EP1953002A2 - Security element for keeping valuable documents secure - Google Patents

Security element for keeping valuable documents secure Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1953002A2
EP1953002A2 EP08001509A EP08001509A EP1953002A2 EP 1953002 A2 EP1953002 A2 EP 1953002A2 EP 08001509 A EP08001509 A EP 08001509A EP 08001509 A EP08001509 A EP 08001509A EP 1953002 A2 EP1953002 A2 EP 1953002A2
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
regions
security element
surface
layer
characterized
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP08001509A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1953002B1 (en
EP1953002A3 (en
Inventor
Wayne Robert Dr. Tompkin
Andreas Dr. Schilling
Achim Dr. Hansen
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
OVD Kinegram AG
Original Assignee
OVD Kinegram AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102007005414A priority Critical patent/DE102007005414A1/en
Application filed by OVD Kinegram AG filed Critical OVD Kinegram AG
Publication of EP1953002A2 publication Critical patent/EP1953002A2/en
Publication of EP1953002A3 publication Critical patent/EP1953002A3/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1953002B1 publication Critical patent/EP1953002B1/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/20Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof characterised by a particular use or purpose
    • B42D25/29Securities; Bank notes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/30Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery
    • B42D25/355Security threads
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24802Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24802Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24835Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.] including developable image or soluble portion in coating or impregnation [e.g., safety paper, etc.]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24802Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24851Intermediate layer is discontinuous or differential
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24802Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24851Intermediate layer is discontinuous or differential
    • Y10T428/24868Translucent outer layer

Abstract

The element (1) has a strip-form multi-layer body (10) with a carrier film (11), a decorative layer (12) and two adhesive layers (14, 15), where the layer (14) is provided on a surface of the body and the layer (15) is provided on an oppositely disposed another surface of the body. The layer (14) covers the former surface in a set of regions (21), and the latter surface is covered by the adhesive layers in a set of regions (22). A surface structure is shaped in the former surface in the regions (22). The two sets of regions are alternately arranged in adjacent of juxtaposed relationship. An independent claim is also included for a value-bearing document comprising a carrier body.

Description

  • The invention relates to a security element for securing documents of value, for example for securing banknotes, passports, visas, tickets or securities, as well as a value document with such a security element.
  • Security elements are usually determined by means of a hot-melt adhesive layer on the carrier body of a value document. For example, describes WO 2006/029745 A1 a security document showing a security feature applied to the carrier body by means of a transfer film. The surface of this security feature facing away from the carrier body in this case has a microlens field. The opposite surface is provided with an adhesive layer, by means of which the security element is applied to the carrier body.
  • It is also known to introduce security elements in the form of security threads during papermaking into the carrier body of the value document. The security thread is in this case enclosed by the paper fiber fabric and thereby fixed in the carrier body.
  • The invention is based on the object to improve the security against forgery of documents of value.
  • This object is achieved by a security element for securing value documents, in which the security element comprises a strip-shaped multilayer body with a carrier foil and at least one decorative layer and a first and a second adhesive layer, wherein the first adhesive layer is provided on a first surface of the multilayer body and the second Adhesive layer is provided on an opposite second surface of the multi-layer body, wherein the security element has two or more first regions, in each of which the first adhesive layer covers the first surface of the security element, and two or more second regions, in each of which the second, but not the first surface of the multi-layer body is covered by the second and the first adhesive layer and in each of which a surface structure in the first surface are formed, and wherein alternately first and second regions of the first and z wide areas adjacent to each other are arranged. This object is further achieved by a value document in which the carrier body of the value document is connected by means of the first and second adhesive layer to the multilayer body of such a security element.
  • Investigations have shown that by the mutual arrangement of the adhesive layers and the areas not covered with an adhesive layer with the surface structures acting against air, such as microlens structures or microprism structures, on the one hand, an extremely durable and strong integration of the security element into the document of value is achieved and further on Integration through the interaction with the security feature provided by the surface structures (through the Adhesive layer would extinguish the optical effect, for example, the microlenses) the imitation of this security feature is considerably more difficult. Thus, the intensive, double-sided bonding of the security element with the carrier body of the value document effectively prevents the security element from being released from the carrier body without destroying the security element. Furthermore, the long-term resistance of the value document to mechanical influences is improved, thus increasing, for example, the life of banknotes. Furthermore, the two-sided provision of an adhesive layer in conjunction with the surface structures acting against air on the one hand results in a direct influence on the optical effect and / or tactile effect by the adhesive layer and places so high demands on the manufacturing process. For example, registration inaccuracies in the application of the first adhesive layer have an effect on the optical imaging function provided by the microlenses, and the manufacture, handling and incorporation of the multilayer body provided with an adhesive layer places high technological demands on the manufacturing process, thereby furthering the security against forgery of the security feature provided by the security element is increased.
  • The above-described object is further achieved by a security element for securing securities, in which the security element comprises a strip-shaped multilayer body with a carrier film and at least one decorative layer and a first and a second adhesive layer, wherein the first adhesive layer provided on a first surface of the multilayer body and the second adhesive layer is provided on an opposing second surface of the multi-layer body, wherein a surface structure having a plurality of structural elements in the first surface is formed in a replicate lacquer layer and at least one Area of the security element, the adhesive layer is applied to the surface structure in a layer thickness of less than 50% of the structural depth of the structural elements of the surface structure.
  • Advantageous developments of the invention are listed in the subclaims.
  • The incorporation of the security element into the carrier body of the value document can be further improved by covering the surface of the multilayer body in each of the two or more first regions of the second adhesive layer. For example, it is possible that the second adhesive layer covers the entire surface of the second surface of the multi-layer body.
  • The multilayer body is preferably a strip-shaped multilayer body with a width between 1 mm and 20 mm. The first and second regions are preferably arranged alternately in the longitudinal direction of the strip-shaped multi-layer body, which results in a particularly strong connection between the carrier body and the security element.
  • According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, first and second regions are repeated periodically in a regular, one- or two-dimensional grid. The first areas and / or the second areas have largely the same dimensions, resulting in a repetitive appearance. For example, the first regions always have the same constant length with respect to the longitudinal direction of the multilayer body and take up the entire width of the multilayer body one. Furthermore, it is advantageous here if the length of the first regions is between 10% and 50% of the length of the second regions.
