EP2159479B1 - Vehicle lamp unit - Google Patents

Vehicle lamp unit Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP2159479B1
EP2159479B1 EP09010831.7A EP09010831A EP2159479B1 EP 2159479 B1 EP2159479 B1 EP 2159479B1 EP 09010831 A EP09010831 A EP 09010831A EP 2159479 B1 EP2159479 B1 EP 2159479B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
reflection
light
light emitting
lamp unit
optical axis
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP09010831.7A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP2159479A2 (en
EP2159479A3 (en
Inventor
Masashi Tatsukawa
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Koito Manufacturing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Koito Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to JP2008218478A priority Critical patent/JP5087500B2/en
Application filed by Koito Manufacturing Co Ltd filed Critical Koito Manufacturing Co Ltd
Publication of EP2159479A2 publication Critical patent/EP2159479A2/en
Publication of EP2159479A3 publication Critical patent/EP2159479A3/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP2159479B1 publication Critical patent/EP2159479B1/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=41279212&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=EP2159479(B1) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/60Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution
    • F21S41/65Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution by acting on light sources
    • F21S41/663Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution by acting on light sources by switching light sources
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/10Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source
    • F21S41/14Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source characterised by the type of light source
    • F21S41/141Light emitting diodes [LED]
    • F21S41/147Light emitting diodes [LED] the main emission direction of the LED being angled to the optical axis of the illuminating device
    • F21S41/148Light emitting diodes [LED] the main emission direction of the LED being angled to the optical axis of the illuminating device the main emission direction of the LED being perpendicular to the optical axis
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/10Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source
    • F21S41/14Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source characterised by the type of light source
    • F21S41/141Light emitting diodes [LED]
    • F21S41/151Light emitting diodes [LED] arranged in one or more lines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/10Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source
    • F21S41/14Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source characterised by the type of light source
    • F21S41/141Light emitting diodes [LED]
    • F21S41/155Surface emitters, e.g. organic light emitting diodes [OLED]
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/20Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by refractors, transparent cover plates, light guides or filters
    • F21S41/25Projection lenses
    • F21S41/255Lenses with a front view of circular or truncated circular outline
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/30Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by reflectors
    • F21S41/32Optical layout thereof
    • F21S41/33Multi-surface reflectors, e.g. reflectors with facets or reflectors with portions of different curvature
    • F21S41/338Multi-surface reflectors, e.g. reflectors with facets or reflectors with portions of different curvature the reflector having surface portions added to its general concavity
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/30Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by reflectors
    • F21S41/32Optical layout thereof
    • F21S41/36Combinations of two or more separate reflectors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/30Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by reflectors
    • F21S41/32Optical layout thereof
    • F21S41/36Combinations of two or more separate reflectors
    • F21S41/365Combinations of two or more separate reflectors successively reflecting the light
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/40Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by screens, non-reflecting members, light-shielding members or fixed shades
    • F21S41/43Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by screens, non-reflecting members, light-shielding members or fixed shades characterised by the shape thereof
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/30Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by reflectors
    • F21S41/32Optical layout thereof
    • F21S41/321Optical layout thereof the reflector being a surface of revolution or a planar surface, e.g. truncated
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2102/00Exterior vehicle lighting devices for illuminating purposes
    • F21W2102/10Arrangement or contour of the emitted light
    • F21W2102/13Arrangement or contour of the emitted light for high-beam region or low-beam region
    • F21W2102/135Arrangement or contour of the emitted light for high-beam region or low-beam region the light having cut-off lines, i.e. clear borderlines between emitted regions and dark regions
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2102/00Exterior vehicle lighting devices for illuminating purposes
    • F21W2102/30Fog lights
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2115/00Light-generating elements of semiconductor light sources
    • F21Y2115/10Light-emitting diodes [LED]

