tamaño variable y determinado por su condición de autoportante, para ser transportados por carretera sin necesidad de ser desmontados. Cada módulo tendrá al menos dos de sus caras verticales sin cerramiento (1), quedando vista la arista vertical de su estructura (2) correspondiente al encuentro de las dos caras sin cerramiento. Las aristas verticales en cuestión vienen unidas de fábrica a las aristas horizontales (3) de la estructura del módulo por su cara horizontal superior (4) e inferior (5), caras que pueden llevar o no cerramiento. Al adosarse los cuatro módulos haciendo coincidir sus caras verticales sin cerramiento, las cuatro aristas verticales coinciden y una vez unidas mediante anclaje mecánico (6), generan un pilar (7) compuesto por la suma de las cuatro aristas, que quedará ubicado en la zona central de la superficie construida como soporte principal de la cubierta o cara horizontal superior (4). As the presented drawings show, it can be observed how the device is formed with four modules for each pillar, of a variable size and determined by its self-supporting condition, to be transported by road without having to be disassembled. Each module will have at least two of its vertical faces without enclosure (1), leaving the vertical edge of its structure (2) corresponding to the meeting of the two faces without enclosure. The vertical edges in question are attached at the factory to the horizontal edges (3) of the structure of the module by its upper horizontal (4) and lower (5) sides, faces that may or may not enclose. When the four modules are joined making their vertical faces without closing, the four vertical edges coincide and once joined by mechanical anchoring (6), they generate a pillar (7) composed of the sum of the four edges, which will be located in the area of the constructed surface as the main support of the roof or upper horizontal face (4).
DESCRIPCiÓN DE LOS DIBUJOS DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
El dibujo incluido titulado Figura 1 hace referencia a una perspectiva de cuatro módulos tipo separados antes de conformar el pilar, en el que se muestran todos los componentes que lo forman y su disposición, siendo los siguientes: The included drawing entitled Figure 1 refers to a perspective of four separate type modules before forming the pillar, in which all the components that form it and its disposition are shown, being the following:
1) Caras verticales sin cerramiento del módulo 1) Vertical faces without enclosure of the module
2) Aristas verticales de la estructura del módulo por las dos caras sin 2) Vertical edges of the module structure on both sides without
cerramiento enclosure
3) Aristas horizontales de la estructura del módulo 3) Horizontal edges of the module structure
4) Cara horizontal superior del módulo, con o sin cerramiento 4) Top horizontal side of the module, with or without enclosure
5) Cara horizontal inferior del módulo, con o sin cerramiento El dibujo incluido titulado Figura 2 hace referencia a una perspectiva de cuatro módulos tipo adosados por sus caras sin cerramiento que conforman el pilar en cuestión, en el que se muestran todos los componentes que lo forman y su disposición, siendo los siguientes además de los anteriores: 5) Bottom horizontal side of the module, with or without enclosure The included drawing titled Figure 2 refers to a perspective of four modules attached to each other by their non-enclosed faces that make up the pillar in question, in which all the components that show it are shown. form and its disposition, being the following in addition to the previous ones:
6) Anclaje mecánico para unir las cuatro piezas 6) Mechanical anchoring to join the four pieces
7) Pilar cuádruple una vez conformado El dibujo incluido titulado Figura 3 es un detalle de la Figura 2 que amplía la zona del pilar en cuestión. 7) Quadruple pillar once formed The included drawing titled Figure 3 is a detail of Figure 2 that enlarges the area of the pillar in question.
Suficientemente que ha sido descrito el objeto de la invención, debe indicarse que 5 la esencialidad del mismo nada se verá afectada por las dimensiones, materiales empleados o acabados utilizados en la realización práctica del citado pilar. Sufficiently that the object of the invention has been described, it must be indicated that the essentiality of the same will not be affected by the dimensions, materials used or finished used in the practical realization of said pillar.
Nº solicitud23/10/2013F.OEPM23/10/2013F.Efectiva Nº application23 / 10 / 2013F.OEPM23 / 10 / 2013F.Efectiva
5 5

Claims (1)

  1. REIVINDICACIONES
    1. PILAR CUÁDRUPLE PARA FIJACiÓN Y SOPORTE DE MÓDULOS AUTOPORTANTES, que siendo del tipo de los exentos o aislados del muro se define porque está formado por la unión mediante anclaje mecánico (6) de las cuatro aristas verticales (2) de las caras verticales sin cerramiento (1) de la estructura de cada uno de los cuatro módulos autoportantes necesarios para cada pilar, módulos que adosados haciendo coincidir sus caras verticales sin cerramiento (1) generan una edificación para la cual el pilar cuádruple (7) servirá de sujeción y soporte principal de cubierta o forjado en su zona central. 1. QUADRUPLE PILLAR FOR FIXING AND SUPPORTING SELF-SUPPORTING MODULES, which being of the type of the free-standing or isolated from the wall is defined because it is formed by the union by means of mechanical anchoring (6) of the four vertical edges (2) of the vertical faces without enclosure (1) of the structure of each of the four self-supporting modules necessary for each pillar, modules that attached by matching their vertical faces without enclosure (1) generate a building for which the quadruple pillar (7) will serve as a support and support main deck or slab in its central area.
ES201300885U 2013-10-23 2013-10-23 Quadruple pillar for fixing and support of self-supporting modules Expired - Fee Related ES1099680Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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ES201300885U ES1099680Y (en) 2013-10-23 2013-10-23 Quadruple pillar for fixing and support of self-supporting modules

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
IT201900007036A1 (en) * 2019-05-21 2020-11-21 Giorgio Grossi System and method for the rapid three-dimensional aggregation and union of prefabricated modular elements in the shape of a cube or parallelepiped with a steel frame

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
IT201900007036A1 (en) * 2019-05-21 2020-11-21 Giorgio Grossi System and method for the rapid three-dimensional aggregation and union of prefabricated modular elements in the shape of a cube or parallelepiped with a steel frame
WO2020234908A1 (en) * 2019-05-21 2020-11-26 Giorgio Grossi System and method for the realization of the aggregation and rapid three-dimensional union of prefabricated modular elements in the shape of a cube or parallelepiped with a steel frame

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