  • In this case, the security element is preferably introduced into the carrier body of the value document such that in two or more third areas of the security element the first surface of the multilayer body is covered by the carrier body in two or more fourth areas of the security element, but not the first surface of the second layer Surface of the multilayer body, is covered by the carrier body. Each of the third regions is in this case arranged in overlapping with at least one of the first regions, so that the multilayer body in each of the third regions is firmly connected to the carrier body by means of the first adhesive layer.
  • In this case, it is possible for the third and the first regions as well as the fourth and the second regions to be arranged in register relative to one another, whereby the security against forgery of the value document is further increased: It is thus necessary to register the security element in register in the value document.
  • According to a further embodiment of the invention, the first and second regions are arranged in a periodic first sequence and the third and fourth regions are arranged in a periodic second sequence. The period of the first sequence is chosen to be smaller than the period of the second sequence, preferably less than half of the first period selected. In this way, the advantage is achieved that an adhesion of the first surface of the multi-layer body in each of the third areas can be achieved without a registered application of the security element and thus the detachment of the security element of the support body of the Wertdocuments can also be realized without registered application of the security element and thus with less technical complexity.
  • Further, it is possible that the sequence of the third and fourth areas is not periodic. In this case, the minimum distance between two consecutive first regions is preferably greater than that between two consecutive third regions.
  • Further interesting optical effects can be achieved in that the first and second regions are arranged in accordance with a first one-dimensional or two-dimensional grid, and the third and fourth regions are arranged in accordance with a second one-dimensional or two-dimensional grid. With different periods of these rasters and / or with phase shifting of regions of these rasters, interesting moiré effects arise when the security element is incorporated, which immediately makes a counterfeit recognizable.
  • According to a first embodiment of the invention, the second regions each have a smallest dimension of more than 300 μm and thus appear optically as repetitive individual elements. The first regions in this embodiment preferably have an extension in the longitudinal direction of the strip-shaped multilayer body of 0.5 mm to 5 mm, and the second regions have an extension in the longitudinal direction of the strip-shaped multilayer body of 2 mm to 15 mm.
    Experiments have shown that in this way a particularly long-term stable connection between the security element and the carrier body of the value document can be achieved.
  • According to a further embodiment of the invention, the first regions have a smallest dimension of less than 300 μm. For example, the first regions are shaped like strips in a width of less than 300 μm and have a largest dimension of more than 300 μm and a smallest dimension of less than 300 μm. With such a size dimension, the first areas at normal viewing distance are no longer resolved by the human eye as individual elements, whereby interesting optical effects can be achieved.
  • As a surface structure, a plurality of structural elements having a texture depth of 200 μm to 100 nm and a feature width of 5 μm to 500 μm are molded into the first surface. The surface structure is preferably a non-random, mathematically describable structure which is composed repetitively of essentially identical structural elements.
  • As surface structures, a multiplicity of microlenses are molded in the first surface according to a preferred exemplary embodiment, wherein one or more of these microlenses are preferably provided in each of the second regions.
  • The microlenses are preferably formed as spherical lenses. However, they can also be formed as cylindrical lenses. The microlenses in this case preferably have a diameter of 5 .mu.m to 500 .mu.m, in particular 10 .mu.m to 50 .mu.m. The decorative layer further has in the second regions in each case one or more microimages, which are preferably arranged at approximately the distance of the focal length of the microlenses from the microlenses within the multilayer body. From the microlenses partial areas of the micro images are enlarged, whereby one of the Viewing angle dependent, integrative image results, which represents an optically variable security feature.
  • Furthermore, it is also possible that microlenses and microimages according to WO 01/39138 A1 be used.
  • According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, in this case the microimages and microlenses are arranged in the second regions in accordance with a regular microlens grid or microimage grid, wherein the grid spacings of the microimage grid and the microlens grid differ by less than 10% from one another. Furthermore, the microimages are identical microimages, so that an enlarged, optically variable representation of the microimages is generated in the second regions.
  • Furthermore, it is also possible that the microlenses do not cover all the second areas of the surface over the entire area, but rather that the microlenses, for example a microlens grid, are provided in a pattern area which overlaps several second areas, for example in T-shape. In this case, it is possible for the optical effect provided by the microlenses to be recognizable only in this pattern region, so that this results in an additional optical security feature. Further, it is also possible that the lenses function as a tactile security feature and give the security element in the pattern area a different from the surrounding area, tactile detectable by the human user information.
  • Further advantages result from the fact that the decorative layer is configured differently in the first and second regions. For example, the decorative layer has one or more microimages, for example in the second regions and in the first regions, respectively, an optically variable element such as a diffraction-optically acting surface relief, such as a KINEGRAM ®, a thin film layer system, a liquid crystal alignment layer, a volume hologram layer comprising and / or a layer having optically variable pigments or Combination of the same. To form the microimages, one or more layers of the decorative layers are patterned in the form of a multiplicity of microimages, at least in the second regions. The decorative layer thus has in the second areas, for example, a structured lacquer layer or photoresist layer or else a pattern-shaped structured metal layer. Furthermore, it is also possible that in the second regions one of the optically variable elements described above is provided, which is structured in the form of one or more microimages.
  • Furthermore, it is also possible for the first areas to form a first security feature and the second areas to cooperate optically to form a different second security feature.
  • As a surface structure, a regular arrangement consisting of a plurality of microscopic structural elements is preferably molded into the first surface. The structural elements preferably have a feature width in the range of 5 μm to 500 μm and a feature height of 0.1 μm to 200 μm, in particular of 2 μm to 50 μm. The structural elements of the arrangement preferably have a substantially similar shape. In addition to the use of microlenses as structural elements, as explained above, polyhedra, for example microprisms, can be molded into the first surface as structural elements, in particular. In the second regions, in each case one or more of the polyhedra are preferably molded in each case. When using microprisms or other polyhedra arise similar optical effects, such as those which have already been described above for microlenses: A preferably periodic grid of micro-polyhedron is superimposed with a microimage grid, the micro-polyhedron here consist for example of microprisms of a structural height of 10 to 20 microns, which in a locking distance of 10 to 20 microns are arranged in a one- or two-dimensional grid. In the more general case, the polyhedra consist of a number of adjoining facet surfaces, each occupying, in at least one direction, an increasing angle relative to the surface normal with respect to the preceding facet surface, such as a cylindrical lens of the order of three to nine facets Approximate surfaces. Each of the facet surfaces of the micropolyeder is associated with a microimage or portion of a microimage in microimage raster, resulting in a corresponding integral image for the human observer.