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Technical Field
  • The present disclosure relates to a vehicle lamp unit which uses a semiconductor light emitting element as a light source.
  • Related Art
  • In recent years, a vehicle lamp unit using a semiconductor light emitting element such as a light emitting diode as a light source has been widely used. However, the light-source light flux of the semiconductor light emitting element is very small compared with a discharge bulb, a halogen bulb, or the like. Accordingly, a vehicle illumination lamp having a plurality of lamp units has been proposed and described in JP-A-2005-317226 .
  • The related art vehicle illumination lamp described in JP-A-2005-317226 includes a projection lens which is disposed on an optical axis extending in a lamp longitudinal direction and a plurality of light source units which are disposed behind a rear focal point of the projection lens with a predetermined gap therebetween in a substantially transverse direction. Each light source unit includes a light emitting element which is disposed on a reference axis extending in a direction tilted toward the optical axis in a forward direction of the lamp, and a reflector which reflects light emitted from the light emitting element in a forward direction toward the reference axis in at least a perpendicular plane.
  • Accordingly, it is possible to efficiently allow the light emitted from the light emitting elements of the plurality of light source units to be incident to the projection lens, and thus to ensure sufficient irradiation light intensity.
  • However, with the configuration described in JP-A-2005-317226 , it is difficult to obtain uniform illumination in a light distribution pattern by using the light emitted from the projection lens of the vehicle lamp unit provided with the plurality of light source units.
  • For example, in a case where a light collecting region corresponding to a so-called hot zone is irradiated by a light collecting light source unit disposed on the optical axis, and a diffusion region is irradiated by a pair of diffusion light source units symmetrically disposed on both sides thereof, it is difficult to overlap the collected light reflected by the reflector of the light collecting light source unit with the diffused light reflected by the reflector of the diffusion light source unit when the light is emitted from the projection lens. For this reason, illumination in a synthesized light distribution pattern formed by the light collecting light source unit and the diffusion light source unit becomes non-uniform.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • Accordingly, it is an aspect of the present invention to provide a vehicle lamp unit that allows illumination in a light distribution pattern to be uniform and ensures sufficient irradiation light intensity by using a semiconductor light emitting element as a light source.
  • According to the invention, there is provided a vehicle lamp unit with the features of claim 1.
  • According to the vehicle lamp unit having the above-described configuration, since the light reflected by the reflection surface of the center reflector and the light reflected by the reflection surface of the side reflector are allowed to be irradiated in the forward direction via the projection lens, it is possible to efficiently allow the light emitted from the first semiconductor light emitting element and the light emitted from the plurality of second semiconductor light emitting elements to be incident to the projection lens, and thus to ensure sufficient irradiation light intensity.
  • In addition, the light reflected by the reflection surface of the center reflector is irradiated to a light collecting region, and the light reflected by a diffusion reflection region of the reflection surface of the side reflector is irradiated to a diffusion region. Further, the light reflected by a connection reflection region of the reflection surface of the side reflector is irradiated to a connection region between the light collecting region and the diffusion region such that the regions do not overlap with each other. Thus, it is possible to obtain the uniform illumination in the synthesized light distribution pattern formed by the center reflector and the side reflector.
  • In the vehicle lamp unit having the above-described configuration, the first and second semiconductor light emitting elements may be controlled to be individually turned on or off.
  • According to the vehicle lamp unit having the above-described configuration, when the first semiconductor light emitting element and the plurality of second semiconductor light emitting elements are selectively turned on or off or each light intensity is adjusted, it is possible to form, for example, an AFS (Adaptive Front Lighting System) which changes a light distribution pattern in accordance with a steering rudder angle or a vehicle speed upon driving the vehicle on a curve road without rotatably driving the entire part of the lamp unit.
  • In the vehicle lamp unit having the above-described configuration, the pair of second semiconductor light emitting elements may be disposed on the pair of reference axes extending in a direction tilted by about 15 to about 35° toward the optical axis.
  • According to the vehicle lamp unit having the above-described configuration, it is possible to form a compact vehicle lamp unit capable of making the illumination in the light distribution pattern uniform.