  • Furthermore, it is also possible for one or more tactile detectable structural elements to be molded into the first surface as surface structures in the second regions. Such tactile detectable structural elements are characterized by the fact that they have a relatively large structural height, for example a structural height of 10 to 20 μm with a spacing of the structural elements of 10 μm to 100 μm.
  • Furthermore, it is possible for a light-absorbing surface structure to be provided as surface structures, for example a cross-grating provided with a metal layer having periods below the wavelength of the light which is visible to the human observer is shaped in the first surface. Such a grid has, for example, a spatial frequency of 10,000 l / mm to 2,500 l / mm and a texture depth of 50 nm to 2 μm. By applying a conventional adhesive layer on such a surface structure their light-absorbing properties are suppressed and due to the higher light reflection in these areas obvious to the human observer.
  • Furthermore, it is also possible to form a matt structure or a diffractive structure, for example a diffraction grating or a hologram, as the surface structure in the first surface. Here, too, in the area in which an adhesive layer is applied to the first surface of the security element, the optical effect generated by these surface structures is suppressed, thus making the corresponding areas visible to the human observer.
  • According to a further exemplary embodiment of the invention, provision is made for the first adhesive layer to be provided in a region surrounding a local maximum of the structural height of each of two or more of the structural elements, these regions forming the first regions in which the first adhesive layer is provided and in the areas surrounding these areas, the first adhesive layer is not provided, so that these areas form the second areas. For example, such a microlens field is provided, wherein in each case the first adhesive layer is provided only in a small area around the respective optical axis of the microlenses. The area of the structural elements in which the first adhesive layer is applied to the structural element preferably occupies less than 50% of the total area occupied by the respective structural element. Surprisingly, it has been shown that in such a register-accurate arrangement of regions of the first adhesive layer and the structural elements, the optical and / or tactile effects provided by the structural elements are only slightly suppressed. Thus, the optical effect of the surface structure remains despite the possibility of a unregistered, secure anchoring of the security element in a value document, received.
  • Furthermore, the invention will be explained by way of example with reference to several embodiments with the aid of the accompanying drawings.
  • Fig. 1
    shows a sectional view of a security element according to the invention.
    Fig. 2
    shows a representation of a security element according to the invention according to a further embodiment of the invention.
    Fig. 3a and Fig. 3b
    show representations which illustrate a partial step in the production of a security element according to the invention.
    Fig. 4a
    shows a plan view of a novel value document.
    Fig. 4b
    shows a sectional view of the value document Fig. 4a ,
    Fig. 5a
    shows a plan view of a novel value document according to another embodiment of the invention.
    Fig. 5b
    shows a sectional view of the value document Fig. 5a ,
    Fig. 6a
    shows a schematic representation of a portion of a security element according to the invention according to a further embodiment of the invention.
    Fig. 6b
    shows a sectional view of the security element after Fig. 6a ,
    Fig. 7
    shows a sectional view of a security element according to the invention according to a further embodiment of the invention.
    Fig. 8
    Time a sectional view of a security element according to another embodiment of the invention.
  • Fig. 1 shows a security element 1 with a multi-layer body 10, a first adhesive layer 14 and a second adhesive layer 15. As in Fig. 1 As shown, the first adhesive layer 14 is partially provided on a first surface of the multi-layer body 10 and the adhesive layer 15 is provided on an opposite second surface of the multi-layer body 10. The multilayer body 10 consists of a carrier film 11 and a decorative layer 12, which is preferably a multilayer coating system.
  • The carrier film 11 consists of a transparent plastic material. The carrier film 11 thus consists for example of a 6 μm to 50 μm thick, biaxially stretched polyester film. In regions 22, a field of microlenses 13 is molded into the surface of the carrier film 11. The regions 22 alternate with regions 21 in that the surface of the carrier film 11 is shaped as a largely flat "mirror-shaped" surface. For this purpose, for example, by means of an embossing tool using heat and pressure or by means of UV replication in the regions 22, the microlenses 13 are molded and created in the adjacent areas 21 by means of the embossing tool, the flat surfaces. For this purpose, for example, a heated embossing roll is used, which is the in Fig. 1 shown surface structure in the carrier film 11 is formed.
  • Furthermore, it is also possible for a thermoplastic lacquer to be applied to the carrier foil 11 and for the surface structure described above to be shaped by means of the embossing tool into this thermoplastic lacquer layer.
  • The microlenses 13 are preferably spherical microlenses with a microlens diameter of 10 μm to 50 μm and a structure depth of 2 μm to 30 μm. The focal length of the microlenses 13 is preferably selected such that the focal length corresponds approximately to the thickness of the carrier film 11.
  • Furthermore, it is also possible that cylindrical lenses are used instead of spherical microlenses. The axis of symmetry of the cylinder blinds is in this case preferably arranged at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the security element. Instead of refractive lenses, diffractive lenses may be further molded into the surface of the multilayer body 10 for the microlenses 13.
  • Furthermore, it is also possible that, instead of microlenses, an arrangement consisting of polyhedron-shaped structural elements, tactile detectable structural elements, a light-absorbing surface structure having a metallic layer, a matt structure or a diffractive surface structure is molded in the regions 22, as already explained above is.
  • On the microlens fields opposite surface of the carrier film 11, the single or multi-layer decorative layer 12 is now applied. In the simplest case, the decorative layer 12 consists of a lacquer layer which is applied to the carrier foil 11 in pattern form, for example by gravure printing. In the in Fig. 1 In the case shown, the decorative layer 11 consists of a layer consisting of a (dyed) photopolymer, which is patterned in the regions 22 in the form of a plurality of microimages 17 by means of a photolithographic process.
  • However, it is also possible for the decorative layer 12 to consist of a plurality of varnish layers colored in different colors, which are structured in such a way that they form multicolored microimages in the regions 22. Furthermore, the decorative layer 12 may also comprise one or more metal layers, replication lacquer layers, a thin film layer system forming layers, liquid crystal layers and / or layers with optically variable pigments.
  • In the regions 22, these layers are structured such that the microimages 13 are shown in these regions. In a replicating lacquer layer of the decorative layer 12, optically effective surface reliefs, for example diffractive optical, hologram or Kinegram®-generating surface reliefs, are preferably molded in the regions 21. Furthermore, it is also possible for the surface relief to have refractive surface reliefs, blazed gratings or matt structures. The one or more metal layer (s) of the decorative layer 12 are preferably demetallized in the regions 22 in a pattern, so that only the image regions of the microimages or the background regions of the microimages are underlaid with a metal layer.
  • Thin-film layer systems are understood to mean single-layer, two-layer or multi-layer coating systems which have one or more spacer layers which fulfill the λ / 2 or λ / 4 condition in the visible light range and show a color shift effect dependent on the viewing angle due to interference. For example, such systems may consist of an even or odd number of multiple refractive index dielectric HRI and LRI layers (eg SiO 2 , ZrO 2 , ZnS, MgF 2 , HRI = High Refraction Index, LRI = Low Refraction Index ) or a sequence of metallic (Al, Ag, Ni, Cr, Fe) and dielectric layers.
  • As liquid crystal layers, it is preferred to use cross-linked cholesteric liquid crystal layers which also exhibit a color shift effect dependent on the viewing angle. Furthermore, the use of differently oriented, crosslinked nematic liquid crystal layers is possible, which can provide recognizable security features in the areas 21, but also in the areas 22 by means of a polarization filter.
  • Subsequently, the adhesive layers 14 and 15 are applied to the multi-layer body 10.
  • The adhesive layers 14 and 15 are preferably hot-melt adhesive layers, which are applied to the multilayer body 10 by means of a printing process. The adhesive layer 15 in this case preferably has a thickness of 1 μm to 5 μm and the adhesive layer 14 has a thickness of 1 μm to 20 μm, so that the microlenses are completely embedded in the adhesive layer. The adhesive used for the adhesive layers 14 and 15 in this case has, for example, the following composition.
  • To anchor the security thread in carrier bodies made of cotton and / or cellulose fibers, the use of adhesives based on aqueous dispersions is advantageous. Preferably, adhesives 14 and 15 are based on combinations of aqueous polyacrylic acid ester, polyvinyl acetate and polyurethane dispersions. The printing and finishing properties are adjusted as required by suitable additives such as coalescing and thawing agents, defoamers, fillers, pigments and rheology, surface, wetting and dispersing additives.
  • For the incorporation of the thread during papermaking, it is advantageous for the adhesive 14 to be as transparent as possible and for the adhesive 15 to be white (with pigments such as TiO 2 ) in order to better detect reversal of the thread between the film unwinder and the round screen and be able to correct it in situ. The transparency of the adhesive 14 is also for the visibility of the areas 21 and 23 of advantage, if they come to lie in the areas 52 and 62 of the support body, where they are not covered by paper fibers. On the multi-layer body 10, the adhesive layer 15 is thus applied over the entire surface, for example, first by means of a gravure printing process. The adhesive layer 15 is then dried and then optionally provided with a protective film. Subsequently, the adhesive layer 13 is applied in the regions 21 by means of a gravure printing method or by means of an ink-jet printing process and then dried in the drying channel. In this case, the adhesive layer 14 is printed on the carrier film 11 in register with the decorative layer 12 and in register with the surface relief molded on the surface of the carrier film 11. Thus, both the production of the decorative layer 12, the impression of the surface relief in the carrier film 11, as well as the printing of the adhesive layer 14 on the carrier film 11 by processes registered to each other.
  • Instead of thermally activatable adhesives can be used for the adhesive layers 14 and 15 also activatable by UV or pressure adhesive layers, but also water-soluble adhesive. For the adhesive layers 14 and 15 different adhesives can also be used here. When using such adhesives, a protective film provided with a release layer is preferably applied both to the adhesive layer 14 and to the adhesive layer 15 in order to be able to carry out the winding of the film strip in the manufacturing process without activation of the adhesive layers 14 and 15.
  • Preferably, the microimages 17 are also arranged in a one-dimensional or two-dimensional microimage grid which overlaps the individual regions 22, and the microlenses 13 are likewise arranged in a one-dimensional or two-dimensional microlens structure overlapping the regions 22. A different arrangement, for example in the manner of a moire generating pattern, is possible. The micro-image grid and the microlens grid preferably differ slightly in their grid spacing or in their angular position to each other. Furthermore, it is also possible that the microimage grid and the microlens grid are not aligned with one another in the register, for example, with a deviation of +/- 0.5 mm from each other. The microimages are preferably identical microimages which, for example, represent a symbol, for example a star or a currency symbol. However, it is also possible that different microimages are preferably provided in a repetitive pattern in the regions 22. Furthermore, it is also possible for the focal length of the microlenses to differ in certain regions. For example, in a first area of the security element encompassing several areas 22, the microlenses 13 are provided according to a first grid and with a first focal length. In a second, also several areas 22 or subregions of several areas 22 cross The microlenses 13 are provided in accordance with a second microlens grid having a second focal length or a second lens diameter, wherein the first and second rasters differ in the ratchet distances and the first and second focal lengths or lens diameters differ.
  • Fig. 2 shows a further embodiment of a security element according to the invention. Fig. 2 shows the security element 3, which consists of a multi-layer body 30 and the adhesive layers 14 and 15, which are arranged on the top or bottom of the multi-layer body 30.
  • The multilayer body 30 is produced here from two semi-finished products:
  • On the one hand, a transparent polyester support 32 is coated with a UV replication lacquer and then, in regions 24, one field of microlenses 37 is respectively molded into the lacquer layer 31 formed by the replication lacquer by means of UV replication. The regions 24 alternate here with regions 23 in which no microlenses are molded into the lacquer layer 31. Subsequently, the lacquer layer 31 is printed in a registered printing process in the regions 23 with the adhesive layer 14. After drying of the adhesive layer 14, an adhesive layer 33 is applied over the full area of the surface of the polyester support 32 opposite the lacquer layer 31. In the production of this multilayer body, the multilayer body 41, the impression of the microlens fields in the replication lacquer layer 31 and the printing of the partial adhesive layer 14 in mutually registered processes take place.
  • In a method performed in parallel therewith, a replication lacquer layer 35 is applied to a polyester carrier 34 and then a first surface structure is formed in the regions 24 and a first surface structure in the regions 23 second surface structure 38 is molded. The first and second surface structures may, for example, be different diffractive optical structures. Furthermore, the surface structure formed in the regions 24 can be used in a further production process for structuring one or more further layers, which in the regions 24 form one or more microimages 39 in each case. The lacquer layer 35 is, for example, a thermoplastic lacquer or a UV lacquer into which the first and second surface structures in the areas 23 and 24 are shaped by means of a correspondingly shaped replicating tool. Subsequently, a metal layer 36 is applied over the entire surface of the lacquer layer 35 and then partially demetallized in the areas 24, so that the metal layer 36 is structured in the areas 24 in the form of micro images 39. For this purpose, the metal layer 36 can be removed either in the background areas or in the image areas of the microimages 39 by means of a demetallization process. The partial demetallization of the metal layer 36 can be carried out, for example, using a photolithographic process or by printing on a positive / negative resist, by means of partial printing of an etchant and / or by means of ablation, for example laser ablation. The demetallization of the metal layer 36 in this case has to be effected in register with the impression of the surface relief in the replication lacquer layer 35.