  • In the vehicle lamp unit having the above-described configuration, a shade may be disposed between the projection lens and the first and second semiconductor light emitting elements so as to shield a part of light reflected by the center reflector and the side reflector so as to form a cutoff line of a light distribution pattern.
  • According to the vehicle lamp unit having the above-described configuration, for example, it is possible to form a light distribution pattern having a cutoff line such as a low-beam light distribution pattern of a head lamp.
  • Further, it is possible to provide an auxiliary reflection surface that is formed so as to extend backward in the optical axis direction from a light shielding edge of the shade, and a part of light reflected by the reflection surface is reflected upward by the auxiliary reflection surface. According to this configuration, it is possible to efficiently use the light to be shielded by the shade as irradiation light, and thus to improve the light flux availability of the light emitted from the semiconductor light emitting elements.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
    • Fig. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a vehicle lamp provided with a vehicle lamp unit according to an exemplary embodiment of the invention;
    • Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a configuration of the vehicle lamp unit of Fig. 1;
    • Fig. 3 is a bottom view of the vehicle lamp unit of Fig. 2;
    • Fig. 4 is a horizontal cross-sectional view illustrating a configuration of the vehicle lamp unit of Fig. 1;
    • Fig. 5 is another horizontal cross-sectional view illustrating the configuration of the vehicle lamp unit of Fig. 1; and
    • Fig. 6 is another horizontal cross-sectional view illustrating the configuration of the vehicle lamp unit of Fig. 1.
    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS
  • Hereinafter, a vehicle lamp unit according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.
  • Fig. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a vehicle lamp provided with a vehicle lamp unit according to an exemplary embodiment of the invention. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a configuration of the vehicle lamp unit shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a bottom view showing a reflector shown in Fig. 2. Figs. 4 to 6 are horizontal cross-sectional views illustrating a configuration of the vehicle lamp unit shown in Fig. 1.
  • As shown in Fig. 1, a vehicle lamp unit 100 according to an exemplary embodiment is, for example, a low-beam head lamp, and has a structure in which a lamp unit (vehicle lamp unit) 20 is accommodated in a lamp chamber formed by a lamp body 13 and a transparent light transmitting cover 11.
  • The lamp unit 20 which forms a low-beam light distribution pattern is disposed such that an optical axis Ax thereof extends in a vehicle longitudinal direction. Specifically, the optical axis Ax of the lamp unit 20 extends in a direction tilted downward by about 0.5 to about 0.6° with respect to a horizontal direction.
  • In addition, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the lamp unit 20 according to the embodiment is formed as, for example, a projector-type lamp unit. The lamp unit 20 includes a projection lens 35 which is disposed on the optical axis Ax; a Light Emitting Diode (LED) 25 which is a first semiconductor light emitting element disposed on the optical axis Ax behind a rear focal point F of the projection lens 35; a center reflector 30 which includes a reflection surface 31 used to reflect light emitted from the LED 25 in a forward direction toward the optical axis Ax; a plurality of LEDs (in this exemplary embodiment, two LEDs 26 and 27 are provided) as second semiconductor light emitting elements respectively disposed on left and right reference axes Bx and Cx, respectively, extending in a direction tilted toward the optical axis Ax at both sides of the LED 25 (see Fig. 3); a side reflector 40 which includes a reflection surface 41 used to reflect light emitted from the LED 26 in the forward direction toward the reference axis Bx; a side reflector 50 which includes a reflection surface 51 used to reflect light emitted from the LED 27 in the forward direction toward the reference axis Cx; and a shade 29 which is disposed between the projection lens 35 and the LEDs 25, 26, and 27 and shields a part of the light which is reflected by the center reflector 30 and the side reflectors 40 and 50 so as to form a cutoff line of a light distribution pattern. The light distribution pattern may be predetermined.
  • In addition, the lamp unit 20 is supported by the lamp body 13 via a frame (not shown), and the frame is supported by the lamp body 13 via an aiming mechanism (not shown).
  • The LEDs 25, 26, and 27 are, for example, white-emitting LEDs in which the light emitting chip has, for example, a rectangular light emitting surface of about 1 x 4 mm, where the LEDs 25, 26, and 27 are disposed behind the rear focal point F of the projection lens 35 and are supported by respective substrates 33 so as to respectively face upward in directions perpendicular to the optical axis Ax and the reference axes Bx and Cx.
  • The center reflector 30 is a substantially dome-shaped member which is provided on the upper side of the LED 25, and includes a reflection surface 31 which collects and reflects the light emitted from the LED 25 in the forward direction toward the optical axis Ax.