  • Subsequently, the adhesive layer 15 is applied over the entire surface of the metal layer 36 and dried. This results in the multi-layer body 47.
  • In a further production step, the multilayer body 41 is then laminated to the multilayer body 47. For this purpose, the adhesive layer 33 of the multilayer body 41 is brought into contact with the carrier film 34 of the multilayer body 47 and then the adhesive of the adhesive layer 33, for example by heat, pressure or UV radiation, depending on the type of adhesive used. The lamination of the multilayer body 41 to the multilayer body 47 has to be accurate in register, so that the areas 24 and 23 of the multilayer body 47 and the identical areas of the multilayer body 41 overlap.
  • Based on the figures Fig. 3a and Fig. 3b An alternative manufacturing method for the production of the multilayer body 41 will now be described:
  • In a first step, a UV-curable replication lacquer layer 43 is applied to a carrier film 44, for example a biaxially-conforming PET or BOPP film having a thickness of 27 μm. Subsequently, a surface structure in the form of a continuous microlens field is molded into the replication lacquer layer 43 over the entire area using a replication tool. In this case, for example, a replication roller which is continuous for UV light is used, so that the surface structure in the still soft replication lacquer is simultaneously hardened and thus fixed by the replication roller in addition to the mechanical impression. Subsequently, an adhesive layer 45 is applied over the entire surface of the carrier film 44 and the adhesive layer 14 is printed on the surface of the replication lacquer layer 43 in a predetermined, repetitive pattern so that the adhesive layer 14 covers the replication lacquer layer 43 in the regions 23 and the replication lacquer layer 43 in the regions 24 not covered. The adhesive of the adhesive layer 14 fills the surface structure molded into the surface of the replication lacquer 43 in the regions 23 and thus extinguishes or considerably attenuates its optical effect, so that the regions 23 of the multilayer body 42 largely act optically as a mirror surface.
  • Subsequently, the multi-layer body 42 is laminated on the multi-layer body 47 instead of the multi-layer body 41.
  • The figures Fig. 4a and Fig. 4b clarify and a first way of incorporating a security element according to the figures Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 in a value document.
  • Fig. 4a shows a plan view of a value document 5 and Fig. 4b a sectional view of the value document 5 with respect to a section line A-A '. The value document 5 is preferably a banknote. However, it is also possible that the value document 5 is any other value document or part of any other value document, for example a passport, an access document, a ticket, a visa, etc. The value document 5 has a carrier body 50. The carrier body 50 preferably consists of a sheet-shaped paper material, which is provided on both sides with one or more print layers. Furthermore, it is also possible for one or more further security features to be applied to the carrier body 50, or for the papermaking further security features to be introduced into the carrier body 50, for example into or more watermarks in the carrier body 50. In the area of the section line AA ', the security element 1 is now introduced into the carrier body 50. This is preferably done during papermaking. The security element 1 is here in the still wet pulp in the in Fig. 4b illustrated manner introduced, ie the security element 1 is disposed in the region 52 of the carrier body 50 on the surface of the carrier body 50 and in the region 51 of the carrier body 50 on both sides surrounded by paper layers.
  • For this purpose, the security element 1 is preferably in the in Fig. 4b preformed shape, then the (optional) protective layers of the adhesive layer 14 and / or 15 withdrawn and then introduced the security element 1 through a nozzle at the appropriate location in the still wet pulp. After drying the paper pulp, the adhesive layers 14 and 15 are activated by heat, pressure or UV irradiation, depending on the adhesive used, and thus the multilayer body 10 is fixed in the carrier body 50.
  • Further, it is also possible that the security element 1 is not the in Fig. 4b clarified, has three-dimensional shape, but that in the areas 52, the thickness of the carrier body is reduced, for example by means of a correspondingly shaped watermark and so in the areas 52, the surface of the plan shot into the paper mass security element 1 is open and in the areas 51 of paper pulp on both sides is covered. Further, it is also possible that the security element 1 is not introduced during papermaking but in a subsequent manufacturing process, for example, by ablative processes or punching corresponding openings are made in the paper body to introduce the security element in the carrier body 50 that in the Areas 52 the surface with the microlenses 13 is not covered by paper material, and in the areas 51 this surface of the multi-layer body 10 is covered by paper material.
  • Furthermore, it is also possible for the security thread to be introduced between two prefabricated paper layers or else layers made of another carrier material, for example a dyed and / or printed plastic film or a combination of plastic film and paper layers, which are then connected to one another by means of a laminating process. So it is possible, for example, that the security element on a first Carrier layer is applied and then on the first carrier layer, a second carrier layer is laminated, which has in the areas 52 via corresponding recesses through which the surface of the multi-layer body 10 is visible.
  • In the process described above, the security element 1 is placed in register with the regions 51 and 52 of the carrier body 50 in the carrier body 50, i. the security element 1 is aligned with the areas 51 and 52 such that the areas 22 overlap the areas 52 and the areas 21 overlap the areas 51. For this purpose, it is necessary that the security element 1 registered in the carrier body 50 is introduced.
  • Based on the figures Fig. 5a and Fig. 5b Now another way is clarified to be able to bring the security element in an unregistered method in the carrier body of the value document.
  • Fig. 5a shows a plan view of a document of value 6, which consists of a carrier body 60 and the introduced into the carrier body 60 security element 3. Fig. 5b shows a sectional view of the value document 6 at the section AA 'of Fig. 5a ,
  • In the areas 61 of the carrier body 60 is - as already with reference to the figures Fig. 5a and Fig. 5b illustrates - the security element 3 surrounded on both sides by the material of the carrier body 60. In the regions 62, the security element 3 lies on the surface of the carrier body 60, ie only one side of the security element 3 is covered by the carrier body 60 in these areas.
  • The areas 23 and 24 of the security element 3 are arranged in a periodic sequence. The areas 23 and 24 each occupy the entire width of the security element 3, which is in the range of 2 mm to 10 mm. The extent of the regions 23 and 24 in the longitudinal direction of the security element 3 is between 300 μm and 10 mm, preferably between 2 mm and 5 mm. The extent of the regions 23 and 24 can be chosen equal to ensure a secure anchoring of the security element 3.