  • The reflection surface 31 is formed in a substantially oval spherical surface shape about the optical axis Ax serving as a central axis. In detail, in the reflection surface 31, the sectional shape including the optical axis Ax is set to a substantially oval shape, and the eccentricity is configured to gradually increase in a direction from a perpendicular section to a horizontal section.
  • However, the rear focal points of the ovals forming the sections are set to the same position, and the LED 25 is disposed at the first focal point of the oval forming the perpendicular section of the reflection surface 31. Accordingly, as shown in Fig. 4, the reflection surface 31 collects and reflects the light emitted from the LED 25 in the forward direction toward the optical axis Ax. At this time, in the perpendicular section including the optical axis Ax, the light is allowed to be substantially converged at the second focal point (the rear focal point F of the projection lens 35) of the oval.
  • The side reflector 40 located on the left side of the center reflector 30 is a substantially dome-shaped member which is provided on the upper side of the LED 26, and includes a reflection surface 41 which diffuses and reflects the light emitted from the LED 26 in the forward direction toward the optical axis Bx (see Fig. 5).
  • In addition, the reflection surface 41 is formed in a substantially oval spherical surface shape about the optical axis Bx serving as a central axis. However, an inner reflection surface 41a on the side of the optical axis Ax is formed as a connection reflection region having light collecting power smaller than that of the reflection surface 31 of the center reflector 30, and an outer reflection surface 41b on the opposite side of the LED 26 from the optical axis Ax is formed as a diffusion reflection region having light collecting power smaller than that of the connection reflection region.
  • In detail, in the inner reflection surface 41a, the sectional shape including the reference axis Bx is formed into a substantially oval shape, and the eccentricity is configured to gradually increase more than that of the reflection surface 31 of the center reflector 30 in a direction from the perpendicular section to the horizontal section (see Fig. 5). In addition, in the outer reflection surface 41b, the sectional shape including the reference axis Bx is set to a substantially oval shape, and the eccentricity is configured to gradually increase more than that of the inner reflection surface 41a in a direction from the perpendicular section to the horizontal section (see Fig. 6).
  • The side reflector 50 located on the right side of the center reflector 30 is a substantially dome-shaped member which is provided on the upper side of the LED 27, and includes the reflection surface 51 which diffuses and reflects the light emitted from the LED 27 in the forward direction toward the reference axis Cx (see Fig. 4).
  • In addition, the reflection surface 51 is formed in a substantially oval spherical surface shape about the reference axis Cx serving as a central axis. However, an inner reflection surface 51 a on the side of the optical axis Ax is formed as a connection reflection region having light collecting power smaller than that of the reflection surface 31 of the center reflector 30, and an outer reflection surface 51b on the opposite side of the LED 27 from the optical axis Ax is formed as a diffusion reflection region having light collecting power smaller than that of the connection reflection region.
  • In detail, in the inner reflection surface 51a, the sectional shape including the reference axis Cx is set to a substantially oval shape, and the eccentricity is configured to gradually increase more than that of the reflection surface 31 of the center reflector 30 in a direction from the perpendicular section to the horizontal section. In addition, in the outer reflection surface 51b, the sectional shape including the reference axis Cx is set to a substantially oval shape, and the eccentricity is configured to gradually increase more than that of the inner reflection surface 51a in a direction from the perpendicular section to the horizontal section.
  • Further, the center reflector 30 and the side reflectors 40 and 50 are integrally formed with each other, and the respective reflection surfaces 31, 41, and 51 are formed by aluminum deposition or the like.
  • The projection lens 35 is formed as a plane-convex lens of which the front surface is a convex surface and the rear surface is a flat surface. As shown in Fig. 2, in the projection lens 35, the rear focal point F is disposed on the optical axis Ax so as to be located at the second focal point of the reflection surface 31 of the reflector 30. Accordingly, an image formed on a focal point surface including the rear focal point F is projected in the forward direction as an inverse image.
  • The shade 29 according to the exemplary embodiment is formed in a block (lump) shape so as to be simultaneously used as a holder for the projection lens 35 and the LEDs 25, 26, and 27, and the center reflector 30 and the side reflectors 40 and 50 which are integrally formed with each other are placed thereon.
  • In addition, the shade 29 forms a cutoff line of a light distribution pattern in such a manner that a light shielding edge 29c is located near the rear focal point F of the projection lens 35 so as to shield a part of light reflected by the center reflector 30 and the side reflectors 40 and 50.