  • In this case, it is further advantageous if the extent of the regions 23 in the longitudinal direction of the security element 3 is less than 50% of the extent of the regions 24 in the longitudinal direction of the security element 3.
  • The areas 61 and 62 have approximately a width which corresponds to the width of the security element 3. Preferably, the regions 61 and 62 have the same extent in the longitudinal direction of the section line A-A ', which is preferably in the range of 2 mm to 10 mm. However, it is also possible for the extent of the regions 61 and 62 to be different, for example the length extent of the regions 62 is 50% of the longitudinal extent of the regions 61.
  • In the case of the figures Fig. 5a and Fig. 5b illustrated embodiment of the invention, the areas 61 and 62 are also arranged in a periodic sequence, wherein the period of the sequence of the areas 24 and 23 of the security element 3 is smaller than the period of the sequence of the areas 61 and 62. This ensures that in each of the regions 61 at least one (sub-) region 23 overlaps and thus the security element 3 in each of the regions 61 is glued to the carrier body 60 by means of the adhesive layer 14. Next it is at a non-periodic Sequence of the areas 24 and 23 and / or 61 and 62 possible to ensure this, too, if the minimum of the distances of successive areas 24 is smaller than that of the distances of successive areas 61.
  • Preferably, in this case, the period of the sequence of the regions 23 and 24 is chosen to be significantly smaller than the period of the sequence of the regions 61 and 62, for example, the period of the sequence of the regions 23 and 24 is less than 50% of the period of the sequence of the regions 61 and 62 As a result, on the one hand, a particularly secure bonding of the security element 3 to the carrier body 60 is achieved. Furthermore, a sequence of two security elements, namely a sequence of the security element represented by the areas 22 and a sequence of the security element represented by the areas 21, are thus visible in the areas 62, resulting in interesting optically variable effects.
  • As already in the embodiment according to Fig. 5a and Fig. 5b , in which the period of the two sequences is only slightly varied, results in interesting, optically variable effects: As in the figures Fig. 5a and Fig. 5b indicated areas 23 and 24 are in different regions and lengths in the regions 62 in front of each other so that different security features already appear optically in these areas.
  • Based on the figures Fig. 6a and Fig. 6b Now another embodiment of the invention will be explained:
  • Fig. 6b shows a cross section of a security element 7, which consists of a multi-layer body 70 and a on the top of the multi-layer body 70 applied partial adhesive layer 75 and one on the bottom of the Multilayer body 70 is applied over the entire surface second adhesive layer 76. The multilayer body 70 consists of a replication lacquer layer 71 into which a microlens field is fully holed by means of the UV replication method described above. The replication lacquer layer 71 is followed by a carrier foil 72, for example a polyester foil having a thickness of 6 μm to 50 μm. This is followed by an approx. 0.5 μm to 2 μm thick replication lacquer layer 73 into which a diffraction-optical surface relief is molded. This is followed by a partial metal layer 74, which is structured in the form of a multiplicity of microimages.
  • It is also possible that instead of the layers 73 and 74 one or more of the basis of Fig. 1 explained decor layers are provided. In the areas 81, the multilayer body 70 in the in Fig. 6a schematically illustrated manner with the adhesive layer 75 printed. In the intermediate regions 82, the adhesive layer 75 is not provided. In this case, the regions 61 are formed by strip-shaped, partially overlapping regions whose width is less than 300 μm. The width of the regions 81 is thus below the resolution of the human eye, so that - if the width of the regions 82 is chosen sufficiently large - caused by the adhesive layer 75 in the areas 81 deactivation of microlenses does not significantly change the overall impression. The width of the regions 82 is preferably several mm at the respectively widest points. Instead of in Fig. 6a Of course, it is also possible to choose a different arrangement, for example an arrangement with strip-shaped areas lying parallel to one another, a two-dimensional point grid or a two-dimensional grid with logos.
  • Also in the embodiment of the figures Fig. 6a and Fig. 6b it is possible to provide different optical elements in the areas 81 and 82 in the decorative layer so that, for example, if the adhesive layer 75 is not applied in register, this becomes immediately obvious and counterfeits are very easily recognizable.
  • Fig. 7 1 shows a security element 9 with a multilayer body 90, a first adhesive layer 95 and a second adhesive layer 96. The multilayer body 90 consists of a carrier foil 92, a replication lacquer layer 91 with a surface structure shaped into the surface of the replicating lacquer layer 91 and a decorative layer which comprises a replication lacquer layer 93 and a partial metal layer 94 comprises. The carrier film 92 and the decorative layer are in this case like the carrier film 11 and the decorative layer 12 after Fig. 1 constructed and alternately have areas in which micro images 98 are formed in the decorative layer and in which an optically effective surface relief 99, for example, a hologram or Kinegram®, molded and provided with a reflective layer.
  • The structural elements 97 of the surface structure are shaped in a regular, one- or two-dimensional arrangement into the surface of the multilayer body 90, as described, for example, with reference to FIG Fig. 2 with respect to the lacquer layer 31 has been described.
  • The surface structure formed in the replication lacquer layer 93 in the first surface may be one of the surface structures described above. This is preferably a surface structure which has structural elements with a smallest dimension of less than 30 .mu.m, in particular less than 20 .mu.m, and / or a structure depth of .ltoreq.5 .mu.m. Preferably, the Surface structure around one or a combination of the surface structures described below:
  • It can be a diffractive structure, for example a hologram, a sinusoidal diffraction grating, a cross grating or a blaze grating, which has a structure depth of 50 nm to 750 nm and a period or spacing of the structural elements between 0.5 and 5 μm. Furthermore, the surface structure may also be a refractive structure, for example a Fresnel lens or another achromatic, in particular asymmetric surface structure, which has a spacing of the structural elements or a period between 1 μm and 20 μm and a depth between 0.5 and 5 microns has. It can also be a mesa structure, which is shaped in the form of a nanotext and has, for example, plateau-shaped elevations or depressions, which are formed in the form of an image or a text and whose maximum lateral dimension is less than 75 μm and whose minimum dimension or dimension is greater than 1 micron, the structure depth, ie Height or depth of the survey or depression, compared to the surrounding surface between 100 nm and 5 microns.
  • Furthermore, it is also possible that the surface structure formed into the surface of the replication lacquer layer 91 is formed by a combination of such structures.
  • In the case of Fig. 7 In the illustrated embodiment, the structural elements 97 are formed by microlenses having a structural depth of 2 μm to 30 μm and a microlens diameter of 10 μm to 50 μm. In the simplest case, the microlenses are formed as cylindrical microlenses or as spherical microlenses. Instead of microlenses can also, like previously explained, polyhedron-shaped structural elements may be molded as structural elements in the surface of the multi-layer body 90.
  • The adhesive layer 95 preferably consists of a hot-melt adhesive layer having a thickness of 1 μm to 5 μm, which is applied over the whole surface of the underside of the multi-layer body 90, for example by means of a gravure printing process.
  • The adhesive layer 95 is a very thin adhesive layer which, as in FIG Fig. 7 illustrates, is so thin that it does not fill the structural element 97 of the surface structures of the multi-layer body 90 molded surface structures but receives as a surface relief.
  • For this purpose, the adhesive layer 95 is applied to the replication lacquer layer 91 in a layer thickness which is less than 50% of the structural depth of the structural elements 97 of the surface structure formed in the replication lacquer layer 91, preferably between 10 and 30%, in particular 5% to 20%, of the structural depth of these structural elements is.
  • The adhesive layer 95 is preferably applied to the surface of the multi-layer body 90 pointwise, for example by means of an ink-jet printing method. This ensures that the adhesive layer 95 dries faster, whereby a "flow" of the adhesive layer and thereby effected filling of depressions of the surface structure is avoided.
  • Furthermore, it is possible for the adhesive layer 95 to be formed by a plurality of thin adhesive layers, which are each applied to the multilayer body 90, then dried out, and subsequently with another Adhesive layer are printed so as to avoid filling the depressions of the surface structure.
  • As adhesive for the adhesive layer 95, an adhesive based on aqueous dispersions is preferably used. Preferably, this adhesive is based on combinations of aqueous polyacrylic acid ester, polyvinyl acetate and polyurethane dispersions.
  • As already with respect to the adhesive layers 14 and 15 after Fig. 1 For example, adhesive layers 95 and 96 may be adhesive layers that are activatable by UV or pressure, but may also be water-soluble adhesives.
  • Fig. 8 shows a security element 100 having a multilayer body 110, a first adhesive layer 105 and a second adhesive layer 106.
  • The multi-layer body 110 is like the multi-layer body 90 after Fig. 7 and has a replication lacquer layer 101, a carrier foil 102, a replication lacquer layer 103 and a decorative layer 104, which alternately forms regions with microimages 108 and an optically effective surface structure 109.
  • The adhesive 106 is like the adhesive layer 96 or the adhesive layer 15 after Fig. 7 respectively. Fig. 1 educated.
  • The adhesive layer 105 is applied in each case only in regions to the structural elements 107 molded in the surface of the multilayer body 110. As in Fig. 8 By way of example, the adhesive layer 105 is thus applied in regions 111 on the surface of the multilayer body 110 and in areas 112 is not applied to the surface of the multi-layer body 110, wherein the areas 111 and 112 alternately and depending on the choice of the arrangement of the structural elements 107 form a repetitves, periodic pattern.
  • The regions 111 in which the adhesive layer 105 is provided on the surface of the multilayer body 110 represent regions surrounding a respective local maxima of the structural elements 107. For example, if a microlens field is formed in the surface of the multilayer body 110, the regions 111 represent regions that surround the respective optical axes of the microlenses. In this case, the regions 111 preferably occupy no more than 30% of the surface area occupied by the respective structural element, so that if each of the structural elements 107 has a region 111, a ratio of the total area of the regions 111 to that of the regions 112 of FIG. 30 to 70 results. Furthermore, it is also possible that not each of the structural elements 107 has a region 111, for example, structural elements are provided whose maxima are not covered with the adhesive layer 105.
  • The adhesive layer 105 is here, as in the embodiment according to Fig. 7 , applied in a layer thickness of not more than 50% of the pattern depth of the structural elements 107, preferably by means of an ink-jet printing method.

Claims (32)

  1. Security element (1, 3, 7) for securing value documents,
    characterized ,
    in that the security element (1, 3, 7) has a strip-shaped multilayer body (10, 30, 70) with a carrier film (11, 32, 34, 72) and at least one decorative layer (12, 35, 36, 73, 74) and a first multilayer body and a second adhesive layer (14, 15, 75, 76), wherein the first adhesive layer (14, 75) is provided on a first surface of the multi-layer body and the second adhesive layer (15, 76) is provided on an opposite second surface of the multi-layer body wherein the security element has two or more first regions (21, 23, 81) in each of which the first adhesive layer (14, 75) covers the first surface of the multilayer body, and two or more second regions (22, 24, 82) in which each of the second, but not the first surface of the multi-layer body of the second, and the first adhesive layer is covered and in which a respective surface structure is molded into the first surface, and wherein alternately he ste and second areas (21, 22; 23, 24; 81, 82) of the first and second regions are adjacent to one another.
  2. Security element according to claim 1,
    characterized ,
    in that the second adhesive layer (15, 76) covers the second surface of the security element in the two or more first regions (21, 23, 81).
  3. Security element (1, 3) according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized ,
    in that the first and the second regions (21, 22; 23, 24) are arranged alternately side by side in the longitudinal direction of the strip-shaped multilayer body (10, 30).
  4. Security element (1, 3) according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized ,
    in that the first and the second regions (21, 22, 23, 24) are arranged in a regular, one or two-dimensional grid so as to be periodically repeating next to one another.
  5. Security element (1, 3) according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized ,
    that the second portions (22, 24) each having a smallest dimension of more than 300 microns.
  6. Security element (1, 3) according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized ,
    that the first areas (21, 23) have a constant width and occupy the entire width of the multilayer body.
  7. Security element (1, 3) according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized ,
    in that the first regions (21, 23) have a longitudinal extension of the strip-shaped multilayer body of 0.5 mm to 5 mm and the second regions (22, 24) have a longitudinal extension of the strip-shaped multilayer body of 2 mm to 15 mm.
  8. Security element (7) according to one of claims 1 to 4,
    characterized .
    that the first areas (21, 23) each have a largest dimension of more than 300 micron and a smallest dimension of less than 300 microns.
  9. Security element (7) according to one of claims 1 to 4,
    characterized ,
    in that the first regions (81) are formed in strip form with a width of less than 300 μm.
  10. Security element (1, 3, 7) according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized ,
    in that in each case one or more microlenses (13, 37, 75) are molded into the first surface as the surface structure in the second regions (22, 24, 82).