  • Further, in the shade 29, an upper surface 29a extending backward in the direction of the optical axis Ax from the light shielding edge 29c reflects upward a part of light reflected by the center reflector 30 and the side reflectors 40 and 50. The upper surface 29a is provided with an auxiliary reflection surface 36 subjected to a reflection surface process.
  • That is, the shade 29 is formed so that the light shielding edge 29c (i.e., a ridge between the auxiliary reflection surface 36 and a front end surface 29b of the shade 29) passes through the rear focal point F of the projection lens 35.
  • In addition, when a part of light is reflected upward by the auxiliary reflection surface 36, it is possible to efficiently use the light to be shielded by the shade 29 as irradiation light, and thus to improve the light flux availability of the light emitted from the LEDs 25, 26, and 27.
  • Further, the light shielding edge 29c of the shade 29 is formed in a curved shape, in which both left and right sides thereof protrude forward in a top view (see Fig. 4), so as to correspond to the curvature of the image surface of the projection lens 35. The curved light shielding edge 29c aligns with a focal point group of the projection lens 35. That is, the shade 29 has a structure in which the light shielding edge 29c is formed along the focal point group of the projection lens 35, and the shape of the light shielding edge 29c is directly used as the shape of the cutoff line.
  • As described above, in the lamp unit 20 according to the exemplary embodiment, since the light reflected by the reflection surface 31 of the center reflector 30 and the light reflected by the reflection surfaces 41 and 51 of the side reflectors 40 and 50 are allowed to be irradiated in the forward direction via the projection lens 35, it is possible to efficiently allow the light emitted from one LED 25 and the light emitted from two LEDs 26 and 27 to be incident to the projection lens 35, and thus to ensure sufficient irradiation light intensity.
  • In addition, as shown in Fig. 4, the collected light reflected by the reflection surface 31 of the center reflector 30 is irradiated to a light collecting region in the light distribution pattern. As shown in Fig. 5, the diffused light reflected by the outer reflection surfaces 41b and 51b corresponding to the diffusion reflection regions of the reflection surfaces 41 and 51 of the side reflectors 40 and 50 is irradiated to a diffusion region.
  • Further, as shown in Fig. 6, the light reflected by the inner reflection surfaces 41 a and 51a corresponding to the connection reflection regions of the reflection surfaces 41 and 51 of the side reflectors 40 and 50 is irradiated to the connection region between the light collecting region and the diffusion region which cannot overlap with each other. Thus, it is possible to obtain the uniform illumination in the synthesized light distribution pattern formed by the center reflector 30 and the side reflectors 40 and 50.
  • Furthermore, the lamp unit 20 according to the exemplary embodiment is controlled to individually turn on or off the LEDs 25, 26, and 27.
  • Thus, when the LEDs 25, 26, and 27 are selectively turned on or off or each light intensity thereof is adjusted, it is possible to form, for example, an AFS which changes a light distribution pattern to the left or right in accordance with a steering rudder angle or a vehicle speed upon driving the vehicle in a curve road without rotatably driving the entire part of the lamp unit 20.
  • That is, for example, when the light intensity of the LED 26 is increased for a right curve road and the light intensity of the LED 27 is increased for a left curve road, it is possible to improve a visualizing performance in a vehicle moving direction. Additionally, when the light intensity of the opposite-side LED is decreased at this time, it is possible to improve the visualizing performance without increasing the entire output of the lamp unit 20.
  • Furthermore, in the lamp unit 20 according to the exemplary embodiment, since the shade 29 is simultaneously used as the holder for the projection lens 35 and the center reflector 30 and the side reflectors 40 and 50, it is possible to highly precisely set the positional relationship of the projection lens 35, the center reflector 30, the side reflectors 40 and 50, and the shade 29 before assembling the vehicle lamp 100. Accordingly, it is possible to easily assemble the vehicle lamp 100.
  • In the exemplary embodiment, since the LEDs 26 and 27 are respectively disposed on the reference axes Bx and Cx extending in a direction tilted by about 15° to about 35° toward the optical axis Ax, it is possible to obtain a compact lamp unit 20.
  • While the present invention has been shown and described with reference to certain exemplary embodiments thereof, other implementations are within the scope of the claims.
  • For example, in the above-described exemplary embodiment, the vehicle lamp unit is used as the low-beam head lamp, but the vehicle lamp unit can be used as various vehicle lamp units such as a fog lamp or a bending lamp in such a manner that the shade is omitted or a plurality of pairs of side reflectors and a plurality of pairs of semiconductor light emitting elements are used in combination. Even in this case, it is possible to obtain the same advantage as that of the above-described exemplary embodiment. Further, the semiconductor light emitting element as the light source is not limited to the light emitting diode, but an LD (semiconductor laser) or the like may be adopted.

Claims (4)

  1. A vehicle lamp unit (20) comprising:
    a projection lens (35) which is disposed on an optical axis (Ax) extending in a vehicle longitudinal direction;
    a first semiconductor light emitting element (25) which is disposed on the optical axis (Ax) behind a rear focal point (F) of the projection lens;
    a center reflector (30) which comprises a reflection surface (31) which reflects light emitted from the first semiconductor light emitting element (25) in a forward direction toward the optical axis (Ax);
    a plurality of second semiconductor light emitting elements (26, 27) which are disposed, respectively, on reference axes (Bx, Cx) and behind the rear focal point of the projection lens, the reference axes (Bx, Cx) each extending in a direction tilted with respect to the optical axis (Ax); and
    a plurality of side reflectors (40, 50), which correspond to respective ones of the plurality of second semiconductor light emitting elements (26, 27), each of the side reflectors (40, 50) comprising a reflection surface (41, 51) which reflects light emitted from the corresponding second semiconductor light emitting element (26, 27) in the forward direction toward the corresponding reference axis (Bx, Cx),
    characterized in that,
    side reflectors comprises an inner reflection surface (41a, 51a) which is disposed on a side of the corresponding reference axis (Bx, Cx) closest to the optical axis (Ax) and which is formed as a connection reflection region having a sectional shape formed into an oval shape, its eccentricity gradually increasing more than that of the reflection surface of the center reflector (30) in a direction from a perpendicular section to a horizontal section, and
    an outer reflection surface (41b, 51b) which is disposed on a side of the corresponding reference axis (Bx, Cx) opposite from the optical axis (Ax) and which is formed as a diffusion reflection region having a sectional shape formed into an oval shape, its eccentricity gradually increasing more than that of the connection reflection region in a direction from a perpendicular section to a horizontal section.
  2. The vehicle lamp unit (20) according to claim 1,
    wherein each of the first semiconductor light emitting element (25) and the plurality of second semiconductor light emitting elements (26, 27) are controlled to be individually turned on or off.
  3. The vehicle lamp unit (20) according to claim 1 or 2,
    wherein two second semiconductor light emitting elements (26, 27) are disposed on two reference axes (Bx, Cx), respectively, each of the two reference axes (Bx, Cx) extending in a direction tilted about 15 to about 35° with respect to the optical axis (Ax).
  4. The vehicle lamp unit according to any one of claims 1 to 3, further comprising:
    a shade (29) which is disposed between the projection lens (35) and the first semiconductor light emitting element (25) and plurality of second semiconductor light emitting elements (26, 27), and which shields a part of light reflected by the center reflector (30) and the side reflectors (40, 50) so as to form a cutoff line of a light distribution pattern.
EP09010831.7A 2008-08-27 2009-08-24 Vehicle lamp unit Active EP2159479B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2008218478A JP5087500B2 (en) 2008-08-27 2008-08-27 Vehicle lamp unit