  11. Security element (1, 3, 7) according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized ,
    that the microlenses have a diameter of 10 microns to 150 microns, preferably 10 microns to 50 microns, have.
  12. Security element (1, 3, 7) according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized ,
    that comprises the decorative layer (12, 36, 74) in the second regions (22, 24, 82) each have one or more microimages (17, 39, 78).
  13. Security element (1, 3, 7) according to claim 12,
    characterized ,
    in that the microimages and the microlenses in the second regions (22, 24, 82) are arranged in accordance with a regular microlens grid or microimage grid, wherein the grid spacings of the microimage grid and the microlens grid differ by less than 10%.
  14. Security element according to one of claims 1 to 9,
    characterized ,
    in that in each case one or more polyhedra, in particular one or more microprisms, are molded into the first surface as the surface structure in the second regions.
  15. Security element according to one of claims 1 to 9,
    characterized ,
    in that in each case one or more tactile detectable structural elements are molded into the first surface as the surface structure in the second regions.
  16. Security element according to one of claims 1 to 9,
    characterized ,
    that matt structures are molded into the first surface as the surface structure in the second regions.
  17. Security element according to one of claims 1 to 9,
    characterized ,
    in that a diffractive structure is molded into the first surface as the surface structure in the second regions.
  18. Security element according to one of claims 1 to 9,
    characterized ,
    in that, as a surface structure in the second regions, a cross grating with periods below the wavelength of the light visible to the human observer is shaped into the first surface.
  19. Security element (100) according to one of claims 1 to 9,
    characterized ,
    in that a regular arrangement of a multiplicity of structural elements (107) as a surface structure is molded into the first surface, and that in each area (111) of each of two or more of the structural elements (107) surrounding a local maxima of the structural height, the first adhesive layer (105), these regions (111) forming the first regions in which the first adhesive layer is provided, and in which the regions (112) surrounding these regions (111) forming the second regions do not provide the first adhesive layer is.
  20. Security element (1, 3, 7) according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized ,
    in that the decorative layer has a metallic reflection layer (12, 36, 74).
  21. Security element (1, 3, 7) according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized ,
    that the decorative layer comprises a diffractive surface relief.
  22. Security element according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized ,
    in that the decorative layer has a thin-film layer system, an oriented liquid-crystal layer and / or a layer with optically variable pigments.
  23. Security element (1, 3, 7) according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized ,
    in that the decorative layer in the second regions (22, 24, 82) is patterned in the form of a multiplicity of microimages (17, 39, 78).
  24. Security element (1, 3) according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized ,
    that the decorative layer (12, 36) in the first and second regions (21, 22, 23, 24) is designed differently and in the second regions (22, 24) one or more microimages (17, 39) and in the first Areas (21, 23) each having an optically variable element, in particular a Kinegram®.
  25. Security element according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized ,
    that the first regions of a first security feature and the second regions thereof form a distinct second security feature.
  26. Security element according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized ,
    that the width of the multilayer body is between 2 mm and 10 mm.
  27. Security element (90) for securing value documents,
    characterized ,
    in that the security element comprises a strip-shaped multi-layer body (90) with a carrier film (92) and at least one decorative layer (94) and a first and a second adhesive layer (95, 96), the first adhesive layer (95) being provided on a first surface of the multi-layer body and the second adhesive layer (96) is provided on an opposite second surface of the multi-layer body, wherein a surface structure (97) having a plurality of structural elements in the first surface is formed in a replication lacquer layer (91), and wherein at least in a region of the security element the first adhesive layer (95) is applied to the surface structure in a layer thickness of less than 50% of the structural depth of the structural elements of the surface structure (97).
  28. Security document (5, 6) with a carrier body (50, 60) and a security element (1, 3) according to claim 1 or claim 27,
    wherein the multilayer body is connected to the carrier body (50, 60) by means of the first and the second adhesive layer (14, 15).
  29. Value document (5, 6) according to claim 28,
    characterized ,
    that in two or more third areas (51, 61) of the security element the first surface of the multilayer body is covered by the carrier body (50, 60) and in two or more fourth regions (52, 62) of the security element the second surface of the multilayer body, but not the first surface of the multilayer body, is covered by the carrier body.
  30. Value document (5, 6) according to claim 29,
    characterized ,
    in that each third region (51, 61) is arranged in overlapping relationship with at least one first region (21, 23).
  31. Value document (5) according to claim 30,
    characterized ,
    in that the third and the first regions (51; 21) as well as the fourth and the second regions (52; 22) are arranged in register with one another.
  32. Value document (6) according to one of claims 29 or 30,
    characterized ,
    in that the first and second regions (23, 24) are arranged in a periodic first sequence, that the third and fourth regions (61, 62) are arranged in a periodic second sequence and that the period of the first sequence is smaller than the period of the second Sequence is, preferably less than half of the first period is.
EP08001509.2A 2007-01-30 2008-01-28 Security element for keeping valuable documents secure Active EP1953002B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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EP18183778.2A EP3406457B1 (en) 2007-01-30 2008-01-28 Security element for securing valuable documents
PL18183778T PL3406457T3 (en) 2007-01-30 2008-01-28 Security element for securing valuable documents
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EP1953002A3 EP1953002A3 (en) 2009-07-01
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DE (1) DE102007005414A1 (en)
ES (2) ES2722105T3 (en)
HU (1) HUE043808T2 (en)
PL (2) PL1953002T3 (en)
TR (2) TR201815570T4 (en)

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WO2009156079A1 (en) * 2008-06-23 2009-12-30 Giesecke & Devrient Gmbh Security element
WO2011051905A1 (en) * 2009-10-30 2011-05-05 Arjowiggins Security Security element comprising an adhesive and a substrate bearing an optical structure, and associated method
WO2011012460A3 (en) * 2009-07-30 2011-06-23 Giesecke & Devrient Gmbh Security element for an article to be protected and article to be protected with such a security element
WO2011051670A3 (en) * 2009-10-30 2011-07-21 De La Rue International Limited Security device and method of manufacturing the same
US8400495B2 (en) 2007-06-25 2013-03-19 Giesecke & Devrient Gmbh Security element
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DE102007005414A1 (en) 2008-08-07
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US20080182084A1 (en) 2008-07-31
US8257819B2 (en) 2012-09-04
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EP1953002A3 (en) 2009-07-01
PL3406457T3 (en) 2019-09-30

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