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP2159479A2 EP2159479A2 (en) 2010-03-03
EP2159479A3 EP2159479A3 (en) 2011-03-30
EP2159479B1 true EP2159479B1 (en) 2017-01-11

Family

ID=41279212

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP09010831.7A Active EP2159479B1 (en) 2008-08-27 2009-08-24 Vehicle lamp unit

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP2159479B1 (en)
JP (1) JP5087500B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5722989B2 (en) * 2010-03-31 2015-05-27 コーニンクレッカ フィリップス エヌ ヴェ Illumination system and light source unit for such an illumination system
JP2013544425A (en) 2010-12-03 2013-12-12 ドクター・オプティクス・エスイー Headlight lens for vehicle headlight
DE112012001860A5 (en) 2011-11-11 2014-01-30 Docter Optics Se vehicle headlights
WO2013068053A1 (en) 2011-11-11 2013-05-16 Docter Optics Gmbh Headlight lens for a vehicle headlight
CN103238024B (en) 2010-12-03 2016-03-23 博士光学欧洲股份公司 Front lamp of vehicle
DE102011118456A1 (en) 2010-12-03 2012-06-06 Docter Optics Gmbh Optical component for lighting purposes
US10107466B2 (en) 2010-12-03 2018-10-23 Docter Optics Se Headlight lens for a vehicle headlight
JP5831788B2 (en) * 2011-07-01 2015-12-09 スタンレー電気株式会社 Vehicle lamp unit
WO2013037408A1 (en) * 2011-09-14 2013-03-21 Osram Ag Head light apparatus with led
CN102330936B (en) * 2011-10-12 2013-04-17 东莞市鼎聚光电有限公司 Projection-type light emitting diode (LED) vehicle dipped headlight
JP5801731B2 (en) * 2012-01-24 2015-10-28 株式会社小糸製作所 Vehicle headlamp
DE102012009596A1 (en) 2012-05-15 2013-11-21 Docter Optics Se Method for producing a headlight lens
DE102013006707A1 (en) 2012-05-26 2013-11-28 Docter Optics Se vehicle headlights
JP2014150024A (en) * 2013-02-04 2014-08-21 Koito Mfg Co Ltd Vehicular lighting fixture
FR3002615A1 (en) * 2013-02-22 2014-08-29 Valeo Vision Device for lighting and signaling a vehicle
JP2014212089A (en) * 2013-04-22 2014-11-13 株式会社小糸製作所 Vehicular lighting tool
WO2014192711A1 (en) * 2013-05-27 2014-12-04 株式会社小糸製作所 Vehicle lamp
JP6271183B2 (en) * 2013-08-12 2018-01-31 株式会社小糸製作所 Vehicle lighting
KR102099793B1 (en) * 2013-12-11 2020-04-10 에스엘 주식회사 Head lamp for vehicles
TWI577584B (en) * 2014-02-24 2017-04-11 王正 Vehicle lamp structure
CN107654958B (en) * 2014-04-30 2020-02-07 王正 Vehicle lamp module
TWI535971B (en) 2015-04-16 2016-06-01 隆達電子股份有限公司 Vehicle lamp
JP6519353B2 (en) * 2015-06-29 2019-05-29 市光工業株式会社 Vehicle headlights
FR3047541B1 (en) * 2015-12-10 2019-10-04 Valeo Vision AUTOMOTIVE LIGHTING MODULE WITH COMBINED CODE AND ROAD FUNCTIONS AND ADJUSTABLE LIGHT SOURCE
FR3052535B1 (en) * 2016-06-09 2019-11-29 Valeo Vision Optical module for a lighting device of a motor vehicle
KR101916432B1 (en) * 2017-03-30 2018-11-07 엘지전자 주식회사 Lamp for vehicle and Vehicle
CN108730795A (en) * 2017-04-13 2018-11-02 诚益光电科技股份有限公司 Light projection device
TWI650256B (en) * 2018-01-29 2019-02-11 誠益光電科技股份有限公司 Smart headlight

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005317226A (en) 2004-04-27 2005-11-10 Koito Mfg Co Ltd Lighting fixture for vehicle
US20070147055A1 (en) 2005-12-28 2007-06-28 Koito Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Vehicle lighting device
JP2007324002A (en) * 2006-06-01 2007-12-13 Ichikoh Ind Ltd Lamp for vehicle

Family Cites Families (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH02177205A (en) * 1988-12-28 1990-07-10 Yamaha Motor Co Ltd Front lighting device for vehicle
JP3193603B2 (en) * 1995-12-25 2001-07-30 株式会社小糸製作所 Vehicle headlights
DE10105303A1 (en) * 2001-02-02 2002-08-08 Bosch Gmbh Robert Vehicle illumination device has further reflector(s) behind first reflector, protruding beyond first reflector transverse to outlet direction forming outlet opening for light from further source(s)
JP3619850B2 (en) * 2002-04-08 2005-02-16 株式会社キャットアイ Bicycle headlamp
JP2005190990A (en) * 2003-12-01 2005-07-14 Ichikoh Ind Ltd Head lamp for automobile
JP2008077870A (en) * 2006-09-19 2008-04-03 Toshiba Lighting & Technology Corp Light source device
JP5069985B2 (en) * 2007-09-13 2012-11-07 株式会社小糸製作所 Vehicle headlamp lamp unit and vehicle headlamp
JP5061358B2 (en) * 2008-01-31 2012-10-31 株式会社小糸製作所 Motorcycle headlights

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005317226A (en) 2004-04-27 2005-11-10 Koito Mfg Co Ltd Lighting fixture for vehicle
US20070147055A1 (en) 2005-12-28 2007-06-28 Koito Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Vehicle lighting device
DE102006061637A1 (en) * 2005-12-28 2007-07-05 Koito Manufacturing Co., Ltd. The vehicle lighting device
JP2007324002A (en) * 2006-06-01 2007-12-13 Ichikoh Ind Ltd Lamp for vehicle

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP2159479A2 (en) 2010-03-03
EP2159479A3 (en) 2011-03-30
JP2010055888A (en) 2010-03-11
JP5087500B2 (en) 2012-12-05

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
KR101847932B1 (en) Lighting device module
US9506615B2 (en) Motor vehicle headlamp having a multi-function projection module
US9400089B2 (en) Vehicle lighting unit
JP6246007B2 (en) Vehicle lighting
KR100706061B1 (en) Vehicular lamp
JP4044024B2 (en) Vehicle headlamp
JP4766698B2 (en) Vehicle headlamp unit
US6805476B2 (en) Led-type vehicular lamp having uniform brightness
JP4047185B2 (en) Vehicle headlamp and light emitting module
JP5077543B2 (en) Vehicle lamp unit
JP4124445B2 (en) Light source and vehicle headlamp
US6997587B2 (en) Screenless elliptical illumination module producing an illumination beam with cutoff and lamp comprising such a module
JP4339143B2 (en) Vehicle lamp unit
US9079529B2 (en) Vehicle lighting unit and light guide lens
US7736039B2 (en) Vehicle lamp
JP5257665B2 (en) Vehicle headlight unit and vehicle headlight
JP5501878B2 (en) Lamp unit
EP2487407B1 (en) Vehicle lighting device
US8439537B2 (en) Lighting fixture
JP4264319B2 (en) Vehicle headlamp
JP5596282B2 (en) Automotive lighting or signaling equipment
US8287167B2 (en) Lamp unit
JP5752982B2 (en) Lighting fixtures for vehicles
JP4024628B2 (en) Vehicle headlamp
JP4459702B2 (en) Lighting fixtures for vehicles

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated contracting states

Kind code of ref document: A2

Designated state(s): AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 20090824

AX Request for extension of the european patent

Extension state: AL BA RS

AX Request for extension of the european patent

Extension state: AL BA RS

AK Designated contracting states

Kind code of ref document: A3

Designated state(s): AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

17Q First examination report despatched

Effective date: 20130426

RIC1 Information provided on ipc code assigned before grant

Ipc: F21W 101/10 20060101ALN20160811BHEP

Ipc: F21S 8/12 20060101AFI20160811BHEP

Ipc: F21V 7/00 20060101ALI20160811BHEP

Ipc: F21Y 101/00 20160101ALN20160811BHEP

RIN1 Information on inventor provided before grant (corrected)

Inventor name: TATSUKAWA, MASASHI

INTG Intention to grant announced

Effective date: 20160825

AK Designated contracting states

Kind code of ref document: B1

Designated state(s): AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: GB

Ref legal event code: FG4D

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: CH

Ref legal event code: EP

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: AT

Ref legal event code: REF

Ref document number: 861640

Country of ref document: AT

Kind code of ref document: T

Effective date: 20170115

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: IE

Ref legal event code: FG4D

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: R096

Ref document number: 602009043638

Country of ref document: DE

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: LT

Ref legal event code: MG4D

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: NL

Ref legal event code: MP

Effective date: 20170111

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: AT

Ref legal event code: MK05

Ref document number: 861640

Country of ref document: AT

Kind code of ref document: T

Effective date: 20170111

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: NL

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: IS

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170511

Ref country code: HR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

Ref country code: FI

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

Ref country code: NO

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170411

Ref country code: GR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170412

Ref country code: LT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: PLFP

Year of fee payment: 9

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: SE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

Ref country code: BG

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170411

Ref country code: PL

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

Ref country code: LV

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

Ref country code: ES

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

Ref country code: AT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

Ref country code: PT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170511

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: R026

Ref document number: 602009043638

Country of ref document: DE

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: SK

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

Ref country code: EE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

Ref country code: CZ

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

Ref country code: IT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

Ref country code: RO

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

26 Opposition filed

Opponent name: VALEO VISION SAS

Effective date: 20171011

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: R079

Ref document number: 602009043638

Country of ref document: DE

Free format text: PREVIOUS MAIN CLASS: F21S0008120000

Ipc: F21S0041000000

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: DK

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

Ref country code: SM

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: SI

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: CH

Ref legal event code: PL

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: MC

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: LI

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20170831

Ref country code: CH

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20170831

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: BE

Ref legal event code: MM

Effective date: 20170831

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: IE

Ref legal event code: MM4A

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: LU

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20170824

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: PLFP

Year of fee payment: 10

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: IE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20170824

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: BE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20170831

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: MT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20170824

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: GB

Payment date: 20180822

Year of fee payment: 10

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: HU

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT; INVALID AB INITIO

Effective date: 20090824

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: CY

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20170111

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: R100

Ref document number: 602009043638

Country of ref document: DE

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: MK

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

27O Opposition rejected

Effective date: 20191118

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: TR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20170111

GBPC Gb: european patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 20190824

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: GB

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20190824

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: FR

Payment date: 20200724

Year of fee payment: 12

Ref country code: DE

Payment date: 20200812

Year of fee payment: 12